Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Perekonomian

Disampaikan di: Dewan Nasional Perubahan Iklim, 14 Jan 2011

Eddy Satriya Asdep Urusan Telematika dan Utilitas Deputi Bidang Koordinasi Infrastruktud dan Pengembangan Wilyah

Indonesia’s Commitment
Pada G20 Summit, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono menyampaikan komitmen target penurunan emisi sebesar 26% pada tahun 2020
Sumber: Presentasi DNPI, FGD Green ICT
2

The most energy intensive sectors…
Delivered Energy Consumption by Sector
40 History Projections Transportation 30 Quadrillion BTU Industrial

20 Residential Commercial

10

0 1980
Sumber: EIA Annual Energy Outlook 2008

1990

2006

2020

2030
3

… are also the least smart
Company Segment Media Professional Services Information Technology Financial Services Electronics Banking Pharmaceuticals Health Care Cross Industry Construction & Engineering Transportation Percentage of Revenue Spent on IT
300

Information and Communications Technology. Cleantech Global Opportunity
250

8.2% 6.9% 6.9% 5.9% 5.6% 5.6% 5.5% 4.6% 4.5% 4.4% 3.9%

Billions (Euros)

200 150 100 50 0 Motor Systems Logistics Buildings Grid

Tota
Sumber : Smart 2020 Report, 2008

€ 68

€ 280

€ 216

€ 79

Transport Primary Energy Carbon

Electricity Storage
4

Decoupling Economic Growth from Energy Consumption

The effect ICT is having in decoupling GDP from corresponding increases in energy and greenhouse gas emissions
Sumber: Intel White Paper Report
5

What have we done so far?
Latest AP Meeting in Jakarta reveals that’s we still have many assignments to be finished and agendas to be carried out in order to meet our commitments.
(10.000mW; Ren Energy; Blue Energy etc.)

This green ICT findings is just a minor effort for a huge task!

6

The Inconvenient Truth
Gartner analyst merilis statistik yang menyatakan bahwa diperkirakan pembuatan, penggunaan dan pembuangan peralatan ICT memberikan kontribusi sekitar 2% dari emisi global CO2. Dan penelitian lainnya menyatakan sekitar setengah dari seluruh konsumsi energi ICT berasal dari peralatan kantor termasuk PC, laptop, printer dan telepon.
Mobile telephony alone has the same carbon footprint as Egypt, a country of over 75 million people
Sumber: Presentasi PT BTEL, FGD Green ICT

7

THE GLOBAL ICT FOOTPRINT

Sumber : Smart 2020 Report, 2008 8

Global Telecoms Footprint (Devices & Infrastructure)

Sumber : The Climate Group, 2008

9

Composition of the PC Footprint

Sumber : Smart 2020 Report, 2008

10

Dematerialization: Lower Overhead = Less Energy
Traditional Superstore Title per store 175,000 Online Bookstore (Amazon.com) 2,500,000

Revenue per Operating Emlployee
Annual Inventory Turnover Sales per Square Foot Rent per Square Foot

$100,000
2 – 3 times $20 $250

$300,000
40 – 60 times $8 $2,000

Energy Cost per Square Foot Energy Cost per $100 of Sales

$1.10 $0.44

$0.56 $0.03

Praktek-praktek bisnis baru seperti operasi berbisnis internet dan pergudangan terpusat Amazon.com tidak hanya lebih produktif, tetapi juga lebih sedikit membutuhkan energi jadi mengurangi kerusakan lingkungan (WWF)

Sumber: Intel White Paper Report

11

World ICT Statistics
Total Telephone User = ~6 bilion

0.97 B

World Population 2010 = 6.9 bilion

Jenis Layanan

Unit

2004

2009

2010 *

2014 **

1. Telephone
Tetap Bergerak Total
Satuan Sambungan Satuan Sambungan Satuan Sambungan

8,703,218 32,009,688

8,423,973 190,062,615

8,429,180 200,636,587

8,329,180 298,816,283

40,712,906
18,82

198,486,588
86,06

209,065,767
89,79

307,145,463
100

Teledensitas

Per 100 penduduk

2. Internet
Pelanggan Pengguna
Orang Orang

1.087,428 11,226,143

2,000,000 30,000,000

2,700,000 45,000,000

7000,000 130,000,000

3. Broadband
Pengguna
Orang

84,900

4,520,000

7,290,000

17,000,000

*) Angka perkiraan sampai dengan Juni 2010 **) Angka perkiraan sampai dengan 2014

Sumber: Kemkominfo dan Bappenas, diolah 13

2004
1. Telepon Tetap
PT Telkom PT Bakrie telecom PT Indosat
8,559,350 120,990 20,000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010 (Q1)

8,686,131 114,082 21,724

8,709,211 68,359 26,632 -

8,685,000 30,479

8,629,783 42,145

8,376,793 44,973

8,382,000

44,973

PT Batam Bintan telekomunikasi

2,878
8,703,218

2,530
8,824,467

2,500
8,806,702

2,393
8,717,872

2,300
8,674,228

2,207
8,423,973

2,207
8,429,180

Total 2. Telepon Mobilitas Terbatas (FWA)
PT Telkom (Flexi)
PT Indosat (Starone) PT Bakrie telecom (Esia) PT Mobile-8 Telecom (Hepi)
-

1,429,368 52,752 190,961

4,061,800 249,434 372,129 -

4,175,853 358,980 1,479,198 -

6,363,000 627,934 3,820,701

13,305,181 761,589 7,304,543 332,530

15,139,057 594,133 10,585,701 66,763

15,948,000 594,133 10,606,901 66,763

Total
3. Telepon Seluler

1,673,081

4,683,363

6,014,031

10,811,635

21,703,843

26,385,654

27,215,797

PT Telkomsel
PT Indosat PT XL Axiata PT Mobile-8 (Fren) PT Sampoerna Telekomunikasi PT Natrindo Telepon Seluler (Axis) PT hutchinson CP Telecommunication PT Smart Telecom

16,291,000 9,754,607 3,791,000 500,000

24,269,000 14,512,453 6,978,519 1,200,000 10,609

35,597,000 16,704,729 9,527,970 1,825,888 134,713

47,890,000 24,545,422 15,469,000 3,012,801 310,464

65,299,991 36,510,246 26,015,517 2,701,914 784,343

81,643,532 33,136,521 31,438,377 2,805,842 636,868

81,950,000 39,100,000 32,924,000 2,805,842 636,868

-

21,537
-

12,715

4,788
2,039,406 -

3,234,800
4,500,609 1,530,823

4,105,156
7,311,000 2,599,665

4,105,156
7,311,000 2,599,665

Total
TOTAL (1+2+3)

30,336,607

46,992,118

63,803,015

93,271,881

140,578,243

163,676,961

171,432,531

40,712,906

60,499,948

78,623,748

112,801,388

170,956,314

198,486,588

207,077,508

Slicing Eco-Technology

2%* Opportunity

Sumber : Smart 2020 Report, 2008

98% The Big Opportunity
15

207 Million
total phone subscriptions in Indonesia

How does this connectivity impact the environment?
Sumber: Modifikasi dari Presentasi PT BTEL, FGD Green ICT 16

Konvensi Basel mengatur Pengawasan Perpindahan Limbah Berbahaya dan Pembuangannya, dan mensyaratkan kepada para Negara-Negara anggota untuk mampu mengelola dan membuang limbah Bahan Berbahaya dan Beracun (B3) dan lainnya secara berwawasan lingkungan. E-waste → Limbah B3

Indonesia meratifikasi Konvensi Basel dengan adanya Perpres No. 47/2005 tentang Pengesahan Amendemen atas Konvensi Basel dan Perpres No. 60/2005 tentang Pengesahan Persetujuan Kerangka Kerja antara Pemerintah RI dan Sekretariat Konvensi Basel
17

Kondisi Limbah Elektronik (E-Waste)
• Perkembangan industri berbanding lurus dengan peningkatan limbah B3 yang dihasilkan • E-waste di Indonesia merupakan timbulan akibat pemakaian dari dalam negeri dan luar negeri • Elektronik mengandung bahan kimia seperti merkuri, cadmium dan PVC yang dapat menyebabkan permasalahan kesehatan seperti kanker, penyakit otak, dan masalah reproduksi.

19

Penanganan E-Waste
• EPA memperkirakan hanya 15-20% e-waste yang di recycled, sisanya berakhir di landfill
• Produk-produk recycle sering dikirim ke Negaranegara berkembang

Sumber: greenlifestyle.or.id

20

Map of E-waste Recycling Countries

Sumber : greenpeace.org

21

Don’t let your old gadgets go in the dumpster!

22

Based on article Giving Those Old Gadgets a Proper Green Burial by Mickey Meece on New York Times, January 5 - 2011

Many Americans have outdated technology in their homes, especially after the holidays when the average consumer planned to spend a
record $232 on electronics gifts, according to the Consumer Electronics Association.

The average household now has 25 devices, the group says. And a November report, “Tackling HighTech Trash,” from Demos, cited government data
showing that Americans owned 3 billion

electronic products, with a turnover rate of about 400 million units each year. Yet less than 14 percent of those gadgets are recycled, the report noted.

There are, though, many outlets for consumers to recycle, donate or trade-in goods such as Best Buy.com and Gazelle.com.

Best Buy has been recycling most
consumer electronics in its stores for two years. Consumers can drop off, at no charge, smaller items like CDs/DVDs, rechargeable
batteries and cell phones at kiosks at the entrance of its stores.

Best Buy will also take up to two larger items
a day at customer service, including televisions and monitors up to 32 inches, computer C.P.U.’s, VCRs/DVD players, phones, remotes and keyboards. The company charges a

$10 recycling fee for items with screens, but gives customers a $10 store gift card immediately.

Gazelle is a re-Commerce service that helps sell and recycle
your used electronics such as a cell phone, laptop, or any other of the more than 250,000 products.

Gazelle believe electronics

recycling begins with reuse. Gazelle extend the lives of
used electronics by selling them through retail and wholesale outlets. Items without value are responsibly recycled.

Gazelle refurbishes and resells the
devices at its Gazelle Store on eBay and overseas.

About 24

states have passed laws mandating the recycling of electronic waste,

according to the Electronics TakeBack Coalition, which promotes responsible recycling. All of the laws except for California’s require the manufacturer

to pay for recycling. New Jersey’s law took
effect on Jan. 1, while New York’s law comes

into force on April 1.

Elizabeth Grossman, who wrote the Demos
report and is the author of the book “High Tech Trash” (2007, Island Press), said the manufacturer take-back programs, which the coalition grades annually, should be a consumer’s first stop. In the
report, she offers six recommendations to

reduce the stream of e-waste.

6 - recommendations to reduce the stream of e-waste (1 )
»» Expand existing extended

producer

responsibility take-back and recycling programs
to cover a greater scope of products and make these programs more obviously accessible and

convenient to all consumers.
»» End the export of

hazardous e-

waste for environmentally unsound and socially
irresponsible materials recovery, processing, and

disposal, following guidelines consistent
with the Basel amendment.

Convention and its Basel Ban

»» Support research and development in green

chemistry and

engineering, around two goals: design for- the-environment aimed at reducing use of
hazardous chemicals and other materials in electronics production and finished products; and design for materials recovery and reuse at the end of product life.
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6 - recommendations to reduce the stream of e-waste (2)
»» Expand the number of recyclers certified through the e-Stewards program and use of eStewards certified recyclers—including by large equipment purchasers and e-waste generators such as the U.S. government.

»» Prohibit the deposit of any electronics or components (including
batteries) in landfills or incinerators. »» To ensure safety for workers engaged in manufacturing, materials recovery, and recycling operations, as well as consumer and environmental health and safety, expand existing workplace “right-to-know” provisions to cover all facilities in a manufacturer’s supply chain, so that workers are informed of the use of and potential exposure to any

hazardous chemicals

and materials.
29

Green strategy approach isn’t supposed to be a charity project, it’s a bussiness !!!

Sumber: Modifikasi dari Presentasi PT BTEL, FGD Green ICT

30

Intelligent Transport

Paperless Office

Broadband

31

Penggunaan ICT yang inovatif dapat mereduksi global warming, seperti:

 Telecommuting;  Videoconferencing;  Online media;
 E-mail;  E-commerce;

 E-paper;  E-learning;  E-goverment;
 E-file.

32

Peran ICT
Peran (1)
(1). Peran ICT dalam Intevensi aksi mitigasi diluar sektor ICT:

Peran (2)

• konsumsi material • konsumsi energi dan listrik • mobilitas orang, barang dan jasa • efisiensi aktivitas • efisiensi ruang penyimpanan • limbah

33

Contoh Penerapan Green ICT di Perusahaan
Pada FGD Green ICT yang dilaksanakan Desember 2010 lalu oleh Kemenko Bidang Perekonomian, terdapat 2 Perusahaan besar yang masing-masing bergerak di bidang telekomunikasi dan bidang inovasi teknologi, memaparkan kegiatan Greennya, yaitu:

1. PT. BTEL 2. INTEL 3. PT. Huawei
34

1 PT BAKRIE TELECOM

Penerapan Green PT BTEL
– Cost reduction di lingkungan internal dengan pengurangan konsumsi kertas keperluan kantor dan penggunaan listrik – Program EPR dengan pembelian kembali handset bekas dari konsumen untuk didaurulang

36

Disruptive innovation is Bakrie Telecom’s trademark

Sumber: PT BTEL – FGD Green ICT

37

Our new BTS free cooling system reduces energy consumption more than 30% and also reduces our use of coolant chemicals

Sumber: Presentasi PT BTEL, FGD Green ICT

38

Change favors growth of products that
Require less energy & materials

Can be reused or “upcycled”

Have lowest life cycle cost

Sumber: Modifikasi dari Presentasi PT BTEL, FGD Green ICT

39

Reducing E-waste
40

r:: PT BTEL, FGD Green ICT

2

41

INTEL’S APPROACH TO ECO-TECHNOLOGY

Sustainable Operations

Products & Technologies

Industry Initiatives
42

Penerapan Green INTEL
• Sustainable Operations
Penggunaan energi terbarukan untuk 47% pasokan listriknya dari energi angin dan matahari

• Product & Technologies
Upaya pengurangan emisi gas rumah kaca dan pemanasan global dengan inovasi teknologi yang berkonsumsi energi minimum dan memiliki kinerja optimum (power saver dan peningkatkan kinerja prosesor pada komputer)

• Industry Initiatives
Intel saat ini mempunyai misi bekerjasama dengan pembuat kebijakan secara global, untuk mengimplementasikan kebijakan publik yang memungkinkan dan mengembangkan peranan ICT dalam meningkatkan efisiensi energi masyarakat dan mengurangi pemanasan global.
43

The next billion PCs…
Will use half the energy; Will have 17X more compute capability…
Compared with the previous billion PCs

2014
2 Billion PCs Install Base

~17X

2007
1 Billion PCs Install Base

Compute

Energy

Compute
~

½ Energy

Sumber: INTEL – FGD Green ICT Source: Intel

ICT impact on other industries
These are examples of identified industry development areas

Mechanisms for change - driving carbon reductions and mitigation
Power

Buildings
Transportation Industry

Automation

Substitution

Dematerialization Intel and our partners are addressing these opportunities globally

Building blocks to realize these changes:
•Embedded devices •Communications •Sensor networks
Sumber: INTEL – FGD Green ICT

•Mobile Devices •PCs and servers •Super computing

*Source: IDC 2009

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ENERGY EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENT IN THE ENTERPRISE

2005

184 single core servers

2009

21 Intel® Xeon® 5500 based servers

8 month
Return on Investment

Up to

9X
Server Reduction

Up to

Annual Energy Costs

92%

Estimated Reduction

Sumber: INTEL – FGD Green ICT

46

Potential Energy Savings with Managed Client PC’s
Estimated Annual Energy Consumption
1015
KWh Consumed per Year (lower is better)

938

655

Going Mobile
229

>26x Reduction
Unmanaged Pentium® D Processor 945 with CRT display Unmanaged Pentium® D Unmanaged Core™2 Duo Managed Core™2 Duo Processor 945 with LCD Processor E6550 with Processor E6550 with display LCD display LCD display

38
Managed Core™2 Duo Processor T9400 mobile platform

Sumber: INTEL – FGD Green ICT

47

In the near future: Home Energy Management System Running on Your Internet TV

Sumber: INTEL – FGD Green ICT

48

3

49

Huawei Grows Steadily in Indonesia
The sales steadily increases
 In 2009, the contract sales has reached USD 980 million, with

annual increase of 16,6%
 The contract sales is expected to reach USD 1,2 billion in 2010  Until year 2009, accumulated tax paid was USD20 million and the accumulated taxes paid since Huawei has established in Indonesia reaches USD 40 million

900

USD Million
800

850

Serving leading operators
 Top three leading telecommunications providers in Indonesia  Serving 9 out of 10 leading operators in Indonesia  Ranks no. 1 in market share in Indonesia on Broadband Access (60%)  Huawei’s market share in CDMA accounts for 47% in Indonesia Huawei is Indonesia's largest CDMA equipment supplier.

700 600 500 400
330 600

300 200 100
5 35 80 40

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Contributing to the Local Economic Growth
Customer-oriented organizational building

 

1500 employees, of whom 80% are locals
1 R&D centers (in Indonesia) focusing software application 10 region offices, 17 spare part centers in Indonesia to provide quick responses across all time zones in

Indonesia

Local investment and procurement


Since 2000, Huawei has invested 420 million and every year Huawei spends USD 50million for investment Since 2000, Huawei procurement reaches USD 95million and will be predicted USD 33million which’s hopefully can successfully opened the job opportunity for 5000 staffs.

Green Communication, Green Huawei, Green World

Green Site, Work for Suitable Development

Green IT Equipment
Server

Efficient and energy-saving

Energy conservation scheme for the server:  The dominant frequency is changed according to the load.  The power consumption is optimized.  Virtual calculation The efficiency is improved, and the power consumption is reduced. Energy conservation scheme for the storage system:  Intelligent fan  AC/DC power supply technology  Virtual storage The power efficiency is improved.

Storage system

Network devices

Energy conservation scheme for network devices:
 Intelligent fan  Heat dissipation design: air flows in from the left and flows out from the rear  Huawei-developed ASIC chip that monitors the power consumption intelligently The power consumption decreases by 50% when no load is bore. Industry-leading U-shaped heat dissipation aisle

Security system

Energy conservation scheme for the security system: Based on the particular low consumption design, the power consumption of the security system is only ¼ of that of peer vendor products.

Green Infrastructure—Cloud Computing
Reduce IT equipment and reduce power consumption and emission:

Before Virtualization

After Virtualization

 Based on the virtualization technology, loads of servers with low efficiencies can be switched to one server. Generally, loads of 8 to 15 servers can be switched to one server in the industry. In this way, the power consumption of IT equipment is reduced greatly, and about 40% of the original hardware and software costs is saved. When a traditional server is idle, the power consumption is still 80% of the highest power consumption. After the virtualization technology is adopted, the average server usage increases from 7% to 60% or even 80%. Therefore, the power consumption decreases sharply. 55

BEBERAPA FINDINGS
 Sebagian besar Industri ICT (Information and Communication Technology) atau TIK sudah aware akan limbah yang dihasilkan begitu pula emisi. Namun masih gamang dalam menerapkan usaha-usaha optimum menuju Green ICT;  Pertimbangan revenue (EBITDA) masih membayangi usaha2 menuju Green ICT;
 Perlu dorongan lebih besar dari seluruh stakeholder untuk menerapkan Green ICT dalam berbagai subsitem ICT terutama terkait dalam e-waste;

 Kondisi industri dan bisnis ICT serta karakteristik industri ICT sangat menunjang untuk menjadi contoh bagi sektor lain dalam mewujudkan komitment pemerintah kita dalam berbagai agenda pembangunan hijau dan berkelanjutan;
 Diperlukan apresiasi atas inovasi yang dapat “mentrigger” industri ICT menjadi salah satu motor utama dalam mewujdukan komitmen pemerintah.
56

Saran & Masukan
 Penerapan Green ICT jangan hanya dilakukan di Pusat tapi juga di daerah. Pendekatan kepada daerah yang tepat dapat mengefektifkan penerapan Green ICT di Indonesia. Pendekatan harus dilakukan sampai pada level Kabupaten/Desa agar penerapannya sampai pada masyarakatnya.
 Salah satu usaha untuk meminimalisir konsumsi energi dan sampah elektronik adalah dengan menerapkan program Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR). Pelaksanaan green ICT di perusahaan tidak hanya dilakukan dengan program EPR tetapi juga dengan cost reduction. Cost Reduction yang dilakukan perusahaan dilakukan dengan pengurangan konsumsi kertas untuk keperluan kantor dan juga penggunaan listrik.  Kurikulum pendidikan mengenai Green ICT penting dimasukkan agar masyarakat dapat lebih selektif memilih barang. Selama ini masyarakat konsumtif terhadap barang elektronik yang dalam pemakaiannya sebenarnya tidak sebanding dengan teknologi yang ada. Euphoria masyarakat mempersulit penanganan limbah barang elektronik.
57

Saran & Masukan (2)
 Adanya penyiapan regulasi khusus tentang ICT yang berwawasan lingkungan antara kelembagaan Kemenkominfo, KLH, Kementerian Perindustrian, Kementerian Perdagangan, Kemenristek, dan BPPT .

 Perbaharuan peraturan mengenai impor mesin dan peralatan mesin bukan baru dalam kaitannya dengan pengaturan impor barang-barang elektronik bekas yang termasuk dalam limbah elektronik. Peraturan yang ada saat ini untuk impor mesin adalah Keputusan Menteri Perindustrian dan Perdagangan No. 610/MPP/Kep/10/2004 tanggal 4 Oktober 2004.  Perlu adanya koordinasi dan sinkronisasi lebih lanjut dengan stakeholder yang lebih luas untuk membangun Green ICT yang sinergis dan terintegrasi
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TERIMA KASIH
Asisten Deputi Urusan Telematika dan Utilitas, Deputi Bidang Koordinasi Infrastruktur dan Pengembangan Wilayah, Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Perekonomian. Telp: (021) 3511466 ; Fax: (021) 3511464 Email: asdeplimalima@gmail.com Http://D5ekon.Blogspot.Com

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Eddy Satriya
• 1989 :Graduated from Bandung Institute of Technology (Telecommunication Engineering) • 1997 :Graduated from University of Connecticut (MA in Economics) • 1989-90: Program Management Consultancy (PMC-IV) for Telecommunication Development • 1990-2005: Working in Bappenas (The National Development Planning Agency).

• 1995 : Secretary to Board of Commissioners of PT.Telkomsel • 2005 (Dec)-present: Working in Coordinating Ministry for Economics Affairs • 1997- present: Visiting Lecturer in University of Indonesia, University of Pelita Harapan, and ITB, SGU-BSD.
Contact: satriyaeddy@gmail.com esatriya@ekon.go.id 021.3456714

• 2002-present : Actively writes various article and column in national papers and magazines.
Recent publications are available on:
eddysatriya.blogspot.com kolom.pacific.net.id
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