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Properties of aqueous ethanol solutions

Data obtained from Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 10th ed. The annotation, d a°C/b°C, indicates density of solution at
temperature adivided by density of pure water at temperature b.
% wt % vol grams
ethanol ethanol ethanol
per 100 cc
15.56°C d 10°C/4°C d 20°C/4°C d 25°C/4°C d 30°C/4°C d 20°C/20°C
0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 0.99 1
2 1 0.99 0.99 0.99 1
2.5 3.13 0.99
3 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
4 5 3.97 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
4.8 6 4.76 0.99
5 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
5.05 6.3 5 0.99
6 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
6.8 8.47 0.99
7 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.98 0.99
8 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.99
9 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.99
10 12.4 9.84 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98
11 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98
11.3 14 11.11 0.98
12 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98
13 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.97 0.98
13.78 17 13.49 0.98
14 0.98 0.98 0.97 0.97 0.98
15 0.98 0.98 0.97 0.97 0.98
15.02 18.5 14.68 0.98
16 0.98 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.98
16.4 20.2 0.97
17 0.98 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97
17.5 21.5 0.97
18 22.1 17.54 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97
18.8 23.1 0.97
19 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97
20 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.96 0.97
20.01 24.5 19.44 0.97
20.3 24.8 0.97
21 0.97 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.97
22 0.97 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.97
22.11 27 21.43 0.97
23 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.97
24 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.96
24.2 29.5 0.96
25 30.4 24.12 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.96
26 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.95 0.96
26.7 32.4 0.96
27 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.95 0.96
28 33.9 26.9 0.96 0.96 0.95 0.95 0.96
29 0.96 0.96 0.95 0.95 0.96
29.9 36.1 0.95
30 36.2 28.73 0.96 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.96
31 0.96 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95
32 0.96 0.95 0.95 0.94 0.95
33 0.96 0.95 0.95 0.94 0.95
33.8 40.5 0.95
34 0.95 0.95 0.94 0.94 0.95
35 0.95 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.95
35.04 41.9 33.25 0.94
36 0.95 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.94
37 0.95 0.94 0.94 0.93 0.94
38 0.95 0.94 0.94 0.93 0.94
39 46.3 0.94 0.94 0.93 0.93 0.94
40 0.94 0.94 0.93 0.93 0.94
40.04 47.4 37.61 0.94
41 0.94 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.93
42 0.94 0.93 0.93 0.92 0.93
43 0.94 0.93 0.93 0.92 0.93
44 0.93 0.93 0.92 0.92 0.93
45 0.93 0.92 0.92 0.92 0.93
45.31 53 42.07 0.92
46 0.93 0.92 0.92 0.91 0.92
46.3 53.8 0.92
47 0.93 0.92 0.92 0.91 0.92
48 0.93 0.92 0.91 0.91 0.92
49 0.92 0.92 0.91 0.91 0.92
50 0.92 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.92
50.16 58 46.04 0.91
51 0.92 0.91 0.91 0.9 0.91
52 0.92 0.91 0.91 0.9 0.91
53 0.92 0.91 0.9 0.9 0.91
54 0.91 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.91
55 0.91 0.9 0.9 0.89 0.9
55.16 63 50 0.9
56 0.91 0.9 0.9 0.89 0.9
56.1 63.6 0.9
57 0.91 0.9 0.89 0.89 0.9
58 0.9 0.9 0.89 0.89 0.9
59 0.9 0.89 0.89 0.89 0.9
60 0.9 0.89 0.89 0.88 0.89
60.33 68 53.98 0.89
61 0.9 0.89 0.88 0.88 0.89
62 0.89 0.89 0.88 0.88 0.89
63 0.89 0.88 0.88 0.88 0.89
64 0.89 0.88 0.88 0.87 0.88
65 0.89 0.88 0.88 0.87 0.88
66 0.89 0.88 0.87 0.87 0.88
67 0.88 0.87 0.87 0.87 0.88
68 0.88 0.87 0.87 0.86 0.87
69 0.88 0.87 0.87 0.86 0.87
70 0.88 0.87 0.86 0.86 0.87
71 0.87 0.87 0.86 0.86 0.87
71.9 78.3 0.86
72 0.87 0.86 0.86 0.85 0.86
73 0.87 0.86 0.86 0.85 0.86
74 0.87 0.86 0.85 0.85 0.86
75 0.86 0.86 0.85 0.85 0.86
76 0.86 0.85 0.85 0.84 0.85
77 0.86 0.85 0.85 0.84 0.85
78 0.86 0.85 0.84 0.84 0.85
79 0.85 0.85 0.84 0.84 0.85
80 0.85 0.84 0.84 0.83 0.84
81 0.85 0.84 0.84 0.83 0.84
82 0.85 0.84 0.83 0.83 0.84
83 0.84 0.84 0.83 0.83 0.84
84 0.84 0.83 0.83 0.82 0.83
85 0.84 0.83 0.83 0.82 0.83
86 0.84 0.83 0.82 0.82 0.83
87 0.83 0.83 0.82 0.82 0.83
88 0.83 0.82 0.82 0.81 0.82
89 0.83 0.82 0.82 0.81 0.82
90 0.83 0.82 0.81 0.81 0.82
91 94 74.62 0.82 0.82 0.81 0.81 0.82
92 0.82 0.81 0.81 0.8 0.81
93 0.82 0.81 0.81 0.8 0.81
94 0.82 0.81 0.8 0.8 0.81
95 0.81 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.81
96 0.81 0.8 0.8 0.79 0.8
97 0.81 0.8 0.79 0.79 0.8
98 0.8 0.8 0.79 0.79 0.8
99 0.8 0.79 0.79 0.78 0.79
100 100 79.39 0.8 0.79 0.79 0.78 0.79
% wt % vol grams
ethanol ethanol ethanol
per 100 cc
15.56°C d 10°C/4°C d 20°C/4°C d 25°C/4°C d 30°C/4°C d 20°C/20°C

Relaciones equimolares 46.3? VCF min


etanol agua %wt ethanol oGL
1 1 46 18 64 71.88
1 2 46 36 82 56.1
1 3 46 54 100 46
1 4 46 72 118 38.98
1 5 46 90 136 33.82
1 6 46 108 154 29.87
1 7 46 126 172 26.74
1 8 46 144 190 24.21
1 9 46 162 208 22.12
1 10 46 180 226 20.35
1 11 46 198 244 18.85
1 12 46 216 262 17.56
1 13 46 234 280 16.43
1 14 46 252 298 15.44
1 15 46 270 316 14.56
ETHANOL-WATER VOLUME CONTRACTION FACTOR (VCF)
s density of solution at

freezing % vol % vol


temp. ethanol density ethanol
20oC
d 25°C/25°C Molar fraction (WATER) oGL LINEAL oGL VCF
1 0°C 1.000 0.00% 1 0.00% 1
1 0.996 1.26% 1 1.26% 1
1 0.992 2.52% 0.99 2.52% 1
–1°C 0.990 3.14% 0.99 3.14% 1
0.99 0.988 3.76% 0.99 3.76% 1
0.99 0.984 5.01% 0.99 5.01% 1
–2°C 0.981 5.99% 0.99 5.99% 1
0.99 0.980 6.24% 0.99 6.24% 1
0.980 6.30% 0.99 6.30% 1
0.99 0.976 7.47% 0.98 7.47% 0.99
–3°C 0.972 8.45% 0.98 8.45% 0.99
0.99 0.971 8.69% 0.98 8.69% 0.99
0.99 0.967 9.91% 0.98 9.91% 0.99
0.98 0.963 11.12% 0.98 11.12% 0.99
0.98 0.958 12.32% 0.97 12.32% 0.99
0.98 0.954 13.52% 0.97 13.52% 0.99
–5°C 0.953 13.88% 0.97 13.88% 0.99
0.98 0.949 14.71% 0.97 14.71% 0.99
0.98 0.945 15.89% 0.97 15.89% 0.99
–6.1°C corregido (0.98658
0.941por 0.97658 )16.81% 0.96 16.81% 0.99
0.98 0.940 17.07% 0.96 17.07% 0.99
0.98 0.935 18.25% 0.96 18.25% 0.98
0.935 18.27% 0.96 18.27% 0.98
0.97 0.931 19.41% 0.96 19.41% 0.98
–7.5°C 0.929 19.88% 0.96 19.88% 0.98
0.97 0.926 20.57% 0.96 20.57% 0.98
–8.7°C 0.923 21.15% 0.95 21.15% 0.98
0.97 0.921 21.73% 0.95 21.73% 0.98
–9.4°C 0.917 22.65% 0.95 22.65% 0.98
0.97 0.916 22.88% 0.95 22.88% 0.98
0.97 0.911 24.02% 0.95 24.02% 0.98
0.911 24.03% 0.95 24.03% 0.98
–10.6°C 0.909 24.36% 0.95 24.36% 0.98
0.97 0.906 25.16% 0.95 25.16% 0.98
0.97 0.901 26.29% 0.94 26.29% 0.98
–12.2°C 0.900 26.42% 0.94 26.42% 0.98
0.96 0.895 27.42% 0.94 27.42% 0.98
0.96 0.890 28.54% 0.94 28.54% 0.97
–14.0°C 0.889 28.76% 0.94 28.76% 0.97
0.96 0.885 29.65% 0.94 29.65% 0.97
0.96 0.879 30.76% 0.93 30.76% 0.97
–16.0°C 0.875 31.54% 0.93 31.54% 0.97
0.96 0.874 31.87% 0.93 31.87% 0.97
0.96 0.868 32.97% 0.93 32.97% 0.97
0.96 0.862 34.06% 0.93 34.06% 0.97
–18.9°C 0.857 35.04% 0.93 35.04% 0.97
0.95 0.856 35.15% 0.92 35.15% 0.97
0.95 0.850 36.23% 0.92 36.23% 0.97
0.95 0.844 37.31% 0.92 37.31% 0.97
0.95 0.838 38.38% 0.92 38.38% 0.97
–23.6°C 0.833 39.24% 0.92 39.24% 0.97
0.95 0.832 39.45% 0.92 39.45% 0.97
0.94 0.826 40.51% 0.91 40.51% 0.97
0.826 40.55% 0.91 40.55% 0.97
0.94 0.820 41.57% 0.91 41.57% 0.97
0.94 0.813 42.62% 0.91 42.62% 0.97
0.94 0.807 43.67% 0.91 43.67% 0.97
0.94 –28.7°C 0.800 44.71% 0.9 44.71% 0.97
0.93 0.793 45.74% 0.9 45.74% 0.97
0.793 45.78% 0.9 45.78% 0.97
0.93 0.786 46.78% 0.9 46.78% 0.97
0.93 0.779 47.80% 0.9 47.80% 0.96
0.93 0.772 48.82% 0.9 48.82% 0.96
0.93 0.765 49.84% 0.89 49.84% 0.96
0.92 0.757 50.85% 0.89 50.85% 0.96
0.755 51.17% 0.89 51.17% 0.96
0.92 0.750 51.86% 0.89 51.86% 0.96
–33.9°C 0.748 52.16% 0.89 52.16% 0.96 minimo
0.92 0.742 52.86% 0.89 52.86% 0.96
0.92 0.735 53.86% 0.89 53.86% 0.96
0.91 0.727 54.85% 0.88 54.85% 0.96
0.91 0.719 55.84% 0.88 55.84% 0.96
0.717 56.00% 0.88 56.00% 0.96
0.91 0.711 56.83% 0.88 56.83% 0.96
0.91 0.702 57.81% 0.88 57.81% 0.96
0.91 0.694 58.78% 0.88 58.78% 0.97
0.9 0.685 59.75% 0.87 59.75% 0.97
0.9 0.676 60.72% 0.87 60.72% 0.97
0.675 60.87% 0.87 60.87% 0.97
0.9 equimolar 1/2 0.668 61.68% 0.87 61.68% 0.97
–41.0°C 0.667 61.77% 0.87 61.77% 0.97
0.9 0.658 62.64% 0.87 62.64% 0.97
0.89 0.649 63.59% 0.87 63.59% 0.97
0.89 0.640 64.54% 0.86 64.54% 0.97
0.89 0.630 65.48% 0.86 65.48% 0.97
0.627 65.79% 0.86 65.79% 0.97
0.89 0.620 66.42% 0.86 66.42% 0.97
0.88 0.610 67.36% 0.86 67.36% 0.97
0.88 0.600 68.29% 0.86 68.29% 0.97
0.88 0.590 69.21% 0.85 69.21% 0.97
0.88 0.579 70.14% 0.85 70.14% 0.97
0.88 0.568 71.06% 0.85 71.06% 0.97
0.87 0.557 71.97% 0.85 71.97% 0.97
0.87 0.546 72.88% 0.85 72.88% 0.97
0.87 0.534 73.79% 0.84 73.79% 0.97
0.87 0.523 74.69% 0.84 74.69% 0.97
0.86 0.511 75.59% 0.84 75.59% 0.97
–51.3°C 0.500 76.39% 0.84 76.39% 0.97
0.86 equimolar 1/1 0.498 76.48% 0.84 76.48% 0.97
0.86 0.486 77.37% 0.84 77.37% 0.97
0.86 0.473 78.26% 0.83 78.26% 0.97
0.85 0.460 79.14% 0.83 79.14% 0.97
0.85 0.447 80.02% 0.83 80.02% 0.97
0.85 0.433 80.89% 0.83 80.89% 0.97
0.85 0.419 81.76% 0.83 81.76% 0.98
0.84 0.405 82.63% 0.83 82.63% 0.98
0.84 0.390 83.49% 0.82 83.49% 0.98
0.84 0.375 84.35% 0.82 84.35% 0.98
0.84 0.359 85.21% 0.82 85.21% 0.98
0.83 0.344 86.06% 0.82 86.06% 0.98
0.83 0.327 86.91% 0.82 86.91% 0.98
0.83 0.311 87.75% 0.81 87.75% 0.98
0.83 0.294 88.60% 0.81 88.60% 0.98
0.82 corregido (0.82323
0.276por 0.82583 )89.43% 0.81 89.43% 0.98
0.82 0.258 90.27% 0.81 90.27% 0.98
0.82 0.240 91.10% 0.81 91.10% 0.98
0.82 0.221 91.92% 0.81 91.92% 0.99
0.81 0.202 92.75% 0.8 92.75% 0.99
0.81 0.182 93.57% 0.8 93.57% 0.99
0.81 0.161 94.38% 0.8 94.38% 0.99
0.81 0.140 95.20% 0.8 95.20% 0.99
0.8 0.119 96.00% 0.8 96.00% 0.99
0.8 0.096 96.81% 0.8 96.81% 0.99
0.8 0.073 97.61% 0.79 97.61% 0.99
0.79 0.050 98.41% 0.79 98.41% 1
0.79 0.025 99.21% 0.79 99.21% 1
0.79 −114.3 °C 0.000 100.00% 0.79 100.00% 1
freezing
temp.

d 25°C/25°C
N FACTOR (VCF)
y = 0.6343x5 - 1.6619x4 + 1.6147x3 - 0.5637x2 - 0.0231x + 0.9993

Fitted equation Fitted equation


molar fraction ( WATER) VCF = 0.3636x5 - 0.483x4 + 0.1636x3 + 0.0369x2 - 0.0786x + 1.000
X VCF
1 1 1 1 1.01
1 1 1 1
1 0.99 1 1 1
1 0.99 1 1
1 0.99 1 1 0.99
1 0.98 1 1
1 0.98 1 1 0.98
1 0.98 1 1
1 0.98 1 1 0.97
1 0.98 0.99 0.99
0.99 0.97 0.99 0.99 0.96
0.99 0.97 0.99 0.99
0.99 0.97 0.99 0.99 0.95
0.99 0.96 0.99 0.99
0.99 0.96 0.99 0.99 0.94
0.99 0.95 0.99 0.99 0 0.2 0.4 0.6
0.99 0.95 0.99 0.99
0.99 0.95 0.99 0.99
0.99 0.94 0.99 0.99
0.99 0.94 0.99 0.98
0.99 0.94 0.99 0.98
0.98 0.94 0.98 0.98
0.98 0.94 0.98 0.98
0.98 0.93 0.98 0.98
0.98 0.93 0.98 0.98
0.98 0.93 0.98 0.98
0.98 0.92 0.98 0.98
0.98 0.92 0.98 0.98
0.98 0.92 0.98 0.98
0.98 0.92 0.98 0.98
0.98 0.91 0.98 0.98
0.98 0.91 0.98 0.98
0.98 0.91 0.98 0.98
0.98 0.91 0.98 0.98
0.98 0.9 0.98 0.98
0.98 0.9 0.98 0.98
0.98 0.9 0.98 0.98
0.97 0.89 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.89 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.88 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.88 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.88 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.87 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.87 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.86 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.86 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.86 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.85 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.84 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.84 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.83 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.83 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.83 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.83 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.82 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.81 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.81 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.8 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.79 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.79 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.79 0.97 0.97
0.96 0.78 0.96 0.97
0.96 0.77 0.96 0.97
0.96 0.76 0.96 0.96
0.96 0.76 0.96 0.96
0.96 0.76 0.96 0.96
0.96 0.75 0.96 0.96
0.96 0.75 0.96 0.96
0.96 0.74 0.96 0.96
0.96 0.73 0.96 0.96
0.96 0.73 0.96 0.96
0.96 0.72 0.96 0.96
0.96 0.72 0.96 0.96
0.96 0.71 0.96 0.96
0.96 0.7 0.96 0.96
0.97 0.69 0.97 0.96
0.97 0.69 0.97 0.96
0.97 0.68 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.68 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.67 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.67 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.66 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.65 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.64 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.63 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.63 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.62 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.61 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.6 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.59 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.58 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.57 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.56 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.55 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.53 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.52 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.51 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.5 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.5 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.49 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.47 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.46 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.45 0.97 0.97
0.97 0.43 0.97 0.98
0.98 0.42 0.98 0.98
0.98 0.4 0.98 0.98
0.98 0.39 0.98 0.98
0.98 0.37 0.98 0.98
0.98 0.36 0.98 0.98
0.98 0.34 0.98 0.98
0.98 0.33 0.98 0.98
0.98 0.31 0.98 0.98
0.98
### 0.29 0.98 0.98
0.98 0.28 0.98 0.98
0.98
### 0.26 0.98 0.98
0.98 0.24 0.98 0.98
0.99 0.22 0.99 0.99
0.99 0.2 0.99 0.99
0.99 0.18 0.99 0.99
0.99 0.16 0.99 0.99
0.99 0.14 0.99 0.99
0.99 0.12 0.99 0.99
0.99 0.1 0.99 0.99
0.99 0.07 0.99 0.99
1 0.05 1 1
1 0.03 1 1
1 0 1 1
636x3 + 0.0369x2 - 0.0786x + 1.0003

VCF
Column X

0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2


Volume Contraction Factor
1.01

0.99

0.98
VCF

Column P

0.97

0.96

0.95

0.94
-20.00% 0.00% 20.00% 40.00% 60.00% 80.00% 100.00%
oGL
ETHANOL-WATER VOLUME CONTRACTION FACTOR
1.01

0.99

0.98

VCF
VCF

0.97

0.96

0.95

0.94
-0.2 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1
WATER Molar Fraccion