Lesson Plan

Course: Computer Maintenance I Session Title: PC Disassembly and Reassembly Performance Objective: Upon completion of this assignment, students will be able to physically disassemble and reassemble a PC.

Specific Objectives: Boot up the PC to be disassembled and reassembled [verify that it works properly]. Disassemble a PC. Reassemble a PC. Boot up the reassembled PC [verify that it works properly]. Preparation TEKS Correlations: 125.46(c) (3) (E) (F) (G) … demonstrates knowledge of the architecture of a computer system; … central processing units (CPU), storage devices, and peripheral devices; and … computer system environmental and control devices. 125.46(c) (4) (A) … safely use hand and power tools end equipment commonly employed in computer technologies.

Interdisciplinary Correlations: Technology Applications – Computer Science I: 126.22(c)(1) (A) demonstrate knowledge and appropriate use of operating systems… (B) appropriately use the various input, processing, output, and primary/secondary storage devices 126.22(c)(12)
Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education

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(B) seek and respond to advice from peers and professionals in evaluating the product… (C) debug and solve problems using reference materials and effective strategies English: 110.xx(7) – Reading/comprehension (A) establish a purpose for reading such as to discover, interpret, and enjoy; (I) use study strategies such as skimming and scanning, note taking, outlining, and using studyguide questions to better understand texts; (J) read silently with comprehension for a sustained period of time. Teacher References: 1. Cisco Systems Sponsored Curriculum: IT Essentials I: PC Hardware and Software, Chapter 3: Assembling a Computer. Instructional Aids: 1. 2. 3. 4. PowerPoint presentation: PC Disassembly and Reassembly. Micro 2000 Video TroubleShooting Vol 3: PC Assembly & Configuration. Lab Sheet for Disassembly and Reassembly of a PC. PC Disassembly and Reassembly exam.

Materials Needed: 1. Standard computer technician tool kit (With wrist-strap). [For each pair of students] 2. Copies of Lab Sheet for Disassembly and Reassembly of a PC. [For each student] Equipment Needed: 1. Projection system to display PowerPoint presentation [PC/Monitor, PC/Projector, etc.] 2. VCR and Television to show PC Assembly & Configuration video. 3. One PC for each two students; for labs. Learner 1. Students should read appropriate curriculum material for how to disassemble/assemble a PC [depending on the text/curriculum being used for this course]. This lesson can be taught with only the PowerPoint presentation, and the equipment needed outlined above. Introduction Introduction (LSI Quadrant I): Understanding how a PC is assembled and disassembled is a key component in the training for
Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education

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a computer technician. Knowledge of how the computer parts “fit” will help the technician solve repair and upgrade problems. IDE storage devices, such as the hard drive and CD-ROM drive, are the most common type of storage devices installed in today’s PC. How can the computer technician ensure the cabling for these devices are properly oriented? Make sure that the colored stripe [usually red, sometimes blue], is oriented on the number 1 pin of the IDE port [both on the motherboard and the drive]. On the drive’s IDE port, the number one pin is usually closest to the power connector. Outline Outline (LSI Quadrant II): 1. Introduce students to the computer assembly process to include: a. Computer chassis (cases) b. Power supplies c. Motherboard configuration d. Configuration of connectors e. CPU interfaces f. RAM installation g. Installing hard drives and/or CD-ROMs h. Connecting floppy drives i. First boot after assembly 2. Show a video [or give demonstration], of the assembly of a PC 3. Students complete lab demonstrations including: a. Lab 1: Disassembly of PC b. Lab 2: Reassembly of PC Application Guided Practice (LSI Quadrant III): 1. Teacher shows and demonstrates each lab principle. 2. Teacher maintains direct supervision in the lab providing guidance when warranted.

Independent Practice (LSI Quadrant III): 1. Students work in pairs on lab assignments; demonstrating their skills in identifying and discussing the various lab requirements and results. Summary Review (LSI Quadrants I and IV): 1. Ask students summary questions. a. What are the main types of computer cases? [Desktop, mini-tower, mid-tower, and full tower]
Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education

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Teacher will monitor student progress during independent practice and provide independent re-teach/redirection as needed.b. Evaluation Informal Assessment (LSI Quadrant III): 1. can peer-tutor students [one-on-one] that are having difficulty with the disassembly or assembly of the PC. What is the voltage for the red and yellow wires of a power connector? [Red is 5 volts and yellow is 12 volts] 2. Administer an objective multiple-choice test. Students that have mastered the lab assignments. Extension/Enrichment (LSI Quadrant IV): 1. Revisit the steps the students went through to reassemble the PC. Formal Assessment (LSI Quadrant III. Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education 4 . What are the two types of power supplies? [AT and ATX] c. IV): 1.

Computer Maintenance PC Disassembly and Reassembly ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education 1 .

Enabling Objectives Computer Chassis (Cases) Power Supplies Configuring the Motherboard Configuring the Connectors CPU Interfaces RAM Installing a Hard Drive or CD-ROM Connecting Floppy Drives First Boot After Assembly ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 2 .

) • The desktop case is considered the most difficult to upgrade. it is recommended that it conforms to the ATX standard and has at least a 250-watt power supply (300 watts is ideal.Computer Chassis (Cases) • There are four main types of computer cases: • • • • Desktop Mini-tower Mid-tower Full tower • Whether buying a tower or desktop. ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 3 .

There are two basic types of power supplies: • • AT power supplies – Designed to support AT-compatible motherboards. The power supply unit provides electrical power for every component inside the system unit. Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 4 • • ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education . The power supply plays the critical role of converting commercial electrical power (AC).Power Supplies • The power supply is one of the most important parts that needs to be understood. into DC required by the components of the computer. ATX power supplies – Designed according to newer ATX design specifications to support the ATX motherboard.

Power Supplies (Continued) • There are two major distinctions between the legacy AT and the new ATX power supplies. • The AT power supply has two 6-pin motherboard power connectors (P8/P9) • The black ground wires of these connectors must be in the middle of the motherboard connector • The ATX power supplies use a single 20-pin power connector (P1). AT ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly ATX 5 .

• • • In ATX power supplies.Power Supplies (Continued) • In the ATX-compatible power supply. Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 6 ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education . The power supply produces four (five in the ATX) different levels of well-regulated DC voltage for use by the system components. The AT design pulls air in through the rear of the power supply unit and blows it directly on the AT motherboard. +12V. -5V. the +3. the cooling fan pulls air through the case from the front and exhausts it out the rear of the power supply unit. • These are +5V. and -12V.3V level is also produced and is used by the second-generation Intel Pentium processors.

Installing the CPU Installing the heat sink and fan Installing RAM Connecting the power supply cables to the motherboard power connectors and connecting miscellaneous connectors to the correct switches and status lights on the front case panel. Setting the system BIOS Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 7 Configuring the motherboard typically means the following: • • • • • ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education .Configuring the Motherboard • Always wear an anti-static wrist strap when working on the electronic components of a PC • • An exception would be when working on the monitor – this could be very dangerous.

• Usually. • Ground wires are usually black • 5 volt wires are usually red • 12 volt wires are usually yellow ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 8 . always remember that a colored stripe on the data cable is pin-1. • Most modern connectors are "keyed" by a missing pin or a blocked connector. the colored wire(s) in a power cable are positive and the white or black wire(s) are ground or negative.Configuring the Connectors • For the disk controllers. so they cannot be fitted the wrong way.

.CPU Interfaces • There are two main types of CPU interfaces. although the newer systems are now using different sockets. • AMD Athlon series CPUs require a Socket A connector Socket 7 Socket A ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 9 . It is the only interface used by at least one generation of Intel Pentium processors (Pentium I) as well as AMD and Cyrix chips.g. • Socket type (e.Socket 7 has been the standard interface. socket 7) .

.CPU Interfaces (Continued) • There are two main types of CPU interfaces.) • Slot type (e. Slot 1 is the Single Edge Contact (SEC) interface used only by the Intel Pentium II processor family. (Cont. slot 1.Slot type interfaces use a slot similar to expansion cards.g. Slot Type ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 10 .) .

©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 11 • . it is important to remember to put the DIMM with the largest memory size in the first bank. You must fill the first bank before moving onto the next. Each bank of memory for a SIMM has two sockets. • 72-pin Single In-line Memory Module (SIMM) cards.RAM • There are two types of memory modules used on most PCs. • Additionally. each bank must be filled with RAM modules that have the same access time and size. • • Currently the most common SIMM size • 168-pin Dual In-line Memory Module (DIMM) cards Important • When DIMM sizes are mixed on the motherboard.

RIMM modules use only the Direct Rambus Memory Chips (RDRAM). the motherboard manual or the manufacturer websites. • Unlike DIMMs and SIMMs. ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 12 . • Information on specific memory types can be found in their manuals. and others allow single RIMMs to be installed. • Some systems require that RIMM modules be added in identical pairs.RAM (Continued) • When using other types of memory modules such as Rambus Inline Memory Modules (RIMMs) know that other considerations have to be taken into account.

• The designation of a hard drive or CD-ROM drive as either master or slave is generally determined by the jumper configuration.Installing a Hard Drive or CD-ROM • Attaching the hard drive and CD-ROM are basically similar. • Connection to the primary or secondary IDE interface is with a 40 pin ribbon cable. not by the order in which the drive is daisychained to the other drive. • First. the jumper settings should be properly set. ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 13 .

• A cautionary note: Moving the computer with the power on can damage the hard drive. you notice the hard drive activity LED is not lit up.Installing a Hard Drive or CD-ROM (Continued) • The only exception to the master or slave designation is if the drive has it’s jumper set to "cable select" and both the system and ribbon cable support cable select. and load the operating system. ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 14 . you may have the LED plug connected incorrectly for not connected at all. • If after you assemble a PC.

via a 34-pin flat ribbon (data) cable • Usually. ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 15 . including the microprocessor. Lining the red-stripe edge with pin-1 of the drive connector or drive controller interface assures a correct alignment. • The FD LED light will remain on if the colored stripe is not connected to pin 1.Connecting Floppy Drives • The floppy drive exchanges data with the motherboard devices. a red stripe on the edge of the cable identifies pin-1.

• Cable pin-outs 10 through 16 are cross-wired between the middle drive connector and end drive connector. • This feature. called cable select. ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 16 .Connecting Floppy Drives • Current system BIOS versions can support up to two floppy drives on one controller via a daisy chain cable arrangement. producing a twist that reverses the Drive Select (DS) configuration of the drive plugged into the end connector of the ribbon cable. automatically configures the drive on the middle connector as Drive B and the drive on the end connector as Drive A.

©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 17 . etc. An example might be: Post code 3xx [indicates keyboard error].First Boot After Assembly • Post codes may be displayed indicating problems with bootup. • Entering the CMOS setup utility can vary from one BIOS manufacturer to another some examples are: • • • Delete key F1 key Alt + F1 key.

you can usually use the CMOS reset jumper on the motherboard to clear the unwanted password. CD-ROM as the sequence ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 18 . C.First Boot After Assembly • If you need to clear a password set [and forgotten]. in CMOS. • You may need to set the boot sequence in the CMOS. If you want the PC to look for a bootable floppy first: • Select: A.

Summary Computer Chassis (Cases) Power Supplies Configuring the Motherboard Configuring the Connectors CPU Interfaces RAM Installing a Hard Drive or CD-ROM Connecting Floppy Drives First Boot After Assembly ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 19 .

Computer Maintenance PC Disassembly and Reassembly ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education 1 .

Enabling Objectives Computer Chassis (Cases) Power Supplies Configuring the Motherboard Configuring the Connectors CPU Interfaces RAM Installing a Hard Drive or CD-ROM Connecting Floppy Drives First Boot After Assembly ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 2 .

it is recommended that it conforms to the ATX standard and has at least a 250 w att power supply (300 watts is ideal.) • The desktop case is considered the most difficult to upgrade.Computer Chassis (Cases) • There are four main types of computer cases: • • • • Desktop Mini-tower Mid-tower Full tower • Whether buying a tower or desktop. ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 3 .

Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 4 ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education . • There are two basic types of power supplies: • • AT power supplies – Designed to support AT-compatible motherboards. into DC required by the components of the computer.Power Supplies • The power supply is one of the most important parts that needs to be understood. The power supply unit provides electrical power for every component inside the system unit. ATX power supplies – Designed according to newer ATX design specifications to support the ATX motherboard. • The power supply plays the critical role of converting commercial electrical power (AC).

• The AT power supply has two 6 p motherboard power .in connector (P1).in connectors (P8/P9) • The black ground wires of these connectors must be in the middle of the motherboard connector • The ATX power supplies use a single 20 p power .Power Supplies (Continued) • There are two major distinctions between the legacy AT and the new ATX power supplies. AT ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly ATX 5 .

and -12V. • The power supply produces four (five in the ATX) different levels of well-regulated DC voltage for use by the system components. • The AT design pulls air in through the rear of the power supply unit and blows it directly on the AT motherboard. • In ATX power supplies. the +3.3V level is also produced and is used by the second-generation Intel Pentium processors. the cooling fan pulls air through the case from the front and exhausts it out the rear of the power supply unit.Power Supplies (Continued) • In the ATX-compatible power supply. -5V. • These are +5V. +12V. ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 6 .

Setting the system BIOS Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 7 • ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education .Configuring the Motherboard • Always wear an anti-static wrist strap when working on the electronic components of a PC • • An exception would be when working on the monitor – this could be very dangerous. Configuring the motherboard typically means the following: • • • • Installing the CPU Installing the heat sink and fan Installing RAM Connecting the power supply cables to the motherboard power connectors and connecting miscellaneous connectors to the correct switches and status lights on the front case panel.

Configuring the Connectors • For the disk controllers. always remember that a colored stripe on the data cable is pin 1 . so they cannot be fitted the wrong way.. • Most modern connectors are "keyed" by a missing pin or a blocked connector. the colored wire(s) in a power cable are positive and the white or black wire(s) are ground or negative. • Ground wires are usually black • 5 volt wires are usually red • 12 volt wires are usually yellow ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 8 . • Usually.

although the newer systems are now using different sockets..Socket 7 has been the standard interface. • AMD Athlon series CPUs require a Socket A connector Socket 7 Socket A ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 9 . • Socket type (e.g. It is the only interface used by at least one generation of Intel Pentium processors (Pentium I) as well as AMD and Cyrix chips. socket 7).CPU Interfaces • There are two main types of CPU interfaces.

) • Slot type (e. Slot Type ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 10 .).g. Slot 1 is the Single Edge Contact (SEC) interface used only by the Intel Pentium II processor family. slot 1.Slot type interfaces use a slot similar to expansion cards.CPU Interfaces (Continued) • There are two main types of CPU interfaces. (Cont..

• Additionally.RAM • There are two types of memory modules used on most PCs. it is important to remember to put the DIMM with the largest memory size in the first bank. • 72 p Single In line Memory Module (SIMM) cards.in • Currently the most common SIMM size • 168 p Dual In line Memory Module (DIMM) cards . . Each bank of memory for a SIMM has two sockets. You must fill the first bank before moving onto the next.in • Important • When DIMM sizes are mixed on the motherboard. ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 11 • . each bank must be filled with RAM modules that have the same access time and size.

and others allow single RIMMs to be installed. • Some systems require that RIMM modules be added in identical pairs. the motherboard manual or the manufacturer websites.RAM (Continued) • When using other types of memory modules such as Rambus Inline Memory Modules (RIMMs) know that other considerations have to be taken into account. RIMM modules use only the Direct Rambus Memory Chips (RDRAM). ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 12 . • Unlike DIMMs and SIMMs. • Information on specific memory types can be found in their manuals.

the jumper settings should be properly set. R • Connection to the primary or secondary IDE interface is with a 40 pin ribbon cable.Installing a Hard Drive or CD-ROM • Attaching the hard drive and CD OM are basically similar. • First. • The designation of a hard drive or CD R drive as either OM master or slave is generally determined by the jumper configuration. not by the order in which the drive is daisy chained to the other drive. ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 13 .

©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 14 .Installing a Hard Drive or CD-ROM (Continued) • The only exception to the master or slave designation is if the drive has it’s jumper set to "cable select" and both the system and ribbon cable support cable select. • A cautionary note: Moving the computer with the power on can damage the hard drive. you notice the hard drive activity LED is not lit up. and load the operating system. you may have the LED plug connected incorrectly for not connected at all. • If after you assemble a PC.

via a 34-pin flat ribbon (data) cable • Usually. ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 15 . Lining the red-stripe edge with pin-1 of the drive connector or drive controller interface assures a correct alignment. a red stripe on the edge of the cable identifies pin-1.Connecting Floppy Drives • The floppy drive exchanges data with the motherboard devices. including the microprocessor. • The FD LED light will remain on if the colored stripe is not connected to pin 1.

©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 16 . called cable select.ired middle drive connector and end drive connector. producing a twist that reverses the Drive Select (DS) configuration of the drive plugged into the end connector of the ribbon cable.u . automatically configures the drive on the middle connector as Drive B and the drive on the end connector as Drive A.Connecting Floppy Drives • Current system BIOS versions can support up to two floppy drives on one controller via a daisy chain cable arrangement. • Cable pin ots 10 through 16 are cross w between the . • This feature.

©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 17 . An example might be: Post code 3xx [indicates keyboard error]. • Entering the CMOS setup utility can vary from one BIOS manufacturer to another some examples are: • • • Delete key F1 key Alt + F1 key.First Boot After Assembly • Post codes may be displayed indicating problems with boot up. etc.

First Boot After Assembly • If you need to clear a password set [and forgotten]. C. in CMOS. you can usually use the CMOS reset jumper on the motherboard to clear the unwanted password. • You may need to set the boot sequence in the CMOS. If you want the PC to look for a bootable floppy first: • Select: A. CD-ROM as the sequence ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 18 .

Summary Computer Chassis (Cases) Power Supplies Configuring the Motherboard Configuring the Connectors CPU Interfaces RAM Installing a Hard Drive or CD-ROM Connecting Floppy Drives First Boot After Assembly ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 19 .

• The AT power supply has two 6-pin motherboard power connectors (P8/P9) • The black ground wires of these connectors must be in the middle of the motherboard connector • The ATX power supplies use a single 20-pin power connector (P1). it is recommended that it conforms to the ATX standard and has at least a 250-watt power supply (300 watts is ideal. • The power supply plays the critical role of converting commercial electrical power (AC). The power supply unit provides electrical power for every component inside the system unit. the +3.Computer Maintenance PC Disassembly and Reassembly Enabling Objectives Computer Chassis (Cases) Power Supplies Configuring the Motherboard Configuring the Connectors CPU Interfaces RAM Installing a Hard Drive or CD-ROM Connecting Floppy Drives First Boot After Assembly 1 ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 2 ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Chassis (Cases) • There are four main types of computer cases: • • • • Desktop Mini-tower Mid-tower Full tower Power Supplies • The power supply is one of the most important parts that needs to be understood. • The AT design pulls air in through the rear of the power supply unit and blows it directly on the AT motherboard. • The power supply produces four (five in the ATX) different levels of well-regulated DC voltage for use by the system components. ATX 5 ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 6 . -5V. ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 3 ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Power Supplies (Continued) • There are two major distinctions between the legacy AT and the new ATX power supplies. the cooling fan pulls air through the case from the front and exhausts it out the rear of the power supply unit. • In ATX power supplies.3V level is also produced and is used by the second-generation Intel Pentium processors. AT ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly Power Supplies (Continued) • In the ATX-compatible power supply. +12V. ATX power supplies – Designed according to newer ATX design specifications to support the ATX motherboard. • These are +5V. • There are two basic types of power supplies: • • AT power supplies – Designed to support AT-compatible motherboards.) • The desktop case is considered the most difficult to upgrade. and -12V. Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 4 • Whether buying a tower or desktop. into DC required by the components of the computer.

RIMM modules use only the Direct Rambus Memory Chips (RDRAM).Configuring the Motherboard • Always wear an anti-static wrist strap when working on the electronic components of a PC • • An exception would be when working on the monitor – this could be very dangerous. ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly • . • Socket type (e.Slot type interfaces use a slot similar to expansion cards. Configuring the Connectors • For the disk controllers.) . It is the only interface used by at least one generation of Intel Pentium processors (Pentium I) as well as AMD and Cyrix chips.) • Slot type (e. although the newer systems are now using different sockets. Slot Type ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 9 ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 10 RAM • There are two types of memory modules used on most PCs.. • Currently the most common SIMM size RAM (Continued) • When using other types of memory modules such as Rambus Inline Memory Modules (RIMMs) know that other considerations have to be taken into account.g. • Additionally. it is important to remember to put the DIMM with the largest memory size in the first bank. Slot 1 is the Single Edge Contact (SEC) interface used only by the Intel Pentium II processor family. so they cannot be fitted the wrong way.Socket 7 has been the standard interface. You must fill the first bank before moving onto the next. • Unlike DIMMs and SIMMs.g. • Ground wires are usually black • 5 volt wires are usually red • 12 volt wires are usually yellow 7 ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 8 Configuring the motherboard typically means the following: • • • • Installing the CPU Installing the heat sink and fan Installing RAM Connecting the power supply cables to the motherboard power connectors and connecting miscellaneous connectors to the correct switches and status lights on the front case panel. • Usually. • AMD Athlon series CPUs require a Socket A connector Socket 7 Socket A CPU Interfaces (Continued) • There are two main types of CPU interfaces. • Most modern connectors are "keyed" by a missing pin or a blocked connector. Setting the system BIOS Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly • ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education CPU Interfaces • There are two main types of CPU interfaces.. each bank must be filled with RAM modules that have the same access time and size. • Information on specific memory types can be found in their manuals. always remember that a colored stripe on the data cable is pin-1. and others allow single RIMMs to be installed. • 72-pin Single In-line Memory Module (SIMM) cards. slot 1. • Some systems require that RIMM modules be added in identical pairs. Each bank of memory for a SIMM has two sockets. the colored wire(s) in a power cable are positive and the white or black wire(s) are ground or negative. (Cont. socket 7) . the motherboard manual or the manufacturer websites. 11 ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 12 • 168-pin Dual In-line Memory Module (DIMM) cards • Important • When DIMM sizes are mixed on the motherboard.

C. ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 15 ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 16 First Boot After Assembly • Post codes may be displayed indicating problems with bootup. • You may need to set the boot sequence in the CMOS. • A cautionary note: Moving the computer with the power on can damage the hard drive. • First. via a 34-pin flat ribbon (data) cable • Usually. including the microprocessor. • If after you assemble a PC. Installing a Hard Drive or CD-ROM (Continued) • The only exception to the master or slave designation is if the drive has it’s jumper set to "cable select" and both the system and ribbon cable support cable select. • The FD LED light will remain on if the colored stripe is not connected to pin 1. automatically configures the drive on the middle connector as Drive B and the drive on the end connector as Drive A. a red stripe on the edge of the cable identifies pin-1. • This feature. the jumper settings should be properly set. called cable select. you can usually use the CMOS reset jumper on the motherboard to clear the unwanted password. Lining the red-stripe edge with pin-1 of the drive connector or drive controller interface assures a correct alignment. An example might be: Post code 3xx [indicates keyboard error]. ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly Connecting Floppy Drives • The floppy drive exchanges data with the motherboard devices. in CMOS. you notice the hard drive activity LED is not lit up. etc. • Entering the CMOS setup utility can vary from one BIOS manufacturer to another some examples are: • • • Delete key F1 key Alt + F1 key. you may have the LED plug connected incorrectly for not connected at all.Installing a Hard Drive or CD-ROM • Attaching the hard drive and CD-ROM are basically similar. Connecting Floppy Drives • Current system BIOS versions can support up to two floppy drives on one controller via a daisy chain cable arrangement. First Boot After Assembly • If you need to clear a password set [and forgotten]. not by the order in which the drive is daisychained to the other drive. and load the operating system. CD-ROM as the sequence ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 17 ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 18 . producing a twist that reverses the Drive Select (DS) configuration of the drive plugged into the end connector of the ribbon cable. • Connection to the primary or secondary IDE interface is with a 40 pin ribbon cable. If you want the PC to look for a bootable floppy first: • Select: A. 13 ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 14 • The designation of a hard drive or CD-ROM drive as either master or slave is generally determined by the jumper configuration. • Cable pin-outs 10 through 16 are cross-wired between the middle drive connector and end drive connector.

Summary Computer Chassis (Cases) Power Supplies Configuring the Motherboard Configuring the Connectors CPU Interfaces RAM Installing a Hard Drive or CD-ROM Connecting Floppy Drives First Boot After Assembly ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly 19 .

b. The computer should do a quick memory test (some numbers will count on the screen) b. If an ATX type PC is used some modifications might need to be made in the step-by-step procedures. The following resources will be required: • • • • PC Tool Kit Anti Static Wrist Strap Personal computer (PC) Operating system installed (MSDOS. a multigigabyte hard disk drive (HDD). Push the power button to turn the computer on. the video and input/output ports may be located on the motherboard instead of interface cards. Unplug the power cord from the back of the computer Remove the screws on the back panel of the computer cover Take off computer cover Identify the video card. Resources: You will work in teams. MS Windows 95/98/2000/Millennium) NOTE: This lab assumes an AT type PC is used. I. The drives that are normally included as standard equipment with a PC are a 3 1/2 inch floppy disk drive (FDD). c. Then you will disassemble the computer. It is the one that the monitor is plugged into Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly Lab 1 ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education 1 . Most PCs are capable of working with several different types of disk storage devices. Step 1 – Booting up the computer a. You will go through all the steps of disassembly.Computer Maintenance PC Disassembly and Reassembly LAB 1 – Disassemble PC Objectives: • • Disassemble a generic PC Verify the correct orientation of interface cables Background: In this procedure you will start a computer to verify that it is operating properly. Push the power button to turn the computer off Step 2 – Identify adapter cards a. and a CD-ROM drive. These units can typically be found in the front section of the system unit.e. d. The computer will boot up to a MS DOS screen and should show a “C” prompt that should look something like: C:> c.

Computer Maintenance PC Disassembly and Reassembly e. Write down the slot that it is plugged into in Table 1-1. Slots are numbered from right to left starting at slot 1 [looking from front of computer to back] f. Identify the serial port mount. It is the one with a D25 pin male port and a D9 pin male port. i. Write down the slot that it is plugged into in Table 1-1 j. Identify the parallel port mount. It is the one with a D25 pin female port. k. Write down the slot that it is plugged into in Table 1-1 Step 3 – Disconnect external cables a. Disconnect the keyboard from the back of the computer b. Disconnect the mouse (PS/2 or Serial) c. Disconnect the video cable Step 4 – Disconnect all internal ribbon cables a. b. c. d. e. f. Disconnect the IDE ribbon cable from the hard drive Disconnect the IDE ribbon cable from the CD-ROM Disconnect the IDE ribbon cable(s) from the system board Disconnect the FDD ribbon cable from the floppy disk drive Disconnect the FDD ribbon cable from the system board Remove all the ribbon cables from the computer

Step 5 – Disconnect power supply connections a. Disconnect the power connector from the hard drive b. Disconnect the power connector from the CD-ROM c. Disconnect the power connector from the floppy drive d. Disconnect the power connector from the tape drive e. Disconnect the power connectors from the system board [notice the orientation] Step 6 – Remove the adapter cards a. Unscrew the video card from the back panel, and then remove it and place it into an anti-static bag b. Unscrew the serial mount from the back panel, and then remove the ribbon cables from the system board [notice the orientation] c. Repeat step c to the parallel mount. d. Unscrew any other adapter cards that might be installed in this PC and remove them from the PC. Step 7 – Disconnect all front panel connections a. b. c. d. Remove the power switch connector List the color of the wires in Table 1-2 Remove the speaker connector List the color of the wires in Table 1-2
Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly Lab 1 ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education 2

Computer Maintenance PC Disassembly and Reassembly e. f. g. h. i. j. Remove the power LED connector List the color of the wires in Table 1-2 Remove the hard drive LED connector List the color of the wires in Table 1-2 Remove the reset switch connector List the color of the wires in Table 1-2

Step 8 – Remove drives from chassis a. Remove the hard drive [notice type of screws used] b. Remove the CD-ROM drive [notice type of screws used] d. Remove the Floppy drive [notice type of screws used] Step 9 – Remove system board mount and system board a. b. c. d. Remove screws from the system board mount. Pull system board mount and system board from chassis. Remove system board mounting screws from system board Remove system board.

Step 10 – Remove Power Supply a. Remove switch mounting screw from switch mount at front of chassis b. Remove four screws from back of chassis that hold the power supply onto the chassis c. Remove the power supply

Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly Lab 1 ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education 3

Computer Maintenance PC Disassembly and Reassembly LAB 2 – Reassemble PC Objectives:
• •

Reassemble a generic PC [disassembled in Lab 1] Verify the correct orientation of interface cables

Background: In this procedure, you will reassemble the PC that was disassembled in Lab 1. You will go through all the steps of reassembly. After reassembling the PC, you will start the computer to verify that it is operating properly Resources: You will work in teams. The following resources will be required:
• • • •

PC Tool Kit Anti Static Wrist Strap Disassembled Personal computer (PC) Operating system installed on hard drive (MSDOS, MS Windows 95/98/2000/Millennium)

NOTE: As in Lab 1, this lab assumes an AT type PC is used. If an ATX type PC is used some modifications might need to be made in the step by step procedures. I.e. the video and input/output ports along with the IDE ports may be located on the motherboard instead of interface cards. Step 1 – Install Power Supply a. Place the power supply back into the chassis b. Insert four screws through back of chassis that hold the power supply onto the chassis a. Attach switch mounting screw through switch mount at front of chassis Step 2 – Attach system board mount and system board a. Place system board on system board mounts. b. Install system board mounting screws through system board c. Install system board mount and system board into chassis. d. Install screws through the system board mount.

Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly Lab 2 ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education 1

Repeat step a to all other adapter cards removed in Lab 1. striped side to pin 1. a. Step 6 – Connect power supply connections a. Connect the power connectors to the system board [notice the orientation] Connect the power connector to the CD-ROM Connect the power connector to the floppy drive Connect the power connector to the hard drive Step 7 – Connect all internal ribbon cables a. i. Find the reset switch connector and connect it to the motherboard where it is labeled Reset. Install the Floppy drive [remember type of screws used from Lab 1] c.Computer Maintenance PC Disassembly and Reassembly Step 3 – Attach all front panel connections [See Table 1-2. Step 4 – Install drives into chassis a. and screw it into the back panel b. d. striped side to pin 1. Repeat step a to the network card c. then plug the second cable into the motherboard’s Secondary IDE controller and then to the CD-ROM] Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly Lab 2 ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education 2 . d. [If there were two IDE cables. It will require a firm push to get the cards reseated in the motherboard expansion slot. Install the video card into the slot recorded in Table 1-1 [Lab 1]. Repeat step a to the sound card d. d. Connect the hard disk drive cable to the motherboard in the Primary IDE controller. Find the speaker connection and connect it to the motherboard where it is labeled Speaker. Connect the floppy disk drive ribbon cable to the floppy disk drive b. Lab 1 if Needed] a. Find the power LED connector and connect it to the motherboard where it is labeled Power LED. and plug the end into the CD-Rom drive. striped side to pin 1 c. Install the CD-ROM drive [remember type of screws used from Lab 1] b. Find the hard-disk drive LED connector and connect it to the motherboard [or interface card] where it is labeled HDD LED. Plug the middle of the connector into the hard drive. striped side to pin 1. Install the hard drive [remember type of screws used from Lab 1] Step 5 – Install the adapter cards Make sure the cards are lined up properly with the slots. Connect the floppy ribbon cable to the system board. c. b. c.

Plug the keyboard into the keyboard connector. e. Plug the monitor into the video card. Make sure the orientation is correct. Be careful not to bend pins. Plug the mouse (PS/2 or Serial) into the port you removed it from. as this will ruin the monitor. Push the power button to turn the computer off Team Member 1:______________________________________________________ Team Member 2:______________________________________________________ Team Member 3:______________________________________________________ Team Member 4:______________________________________________________ Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly Lab 2 ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education 3 . d. You need to reboot the computer to see if it is still working properly. The computer will boot up to a MS DOS screen and should show a “C” prompt that should look something like: C:> c.Computer Maintenance PC Disassembly and Reassembly Step 8 – Connect external cables a. The computer should do a quick memory test (some numbers will count on the screen) b. Push the power button to turn the computer on. otherwise you could bend pins and ruin the keyboard. Replace the cover screws. Plug in the power cord. b. The connector is keyed and can only be plugged in one way. f. NOTE: Assembly is complete. c. Step 9 – Booting up the computer a. Replace the cover of the computer.

Computer Maintenance PC Disassembly and Reassembly Table 1-1 Adapter Card Video Card: Network Card: Serial Port Mount: Parallel Port Mount: Slot Table 1-2 Cable Power Switch: Speaker: Power LED: IDE LDE: Reset: Color/Orientation Team Member 1:______________________________________________________ Team Member 2:______________________________________________________ Team Member 3:______________________________________________________ Team Member 4:______________________________________________________ Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly Lab 1 ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education 4 .

D. The DIMMs must be installed in pairs.Computer Maintenance PC Disassembly and Reassembly Student Name: __________________________ Date: __________ Question 1: How many SIMMs does it take to make up a bank in a Pentium class machine? A. AMD Athlon Intel 486 Intel Pentium III Intel Pentium II Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly Exam ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education 1 . B. D. 1 2 3 4 Question 2: Where is the twist on the floppy drive cable located? A. C. C. B. The smallest capacity DIMM must be installed in the first bank. B. D. The DIMMs may be installed on any bank on the motherboard. memory error keyboard error hard drive error system board error Question 5: Moving the computer with the power on is most likely to damage which component? A. The largest capacity DIMM must be installed in the first bank. B. after the last connector before the first connector between the B drive and the motherboard between the drive A and B connectors Question 3: Which of the following statements regarding Dual Inline Memory Module (DIMMs) is valid? A. D. C. Question 4: What does the POST code 3xx refer to? A. B. D. B. C. D. power supply monitor hard drive video card Question 6: Which processor family uses a Socket A connector? A. C. C.

with CMOS settings with BIOS settings during the partitioning of the drives with jumpers Question 10: Which of the following computer components is dangerous to work with while wearing an anti-static wrist strap? A. 8 10 12 20 Question 9: How are hard drives configured to be a master or slave drive? A. slot bus DIMM bank Question 8: How many pins are on an ATX motherboard power connector? A. D. B. C. D. E.Computer Maintenance PC Disassembly and Reassembly Question 7: Which term describes the group of memory slots that RAM is installed in? A. D. termination pin 1 pin 40 a keyed cable pin 34 Question 12: What is the most common SIMM size currently used in computers? A. E. C. B. D. C. D. B. C. C. B. floppy drive motherboard monitor hard drive Question 11: What does the colored stripe on a data cable represent? A. B. C. D. B. 168 pin 30 pin 72 pin 32 pin 184 pins Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly Exam ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education 2 .

Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly Exam ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education 3 . C. The P9 connector should be plugged into the motherboard first. The P8 connector should be towards the back of the computer. Clear the password by using the CMOS reset jumper on the motherboard. The CMOS is setup incorrectly for the floppy drive. D. D. 40 50 34 68 Question 17: How many pins are on an AT motherboard power connector? A. B. Question 16: How many pins are on the connector of an IDE hard drive? A. C. Question 15: Which of the following computer problems will cause the floppy drive light to stay on constantly? A.Computer Maintenance PC Disassembly and Reassembly Question 13: How should AT power supply P8 and P9 connectors be connected to the motherboard? A. The data cable colored stripe is not connected to pin 1 on the floppy drive. C. The black wires of P8 and P9 should be in the middle of the connector. B. D. The jumpers determine the drive letter of the hard drive. 8 10 12 20 Question 18: How can you reset a forgotten CMOS password? A. D. Use the Password utility in the control panel. The jumpers determine if the hard drive will be a master or slave drive. D. The jumpers set the termination of the hard drive. C. B. The red wires of P8 and P9 should be in the middle of the connector. B. C. The jumpers set the ID of the hard drive. The floppy drive doesn't have a data cable attached to it. The floppy drive is attached to the middle of the data cable. D. Bypass bootup and reset CMOS to default. B. Reinstall the operating system. C. B. Question 14: What is the purpose of the jumpers on an IDE hard drive? A.

B. What is the most likely cause of this problem? A. D. A. RDRAM SDRAM EDO-RAM DDR-SDRAM Question 20: After you assemble a new PC and load the operating system. C. CD-ROM C. D. B. C. B. -5v DC +5v DC -12v DC +12v DC +3. C. CD-ROM C. D. E. which boot sequence must be selected in CMOS? A. C. CD-ROM.Computer Maintenance PC Disassembly and Reassembly Question 19: Which type of memory chip is used by RIMM modules? A. causing the PC to be locked Question 21: What does the black wire on the floppy drive power connector provide? A. hard drive has failed hard drive LED plug not connected properly hard drive was not installed properly keylock switch is enabled. D. D. B. A CD-ROM. B. 150 watts 200 watts 250 watts 300 watts Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly Exam ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education 4 . C. F.3v DC ground Question 23: If you want the PC to look for a bootable floppy first. E. you notice that the hard drive activity LED is not lit up. +5v DC -5v DC ground +12v DC -12v DC Question 22: How much voltage does the yellow wire of a PC power supply provide to the PC components? A. C. C. D. A Question 24: What is the minimum recommended wattage for a PC power supply? A. A. C. B.

The CMOS setup utility is automatically started each time the computer is powered on. B. D.Computer Maintenance PC Disassembly and Reassembly Question 25: Which of the following statements is true? A. Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly Exam ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education 5 . C. The CMOS setup utility is always started by pressing the Delete key. The key or key combination to enter the CMOS setup utility can vary from one BIOS manufacturer to another. The CMOS utility may be entered with the operating system already booted up.

C. B. C. D. B. D. C. The DIMMs may be installed on any bank on the motherboard. after the last connector before the first connector between the B drive and the motherboard between the drive A and B connectors Question 3: Which of the following statements regarding Dual Inline Memory Module (DIMMs) is valid? A. memory error keyboard error hard drive error system board error Question 5: Moving the computer with the power on is most likely to damage which component? A. C. D. The smallest capacity DIMM must be installed in the first bank. AMD Athlon Intel 486 Intel Pentium III Intel Pentium II Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly Exam Key ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education 1 . B. C. power supply monitor hard drive video card Question 6: Which processor family uses a Socket A connector? A. B. B.Computer Maintenance PC Disassembly and Reassembly Student Name: __________________________ Date: __________ Question 1: How many SIMMs does it take to make up a bank in a Pentium class machine? A. C. B. The DIMMs must be installed in pairs. D. D. Question 4: What does the POST code 3xx refer to? A. D. The largest capacity DIMM must be installed in the first bank. 1 2 3 4 Question 2: Where is the twist on the floppy drive cable located? A.

C. with CMOS settings with BIOS settings during the partitioning of the drives with jumpers Question 10: Which of the following computer components is dangerous to work with while wearing an anti-static wrist strap? A. B. 8 10 12 20 Question 9: How are hard drives configured to be a master or slave drive? A.Computer Maintenance PC Disassembly and Reassembly Question 7: Which term describes the group of memory slots that RAM is installed in? A. E. C. B. D. B. E. slot bus DIMM bank Question 8: How many pins are on an ATX motherboard power connector? A. termination pin 1 pin 40 a keyed cable pin 34 Question 12: What is the most common SIMM size currently used in computers? A. D. B. C. B. C. D. C. floppy drive motherboard monitor hard drive Question 11: What does the colored stripe on a data cable represent? A. D. D. B. C. 168 pin 30 pin 72 pin 32 pin 184 pins Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly Exam Key ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education 2 . D.

The P9 connector should be plugged into the motherboard first. D. C. Question 15: Which of the following computer problems will cause the floppy drive light to stay on constantly? A. The P8 connector should be towards the back of the computer. C. Use the Password utility in the control panel. B. D. The black wires of P8 and P9 should be in the middle of the connector. The jumpers determine if the hard drive will be a master or slave drive. C. B. B. Question 16: How many pins are on the connector of an IDE hard drive? A. D. 40 50 34 68 Question 17: How many pins are on an AT motherboard power connector? A. The CMOS is setup incorrectly for the floppy drive. The floppy drive is attached to the middle of the data cable. The floppy drive doesn't have a data cable attached to it. Reinstall the operating system. 8 10 12 20 Question 18: How can you reset a forgotten CMOS password? A. The jumpers set the ID of the hard drive. Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly Exam Key ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education 3 . Clear the password by using the CMOS reset jumper on the motherboard. The jumpers determine the drive letter of the hard drive. B. C. B. C. Question 14: What is the purpose of the jumpers on an IDE hard drive? A. D. C. Bypass bootup and reset CMOS to default. D. D. The red wires of P8 and P9 should be in the middle of the connector. B.Computer Maintenance PC Disassembly and Reassembly Question 13: How should AT power supply P8 and P9 connectors be connected to the motherboard? A. The data cable colored stripe is not connected to pin 1 on the floppy drive. The jumpers set the termination of the hard drive.

C. C. D. A Question 24: What is the minimum recommended wattage for a PC power supply? A.3v DC ground Question 23: If you want the PC to look for a bootable floppy first. D.Computer Maintenance PC Disassembly and Reassembly Question 19: Which type of memory chip is used by RIMM modules? A. A CD-ROM. CD-ROM. CD-ROM C. +5v DC -5v DC ground +12v DC -12v DC Question 22: How much voltage does the yellow wire of a PC power supply provide to the PC components? A. hard drive has failed hard drive LED plug not connected properly hard drive was not installed properly keylock switch is enabled. C. B. D. -5v DC +5v DC -12v DC +12v DC +3. A. RDRAM SDRAM EDO-RAM DDR-SDRAM Question 20: After you assemble a new PC and load the operating system. D. C. C. you notice that the hard drive activity LED is not lit up. D. 150 watts 200 watts 250 watts 300 watts Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly Exam Key ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education 4 . B. C. which boot sequence must be selected in CMOS? A. E. C. CD-ROM C. F. D. B. E. causing the PC to be locked Question 21: What does the black wire on the floppy drive power connector provide? A. B. B. C. B. A. What is the most likely cause of this problem? A.

The key or key combination to enter the CMOS setup utility can vary from one BIOS manufacturer to another. Computer Maintenance I: PC Disassembly and Reassembly Exam Key ©2003 Texas Trade and Industrial Education 5 . The CMOS setup utility is always started by pressing the Delete key. B. The CMOS utility may be entered with the operating system already booted up. C.Computer Maintenance PC Disassembly and Reassembly Question 25: Which of the following statements is true? A. The CMOS setup utility is automatically started each time the computer is powered on. D.

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