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_________________________________________________________________________________

ASSIGNMENT 9

Distributed during the week starting on 19/07/2010.Assignment 9 will be discussed in class

1. Consider the function 𝑓: 𝑅 2 → 𝑅, defined by 𝑓 𝑥, 𝑦 = 𝑒 𝑥 cos 𝑦 for every (𝑥, 𝑦) ∈ 𝑅 2 . Obtain the

second order Taylor approximation of 𝑓 𝑥, 𝑦 near the point 𝑥0 , 𝑦0 = (0,0).

Find whether is it possible to write,

𝑥

𝑥2 𝑥3 𝑦2 𝑦4 𝑦6

𝑒 cos 𝑦 = 1 + 𝑥 + + + ⋯ 1− + − +⋯ .

2! 3! 2! 4! 6!

2. i. Find all the stationary points of the function 𝑧 = 𝑥 3 + 𝑦 3 − 3𝑥 − 12𝑦 + 4 and classify them.

derivatives

𝜕𝑔 𝜕𝑔

and .

𝜕𝑠 𝜕𝑡

3. Find the equations of the tangent planes to the given surfaces at the indicated points.

a. 𝑥 2 + 𝑦 2 + 𝑧 2 = 25 at 0,3,4 ,

b. 𝑧 = 𝑥 2 𝑦 3 at (1,2,8).

𝑑𝑦 𝑥 + 𝑦 + 3

a. =

𝑑𝑥 𝑥 + 𝑦 + 4

𝑑𝑦 2𝑥 + 𝑦 + 3

b. =

𝑑𝑥 𝑥 + 2𝑦 + 9

𝑑2 𝐼 𝑑𝐼

c. + 20 + 200𝐼 = 0

𝑑𝑡 2 𝑑𝑡

d. 𝑦 ′′ − 3𝑦 + 4𝑦 = 0

6. Find the general solutions of the following equations of motions, where the constants

𝑚, 𝑏 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑘 are all positive , distinguishing cases if necessary.

𝑑2 𝑥 𝑑𝑥

a. 𝑚 2 + 𝑏 − 𝑘𝑥 = 0,

𝑑𝑡 𝑑𝑡

𝑑2 𝑥 𝑑𝑥

b. 𝑚 2 − 𝑏 + 𝑘𝑥 = 0.

𝑑𝑡 𝑑𝑡

Website:http://www.math.mrt.ac.lk/content/kevin_notes/ma1022_tutorial_2010

Department of Mathematics University of Moratuwa

Faculty of Engineering Semester 2- 2010

_________________________________________________________________________________

ASSIGNMENT 10

Write answers to all questions and submit during the week starting on 02/08/2010

1. For each of the following functions, find all stationary points and determine their nature if possible.

a. 𝑧 = 𝑥 2 + 4𝑥𝑦 + 𝑦 2 − 6𝑦 + 1

b. 𝑧 = 𝑥 2 + 𝑦 2 2

− 2 𝑥2 − 𝑦2

2.

𝑥2

Let 𝑓 𝑥, 𝑦 = ∀ 𝑥, 𝑦 ≠ (0,0)

𝑥2 + 𝑦2

For this 𝑓(𝑥, 𝑦), obtain the first degree and the second degree Taylor polynomial at 2,3 .Use those

two polynomials to approximate 𝑓 1.98,2.99 . Calculate the error for each case and comment.

+ + = 1 at the point 𝑥0 , 𝑦0 , 𝑧0 is given by + 2 + 2 =1

𝑎2 𝑏 2 𝑐 2 𝑎2 𝑏 𝑐

ii. Let 𝑓(𝑥, 𝑦) be a real valued bivariate function. Prove that if lim 𝑥,𝑦 →(𝑎,𝑏) 𝑓(𝑥, 𝑦) exists. Then it must

be unique.

4. An object of mass m is fired vertically upwards with initial velocity 𝑣0 , with the intention that it will

escape the pull of gravity and escape from the earth. Suppose that the gravitational force 𝐹 on the

object at an altitude of above the surface of the earth is given by

𝑚𝑔𝑅 2

𝐹= ,

(𝑅 + )2

Where 𝑅 is the radius of the earth.

a. Let 𝑣 denote the upward velocity of the object at time 𝑡 . Use Newton's law of motion to show that.

𝑑𝑣 𝑔𝑅 2

=− .

𝑑𝑡 (𝑅 + )2

b. Rewrite the differential equation as one with as independent variable.

c. Solve the new differential equation in part b.

d. Find the smallest value of 𝑣0 such that 𝑣 is never equal to zero at any time 𝑡.

5. A 10 kg mass is attached to a spring, stretching it 0.7m from it’s natural length. The mass is started in

motion from the equilibrium position with an initial velocity of 1m / sec in the upward direction. Find

the subsequent motion, if the force due to air resistance is -90 𝑥N.

6. A steel ball weighting 128 kg is suspended from a spring, where upon the spring is stretched 2m from

it’s natural length. The ball is started in motion with no initial velocity by displacing it 6m in above the

equilibrium position. Assuming no air resistance find an expression fort the position of the ball at any

time t and the position of the ball at t / 12 sec

Website:http://www.math.mrt.ac.lk/content/kevin_notes/ma1022_tutorial_2010

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