THE REVELATION

“The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to shew unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified it by his angel unto his servant John…” Revelation 1:1

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Table of Contents
The Revelation ....................................................................................................................................................................................................i Table of Contents ........................................................................................................................................................................................ ii Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1 Author and Title ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 3 Date .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 4 Theme ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4 Key Themes .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 4 Purpose, Occasion, and Background ............................................................................................................................................. 4 Distinctive Features.............................................................................................................................................................................. 5 History of Salvation Summary .......................................................................................................................................................11 Structure and Outline ........................................................................................................................................................................11 Application and Interpretation .....................................................................................................................................................14 Chapter 1 – Introduction of Jesus, John, & the Revelation .....................................................................................................15 Applications ...........................................................................................................................................................................................17 Receiving the Revelation (1-3) ......................................................................................................................................................18 John’s introduction of Jesus (to the seven churches) (4-7) ..............................................................................................28 Jesus’ introduction of Himself (8) ................................................................................................................................................44 John’s introduction of himself (9) ................................................................................................................................................46 John heard the voice of Jesus (10-11) ........................................................................................................................................49 John saw the image of Jesus (12-16)...........................................................................................................................................56 Jesus spoke to John (17-20) ............................................................................................................................................................71 Chapter 2 – The Churches of Ephesus | Smyrna | Pergamos | Thyatira ...........................................................................76 Ephesus (Apostolic Church) | AD 31 – 100 (1-7) ..................................................................................................................77 Smyrna (Persecuted Church) | AD 100 - 313 (8-11) ...........................................................................................................92 Pergamos (Apostate Church) | AD 323 - 538 (12-17).........................................................................................................99 Thyatira (Papal Church) | AD 538-1798 (18-29) ............................................................................................................... 107 Chapter 3 – The Churches of Sardis | Philadelphia | Laodicea .......................................................................................... 117 Sardis (Post-Protestant Church) | AD 1798 – 1833 (1-6) .............................................................................................. 117 Philadelphia (Brotherly-Love Church) | AD 1833-1844 (7-13) .................................................................................. 125 Laodicea (Luke-Warm (Militant) Church ) | AD 1844-Close of Probation (14-22) ............................................ 132 Chapter 4 - Vision of God’s throne ................................................................................................................................................. 148 The throne in Heaven (1-3) ......................................................................................................................................................... 152 The twenty-four elders (4-5) ...................................................................................................................................................... 155 The four beasts (6-8) ...................................................................................................................................................................... 158 Chapter 5 - The book with the seven seals................................................................................................................................. 165 No man is worthy to open the book with the seven seals (1-4) .................................................................................. 165 The Lamb is worthy to open the book (5-7)......................................................................................................................... 167 All worship the Lamb that is worthy (8-14)......................................................................................................................... 171 Chapter 6 - The opening of the first six seal .............................................................................................................................. 174 The 1st Seal (White Horse) | Ascension – 100 A.D. (1-2) ............................................................................................... 177 The 2nd Seal (Red Horse) | 100 A.D. – 323 A.D. (3-4) ...................................................................................................... 180 The 3rd Seal (Black Horse) | 323 A.D. – 538 A.D. (5-6) ................................................................................................... 182 The 4th Seal (Pale Horse) | 538 A.D. – 1374 A.D. (7-8) ................................................................................................... 184 The 5th Seal (Souls Under the Altar) 1374 A.D. – Close of Probation (9-11) ........................................................ 186 The 6th Seal (Who Shall Be Able To Stand) | 1755 A.D. – Second Coming (12-17) ............................................ 196 Chapter 7 – Continuation of the Sixth Seal & The Seal of God ........................................................................................... 218 The Seal of God (1-3) ...................................................................................................................................................................... 219 The 144,000 (4-8) ............................................................................................................................................................................ 229 The Great Multitude (9-12) .......................................................................................................................................................... 234 The 144,000 continued (13-17)................................................................................................................................................. 242 Chapter 8 – The blowing of the first four trumpets ............................................................................................................... 246 The 7th Seal: Second Coming (1) ............................................................................................................................................... 248 Introduction to the Seven Trumpets (2-6)............................................................................................................................ 248

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The 1st Trumpet (Visigoths) | 395 A.D. – 410 A.D. (7) .................................................................................................... 266 The 2nd Trumpet (Vandals) | 428 A.D. – 468 A.D. (8-9) ................................................................................................. 268 The 3rd Trumpet (Huns) | 451 A.D. – 453 A.D. (10-11) .................................................................................................. 269 The 4th Trumpet (Heruli) 476-493 A.D. (12) ...................................................................................................................... 271 Chapter 9 - The blowing of the fifth & sixth trumpets .......................................................................................................... 274 The 5th Trumpet (Othman) | 1299 A.D. – 1449 A.D (1-12) ........................................................................................... 275 The 6th Trumpet: 1449 A.D. – 1840 A.D. (13-21) .............................................................................................................. 279 Chapter 10 – The Advent Movement ............................................................................................................................................ 283 The Mighty Angel (1-4) .................................................................................................................................................................. 283 Mystery of God finished (5-7) ..................................................................................................................................................... 299 The Little Book (8-11) .................................................................................................................................................................... 304 Chapter 11 – The Seventh Trumpet .............................................................................................................................................. 308 Measuring of the temple (1-2) .................................................................................................................................................... 309 The French Revolution & the Two Witnesses (3-14) ....................................................................................................... 315 The 7th Trumpet (15-19) ............................................................................................................................................................. 322 The Three Sevens ............................................................................................................................................................................. 326 Chapter 12 – The Great Controversy ............................................................................................................................................ 327 The Woman & the Dragon (1-6) ................................................................................................................................................ 332 War in heaven (7-12)...................................................................................................................................................................... 341 The Dragon persecutes the Woman (13-18)........................................................................................................................ 361 Chapter 13 - The Antichrist, USA in Prophecy & the mark of the beast ........................................................................ 381 The 1st Beast (Composite Beast) | False Christ (1-10) .................................................................................................... 381 The 2nd Beast (Lamb-like Beast) | False Prophet (11-18) ............................................................................................ 386 Chapter 14 - The 144,000 & the three angels’ messages ..................................................................................................... 397 The 144,000 (1-5) ............................................................................................................................................................................ 399 The Three Angels’ Messages (6-13) ......................................................................................................................................... 404 The Two Harvests (14-20) ........................................................................................................................................................... 435 Chapter 15 - Introduction to the seven last plagues .............................................................................................................. 439 The angels with the seven vials (1) .......................................................................................................................................... 439 Those that had the victory over the beast and his mark (2-4) ..................................................................................... 439 The temple in heaven (5-8).......................................................................................................................................................... 440 Chapter 16 - The Seven Last Plagues ............................................................................................................................................ 443 The First Plague – Sores (2) ......................................................................................................................................................... 443 The Second Plague – Seas of blood (3).................................................................................................................................... 443 The Third Plague – Rivers and fountains of blood (4-7) ................................................................................................. 443 The Fourth Plague – The scorching of the sun (8-9) ........................................................................................................ 444 The Fifth Plague – Darkness (10-11) ....................................................................................................................................... 444 The Sixth Plague – Drying of the river Euphrates (12-16)............................................................................................. 445 The Seventh Plague – Thunders, lightning, earthquake, hail (17-21)....................................................................... 449 Chapter 17 – Judgment of the Great Whore............................................................................................................................... 450 Description of the whore (4-8)................................................................................................................................................... 451 The seven mountains (9-11) ....................................................................................................................................................... 453 The ten horns (12-18) .................................................................................................................................................................... 454 Chapter 18 – The Loud Cry ............................................................................................................................................................... 457 The Fourth Angel & The Loud Cry (1-4) ................................................................................................................................ 457 The desolation of Babylon (5-23) ............................................................................................................................................. 458 Chapter 19 – Marriage Supper of the Lamb ............................................................................................................................... 461 Worship of the Lamb (1-7)........................................................................................................................................................... 461 The second coming of Christ (11-16) ...................................................................................................................................... 463 Chapter 20 – The Millennium .......................................................................................................................................................... 466 Satan is bound for 1,000 years (1-3) ....................................................................................................................................... 466 The thousand years (4-6) ............................................................................................................................................................. 467 The end of the 1,000 years (7-13) ............................................................................................................................................ 468 The lake of fire (14-15) .................................................................................................................................................................. 469 Chapter 21 – New Jerusalem ............................................................................................................................................................ 470

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New heaven, new earth and the New Jerusalem (1-9) .................................................................................................... 470 The bride, the Lamb’s wife (9-27)............................................................................................................................................. 472 Chapter 22 – Eden Restored ............................................................................................................................................................. 475 The river and tree of life (1-2) .................................................................................................................................................... 475 Eternal dominion of the saints (3-6) ....................................................................................................................................... 475 Reception of the book and its message (6-10) .................................................................................................................... 475 An appeal to be ready for the coming of Christ (11-22) ................................................................................................. 476

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Introduction
This chapter covers an intro to the book: Matthew 24,25 is a Minnie book of Revelation. 2 Observation methods: Time and Names of Jesus. Resources: Great Controversy – Divine inspiration that will serve as proof for Bible interpretation. Uriah Smith Daniel & Revelation – For Historical Content Stephen Haskell Story of the Seer of Patmos – Historical Content Maxwell God cares – Historical Content Other good sources – A.T. Jones Intro: Things to know before we get into the book. Know these 3 points. 1. The book of Revelation is written by the apostle John. 2. 2.) The book of Daniel has more political prophecies. These prophecies refer to governments and kingdoms. This shows the political aspects of these nations. For example, In Daniel 2 we have the image of Gold, silver, brass, and Iron. This is about kingdoms, which are political powers. In Daniel 7 we have 4 beasts. A beast represents a nation or kingdom, these are political powers. In Daniel 11 we have different kings that arise. The king of the north and the king of the south, etc. This book is about kingdoms. But Revelation is about churches or the church. We have the 7 churches. 7 seals refer also to God's church. The 7 trumpets that refer to the political powers being destroyed, but these trumpets are mentioned for God's church. Then we have Rev 12. This shows a woman, and a woman represents a church. In Rev 13 we have two beasts. The leopard like beast and the lamb-like beast (political powers), but they are both enforcing religious laws. The first one is blaspheming against God, His saints, and His tabernacle, this shows a religious aspect. The second beast issues a NSL. This is related to God's church, this shows another religious aspect. Then in Rev 14 is about the 3 angel's messages. A message for the world given by God's church. Rev 15-17 is about the judgment of the whore, which is Satan's church, and not God's church. (When someone says Daniel think of political prophecies. When someone says Revelation think of churches.) Why is there a difference between the two? At the time of Daniel, God's people were considered to be a nation, not a church. They were in captivity, but they were a nation. In the days of John the Apostle, God's people were now a church. Daniel explains the political powers. And Revelations explains the ecclesiastical powers or religious powers. This is the basic outline of these books. (Daniel is more political and Revelation explains the church or religious prophecies.) 3. 3.) The book of Revelation is a magnified version of Matthew 24 & 25. Note: Before you study Daniel 7-9, 11 you must study Daniel 2. For you to understand Revelation you must study the outline of Matthew 24 and 25 to really understand what is being presented. Revelation is still based upon Daniel. But Jesus already gave a summary of the book of Revelation on the Mount of Olives to His disciples. Does Matthew 24 talk about the church and what they will go through? Anti-Christ? Second coming? Getting ready (10 virgins)? The gospel must be preached to the whole world? This sounds like the book of Revelation.

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Matthew 24 and 25 is a miniature version of the book of Revelation. General Outline of this chapter. (BSM: Before we go into the chapter give the chapter outline) 1. The book of Revelation is written by the apostle John a. We need to study the life of John b. So we should study the book of John and I, II and III John in relation to the book of Revelation c. Internal Evidence – Rev. 1:1, 4, 9 d. External Evidence – Christ’s Object Lessons, p. 133 ”Satan has blinded the minds of many, so that they have been glad of any excuse for not making the Revelation their study. But Christ through His servant John has here declared what shall be in the last days, and He says, "Blessed is he that readeth, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are written therein." Rev. 1:3.” 2. The book of Daniel is about political prophecies and Revelation is about churches a. Why is there a difference between the book Daniel and Revelation? i. During Daniel’s day, God’s people were still a nation ii. During John’s day, God’s people were in a church 3. The book of Revelation is a magnified version of Matt. 24 & 25 4. The book of Revelation was written when John was exiled to the isle of Patmos (around 96 A.D.). The picture of judgment and punishment is very vivid in the book of Revelation  {Rev 1-14} – more of God’s judgment, determining who is faithful and true  {Rev 14-20} – more of God’s avenge (punishment/recompense) and execution of judgment  {Rev 21-22} – the final restoration In order to understand the book of Revelation, we need to have studied the Author John. We should study the book of John and 1st and 2nd and 3rd John. The book of Daniel is more a political prophecy, because Daniel two is about kingdoms, which is political, the four beasts are kingdoms. But the book of Revelation is about churches, seven churches, seven seals dealing with Gods church; seven trumpets are being mentioned for Gods church. Revelation 12 Gods church, Revelation 13, enforced worship, chapter 14 church messages, chapter 17 judgments on Satan’s church. God’s people were a nation during Daniels time, during John’s time Gods people are a church. The book of revelation is a magnified version of Matthew 24 and 25. For you to understand the book of Revelation you need to understand Matthew 24 and 25. Matthew 24-25  Gods church
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 Antichrist  Gospel to all the world  Getting ready In this first section of the studies on the book of Revelation, we are going to be studying, 1) Seven Churches, 2) Seven Trumpets, and 3) Seven Seals. In order for us to study a certain book of the bible, it is very important for us to study the life of the writer of that book. So in order to understand the book of Revelation, we need to have studied the author John. It will be well for us to study also other books that the John wrote: the book of John, 1st, 2nd, and 3rd John in relationship to the book Revelation. 1. Author: Apostle John 2. Book of Revelation is ecclesial prophecy and the Book of Daniel is more political prophecy. Book of revelation is about churches: 7 churches, seals, woman… Book of Daniel is about government, kingdom, political aspects: image, beasts, king, kingdoms. The reason is that in Daniel’s time, God’s people were a form of nation. In John’s time, God’s people were a form of church. 3. The book of Revelation is a magnified book of Matthew chapter 24, 25. In order to study Revelation, you got to study the big outline of the prophecy in Matthew 24, 25. Of course the book of Revelation is still based upon Daniel. But Jesus already gave the summary of the book of Revelation in Mt. Olive to His disciples.

Author and Title
Revelation 1:1 announces both the book's title (it is a “revelation”) and its divine author (“Jesus Christ”). The book is an “unveiling” of unseen spiritual forces operating behind the scenes in history and controlling its events and outcome. This disclosure is conveyed in a series of symbolic visions that exhibit the influence of OT prophecies, especially those received by Daniel, Ezekiel, and Zechariah. The book is also “prophecy” (Rev. 1:3; 22:7), not only as divine prediction of future events but also as divine diagnosis of the present state of affairs. The divine author identified in the opening verse, Jesus the Messiah, has authority from God to describe coming events to his servant John (see also 1:4, 9; 22:8) for communication to the church. Without denying his own role in the composition of the book, John presents himself more as a recipient and recorder of visions than as the author of Revelation's message. Although John does not call himself an apostle and he numbers himself among the prophets (22:9), early church fathers—notably Justin Martyr (writing c. a.d. 135–150), Melito of Sardis (mid-2nd century), and Irenaeus of Lyons (writing c. 185)—consistently identified him as John the son of Zebedee, the beloved disciple who authored the Fourth Gospel and three NT epistles. Because Revelation's Greek style differs markedly from other Johannine literature and its theological emphases are distinctive, a number of contemporary people think it was written by another John, called “John the elder,” someone otherwise unknown (who also wrote 2 and 3 John). These people give weight to another early tradition (beginning with Dionysius of Alexandria in the 3rd century) that attributes Revelation to “John the elder.” Nevertheless, both thematic links (e.g., Jesus as Lamb and Word of God [John 1:1, 14, 29; Rev. 5:6; 19:13]) and the earliest church tradition favor the traditional attribution of Revelation to John, the “beloved disciple,” who with Peter and James belonged to Jesus' inner circle (John 21:20, 24).

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Date
Since Domitian's reign ended in a.d. 96, most people date Revelation in the mid-90s.

Theme
Revelation unveils the unseen spiritual war in which the church is engaged: the cosmic conflict between God and his Christ on the one hand, and Satan and his evil allies (both demonic and human) on the other. In this conflict, Jesus the Lamb has already won the decisive victory through his sacrificial death, but his church continues to be assaulted by the dragon, in its death-throes, through persecution, false teaching, and the allure of material affluence and cultural approval. By revealing the spiritual realities lying behind the church's trials and temptations during the time between Christ's first and second comings, and by dramatically affirming the certainty of Christ's triumph in the new heaven and earth, the visions granted to John both warn the church and fortify it to endure suffering and to stay pure from the defiling enticements of the present world order.

Key Themes
1. Through his sacrificial death, Jesus Christ has conquered Satan, the accuser, and has ransomed people from every nation to become a kingdom of priests, gladly serving in God's presence. 2. Jesus Christ is present among his churches on earth through his Holy Spirit, and he knows their trials, triumphs, and failures. 3. World history, including its woes and disasters, is firmly in the control of Jesus, the victorious Lamb. 4. God is presently restraining his own wrath and his enemies' efforts to destroy the church as he patiently gathers his redeemed people through the testimony that his suffering people proclaim about Jesus. 5. Present disasters (war, drought, famine, epidemic disease), though limited in scope by God's restraint, are foreshadows and warnings of escalating judgments to come. 6. By maintaining their faithful testimony to the death, believers in Jesus will conquer both the dragon and the beast. The martyrs' victory, now hidden, will be manifest in their vindication at Christ's return. 7. Satan attacks the church's perseverance and purity through violent persecution, through deceptive teaching, and through affluence and sensual pleasure. 8. At the end of the age, the church's opponents will intensify persecution, but Jesus, the triumphant Word of God, will defeat and destroy all his enemies; the old heaven and earth, stained by sin and suffering, will be replaced by the new heaven and earth; and the church will be presented as a bride in luminous purity to her husband, the Lamb. 1:5, 18; 5:5–10; 12:1– 11 1:12–3:22 5:1–8:1 6:5–11; 7:1–3; 8:6–12; 9:4–6, 18; 11:3–7; 12:6, 13–17 6:3–16; 8:6–13; 11:13; 16:1–21; 20:11–15 2:10–11, 26–29; 3:11– 13; 6:9–11; 7:9–17; 11:7–12, 17–18; 12:10–11; 14:1–5; 15:2–4; 20:4–6 2:1–3:22; 13:1–18; 17:1–18:24 16:12–16; 19:11–21; 20:7–22:5

Purpose, Occasion, and Background
Revelation is addressed to first-century churches in seven cities of the Roman province of Asia (now western Turkey, see map) (1:4, 11) as representative of all Christ's churches (cf. “all the

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churches,” 2:23; and “to the churches,” 2:7, etc.). These churches were threatened by false teaching (such as that of the Nicolaitans, 2:6, 15), by persecution (2:10, 13), by compromise with surrounding paganism through idolatry and immorality (2:14, 20–21), and by spiritual complacency (3:1–3, 15–17). Jesus sent his revelation to John to fortify his churches to resist the wiles of the devil, whether in the form of intimidating violence (the beast), deceptive heresy (the false prophet), or beguiling affluence (the prostitute).

Distinctive Features The Big Picture/Theme of Revelation
Sometimes we focus on too many details, that we often lose the focus of what the book is trying to tell us. There are many details found in the book of Revelation such as a dragon, two types of women, angels giving messages, churches, seals, trumpets and many other sorts of pictures and symbols to confuse a mind. But if we are able to focus on the big picture or theme of the book, it will keep us on track to why all these details have been placed there. So then what is the theme of Revelation? 1. The Revelation of Jesus Christ (Rev. 1:1) a. It reveals Jesus Christ b. Matt. 1:21 – what about Jesus? He came to save us from our sins 2. Time is short a. Rev. 1:1 – shortly come to pass b. Rev. 22:20 – surely I come quickly John addressed the book of Revelation “to the seven churches that are in Asia,” namely Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea, although there were undoubtedly other churches elsewhere in the province of Asia (e.g., Miletus and Colossae, see Acts 20:17; Col. 1:2). John had apparently been exiled from Ephesus to the island of Patmos, southwest of Ephesus, and it was there that he recorded his vision.

The Chiasms of Revelation
What is a Chiasm? 1. Typical Hebrew thought 2. Built around parallel thoughts A B C C’ D

B’ A’ 3. The most important thought is placed in the center or peak of the chiasm Note: This will help us to determine the most important chapter in the book of Revelation

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Jesus & His Church Sections 1 and 7 Section 1 (Revelation 1:1 – 3:22) Letters from Jesus to His Church 1. “Write” (1:11, 11; 2:1, 8, 12, 18; 3:1, 7, 14) 2. “Testimony of Jesus” (1:2, 9) 3. “Faithful and true” (3:14) 4. “His eyes were as a flame of fire” (1:14) 5. “Out of his mouth went a sharp twoedged sword” (1:16) 6. “He shall rule them with a rod of iron (2:27) 7. “Prince of the kings of the earth” (1:5) 8. “I John” (1:9) 9. “New Jerusalem” (3:12) 10. “I am Alpha and Omega” (1:8, 11) 11. “The beginning and the ending” (1:8) 12. “He/Him that overcometh” (2:7, 11, 17, 26; 3:5, 12, 21) 13. “The tree of life” (2:7) 14. “God gave … to shew unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent … it by his angel” (1:1) 15. “Behold, I come quickly” (3:11) 16. “Blessed is he that readeth, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things” (1:3) 17. “For the time is at hand” (1:3) 18. “The first and the last” (1:11, 17) 19. “Morning star” (2:28) 20. “Even so, Amen” (1:7) Revelation’s Two Judgments Sections 2 and 6 Section 2 (Revelation 4:1 – 8:1) The Heavenly Court Reviews History of God’s Servants 1. Throne, elders, living creatures (4; 5:11; 7:11) 2. Was, and is, and is to come (4:8) Section 6 (Revelation 17:1 – 19:8) The Judgment of the Great Whore 1. Throne, elders, living creatures (19:4) 2. Was, and is not, and yet is (17:8, 11) 3. Book of life (17:8) Section 7 (Revelation 19:9 – 22:21) The Marriage of the Lamb 1. 2. 3. 4. “Write” (19:9; 21:5) “Testimony of Jesus” (19:10) “Faithful and true” (19:11; 22:6) “His eyes were as a flame of fire” (19:12) 5. “Out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword” (19:15) 6. “He shall rule them with a rod of iron” (19:15) 7. “King of kings” (19:16) 8. “I John” (21:2; 22:8) 9. “New Jerusalem” (21:2) 10. “I am Alpha and Omega” (21:6; 22:13) 11. “The beginning and the end” (21:6; 22:13) 12. “He that overcometh” (21:7) 13. “The tree of life” (22:2, 14) 14. “God ... sent his angel to shew unto his servants the things which must shortly be done” (22:6) 15. “Behold, I come quickly” (22:7, 12) 16. “Blessed is he that keepeth the sayings of the prophecy of this book” (22:7) 17. “For the time is at hand” (22:10) 18. “The first and the last” (22:13) 19. “Morning star” (22:16) 20. “Amen. Even so” (22:20)

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3. 4. 5. 6.

Book with seven seals (5:1) "Come and see" (6:1, 3, 5, 7) Seal of God in foreheads (7:2, 3) Them that were slain for the word of God (6:9) 7. "How long dost thou not judge and avenge our blood" (6:10) 8. Great multitude (7:9) 9. They have washed their robes and made them white (7:14)

4. "Come hither, I will shew unto thee" (17:1) 5. Name of Babylon on forehead (17:5) 6. The martyrs; all that were slain (17:6; 18:24) 7. "He hath judged...and hath avenged the blood" (19:2) 8. Great multitude (19:6) 9. Made herself ready... arrayed in fine linen, clean and white (19:7, 8)

The War against Error Sections 3 and 5 Section 3 (Revelation 8:1 – 11:19) The Seven Trumpets Seven angels with trumpets are introduced (Rev 8:2) Non-contextual preview (3 verses) Angels prepare to sound the trumpets (8:6) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Earth Sea became blood Rivers and fountains of waters Sun Air darkened The great river Euphrates Section 5 (Revelation 13:1 – 16:21) The Seven Last Plagues Seven angels with plagues are introduced (Rev 15:1) Non-contextual preview (3 verses) Angels prepare to pour out plagues (15:5 – 16:1) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Earth Sea became blood Rivers and fountains of waters Sun Darkness The great river Euphrates

The development of God's movement (10:111:13) 7. Lightning, voices, thunder, earthquake, hail (11:14-19)

The development of Satan's movement (16:13-16) 7. Voices, thunder, lightning, earthquake, hail (16:17-21)

The Remnant & Their Message Chapter 10: The calling of the remnant Chapter 14: The message of the remnant Notice the chiastic relationship between these two chapters:

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1. Christ clothed with a cloud (10:14) 2. Announcement of the fulfillment of a prophetic time period (10:57) 3. Messengers commissioned to many peoples, nations, tongues, and kings (10:8-11) 4. Focus of the message: Measure the temple, altar, and worshippers (11:1)

1. Christ sitting on a cloud (14:1320) 2. Announcement that the hour of God's judgment is come (14:7-12) 3. Message addressed to every nation, kindred, tongue, and people (14:6) 4. Fruit of the message: 144,000 worshippers before the throne (14:1-5)

Scriptural Authority vs. Human Authority The issue: Scriptural Authority vs. Human Authority Chapter 11 The two witnesses 1. Prophesy 1260 days (v. 3) 2. Fire proceeds out of their mouths (v. 5) 3. Opposers must be killed (v. 5) 4. Can withhold rain (v. 6) 5. Can turn water to blood and do other signs (v. 6) 6. At the end of the time, they are killed (v. 7) 7. Brought back to life again (v. 11) 8. Great fear fell on them which saw them (v. 11) The Woman & the Dragon Basic outline of the chapter:

Chapter 13 The two beasts 1. Continues 42 months (v. 5) 2. Makes fire come down from heaven (v. 13) 3. Opposers should be killed (v. 15) 4. Can withhold economic trade (v. 17) 5. Doeth great wonders and miracles (v. 13, 14) 6. One of his heads wounded to death (v. 3) 7. His deadly wound healed (v. 3) 8. All the world wondered (v. 3)

The woman (v. 1, 2)

The dragon's main encounters outlined (v. 3-6)

General overview of the war (v. 7-9)

The voice from heaven (v. 10-12)

 

General overview of the war, Part 2 (v. 13)

The dragon's main encounters outlined, Part 2 (v. 14-17a)

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The remnant of the woman's seed (v. 17b)

A closer analysis – the fine chiastic detail

The woman described (v. 1, 2)

The dragon sweeps a third of the stars from heaven (v. 3, 4a)  The dragon's unsuccessful plot against the woman's child (v. 4b, 5)  The woman flees to the wilderness for 1260 days (v. 6)

War in heaven: Michael against the dragon (v. 7, 8)  The dragon cast to earth (v. 9)

The voice from heaven (v. 10-12)

 The dragon cast to earth (v. 13a) War on earth: the dragon against the woman (v. 13b)

 

 The woman flees to the wilderness for 3½ "times" (v. 14) The dragon's unsuccessful plot against the woman (v. 15, 16) The dragon makes war with the remnant of the woman's seed (v. 17a) 

The remnant described (v. 17b)

The apex of Revelation’s chiasm is found in verses 10-12 of Revelation 12. In these verses we also find the theme reiterated again: 1. Jesus Christ who came to save us from our sins (give us Salvation) 2. Time is short

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Revelation Timeline
Each chapter of the book of Revelation has been outlined in reference to its relevant time period that it is speaking about. From this we can determine the relevancy of the book of Revelation to our time.            Chapter 1: 34 – 100 A.D. Chapter 2: 34 – 1798 A.D. Chapter 3: 1798 A.D. – Second Coming Chapter 4 & 5: 34 – 100 A.D. Chapter 6: 34 A.D. – Second Coming Chapter 7: Just prior to close of probation – Second Coming Chapter 8: 395 – 493 A.D. Chapter 9: 1299 – 1840 A.D. Chapter 10: 1844 A.D. Chapter 11: 538 A.D. – Second Coming Chapter 12: Encompassing All Time         Chapter 13: 538 A.D. – Close of Probation Chapter 14: Shortly before 1844 A.D. – Second Coming Chapter 15 & 16: Close of Probation – Second Coming Chapter 17: 1798 A.D. – Close of Probation Chapter 18: Close of Probation – Second Coming Chapter 19: Second Coming – Third Coming Chapter 20: Second Coming – Third Coming Chapter 21 & 22: Beyond the Millennium

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The Setting of Revelation
c. a.d. 95. John addressed the book of Revelation “to the seven churches that are in Asia,” namely Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea, although there were undoubtedly other churches elsewhere in the province of Asia (e.g., Miletus and Colossae, see Acts 20:17; Col. 1:2). John had apparently been exiled from Ephesus to the island of Patmos, southwest of Ephesus, and it was there that he recorded his visions.

History of Salvation Summary
Christians are called to be faithful to Christ amid spiritual war against Satan and sin (see note on Matt. 12:28) as they await Christ's second coming. (For an explanation of the “History of Salvation,” see the Overview of the Bible.)

Structure and Outline
Revelation is composed of a prologue (1:1–8), a body (1:9–22:5), and an epilogue (22:6–21). The prologue and epilogue are linked by repeated themes: an angel sent to show God's servants what must soon take place (1:1; 22:6, 16), blessings on those who keep the prophecy (1:3; 22:7, 9), John's self-identification (1:1, 4; 22:8), and the designation of God as Alpha and Omega (1:8; 22:13). The body contains four enumerated series of seven messages or visions: letters to churches (chs. 2–3), seals on a scroll (4:1–8:1), trumpets (8:2–11:19), and bowls of wrath (chs. 15–16). See chart. The general movement of the book is from “the things that are”—the first-century churches' present situation (chs. 2–3)—to “the things that are to take place after this,” climaxing with the destruction of the enemies of God and his church and the presentation of the church as the Lamb's bride in a new heaven and earth (1:19; 4:1). Within this general temporal movement, however, visions “double back” to present distinct, complementary perspectives on the same event or phase of the cosmic conflict between Christ and Satan. For instance, 12:1–6 portrays the defeat of the dragon in its desire to destroy the child of the heavenly woman (vv. 1–5), followed by her flight for safety into the wilderness (v. 6); then 12:7–17 again portrays the defeat of the dragon, now in its desire to accuse believers (vv. 7–12), followed by the heavenly woman's flight for safety into the wilderness (vv. 13–17). Earlier visions sometimes portray later events, and later visions portray earlier conditions. For example, 6:12–17 shows the shaking of earth and sky, so that the stars are cast to earth as by a great wind; then 7:1–8 shows angels restraining the winds of woe until God's people are sealed; and still later, John sees sun, moon, and stars still in the sky and only partially darkened (8:12). This principle of repetition or recapitulation to elaborate God's purposes and confirm their certainty is seen in earlier Scripture (see Gen. 1:1–2:25; 37:5–11; 41:1–32; Dan. 2:1– 45 [with Dan. 7:1–28]; Acts 10:10–16). In Revelation, recapitulation means that the order in which John received visions does not necessarily indicate the order of the events they symbolize. These observations regarding the structure intrinsic to Revelation are reflected in this outline: 1. Prologue (1:1–8) a. Title, transmission, promise of blessing (1:1–3) b. Epistolary opening (1:4–6) c. Announcement of the coming King (1:7–8) 2. Body (1:9–22:5) a. “Things that are”: Christ's presence with and knowledge of his churches (1:9–3:22) i. The Son of Man among his churches (1:9–20) ii. Christ's edict-letters to his seven churches (2:1–3:22)

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1. To Ephesus (2:1–7) 2. To Smyrna (2:8–11) 3. To Pergamum (2:12–17) 4. To Thyatira (2:18–29) 5. To Sardis (3:1–6) 6. To Philadelphia (3:7–13) 7. To Laodicea (3:14–22) b. “Things that shall take place after this”: Christ's defense of his church and destruction of its enemies (4:1–22:5) i. The Lamb and the scroll: current and coming woes, precursors of the end (4:1–8:1) 1. Heaven opened: the Lamb receives the scroll (4:1–5:14) 2. The Lamb opens the scroll's seven seals (6:1–8:1) 3. (Interlude: the sealing of God's international Israel, 7:1–17) ii. The angels and the trumpets: warnings of coming wrath (8:2–11:18) 1. Heaven's incense altar: the saints' prayers, and fire flung to earth (8:2–5) 2. Angels sound seven trumpets (8:6–11:18) 3. (Interlude: the safety and suffering of God's city-sanctuary, his witnessing church, 10:1–11:14) iii. The woman, her son, the dragon, and the beasts: the cosmic conflict between Christ and Satan (11:19–14:20) 1. Heaven's temple opened (11:19) 2. The woman's son defeats the dragon (12:1–6) 3. Michael and heaven's armies defeat the dragon (12:7–17) 4. The beast from the sea (13:1–10) 5. The false prophet from the land (13:11–18) 6. The Lamb and his sealed victors (14:1–5) 7. Angelic announcements of judgment (14:6–13) 8. Harvests of earth and vine (14:14–20) iv. The bowls of God's final wrath (15:1–16:21) 1. Heaven's sanctuary filled with glory (15:1–8) 2. Angels pour out seven bowls (16:1–21) v. Babylon the prostitute (17:1–19:10) 1. Babylon's power and luxury (17:1–15) 2. Babylon's fall lamented and celebrated (17:16–19:10) vi. The defeat and destruction of the beasts, the dragon, and death (19:11– 20:15) 1. Christ defeats and destroys the beast, the false prophet, and their gathered armies (19:11–21) 2. (Interlude: the thousand years of the dragon's binding and the martyrs' reign, 20:1–6) 3. God defeats and destroys the dragon and its gathered armies (20:7– 10) 4. The last judgment and the destruction of death, the last enemy (20:11–15) vii. “All things new” (21:1–22:5) 1. The new heaven and earth, home of the Lamb's bride (21:1–8) 2. The new Jerusalem, the Lamb's pure bride (21:9–22:5) 3. Epilogue (22:6–21)
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a. Transmission and trustworthiness of the Revelation, promise that Jesus is coming soon, promise of blessing (22:6–9) b. Prohibition of sealing the book, promise that Jesus is coming soon, promise of blessing (22:10–15) c. Transmission of the Revelation (22:16–17) d. Prohibition of altering the book, promise that Jesus is coming soon, and final pronouncement of blessing (22:18–21)

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Application and Interpretation
Let’s talk about the nail.   Interpretation – what is it? Usually, there’s only one interpretation. Application – how many ways to use this? Thousands of ways, but you use them as a nail, but not as a tooth brush, not as a chopstick.

You cannot make correct application when you do not know the interpretation! If you do not know what the nail is, how can you use it? You have to know what it is BEFORE you make any applications! But there are people out today, making applications thinking that’s interpretation. And many times, they make wrong application as their interpretation, and come out with strange doctrines. You better know the interpretation before you make any application. Studying the Bible includes, observation, outlining, comparing, definitions, repetitions, conclusions, climax, and they can be concluded in contextual interpretation, then you can have contextual applications that really applies in that chapter.

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Chapter 1 – Introduction of Jesus, John, & the Revelation
Many people think that they can’t get much things out of the first chapter and just scratch the surface and jump into the next chapters. No matter what book you study, the very first chapter of that book is the most important. Because it gives you the outline for the rest of the book. When you study chapter 1 of Revelation, it gives you lot of summary of the book Revelation. This chapter is loaded with meanings, interpretations, and spiritual insights. Holy Place: Revelation 1-11. Revelations 7 churches, seals and trumpets reflect the holy place ministry. The Seven Churches occur at the 7 Branch Candlestick. The Seven Seals occur at the Table of Shewbread. (I explain in my Sabbath school. Sorry for all you can't be there!). The Seven Trumpets occur at the altar of incense. Since the candlestick, showbread and incense were simultaneously attended to by the priests in the Old Testament, the trumpets, seals and churches also occur simultaneously in the book of Revelation. Thus Revelation chapters 1-11 take us through the continual service of Christ in the holy place. (BSM: You get the chapter outline by reading it over and over, and over again. You must see the divisions of chapter 1. What is where and why? To outline the chapter, you must spend a lot of time just reading and observing.) Two observations about the chapter. (BSM: Whatever book that you study, remember that the first chapter of the book is important. Many times it gives you the outline for the rest of the book. When you study chapter 1, it gives you a summary of the whole book of Revelation. Note: When doing observation, you look for things that are being repeated. Ex. Same word, concept, topic, etc. What is being repeated? Because whatever God is emphasizing it must be important. Whatever He repeats over and over is important. Ex. Matthew 24, Jesus says be not be deceived 3 times. This is important.) Two Observations in Chapter One – When you do observation look for the things that are being repeated over and over again: words, concept, topic. Whatever God emphasize, it must be very important. The language that is given indicates the concept of time. 1. There are many languages describing time.
Rev 1:1 ...surely come to past... Rev 1:3 ...time is at hand... Rev 1:4 ...which is (present), which was (past), and which is to come (future)...

Note: John describes God in this way. In the bible there are many names for God. Ex. Rock, Lamb, Prince of Peace. But here God is described by using the language of time. Why? Because this book is about prophecies concerning the past, present, and future. When you study this book, you must know what is past, present, and future.
Rev 1:8 ...which is (present), which was (past), and which is to come (future)... Rev 1:11 ...the first and the last...

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Rev 1:18 ...I am he that liveth (present), and was dead (past), and alive for evermore (future)...

In chapter one, ‘present, past, future’ are repeated three times—all of three times referring to God, Jesus. That tells us that: 1) God is in control of past, present, and future. 2) It is very important in the book of Revelation to distinguish what is past, what is present, and what is future. We can distinguish this only through the sanctuary. We will go through that when we study chapter four. 1. There are 8 different ways to describe about Jesus in Chapter 1. Why does it use so many names?  “The faithful witness” v5  “The first begotten of the dead” v5  “The prince of the kings of the earth” v5  “Washed us with His blood: savior” v5  “Alpha & Omega: beginning and ending” v8  “Which is, which was, and which is to come, the Almighty” v8  “The Son of man” v13  “That liveth, and was dead; and alive for evermore” v18 Note: We have the descriptions of the garments, but we have shown what He calls Himself or how He is described. There are about 200 to 300 different names of Jesus in the Bible. But why only these eights were chosen here? These names are specially related to the sanctuary message. a. This means that Jesus is our King: v5 “the prince of the kings of the earth” b. This means that He is our Servant (Savior, Sacrifice, or Servant) Savior: v5 “washed us with His blood” c. He is God: v8 “which is, which was, and which is to come, the Almighty” d. He is a Man: v13 “the Son of man” In the Sanctuary you have North, East, West, and South. On each side they have a different banner. And on the flag you have different pictures. You have an Eagle, Ox, Lion, and Man. On the four corners of the sanctuary had four different flags: a. Eagle - Divinity b. Ox - Servant c. Lion – Kingship d. Man – Humanity Lion represent the kingship of Jesus. The Ox represents the servant hood of Jesus
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Eagle represents His divinity. Man's face represents that He is human. The plan of salvation requires these four things. The savior has to be a king; He has to sacrifice as a servant; He has to be God, at the same time, He has to be a human. And these four characteristics are mentioned in chapter one. The four gospels represent four different characteristics of Jesus. These characteristics are mentioned in chapter 1. When you study Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. Matthew wrote this book just to show that Jesus is king. That is why He gave the genealogy of the seed of David in the beginning. The book of Mark that was written to the Romans, he showed that Jesus was a servant. The book of Luke was written to show that Jesus was a man. That is why the genealogy in the book of Luke is different from Matthew's. The book of Matthew's genealogy shows he was of the seed of David that was shown through Joseph the husband of Mary. But Luke shows the genealogy through Mary, this shows the biological aspect of Jesus, not the kingship or inheritance process. The book of John is to show that Jesus was God. You have Matter, Mark, Luke, and John to show the King, Servant, Man, and God. And in Revelation 1 it shows He is King, Servant, Man, and God. In the Sanctuary you have King, Servant, Man, and God. The book of Revelation is surrounded with sanctuary imagery. That is why in Rev 4 you see the Holy Place, and in Revelation 11 you see the MHP. a. Matthew – Jesus Christ as a King b. Mark – Jesus Christ as a Servant c. Luke – Jesus Christ as a Man d. John – Jesus Christ as God The four gospels, revelation, and sanctuary all show that Jesus has the characteristics of the King, man, servant, and God. The Book of Revelation is surrounded by Sanctuary. Review: Two observations from chapter 1. There are 8 different names of Jesus. This is why it is the Revelation of Jesus. The book of Revelation has to do with time. 3 Points to remember: John wrote the book of Revelation. The prophecies of Daniel are more Political, and the prophecies of Revelation are more ecclesiastical. Matthew 24 & 25 is a preview for the book of Revelation.

Applications
 Sermon/Devotional: 1.) "How to Prepare for the Tribulation" Explaining "Bare Record" and the blessing that comes in V.3 The blessing is given for you to endure the tribulation.

Chapter Outline       Receiving the Revelation (1-3) John’s Introduction of Jesus (4-7) Jesus’ Introduction of Himself (8) John’s Introduction of Himself (9) John Heard the Voice of Jesus (10-11) John saw the Image of Jesus (12-16)

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Jesus Spoke to John (17-20)

Receiving the Revelation (1-3)
VERSES [1] The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to shew unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified it by his angel unto his servant John: [2] Who bare record of the word of God, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ, and of all things that he saw. [3] Blessed is he that readeth, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are written therein: for the time is at hand.
1:1 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to show unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified [it] by his angel unto his servant John:

“The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him” – The opening verse of this book gives us the title. This book is about Jesus Christ. When you study this book, you will see lots of symbolism, figures, and numbers which can easily distract us from the main focus—Jesus Christ. The most important aspect of this book is not the dragon, nor the beasts, nor the whore, and nor the anti-Christ; these are important, but the most important aspect of this book is of Jesus Christ. "Revelation of Jesus" – All prophecy is a Revelation of Jesus
Acts 2:16-21

Peter quoting Joel this connects with
Rev 6:12

A revelation as given by Israel of old, Apostolic church, remnant church. “Revelation” – Greek word, Apocalypses. It means “be revealed” or “to enlighten” or “manifestation” or “coming” or “appearing.” The book of Daniel was “sealed up,” and we can call it a “closed book” although it’s opened after 1798. But the book of Revelation is an open book. Very interestingly, in order for us to understand this book fully in detail, you need to understand the closed book—the book of Daniel. This word means to manifest or to be revealed. To lighten. This is important to stress because many people believe, especially Sunday keepers, that we cannot understand this book. They are afraid. But the title itself makes it clear that this book is being revealed. (PO Rev 22:10 Seal Not) Today, especially out in the Sunday church, they are scared of this book. And they say that nobody can really understand the book of Revelation. But the title itself makes it clear that this book is “to be revealed,” it’s “to manifest.” So this book is not something that we cannot understand, but it’s a revealed book. And this book is about Jesus Christ. This book is written for the seven churches(v11).
Rev 1:11 Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send [it] unto the seven churches

This book is written for whom? The 7 churches. Or just the churches generally speaking. This book is for the churches. So it’s an open book about the relationship of Jesus Christ the seven churches.

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This book is about Jesus Christ, it is an open book, and it is for the churches. This book is about Jesus Christ and His relationship to the churches. (PO App: Or we can say that this book is about Jesus Christ and His personal relationship with you!) Is studying the book of Revelation important? Is it a salvational issue? According to what Jesus said, I believe so, especially for us who are living in the end of time.
John 17:3 And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.

Life eternal is based on knowing God and Jesus Christ. Although the whole bible reveals Jesus Christ (Jn 5:30), only one book especially bears the title of revealing about Jesus Christ. This book shows what Jesus is like after His death. That makes the understanding of Revelation the salvation issue. Eternal life consists in knowing God and His Son Jesus Christ. Life Eternal is granted to those who know Jesus Christ. (One Point) The book of Revelation reveals Jesus Christ (second point). Conclusion: You must know the book of Revelation in order to have eternal life. The contents in this book are salvational. It is a salvational issue to understand this book. Point: We know God will judge those who have not studied it according to the light they have. But when the knowledge of Revelation is given to them and they reject it, there eternal life is at stake. How Should We Know Jesus Christ? “…that they might know thee…” You can’t go to heaven not knowing Jesus Christ.
Matt 7:23 And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.

The word “knew” means “to know by experience.” The corresponding Hebrew word is “Yadah” which is used in this verse:
Gen 4:1 And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain,

Adam did not just come and shake Eve’s hand and then next thing they have a child, a birth. There was a personal, intimate relationship, experience both Adam and Eve together. The word “know” is not just intellectually, but also experientially. To know Jesus Christ is not just intellectual knowledge, but also a personal, intimate relationship. In that relationship, there’s a born-again experience; a new life begins. That kind of knowledge of God will result in having the eternal life.
2T 638 It is not enough for men to profess the truth. They may acknowledge the whole truth, and yet know nothing—have no experimental knowledge in their daily life—of the sanctifying influence of the truth upon the heart and life, or of the power of true godliness. 1SM 81 There are many professing Christians who know not Christ by an experimental knowledge. Oh, how my heart aches for these poor, deceived, unprepared souls! As I stand before congregations, and see the self-sufficient, self-righteous ones, and know that they are not preparing themselves to do acceptable work for Christ, and to meet Him in peace, I am so burdened that I cannot sleep. I ask myself, What can I say to these souls that will arouse them to a sense of their true condition? Self is the all-absorbing theme of their life. I long to reveal Christ so plainly that they will behold Him, and cease to center their attention on self. . .

“Jesus Christ” – the name “Jesus” was a common human name in those days. Please don’t get the

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idea that “Jesus” is His first name and “Christ” is His last name. “Christ” is not a name, but it is a title: the “Messiah” or “the Anointed One—the title of His divinity. We can say that this is His divine name. This book is to be revealed by Jesus as a Human, but also by Christ as God. The name Jesus means “Savior from sin.” Matt 1:21. But very interestingly, the angel not only gave the name Jesus, but also the name Immanuel—“God with us.” Matt 1:23. The Saviours name is made up of two names, Jesus and Emmanuel—He will save us from sin, then God is going to be with you in order to keep you from sin. Our Saviour Human to save us from sin, our God keeping us from sin by dwelling with us. So this book is revealing the human nature and divine nature of Jesus Christ— how He will deliver us from sin, destroy the power of sin in our lives, and at the end how He will even consume the existence of sin—the Revelation of Jesus Christ. “which God gave unto him” – Who is revealing Jesus Christ? God the Father. Why? Again, we see that Jesus does not reveal Himself, Jesus reveals the Father, God the Father reveals Jesus Christ. Normally, logically, it’s better for us to reveal ourselves than somebody else. But here Jesus allows Father to testify Himself. It’s because Jesus is still putting Himself in the humble position.
John 5:37 And the Father himself, which hath sent me, hath borne witness of me. Ye have neither heard his voice at any time, nor seen his shape. John 12:49 For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak.

The book of revelation is not a book that Jesus reveals Himself to us, but Jesus allows Fathers to reveal Himself for Him. So here’s the order: God > Jesus > Angel (signified)> John > 7 Churches (us) Order of Inspiration Based upon DA Ch. 10 "Voice in the Wilderness" Pg. 97.3-98.4
Rev 1:1 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to show unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified [it] by his angel unto his servant John…

Here we see the order of inspiration. God gave to Christ and Christ to His angel, which is Gabriel. But notice The Revelation is given to His servants. The servants includes fallen man who after receiving the grace of God and become servants of righteousness (Rom 6) become servants. But it also includes the angels too. The angels are also servants. They are ministering spirits. One who ministers is a servant. (Heb 1:14)
Rev 19:10 And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See [thou do it] not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.

Gabriel here says that He is a servant.
Rev 22:9 Then saith he unto me, See [thou do it] not: for I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren the prophets, and of them which keep the sayings of this book: worship God.

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Both the prophets and Gabriel receive the SOP and can declare truth (mainly prophecy) that is given directly from the throne of God. So when it says God will show His servants this includes God revealing these things to both man and angels.
Dan 10:21 But I will show thee that which is noted in the scripture of truth: and [there is] none that holdeth with me in these things, but Michael your prince.

Gabriel is declaring the SOP to Daniel
Luke 1:19 And the angel answering said unto him, I am Gabriel, that stand in the presence of God; and am sent to speak unto thee, and to show thee these glad tidings.

The previous texts show that Gabriel was revealing prophecy that was a revelation of Jesus. Here Gabriel declares things from John's birth and on through the future. John declares things that happened From Christ's ascension and back. He declared the things that He saw. “must shortly come to pass” – Gives us the concept that Jesus will be coming very soon. A sense of urgency to it.
Rev 22:20 ...surely I come quickly… Rev 22:12 ...behold, I come quickly…

(*PO Rev 22:6 “things which must shortly be done”) You can feel the urgency from the beginning, and you can also feel this at the end of the book. Even though this book was given to John in about AD 100, but He said that He will come shortly, quickly. We are living in the year 2010. That’s about 1900 years ago. Do you call that short? You may say that in the eyes of God, 1000 years is just one day. So it’s like two days. But there’s another concept that we have to remember which is very important. Many times, God allows His people to think that His coming is very near. Not that God tries to deceive them, but to let them know that they must be ready. And that’s the reason I believe, God allowed Miller to have that kind of error. The first Adventist movement thought Jesus was coming at their time. That was true throughout the main generations in the Bible. It is to make His people ready. That is the attitude of the book of Revelation. “Signified” – it means “to give a sign” or “to make into symbols.” Let’s see few examples from the book of John: We must get the order of revelation (or inspiration): God the Father gave it to. God the Son, and He gave it to His angel, and the angel gave it to His servant John. But before Jesus gave it to John through the angel, He signified it. Signified means "to give a sign" or make it symbolic. You must recognize that this book is very symbolic. Even though it is symbolic, it also has literal language in it too. (Important for Bible study and sermons) (*PO Historicism is being established here)
John 12:32, 33 And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me. This he said, signifying what death he should die.

"lifted up" did the disciples know what He meant? No. he wanted to reveal it, but He hid it a little bit. Then it says "signifying" He put it in symbology. His death was described symbolically then. Christ spoke in a symbolic language regarding His death.

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John 21:18, 19 [18]Verily, verily, I say unto thee, When thou wast young, thou girdedst thyself, and walkedst whither thou wouldest: but when thou shalt be old, thou shalt stretch forth thy hands, and another shall gird thee, and carry thee whither thou wouldest not. [19]This spake he, signifying by what death he should glorify God. And when he had spoken this, he saith unto him, Follow me.

So the word “signify” means to describe something in symbolic language. When He spoke to Peter, He also signified His death. Sometimes Jesus signified things not to overwhelm them about their future. But if they wanted to know they could seek it out. They will know something about it, but not everything at that time. Why did Jesus speak in parables, signs of symbols? Why is the book of revelation written in symbols? Ex. 7 seals, 7 trumpets, Dragons, etc. Can you imagine what would happen if this book is written in literal, exact language? What if the book read: “The whole political world will get very furious against the Seventh-day Adventist church which is the true church. This church keeps the whole commandments including the seventh-day Sabbath and also have the Spirit of Prophecy which is written by Ellen G. White. The USA will arise with the good beginning, but at the end, they will persecute God’s people. They will pass a law called the National Sunday Law.” You would love it, wouldn’t you? No, Jesus when on earth, spoke in parable. Was He trying to confuse people? No. Was He trying to hide the truth? No. Here are the reasons: 1. To protect His word – If this book is written in that plain word, I guaranty that all the Jesuits will be so faithful to burn every single KJV Bible in the world today. It will bring so many unnecessary persecutions. If it clearly marked out who the true church is, they would burn it. We also see this in 2 Thessalonians, Paul didn't just say Rome. He said letteth will let. He didn't mention Rome. It would have brought unnecessary persecution. 2. To test who is true and faithful – If you are really earnest in seeking God, you will study this book even though it’s very hard to understand. Only the true seeker of the Bible will be able to understand the book of Revelation. If you are earnest about seeking God and understanding Jesus, you will apply yourself and study hard. If you are not dedicated you will just leave it alone. 3. To prove the inspiration of God’s word – Through fulfillment of prophecy contained in the book of Revelation it will prove the inspiration of God’s word. Jesus also spoke in parables. Those who wanted to know about the kingdom of God, they would seek it out. Also this protected the message from the priests. That’s the reason why it has been signified. Review: 1. Studying the book of Revelation is a salvational issue 2. The book of Revelation reveals Jesus Christ who will save us from sin and destroy the power of sin and even the existence of sin. 3. You need to lay this foundation before jumping into the beast, the mark of the beast, the dragon. These all are very important, but the book of Revelation is not complete until you show them the character and image of Jesus Christ.
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“Servants” – God does not waste a word, there’s a purpose for every word in the Bible. “Men shall not be live by the bread alone, but by every word (not some words) that perceived from the mouth of God.” Whatever appears in the chapter 1 has relationship with the rest of the chapters. God could have said, “I gave it to John” but He said, “I gave it to servant John.” The book of revelation is given to His servant. God didn't give this revelation to anyone. He gave it to His servant (BSM: Right here an application is going to be given. What is the difference between an application and interpretation? When we talk about an interpretation we must ask what is it? Ex. Nail. What is it? There is only one interpretation. It is a nail, it is nothing else. How many ways can you use this nail? You can build a house, fix a chair, you can use it 1,000 ways. But you better use it as a nail, nothing else. You can have many applications, but there is only one interpretation. You cannot make a correct application unless you have the right interpretation. You must know what it is before you make an application. Note: many people today make applications and make it interpretation and they come out with strange doctrines. You must know how to study the Bible: Observation, outline, comparing, definition, climax, conclusion, etc.. You must have the contextual interpretation to make a contextual application. That really applies in this chapter) (*PO God is already telling you how to study Revelation. First and the last. This is how God teaches. Is 46:9-10 End from the beginning.) (BSM: Now an application will be given) The Revelation of Jesus was given to John, no one else. Today who can receive a revelation from God? His servants. The word “servant” is repeated twice in this one verse; this revelation is to be revealed to God’s servants. This revelation is to be revealed to God’s servants whom John is one of them. That means the servants of sin and devil can’t understand the book of Revelation properly. They may understand intellectually, but not spiritually and experimentally the deep things of God that are revealed in the book of Revelation. In order for us to understand this book, we must be like John, God’s servants. This is a very important concept in the book of Revelation: Who are His servants? (Six texts) Characteristics of the Servants of God; 1. Made free from Sin
Rom 6:22 But now being made free from sin, and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life

Who are the servants of God? Those who are free from sin. Those who are free from sin are the servants of God. If you want to receive the revelation from God, you must be free from sin. You must become like John. A servant of God. To understand the book of Daniel, you must become like Daniel. Physically, mentally, and spiritually, he was standing strong before God, and He had a vegetarian diet. Point: There is a relationship between the author of the book and what is in the book. 2. Doing the will of God (obedience) from the heart
Eph 6:6 Not with eyeservice, as menpleasers; but as the servants of Christ, doing the will of God from the heart;

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The servants of God have willing hearts. This is important in relation to the new covenant (personal study). 3. Gentle, apt to teach and patient
2 Tim 2:24 And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle unto all [men], apt to teach, patient,

The servants of God are gentle. If you are rough and hard with people while teaching revelation, you are teaching it, but you don't have the spirit of Revelation. You are not teaching the spirit of Revelation. 4. Pleases God, not men
Gal 1:10 For do I now persuade men, or God? or do I seek to please men? for if I yet pleased men, I should not be the servant of Christ

Pleasers of God and Not Men Let’s expound on the last concept of servant who pleases God and not men.
John 12:42 Nevertheless among the chief rulers also many believed on him; but because of the Pharisees they did not confess him, lest they should be put out of the synagogue:

For fear of excommunication they would not confess Jesus publicly even though they believe Him. These are not the servants of God, “for they loved the praise of men more than the praise of God.” Jn 12:43.
1 Cor 7:23 Ye are bought with a price; be not ye the servants of men.

Jesus has bought us so that we will please God and not compromise with the devil to please men. Though we seek to have peace with all men, when you have to choose between pleasing God or men, you always choose God, that’s the servants of God.
John 9:21-22 [21] But by what means he now seeth, we know not; or who hath opened his eyes, we know not: he is of age; ask him: he shall speak for himself [22] These words spake his parents, because they feared the Jews: for the Jews had agreed already, that if any man did confess that he was Christ, he should be put out of the synagogue.

Leaders of the Jews embedded in people’s mind that once you step out of the Synagogue, your salvation is over. People were afraid of telling the truth for fear of men, for fear of excommunication. They feared men and not God. This is a very important issue at the last days.
Rev 14:7 Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him;

That means you don’t fear men, and when you fear God and give glory to Him, you will receive the seal of the living God, but if you fear men, you will receive the mark of the beast. That’s why this concept of “servants of God” is so vivid in the very first of this book. Apostles were asked to go against God’s will. Which command were they supposed to obey? Men or God? If you are servants of God, you follow God’s command above any other command. God’s word is above the church power and the state power. True servants of God fears God and men.

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Acts 4:18-19 [18] And they called them, and commanded them not to speak at all nor teach in the name of Jesus [19]But Peter and John answered and said unto them, Whether it be right in the sight of God to hearken unto you more than unto God, judge ye.

What gave them this boldness?
Acts 4:20 For we cannot but speak the things which we have seen and heard.

John describes more of this experience.
1 John 1:1 That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled, of the Word of life;

Let’s say you heard about someone. But just by hearing about this person you can’t know him that well. Now when you see him, you have a better idea. When you keep looking at him, you gather more things about him. On the top of that, if you handle him and touch him, and get into the intimate relationship, you get to really know about that person. Heard > Seen > Looked upon > Handled Increase of intensity of intimate relationship. That’s how you get to know your life partner. When you have such an intimate personal relationship with God, that relationship will give you the boldness to not fear men, but fear God. Servants of God are those who have this kind of experience with God. God foresaw that we need to have an example of what it means to be free from sin, and to have a willing heart, gentle and patient like John, and not fear men, but God. And these servants of God are promised: The servants of God, fear God and not man (BSM: The last four texts was an example of general applications. But now we will make contextual interpretations within the book of Revelation.) (*PO 1 Peter 2:11 “fleshy lusts”, 16 “servants of God”; 1 Peter 1:14 “obedient children, lusts”, 2 “elect…sanctification” Who are the servants of God? Those who are experiencing sanctification by being obedient children not fashioned according to their former lusts) 5. Will receive the seal of the living God.
Rev 7:3 Saying, Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads

Only the servants of God will receive the seal of God. Who will receive the seal of God? The servants of God. (BSM: Contextual question: within the book of revelation. For you to become a servant of God, you must become like John.) And what do you know about John? (THIS IS A SERMON) You must study His life. He walked with Jesus for 3 ½ years. This will teach you what you need to know about being a servant of God.
6. Will be with the Lord Rev 22:3, 4 [3] And there shall be no more curse: but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; and his servants shall serve him: [4] And they shall see his face; and his name shall be in their foreheads.

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Servants of God will have seal of God in their foreheads; servants of God will have name written on their foreheads. At the beginning of the book of Revelation you see “the servants of God,” at the middle you see “the servants of God,” at the end you see “the servants of God.” Therefore, it’s very important for us to know what it means to become the servants of God. Let’s study through few bible texts to study what it means to be God’s servants. This is the conclusion. Servants of God will be with the Lord. Point: God does not waste any words. We do, but God does not. There is a purpose for every word. Man shall not live by bread alone, but by 'every' word. Personal study: Take the word servant and look it up in the concordance. (BSM: but don't look up every word, first look up servants of Christ, or servants of God, of Jesus, of Lord related topics only, FIRST, than the others.) (*PO study on 1 Samuel example of the servant of David. This was a good story you can add for a devotional thought.) That was verse 1. Whatever is in chapter 1 has a relationship to what is in the rest of the book. So when God said I gave it to my servant John. He foresaw that we needed to have an example of what it means to receive the seal of God, to be free from sin, to have a willing heart like John, to be gentle like John, and to fear God and not man (remember fear God and give glory to him. This is the servant of God's experience. And then we receive the seal of God and sit with Him in His throne when all things are finished.
1:2 Who bare record of the word of God, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ, and of all things that he saw.

“Who” Who does this refer to? John. John bare record of the word of God, and the testimony of Jesus, and all things that he saw. The Greek word for “bear” is “marturio.” The root word for that is “martus” which means “witness for martyr.” Bearing means not only sharing, witnessing, but you are willing to give up your life. There things that John bore: 1. The word of God 2. The testimony of Jesus Christ 3. All things that he saw That means John was ready to die for the word of God, the spirit of prophecy, and all things that he saw. At the end of time, you must bear the record of the word of God, and the Spirit of Prophecy, and all things you have seen and experienced—you must willing to die for it. "bare record" – 3140 Greek Def: means to affirm that one has seen, or heard, or has experienced something. Or that he knows it because taught by divine revelation or inspiration. It doesn't mean to just print something out. That means I have heard, seen, and experienced something. This means I have felt it. Is there anywhere in the bible that has this similar language? 1 John 1:1 Bare record means to experience it! How many want to bare record of the book of Revelation. " { mar-too-reh’-o}" Greek def root word martus 3144: means Witness or Martyr. It doesn't mean just witnessing or sharing, it means that you are willing to give up your life. Who bare record of these three things? John. That means he was willing to die to testify for these three things. (BSM: Application).At the end of time we also need to bare record of the word of God, the SOP, and the things that we experience. And you must be willing to die for it. Example

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Acts 4:19 But Peter and John answered and said unto them, Whether it be right in the sight of God to hearken unto you more than unto God, judge ye.

Who should we obey? God or you? At this time they feared God more than man. The servants of God fear God and not man. This is from Gal 1:10 – they are truly servants of God. What gave them so much boldness to say this?
Acts 4:20 For we cannot but speak the things which we have seen and heard."

If you have not seen (spiritually) and heard of Jesus in your personal life, you will fear man and not God. All those who do not have a personal experience with Jesus, you will fall when the pressure comes. Class comment: They saw Jesus bare record for the truth, when He witnessed even to His death, and because of His example they could do the same.
1:3 Blessed [is] he that readeth, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are written therein: for the time [is] at hand.

Although there’s a blessing in every book, this is the only book that specifically says that blessing is contained in reading it. Blessings only come to those who “readeth,” “hear,” and “keep.” Not just one or two, but all those three things. (BSM: contextual Application) "Read" – Reading (eyes): “to understand.” Matt 24:15
Matt 24:15 When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:)

We read to understand. What does this mean? You read to do what? "Hear" – Hearing (ears): “to understand with your heart.” Why do we hear prophecy?
Matt 13:43 …Who hath ears to hear, let him hear…

The word hear means those who are willing to open up their heart and understand. You don't just read to understand, but you must have a willing heart. An open hear. “Keep” – Keeping (hands): “to obey.” Jn 14:15 John 14:15 If ye love me, keep my commandments. This means to experience and obey. You read with your eyes, you hear with your ears, you keep it with your hands. Similar to “heard, seen, looked upon, and handled.” Blessing is there when you have intimately understood the book of Revelation and experienced the truth written there. What blessing is this? It’s a blessing of the boldness of God. And you need that boldness to not fear men “for the time is at hand.” The time is coming, and you need to read, hear, and keep the words written in this book. Then you we will be able to say, with John and Peter, “Whether it be right in the sight of God to hearken unto you more than unto God, judge ye. For we cannot but speak the things which we have seen and heard”; you will be willing to die for the truth, the Spirit of Prophecy, and all things that you saw.

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Summary: POWERFUL! There is reading involved to understand. There is hearing involved to have a willing heart. There is keeping involved for the experience to become yours. Point: When you read, you read with your eyes. When you hear you hear with your ears. When you keep, you keep with your heart. You have seen, heard, and experience. What do we call this from V.2? Bare Record. And when you bare record what do you have? A blessing. What kind of blessing? The blessing is given because of the last few words that are at the end of the verse. The blessing is given because of the time that is coming, It says 'the time is at hand.” What time is this? Not only the second coming, but the tribulation. (*PO it refers to tribulation because John is experiencing tribulation. He is in exile. He is saying the time is coming when we will be in exile. We will suffer persecution, so you must read, hear, and keep. This will prepare you for what is coming.) (*PO You have similar language at the end of the book.
Rev 22:7 …keepeth…

CLIMAX: If you read, and when you hear, and when you experience the book of Revelation. It is a blessing, why? Because it will help you stand in the time of tribulation. The time is coming, you need to see, experience, hear, and understand this book. And then you will be able to bare record. You will be willing to die for this book. That is why! The end!

John’s introduction of Jesus (to the seven churches) (4-7)
VERSE [4] John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace be unto you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne; [5] And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood, [6] And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen. [7] Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen. BSM: When doing commentary study deeper into other concepts. Use the bible and concordance the most. And check if you are right by checking the SOP and what other writers have said. But it must be your own. Order: Bible, Concordance. Then check SOP and what others say. The pioneer's are just resources, not your brain.
1:4 John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace [be] unto you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne.

Read it, and stop and digest. Who is writing? John. Who is he writing to? The Seven churches. Where are they? In Asia. Repeat it to register it in your mind. “Asia” – talking about Asian minor: today’s Turkey. “Grace [be] unto you” – this book ends with the similar expression:
Rev 22:21 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.

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Grace is one of the most important themes in the bible. What’s written in this book describes the very last revealed act of God’s grace for sinners. BSM: Before you do anything about the book of Revelation, you need to know how to read the book of revelation, or any book of the Bible. You have to catch words, certain phrases, connecting words. You have to look out for words like: therefore, even so, if, then, but, unto. These words are very important to know the connection in the book of revelation. “from” – These two words are mentioned. Then it says “from.” Right there, you can know that grace and peace comes from somebody: “Him” Who is this him? He is described in the next few words. “which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne.” Then a separation is seen 1. “him which is, and which was, and which is to come”—God the Father (Jesus is already mentioned below, so it must be the Father. Having same description as Christ is a proof that Christ and the Father are one). 2. “the seven Spirits which are before his throne”—God the Spirit 3. “Jesus Christ” (v5)—God the Son “Him which is, and which was, and which is to come” – Who is He? We know from the further reading that this must be God the Father for “the seven Spirits” are mentioned, and “Jesus Christ” is mentioned too. Notice John’s greeting. What kind of language is this? He implemented the description of past, present, and future—time. It’s because the book of Revelation is dealing with prophecy, dealing with time. When the Bible describes God as our rock, it’s trying to convey that we must understand that He’s our foundation for salvation; Lamb of God is for sacrifice. But when the bible describes in conjunction with time, we need to know God as working for men’s salvation in terms of time. By understanding how God works today, yesterday and tomorrow, we are going to receive more of God’s grace and peace. There’s grace and peace that we are going to experience in understanding God in time though the book of Revelation.
Rev 1:5 …And from Jesus Christ…

And it continues on….There are 3 beings: Which, is, which was, and which is to come, Seven Spirits and Jesus Christ. So who is the which is, and which was? The Father. There is God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Ghost. Does Jesus have the same description? Yes
Rev 1:8 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.

It does not say who is who? We are not too sure.
Rev 1:11-13 [11] Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, [12] And I turned to see the voice that spake with me. And being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks; [13] And in the midst of the seven candlesticks [one] like unto the Son of man.

“Son of man” – From this we know that Alpha and Omega refers to Jesus Christ. So in V.8 when it says this it refers to Jesus Christ.God the Father is described as 'which is, which was,' etc. and Jesus is too. Why do they have the same description? Because Jesus is also

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God. Objection: Good to show JW. Summary: That phrase can apply to them both. "Which is, which was, and which is to come." “the seven Spirits which are before the throne” – What are these seven Spirits? Class question: What is the Grace and Peace that is from these 3? These two words have a close connection with the Gospel.The book begins with Grace and Peace and it ends with Grace.
Rev 22:21 …Grace be with you all…

What happens in-between? A work of Grace, what is happening? After Jesus resurrected He went to the heavenly sanctuary. And set down on the right hand of God at His throne. What throne is this?
Heb 4:16

It was the throne of Grace. So Revelation is speaking of Jesus' work in the throne of Grace. This is magnified in Rev 14:6 the everlasting gospel that brings peace. What are the Seven Spirits? Are there 7 Holy Spirits? No, so what does it mean? The plural word “spirits” makes sound like there’s more than one Spirit. “before His throne” – We know that these seven spirits are connected to the throne of God. The seven spirits are the seven lamps of God:
Rev 4:5 And out of the throne proceeded lightnings and thunderings and voices: and there were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God.

Symbolically speaking the seven Spirits of God are the seven lamps of fire burning before the throne. These seven lamps are burning before the throne. So if they are burning this means there is fire, but in order to have fire you must have what? Oil. Right here we know that oil represents the Holy Spirit. Note: When you read this verse immediately you will think of the seven candlesticks. But seven candlesticks are different from seven lamps. The candlesticks support the lamps so they can burn. See Ex 39:36 – it shows the distinction between lamps and candlesticks. And it had the fire burning. In order to burn, there must be oil:
Lev 24:2 Command the children of Israel, that they bring unto thee pure oil olive beaten for the light, to cause the lamps to burn continually.

And the oil burning the seven lamps represents the Holy Spirit:
Zech 4:1-6 … and his seven lamps thereon, and seven pipes to the seven lamps, which are upon the top thereof: and two olive trees by it, one upon the right side of the bowl, and the other upon the left side thereof…What are these, my lord? …Then he answered and spake unto me, saying, This is the word of the LORD unto Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, saith the LORD of hosts.

The seven candlesticks are different than the seven lamps. Candlesticks only support the lamps to burn. (In Ex 39:36 - distinguish between lamps and candlesticks). Seven candlesticks represent Seven Churches:
Rev 1:20 ...and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.

This shows us that the 7 candlesticks represent the 7 churches. Conclusion: What does this mean? Every church has a lamp, and the lamp has oil, and that oil represents the Holy Spirit. So within
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every church the Holy Spirit is present. How come the bible didn't say the Spirit of God for the seven churches? How come the seven spirits of God? If you look up the Word "Spirits" in the Greek it doesn't necessarily mean that it is plural. The translator made it plural because of the number 7. But it could say 7 Spirit. Meaning the Holy Spirit working for each church throughout the ages. 7 means perfect. So it describes a perfect work that the Holy Spirit is doing through out the ages for the churches. At the end of each church there is a specific word it says
Rev 2:7 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches

Spirit saith unto the churches, plural. It is one Spirit working for all the churches. 7 Spirits is a term describing that the Holy Spirit is working for all the churches throughout the ages. Then why didn’t the Bible say “spirit of God for Seven churches”? Why “Seven Spirits of God”? If you look at the original word “spirits” it doesn’t really have plural meaning in it. That means the HS working for each church throughout the ages. That’s what it’s referring to. At the end of every church, there’s specific words: Rev 2:7, 2:11, 2:17, 2:29, 3:6, 3:13, 3:20 “He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches;” 7 Times the Spirit says to the churches.So this one Spirit working for all the churches. So this “seven Spirit(s)” is description only to let you know that this Spirit is working for Seven Churches. Seven also represents the perfection. So it’s perfect work of the HS for the seven churches throughout the history. Objection: Some use the text in Isaiah 11:12 to say this refers to the 7 Spirits. If you read it, it mentions 6 aspects. It does not fit. (Note: In Chapter 5 it mentions Jesus having 7 eyes, this can fit here too, but it will be covered in that chapter.) Next is Jesus.
1:5 And from Jesus Christ, [who is] the faithful witness, [and] the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood

“Jesus Christ” – there are four descriptions about Him. 1. Faithful witness (Witness) 2. First begotten of the dead (First begotten) 3. Princes of the kings of the earth (King) 4. Him that washed up from our sin in his own blood (Savior) Whatever you see in this first chapter, it will be repeated throughout the book. These four things about Christ will be taught throughout the book of revelation. 1. “Faithful witness”
Rev 3:14 And unto the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write; These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God;

At the end of the seventh church, Jesus appears as a “faithful witness.” So Faithful Witness has something to do with the last church or even the whole seven churches because He is appearing in each church and giving the faithful witnesses telling exactly who they are, and where they are, and the condition they are in, and what they need.

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What do we know about a faithful witness? When the bible describes Jesus as the rock, what does that describe? He is strong or the foundation. Jesus is the vine? He is the life source. Jesus is the lamb? He is the sacrifice Jesus is the angel? He is a heavenly messenger. What does faithful witness mean? (BSM: In the Strong's concordance look up the word faithful, then lookup witness. Look for a bible text that has these two words together. [Class comment/Peter: Within the chapter you can see a connection, this is very contextual, we have an example of Jesus who bares record or testified.] From here go to other bible texts.)
Ps 89:37 It shall be established for ever as the moon, and [as] a faithful witness in heaven. Selah.

The moon represents a faithful witness. In Revelation 12, we see a woman standing on a moon. This means that this church is a faithful witness. Here Jesus is a faithful witness, and the church is a faithful witness because the church is copying Jesus. The moon is a reflector of the sun. It is reflecting, and witnessing. It is witnessing during the night when night is prevailing. A faithful witness means those who are testifying
Prov 14:5 A faithful witness will not lie: but a false witness will utter lies

A faithful witness means that you always tell the truth. In the book of Revelation where did Jesus work as a faithful witness? (*PO or where did Jesus tell the truth concerning one's condition?) Among the 7 churches. Especially the Laodecian church.
Rev 3:14 …the faithful and true witness…

When it says this, it is describing Jesus. When we talk about Jesus being a faithful witness it means that He tells the truth. He testifies. And in the book of revelation He especially does it among the 7 churches. (*PO Proverbs 14:25 too…delievereth souls) "witness" – Also means Martyr. It comes from the greek word Martus, that means Martyr. 2. “First begotten of the dead” What does this mean?In John 3:16 it says "only-begotten" when God gave His Son, He was called the only-begotten. Now it says the first begotten. Why does it change? What does only-begotten mean? He is the only Son.
Heb 11:17 By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten [son]

But Abraham had 2 sons. But he only had one child of promise. So Isaac is the only child of promise. That is why it says the only begotten son. So when the bible calls Jesus the only begotten Son. This means that there is no one else like Jesus He is the only one. When was Jesus called the first begotten? It says He was the first begotten of the dead. You may study this in depth in the book of Hebrews, but this is the nutshell. When the bible says “first begotten,” it does not mean “only begotten.” The word “only” means one, but “first” means more then one. When God the Father first sent Jesus to save us, He gave His “only begotten” Son. Jn 3:16. But when the bible says “first begotten of the dead,” it’s talking about the resurrection:

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Acts 13:33 God hath fulfilled the same unto us their children, in that he hath raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee.

There is similar text in Hebrews:
Heb 1:5-6 For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son? And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him

When did God the Father announce Jesus again as being His begotten Son? At the resurrection of Jesus. At this time He said I have begotten thee. From where? The dead. So when He was resurrected He was not called the only begotten, but the first begotten of the dead. What does this mean? If I say I am the only son, what does that mean? I am the only one. But if I say I am the first son that means that there are other children. So when Jesus is described as the firs begotten of the dead that means there will be a 2nd begotten of the dead, and 3rd begotten of the dead, etc. The 'first begotten of the dead' means that other people like Jesus can be begotten of God symbolically through a death and resurrection that is seen in baptism. Through this we can be begotten again. But the finishing touch of this work is when we receive immortality. (We see this in Romans and 1 John, another study) (*PO This is also what Jesus was referring to when talking to Nicodemus.) Some say that Moses was the first one who was resurrected so shouldn't he be the first begotten of the dead? No. Jesus is because if Jesus was not resurrected, Moses could not have been resurrected. Moses was resurrected based upon the promise of the resurrection of Jesus. But if Jesus weren't resurrected, Moses would have to come down from heaven and be buried again. THIS IS VERY IMPORTANT! When Jesus became the first begotten of the dead, NOW Jesus IS CALLED OUR BROTHER! NOT JUST OUR SAVIOR, LORD, AND MASTER, HE IS OUR BROTHER. Son of God became Son of men so that sons of men can become the sons of God.
Rom 8:29 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate [to be] conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren.

When God the father sent His son as the only begotten—the only Son. When Jesus arose from the dead, now He is called the first begotten of the dead—which means more can follow. Before Jesus died, God only had one Son. But after the cross, when Jesus arose from the grave, now God can have many sons. Now we are the brother of Jesus, and the sons of God. That’s the reason why the Bible calls us “the sons of God.” God pre planed that everyone should conform to the image of Jesus Christ that we might be His brothers. Who are the brothers of Jesus?
Mark 3:35 For whosoever shall do the will of God, the same is my brother, and my sister, and mother.

Those who do the will of God. What is the will of God?
1 Thes 4:3 For this is the will of God, [even] your sanctification, that ye should abstain from fornication:

The will of God is sanctification—staying away from fornication. Now we are going to take you to the deeper spiritual application. What is sanctification?
Ezek 20:12 Moreover also I gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that

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they might know that I [am] the LORD that sanctify them.

The will of God is sanctification. When you have this experience, God will give you the Sabbath as the sign of His sanctification. This means there are many brethren but He is the first one. Why did He become our brother? There is a reason why He became our brother
Heb 2:17 …it behoved him to be made like unto [his] brethren…'that he might be a merciful and

faithful high priest….

“made like unto his brethren” – This is going to give us right here the reason why He became our brother. He is the first begotten of the dead meaning right here He became our brother (not that He wasn't before, but right here it sealed it.) and the reason why He became our brother “that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest” – When the bible says 'faithful witness' this means that He was or is giving the straight testimony to the seven churches. But when the bible says 'first begotten of the dead' that means now He is a high priest as our brother. What is His purpose for being a high priest? KEY POINT Note: In the OT the high priest interceded for the 12 tribes of Israel. The term 'faithful witness' shows what Jesus does for the 7 churches. BUT The term 'first begotten of the dead' shows what Jesus does for the 7 seals. (*PO This right here also shows that the 24 elders where human because Rev 4/5 is an introduction to the opening of the seals. The seals manifests God's work as the first begotten. He is working on behalf of His brethren. That is why the question is directed to the brethren, and the 24 elder speaks up and directs John's attention to the only human brother who has prevailed. Study!) The beginning of the seven seals starts with the lamb that was slain, he gave a sacrifice. And it ends with the sixth and seventh seal. But the climax of the seven seals ends with the 144,000 who are the 12 tribes of Israel or the church. Summary: 'faithful witness' – I am going to work within the 7 churches. 'first begotten of the dead' – I am going to work with the 7 seals. From this, we know that the book of Revelation will deal with people that will receive the seal of God and who stay away from fornication—the 144,000. 1st Angels message – Worship God the creator, Sabbath—sanctification 2nd Angel’s message – Warning against fornication. 3rd Angels message – Wages of fornication The very first time the 144,000 are mentioned is close to the end of the seven seals during the sixth seal. Laodecia is the last big picture of the seven churches—we see “the faithful Witness.” 144,000 is the last big picture of the seven seals—we see “the Firstbegotten of the dead”: 144,000 as the final brothers of Jesus doing the will of God, experiencing sanctification, and receiving the seal of God. The way Jesus is described in the first chapter of Revelation is giving you the big picture of

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the book. 3. “Prince of the kings of the earth” The first time this is mentioned is at the end of the seven trumpets. This phrase belongs to the 7 trumpets. Because the ultimate purpose of the 7 trumpets is to set up the kingdom of God. And it is to show what kingdom He will destroy, because He is the King of the universe.
Dan 12:1 And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation [even] to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book. (not that clear) Matt 25:31 When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory. (not that clear) Dan 7:14 And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion [is] an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom [that] which shall not be destroyed. Clearest Rev 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become [the kingdoms] of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever.

This talks about the 7th trumpet, and you will see that the kingdoms of this world become the kingdom of Christ. But more significantly these trumpets point to a grand event. They show the destruction of the empire, but ultimately it shows the preparation for the Day of Atonement. During this time also known as the investigative judgment also seen in Daniel 7:13-14. It shows how Jesus went into the MHP to receive a kingdom, dominion, and power. (He is setting up His kingdom). Same with the 7th trumpet which begins in 1844 when the ark of the covenant is opened up in the MHP. This is also the kingdoms of this world becoming the kingdom of our God. The ultimate climax is a kingdom. During the investigative judgment Christ is preparing a kingdom. (*PO Now you see the importance of Revelation 12:10 'salvation…kingdom of our God' In order for the kingdom of God to be established or for the subjects to be counted, Christ had to shed His blood. First to enter into the HP, but then into the MHP where the subjects of the kingdom will be established.) Summary: So all these are introduction of seven churches, seven seals, and the seven trumpets. These descriptions of Jesus are not just there to take up space. They are there to show what Jesus will do in chapter 2 to the end of the book. ADDED: Jesus is the prince of the kings of the earth.
Acts 3:15 ...And killed the Prince of life, whom God hath raised from the dead; whereof we are witnesses.... Acts 5:30-31 [30] ...The God of our fathers raised up Jesus…[31]…[to be] a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.... Prince is closely connected to Saviour. Dan 8:11 ...prince of the host...

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Dan 8:25 ...Prince of princes... Dan 9:25 ...Messiah the Prince... Dan 11:22 ...prince of the covenant.... Dan 12:1-2 [1]...And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book. [2] And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame [and] everlasting contempt....

The 7 trumpets will reveal something to us about Everlasting Life and the Book of Life, Christ's work as the Messiah, the Anointed One, and Saviour and the Covenant.
Gen 32:24, 26, 28 [24] Jacob..wrestled a man..I will not let thee go, except thou bless me..And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed.

Israel [margin] A prince of God. Israel Heb 3478 “God prevails” from two words 8280 contend, persist, persevere 410 El God.. Israel 2474 “he shall be a prince of God.” A prince has power with God and prevails by contending, persisting, and persevering until God grants the request. Who is Israel? Gal 1:2 “Churches of Galatia” (Gentile Converts) Gal 6:16 “Israel of God” Rev 7 144,000 Tribes of Israel. Jesus is the Prince of all princes. He contends, persists, and perseveres until God grants His request. What is the request? Forgive their sins! 4. “Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,” Where do we see the blood concept in the book of Revelation?     Chapter 4 – Lamb that was slain Chapter 12 – Birth of Christ (Lamb) Chapter 14 –144,000 standing with the Lamb and they go where the Lamb goes. End of chapter the destruction of the wicked, there blood is being shed. Chapter 13 – All will wonder after the beast, those whose names are not written in the book of the Lamb that was slain from the foundation of the world. If you don’t understand the Lamb who shed blood for you, at the end you will worship the beast.

You see all these four descriptions throughout the book of the Revelation.
1:6 And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him [be] glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.

Review: In the last couple of verses we discussed 3 names of Jesus. They were: The faithful witness, the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. These names are written in chapter one because they apply specifically to the book of Revelation. God doesn't just give different names of Jesus just to give them. When it says Jesus is a faithful witness, this name is given for a purpose. He is a faithful witness to the seven churches. He was the first begotten of the dead because he was to be the first born among many brethren. So He is our brother, why? Because in

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Hebrews 2:17 He was made like unto His brethren to be our faithful and merciful high priest. And the ultimate goal as to why He needed to be our high priest is so that could intercede for the spiritual 12 tribes of Israel who are the 144,000 (including us, but especially for them). We learned in Revelation 7 the sixth seal is within the seven seals. The first begotten of the dead applies to His work for the 7 seals. And the Prince of the kings of the earth applies to the work that Jesus will do through the 7 trumpets. Another term we looked at said "Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood," this refers to His forgiveness. After he describes Himself with the first 3 names then he says this. So now He is going to do something for us, what is that? He loves you as a faithful witness, first begotten of the dead, and as a prince. And He will wash you as a faithful witness, first begotten of the dead, and as a prince. He will wash you with His own blood. And the ultimate purpose is this…We will cover it in the next couple of verses. Overview of what will be covered: 1. Made us kings and priests 2. Every eye shall see Him 3. They also pierced Him 4. All kindred of the earth “made us kings and priests " – So the ultimate goal of the book of Revelation is that He wants to make us like kings and priests. Exodus God brought them to Mt. Sinai and made a covenant with them. He made a promise to them. It was that He would make them He made us kings (STATE) and priest (CHURCH). What is very interesting is the “prince of the kings of the earth” is a political language. “Washed us from our sins,” which is a religious language. We see in Jesus both the political and the religious aspect—only Jesus can unite church and state. Christ’s kingdom on earth now is only the religious form; the political form will begin at the coming of Christ.
Ex 19:5-6 Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth [is] mine: And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These [are] the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.

This concept of God wanting to make His people a kingdom of priest was given a long time ago. (BSM: First time mentioned). In those times, when God Himself was reigning, the union of church and state was possible. When the human being tried to do this when they asked for a king, they ran right into apostasy. So the promise of being a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation has now passed to the worldwide spiritual Jews—the gentile Christians.
1 Pet 2:9 But ye [are] a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should show forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:

"royal priesthood" – This verse refers to the gentiles, not the Jewish nation anymore. It could include the Jews, but they were no longer God's chosen people. He restores His promise with the gentiles. This is similar language to what we see in Revelation. But now in Revelation we see the fulfillment of this promise. We see it more clearly in Revelation. You will now see how this applies to the book of Revelation:
Rev 5:10 And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth

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Rev 20:4 And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and [I saw] the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received [his] mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years. [6]Blessed and holy [is] he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.

"I saw thrones" – John saw saints sitting upon the thrones. Who usually sits on thrones? Kings. Right here God is treating His redeemed people as kings. He said He would make us kings and priests. "Priests of God." Here He makes us priests. This is at the end of the book of Revelation. At the beginning of the book of Revelation it begins with it saying He will make us kings and priests. And it ends with us being kings and priests. So in the middle of the book of Revelation He will show us how He will make us priests and kings. Why does God want to make us kings and priests? Because He wants to make us like Jesus. For thousand years the saints will be the kings and priests fulfilling the prophecy of Exodus 19. When the chapter 1 of Revelation said “kings and priests unto God and his Father,” it’s giving us the idea of the experience we are going to have during the thousand years. Again, the chapter one is the preview of the whole book of Revelation! Look for these things in the first chapter. This chapter is loaded, so much condensed! Notice what the Bible has to say about Christ when Jesus was resurrected:
Acts 5:31 Him hath God exalted with his right hand [to be] a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins

Christ is the Prince (STATE) and the Saviour (CHURCH). "Prince and a Savior." When Jesus was resurrected from the dead He became Prince and a Savior. He became a Savior working in the heavenly sanctuary as a high priest. And in like manner He will make us the same thing. Men and women both can do the work of a priest. Pastors, deacons, and bible workers can all do this work. They can all serve people. They can do intercessory work. He wants to make us kings and priests, because He is the king, prince, and priest. He will make us like this so we can be like Jesus. Not in terms of having the same authority, but we will share the throne with Jesus. Throne of Grace vs. Throne of Glory When Jesus went to heaven and sat down on the throne (STATE), He became our High Priest (CHURCH). This throne is called the “throne of grace.”
Heb 4:16 Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need. When Jesus Christ comes back again,

When the probation has closed and the Christ comes again, now He seats on the “throne of glory.”
Matt 25:21 When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory:

Christ is the King and the High Priest. So what do we see here is what Christ is like and how He will make us like Him—the kings and the priests. Key Point: The word king is more political. The word priest is more religious. So the reason why God is making us kings and priests is because he wants to create the TRUE GOVERNMENT OF
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CHURCH AND STATE! ONLY GOD CAN HAVE THE TRUE GOVERNMENT OF CHURCH AND STATE. This is what God wants. One of the climatic scenes in the book of Revelation is the persecution that comes to us from the union of church and state on this earth that Satan has tried to build here. Satan has tried to bring together this union to counterfeit the work of God. So now we have the true union of church and state and the false union of church and state. There is a controversy going on.
Rev 3:21 …In My throne…

But from this verse when God is speaking to the last day church he says this. This is the promise. What does this mean? I will make you a king. This is why the bible says He will make us kings and priests. It is the ultimate result of the redemption of Jesus Christ.
1:7 Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they [also] which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen.

Verse 6 emphasizes the righteous; verse 7 emphasizes the wicked. Both verses end with “Amen”, which is used at the end of a sentence. It means “so be it,” “so let it be,” or “I agree.” In other words: “The final result for the righteous, they will be kings and priests: so let it be; the final result for the wicked, they shall wail because of Him: so let it be.” Who are this people who pierced him? We can say symbolically we are the ones who crucified Jesus because of our sin. At the end, you see the same concept repeating:
Rev 22:12 And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be.

Throughout the book, you will find something about the result of the righteous and the result of the wicked. “cometh with clouds” – cloud represents angels.
Ps 104:3 …who maketh the clouds his chariot:

Clouds are God’s chariot.
Ps 68:17 The chariots of God are twenty thousand, even thousands of angels: the Lord is among them, as in Sinai, in the holy place.

God’s chariots are thousands of angels.
Acts 1:9 He was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight

Bible says that “a” cloud received Him. Compare with this quotation:
AA 32 While the disciples were gazing upward to catch the last glimpse of their ascending Lord, He was received into the rejoicing ranks of heavenly angels. As these angels escorted Him to the courts above, they sang in triumph, "Sing unto God, ye kingdoms of the earth; O sing praises unto the Lord, to Him that rideth upon the heavens of heavens. . . . Ascribe ye strength unto God: His excellency is over Israel, and His strength is in the heavens." Psalm 68:32-34, margin.

Therefore, we can safely conclude that the clouds that Jesus comes with is not a literal clouds, but the ten thousands of angels coming with Him.
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“every eye shall see him” – What does this mean? You can compare this to following verses:
Matt 24:30 ...They shall see...

This is referring to the second coming of Jesus Christ. It doesn't only apply to the righteous. It applies to both the righteous and the wicked. Everyone will see Him. The second coming of Jesus is very visual.
Matt 25:31 ...All the angels...

When Jesus comes the second time all the angels will be with Him.
Matt 28:3 ...Lightning…

This verse refers to an angel that came to the tomb of Jesus. One angel looked like lightning. When the lightning strikes can you miss it? No, even if it strikes behind you, you can still see the flash. This is what angels look like. And how many angels will come? All. How many angels are there?
Rev 5:11 ...Ten thousand times…

How many is this? 100 Trillion if you count this literally. How much space do you need for all of these angels? A place that is five times bigger than this earth to hold all these angels with their wings spread fully out. Wing tip to wing tip. They all look like lightning and they will all come with Jesus. SO CAN YOU MISS THE SECOND COMING? No This destroys the secret rapture concept.
Rev 6:16 And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb: Matt 24:30 And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.

This refers to everybody, not just the righteous, not just the wicked, but every body shall see. The second coming of the Jesus is visual.
Matt 25:31 When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory:

When Jesus comes second time “all” the angels will come.
Matt 28:3 His countenance was like lightning, and his raiment white as snow:

Speaking about the angel who came down to the tomb of Jesus and rolled the stone looked like “lightning” and was literally visual. Even the lightning strike behind you, you still can see it, because of reflection. And ALL the angels will come down in the Second Coming of Jesus.
Rev 5:11 And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands;

If you count them literally, that’s 100 trillion angels. To have 100 trillion angels, you need a size 5 times bigger than this world just to spread their wings. And all 100 trillion angels look like

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lightning, they all come with Jesus, can you miss the Second Coming of Jesus? That’s what it means by “every eye shall see Him” and it’s clear. “and they [also] which pierced him” – refers to Caiaphas, Pharisees, priests, soldiers who pierced Jesus. They will literally be resurrected to see His second coming.
Matt 26:64 Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven

Caiaphas is dead. That means before Jesus comes, God will raise up Caiaphas and let him see Jesus. Of course it may include other priests, pharasees, and Roman soldiers. When Caiaphas died, the next thing he sees is Jesus coming down with all the angles, the one he just crucified. It’s to show him that he really indeed crucified Jesus Christ. We know that everyone will see Him, but the bible especially says this. Are these the wicked or righteous? The wicked. KEY POINT: Verse 6 shows the final result of the righteous. They will become kings and priests. Verse 7 describes the final result of the wicked. BSM: God wants to give you the beginning picture and the ending picture. And Revelation is about the ending picture. This is the concept of the Alpha and Omega, the first and the last. God wants to give the beginning picture and the ending picture. Before God reveals anything about the prophecies, first He reveals the final result of the righteous and the wicked. And the wicked will be damned. Who are the ones who pierced Jesus? Symbolically we can say that we all pierced Him because of our sins, but the bible says
Matt 26:64 …See the Son of man…

When Caiaphas asked Jesus to tell them if He was the Son of God. Jesus said this. You will see me come sitting on the throne of God. He was not joking, this will be literally fulfilled. Did Caiaphs die? Yes So before the second coming of Jesus, God will raise Him up and let him witness His coming. This also includes other officials. *PO: All those who have proclaimed the 3 Angel's messages will be here during the special resurrection too.
Rev 6:16 …Hide us….

This is referring to the second coming and it shows how the wicked will react at this time. Who says these words? The wicked. So the wicked will see him. Point: Many think that only the righteous will see Jesus coming, but everyone will. Special Resurrection
Dan 12:1-3 [1] "At that time Michael shall stand up, The great prince who stands watch over the sons of your people; And there shall be a time of trouble, Such as never was since there was a nation, Even to that time. And at that time your people shall be delivered, Every one who is found written in the book. [2] And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, Some to everlasting life, Some to shame and everlasting contempt. [3] Those who are wise shall shine Like the brightness of

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the firmament, And those who turn many to righteousness Like the stars forever and ever.

There will be two resurrections: one for the life, one for damnation. That resurrection is speaking of special resurrection of damnation just before the second coming of Jesus. These people who pierced Jesus will be resurrected just to let them know whom they have crucified. Just let them know that whom they killed is actually the Son of God. And they will be destroyed. Then, they will be resurrected again after 1,000 years. So some people die three times.
FLB 182 Graves are opened, and "many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth . . . awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt." Dan. 12:2. All who have died in the faith of the third angel's message come forth from the tomb glorified, to hear God's covenant of peace with those who have kept His law. Those who had died in faith under the third angel's message, keeping the Sabbath, came forth from their dusty beds. "They also which pierced him" (Rev. 1:7), those that mocked and derided Christ's dying agonies, and the most violent opposers of His truth and His people, are raised to behold Him in His glory, and to see the honor placed upon the loyal and obedient. . . . The voice of God is heard from heaven, declaring the day and hour of Jesus' coming, and delivering the everlasting covenant to His people. ... And when the blessing is pronounced on those who have honored God by keeping His Sabbath holy, there is a mighty shout of victory.

“all kindreds of the earth” – global event, this is not a secret event. It's a public and open event. Why the Bible use the word “kindred” not “people, nation, multitude”? Always watch out when the Bible uses the word very first time in that book. And this is very first time in the book of Revelation using “kindred.” The word “kindred” means “one’s family and relations.” There will be two kindreds—one who have the seal of God and became part of God’s family, and other one having the mark of the beast and belongs to Satan. Not only every eye will see Him, including those that pierced Him, but also all kindred. What does kindred mean? Race every race will see Him when He comes the second time. Why does the bible use this word? And not multitudes or nations? (BSM: Every time you come across a word like this, notice the first time it is used. This is the first time Revelation uses this word. Then find out where else in the book of Revelation that we see this word. We know the message will go to everyone
Rev 14:6 And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people,

There is a kindred who receive the three angels’ messages. But on the other hands, there are those who follow the beast. Also in Revelation 7:9 "kindred" there will be both good and bad kindred. Steps: The message will go to every nation and kindred. Then there will be two kindreds. The saved kindred and the kindred that will be lost) Who are they?
Rev 13:7, 8 …power was given him over all kindreds, and tongues, and nations. and all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

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The papacy will have power over all kindred. This is referring to the last days. So this means that most of the kindred will be lost. When the bible says that all kindred will see Him, it is contextually speaking of those who will be lost. Why? It is talking about those that pierced him. We do have the general statement that every eye will see Him referring to both the righteous and the wicked. But it is especially referring to those that will be lost, the wicked because God gave us the end result of the righteous in V.6. That means the most of the kindreds will be lost. So when the Bible says, “all kindred shall see Him” is specially referring to the lost ones, the wicked people that are alive at that time. (BSM: This is called contextually comparison and study.) The term 'kindred' here is referring to the wicked that will be alive at the second coming of Jesus, including the wicked that will be resurrected during the special resurrection. And there also will be a time after the 1000 years when all the wicked will be resurrected and will see Him.
Rev 13:8 …All…shall worship…

The papacy will have power over all the kindred. In this verse all will worship the papacy. But it says all those who names are not found in the book of life. So we know that this refers to the wicked. “wail because of him” – Why do they cry? What is the condition of all the kindred’s of the earth at this time?
Rev 13:7-8 And it was given unto him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them: and power was given him over all kindreds, and tongues, and nations…. And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

They are crying because their names are not written in the book of life. When this is compared to Daniel:
Dan 12:1 And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.

We have two groups of people, and their end results are based on which book their names are written in. In this one verse, we saw that: 1. Second Coming will be literal and visible 2. The special resurrection 3. The result of those who will receive the mark of the beast. In verse 5-7, we can almost see the whole book of Revelation.

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Jesus’ introduction of Himself (8)
VERSE [8] I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.
1:8 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.

This is referring to Jesus Christ, not God the Father:
Rev 22:12-13 [12] And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be. [13]I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last.

God the Father, the Holy Ghost, and Jesus Christ, all are mentioned in the beginning. Now it’s zooming into Jesus Christ, for that’s what this book is all about. “Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending” – “Alpha” is the beginning letter of the Greek alphabet. “Omega” is the ending letter of the Greek alphabet. The alphabet is letters that are put together and make words. Jesus is the Word. Jesus being the Word, with His word has began the work, and will finish the work with His words. Jesus is the Author and the Finisher; He begins and He finishes. In the book of Genesis (beginning), Jesus began the work, and in the last book, Revelation, we see how He will finish the work. We will see the ending of everything in this book. Do you know of any other passage in bible that uses this phrase? This is the only book in the bible that uses Alpha and Omega. Why? What does this mean? We know it means the beginning and ending, but what else? (BSM: You look up all the texts in Revelation that use this phrase.)
Rev 1:11 …Write in a book…

He mentions His name I am Alpha and Omega, and then He says this. (BSM: You look up where that name is used, and that name is associated with what event? Look up the name and see what event, theme, or topic it is used with. Because this book reveals Jesus)
Rev 21:6 …I will give…water….

Again He uses Alpha and Omega and He says this. Contextually speaking what is this water? The book of Revelation. The water of life contextually refers to the book of Revelation here.
Rev 22:12, 13 …I come quickly….

He begins with saying write it in a book. And then He will give it to us in the form of water. And when we drink enough of this water. He will come quickly. I am Alpha. I will begin it. I am Omega. I will finish it.
Heb 12:2 …Author and Finisher…

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When He begins something He will finish it. Alpha and Omega. Alpha and Omega. It is the first and last letter of the Greek alphabet. Why is it written in the Greek alphabet? What do you do with the alphabet? You make words.
John 1:1

Jesus is the Word. He is the beginning and the ending of the Word. When it says Alpha and Omega it is to show that Jesus is the Word. We begin with the word and end with the word (Cute simple application). It is not Aleph and Tou in the Hebrew. Jesus' nationality is Jew. How come He doesn't use this instead? (We will come back to this). Why did Jesus refer to the Greek alphabet? Why not the Hebrew letters, it would have been more of His language. It’s not just because the NT was written in Greek, because there are many times Jesus spoke in Hebrew in the NT. (“Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?”). It shows the beginning of new era. The kingdom of God is taken from whom the Jews and given to the gentiles. Jesus now speaks in gentile language Greek to symbolize that there has been a different switch from the Jews to the gentiles. When you speak in a certain language it is because that’s the people you are trying to reach. When Jesus was speaking “Talitha cumi,” (Mark 5:41) He spoke the language the girl could understand. So we see the beginning in this book. That’s crucially important. Because many people today think most of the prophecy belong to literal Israel, not spiritual Israel. “which is, and which was, and which is to come” – After you read this it ends with 'the Almighty.” When you read this phrase it is to show not only that Jesus existed in the past, present, and future, but it is also to show that He is the Almighty God. In other places in Revelation it uses the same term which is, which was, and which is to come. And we can see what is next to it. “which is” – present. “which was” – past. “which is to come” – future. “the Almighty” - All power, omnipotent. All three Godhead has right to be called Almighty.
Rev 19:6 And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying, Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth Rev 4:8 …Lord God Almighty… Rev 11:17 …Lord God Almighty…

Why does it use this?
Rev 17:8 …The Beast…..was, and is not, and shall ascend…

This refers to the beast which is the papacy. And the beast is described this way. This refers to the beast which is the papacy. And the beast is described this way. “was” – past

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“is not” – present “shall ascend” – future It has a similar description because the papacy wants to become the Almighty God. The antichrist is trying to achieve this. This phrase belongs to Christ or God. When did Jesus receive this title? After His death! Papacy received this title after its deadly wound. This is a characteristic of the antichrist. Note: We can see everything that is in the book of Revelation right here in chapter 1.

John’s introduction of himself (9)
1:9 I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the isle that is called Patmos, for the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ.

VERSE [9] I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the isle that is called Patmos, for the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ. “your brother, and companion in tribulation, kingdom, patience of Jesus Christ” – When you put all these languages together, it points us to the 144,000. Just like Daniel is an example of 144,000, John is also an example of the 144,000 in terms of his characteristics. Here John is describing himself like this. He says he is a companion in these things. John is described in this fashion to teach us something. The word Companion means partaker. We can say a partaker in tribulation, the kingdom and patience of Jesus.
Matt 24:13 …endure…

This book is a preview of Revelation. What is another word for endure? Patience. In Matthew 24 He is speaking to the people who live in the last days.
Matt 24:14 …the gospel of Kingdom…

This needs to go to every nation. It must go for a witness. The word witness means that you are a partaker, a part of it. You are a companion of the kingdom when you preach the gospel.
Matt 24:15 …the abomination of desolation…

This gives a warning of what is coming. This is the beginning of tribulation. Right here in Matt 24:13-15, they have all 3 elements: Patience, Kingdom, and Tribulation. (Matthew is a minnie book of Revelation). God is trying to say in order for you stand in the last days you must be like John. You must have patience, you must endure and understand the kingdom of God and the tribulation will come.
Acts 14:22 Confirming the souls of the disciples, and exhorting them to continue in the faith, and that we must through much tribulation enter into the kingdom of God.

The Christians, faithful ones, the brothers of Jesus, through “much tribulation…enter into the kingdom.” There are people today teaching that righteous shall escape tribulation. But that’s not
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what the Bible says. The Bible says that righteous shall enter into the kingdom through much tribulation. And that’s referring to John’s experience—the last generation’s experience. The faithful Christians, the brother of Jesus through much tribulation can enter into the kingdom of God. Objection: Some people believe that the righteous will escape tribulation (secret rapture). This text teaches otherwise. Note: Song in hymnal: We gather together to ask the Lord's blessing..says we will escape. This is a secret rapture song. We must go through tribulation to enter into the kingdom of God. This describes the experience of John and what the last generation experience will be about.
Rev 14:12 …patience of the saints…

We see here a description of the last generation. They have patience. John's experience must be our experience. Review: "Kings and Priests" The reason why the bible mentions this is because God wants to give us a similar privilege that Jesus has. He wants to make us like Him. "Every eye shall see Him", and how no one can miss the second coming of Jesus because of all the angels that will come with Him, and that they all will look like lightning. "They also pierced Him". This specifically refers to Caiphas, the priests, and Pharisees, and soldiers who pierced Jesus. So when you read Daniel 12:1-3 where it talks about Michael standing up at the close of probation, during this time, and that He will come to deliver the people and there will be a great time of trouble. Some will be resurrected to life and some to everlasting damnation. This resurrection is referring to a special resurrection just before the second coming of Jesus. These people will be resurrected then, just to let them know whom they crucified was the Son of God. God will resurrect them and then destroy them, and they will be resurrected again after 1,000 years. Some people will die three times. In Rev 20 it talks about the judgment at the throne of God, and how all will be judged at the time when the New Jerusalem is coming down, and EGW says that during this time all will confess that Jesus is the Lord, and there will be a panoramic view of their lives. But the wicked will cry out for the rocks to hide them when Jesus comes the second time. So we have the ultimate result for the righteous: Is that they will be made kings and priests, and the final result for the wicked, they will be destroyed. "All kindred of the earth" This phrase can include the righteous, but it especially refers to the wicked. Why? Because the papacy will have power over all kindred and all shall worship him, all whose names are not found in the book of life. So many people will worship the beast, and because of this they will wail when Jesus comes the second time. And they will see who is the true God, not the pope, not the papacy, but Jesus Christ Himself.
Rev 1:8 …which is, and which was, and which is to come…

This name is to show that Jesus is the Almighty. When I say alpha omega, you should immediately say the first and last, the beginning and the end. When I say which is, which was, and which is to come, it is to show that Jesus is the Almighty. The papacy is called a similar name in Rev 13:8, to show that he is the antichrist. “for the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ” – John tells us why he was sent to

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island of Patmos: 1. “for the word of God” 2. “testimony of Jesus Christ” BSM: Every time you see a phrase like this, immediately look for the same phrase, word, theme, or idea in 1) the book of Revelation, 2) book of Daniel, 3) Psalm or Matthew. 4) then look at how the word was used in the beginning of the Bible, Genesis. Then you can conclude clear definition or meaning of that word. Here John tells you why he was sent to the island of Patmos, and why he was in prison. Why? What was the reason? For the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ. BSM: Every time you see a phrase, things like this, immediately you look for the same phrase, idea, word in the book of REVELATION FIRST. And the next you can consider is the book of Daniel, then Psalms, and then Matthew. Then look at how the word is used the first time in the Bible. Especially in the book of Genesis. This is how you can make a clear conclusion or definition for that word. Where do you see a text similar to this in the book of Revelation? [Before this though recap: John was persecuted and sent to prison because of his belief, his conviction in the Word of God and in the testimony of Jesus]) Do you know of any text like this in the book of Revelation?
Rev 12:17 And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God (word of God), and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.

John was persecuted and sent to the prison because of His conviction in the word of God and the testimony of Jesus. Who else has these characteristics? You can find similar description: It talks about how the dragon was angry with the woman and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, is this the word of God? Jesus it is and keep the commandments of God. Repeat: The writer of the book of revelation is an example of the last generation. This concept is very important when you come to Revelation 10. When John actually eats the book. It was sweet and bitter. It was John's experience, but it is magnified in the last generations experience. We know this is talking about the Advent movement, but at this time it is called the last days. (BSM: Remember that the writer of the book is many times an example of the last generation. Same with the book of Daniel. You must study the life of Daniel and the life of John. What book would you study about the life of John? The Gospel of John, 1 John, 2 John, and 3 John. These four books become very important in the study of the book of Revelation. This is how these books are CONTEXTUALLY connected. We can apply other books, but which books are the closest? The books of John. Then Daniel, this is how you need to study the book of Revelation. Many times when we see a word like 'testimony' we look it up in the concordance and you have hundreds of texts. And if you only have one hour to study what do you do? Look it up first in Revelation, then John, then 1-3 John, then Daniel, then Psalms, then Genesis. This is a suggestion. Put this method in your mind and don't forget it. When you study Daniel, you must study Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Joel. It branches out).

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The writer of book of Revelation is the example of the Last Generation. This concept is very important. When you come to Revelation chapter 10, John himself actually eat the book and became sweet and bitter. It was John’s experience, but it magnifies the last generation experience. Same thing with Daniel. So it’s very important to study the life of Daniel, and the life of John. In Gospels, 1,2,3 John, and Daniel you can study about John & Daniel. Those four books becomes very important in the study of Revelation. That’s how book is contextually connected. Of course we can apply book of Psalm, Ezekiel, Jeremiah…but Gospels, 1,2,3 John, Daniel are the closest to the book of Revelation. So when you study the book of Revelation, that’s the course you may take. BSM: When you look at up the word “testimony,” you look at up the word in concordance, and there comes hundreds of texts. So what you can do is, you look at these books first: Revelation  Daniel, Gospels, 1,2,3 John, Psalms, Genesis…It will be helpful to you. Don’t forget it. When you study Daniel, study Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Joel…

John heard the voice of Jesus (10-11)
VERSE [10] I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet, [11] Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea.
1:10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet,

“in the Spirit” – in the vision. This is the very times when the gift of prophecy “testimony of Jesus Christ” was in use. What does this mean? Does it mean he was speaking in tongues? (BSM: Where would you go first to look for this phrase? In the book of Revelation. How is this phrase being used? In what way?) BSM: What does it mean? Go look at the word ...spirit... in the Revelation first. In the Revelation, how does that phrase being used?
Rev 4:2 ...I was in the spirit...

This chapter is talking about the vision that John received about the Holy Place in the Heavenly sanctuary. And before he explained this while in vision, he said "I was in the Spirit." In Revelation 4 is talking about John’s vision about the Holy Place in the heavenly sanctuary.
Rev 17:3 ...He carried me away in the spirit....

In this chapter John saw a woman, who was a hoar being judged. This is another vision. In Revelation 17, he saw vision about woman, whore, being judged.
Rev 21:10 ...he carried me away in the spirit...

In this vision John saw New Jerusalem. By looking at these texts in the Bible, what does the phrase "In the spirit" mean? He was in vision

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(BSM: This is what we call contextual interpretation.) Some may say he was expressing the fruits of the Holy Spirit, or he was praying, this may be, but this is not what he is really talking about. When he says this what does this mean? It means on the Lord's Day, I had a vision. (BSM: Again, this is contextual interpretation, without a true interpretation you cannot have an application.) Looking up at those 3 texts, we can conclude that when the Bible says “in the spirit” means “in the vision.” Isn’t it very conclusive. This is what you call “contextual interpretation.” So verse 10 “I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day,” means “on the Lord’s day, I had a vision.” Again, this is contextual interpretation. Without true interpretation, you cannot have true application. “Lord's day” – referring to Sabbath, not Sunday.
Mark 2:28 Therefore the Son of man is Lord also of the Sabbath

It seems like that the whole book of Revelation was given on one day, not like Daniel. We know that God gave John a vision of the Sabbath day. But why on the Sabbath day? Why not Monday, Tuesday, or any other day. Why on the Sabbath day Insert: Why did God give him a vision? You already know from reading ahead in this chapter that the first vision he saw was Jesus in the midst of the seven churches, then the 7 seals, and then the 7 trumpets, and on and on. Why did God give it to him? On the island of prison what was John doing? He was in prison, and he had time to sit and meditate. What was he thinking about when he received this vision? He was worrying about the future of God's church. Around 100 AD, when he died, the church was growing, but it was receiving a lot of persecution, and he didn't know what was going to happen to the church, and he was the last one, the youngest among 12. He was about to die, and he was worrying about the future of God's church that Christ set up. So then God came on the Sabbath and revealed the future of His church to him. Do you know of any similar story like this? Someone was worrying about something, and God answered him according to his worry? Daniel 2, then Daniel chapter 9 and 10. In 9 and 10 we see Daniel worrying, and in chapter 2 Nebuchadnezzar was worried about the future of his kingdom, then he allowed Daniel to interpret it. He did this to protect His vision. This is the same setting that we see here. Note: How did Jesus appear to John in this chapter? How was he described? As a high priest. And this description is similar in Daniel 10. Daniel was worrying about his people. Application (BSM: this is a contextual application) Daniel worried about his people, and God gave him a vision. John worried about his church, and God gave him a vision. Question: (BSM: contextual application question) When can you receive a vision? When you worry about God's people. Who shall receive the seal of God? Those who sigh and cry for the abominations that are done in the land of God's people. You will not catch a vision if you do not worry about your own people. When you do not worry about the spiritual condition of God's people. Without this attitude you cannot catch a vision. You can talk about Jesus how He wept before Jerusalem. Then He went to the cross, and you can make another application saying when you catch a vision and have a burden for souls, you must take up your cross. Why on this particular day?

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Another question: Why didn't the bible say he was in the spirit on the Sabbath day, why on the Lord's day? How come it didn't make it plain. (*PO The book of revelation is written in symbols. So the Sabbath is being used here as a symbol to explain the day of the Lord.) What is another way that you can say "Lord's day"? The Day of the Lord. A day that belongs to the Lord. In the book of revelation, is there any place where it mentions the concept of the Lord's day (Not the Sabbath, but the day of the Lord). In Revelation 6:17 "The great day of His wrath is come." When is the great day of His wrath? What day is this talking about? (We can include the plagues that fall before it, but as the main event it is talking of the 2nd coming of Jesus.) The second coming of Jesus
Rev 16:14 …the battle of that great day of God Almighty…

This is talking about one of the plagues that will fall just before the coming of Jesus. What does this mean? The book of Revelation is about the Day of the Lord. In Rev 6:17 this means that this day belongs to whom? God. In Rev 16:14 this talks about the day of God. The day of God is not talking about the 7th day Sabbath, but symbolically speaking there will be a day that belongs to God, and this means it is time for God to act!
1 Thes 5:2 …The day of the Lord so cometh as a thief…

The day of the Lord in this text refers to the second coming of Jesus. But the day of the Lord begins with the close of probation. When probation closes, now it is God's turn to do something. Now it is His day! God gave 6,000 years to Satan for him to act, but in the beginning of the 7th thousand year, now it is His day! Which day is the Sabbath? The 7th day of the week. The 7th millennium belongs to God! The day of the Lord begins at the close of probation and extends pass the second coming, pass the millennium judgment, to when the wicked will be destroyed to the setting up of the new earth. What is a day to God? A thousand years
Acts 2:20 …Sun..moon…before..day of the Lord"

In this verse it talks about how the sun and moon will be darkened before the day of the Lord. The day of the Lord here does not refer to the 7th day Sabbath, it refers to the 7th millennium.
2 Peter 3:8 …A thousand years as one day…

Just like there is a 7th Day to rest. There will be a 7th millennium to rest. And this earth will keep the 7th millennium as a rest, before this earth is restored. Recap: This is why God gave John the vision on the Lord's day, to show John that a day will come when He will act.
Zech 14:1 …The day of the Lord cometh…

This whole chapter, especially the first part, is a prophecy regarding the third coming of Jesus. It talks about how He will come down and touch Mt. Olives it will become a plain, and how there will be a battle with the wicked. Even after the end of the millennium in heaven, while He is coming
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down the bible still calls it the day of the Lord. Note: EGW shows how New Jerusalem will come down and touch Mt. Olives and how the wicked will be resurrected and destroyed. (Find this quote) Conclusion: The day of the Lord is coming, what does this mean? We are not just talking about the second coming, we are talking about: The close of probation, the second coming, the millennial judgment, the wicked and satan being raised and destroyed after this, and finally the new earth will be re-created. All of this takes place in this time frame. All of this is called the "DAY OF THE LORD!" Extra:
Jude 14 …And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam…

Why does the bible say that he was the 7th from Adam? What happened to Enoch? He was translated. What is going to happen at the beginning of the 7th millennium? Will there be a translation? Yes. And then notice what he prophesies
Jude 14 ….Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints…

Enoch is the seventh from Adam and he was translated without seeing death. He represents the 144,000 of the last generation. Note: there are more bible texts. You can find more in Pauline 1 and 2; Middle Old or Latter Old. This concept is there.
Rev 1:11 …Alpha and Omega, the first and the last….

Now we know why Jesus mentioned this right here correct. But before we go there. “heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet” – when you study the book Acts of the Apostles, you will clearly see the history behind why John received this vision. John was the last apostle, the “Remnant”; this is the principle of history repeats. John, like Daniel, was thinking of what is going to happen to God’s church. This is why he was given the vision. This is the end of the first centaury. The Christians were being scattered all over the place and persecuted, not knowing what’s going to happen in the future. John, as the last disciple of Christ, feels the weight of burden, but he can't do anything in the isle, bound with the circumstances. That’s when Christ came to John and revealed the future of the church of Christ. This is the reason why the sound of the trumpet was given to him. It’s very hard to be sad at the sound of a trumpet. A trumpet normally was used at the sound of rejoice, war or judgment. So why did John receive the vision? Because he was worried about God’s church. If John was not worried about His church, God would not show to him. When can you receive a vision? When you are worried about His people! Who shall received the seal of the living God? To those “sigh and that cry for all the abominations that be done in the midst thereof.” (Ezk 9:4). When you come to Hartland College, you need to catch a vision! But how can you catch a vision when you are not worried about your people! When you are not worried about the spiritual condition of God’s people! When you have that kind of attitude in your mind, there’s no way to catch a vision! When Jesus sighed and cried for Jerusalem, His people, He went through the cross. To catch a vision, when you have burden for soul, you have to take up the greatest cross to bear the burden! (BSM: In the book of Revelation pay attention to these words: I heard, I saw. Heard and saw. That is

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very, very important when you study the book of Revelation. Why? For application: We cannot keep silent the things we have seen and heard. Blessed are they that read and hear. See and heard. Keep this in mind. Pay attention to the things he heard and saw.) Here he hears the sound of a trumpet. And what did he hear?
1:11 Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send [it] unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea.

“I am Alpha and Omega” – The way that He introduce Himself is very important to what message He gives at that time. At this time before He says this, He says “I am Alpha and Omega.” So Alpha and Omega is closely related to sending this book to seven churches. He didn’t say “I am Lamb of God, give this to the seven churches.” “I am Almighty, give this to the seven churches” no! But “I am the Alpha and Omega.” It’s different. If we review: 1. Alpha and Omega is Greek letter and it’ for the whole world. 2. Alpha and Omega is Gentile language. What thou? Next word? Seest. “book” – referring to the book of Revelation. Send it unto the what? Seven church Which are where? Asia minor. (BSM: Listen carefully. The way that Jesus presents Himself is very important for the message that He gives at that time.) Here he says write the things that you will see and write them in a book, and give them to the seven churches. And before He says that He says “I am Alpha and Omega” So Alpha and Omega is closely related to Him sending this to the Seven churches. And you will see that especially when you study the seven churches individually. But it is very important. He did not say I am the Lamb, or the Rock, or the Almighty, give this to the seven churches. No! He says I am Alpha and Omega and give this message to the seven churches. It is different why? What does Alpha and Omega mean? We know it is the beginning and ending of the Greek alphabet. Why not Alph and Toa in Hebrew. Why in Greek? One: because it is for the whole world. Two: The Greek language is the gentile language. Now His church consists of gentiles.
1 Pet 2:9 But ye [are] a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should show forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:”

Remember this? These people are not literal Jews. They are Gentiles, the spiritual Jews. Now He presents Himself as Alpha and Omega. Why? Because He is going to speak to them who speak the Greek language. Who are they? The gentiles. The principle is this. Do you know of anywhere else in the Bible where Jesus speaks another language (*PO Another language to gentiles? Yes Mark 7:34 “Ephphata” 5 (6 in all) times He uses another language in Mark 3:17; 5:41; 7:11; 14:36; 15:34 It is because Mark's audience is Greek. He is writing to the Romans)

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Mark 5:41 …Tablitha cummi…

Damsel Arise. Why? This is language that she can understand.Why? Because she belongs to that language. (*PO She was not a gentile. She was a Jew. But Mark captures the Greek words that Jesus used because his audience is Greek.) He is presenting Himself as the Alpha and Omega, why? Because he is speaking to those who speak the Greek language. Who are they at that time? The gentiles (Spiritual Israel). That is very important because many people in Sunday churches believe that the prophecies in the book of Revelation belong to literal Israel not spiritual Israel.
Matt 21:33-43 …Kingdom of God shall be taken from you given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof….

In Matt 21:33-43 There’s whole parable about the History of God’s people: the story of vineyard. When the Master sent His servants to take the fruit from the yard, but they rejected them. Then Master sent one of the greatest prophets which is John the Baptist. Then the Master sent His own son Jesus Christ, and they still rejected Him and crucified Him. Then Jesus asks to Pharisees, “what should this owner do to those wicked vineyard servant?” and the Pharisee says that the Master should punish them, and then Jesus says, “Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.” He is speaking to the literal Israel. “Before you were concerned to be the nation of God and you had privilege as a nation, but you will not have that privilege any longer. It shall be taken from you. Your probation is coming close. And I will give to another nation that will bring forth fruit.” That nation is “a chosen generation…who were not a people.” 1Peter 2:9,10, the spiritual Israel. It’s very important when you interpret the seven churches. This parable was a parable about the whole history of God's people the Jews. It was about a vineyard. He put a hedge around them. Then he sent servants to bring back fruits, and they were all rejected, and he sent one of the greatest prophets John the Baptist and they rejected him, and then the owner sent His own Son Jesus Christ and they rejected and crucified Him. And then Jesus asked the pharisees what the owner should do with the owners. “you” who is He speaking to? Israel, literal Israel. In other words, before you were considered to be God's kingdom or the people of God as a nation. But you will not have that privilege any longer. It will be taken from you. Your probation is about to end. “another nation” – What nation is that which brings forth fruit?
1 Pet 2:9-10 …A chosen generation...were not a people…

It speaks about an holy nation, and that nation is a chosen generation. “were not a people” what does this mean? They were not a part of Israel. They are a chosen generation. Spiritual Israel. This concept is very important when you interpret the 7 churches. He is saying all of this in connection to His church. Is there a such thing as literal churches named Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamos, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodecia? Yes. In Asia Minor. And all of these churches are located in such a way where you could visit all of these churches in one trip. Seven churches symbolic? But how do you know that these 7 churches are not referring to the literal 7 churches in Asia Minor. How do you know he is talking about the beginning of God's church

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and the end of God's church? He says I am “Alpha and Omega” The beginning of the gentile church and the end of the gentile church. Not only am I speaking to the gentiles, but I will begin the church and I will finish the church. So He gives the history of God's church. The beginning of the history and the ending of that history. It is the prophetic history of God's church that is mostly gentiles.
Rev 1:1 …to show unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass…

Is it prophetic? Yes. Right after this the very first thing that John saw was Jesus in the 7 churches. Whatever He shows John is to explain things that must shortly come to pass. So we know that the 7 churches that God shows John with Jesus in the midst is to explain what will shortly come to pass. It represents the prophetic history of God's church. Beginning with the Apostolic church going down to the Remnant church. Question: Can the book of Revelation use literal local cities and nations as a prophetic example of the future? Yes Do you know of anywhere else in the book of Revelation that does that? Babylon, Egypt the bible even calls it spiritual Egypt, Sodom and Gomorrah. The Bible can use literal nations or cities as a prophetic example of the future. Emphasize this word Rev 1:1 'signified' it means it is symbolic. It is not literal but symbolic. (*PO This also applies to Dan 11:40-45) But in order for us to understand the spiritual applications of these 7 churches do we have to study the literal 7 churches? Yes, so you must have the historical background (*PO why? Because history keeps repeating itself. Ecc 3:15 God requires us to know the past) Another thing to remember is that the 7 churches can reveal the Christian experience of every believer. Generally speaking it does. Up and down. But is there hope! This is the spiritual personal application. “send it unto the seven churches” 1. This is for the churches. He is saying all of these in connection to His church. There were literal churches of Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamos, Thyatira, and Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea. They were in minor Asia. And all these towns are connected in such a way that you can go through all the towns in one round trip. But how do you know this is not speaking about the literal churches in minor Asia?
Rev 1:1 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to shew unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass

And the very first thing John saw was Jesus in the seven churches, it is things that must shortly come to pass. So we know that it’s prophetic. Seven churches is prophetic history of God’s church and it’s from Apostolic Church to the Remnant Church. 2. We should know the historical background in order to understand the prophetic future. Can the book of Revelation use literal local town as an example for prophetic future? There are other places that were used in that way: Babylon, Sodom and Gomorah, Egypt. Bible can use literal nation, city, or town as a prophetic example for future. For us to study the spiritual

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applications of Seven Churches, it’s important to study the literal “seven churches.” You have to have historical background. 3. Seven churches reveal Christian experience of every believer.

John saw the image of Jesus (12-16)
VERSE [12] And I turned to see the voice that spake with me. And being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks; [13] And in the midst of the seven candlesticks one like unto the Son of man, clothed with a garment down to the foot, and girt about the paps with a golden girdle. [14] His head and his hairs were white like wool, as white as snow; and his eyes were as a flame of fire; [15] And his feet like unto fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace; and his voice as the sound of many waters. [16] And he had in his right hand seven stars: and out of his mouth went a sharp twoedged sword: and his countenance was as the sun shineth in his strength. BSM: Catch these words, “I heard”, “I saw.” That’s very important when you study the book of Revelation. Jesus is being revealed to John. John represents the last generation. That means Jesus Christ is reveling Himself to the Last Generation. So it’s very important to study how Jesus was described in different situations. We are going to discover how Jesus is described in chapter 1. Review: If I had to give a theme for Revelation chapter 1. I would call it a meeting between John and Jesus on the Sabbath day. That should be broad enough. What we are seeing as we study chapter 1. This book is about the Revelation of Jesus. So Jesus is being revealed to John. And John now represents not only one of the 12 disciples, but he represents the last day generation. So Jesus is revealing Himself to John. That means Jesus is revealing Himself to the last generation. So it is important when you study Revelation to see how Jesus is described in different situations. How is He described in chapter 1? We will see that today. (As much as we can for times sake)
1:12 And I turned to see the voice that spake with me. And being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks;

“I saw seven golden candlesticks” – after this was the very first thing that John saw. Remember verses 10 and 11? John he heard a voice behind him that sounded like a trumpet. Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, Now in verse 12 John says He turned to see. First he heard and then he saw. Who was speaking behind him? Jesus, and as soon as he turned the first thing he saw was what? The Seven golden candlesticks. Why is that revealed to John first and not Jesus? It should have said he turned and saw Jesus standing there, but it says he saw the seven golden candlesticks. The seven golden candlesticks were revealed to him first because that was his burden and concern. And at first he doesn’t understand what the seven candlesticks represent now, but he is told later in the same chapter. BSM: Are you just reading Revelation several times? Chapter 1-11 or chapter 1 several times. Don’t make any interpretations or applications, just read. It is a good exercise to help you get familiar with the texts in the chapter.

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He saw seven golden candlesticks. What do they represent? The churches right. But there are 3 descriptions: Seven, Golden, Candlesticks. They are not silver, brass, or iron, it is golden. “Seven” = Perfection; complete. One of the best places to go to define the number seven is creation. Gen 1, the whole chapter. 7 days of creation. Every time God created something it says it was good, and when He finished everything He said it was very good. It’s perfect. And He completed it in 7 days. Of course he finished in 6 days, but he added the rest day to make it perfect. So 7 churches means what? 7 perfect churches? It is the complete history of God’s church. Especially the gentile church. Not Israel. Why? Because there was a transition between literal Israel to spiritual Israel. From Jews to Gentile. Now we are dealing with God’s church as the body of gentiles. It includes Jews, but they are not the chosen people. The complete history of God’s church is shown here. App: As God created the world in 7 days, God will have His perfect church after 7 churches. (BSM you can make this kind of application.) “Golden” = Faith.
1 Pet 1:7

What does this represent? In the Bible gold represents faith. “Candlesticks” – According to verse 20, these are the seven churches.
Rev 1:20 ...and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.

It’s not just candlesticks they are golden candlesticks, and we know it represents the churches from Rev 1. So what kind of church should we have? A church that is made out of gold, which is faith. Note: In this verse it is not mentioned, but we know that it is there because of the sanctuary service and structure. Every candlestick has a lamp on top of it. Lamp = Word of God Ps 119:106 That means every church should have the Word of God. Oil = Holy Spirit Zech 4:1-6 In the lamp there is also oil, and the oil represents the Holy Spirit. So when John turned to see he saw 7 golden candlesticks. Does this mean that God’s church throughout history was always like this? They always kept the word of God, had the Holy Spirit, and were shining their light? No, although we know there was always a light, but not as a whole. But the symbolic golden candlesticks are there to show John this is how God wants His church to be. But God will reveal what is happening in each of those churches.
1:13 And in the midst of the seven candlesticks [one] like unto the Son of man, clothed with a garment down to the foot, and girt about the paps with a golden girdle.

“‘in the midst of the seven candlesticks” – After He saw the candlesticks guess what He saw in

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the midst of the candlesticks? One like unto the Son of man. Note: Interesting observation notice the order of things he saw: Candlesticks, Jesus in the midst, garment, hair, eyes, feet, heard his voice, saw hands, mouth, finally His countenance. I wonder what happens when we meet people? What do we see first? But just based upon this, there is a little child’s application. When we meet people, we see where they are, then clothes, hair, eyes, hands, and finally their countenance. That shows what we wear is very important. What does this mean He “in the midst of the seven candlesticks”? It means He is in the midst of the churches. You must understand the book of Revelation is about Jesus and His church or churches. It is about how Jesus will work through His church. He will reveal this. And this was His desire from the beginning. (*PO This is the same thing that Satan wants Ez 28:2. Dan 11:45. Is 27:2. Jesus wants to be in the midst, so Satan wants the same thing.) “in the midst…[one] like unto the Son of man” – At first, John heard the voice, when he turned the first thing he sees is the church, and Jesus walking in the midst of the church. Jesus is telling John, “I know what is your concern. Let me reveal to you the future of the church. John, I’m in the midst of all these churches. Do not fear nor worry. I have it under control. I’m watching over My own.” The book Revelation is about how Jesus works through His church. This was His desire from the beginning:
Ex 25:8 …Dwell among them…

In the beginning this was His desire, to walk with them, to be in them, to dwell with His people. To walk in them. Dwell among them.
John 1:14 …dwelt among us…

When Jesus became a man He also wanted to dwell among us. That was His desire
Matt 1:23 …God with us…

Jesus has two names. Jesus and Emanuel. Emmanuel means God with us. From the beginning, even when He came to this earth, He wants to dwell among His own people.
Matt 28:18, 19 …I am with you always, even unto the end of the world…

Even what? Until the end of the world. This phrase is revealed in the 7 churches. Jesus reveals how He will be with His people until the end of the world in the 7 churches. That is the connection between this text and the 7 churches. (*PO Remember Abraham? God couldn’t stand being away so He went to visit him.) The next time you read that verse you will get a deeper insight into that text. That means that Jesus is with Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamos…and even what? Laodecia. That is very important because today people are saying because the church is in a Laodecian condition we must come out of the SDA church because the church is Babylon. Well if you want to leave, go right ahead, but I want to
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be where Jesus is. Even though the Laodecian church is in such a bad condition, He is still with that church, why? Because there is still hope! So you can leave, but I am going to be where Jesus is. This information is VERY IMPORTANT. You cannot forget this, when you graduate you will meet all types of people and you better know what you believe. Then he saw in the midst of the candlesticks who? Some people say that since we are in the Laodicean condition, we have to come out from the SDA church, because church is lukewarm, and it’s Babylon. If you want to go out, go head. But I want to be where Jesus is: “Jesus is in the midst of His churches.” That means, He is with Laodicean church. Even though it’s in so badly condition, but He is with that church, because it still has hope. You can’t forget this when you go out. There are all kinds of people out there. “son of man” – Why Son of man? Why not Son of God? Before Jesus came to this world, I cannot say all the time, but many times He was called the Son of God.
Dan 3:25 …In the midst of the fire...is like the Son of God.

Remember the 3 Hebrew boys who did not compromise with the king’s decree. They didn’t bow down so Neb threw them into the fiery furnace, but he saw 4 men, and he said this. He said this before He came to this world. He was considered to be the Son of God.
Lk 1:35 …called the Son of God.

Regarding the birth of Jesus. The angel says to the Virgin Mary “Son of God”. When Jesus came to this world He is called the Son of God. But while He was on the earth HE is called both the Son of man and the Son of God. Because He is 100% man and 100% God.
Jn 3:16 …For God so loved the world, that God gave His only begotten son.

While Jesus was on the earth, He was called both “son of man” and “son of God.” But when He went to heaven, He is more called as “the son of man.” That doesn’t mean that He stopped being the Son of God when He went to heaven. And we can conclude that it refers to the Son of God. He gave His Son. But guess what happened
Acts 7:56 …the son of man standing…

Before He came to this world He was considered to be the Son of God, but while He was on this earth He was both Son of God and Son of Man. But when He went to heaven He is called more the son of man, then the Son of God. This does not mean He ceased to become the Son of God when He went to heaven. But He is called more the Son of man than the Son of God. (*PO Stephen sees Him in the HP)
Dan 7:13 …behold…the son of man.

Here Daniel is seeing Jesus. Not in the HP, but the MHP. And Daniel says behold Son of man. He could have called Him the Son of God, but He calls Him Son of man. Why is that? Concerning Jesus going into the Most Holy place. Caiphas knew that Jesus was a son of man, but he didn’t know if he was the son of God. So he asked Jesus a question:
Matt 26:63 …Tell us…if you are the son of God?

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Here is Caiaphas and he is asking if He is the Son of God. In other words, Caiaphas already knows that He is the Son of man, but he doesn’t know if He is the Son of God. So he is saying tell us. Notice how Jesus responds
Matt 26:64 …you shall see the son of man coming.

Son of God? No, He says Son of man, this is referring to the Second Coming of Jesus. Summary: When He was in the HP: Son of man. When He was in the MHP: Son of man. When He comes the second time: Son of man
Rev 14:14 …Son of man…

Referring to the second coming of Jesus. Why? Remember “first begotten of the dead” Not the only begotten. This means that He became a man, He is our Brother. So Son of man refers to Him being our Brother, Intercessor, Merciful and faithful High Priest. This is what it is referring to, but there is a reason why He is called the Son of man. Conclusion: The Son of God became a Son of man, so that sons of man can become the sons of God. BSM: DA chapter 1. She says when Jesus went to heaven He took upon Him human nature, and He will have that forever. He will forever retain His human nature. That is an incredible thought that is in the book of Revelation. Another word that describes Jesus’ form as a man is “LAMB”. Lamb also represents humanity. Is 53:6 “All we like sheep have gone astray” When the Bible says behold the Lamb, it means that He is man. Between Revelation and John, which word uses the word Lamb the most? Not John, but Revelation. John uses it three or four times. He is God no question, but He has the form of a man like us. It shows He is a man in heaven. He is our brother, so He understands what we go through so He can redeem us. Now I am showing you the description of Jesus, and how He wants His people to be that same character in the book of Revelation. Because He is not just revealing Himself for nothing, but for our example and to show you how they apply in the book of Revelation: CHRIST “a garment” – Speaking about Jesus it says ‘clothed with a garment.” BSM: I studied something about garment and God. The image that we see of Jesus in this chapter is the image that He wants us to have. Now we see the description of Jesus. This represents the righteousness.
Rev 19:8 And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints. Ps 104:2… light as with a garment…

Speaking about God it says He is clothed with light as a garment. Remember how Adam and Eve were created in the garden? They were naked, but clothed with a garment of light, but they lost it because of sin.
Ps 37:6 ...righteousness as the light...

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The Bible gives us a clear comparison between light and righteousness. Another word for light is righteousness. He is clothed with a garment, and his garment is light, and light is righteousness. He has His own righteousness.
Ps 119:105 Thy word is ...a light unto my path

It also means the Word of God. And we know that Jesus is the Word, and He is the light of the world. So the garment of Jesus represents His: Righteousness, Word, and Light.
Prov 6:23 ...the law is light...

What are we talking about? Jesus’ garment is righteousness, the word of God, shows the commandments of God. Because all of that it shines, that is what he wears and does. He keeps God’s commandments, He gives the word of God, righteousness, He is righteous, He is obedient, He is the light, and just that is what He wears. And this is the kind of clothing that He wants us to wear. Notice. Jesus’ garment is righteousness, the word of God, the commandments of God. Because all of that shines. That’s what He wears. That’s what He shines: He keeps God’s commandment, He gives word of God, He gives the righteousness. “a golden girdle” – represents faith that comes with truth.
1 Pet 1:7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth,... Eph 6:14 Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth...

Jesus is standing among the churches with a picture of “righteousness by faith” that comes by the truth. “I will take care of this church. I know my people throughout all these churches. They will be sustained by me with my righteousness.” SAINTS Adam and Eve lost that because of sin. This is garment that He wants us to wear.
Rev 3:18 …white raiment…

Speaking to the Laodecian church he says they must have white raiment. BSM: I am looking at all of the Bible texts that have a close connection to clothing and garment. Things that the saints need to wear. And these clothes are similar to what Jesus wears. That means when we say White raiment. We can also conclude that it’s the clothes of: Righteousness, Light, Word of God, Commandments of God.
Rev 16:15 …Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed [is] he that…keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame….

I will come as a thief in the night. When I come for the second time you must make sure that you have your own garments so you won’t be found naked. And that garment means what? BSM Contextually speaking within the book of Revelation it represents what? The law of God, light, commandments of God, word of God, and righteousness. Then we can see more clearly in..

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(*PO Check other passages about Jesus coming as thief and putting on something. Rom 13, 1 Thess 5, Eph 4:24 ‘new man…righteousness’ Col 3:10 “new man…” Zech 3:4, why does Joshua have to change because the day of the Lord is coming as a thief) Garments here means law of God
Rev 19:8 …fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.

The Linen that the saints are wearing is righteousness.
Rev 12:1 ….Clothed with the sun…

The woman is clothed with the sun, what does the sun represent? The woman is clothed with the sun, and the sun is righteousness (Mal 4:2), and what is righteousness? Ps 119:72 says the commandments of God is righteousness. Same description as Jesus. You can go everywhere with righteousness. It is love, light, word of God, law of God, and the love of God. It includes all of that. Can you see a similar description between Jesus and His saints with their clothing? Conclusion: Jesus revealed Himself with garments in the beginning of the book. And then He will show you how He will give these kind of clothes to His people, to His saints, to His church. Whoever He is, He is going to make His disciples like that. Jesus wants us to wear the same clothes as He is wearing. Notice the woman in this chapter is clothed with the sun and the sun represents righteousness, and what is righteousness? Jesus revealed Himself with garment in the beginning of the chapter. And He will show you how will He give that kind of garment to His people, to His saints, to His church. Whoever he is, He is going to make His followers like that. Because Jesus wants us to wear the same cloth as He wears. We can see similar description between the saints and Jesus in terms of their clothing.
1:14 His head and [his] hairs [were] white like wool, as white as snow; and his eyes [were] as a flame of fire;

What do you know about white hair in Proverbs? Or grey hair? Wisdom. App: Wisdom, does Jesus have wisdom? Yes. He is wisdom CHRIST Daniel Describes God the father in same way as His hair is like “pure wool”:
Dan 7:9 I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days did sit, whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool: his throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as burning fire.

Wool is the hair of the lamb. And the characteristics of the lamb is pure heart, gentle, meek. Daniel describes the Father in a similar way. The important word is wool. Wool is from what animal? Sheep. A sheep is gentle, meek, and pure. What does it mean for us? Pure heart, gentle, and meek with a pure mind. What happens in the book of Revelation? SAINTS The saints will become like wool, snow: same description. Purity.

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Isa 1:18 Come now, and let us reason together, saith the LORD: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.

The beginning of purity is what? Come and let us reason together. Though your sins be as scarlet they shall be white as snow. I will forgive you, I will cleanse you. Wool is the same description as in Revelation. How do we get purity? Repentance.
Ps 51:7 Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean: wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.

Here is a prayer of David. It is a prayer of repentance. I will cleanse you and you will be white as snow. There is the concept of purity, cleansing, or clean concept in regard to the head.
Rev 7:3 …In the forehead…

Who shall receive the seal of the living God? The servants of God. Where? In their forehead. What do you have in your forehead? Your brain, your mind, your head. What do you have to have in your forehead? The Seal of God. What is that? Sabbath. But it also includes
Rev 14:1 …The Father’s name in their forehead…

The father’s name is in their forehead (Rev 14:1). The seal of the living God is Sabbath. The action word for Sabbath is REST. That means you got rest experience in your forehead, the mind. What is the seal of the living God? Sabbath, and that includes the Father’s name. What is the action word for Sabbath? Rest.
Matt 11:28-29 [28] Come unto me, all [ye] that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. [29] Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls.

Meek = Lamb. Soul = Mind. Seal is what? Sabbath. The Sabbath needs to be in your forehead. That means you must have the experience of rest in your mind or your soul. Come and I will give you rest….rest unto your soul. In other words, I will give you hair that is wool, and white like snow. That means I will give you hair like wool white as a snow. We will have rest when we have lowly and meek heart like Jesus. Intro: Do not try to remember all of these Bible texts. Just remember the major texts that deal with straight interpretation, the themes, concepts, and contextual interpretation. But not so much the applications or contextual applications. Because you have a lot of studying to do this is what you need to do. Learn how to study the Bible. Don’t catch what I say, but figure out how I got there. Same with your other teachers. If you know the source of the teacher then you will be faster than the teacher some day. Ask yourself, what steps did they take to get there. How did they get that conclusion? Try to figure that. If you don’t know how to study the book of Revelation you will forget all that you are hearing and you will have nothing to take when you leave H-land or graduate. BSM: There are a few steps you must remember. You must know how to read, how to interpret, how to contextually interpret, how to contextually apply, and how to make general applications. These are the steps that you must take. And it takes time to go from point one to point two. How to interpret that word within the chapter, within the book, with the book of Daniel, John, Genesis, and through the whole Bible. How does that one word apply throughout the history of the Bible. Catch this, it is more precious than all of my lectures!!

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And right now many of you are just barely reading the book. Interpretation you are swimming around, contextual interpretation you are lost. Contextual applications passes over you, and some applications you get it because it is very basic. But you don’t know how to go from point A-Z. “and his eyes [were] as a flame of fire” – When you read, imagine the picture in your mind. “Flame of fire” is an expression of light. Why didn’t Bible say eyes were like light, but “flame of fire”? So you look up the word “flame” and the “fire” and look throughout the Bible to see how those two words are being used. But not all the texts have direct connection. So you have to skip some of them. (for example: The first place: when Moses went to the Mt. Horeb, he saw “burning bush of flaming fire”) BSM: The first thing you do when you read this text is imagine in your mind ‘eyes like a flame of fire’ if you saw that how would you feel? Scary. Or what does it look like? Light coming out of their eyes. You must digest it first. Don’t picture it as fire coming out of the eyes. Flame of fire is an expression of light. You must see it as light, but why didn’t the Bible say light, why flame of fire. It could have said it looks like sunlight, lightning, or candlesticks. Why flame of fire? So what you have to do is look up the word ‘flame’ and then look up the word ‘fire’ put them together and look thorough out the Bible and see how these two words are being used. And one of the first time that word is mentioned is when Moses went to Mt. Horeb, he went to a burning bush and he saw a flame of fire. That is the first time it was mentioned, but that doesn’t have a direct connection. Not all the Bible texts have a direct connection. Not all of the texts that have this phrase have a connection, so you may have to skip. There is something about light and His eyes being a flame of fire. The only place that I know that has an almost similar description CHRIST Flaming fire has connection to the judgment. When wicked are punished at the end of time, they will be punished with fire.
Dan 7:9,10 [9]I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days did sit, whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool: his throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as burning fire. [10] A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him: the judgment was set, and the books were opened.

This verse talks about God the Father and His hair is like wool, like Jesus’ hair. After that it mentions that He is setting up His throne for judgment. But the description that the Bible uses is ‘flaming fire’. So the phrase flaming fire has connection to the word judgment. When the wicked are punished at the end of time they will be punished with fire.
1 Chro 28:9 …for the LORD searcheth all hearts, and understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts:

Flaming eyes also means grace. With the flaming eyes Jesus searches and judges the HEART. The very first time the Bible mentions about the eyes of God was in the book of Genesis: BSM: You may say how did I get this Bible text? When you study the phrase ‘eyes..flame of fire’ and flame of fire has a connection to judgment. So these eyes are the eyes of judgment. And when you judge something with your eyes what do you have to do? Search. So when I see the word ‘eyes’ I
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immediately have these words in my mind: seek, search, look, behold. (*PO see, view). And when I see the word judgment I think of: examine, investigate. Investigate is not in the Bible, but I have that concept in my mind. So I don’t just look for the phrase ‘eyes..flame of fire’ but also search, look, examine. Other words for judgment, etc. So when I look up the word search, because you search with your eyes. I came to this verse. (*PO That is the long route, how do I know those eyes are connected to searching and judgment? Rev 2:18, 23 “eyes…fire.. and all the churches shall know that I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your works.” Before you get your reward there must be a judgment.) Jesus with His eyes what does He do? He searches out and He judges. But He judges what? The heart. Now balance this concept. BSM: When I study I always ask when is the first time the Bible mentions a word. And the word the eyes of the Lord the Bible says Noah found grace in the eyes of the Lord. So the eyes of the Lord also represent grace. Not only is Jesus searching you out for judgment because of your thoughts, but He is also searching with His grace, not only to judge you, but to see how He can help you. That is an application, but that is pretty much a contextual application. I am not going too far. I’m still using the word eyes and search. How does that apply to us? The way that Jesus represents Himself in chapter 1 is because of what He wants us to be. His hair is wool, and He wants us to have wool hair, lowly, meekness, character, etc. What happens to His saints?
Gen 6:8 But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD

(Always look for the very first time the word is used in the Bible). Eyes of the LORD also represents “grace.” Jesus is not only searching your thought for judgment, but also with His grace. Not only to judge you, but to see how He can help you. The way that He represents in the chapter 1 of Revelation is the way that He wants us to be. His hair is like a wool, and He wants us to have the same hair lowly and meekness. SAINTS Judgment will be given to the saints:
Rev 20:4 And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them:..

Rev 3:18 Speaking to the church, “Anoint thine eyes with eyeslave.” It means your eyes need to be opened and healed. That means your eyes need to be opened they need to be healed. Jesus has clear eyesight God wants you to have clear eyesight. BSM: All I am doing is going through the description of Jesus and I’m showing you how God wants us to have that same character. He is revealing Himself for our example and to show it how it applies to the book of Revelation So if the Laodecians receive the counsel their eyes will be healed. As Jesus has clear eyesight, God wants you to have the clear eyesight. The eye represents the light.

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Matt 6:22 The light of the body is the eye: if therefore thine eye be single, thy whole body shall be full of light.

Based upon what we have studied. The word light is connected to what word we have studied? Flame of fire. Flame of fire of Jesus and the light in our eye. The light is connected to the flaming fire in the eyes of Jesus. The book of Ephesus reveals what the eye represent:
Eph 1:18 The eyes of your understanding being enlightened.

The picture word for “enlightened” is light! Illuminated! Jesus has the eyes of flaming of fire, the eyes of light. Whoever Jesus is, He wants His people to be. This verse shows what the eyes represent. Give me another word for enlightened? Illuminated. Jesus has eyes like a flame of fire. Who Jesus is, He wants us to be. 1:15 And his feet like unto fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace; and his voice as the sound of many waters. CHRIST Give me the key words in this Bible text: Feet, brass, and furnace. BSM: What you have to do is this. Whose feet is this? That brass belongs to who? Jesus. That furnace belongs to who? Jesus. So you must study these words: feet, brass, and furnace in connection with Jesus throughout the Bible. PO When you see the word feet. What automatically should come to your mind? Foot, steps, walk, run, etc. There may be something, there may not be something, but keep those words in your mind. The main subject is what? Jesus’ feet. Think in your mind. When is the very first time His feet were mentioned in the Bible?
Gen 3:15 …He shall bruise His heel…

Who is he? Satan, the serpent. What does bruise His heel mean? It refers to His death on the cross. So the feet of Jesus has a relationship to what aspect of His life? His crucifixion, the way He died. The agonizing death that He experienced. Right here there is a connection between the feet of Jesus and the cross of Jesus. Do you know anywhere in the Bible that uses the word brass in connection with the death of Jesus? BSM: Why do I say the death of Jesus? Because the feet of Jesus represent the death of Jesus. So I am looking for brass in connection to the death of Jesus. When Jesus died on the cross, His feet were bruised. His feet have connection with the crucifixion of Jesus. So look for the word “brass” in connection to the death of Jesus.
Num 21:9 …A serpent of brass….

Remember Moses lifted up the brass serpent, and this represented the death of Jesus. PO Jn 3:14 “And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up:” Catch this. God commanded Moses to make a “fiery serpent” V.8. The word fiery is connected to what
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word in Rev 1:15? Furnace (we are still studying this verse). Brass representing the death of Jesus. God commanded Moses to make a fiery serpent. The word “fiery” is connected to the word “furnace” in the Revelation.
Ex 38:30 …Brazen altar…

When God asked Moses to make the altar of sacrifice which represents the death of Jesus, that was made out of brass. Brass symbolizes the death of Jesus. Not the brass for other nations, it’s different. But the brass that belongs to Jesus represent His death. Because the brass represents the sin and curse, that means Jesus died for our sin, and He was cursed for us. Summary: So what does Brass symbolize for Jesus? The death of Jesus. Why do I say that? Because in Moses time he lifted up a brass serpent representing the death of Jesus. God commanded Moses to make an altar of sacrifice out of brass, representing the death of Jesus. We are not talking about brass for Greece or other nations, that is different. But for Jesus brass represents His death. In other texts Brass represents sin and curse. What does that mean? Jesus died for our sin and He was cursed for us.
Deut 28:15, 23 …curses shall come upon thee…And thy heaven that [is] over thy head shall be brass… Gal 3:13 …curse for us… Ps 12:6 …Tried in a furnace…

It speaks about the word of God tried in a furnace. Who is that Word of God? Jesus. What picture do we have with His feet: Brass and furnace? The trial that Jesus went through at His death. Of course we can say all of the trials that He walked through with His feet. But especially the closing moments of His life. How does that apply to us? SAINTS To the Laodecians wrote:
Rev 3:18 I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire…

Speaking to Laodecia. What does this mean? Your faith must be able to go through trial. As Jesus went through trial, as He received refined brass, your faith must be refined. That means your faith must go through the trial as Jesus went through the trials and received the refining brass. Your gold has to be refined. To the 144,000:
Rev 7:14 ...come out of great tribulation.

Speaking about the 144,000. We can say that they went through a great trial or furnace. We can say that they went through great trials or furnace.
Isa 48:10 I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.

BSM: How did I get this text? Which word did I look for to get this text? Furnace.

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So why did Jesus show His feet? To show His toes? It is to tell you that you also must walk through your own trials and your own furnace and I will help you because my own feet are refined.So why did Jesus show His feet? It’s to tell you that you also must walk through your own trials, in your own furnace. And I will help you because my feet is refined. Jesus will be with the saints together in the furnace:
Dan 3:25, 26 I see four men walking

Remember Neb he put 3 men in the burning fiery furnace. BSM: The word ‘furnace’ brought me to this text right here. But this text is so good because it puts Christ and the saints together in the burning fiery furnace. Look at my feet and learn of me, and don’t worry I will walk with you through the furnace. I see four men why? Because Jesus is walking with them. Again, Jesus isn’t revealing Himself like this for nothing. He is revealing Himself so you will know what example to follow. He is revealing these to let you know what example you should follow. “and His voice as the sound of many waters” CHRIST How do many waters sound? Like Niagra falls? It is a soothing sound. BSM: I was not really able to find His voice sounding like water in Revelation. So I have to go to another book that gives a similar text with a similar setting.
Ezek 43:2 …his voice [was] like a noise of many waters: and the earth shined with his glory…

Referring to Jesus it says this. Can you see that this is EXACTLY THE SAME! And this is the best text. And I am sure some of you will go to waters represent people, multitudes and languages, etc. But that text may not have a direct connection to His voice sounding like many waters. But this one is almost exactly the same. Notice why it says this. “earth shined with his glory” And I will show you have this will be spiritually fulfilled. SAINTS Speaking of 144,000 when they sing a new song
Rev 14:2 …as the voice of many waters…

Speaking of the 144,000 when they sing a new song. It sounds like this. Do the 144,000 have a voice like Jesus? Yes. But before they stand on Mt. Zion with the Lamb of God. Before they enter into heaven, what is the last work that they do before Jesus comes. They give the loud cry after they receive the latter rain. They give the loud cry after the receive the latter rain.
Rev 18:1 …the earth was lightened with his glory…

Does this sound like Ez 43? Can you see the similarity? Here the 144,000 have a similar voice and similar work. It’s similar description in the book of Ezekiel:
Ezek 43:2 And, behold, the glory of the God of Israel came from the way of the east: and his voice was like a noise of many waters: and the earth shined with his glory.

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The 144,000 has similar voice to Jesus and has similar work. 1:16 And he had in his right hand seven stars: and out of his mouth went a sharp twoedged sword: and his countenance [was] as the sun shineth in his strength. “And he had in his right hand seven stars” – Christ had in his right hand seven stars. BSM: What are two key words in this Bible text? Right hand and stars 1. Right hand = righteousness Isa 41:10 BSM: Whose hand are we looking for? The hand of Jesus. So we must find a text that describes the hand of Jesus. It says the right hand of my righteousness. So right hand represents righteousness. What does He have in His hand? Seven stars. What do the seven stars represent? 2. Stars = angels Rev 1:20 The angel in Greek word means “messenger.”
Gal 4:14 ... received me as an angel of God... Dan 12:3 ... they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever.

Or the word angel really means a messenger. So how many messengers does He have in His hand? 7. What does it mean? His hand represents righteousness. In His righteous hand there are seven messengers. It means these messengers are messengers of what? Righteousness. And it means that Jesus will keep them in righteousness. He says no one can pluck you out of my hand. I will keep you righteous. (Jn 10:28 neither shall any [man] pluck them out of my hand.) I will keep you right there. And the reason why He is able to hold you in His hand is because He was crucified. What kind of messengers are these? Messengers of righteousness. So will Jesus have messengers of righteousness in the book of Revelation? Yes, who are they? So that means He has 7 messengers in His right hand. That means His messengers are the messengers of righteousness, and Jesus will keep them in righteousness. The reason He is able to hold you in His hand is because He was crucified. What kind of Messages are they going to give? The message of righteousness. The three angel’s Message Rev 14:6-12. Three angels meaning three messengers, symbolizing God’s messengers who gives the messages of righteousness at the end of time as Noah gave the message of righteousness. “and out of his mouth went a sharp twoedged sword” CHRIST “two-edged sword” represents the word of God
Heb 4:12 For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword...

This is the best text that you can find that is close to Revelation. What is the function of this sword? The function and the quality of sword: piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. Jesus examines, searches out the motivation of your heart. Whatever that Jesus speaks will rebuke

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people’s heart. Jesus has a two edged sword coming out of His mouth, and the Word of God will examine the intents, motivation, and imaginations of the heart. This two edge sword is coming out of whose mouth? Jesus. So what ever He speaks. His words will reveal peoples heart!
Matt 12:34 …Out of the abundance of the heart, the mouth speaketh.

What does this mean? That means that when Jesus speaks, those words are the thoughts of His heart. And they are a two edged sword. That means there is no deception, no un truth, He speaks the truth, and that word will cut. Jesus had no guile found in His mouth. BSM: And I looked up all the texts that deal with the mouth or words of Jesus.
1 Pet 2:22 Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth:

Referring to Jesus. How come no guile was found in His mouth? Because what came out of His mouth? The sword, and the sword represents the word of God. And the Word of God is pure. Because He spoke the Word of God out of His heart. He had no sin or guile. Will Jesus have a group of people with pure lips in the book of Revelation? Yes, who are they? The word of God is like a sword, it will pierce two things: The intents of the heart. What does that mean? It will cut the spirit and the intents of the heart. That means it will reveal the motivation, thoughts, and feelings. So when Jesus speaks He expresses His thoughts and feelings to lay open your thoughts and feelings. Because the word of God is pure, because He spoke the word of God, He had no sin and guile. Jesus will have a group of people with pure lips in Revelation. The word of God pierces two things: 1) spirit. 2) intense of the heart. That means when Jesus speaks, He reveals His thoughts and feelings to open up your thoughts and feelings. SAINTS Speaking about 144,000:
Rev 14:3 …they sung as it were a new song….

The 144,000 sang a new song. And it came out of whose mouth? The 144,000. That means when they sing it reveals what is in their heart. A song has at least two things: Words and Melody. Melody is for your feelings. It makes you feel the music. Words are for you to understand. Melody is for feelings, and words are for your thoughts. They sang a new song. New thoughts, new feelings, a new character. Thoughts and Feelings make up your character. And you have to have harmony when you sing. What does that show? They are united. That song came out from the mouth of the saints. That means when they sing, that reveals what’s in their heart. In the song, it should have melody and words. Melody is for your feeling. The words are for your thought. That means they sing a new thoughts and new feelings. Thoughts and Feelings together build up the character. That means they have a new character.
Rev 14:5 …in their mouth was found no guile…

That is why they were able to sing that beautiful song. “and his countenance [was] as the sun shineth in his strength” CHRIST

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Sun = righteousness:
Mal 4:2 the Sun of righteousness…

His garment represents righteousness, His hand represents righteousness, His countenance represents righteousness. “The Lord our righteousness.” Everything represents His righteousness.
2 Cor 4:6 The light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus.

BSM: What word in this text caused me to come here? Face, why? Because I am studying about the face of Jesus. When I see the word countenance immediately I think about face, the face of Jesus. So Jesus wants us to have the same knowledge of the glory of God on our faces. (Not only look up the word for “countenance,” but also face, or other synonyms). So Jesus wants to us to have that same light of the knowledge of God on our face. SAINTS The three angels’ messages say:
Rev 14:7 Give glory to God.

That means to have similar face as Jesus. That means you must reflect His character. That means you must reflect His character. BSM: This is contextual interpretation.
Rev 18:1 The earth was lightened with his glory.

The whole world will know about the glory of God. Why? Because now the light of the knowledge of the glory of God will shine upon our face so to speak.
Hab 2:14 The earth shall be filled with the knowledge of the glory of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea.

This was a prophecy and the fulfillment is in Rev 18:1. That means some day the whole world will know about the character of Jesus Christ.

Jesus spoke to John (17-20)
VERSE [17] And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last: [18] I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death. [19] Write the things which thou hast seen, and the things which are, and the things which shall be hereafter; [20] The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.
1:17 And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last:

Do you see any thing significant in this Bible text? After John saw Him. The description of His head,

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face, clothes, feet, hands, and eyes. After seeing Jesus with all of that description, John did what? He fell down as a dead man. Jesus placed His right hand on Him and He revived BSM: what did you do when you read this text before? John fell and He touched Him and that’s all and you go to the next verse. What is significant “I saw him” – John saw the description of Jesus in verse 13-16. When we behold Jesus, when we see His character, His thoughts, His righteousness, His sacrifice, His love for us, when we see Jesus, we must fell down to the feet (the crucifixion of Jesus) of the cross. And that is the highest point we can be with Jesus. Fell, that means he humbled himself. We must be humble, but when can we be humble? “fell down” – by beholding how holy Jesus is, John humbles himself. But how humble? “as dead” – he is totally surrendered to Christ and dead to self & sin. “laid his right hand upon me” – when John was totally surrendered, Christ laid His right hand upon him.
Isa 41:10 Fear thou not; for I [am] with thee: be not dismayed; for I [am] thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness.

And the right hand represents Christ’s righteousness. When we totally surrender ourselves, He gives His righteousness. “first and the last” – John looked to Him as the Author and the Finisher of our faith. When behold Jesus, we become humble. When we become humble we surrender completely. Then He can lay His righteousness on us. Then He can begin the work and finish the work in us! You have the whole gospel preached just in that one bible text! This whole text is about THE RIGHTOUSNESS BY FAITH. With only this text, you can teach the righteousness by faith in step.
Isa 52:7 How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace; that bringeth good tidings of good, that publisheth salvation; that saith unto Zion, Thy God reigneth! 1:18 I [am] he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.

CHRIST
Jn 11:25 I am the resurrection and the life.

SAINTS
Rev 20:6 Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection:...

How can we have the resurrection of Jesus? If we die in the likeness of His death.
Rom 6:5 For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection:

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How did Jesus died? He became obedient unto the death.
Phil 2:8 ...he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.

If we die in obedience, total surrender, love for God, we can also have the resurrection of Jesus.
Rev 12:11 And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives unto the death.

Jesus will have a group of people like Him. “I [am] he that liveth” = Present “Was dead” = Past “I am alive for evermore” = Future Right here, we have Jesus described with past, present, and future. As a result of this Jesus has the keys of death, He has the power to open or close the grave, which means he has the power to judge. We are going to see the judgment message in the book of Revelation. Now let’s look at this verse more carefully. Hebrews chapter 2 gives us three reason why Jesus became man; 1. Taste death for every man – to take away guilt (Past)
Heb 2:9 But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man.

2. Destroy him that had the power of death – Power of resurrection (Future)
Heb 2:14-15 [14]Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; [15] that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;

3. Faithful high priest – temptation (Present)
Heb 2:17-18 [17] Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto [his] brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things [pertaining] to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people...[18] For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted.

Whether you are a religious person, secular communist, who ever you are, we all have these three things in common—guilt, death, and temptation. But God has solution for it. Guilt deals with the past; death with the future; and temptation with the present. Jesus became a man to take care of your past (guilt), to take care of your future (death), and to take care of your present (temptation). He is that liveth, and was dead, and He lives for evermore!
1:19 Write the things which thou hast seen, and the things which are, and the things which shall be hereafter;

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Three things John is to write: 1. “which thou hast seen” – past. 2. “things which are” – present. 3. “things which shall be hereafter” – future. John was asked to write about the past, present and the future. This concept of “past, present, and future” was repeated four times already in this chapter. In order to understand Revelation, you must know where you are in terms of the past, present and the future.
Eccl 1:9 The thing that hath been, it is that which shall be; and that which is done is that which shall be done: and there is no new thing under the sun. Eccl 3:15 …that which hath been is now; and that which is to be hath already been; and God requireth that which is past.

That means the things will repeat, the history will repeat. That means this book is about the history repeats. HISTORY REPEATS: Although actual events do not repeat, history can repeat itself characteristically. There not may be another flood, but they may be another destruction. And that’s what’s we are going to discover in the book of Revelation.
1:20 The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.

The Sevens in the book of Revelation. 1. “Seven Stars” and “Seven candlesticks.” 2. “Seven Spirits of God.” 3. “Seven Lamps.” “Seven seals.” 4. “Seven eyes.” “Seven horns.” 5. “Seven angels with seven trumpets.” 6. “Seven thunders.” 7. “Seven thousand.” 8. “Seven head and seven crown.” 9. “Seven plagues.” 10. Seven mountains” “seven kings.” Do you think number 7 in the Revelation is important? From the of Revelation chapter 1, 7 is

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complete, perfect, finish. “the seven stars are the angels of the seven churches” – These are the messengers of God in each church upheld by Christ’s right hand.
Gal 4:14 And my temptation which was in my flesh ye despised not, nor rejected; but received me as an angel of God, [even] as Christ Jesus.

Therefore, the messengers of God must be upheld by His righteousness. “the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches” – chapter one ends with the seven churches. Each message to the churches are given to angels (messengers) or they could be leaders in the church.
Rev 2:1 ...unto the angel of church of Ephesus Rev 2:8 ...unto the angel of the church in Smyrna Rev 2:12 ...unto the angel of the church in Pergamos Rev 2:18 ...unto the angel of the church in Thyatira

So we see here that message given to the messengers of each church. So here’s the order: The order of the Revelation; 1. God the father 2. Jesus Christ 3. Literal Angel 4. John (Prophet) 5. Messengers (Leaders of the church) 6. Rest of the church. These leaders must be upheld by the righteousness of Christ. Without that, they cannot be right examples of God’s messengers. Chapter one shows the connection and the relationship between Jesus and the Seven Churches. That’s the major picture. We see more of the description of Jesus more in chapter one than two or three. Before any of the beasts come or the anti-Christ, we see a picture of Jesus, when presenting the Revelation we need to present Jesus first, and His righteousness, and the relationship of Him and the church. You will see that the mystery of God is to unite church and God fully in purity and holiness. There’s the reason why book of Revelation is written in this way. Within this long introduction, we saw the hidden previews of the book of Revelation.

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Chapter 2 – The Churches of Ephesus | Smyrna | Pergamos | Thyatira
This class is rich with Bible Study Method. Contextual interpretation and application, confirmation with SOP, and Historical Interpretation. Chapter two and three deals with the seven churches in Asia Minor, these are actual names of towns that existed. In one trip, you can visit all those seven churches. When we look at the book of Revelation chapter one, two and three, it sounds like God is actually speaking to the seven literal churches.
Rev 1:11 Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send [it] unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea

Then how do we know that these seven churches are actually seven segments of history of the church all the way down to the last days? 1. There were many other churches in Asia Minor. There has to be a reason why only these seven churches are chosen. There are spiritual and symbolic reasons in choosing these seven towns. There’s absolutely no problem John sending these letters to the literal seven churches at that time, and perhaps that’s what he did. But the bible is written for our time more than those literal seven churches. There’s a dual application. 2. The Way Jesus Introduces Himself – In the book of Revelation, there are many sevens:               “Seven Stars” “Seven candlesticks.” “Seven Spirits of God.” “Seven Lamps.” “Seven seals.” “Seven eyes.” “Seven horns.” “Seven angels with seven trumpets.” “Seven thunders.” “Seven thousand.” “Seven head and seven crown.” “Seven plagues.” “Seven mountains” “Seven kings.”

There is something symbolic or spiritual about the number seven. The very first time the number is seven is used in the bible is at the Creation. Therefore, number seven has conation of beginning and ending of God’s work—completion, perfection. Before these seven churches are mentioned Jesus

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introduces Himself at the first and the last. So these seven churches is saying something about the beginning and the ending of His church. We also see that the church is made up of the gentiles as well. These towns were not in Israel; they were in the gentile lands. So this must have something to do with the beginning of the gentile church and how it will end. 3. This Was a Prophetic Book:
Rev 1:1 To show unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass

God is going to show John things which ARE TO COME TO PASS meaning that it is future events. Christ is using literal towns, literal conditions to describe the future events. As we study these seven churches, we will going to see clearly that it has a prophetic meaning. All the messages to the seven churches have a similar pattern by which Jesus delivers the message to the church. (Not every time, but most of the time, with a few exceptions). The General Format of the letters:    To whom (First it indicates who it is written to (To which church)) Jesus introduces himself (Jesus introduces Himself) Jesus’ recognition (Then Jesus recognizes their good works if they have any. There is one church that does not receive any recognition of good works, and that is the church of Laodecia) Rebukes (Then if there is a need of rebuking or correcting, then Jesus will give a rebuke) Councils (Then He gives counsel to the church based upon His rebuke) Warning (Then there is a warning for rejecting His counsel or rejecting His rebuke. It is not like this all of time, but this is a pattern that you can see through the seven churches) Promise (Then for sure at the end of every message He gives a promise)

   

(*PO We can learn from this how to approach and deal with people when we need to rebuke, counsel, or warn them. You should follow this pattern. Don’t just rebuke first, follow this pattern, this is Biblical Counseling) Some churches have no recognition (Laodicea) and some no rebukes (Smyrna & Philadelphia). The way that Jesus introduces Himself to the church is exactly what the church needs.

Ephesus (Apostolic Church) | AD 31 – 100 (1-7)
VERSE [1] Unto the angel of the church of Ephesus write; These things saith he that holdeth the seven stars in his right hand, who walketh in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks; [2] I know thy works, and thy labour, and thy patience, and how thou canst not bear them which are evil: and thou hast tried them which say they are apostles, and are not, and hast found them liars: [3] And hast borne, and hast patience, and for my name's sake hast laboured, and hast not fainted. [4] Nevertheless I have somewhat against thee, because thou hast left thy first love. [5] Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out of his place, except thou repent. [6] But this thou hast, that thou hatest the deeds of the Nicolaitanes, which I also hate. [7] He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of

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life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God.
2:1 Unto the angel of the church of Ephesus write; These things saith he that holdeth the seven stars in his right hand, who walketh in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks;

“unto the angel of the church” – This message is given to who? The angel of the church. Remember Jesus has 7 stars in His right hand? Those 7 stars represent 7 angels. Or 7 messengers. Review: God the Father gave the revelation to Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ gave the revelation to the angel, and the angel gave it to the prophet John, the servant of God. And John gave it to the church, but who in the church? The leaders in the church, and the leaders give it to the church members. In that order. He says to the angel of this church, meaning the messenger of the church, and normally when we think of a angel or messenger we usually think of them as a minister. So these messages are especially for the minister or the leader in the church. It can apply to any member, but it is especially to the minister. And this phrase is written for every church. Angel = Apostle, messenger, minister Gal 4:14. “Unto the angel of the church of Ephesus write” – AD 31 is when Jesus died. AD 100 is when the last apostle died. That’s why we say that the church of the Apostolic is between these time periods. But these days are not prophetic. They are assumed historical dates in terms of history. (*PO It describes the condition of the church during that period from 31 AD to 100 AD). (*PO but in choosing these dates you want to stick as close as possible to the time frames that the Bible has already established. Ex. Papacy 538-1798. That history is in here, but where? Thyatira. With the seals they are more chronological than the churches in the sense of prophetic events. You have specific time being mentioned. Sun and Moon Dark, Falling of the Stars, earthquake, it’s more specific. Study) We say 31 AD, why? Because that is when Jesus died and the church began. Why 100AD? Because that is when the last apostle died. That is why we choose these dates. (*PO We can also say 31AD because Acts 2:41 “added…about three thousand souls…added to the church. To be more specific we say 34 AD why? Probation closed on the Jewish nation. Dan 9:24 70 weeks are determined) Characteristics of the church of Ephesus – Ephesus is a town in minor Asia. That literal church of Ephesus is an example for the first period or the apostolic church condition. Whatever took place in Ephesus is an example for apostolic church. So we go to the book of Book of Ephesians, and the book of Acts 18-20 to find out more information of this Ephesus church. So we can use those literal historical backgrounds from those books. So whatever took place in Ephesus is an example of what took place in the Apostolic church. BSM: Where would you go in the Bible to find out more information about Ephesus? The book of Ephesians and then Acts 19. I am using the literal historical background from the book of Ephesians, and more information about the church in Ephesus found in the book of Acts. Understand? I’m using those books to get more information. I am using it as a resource. (*PO Some will go to the resource books first. Uriah, Haskell, etc. You study from the Bible first, and

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then use the other resources. I get my historical information from the Bible FIRST. Why? Because I know history repeats. So I can expect to see some of those characteristics during this time frame.)   Ephesus means “desirable.” Apollos worked strongly here in Ephesus. He only knew the baptism of John. This is where the twelve disciples of John the Baptist were rebaptized and received the Holy Spirit. Acts 18:24-19:6 Seven sons of one Sceva were trying to chase out the devil and were in turn beaten by the devils. Acts 19 Had the reformation, revival, the burning of the books. Afterwards supporters of the great goddess Diana were mad and cast Paul out and the whole confusion. Acts 18-20 A young preacher, Timothy, was sent to be a pastor. Where Paul gave a warning that among the leaders of Ephesus, there will arise wolves. Acts 20:17

   

All these characteristics that we gather from the literal Ephesus, now applies to the spiritual Ephesus. INTRODUCTION OF JESUS Throughout the book of Revelation, the way that Jesus present Himself, specially to seven churches, is to meet the need of that particular church. The way that Jesus introduces Himself to the church is exactly what the church needs. BSM: NEVER FORGET THIS. Throughout the book of Revelation the way that Jesus presents Himself, especially in the 7 churches, is to meet the needs of that particular church. The way that Jesus presents Himself to this church is based upon what they need. So what kind of picture does this present? We already know what it means for Him to ‘hold’ the seven stars in His right hand. It means He holds His messengers in righteousness. He is ‘walking’ in the midst of the candlesticks that means He is taking care of God’s church. What does this have to do with the church of Ephesus? BSM: I looked up these verbs ‘hold’ and ‘walk’. I want to know something about what happens when God holds something or when God walks in the midst of us. (*PO when you study the Bible pay attention to Verbs and action words) Jesus is upholding the stars (Church leaders) in His right hand (righteousness)
Ps 119:172 My tongue shall speak of thy word: for all thy commandments are righteousness. Rom 13:10 Love worketh no ill to his neighbour: therefore love is the fulfilling of the law.

So Christ is upholding the church leaders with righteousness, commandment keeping obedience, and love.

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“holdeth …and…walketh” – Then what does this text related with the Ephesus church? I took those verbs “holdeth,” and “walketh.” I want to know something about when God hold something, when God walks in midst of us. “holdeth…in his right hand” – Jesus was crucified and left wounds in His hands. His hands represents care and love.
Ps 139:8-10 [8] If I ascend up into heaven, thou art there: if I make my bed in hell, behold, thou art there. [9 ]If I take the wings of the morning, and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea; [10] Even there shall thy hand lead me, and thy right hand shall hold me.

This shows His tender care and love fore the church. BSM: Can you see how this text is very similar to Rev 2:1? When you read this verse it teaches that God is with you all of time God will hold you. In this world when you hold some one it shows what? Affection, protection, and the general term is love. “walketh in the midst” – In the Bible, where do we see the word “walk” for the first time? God in the Garden of Eden looking for Adam and Eve. BSM: Rule of first appearance: when this word or concept is first introduced?
Gen 3:8, 9 [8]And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God amongst the trees of the garden. [9]And the LORD God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou?

So this imagery of Christ shows us that He is seeking after the church. What kind of picture do we see from Jesus here? Jesus is upholding us with His hands and seeking after us—picture of a Shepard—very personal, intimate relationship. This is the imagery of love—exactly what the church of Ephesus needs to hear. BSM: This is the very first time that the Bible uses the word walking in reference to God. Do you remember why He was walking in the garden? He was looking for Adam. Adam where are you? What kind of picture does this show? God walking in the garden searching for His son. When I see these phrases: ‘holding the seven stars’ and ‘walking in the..candlesticks.” I see God’s love. Is this what the church needed? Yes, because they left their first love. So notice how Jesus presents Himself. (PO But what kind of love? A love that was willing to die for you.) BSM: This is like a contextual interpretation. Even though you left me, you left your first love. I don’t want to leave you. I am still holding on to you. I am still walking in the midst of you. (*PO And I am walking in the midst of you with what? My feet. What kind of feet? Brass feet. Which means, I died on the cross for you, so that you will love each other and stay in my church)
2:2 I know thy works, and thy labour, and thy patience, and how thou canst not bear them which are evil: and thou hast tried them which say they are apostles, and are not, and hast found them liars:

JESUS’ RECOGNITION There’s bit of rebuke and bit of recognizing at the same time. Here Jesus is recognizing their good works. He is recognizing their fidelity. But notice, even though they had good works they had a

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problem. BSM: Would you agree with me that the books of Romans, Corinthians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossian, and Thessalonians are all for the apostolic church. It can apply to any generation after that, but they are especially written for the apostolic church. Now notice the condition of the apostolic church as described in the book of Thessalonians, and watch how the condition of the church changed. 1. “I know thy works, and thy labour, and thy patience” – Notice the three words, “works,” “labour,” and “patience.”
1 Thes 1:3 Remembering without ceasing your work of faith, and labour of love, and patience of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ, in the sight of God and our Father;

Three things are missing—“faith,” “love,” and “hope.” People in Ephesus knew what it means to work; they knew what it means to labor; they knew what it means to be patience; but yet they were without faith, love, and hope. They began with all these things, but later on, they became a religion without Christ-like spirit and love.
1 Cor 13:13 And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these [is] charity

Can you see the transition by looking at the condition of Thessalonica and how Jesus spoke to them in Ephesus? They were still doing the work, labor, and patience, but they left faith, hope, and love. 2. “how thou canst not bear them which are evil” – In other words, Jesus recognized the condition of the apostolic church. They are strong with the Bible doctrine. They do not just accept anybody who says they are an apostle. They try them. That means they test them. Are you a true minister of God? They were really concerning about the purity of doctrine and teaching, but they lack love. BSM: Let me give you a little background to show you why the apostolic church is like this now. It was good, they were like the Bereans, but they lacked love. This phrase that says they try them that say they are apostles. This really comes from the Apostle Paul. 3. “hast tried them which say they are apostles, and are not, and hast found them liars” 4. “hast borne, and hast patience” 5. “for my name's sake hast laboured, and hast not fainted” Jesus recognizes that this church is strong with their Bible doctrines. They don’t accept any people that says that they are apostles. They tried them. That means they tested them. They are really concerned about the purity of doctrine and teachings. God does recognize their motives. But these people of Ephesus got into the theoretical, intellectual arguing and debating, and they have lost the simplicity, Christ-like spirit and love. Background: why this church was so brilliant yet left their first love? This counsel was actually from Apostle Paul:
Rom 16:17 mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned; and avoid them.

Mark means identify. In other words, make notice of these people that cause division and teach a

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wrong doctrines. That was the counsel given to the apostolic church. Taking this counsel, they were so strict in doctrines and teachings. BSM: Do you understand the connection between this counsel and the church of Ephesus. That counsel was given to the church that was at Rome. But at that time Rome was a part of the apostolic church, which is a part of the church of Ephesus. (*PO Historical Interpretation - So you had outside influences creeping in the apostolic church from where? Rome, The church of Rome. If I had to give a geographical location to the church of Pergamos it would be Rome. Yes, it applied to the church worldwide, but especially that which was taking place in Rome. But Ephesus was experiencing outside influences that came from Rome. Not that it didn’t apply to Gnosticism, and false teachings that came from Alexandria, but Rome was responsible for accepting all of those false doctrines and incorporating them into the church of God.)
Tit 3:10 A man that is an heretick after the first and second admonition reject;

What if our church followed this counsel today? I give you one chance then two after that reject. The word ‘reject’ means disfellowship. Can you see this strong counsel? The word reject means disfellowship. If they don’t listen for second chance, you disfellow them.
2 Thes 3:14 And if any man obey not our word by this epistle, note that man, and have no company with him, that he may be ashamed.

How would you feel if you have counsel like this? You would gird up and try them. When they heard this counsels, they were trying every people. But they forgot this:
2 Thes 3:15 Yet count him not as an enemy, but admonish him as a brother.

You may avoid them, you may mark them, you may disfellow them, but you gotta treat him as though they were brothers. They lacked this love. But guess what they lacked? Love (PO: But they forgot the other part. 1 Corin 5:5 “To deliver such an one unto Satan for the destruction of the flesh” 2 Corin 2:4,7 “For out of much affliction and anguish of heart I wrote unto you with many tears..that ye might know the love which I have more abundantly unto you.. So that contrariwise ye [ought] rather to forgive [him], and comfort [him], lest perhaps such a one should be swallowed up with overmuch sorrow.”) Just before Paul was put to death, he purposely stopped at Ephesus and gave his last counsel to the elders:
Acts 20:28-30 [28]Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. [29]For I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock. [30]Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them.

The elders of the church of Ephesus could never forget his counsel. In their zeal to defend the truth, they started to lay aside Christlike tenderness and compassion.
2:3 And hast borne, and hast patience, and for my name's sake hast laboured, and hast not fainted.

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“for my name’s sake” – they were busy working, busy preaching, busy teaching, busy doing good works, and they did all in His name’s sake. But they lacked one thing, and that was love. What does that name really mean?
Ps 91:14 He(saints) hath set his love upon Me…he hath known My name.

When you do things for His name’s sake, that means you love Him. The name and Love has close connection. When you do things for His names sake, that means you know His name and you love Him. But even though they worked for His name’s sake they still lacked love.
John 17:26 And I have declared unto them thy name, and will declare it: that the love wherewith thou hast loved me may be in them, and I in them.

The problem in this church was, even though they work for His name’s sake, they lacked the love for Him. Gives a concept that name and love have a connection or are very similar.
Heb 6:10 your work and labour of love, which ye have shewed toward his name.

In other words, yes, go and do the things that are good for His name’s sake, but go and do it in love. What are they lacking? Love 2:4 Nevertheless I have [somewhat] against thee, because thou hast left thy first love. REBUKES Even though you are all faithful doing good works, and you are busy trying those people that say they are apostles, even though you do all that. You lack one thing. They have lost their first love. “left” – means “leave, forsake, let alone, of a husband divorcing his wife, to disregard.” There’s difference between “left” and “lost.” The word “left” is intentional, while the word “lost” is unintentional. They didn’t loose it but they left it. Why did they leave their first love? They got into intellectual debating and arguing of the scriptures and left the first love of Christ—simple Christlike spirit, gentle and sweet spirit.
7BC 956 They neglected to cherish Christ’s compassion and tenderness

They were ready to argue the truth, they were ready to present the truth, but they lost the compassion and tenderness of Jesus. That’s how they left the first love. “first love” – means “first in time or first in rack; chief.” The Bible does not say they LOST their first love, it says they left it. Is that the same? If you loose something it means it happened unintentionally. But if you leave something it means they intentionally by their choice left God’s first love. But the key word is brother love. BSM: Can you see the connection in each text? There’s a book that goes right along with the church of Ephesus—the book of Ephesus. One of the major points that Paul brings out is love. In the book of Ephesians. Guess what was the main message to the church of Ephesus? Unity, and right beneath that message of unity is the message of

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love. BSM: When you study the book of Ephesians you will see love many times. God knew the first apostolic church would leave their first love. So God forewarned in the book of Ephesians
Eph 3:17 That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; that ye, being rooted and grounded in love,

This was the counsel from Paul
Eph 3:19 And to know the love of Christ, which passeth knowledge, that ye might be filled with all the fulness of God. Eph 4:2 With all lowliness and meekness, with longsuffering, forbearing one another in love; Eph 4:15 But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, even Christ:

BSM: This is the counsel to the church of Ephesus and this is what the church of Ephesus needed in the book of Revelation. I am jumping from literal Ephesus to spiritual Ephesus.
Eph 5:2 And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour.

Very interesting when you look at the introduction of Jesus He was walking in the midst of the 7 candlesticks, He was showing His love. (PO How? His brass feet. It means He was willing to die for them. we should follow that example and walk in love. To speak the truth, correct people how? In love, we should be willing to die for them).
Eph 6:23 Peace be to the brethren, and love with faith, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

What is faith? It is not a feeling, it is a principle and decision. That was a major issue in the church of Ephesus and we can see that in the book of Revelation. (PO Other passages 1 Jn 3:11 “we should love one another.” 3:14 “We know that we have passed from death unto life, because we love the brethren” 3:23 “believe on the name of his Son Jesus Christ, and love one another,” 1 Jn 5:2 “By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God, and keep his commandments.” All of 1 Jn 4. 2 Jn 1:1 “love one another” John? Author of Revelation. Admonishing the Apostolic church to do what? Love) It’s almost like Paul is giving a counsel to the church of Ephesus to be careful not to loose the first love of God. God knew that the first apostolic church would leave their first love and God warned in the book of Ephesians.
2:5 Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out of his place, except thou repent.

COUNCILS “Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen” – the best way to repent is to look where you last saw the light. What does ‘whence’ mean? Where. In other words, remember where you fell. And because the bible says remember it means you have done what? Forgotten. These people left their first love, they went on their way and they forgot. So Jesus says remember where you have fallen.

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RH, 1908.10.1 When temptations assail you, as they surely will, when care and perplexity surround you, when, distressed and discouraged, you are almost ready to yield to despair, look, O look, to where with the eye of faith you last saw the light; and the darkness that encompasseth you will be dispelled by the bright shining of his glory. When sin struggles for the mastery in your soul, and burdens the conscience, when unbelief clouds the mind, go to the Saviour. His grace is sufficient to subdue sin. He will pardon us, making us joyful in God.

When the Bible says “remember,” that means you have forgotten something. That means these people left the first love, and went on their own way, and on their way, they forgot the first love. “repent” means what? Turn back, to change your mind “the first work”– Give me a contextual answer for the first work? Going back to the first love. When you have truth, but lack enough love in your heart, in your character, your light will go out.
7BC 957 They knew not that a change had taken place in their hearts, and that they would have to repent because of the noncontinuance of their first works. But God in His mercy called for repentance, for a return to their first love and to the works that are always the result of true, Christlike love (MS 11, 1906).

THE FIRST WORK IS THE FIRST LOVE. BSM: That is a contextual answer and you back it up with the SOP. That is what I mean by understanding the chapter or a certain passage of scripture contextually. Many of you probably wouldn’t have figured out why Jesus presented Himself that way to the church of Ephesus unless you study it contextually. “Or else” what is this? A warning. If you don’t repent, if you don’t go back to your first love, God will remove your candlestick from it’s place. What does that mean? “Remove the candle stick” – If you do not go back to your first love, God will remove your candlestick from his place. In the book of Revelation, the candlestick was represented a church (Rev 1:20). That means, if you do not repent, God will not recognize you as God’s church. In other words, if you don’t have your first love God will not recognize you as God’s church. I will remove you, what does that mean? You will no longer be a part of God’s church. How can you when you say you know God, but you don’t love your brothers. You are a liar. Who said that? John. BSM: What books should you look at? Daniel and books of John.
1 John 4:20 If a man say, I love God, and hateth his brother, he is a liar. Matt 5:14-15 [14] Ye are the light of the world...[15] Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house.

A candlestick is used to give what? Light.
Rom 5:5 And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.

Without love you well be removed from Gods church. Without love you can’t be a light. God has called you out of darkness and into light: But for you to shine light, contextually speaking you have to have what? Love, and who gives the

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love? The Holy Spirit. But the HS concept is not mentioned here. It is in here because of lamp. Rom 5:5 “the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost (but you have to go a step deeper) (class comment 6T 11 “From this the lamps of the sanctuary are fed, that they may give a continuous bright and shining light. So from the anointed ones that stand in God's presence the fullness of divine light and love imparted to His people.) BSM: Do you understand contextual question? Ex. Based upon the church of Ephesus in Revelation, what do we need to have to be the light of the world? Love (PO BSM: This is a contextually application based upon Rev 2:1-5 You digest and get the interpretation of the passages under consideration. Then you go to other places that use similar words or concepts, and then you add to that passage, what you saw in the previous passage. Isaiah 28:10, and repeat and enlarge.) Question? By the way when we talk about the 7 churches they represent the gentile churches.
1 Pet 2:9 But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:

“you” who is that? The gentiles. Speaking the gentiles “light” what is this light in connection to the church of Ephesus? Love. BSM: Yes light can include, righteousness, commandments, all of that, but in connection to the church of Ephesus it is love.
1 John 2:10 He that loveth his brother abideth in the light, and there is none occasion of stumbling in him.

If you love you abide in the light. If you don’t repent I will remove the candlestick, why? Because God is angry? Naturally if you don’t have any love eventually your light will go out. You will leave the church. The church of Ephesus they were trying to witness, but they didn’t have love, so they did not become a good light. This is what happens when you have the truth, but not enough love in your character.
2:6 But this thou hast, that thou hatest the deeds of the Nicolaitanes, which I also hate.

WARNING The one thing they have in Ephesus is that they hate the deeds of the Nicolaitanes, and Jesus says I also hate. BSM: Contextual App: Listen very carefully. Are you righteous just because you hate sin? Many people at the camp meetings etc. They love to hate sin, but they don’t love to love. Although Jesus recognizes ok, you hate their deeds, so do I, but Ephesus you need love. Just because you hate sin, that doesn’t mean you love righteousness. (PO This shows the love of Jesus. He is soo anxious to acknowledge what is good about them. He is saying it is ok to hate their deeds, BUT IT’S NOT OK FOR YOU TO HATE THEM. Your problem is you don’t love them. You need to learn how to hate the deeds, but love the individual.)

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Who are these Nicolaitanes? Were there people actually called “Nicolatines”? Or is this a symbol? In the book of Revelation, may of the names used are symbolic. BSM: You cannot miss this. I will share from the Bible who they are. First of all Greek Definition. Nicolaitanes = “destruction of the people” Nicolaitanes* = it means “destruction of people.” *A sect mentioned in {Rev. 2:6,15}, who were charged with holding the error of Balaam, casting a stumbling block before the church of God by upholding the liberty of eating things sacrificed to idols as well as committing fornication. We can expect that the deeds of these Nicolaitanes are destructive to God’s church. In the later texts, the doctrine of Nicolaitanes are mentioned.
Rev 2:15 So hast thou also them that hold the doctrine of the Nicolaitans, which thing I hate.

We are going to study deeper into what their doctrine was when we get to the church of Pergamos. But are you righteous just because you hate sin and those teachings? Jesus recognizes that they hate Nicolaitanes, but they still needed the love of Christ. Just because you hate sin, that doesn’t mean that you love Christ. This is the only other place in the Bible that uses this word. There are only two places in the Bible. God doesn’t only hate their deeds, He hates their doctrine, what is another word for doctrine? Teaching. Where do you find teaching? Where does it take place? Either in a school or church. Contextually speaking this doctrine is taking place in the church. So it means that there is a wrong teaching in the church. So the Nicolaitanes call themselves Christians, they are teaching doctrines in the church, but their actions are evil and destructive. Nicolaitanes it means ‘destruction of the people’ BSM: Do you understand what I am doing? (PO expounding on the Greek definition combined with the Bible passages ‘deeds’ and ‘doctrines’ confining his self to those phrases and definition. Also called Original language definition interpretation) They are destructive people and they teach wrong doctrine in the church. Did the Bible ever forewarn about that? Did Paul ever warn about this?
Rom 16:17 Mark them which cause divisions and offenses contrary to the doctrine”

That means they teach another doctrine. Paul is saying mark them, why did he say this? Because Paul knew the Nicolaitanes would come.
Rom 16:18 For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple.

Who are these people that are teaching wrong doctrine? Serve what? Their own belly. So there god is their belly. Who are these people? They come in God’s church and teach wrong doctrines. So who are these people? They sever their stomach, their belly and teach the wrong doctrine?
Phil 3:18-19 [18] The enemies of the cross of Christ. [19] Whose end [is] destruction, whose God [is their] belly, and [whose] glory [is] in their shame, who mind earthly things.”

End is what? Destruction Nicolaitanes means what? Destruction of the People. Same group of people
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Jude 4 For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness.

“Crept in” Where? They crept in the church unawares. “ordained to this condemnation” – The other false teachers are ordained to what? Condemnation, what is the end result of condemnation? Destruction and death. They are the same group of people “ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness” – What kind of doctrine are they teaching? They are teaching that the grace of God can be treated as lasciviousness. It gives us a license to sin, a license to lust. What are they teaching in God’s church? They are turning the grace of God into Lasciviousness. Which means? “Lasciviousness” = unbridled lust, excess, shamelessness. Their glory is their shame from Phil 3:19 ‘shame’ same description.
Rom 8:7 Because the carnal mind [is] enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.

Is lasciviousness a carnal mind? Yes. Those who teach that grace is turned into lasciviousness they are against what? The law of God. The obedience to God’s law. Notice what EGW says. What the Nicolaitans teach – “Is it the sin of the Nicolaitans, turning the grace of God into lasciviousness?” {RH, June 7, 1887 par. 16} Doctrine of the Nicolaitans.--The doctrine is now largely taught that the gospel of Christ has made the law of God of no effect; that by "believing" we are released from the necessity of being doers of the Word. But this is the doctrine of the Nicolaitans, which Christ so unsparingly condemned (ST Jan. 2, 1912). {7BC 957.6} BSM: Confirmation from SOP. You can get the same from the Bible. (PO Ok, we know who these people are, we know what they are teaching, we know they are in the church, but who in the church is it referring to? Who? Acts 20:29-30 the Elders (Bishops, later called Papa)) (*PO BSM Nicolaitanes, who are they? Contextually? False apostles. What do we know about Apostles? Jesus ordained them to be the leaders in the church Rev 12:1 crown of stars. Acts 2:42 “they continued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine” They say they are apostles. Not only are they lying about being apostles. They have a false doctrine. Historical background. What did Paul say to the Elder or the leaders of the church of Ephesus? Acts 20:29-30 “after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you,… Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them” Speaking about the Elders, the Apostles, some where going to come in with false doctrine. Jude 4,16 “For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ... mouth speaketh great swelling [words]” Contextual application Which parable of Jesus shows the condition of the church? Jesus put it this way Matt 13:27 “Sir, didst not thou sow good seed in thy field? from whence then hath it tares?” Here you have the beginning

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stages of the tares. Rev 14 shows the separation and final harvest of the church.)
Rev 2:6 ….Nicolaitans…

(Sect also mentioned in Rev 2:6,15), Sect (Dict 1828) = A body or number of persons united in tenets (A doctrine, held as being true by a person or organization [AHD]), chiefly in philosophy or religion, but constituting a distinct party by holding sentiments different from those of other men. Most sects have originated in a particular person, who taught and propagated some peculiar notions in philosophy or religion, and who is considered to have been its founder. Sect (Dict AHD) = A religious body, especially one that has separated from a larger denomination. Greek: 3531 Nicolaitans =" destruction of people." From 3532 Nicolas =" victor of the people." Was a proselyte of Antioch and one of the seven deacons of the church at Jerusalem
Acts 6:5 …Nicolas a proselyte of Antioch…

(One of the Seven Deacons). City of Antioch in two locations: In Syria, on the river Orontes, about 16 miles from the Mediterranean, and some 300 miles north of Jerusalem. Christianity was early introduced into it (Acts 11:19, 21, 24). Central point where early missionaries to the gentiles were sent forth. Intimately connected with the early history of the gospel (Acts 6:5; 11:19, 27, 28, 30; 12:25; 15:22–35; Gal. 2:11, 12) In the extreme north of Pisidia. Was visited by Paul and Barnabas on the first missionary journey (Acts 13:14). (Reading of this chapter gives understanding of problems that existed). Here they found a synagogue and many proselytes. Paul returned to confirm the disciples that were there (Acts 14:21) Spirit of Prophecy
7BC 957 (Jude 4). The Sin of the Nicolaitans.--Is it [our sin] the sin of the Nicolaitans, turning the grace of God into lasciviousness (RH June 7, 1887)? 7BC 957 (Rom. 3:31.) Doctrine of the Nicolaitans.--The doctrine is now largely taught that the gospel of Christ has made the law of God of no effect; that by "believing" we are released from the necessity of being doers of the Word. But this is the doctrine of the Nicolaitans, which Christ so unsparingly condemned (ST Jan. 2, 1912). The Bible Echo Feb 8, 1897 But the doctrine is now largely taught that the gospel of Christ has made the law of God of none effect; that by "believing" we are released from the necessity of being doers of the word. But this is the doctrine of the Nicolaitans, which Christ so unsparingly condemned. To the church of Ephesus He says, "I know thy works, and thy labour, and thy patience, and how thou canst not bear them which are evil: and thou hast tried them which say they are apostles, and are not, and hast found them liars; and hast borne, and hast patience, and for My name's sake hast laboured, and hast not fainted. Nevertheless I have somewhat against thee, because thou hast left thy first love. Remember then from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out of his place, except thou repent. But this thou hast, that thou hatest the deeds of the Nicolaitans, which I also hate." The Bible Echo Feb 8, 1897 Those who are teaching this doctrine today have much to say in regard to faith and the righteousness of Christ; but they pervert the truth, and make it serve the cause of error. They declare that we have only to believe on Jesus Christ, and that faith is all-sufficient: that the righteousness of Christ is to be the sinner's credentials; that this imputed righteousness fulfills

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the law for us, and that we are under no obligation to obey the law of God. This class claim that Christ came to save sinners, and that He has saved them. "I am saved," they will repeat over and over again. But are they saved while transgressing the law of Jehovah?--No; for the garments of Christ's righteousness are not a cloak for iniquity. Such teaching is a gross deception, and Christ becomes to these persons a stumbling block as He did to the Jews,--to the Jews, because they would not receive Him as their personal Saviour, to these professed believers in Christ, because they separate Christ and the law, and regard faith as a substitute for obedience. They separate the Father and the Son, the Saviour of the world. Virtually they teach, both by precept and example, that Christ, by His death, saves men in their transgressions.

Questions to answer: Which Antioch was Nicolas from? Study more: But the record shows from Acts that the Antioch in Syria never had any converts. So that would mean that when Nicolas went to Jerusalem he was converted on the day of Pentecost and became a Deacon shortly after. The Antioch in Pisidia already had a synagogue of Jews and Gentiles when Paul and Barnabas went. (question: how far did they travel from to come to Jerusalem? Did anyone come from Pisidia?) so that would mean that Nicolas didn't receive any exposure to the Christian faith if he was from the Antioch in Pisidia. Conclusion: Nicolas was from the Antioch in Syria. Conclusion w/SOP: Who started the synagogue that Paul and Barnabas visited in Acts 13:14? Did Nicolas begin the church that Paul and Barnabas visited? No! He became a deacon and they worked in Jerusalem (as of right now). SOP Con: Which denomination or church did the nicolaitans separate from? The Antioch in Syria or Pisidia? And what teachings did they separate from?
2:7 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God.

PROMISE “to him that overcometh” – contextually speaking, it means to “regain your first love.” In the book of Revelation who has a right to eat the tree of life? “Overcometh” – have the first love for one another BSM: Contextually speaking what do they overcome? Their lack of love. Leaving their first love. What was the problem they needed to overcome? Lack of love. So if you overcome you have what? Love. That is a contextual question. You will see these on your test. You must understand it within the chapter. In other words, if you have love you have a right to eat of the tree of life. “Eat of the tree of life” – the promise is also exactly what they need to hear. Who has the right to the tree of life?
Rev 22:1-2 [1] river of water of life… proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb [2]… on either side of the river, [was there] the tree of life. Rev 22:14 Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life.

What is His commandments?

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Jn 15:12 This is my commandment, That ye love one another, as I have loved you.

The church of Ephesus is all about love. The only way you can have life in heaven is to keep the commandments, and that commandment is to love one another as Christ has loved us. (PO: Prop App: This promise is especially for those who leave their first love, why did they loose it? Because they were defended their doctrine and standing for truth. This is important, because soon we will have to stand for our faith, but the warning is..even though you contend for the faith, don’t loose the love of Christ.) The church Ephesus is all about love. That’s what it is. The book of Revelation begins with the theme of love. “paradise of God”
2 Cor 12:1, 4 [1] visions…third heaven… [4] How that he was caught up into paradise, and heard unspeakable words, which it is not lawful for a man to utter.

Paradise is considered to be the third heaven. And there you hear unspeakable words. Note: The bible speaks of 3 heavens: Firmament (Birds fly, air above our earth) –
Gen 1:8, 20 Jer 4:25 Job 38:4, 9

Atmospheric (Sun, moon, and stars) –
Ps 19:1 Ps 8:3-4

Heaven of heavens (Where God is, tree of life)
Eph 4:10

2 Corin 12:4 Paradise Greek (6508 root) = enclosed garden. The paradise of God is also the garden of God.
Lk 23:43 And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.

You will be with me in the third heaven, you will hear unspeakable words, you can eat of the tree of life, you will be in the garden of God. What is the garden of God?
Ezek 28:13 Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God

Eden is the garden of God. Eden Heb 5731 = Pleasure
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Isaiah 51:3 …comfort Zion…. garden of the LORD; joy and gladness shall be found therein, thanksgiving, and the voice of melody.

Conclusion: “To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God.” Which is in the garden of God, which is in Eden. What do we have? Eden lost and Eden restored. He wants them to have pleasure. Why for Ephesus? They were unhappy.

Smyrna (Persecuted Church) | AD 100 - 313 (8-11)
VERSE [8] And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive; [9] I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but thou art rich) and I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan. [10] Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer: behold, the devil shall cast some of you into prison, that ye may be tried; and ye shall have tribulation ten days: be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life. [11] He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death.
2:8 And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive;

Why these dates? Because the church of Ephesus ended around 100 AD. Again these dates are not biblical prophetic dates. They are approximate dates. They are assumed based upon history. So if someone says it began in 97 AD. Fine, as long as they are the dates are not drastically different. Why 323 AD? Because the persecution that took place in the early part of the Christian churches history began in 100 AD and ended in 323 A.D. I am not referring to the papal persecution. When we talk about the church of Ephesus we are referring to the apostolic church. And the major characteristic of that church is that they are a pure church or a working church. But the problem was they lacked love. When we talk about Smyrna we are talking about the persecuted church. When we talk about Pergamos we are talking about the compromising church. 323 A.D. is the date that marks when the emperor Constantine of Pagan Rome became a so-called Christian and he is the one who led out in the compromise between Christianity and Paganism. So that date indicates the beginning of compromise. Pergamos is the church of compromise. It began in 323 A.D. why? Because that is when Constantine the emperor of Pagan Rome became a Christian. And He is the one that led out all the compromise between Christianity and Paganism. So that date is there to indicate the beginning of compromised church, the Pergamos, and the ending of the church of Smyrna. To the Angel > Messenger > Leaders of the Church “Smyrna” – Myrrh = sweet-smelling savour.How do you get myrrh? What is it? A fragrance. And usually you must crush trees or burn them so you can get a sweet smelling incense. Can you see the connection between the name of the church and the condition of the church? When I say burn what do you think of? Persecution. Notice what it says about Jesus. Note: To takes notes you don’t have to write everything. Just write Eph 5:2 Jesus and sweet smelling. Look for the key words. Sweet smelling means sacrifice. How? Sweet-smelling savour is connected to “offering and sacrifice to God.”
Eph 5:2 And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour.

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BSM: So sweet smelling means offering and sacrifice. So what is the condition of the church of Smyrna? They offer themselves; they sacrifice themselves standing for God’s truth. Because of that they were burned at the stake, eaten by lions, persecuted, tortured in prison. But to God that is sweet smelling because they were sacrificed for the name of God. So the name of the church has a connection to the condition of God’s church. Therefore, Smyrna describes a church that makes sacrifice and offering to God, which is acceptable. The condition of the church of Smyrna is that they offered themselves, sacrificed themselves standing for God’s truth. Because of that they were persecuted, they were beaten dead, they were burnt in the stake, they were eaten by lions, they were tortured in the prisons. But to God that was sweet smelling, because they were sacrificing themselves for God. 1 and 2 Peter might be the book for this church. Study on the history of Catacomb. JESUS INTRODUCES HIMSELF “These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive” – This is how Jesus introduces Himself. Remember the way Jesus introduces Himself is based upon what the church needed. BSM: Give me one word for this phrase that He used to describe Himself. Think within the context. RESURRECTION. What do the people need who are dying? They need hope, hope for what? Resurrection. That is why Jesus said I am dead and am alive. BSM: This is a contextual connection. If you say Almighty, Eternal, what does that say about the church? It means
John 11:25 Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live;

Don’t worry die for the faith, give up your life for the truth, though you die because you believe in me you shall live again, why? Because I was dead and am alive ever more. BSM: The way that Jesus presents Himself is what the church needs. This is exactly what this church needed to hear as they where in the time of persecution by Pagan Rome. Jesus is saying, “Don’t worry. Die for the faith. Give up your life for the truth. Though you die, because you believe in me, you shall live. Because I was dead, but alive evermore.” They needed the hope of resurrection. That’s the reason why Jesus said that. The way that Jesus introduces Himself is exactly what the church needs.
2:9 I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but thou art rich) and [I know] the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but [are] the synagogue of Satan.

JESUS’ RECOGNITION: Jesus began to recognize their good works. This church has no rebukes. App: When the church is going through persecution there is less rebukes. Persecution alone is rebuke enough. This church has no rebukes at all. Every thing is good. App: so what we need in the church today is probably persecution (SOP quote) BSM: What was Ephesus’ problem? Love. If you connect this to the previous church it tells us that either they learned the lesson and heeded the counsel or they will have to learn it through persecution. One or the other.
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Smyrna went through what? Tribulation. Guess what tribulation does. ”works, and tribulation”
Rom 5:3-5 [3] And not only [so], but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience; [4] And patience, experience; and experience, hope: [5] And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us

Tribulation > Patience > Experience > Hope When you have tribulation, you have patience, experience, hope, then the Love of God. What was the problem with Ephesus? Lack of love, how did they learn to get it? Through tribulation. God is very wise! God allowed tribulation so they could learn something, and that was love. (PO ‘tribulation’ it means that the church is going through tribulation. They are in it. Here you can destroy evangelical doctrine. They teach secret rapture, which will save God’s people from tribulation. Only the wicked my go through it. But that is not true. We must go through it. This church is under tribulation which means they are learning to have patience, which gives them experience which brings hope. And what sparks their hope? The love of God in their hearts. So it started with tribulation and ended with the hope which is kindled by the love of God. What is the comparison with Ephesus? They had no love. So what did God do? He allowed tribulation, which brought the love of God back to the church. God is correcting the problem with Ephesus. (This love doesn’t last long when we study the next church). BSM: You must learn to read the seven churches last a connected story. But think of this text in reference to Rom 5:3-5.
Rev 14:12 Here are the patience of the saints...

Why do they have patience? Why not obedience? Why not love? They do have all these things, but the Bible uses the word patience, because the Last Generation will go through tribulation.
Jas 1:2-3 [2] My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations; [3] Knowing [this], that the trying of your faith worketh patience

Notice the Peter’s ladder:
2 Pet 1:5-7 [5] And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge; [6]And to knowledge temperance; and to temperance patience; and to patience godliness; [7]And to godliness brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness charity.

Faith > Virtue > Knowledge > Temperance > Patience > Godliness > Brotherly Kindness > Charity “poverty, (but thou art rich)” – This is exactly the opposite of the condition of the Laodicean church. What does this mean? They are economically poor. But they are rich. Rich in what? Faith BSM: The only place you can go to to understand that word rich contextually is the church of
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Laodecia. (PO You don’t always have to go to the Greek. You must get your foundation first, otherwise, you will be teaching one day and someone will say the Greek says, and you’ll get lost. Get this first. For Ana Maria)
Rev 3:18 …I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich…

So why are they rich? Because they have gold that was tried with fire. For the church of Smyrna fire represents what? Persecution. So when you go through persecution you will increase with gold, and gold represents what?
1 Pet 1:7 …That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold.

Peter is comparing faith and gold. But what kind of faith is this? It went through fire, it went through persecution. So did the church of Smyrna learn to have patience? Yes, through tribulation. Faith? Yes through tribulation. So they learned to have ‘faith and patience’ BSM: Immediately when you hear that it sounds like what?
Rev 14:12 Here is the patience of the saints: here [are] they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.

That means that the last generation has to go through what? Tribulation. By how do we get faith? Faith comes from the word of God, but faith works by love.
Gal 5:6 …faith which worketh by love…

What was the problem with the church of Ephesus? Love, did God teach them love? Yes, through what? Tribulation. App: So if you lack love, what does God send you? Tribulation. Tribulation through your roommate, family, work supervisor, family, etc. If someone bothers you that is the best time to learn how to love someone. Not just during holidays, or your birthday. “blasphemy” – contextually, it means someone that says they are a Jew (Christian) but are part of synagogue of Satan. This concept becomes important when you study the chapter 13:
Rev 13:1 And I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and upon his horns ten crowns, and upon his heads the name of blasphemy.

Who are this Jews? It’s not literal Jews. Literal Jews were very unique, the descendants of Abraham. It doesn’t mean that other people were saying that they are Jews. This was written to the church under great persecution (around 100 AD to 303 or 313). This was after the literal Jews were rejected. It’s gentile church now. Therefore, they must be the spiritual Jews: Then Jesus recognized not only the faithful ones in Smyrna but also the unfaithful ones in Smyrna. “Jews, and are not” – Who are these people? If you take it literally it means you are a descendent of Abraham. What is it talking about? Spiritual Jews, not literal Jews because they were already rejected. This refers to the Gentile church. So the word Jew refers to spiritual Jews.

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Rom 2:29 But he [is] a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision [is that] of the heart, in the spirit,”

“circumcision…heart” – Who is a true Jew? What is circumcision of the heart? Conversion to Jesus.
Gal 3:29 …And if ye [be] Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed…

What are these people saying? I am a Jew? It means they are saying I am a born again Christian, I belong to Christ. But they blaspheme because they don’t belong to Christ they belong to the synagogue of Satan. What does that mean? ”Synagogue of Satan” – the word “synagogue” belongs to the Jews. It means “congregation” or “assembly.” The word “Satan” means, “adversary” or “accuser” or “deceiver.” Who are these people who say they are Christians and are not but they belong to the assembly of Satan, or the assembly of the Adversary who oppose others. Who are they? They are causing problems in the church, and they are probably a part of the people who are causing, CONTEXTUALLY SPEAKING, persecution. They are persecution from without and within. And when your brother is persecuting you, you really need to have love.
Rev 12:9-10 [9] And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world... [10]…for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and night.

Therefore, the synagogue of Satan, spiritually speaking, is the “congregation” or “assembly” of Satan who are in the church accusing, persecuting and deceiving people. They are saying they are converted and belong to Christ, but the Bible says they are not. And they are the part of the people that are causing the persecution. Persecution is not only from outside, but also from within. When your brother persecute you, you really need to have love. They not only oppose, but they also deceive within the church, and they belong to Satan, not God. In every church there are two powers—of God and Satan. Observe how these two powers develop into next churches. In Ephesus we see these people called the Nicolaitanes, and here we see that they attempt to call themselves Christians. They are now creeping into the church, they are adversary, accusing their brother, and they belong to the Synagogue of Satan. But notice Jesus says, “[I know] the blasphemy of them.” He sees it all.
2:10 Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer: behold, the devil shall cast [some] of you into prison, that ye may be tried; and ye shall have tribulation ten days: be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life.

PROMISE: “the devil shall cast [some] of you into prison” – contextual speaking this would be the people who are part of the Synagogue of Satan. 1. Betrayer Not only do they have people who say they are Jews and are not, and they belong to the synagogue of Satan. They also have the Devil. Can you see a picture of persecution right here? They are being

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put into prison, but by who? Historically speaking who put them in prison during this time? Pagan Rome. The Roman Empire. But the word devil is more tricky. Do you know of anyone in the Bible who is called devil?
John 6:70 Jesus answered them, Have not I chosen you twelve, and one of you is a devil?

Who is that referring to? Judas, he is a devil. And what did he do? Betray. So when it says ‘devil shall cast some of you into prison’. It means there will be betrayal in the church. Because the work of the Devil is to possess someone’s mind to control them. Not in an uncontrollable physical manner, but it deals with their desires, motives, and their conscience. BSM: Remember Matt 24 is a miniature book of Revelation. What does Matt say about betrayal? It says they will betray one another. (PO You may as well say there will be devils in the church. And that phrase applies to early church persecution, dark ages, now, and the end of time. Only Jesus can look in the future and give them all one word DEVIL. When He uses that word it is the right construction in reference to one’s character.)
Matt 24:9, 10 [9] Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted, and shall kill you: and ye shall be hated of all nations for my name’s sake [10] And then shall many be offended, and shall betray one another, and shall hate one another.

2. Who claim to be born again but still in sin
1 John 3:8 He that commiteth sin is of the devil…

Who are they? Where did group of people come from? Look at the church of Ephesus, who caused the problems. These people betray, and they commit sin. Contextually speaking, these people are the Nicolaitanes. Who believes that we are free from the law, and committing sins. They are the one who will end up with persecuting brothers. That’s contextual connection. Guess who these people are? The Devil, they betray, and they commit sin. Contextually speaking where are these people from? Nicolaitanes, what do they believe? That we are free from the law, and they are committing sin. BSM: That is contextual linkage. Where did the devil come from? Devils are betrayers, and they commit sin. In the church of Ephesus were there people causing problems? Yes, the Nicolaitanes, and they said just believe and don’t obey. They are the ones who ended up persecuting their own brothers. PO: For NT: Those who believe NT later on they will persecute God’s people. If you think you can just believe and not obey. You will align yourself with the world and persecute your own brothers and sisters. For evangelicals. If you believe you are under grace and don’t need to keep the law, eventually you will do what? Persecute and kill those who truly keep the law. That is how you will know who the true church is. (PO Who are these people? Sin is the transgression of the law. So they are in the church and they are breaking or they are not obeying the law, but they are in the church. Can you think of another group that was in the church, and they were not obeying the law in the previous church? The Nicolaitanes)

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(PO Did Jesus die? Why? Because of persecution, by Rome, He was betrayed. Jesus was betrayed and persecuted, now the true followers of Jesus are betrayed and persecuted. ‘devil’ who does the Bible call Devil? Judas, who was he? Betrayer. So you have so-called Christians betraying their brothers. This will happen again in the last days. Mar 197.) “tribulation ten days” – there was a distinctive ten years (day=year: Num 14:34, Ezra 4:6) of persecution. Just a little over a week?
Ezek 4:6 …Each day for a year… Num 14:34 …Each day for a year…

Therefore 10 days becomes 10 years. That is a historical fact. Not just any persecution, a great persecution, and great tribulation under Dicoletian. This is talking about the ten years of persecution by Diocletian (303 AD – 313 AD). After his death, the new emperor came on the scene—Emperor Constantine (Dec 312 – 337 AD). Early the following year 313 AD, He was “converted” to Christianity and stopped the persecution of the Christians and joined Paganism and the Christian Church together. (PO “It is, however, as the author of the last and most terrible persecution of Christianity by pagan Rome -- the last effort of the pagan State against the freedom of thought and of worship taught by Christianity -- that Diocletian is chiefly known to the world, though, strictly speaking, he was not the author of it..Galerius urged upon Diocletian the issuing of a decree condemning Christianity…Galerius persuaded him to allow the calling of a council of the officers of the State, the outcome of which was that on Feb. 24, 303 A. D. , a "general edict of persecution was published; and though Diocletian, still averse to the effusion of blood, had moderated the fury of Galerius, who proposed that every one refusing to offer sacrifice should immediately be burnt alive, the penalty inflicted on the obstinacy of the Christians might be deemed sufficiently rigorous and effectual.” Great Empires of Prophecy 411412 ATJ.) (PO This refers to the ten years of persecution in the reign of Diocletian, from A. D. 303-313; which was ended by the Edict of Milan, issued by the two emperors Constantine and Licinius, March. A. D. 313.) ATJ Great Nations of Today pg. 10 Note: All of these churches they overlap with each other. It is not to say that they are stuck. (PO The characteristics continue from church to church).
2:11 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death.

“He that overcometh” – in contextually speaking, for the church of Smyrna, overcoming meant “to be faithful unto death.” Rev 2:10. BSM: What is the contextual answer for how to overcome for the church of Smyrna? Be faithful unto death. That is the contextual answer. Keep thinking that way. Connect Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamos, etc. They all have a connection.

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If you overcome. If you be faithful unto death, unto you die, you shall live again. That is what it means. “shall not be hurt of the second death” – This means that the first death will hurt them but the second will not. “Be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life.” That means the resurrection.
Rev 20:6 Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.

Meaning there is a resurrection. If you will not be hurt of the second death that means you will be resurrected. If you overcome, if you be faithful unto death, I will raise you up again in the future. BSM: Can you see that the promise that Jesus gives to the church is according to what the church needs. They way Jesus introduces Himself and the promise that He gives is exactly what the church needs. App: So P.E majors, Bible workers, etc. When you give a talk to the people, make sure that you meet the people’s need. If you don’t meet their need you are speaking to the air. You must know how to meet their need. How? A science and by prayer.

Pergamos (Apostate Church) | AD 323 - 538 (12-17)
It began at AD 323, because that’s the date Constantine declared his nation (not him) as a Christian nation—the beginning of compromise. The church of Thyatira is the church of darkness, or you can say a church under Papacy. The papacy began in AD 538. VERSE [12] And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write; These things saith he which hath the sharp sword with two edges; [13] I know thy works, and where thou dwellest, even where Satan's seat is: and thou holdest fast my name, and hast not denied my faith, even in those days wherein Antipas was my faithful martyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth. [14] But I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to cast a stumblingblock before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit fornication. [15] So hast thou also them that hold the doctrine of the Nicolaitanes, which thing I hate. [16] Repent; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will fight against them with the sword of my mouth. [17] He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it.
2:12 And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write; These things saith he which hath the sharp sword with two edges;

To the Angel > Messenger > Leaders of the Church “Pergamos” – means “height” or “elevation.” What does this mean in regards to the condition of God's church? When they were persecuted they were pure, but Constantine said I have become a Christian, let's love each other, pagans don't fight anymore, Christians, don't resist anymore, let's come together, now our nation becomes a Christian nation, and persecution stopped, the Christians were treated very nice, they were being praised and flattered, they were being elevated. If Satan
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can't get you when you are low, he will get you when you are high, because you will compromise up there in that position. So height or elevation meaning they were uplifted, flattered, and they were led into compromise. We see Satan's tactics here. Satan tempted Jesus when He was hungry for 40 days, then he took him to the top of the temple and the top of the mountain, he will get you either way.
Dan 8:11 Yea, he magnified himself even to the prince of the host, and by him the daily was taken away, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down.

The word “taken away” also means “to lift up” or “to exalt.” This church was now to be flattered. “Let’s not fight, let’s join together.” This was a union of Christians and Pagans and they were led into compromise. “the sharp sword with two edges” – When something is joined, how do you separate it? With the sharp two-edged sword, you cut the compromise between truth and error. That’s exactly what this church needs—the word of God. Here Jesus presents Himself as having a sharp sword with two edges. So we get the picture that the sword is to cut. But cut what?
Heb 4:12 For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.

The word of God is a two edged sword, but it is to reveal the motives, it is a discerner of thoughts and shows the intents of your heart.
2Tim 3:16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:

So Jesus presents Himself with the Word of God, so that means He is here to give you correction, reproof, doctrine and instruction in righteousness, because this is what the church needs at this time. The church of Pergamos really needed the word of God.
2:13 I know thy works and where thou dwellest, [even] where Satan's seat [is]: and thou holdest fast my name, and hast not denied my faith, even in those days wherein Antipas [was] my faithful martyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth.

This literal location of Pergamos was a place of idol worship, lots of idol temples. So it was appropriate for Jesus to say, “I know where you dwell, where Satan’s seat is.” Where is this seat that church of Pergamos is seating symbolically? Then Jesus recognized where they dwelled. They dwelled where Satan’s seat is. Where is Satan's seat? (BSM: Where do you go first to look? Revelation). 1. What doe seat represent? Seat means a throne. Seat = throne 2. Satan = dragon (Rev 12:9) (Satan is described as a dragon) 3. Dragon = Pagan Rome (Rev 12:3,4) Note: It was the Pagan Rome that tried to destroy Christ twice. Satan works through Pagan Rome. This verse shows that the dragon stood before the woman, and who did that dragon represent? Pagan Rome (Dragon = Pagan Rome). Satan is behind Pagan Rome, so the dragon

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and pagan Rome both apply to Satan. This dragon is Pagan Rome, but at the same time Satan. 4. Dragon (Pagan Rome) gave his seat to Papacy (Rev 13:2) Who was that dragon? Pagan Rome. Pagan Rome gave his seat to the papacy. Where was the seat of Pagan Rome? The throne? Where is the seat of the Roman Empire? Rome. So the church of Pergamos is taking place in the region of Rome. The church of Pergamos has connection to what book of the Bible? The Book of Romans. Question: Book for Smyrna? 1 and 2 Peter, they talk a lot about persecution) “Antipas [was] my faithful martyr” – Antipas was slain in Rome. Who was this person? There was no historical record of this person. But we can understand the spiritual meaning by studying his name. Just like the name “Nicolaitanes” is referring to the group of people rather than just one person, we can see that the name “Antipas” also represents certain group of people: “Anti” – “opposed to” or “against.” So this group of people are against something. What? “Pas” – “father.” His name means “against father.” Back in those days, as church was being compromised, the elders and bishops of Rome raised themselves above people and were asking people to call them “father.” That was the beginning of Papacy. The Latin (Roman) word for “father” is “Papa.” That’s where the word “Papacy” comes from. This was direct opposition of the bible:
Matt 23:9 And call no man your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven.

What kind of Father are we talking about? One who thinks they are the divine Father. Don't call no man father. So why are these people against the fathers? They are following what Jesus said about not calling any man father. Are they good or bad people? They are good, and they are against a father that thinks they are above the people. They treat themselves like they are God. Class Question: What about the Roman church that call the priest father? This is where it is coming from. This is the progression: In the church of Pergamos during this period as the church was compromising, slowly within the church, the Elders and Bishops (or Pastors) raised themselves above the people, and they caused the people to call them father. So this is the beginning of the Papacy. So a group of people protested and said you can't call the Elders, Deacons or Pastors, Father, and because of this they were persecuted. Notice the warning in the book of Jude.
Jude 1:16 These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own lusts; and their mouth speaketh great swelling words, having men’s persons in admiration because of advantage.

Do you know anyone like this in the church of Ephesus? The Nicolaitanes. They turned the grace of God into lasciviousness. What is lasciviousness? Lust. This text is from the book of Jude "speaking great swelling words…advantage" – So those who call themselves Father are speaking great words, they are putting themselves above other people. Do you know anybody in the bible that speaks “great words” and magnifies himself?
Dan 7:25 And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.

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Dan 7:8 In this horn…a mouth speaking great things.

Putting themselves in persons admiration. So in the church of Pergamos we see the beginning of the Papacy. We begin to see the characteristics of the Papacy rising up in the church of Pergamos. When this “antipas” were against them, they became martyrs. The people of the “Nicolaitanes” in Ephesus were the seed. Then in Smyrna as known as the “synagogue of Satan.” And now in Pergamos they want to be called “Father.”
2:14 But I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to cast a stumblingblock before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit fornication.

What is the doctrine of Balaam?
2 Pet 2:15 Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of Balaam [the son] of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness; Jude 11 Woe unto them! for they have gone in the way of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward, and perished in the gainsaying of Core.

This was the same as Judas, and he was called the devil and the son of perdition (destruction). John 17:12. Where do we see these two characteristics?   Smyrna – devil will cast some of you into prison Ephesus – Nicolaitane: people of destruction

We see the devil (Judas) putting Jesus into prison for love of money (greed). We see the connection between the devil & the synagogue of Satan and Balaam. Story: He cursed God's people for money. He told Balac to cause the people to commit fornication and sacrifice to idols. Balaam + Balac = Destroy Israel. Balaam united with Balac to destroy God’s people. Balaam was God’s prophet who apostatized and became a false prophet. He represents the religious aspect. There’s a big difference between “Jezebel” and Balaam. Jezebel began as a false prophet, but Balaam starting with truth, apostatized and led away from the truth. Balaam represents the religious aspects. Balac was the king of Moab. He represents the political aspect. So what happened in Pergamos there was a compromise. What type of compromise? The union of Church and State, and this was the beginning of the establishment of the Papacy. False church + a state power = Persecution. When you have a false church united with a state power you have persecution. We have the religious power uniting with the political power to destroy God’s people. The union of church and state always bring persecution. Christ alone can unite the church and state—not men.

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Balac is the one who first suggested and gave commands to Balaam. Interestingly, Constantine, though uniting the church with the state, still had the power over the church. State power ruling the church. But when it comes to the Papal power, now the church has power over the states. These two together did what? “who taught Balac to cast a stumblingblock before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit fornication” – When you eat things that are sacrificed to idols or you worship idols, what does God call this? An abomination
Deut 7:25 The graven images of their gods shall ye burn with fire: thou shalt not desire the silver or gold [that is] on them, nor take [it] unto thee, lest thou be snared therein: for it [is] an abomination to the LORD thy God

Balaam is causing people to commit “abomination.” The name Balac means “a devastator : waste or desolation Web 1928). This word means waste or desolation. So what do you have? Here we have the “abomination of desolation.”
Dan 12:11 And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days.

When the daily is taken away, the abomination of desolation will be set up—union of church and state. The Abomination of desolation is being set up in the church of Pergamos. The union of Balaam and Balac shows the establishment of the Abomination of Desolation being setup in this church.
Dan 8:11-12

You will see that before the Papacy can be established, you must first have the establishment of the Abomination of Desolation, what is that? The union of church and state. “to commit fornication” – spiritual fornication is union of church and state. The apostasy of Pergamos is union of church and state. When they compromise they look for the state power in the place of the power of the Word of God.
2:15 So hast thou also them that hold the doctrine of the Nicolaitanes, which thing I hate.

The church of Ephesus had Nicolaitanes as enemy. The church of Smyrna had synagogue of Satan or Devil. The church of Pergamos had those who had doctrines of Balaam. Notice the change of language. In the church of Ephesus, “you hate the deeds of the Nicolaitane.” Jesus praises the church of Ephesus hating Nicolaitanes. But now, they have crept into the church and “hast thou also them that hold the doctrine of the Nicolaitanes.” You have them among you! You see a compromise or apostasy. Nicolaitanes when under persecution they become the synagogue of Satan, persecuting God’s church—dragon side of Satan. Then when the peace comes, they now creep in to the church deceiving people—serpent side of Satan. This is just like {Rev 12}.

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2Thes 2:3 Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day(second coming) shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition;

Before the second coming, 2 things has to take place. 1. Falling away – in Greek words means apostasy: the truth will be compromised. This phrase “falling away” is explained in the church of Pergamos. They “fall away” by uniting the church and state. 2. Man of sin be revealed – it’s Papacy. The little horn power. The Anti-Christ. Before Papacy can rise, there has to be a union of church and state. And we will see that in the church of Thyatira. Son of perdition – Judas is called as the “son of perdition.” Jn 17:12. That means the Papacy is like Judas. So their first pope should be not Peter but Judas. Judas is betrayer. Papacy is betrayer. Judas was treasurer. Papacy is known for their money. Doctrine of Balaam is a love of money. As God’s church grows, Satan is working within the church. The doctrine of Nicolaitanes The first time Nicolaitanes are mentioned is in the church of Ephesus. So they existed during the first era of the Church (Ephesus) while the apostles were alive. So far we know that: 1. They are “people of destruction” 2. They have doctrine 3. They have crept into the church So perhaps we can gather more things about this people in the writings of apostles though the name “Nicolaitanes” is not mentioned. If you study the warnings of apostles like Paul and Jude, you will see warnings concerning the false teachings creeping into God’s church. First of all, I want to see if Paul had wrote any warnings to the people in Rome, because that’s where the Pergamos is centered: “I know…where thou dwellest, [even] where Satan's seat [is]:”
Rom 16:17 Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned; and avoid them.

Paul said this because Paul knew that false doctrine would come to church. Who are these people?
Rom 16:18 For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple.

They are the people who serve their stomach, teaching wrong doctrines. Belly represents carnal, and sensual.
Phil 3:18-19 [18]...the enemies of the cross of Christ: [19] Whose end is destruction, whose God is their belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things.

These are the same group of people—the Nicolatanes. What other characteristics we find in these people who mind earthly things?
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James 3:14-16 [14] But if ye have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth…[15] This wisdom descendeth not from above, but [is] earthly, sensual, devilish...[16] For where envying and strife [is], there [is] confusion and every evil work.

They are also sensual, devilish, and there are envying and strife which cause confusion and every evil work. Confusion is the meaning of “Babylon.”
Jude 16 These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own lusts; and their mouth speaketh great swelling words, having men’s persons in admiration because of advantage.

They speak great swelling words.
Rom 8:3 Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.

But the carnal mind is at war with God and His law. Remember, Paul said they are enemies of the cross of Christ. Phil 3:18.
Dan 7:25 And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.

But we have seen, their end is destruction as their name indicates.
Dan 7:26 But the judgment shall sit, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume and to destroy it unto the end.

Doctrine of Nicolaitanes prepared the way for the doctrine of Balaam—the papacy. Two apostasies developing together in the church of Pergamos: 1) the doctrine of Nicolaitanes—false doctrines; 2) the doctrine of Balaam—union of church & state. What kind of doctrine are they teaching?
Jude 4 For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.

These people came into God’s church without being noticed. They are turning the grace of God into the lasciviousness. “Lasciviousness” means “unbridled lust, excess, shamelessness.” They are teaching that the grace of God can be treated as “the license to sin or lust.” They are using the grace of God to excuse their lustful practices.
7BC 957 Is it the sin of the Nicolatanes turning the grace of God into lasciviousness?...

We see that the pen of inspiration confirms that the warnings of Jude was directly against the doctrine of Nicolaitanes even though their name is not mentioned.
7BC 957 The doctrine is now largely taught that the gospel of Christ has made the law of God of no effect; that by "believing" we are released from the necessity of being doers of the Word. But this is the doctrine of the Nicolaitans, which Christ so unsparingly condemned.

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The doctrine of the Nicolaitans is to just believe but no obedience; justification without sanctification. We see this same teaching repeating in our church today. These are the same teaching that has crept in to our SDA church—the new theology! The new theology is creeping into our church deceiving the people by the doctrine of the Nicolaitans! (When we study the Laodicean church, we will see the same characteristics. Don’t get confused. Just having the characteristics doesn’t make the Laodicean church Babylon). Remember that Nicolataines are the ones who turned into the devil and persecuted the church in Smyrna. That means those people who believe in New Theology, they are the one who will persecute God’s people in the last days. I guarantee! If you believe that you can just believe and not obey, you are lying to yourself with the word of God, and you will persecute your own brothers and sisters when the time comes. The person next to you might be the one who will persecute you. Now you know what to do. Pray for each other.
2:16 Repent; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will fight against them with the sword of my mouth.

The only way to fight against the doctrine of Nicolaitanes and of Balaam is with the sharp twoedged sword—the word of God. The word of God is needed to split the church and state, because Jesus said “my kingdom is not of this world.”
Isa 11:4 But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked. 2 Thes 2:8 Then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth. 2:17 To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth [it].

“hidden manna” – Here is the promise, if you overcome I will give you the hidden manna. Manna represent what? The word of God, what do they need in the church of Pergamos? The word of God. Why? They need the word of God to split church and state! They need the word of God to cut between church and state. Why? Because Jesus said my kingdom is not of this world. They need the word of God not to compromise, not to commit abomination. So He says if you overcome I will give you the hidden manna. When was the first time manna was used? In the Old Testament. The first time “manna” was mentioned in the bible is during the time in the wilderness.
Deut 8:16 Fed thee in the wilderness with manna.

God gave manna when people were in the wilderness. The manna was not for Canaan, but for the wilderness. Where do we see God’s people being fed in the wilderness in the book of Revelation?
Rev 12:6 And the woman fled into the wilderness, where she hath a place prepared of God, that they should feed her there a thousand two hundred [and] threescore days

That tells us that the woman in the wilderness ate no other than the manna. The promise is that God will give them the hidden manna to feed them—hidden word of God. Manna is also connected to the Sabbath (Ex 16). Feed her what? Manna! For how many years? 1260 years. After Pergamos is the church of Thyatira, and Thyatira is the Papacy, and they reigned for 1260 years. (PO*Rev 12:6 “they should feed her.” V.14 “she is nourished for”). If you overcome I will give you manna, but not any kind of manna, hidden manna. Why is it hidden?

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Why hidden manna? It gives the idea that this food is secret. Do you know of any group of people that ate secretly in the Bible during the time of Jezebel? These people where hidden, and ate secretly.
1 Ki 18:4 For it was so, when Jezebel cut off the prophets of the LORD, that Obadiah took an hundred prophets, and hid them by fifty in a cave, and fed them with bread and water.

So during the time of Jezebel, it talks about hidden food. In the church of Thyatira Jezebel is the main character. And the rain didn't come for 3 ½ years. This is 1260 days. In the time of Jezebel and Ahab, the prophet Obadiah secretly fed other hundred prophets for 3½ years during the droughts—or the 1260 days. God is saying, “I will secretly give you the word of God during the 1260 years under the reign of the Jezebel!” When you have drought, you have deserted land—the wilderness. Therefore, God is saying, “If you stand faithful during the time of compromise and apostasy, I will protect you during the time of 1260 years of papal reign, and give you the word of God secretly. You will preserve and keep my true Sabbath.” This is fulfilled by the Waldensians who kept the pure, unadulterated word of God secretly and fed people. “will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written” – people were being excommunicated because they refused to join the union of the church and the state; union of Christianity and paganism. God is telling them, “I will write your name in the stone! No one can erase it! It’s there forever!” Historically, 1. A white stone is used to carve the name to a newborn baby. God is promising them of the eternal life.
Isa 62:2 And the Gentiles shall see thy righteousness, and all kings thy glory: and thou shalt be called by a new name, which the mouth of the LORD shall name.

2. In ancient court, juries used to give a white stone to indicate innocence; a black stone for guilty. Though the church and your friends, and families condemn you to be guilty, I know you are innocent!

Thyatira (Papal Church) | AD 538-1798 (18-29)
One concept to remember: In God's church there is also Abel and Cain's the faithful and unfaithful. In the church of Ephesus who is unfaithful? The Nicolaitanes. Smyrna? Synagogue of Satan or the devil. Pergamos? What words indicate that they are unfaithful? Those who have the doctrine of Balaam, combined with the Nicolaitanes. This is what we see. In Ephesus Jesus praised them because they hated the deeds of the Nicolaitanes. But now in the church of Pergamos it says they 'have' the doctrine. What do we see here? We see a compromise or an apostasy. This book makes it clear. 2 Thess 2:3 "Let no man deceive you….that day…" what day is this? The Second coming, it will not come EXCEPT, there come a falling away first. "man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition" So

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before the second coming, two events must take place. 1.) A falling away 2.) The man of sin be revealed What is a falling away? In the Greek it means apostacia or apostasy. This means the truth will be compromised. The phrase "falling away" is being explained in the church of Pergamos. How they fall away, how do they? Because they unite church and state. And after that who is to be revealed? The man of sin, and who is that? the papacy (the little horn power, the antichrist) . So before the papacy can arise to power, there must be a union of church and state. Two events before the second coming. 1.) Apostasy (we see this in the church of Pergamos); 2.) The man of sin will be revealed (who is this? The papacy, and we see this in the church of Thyatira) Where else have you heard the phrase 'son of perdition'? who has the same description? Judas. John 17:12 so this means that the papacy is like Judas. The first pope is not Peter, but Judas. He was a betrayer, does papacy betray? Yes. He was responsible for the treasury? What do we know about the papacy? They have money, what is the doctrine of Balaam? Love of greed, money. We see similar characteristics, As God's church is growing, Satan is working in the church. And it is developing, and we see this in the churches. (PO* the first three churches, no reference is made to the second coming. But the Bible tells us that this day or the second coming will not come, unless there be a falling away first. So the falling away takes place in the church of Pergamos) VERSE [18] And unto the angel of the church in Thyatira write; These things saith the Son of God, who hath his eyes like unto a flame of fire, and his feet are like fine brass; [19] I know thy works, and charity, and service, and faith, and thy patience, and thy works; and the last to be more than the first. [20] Notwithstanding I have a few things against thee, because thou sufferest that woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a prophetess, to teach and to seduce my servants to commit fornication, and to eat things sacrificed unto idols. [21] And I gave her space to repent of her fornication; and she repented not. [22] Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation, except they repent of their deeds. [23] And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall know that I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your works. [24] But unto you I say, and unto the rest in Thyatira, as many as have not this doctrine, and which have not known the depths of Satan, as they speak; I will put upon you none other burden. [25] But that which ye have already hold fast till I come. [26] And he that overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end, to him will I give power over the nations: [27] And he shall rule them with a rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers: even as I received of my Father. [28] And I will give him the morning star. [29] He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.
2:18 And unto the angel of the church in Thyatira write; These things saith the Son of God, who hath his eyes like unto a flame of fire, and his feet [are] like fine brass;

To the Angel > Messenger > Leaders of the Church. “Thyatira” – Lydia lived in the city of Thyatira, there is a connection between the symbology of Revelation. A woman of Thyatira, a “seller of purple,” who dwelt in Philippi (Acts 16:14, 15). She was not a Jewess but a proselyte. The Lord opened her heart as she heard the gospel from the lips of Paul (16:13). She thus became the first in Europe who embraced Christianity. She was a person

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apparently of considerable wealth, for she could afford to give a home to Paul and his companions. The symbology is that she was very wealthy, this identifies the papacy as being very wealthy church. This is one connection (BSM: The first thing you do is look up the word Thyatira in the Strong's concordance). Thyatira "odour of affliction" what does this have to do with the church? They went through persecution during the dark ages, inquisition, excommunication. The word affliction has a similar meaning to Daniel 7:25. It says the saints were to be "weared out" wear out and affliction has a similar meaning, and it means to harass physically or mentally. This describes the condition. Odor of affliction describes the condition of Thyatira in terms of the Papacy persecuting Christians. Before it was pagans persecuting Christians, but now in the name of Jesus they persecute Christians. (BSM: Study about the city Thyatira, this has something to do with the condition of the church) History: This town was sitting on a river called Lycus (Rev 17 the whore is sitting on many waters) they were skilled in dyeing purple. The woman was clothed in purple in Rev 17. The church of Thyatira has the characteristics of the papacy. She is sitting on waters, wearing purple. This city gains money through purple. Purple means royalty. The literal city of Thyatira is a symbol of Papacy. So study about the town. A colony of Macedonia Greeks, situated between Sardis and Pergamos on the river Lycus;
Rev 17:1 And there came one of the seven angels which had the seven vials, and talked with me, saying unto me, Come hither; I will shew unto thee the judgment of the great whore that sitteth upon many waters:

How does the papacy get money? By making themselves kings, bishops, chiefs. Etc. (BSM: you can get this from the Strong's Concordance) Acts 16:14 (BSM: He is using the city of Thyatira as an example of the papacy). Its inhabitants gained their living by traffic and the art of dyeing of purple.
Acts 16:14 And a certain woman named Lydia, a seller of purple, of the city of Thyatira, which worshipped God, heard us: whose heart the Lord opened, that she attended unto the things which were spoken of Paul.

We see the same characteristics in papacy.
Rev 17:4 And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornication:

INTRODUCTION “the Son of God” – in the book of Revelation, this is the only place where it uses the phase “Son of God.” In other places, “the son of man” is used. So this means that the church needs to hear that Jesus is the Son of God—not the pope. God knew that in this church, man will claim to be the son of God. “eyes like unto a flame of fire” – Fire (in connection to God) = Judgment; (Eyes Flaming of Fire) = God is watching and He will judge and revenge His people. Represents Judgment. Why does it mean judgment? Because the papacy will be judged. This is significant because many people thought they were God's representatives. They were deceived. So this shows us that Jesus sees the motives, hypocrisy, he sees exactly what is happening. There true state.

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“feet [are] like fine brass” – brass also requires fire. That means Jesus walked through the fire; the church needed somebody who went through affliction—Jesus Christ. He was persecuted by His own people—same as the church Thyatira. Jesus understands their trials & afflictions. (if you study deep, it also represents the gospel of peace, and also represents the justification by faith, and that is the message that destroyed the Papacy). Sacrifice, crucifixion, persecution or affliction. They went through furnace. It represents persecution or affliction. What is the church going through? Affliction, so they need someone who is going through affliction. That is Jesus, and He was persecuted by His own people. Same as the church of Thyatira. In the name of Jesus they persecute Christians. Recap: Eyes like a flame of fire = Jesus will judge. Feet like brass = He understands their affliction. (can mean the Gospel of peace, and justification by faith. And Justification by faith destroyed the papacy)
2:19 I know thy works, and charity, and service, and faith, and thy patience, and thy works; and the last [to be] more than the first.

RECOGNITION Is there anywhere else where we hear this language? Ephesus, but we see that this accommodation is better. This shows us that they are growing, as Satan is making his church, God's people are learning the light is getting brighter. So we can say contextually that the church has learned their lesson, it may be a small group, but they are getting better than Ephesus. As Satan is making his church, God’s people are also learning. The light is getting brighter and brighter.
2:20 Notwithstanding I have a few things against thee, because thou sufferest that woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a prophetess, to teach and to seduce my servants to commit fornication, and to eat things sacrificed unto idols.

When you talk about this church, you should think about Jezebel. Look at her description. Jezebel caused people to commit fornication and to eat things sacrificed unto idols—the same description in the church of Pergamos:
Rev 2:14 ...who taught Balac to cast a stumblingblock before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit fornication.

So contextually in Pergamos this doctrine was developed. And now it was enforced by the woman named Jezebel. So this doctrine of committing fornication and eating the things offered to idols. This has been magnified in the church of Thyatira. (Progression of the Nicolaitanes is shown here:) The Nicolaitanes in Ephesus, they were there, but they were not really accepted. In Smyrna it was the Nicolaitanes that persecuted the Christians, they became the synagogue of Satan, and became the devil and put people in prison. Then the Nicolaitanes were accepted in Pergamos. And the Nicolaitanes had a connection to the doctrine of Balaam and Balac the union of church and state. Their doctrines were all mixed together, and this developed into the papacy. That is why the Nicolaitanes in the beginning, they are the seed of the papacy or antichrist. That is why John said that antichrist was even now in the world. Not that the papacy itself had been established, but that the beginning of the papacy was seen, and it took time, but it eventually came. Characteristics of this woman put into symbolism: (BSM: put points together and make symbolism)

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She is a woman, her name is Jezebel, she calls herself a prophetess, she taught and seduced the servants, and caused them to commit fornication and eat things sacrificed unto idols. (BSM: Analyze all of these points, and put into symbolism. The reason why we do this is because Jezebel didn't live during the time of the papacy or church of Thyatria. So she is symbolic. And this is how we find out who she is) In the church of Pergamos the doctrine developed, and in the church of Thyatira it was enforced by the woman named Jezebel. The Nicolaitanes in the Ephesus, they were there, but they were not really accepted. In Smyrna, Nicolaitanes were the people who persecute them and put in the prison, the synagogue of Satan, the devil. Then after that in the Pergamos, these Nicolaitanes were accepted. And the Balaac doctrine of the Nicolaitanes, the union of church and state, developed into the Papacy in the church of Thyatira. The Nicolaitanes are the seed of Papacy. That’s why John said in 1 Jn 2 that anti-Christ is here already in his time. It means the beginning of papacy was already started in the first century and it developed. “woman” – it’s not just “teachings” or “deeds,” but now it’s a “woman.” Woman represents a church. But Jezebel was a pagan worshiper. So Jezebel represents a religious power, an ecclesiastical power. “Jezebel” – Jezebel means “Baal exalts.” Jezebel is not a literal woman existed in that time. So we know that it’s symbology. Who is this “Jezebel” developed from? This was “Balaam” from the church of Pergamos. Jezebel (def) = "Baal exalts" pagan worshiper; What kind of god is baal? A pagan god, so she is a worshiper of a pagan god, therefore she is a pagan church. “prophetess” – means “a mouthpiece for god.” What does this mean? You claim to be a mouthpiece for god. That means I represent God's word. (I speak for god). The Papacy believes she is the mouthpiece of God, but in reality she’s the mouthpiece of pagan god or Satan. “teach” – mentally corrupt “seduce” – morally corrupt, this also means to deceive. Extra note: The word seduce is used 3 times. The other two are used to describe the seduction of the false christs and the seduction of the antichrist
Matt 24:24 1 John 2:22, 26

The word seduce is found two other places in the bible besides the book of revelation, and they refer to false christs, and antichrist, this shows (or gives the idea) that we are talking about the antichrist, the papacy. (PO* HMSA: seduce means to force). My servants = His people. “commit fornication” – idolatry, union of church and state. She’s married to Ahab, the Israel (Christian) king. This woman (church) is uniting with so-called a Christian nation. To commit fornication = idolatry. To eat things sacrificed unto idols = abomination. This is called and abomination.

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(History shows) She married Ahab, he was the King of Israel. Israel was suppose to be a Christian nation. So we have a Christian King, who married a pagan church. So here we have the union of church and state, and they are married. PA: At the end of time the papacy and apostate protestants (who are they? The USA,) America is considered to be a Christian nation. (Extra: In Rev 13, the second beast caused fire to come down from heaven. The example of fire coming down from heaven was taken from the story of Elijah. When Ahab and Jezebel existed together) “eat things sacrificed unto idols” = abomination.
2:21 And I gave her space to repent of her fornication; and she repented not.

“space” = time; God have her 3½ years (1260 days) to repent. When the Bible says this, it means that God gave her specific time to repent. How long was that? 3 ½ years. (Jump: Day = year principle, with James 5:17). This is no other than the papacy who ruled for 1260 years. The word “Thyatira” means “purple.” The papacy is described in purple:
Rev 17:4 And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornication:

Literal city of Thyatira sat on the river Lycos.
Rev 17:1 And there came one of the seven angels which had the seven vials, and talked with me, saying unto me, Come hither; I will shew unto thee the judgment of the great whore that sitteth upon many waters:

(BSM: come and put all the points together) What church do we know that is a pagan church. And it is united with a Christian nation so to speak, that have a lot of Christian concepts. What church claims to be a mouth piece for God. And they deceive God's people, they practice idolatry which is an abomination. And God gave this church a space of 1260 years to repent. It has the characteristics of purple, and sits upon waters. Conclusion: Only one church in history applies to this woman Jezebel. And it is the papacy. We can safely conclude that Jezebel represents the papal power. God is describing what happened during the papacy. What prepared her? The people of the “Nicolaitanes” in Ephesus was the seed. Then in Smyrna as known as the “synagogue of Satan.” In Pergamos, the doctrine of “Balaam and Balaac” and they want to be called “Father.” Then in Thyatira we now see “Jezebel.” It took stages for this power to be formed. The time really prepared her was at the time of Pergamos, for she needed the political power.
2:22 Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation, except they repent of their deeds.

“I will punish her for her adultery” – What is this talking about? This is referring to Judgment upon the whore, that she will be destroyed.
Rev 17:1 And there came one of the seven angels which had the seven vials, and talked with me, saying unto me, Come hither; I will show unto thee the judgment of the great whore that sitteth upon many waters:

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This has already been pronounced long time ago in the church of Thyatira. Why does the Bible say?
Rev 2:22 …I will cast her into a bed…

She is called a "whore" where do they practice their occupation? In the bed, in other words God will destroy where she commits her sin. That is why Revelation 18, talks about her as a city that will go down. He will destroy where she commits her sin.
2:23 And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall know that I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your works.

“her children” – she’s the “mother of harlots.”
Rev 17:5 And upon her forehead was a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.

“reins” – means “inmost thoughts, feelings, purposes, of the soul” “hearts” – “soul or mind, as it is the fountain and seat of the thoughts, passions, desires, appetites, affections, purposes, endeavors” this gives us the idea that the reins and the hearts, means the inside. So when he searches the reins and hearts, it means He investigates what is on the inside. App: When God investigates us, He will investigate the inmost thoughts, the affections, the will, the character Papacy has great pretense, a great form of Godliness, but they have great hypocrisy, so God will examine their hearts.
Ps 26:2 …Examine me, O LORD…heart

So we see a lot of things that are related to judgment in the church of Thyatira. The time frame of this church is 538 – 1798. But after 1798, or after this church, what is coming? The investigative judgment. So from this church, we see signs, and a foretelling of the judgment that is coming. (PO* This corresponds with Daniel 7) 2:24 But unto you I say, and unto the rest in Thyatira, as many as have not this doctrine, and which have not known the depths of Satan, as they speak; I will put upon you none other burden. “the rest in Thyatira” – there are faithful people inside the Pergamos church. This does not make the papacy God’s church. God says come out of her My People. The people are but the church is not.
2:25 But that which ye have [already] hold fast till I come.

We begin to see the second coming language.
2:26 And he that overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end, to him will I give power over the nations:

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So if you overcome I will give you power over the nations. When can you have power over the nations in this world today? You have to be what? A ruler or a king. So that means that God will make us a King. Where else does God talk about making us a king? Rev 1
Dan 7:22 …time came that the saints possessed the kingdom…

This is referring to the 1000 years or the millennium. The time has come for them to possess the kingdom. Why? In Daniel 2 the stone comes hits the feet, the stone becomes a mountain, a great kingdom. At this time from the beginning of the 2nd coming, now the saints can possess the kingdom. (PO* Right now as Christ is a priest we are to be Priests, when He is made king, we will be made kings)
Dan 7:27 And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the most High, whose kingdom [is] an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him.

Who shall possess the kingdom? The saints. The kingdom will be given to who? The saints. Jesus says "He that overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end…will I give...nations." In other words, don't worry my people in the church of Thyatira, don't worry, you are being oppressed and afflicted by this so called Christian kingdom the papacy, but don't worry someday you will have the eternal kingdom. The promise is relevant to the condition of this church. Who are the saints of the most high? The word saints generally speaking could apply to all Christians. But in Daniel 7, who is this talking about? Contextually speaking the saints refer to who?
Dan 7:25 …He shall…wear out the saints of the most High…

Who is He? The papacy, so. The papacy will persecute the "saints" of the most High. So who are the saints? This is referring to those Christians who were persecuted under the papacy. Who are they? Those in the church of Thyatira. Here is the concept: Jesus says to the church of Thyatira if you overcome, I will give you the kingdom. In Daniel 7, those who were persecuted, someday they will possess the kingdom, similar concept.
2:27 And he shall rule them with a rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers: even as I received of my Father.

Who shall rule with the rod of iron? Jesus already rules with a 'rod of Iron'. He is saying I rule with the rod of Iron. But some day you will rule with the 'rod of iron' as well, with me. JESUS
Ps 2:9 Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel. Rev 12:5 And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron:

So we know Jesus had this rulership, the rod of Iron, and with this rod, He will break in pieces. Second Coming He is shown with the rod of Iron.
Rev 19:15 …he shall rule them with a rod of iron…

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Three places we see so far, that Jesus would rule with a rod of iron Jesus will give this rod to the saints. What does this mean? And why? SAINTS
Daniel 2:44 …it shall break in pieces…

(Explain, to show bridge). The stone coming from heaven, this stone will break in pieces. The break in pieces concept is taken from Jesus with the rod of iron who will break in pieces. When Jesus comes the second time, He will come with the rod of iron to break in pieces. This rock is coming to break in pieces. Why this description of Judgment? (Remember the 4th Kingdom)
Dan 2:40 And the fourth kingdom shall be strong as iron: forasmuch as iron breaketh in pieces and subdueth all [things]: and as iron that breaketh all these, shall it break in pieces and bruise

What empire also had the characteristics of the rod of iron? Rome, so they are trying to compete with Jesus. And who is actually competing? Satan.
Dan 7:23 …The fourth beast shall…break it in pieces"

Remember it had iron teeth, and it shall break in pieces. This shows the same characteristics of Jesus.
Rev 13:2 …the dragon (pagan Rome) gave him (Papal Rome) his power, and his seat, and great authority.

So Roman empire gave the papacy: Power, authority, and seat. This shows the characteristics of the 'rod of iron'. So now who has the rod of iron? The papacy, like who? Jesus Christ, this is a counterfeit. We see the antichrist. So what does this mean? Recap: The people in the church of Thyatira, you have been persecuted by the papacy with the rod of Iron, but I will make sure that you can revenge with me, with my rod of iron.
Rev 13:4 …dragon which gave power unto the beast: and they worshipped the beast, saying, Who [is] like unto the beast?

The dragon gave power unto the beast, and now the beast is receiving adoration. And the words say "Who is like unto the beast" this is the same phrase that belongs to Jesus
Ex 15:11 ….Who is like unto thee O LORD?

Papacy is receiving the same adoration meaning he is the counterfeit antichrist.
2:28 And I will give him the morning star.

“morning star” – Who is the morning star?
Rev 22:16 I am the root and the offspring of David, [and] the bright and morning star.

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So this refers to Jesus. Why is Jesus called a morning star? And this name is connected to his other name I am the offspring of David, meaning He will come as a man, a savior, because He is our savior He is our morning star. What is the morning star? The first star that comes before the sign rises. It is usually Venus, when you see it come, you know that soon it will be morning, the sun will come up.
Isa 14:12 …O Lucifer, son of the morning…

Who else had the name of morning star? Lucifer. If you look up Lucifer in the dictionary it means: Light bearer or morning star. So Jesus Christ and Lucifer. The word morning means: The fourth watch of the night, from 3 o'clock in the morning until 6 o'clock approximately. Ill: If you get up at 3 o'clock it is very dark, but when you see that morning star, it tells you soon it will be sunrise. The church of Thyatira is in darkness. So Christ says will give you the morning star. And when you see this morning star, soon the darkness will disappear. “star” = messenger. I will send you a morning star, this represent Jesus, and when you see that messenger you know soon the darkness will disappear. Who is that morning star of the reformation?
GC 80 In the fourteenth century arose in England..morning star of the Reformation' John Wycliffe…Christendom.

When Wycliffe came up he was the morning star, and this indicated that soon the papacy would be destroyed. If you are faithful don't worry, I am in control, you will rule with the rod of Iron, I will give you power over all the nations, keep faithful unto me, I will revenge. Church of Thyatira be patient.
2:29 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.

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Chapter 3 – The Churches of Sardis | Philadelphia | Laodicea
Chapter two and three deals with the seven churches in Asia Minor, these are actual names of towns that existed. In one trip, you can visit all those seven churches. When we look at the book of Revelation chapter one, two and three, it sounds like God is actually speaking to the seven literal churches.

Sardis (Post-Protestant Church) | AD 1798 – 1833 (1-6)
Sardis was the period of time when God’s church just came out of Thyatira. And Thyatira was the church afflicted, or the church during the dark ages. Review: Ephesus = Apostolic church or pure church Smyrna = Persecuted church Pergamos = Compromise church or church of apostasy Thyatira = Church in darkness and affliction. To be more specific the papal church Sardis refers to a group of people who just came out of darkness. They came out of darkness by the leading of the morning star, and who was that? John Wycliffe. He was the morning star of the reformation. So they are just learning about the light, the truth. They are Protestants. They are coming out of the ages of the papal rule. Remember this, these reformers they still have the papal mentality. VERSE [1] And unto the angel of the church in Sardis write; These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars; I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead. [2] Be watchful, and strengthen the things which remain, that are ready to die: for I have not found thy works perfect before God. [3] Remember therefore how thou hast received and heard, and hold fast, and repent. If therefore thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee as a thief, and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee. [4] Thou hast a few names even in Sardis which have not defiled their garments; and they shall walk with me in white: for they are worthy. [5] He that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment; and I will not blot out his name out of the book of life, but I will confess his name before my Father, and before his angels. [6] He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.
3:1 And unto the angel of the church in Sardis write; These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars; I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead.

They just came out from the darkness led by the morning star “John Wycliffe.” So they were just learning about truth. But they still have a lot of Papal ideas. “Sardis” – Sardis means “red ones.” Again this is another church where I could not see the clear connection between the definition of the name of the church and the condition of the church. Note: Prince of joy or spring. That is from the pioneers, but we don’t know how they got it. We can keep it in mind as we go. It gives the idea that winter is past and spring is coming.
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Historical Background: A luxurious city in Asia Minor the capital of Lydia. This city is known for luxury. They are quite rich. Time Frame: 1798-1833 AD. Note: Some will argue these dates. They say it’s from 1517-1833. I will not fight, but I fill more comfortable with 538-1798 why? Space to repent. That was 3 ½ years. Also the church of Sardis is after the leading of morning star. The church of Sardis is pretty much dead. 1833 is the Advent movement. And the condition of the church passes the time frame of the morning star when they had the fire of reformation because the church is dead. From 1798-1833 God’s church, even though they were Protestants, they were pretty much dead. The year 1833 was the beginning of the Advent movement, the remnant movement, so when we study about Philadelphia we will know more. INTRODUCTION OF JESUS “These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars” – This is the description of Jesus for this church. Do you know of anywhere else within the churches that has a similar description like this? BSM: This is more contextual. (PO This is a comparison) Ephesus, how do you know? The Bible says He has seven stars in His right hand. And He is walking in the midst of seven candlesticks, and candlesticks have 7 lamps, and the 7 lamps are the Spirit of God. Can you see the similarity? The way that Jesus presented Himself to the church of Ephesus is the way that He presented Himself to the church of Sardis. BSM: There is a little bit of repetition What church came after Ephesus? Smyrna. Was that a good church? Yes, Did they have any rebukes? No. After the church of Sardis who comes next? Philadelphia. Do they have any rebukes? No Sardis is like Ephesus; Philadelphia is like Smyrna. BSM: This is repetition. What church is after Smyrna? Pergamos, and what is their problem? They compromised between good and evil. After Philadelphia who do you have? Laodecia, what is their problem? They are not hot, they are not cold, they are compromised water, lukewarm. BSM: Can you see history repeats? History is being repeated in a similar way. So, guess what? Laodecia is the last church, but the church of Laodeica will have the experience of which church? Thyatira. BSM: According to the repetition it has to be Thyatira. Why? Because the papacy will regain its power again. Then what happens? Who will come out? The 144,000, the loud cry, and the remnant church. We will study some thing about that when we study Laodecia. (PO. Why? Because the last church will go through the time when the deadly wound is healed. That is Thyatira all over again.)
Rev 2:1 …Seven stars…seven golden candlesticks”

Similar description to Sardis “Spirit of God” – what can we gather about the spirit of God?
Job 33:4 The spirit of God hath made me, and the breath of the Almighty hath given me life.

Spirit of God is connected to life.

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John 6:63 It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, [they] are spirit, and [they] are life

Spirit of God is again, related to life.
Gen 2:7 And the LORD God formed man [of] the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul

Spirit of God is life. The Spirit of God many times represents life. So Jesus has 7 stars and 7 Spirits of God. And the 7 Spirits also mean life. That is very important, why? Because what is the condition of the church? It is dead, when somebody is dead, that person needs life, and it is given by who? The Spirit, and we will see why they are dead. “Seven stars” – Jesus is trying to awaken the church members out of their deadness. “name to live” – name of a Christian. “I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead” – Historical Background: Why are they dead? What happened was that while the reformation was spreading they were on fire, they were going and moving. It was a great exodus from the papacy and great darkness. But when they came out of that stage as Protestants, and because they didn’t face any more persecution they settled down. They ceased to grow into more light. They stopped progressing and learning more. They were just happy that they were Protestants and came out of the papal age, but after that they stopped growing. Illus: When something stops growing it means that it is what? Dead. That is why this church became dead. They have a name to live, what name? Protestants, we are Christians, but they are dead because they are not growing. (PO Per App: If we are not growing, we are dead. There is no in-between. It is either all the way up or back down.) “dead” = destitute of life, of force, inactive. They are inactive, they are not doing much work anymore, they are not moving that much anymore, they are dead.
Rom 8:10 …The Spirit is life because of righteousness…

Watch this. Why is this church dead? Because the basic fundamental reason is because they stopped growing and increasing in their understanding and experience. But the spiritual understanding is that they are dead because they don’t have the Spirit. If you are spiritually dead it means you don’t have the Spirit. But the Bible says the Spirit is life because of righteousness. So another word for life is righteousness. So the reason why these people in Sardis are dead is because they don’t have what experience? Righteousness. You may say that they understood Justification by faith because of Martin Luther, the Just shall live by faith, or baptism, or the Methodist understanding. But the true understanding of RBF they were in need. (PO: How do we get righteousness? By faith. It means they don’t have RBF and that was the exact message that was given to the papacy. They stopped growing in the understanding of that truth.)

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Jam 2:26 The body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also…

“Body without the spirit is dead” – PO Church is called the body. A church without the Spirit of God is what? Dead. What does this mean? The church of Sardis is dead, they claim to have faith, but there are no works that follow. Not legalistic works, but true works of righteousness. Remember they just came out of the reformation, and the basic doctrine of the reformation was Justification by Faith. And they were on the other side of this experience.
Eph 4:23-24 [23] And be renewed in the spirit of your mind; [24] And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.

“spirit of your mind” – When you are dead, you need to live again, and to live again you need to have the spirit of your mind to be renewed. What experience was the church of Sardis missing? They lacked righteousness and true faith. They lacked RBF. They have faith, but not righteousness. They are dead. Historical Background > Fundamental reason We are talking about the church that is spiritually dead! During Thyatira, there was much darkness, but a morning star arose and the great reformation began. They were moving into great exodus from Papacy—coming out of darkness. But after they came out as Protestants, the persecution began to cease, and there was no more opposition and afflictions. These people become at compliant, ease, comfortable, and they ceased to grow and develop in spiritual life. They called themselves Protestants or reformers, yet they stopped growing—they were dead. They stopped studying and learning more things from the Scripture. They were just happy that they came out of Papacy. That was the condition of the majority of the church. These churches, coming out of the Babylon, the accepted “the just shall live by faith,” yet they still clung to the wrong doctrines and traditions of Catholic. They ceased to grow. They had name to live, the Protestant, but they were dead—there was no growing in Christian life.
3:2 Be watchful, and strengthen the things which remain, that are ready to die: for I have not found thy works perfect before God.

“things which remain, that are ready to die” – If you are ready to die that means you are not dead yet. That means there is a small group of people, (this goes along with the concept of the remnant), they still have the experience of righteousness because they are still living. But even they are ready to die away. “remain” refers to a small number in righteousness. Everyone is dead, but they are the ones who remain, the last remnant who are faithful. “ready to die” – that means you are not dead yet. There are small number of people still having the experience of righteousness by faith. The church is still living, but even these remnants are ready to die away. BSM: When you are pasturing and go to the new strict, the first thing you need to do is to strengthen that are about to die. They are upholding their spiritual life, but majority are compromising and the influence is too strong. Encourage those few that remain and strengthen them. Don’t be discouraged by all these skeletons laying around you. Stick to those that are still

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have the breathe of God in them. “spiritual” you need them to help you. When you see the Seven churches, you see your own spiritual life. You had the first love, but you lost it. But you gained back that love because of trials and afflictions. But when the afflictions are gone, you start to compromise with the world. Then you apostasized and backsliden from the truth and become lukewarm. Then God brings you out of the darkness and a reformation begins in your heart and you come out of that darkness. Then you are at ease, comfortable state and stop growing into the truth. God never ordained we should walk in this way, but we may repeat this routine. God is letting us know that He has remedy for each of these steps. “for I have not found thy works perfect before God” – That shows that they did work. But how come their works were not perfect before God? Because it was not by true faith (James 2:26). It is not really righteousness. There is RBW and RBF, which produce true works. There is a difference between the two. That is what they are lacking. They how can they have perfect work that is the question. If all work is not perfect, then how can we have a perfect work? In order for us to have perfect work, we must have Jesus.
Deut 32:4 [He is] the Rock, his work [is] perfect…

In order for you to have perfect work, you must have Jesus as your foundation. They lacked some of this because their work was not perfect. Perfect work comes from Christ working in you. They are dead, because they don’t allow Christ to work in them. In order for us to have a perfect work, we gotta have Jesus as our foundation.
Heb 13:20-21 [20] Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant, …[21] Make you perfect in every good work …

What will make you perfect in every good work? The blood of the everlasting covenant. What is that? The new covenant experience. Perfect work comes from the blood of the everlasting covenant—the righteousness by faith. Somehow they are not understanding the blood of the everlasting covenant—the righteousness by faith—which enables them to give them the perfect works. They lack the spiritual experience. BSM: If you want to study the whole book of Hebrews this is from the heavenly sanctuary. That has some connection with the church of Philadelphia because the church of Philadelphia is about to walk into the sanctuary message. There work was not perfect before God, why? Because they lacked the blood of the everlasting covenant, which is the new covenant experience, what is that? RBF (You will see that when you study Hebrews 10)
2 Tim 3:16-17 All scripture [is] given by inspiration of God, and [is] profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: …That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works.

Scripture is given so that your work, you may be perfect. Sardis was not perfect, why? Because they stopped growing in the understanding of the Bible. They were satisfied with Justification by Faith. But they still believe in infant baptism, the earthly priesthood, and other doctrines of the papacy (PO: Original sin, predestination, once saved always saved). They did not fully leave them. They were satisfied with the reformation doctrines, but they didn’t continue in greater light. That is why they became dead and not perfect. Perfection is not a level that you arrive—that is maturity. (Now, of course there is perfection in terms of maturity. That’s when you produce the fruit). Perfection is growing. When the blade comes

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out of the ground, it’s in perfection. Every stage of growing is perfection. But when you cease to grow, you are imperfect—you are dead. What we should be worried about is if we are growing in Christ daily.
3:3 Remember therefore how thou hast received and heard, and hold fast, and repent. If therefore thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee as a thief, and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee.

“received and heard” – Received and heard what? You will not know what it is unless you compare it to Thyatira. In the church of Thyatira, what did they receive? Was anything given in the church of Thyatira? In a normal sense, what do you receive and hear? truth, or a message. Did they receive any message in Thyatira? The morning star. And the star represents a messenger. What was that message? The reformation. They have received and heard, but that message is drifting away. In other words, they received the reformation, that was good, but they must keep it. Not only keep the message, but continue being Protestants, continue in the reformation. He says hold fast, that means they were not really holding fast. “repent” – this concept of repentance is like John the Baptist = Kingdom of Heaven is at hand. “If therefore thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee as a thief” – What language is this? The second coming of Jesus. So in the church of Sardis this type of language is there. I’m coming. 1,260 days are over I am coming. The time of the end. Remember Dan 11 and 12? The time of the end. When is that? 1798. 1798 is here, Sardis, I’m coming as a thief, and you must be ready. But there is another application to this. I am coming as a judge. I am coming as a judge, as a High Priest, I’m coming to do the investigative judgment. What church is that? Phildelphia, which is really the preparation, and the church of Laodecia is the greater fulfillment. (PO: Mal 3:1 “The Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant” (Where do you find that covenant in the sanctuary? The MHP, the Ark of the Covenant. And what was Sardis’ problem? There work was not perfect? Why? They lacked the blood of the covenant. Now He is coming to check that work.) 2 “But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appeareth?” This language sounds familiar to Rev 6:17 ‘who shall be able to stand’? The language that is used for the second coming is also used for the investigative judgment. Why? Because the preparation that is needed for the second coming is the same preparation that is needed for the judgment. GC 424 “Both the prophecy of Daniel 8:14, "Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed," and the first angel's message, "Fear God, and give glory to Him; for the hour of His judgment is come," pointed to Christ's ministration in the most holy place, to the investigative judgment, and not to the coming of Christ for the redemption of His people and the destruction of the wicked… This coming is foretold also by the prophet Malachi: "The Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to His temple, even the Messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, He shall come, saith the Lord of hosts." Malachi 3:1. The coming of the Lord to His temple was sudden, unexpected, to His people. They were not looking for Him there”)
3:4 Thou hast a few names even in Sardis which have not defiled their garments; and they shall walk with me in white: for they are worthy.

“few names….have not defiled” – There are a few that have not yet died, and there are a few who have not defiled their garments. Defiled = who have soiled themselves by fornication and adultery.

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They have not defiled, which means they were free from fornication and adultery. Do we see anywhere else that describes adultery and fornication? Thyatira, who was it? Jezebel, who was that? Papacy. What do we know about the papacy, they caused many to commit fornication. But there were some in Sardis who have not defiled their garments, what does that mean? They completed come out from the papacy. BSM: Notice how the word ‘defiled’ is applied in Revelation
Rev 21:27 And there shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh abomination, or maketh a lie: but they which are written in the Lamb’s book of life.

There are few people that are not undefiled, and if you are faithful, I will not blot out your name from the book of life. But those are defiled, will be blotted out. Talking about the 144,000, God’s true remnant has no connection with the Babylon.
Rev 14:4, 5 [4]These are they which were not defiled with women; ... [5]And in their mouth was found no guile: for they are without fault before the throne of God.

Referring to the 144,000. Not defiled with women, women meaning not defiled with apostate churches. So there were a small group of people in Sardis that were not contaminated by the doctrines of the papacy. They have not committed adultery with the abomination of desolation. They are pure, they are not defiled. But only a few. And guess, what these people will do? From their seed comes the church of Philadelphia.
3:5 He that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment; and I will not blot out his name out of the book of life, but I will confess his name before my Father, and before his angels.

“overcome” = the spiritual deadnes. “white raiment” = means righteousness—what they were lacking. “blot out his name out of the book of life” – this event takes in the judgment. We already saw the Second coming language, and now we see the investigative judgment language. What is coming? When does God decide when He will blot out or keep your name? During the judgment. What is coming? The judgment (PO: Garment is connected to your name not being blotted out. If you overcome, you receive the white raiment, and because of that raiment your name will not be blotted out. Matt 22 wedding feast, those who had the wedding garment they could remain, and the one who didn’t have the garment He was kicked out. So when you see the phrase ‘white raiment’ it is connected to what? Judgment. Zech 3:3,4 “Joshua was clothed with filthy garments. And he answered and spake unto those that stood before him, saying, Take away the filthy garments from him. And unto him he said, Behold, I have caused thine iniquity to pass from thee, and I will clothe thee with change of raiment” Investigative judgment when it passes on the living. The judgment is not all doom and gloom, it is about several things: Marriage, Citizens of the kingdom of God, members of the household of God sons and daughters. And the judgment proves before the universe that God is able and that it is safe for Him to do this. Marriage showing we can be united forever, kings and queens, we can be subjects in His kingdom forever. Sons, we can be adopted into the Godhead. )

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Can you see the second coming language here? I am coming as a thief? Can you see investigative judgment language here? Yes, why? Because it is about to happen. BSM: This is contextual application. Get ready, if you overcome I will make sure I secure your salvation in the judgment.
Rev 21:27 And there shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh abomination, or maketh a lie: but they which are written in the Lamb’s book of life.

(PO: Overcometh, what was there problem? They were dead, so they need the what? Spirit. The word Spirit automatically is connected to Adoption. If you have life, not only do you have life, but you are entitled to adoption. Rom 8:14 “led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God… have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. Jesus told His followers that we can call Him father. At the end He says ‘my Father’ which means He is not your Father anymore. That means you have been rejected. Why is that important? Remember “first begotten?” That means He became our what? Brother. Why to intercede. Jesus only intercedes for His brothers. But if you don’t have the Spirit, then you cannot be His brother, and He cannot intercede for you. Where in the Bible does it explain why Jesus will not confess you before the Father? Luke 12:8-9 “Also I say unto you, Whosoever shall confess me before men, him shall the Son of man also confess before the angels of God: But he that denieth me before men shall be denied before the angels of God.” so they are not confessing Him before men. They are dead, inactive Rev 21:7 “He that overcometh shall inherit all things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son”) Note: Dan 7:9-10, 13 have a similar picture: Ancient of days, angels, and Son of man. Judgment described in connection with kingdom. Here it is described in connection with family. There are few people that are not undefiled, and if you are faithful, I will not blot out your name from the book of life. But those are defiled, will be blotted out. “defileth” – Who cannot enter in to the new Jerusalem? Anything that defiles. Defiles mean fornication. Literally or spiritually. “abomination” –Where do you see this in the book of revelation? Who has abomination? Balaam, and the woman, remember it says the Mother of Harlots, and abominations of the earth? Rev 17:5 “maketh lie” – that refers to guile. “Lambs book of life” – There is a contrast. In Sardis there are a few names who have not defiled themselves. And if you overcome, if you stay undefiled I will not blot out your name from the book of life. (PO Applies to both groups: For the few names who are not defiled, if they overcome? Meaning, stay undefiled. For those who are dead, overcome mean, become undefiled, otherwise there names will be blotted out.) But those who are defiled, their names will be blotted out of the book of life. Big picture it refers to the contamination from the papacy.

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Rev 13:8 And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world

At the end of time you have two choices: Either you will have your name in the book on earth, or the book in heaven. If you defile yourself with the papacy, your name will be blotted out. That will be magnified in the 3 angel’s message. (end)Those who have not their name in the book of life are following the beast. At the end of time, there’s only 2 choice—name in the book of life, or in the book on earth. If you defile yourself with Papacy, your name will be blotted out. That is magnified in the 3 angel’s message. God is trying tell them, “It’s about to happen! Get ready for my coming; get ready for the judgment; get ready for the end time! Then I will secure your salvation.”
3:6 he that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.

Q: Is everything that are mentioned apply to the literal church? A: Not really. Just like in Ezek 28, God uses the literal things and to bring out the message for the last days.

Philadelphia (Brotherly-Love Church) | AD 1833-1844 (7-13)
This is the best church in some peoples opinion. It is high on Peter's ladder 2 Peter.
3:7 And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth;

To the angel > Messenger Key of David Conclusion/Appeal:
Rev 3:9 Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan…

Two points: Probation closed on those who rejected. Synagogue of Satan discredits the heavenly sanctuary. Synagogue of Satan show in Smyrna, shows the same deception existed and continued all the way down to that age.
Acts 6:11-14

That is why there is such an attack on the sanctuary message so our people will not understand it. This is nothing new.
Acts 6:11 ...against Moses and against God…[13] …holy place and the law…

Their work back then was to destroy the sanctuary message. This is what the synagogue of Satan did to the early church and he is doing it today. Stephen was filled with wisdom (Ps 111:10 fear of the Lord) sanctuary message, face like angel = Rev 14:7 fear God and give glory, etc. LDP: SDA's will be look at again as being against established laws and traditions. Are you watching? Are you studying the prophecies and the scriptures? Watch! Probation can close on you. Study the scriptures. If this is your desire kneel with me in prayer.
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“Philadelphia” – means “brotherly love.” When Advent movement started, there was a lot of confessing, lot of restitution, reconciliation, unity, spiritual meetings, heart searching. Out of all the churches, this is the best. 'brotherly love' 1833-1844. Why 1833? Because this is when the Advent movement started. It is called the era of brotherly love because there was a lot of confession and unity, reconciliation, spirit filled meetings, a lot of heart searching. Laodecia begins in 1844 with the investigative judgment. In AD 1833 Advent movement started. The church Laodecea begins with the Investigative Judgment—AD 1844. “These things saith he that is holy, he that is true" – Here Jesus presents Himself as He that is holy and he that is true. What does that mean? Why does Jesus present Himself this way? BSM: Look up in the book of revelation where else you see these two words 'holy and true'
Rev 6:10 And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?

So the words holy and true are related to what? Judge and avenge. So when Jesus presents Himself as Holy and True, this means that He is the judge and avenger. What is about to happen to the church of Philadelphia? They are about to discover the judgment of God. This is what they needed in this church. They thought Christ was coming, but they didn't recognize that His ministry was being changed from the Holy Place to the Most Holy Place. This is definitely the judgment language. When the bible mentioned “holy and true” in the book of Revelation, it’s connected to His judgment and avenge—investigative & executive. When Jesus present Him as “holy and true,” that means “I am the judge, avenger.” The church of Philadelphia is about to discover the judgment of God. And that was what that church needed because they taught the Jesus is coming, but didn’t recognize the ministration in the most holy place of the heavenly sanctuary. “He that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth” – What is this key of David? We will only look at 'the key of David' (the whole text is a deep study, we will not look at openeth and no man shutteth) Preview: 'he that openeth, and not man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth' it means that no man can shut salvation. 'no man shutteth..no man openeth' this is referring to a close of probation. There was a small close of probation during the Advent movement. Study in EW 'shut door' probation closed on those who rejected the Three Angel's messages. (PO Shut Door in 1844 “These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth" (Rev. 3:7). I was shown in vision, and I still believe, that there was a shut door in 1844. All who saw the light of the first and second angels' messages and rejected that light, were left in darkness. And those who accepted it and received the Holy Spirit which attended the proclamation of the message from heaven, and who afterward renounced their faith and pronounced their experience a delusion, thereby rejected the Spirit of God, and it no longer pleaded with them.” {1SM 63} ) This language is only from one place in the Bible. “key of David” – key is for opening something that is locked and enter into a private area. This language is from only one place in the Bible:

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Isa 22:22 And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.

Key of the house of David & lay upon his shoulder. In this text we have extra words. 'key of the house of David' So we see that Christ has the Key of David, but this Key is to what? The house of David. What is in the house of David?
Psa 122:5 For there are set thrones of judgment, the thrones of the house of David.

So the house of David, refers to what? The thrones of judgment. So He has the key of the house of David, that means He is ready to open the house of David, that means He is ready to open the thrones of judgment. What is that? The investigative judgment. So He is saying to the church of Philadelphia, listen I am about to open the investigative judgment. And this is what they needed because this was their problem and misunderstanding. It wasn't sin, but it was there problem, and they had a great trial because of this. Recap: so what is the key of David? We are talking about judgment, why is it a key? Because He has power to open it. And here is the reason why. Thrones of judgments are in the “house of David.” Therefore this key is to open the thrones of judgments. And that was what the church of Philadelphia needed—the understanding of the investigative judgment. It wasn’t a sin, but it was their problem.
Isa 9:6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace

“That key is laid upon “his shoulder.” What does “shoulder” represent? Another word for “government” is “kingdom.” That means He is about to set up the kingdom through the investigative judgment. You are going to see this concept repeating when we study the Seven Seals and the Seven Trumpets. Jesus is telling to Philadelphia, “Look I am about to do the investigative judgment, I am about to set up a kingdom, I am about to set up my government, I am about to open this, so get ready.”
Dan 7:22 Until the Ancient of days came, and judgment was given to the saints of the most High; and the time came that the saints possessed the kingdom.

That means He will rule His government with the key that is on His shoulder. This key opens the judgment, He is going to rule His government with this key, with judgment. This means that He is about to setup His kingdom.
Dan 7:13-14

Christ goes into the MHP about to do the judgment, and it says He will receive dominion and a kingdom. What is that? He is about to receive a government through the investigative judgment. Now which group of people make up His kingdom and what will they be doing? Before the church of Philadelphia we have which church? Sardis, what did Christ tell them?
Rev 3:3 If therefore thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee as a thief, and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee."

What language is this? Second coming language. Why is it used?

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First reason: Church of Thyatira ended 1798 (time of the end) Book of Daniel opened. Church given warning to
Rev 2:25 …hold fast til I come…

What kind of language is this? Second coming language (don't see in first 3 churches) 1798 officially marked the last days. Progression Thyatira "hold fast til I come" Sardis "I will come on thee as a thief" Notes: this date also marks the deadly wound. God gave it to the beast, to allow His message to be given. This message was suppose to end it all, but probation was extended, and now the healing of the wound is almost complete. Two events must happen before Christ can return
2 Thes 2:3 Let no man deceive you by any means: for [that day shall not come], except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition…

That day refers to the 2nd Coming. Must have "falling away" and man of sin must be revealed. Falling away describes the church of Pergamos. Man of Sin is revealed in Thyatira. That Day also refers to the day of the Lord.
1 Thes 5:2 ….Day of the Lord cometh as a thief…

It will come when they least expect it..what does this represent, the phrase 'cometh as a thief' is not talking specifically about the Second Coming of Christ. Because when He comes it won't be like a thief. The thief in the night aspect is a prelude to another event before His actual coming. When does the day of the Lord begin?
Zeph 1:14-15

Day of wrath = falling of the 7 last plagues. This happens at the close of probation. The day of the Lord begins at the close of probation, and extends past the 1000 yrs until the third coming. When it says thou shalt not know what "hour I will come" it was referring to the people who will be living right before His actual coming. But in the church of Philadelphia they experienced a close of probation. He said to the church of Sardis if you don't watch, meaning study the scriptures in relation to the prophecies probation will close on you. Notice he says to the church. The falling away is currently taking place and the man of sin has already been revealed. The next event will be the close of probation, but before that He will come to the names of those who are living. App: This shows how close we are to the judgment of the living. How is your life? How is your profession? Are you ready to stand before the bar of God? Recap: Jesus presents Himself to the church of Philadelphia and He is saying look I am about to do the investigative judgment and I am about to setup my kingdom, my government, I am about to open this. Get ready, we are talking about the investigative judgment! Who determines which resurrection will come out? Jesus, in the investigative judgment. That’s why the Bible says ‘the key of David”—Referring to judgment and resurrection. Why key of David? Why not “key of Solomon or other kings?” Because Jesus is seed of David. When the Bible says Jesus is seed/descendant of

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David, that refers to His resurrection: Why is it the Key of David? Why not Solomon, or another king? Because Jesus is the seed of David. When the Bible says Jesus is the seed or descendant of David, what does this mean? He is suppose to be a King, but there is another concept it is:
2 Tim 2:8 Jesus Christ of the seed of David was raised from the dead according to my gospel…

"raised from the dead" so Jesus has the key of David, that means He is the seed of David, and He is also raised from the dead. This is very important in connection with the judgment. Because if He was not resurrected He could not judge. Listen to the reason why:
Rom 1:3-4 [3]…The seed of David…[4] by the resurrection from the dead.

So this is the second time that the Bible makes a reference to the seed of David along with the resurrection. The seed of David refers to the resurrection. Meaning the antitypical King of David, the true King, they were all looking for the true King of Israel, another David, and Jesus is that David, why is He the King? Because He is resurrected. This connects with what we have been studying thus far.
Rev 5:5, 6 [5] The root of David…[6] a Lamb as it had been slain

"had been slain" this means that He was dead, but He was resurrected. This is the third time the Bible uses the root or seed of David, and it refers to His resurrection. This resurrection of Jesus is very important to judgment. If He was not resurrected, He cannot judge. Why does He say that? This is referring to the investigative judgment. In this Bible text, we see extra words: “the house”: This key is belong to David, but belongs to the “house” of David. That means He was dead, but resurrected. (Note: in the Book of Acts, you will see this repeated. When they argue about the resurrection of Jesus, they always refer to David.) What does this have to do with judgment? Why is the resurrection connected to Judgment? This is why
Rev 1:18 …I am alive for evermore…have the keys of hell and of death…

This means that He has power to open up the graves—resurrection. When He was resurrected, He then possessed the power over death. He first opens the key of judgment in order for Him to open the keys of hell and of death. Judgment will determine who is worthy to receive the resurrection of life. What does this mean? He has the right to open up the graves. He has the right to resurrect. He has the key of hell and death, this means He has a right to open up and shut it. He has this power because He has been resurrected. Now He has power over death, before it was the devil so to speak. But now after the resurrection, He has power over death, and He has control of hell and death.
1 Cor 15:22 …In Christ shall all be made alive…

“made alive” what does this mean? Be resurrected, this means that in Christ everyone will be resurrected. The righteous and the wicked, both of them. That means, in Christ, everybody will be resurrected. Righteous and the wicked, both of them. Jesus said

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John 5:29 …Resurrection of life…resurrection of damnation…

This means both the righteous and wicked will be resurrected. Who determines which resurrection you will come up in? Jesus, and when will He decide this? During the investigative judgment. This is why the Bible says the 'key of David' referring to judgment and the resurrection. The next verse says
Jn 5:30 …and if I judge and my judgment is just…

“Shutteth” – this is connected to the closing of the door to the Holy Place “Openeth” – this is connected to the opening of the door to the Most Holy Place.
3:8 I know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it: for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied my name.

“and has kept my word, and has not denied my name” – these are the people from Sardis, few that remained faithful, that made it into Philadelphia. These are the "remain" and "not defiled their garments" in Sardis (He skipped this….study on my own PO: Again Luke 12:9 if they did not deny His name, it means they have confessed it. So they took heed to the counsel. He said remember and hold fast, which means to keep. Remember it talked about those who needed to be strengthened. Same group, little strength, hold fast, confess His name, they have not been denied.) From this point on, there is no picture of papacy. God is now aiming at other angles.
3:9 Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee. “synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not” — this is just like Smyrna. Philadelphia

and Smyrna are alike; Sardis and Ephesus are alike. After the papacy has received her deadly would, the Protestants have become compliant and spiritually dead. They had a “name to live, but they were dead.” Now they are slowly turning into the “synogogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not.” They claim to be something, but they are not! We see the development of the apostate Protestants! Later, these will become part of Babylon. This is the preparation for the Papacy again. What church has the synagogue of Satan besides Philadelphia? Smyrna. What does this mean? The same deception continues and has reached the church of Philadelphia. But who are they? From the church of Sardis they are. The "dead" and "not perfect" from Sardis. Rev 3:1-2. They will confess that God's people are right at the end of the world. (This is not his main point, he skips it) “behold, I will make them to come and worship before thy feet” – Someday God will vindicate God’s people that they are true and faithful.
3:10 Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth.

What is this hour of temptation? What temptation is this? It is the great disappointment. How do we know? Temptation means affliction or adversity

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(Side Note: The word affliction has connection to the word bitter. Temptation is a bitter experience, great disappointment is the bitter experience in Revelation 10). (PO* This book if a revelation of Jesus, what does Jesus say about temptation, bridge, optional) “the hour of temptation” – the word “temptation” also means “affliction or adversity.” In Smyrna, we saw similar word—“tribulation.” “to try them that dwell upon the earth” – the greatest temptation that the Advent movement had was the Great Disappointment. From 50,000 Adventists, only 50 were remained after the Great Disappointment.
Luke 8:13 When they hear, receive the word with joy…in time of temptation fall away.

“they hear” – referring to the stony ground hearers. The Word temptation is used in this way. There was a great joy, great expectation, but nothing happened, it didn't come true so they fell away. There is great joy and they fell away.
Rev 10:10 Sweet…was bitter.

Refers to the sweet experience that became bitter. Great joy, and then disappointment. The hour of temptation refers to great disappointment. The hour of temptation is referring to great disappointment.
Ps 95:8 Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, [and] as [in] the day of temptation in the wilderness:

The wilderness experience was a day of temptation. Why? Because they wanted to eat meat or garlic? The greater temptation was that Moses promised a great land, they didn't see it, no water, no food. They had great joy when they crossed the red sea and saw the destruction, but on the third day they came to the waters named marra, marra means bitter, temptation, disappointment. It was a great temptation for them, because they were greatly disappointed. They were promised of the land of milk and honey, but when they had to go through the wilderness, they were greatly disappointed. The word “temptation” is closely connected to “disappointment.”
Matt 26:41 Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed [is] willing, but the flesh [is] weak.

Christ spoke these words right before He went to the cross to the disciples. What temptation is this? From all 3 Bible texts we can conclude that the word temptation refers to disappointment. The disciples were expecting Christ to be the king of Israel, and instead He went to the cross, He was betrayed, and judged, etc. and they went through a great disappointment and had a bitter experience, this was their hour of temptation. Jesus, just before the crucifixion, prayed that His disciples would not enter into temptation—the great disappointment.
3:11 Behold, I come quickly: hold that fast which thou hast, that no man take thy crown.

“I come quickly” – Second coming language. “no man take thy crown” – who receives the crown? He that endures the temptation or disappointment.
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Jam 1:13 Blessed [is] the man that endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him…

When the people of Philadelphia, endure the temptation, or disappointment they will get the crown.
3:12 Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, [which is] new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and [I will write upon him] my new name.

“overcome” – the temptation or disappointment. “new Jerusalem” – this is a city of the new kingdom. We already see the language of God’s kingdom. We see the progress: judgment  second coming  new kingdom. Writing the name in the city:
3:13 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.

Laodicea (Luke-Warm (Militant) Church ) | AD 1844-Close of Probation (14-22)
3:14 And unto the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write; These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God;

Based on the name, we take this church from 1844AD, when the investigative judgment has began, till the close of probation—that is to say, till the investigative judgment is completed. There are two churches: The church militant (church with faithful & unfaithful) and church triumphant (church with only faithful). When we talk about Laodicea, we are more on church militant. But in verse 21 we see an invitation to be overcomers and whosoever overcomes, these are they which make up the Church Triumphant—the pure church only with the faithful ones. There will come a time when this church will become ‘the church triumphant’: 144,000. This transition probably will begin with the national Sunday law. And that is the time to divide between faithful and unfaithful. And after this point, the church will be more like the church of Philadelphia, the church triumphant: 144,000. To the angel > Messenger Laodicea – means “people judged.” It does NOT mean “lukewarm”—the condition is. The book of Colossian goes with this church:
Col 2:1 For I would that ye knew what great conflict I have for you, and [for] them at Laodicea, and [for] as many as have not seen my face in the flesh; Col 4:16 And when this epistle is read among you, cause that it be read also in the church of the Laodiceans; and that ye likewise read the [epistle] from Laodicea.

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People being judged (refers to the investigative judgment). Note: Gk 2993 “justice of the people.” The Laodicean church covers the time of the investigative judgment.
Rev 15:4 …judgments...made manifest…

The church of Sardis speaks of judgment to come. Then Philadelphia refers to a coming judgment with the ‘key of David’ and then Laodicea means a people being judged. So we can conclude that this is the investigative judgment. Add texts showing judgment that comes before the second coming of Jesus Christ, and this is the last church. Time = 1844 A.D. to NSL [2nd coming]. It begins in 1844 because of the investigative judgment. Remember this is the church militant. It is mixed with the faithful and unfaithful. The church triumphant is only the faithful. When we speak of the church of Laodicea it refers to the church militant.But a time will come when this church will become the church triumphant the 144,000. A lot of fighting is taking place within the church. But this church will go through a transition from the church militant to the church triumphant, and that will probably be at the NSL. When it comes there will be a separation of the wheat and tares. The church militant is the wheat and tares together. The church triumphant is only the wheat. And the 3rd Angel’s [Not the 3 angel’s message, not all 3] message refers to the MOB. When that message comes it will separate them. You can say 2nd coming, but to be more specific it goes to the NSL. Then they become like the church of Philadelphia, the condition, not the period, the condition will be like Philadelphia with the 144,000. Historical background = a city of Phrygia, situated on the river Lycus not far from Colosse. It was destroyed by an earthquake in 66 A.D. and rebuilt by Marcus Aurelius. It was the seat of the Christian church. You can refer to a spiritual shaking that will take place during this time. Everything that can be shaken will be shaken.
Heb 12:27 And this [word], Yet once more, signifieth the removing of those things that are shaken, as of things that are made, that those things which cannot be shaken may remain.

Therefore, we can read the book of Colossians with very close connection with the Laodicean message. This is the only church without praise or recognition. This is the worst of all the seven churches. In the time of judgment, the condition of God’s church is in the worst state ever. But this is the only church that Jesus mentioned “those that I love.” (Not that Jesus doesn’t love other churches, but He emphasizes). This is the only church that has the written record of Christ saying to the church, “I love you.” In the church of Ephesus, we saw “love of Christ” picture in a symbolic language. It began with love and it ends with love. When you study all the promises of all the churches and compare them you see something very interesting: Ephesus Smyrna Pergamos Thyatira Sardis Philadelphia Tree of Life Not taste the second death Eat the hidden manna, name on the white stone Rule nations with rod of Iron Name in the book of life Write name of God, the new city

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Laodicean

Sit with Christ

Out of all the promises, the Laodicean church received the best promise. Not that other churches can’t seat with Christ, but we see the extra indication of how much Christ loves this church. No other churches received such a personal, intimate, close, and beautiful promise in record (although all these promises applies to any other churches). He is showing extra love to the worst church. You see the love of Christ in this church than any other churches. INTRODUCTION “saith the Amen” – means “so be it” or “I agree.” It is said at the end of pray or announcement. “Amen” gives the idea that it’s the end of things, and Jesus will finish the work. This is the last church. This is the last work Jesus will do. Christ will end the work with this church. Amen = This is the end, the conclusion, the final closing, let it be. You can connect this to “it is finished’ in connection with Rev 15:8
Rev 15:8 And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God,” This shows that it is finished.

It is not the exact same time, but you can connect it to Rev. Rev 16:17 “It is done” although it is spoken during the 7 last plagues, but it is referring to it being finished. It is done. So Jesus presents Himself as the Amen, why? Because He is not yet ready to finish the work. “faithful and true witness” – what does it mean?
Prov 14:5 A faithful witness will not lie: but a false witness will utter lies

Jesus will tell you the exact condition you are in and will not lie.
1 Thes 5:24 Faithful [is] he that calleth you, who also will do [it]

What He has promised, He will do it. This characteristics of Christ goes along with the characteristics of His church.
Ps 89:37 It shall be established for ever as the moon, and [as] a faithful witness in heaven. Selah

Moon represents “faithful witness.” Later, we also see the church standing on the moon.
Rev 12:1 And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars:

Jesus called Himself, “faithful witness”—moon. Christ wants His church to be “faithful witness” as well. The moon reflects the light of the sun. When you are witnessing, you are witnessing the light of Jesus Christ. But in order for us to witness (testify) of Jesus, we must have the character of Jesus, and we get the character of Jesus from the Bible:
John 5:39 Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.

In order for us to be the faithful witness, we must study the Scriptures and have the bible in our

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heart and in our life. The Testimony of Christ “The testimony of Jesus Christ” also means “the witness of Jesus Christ.” And what is the testimony of Jesus Christ?
Rev 19:10 And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See [thou do it] not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.

Testimony of Jesus Christ is the “spirit of prophecy”—the gift of prophecy. Who has the “spirit of prophecy”? “Thy fellowservant…and thy brethren.” Who are these?
Rev 22:2 for I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren the prophets...

Only the prophets have the gift of prophecy. In other words, they must have the words of a prophet.
Rev 12:17 And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.

That tells us that the last remnant church, the church of Laodecea must have a prophet. And through the “spirit of prophecy” Jesus tells His church their true condition.
Gen 1:16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.

It’s interesting that sister White calls her writings, “the lesser light.”
7BC 877 the writings of Ellen G. White serve, in her own words, as "a lesser light to lead men and women to the greater light" (EGW RH Jan. 20, 1903)

Jesus appears Himself according to the need of the church. In other words, that’s what the church exactly needs. He appeared as “the faithful witness” and that’s what we need to be. In order for us to be the faithful witness, we must have the Bible and the Spirit of Prophecy. Through the Spirit of Prophecy, Jesus tells us exactly what our spiritual conditions are. “beginning of the creation of God” – His is the Creator—connected to the issue of Sabbath. Around 1844, there was a birth to the theory called, “evolution.” They need to understand that God is the Creator, especially the concept of the Sabbath. Because this will be the time when the Sunday law will be established and the mark of the beast will determine the eternal destiny of mankind. Where else can you find this phrase? Almost the exact same word verbatim.
Mark 10:6-8 [6] But from the beginning of the creation God made them male and female. [7] For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and cleave to his wife; [8] And they twain shall be one flesh: so then they are no more twain, but one flesh.”

From the beginning of the creation, God has established two things—Sabbath and Marriage. Sabbath becomes very important aspect for it is the seal of the living God. Marriage concept becomes very important too, because there is a BIG spiritual marriage during the time of the judgment between Christ and the church.

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Amen = This means I am going to conclude it. Beginning of the Creation of God = This means that I will renew something. I am going to restore something. What is that? Sabbath and Marriage. Does this mean everyone will get married in the last generation? No it refers to a spiritual marriage. Remember what the Bible says about marriage.
Eph 5:31-32 [31] For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and shall be joined unto his wife, and they two shall be one flesh. [32] This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church.

Concerning the union of Christ and His church, the bible calls it, “a great mystery.” And that mystery will be finished during the seventh seal, which is under the church of Laodicea. (*PO What is he going to finish in the church of Laodicea? The Mystery of God. The spiritual marriage between Christ and His church. The Mystery of God began in church Ephesus, so it will end where? Laodicea)
Rev 10:7 But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets.

No wonder Christ is knocking on the hearts of their door. Rev 10:7 which takes place during the 7th trumpet, the Bible says the mystery of God should be finished. What is the mystery of God? The union of the church and Christ to be one. “Beginning of the Creation of God” – Sabbath
Rev 14:7 Worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.

Marriage: Between Christ and the church. The mystery of God. Mystery of God.
Eph 5 Eph 1 Col 1:27

This shows something about Him being the Creator and God. This is a little bit similar to what Jesus said in chapter 1. Before He said I am Alpha and Omega. Now He is saying I am Omega and Alpha. I am the Amen, and the Beginning of the Creation of God. I am going to finish it, but I am going to renew it. Q: Isn’t the New Jerusalem, Christ’s bride according to Rev 21 & 22? A: First of all, that’s the picture after the Millennium when the New Jerusalem city is coming down with the saints. Second, throughout the Bible, the ten virgins are the church, or the guests are the church, and in other places Christ’s bride is the church. So all of them are to point out the different aspect of God’s church.
3:15 I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot.

The literal city of Laodicea had water going through their town: hot and cold water mixed together. When they go by the town of Laodicea, they became lukewarm. So Jesus took that example to

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describe the condition of the church. “Cold” – represents the lack of love of God.
Matt 24:12 And because iniquity shall abound, the love of many shall wax cold.

“Hot” – this is opposite of “cold.” Possessing the love of God.
3:16 So then because thou art lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will spue thee out of my mouth.

“lukewarm” – So they are some where in-between. From the Bible it means not so much love and not completely without love. But somewhere in-between. There love is not perfect. Do you know of any other church that has a problem with love? Ephesus. BSM: There is a lot of repetition here. Don’t be amazed even if you see a lot of repetition even within the churches. There is a problem with love, and just to give a preview. The first counsel to the church is to buy of me gold tried in the fire. And gold represents faith, and faith works by love. Jesus is fixing their problem. And fire is trials which make your love hotter. Historical Background = In the city of Laodicea there are two streams that run into the city one is cold and the other is hot, and when they mix they are lukewarm. So Jesus takes this and uses it as an illustration describing the condition of the church. “I will spue thee out my mouth” – rejection. That means we were once in His mouth. How did we get in His mouth? That means you are where? In Jesus’ mouth. How did you get into Jesus’ mouth? Remember what Jesus said?
Luke 12:8 Whosoever shall confess me before men, him shall the Son of man also confess before the angels of God:

We are talking about intercession. I will spue thee out of my mouth. That means He will cease to intercede for you. That is what it is talking about. If you stay lukewarm I cannot intercede for you anymore because your life is full of hypocrisy. That is what it is talking about. “mouth of Jesus” – It’s by professing the name of Jesus, and He has us in His mouth—meaning that He intercedes and mediates for our names.
Rev 3:5 …but I will confess his name before my Father.

When we pray and confess sins, we talk to the Father and seal it in the name of Jesus. Jesus will take up that prayer and mingle with His righteousness, and send that up to the Father. The Father only sees it as coming from Jesus—this is the mediation concept. Without the righteousness of Christ, the most beautiful prayer is in vain. While in sin, our prayer is only abomination to God. We must have the righteousness of Christ in us, meaning that we must fully surrendered to Christ. But Jesus is telling us that He is going to stop mediating for us if we maintain in the half-hearted condition. It is nauseating experience to intercede for you when you are not totally committed, when you still cherish and indulge in your sins. He wants to spue you out of His mouth.
3:17 Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked:

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“Because thou sayest, I am rich, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing” – self-deception thinking they are spiritually rich, but they are not rich. There is a lethargy, compliance, and dead spiritually—almost like Sardis. Have need of nothing. That is the biggest problem in God’s church—people do not feel their need for Christ; people do not feel the need to reform and change their habits and lives. Now Christ gives them their true condition. It refers to material riches and self deception. Thinking that they are spiritually rich, but they are not. Rich in a lot of knowledge of the Bible, but not in a spirit filled experience. PHARISEES “And knowest not that thou art wretched” – ‘wretched’ contextually means what? There’s only one other place in the Bible where the word “wretched” is found.
Rom 7:24 O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death?

Hear Paul is describing His spiritual condition. Paul claimed that he knew the law intellectually, he even desires to keep God’s law, but he does not know how to obey it. He knows how to keep the letter of the law (do not kill), but doesn’t know how to keep the spiritual aspect of the law (do not hate). Paul was not able to keep the law of God and the body of sin kept bringing him into the bondage. Paul was not an atheist, he was not a pagan, he was not a nominal Christian. He was wellknowledged, well-educated, knowing much of God’s truth, and yet not able to experience the truth that he understood. That experience is called “wretched”—knowing what is good, but you are not able to do it. (But this was solved when Christ was invited into His heart—the next verse: “I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord). This is exactly what’s happening in our SDA church. Many of our people knowing what is the truth, but they can’t do it, and in some cases, they do not even want to do it—wretched! (Perhaps some people just don’t know the right way). There is only one place that uses this word besides Revelation. BSM: When Paul uses this word ‘wretched’ you must understand the word wretched in the light of Paul’s life. What do you know about Paul? The basic underline definition is that wretched means unconverted. You are fighting against your own flesh but you are loosing the game. But when you look at Paul. Did Paul know the truth? Yes, was Paul a part of God’s people? Yes. He knew more than the apostle Peter and John. He knew so much of God’s truth, but he was not able to follow it. So when we say ‘wretched’ it means you know so much about God’s truth, but you cannot follow it. It will be to you the law of sin and death. So when the Bible calls Laodicea ‘wretched’ it means they have the truth. The know a lot of truth, but they are not converted. They don’t have Jesus. PO = Contextually we know they have the truth because Philadelphia discovered the truth of the sanctuary, they had more light than Thyatira and Sardis. Class comment = This refers to the Pharisees SADDUCEES “miserable” – what it means according to the Bible—not your opinion?

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1 Cor 15:19 If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable

If you only have hope in this life and have no hope of eternal life and the resurrection, we are all men most miserable. So the Laodicean church is miserable because even though they know all the truth and the knowledge of God, they know that Christ is coming soon, but they live their lives as though this life is all they have. And they are most miserable. BSM: This is the only place that uses it the most effectively. If you think all you have to look for refers to this life then you are most miserable. PO: Reminds me of the Sadducee’s Laodicea has a close connection to the Pharisee’s and Sadducee’s. The church of Laodicea’s condition is that they know about the second Coming. They know about the coming of the kingdom of God, but they live their Christian lives as though this life is all they have, and they are most miserable. The Pharisee’s are more like the wretched, and the Sadducee’s are more like the miserable. You have a powerful sermon right there. “poor” – it’s opposite of “rich.” For the poor, the counsel is to go and buy gold, which represents faith (1Peter 1:7). So the word “poor” means, “lack in faith” or “unbelief.” They lack faith. Poor, contextually speaking within the chapter, they need to buy gold so that they can be rich. That means that they don’t have gold. And gold according to 1 Peter 1:7 represents faith. Therefore poor means a lack of faith. (This is contextual interpretation). “blind” – Contextual interpretation means they are unable to discern. Because they were actually thinking they are rich when they were poor; they think they are righteous and need nothing when they were really unrighteous and need of Christ.
2 Pet 1:9 But he that lacketh these things is blind, and cannot see afar off, and hath forgotten that he was purged from his old sins.

So the church of Laodicea is lacking the fruit of the Spirit—the works of righteousness. (PO And what experience is this? Sanctification 2 Pet 1:10 “election” 1 Peter 1:2 Elect sanctification) Blind – Contextual interpretation BSM: I have not discovered the same word blind in the book of Revelation. So the CI would be they are not able to discern because they think they are rich but they are not rich. But if you need some texts you must go to other places because the book of Revelation doesn’t use the word blind. 2 Pet chapter 1 would be a contextual application because it is speaking of the same spiritual blindness. Sometimes it can be confusing but we are trying to find something that is as close as possible. CA: What has blinded their eyes?
2 Cor 4:4 In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.

The god of this world has blinded their eyes. You also have the list of their lacking in 2Peter 1—the whole chapter that makes them blind. Speaking of the fruit of the spirit: faith, knowledge, virtue, temperance, patience, godliness, brotherly kindness, charity, Paul says:
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2 Pet 1:9 …he that lacketh these things is blind… What are these things? Virtue, faith, knowledge, temperance, etc. If you lack these things you are blind.

“Naked” – they don’t even have the filthy rag—our own righteousness. They are completely naked. Let’s see how this “naked” is related to in the bible: Genesis 3 Genesis 9 Exodus 32 Acts 19 Mark 5 Jesus’ death possessed. sin drunken with wine apostasy and drunkenness defeated by devil demon possession because of our sinful condition, drunkenness, apostasy, adultery, and demon

Therefore, we can see the condition of the church of Laodicea is very sad.
3:18 I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and [that] the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see.

Jesus’ counsel “buy of me gold tried in the fire” – represents faith going through trial.
1 Pet 1:7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ:

The church of Smyrna was rich (Rev 2:9). And that church were tried in the fire (Rev 2:10). We need to have another experience like the church Smyrna. When our faith is tried, it produces something:
Jam 1:3 Knowing this, that the trying of your faith worketh patience\

So these people are also lacking patience. From Laodicea, God has to prepare a group of people who have the “patience of the saints” and have the “faith of Jesus.” God has a great challenge to produce such generation out of this poor and wretched church. And as long as we remain in this condition, God cannot finish the work. When faith is tried what do you have? Patience. So the church of Laodicea they lack patience. But what kind of people does Jesus need at the end of time? Rev 14:12 “Here is the patience of the saints:” As long as God’s church is in the Laodicean condition, God will not have a group of people who have the patience of the saints. And patience goes with what? Faith and hope. That is why if you go to

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Heb 12:1-2 [1] Let us run with patience the race that is set before us, ..[2] looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of [our] faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross…

“endured” patience..the cross “white raiment” – it represents “righteousness.”
Rev 19:8 And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.

So Christ wants us to have the “faith” and “righteousness”—the righteousness by faith. That is what our church needs. “eyesalve” – they were blind, meaning “lack of spiritual discernment.” So the eyesalve is something that will bring us the spiritual discernment. Laodicea was known for making eye medicines. The Bible likens the church with body. Each has different functionality and responsibility. Evangelists may be the mouth; medical missionaries may be the hands; literature evangelists may be the feet; but what is the eye of the church?
1 Sam 9:9 Beforetime in Israel, when a man went to inquire of God, thus he spake, Come, and let us go to the seer: for [he that is] now [called] a Prophet was beforetime called a Seer.)

Prophets were called “Seer” because they could see. The eye of the church is the prophet. This church needs a prophet so we can see our true conditions. If you reject the messages of the prophet, you are blind. These people have the spirit of prophecy in their bookshelf, but they reject them by not even care to read them or by reading them but not following the counsel written therein. The blind man’s eyes being opened. When the Pharisees asked him who has healed your eyes? The blind man replied, according to the same author, John:
John 9:17 They say unto the blind man again, What sayest thou of him, that he hath opened thine eyes? He said, He is a prophet.

That’s an application of how our spiritual eyes can be opened—it’s through the prophet of God. The spirit of prophecy will open your spiritual eyes! When read and followed, it will restore back the spiritual discernment of good and evil. For spiritual discernment (to open the eyes). Historical background = Laodicea was known for making medicine for the eyes. Context App: John 9:2,17 speaks of the man that was blind from his birth up. Jesus healed him by spitting on the ground mixing it and putting it upon his eyes and said go wash. When the Pharisees asked who healed him, what did he say? Jesus? No, The prophet Who opened your eyes? The prophet. Why is this important? Because the SOP gives us spiritual discernment. Eye salve practically speaking is referring to the SOP. 1 Sam 9:9 long time ago they called prophets Seers, why? Because they see. John 9:2, 17 Guy who was blind? Who opened your eyes? Prophet has a huge application to 7th Day Adventist church, because we put away the SOP. The light of the body is the eye. Body refers to the church. So where is the light? In the eyes, and the eyes represent the prophets because they can foresee. If you don’t have the prophet, or if you reject the prophet you are blind.

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App: So they have the SOP and they are blind because they reject it by keeping it on the bookshelf and letting it collect dust. Anoint = must have Holy Spirit to enlightened your eyes. It is the Spirit that gives us Spiritual eyesight. To get out of lukewarm state you need RBF and SOP; God gave us them both to prepare us for 2nd coming. PO: Prov 29:18 Where no vision is the people parish. (PO ‘cannot see afar off’ These people are not literally blind. They are spiritually blind. They don’t have spiritual eyesight. And when you have spiritual eyesight you can see afar off. What has God given to us to help us see a far off? 2 Pet 1:19 “We have also a more sure word of prophecy” Prophecy helps us see afar off. What do they need to help their spiritual blindness? The spirit of prophecy. The spirit of prophecy helps us to discern (PO Church is likened to a body, what are the eyes of the church? 1 Sam 9:9 Seer, prophets. They help us see.) App: = Mark 8:24 “And he looked up, and said, I see men as trees, walking. “ blind man sees people as trees shows that they don’t have a burden for living souls, they are blind they only care for themselves.
3:19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.

“chasten” – gold tried in a fire. Are you going through trials? What is God trying to do in you? He is trying to wake you up from your Laodecean condition.
Prov 3:11, 12 [11]My son, despise not the chastening of the LORD; neither be weary of his correction: [12]For whom the LORD loveth he correcteth; even as a father the son in whom he delighteth.

Jesus said, “as many as I love,” I rebuke and chasten. It’s His love. And when this chastening is connected to fearing the Lord:
Prov 3:7 Be not wise in thine own eyes: fear the LORD, and depart from evil.

When God corrects us, He wants to teach us to fear God. Because this church needs to learn to fear God for the message they must preach starts with “Fear God and give glory to Him.” “As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent” – Contextual interpretation. What is the rebuke and chasten? Rebuke. They are lukewarm, think they are rich, they are poor, miserable, poor, blind, naked, and without eye salve. He rebukes them by pointing out their sins, but how did He chasten them? Chasten. How did He chasten them? Gold tried in the fire. BSM This is a contextual explanation. What is the rebuke? He says they are not rich, they are poor, blind, and naked. How did He chasten them? He says you need to go through the fire of trials. After you say this share other Bible texts and develop it. When you communicate lay the foundation and build it up so people will understand where you are going. Make sure that the texts you choose fit the context.
3:20 Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to

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him, and will sup with him, and he with me.

“Stand at the door” – what a personal appeal to God’s church? “Open the door” – to surrender completely to Christ.
Gal 2:20 I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.

Total surrender is needed. “will sup with him” – The purpose of Jesus entering to the door is to “sup with him.” That means to eat and communion with Him. Sup is related to supper. Jesus is inviting to the marriage supper of the Lamb. He wants to eat with them. Contextually speaking what is the purpose of Jesus entering into the door? To ‘sup with him’ What does this mean? That means to eat with them. To commune with them. It doesn’t use the word dine with them. It says ‘sup’ with him. What other word do we use to describe sup? Supper. Do you know anything about supper from the book of Revelation? Rev 19:9 “Blessed [are] they which are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb.” Prophetically speaking Jesus is inviting them to the Lamb’s supper. The wedding supper. But more practically speaking He wants to eat with them. Do you know anything about Christian’s eating something within the 7 churches? Manna (generally speaking: the flesh and blood of Jesus, the word of God) BSM: What church is like the church of Laodicea? Pergamos. And they received the promise to eat manna. The church of Laodicea shows Jesus wants to come in and eat together, eat what? The flesh and blood of Jesus, the Word of God. Or Manna. What is in the MHP inside the Ark of the Covenant? The golden pot of manna. But they are living in what time? During the investigative judgment in the MHP of the heavenly sanctuary. Why do they need to eat Jesus? Because they are also about to go through a spiritual wilderness experience. Not exact time, not a time period, but persecution. If you don’t eat me you will not be able to endure the coming day of persecution. In the seven churches, there is hidden manna. The church of Pergamos is like the church of Laodicea. And the church of Pergamos receive the promise of eating manna. Church Laodicea has promise to eat together. Eat what? The flesh and blood of Jesus, the word of God, the manna. Inside the Most Holy place, ark of covenant has the golden pot of manna. They are living in the Most Holy Place time, the investigative judgment time. Why do they need to eat Jesus? Because they are going to go through the spiritual 1260 days of wilderness (not exact time, but same persecution). If you don’t eat manna, you will not be able to endure the days of coming persecution. Matt 25 Goats & sheep – connected to hospitality.
3:21 To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne.

“him that overcometh” – to overcome means you have gold (faith tried in fire), white raiment (righteousness of Christ), anoint eyes with eye salves (gain spiritual discernment through the words of prophet). This is the fulfillment of “I will make you kings and priests.” Overcome. What do they need to overcome? Their lukewarmness, counsel was given to them that they needed righteousness, faith, and eye salve, which is spiritual discernment to overcome the lukewarmness.

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How where they to overcome? “Even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne” How did Jesus overcome?
Heb 12:2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of [our] faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.

Jesus sat down with Father in His throne by enduring the cross. In order for us to overcome and seat with His throne, we must “endure the cross, despise the shame.” That’s the beautiful promise that Jesus gives to the church of Laodicea. So how do we overcome? By looking unto Jesus and enduring the cross. Christ had to endure the cross to share in the privileges of sitting down at the throne of God. So the Laodiceans needed to endure the cross in order to overcome their lukewarmness and sit down on the throne of God. To endure the cross you must have faith, another thing the Laodiceans needed was faith. Heb 12:2 “Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of [our] faith” He gives the faith because He endured the cross.
Prov 16:12 For the throne is established by righteousness…

God’s throne is established in righteousness. What did Laodicea need? Righteousness
Is 16:5 And in mercy shall the throne be established: Ps 89:14 Justice and judgment [are] the habitation of thy throne: mercy and truth shall go before thy face.

We see all of the attributes of God’s character in the foundation of God’s throne. So in order for them to sit in on God’s throne, they needed to be transformed and reveal God’s character by overcoming by enduring the cross. God’s character reveals God’s love. 1 Jn 4:8 God is love. Best promise is given for the church that is in the worst condition. The worse the condition you are in the greater amount of love God bestows. “As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten” Only church were God specifies His love. She connected God’s love with the throne by using the words: righteousness, judgment, and mercy. They all show love. Endure the cross? James and John asked to sit on the right hand of Jesus. Jesus said they must drink the cup I will drink and be baptized with His baptism. What cup and baptism? Cup of suffering and bitterness, and baptism of blood. If you are able you can sit with me. That is another way to say endure the cross. What is happening with the Laodicean church is that they are not willing to endure the cross. When they are not willing to endure the cross they find themselves lukewarm because they are not standing up for the truth they know. They have a form of godliness but they deny the power thereof. Greatest promise of all! Where sin abounds, grace much more abound! How did Jesus overcome? So some how He was able to sit down at the throne. Heb 12:2 because he endured cross, He sat down at right hand of God, so we must endure the cross to sit down. He went through wretchedness, blindness, misery, nakedness, and poverty. So he endured all these things as we must and overcame, and so can we. Jesus died as the condition of the Laodicean church to save the Laodeciean church.

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Summary: We have studied all 7 churches. The best church is Philadelphia brotherly love, and the worst church is Laodicea. Ephesus ok, not all the way there. Smyrna they learned. Pergamos came down. Thyatira even more. Sardis just came out of sleep. Philadelphia really good, and Laodicea at the bottom. The Seven Churches ends with the concept of sharing the kingdom of God with Christ. Dan 2, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12 also ends with the same concept of possessing the kingdom of God.
3:22 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.

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Ephesus

Jesus’ introduction of Himself  He that holdeth the seven stars in His right hand  Walketh in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks   The first and the last Which was dead and is alive He which hath the sharp sword with two edges The Son of God Eyes like a flame of fire Feet like fine brass He that hath the seven spirits of God and the seven stars He that is holy, true He that has the key of David He that opens and no man shuts and shuts and no man

Comparison of the Seven Churches Commendation Rebuke      Labour and patience Can’t bear them that are evil Hast borne, hast patience, hast laboured, hast not fainted Hates the deeds of the Nicolaitans Tribulation and poverty (but thou art rich)  Left thy first love   

Counsel Remember from whence thou art fallen Repent Do the first works 

Promise Give to eat of the tree of Life

Smyrna

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Pergamos

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Holdest fast my name Not denied my faith

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Doctrine of Balaam Doctrine of Nicolaitans Jezebel to teach and seduce

Fear none of the things that thou shalt suffer Be faithful unto death Repent

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Shall not be hurt of the second death Crown of life Give to eat of the hidden manna Give him a white stone with a new name written in it Will be given power over the nations Give the morning star Shall be clothed in white raiment Will not blot out name out of the book of life Will make a pillar in the temple of God Have name of God, New Jerusalem and Jesus’ new name written upon Him

Thyatira

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Charity, service, faith, patience, works Last to be more than the first Thou hast a name Thou livest and art dead

Hold fast till I come

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Sardis

Works are not perfect before God

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Philadelphia

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Has kept my word Has not denied my name

Be watchful and strengthen the things that remain Remember, repent, watch Hold fast that no man take your crown

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Laodicea

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opens The Amen The faithful and true witness The beginning of the creation of God

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Neither hot nor cold Wretched, miserable, poor, blind and naked

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Buy gold tried in the fire Clothed with white raiment Anoint eyes with eyesalve

Granted to sit with Jesus in His throne

Common:  Jesus knows our works  “He that hath an ear let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches”  “To him that overcometh”

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Chapter 4 - Vision of God’s throne
Before you go into chapter 4 you must understand John. How would you feel if you were him? Staying on the island of Patmos worrying about the future of God’s church, and his heart is burdened because he can’t do anything. He only sees trouble, confusion, and disunion. So on the Sabbath he was worrying about God’s church and here Jesus comes to him standing in the midst seven candlesticks and says John don’t worry I will show you about my church. He sees Ephesus they are pretty good but they lack love. Then Smyrna they go through persecution, but they will be pure, Pergamos, compromise terrible. Thyatira affliction, darkness, the apostate church is persecuting God’s people, but a few people are keeping the truth, and he sees the morning star oh yes, something is happening to change things, and he Sardis, they come out, but they are almost dead. What will happen? And he sees Philadelphia, full of zeal, love and truth, waiting for God’s coming, and he says God’s church is about to be ready, judgment will begin, and then Laodicea the worst. Wretched, miserable, poor, blind, and naked, the worst condition, and the vision ends. How would you feel? John is like what is going to happen to God’s church? That was a sad picture. That is why you have chapters 4, 5, and 6 to give John another side of God’s church. Another historical picture of God’s church. To assure John, the conclusion of the churches is Laodicea, but let me show you another angle of God’s church. The conclusion of God’s great controversy will not be like this. From this church I will have a group of people. Now we phase into the 7 seals. They cover chapters 4-8:1. After John saw the 7 churches, then God shows John the 7 seals. The 7 seals also cover the history of God’s church, and it has the same beginning. White horse, red horse, black horse, Pale horse, souls under the altar, signs in heaven, a similar picture. White Horse = Ephesus Red Horse = Smyrna (persecution) Black Horse = Church compromise Pale Horse = Darkness Souls under the altar, signs in the heaven, and then the second coming, and the question is asked who shall be able to stand? The answer is given in Rev 7:1-3 Who is able to stand? Those who are sealed, who are they? The 144,000. In the 7 churches John saw the church go to the bottom. Now in the 7 seals John sees the church go straight up. God is assuring John don’t worry, I will have 144,000. This explanation is a contextual interpretation. You will not get this unless you compare the 7 seals and 7 churches together. Do not separate them. God does not just waste His words by repeating the same history. Then you will understand why John is weeping. Not just because the book couldn’t be opened. Why was he weeping? Not because the book couldn’t be opened. He was crying because he had a concern for God’s church and that book contained something about God’s church and he wants to know, but the book cannot be opened. Then the story goes on, they find someone who can open it.

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That is the background for the 7 seals you must connect it. The book of Revelation is about vision of heaven and earth. John saw the history of seven churches unfold in chapter 2 & 3: that was the vision of earth. Now, he sees the vision of heaven in chapter 4 & 5. You can study the seven churches as one story; the seven seals as another story with the introduction—chapter 4 & 5. Imagine yourself as John the revelator, sitting on a rock in the island of Patmos on the Sabbath day thinking about God’s church. Then suddenly God comes to you and He begins to unfold the future events regarding God’s church. He began telling you about the church in the first century—Ephesus. It was shown that God’s church was in a good condition except that they left their first love. Then in the next phase, he sees persecution. Then after that he sees a compromise and apostasy, and he sees the Dark Age and afflictions, and he sees a morning star brightening the darkness, then he again sees the church dead. Then he saw the most beautiful church coming out full of brotherly love. Then the vision of Seven Churches ends with the Laodecean church—the lukewarm, wretched, poor, and blind: the worst of all churches. If the Revelation stops right there, you must feel terrible seeing that God’s church ends with such a terrible condition. For this reason, the vision of Seven Seals is given to John. Seven Seals goes through the same history but it ends on a different note. Of course the last seal is the silent in heaven, but the highlight and the last big picture is the sixth seal—the Second Coming, and the 144,000: triumphant, victorious, marvelous, mighty group of people! The seven churches ends with a low note, but the seals end with high note. John now sees a different aspect, a different view of this same period, so John can have the complete picture—Yes, somethings are taking place, but God will have His people at the end of time! Out of Laodecea, the worst church, God will have the 144,000, the best product ever produced. It’s almost like the Seven Churches is what is happening on earth as we see, but the Seven Seals is like how God sees them. We see more of heavenly language in the Seven Seals. The concept is, that beneath the hopeless and worst conditioned church, God sees the hope and triumphant future of God’s people. So you can also see the seven churches and the seven seals as one story. God gave us the condition of God’s church in a defeat, but in seven seals now God gives us the condition of god’s church in victory. When we study chapter 4, one word should pop up in your mind: “the throne of God.” Throne is for the king. But in this throne, there’s a description of Seven lamps. That indicates that this throne is in the holy place or sanctuary. Priest is usually in the sanctuary. King is usually in the throne. Altar of Sacrifice: The Gospels depict the altar of sacrifice, the life and death of the Lamb of God. The book of Revelation is about a vision of heaven and earth. John saw the history of the 7 churches unfold in chapters 2 and 3. That was a vision of earth. Then he sees a vision of heaven in chapters 4 and 5. One word should pop in your mind when I say Revelation 4. What is that? Throne Who usually sits on a throne? A King. But in this throne there is a description of 7 lamps, so that indicates that this throne is where? In the HP or the sanctuary. Who usually ministers in the sanctuary? A priest who is usually on a throne? A king. So you have King, throne, with priest, what does that mean? There is a combination of a throne and priest put together. What you are seeing is the throne of grace. This is the throne of grace in the heavenly sanctuary.
Heb 4:16 Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace…

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When Jesus comes the second time the Bible says He will sit on the throne of what? Glory. Grace is over, now you have the throne of Glory.
Matt 25:31 …then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory…

You have two thrones in a bigger sense. The throne of grace and glory. The throne of grace describes Christ’s work as a High Priest. Throne of Glory describes Jesus as a King. App: If you don’t go to the throne of grace now, you will not be able to go to the throne of glory. You must experience the throne of grace now to be able to participate in the throne of glory later. What we see in Rev 4 is the throne of grace, why do we say that? Because the 7 lamps burning before the throne the HP in the heavenly sanctuary.
Jer 17:12 A glorious high throne from the beginning [is] the place of our sanctuary.

Where is the high throne? In the sanctuary. Why do I bring this text out? This text is clear to show that the throne is in the sanctuary. You must show from the Bible that the throne in Rev 4 is in the sanctuary. If you do not show that then you cannot figure out the time frame for the 7 seals. Because the 7 seals are given in the holy place of God and because Jesus said I will show from here after meaning from the door and after. Then the vision of the seals is from the door and after from 31 A.D. and after. This is very important because people out there believe in futurism. Some teach that the 7 seals begin from 1844. Others teach that it begins from the creation of God. If you do that you will come out with some strange ideas. The throne concept must be clear. Who is on the throne in the sanctuary? In Rev 4 contextually speaking it is God the Father, because in Chapter 5 in the midst of the throne you have the Lamb that was slain. You cannot forget this text!!
Heb 8:1 Now of the things which we have spoken [this is] the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens.

Right here you have a high priest sitting on a throne. Where is that throne? In heaven This is a good text to connect with Rev 4 Jesus is there, how? As a High Priest in the throne, in heaven, and where is that throne in heaven?
Heb 8:2 A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man.

That is clear! The throne in Rev 4 is the heavenly sanctuary it is in the HP, and Jesus is there. The picture of Jesus is not mentioned in chapter 4. You don’t see Jesus in chapter 4. You see Him in chapter 5 after explaining the major picture of the throne. But we know that He is there especially with Heb 8:1-2. Question: When did Jesus go to the throne?

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Heb 12:2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of [our] faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.”

Despising the shame means that He died. So when did He go to heaven? After He died on the cross.
Acts 2:30 Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne;” Rev 12:5 And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and [to] his throne.” Acts 2:33-34 [33] Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear. [34] For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, Acts 5:30-31 [30] The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom ye slew and hanged on a tree. [30] Him hath God exalted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins. Eph 1:20 Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places, Heb 1:3, 13 [3] Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; [13] But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool? Heb 8:1 Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens; Heb 10:12 But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God; Heb 12:2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God. 1 Pet 3:22 Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him.

Two kinds of throne. 1. The throne of grace:
Heb 4:16 Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.

It’s in the heavenly sanctuary, Jesus Christ as a high priest. 2. The throne of glory:
Matt 25:31 When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory: http://breachrepairers.webs.com 151

When Jesus Christ comes for second time, he will come with the throne of glory. Jesus Christ as a king. If you don’t go to the throne of grace now, you are not able to go to the throne of glory. You must experience the throne of grace now, to be able to participate in the throne of glory. So what you see in the chapter 4 is the throne of grace: because the seven lamps are burning before the throne, it’s holy place, the sanctuary. Chapter Outline    The throne in heaven (1-3) The twenty-four elders (4-5) The four beasts (6-8)

The throne in Heaven (1-3)
4:1 After this I looked, and, behold, a door [was] opened in heaven: and the first voice which I heard [was] as it were of a trumpet talking with me; which said, Come up hither, and I will show thee things which must be hereafter.

“After this I looked, and, behold, a door [was] opened in heaven” – So this door is in where? Heaven, not on earth. If you stop right here and compare it with the previous chapter what text would you go to? Openeth and no man shutteth. Some try to use that text to say this refers to the judgment. He uses a similar concept, but does that mean he will open the judgment? no This door is opened and it belongs to what? Usually when you have a door it belongs to something, a house or building? What kind of place is this? You define what place this is talking about by identifying what is inside the door. “I will show thee” – In the vision of the Seven Churches John heard, not seen in a vision (though he saw Christ in chapter 1).
Rev 2:1 ...These things saith he...

But in the Seven Seals, now John sees. “A door [was] opened in heaven” – we have to understand this very clearly. A “door” refers to gate, room, some place you enter in. What door is this? We can understand what door this is by reading what comes when you open this door.
Rev 4:2 And immediately I was in the spirit; and, behold, a throne was set in heaven, and [one] sat on the throne.

In connection with verse 2, this door is to the throne of God. “things which must be hereafter” – here at the door, and after future. This is like Jesus and John standing at the door, and Jesus saying, “I’m going to show you what is here and what is after as in the time. So we must understand where is John seeing, that will help us determine the timeline for this coming prophecy. Who is this? Jesus and He said come up hither.

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“I will show thee things which must be hereafter” – Jesus called John to come here, where? Come to the door. He saw a door and Jesus said come here, come hither. John stand here at the door and I will show you things which must come from HERE and AFTER. That is not referring so much to location, but it is referring to prophetic time. HERE is where? At the door, and that was opened when? 31 A.D. I will show you things that are here 31A.D. and AFTER, after what? AFTER 31 A.D. To John Jesus gave Him a vision of the HP, but to us it becomes prophetic time in terms of when this vision took place. From here and after. In other words, I will show you things that will take place during the time of the HP, but it can go beyond that to the MHP, why? Because it says HERE AFTER. After whatever It doesn’t mean it has to stop in 1844. From 31 AD til whenever. After. THIS POINT IS VERY, VERY IMPORTANT! Why? Jesus says I will show you hereafter then God shows Him 7 seals. Therefore the 7 seals at least have to begin when? 31 A.D. Not at creation in Genesis or after the close of probation, not from 1844. It has to begin from 31 A.D. and after. Understand this one thing. Another way to look at the sanctuary structure is a time chart. The HP from the door to the second door the MHP. The time frame is from 31 A.D. to 1844 A.D. And from the MHP it is from 1844 A.D. to the close of probation, and then after that we have the 2nd Coming. That is a basic outline and time chart. If Jesus gives a vision while He is in the HP. The time frame for that vision belongs to 31 A.D. to 1844 A.D. If He gives a vision in the MHP that means that vision belongs to the time frame of the MHP from 1844 A.D. to Close of probation. Wherever Jesus is in the sanctuary while He gives a vision it belongs to that time frame. Ex. He gives the vision of the 7 trumpets, and where is Jesus during that time? What picture does it give of Jesus? He is standing before the altar and He is praying, and that altar is located where? In the HP. That means the 7 trumpets belong to the time frame of the HP. Some time between 31 A.D. to 1844 A.D. But the 7th trumpet reveals something else. The Ark of the testament, where is that located? MHP. So that 7th trumpet belongs to what time period? After 1844. The sanctuary is very important. It determines where and when the vision takes place. Before a vision is given, you have a picture of the sanctuary. If it is in the HP it means the vision takes place during that time. 31 to 1844. If it is in the MHP it takes place between 1844 to close of probation. The sanctuary is the key to unlock the time frame for the book of Revelation. The prophetic visions in this book. Summary: Rev 4:1 John I will show you things that will take place from 31 A.D. and hereafter. And then he immediately sees a vision of a throne.
4:2 And immediately I was in the spirit; and, behold, a throne was set in heaven, and [one] sat on the throne.

“a throne was set” – where is this throne of God? 1. It’s in the sanctuary.
Jer 17:12 A glorious high throne from the beginning is the place of our sanctuary.

God’s throne is in the heavenly sanctuary. If you can’t show that throne is in the sanctuary, you can’t show the timeframe of Seven Seals. The throne of God is in the sanctuary. 2. We see the Seven Lamps in this place

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Rev 4:5 And out of the throne proceeded lightnings and thunderings and voices: and there were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God.

The lamps are on the candlestick (Zech 4:2). Candlestick is found in the Holy Place, not the Most Holy Place. So what we see is the imagery of the Holy Place. 3. Table of Shewbread in Holy Place represented God’s throne – in Hebrew word “shew”(mynAAIIVAIDp:Panim) means “in the presence of.” That word presence is related to the “throne of God.” On the Table of Shewbread, you have bread—bread represents the word of God or Christ. Also this furniture was put on the side of the North, where God’s throne is.
Is 14:13 For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:

The candlestick was “before the throne” Rev 4:5. In the Holy Place, the Seven candlesticks and the Table of Shewbread were facing each other. Therefore, we see again, that the Table of Shewbread is the throne of God in the Holy Place. 4. We see Christ on the throne
Rev 4:10, 11 [10] The four and twenty elders fall down before him that sat on the throne, and worship him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying, [11]Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created.

In chapter 5, which is still the same place, we see a Lamb that was slain:
Rev 5:6 And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth.

Jesus is there in the seating on the throne. We know that when Jesus went up to heaven, He went to the Holy place of Heavenly Sanctuary (AD 31-1843). We see a lamb that was slain. 5. Throne of God has wheels
Dan 7:9 I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days did sit, whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool: his throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as burning fire.

That means His throne is movable. Not that the table of shewbread has a wheel, but that it represented His throne in the Holy Place. In the Most Holy Place, the mercy seat is representing His presence or throne. 6. The pen of inspiration confirms it
GC 414 As in vision the apostle John was granted a view of the temple of God in heaven, he beheld there "seven lamps of fire burning before the throne." Revelation 4:5...Here the prophet was permitted to behold the first apartment of the sanctuary in heaven;

Therefore, this place is the Holy Place of the heavenly sanctuary. When we study the Sanctuary, we

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can see a time chart. Jesus entered into the Holy Place in 31 AD; the Most Holy place in 1844 AD. When Jesus says come to this door, this is the year 31 AD. This is showing John what will take place from 31 AD and after—He didn’t say only up to the second door. Therefore, the Seven Seals take place from 31 AD to the Second Coming. This gives us the starting date for the seven seals, 31 AD. BSM: Studying the Sanctuary is essential in studying the book of Revelation. It gives us the correct time table. For example:
Rev 11:19

Ark of his testament. This is in the Most Holy Place, therefore it has to be after 1844, the seventh seal
Rev 8:3

Golden censer. This is in the Holy Place, this is before 1844. Christ is in the right side of God’s throne:
Heb 8:1, 2 Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens; A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man. Heb 12:2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God. Eph 1:20 Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places, Acts 2:30 Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne; Rev 12:5 And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and to his throne.

This throne of God is in the sanctuary, and Jesus is in that sanctuary, on God’s throne, beside the Father.
4:3 And he that sat was to look upon like a jasper and a sardine stone: and [there was] a rainbow round about the throne, in sight like unto an emerald.

“rainbow round about the throne” – it represents the justice and mercy. Rainbow is mixture of water and sunshine. The first time a rainbow was shown in the Bible is in the story of Noah. And that was there for Covenant. EGW says it represents Justice and Mercy. In order to get rainbow you need Water and Sunshine. (He is guessing). Water is like mercy. Sun is like justice, because the Sun of Righteousness. Mix them together you have a rainbow.

The twenty-four elders (4-5)
4:4 And round about the throne [were] four and twenty seats: and upon the seats I saw four and twenty elders sitting, clothed in white raiment; and they had on their heads crowns of gold.

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“twenty four elders” – How many times are the 24 elders mentioned in the book of Revelation? 12 times, maybe more. They are mentioned so many times. And what do they do? They are intimately involved with the plan of salvation for man. They are interceding, not that they are the intercessors, but they are part of it. Why 24 elders? It could be symbolic or literal.
Rev 5:9, 10 [9]And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation; [10] And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.

24 elders, they are redeemed, they were once on earth, somehow they got there, and there are people who went to heaven when Jesus resurrected. These are the only information that I have about 24 elders. We assume that these are those who were resurrected with Christ and taken to heaven.
Matt 27:52 And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, DA 786 As Christ arose, He brought from the grave a multitude of captives…They were those who had been co-laborers with God, and who at the cost of their lives had borne testimony to the truth. SR 233-234…many of the righteous dead, obedient to His call, came forth as witnesses that He had risen. Those favored, risen saints came forth glorified. They were chosen and holy ones of every age, from creation down even to the days of Christ...Those risen ones differed in stature and form, some being more noble in appearance than others…Those who came forth after the resurrection of Jesus appeared to many, telling them that the sacrifice for man was completed, that Jesus, whom the Jews crucified, had risen from the dead; and in proof of their words they declared, "We be risen with Him." They bore testimony that it was by His mighty power that they had been called forth from their graves.

These people are from the beginning of the creation to His time, those who died for their faith from every ages: the martyrs. These 24 elders might be the ones that were chosen and resurrected with Jesus. Back in the OT times, two elders were chosen from each tribes making up 24 elders—they represented the whole tribes of Israel. So this is the closest assuming we can come to. But we still don’t know for sure who exactly these 24 elders in heaven are. BSM: When God gives you limited information that means that is all that God wants you to know not anymore. Stay within the limitation that God has given. Make sure you observe this very carefully. If you try to prove any more than that, I guarantee that you will come up with fanaticism and some weird doctrine. And once your mind accepts it, it is hard to change your mind, and everyone will have to see it your way, and if they don’t they are not a good bible student. Learn to be balanced and stay within that limitation. Don’t add anything that you cannot really show from the Bible.
4:5 And out of the throne proceeded lightnings and thunderings and voices: and [there were] seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God.

“And out of the throne proceeded lightnings and thunderings and voices:”

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“lightning” Ezekiel 1:10-11, 14 – Angels move like lightning. When they fly it looks like lightening.
Matt 28:3 His countenance was like lightning,

App: You have the throne of God, when someone prays God sends angels to answer the prayer and it looks like lightening. “lightnings and thunderings and voices” – Lightening comes out from the throne of God. In Ezekiel, when angels fly it’s like lightening. And in Matt talking about angel’s face like lightening. “the seven Spirits of God” – some people may suggest that that these are:
Isa 11:2 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD;

Because if you read carefully, there are only six, and not seven. What is this seven lamps? In the sanctuary service there were seven candlesticks and on the top of each candlestick, there was a lamp. The seven candlesticks were not disconnected. There was one candlestick, but six branches. Candlestick represents church.
Rev 1:20 ...the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.

Lamp represents the word of God.
Ps 119:105 Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path.

In order for lamp to burn, there must be oil.
Lev 24:2 Command the children of Israel, that they bring unto thee pure oil olive beaten for the light, to cause the lamps to burn continually.

And the oil burning the seven lamps represents the Holy Spirit:
Zech 4:2-4, 6 [2]… and his seven lamps thereon, and seven pipes to the seven lamps, which are upon the top thereof: [3] and two olive trees by it, one upon the right side of the bowl, and the other upon the left side thereof…[4]…What are these, my lord? …[6] Then he answered and spake unto me, saying, This is the word of the LORD unto Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, saith the LORD of hosts.

God’s church has the word of God. But only way for them to shine is when they have the oil of the Holy Spirit. All of the ten virgins had lamps, but five of them lacked oil—the Holy Spirit. Based upon this, we are not talking about seven Holy Spirits. We are talking about one Holy Spirit, speaking to the seven different periods of time for God’s church. Number seven also represents “complete.” After Jesus ascended to heaven, He sent the Holy Spirit. So from AD 31 up to the close of probation, the Holy Spirit is now working on this earth. It began with the “early rain” on the Pentecost, and it
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will finish with the “latter rain”—the beginning and completion. Seven lamps represents the working of the Holy Spirit for all the seven churches, and His work is complete! He will finish the work! This is the reason why at the end of each church, it says: Rev 2:7, 2:11, 2:17, 2:29, 3:6, 3:13, 3:20
“He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches;”

So this one Spirit working for all the churches. Otherwise it should say, “the Spirits saith unto the church.” You may look at the seven churches as seven histories, but in reality it’s one theme, it has one source of power—the Holy Spirit.

The four beasts (6-8)
4:6 And before the throne [there was] a sea of glass like unto crystal: and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne, [were] four beasts full of eyes before and behind.

(Revelation is nothing, but old testament language. If you have hard time studying the revelation, it’s because you do not understand the history of OT. You don’t know the language or expression. Among all the NT, the book of Revelation has most OT language. When you study the book of Revelation, you end up studying the whole Bible). “full of eyes”
Ezek 1:18 As for their rings, they were so high that they were dreadful; and their rings were full of eyes round about them four. Ezek 10:12 And their whole body, and their backs, and their hands, and their wings, and the wheels, were full of eyes round about, even the wheels that they four had.

This may be understood as a symbol of intelligence and ceaseless vigilance of heavenly beings. Are they literal or symbolic? In chapter 5 it says the Lamb that was slain. Don’t tell me that was a literal Lamb that was slain. It is symbolic using the picture of animals. Note: 4 Banners around the sanctuary cannot be found in the Bible. It is from historical information. So stay right there, don’t just to Daniel 7 and list the same animals. The Bible shows that they have wings, how many? Six wings. So you must go somewhere else in the Bible where it shows similar characteristics and gives a similar picture. And the only place in the Bible that gives a similar description is Ezekiel 1 & 10. BSM: And because that is all that is given I am limited within those chapters. Remember, the book of Revelation is nothing but the OT language. Many have a hard time studying the book of Revelation because you don’t know the OT. You have a hard time understanding the book of Revelation because you don’t understand the history of the OT. You don’t know the language or expressions. Of all the books in the NT the book of Revelation has the most OT language. When you study
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Revelation you end up studying the whole Bible. God is smart. If you don’t want to study the whole bible, then go to Revelation, and you will end up studying the whole bible. And to have a surface knowledge of Revelation you are asking for trouble. Ezekiel 1 & 10 is a similar picture, but not exactly the same. These chapters show 4 living creatures, and each of them have 4 faces. But in Revelation 4 how many faces do they have? 1 face, similar but not exactly the same. How many wings do they have in Ezekiel? 4, how many in Revelation 4? 6 wings. Who are the angels in Ezek 1 & 10, they are cherubim. What do you know about them in relationship to the throne? They surround it, and in Ezekiel 10 it says above the cherubim you have the throne, beneath them you have wheels. So they are the ones that carry the throne of God. And Ps 104 refers to the chariot as cherubim. It is like the cherubim become the chariot of God to carry the throne of God. (PO Ps 104:3 “who maketh the clouds his chariot: who walketh upon the wings of the wind:” Who are these chariots 4 “Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire:” Who are these clouds that are his chariot? Angels, and they look like a flaming fire. Dan 7:9 “His throne [was like] the fiery flame, [and] his wheels [as] burning fire…ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him. Ps 68:17 “The chariots of God [are] twenty thousand, [even] thousands of angels:”) Remember, wherever God’s throne is there are cherubim. In the MHP you have the Ark of the Covenant and two cherubim. Does that mean that in Rev 4 they are cherubim? They look like cherubim in Rev 4 because they have a similar description, but how many wings do they have? 6 In the Bible do you know of any other angels with six wings, and they are right near the throne of God? Only one place in the Bible is Isaiah 6. In Is 6 they are saying Holy, Holy, Holy and how many wings do they have? 6 and they are seraphim. BSM: If you want to study more about seraphim in the Bible, if you look it up that is the only place to study. What do I conclude? I believe they are Seraphim. They are around the throne. They have 6 wings, not cherubim and not Seraphim. This is the only conclusion I can come to. BSM: Don’t try to get something that is not really given in the Bible. You will get in trouble. That is a limitation, and it becomes subjective when you don’t know what your limitations are, but it becomes objective when you know what those limitations are. PO: Rev 4:6 “Full of eyes” you use eyes to look. So they are looking into something. Why did God put them there? All I can find is this
1 Pet 1:12 Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.

What is being preached? The gospel Why do they have eyes? They have these eyes to look into the gospel. What is the gospel? The plan of redemption, the plan of salvation. What are they doing here?
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One thing is clear they are Heb 1:14 “ministering spirits”. They are there to serve God. But why are they there in the book of Revelation, why do they have so many eyes? Because they have a desire to look into the gospel, the plan of redemption. Many Eyes = looking at every movement, they are very intense. Remember the Cherubs on the Ark of the Covenant. They are facing the Mercy Seat. This represents that they have a desire to look into God’s mercy and see how it works on sinners hearts. EGW says this. Why are the angels involved? They are also going through the great controversy. Rev 12 shows how they fought together, so they are involved. Heb 1 describes them as ministers of fire. Why Man, Lion, Ox, and Eagle? These are the characteristics of Jesus. Note: Some of the descriptions of the angels are the same descriptions as Jesus. Ex. The angles feet are fine brass. They have white linen or garment. Why are do they have the similar description? They reflect the image of Christ to simply say. But in Revelation all four of these descriptions are for the gospel. They are interested and looking into the gospel. Why four? For the gospel to be possible our Savior must be God, Eagle. Man, man’s face. Sacrifice, Ox. He has to be King, Lion 1. King = Lion 2. Man = Man’s face 3. Sacrifice = Ox 4. Eagle = God Why does Eagle represent Christ? Because the eagle flies in heaven, and they are the king of the birds of the air.
Ex 19:4 …I bare you on eagles' wings…

When you see this description we have: A throne, 7 lamps, 24 elders, and 4 living creatures.By looking at these descriptions you may not know exactly what these creatures represent or the 24 elders, but you know something about God’s throne, and the 7 lamps. So what place is this? Only one piece of furniture makes it clear where we are. The 7 lamps burning before the throne. Some say this refers to the MHP not the HP because the throne of God is there. They will argue this point. They say the throne is there and because of this it must be the MHP. But we say this must be the HP because of the 7 lamps or 7 candlesticks that are burning before God. I will read from the SOP and then show how you explain it from the bible.
GC 414-415 As in vision the apostle John was granted a view of the temple of God in heaven, he beheld there "seven lamps of fire burning before the throne." Revelation 4:5. He saw an angel "having a golden censer; and there was given unto him much incense, that he should offer it with the prayers of all saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne." Revelation 8:3. Here the prophet was permitted to behold the first apartment of the sanctuary in heaven.”

As in what? Vision. Apostle John, who is he? The revelator. John saw a view of the temple of God where? In heaven “seven lamps…throne” Rev 4:5 She is quoting this Bible text. And she says John saw these 7 lamps burning before God.
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“an angel….throne” She is referring to Rev 8:3. Rev 4:5 was given before the 7 seals, and Rev 8:3 was given before the 7 trumpets. A picture of the heavenly temple. “Here” where? Were the 7 lamps are, where the angel was standing with incense. First apartment of the sanctuary. That settles it with me. It makes it clear that it refers to the HP not the MHP. Then the question is does that mean God has His throne in the HP? Yes, why? Because it says 7 lamps burning before the throne. The word ‘before’ means in front of or against. So they are facing each other. When you look at the sanctuary what is before or against the 7 lamps? They are facing each other? The table of showbread. The table of showbread has crowns on the edges of the table. And a crown means King, therefore the table is connected to throne. Table of Showbread means Table of Presence. When we mention the throne of God we are talking about the presence of God. So the table of showbread was the throne of God between 31 A.D. to 1844 A.D. Does that mean God has two thrones? No,
EW 54 I saw a throne, and on it sat the Father and the Son. I gazed on Jesus' countenance and admired His lovely person… I saw the Father rise from the throne, and in a flaming chariot go into the holy of holies within the veil, and sit down. Then Jesus rose up from the throne… Then a cloudy chariot, with wheels like flaming fire, surrounded by angels, came to where Jesus was. He stepped into the chariot and was borne to the holiest, where the Father sat.

EGW had a vision of God the Father and God the Son in the Holy Place. Jesus was sitting on the right hand of God. Remember the table of showbread had two stacks of bread. It represents God and Jesus Christ. EGW saw the Father get up from the throne and to into the MHP with angels and then Jesus got up got into the chariot and went into the MHP. This is the same picture as Dan 7:9-10, 13. So that means that the Father and Son were together in the HP. Don’t tell me they were separated from each other. Jesus in the HP and the Father in the MHP. God the Father was entrusting the salvation of souls to Jesus so He was right there with Him in the HP. And then they moved to the judgment phase of the sanctuary in the MHP. The key word is this. The throne of God has wheels. That shows that the throne of God is moveable. He is not stuck in one place. His presence can be moved. Very interesting the Table of Show bread is located in the North of the HP. And the North represents Divine or God’s presence.
Ps 48:2 Beautiful for situation, the joy of the whole earth, [is] mount Zion, [on] the sides of the north, the city of the great King.

The King who is in the North is God. And the Table of showbread was on the north. Lucifer wanted to sit in the sides of the north of the congregation. Now you understand the King of the North in Dan 11 at the end of that chapter. It refers to the Papacy because they want to be like God, fulfilling Lucifer’s plan. Study Obadiah and you will discover a similar concept. The throne of God is moveable. The presence of God is moveable. That is the fundamental concept. And the seat does not mean the throne of God. His presence is the throne. That moves. But in the HP it has to be on the Table of Show bread symbolically speaking.

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Rev 4:1 After this I looked, and, behold, a door was opened in heaven: and the first voice which I heard was as it were of a trumpet talking with me; which said, Come up hither, and I will shew thee things which must be hereafter.

“A door [was] opened in heaven” – With this in mind, what door was that, which was opened? It was a curtain or veil. Where was this veil that was opened and He saw the holy place? It has to be the first veil into the Holy place. When was that veil opened? When Jesus died and entered into the Holy Place of God. (PO The door was the door into the temple, and then you have the first veil. See EW 32. And when was the veil opened? Mark 16:19 Heb 6:20 veil forerunner, Heb 8:1, Heb 12:2 describe HP.)
4:7 And the first beast [was] like a lion, and the second beast like a calf, and the third beast had a face as a man, and the fourth beast [was] like a flying eagle.

We see very similar imagery in the book of Ezekiel:
Ezek 1:6, 10-11 [6]And every one had four faces, and every one had four wings. [10]As for the likeness of their faces, they four had the face of a man, and the face of a lion, on the right side: and they four had the face of an ox on the left side; they four also had the face of an eagle. [11]Thus [were] their faces: and their wings [were] stretched upward; two [wings] of every one [were] joined one to another, and two covered their bodies Ezek 10:15 And the cherubims were lifted up. This [is] the living creature that I saw by the river of Chebar.

These living creatures are cherubims. These makes up the wheels.
Ezek 1:21 When those went, these went; and when those stood, these stood; and when those were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up over against them: for the spirit of the living creature was in the wheels.

And above the head of them there is the throne.
Ezek 10:1 Then I looked, and, behold, in the firmament that was above the head of the cherubims there appeared over them as it were a sapphire stone, as the appearance of the likeness of a throne.

These cherubims are carrying the throne of God.
Ezek 10:9 And when I looked, behold the four wheels by the cherubims, one wheel by one cherub, and another wheel by another cherub: and the appearance of the wheels [was] as the colour of a beryl stone.

In Ezekiel, these four creatures are cherubim. They are surrounded around the throne of God. Above the cherubim is throne; underneath the cherubim are wheels. So they are the one that carries the throne of God. In the OT says that there’s a chariot with the picture of cherubim. It’s like cherubim becomes the chariot of God carrying the throne of God. Wherever cherubims are, there’s a throne of God. (Lucifer was also one of the cherubim, very near to God. Eze 28). So this is very similar imagery to the four beasts in Revelation. But they are not the same four beasts in the Revelation. You will see the reason why in the next verse.
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they rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come.

“six wings” – these four beasts in Revelation have six wings with four heads, but the one in Ezekiel has only four wings with each one having four faces—similar, but not exactly the same.
Ezek 1:6 And every one had four faces, and every one had four wings.

Therefore, we can see that these angles are not cherubims, but they have similar characteristics. Who are they? These four beasts cries out, “Holy, holy, holy.” Where do we see someone crying out “Holy, holy, holy”? Isa 6:1-3 [1] In the year that king Uzziah died I saw also the Lord sitting upon a throne, high
and lifted up, and his train filled the temple. Above it stood the seraphims: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly. And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, [is] the LORD of hosts: the whole earth [is] full of his glory.

Here we see these seraphims above the throne of God, that means they are also in the sanctuary,” having six wings, crying, “Holy, holy, holy.” This shows us that these four living beasts are the seraphims. Then why do they have those four faces?     Lion – King {Matt} Ox – Servant {Mark} Man – humanity {Luke} Eagle – divinity {John} (for eagle flies in heaven, while man walks in earth: opposite of man)

Here we see the opposites, just like Jesus is the beginning and the ending. These angels are interested in looking into (full of eyes) the ministry of Jesus who is King, Servant, Human, and Divine. They want to look into the work of the gospel.
1 Pet 1:12 Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.

Why do they have so many eyes? The angels desire to look into the gospel. Several eyes means that they are watching for every movement. They are watching with intense. (EGW says that the cherubim in the most holy place is looking down because they have desire to understand the mystery of God’s mercy). The angels are involved because they are also going through the great controversy. In order for gospel to be possible, our Savior has to be a King, Servant, Human and Divine. We see the business of heaven where the angels and 24 elders, and God is involved. But in the center of all this, Jesus is the center—Lamb that was slain. Some people try to say that the four beasts must be redeemed ones using the following texts:
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before the Lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of saints. [9]And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation;

Angels of God will sing with the redeemed ones. Not because they had the experience, but they were so closely united with human, they sing as though it’s part of their experience.
4:9 And when those beasts give glory and honour and thanks to him that sat on the throne, who liveth for ever and ever, 4:10 The four and twenty elders fall down before him that sat on the throne, and worship him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying, 4:10 Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created.

“for thou hast created all things” – we can know that the One who is on the throne is no other than Christ. Before the seven churches we see Jesus; before the seven seals we see Jesus; before the seven trumpets we see Jesus. This book is centered around Jesus. Chapter four is simply showing:     The throne of God 24 elders Four beasts Their worship toward God

When you put all these together, it’s simply saying, “The whole heaven is interest in the salvation of man.” Summary: The theme of chapter 4 = The throne of God. But in chapter 4 John doesn’t see a picture of Jesus. He sees that in chapter 5. Chapter 5 is about who is able to open that book. Then chapters 6-8:1 we have the seven seals. Why is a picture of the throne given to John? EGW says (paraphrase) even though the world affairs seem out of control, God sits on His throne and He calmly works out His providential leadings AA? The last picture John saw was the chaos in God’s church, and then the next picture is God on His throne. In control, all is in tact. I am still here John and I will show you a different picture 7 seals.

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Chapter 5 - The book with the seven seals
Chapter 4 & 5 are introductions for the Seven Seals—story of victory in Gods church. This chapter is about opening the book by the lamb that was slain, the lion of Judah. John was weeping, and Jesus comes and He has the qualification to open the book. The book is open when all the seven seals are broken. There is connection between and what is in the book. Seven seals itself are prophetic history from AD 31 to second coming of Jesus. And 24 elders, 4 creatures, and all the angels bow down to Jesus. Chapter Outline    No man worthy to open the book with seven seals (1-4) The Lamb is worthy to open the book (5-7) All worship the Lamb that is worthy (8-14)

No man is worthy to open the book with the seven seals (1-4)
5:1 And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne a book written within and on the backside, sealed with seven seals.

“sat on the throne” – Who is on the throne? Not Jesus, God the Father BSM: Just from the bible, it’s not easy to determine what book this is. But do more studies and find a way to prove just from the bible. So if I’m teaching non-adventists, I would say we don’t know exactly what this book is. Just from the bible. God taught it wasn’t important for us to know exactly what was in that book, but what’s more important for us to know is that this book will be opened based upon loosing of the seven seals. What is in that book? It contains everything.
20 MR 197 There in His open hand lay the book, the roll of the history of God's providences, the prophetic history of nations and the church. Herein was contained the divine utterances, His authority, His commandments, His laws, the whole symbolic counsel of the Eternal, and the history of all ruling powers in the nations. In symbolic language was contained in that roll the influence of every nation This chapter begins with a picture of God the father holding a book in His right hand. Its is written “within and on the backside.” This book was more like a scroll than on, tongue, and people from the beginning of earth's history to its close.

What is that book? 1. History of God’s providence 2. Prophetic history of nation and the church 3. Divine Utterances 4. His authority
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5. History of ALL ruling powers in the nations.
12 MR 296 This roll was written within and without. John says: "I wept much, because no man was found worthy to open and to read the book, neither to look thereon" [verse 4]. The vision as presented to John made its impression upon his mind. The destiny of every nation was contained in that book. John was distressed at the utter inability of any human being or angelic intelligence to read the words, or even to look thereon. His soul was wrought up to such a point of agony and suspense that one of the strong angels had compassion on him, and laying his hand on him assuringly, said, "Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof" [verse 5]. John continues: [verses 6, 7, quoted]. As the book was unrolled, all who looked upon it were filled with awe. There were no blanks in the book. There was space for no more writing. [Rev. 5:8-14; 6:8-11; 8:1-4, quoted.]” Mar 282 For a moment the divinity of Christ flashed through His guise of humanity. The high priest quailed before the penetrating eyes of the Saviour. . . . For a moment he felt as if standing before the eternal Judge, whose eye, which sees all things, was reading his soul, bringing to light mysteries supposed to be hidden with the dead. The scene passed from the priest's vision. . . . Rending his robe, . . . he demanded that . . . the prisoner be condemned for blasphemy. "What further need have we of witnesses?" he said; "behold, now ye have heard his blasphemy. What think ye?" And they all condemned Him. Thus the Jewish leaders made their choice. Their decision was registered in the book which John saw in the hand of Him that sat upon the throne, the book which no man could open. In all its vindictiveness this decision will appear before them in the day when this book is unsealed by the Lion of the tribe of Judah.

This is not the book of life, because the book of life opens up in 1844 for the Investigative Judgment. But this book will open when all those seals are removed—which is at the second coming. This book contains history, war, prophecy, commandments; this is the history of the whole world. God will not reveal that to you. God hides the picture from you. God can’t tell everything, because we will not be able to bear. EGW says that the great tribulation will be worse than the worst thing that human can imagine. So God will not show to you exactly, but He says “here are the patient of the saints, that keepeth the faith of Jesus.” But He does reveal something in the book of Revelation: the end, the final conclusion will be victory. That’s all God wants us to know. What is revealed about this book is not so much the book, but more about the seals. BSM: This prophecy might be connected to the book of Zechariah. Talking about the flying scroll written within and without. If you think the prophecy of Daniel and Revelation is tough, study the book of Zachariah. What book is this? In the Bible books look like scrolls. And it has 7 seals. What book is this? When was this book opened? When will it be opened? The book will be opened when the 7th seal is opened. What happens when the 7th seal is opened? Jesus comes. So when will this book be opened? At the Second coming. Is that the book of life? No, the book of life opened in 1844. This book does not open until the second coming. Can you find out what book this is from the Bible? No BSM: So what do you do when you have a dilemma like this?

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What is the main concern of this chapter? The book or the seals? It seems like John wants to know about what is in the book right? But just because John is crying out, will God answer what John wants, or what John needs? John don’t worry about this book it will be opened with the 7th seals is taken away. But let me show you before it is opened what events will occur 1st seal, 2nd seal, 3rd seal, etc.
5:2 And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, Who is worthy to open the book, and to loose the seals thereof?

All the seals need to be removed in order to open the book. What will be in the book that is unsealed in Revelation? vin·dic·tive (v¹n-d¹k“t¹v) adj. 1. Disposed to seek revenge; revengeful. 2. Marked by or resulting from a desire to hurt; spiteful. Unresolved questions? How will this decision appear before them? Is this referring to when they will see their acts in panoramic view above the throne? (3rd Coming) When will this book be unsealed? At the second coming or during the millennial judgment?
5:3 And no man in heaven, nor in earth, neither under the earth, was able to open the book, neither to look thereon.

If you can’t open it you can’t look on it, then you can’t understand it.
5:4 And I wept much, because no man was found worthy to open and to read the book, neither to look thereon.

The Lamb is worthy to open the book (5-7)
5:5 And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.

One of the who? Elders “the Lion of the tribe of Juda” – The Bible says that only “the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David” is able to open the book. If the Bible calls Jesus as “Rock,” it’s something about the quality of the rock that enables Jesus. When the Bible describes Jesus as “the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David,” this is showing us some kind of quality that is needed to open the book. Here is where you get the characteristic of Lion. Who is able to loosen the seven seals? The Lion of the Tribe of Juda. What type of pictorial language does John receive? Lion, so he turns to see…    Lion = King Juda = God’s people Root of David or Seed of David = resurrection, judgment or human nature of Christ.

So in order for Christ to open this book, He has to be the King of God’s people and at the same time

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resurrected in human form. “tribe of Juda” – at the beginning of the seven seals we see Juda—Israelite’s language. At the end of the seven seals we see the 144,000, which are the twelve tribes of Israel. The word Israel means “prevail, overcomer, or victorious.” And the lion of Judah will make His chosen ones victorious. That is the picture. (The ending picture of the seven churches was not a victorious picture. It was very sad ending). Sanctuary was in the Jerusalem among the Judah.
Ps 114:2 Judah was his sanctuary, and Israel his dominion.

Judah was called as the lawgiver.
Ps 60:7 Gilead is mine, and Manasseh is mine; Ephraim also is the strength of mine head; Judah is my lawgiver;

Judah and Jerusalem both means “Praise.” “prevailed to open the book” – this sounds like there is a battle in order for Him to open it. This is almost like Jesus, the King of Israel, will tell us how He will lead in history from first century all the way down to the last century to show us how He will gather together His people or the twelve tribes of Israel—the 144,000. The way Jesus is described at the beginning of each church had clear connection with that specific church. The way Jesus is described at the beginning of the seven seals has something to do with how to understand the seals. There has to be the reason why Jesus was describe in this way.
5:6 And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth.

“in the midst..in the midst” – Why is the word Midst used so many times? In the center of all their attention. In the center of the attention of the angels and the throne, he sees what? PO BSM: John saw Jesus in the Midst of the 7 candlesticks, now you have repetition He is in the Midst of the throne. The way He was presented in the 7 candlesticks was directly connected to His work for the 7 churches. Before 7 seals He is in the Midst of the Throne. Now He is finished with the picture of 7 churches, He changes the scene now He is in the midst as Lion and Lamb. So that describes the work that He is about to do with 7 seals. A Lamb that had been slain. Question: Here John hears the question who is worthy to open the book, and the elder says Lion of the tribe of Juda, and he turns to see what? A little Lamb. The totally opposite picture. There is a dual concept of Dying and King. Of Sacrifice and King.
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BSM: Remember in the 7 churches the way that Jesus presents Himself is based upon what the church needs. In Rev 1 before Jesus gave the 7 churches first John needs to see a vision of Jesus in the midst of the 7 candlesticks, and then He says now you look at me. And with each church He shows a vision of Jesus then goes into the prophecy. Same thing with the 7 seals!! The way that Jesus is presented in chapter 5 is very closely related to chapters 6-8:1. God is not just describing Him like that because that is who He is but it is related. So how is Jesus presented in chapter 5? He is a King and the Savior. Lamb that was slain. Tribe of Juda, Root of David = King. Root of David = This refers to the Human nature of Jesus. The resurrection of Jesus. Jesus is the judge. Where was the sanctuary among the 12 tribes in Palestine? It was in Jerusalem and it was located in Judah
Ps 114:2 Judah was his sanctuary…

Another connection to the Sanctuary
Ps 60:7 Judah [is] my lawgiver…

Judah and Jerusalem have the same root word that means Praise!! BSM: In the 7 churches Jesus presented Himself like a High Priest because of what He was wearing. In Revelation 5 Jesus is more like a King. Or course a Lamb that was slain. “I beheld…a Lamb as it had been slain” – catch this opposite descriptions! In the previous verse, John did not see the Lion, he only heard about it. But now when he beholds, he sees a lamb. He was told that the Lion can do it, John sees a lamb—this is the completely opposite. In the bible, Jesus was called as the “Lamb of God.”
John 1:29 The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.

The lamb was a sacrifice—Jesus was slain. That right there tells us that’s how Christ prevailed to open the book. Because of his death, he now has authority and right to open the book. Without the death of Christ, the salvation can’t be accomplished. EGW says “the lion of Judah and the lamb” represent two things: Home Missionary Nov. 9, 1893 Omnipotent power - lion Self-sacrificing love – lamb “As the lion of Judah, Christ will defend His chosen ones, and bring them of the victorious.” Here we see the concept of church and the state—lion as a king (state), lamb as a church—He can join the church and state. In the seven churches, Jesus revealed Himself first, and then gave the vision of seven churches. In each church, He introduced Himself according to the need of that particular church. It’s the same in
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the Seven Seals. The way that Jesus is presented in the chapter 5 is very closely related to the seven seals—chapter 5, 6, 7. “seven horns” – horns represents “power.” Seven represents “complete” or “perfect.” Therefore, the seven horns represents Christ’s complete and perfect power. With that power He is going to accomplish the work. We see the connecting text:
Luke 1:69 And hath raised up an horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David;

Horn (power) that belongs to Christ, is the horn (power) of salvation. What is the power of salvation?
Rom 1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.

In the seven seals, we must see something about the gospel of Christ and the power of salvation. When you come to the climax of the seven seals—the 144,00—you will see this power of salvation very clearly. In that chapter is described the life of the 144,000 and what they have to face on earth. Therefore, the climax of the seven seals—the 144,000—proves, vindicates, shows and reveals the power of salvation, the gospel of Christ. No wonder in chapter 14, as soon as it talks about the 144,000, it gives the message, the gospel that makes the 144,000—the everlasting gospel.
1 Cor 1:18 For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God.

The power of salvation is based on the death of Jesus on the cross. That’s the reason why the seven horns are on the lamb that was slain. Christ implements that power through His death, through the working of the gospel on earth. The gospel puts it all into action. “Seven eyes” – these eyes are the “Seven spirits.” We know that these seven spirits are no other than the Holy Spirit. We see the connection between the working of Christ and the Holy Sprit. The function of eyes is to see, guide, judge, or search. Jesus watches, sees, guides, and judges all of His seven churches through the Holy Spirit to implement the power of the gospel. That’s the reason why it says “sent forth into all the earth.” Jesus needs the Holy Spirit to be everywhere, because Christ had lost His omnipresence. “Having seven horns and seven eyes which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth” – How many horns does this Lamb have? 7 horns. And how many eyes? 7 eyes. And those 7 eyes are the 7 Spirits of God that go forth through all the earth. Horns = Power The Eyes belong to Jesus, and within the book of Revelation, the eyes of Jesus, they are piercing they represent judgment. What we see is this. When we look at the 7 seals it is the same history or time period that belongs to the 7 churches. It go a little bit beyond, but it is about the same. It is the same history of God’s church, but the candlesticks are not used, but what symbolic language is used? Horses. When you study the seals horses represent the church. Before the churches were represented as the candlesticks, not they are represented as horses. Why? In the Bible how are horses used? The Bible says
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For war. So when we look at the 7 seals we see more of a conflict. A battle in the history of God’s church. Here Jesus presents Himself as a King so as a King in the heavenly sanctuary He will lead God’s church. For 7 churches He presents Himself as a High Priest ministering, compassion, rebuking, instructing, and guidance. With that picture He leads the 7 churches. But this time at the same time He is leading God’s people as a King with 7 horns, 7 eyes, with the Spirit of God He is leading the church like He is a King. That is why the picture is a little different between the 7 churches and 7 seals.
5:7 And he came and took the book out of the right hand of him that sat upon the throne.

The lamb took the book.

All worship the Lamb that is worthy (8-14)
5:8 And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four [and] twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of saints.

When Jesus took the book the 24 elders and the four beats fell down. “harps” – in the book of Revelation, it’s associated with victory.
Rev 14:2 And I heard a voice from heaven, as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder: and I heard the voice of harpers harping with their harps: Rev 15:2 And I saw as it were a sea of glass mingled with fire: and them that had gotten the victory over the beast, and over his image, and over his mark, and over the number of his name, stand on the sea of glass, having the harps of God.

This instrument is used to make the note of victory in the book of Revelation. So we can see that something is happening in heaven. “golden vials…which are the prayers of saints” – the elders are holding the prayers of saints. There’s something about victory, and something about praying for the saints. Therefore, the seven seals have to do something about victory and for the saints. Do they have the power to intercede? There’s only one intercessor which is Christ.
1Tim 2:5 For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;

They are actively involved with the salvation of saints. They are praying for God’s people and the church on earth. (PO My conviction is that they represent Angels. Why? Two crystal clear quotes where she says angels offer the incense of the praying saints. And then she calls the Elder a Strong angel. That settles it.
CG 518 Let the members of every family bear in mind that they are closely allied to heaven. The Lord has a special interest in the families of His children here below. Angels offer the smoke of the fragrant incense for the praying saints.

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7 BC 971 “[Rev. 8:3, 4 quoted.] Let the families, the individual Christians, and the churches bear in mind that they are closely allied to heaven. The Lord has a special interest in His church militant here below. The angels who offer the smoke of the fragrant incense are for the praying saints.” Who is offering the prayers? Jesus, where does He get them from? The angels, where do they have them? In the vials. Rev 5:8
Rev 5:5 And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.” 20MR 197 His soul was wrought up to such a point of agony and suspense that one of the strong angels had compassion on him, and laying his hand on him assuringly said, "Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof. 7BC 922 Angels have far more to do with the human family than many suppose. Speaking of the angels, "Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation? Holy angels will join in the song of the redeemed. Though they cannot sing from experimental knowledge, "He hath washed us in His own blood, and redeemed us unto God," [Rev 5:9] yet they understand the great peril from which the people of God have been saved. Were they not sent to lift up for them a standard against the enemy? They can fully sympathize with the glowing ecstasy of those who have overcome by the blood of the Lamb and the word of their testimony (Letter 79, 1900).

5:9 And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation; “for thou wast slain” – it tells us the reason why the Lamb is able to open that book. It’s because of His sacrifice. “redeemed us” – some say that this proves that the 24 elders and the four beasts are both redeemed. How can they sing this song if they are never redeemed? Sister White says that the angels will join the saints to sing together—not that they’ve gone through that experience, but they are so closely united in the salvation of men.  find the quotation.
5:10 And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.

“Kings and priests” – church and state, this is like {Rev 1:6} This looks like a final scene of victory. However there is still “prayers in vials” so there is still intercession, so this can’t be the final victory yet. In the Seven Seals, we will see: 1. Gospel 2. Victory 3. Intercession

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4. Prayer 5. Completing the kingdom of God
5:11 And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands;

It must have been magnificent scene. We can’t imagine the heavenly sanctuary being exact dimension. In the holy place of the earthly sanctuary there were patterns of angels on the walls and roof. But in heaven, there are millions of real angels shining and ministering before God.
5:12 Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing.

“slain” – this is the third time this is mentioned—keep emphasizing that Christ being slain is what gave him the ability to open the scene. Seven things mentioned: power, riches, wisdom, strength, honour, glory, blessing—complete.
5:13 And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, [be] unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever.

“Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power” – four things mentioned. Number four is connected to the earth. (I don’t know if there’s any connection)
5:14 And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four [and] twenty elders fell down and worshipped him that liveth for ever and ever.

What’s happening here? The 24 elders, the four beasts, and all the angels, there are so much rejoicing because Jesus Christ was able to open this book. The whole heaven was excited because Christ could open this book. That makes more curious about this book. This book must have great importance to heaven. When Jesus begins to open this book, it is connected to Christ finishing the work of salvation.

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Chapter 6 - The opening of the first six seal
This class covers a review of chapter 5 and the first 4 horses. Review: What is the theme of chapter 5? Opening the book. By who? The Lamb that was slain or the Lion of the tribe of Juda. What is happening is that John is weeping, and here comes Jesus and He is opening the book. At least He meets the qualifications to open the book. When does He open that book? When all of the 7 seals are broken. Why? Because when He opens one seal this takes place, second seal, this takes place, etc. PO: If Jesus did not die, and resurrect that means that this book would be closed forever. The history of God’s providences all His acts from the beginning of the history of the earth until the end would be closed. Yes there are other records, like the book of life, remembrance, and Sin, but those are the acts of man. This book records the acts of God. How He works and deals. His mysterious providence that it is so hard to understand. If Jesus didn’t die that would be lost forever!! Tsunami kills many people, St Louis thousands die. We only know some names are recorded others rejected, but if that is all we had SO WHAT!!! What did God do to try to save these people!! That is what is in the book. There is a connection between the 7 seals and what is in the book. But the 7 seals are not just referring to what is in the book. It is more than that. But the 7 seals themselves are prophetic history from 31 AD to the second coming of Jesus. Here comes Jesus and He has the qualifications, He can open the book and then what happens? Everyone bows before Him. All the angels, the 24 elders, everyone. How many angels are in heaven? 10 Thousands, times 10 thousands, etc. If you calculate it is 100 trillion angels. Some say it is an expression of many angels, I can see that too. For a man to stand you need 2 square feet. Angels 4 square feet to stand with wings folded. But with wings spread they need 10 square feet. How much space would you need for 100 trillion angels. You would need space about 5 times bigger than this planet earth just to have their wings spread. Not flying or walking space, just to have wings tip to tip. Just imagine how big the heavenly sanctuary is. 5 times bigger than planet earth is the size of the sanctuary, and they are all singing. 7things: power, riches, glory, honor, and blessing. You can study these seven words and have an exhaustless study, and they all refer to Jesus.
Rev 5:13 And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, [be] unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever.

How many words? 4. This number sometimes refers to things that happen on earth. Number 7 means perfect. Chapter 5 is Jesus Christ He has the power and authority ot open that book. EGW says Lion of the Tribe of Juda & the Lamb represent two things: 1. Omnipotent Power 2. Self-sacrificing love

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Lion of the tribe of Juda represents Omnipotent power and the Lamb represents self-sacrificing love.
HM, November 1, 1893 par. 7 Once again the Saviour was presented to John, under the symbol of the "Lion of the tribe of Judah," and of "a Lamb as it had been slain." These symbols represent the union of omnipotent power and self-sacrificing love. As the Lion of Judah, Christ will defend his chosen ones and bring them off victorious, because they accepted him as "the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.

He will defend his chosen ones, and bring them off what? Victorious. What is the end picture of the 7 seals? Second coming, but the climatic picture of the 7 seals is the 144,000. And the Bible says they are from the 12 tribes of Israel. Israel means Prevail, overcome or victorious. So the 144,000 are 12 tribes of victorious Christians, overcomes. And Jesus as the Lion of the Tribe of Juda will make His chosen ones victorious. That is the picture. Remember for the 7 churches ended, and it was not a victorious picture. The 7 seals is a totally different ending to give us an understanding of the fulfillment of the plan of redemption. In that book I believe it has a description of the final conclusion, but God will not reveal that to you. He will only reveal it in symbolic language. God hides the future from you, and only gives you symbols, signs, and prophetic language. He does not reveal everything to you. Remember Jesus said I have many things to share with you, but you cannot bare them now. In Matt 24 and 25 Jesus know the disciples asked the wrong question. They thought the end of the world was the same as the destruction of Jerusalem. Jesus didn’t really explain it all. He hid the real details. So God does hide some things, but He reveals enough to let you know that He is in control. He cannot tell you everything, because if He did you will not be able to bear it. EGW says about the Time of the trouble that when we think about it, and our emotions get agitated, but when it comes it is not that bad. She says you can imagine the worst and most evil, but your imagination can’t comprehend. So God will not show you exactly. He just says Here are the patience of the Saints, they keep the faith of Jesus. But praise God He reveals something to give us comfort. We already know the end of the story and because of that we can go through. That is all that God wants us to know. The 7 seals are very special. It gives us hope. Intro: Let’s study about the 4 horsemen: White, Red, Black, and Grey Horses in the Bible
Zech 10:3 Mine anger was kindled against the shepherds, and I punished the goats: for the LORD of hosts hath visited his flock the house of Judah, and hath made them as his goodly horse in the battle.

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Here God represents Judah as a horse. And when the Bible says Judah, Jerusalem, or Israel it usually refers to God’s people. So here God’s people are represented as a horse. But what tribe does He mention? Judah. And they are prepared to go into something, what is that? Battle Before God gave the 7 seals, Jesus Christ represents Himself as the Tribe of Judah. What is He trying to do? He is trying to have a battle. He is trying to have a victorious war through God’s people. And He is a Lion of the tribe of Judah and He will lead. And He is looking at His people as horses ready for battle. These 4 horses they represent the churches, but why horses, why not the candlesticks? Because now the horse if for battle, therefore the church is in what? A battle; some kind of conflict. So you see imagery that includes weapons. The first four seals are almost just repeating the same history of the first four churches with not much more information, but just in different angle. But then, when the four seals are lined up with the four churches, the fifth and the sixth seal is much expanded and given a lot of information that you can’t see in the seven churches. It’s almost like the book of Daniel. You have the four beasts in Daniel 7. First three beasts are almost same, then when you come to the fourth beast, you have much expanded information. It’s almost like God telling us to line up in the first four seals, but He wants us to focus on the next two seals. Seven churches and the seven seals are about the same history, but the seven seals gives hope. So let’s study about seven seals. The time line of Seven seal may not be exactly same as Seven churches because of different prophecies. In the seven churches, the way Jesus present Himself is like a high priest. Then in revelation chapter 5, Jesus is more like a king and lamb that has been slain, the seven eyes and horns. Horns represent power. Jesus’ eye represents the judgment (piercing eye). When you look at the seven seals, it’s same history as the seven churches. Referring to same time period. But in seven seals, you see the history of God’s churches, not as candlesticks, but begin as horses. In the Bible, the horse was used for preparing the battle. So in the Seven seals, we see more of a conflicts like a battle in the history of God’s churches. So as a king in the heavenly sanctuary, He will lead God’s church. For seven churches He presents Himself just like high priest, ministering, compassion, rebuking, instructing, guidance, with that picture, He leads the seven churches. But this time, same time, He is leading God’s people as a king with seven horns and seven eyes, with a spirit of God. Parallel of Church to Seals       1st Seal White Horse 2nd Seal Read Horse 3rd Seal Black Horse 4th Seal Pale Horse 5th Seal Call Judgment, Vengeance 6th Seal Atonement is coming Ephesus Smyrna Pergamos Thyatira Sardis Philadelphia

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7th Seal Time of the sealing

Laodicea

Chapter Outline       First seal (1-2) Second seal (3-4) Third seal (5-6) Fourth seal (7-8) Fifth seal (9-11) Sixth seal (12-17)

Please note that just as with the seven churches, the time framing for the seven seals is also an approximate time.

The 1st Seal (White Horse) | Ascension – 100 A.D. (1-2)
6:1 And I saw when the Lamb opened one of the seals, and I heard, as it were the noise of thunder, one of the four beasts saying, Come and see.

“One of the four beasts” – at this point, we do not know which beast is saying, but we will find out when we study other seals. All other four horses has corresponding beasts speaking for them except the first beast. Therefore, we can conclude that this is the first beast—lion. “Come and see” – same phrase was also used when Philip was inviting Nathaniel to see Jesus. This phrase is also used in the OT:
John 1:46 And Nathanael said unto him, Can there any good thing come out of Nazareth? Philip saith unto him, Come and see. Ps 66:5 Come and see the works of God: he is terrible in his doing toward the children of men. Is 66:18 For I know their works and their thoughts: it shall come, that I will gather all nations and tongues; and they shall come, and see my glory.

It’s like telling John, “Come, and see” the works of God, the glory of God, how the history is unfolding; all these thing is to magnify Jesus Christ.
6:2 And I saw, and behold a white horse: and he that sat on him had a bow; and a crown was given unto him: and he went forth conquering, and to conquer.

What does “horse” represent? It is not a literal horse. Even though in Rev 19:11 we see Jesus on the white horse, comparing to other verses we know that Jesus is not riding a literal white horse when He comes for the second time. In the Bible the horse is used for war. In determining how strong the army is, they counted the horses they had. There seems to be a battling picture here: a King with a bow on a white horse conquering, and to conquer.

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Zech 10:3 Mine anger was kindled against the shepherds, and I punished the goats: for the LORD of hosts hath visited his flock the house of Judah, and hath made them as his goodly horse in the battle.

Horse represents the house of Judah—God’s church or the spiritual Israel—in battle. God’s people, the house of Judah, is represented as a horse, and they are preparing for the battle. In Revelation, before God gave seven seals, Jesus Christ represented Himself as tribe of Judah. He is trying to have a battle. He is trying to have victorious war through God’s people. And He is a Lion of tribe of Judah and He is going to lead. And He is looking at His people as horses ready for battle. So these four horses represent churches. Horse is for battle, therefore the church is now in battle. So you see a lot of weaponries in these horses. When the first seal is opened, the event we see is something about a white horse, crown, bow and conquering, and to conquer—we see a very conquering picture. “white” – color white represents purification and righteousness
Dan 12:10 Many shall be purified, and made white, and tried; but the wicked shall do wickedly: and none of the wicked shall understand; but the wise shall understand. Rev 7:14 And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. Rev 19:8 And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints. Isa 1:18 Come now, and let us reason together, saith the LORD: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.

It represents something being made pure. “bow” – it represents God’s word.
Hab 3:9 Thy bow was made quite naked, according to the oaths of the tribes, even thy word. Selah...

What do you know about the word of God being a bow? It will pierce. What other descriptions do we have about the word of God?
Heb 4:12 For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.

The word of God has a piercing effect to check out the thoughts and intents of the heart. The white horse has a man with a bow, the word of God, and He is piercing something, He is checking out something, what? The intents and thoughts of people’s heart. Who does this remind you of? PO: This describes apostolic church conquering in the book of Acts. PO: Contextually what are they using that bow for? Ephesus. They are trying those who say they are Apostles and are not. They are finding them liars Ephesus. They believed not everyone who say they are apostles, but they try them, with what? The word of God. They don’t believe everybody they try them with the Word of God.
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The white horse has similar characteristics to the church of Ephesus. So what God is saying is this. Even though the church of Ephesus had a problem, by looking at the first seal in the sight of God they are still conquering, and they were still pure. We have two views of the church of Ephesus. PO: Rev 12 covers the same time frame of the 7 churches, 7 seals and 7 trumpets. Rev 12:1 is a repeat and enlargement of Ephesus and the white horse. Now God shows us that they had leaders 12. “crown” – the word “crown” gives an idea of accomplishment or victory or authority.
1 Cor 9:25 And every man that striveth for the mastery is temperate in all things. Now they do it to obtain a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible. Jas 1:12 Blessed is the man that endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him.

White horse represents a pure church in battle. They have the characteristics of Jesus—faithful and true. They experience the blood of Jesus and made pure. With the word of God, they lay things open. They are conquering and victorious over their foes. This church is very victorious church. When Jesus came down first time, His church was like a white horse. When Jesus Christ conquers for second time, Jesus comes with a white horse, and His people have white garment.
Rev 19:11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.

Ephesus is white, and they go down to the destruction, and when Jesus Christ comes again, they come up again in white. If you draw the graph, it’s shape of “V”, the victory: for children story. We see that the white horse is conquering and victorious. And yet, when we go to the next seal, we see the red horse, then even worse, black horse. After that pale or gray horse. Then in 5th seal, we see the souls under altar crying for vengeance. In 6th seal, we see the earthquake, and the mountains falling, and the question is asked, “Who shall be able to stand?” The 144,000—strong and mighty going through the great tribulation. We see beginning with victorious, defeated and getting worse, but through prayer, coming up to the 144,000. We see God’s church going through a battle and loosing it but at the end coming out victorious. That must have been John’s question after seeing the seven churches ending with the worse condition. God is telling him, “Look, Jesus is in control. He will open the book. He will control the providences and history of this earth. He will bring the church victorious at the end. This corresponds with the first church – Ephesus. 1. Hereafter: 31AD and onward 2. Victorious church 3. Jesus appearing as “faithful and true.” 4. Having the bow (word of God) and fighting and conquering

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Yet, the 1st seal doesn’t say anything about loosing their first love. In the Seven Churches, God is revealing and recognizing their good things as well as things they need to overcome. But in the Seven Seals, God is showing a different angle. Though they were left the first love, they were still victorious church. In that first church, the gospel was preached to all the world!
Col 1:23 If ye continue in the faith grounded and settled, and be not moved away from the hope of the gospel, which ye have heard, and which was preached to every creature which is under heaven; whereof I Paul am made a minister;

They lost their first love but in some things they were conquering and victorious—they hated the deeds of the Nicolaitanes, they were combating error with truth. This church is a victorious church, it is very victorious. BSM: Where else in the Bible does it speak of a white horse? Rev 19. It speaks of Jesus Christ coming with a white horse. It is like this. When Jesus came the first time His church was like a white horse. When Jesus comes the second time he is coming with a white horse, and His people in the same chapter, chapter 19, they have white garments. What do we see? Ephesus, the white horse. And it goes down to desolation, and they come up, and when they are ready for the second coming of Jesus, they are white again. White horse down to grey horse and back up again.

The 2nd Seal (Red Horse) | 100 A.D. – 323 A.D. (3-4)
6:3 And when he had opened the second seal, I heard the second beast say, Come and see.

“the second beast say” – the first beast was lion, second was calf, third was man, and fourth was eagle. For the second horse, the second beast spoke. You will find the connection between the four beasts and the four horses. The second beast is a calf, which is for sacrifice. The second horse is connected to sacrifice. The first beast is lion, which is for conquering. The first horse is connected to conquering.
6:4 And there went out another horse [that was] red: and [power] was given to him that sat thereon to take peace from the earth, and that they should kill one another: and there was given unto him a great sword.

“horse that was red” – let’s see what we can gather from the bible about color red. 1. Red dragon & scarlet beast in Rev 12:3 & Rev 17:3, is in connection with persecution. 2. Esau means red. He was known for killing his brother Jacob, who had 12 sons and was changed to Israel, the overcomer. (Esau gave up his birthright for a red pottage of lentils). 3. Red sea – destruction upon the Egyptians. 4. Wine—false teaching—is associated with red in Prov 23:31.
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5. Sin is symbolized with color red in Is 1:18. So there is something about persecution, killing, destruction, false teaching, and sin. This sounds exactly like church Smyrna. They went through tribulation shedding red blood. The red horse represents when God’s church went through the fiery trials and shedding blood. Red? It represents Sacrifice Do you know anything about sacrifice from the previous chapter? Smyrna. What does Smyrna mean? Myrrh. Myrrh smells good when you burn it with fire. What did they go through tribulation, and what did they shed? Blood. Blood is red. The Red horse is depicting when God’s church went through tribulation, persecution. The fire of tribulation, fiery trials, and shedding blood. BSM: Do you know of any where in the Revelation where it speaks of the color red? Rev 12 The Great Red Dragon. What was the great red dragon doing in that chapter? Persecuting the woman. “take peace” – if you take away peace, you give war. In other word for “peace” is tribulation.
John 16:33 These things I have spoken unto you, that in me ye might have peace. In the world ye shall have tribulation: but be of good cheer; I have overcome the world.

There is a battle, tribulation going on. The church of Smyrna had 10 days tribulation. BSM: Study how you can get peace and what will take away peace. “that they should kill one another” – there’s a bible text that comes very close to this:
Matt. 24:9, 10 [9] Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted, and shall kill you: and ye shall be hated of all nations for my name’s sake. [10]And then shall many be offended, and shall betray one another, and shall hate one another.

How does that relate to church Smyrna? It was the “devil” that would cast them into prison. Jesus called Judas “devil” who was one of them, but who betrayed and cast Him into prison. So there is betrayal and destroying one another. What should do we do to one another? 1. Kind & preferring one another. Rom 12:10 2. Not judge one another. Rom 14:13 3. Receive one another. Rom 15:7 4. Admonish one another. Rom 15:14 5. By love serve one another. Gal 5:13 6. Forbear one another in love. Eph 4:2 7. Be kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another. Eph 4:32 8. Admonish one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs. Col 3:16 9. Comfort one another. 1Thess 4:18

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10. Edify one another. 1Thess 5:11 11. Exhort one another daily. Heb 3:13 12. Consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works. Heb 10:24 13. Love one another. 1John 4:7 “a great sword” – the word “sword” can represent the word of God, but at the same time it can represent a military power. In this context because you have tribulation and trial, the sword represents war. Upon who? Based upon the context, God’s people. Rev 13:10, 14 Sword can also represent a political or military power. In the church of Smyrna Jesus says I am He that liveth and was dead. Again the promise of resurrection and eternal life to those who are dying under persecution and tribulation.
Rev 13:10 He that leadeth into captivity shall go into captivity: he that killeth with the sword must be killed with the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the saints.

So this sword is not the word of God in this context, but referring to a military power to persecute and kill God’s people. That’s exactly what happened to the church of Smyrna.

The 3rd Seal (Black Horse) | 323 A.D. – 538 A.D. (5-6)
6:5 And when he had opened the third seal, I heard the third beast say, Come and see. And I beheld, and lo a black horse; and he that sat on him had a pair of balances in his hand.

“black” – what does black represent in the bible? 1. Coming out of harlot
Prov 7:9, 10 [9] In the twilight, in the evening, in the black and dark night: [10] And, behold, there met him a woman with the attire of an harlot, and subtil of heart.

Black horse lines up with church Pergamos which prepared the way for Jezebel, who is a harlot. 2. Lack of word of God
Lam 5:10 Our skin was black like an oven because of the terrible famine.

The color “black” is connected with famine. And famine is not because of lack of bread and water, but because of lack of word of God. What was happening with the black horse? There was a famine in the land. A spiritual famine, why? What was taken away? The word of God. What was the problem with Pergamos, what did they need? Jesus came to them with a sword, they needed the word of God.
Amos 8:11 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord GOD, that I will send a famine in the land, not a famine of bread, nor a thirst for water, but of hearing the words of the LORD:

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In the Seven Churches, Jesus appeared to the church of Pergamos with the word of God— the two-edged sword. Jesus also promised of hidden manna. What they needed was the word of God. 3. Desolation
Jer 4:27, 28 [27] For thus hath the LORD said, The whole land shall be desolate; yet will I not make a full end. [28]For this shall the earth mourn, and the heavens above be black: because I have spoken it, I have purposed it, and will not repent, neither will I turn back from it.

Black is connected to the word desolate or desolation. God said the whole land shall be desolate, then He says the heavens shall be black. Black represents desolation. Mourning and black represents desolation.The black horse is bringing desolation. 4. Time of trouble
Jer 14:1-3

“A pair of balances in his hand” – What does the balance represent? Measure of wheat for a penny. Is that cheap or expensive? Parable of Jesus the workers worked all day and received a penny. Penny represents a day’s worth of wages. Measure of barley represents one day’s meal. This is expensive not cheap.
6:6 And I heard a voice in the midst of the four beasts say, A measure of wheat for a penny, and three measures of barley for a penny; and [see] thou hurt not the oil and the wine.

In verse 5 it talks about balances. The balance that black horse has is falsifying balance. “penny” – in order for us to understand this verse, we must understand the economy back then.
Matt 20:2 And when he had agreed with the labourers for a penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard.

Penny is worth one day’s wage. A measure of wheat or three measures of barley is worth one day’s meal. You work whole day and all you get is three meals and nothing else. Things are becoming very expensive. We see very similar language in the book of Amos and Micah.
Amos 8:5-7 [5]Saying, When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn? and the sabbath, that we may set forth wheat, making the ephah small, and the shekel great, and falsifying the balances by deceit? [6]That we may buy the poor for silver, and the needy for a pair of shoes; yea, and sell the refuse of the wheat? [7]The LORD hath sworn by the excellency of Jacob, Surely I will never forget any of their works. Mic 6:9-11 [9]The LORD’s voice crieth unto the city, and the man of wisdom shall see thy name: hear ye the rod, and who hath appointed it. [10] Are there yet the treasures of wickedness in the house of the wicked, and the scant measure that is abominable? [11] Shall I count them pure with the wicked balances, and with the bag of deceitful weights?

A falsifying balance is deceitful and wicked.
Hos 12:7 He is a merchant, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loveth to oppress.

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A deceitful balances are to oppress. BSM: Was there a falsified balance in the church of Pergamos? Yes, compromise between church and state.
Pro 11:1 A false balance is abomination to the LORD: but a just weight is his delight.

False balance is an abomination. So a black horse, the colour black is something about a harlot and desolation. And this black horse is holding a false balance, which is an abomination. Sounds just like Balaam and Balak—abomination of desolation—preparing the way for the Papacy to come up. Black horse = Desolation. False Balance = Abomination. You have Abomination of Desolation. Why? Because church and state are uniting and taking away the Word of God, and all that is left to eat is oil and wine. Is that a lot of food? How can you survive on oil and wine? Remember the church of Pergamos. If you overcome I will give you the hidden manna. In other words, don’t take away all of the word of God. I will still leave something for my people. In the church of Pergamos the promise of hidden manna parallels with the oil and the wine. PO BSM: This type of study is deeper. Revelation gets deeper from this point forward. You must look for repetition. But now you don’t have a repetition of words, but a concept is repeated. This is OT imagery. Sometimes God uses language that is not literal, but figurative. Ex. Jer 4 Second coming, will give the wicked to the sword, Jesus destroys them with His brightness. And you can say the Oil has to be good because it is for God’s people. You can say the oil represents the HS. He will still work and lead you to truth, and God’s people are not completely destroyed. And the wine is good wine. If bad wine represents false teaching, then good wine represents true teaching. Oil and Wine is used for healing (Parable of good Samaritan). So God’s people got hurt and they need to be healed. Note: Remember Rev 12 where the woman fled into the wilderness where she needs to be nourished. The word nourished also has a connection to healing. “hurt not the oil and the wine” – God didn’t allow them to take away totally. He preserved something for His people to survive. Not everything is destroyed and made desolate, something is left behind for God’s people to survive—the hidden manna. In the church of Pergamos, Jesus promised that who overcometh, will eat the hidden manna. So the wine has to be good wine. So if the (bad) wine represents the false doctrine, the good wine should represent the truth. Oil can represent the HS. Wine and oil is used for healing (Good Samaritan). God’s people got hurt, and they need to be healed.

The 4th Seal (Pale Horse) | 538 A.D. – 1374 A.D. (7-8)
6:7 And when he had opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth beast say, Come and see. 6:8 And I looked, and behold a pale horse: and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him. And power was given unto them over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword, and with hunger, and with death,

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and with the beasts of the earth.

“pale” – the color pale represents “shame.”
Isa 29:22 Therefore thus saith the LORD, who redeemed Abraham, concerning the house of Jacob, Jacob shall not now be ashamed, neither shall his face now wax pale.

So the pale horse is a shameful church. God’s people are going through shame. “his name…was Death” – this is the only time that the person on the horse is named.
Prov 7:27 Her house is the way to hell, going down to the chambers of death.

In the third seal, the harlot cames out at night (black); she’s about to do her work at night (black). Then in the fourth seal, the harlot comes out leads you to Hell and Death. The black horse is in relation to a harlot and that will ultimately lead to death—pale horse. If the name is death, then he must have the characteristics of death. Name of the horse is Death and Hell. That means this person’s name is death and hell. Who is that man? What is the sting of death?
1 Cor 15:56 The sting of death is sin; and the strength of sin is the law.

His name is Death because he leads people to sin. In other words, he is a man of sin. This rider’s name is Death and Hell. They are pretty much the same. Hell means the grave. Death is actually going down, and hell is where death is. Name = character. His character is death, but the foundation of this death is what? Sin. Do you know of any man in the Bible that has the characteristics of sin?
2 Thes 2:3 Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition;

What is sin?
1 John 3:4 Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law.

Who is this death and hell? The papacy. This is no other than the papacy.
Dan 7:25 And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time. Prov 7:6-10, 27

The woman in this chapter is called a harlot, and when does she come out? At night. And the color of night is black. She is about to do her work at night time, and the Bible uses the word black! And then the Bible says the harlot will lead men to death and hell. Where do you see the Harlot in the book of Revelation? Rev 17:5. who is that? The papacy. THERE IS NOWAY YOU CAN MISS IT!! In the book of Revelation, Jesus is the One who has the key to the hell and death. (Rev 1:18). Neverthless, this man’s name is Death and the hell follows him—the antichrist. So this pale horse represents the time of the church going through papal persecution—the church of Thyatira. In the first four seals, we see parallels with the first four churches. White horse (Ephesus)  Red horse
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(Smyrna)  Black horse (Pergamos)  Pale horse (Thyatira). It’s getting worse and worse and worse. When you burn a white paper with red fire, the paper turns into black and then pale. White  Red  Black  Gray. What’s happening to God’s church? God’s church is going down to the ashes—totally desolated. It looks like the church is completely defeated. Then what is next? They are coming up. 5th seal, 6th seal, and 7th seal.

The 5th Seal (Souls Under the Altar) 1374 A.D. – Close of Probation (911)
Why not seven horses? Why only four? In the next seals, you will see how the heaven responds to what’s happening to God’s church. God’s church is now coming out to be victorious: the fifth seal, sixth seal, and the seventh seal. Again, the first four seals are to line up with the seven churches, but the focus of the Seven Seals is the next three seals. The first four seals relate to what happens on earth as it is to do with number four—forty years in the wilderness, four corners of the earth. It represents what took place on the earth. Number three belongs to God, specially that taking place in heaven—three Godhead, three days in the tomb, three times Peter deny God, restored with three times of question. So four horsemen describes what took place on earth in terms of battle within God’s church and the world. Last three seals shows heaven’s response to the four horsemen. This is more of what God is doing in response to the world. Review: We already discussed the first 4 seals: The White, Red, Black, and Pale horses. And we discovered the church condition, the battle or controversy that the church is going through is causing them to get worse and worse. Although God has always had faithful people throughout every generation, but we saw that the condition of the church in relation to the world is getting worse and worse. Now the Bible opens to use the Fifth Seal.
6:9 And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held:

“under the altar” – normally, people will think it as the altar of sacrifice. But it’s the altar of incense. Let’s talk about the word altar. And normally when you see this Bible text what altar do you think that this is? The altar in the courtyard, why? Because it is the altar of sacrifice and these peoples were sacrificed. Now that is a nice conclusion by just looking at the Bible text. What does that mean? Under, something shows that they are very close to the altar. Another way to look at the word under is beneath or in. So there is a close relation to the altar and the souls that were slain. Notice what they are saying. BSM: The word “altar” is used about 8 times in Revelation: and in the Revelation, the altar related to the judgment is always the altar of incense.  Rev 8:3,5 Altar of incense – intercession/judgment Here the angel who is Jesus Christ, He has incense. So I know this altar is referring to the Altar of incense. And this scene was there to show the judgment upon the Roman Empire (we will study later with the 7 trumpets). At least I know in chapter 8 that altar is the altar of incense.

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Rev 9:13 And the sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God…

Altar of incense – judgment (Golden altar is the altar of incense). Which altar is this? The altar of incense. It cannot be altar of sacrifice because the Bible says ‘golden altar’ now both altars have 4 horns, but the one on the outside is a brazen altar. BSM: So clearly, not unclearly, twice the altar is mentioned and it refers to the altar of incense.  Rev 11:1-2 [1] And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein. [2] But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not…

Altar of incense – Judgment. Which altar is this? The golden altar of incense, why? Because it says the court that is without measure it not. 3 times clearly the altar is mentioned and it is referring to the altar of incense.  Rev 14:18 And another angel came out from the altar, which had power over fire…

Altar of incense – Judgment. So this altar is related to what word? Power over fire.This altar is related to power over the fire. There is another altar that we already read in Rev 8. It also mentions the altar, but in relationship with fire.
Rev 8:5 And the angel took the censer, and filled it with fire of the altar…

You can say well both the Alter of Burnt Sacrifice also has fire, that is true, but based upon which altar in the book of Revelation that is already being used before in relationship to fire and judgment, which refers to the 7 trumpets, which is an example of the 7 last plagues. And here we see another judgment in chapter 14, I can conclude that this is the altar of incense. Why the Altar of Incense? You may say that it’s the altar of sacrifice, because they are sacrificing and being slain, but the key is not much on they are being slain, but the key is what they are saying. Another word for “under” is “beneath” or “in.” It’s something about they are very close to the altar. So there’s close relationship between the altar and the soul that was slain.
Rev 16:7 And I heard another out of the altar say, Even so, Lord God Almighty, true and righteous [are] thy judgments.

Altar of Incense – judgment Right here it is not clear, which altar this refers to. It just says a voice came out saying true and righteous are they judgments. So this altar has a relation to judgment. When you look at all of the other altars before. 1. Rev 8 – Altar related to judgment 2. Rev 9 – Altar related to judgment 3. Rev 11:1 – Altar related to judgment, why? The Reed to measure that is speaking of judgment. Measure means to judge. 4. Rev 14:18 – Another judgment of the wicked. 5. That is once, twice, thrice, that is too many times. What I conclude by looking at all of the altars in Revelation, and it says the altar, not a altar, by looking at that I conclude that this is the altar of incense.

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Souls under the Altar. You may say it is the altar of sacrifice because they are being slain. But the key is not so much that they are being slain, but the key is what they are saying. The key is not so much that they are dying for the faith, the key is what they are crying out for. “souls of them that were slain” – In the fifth seal, we see the souls under the altar. But these souls are slain, so they are dead. The Bible uses the word “slain” and not “killed” or “martyred.” Other places we see the word slain is “the Lamb that was slain.” So we can see a close connection between the Lamb and these souls. These are slain for the “word of God and the testimony which they held.” Therefore, they are martyrs. Comparing to the previous seals, how did these men die for God’s sake? In the fourth seal we have the papacy persecuting God’s people and putting thousands of them into death. These are the people that were slain under the Dark Ages. These were “slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held.” That was the exact same reason that John was exiled to the island of Patmos.
Rev 1:2 Who bare record of the word of God, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ, and of all things that he saw.

This is exact the same characteristic of the remnant church.
Rev 12:17 And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.

These souls gives as an example of what the remnant church may face in the last days. We may have to suffer death for the Word of God and for the testimony of Jesus Christ. “held” – this is the same experience John had.
1 John 1:1 That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled, of the Word of life;

These people were able to die for Jesus Christ because they had a personal experience in the word and testimony of Jesus Christ.
6:10 And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?

“And they cried with a loud voice” – This is the subject matter or the theme of this seal. They are crying with a loud voice. (Why are they crying? We will talk about that later.) If they are slain and dead, how can they speak? Can dead people speak? If you are teaching this to non-Adventists, you better cover the state of the dead first. We know from the bible that this can’t be literal, but symbolic, for the dead knows nothing. Where else do we find dead people speaking in such a context? The blood of Abel:
Gen 4:10 And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother’s blood crieth unto me from the ground.

Can blood speak? But yet shedding of the blood represents death. So you can imagine that the blood
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is symbolically crying out for judgment and revenge. This is very similar picture and we see the parallel. Abel was righteous and slain by his brother for following God. These souls were righteous and slain by his brothers for following God. Both had altars, offerings, and the both were worshipping God. But the difference is Abel worshiped according to God’s way, Cain worshiped according to His own way. That’s exactly what happened to these souls who were slain during the fourth seal—the papacy. The papacy were worshipping God in their own way, and persecuted their brethren who worshipped according to God’s way and slew their brethren in the name of Christianity. We can conclude that the souls under altars are also crying for judgment and revenge. These souls are not crying out for revenge out of anger and hatred. They are simply asking for justice of God to take place. When your son has been innocent, but yet he was mischarged for something that he has never done and put to death. Whenever you see your son’s grave, the blood of your son cries out to you to do something about it—it cries out for justice. God the Father feels the sufferings and pains that His innocent people went through. He is expressing it for them. “And they cried” – this is the theme of this seal. In the bible, crying is related to prayer.
Ps 5:1 Give ear to my words, O LORD, consider my meditation. Ps 55:23 But thou, O God, shalt bring them down into the pit of destruction: bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days; but I will trust in thee. 1 Ki 17:21 And he stretched himself upon the child three times, and cried unto the LORD, and said, O LORD my God, I pray thee, let this child’s soul come into him again.

So the souls have close relationship with the altar that is related to prayer—altar of incense. And God hears the prayer of the righteous. What do we see here? Is that a relationship between the prayers of these souls and the altar?
Pro 15:29 The LORD is far from the wicked: but he heareth the prayer of the righteous.

The prayer is like incense. Here is an example or picture of God listening to the prayer of His righteous people.
Psa 141:2 Let my prayer be set forth before thee as incense; and the lifting up of my hands as the evening sacrifice.

Their prayer is becoming like an incense. In order to get the incense, you have to burn. “Slain”, the tribulation and persecution was the “burning” experience. There are two churches which went through this tribulation: Smyrna, Thyatira.   Smyrna – “myrrh” Thyatira – “odour of affliction”

Our prayers are like incense. And these souls were praying under the altar. What is the connection? Their prayer is becoming like incense. How do you get incense? You must burn it. Then you have a smell. Did they go through any type of burning experience? Slain, tribulation, persecution. They were burned, and because of that burning, God is going to revenge them.
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BSM: Do you know of any other church or place in the book of Revelation that indicates persecution and burning incense? Smyrna and Thyatira. [Smyrna] means [“Myrrh”] Myrrh means incense. It is the thing that you burn, which makes smoke. [Thyatira means “Odor of affliction”] Both of these churches give the idea of persecution and smoke, incense. Which church do the souls under the altar apply more to? Thyatira. You can include Smyrna, but it applies more to the Thyatira, why? Because they just came out of the Pale Horse, which is the Papacy. ‘Odor of Affliction’ they went through affliction
Dan 7:25 …he shall wear out the saints of the most high…

“Wear out” = means harass mentally or physically. Harassment has a connection to affliction.They are being tortured, they had an inquisition, this means to change your mind not kill you. To harass your mind. These souls went through that persecution. Both of these churches have indication of persecution and incense. “with a loud voice” – here, the souls are crying with a loud voice to God, and the rest of the chapter, you see God crying with the loud voice. It’s like answering their crying. This means that they prayed with great intensity. BSM: I looked up all the verses in the book of Revelation that use the phrase ‘cried with a loud voice”
Rev 7:2 He cried with a loud voice to the four angels…

This text is referring to the sealing message. Why are they crying? Because the 4 angels are about to let go of the 4 winds. They said HOLD, don’t let them go until we have sealed the servants of God in their foreheads. Why does he cry with a loud voice? Who sent this angel? SOP. Jesus is the one that sent him. And Jesus sent him as an intercessor. What is happening is this. Summary: Here in Rev 6:10 souls are crying out for help. And in the rest of the chapters in Revelation you see “Other voices crying out with a loud voice, and these voices they are sent from God!” It is like God is answering and responding to the prayers of these souls that are under the altar. We cry out, and God will cry out as well! You will discover that when you study.
Rev 7:9 And cried with a loud voice, saying, Salvation to our God…

This verse refers to us what we will say when we will go to heaven. Not what God will say. The idea is when we cry out loud on this earth, we will be able to cry out loud when we go to heaven.
Rev 10:3 …And cried with a loud voice, as [when] a lion roareth…

This refers to Jesus and Jesus cries with a loud voice, He is doing this to pronounce something. What is that? He had a little book open in His hand, the book of Daniel. The prophecy regarding 2,300 days. The investigative judgment. AT THE TIME OF THE INVESTIGATIVE JUDGMENT THERE WAS A CRY WITH THE LOUD VOICE, RESPONDING TO THE PRAYERS OF THE SAINTS.

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Rev 19:17 He cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven…

This is talking about the second coming of Jesus. Watch this! 1. At the investigative judgment you have - A Cry with the loud voice. 2. The Seal of the Living God – Cry with a loud voice 3. Second coming of Jesus – Cry with a loud voice 4. When we go to heaven – Cry with a loud voice What does this mean? As the souls that are under the altar are praying God help us, revenge us, please help us! God will respond how? Well I will bring forth the investigative judgment. I will seal you so that you will be protected. I will come the second time and I will revenge you! And some day YOU WILL CRY OUT AGAIN, NOT FOR PITY, NOT FOR SORROW, NOT FOR MOURNING, BUT FOR JOY! But the saints on earth they have a work to do, they have to cry out loud again, for something else, not for mourning, but to give a message.
Rev 14:6-7 [6] And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people [7] Saying with a loud voice…

To give the 3 angel’s message. BSM: This is what I mean by contextual study. Look within the book of Revelation first. As souls under the altar is praying “God help us, revenge us!” God responds: “I will bring forth the investigative judgment, I will seal you so you can be protected, I will come second time and I will revenge. And someday you will cry out again, not for pity, not for sorrow, not for mourning, but for joy. But the saints have to cry loud one more time at the end: The Three angel’s message. “How long” – What are they crying? What are they praying? When the Bible says How long, it usually means requiring or requesting for revenge. Let’s study about their prayer, What are they praying? How long. When the Bible says “How long” what does that mean?
Ps 13:1, 2 [1]How long wilt thou forget me, O LORD? for ever? how long wilt thou hide thy face from me? [2]How long shall I take counsel in my soul, having sorrow in my heart daily? how long shall mine enemy be exalted over me?

Is the same as what they are praying? How long will you let us be persecuted or cause our names to be in vain? How long.
Ps 74:9, 10 [9]We see not our signs: there is no more any prophet: neither is there among us any that knoweth how long [10] O God, how long shall the adversary reproach? shall the enemy blaspheme thy name for ever?

When the Bible uses the phrase ‘how long’ what does it mean? What are they asking for? Revenge
Ps 94:3 LORD, how long shall the wicked, how long shall the wicked triumph?

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What is happening? God’s people are being desolated and the wicked are triumphing. Side note: Ps 73 gives a picture of judgment. David is saying I am trying to write this, but I am being desolated, and the wicked are increasing, they are rich, happy, and growing. God what is happening? You allow your people to be desolated and the wicked prosper. And David was complaining, and he said I didn’t know what was happening until I went into the sanctuary. Why in the sanctuary did he figure it out? The investigative judgment. Study this chapter in relation to how long. God’s people are being desolated, and wicked are triumphing. David is saying, “I’m trying to be righteous, but I’m being desolated, but the wicked are increasing and they are rich. God, are You allowing Your people to be desolated, but wicked to be prosperous?” But David understood when he went into the Sanctuary: the investigative judgment. The expression of “how long” is closely related to the enemies of God persecuting His people. Just like when Daniel asks how long shall be the vision, because it is a picture of God’s people being persecuted.
Dan 8:13 Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain saint which spake, How long shall be the vision concerning the daily sacrifice, and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?

So this question ‘how long’ what does it mean? How long will God’s people and the sanctuary be trodden under foot. How long will God’s people be persecuted. How long will the sanctuary not be manifested or magnified. How long will God’s truth be trodden under foot? How long will God’s people be persecuted? This is the same question. PO: Very interesting in the context of Dan 8:13 they are being persecuted by the little horn, by Rome, by the Papacy [not the high priestly ministry]. And in Rev 6 who are they being persecuted by? The Pale Horse. Therefore the Pale Horse is the same as the Little horn in it’s second phase. Black horse same as first phase of the horn. The answer is given: Notice the answer.
Dan 8:14 And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.

“I will restore My people after 2,300 years.” After 1844, God restored the message—the sanctuary message; God restored His people—Advent movement How long will there be persecution? Well don’t worry. I will restore my message and my people When? After 2,300 years. So what did He do in 1844? Did He restore His message? Yes, what message? The sanctuary. Did He restore His people? Yes, who are they? The Advent movement. (Summary) Watch this: The church of Thyatira? How long did that last? 1,260. What about the Pale horse? About 1,260. There is a reason why it is not exactly 1,260. EGW says because of the righteous people God cut short the time of persecution. It is about 1,260. It is around the end of this time, so around 1798. And at this time, around this time is when you see the 5th seal opened, and the souls are crying out for revenge, and what is coming soon after that? 1844 the investigative judgment. What we see is this as we go back to our text.

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“judge and avenge our blood” – again, this goes along with the story of Abel. They are asking for two things: Judgment & Avenge. The judgment always comes before avenge. They are asking for what? Judge and Avenge. So there has to be a judgment first and then the vengeance. What is coming after the 5th seal? It is not there in description but we know what is happening. What is coming soon? The investigative judgment. And when that is finished, what follows? The vengeance of God! So this cry indicates that the investigative judgment is coming soon. That the second coming is very soon. What they are praying will be answered very soon, this is an indication. BSM: Remember Sardis? I will come as a thief in the night, second coming, to do what? Revenge. Then He says He that overcomes I will not blot out his name out of the book of Life, what is that? The investigative judgment. Even in Sardis you have vengeance and judgment. In the 5th seal what do you have? Judgment and vengeance. Investigative judgment and second coming. Again similar history. BSM: LISTEN CAREFULLY. These timelines are not exactly the same as the 7 churches because it is a different prophecy. But the 5th seal is just to indicate that the cry of the saints, death of the saints it is like a prayer to God. God wants to avenge. Remember Abel? Gen 4:10 “the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground.” Did Abel really cry out with his blood? No, when God sees His people die unjustly, He wants to revenges for the justice of God.
1 Sam 24:12 The LORD judge between me and thee, and the LORD avenge me of thee: but mine hand shall not be upon thee.

There is judgment and avenge. That is the concept. All I am trying to show is that there has to be judgment then vengeance, not vengeance than judgment. Note: When I say vengeance, God may do small acts of vengeance like He did to: Babylon, MP, G, Roman Empire, He can do small acts of vengeance. But I am talking about the ultimate, the final, vengeance of God. You have the investigative judgment for the whole world, then vengeance on the whole world. What do we know about avenge? Are we suppose to avenge our enemies? No, revenge belongs to God.
Lev 19:18 Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the LORD.

The vengeance is not in our hands. We are not suppose to fight back.
Deut 32:43 Rejoice, O ye nations, with his people: for he will avenge the blood of his servants, and will render vengeance to his adversaries, and will be merciful unto his land, and to his people.

Notice ‘How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?’ Same thing God will avenge the blood of His servants.
Rom 12:19 Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord.

When is the time for the vengeance of God? The people were simply crying out to God for judgment & revenge. All we can do is cry out to God for justice.
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In the 5th seal, the souls are crying out for judgment and vengeance. That’s exactly what’s coming ahead. If we take the Pale Horse to be the time of Papal reign and God’s people being persecuted. At the end of the Pale horse, that’s around 1798, we must expect for the judgment to come. If we believe that there has to be vengeance after the judgment, that means vengeance cannot take place before the judgment. When is the vengeance of God?
2 Thes 1:7-9 [7]And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels, [8]In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ: [9]Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power;

“Jesus shall be revealed” – Second coming, at the second coming “taking vengeance” – Tell me from the Bible when will God do His vengeance? The second coming. But the prelude begins with the 7 last plagues. The final ultimate vengeance is the second coming. We also know that the wicked will also be punished after the 1,000 years. Therefore, we know that it begins with the second coming, and will be completed at the end of the millennium. (The seven plagues are only a prelude). We call these “the Day of the Lord.” God has given Satan about six thousand years, and now it’s God’s turn for thousand years. During this time, God will completely vindicate who He is. Therefore, the judgment must take place before “the Day of the Lord”— Investigative Judgment. What they are praying, it will be answered very soon. The church of Sardis has these two things:   “I will not blot out his name out of the book of life”—the investigative judgment. “I will come on thee as a thief”—the second coming to do the revenge.

In the fifth seal we will see the souls under altar crying out for the investigative judgment the second coming. In the sixth seal, you will see the judgment characteristics and the second coming. The fifth seal is like a prayer request and the sixth seal is an answer to their prayers.
6:11 And white robes were given unto every one of them; and it was said unto them, that they should rest yet for a little season, until their fellowservants also and their brethren, that should be killed as they [were], should be fulfilled.

“rest yet for a little season” – another word for “rest” is “sleep.”
John 11:13 Howbeit Jesus spake of his death: but they thought that he had spoken of taking of rest in sleep.

They need to be dead for a little season because when it is over, they will be resurrected. So they need to remain dead for a little longer, a little season. When you are dead you don’t have a conscience. You don’t know what is going on. So when you die after that the next thing you will see is either the second coming or after the 1,000 years.

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“until their fellowservants also and their brethren, that should be killed”– this shows us that there will be more martyrs. This indicates that in the future there will be persecution [PO martyrs]. Who will be persecuted? It’s giving us a preview of what’s coming ahead:
Rev 13:15 And he had power to give life unto the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause that as many as would not worship the image of the beast should be killed.

Persecution will come back. If persecution is coming back, union of church and state needs to come back as well. The purpose of the 5th seal is vengeance. This is the main theme of the fifth seal. The fellowservants and brethren, who are they?
Rev 19:10 I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.

Who is speaking? An angel. Who is the fellowservant, and of they brethren? The Angel. Does this mean angels will die? Why does the angel use the same phrase as chap 6:11. Note: If you are not connected to the HS you will come out with a fantastic interpretation. Angels will die. The angel said it, but the Angel represents what? A messenger. This is referring to the messengers of God at the end of time. What do they have? The Testimony of Jesus, what is that? The Spirit of prophecy. So tell me who are the brethren and fellowservants? The Remnant. So these souls under the altar they are waiting for you to die and be killed. And some will never see death.
Rev 22:9 I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren the prophets, and of them which keep the sayings of this book:

That is how you know that the fellow servants and brethren refer to the prophets. Who are the fellow servants and brethren? The prophets. This does not just refer to EGW. But the word prophet also means spokesman of God. The one who gives God’s message.
Rev 10:7 The mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets.”

And when you study Rev 10. This mystery of God refers to the everlasting gospel, the 3 Angel’s message (within the book of Revelation). So who should be killed? Those who proclaim the 3 angel’s message, but not all of them because we still need 144,000. But many of them will be killed, why will they be killed?
Rev 16:6 For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets…

Who shall kill the saints and the prophets, who are they? Babylon, and that consist of Apostate protestants or the papacy.
Matt 24:49 And shall begin to smite [his] fellowservants, and to eat and drink with the drunken;

Rev 13:15. Remember Matt 24 is a little book of Revelation. Remember this parable, it is regarding two servants. The wicked servant, the one who says my Lord delays His coming. This is what He does. Who shall kill the fellowservants at the end of time? The evil servant within the camp or

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without the camp. When you are drunk you drink what? Wine. Wine in Revelation shows the wine of Babylon. Note: This is a repetition of what happened in Smyrna with the Nicolaitanes and all of that. Summary: The souls under the altar are crying out for vengeance. The altar is the altar of incense, they are praying. And you will discover that Jesus answers their prayers in chapter 8. Chapter 8 the 7 trumpets are about answering these people’s prayers. You will see that when we study chapter 8. PO: Souls under the altar cover time frame really until the last member of the remnant church is killed. And the trumpets answer all the prayers and vengeance is exercised on pagan Rome, papal Rome, and papacy once deadly wound is healed. Mar 299 EGW mentions many martyrs in the last days. Question: Time frame of the 5th seal? All that I can discover is.

The 6th Seal (Who Shall Be Able To Stand) | 1755 A.D. – Second Coming (12-17)
When the sixth seal is opened, we see a lot of things happening: great earthquake, sun, moon, and star, and description of coming of Christ, and the 144,000. So the sixth seal includes from 1844 up to right before the second coming. Then you have the seventh seal, and it’s only one verse. So by looking at the amounts of the information, the sixth seal has the greatest importance. It has the climatic event in seven seals. In the sixth seal, John’s question is being answered: “What’s going to happen to God’s church? Will the Laodicean Church victorious at the end?” So Jesus describes the sixth seal the most to answer John’s question. With that in mind, we continue on sixth seal.
6:12 And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood;

The sixth seal begins with a great earthquake and the sun becoming black and the moon as blood. The sixth seal begins with an earthquake, and this earthquake is referring to the Lisbon earthquake of 1755. This places the 5th seal before 1755. Then you have the Pale Horse, the papacy, and normally we believe that the papacy reigned for 1,260 years, and that ended in 1798. What we have is this. The time frame of the papacy and the 5th seal overlap. 1755-1798 you have a quarter of a century right here. EGW says persecution was cut short then what it was suppose to be. What we have at the beginning of that is the souls under the altar being persecuted for righteousness. BSM: Again, time frame is important to know where to put it, or know the approximate time. But to know the exact dates are not that important because God doesn’t give it. If it was important God would give it. What is important is the transition of this history, and it all overlaps and there is a progression. And these souls under the altar they are already dead. There was not a specific time that they prayed. It is just a response to what the papacy did under the Pale Horse. And God’s people are crying out for help. Lisbon Earthquake – 1755 The dark day – May 19, 1780 Falling Stars – Nov 13, 1833 What is the contextual interpretation for this? (Interpretation and Context In are about the same)

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There is only one interpretation for these things. What is the fulfillment of this? Because it is a prophecy the interpretation is the fulfillment. The fulfillment is what happened in 1755, 1780, and 1833. That is the basic interpretation. What is the contextual interpretation? The contextual interpretation is to look at this fulfillment and to see its relationship to the previous four seals and what is coming after. You must look and interpret the prophecy (see the fulfillment) and then see how it fits contextually within the seven seals. Just by looking at the 7 seals, what does this mean? You can go further and see within the book what does it mean? Not using any other books. What is it? Ex. Jesus said to Laodicea, if you overcome. What is the interpretation of overcome? Victory, but contextual interpretation is to overcome what? Lukewarmness. Contextual App: you are looking at the same concept, the same word in other Bible texts. And you add what is not described from that Bible text. The phrase 3:21 “To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne” the contextual application would be Heb 12:2 “endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.” In Rev 3 there is no phrase that says endure the cross or despise the shame. But I know that endure the cross is the same as “Overcome” why? You overcome you sit down at the right hand of God. You endure the cross and you sit down at the right hand of God. This is contextual application, it is within the premise, but you are using other Bible texts to make it more in-depth. Interpretation is what is the meaning of that word OR the fulfillment. Contextual Interpretation, how does it relate to the context, Contextual application is you are looking for the same word, same topic, same idea from other Bible texts and you magnify it. Application is when it is not directly related, there is no connection, but it has a similar idea in relation to what you are studying, but it is not exactly the same. Ex. He that overcomes will sit at the right hand of God. Application is you take out the concept of sitting at the right hand of God, and just focus on overcome. Overcome temptation. That can fit under contextual application, but contextual application is more you following everything as much as possible. Overcome and sit down. So you must find other Bible texts that speak of Overcome and sit down. You must have all of the ingredients together to have a contextual application. But application is to take one concept out and magnify it. Ex. “Sit down” then you talk about sitting down with Him for eternity. It is still within the premise, but it is not contextual. There is a distinction between these things. Interpretation of this (Sun, moon, stars)? The fulfillment Contextual interpretation? It took place after the 5th seal, and it takes place before 7th seal. Start with that because it is in the neighborhood. Now what was the main theme of the 5th seal? What is the purpose of it? The souls under the altar are crying out for what? Vengeance. This is the main theme. Judgment and Vengeance. That means that this seal EARTHQUAKE, SUN, MOON, AND STARS these signs have something to do with the Vengeance of God. BSM: Contextual Interpretation is not going anywhere. Don’t go to Isaiah, Ezekiel, or any where. Just stay in the 7 seals. There is a connection between the Vengeance of God with these signs.

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What happens next in the six seals? Who shall be able to stand? They are crying to the rocks and mountains to fall on them. What picture do you see? The righteous being saved or the wicked being destroyed? What do you call that (within the context)? Vengeance So what do we have? In the 5th seal they are calling for Vengeance, and at the end of the 6th seal you have the Vengeance of God, and in-between what do you have? SUN, MOON, STARS, AND EARTHQUAKE. These signs are giving to indicate that what is coming soon? The vengeance of God. THAT IS CONTEXTUAL INTERPRETATION. I didn’t go to any other Bible texts. Within the 7 seals I try to explain the whole story. Not dissect it or disconnect but in connection to the whole. The souls under the altar are crying out and then the wicked are crying out for the rocks and mountains to fall upon them at the end of the 6th seal. There will be two crying in the 7 seals one righteous, one wicked. One for vengeance and the other to be destroyed. THIS IS CONTEXTUAL INTERPRETATION. Now contextual application as I study this and I use other Bible texts that use the words, sun, moon, and stars, and not just them alone. But they have to deal with the second coming. Why? Because the 6th seal has sun, moon, stars, and second coming. So I must choose Bible texts that use these words in connection with the theme of second coming. This is contextual application. I am applying contextually. This is what we will do. This is linked with many Bible texts in the Bible: Here are some few of them.
Isa 13:9-11 [9]Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate: and he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it. [10]For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine. [11]And I will punish the world for their evil, and the wicked for their iniquity; and I will cause the arrogancy of the proud to cease, and will lay low the haughtiness of the terrible.

This is a prophecy regarding the destruction of Babylon, but it also applies to the destruction of the whole world. This is similar to Revelation. You have the day of the Lord, which includes the second coming of Jesus, and then you have the sun, moon, and stars. It is a little different, but about the same. What do you see here that is not in Revelation? What is an added description or words? BSM: When you connect a bible text like this from Revelation capture the theme. Look for the key words, the theme is the Day of the Lord. And underneath it you have desolation, wrath, fierce anger, stars not shining, etc. And in Verse 11 it says He will punish the world Keep this in mind, don’t conclude anything yet. Note: When you speak to non-Adventist it is very good to use interpretation, contextual interpretation, contextual application, application and appeal. In that order, when you are dealing with the intellect.
Eze 32:7-9 [7]And when I shall put thee out, I will cover the heaven, and make the stars thereof dark; I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not give her light. [8] All the bright lights of heaven will I make dark over thee, and set darkness upon thy land, saith the Lord GOD. [9] I will also vex the hearts of many people, when I shall bring thy destruction among the nations, into the countries which thou hast not known.

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God says I will make sun, moon, stars dark and then what is coming? Destruction. That is the key word. What is associated with the darkening of the sun, moon, and stars, the Day of the Lord, wrath, and destruction. So we know in Rev 6 why did God give these signs in the sun, moon, and stars? Because destruction is coming. This is CONTEXTUAL APPLICATION. Did you see the word ‘destruction’ in Rev 6? No, did we see the word ‘day of the Lord?’? No, but do you see the word wrath? Yes, so it fits.
Joel 2:10, 11 [10] The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the sun and the moon shall be dark, and the stars shall withdraw their shining: [11]And the LORD shall utter his voice before his army: for his camp is very great: for he is strong that executeth his word: for the day of the LORD is great and very terrible; and who can abide it?

Note: A book that goes with the book of Daniel is Joel. If you can’t find it in Daniel come here. ‘who can abide it’ It is almost the same as Rev 6 this is the same as who shall be able to stand, what day is coming? The day of the Lord is coming. Another text that confirms the darkening of sun, moon, and stars and the earth trembles shows that the day of the Lord is coming. We have confirmed 3 Bible texts to conclude it.
Joel 2:31 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come.

These events are taking before the day of the Lord—beginning with the great event of the second coming or to be more specific, when the probation is closed. This is the clearest bible text, why? The key word is BEFORE. Blood is the same as Rev 6. Before the day of the Lord comes, what takes place? Sun, moon, stars, something happens. 4 times it is clear. Sun, moon, and stars, second coming, etc. And Revelation 6 same thing. You are allowing the Bible to say what it is trying to say. And you will see why it jumps like that. That is a huge jump in the time periods from the sun, moon, and stars darkening. Why does it do that? It doesn’t explain what is happening in between. (we will see later) All these bible texts give us the idea that after the sun, moon, and stars be darkened, there’s a second coming of Christ.
Matt 24:29, 30 [29] Immediately after the tribulation of those days (pale horse) shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken: [30]And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.

“Immediately after” – Then. What sequence do we see? Immediately after something, what? Tribulation what happens? Signs in sun, moon, and stars. After that what do we see? Second coming. We still have signs in sun, moon, and star, and then the second coming. Then it says “After the tribulation” – what is this? We have an added concept that is given. More information is given. What tribulation is this? In Rev 6 the sun, moon, and stars comes after the souls under the altar, but when did their experience take place? Contextually speaking, the pale horse, when the papacy reign. What tribulation is this? Not the tribulation of the last days, but the 1,260 days. You can get that from the SOP. You can prove it. When you look at Matt 24 Jesus foretells about the destruction of Jerusalem, the rise of false Christs, of course it applies to the end of time, but it is

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referring to the rise of the antichrist, the papacy. After that what happens tribulation is over. The 1260, this tribulation is an example of the great tribulation that will take place in the future. “Immediately” – means very quickly “Tribulation” – refers to a time of trial and persecution. The papacy did reign for 1260, but persecution didn’t last that long. It began to end from 1517 because of the reformation. Around 1755 tribulation already ceased, so after the persecution is over the sign comes. So this tribulation is the reign of the papacy especially during the persecuting time of the papacy.
Luke 21:25-27 [25] And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring; [26] Men’s hearts failing them for fear, and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth: for the powers of heaven shall be shaken. [27]And then shall they see the Son of man coming in a cloud with power and great glory.

Second coming (shows the same thing). Why did God use the Sun, Moon, and Stars?
Gen 1:14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:”

BSM: What I am about to do right here is more application. I call it application because I cannot clearly prove it from the Bible. Some applications they sound good, there are some ideas there, but so far at this point I cannot prove it, but I can show how it does apply and does make sense. Why did God create the Sun, Moon, and Stars from the beginning? God created the Sun, moon and stars for signs. When was that fulfilled? 1780 and 1833. You can tell something by the sun, moon, and stars? Seasons, what is another word for season? Time. If the Sun, Moon, and Stars are not working, you cannot tell what? Time. After 1798, after God shows that the sun, moon, and stars are darkened, what God is trying to say is that there is no more time. What is next? The Second Coming, over and over. Whenever God explains about the sun, moon, and stars, He doesn’t explain anything in-between, He jumps, Second Coming, NO MORE TIME!!! BSM: Are there a lot of Bible texts for this? Not really, but this is what it is. BSM: When you teach to non-Adventist, it’s very good to use Interpretation  contextual interpretation  contextual application  application  appeal.   Interpretation for the prophecy will be the “fulfillment.” So the interpretation is what took place: Contextual Interpretation is same as interpretation, but looking at this interpretation in relationship with previous four seals, and what’s coming after. You need interpretation first, and then more interpretation of how does this interpretation fit contextually within seven seals. Not using any other bible texts, just within the seven seals, what it means, or little further, in the book what it means. Contextual Application is looking at same concept, and same word in other Bible texts, and you add which is not really in that text.

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Application is not directly connected, but it has same idea. It’s not so much exactly the same.

Nov 1, 1755 – The great Lisbon earthquake and tsunami.
The earthquake struck in mid-morning during a high religious holiday, All Souls Day. Shortly afterward, three large tsunamis swept over the city's harbor and killed many thousands of refugees. A week later, after untamable fires and unremitting aftershocks, essentially the whole city was in ashes, its people scattered, and perhaps half of its population dead. The eyewitness account of the quake and its aftermath by Rev. Charles Davy makes horrifying reading. Signs of crime, disorder, and disease are evident, and criminals are being hanged under the supervision of soldiers and priests. Similar scenes occurred throughout Portugal, in southern Spain, and in Morocco. Tsunamis struck countries as far away as England and were detected across the Atlantic Ocean. This earthquake destroyed a major cultural center of Europe, dealing a severe blow to the nation of Portugal. Its widespread physical effects aroused a wave of scientific interest and research into earthquakes. It can be said to be the slap that started the infant science of seismology breathing. Today the quake is thought to have had a magnitude well above 8.5 and an epicenter some 200 kilometers off the southwestern corner of Portugal. Studies of the written records are still yielding fresh hypotheses.

So great it could be felt in many continents. The waves were over 60 ft high because of the earthquake. 10 thousands of people died in a few seconds. May 19, 1780 – The sky was darkened
On May 19, 1780, an unexplained midday darkness fell over New England. The length of time the phenomenon lasted varied depended on the location of the observer, but the accounts indicate that it was at least several hours in duration. The intensity of the darkness also varied.

It was so dark that even the animals decided to go back to their barns. The birds stopped singing. People couldn’t even see their hands. Then the evening came, and the moon appeared as bloody. May 19, 1780 - The moon appeared red.
Said an eye-witness of the scene: "I could not help conceiving, at the time, that if every luminous body in the universe had been shrouded in impenetrable darkness, or struck out of existence, the darkness could not have been more complete." Though the moon that night rose to the full, "it had not the least effect to dispel the death-like shadows." After midnight the darkness disappeared, and the moon, when first visible, had the appearance of blood. "'Twas on a May-day of the far old year Seventeen hundred eighty, that there fell Over the bloom and sweet life of the spring,

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Over the fresh earth, and the heaven of noon, A horror of great darkness." "Men prayed, and women wept; all ears grew sharp To hear the doom-blast of the trumpet shatter The black sky."

No one could understand why. Nov 13, 1833 – The falling stars.
In 1833, some observers in North America reported 14,000 meteors per hour

While this indicates that there’s no more time left, the language itself is incredible: These stars fell for about 20 mins. As for the dark day the people could not see their hands in front of their faces. This was in the morning, around noon. They could feel the darkness it was so thick. This took place in the New England area. What took place there? The early Advent movement. This is important, but there is something that is more important. Question: Why did God use the Sun, Moon, and Stars? Why not Mt. Everest? Although this must be seen in wide part of the earth, the record of these came mainly from Northeast part of North America. It’s interesting that that’s where the Great Advent Movement started—New England area. All these signs made people to feel like that was the end of the earth’s destiny. If it wasn’t for that sign, the Advent message couldn’t get so much attention and the Advent Movement couldn’t gather so many people. Because of these signs, people were looking at the bible and convinced that what Miller was preaching must be right. Yet, this signs took more than 170 years ago. So there’s a big gap between the signs and the second coming. But the bible sounds like right after these signs, the second coming takes place, why? When God created the sun, moon and starts, they were to tell the time, seasons and days. So in order to tell the time, they had to watch the sky. The Heaven will tell them the time. So if the sun, moon and stars are out of function that means you cannot tell the time. And the next event is the Second coming. God is trying to tell us that when we see those signs in heaven, we must be ready as though there’s no more time. You should prepare yourself as though Christ will come at any time. After 1844, there is no more prophetic time prophecies—everything is conditional. God can come back anytime when His people are ready. Therefore, when we see those signs, God wants us to think the next event as the second coming. But all these signs are based upon the condition of God’s people. This is where Revelation 10 is being fulfilled. “black as sackcloth of hair”– why didn’t God just say “sun became dark,” but used this kind of language? It indicates that mourning is coming. Why not black as goat’s hair? Sackcloth represents mourning
Gen 37:34 And Jacob rent his clothes, and put sackcloth upon his loins, and mourned for his son many days.

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Sackcloth denotes that you are going through trouble or sorrow or sadness.
Dan 9:3 And I set my face unto the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplication, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes:

Daniel was in sackcloth, why? He was mourning over his people, the city, and the temple of God’s tabernacle. When the Bible says the sun became black as sackcloth that means what is coming? Mourning, sadness, fasting, ashes, ashes means death, destruction. See the language? PO: Sackcloth is connected to fasting, work link study. It is something about mourning, supplication, fasting and throwing of ashes—deep heart searching and prayers.
Luke 10:13 Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty works had been done in Tyre and Sidon, which have been done in you, they had a great while ago repented, sitting in sackcloth and ashes.

Jesus is referring to when Jonah went to Ninevah and preached the message and the whole city was sitting in sackcloth and ashes, repenting. Sackcloth is for mourning, but mourning for what? It can be used for sadness or repentance. Fasting. Daniel was in sackcloth for mourning and at the same time repentance because we have sinned against thee. What do you know from earth’s history that teaches something about: fasting, mourning, and repenting? What do you do on the Day of Atonement? Afflict your soul, fasting, and repenting of your sins. When the sun became black as sackcloth what is coming? The atonement is coming, what is after that? Destruction. It represents repentance.
Ps 69:10, 11 [10]When I wept, and chastened my soul with fasting, that was to my reproach. [11]I made sackcloth also my garment; and I became a proverb to them.

Where do you see the concept of chastening your soul in the Bible? Afflict your soul, on what day? The day of atonement. Chasten my soul. Where else do you see it in Revelation? Laodicea. As many as I love I rebuke and chasten. What does this mean? Laodicea is going through the atonement, chasten your soul, it is the day of investigative judgment. BSM: It all fits, the whole picture is coming together. It represents chastening of your soul. Do you know anywhere in the bible talks about chastening your soul for repentance, prayer, supplication, and fasting? The Day of Atonement. When the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, the bible is denoting that the Day of Atonement is coming—the day when we need to have to throw sackclothes and with ashes and deep repentance and afflict our own souls. “moon became as blood” – why didn’t God just say “it became red”, but used this language? First time the word blood is ever used in the Bible.
Gen 4:10 And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother’s blood crieth unto me from the ground.

Vengeance was connected to the blood. BSM Why did I use Gen 4:10? It is the very first time that the Bible mentions blood? How was blood used the first time in the Bible? It is crying out for help, for vengeance. There is something about sacrifice, judgment

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BSM: Am I still within the range of judgment, wrath, vengeance. I am keeping myself with that big theme. Don’t go off. Don’t say blood, sacrifice, ceremonial law. I am staying within the big theme: judgment and avenge, with that I look for bible texts, and this is how you find the right bible text when you look in the strong’s concordance.
Rev 19:13 And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God.

Who is He? Jesus Christ. When He comes the second time, He comes with a vesture dipped in blood. The moon is the color of blood, what does that mean? Jesus is coming, and His vesture is dipped in blood. The second coming a picture of vengeance. Vesture dipped in blood, Jesus is coming.
Is 59:17 He put on the garments of vengeance…

PO V.16 shows no intercessor, He changes from priestly attire to garments of vengeance. Is 63:1-3 “Red in thine apparel.. I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury; and their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment.”
Rev 14:20 And the winepress was trodden without the city, and blood came out of the winepress, even unto the horse bridles, by the space of a thousand and six hundred furlongs.

Destruction of the wicked. Blood is used in relation to judgment and vengeance. The black sun, that’s what God’s people will have; the blood, that’s what the wicked will have. BSM: Study deeper into this concept: In the sixth seal, the black color is mentioned, then red, then, white is mentioned. It’s almost like going back to the original color. There might be something to bringing back to the victorious church of God.
6:13 And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind.

We know this happened in 1833, but there’s a spiritual application here. “even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs” – the falling star in the bible is a bad note. What do figs (not the leaves) represent in the Bible? The works. When Jesus came to the fig tree expecting fruits but found none. These figs are not ripe but there is a shaking by the wind. In the sixth seal, we see the four winds—the time of trouble. Since there is fruit, it is more for those who profess the name of God. And if they are not ready, when the wind comes, these figs will be cast away. The message God is giving is, “Get ready! Do not be shaken away!” There’s a similar concept of wind coming and shaken away—the house on the rock and the house on the sand. Your fruit may look okay from the outside, but if you are not ripe, you will be cast down to the ground. This especially applies to the leaders. Stars will fall like figs. What is the key word in this text? Untimely figs. It gives you time. What does Untimely mean? It happens suddenly, and without expectation or warning. It is not ripe. What does untimely mean?
Ps 58:8 …the untimely birth of a woman, [that] they may not see the sun

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When the Bible uses this word it uses it as an untimely birth. When you go to a fig tree do you expect it to be ripe? Yes, but you don’t know exactly when it will be ripe. When a woman is pregnant she expects to have a baby, but do you know exactly when it will be? No, you have an idea, but it comes suddenly.
Is 11:15-16

Mighty wind. This verse speaks about a mighty wind in relationship to destruction
Rev 7:4 …The four winds of the earth…

He skips Is and Rev 7 because of time. This verse speaks about the close of probation. This fig thinks he has more time to be ripen, but the wind came suddenly.
1 Thes 5:3 For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction cometh upon them, as travail upon a woman with child; and they shall not escape.

“Peace” is religious term; “safety” is a political term. When they think they are peaceful religiously and safe politically, uniting of church and state, they think everything is okay, that’s when the sudden destruction comes. When people say Peace and Safety, destruction will come how? Suddenly, as a woman travails in birth, as an untimely birth. When the stars fell as untimely figs, in other words, it is coming soon. Time is no longer an issue now. He will come when things are ready. That is why from 1844 to the Second Coming there is no prophetic time prophecy. Now it depends upon readiness and when the work is finished. This concept is also repeated in the concept of “sickle.”
Rev 14:14 And I looked, and behold a white cloud, and upon the cloud one sat like unto the Son of man, having on his head a golden crown, and in his hand a sharp sickle.

Sickle is to harvest the fruits that are ripe. So Jesus is waiting for fruits to be ripened. If you are not ready, the wind will shake you away. We need to be ready NOW!! There is no more time. By looking all this, we can see that the sixth seal is the answer to the prayers of the souls under the altar. “Figs”
2 King 20:7 Isa 38:21

Isaiah; laid on the boil and recovered –
Jer 24:5

“Fig” – acknowledgment of them that are carried away captive of Judah.
Jer 24:8

Evil figs – the residue of Jerusalem, and the land of Egypt.
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Vile figs – Lord will make enemies like vile figs evil; disgusting.
Nahum 3:12 - The strong holds shall be like figs that shall fall

“How Jesus used the word figs”
Matt 7:16

Know them by their fruits.
Mark 11:13

Figs tree parable.
Rev 6:13

Untimely figs – bearing at any time.
Ps 27:18

Patience like waiting for the fig tree.
Matt 24:32

Shows the time and the season; so does the word of God. Is there any other story that talks about wind coming and shaking it.   House on the rock and house on the sand. Outwardly, these things look ok, but they have no foundation in Jesus.

Sun, moon and stars are forewarning about the investigative judgment, the time of trouble and the final destruction of the wicked. This sixth seal is an answer to the prayer of the souls under the altar in the fifth seal.
6:14 And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.

Review: When the sixth seal is opened we see a lot that happens. Great earthquake, sun, moon, and stars, a description of the coming of Jesus Christ, then the 144,000. When we talk about the sixth seal it includes from the earthquake all the way to the 144,000. All of that. The seventh seal only covers one verse. There was silence in heaven for ½ hour. So by looking at the amount of information that is given, which seal has the greatest importance? The sixth seal. The sixth seal has the climatic event of the 7 seals. And in the sixth seal, it answers John’s question so to speak, by implication he wanted to know what was going to happen to the Laodicean church. Will they be victorious at the end? And Jesus answers John by showing him the seven seals, but Jesus describes the 6th seal the most to answer John’s question.

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There is the connection between the 7 churches and 7 seals. With that in mind now we have a continuation of the 6th seal. After the earthquake, the sun, moon being darkened and stars falling, then.. BSM: When you study Revelation you must determine is it symbolic or literal. Or is it just describing by comparison. “And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together” – sometimes, you have to use your common sense to interpret the Bible. This Bible text has to do with heaven. Scroll is description. You are not gonna see the sky folding up like that. It’s only a comparison, it’s not so much symbolic. Will the heavens depart as a scroll? BSM: Sometimes when you study Revelation you must use your common sense to interpret the Bible. What does this Bible text have to do with? Heaven, heaven departed as a scroll. You have a comparison that is taking place. What is scroll? The ancient way that the Hebrews keep their records. It was rolled together. This is a comparison. Heaven will swivel up. What does it mean? You will not see the sky roll up like this BSM: it is not symbolic, it is a comparison. First, what book should you look into? Revelation, is there any place in Revelation that has a similar description to this? No, you will not find it. So what kind of words will you look up? Scroll, heaven, roll, and departed. Now you are looking for a Bible text. BSM: We have already done our basic interpretation, but it is not complete because we have not defined what the heavens depart as a scroll means yet. BSM: But something about heaven, contextually speaking? Something about judgment and vengeance because it is between those two. That is contextual interpretation. But we don’t understand every word yet because it is not clear yet. We have a basic interpretation. So we must go to other Bible texts that use words like: heaven, scroll, roll, departed. Something like this. So look in the book of the Revelation first for similar description: you can’t find it. So you look up the word “scroll, heaven, roll, departed” in other books. Book of revelation uses OT languages. There’s no way you can understand revelation, unless you know the OT languages.
Isa 34:4 And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host shall fall down, as the leaf falleth off from the vine, and as a falling fig from the fig tree.

This is the closest text. Hebrew writers, when they write something, they repeat the same thought twice in different words: like book of Psalm. So the word dissolved is related to heaven being rolled.
Isa 24:19, 20 [19]The earth is utterly broken down, the earth is clean dissolved, the earth is moved exceedingly. [20]The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, and shall be removed like a cottage; and the transgression thereof shall be heavy upon it; and it shall fall, and not rise again.

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BSM: why did I go to this bible text? The word dissolved got me here, and this verse is linked to Is 34:4. This is called Word Linking. By looking at this Bible text I have more description about the word dissolved BSM: again I will repeat that the book of Revelation uses old testament language. You will not be able to understand Revelation unless you know the Old Testament. He is using OT language to describe what he is seeing because that is all that he has in his mind is the OT. PO: Isaiah describes the destruction on Idumea. So Idumea represents the wicked in Rev 6. You will not find any other Bible text that is as close as this one. Heaven shall be rolled together as a scroll. But next to this it says ‘all the host of heaven shall be dissolved’ after that the ‘heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll’ BSM: Hebrew writers when they write, they repeat the same thought twice. Like the book of Psalms. Usually they have two lines One thought in the first line and it is repeated in the second line with different words, but it is the same thought. Therefore the word ‘dissolve’ is related to the heavens being rolled together as a scroll. The key word is Dissolved. PO: It mentions the host falling like figs. Falling of the untimely figs and heavens rolling up together are connected together. It happens at the same time??? Study?? What picture do you see when the earth is being dissolved? Destruction. It has more description about “dissolved.” When the heaven is dissolved, destruction takes place.
2 Pet 3:10-12 [10]But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up. [11] then that all these things shall be dissolved, what manner of persons ought ye to be in all holy conversation and godliness, [12]Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat?

Therefore when the Bible says “the heaven will be rolled,” that means destruction, melting, burning, and dissolving. Step by step explanation. How did I get to 2 Peter? Dissolved. What words in these texts describe exactly what it is talking about? Melt and burn (describing how it is being destroyed). Therefore, when the Bible says the heavens departed as a scroll when it is rolled together. What does that mean? There will be melting and burning, dissolving.
6:15 And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains;

God reveals two groups, the wicked, and the 144,000 in chapter 7. God shows the destruction of the wicked first because it is the answer to the prayer in the 5th seal. This is referring to the wicked – the ones that hid.
Rev 13:16 And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads:

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They hide from Christ because they have the mark of the beast and the bottom line is they have cherished sins in their heart. Background: You have two groups God many times describes two groups. Here we see the final destiny of the wicked. After this in chap 7 we see the final destiny of the righteous, the 144,000. We have two groups at the end of time: Those who cry out to the mountains and rocks to fall upon them. Another group who is singing triumphantly and they are victorious, the 144,000. You will see that in chapter 7. But now God shows the destruction of the wicked first, why? To answer the prayer of the souls that are under the altar. They are asking for judgment and vengeance. So God is revealing the vengeance of God first, and you can say that judgment is included because of the sun, moon, and stars, that also includes the vengeance of God. And it shows immediately the wicked sill be destroyed, and in chapter 7 He says I will show you what will happen to my people.
6:16 And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb:

God reveals the destruction of the wicked first—it’s to answer the prayer of the souls under the altar. Similar passages are found in:
Hos 10:8 The high places also of Aven, the sin of Israel, shall be destroyed: the thorn and the thistle shall come up on their altars; and they shall say to the mountains, Cover us; and to the hills, Fall on us.

Shows a similar description. In this Bible text it tells us why they are crying to the hills to fall on them. Why? Sin of Israel shall be destroyed. They are crying out to the rocks why? Because of sin Note: this point is very important because some say we will sin until Jesus comes. This text destroys that concept. If you have sin in your life when Jesus comes the second time you will say to Jesus not save me, but fall upon me. The Bible is complete with no wasted words. Dan 2 speaks about the image, and then we saw the stone come from heaven, and what will it do? Break in pieces or destroy. App: If you do not fall upon Jesus to be broken, then you will call out to the natural rocks to fall upon you when Jesus comes from heaven. Some people say that we will sin until Jesus comes, this will destroy that concept completely. Because you have sin in your life, when the Jesus comes for second coming, you will say not to Jesus, but to yourself to fall upon you. The Bible is compact, there is no wasted word. When Dan 2 talks about the image, and stone coming from heaven to destroy. If you do not fall upon Jesus to be broken, you will cry out to the literal rock to fall upon you to destroy you.
Luke 23:27-30 [27] And there followed him a great company of people, and of women, which also bewailed and lamented him. [28] But Jesus turning unto them said, Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your children. [29] For, behold, the days are coming, in the which they shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bare, and the paps which

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never gave suck. [30]Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us.

Where does the Bible first mention about hiding?
Gen 3:8 And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God amongst the trees of the garden.

They hid from the presence of God. The reason the Adam and Eve hid from God was because of their sin. Therefore this people at the end of time will hide because of their sins. You cannot hold unto sin until Jesus comes. When Jesus comes back for the second time, He will come with the presence of God which is a consuming fire.
Heb 12:29 For our God is a consuming fire.

He will burn up all the sin in us. It consumes all sins. Sin can’t exist in the presence of God. When we have sin, it causes us to hide ourselves from God. Why are they asking the rocks to fall upon them? They want to hide. Why are they asking to be hid? Face of him is a big topic. When was the first time man hid from God? Notice the reason why Adam hid, and it’s the correct reason:
Gen 3:8 Hid themselves from the presence of the LORD…

The Word Face also means Presence. The original reason why men hid was because of sin. Therefore these men are hiding because of sin. Another important concept is being repeated that you cannot hold on to sin at the coming of Jesus. If you hold on to sin, you will hide from Him.
Gen 3:10 And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself.

This is Adam’s reason for hiding. He hid because he was naked. Do you remember any other text in Revelation that speaks about the second coming of Jesus and you must have clothes? These people in Revelation will hide from God because they are spiritually naked. No wonder Bible says this words:
Rev 16:15 Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame.

The Bible is clear on those who are able to stand when Christ comes back. One of the characteristics is that they are wearing the garment of righteousness of Jesus Christ. With that understanding, we can conclude that the Laodicean church is not ready for Jesus to come. They are naked, and they are not ready because of their sins. If you stay in the Laodicean condition, you are preparing yourself to hide from God. There will be many SDAs who will hide when Christ comes. What is the condition of the Laodicean church, the last day church? They are naked. Are they ready for the second coming of Jesus? No, why are they naked? Because of sin. Many SDA will hide when Jesus comes. They hide from who? The face of Jesus, why are they fleeing from the face of Jesus, because they really never had a look at it. In the face of Jesus what do you see? The knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus. They never learned to reflect the character, by beholding you become changed into the same image. They never learned to reflect His character so when Jesus comes the second time they hide because they see they are not like Jesus.

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Two Wraths: Wrath of the Dragon and Wrath of God. There are two wraths at the end of time. Which would you rather have? The wrath of the dragon or the wrath of God. The wrath of the dragon is better than the wrath of the dragon. The wrath of the dragon is being explained in Rev 12:17, and the 3 angel’s message the second angels message is Babylon is fallen because all the nations drunk the wine of the wrath of her fornication. Fornication is the union of church and state, and when the come together there will be anger and wrath why? Because a small group of people, a little remnant will not follow. Dragon is wroth with the woman, why? Because the little remnant is not following the democracy the general agenda, the worldwide movement, they are stubborn, they are keeping the Seventh-day Sabbath. Because of that the dragon is angry through the state power because there is a union of church and state and they want worldwide peace and this group is rebelling, but guess who is angry with them? God is angry with them. “wrath of Lamb” – Have you ever seen a Lamb get angry? Why not wrath of Lion? Who are calling to the mountains to fall on them? 6:15 “kings of the earth the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man” who are they? The political powers of the earth. Why does the Bible describe them this way? Why? It could have said all man or every man among the wicked. Why this list? These groups of people live during the last days, they are not the wicked from the beginning of the creation. They are the last generation of the wicked. Who are they?
Rev 13:16 And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads:”

The group of people that you are reading about in Rev 6:15, all these people are hiding, why? Because they receive the Mark of the beast. BSM: This is contextual interpretation. You have interpreted it within the chapter and within the book. PO: And those people in Rev 13 there names are not in the book of life, who does that book belong to? Rev 21:27 the Lamb. So now the Lamb comes back not to bring life, but destruction, wrath. PO At this point the latter rain has fallen, the loud cry has gone out, the deadly wound has healed, union of church and state was formed, NSL, etc. but it is not specifically mentioned, God jumps, and you have repeat and enlarge in Rev 13-14, which explains why they receive the wrath of God. The 3rd angels message do not receive the mark of the beast, if you do you receive the cup of the indignation of the wrath of God. “hide us from the face of him” – why do they hide from “face” of Jesus? Because they never really looked at Him. What is in the face of Jesus?
2 Cor 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.

We see the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ. What is glory? It’s God’s character. Ex 33 & 34. They never learned to reflect His character. By beholding, we become changed to the same image. They never learned to behold Him and to reflect Him, and when Jesus

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comes, they turn away and hide, because they see that they are not like Jesus.
6:17 For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?

“his wrath is come” – they are also hiding from the wrath of God. In Revelation, there are two wraths. 1. Wrath of the Dragon
Rev 12:17 And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.

2. Wrath of God
Rev 14:10 The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb:

The Bible uses the word ‘wrath.’ What day is this? The great day of His wrath is come. So who can stand in the day of wrath. What is more fearful to receive? It is easier to bear the wrath of the dragon than the wrath of God. Can you imagine the remorse we would feel because we have rejected the complete atonement, complete forgiveness, transformation, power and the salvation of the Lamb of God. In the bible, the day of wrath is same as the day of destruction.
Job 21:30 That the wicked is reserved to the day of destruction? they shall be brought forth to the day of wrath.

It connects these two things in the book of Job. So we can put it simply this way: “The great day of destruction is come, and who shall be able to stand?” The day of God’s wrath does not begin at the second coming. It certainly includes the second coming and the question will be asked at the second coming according to the SOP. Nevertheless, following bible texts show us that the day of wrath begins before the second coming.
Rev 15:1 And I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvellous, seven angels having the seven last plagues; for in them is filled up the wrath of God.

After the seven last plagues, Jesus comes for the second time. So the question can be, “Who shall be able to stand when the seven last plagues are falling?” “Who shall be able to stand at Jesus’ second coming?” Those who receive the mark of the beast will receive the wrath of God, not only at the second coming, but before the second coming. Zeph 1:15-16 The day of wrath. This is a key text, you cannot forget this text when you explain about the day of his wrath, of trouble, etc.
Zeph 1:14 The great day of the LORD [is] near, [it is] near, and hasteth greatly, [even] the voice of the day of the LORD: the mighty man shall cry there bitterly.

What day is coming? The day of the Lord. What is that?
Zeph 1:15 That day [is] a day of wrath, a day of trouble and distress, a day of wasteness and desolation, a day of darkness and gloominess, a day of clouds and thick darkness…

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“that day” what day is this? The day of the Lord “wrath” – how did I get to this verse? The word wrath, in Rev 6:17 has the word wrath and day. I looked up wrath as a day.
Zeph 1:16 A day of the trumpet and alarm against the fenced cities, and against the high towers.

The day of the Lord is a day of trumpet, alarm, trouble, distress, desolation. You have so many descriptions to add on. When the Bible says Day of his Wrath is come what is this talking about? Not investigative judgment, but executive judgment, punishment, vengeance, or destruction upon the wicked. PO: Zep 2:2-3 so you can be hid in the day of the Lord’s anger, it says before the decree comes forth, which decree, Rev 22:11 He that is unjust let Him be unjust still. Day of the Lord comes right when probation closes, prelude to destruction. “who shall be able to stand” – We say able to stand before God that is clear. Because the day of wrath is really the wrath of God. But contextually, who shall be able to stand where? BSM: Don’t use any other bible text, but within this bible text, stand where? Stand in His wrath, please don’t say in the presence of God, it is true, but stay with the given information, keep your mind on that point. The Bible asks this question, does the Bible give us the answer? Note: You remember that in the original language there is no division of chapters or verses. BSM: Can you discover an answer previous to verse 17? No, so it is obvious that you must go to the next verse in chapter 7:1. We interpreted the word day of His wrath. So able to stand what? The day of wrath will begin when the probation is closed. It shall also be sudden.
1 Thes 5:2, 3 [2] For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night. [3]For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction cometh upon them, as travail upon a woman with child; and they shall not escape.

The close of probation and the destruction will come as a thief in the night. Therefore, the real question is, “Who shall be able to stand in the days when there is no intercessor?” “Who shall be able to stand at His second coming?” The answer is the 144,000. It does not mean that we won’t have Jesus as our helper, but Jesus’ intercession—forgiveness of sin—will have closed already. It’s a solemn thought that one day you and I have to stand without intercessor. The key question, the ultimate conclusive question in the Seven Seals is “Who shall be able to stand?” Contextually speaking refers to who? Those who are sealed. Don’t say those who love Jesus, or believe in the Bible, that is too obvious. Those who are sealed, that is a contextual answer. Who are the servants of God? Those who are free from sin that is contextual study. All of this time we separate that topic who shall be able to stand? We cut it right there. But who shall be able to stand? Those who are sealed. This is powerful message for the Sabbath. Then RBF because Sabbath becomes a sign of RBF, being free from sin.
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BSM: I will give you a little bonus. Do a little study on stand. We must stand in the day of wrath, but then who shall be able to stand? Those who are sealed, that is contextual answer. Now I will do contextual application. Now I will look up the word stand, there are many, but I show the word stand in relation to battle, fighting, and it can be connected to the contextual study that we are doing
Ezra 9:15 O LORD God of Israel, thou art righteous: for we remain yet escaped, as it is this day: behold, we are before thee in our trespasses: for we cannot stand before thee because of this.

The bible is clear that when we are in our sin, we cannot stand when Jesus comes for the second time. We hear some say that we will sin until Jesus comes, and God can’t give us the complete victory over our sins—that’s the teaching of the devil himself.
Ps 24:3, 4, 6 Who shall ascend into the hill of the LORD? or who shall stand in his holy place? [4]He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully. [6]This is the generation of them that seek him, that seek thy face, O Jacob. Selah.

BSM: Study this on your own. When you study and see a text where you start from and make a circle. Who will stand in the last days? Those who have clean hands and a pure heart. Where is your heart? Your mind? In your forehead. Do you know of anyone in the last days who have dirty hands and dirty minds? Those who receive the mark of the beast in their hands or in their minds. They don’t have clean hands and a pure heart BSM: I just made a loop and came right back.
EW 15 Then we all cried out, "Who shall be able to stand? Is my robe spotless?" Then the angels ceased to sing, and there was some time of awful silence, when Jesus spoke: "Those who have clean hands and pure hearts shall be able to stand; My grace is sufficient for you." At this our faces lighted up, and joy filled every heart. And the angels struck a note higher and sang again, while the cloud drew still nearer the earth.

Although this text doesn’t say who shall be able to stand when Christ comes back, but it does give us the idea of who shall be able to stand in His holy place—the holy presence before God. When Christ comes back for the second time, He will come with the presence of consuming fire. Whatever sin you are holding on to, His presence will burn and consume it, for sin can’t exist before the presence of God. If you are holding on to it, you will be destroyed with it. Through the sanctuary service, He is trying to separate sin from you. That’s what it means by “Savior from sin” and “God be with you” to keep you from falling and to present you faultless before the presence of His glory with exceeding joy, so that we won’t be burned up when Jesus comes for the second time. This is what God’s plan is all about. Yet, there’s a dangerous teaching today, even among our churches, that somehow God can’t give us the complete victory over our sin. “clean hands” – your actions are clean. “pure heart” – your thoughts are clean. Pure heart is in your forehead.

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“not lifted up his soul unto vanity” – it has a clear connection with exercising faith.
Hab 2:4 Behold, his soul which is lifted up is not upright in him: but the just shall live by his faith.

“not sworn deceitfully” – another word for deceit is guile. These people are no other than the 144,000. “This is the generation of them that seek him, that seek thy face, O Jacob” – these people will have the same experience as Jacob—Jacob’s time of trouble. Jacob became Israel when he went through his trouble. The 144,000 are twelve tribes of children of Israel. There’s much connection with the story of Jacob: Esau (red) persecuting vs. Red dragon persecuting the church. Q: Why would it be Jacob’s trouble when the 144,000 would be already sealed and have no sin? A: Jacob, before his trouble, has already confessed his sins, already forgiven. He was already a changed man. But in this trouble, his faith was tested. When he heard that Esau was after him, he wanted to make sure that he would not die in his sin. There was re-searching in his heart. If he wasn’t clean and without sin, he would not have been able to wrestle with Christ. Therefore, the 144,000, although they are already sealed and are overcomers, it’s during the time of trouble when their faith and character is vindicated. Job’s faith was already perfect, but his character and faith was vindicated through persecution and trial. The 144,000 will only deserve the name “Israel” after they have gone through the time of trouble. At that point in time he had already forsaken all sin and confessed and repented. It’s like you have a beautiful dish and through it to test whether it will break or not. There are other kinds of stand we must experience before we can stand in the day of wrath.
Rom 5:1, 2 [1]Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ: [2]By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.

God is asking us to stand in the grace—justified by faith and have peace with God. If you want to stand in the day of His coming, you must learn to stand today. We stand in what? Grace, but how do we get that grace, what is connected to the word grace? Justification. By justification you have peace with God. (This is a big one). Justification is not just at the cross. It is not just forgiveness of sins at the cross. It includes blotting out of your sins. Who will be able to stand? Those who stand in grace, that grace is experienced by justification. What is justification, not only by faith, but the actual fulfillment of justification, blotting out of your sins. Who will be able to stand? Those who are justified, who are they? Forgiven and blotted out. Who will be able to stand when probation closes? Those whose sins are blotted out. The word Acquit also means justified. People need to be justified before they go into the day of wrath to be secure. Note: You must study the concepts of Day of Atonement, and blotting out of sins and the wrath of God. Study the relationship between the blotting out of sin and the wrath of God.
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Today we need to stand in the power of God. What is the power of God?
Rom 1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek. 1 Cor 1:18 For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God.

We need to stand in the gospel message, and in the preaching and the message of the cross. Those who stand in the gospel and at the cross will be able to stand when Jesus comes back for the second time.
1 Cor 15:1 Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand;

You stand in the gospel. Was there any gospel preached prior to the seven last plagues? The everlasting gospel. For you to stand in the day of wrath, which gospel do you need to receive? The everlasting gospel, the 3 angle’s message. BSM: Another loop was made. We should stand in the gospel. What kind of message was given to help the last generation to stand? The three angels’ message is given to us—the everlasting gospel. Righteousness by faith, the message of the cross is the essence of the message. God is sending this three angels’ message to every nation, kindred, tongue, and people so that the whole world will come to repentance and not perish; that the whole world will be able to stand when Jesus comes for the second time.
Eph 6:13-18 [13] Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand. [14] Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness; [15] And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace; [16] Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked. [17] And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God: [18] Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints;

Those who have the armor of God can stand. What is the armor of God? Righteousness, faith, salvation, truth, gospel, word of God, all of that put together. You can go into all kinds of study with that. Who usually wear armor? Those who go into battle. Rev 16 speaks about the battle of Armageddon. When you go into battle you need armor. Who can stand in the day of wrath? Day of battle is within the 7 last plagues. Day of wrath begins after probation closes. That is the day of wrath starts from close of probation, not just when Jesus comes. It starts from the 7 last plagues, they are called the day of wrath, and within you have the day of battle, and in the battle you need the armor, where is it? Eph 6:13 says you need armor to stand. BSM: I made another big look. Is Eph connected with Rev, yes it is What do you need to win the battle of Armageddon? Salvation, breastplate, faith, all that put together. We can only stand if we have the amour of God. We only have amour when there is war or battle. Revelation talks about war and battle—the battle of Armaggedon. If you can’t stand in the cross and
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blood of Jesus today, you can’t stand during the time of the mark of the beast. If you can’t stand during the mark of the beast, you can’t stand during the seven last plagues. If you can’t stand during the seven last plagues, you can’t stand when Jesus comes. Each test takes you to the next, and it gets harder and harder and harder. In the evil days, when the time of probation has closed, we must have the armor of God to be able to stand. What is the amour of God?       Helmet of salvation Breastplate of faith Shield of faith Sword of spirit – word of God Belt of truth to protect your loins Shoes – the gospel of peace

When you have this armor, you are able to stand in the last days. God is telling us that we must be protected, spiritually, mentally, physically, and emotionally. Your thoughts, your feelings, where you go, what you do, what you eat—everything.

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Chapter 7 – Continuation of the Sixth Seal & The Seal of God
Revelation chapter 7 is another picture of new Israel coming out of the land of Egypt. We will study about the four winds. The four winds are the wrath of God, and it will be the 7 last plagues. And the only time you have plagues mentioned in earth’s history is when? During Egypt. And the children of Israel were protected by God. But there was one plague that they had to do something to be protected. For the first 9 plagues all they had to do was people God’s people. Which plague did they have to do something to protect themselves from the danger? The last one, they had to put blood upon their doorpost, and when the death angel see’s the blood on the door post he passes by. That is why they call it Passover. The destroying angel destroyed all the first born of man and beast except when he sees the sign on the door post he passes by and the plague doesn’t touch them. Rev 7 shows the same thing, there will be 7 last plagues described by four winds that will blow upon the earth, but everything will be destroyed so to speak but only those who have this seal or sign in their forehead the destruction will not touch them. History repeats. We will discover something like this. In the original manuscript, there was no chapter division. So we know where to begin and end based upon context. We don’t take everything in the book of Revelation to be perfectly in chorological order. Chapter four doesn’t take place after chapter four; nor the chapter eight takes place after chapter seven; nor chapter thirteen takes place after chapter twelve. But when the bible says first, second, and third, we know that must come in order. Therefore, chapter seven is not a new theme, but a continuation of chapter six—the sixth seal. The question was asked in the last verse of chapter six: “Who shall be able to stand?” It takes the whole chapter seven to answer that question. And the answer is, the 144,000—those who received the seal of the living God. Revelation 7 EGW Quotes Great Multitude Before 7 Last Plagues some called out
4SP 422 Of Babylon at this time it is declared, "Her sins have reached unto heaven, and God hath remembered her iniquities." [REV. 18:5.] She has filled up the measure of her guilt, and destruction is about to fall upon her. But God still has a people in Babylon; and before the visitation of his judgments, these faithful ones must be called out, that they "partake not of her sins, and receive not of her plagues." Hence the movement symbolized by the angel coming down from Heaven, lightening the earth with his glory, and crying mightily with a strong voice, announcing the sins of Babylon. In connection with his message the call is heard, "Come out of her, my people." As these warnings join the third angel's message, it swells to a loud cry.

Will take stand to keep Commandments
4SP 425 They are threatened with fines and imprisonment, and some are offered positions of influence, and other rewards and advantages, as inducements to renounce their faith. But their steadfast answer is, "Show us from the word of God our error,"--the same plea that was made by Luther under similar circumstances. Those who are arraigned before the courts make a strong vindication of the truth, and some who hear them are led to take their stand to keep all the http://breachrepairers.webs.com 218

commandments of God. Thus light is brought before thousands who otherwise would know nothing of these truths.

Chapter Outline     The Seal of God (1-3) The 144,000 (5-8) The Great Multitude (9-12) The 144,000 Continued (13-17)

The Seal of God (1-3)
7:1 And after these things I saw four angels standing on the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, that the wind should not blow on the earth, nor on the sea, nor on any tree.

This plainly shows the whole world, it says the four corners of the earth. In the beginning of this verse God gives us a worldwide picture. Not just one location, one little town, city, nation, or continent, but the whole world. This includes the whole earth it says four corners of the earth. “And” – indicates continuation or it is connecting. “these things” – wrath of God. The word describing the wrath of God is the four winds. Four winds represents God’s wrath. which things? After what? What is the last thing that he saw? What is the last thought in chapter 6? Who shall be able to stand in His wrath? What is the contextual interpretation, what word describes the wrath of God? “four corners of the earth” – don’t tell me the earth is square. It means whole world. So in the beginning of the chapter, God gives you worldwide picture: not just one little town, city or nation, continent, but whole world. We will interpret this later, but you will see that they represent God’s wrath. Then it says hold the 4 winds until the servants of God are sealed, and then let them go. Using common sense. And the obvious conclusion shows that when the servants of God are sealed it means they are protected or kept when the four winds are let loose. Those who are sealed will be able to stand in the time of God’s wrath. “wind should not blow” – This wind is not literal, it doesn’t mean that there is no wind until this happens? No it doesn’t make sense because we have wind everyday. This wind is spiritual or symbolic. Something is being held back. This wind will do some thing, what? “wind should not blow on the earth, nor on the sea, nor on any tree” – That means that this wind can destroy. It is holding back the destruction BSM: What I am doing is digesting and contextually explaining it. I haven’t shared all of the interpretation yet, but contextual explanation as much as possible Wind is something symbolic, and it is mentioned as a description of destruction, for one locality or nation? No, worldwide destruction. “wind” – represents calamity or destruction.
Jer 49:32-38 [32] And their camels shall be a booty, and the multitude of their cattle a spoil: and I http://breachrepairers.webs.com 219

will scatter into all winds them that are in the utmost corners; and I will bring their calamity from all sides thereof, saith the LORD. [33] And Hazor shall be a dwelling for dragons, and a desolation for ever: there shall no man abide there, nor any son of man dwell in it. [34] The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah the prophet against Elam in the beginning of the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah, saying, [35] Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Behold, I will break the bow of Elam, the chief of their might.[36]And upon Elam will I bring the four winds from the four quarters of heaven, and will scatter them toward all those winds; and there shall be no nation whither the outcasts of Elam shall not come. [37]For I will cause Elam to be dismayed before their enemies, and before them that seek their life: and I will bring evil upon them even my fierce anger, saith the LORD; and I will send the sword after them, till I have consumed them: [38] And I will set my throne in Elam, and will destroy from thence the king and the princes, saith the LORD.

Here the Bible uses the word winds, to do what? Scatter “I will bring their calamity” – right here we see that winds are to bring calamity. This word means ‘trouble’ we are building up. If you keep reading it uses the word winds. Wind is connected to calamity and to destroy or destruction. Four winds represent worldwide destruction. “Sudden destruction” comes when the four winds are let go.
Job 21:30 That the wicked is reserved to the day of destruction? they shall be brought forth to the day of wrath.

BSM: How did I get these Bible texts? What words did I look up in the beginning? Winds, but what kind of winds? Four corners of the earth, winds that are related to four or the whole world, and then go to other studies. What two words about being put together? Day of destruction and day of wrath. 4 winds being let go means destruction is coming. 4 winds being let go means wrath is coming. Winds are related to wrath, whose wrath? God’s, He is the one who has control over the whole world. The bible uses winds to describe the day of destruction—the day of wrath. The question was asked, “Who shall be able to stand for the day of wrath has come?” What day is this? The bible gives us the bigger picture in these verses—when the four winds are let go. The destruction (God’s wrath) is in the four winds.
Pro 1:27 When your fear cometh as desolation, and your destruction cometh as a whirlwind; when distress and anguish cometh upon you.

This is talking about the time of trouble, destruction, the wrath of God, the four winds. What comes as a whirlwind? Destruction. Wind refers to destruction. The Bible connects desolation, destruction, and whirlwind. Wind represents destruction and desolation. Therefore, the questions is, “Who shall be able to stand when the four winds are let loose?”
Pro 1:28 Then shall they call upon me, but I will not answer; they shall seek me early, but they shall not find me:

How come they can’t find Him? Because probation has closed. They seek but cannot find Him. Now this text makes more sense. Remember any other texts that talk about seeking Him while He may be found. But God has promised that when we seek Him, we shall find Him. Matt 7:7. So if God doesn’t here you anymore, that means the probation has been closed.

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Isa 55:6 Seek ye the LORD while he may be found, call ye upon him while he is near:

Seek Jesus while He is still in the Heavenly Sanctuary. Why should we seek Him?
Isa 55:7 Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts: and let him return unto the LORD, and he will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon.

Why do you seek the Lord? So you can turn away from your iniquity, wickedness, and your wicked thoughts, that He may pardon. While He may be found you can have pardon, but when He cannot be found there is no pardon. We have to seek Him to receive mercy and pardon. But time would come when God will NOT hear nor be found, because there’s no more mercy, no more pardon. The wrath of God will be poured out “without mixture” of mercy. But let’s continue reading why they won’t be heard nor find God.
Pro 1:29 For that they hated knowledge, and did not choose the fear of the LORD:

Why do they search and seek but God doesn’t answer? Because they hated knowledge. “did not choose the fear of the Lord” – Choice is involved. Why does destruction come upon them, the winds, and desolation, why do they call but God doesn’t answer? Because they hate knowledge and choose not the fear of the Lord. What does that mean? The first angel’s message says Fear God and give glory to Him. What happened? The people in the last days reject that message, and because they reject that message probation is closed. And they receive something, what? The Mark of the beast. They did not seek God because they hated knowledge and did not choose the fear of God— they rejected the Three Angels’ message: “Fear God, and give glory to Him” and receive the mark of the beast. They will get the whirlwind.
Rev 14:9-11 [9]And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand, [10] The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb: [11] And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.

Did you know that Revelation 14 is in Proverbs chapter 1? Rev 6:17 Wrath is come = Four Winds Rev 14:9-11 Those who receive the MOB will receive cup of indignation without mixture = Wrath of God Rev 15:1 7 last plagues = Wrath of God Rev 16:1 7 last plagues = Wrath of God. What does this mean? Contextually speaking the 4 winds are the 7 last plagues. When will they begin? At the close of probation. The final close of probation. All of these verses refer to the wrath of God. They are all related to the four winds. BSM: I will now show When you reject the message of fearing God—victory over sin, you will be found without mercy nor pardon when the probation is closed. You will receive the four winds— wrath of God poured without mixture.

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Day of wrath = Day of trouble.
Zeph 1:14 The great day of the LORD is near, it is near, and hasteth greatly, even the voice of the day of the LORD: the mighty man shall cry there bitterly.

The Bible calls a day of wrath a day of trouble. We can say the four winds – day of destruction, desolation, trouble. It all fits. Now this is very similar picture with the one in Revelation chapter six where mighty men are crying to the mountains and rocks to fall upon them.
Zeph 1:15 That day is a day of wrath, a day of trouble and distress, a day of wasteness and desolation, a day of darkness and gloominess, a day of clouds and thick darkness,

Day doesn’t just mean 24 hours, but “time.” When will the time of trouble begin? In the day of wrath or day of destruction and that’s when Michael shall stand up.
Dan 12:1 And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.

When the four winds will be let loose? When the Michael stands up. What does it mean when Michael stand up? The close of probation. This verse tells us that Michael stands up, and this tells us when the destruction will come, when the time of trouble is. When Michael stands up what happens? The time of trouble comes. The beginning of the time of trouble is when Michael stands up. And this time of trouble is such as it has never been before. And you have 4 winds not two, worldwide destruction, wrath, desolation. This is another time of trouble. When does the time of trouble begin? Dan 12:1 when Michael stands up. How do you know that when Michael stands up it means the close of probation. When Jesus went up to heaven, the Bible says He sat down. (in the NT). He endured the cross despising the shame and sat on the right hand of God. Heb 12:2. Jesus died and He rose from the grave. Where did He go after He arose and spent 40 days with His disciples?
Heb 12:2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.

He ascended on high to sit on the right hand of God. Acts 2. Sit on throne of God, over and over, sit and sit. Where is the right hand of God when He went to heaven? It is the right hand of the throne of God, where is it? Heb 8:1 shows the sanctuary. He sat down at the right hand at the throne of God. But what did He sit down as?
Heb 8:1 Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens;

He sat down as the high priest. What is the work of the high priest?
Heb 7:25, 26 [25]Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them. To do the work of intercession. [26] For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;

He became the high priest to do the work of intercession.
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Rom 8:34 Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us.

He is there in a sanctuary as a High Priest, what is the job of an high priest? Intercession. Rom 8:34. He sat down to intercede. That means when you go to an office to sit down, you do your work, when you get up, you are finish. When you stand up you are finish. This is symbolic by the way. Jesus sits down and He is interceding, when He stands up it means He ceases intercession work. That means when intercession is closed, probation is closed. Ex Stephen when he was stoned saw Jesus standing on the right hand of God. That was 34 A.D. in 31 He sat down, at this time there was a close of probation, for who? The Jews. Therefore probation closes when Michael stands up then the time of trouble begins. The four winds will be let go when probation is closed. The bible is clear that after the cross and resurrection, Christ has began the work of intercession. That’s what it mean by “sat down at the right hand of God.” It’s symbolic, it doesn’t mean that Jesus is seating down for hundred years. Then what does it mean when He stands up? The intercession is ceased. Is there anywhere in the Bible that we see Jesus standing up and probation being closed?
Acts 7:56 And said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God.

Just before Stephen died, AD 34, he saw Christ standing up. What happened in that year? Based upon the 70 weeks prophecy, the probation has closed for the Jewish nation—they were no longer called the people of God. It’s transferred to the gentiles. That gives us an example of the final worldwide close of probation.
Isa 59:16 he saw that there was no man, and wondered that there was no intercessor: therefore his arm brought salvation unto him; and his righteousness, it sustained him.

There will be a time when there will be no intercessor—when the Michael stands up.
Isa 59:17 For he put on righteousness as a breastplate, and an helmet of salvation upon his head; and he put on the garments of vengeance for clothing, and was clad with zeal as a cloke.

The day of the Lord for the wicked is a day of vengeance, but for the righteous, it is a day of salvation. On that day, Christ will put away the High Priest garment, ceasing the work of intercession and forgiveness, and put on the garments of vengeance—He’s coming to take His people. Additional Texts: “Winds” is connected to “Great hailstones.”
Ezk 13:13 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; I will even rend it with a stormy wind in my fury; and there shall be an overflowing shower in mine anger, and great hailstones in my fury to consume it.

Wind is connected to great hailstones. Do you know anything about great hailstones during the 7 last plagues. The weight of each hailstone is a talent. A talent is 70 lbs.

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Ex. If you drop a penny from the empire state building it would hit some one in the head and go straight to the ground. What about a hailstone? All the nice cars and houses will be destroyed. The hailstones during the seven plagues: a penny dropped down from the Empire State building vertically, it will go through your whole body and stick in the ground. The hailstone at the last days will be 70 pounds. If that falls from the height of three times or higher than the Empire State building, your nice cars, buildings, houses…everything will be destroyed.
Job 38:22, 23 [22] Hast thou entered into the treasures of the snow? or hast thou seen the treasures of the hail, [23] Which I have reserved against the time of trouble, against the day of battle and war?

God reserves hail for the time of trouble. And hail is related to what? Winds. When God let’s loose the four winds, guess what is coming? Hailstones, and they are reserved for the time of trouble. And when does that happen when Michael stands up, what does that mean? Probation is closed. God has reserved “the hail” for “the time of trouble.” And the Hail is related to the wind. When God let go four winds, the hailstones will come. And God has reserved it for the time of trouble. “earth, sea, and tree” – Does this mean that people will not be destroyed at the end of time and only trees and the sea will be destroyed? Sea belongs to city water, trees belong to what? The land. It includes both, this earth is made out of earth and sea, the whole world. But it is spiritual. Sea (Rev 17:15 multitudes, peoples) and trees represent people. This is saying to the winds or destruction, do not destroy the people yet. Hold back the winds before the final destruction of the whole world.
Matt 7:26 Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock…

Who is a wise man? A man who hears and obey. Do you know anyone like that in the book of Revelation? Blessed are they that Read, hear, and keep. Wise men have what? Wisdom. What is the beginning of wisdom? The Fear of the Lord. These wise men have the Fear of the Lord, what does that mean? They have experienced the first angel’s message Fear God and give glory to Him. And the are standing upon a rock, a firm ground. In Ecc 8:5 the Bible says Wise men discern two things: Time and judgment. Fear God and give glory to Him for the hour, that is time, of His judgment is come. Who is this wise men? Those who believe and experience the three angels message, they are standing on firm ground speaking to us.
Matt 7:27 …And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew…

And it fell down, who fell? The foolish because he hears and does not. And the bible says he falls very great. Remember the 2nd angel’s message. Babylon is fallen, is fallen. That is not only talking about a moral fall it is talking fall to destruction. The 4th angels message is a call to come out of her before she is destroyed. Rev 18 speaks about the destruction of Babylon. Babylon becomes the foolish man, and the 3 angels message becomes the wise men. Two foundations at the end. Destruction will come, but who will be destroyed? The foolish not the wise.
7:2 And I saw another angel ascending from the east, having the seal of the living God: and he cried with a loud voice to the four angels, to whom it was given to hurt the earth and the sea,

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Why does the Bible say he is coming from the east, why not the north, south, or west? What do we know about east in connection to God, not to the world, nation, political power, evil angels, or church because it is coming from heaven, but it is coming from the east.
Rev 16:12 …the way of the kings of the east…

This means that the second coming will be from the east.
Matt 24:27 …east from the west…

As the lightning strikes from the east to the west so also shall the coming of the Son of man be.
Matt 2:2, 9 …star in the east…

What was that star? Angels who are in the east. You can prove from the Bible that stars represent angels. Rev 1:20, you can say messenger, but ministers aren’t in the sky staying there with a great light. You must take it as literal angels with wings and they are shining. Before the 1st coming of Jesus there were angels in the east. Before the 2nd coming of Jesus there is an angel coming from the east. Why did the angels come before the first coming of Jesus? To herald His coming, to give a sign that the coming of Jesus is near. Why is this angel coming from the east, what is coming ahead? The second coming of Jesus, and I am here to prepare you with THE SEAL OF THE LIVING GOD.
Dan 11:44 …tidings out of the east and out of the north…

Speaking of the King of the North, who is that? The papacy. The papacy will be troubled, why because of tidings out of the east and north will trouble him. Tidings means news, news coming from the east and the north. East the direction where Christ will come the second time. And NORTH is where God’s throne is, divinity. What message is this? The message of the second coming of Christ, and the message of the seal of the living God, what is that? The Sabbath. What message will trouble the papacy? Second coming and Sabbath. What is the name of our church? SDA, Seventh-day means Sabbath, Adventist means Second Coming. Which church will trouble the papacy? The SDA church. That means those who are sealed must go through the time of trouble and stand without the Intercessor. When you sin during this time, there’s no forgiveness of sin. Sealing is not something that makes us impossible to sin. Rather, sealing is a proof that you have so strong determination and purpose and intimate relationship with God that you will not sin—there’s a big difference between the two. One is taking away your choice; the other is proving your choice and you choose to follow God even in the time when there’s no intercessor. Why do we need the time when there’s no intercessor? The final decision has been made. Every one’s destiny has been determined for eternity. The probation has closed. Whey then do we need to go through the time of trouble when there’s no intercessor? Why doesn’t Jesus come back immediately? Let’s see the big picture of the great controversy. This is the reason why God is looking and waiting for the group of people that can endure the time of trouble. God is waiting for you and me to put away all our sins and strive to possess Christ-like character and obedience. That’s where the sealing message comes in. “having the seal of the living God” – What is the seal of God?

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Seal = Sign
Rom 4:11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also:

Note: Evangelistic crusade we use Name, Title, Territory. Use as an illustration, but not as your main thrust. You cannot really show it from the Bible. Seal is equal to sign. Therefore we can say the sign of the living God. Why does the Bible say the living God, why not the King of kings, the Lamb of God, Almighty, Prince of Peace, etc. What kind of God is a living God? They have the sign of the living God. Very interesting the Bible doesn’t say, “sign of Immanuel or King of kings or Lion or Rock or Lamb or Almighty—all will be referring to the same God. Then why seal of the living God? What kind of God is a living God?
Acts 14:15 And saying, Sirs, why do ye these things? We also are men of like passions with you, and preach unto you that ye should turn from these vanities unto the living God, which made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all things that are therein: He is the Creator

Which describes the living God. Who is the living God? The Creator. Living God is the Creator. So this people are having the sign of the Creator. There’s only one sign in the bible that tells us that God is a Creator:
Ezk 20:12 Moreover also I gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am the LORD that sanctify them. Acts 4:24 Lord, thou [art] God, which hast made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all that in them is”

Who is the true God? The Creator. When the Bible says the living God it means the Creator. Now we can say the sign of the Creator. Where do we have the sign of the Creator?
Ex 20:10,11 [10]But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: [11] For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.

When God gave the Sabbath commandment it says. It is exactly the same in concept. The Sabbath of the law becomes a sign a seal of the living God. Let’s confirm that. Sabbath is the sign of Jesus’ Creatorship. Therefore, these are the people who keep the Sabbath—the seal of God. Ex 31:12-18 Sabbath = sign It is clear God says I have given you the Sabbath for a sign. Why the Sabbath, and not the sanctuary, or the ark of covenant, and not 12 precious stones? Why the Sabbath? Why did He choose the Sabbath to say you are my people. History: The heathen or pagan worshippers they were able to counterfeit basically everything that the Jewish people had in the sanctuary.

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Note: Some temples in India, the Hindu temples, when you walk in you past through a gate, then you see a square table, something burnt, after that basin with water in it, after that in the temple two sections, first section has candlesticks, second section an image. When the worshippers come in they walk around 7 times. Heathenism can copy just about everything from the Jewish ritualism, but there is only one thing that they cannot copy, and that is the Sabbath. It is the only thing that distinguishes between who belongs to God and who does not belong to God. PO Of course that applies to those who don’t have the light. EGW say God’s people are in Babylon.
2 Tim 2:19 …Having this seal…

This seal is not just referring to the seal of the living God. Note: The Bible speaks of two seals. The seal of the Holy Spirit and seal of the living God. They are different. All born again Christians receive the seal of the HS, which is the seal of redemption or salvation. But the seal of the living God includes salvation, but the Sabbath. There are people who will go to heaven who never kept the Sabbath, and that is because they obeyed the law according to their conscience, the law of their conscience. But in the last days the only thing that will distinguish God’s people is the Sabbath, including salvation in the last days. Whether it is either of the two seals (living God, or HS) the purpose of the seal is to indicate that you belong to God. Illus: When you draw a picture, you sign your name when it is complete to say this is my project. When will God place the seal upon you? When you are complete. That is an application. Seal Of God: What the Seal of God Is
LDE 219-220 Just as soon as the people of God are sealed in their foreheads--it is not any seal or mark that can be seen, but a settling into the truth, both intellectually and spiritually, so they cannot be moved--just as soon as God's people are sealed and prepared for the shaking, it will come. Indeed, it has begun already.--4BC 1161 (1902). The seal of the living God is placed upon those who conscientiously keep the Sabbath of the Lord.--7BC 980 (1897). [THIS STATEMENT AND OTHERS LIKE IT SHOULD BE UNDERSTOOD IN THE LIGHT OF PASSAGES QUOTED EARLIER IN THE CHAPTER, INDICATING THAT GOD HOLDS PEOPLE RESPONSIBLE ONLY FOR THE KNOWLEDGE THEY HAVE OR WHICH THEY COULD OBTAIN.] Those who would have the seal of God in their foreheads must keep the Sabbath of the fourth commandment.--7BC 970 (1899). True observance of the Sabbath is the sign of loyalty to God.--7BC 981 (1899). The fourth commandment alone of all the ten contains the seal of the great Lawgiver, the Creator of the heavens and the earth.--6T 350 (1900).

No Excuse for Willful Blindness
LDE 217-218 None will be condemned for not heeding light and knowledge that they never had, and they could not obtain. But many refuse to obey the truth that is presented to them by Christ's ambassadors, because they wish to conform to the world's standard, and the truth that has reached their understanding, the light that has shone in the soul, will condemn them in the judgment.--5BC 1145 (1884). Those who have an opportunity to hear the truth and yet take no pains to hear or understand it, thinking that if they do not hear they will not be accountable, will be judged guilty before God the same as if they had heard and rejected. There will be no excuse for those who choose to go in error when they might understand what is truth. In His sufferings and death Jesus has made atonement for all sins of ignorance, but there is no provision made for willful blindness. We shall not be held accountable for the light that has not reached our perception, but for that which we have resisted and refused. A man could not apprehend the truth which had never been presented to him, and therefore could not be condemned for light he had never had.--5BC 1145 (1893). http://breachrepairers.webs.com 227

Chap. 233 - Who Receive the Seal? And in their mouth was found no guile: for they are without fault before the throne of God. Rev. 14:5.
Mar 241Only those who receive the seal of the living God will have the passport through the gates of the Holy City. . . . The seal of the living God will be placed upon those only who bear a likeness to Christ in character. As wax takes the impression of the seal, so the soul is to take the impression of the Spirit of God and retain the image of Christ. Many will not receive the seal of God because they do not keep His commandments or bear the fruits of righteousness. The great mass of professing Christians will meet with bitter disappointment in the day of God. They have not upon their foreheads the seal of the living God. Lukewarm and halfhearted, they dishonor God far more than the avowed unbeliever. They grope in darkness, when they might be walking in the noonday light of the Word, under the guidance of One who never errs. . . . Those whom the Lamb shall lead by the fountains of living waters, and from whose eyes He shall wipe away all tears, will be those now receiving the knowledge and understanding revealed in the Bible, the Word of God. . . . We are to copy no human being. There is no human being wise enough to be our criterion. We are to look to the man Christ Jesus, who is complete in the perfection of righteousness and holiness. He is the author and finisher of our faith. He is the pattern man. His experience is the measure of the experience that we are to gain. His character is our model. Let us, then, take our minds off the perplexities and the difficulties of this life, and fix them on Him, that by beholding we may be changed into His likeness. We may behold Christ to good purpose. We may safely look to Him; for He is all-wise. As we look to Him and think of Him, He will be formed within, the hope of glory. 7:3 Saying, Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads.

“till we have sealed the servants of our God” – Who shall be sealed? The servants of God. Who are the servants of God? We studied about the servants of God. Who are they?
Rom 6:22 But now being made free from sin, and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life.

Those who are free from sin are servants of God, and they will receive the seal of the living God and they shall be able to stand. Then, how can we be freed from sin?
Rom 6:7 For he that is dead is freed from sin.

In order for us to be free from sin, we must die. What must be put to death in us?
Rom 6:6 Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin.

Our old man must be put to death. When our old man dies, we can be free from sin and become the servants of God to receive the seal of the living God and we will be able to stand during the time of wrath of God when there’s no intercessor. PO: I believe that Romans is the key. It says made free from sin. When is that totally? Close of probation. Then they receive the seal, not before. This can be seen in other places 1 Corin 15, Rom 4:25 Rev 3 promise to Philadelphia. So the preparation to receive the seal of the living God is to have our old man dead. How do we kill
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this old man? There’s only one way—“crucified.” We can kill that old man by the power of the cross.
Gal 2:20 I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.

You begin with going to the power of the cross to have your old man crucified with Christ. Out of the seven churches, which church needs to be prepared for the time of trouble and the second coming? The Laodecian church. But their problem is that Jesus is standing outside and Christ is not living in them. That means they are not crucified with Christ and their old man is still alive. They are not ready to stand without the intercessor in the time of trouble. The people at the end time are hiding from the wrath of God. Why were Adam and Eve hiding? Because they were naked. People in the Laodecian church are also naked. They will be hiding in the day of God’s wrath. Everything is coming together and fits with each other—who shall be able to stand?

The 144,000 (4-8)
7:4 And I heard the number of them which were sealed: [and there were] sealed an hundred [and] forty [and] four thousand of all the tribes of the children of Israel.

“heard” –Did John see? No! PO: You have two tribes at the end of time. The tribes of Israel, and the tribes of the Earth Matt 24:30 “then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn.” Note: One side we have the original 12 tribes and the 12 tribes of Revelation. One from Gen the other from Revelation. “I heard the number of them” – John just saw 4 angels holding back the winds. Then he saw the angel coming from the east with the seal of the living God. And he heard the number of 144,000. He did not see 144,000 yet, he only heard the number of it. When you study Revelation, you have to distinguish what he heard, and what he saw. “an hundred and forty and four thousand” – who are these people that are sealed? The bible gives us bigger picture. The 144,000 “of all the tribes of the children of Israel” – who are they? Based upon the transition from literal Israel to spiritual Israel—the gentiles who had conversion experience—these are not literal Israel, but spiritual, symbolic God’s people throughout the world. Why does the Bible say children of Israel? The Bible could have said children of Abraham or David, but why Israel? The meaning of the word Israel means “prevail” or “overcome.” No wonder in the seven churches Jesus gives a promise. But the condition is to them that overcome. In other words, “If you become the children of Israel…” This name has a history. It is a new name—a name that is given after your old name. There is a new experience in terms of overcoming. Jacob had this name and he only received this name only after he said, “I will not let thee go until thou bless me.” The 144,000 will also go through the time of Jacob’s trouble. He already had his sins confessed but yet he was tested to see if he would hold on to God rather than to his own wisdom, strength and
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power. The 144,000, before the probation is closed, have all their sins confessed and forsaken. But during the time of trouble, they will learn what Jacob did—“I will not let you go until you bless me!” They will not sin—not that it’s impossible for them to sin. Their hearts and minds are so fixed and settled, they won’t be moved from God’s commandments. 144,000
7BC 978 (2 Tim. 2:14-16; see EGW on Rev. 7:4-17.) Identity of 144,000 Not Revealed.--Christ says that there will be those in the church who will present fables and suppositions, when God has given grand, elevating, ennobling truths, which should ever be kept in the treasure house of the mind. When men pick up this theory and that theory, when they are curious to know something it is not necessary for them to know, God is not leading them. It is not His plan that His people shall present something which they have to suppose, which is not taught in the Word. It is not His will that they shall get into controversy over questions which will not help them spiritually, such as, Who is to compose the hundred and forty-four thousand. This those who are the elect of God will in a short time know without question. My brethren and sisters, appreciate and study the truths God has given for you and your children. Spend not your time in seeking to know that which will be no spiritual help. "What shall I do to inherit eternal life?" This is the all-important question, and it has been clearly answered. "What is written in the law? how readest thou? (MS 26, 1901). 7BC 970 Passport to the Holy City.--Only those who receive the seal of the living God will have the passport through the gates of the Holy City. But there are many who take upon themselves responsibilities in connection with the work of God who are not wholehearted believers, and while they remain thus cannot receive the seal of the living God. They trust in their own righteousness, which the Lord accounts as foolishness (Letter 164, 1909). 7BC 970 The Mark of Distinction.--Those who would have the seal of God in their foreheads must keep the Sabbath of the fourth commandment. This is what distinguishes them from the disloyal, who have accepted a man-made institution in the place of the true Sabbath. The observance of God's rest day is the mark of distinction between him that serveth God and him that serveth Him not (MS 27, 1899). 7BC 970 Like Christ in Character.--The seal of the living God will be placed upon those only who bear a likeness to Christ in character (RH May 21, 1895). 7BC 970 Image of Christ on the Soul.--As wax takes the impression of the seal, so the soul is to take the impression of the Spirit of God and retain the image of Christ (ST July 18, 1911). 7BC 970 The Seal and the Commandments.--Many will not receive the seal of God because they do not keep His commandments or bear the fruits of righteousness (Letter 76, 1900). 7BC 970 Bitter Disappointment in the Day of God.--The great mass of professing Christians will meet with bitter disappointment in the day of God. They have not upon their foreheads the seal of the living God. Lukewarm and halfhearted, they dishonor God far more than the avowed unbeliever. They grope in darkness, when they might be walking in the noonday light of the Word, under the guidance of One who never errs (Letter 121, 1903). 7:5 Of the tribe of Juda [were] sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Reuben [were] sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Gad [were] sealed twelve thousand. 7:6 Of the tribe of Aser [were] sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Nephthalim [were] sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Manasses [were] sealed twelve thousand. 7:7 Of the tribe of Simeon [were] sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Levi [were] sealed twelve http://breachrepairers.webs.com 230

thousand. Of the tribe of Issachar [were] sealed twelve thousand. 7:8 Of the tribe of Zabulon [were] sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Joseph [were] sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Benjamin [were] sealed twelve thousand.

Why the twelve tribes of Israel? In the Bible the number twelve makes up God’s people:     12 tribes of Israel 12 disciples 12 gates which holds God’s people 12 stones of priest’s breastplate to show that God still intercedes for His people.

The 12 tribes of Israel in Revelation is different to that found in Genesis 48 & 49. GENESIS Judah Reuben Gad Asher Naphtali Benjamin Simeon Levi Issachar Zebulun Joseph Dan REVELATION Juda Reben Gad Aser Nephthalim Benjamin Simeon Levi Issachar Zabulon Joseph Manasses (Changed)

When we go to Revelation, the tribe of Dan is missing. Dan means “judge.” He is the fifth son of Jacob, the first of Bilah, the handmaid of Rachel. Dan is known for biting the heel of the horse so that the rider will fall back. Gen 49:17. Dan is known for backbiting and the rider gets hurt. Dan will backbite someone that is related to the one he is trying to get. It’s like they don’t attack Jesus but attack the disciples of Jesus to get Him. The 144,000 have no guile in their mouth.
Gen 49:17 Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder in the path, that biteth the horse heels, so that his rider shall fall backward.

When a snake bites the horses heel that mean he has to strike the back. Dan whose name is judge, he has exercises a bad way of judging or criticizing, accusing by backbiting. He does it from behind. You back bite with your tongue. The 144,000 have no guile in their mouth. Rev 14:1 144,000 they stand on Mt. Zion
Ps 15:1-5 [1]LORD, who shall abide in thy tabernacle? who shall dwell in thy holy hill? [2] He that walketh uprightly, and worketh righteousness, and speaketh the truth in his heart. [3]He that backbiteth not with his tongue, nor doeth evil to his neighbour, nor taketh up a reproach against his neighbour. [4]In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honoureth them that fear the LORD.

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He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not. [5]He that putteth not out his money to usury, nor taketh reward against the innocent. He that doeth these things shall never be moved.

Those who do not backbite will be able to stand in God’s holy hill—the Zion. Where is that holy hill? Only one place, Mt. Zion. Who shall be able to stand? Ps 15:1-2. Who will not be able to stand in the holy hill? Those who back bite. Who is a back biter in the 12 tribes of Israel? Dan. We need to be like Daniel not Dan. Daniel is God is my judge. Dan is I am judging. He was replaced with Manasseh. What does Manasseh mean?
Rev 14:1 And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty and four thousand, having his Father’s name written in their foreheads.

The tribe of Dan is missing, because he backbites and is not able to stand in the Mt. Zion. That is why we need to become like Daniel—“God is my judge.” We must allow God to be our judge and revenger. That’s exactly what Daniel went through. In Daniel chapter 6, they got Daniel through some political and religious law—unity of church and state. Daniel didn’t fight back but just kept his faith continuously—that is an example of being sealed. He settled into truth both intellectually and spiritually that he couldn’t be moved. No matter what people do, he was able to say, “God, you judge. I’m not going to backbite on them. I’m going to trust in you.” That’s Daniel. That’s the 144,000. When the king Darius came to the mouth of the den, he cried out: “O Daniel, servant of the living God.” Dan 6:20. That is exactly like the 144,000—they are called the servants of the living God. Daniel is a representation of the 144,000. Ephraim was added later, but taken out because they have turned to their idols – Hosea 4:17, 5:9. They are also known for being half-baked – lukewarm. The tribe of Manasses was added. The name means “causing to forget.” Dan was a backbiter, but he’s taken out and replaced with Manasses who “causes to forget.” It could mean that the 144,000 learn to forget the faults of others: application. He’s a son of Joseph. Joseph means, “Jehovah has added.” Forget what? When someone does you wrong you need to forget not backbite. The 144,000 receive what? God forgets their sins, so they should forget others sins. Joseph = “Jehovah has added” – the eldest son of Jacob by Rachel. Who was added to the 12 tribes? Manasseh the eldest Son of Joseph he was added. You can study the other 12 tribes by yourself, study in connection with the other 11 tribes. But one thing God is saying here is for you to be a part of the 144,000 you cannot backbite, vengeance is the Lord’s. Let’s remember that example.
Judah - Gen. 29:35. And she conceived again, and bare a son: and she said "Now I will praise the Lord": therefore she called his name Judah... Reuben - Gen 29:32. And Leah conceived, and bare a son, and she called his name Reuben: for she said "Surely the Lord hath looked upon my affliction" now therefore my husband will love me. Gad - Gen 30:11. Then Leah said "How fortunate". So she named him Gad. Asher - Gen 30:13. And Leah said, "Happy am I" for the daughters will call me blessed: and she called his name Asher. Naphtali - Gen 30:8. And Rachel said, "With great wrestling’s have I wrestled" with my sister, "And I have prevailed" and she called his name Naphtali.

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Manasseh - Gen 41:51. And Joseph called the name of the first born Manasseh: "For God" (said he), "hath made me forget all my toil", and all my father’s house. Simeon - Gen 29:33. And she conceived again, and bare a son; and said "Because the Lord hath heard that I was hated", He hath therefore given me this son also: and she called him Simeon. Levi - Gen 29:34. And she conceived again, and bare a son; and said, "Now this time will my husband be joined unto me", because I have born him three sons: therefore was his name called Levi. Issachar - Gen 30:18. Then Leah said, "God has given me my wages" because I gave my maid to my husband. So she named him Issachar. Zebulon - Gen 30:20. Then Leah said, "God has endowed me with a good gift, now my husband will dwell with me", because I have born him six sons. So she named him Zebulon. Joseph - Gen 30:24. And she called his name Joseph; and said, "The Lord shall add to me" another son. Benjamin - Gen 35:17-18. And it came to pass, when she was in hard labor, that the midwife said unto her, fear not, "Thou shalt have this son" also. And it came to pass, as her soul was in departing, (for she died) that she called his name Benoni: but his father called him Benjamin.

The meanings of the names of the twelve tribes:             Judah – he shall be praised. Reuben – behold a son. Gad – a troop or company. Aser – blessed or happy. Nephthalim – wrestling. Manasses – forgetting. Simeon – hearkening or hearing. Levi – joined. Issachar – reward. Zabulon – habitation or dwelling with. Joseph – Jehovah has added. Benjamin – son of the right hand.

These names may contribute to the spiritual characteristics of the 144,000. The 144,000 will be praised because they have been beholding the Son, Jesus Christ. They make up the great troop. They receive happiness and blessing because they wrestle with God to forget self and sins of others and yet listening to the voice of God. Because of that they join to God as a co-workers that they may receive a reward to gain a dwelling place or habitation in heaven. They will be added to seat together with Jesus who is in the right hand of God as He has promised to the Laodecian church. "Now will I praise the Lord, for Surely the Lord has looked upon my affliction, How fortunate, and Happy am I. With great wrestling’s have I wrestled and I have prevailed. For God has made me forget all my toil, Because the Lord has heard that I was hated. Now this time will my husband be
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joined unto me for God has given me my wages. God has endowed me with a good gift, now my husband will dwell with me. The Lord will add to me for You will have this son."

The Great Multitude (9-12)
7:9 After this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands;

John heard the number of 144,000, he never saw them. “a great multitude” – who are these great multitude? The great multitudes are not the 144,000. In the SOP, there’s quotation that sounds like they are the same group; but in other place there’s also quotation that gives us an idea that they are totally different group. The Great Multitude Revelation 7 among many different points, it reveals TWO classes of people. 1. The 144,000 2. The Great Multitude. Verse 1 = We see 4 Angels "holding the four winds of the earth, that the wind should not blow on the earth, nor on the sea, nor on any tree" What does four represent? (Also shows the Garden of Eden was located in Africa)
Gen 2:11-12

Havilah = Went towards WEST
Gen 2:13

Gihon (compassed whole land of Ethopia) = Ethopia is SOUTH of Egypt
Gen 2:14

Hiddekel = East
Gen 2:14

Euphrates = NORTH (This river was the boundry to the kingdom of the north during the time of David.
Jer 49:36

4 winds came from four quarters of heaven.
Rev 20:8

Nations in the four quarters of the earth. So 4 represents Worldwide or the whole earth. What do winds represent?

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Prov 1:27

Winds (whirlwind) = Destruction
Job 21:20

Destruction = Wrath of the Almighty (God)
Rev 15:1

Wrath of God = 7 Last Plagues So these Angels are holding back the 7 Last Plagues In Revelation 6:17 The question was asked "the great day of his wrath (or 7 last plagues) is come who shall be able to stand." And Revelation 7 opens and answer this question. First showing that the angels are holding the 7 last plagues until the V.4 "we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads." And goes on to show who were numbered, and it is none other than the 144,00. But keep in mind this also answers the question "WHO SHALL BE ABLE TO STAND" or go through the 7 last plagues. Once the the 7 Last Plagues have begunProbation will be closed on the earth, no one then will have the chance to make a decision to follow God. In Daniel 12:1 The Time of Trouble referred to there is the 7 last plagues not the 'little time of trouble' Furthermore Michaels act of standing up shows that INTERCESSION HAS CEASED, BUT also that all the subjects for His Kingdom have been made up. The Loud Cry is finished, and they now go through the Time of Trouble. To say that others will take there stand after the Time of Trouble is to say that PEOPLE WE HAVE TIME TO REPENT 'AFTER' THE CLOSE OF PROBATION, and we know that isn't so. The Latter Rain Falls for two purposes:
EW 85 At that time (little time of trouble) the "latter rain," or refreshing from the presence of the Lord, will come, to give power to the loud voice of the third angel, and prepare the saints to stand in the period when the seven last plagues shall be poured out.

1. TO GIVE POWER TO THE THIRD ANGEL (or Loud Cry) 2. PREPARE THEM TO STAND WHILE 7 LAST PLAGUES FALL. Not to give power to the third angel after the 7 last plagues, BUT BEFORE!!
GC 613 At that time shall Michael stand up, the great Prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, everyone that shall be found written in the book." Daniel 12:1. When the third angel's message closes, mercy no longer pleads for the guilty inhabitants of the earth. The people of God have accomplished their work. They have received "the latter rain," "the refreshing from the presence of the Lord," and they are prepared for the trying hour before them.

You can even show this with more scripture, let me know if you want that information, I have a lot to cover. Then

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Rev 7:9 After this I beheld, and , lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands…

QUESTIONS? 1.) Who is this great multitude? 2.) Are they the 144,000? 3.) Are they the ones that were called out of Babylon by the Loud Cry ONLY? 4.) Are they ALL OF THE RIGHTEOUS DEAD FROM ADAM TO THE LAST MARTYR who dies because of the National Sunday Law? 5.) Are they both the 144,000 and Righteous dead from Adam to the last martyr who died because of the National Sunday Law? Going back to Revelation 7:1-3
Rev 7:1 …I SAW four angels… Rev 7:2, 3 …I SAW another angel…

So we see that John saw with HIS EYES the 4 angels and the angel ascend from the east now
Rev 7:4 John says "And I HEARD the number…an HUNDRED AND FORTY AND FOUR THOUSAND…"

John did not SEE the sealing of the 144,000, he only HEARD it with His ears. NOW
Rev 7:9 After this I beheld, and lo, a great multitude, WHICH NO MAN COULD NUMBER, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands…

So if this group cannot be numbered they cannot be the 144,000. So Question number 2 can be crossed out: Are they the 144,000? So who is the Great Multitude? From the description given it identifies exactly who they are. They consist of All nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues. This covers a wider sphere of people than just the nations, and kindreds, and people etc that will be on this earth at the passing of the National Sunday Law.
Gen 9:19 These are the three sons of Noah: and of them was the whole earth overspread. Gen 10:32 These are the families of the sons of Noah, after their generations, in their nations: and by these were the nations divided in the earth after the flood.

In these texts is given us the ORIGIN of All nations, and from these have all races of men and nations of men come from. And before this we had Adam down to the Antedulivians. If we say it only consist of those who were Called out of Babylon, where would the rest of the redeemed be?

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Clothed with white robes Revelation 19:8; 7:14 (Jer 23:6) The White Robes represent the spotless Character which they have received. Or the righteousness of Christ
RH Oct. 16, 1883.The white-robed ones who surround the throne of God are not composed of that company who were lovers of pleasure more than lovers of God, and who choose to drift with the current rather than to breast the waves of opposition. They will come through great tribulations; they will wash their robes of character, and make them white in the blood of the Lamb. These will sing the song of triumph in the kingdom of glory. Those who suffer with Christ will be partakers of His glory.

So we see that everyone who washes there robes or receives the character will be a part of the 'Great Multitude' And it will be a group that makes up all those who have been slain for Christ's sake. In Revelation 6:9-11 We have a picture of the 5th Seal
Rev 6:9 I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held…

Who does this group consist of? The Altar represents the earth. In the sanctuary the lamb represented Christ. And when Christ came as the Anti-typical Lamb He was slain on the Altar, where was that Alter? On the Earth. Earth became the altar where His blood was shed (Luke 22:44; John 19:34); and His body lay in the sepulchere in the earth, so the earth has become drunk with the body of martyrs and their bodies lie buried in it's bosom.
Gen 4:10

Records the blood of Abel crying out to God, so the earth bares witness to each and every life that has been taken in the name of Christ. How many does this include? Abel, the reformers (Huss, Jerome, Luter), the waldenses, Isaiah and the prophets Heb 11:36-38, etc. Contextually: And even if we look at it contextually we can see this. The 5th Seal covers the time frame of 1517 – 1755 from the start of the reformation until the Lisbon Earthquake November 1, 1755. So that clearly shows which group of people who suffered under the papacy. And the Bible says about them t
Rev 6:10

They cry out for there blood to be avenged.
Rev 6:11 …and WHITE ROBES WERE GIVEN UNTO EVERYONE OF THEM…

This corresponds with
Rev 7:9 …GREAT MULTITUDE…CLOTHED WITH WHITE ROBES…

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So if this great multitude only consisted of those who were called out of Babylon, where are these souls that received White Robes? Another Time Frame: In Revelation 3:1-5 We have the church of Sardis which covers the time frame of 1798-1833, and these are from the group of people who came out of the reformation, but lost there first love. There were a few that still had the character and Jesus said to them
Rev 3:4 …they shall walk with me in WHITE: for they are worthy…

and for those who overcame He said
Rev 3:5 …shall be clothed in white raiment…

Now to bring it all together The Great Multitude consists of 1. All who were slain for Christ sake from Adam to the last martyr (still to go over); BEFORE close of probation, including the reformers, waldenses, apostles and prophets. 2. Those who were persecuted during the dark ages. 3. Those who's characters were not defiled during the time of Sardis, and those who overcame who's characters were defiled during the time of Sardis. We have answered Question 1 & 3: Who is this great multitude? Are they the ones that were called out of Babylon by the Loud Cry ONLY? NO! Now to number 4 Martyrs In Revelation 6:11 under the 5th Seal it says referring to those who were persecuted "white robes were given unto every one of them…that they should rest yet for a little season, until their fellow servants also and their brethren, that should be killed as they were, should be fulfilled." This text shows clearly that persecution will be revived and they are still resting for that "little season" because it hasn't been fulfilled. Revelation 13:15 says "that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause that as many as would not worship the image of the beast should be killed" So a group of people will be killed, who don't worship the image or follow the union of church and state which enforces Sunday Law. Why? Revelation 2:12-17 brings the Church of Pergamos to view; within this church we see Antipas was my (Christ's) faithful martyr. Anti = against Pas = papa or pope So it was a group of people during the time of pergamos who were against the bishops and the popes, and a lot of them were martyred in Constantinople and Rome when the bishops and popes started exercising ecclesiastical power over people. This group of people were also opposed to the worship of Saints or there pictures and the infallibility of the bishop of Rome. We see right here exactly why we will have martyrs cause this same group of people will oppose the Pope.

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Revelation 13 shows the restoration of papal power. Revelation 14 shows a contrast between those who receive the Mark of the Beast and those who receive the Seal of God. It shows the separation, between the two, and what makes that separation is the 3rd Angel's Message. In Revelation 7 We see the throne and at the throne is the great multitude and 144,000 two groups, now Revelation 14 enlarges it and shows who had complete Victory over the Mark of the Beast Revelation 14:1-5 shows that only the 144,000 will have complete victory, they also sing a song that no man could learn, because a song represents an experience, and no one else will have the experience of going through the 7 last plagues, while there is no mediator, not even those who are called out. And because of this experience they are called the 'firstfruits' So there are going to be Martyrs before the 7 last plagues fall Christ Object Lessons 179
COL 179 There shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time; and at that time Thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book." Dan. 12:1. From garrets, from hovels, from dungeons, from scaffolds, from mountains and deserts, from the caves of the earth and the caverns of the sea, Christ will gather His children to Himself. On earth they have been destitute, afflicted, and tormented. Millions have gone down to the grave loaded with infamy because they refused to yield to the deceptive claims of Satan. By human tribunals the children of God have been adjudged the vilest criminals. But the day is near when "God is judge Himself." (Ps. 50:6). Then the decisions of earth shall be reversed. "The rebuke of His people shall He take away." Isa. 25:8. White robes will be given to every one of them. (Rev. 6:11.) And "they shall call them the holy people, the redeemed of the Lord." Isa. 62:12.

Question Number 4 is answered: There will be Martyrs Number 5 This will be looked at contextually, but we will see that both groups are at the throne of God. Picking up from where we left off in Revelation 7 we know that John did not SEE the 144,000 he only heard, and then saw the second group "a great multitude."
Rev 7:10-12

All worshipped God by giving thanksgiving etc.
Rev 7:13

The question is asked to John "What are these which are arrayed in white robes? And whence came they?" Question? Would this refer to a group that John had already seen? Or a group that previously were not seen? It refers to a group that was not seen, which was the 144,000

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Rev 7:14 These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.

How do we know it's them for sure?
Rev 7:15 Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them.

Question? Will all of the 'great multitude' serve God in his temple? No!! Who will?
Rev 22:3-4 [3] Lamb shall be in it; and his servants shall serve him… [4] …name shall be in their foreheads. Who has name in forehead? Rev 14:1 And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty [and] four thousand, having his Father's name written in their foreheads. EW 18 As we were traveling along, we met a company who also were gazing at the glories of the place. I noticed red as a border on their garments; their crowns were brilliant; their robes were pure white. As we greeted them, I asked Jesus who they were. He said they were martyrs that had been slain for Him. With them was an innumerable company of little ones; they also had a hem of red on their garments. Mount Zion was just before us, and on the mount was a glorious temple, and about it were seven other mountains, on which grew roses and lilies. And I saw the little ones climb, or, if they chose, use their little wings and fly, to the top of the mountains and pluck the never-fading flowers. There were all kinds of trees around the temple to beautify the place: the box, the pine, the fir, the oil, the myrtle, the pomegranate, and the fig tree bowed down with the weight of its timely figs--these made the place all over glorious. And as we were about to enter the holy temple, Jesus raised His lovely voice and said, "Only the 144,000 enter this place," and we shouted, "Alleluia."

Furthermore:
Rev 7:16 They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more; neither shall the sun light on them, nor any heat.

Do the Great Multitude experience this? No. Not all have had the experience of hungering or thirsting. And during the 4th plague they experience heat. The 144,000 won't be destroyed by the heat, but they will fill the effects. Now it must be noted that in Rev 7:13 When the question was asked his attention was directed to the whole great multitude as a combination of both the 144,000 and the great multitude as one, but SPECIAL attention was given to a group within the great multitude which were the 144,000. Answer to Number 5: Generally both 144,000 and great multitude are all before the throne, but contextually and the correct interpretation shows there are two groups
GC 665 [1] Nearest the throne are those who were once zealous in the cause of Satan, but who, plucked as brands from the burning, have followed their Saviour with deep, intense devotion. [2] Next are those who perfected Christian characters in the midst of falsehood and infidelity, those who honored the law of God when the Christian world declared it void(144,000), [3]and the millions, of all ages, who were martyred for their faith. And beyond is [4] the "great multitude, which no man http://breachrepairers.webs.com 240

could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, . . . before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands." Revelation 7:9. Their warfare is ended, their victory won. They have run the race and reached the prize. The palm branch in their hands is a symbol of their triumph, the white robe an emblem of the spotless righteousness of Christ which now is theirs. {GC 665.2}

In conclusion, We see that Revelation 7 brings to view two groups the 144,000 and great multitude, which consists of all from Adam to the last martyr, and not solely of those who are called out of Babylon. They are all around the throne and will all be considered the 'great multitude, but in essence there are two groups. And SOP makes it even clearer by showing the distinct location of each group of people. We saw that the Loud cry ends before the falling of the 7 last plagues, and the that is the last message given to the earth, and none will have an opportunity after the falling of these plagues to repent. I have more on this, but just gave enough to deal with the issues at hand. But if you have any more questions or find any quotes let me know. Let us all strive to be a part of the 144,000 See you on the sea of glass. Maranatha! “which no man could number” – There are theories going outside saying that the great multitude is 144,000. That means 144,000 is not special generation in the last days, but just anybody, but just anybody who are saved. The clearest point is that the Bible says that they cannot be numbered. But the 144,000, v4 says that “I heard the number.” It’s totally different two distinct groups. 144,000 is numbered, and the great multitude is not numbered. When the Bible says “It can not be numbered,” it just means they are great number. God know the number of them. But the expression of “can not be numbered” is another way to say “the sand of sea.” Great number. This goes back to the covenant of Abraham saying: “I will surely do thee good, and make thy seed as the sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered for multitude.” Gen 32:12. This Great multitude is the people who were saved from the creation of God to the last days, without the 144,000. All the redeemed have to go through the grave: Death. But 144,000 are not. Q: How can you say that 144,000 is not included in the multitude? They can still numbered and included in the great multitude. A: The Bible says that John saw the first group, then he saw another group. It’s two different groups. 144,000 will not see death: There are group of people, not only the wicked but also the righteous, that is alive when Jesus come. 1Thes 4:16,17 “which are alive and remain.” Q: EG White said that she was among the 144,000. A: EG White clearly said that 144,000 is the living saints. When she said she was among them, is that mean that she is one of the 144,000? If I say I was among Chinese, is that mean that I am Chinese? That doesn’t mean that she is ONE of the 144,000.

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Enoch, as an example of the 144,000.
MS 9, 256 Enoch formed a righteous character and the result was that he was translated to heaven without seeing death. When the Lord shall come the second time there will be some who will be translated without seeing death, and we want to know if we will be among that number.

Elijah, as an example of the 144,000
DA 421 Moses upon the mount of transfiguration was a witness to Christ's victory over sin and death. He represented those who shall come forth from the grave at the resurrection of the just. Elijah, who had been translated to heaven without seeing death, represented those who will be living upon the earth at Christ's second coming, and who will be "changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump;" when "this mortal must put on immortality," and "this corruptible must put on incorruption."

What differentiates Moses from Enoch and Elijah is that Moses experienced death, while Enoch and Elijah never experienced death. Since the 144,000 is represented by Enoch and Elijah, the rest of the saints by Moses, it’s clear that the 144,000 must not experience death.
YI April 13, 1899 The saints who are living when Christ comes, will be translated to heaven without seeing death. 7:10 And cried with a loud voice, saying, Salvation to our God which sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb. 7:11 And all the angels stood round about the throne, and [about] the elders and the four beasts, and fell before the throne on their faces, and worshipped God, 7:12 Saying, Amen: Blessing, and glory, and wisdom, and thanksgiving, and honour, and power, and might, [be] unto our God for ever and ever. Amen.

The 144,000 continued (13-17)
7:13 And one of the elders answered, saying unto me, What are these which are arrayed in white robes? and whence came they?

This question gives us an idea that the elder is asking for a different group than John just saw. John already knows that the great multitude came from “of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues.” There’s no reason why elder would ask where they came from. This becomes clearer by the answer of John in the next verse: “thou knowest”—meaning John doesn’t know. Therefore, this group in white robes can’t be the great multitudes. Then who are they?
7:14 And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.

“These are they which came out of great tribulation” – based upon what we’ve studied so far, this is no other than the 144,000—the group that will pass the time of trouble and stand without the intercessor. This is confirmed by the writings of inspiration:
GC 648-649 And they sing "a new song" before the throne, a song which no man can learn save the hundred and forty and four thousand. It is the song of Moses and the Lamb,--a song of deliverance. None but the hundred and forty-four thousand can learn that song; for it is the song of their

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experience,--an experience such as no other company have ever had. "These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth." These, having been translated from the earth, from among the living, are counted as "the first-fruits unto God and to the Lamb." "These are they which came out of great tribulation;" [REV. 14:1-5; 15:3; 7:14-17.] they have passed through the time of trouble such as never was since there was a nation; they have endured the anguish of the time of Jacob's trouble; they have stood without an intercessor through the final outpouring of God's judgments.

But there are quotations that sounds like that the group in v13-17 is the great multitude of v9-12.
HP 371 After this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands. Rev. 7:9. All classes, all nations and kindreds and people and tongues will stand before the throne of God and the Lamb with their spotless robes and jeweled crowns. Said the angel, These are they that have come up through great tribulation and have washed their robes and made them white,...

But if you notice, this is a devotional book compiled with SOP and published in 1967. The bible text that was put in the beginning of this section is put by men and it can be very misleading. Therefore, this quotation is not enough to tell us that the great multitude will be the 144,000. The 144,000 are from “all classes, all nations, and kindreds and people and tongue, yet not the great multitude.
TMK 123 They are God's jewels, and will be among that number of whom John writes, "I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, . . . saying, Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth" (Rev. 19:6). They have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. "Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them" (Rev. 7:15).

This is taken from the Review and Herald. Another devotional book published in 1964. In the original context, it has not dealing with the characteristics of the 144,000, but the main theme is humility. She’s making a broad application here. Understanding that the 144,000 will be part of the great multitude—all who are saved—this quotation can be well reconciled. But again, it’s not for us to debate who will compose the 144,000. We must not make a big issue out of this.
1SM 174 It is not His will that they shall get into controversy over questions which will not help them spiritually, such as, Who is to compose the hundred and forty-four thousand? This those who are the elect of God will in a short time know without question. 7:15 Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them.

“before the throne of God” – they dwell and serve in the temple of God. This group of people are closest to God. And the group of people that is real close with Jesus are the 144,000.
Rev 14:1,4 [1]And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty and four thousand, having his Father's name written in their foreheads. [4]These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth.

Mt. Zion represents the temple of God or the presence of God. All saints will be with God. But the 144,000 have a special place near God.

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“serve him day and night”
Rev 22:3,4 [3]And there shall be no more curse: but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; and his servants shall serve him: [4]And they shall see his face; and his name shall be in their foreheads.

Who are these servants?
Rev 7:3 Saying, Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads. Rev 14:1 And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty and four thousand, having his Father’s name written in their foreheads.

These are no other than the 144,000. Why do they have privilege to be so close to God? First, their sins will be blotted out. That means they have to be perfect by the grace of God. They have to stand alone without the intercessor. When Jacob wrestled with God, he was alone by himself. At the same time, Esau was coming to him to kill him. Jacob at that time feels worthless and helpless. When he held the angel, the angel took out the bone out of your socket. There was physical pain, same time there was feeling of rejection—“Let me go.” He had repented completely prior to that experience, but he felt because of his sin, he had to go through this. And when he held God, he became Israel. The Bible says that the 144,000 is the 12 tribes of Israel. At this point of the tribulation, 144,000 is not Israel yet, but Jacob. 144,000 as Jacob, they have to go through the time of trouble, then becomes Israel meaning victorious. And all of the 144,000 will be standing alone at the time of trouble, no one will help you. And your sins have to be confessed and forgiven already. And you will go through the experience that God is not hearing you. And you may cry out: “My God, my God, why thou hast forsaken me?” But you will never let it go. “Here are the patience of saints, and… the faith of Jesus.” Jesus Himself went through that same experience—He was alone, bearing the sins of the world, rejected by God, at the same time His brethren was persecuting Him, but he had to be perfect, and Jesus had no intercessor for Him!!! The 144,000 will go through this time, perfect, alone, feeling of rejection, persecution, but at the same time without the intercessor. Even you are sealed, and you will not sin during this time, you will feel as though you are the greatest sinner. Jesus knew that He will be resurrected, but He couldn’t feel that at the cross. You know everything about the truth, and promises, but at the time of trouble, you will not feel it. Your feeling cannot be trusted, only one thing that can be trusted is the faith of Jesus. Only by faith, you shall be able to stand. God will prove that He has a group of people that will not sin even though everything is taken away from them. It’s a proven fact that sinful men can keep God’s law, and will not reject. That’s the reason why the book of Job is given in the Bible. With this experience, the 144,000 becomes the closest to Jesus Christ. They have fully experienced what Christ has experienced. And forever, they will serve Him near His throne, as the veterans of universe.

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GC88 648 These, having been translated from the earth, from among the living, are counted as "the first-fruits unto God and to the Lamb." "These are they which came out of great tribulation;" [REV. 14:1-5; 15:3; 7:14-17.] they have passed through the time of trouble such as never was since there was a nation; they have endured the anguish of the time of Jacob's trouble; they have stood without an intercessor through the final outpouring of God's judgments. But they have been delivered, for they have "washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb." "In their mouth was found no guile; for they are without fault" before God. "Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple; and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them." EW 19 And as we were about to enter the holy temple, Jesus raised His lovely voice and said, "Only the 144,000 enter this place," and we shouted, "Alleluia." This temple was supported by seven pillars, all of transparent gold, set with pearls most glorious. The wonderful things I there saw I cannot describe. Oh, that I could talk in the language of Canaan, then could I tell a little of the glory of the better world. I saw there tables of stone in which the names of the 144,000 were engraved in letters of gold. After we beheld the glory of the temple, we went out, and Jesus left us and went to the city. Soon we heard His lovely voice again, saying, "Come, My people, you have come out of great tribulation, and done My will; suffered for Me; come in to supper, for I will gird Myself, and serve you." 7:16 They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more; neither shall the sun light on them, nor any heat.

“hunger no more” – that means that went through hunger and starvation. In the time of trouble, they can’t buy or sell. “nor any heat” – they must have gone through the great heat, which is in the 4th plague. That doesn’t mean that they got affected. That means there are certain amount of trials, but not like the wicked.
7:17 For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes.

“shall lead them unto living fountains of waters” – This is referring to 144,000.
Rev 14:4 These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth.

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Chapter 8 – The blowing of the first four trumpets
Review: Second Coming: Will the Father come with the Son? From SOP we know that the Father will wait for us at the gate, and that it will take seven days to ascend to heaven. Ellen White & 144,000: Regarding her statements about her being a part of the 144,000 or among the 144,000. This does not mean that she is one of the 144,000 because
9MR 256 Enoch formed a righteous character and the result was that he was translated to heaven without seeing death. When the Lord shall come the second time there will be some who will be translated without seeing death, and we want to know if we will be among that number.

What number is this? 144,000. I am saying that the 144,000 are those who will be translated without seeing death
DA 421 Moses upon the mount of transfiguration was a witness to Christ's victory over sin and death. He represented those who shall come forth from the grave at the resurrection of the just. Elijah, who had been translated to heaven without seeing death, represented those who will be living upon the earth at Christ's second coming.

If Moses represents those who will be resurrected, it must include who? Ellen White. If Elijah represents those who will be translated without seeing death that means it represents the 144,000. Some ask questions about the living saints, there is a quote where Ellen White says the living saints are those who will be translated without seeing death.
YI April 13, 1899 par. 10 The saints who are living when Christ comes, will be translated to heaven without seeing death.

This does not include Ellen White. The prophecy of Seven Trumpets is one of the most untouched and most confused prophecies in the SDA church. But we are going to do all we can to discover the seven trumpets. We may not discover everything, but we are going to discover the main structure and we will see from the inspiration that this is what it’s talking about. Seven Trumpets are not the Seven Seals There’s another place in Revelation that seven angels has something: Rev 15:1 “seven angels having the seven last plagues.” This doesn’t mean that seven trumpets are seven last plagues. But the language, the description is similar. In seven trumpets, you will see the languages of plagues: darkness, blood, hail, destruction. And in seven last plagues, you see the same description. Therefore, seven trumpets is like seven last plagues, but they are not the same. Because of this similar languages, people think the seven last plagues and seven trumpets are same thing. But the Bible doesn’t use the word “vowel, or plagues”, but “trumpet.” Similar, but little different. Views on the Timeline for the Seven Trumpets

 1. Seven trumpets occur after the seven seals – If we say that the seven trumpets occurs after the
seventh seal, then we should see the fulfillment of the seven trumpets after we go to heaven.

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 2.
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Seven trumpets take place during the seventh seal. It is written right after the seventh seal. The language used in the seven trumpets are very similar to the seventh seal—hail, bitter, darkness, brimstones, etc. The angel in the seven trumpets cast down the censer (v5), so it’s after the close of probation.

3. The seven trumpets take place neither after nor during the seventh seal – If you say that the seven trumpets takes place during the seventh seal, there will be a lot of confusions. Between the 6th and 7th trumpet, you see the rising of the advent movement in 1844—Laodecian church. In the 7th trumpet, the most holy place is opened—the investigative judgment. Then we are simply saying that advent movement and the investigative judgment take place after the close of probation and the time of trouble. o o o You can’t take everything in chorological order. The language might be similar, but doesn’t necessary mean the same time period. It’s not the final close of probation for the earth, but rather…

Therefore, you can’t take the seven trumpets to be right after nor during the seventh seal. In the 6th trumpet, there’s a “year, month, day and hour prophecy” foretelling the fall of the Turkish power. That ended in August 11, 1840. Josiah Litch predicted exact date and year of fall of the Turkish power. People laughed at him because Turkey was strong. But the same day he predicted, the Turkish power fell according to the prophecy. That fulfillment gave a boost to the advent movement. No wonder between the 6th and the 7th trumpet, you have the advent movement. The pen of inspiration confirms it:
Mar 152 In the year 1840, another remarkable fulfilment of prophecy excited widespread interest. Two years before, Josiah Litch, one of the leading ministers preaching the second advent, published an exposition of Revelation 9, predicting the fall of the Ottoman empire. According to his calculations, this power was to be overthrown "in A.D. 1840, sometime in the month of August;" and only a few days previous to its accomplishment he wrote: "Allowing the first period, 150 years, to have been exactly fulfilled before Deacozes ascended the throne by permission of the Turks, and that the 391 years, fifteen days, commenced at the close of the first period, it will end on the 11th of August, 1840, when the Ottoman power in Constantinople may be expected to be broken. And this, I believe, will be found to be the case."--Josiah Litch, in Signs of the Times, and Expositor of Prophecy, Aug. 1, 1840. At the very time specified, Turkey, through her ambassadors, accepted the protection of the allied powers of Europe, and thus placed herself under the control of Christian nations. The event exactly fulfilled the prediction. . . . A wonderful impetus was given to the advent movement.

That means that the trumpets before that must belong before 1844. The seventh trumpet then comes in perfect. It begins with the opening of the most holy place— 1844 and onwards. Chapter Outline

The 7th Seal: Second Coming (1)

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Introduction to the Seven Trumpets (2-6) The 1st Trumpet (Visigoths) | 395 A.D. – 410 A.D. (7) The 2nd Trumpet (Vandals) | 428 A.D. – 468 A.D. (8-9) The 3rd Trumpet (Huns) | 451 A.D. – 453 A.D. (10-11) The 4th Trumpet (Heruli) 476-493 A.D. (12)

The 7th Seal: Second Coming (1)
8:1 And when he had opened the seventh seal, there was silence in heaven about the space of half an hour.

“about the space of half an hour” 1 day = 24 hours = 1 year = 360 days 1 hour = 360/24 = 15 days Half an hour = 7.5 days. Pen of Inspiration tells us that it will take seven days to get to the sea of glass.
EW 16 We all entered the cloud together, and were seven days ascending to the sea of glass, when Jesus brought the crowns, and with His own right hand placed them on our heads.

Even though there will be no more time prophesy since 1844, it’s only up to the second coming. After Jesus comes, there is a time prophecy such as this and the Millennium. “silence in heaven” – this means that before there was noise in heaven. Who makes those noises? The bible tells us that the ten thousand times ten thousand angels, the elders, and the four beasts are making those noise. If there’s a silence, that means they are not there anymore. Where are they when the seventh seal is opened?
Matt 25:31 When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory:

All the angels will be with God to usher in His people to the kingdom of God. Trillions of angels coming with Christ and all of them look like lightening, bright, and big. If that number was literal, in order for them to stand with their wings folded, you need three times bigger than this earth. What a victorious ending! The seven seals has different ending than the seven churches. It’s like encouraging John, “Don’t worry, this is what’s going to take place!”

Introduction to the Seven Trumpets (2-6)
After studying little bit about the seven trumpets, we are going to see the connection between the seven trumpets and seven seals.
8:2 And I saw the seven angels which stood before God; and to them were given seven trumpets.

Remember we studied chapters 4 & 5. There is a concept here that I want you to see. (We are not going to cover much, only about 5 texts.) Do you know anywhere else in the book of Revelation that
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talks about seven angels having something? Rev 15:1 says 7 angels have the 7 vials of God, which are the wrath of God or the 7 last plagues. Now this doesn't mean that the 7 trumpets are the 7 last plagues. But the language and description is similar. When you study the 7 trumpets you will discover from the 1st trumpet it mentions similar things: like hail, darkness, the water turning to blood, locusts, destruction, etc. You will see a lot of this in the 7 plagues. The same phrases are used. And when you study the 7 last plagues you will see the same language: blood, hail, darkness, etc. Therefore the 7 trumpets are like the 7 last plagues, but they are not the same. This is where people become confused. They think the 7 trumpets are the 7 last plagues because of the similar language. The bible does not use the word plagues or vials. It says 7 trumpets. It is different. “Seven” – means complete or perfect. It is like the seven candlesticks and seven seals. “trumpets” – how were trumpets used in the Bible?
1. War or battle Jer 4:19 My bowels, my bowels! I am pained at my very heart; my heart maketh a noise in me; I cannot hold my peace, because thou hast heard, O my soul, the sound of the trumpet, the alarm of war. Num 10:9 And if ye go to war in your land against the enemy that oppresseth you, then ye shall blow an alarm with the trumpets; and ye shall be remembered before the LORD your God, and ye shall be saved from your enemies. Judg 7:16 And he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put a trumpet in every man’s hand, with empty pitchers, and lamps within the pitchers. 2. Music Ps 98:6 With trumpets and sound of cornet make a joyful noise before the LORD, the King. 3. To pronounce God’s judgment Ex 19:13 There shall not an hand touch it, but he shall surely be stoned, or shot through; whether it be beast or man, it shall not live: when the trumpet soundeth long, they shall come up to the mount. 4. To declare a king 1 Kings 1:34 And let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him there king over Israel: and blow ye with the trumpet, and say, God save king Solomon.

The seven trumpets have more of a political flavor. Notice this progress: Seven Churches: saints > Seven Seals: twelve tribes > Seven Trumpet: kingdom. This parallels with the book of Daniel. In chapter 2, the rock comes down and establishes the kingdom of God. In chapter 7, the saints will possess the kingdom.
5. Preparing for the Day of Atonement Lev 23:24 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation. Lev 25:9 Then shalt thou cause the trumpet of the jubile to sound on the tenth day of the seventh

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month, in the day of atonement shall ye make the trumpet sound throughout all your land.

Trumpet is used to warn people of upcoming day of atonement. 10 days before the day of atonement, there’s a feast of trumpet. 10 representing the judgment in the bible. In the book of Revelation, the seven trumpets is the one that will clearly show when the investigative judgment takes place.
6. Fall of Jericho Josh. 6:8 And it came to pass, when Joshua had spoken unto the people, that the seven priests bearing the seven trumpets of rams’ horns passed on before the LORD, and blew with the trumpets: and the ark of the covenant of the LORD followed them.

This is the closest picture to the seven trumpets. When the priests blew the seven trumpets, the great city of Jericho came down falling. The seven trumpets will bring down the great city of Babylon.
Rev 14:8 And there followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.

But not only that, the city of Jericho came down when people were crying with a loud voice. You see God’s people crying with a loud voice in the book of Revelation—the three angels’ messages. What will bring the spiritual Jericho’s wall down and destroy the city? The three angels’ message, loud cry, judgment message, the fourth angel’s message. When you put them all together, you see them all fulfilling in the trumpets. The climax point of the seven churches was Philadelphia and Laodicea, which is about the investigative judgment. The climax point of the seven seals is the souls under the altar calling out for judgment and avenge. Here in the seven trumpets, it’s building up to the same climax point—the judgment. * Study more of what was in the ark—the Ten Commandments, Aaron’s rod, and manna.
8:3 And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; and there was given unto him much incense, that he should offer [it] with the prayers of all saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne.

“altar” – Which altar? “having a golden censer” – this is not the altar of incense. It’s a small censer that priest carried around with them. It’s movable. Right here you should know that this altar refers to what? The altar of incense in the Holy Place. This angel came and stood at the altar having a golden censer. Now in the Bible who usually has a golden censer before the altar of incense in the Holy Place of God? Who? The high priest. So this angel is acting as a High Priest “and there was given unto him much incense, that he should offer [it]” – prayer
Ps 141:2 Let my prayer be set forth before thee as incense; and the lifting up of my hands as the evening sacrifice.

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Who should offer it? He, He should offer it. This angel is acting as an High Priest, and He is offering the incense. So who is this Angel? Look at this “that he should offer [it] with the prayers of all saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne” – That makes it clear that it is the altar of incense. So this Angel is like a High Priest offering the incense. “golden altar” – the altar of incense is in the Holy Place and this gives us the time frame for this prophecy. He didn’t say “hereafter,” so we don’t know exactly when it begins, but at least we know that it begins sometime between AD 31-1844. In the seventh trumpet, we see the ark of the covenant, so we know that’s after 1844. 1st to 6th trumpet 7th trumpet sometime between AD 31-1844 after AD 1844

8:4 And the smoke of the incense, [which came] with the prayers of the saints, ascended up before God out of the angel's hand.

“angel’s hand” – We need to determine what angel this is. The prayers of the saints came out of what? The angel's hand. Literally speaking can you have smoke coming out of your hand? No, what did He have in His hand? The censer, then how come the Bible didn't say the prayers didn't come out of the censer He was holding? The incense is coming out of His hand. Why? When you look at all of these identifying characteristics you can have only one conclusion. This angel is not just an angel, but Jesus Christ as a High Priest. Why is it coming out of His hand? 1. All the prayers of the saints ascend to God through His hand.
Isa 41:10 Fear thou not; for I am with thee: be not dismayed; for I am thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness.

Christ takes your prayer and mingles with the righteousness in His right hand and sends up to God the Father. He has the “prayer of all saints” v3, and Christ alone can intercede for all saints. 2. This angel has the golden censer v3.
Lev 16:11, 12 [11]And Aaron shall bring the bullock of the sin offering, which is for himself, and shall make an atonement for himself, and for his house, and shall kill the bullock of the sin offering which is for himself: [12]And he shall take a censer full of burning coals of fire from off the altar before the LORD, and his hands full of sweet incense beaten small, and bring it within the vail:

Only the high priest can take the golden censer. Christ is the High Priest in the heavenly sanctuary. Heb. 2:17. 3. Christ is often called as an angel in the Old Testament—Michael the archangel.

Our prayers must be mingled with the righteousness of Jesus. This is not an angel, but Jesus. Now the question is this: Do you know of Jesus being called an Angel before? Why does the Bible say He is an angel? Why not describe Him as the Lamb of God, or the Lion of Judah, or Melchesidec, why angel? First of all was Jesus ever called an angel before? Michael the Archangel. Where is that found? There are 3 Bible texts you must put together. (You can arrange it anyway to prove it).
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Jude 9 Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee.

This means that Michael is who? The archangel. This text doesn't prove that He is Jesus yet. But Michael is the Archangel.
1Thess 4:16 For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first:

So by the voice of the archangel what happens? The dead in Christ rise. There will be a resurrection because of the voice of the archangel. Then go to John 5
John 5:25 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall live.

In another time,
Acts 7:35 This Moses whom they refused, saying, Who made thee a ruler and a judge? the same did God send to be a ruler and a deliverer by the hand of the angel which appeared to him in the bush.

But why is He described as an angel? In the Bible an angel is a messenger. Therefore, this angel has intercession to make and the message to give. Note: You can also to from verses 26-29, but verse 25 should be enough. Please tell me by whose voice will the dead live? The Son of God. 1 Thess says by whose voice? The archangel. Who is that archangel? Jude: Michael. There you have it. Jesus is called the Archangel. Why? Was He an angel? No, then why was He called the Archangel? When the Bible says He is the Lamb of God is He is real lamb, rock, branch, no. So Archangel is another name for Jesus. Arch means the highest, the chief. In other words, Jesus is the top of everything, He is above the angels, so He bares that name. Was Jesus called an angel before? Yes, the archangel. If you go to the OT sometimes Moses would prophesy about the coming Messiah and the Bible calls Jesus an Angel. Then why does the Bible use the word Angel to describe Jesus? What do we know about an angel? It is a messenger. There are a lot of things combine here: He has a censer that indicates He is a High Priest and an Intercessor. But the Bible calls Him an Angel that means He is a messenger. There are two concepts being put together: Intercessor and Messenger. He intercedes, but at the same time He gives a message. In other words, in the 7 trumpets Jesus has a message to give. In the 7 trumpets Jesus has intercessory work to do. These two things put together. Why is He an intercessor? In the book of Revelation where do you find any prayers of the saints? Only one place in the book of Revelation indicates the actual prayers of the saints. (Because He is interceding the prayers of the saints with His righteousness) Where do you find it? In chapter 6 under the 5th seal, you have the souls under the altar, they are saying how long, how long. How long what? Does thou not judge and avenge. PO: The verse goes on to say “dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?” Who were they? Pale Horse, Rome. They were still living on the earth. When Revelation uses
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this word earth you must pay attention to how it is being used. In Rev 13 it describes the rise of America, it came out of the earth. But America was not responsible for souls under the altar, but it will be responsible for the blood of their brothers.?? Here in the 7 trumpets Jesus in prophetic language describes how He will judge and avenge. In the 7 trumpets it is about: war, warning, judgment, avenge, intercession, and a message. So you cannot think of just one thing when you look at the 7 trumpets. You have a lot of things happening. You thought the 7 churches and the 7 seals were tough, wait for these. It is about war, warning, intercession, message, judgment, and vengeance. It is all put together in one nice package. What kind of message does Jesus want to give? He is an angel. And this time He is interceding, but at the same time He is an angel, that means He is a messenger and He wants to give a message, what message is it? Note – Do you know anywhere in the book of Revelation that pictures Jesus as an Angel giving a message? Where? Do you remember Rev 10? This chapter shows another picture of an Angel, and that Angel is Jesus. We'll prove that when we get there. And the Angel has a message to give to John in that chapter. John the Revelator represents the Advent Movement. You will see that when we get there. But here is a preview. That Angel is giving a message, what message? The angel has a little book open in His hand, and that book is the book of Daniel. And the book contains a message regarding the 2,300 days. And chapter 10 is within the 7 trumpets. So what message is this angel about to give? The message on the investigative judgment, plus what comes after, what is that? Vengeance. That is the message of the angel. The focus of the 7 trumpets is Jesus coming as an Angel interceding. In other words, I will avenge, I will judge, but let me show you when: 1st Trumpet, 2nd Trumpet, 3rd Trumpet, 4th Trumpet, 5th Trumpet, 6th Trumpet, 7th Trumpet BOOM the door opens in heaven, and he sees the ark of the covenant, the ark of the testament, the time of the investigative judgment is open, and after that vengeance. So here the angel is interceding and He is saying: Don't worry souls under the altar, you are asking me how long until I judge and avenge? Let me show you through the 7 trumpets. Before I give my judgment and my vengeance, let me give you an example of my judgment and my vengeance when I destroy the Roman Empire (This is the big picture). So just wait before I give my judgment on the world, and before I avenge the world, let me show you an example through the destruction of the Roman Empire, and by this you will see how I will destroy the world. Then after the investigative judgment, what happens? The 7 last plagues, which are just like the 7 trumpets. So this is about war. What kind of war? War between God and Satan generally speaking. What kind of warning? Warning from the coming judgment and vengeance. What kind of interceding? Interceding for God's people to revenge them. What kind of judgment? The investigative judgment, and vengeance. Put them altogether. Note: To me the 7 trumpets are one of the most important prophecies in the book of Revelation. Because it builds up. And then after this you have Rev 12. Then Rev 13 and 14 regarding the 3 angel's message. Fear God and give glory to Him for the Hour of His judgment is come. There is judgment. Then after the 3rd Angel's message those who receive the Mark of the Beast they will drink the wrath of God, that is vengeance. Then following the 7 last plagues chapters 15 and 16, you have the judgment of the whore chapter 17, chapter 18 is the destruction of the papacy. Then chapter 19 is the second coming, chapter 20 is after the 1,000 years. Chapter 21 new earth and new heavens, and chapter 22 everything is over.

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It is like this. From Rev chapter 1 it builds up to the judgment, and then after the judgment it kind of settles down to the new heavens and the new earth. The major climatic point in the book of Revelation is the judgment. Which judgment? The investigative judgment. Look at the 7 churches, remember the church of Philadelphia, he has the key of David to shut and open, the judgment. Laodecia people judged. He said I will blot your name out if you don't overcome. In the seven seals how long until you judge and avenge? Investigative judgment. Then you have the 7 trumpets. The same language. It keeps repeating over and over again. What message is He giving? Jesus is interceding and taking out all the prayers of the saints. Looking back to the Seven Seals, we saw the souls under the altar praying for judgment and vengeance, who are part of, or representing the great multitude. So the seven trumpets are the answer to that prayer—the vengeance of God. In the Rev 10, we have another picture of angel which is Jesus having a message to give to John who represents the advent movement. And the angel has little book opened in His hand, and that book is the book of Daniel. And the book contains the message of 2300 days. That chapter 10 is within the seven trumpets. So the angel is about to give the message on the investigative judgment and the vengeance. That’s the message. The focus for the seven trumpet is that Jesus coming as an angel interceding “I will judge, I will avenge, first, second, third…seventh trumpet.” “Souls under altar, don’t worry. I will show through seven trumpets: before I do judgment and vengeance of the world, let me show you the example of the judgment and vengeance when I destroy Roman Empire. Then you will see how I will destroy the world.” So after the investigative judgment, the seven last plagues, just like the seven trumpets will take place. God is using the destruction of Roman Empire to describe the final judgment and the vengeance. The language used in the seven trumpets parallels the seven last plagues. Seven trumpets prefigures the seven last plagues. 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th destruction of the Western Empire 5th, 6th destruction of the Eastern Empire & Turkish Power

The destruction of Jerusalem prefigures the destruction of the world. In like manner, the destruction of Roman Empire shows how the wicked of God will be destroyed at the end. Just as surely the Roman Empires have been destroyed according to this prophecy, the wicked will be completely destroyed at the end. 1. So this is about the war between God and Satan. 2. Warning about coming of judgment and vengeance. 3. Interceding for His people to revenge 4. judgment – investigative judgment Seven trumpets is the one of the most important prophecy in the book of Revelation. Because it builds up:  Rev 12, 13, 14 regarding three angels’ message – judgment & vengeance

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      

Rev 15, 16 Rev 17 Rev 18 Rev 19 Rev 20 Rev 21 Rev 22

Seven last plagues Judgment of the whore Destruction of the papacy Second coming After 1000 years New heaven and earth Everything set up

So from Rev 1, it builds up the theme of the judgment, and after judgment, it settles down to the new earth and new heaven. So the major climax point is the judgment, the investigative judgment.
8:5 And the angel took the censer, and filled it with fire of the altar, and cast [it] into the earth: and there were voices, and thunderings, and lightnings, and an earthquake.

“took the censer…and cast it into the earth” – censer represents prayer or intercession. The word “cast” means “throw or let go, to scatter, to give over to one care but uncertain with the result.” When you cast the censer down, it means no more intercession. Intercession takes place when the high priest is holding onto the censer. When he cast down the censer, it means that the probation is closed. But at the same time, before he cast it, he fills it with fire. Fire represents judgment. But the fire comes from the altar of incense. It gives us the picture that something about the prayer, there was a request that the wicked should be judged. The Seven Trumpets are NOT the Seven Last Plagues. After this the seven trumpets sound. This gives idea that the seven trumpets will take place in the future, after the probation closes. If you make this conclusion, then you are putting the seven trumpets into the future. You must answer the following questions: 1. That means you have to answer that EGW says there is no more prophetic time prophecy after 1844. 2. You have an advent movement between 6th & 7th trumpet, then you are saying that the advent movement rises up after the close of probation which is saying that the movement we are in right now is not the advent movement. 3. The little book then also have to open after the close of probation. 4. The opening of the most holy place—the ministration of the most holy place does not take place until the probation closes. Isn’t the censer used only for the most holy place? Just because the Bible use the word “censer” it doesn’t mean that it has to be used in the most holy place. Though it was used in the most holy
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place, it’s in the holy place when the censer was cast down. You also see the altar of incense (holy place) in the fifth trumpet. This prefigures the final close of probation which begins the seven last plagues. But the language is future events? First, it was future events for John who received the vision. Second, Just like God can use and did use the past language to describe the future, God can also use the future language to describe the past. For example, 1. Stephen – The standing of Jesus is the picture of the final close of probation in the future which is described in Dan 12:1, when His most holy place ministry is over. But in the stoning of Stephen, we saw God using that language to describe a close of probation. 2. Destruction of Babylon – Isa 13 really talks about the destruction of the world at the end time, but using the future events, it described the destruction of the Babylon. 3. Destruction of Jerusalem – Matt 24 prefigures the destruction of the world, but using the destruction of Jerusalem as an example for the destruction of the world. That’s the reason why in the seven trumpets you see the seven last plagues’ language. Just to tell you that what you see now will also take place in the future. Why does the seven trumpets start after the censer was cast down? That censer is cast down when Jesus is in the holy place. Therefore, it cannot be the close of probation that we know when Michael stands up in the most holy place. But there can be a close of probation. Throughout the Bible we have examples:       The whole world The whole nation The whole city The whole tribe Family Single Person Noah’s Flood Nineveh, Babylon, Israel Sodom & Gomorrah Dan Acan, Ananias & Sapphira King Saul

Therefore, there can be a close of probation between AD31-1844. The picture is THE close of probation used for A probation. So contextually, it is given for A probation to give an example for THE close of probation. The seven trumpets is an example for the seven last plagues. What kind of close of probation is this? Where else in the Bible that says that a nation is destroyed by blood, hail, locust, brimstone? Egypt. You can’t go anywhere to get more similar language than the destruction of Egypt. So it is conclusive that probation closed on a nation. Which nation is this? People may argue that the censer was cast to the “earth,” meaning the whole world. That’s correct, but again, it just prefigures the future events. 1. Worldwide nation – When it says, “earth” it gives us an idea that it’s a worldwide nation. Just like God used the Babylon, the worldwide power, to describe the destruction of earth.
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2. Persecuting God’s people – you see in chapter 8, this nation persecuting God’s people. There’s only one worldwide nation that persecuted God’s people and existed between 31 to 1844 AD—Roman Empire.
Luke 2:1 And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed. Dan 7:23 Thus he said, The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth, which shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces.

It is prophesized that this power will receive the punishment and be made desolate.
Dan 9:27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

In Daniel, you have destruction of Babylon in chapter 5, destruction of MedoPersia and Greece in chapter 8. But you don’t have any description regarding to the destruction of the Roman Empire except Dan 9:27. We see the bigger picture of this destruction in the seven trumpets. Why are there seven trumpets? The first four was the destruction of Western empire, and 5th & 6th was the Eastern and the Turkish power. Then how about the 7th? The Roman Empire was destroyed, but in some ways the system, idea, character, influence, and religion continues to the end of time. As you study the Revelation part II, you will see that the whole world at the end of time will manifest the same characteristics of Rome—paganism clothed in Christianity. We see this picture clearly in Dan 2, just before Christ comes back, the whole world is mixed with iron and clay. In the 7th trumpet, you see the destruction of the whole world. BSM: When you study prophecies, you must determine two things—1) time, 2) location. “Voices, thunderings, lightings, earthquake” – this language signifies a great event, judgment, divine pronouncement. * There’s a similar language in Rev 4:5, but it’s missing the “voices.” It’s not exactly the same.
Rev 11:19 And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail. Rev 16:18-21 [18]And there were voices, and thunders, and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since men were upon the earth, so mighty an earthquake, and so great. [19]And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath. [20] And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. [21] And there fell upon men a great hail out of heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent: and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail; for the plague thereof was exceeding great.

This will be fulfilled in the seven last plagues—destruction of the whole world. People get confused here. But God is simply giving the beginning picture and the ending picture. In
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chapter 1, Jesus first mentioned Himself as faithful witness, first begotten of the dead, the prince of the princes of earth, then tells us that He will make us kings and priests—First picture and the last. No wonder Jesus introduces Himself as the first and the last. Division of Seven Trumpets In chapter 8, you see the first four trumpets. These four trumpets are divided with the last three trumpets. The last three trumpets are called three “woes.” Just like in the seven seals—four horses, three seals: four depicting what’s happening on earth; three depicting the divine aspect. In the seven trumpets, the first four is mainly for the political reason; three depicting the religious reason. Then what happened?
8:6 And the seven angels which had the seven trumpets prepared themselves to sound.

This part is the most confusing to many people. First of all let's interpret it contextually.
Rev 8:5 …took the censer, and filled it with fire of the altar, and cast [it] into the earth….

When He threw down the censer does it mean He will still intercede? No. When you throw it down that means intercession ceases, and it means probation closes. When you cast it down it means I will not pray for you anymore. Listen carefully. Some people say because of this that means this is the close of probation for the world. Therefore the 7 trumpets have to come after THEE close of probation. The language that says ‘cast down the censer’ this language shows the close of probation, it shows when He casts it down I will not pray for you anymore. Then the 7 trumpets will occur. So you must make a decision what is it? The 7 trumpets will begin after the close of probation or before? First of all: Where is this angel? In the Holy Place or the Most Holy Place. Remember what I told you before? When Jesus gives a prophecy in the Holy Place it means that that prophecy must be fulfilled sometime between 31 AD – 1844 AD. If he is in the Most Holy Place it occurs between 1844 to the Close of probation or the Second Coming. Here Jesus is in the Holy Place that means that this prophecy takes place sometime between 31 AD – 1844 AD.
Rev 9:13 And the sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God…

Even in the 6th trumpet you have a description of a piece of furniture what is it? The golden altar, this is the altar of incense. Before he sounded the first trumpet, there is a picture of what? The golden alter. Even in the 6th trumpet there is a picture of the golden altar. Therefore: the 1st – 6th trumpets take place between 31 AD to 1844 AD. The prophecy takes place where Jesus is. And according to the description of the furniture in the Sanctuary we know where Jesus is. If Jesus is standing before the mercy seat, we are talking about after 1844. If Jesus is standing before the Altar of burnt sacrifice that means it happens before 31 AD. If Jesus is standing among the 7 candlesticks it means it took place between 31 AD to 1844 AD. Therefore the 1st through 6th trumpet took place between 31 to 1844AD. Now you go to the 7th trumpet.
Rev 11:15 …And the seventh angel sounded….

Meaning it sounded the 7th trumpet.

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Rev 11:19 And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament…

When the 7th trumpet sounded what scene was revealed to John? A door was opened in heaven and he saw the ark of the testament. And that is where? The Holy or MHP? In the Most Holy Place. Therefore the 7th trumpet takes place some time after or from 1844, are you following?
Rev 8:5 …casting down the censer to the ground…

Is that clear that it is dealing with the close of probation? Yes. When is the golden censer used? The daily or yearly service? The yearly service. So we are not talking about the finishing of the Holy Place service. Casting down the censer that is the ending of the yearly. And that takes place in the MHP. This language really applies to when? The closing of the MHP service or the close of the investigative judgment. This language really applies to THEE close of probation. Then why is this language given before the 7th trumpet? On the Day of Atonement the High Priest goes to the Holy Place to the Altar of Incense and He fills the censer with fire or the coals, and he puts in the incense, and then He goes into the MHP. You cannot get around it, this language belongs to thee close of probation. Again, this language belongs to the close of probation, but why is it given before the 7th trumpet. The key word is dual application. Remember Matt 24:15 then you will understand. Intro: There are two things that you must know for you to interpret Bible prophecy. Whenever you have Bible prophecy you must know two things before you can identify and understand what it is. 1.) Time You must know when that prophecy applies, what time period during the earth's history does it refer to the beginning, the middle, or the end. Is it before this event, is it after that event, you must know where it fits. Some times the Bible will give you duration of time like 1260 days or 2,300 days. It gives you a specific time to when that prophecy applies. At other times the prophecy just gives you a general time frame without specifics. For example in Mal 4:5-6 it says I will send you Elijah before the coming of the great day of the Lord. Therefore the coming of Elijah will take place before the great day of the Lord. It gives you a time frame so you can understand exactly when that prophecy applies. So time is very important. The second thing is 2.) Place When you have a Bible prophecy you must know where it will be fulfilled? Is it in America, Arabia, Europe, etc. Where will it be fulfilled? So you have two things: time and place. Whenever you study Bible prophecy, look for these two things: time and place. Without these two things you will not be able to interpret or identify the interpretation of that prophecy. Let's say you have time. Can you identify it without place? Does it happen in China, Australia, where? In heaven. Time and place is very important. So we are going to discover these two things time and place in order for us to understand the 7 trumpets. The 7 trumpets cannot be interpreted unless you first interpret the time frame and the place. There is no way, if your time frame and place is wrong the interpretation of the prophecy of the 7 trumpets will be wrong. So don't even think about interpreting the 7 trumpets or explaining the 7 trumpets unless you clearly explain the time and the place. Lecture:
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Rev 8:2 And I saw the seven angels which stood before God; and to them were given seven trumpets…

Remember trumpets are used for war and as musical instruments. Where in the Bible does it first mention 7 trumpets? When the children of Israel marched around Jericho 7 times and they had the 7 trumpets in front of them. So the first time we see 7 trumpets being used they are being used to do what? Destroy. When you read the 7 trumpets what type of language is being used? Is it for celebration or musical entertainment? It is for destruction. So one thing we know is that the 7 trumpets are for destruction, but at the same time it gives a message of warning. This is clear from the Bible.
Rev 15:1 And I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvellous, seven angels having the seven last plagues; for in them is filled up the wrath of God…

Seven Trumpets are used in the bible to destroy. And right here is another place where the Bible uses 7 angels. The Bible uses these 7 angels in connection with 7 plagues, and they are going to do what with these plagues? Destroy. Therefore it is clear that the 7 angels with 7 trumpets is connected with destruction. But is this speaking about the 7 plagues? No, the language is similar but they are different. NOTE: 7 stars or angels are also used in chapter 1, but the context is different, the angels are not there to destroy God’s church. They are messengers You always want to check similar descriptions based upon the context.
Lev 23:24 In the seventh month, in the first day of the month,..blowing of trumpets…

Here the Bible uses trumpets plural as instruments to forewarn or to give a message, or to sound an alarm, not for war, but to tell them about the seventh month and first day of the Jewish calendar. On this day they blew the trumpets. And if I remember correctly the trumpets just keep blowing, and it forewarns the people about something. What takes place on the 10th day of the 7th month?
Lev 23:27 Also on the tenth [day] of this seventh month [there shall be] a day of atonement…

These trumpets are warning or a forewarning that what is coming ahead? A day of atonement. And we can see that similar repetition in the 7 trumpets in the book of Revelation. In the 7 trumpets we see the same thing. After the first six trumpets and in the beginning of the 7 trumpets we have what? The anti-typical Day of Atonement, the investigative judgment. The 7th trumpet is the beginning of the Day-of-Atonement. Therefore, the trumpets in Revelation are to indicate what is coming ahead, the Day of Atonement. Again, every thing is building up. WATCH Remember the 7 churches? The climatic point is Philadelphia and Laodicea, what is the theme? Philadelphia is going through judgment, and Laodicea is going through judgment. What is the climatic point of the 7 seals? The souls are crying out How long O Lord Holy and True doest thou not judge and avenge. Then what happens? Vengeance and judgment. The Sun becomes black as sackcloth, the moon blood, stars fell all that indicates judgment and avenge. The conclusion is the sixth seal, the 144,000, the second etc. The breaking point is the 5th seal. They ask how long until you judge and avenge, and the picture of His judgment and vengeance is displayed during the 6th seal. The focus of the seals are not so much the white horse, etc. the main picture, the theme is judge and vengeance. Here again we see the trumpets they are building up to a climatic point, judgment. Same thing with the 3 angels message, chapters 15-20, they all talk about judgment. The book of Daniel (his name means God is
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my judge) the main theme of the book of Daniel is judgment. The investigative judgment. This is end picture of the plan of redemption for humanity.
Num 10:2 Make thee two trumpets of silver...use them for the calling of the assembly.

These trumpets are to do something, what? They are to gather the people. Note: LOT in the book of Zeph it talks about gathering. Jesus in a parable refers to the guest who are gathered together at the marriage feast, and then the king came in and investigated the people. You have a gathering concept. Trumpets are used to gather the people. It is the final result.
Num 10:9 …Ye shall blow an alarm with the trumpets…

It is a sign of gathering or alarm. From all that we talked about. What we have is this. Summary. 7 angels and 7 trumpets = Destruction. 7 trumpets = A forewarning regarding judgment. Remember they asked the question How long doest thou not judge and avenge? We see the answer to their prayers in the 7 trumpets.
Rev 8:3 And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; and there was given unto him much incense, that he should offer [it] with the prayers of all saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne.

“Angel” = High Priest for an atonement (Lev 16:11,12) The angel again is acting as a High Priest to make an atonement. Why do I say atonement? See the phrase ‘golden censer’ when you study this phrase in the OT there was a time when the wicked misused the golden censer and they were destroyed by God with fire and the earth opened up and killed them. When God used the golden censer the right way it was used for the Day of Atonement. And you can see that in Lev 16:11,12. When this angel uses this ‘golden censer’ it is almost related to the Day of Atonement, BUT that does not mean that this prophecy is after 1844? No why? Because of the indication of the furniture, where is it located? In the Holy Place. Remember EGW says that this vision that John received took place in the first apartment of the heavenly sanctuary which is the Holy Place. But there is a connection between the ‘golden censer’ and the Holy Place meaning the atonement, and there is a reason why. I will show you. Num 16:12-50 For an atonement Remember the story of Dathan, Abiram, and Korah. These three were swallowed up by the earth. After they went down God told Aaron to place incense in your censer and take it throughout the camp and make an atonement. BSM: The reason I have this text is to show you that the censer is used for atonement, reconciliation, or intercession.
Heb 2:17 …faithful high priest in things [pertaining] to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.

It speaks about Jesus as a High Priest reconciling the sins of the people.

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Note: When you explain this you must explain the function and purpose of the golden censer. Because you must explain when it means when it says it was cast to the earth. Conclusion: Because of the furniture, which is mentioned before the 7 trumpets sounded, and it is mentioned again at the beginning of the 6th trumpet. 31 AD – 1844 AD = 1st – 6th Trumpets. Therefore the 1st – 6th trumpet happened some time between 31 A.D.-1844. We do not know for sure that it began in 31 A.D. All we know is that when Jesus is standing before the Altar of Incense that He is there sometime between 31 A.D. – 1844. We don’t know the exact time, but we know that it happens sometime between this duration. This prophecy will be fulfilled during that time. It does not mean it specifically starts at this time, and specifically ends at that time. But with the seven seals it is different because Jesus says come up hither, I will show you from here and after. From the door, 31 A.D. and after. Review: It’s like this if Jesus is standing before the 7 candlesticks that means He is there at least from 31 A.D to 1844. and if He is at the Ark of the Covenant that means it is at least between 1844 – the close of probation. Wherever Jesus is it is between that frame of time. And this prophecy is given while He is in the Holy place. EGW says study the book of Revelation in the light of the sanctuary because it will shed a lot of light. Why? Because it will give you the time frame (check the book EVAG on this) 1844-second coming = 7th trumpet. With the 7th trumpet we know exactly when it began, when the Bible says a door opened in heaven, that indicates the beginning point, it started then. We know for sure that it began in 1844. In chapter 11 it is even more clear because we have the Ark of the Testament, which places us in the MHP. We have the time frame for these trumpets, why? Because of the altar.
Rev 8:4 And the smoke of the incense, [which came] with the prayers of the saints, ascended up before God out of the angel's hand. Acts 7:35 Deliverer by the hand of the angel which appeared to him in the bush.

The only other place in the Bible that mentions angel’s hand is here. That is speaking about Moses. Stephen is given an historical record about the nation of Israel. Who appeared to him in the bush? Jesus and the Bible describes that as the hand of the angel. There is a time in the Bible says hand of the angel, which means Jesus. In Rev we see a similar description. An angel’s hand has smoke coming out with incense. Is 41:10 Jesus’ hand = ‘Righteousness.” From these descriptions it is clear that this angel is Jesus because no one else can atone for our sins, no one else can be our advocate, or intercede for us except Jesus. and to prove that Jesus is also called an angel. Jude 9 = Michael = archangel. 1 Thess 4:16 Voice of the archangel = resurrection. Jn 5:25-29 Resurrection = Voice of the Son of God. Therefore Michael is the Archangel, and the Archangel is Jesus Christ. Note: There is another way to show it but it takes more explanation. You can compare Dan 10 and Rev 1
Rev 8:5 And the angel took the censer, and filled it with fire of the altar, and cast [it] into the earth: and there were voices, and thunderings, and lightnings, and an earthquake… Rev 14:18 And another angel came out from the altar, which had power over fire…

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Here is another place in the book of Revelation that connects the words fire and the altar. So fire and the altar are mentioned together. And in chapter 14 the fire and altar is mentioned to do something what is that? To destroy the wicked. To punish the wicked. To execute judgment upon the wicked. And the word fire is related to judgment.
Rev 8:5 …and filled it with fire of the altar…

He didn't fill the censer with fire to intercede, but he filled it to cast it to the earth. What does that mean? It deals with intercession, but it is not to pray for them, it is to bring judgment upon them. Cast = means to throw or let go of a thing without carrying where it falls. To scatter, to give over to one's care uncertain about the results. (Is it that referring more to acceptance and interceding or rejection and destruction?). So when He cast the censer down with fire, it means that it was for judgment and punishment. And remember the censer is used for atonement. So when He cast it down that means I will not atone for you. If He will not atone for you it means He will not intercede for you. This picture in this context refers to probation closing. So we have a picture of the close of probation right here. The question is this: How many close of probations are there mentioned in the Bible? How many types? 1. Personal – An individual closes their probation when they die or when they reject the Holy Spirit over and over again. 2. Family – Probation can close on families. Example: Achan 3. Tribal – Dan, or some nations that were destroyed on their way to the land of Canaan. 4. National – Probation closed on the Jewish nation. 5. Global – The worldwide close of probation. And a worldwide close of probation took place during the days of Noah. It was a type, but not complete. The wickeds probation closed, but Noah was still under probation. Probation still continued for his salvation, but he was saved from the flood. You must understand the difference between thee close of probation, and a close of probation. When we say thee close of probation that is the final close of probation that takes place worldwide. After that there is no more second chance. But there can be a close of probation. That means in some cases there is no second chance. If you personally close your probation, there is no second chance. Same with a family and a tribe. But if a nation closes their probation some times He may give a second chance. Example Sodom and Gomorrah. He totally destroyed them all, no second chance. But with Israel their probation closed in the sense of them no longer being God's people, but could they still be saved individually? Yes There are different types of the close of probation. So here Jesus is giving a sign of the close of probation, but look at the picture. Does it refer to a person, family, nation, or the world? What does the picture indicate? The world. The whole world because He cast it into the earth. The earth is the whole world. So this picture really applies to what? A close of probation or thee close of probation. This picture is thee close of probation. You cannot get around it. And here is where a lot of people are confused. Why? Because we see a picture of the close of probation then the beginning of the 7 trumpets. Therefore the basic logically conclusion would be that the 7 trumpets begin after the close of probation. BUT WAIT…hold on. Because at the beginning of the 7 trumpet the Most Holy Place opens. That means the investigative judgment will not take place until after the close of probation, but in order for probation to close you must have judgment, so do you have another judgment? That is confusion. And in the 5th and 6th trumpet you have time prophecy. The 150 and 391. If you say this is the close of probation that would mean that during the 7 last plagues you would have 4 time prophecies. But EGW says you will have no time
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prophecy between 1844 and the 2nd Coming. If you say the 7 trumpets begin after the close of probation then it means you have these time prophecies before the 2nd Coming and if you say that it means you are denying the prophet. You see that in Chapter 10 Question? Listen carefully. Can God use a picture of the close of probation, for a close of probation? Can God use the close of probation as an example for a close of probation? In other words, can God use the description of the destruction of the whole world to describe the destruction of a nation? Can God use a future description to describe the past history? Note – We see that Jesus used the days of Noah to describe the future, but can it be the other way around? Yes, in Matthew 24 the destruction of Jerusalem and the destruction of the world are mysteriously put together. I'll give you another example. Isaiah 13. The Bible says that this world will be empty and completely destroyed. But when you look at it contextually it is not speaking about the destruction of the world, but it is speaking about the destruction of Babylon. You see the same thing in Jeremiah. And later parts of Isaiah. God uses the language the describes the destruction of the whole world, but He uses it to describe the destruction of Babylon or the destruction of Israel.
Dan 12:1 And at that time shall Michael stand up…

When Michael stands up that means it is what? A close of probation or THEE close of probation? Can God use this to describe a close of probation? Yes
Acts 7:56 And said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God…

This is a close of probation. Stephen said this. And there was a close of probation on the Jewish nation. But Michael standing up refers to THEE close of probation. God can and He has used a future description to describe past history. Why? Just to tell you that what you are seeing now will happen again in the future. What Jesus is doing is showing a connection and comparison between the past history and the future history, and He can do it the other way around. Study Ecc 1:9 & 3:15 and it goes both ways. At this point this is where you need to see a Dual Application: Remember the Abomination of Desolation spoken of in Matt 24:15. That applied to when? Before the destruction of Jerusalem. Can that apply again in the future? Oh yes, but in verse 14 it says “And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come.” Did the world come to an end before the destruction of Jerusalem? No, but did the message go out before the destruction of Jerusalem? Yes. But that language belongs to when? The end time or their time? The end time, but it describes the destruction of Jerusalem. Understand? We are going backwards now. We are looking about it backwards now. Summary: Verse 5 is a picture of THEE close of probation. Contextually it is being used for A close of probation. To give an example for THEE close of probation. If you take the picture by itself it is THEE close of probation, to use it for A close of probation, but to be an example for THEE close of probation. (comment) The 7 trumpets are a type for the future 7 last plagues. This close of probation is a type for the future close of probation. What God is saying is do you want to know something about the 7 last plagues, I will show you from the destruction of this. The 7 last plagues will be like this. For example: Matt 24:14 That language is THEE end, but it being used right there for the end before the destruction of Jerusalem, as an example for THEE destruction.
Rev 8:5 And the angel took the censer, and filled it with fire of the altar, and cast [it] into the earth: and there were voices, and thunderings, and lightnings, and an earthquake…

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After the censer is cast down, what happens? “there were voices, and thunderings, and lightnings, and an earthquake” – In the book of revelation where do you see this?
Rev 4:5 …lightnings, thundering, voices…

This is the first time it is mentioned when you have a picture of the throne of God. Notice there is no earthquake. When we talk about lightnings, thunderings, and voices, we are talking about what happens from the throne of God. That is basic, but notice what happens from the throne of God. Listen, in the same text in verse 19 what do you see? “And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament. After he saw the Ark of the Covenant, then he heard lightnings, thunderings, and great hail. What is that? The 7 last plagues.
Rev 16:18, 21 …voices, thunders, lightnings, great earthquake, great hail… Rev 11:19 …lightnings, voices, thunderings, an earthquake, great hail…

During the seven last plagues you have these. What do the lightnings, thunderings, and earthquake mean? They take place during the 7 last plagues when probation is closed. We must conclude that Rev 8:5 is THEE close of probation but it is using a close of probation to give an example for THEE close of probation. A Close of Probation and THEE close of probation Note: speaking of the 7trumpets, a description of the things that actually destroyed. 1. 1st – hail and blood 2. 2nd – sea became blood 3. 3rd – bitter water 4. 4th – darkness 5. 5th – locusts 6. 6th – fire and brimstone, great earthquake 7. 7th – lightning, voices, thunderings, an earthquake, and great hail. Is it clear that we are talking about A close of probation, and not thee close of probation? Why a close of probation? Because we know that there will be no time prophecy after probation is closed. So this cannot be THEE close of probation, but A close of probation. Summary: The six trumpets take place between 31 AD and 1844 A.D. it is a picture of destruction, and at the same time there is destruction because their probation has closed. This is A close of probation but does it close upon a person, tribe, family or nation. It is not the world, but a nation, why do you say that? It is a nation because in the Bible there is only one nation that was destroyed by plagues like this. Which nation was that? Egypt. It was the only nation that was destroyed by the plagues. Therefore the 7 trumpets are like the destruction of Egypt, but at the same time it has an application to the 7 last plagues. Because of the 10 plagues on Egypt, we say it is a close of probation on a nation. Question: From 31 – 1844 A.D. there is destruction because probation is closed, and it closed upon a nation, so which nation is this? There are many nations between 311844 A.D. Which one are we talking about?

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World wide nation – “cast it into the earth.” It is a worldwide nation why? Because the Bible says cast into the earth. It is worldwide imagery. Again we have a dual application, the earth really refers to the whole world, but for a close of probation it refers to a worldwide nation. Which worldwide nation existed between 31-1844 A.D. that was destroyed completely.
Luke 2:1 And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed.

There was only one worldwide power between 31-1844 A.D. which nation was that? The Roman Empire
Dan 7:23 The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth, which shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth.

The Roman Empire would have power of the whole earth. It was a world wide Empire
Dan 9:27 Even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

Some of you will be confused. It was the Roman Empire that destroyed Jerusalem, but God in turn destroyed the Roman Empire. This prophecy is referring to the destruction of the Roman Empire. And this prophecy is expanded and magnified in the 7 trumpets. From the 1st - 6th trumpet it refers to the destruction of the Roman Empire. Note: All you have to do for me is explain to me the 7 trumpets. We went through a lot of steps, but now put it all in order and do it step by step.

The 1st Trumpet (Visigoths) | 395 A.D. – 410 A.D. (7)
8:7 The first angel sounded, and there followed hail and fire mingled with blood, and they were cast upon the earth: and the third part of trees was burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up.

As we read the trumpets, you will see that the destruction is progressive – just like the 10 plagues that came upon Egypt. Each plague became worse and stronger. This is the 1st Trumpet. We know where to go in history. We are talking about the destruction of the Roman Empire   Destroyer Destroyed Fire and hail Trees and green grass

“Fire and hail” 1. Natural sense – Hail (frozen water, ice) is totally opposite of fire 2. Spiritual sense – It’s connected to the Time of Trouble
Ps 148:8 Fire, and hail; snow, and vapour; stormy wind fulfilling his word: They were reserved for a time of trouble. Job 38:22, 23 [22]Hast thou entered into the treasures of the snow? or hast thou seen the treasures of the hail, [23]Which I have reserved against the time of trouble, against the day of battle and war?

Hail is connected to Snow. The time of trouble is the seven last plagues, but we know that it is not the time of trouble, but is prefiguring it.

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“against the day of battle and war” – in spiritual sense, there is snow and hail that brings about the day of battle and war. In Exodus 9:18-34, God used hail and fire for judgment. So we can conclude that God is using hail and fire for judgment upon the Roman Empire by bringing the war. Hail is connected with Judgment. What is doing the destroying? Hail & Fire. What is being destroyed? Trees and Grass. You must determine what is being destroyed and what is doing the destroying. Are snow and fire same? No, they are quite opposite. The first destruction is something about hail, snow, cold, and there is a lot of blood and fire with it. And trees and grass are being destroyed. Here is another indication that God uses Hail to judge a nation. Another nation we know that was destroyed by hail was Sodom and Gomorrah, Fire and brimstone it is like hail. And the whole world during the 7 last plagues will be destroyed by hail, it represents judgment. “Trees and grass” – people
Isa 65:22 They shall not build, and another inhabit; they shall not plant, and another eat: for as the days of a tree are the days of my people, and mine elect shall long enjoy the work of their hands. Isa 61:3 To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified. Isa 40:7 The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: because the spirit of the LORD bloweth upon it: surely the people is grass. 1 Pet 1:24

So we see the people being destroyed. Remember the censer was cast into the earth. It was symbolic language that referrers to the whole world, but we know that it is speaking about Roman Empire, which was a world wide power. Here the symbolic language still refers to the destruction of the whole world, but it is speaking about the Roman Empire. Can this earth still survive without trees and grass for a while? Only a third part is burned up, can you still survive? What we see is that this is not complete destruction. It is a blow. What you will see is that from 1st to the 4th trumpets there is a progression with the destruction. It get greater, you must catch that type of language. The 1st trumpet shows that hail is destroying, and that trees are grass are being destroyed. “the third part” – the earth can still survive without the third part of trees burnt out and all grass burnt up for a while. So it’s not a complete destruction. So the first trumpet is about hail and fire destroying people. Three is also related to some divine act. Other aspects of it we know that the Roman empire was divided into western and eastern – but in some ways it was divided into three parts according to the history. Interpretation:    Invasion of Visigoths Leader: Ariac. Time: 396-410 AD
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Why was this tribe chosen to describe the first trumpet?
Daniel & Revelation 478 The union of the Roman empire was dissolved; its genius was humbled in the dust; and armies of unknown barbarians, issued from the frozen regions of the North, had established their victorious reign over the fairest provinces of Europe and Africa.

History also talks about how whenever they come, they practice burning the whole village as they go. That matches the description of fire and hail – frozen regions. Do you know where the Visigoths are from? Scandinavia. It is above Sweden. What do you know about the climate? It is cold. What destroyed them in the 1st trumpet? Hail and fire. They are known to have put things on fire after they destroy it.

The 2nd Trumpet (Vandals) | 428 A.D. – 468 A.D. (8-9)
8:8 And the second angel sounded, and as it were a great mountain burning with fire was cast into the sea: and the third part of the sea became blood; 8:9 And the third part of the creatures which were in the sea, and had life, died; and the third part of the ships were destroyed.

 

Destroyer Destroyed

Fire Creatures in the Sea and Ships

“Great mountain” = destroying nation. What is bringing the destruction? A great mountain burning with fire was cast into the sea. What was destroyed? Ships and the sea. What destroys? A great mountain burning with fire. So it was fire like a great mountain that destroys the ships and the sea. Can you see that there is a mingling of literal and symbolic language being put together? The blood in the first trumpet is literal. The word ships in the second trumpet is literal. There is a lot of mixing literal and symbolic language.
Dan 2:35

A great mountain = nation. Remember the stone that was cut out without hands and it smote the image on its feet, and the stone became a great mountain, and it represented a nation. Here was have a great mountain burning with fire was cast into the sea. We see language that is being used to describe greater destruction upon a nation.
Jer 51:25 Behold, I am against thee, O destroying mountain, saith the LORD, which destroyest all the earth: and I will stretch out mine hand upon thee, and roll thee down from the rocks, and will make thee a burnt mountain.

Sea is greater than “trees and grass.” The destruction is getting stronger and stronger. You can still survive if the sea is turning to blood. You have other resources of water like river. And you have still two third of the tress survived. So you can still survive. It’s not completely destroyed. “Sea” = people
Rev 17:15 And he saith unto me, The waters which thou sawest, where the whore sitteth, are peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues.

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We see the greater destruction than the first one. It was a great mountain burning with fire and it was cast into the sea and there was destruction. Sea not only represent people, but multitudes, nations and tongues. Can you see that the sea is greater than grass and trees. The destruction is getting stronger and stronger. Can you still survive if the sea is turned into blood? Yes, you still have rivers, and you also have 2/3 of the trees that are left. You can still survive you are not completely destroyed. When you teach to non-Adventist you must explain it in that fashion. Step by step they are being destroyed. 1st – Hail mingled with fire (which most likely it was snow or cold). 2nd – Fire (destruction takes place in the sea and ships were destroyed) Interpretation:    Invasion of Vandals (outskirts of Roman empire). Leader: Genseric Time: 430-455 AD
Decline and Fall of Roman Empire vol 3, 495-498 It consisted of 1113 vessels, at a cost of 5,200,000 pounds sterling, and soldiers and mariners about 100,000. As soon as this fleet arrived, Genseric asked for a truce of three days. During this time, he fitted up vessels filled with combustible materials, impelled them against the unsuspecting Romans at night, and thus set fire to their whole fleet, and gained a complete victory.

The Vandals were from the outskirts of the Roman Empire. They are not from where the Visigoths were from. Check a map. Resource: 7 Trumpets by Josiah Litch (has this Gibbon quote). Dates: They all overlap, they seem like they come before other events, but God is saying they took place in chronological order, but in history it is not like that exactly. Some reign longer than others, when you go through war it doesn’t happen at once. What God is trying to say is that there are four distinct powers that were responsible for the destruction of the Roman Empire. When we speak about the first four trumpets we are referring to the fall of Western Empire. The last two describe the fall of the Eastern Empire. The vandals came from the outskirts, and they went around and came up through Africa and attacked Italy. When the RE saw this they called for more troops to strengthen their naval ships. When the Vandals heard this…he asked for a truce, etc. The historian said when they looked at all of the Vessels that were destroyed on the sea it looked like a great burning mountain. Vandalism = Breaking in secretly and ruining property. This word came from the Vandals. When Genseric went around the Africa and attacted the Italy from ocean, Roman soldiers gathered those 1113 vessels to fight against. So Generic asked for negotiation for three days, and during those days, he set the fire on the Roman ships. And all those 1113 ships were in fire, the historian says that it looked like a great fire of big mountain.

The 3rd Trumpet (Huns) | 451 A.D. – 453 A.D. (10-11)
8:10 And the third angel sounded, and there fell a great star from heaven, burning as it were a lamp, and it fell upon the third part of the rivers, and upon the fountains of waters;

Who is the destroyer here? A great star and the name was wormwood. Who died? Many men, how? By bitter water. Wormwood is described as a Star

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“Star” = Leader Rev 1:20 (Stars = Angels, messengers, but not only that but a leader, they were the leaders of the church). This star is some kind of leader and his name is wormwood, and he causes men to die bitterly. Can you see a greater degree of destruction? Once the rivers and fountains of water become bitter, can you survive? Maybe, but it will be very hard. 1st what is destroyed? Trees and grass, 2nd? Sea, 3rd? River. It is getting worse and worse.
8:11 And the name of the star is called Wormwood: and the third part of the waters became wormwood; and many men died of the waters, because they were made bitter.

Destruction is yet greater. It is harder to survive when the fountains of water, and rivers are being contaminated.   Destroyer Destroyed falling star river

“fell a great star from heaven” – similar description of Lucifer. Star represents angel, messenger or a leader in a bad connotation. “Wormwood” – bitterness, affliction or misery
Lam 3:15 He hath filled me with bitterness, he hath made me drunken with wormwood.

Again, it is getting stronger and stronger. Wormwood is related to affliction and misery. Wormwood means bitter but it is related to affliction and misery. This destroyer is able to destroy people with great affliction and misery with bitterness. 1st Hail (cold), 2nd Fire (on the sea), 3rd Bitterness, wormwood affliction, destroy men (river). INTERPRETATION:    Invasion of the Huns Leader: Attila Time: 451-453 AD
Western Heritage 248 (secular book) “From 451 to 453, Italy suffered the invasions of Attila and Hun, who was known to contemporaries as the scourge of God.

They are from Mongolia. All the way from the east. That is the reason why from Mongolia all the way to Europe that blood line there are a lot of people mixed with Asian and European blood. Even in Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria they look like Asians. They have Mongolian blood. If you look up the word “scourge,” it means “any cause of serious affliction”—wormwood. The time is not that important but what matters is what it took to destroy the Roman Empire. There were several invasions that took place, but these are the four major invasions. Resource: Western Heritage in the Library. It lists these four: Visigoths, Vandals, Attila the Hun, and Odacer. Even secular historians record them.
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Historian gave Attila a name. Scourge of God. Remember the star that fell, his name was wormwood, and wormwood means bitterness, and it is related to affliction and misery. “Scourge” – any cause of serious affliction Web. New world Dic. This is what secular history books call him. And the Bible calls him wormwood. History shows that the third invasion of Rome Attila is true.

The 4th Trumpet (Heruli) 476-493 A.D. (12)
8:12 And the fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars; so as the third part of them was darkened, and the day shone not for a third part of it, and the night likewise.

When the trees and grass are gone we can survive somewhat. When the sea become blood we can survive somewhat. When the rivers and fountains of water become bitter we are getting desperate. But when the Sun, moon, and stars darken, can we survive? If the temperature of the sun drops you know what happens to this earth? You cannot survive. When you attack sun, moon, and stars that is it, you are destroyed, you are gone, but it is not complete yet because it says a third part. Nevertheless there is a great destruction. The bible calls the first 4 trumpets, trumpets. But the last 3 trumpets are called 3 woes. There is something a little different about the last 3. Summary: We can see, trees and grass, sea, rivers and fountains of waters, and sun, moon, and stars. Once they are destroyed you cannot survive anymore. The progression of destruction gets worse. This destruction is yet greater. How long can you survive when the sun, moon and the stars – when one third is darkened? “a third part of it” – it is not complete destruction though. That is why it is talking about the Western Roman Empire.   Destroyer Destroyed Sun, Moon, Star river

“sun, moon and stars” – this is connected to rulership & false gods.
Gen 37:9 And he dreamed yet another dream, and told it his brethren, and said, Behold, I have dreamed a dream more; and, behold, the sun and the moon and the eleven stars made obeisance to me.

Remember Joseph had a dream about the sun, moon, and stars bowing to him. What did the sun, moon, and stars represent? They represent leaders, it included his father Jacob, and his brothers. They were the heads of the house. The leaders. What is being destroyed in the 4th trumpet? The leaders. In the beginning, trees and grass, sea, rivers, and finally the leaders.
Deut 4:19 And lest thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou seest the sun, and the moon, and the stars, even all the host of heaven, shouldest be driven to worship them, and serve them, which the LORD thy God hath divided unto all nations under the whole heaven.

These two text give the idea that it represents a high level of authority or qualification. Either they are gods or leaders. Remember Rev 12:1 The woman is clothed with the sun, moon, and stars. That represents God’s church. In other words, God uses the Sun, moon, and stars to describe something
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that has a high position. Sun, moon, and stars are leaders, and they are being destroyed so we have the destruction of leaders. So we see here that a rulership and false idol worship is destroyed. “Darkened” = the end is here for the nation. Remember how sun, moon, and stars were used in the 7 seals, to indicate that something is coming soon, what? Judgment and avenge. Therefore, when the Bible says they are being darkened, it means the end is near. BSM: This is the basic bible interpretation of these 4 trumpets. I will now take you through history. I will just give you the key statements. You don’t need to write it down. I got it from URS. This is when I use him. Interpretation:    Invasion of Heruli Leader: Odoacer Time: 476 AD
Daniel and the Revelation 193 Odoacer, chief of the Heruli a barbarian remnant of the host of Attila, left on the Alpine frontiers of Italy interposed with his command that the name and the office of Roman Emperor of the West, should be abolished.

This dates marks the destruction of the Western Empire. Where do the Heruli come from? They are the remnant tribe of the Huns and Attila. He is the first tribe that took over Rome and settled there. So we have the invasion of Visigoths, Vandals, Huns, and Heruli that destroyed the Western Roman Empire. There are other tribes, but even in the history, these four stands out as the most dominant powers. What should be abolished? Name and office. He became the first one who took over the Empire of Rome. He became the leader of the Roman Empire. In order for that to happen it means he had to remove the previous leaders. And the 4th said that the sun, moon, and stars were darkened. Who took over the leadership? Odoacer. History proves it exactly. Maps First one of Roman Empire Around the Roman Empire on the northern outskirts you have the barbarian tribes. Goths First Trumpet – They attacked Greece then Rome and settled on the Western Part of Europe. They came from the cold place, hail. And when they did it it gave them a blow Vandals Second Trumpet – They came down around today’s France and Spain, from Northern Africa they attacked Italy from the Ocean. Their destruction is described as the ships being destroyed. Huns Third Trumpet – They came from Mongolia they crossed all of this country. In China they built the great wall. They built it to protect themselves from the Mongols. It is from Virginia to California. They attacked the Northern Part of Europe and then Italy. Can you see that all of these attacks aim for Italy. That is where the capital was.

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Odoacer Fourth Trumpet – He took over Rome. This is the fall of the Western Roman Empire through the 4th trumpet.
8:13 And I beheld, and heard an angel flying through the midst of heaven, saying with a loud voice, Woe, woe, woe, to the inhabiters of the earth by reason of the other voices of the trumpet of the three angels, which are yet to sound!

“Woe, woe, woe” – the last three trumpets are little different than the first four.

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Chapter 9 - The blowing of the fifth & sixth trumpets
When you compare the 4 trumpets and the next two trumpets that follow which trumpets have the most description? The first 4 or following two? The following two. Whatever God describes the most is the most important. Therefore there is more significance in the fifth and sixth trumpets then the first four trumpets because the first four trumpets go very quick. But when we come to the fifth and sixth trumpets we have a lot of information, and more description, it shows that it is more essential for us to know. So where do you think God is trying to point our attention? What does God want us to understand, what is God trying to say? Is God more concerned about the Muslim movement, the Ottoman Empire, the Turkish power? What is the purpose of the 7 trumpets, where is the climatic point? The climatic point of the 7 trumpets is the investigative judgment. And within the fifth and sixth trumpets you have the time prophecies. This is the most important thing within these two trumpets. Within the fifth trumpet you have the 5 months time prophecy. Within the sixth trumpet you have the hour, day, month, and year time prophecy. These time prophecies are there not so much to emphasize what happens during there time, the 5 months time prophecy is there to explain the torment that the Mohammed movement put upon the Greek Empire. And the day, hour, month, and year time prophecy refers to the domination and overthrowing of the Greek empire by the Turkish power. But these time prophecies are not so important for these events, but there is another issue. Because at the end of the hour, day, month, and year prophecy it comes all the way down to August 11, 1840. The fulfillment of this date gave a boost and a confirmation to the 1844 message because two years before 1840 this event was prophesied. This time prophecy is there to lead the people of God to understand the fulfillment of 1844. Why? Because no one would believe that Jesus would come in 1844, although we understand it is not the second coming, it was when Jesus went into the MHP, but no one would really believe until the people began to realize that the sun and moon were darkened in 1780, and then the stars fell 1833, and then someone predicted that a time prophecy would be fulfilled Aug 11, 1840, and then it came to pass on that exact day. When people saw, dark day, falling stars, fulfillment of 1840, then the people said this 1844 movement must be true, so they joined them. For the people to say Wow, this must be true, for God to move the people like this He allowed these time prophecies to be there so that we could understand the coming of the investigative judgment. Why do I say that? Because right after the sixth trumpet we have chapter 10 of Revelation, and chapter 10 is about the Advent movement. You must understand the big picture! You must understand it. Don’t just concentrate on the first four trumpets and the fifth and sixth trumpets and try to get down all of the details. Understand its fulfillment and characteristics, but don’t just stay there. Understand the bigger picture. All of these are leading to the investigative judgment. That is the main point. That is where God is trying to lead us to. Resource: I recommend Uriah Smith for the first six trumpets. If you can get Josiah Litch’s book on the trumpets that is better read up and understand the historical background for these two trumpets. That is your homework. The most important things we will deal with in these two trumpets are the time prophecies. The description of the locusts, smoke coming out of the bottomless pit, that is too easy. You must be able to explain the time prophecies. If you cannot explain that you are not really doing justice to these two trumpets. Lecture:

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Let’s look at the fifth trumpet. I will go really fast and then stop on what I want to emphasize. Catch what is being emphasized. Many people think that they can’t get much things out of the first chapter and just scratch the surface and jump into the next chapters. No matter what book you study, the very first chapter of that book is the most important. Because it gives you the outline for the rest of the book. When you study chapter 1 of Revelation, it gives you lot of summary of the book Revelation. This chapter is loaded with meanings, interpretations, and spiritual insights. Chapter Outline

The 5th Trumpet (Othman) | 1299 A.D. – 1449 A.D (1-12)
5th and 6th is the downfall of Roman Empire.
9:1 And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven unto the earth: and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit.

“Star” – leader; it fell, demotion. Talking about the fall of Eastern Empire. Persian king is the star that fell; he died. Muslim movement was spreading. When you study this stars represent Leaders. And this star fell. Do you know anything about stars falling in the Bible? Is that promotion or demotion? Demotion. So what you get is a star or a leader falling. And when he fell the bottomless pit opened and smoke came out. This is speaking of the Persian King. AGAIN: The fifth and sixth trumpets are the destruction of the Eastern Roman empire, which was also called the Greek Empire. And there capital was Constantinople, which was near the Black Sea. We are talking about the Eastern Roman empire, the Greek empire. And because the Persian King (Chosroes II) was standing there the Muslim movement was not able to attack the Greek Empire. But the Bible says a Star Fell that means a leader died, that is contextually speaking according to history. When he died, when he was martyred, then the Muslim movement was able to spread. It was like there power was being held in check, but when this power (Persian King) was taken away they could prosper. Then the Bible says “Smoke” – Muslim Movement. First four trumpets were for political; last three trumpets were more for spiritual. They attacked Christianity and Pagan images. (Political and spiritual).
9:2 And he opened the bottomless pit; and there arose a smoke out of the pit, as the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by reason of the smoke of the pit.

“there arose smoke out of the pit” – This smoke represents the rise of the Mohammed movement, the Muslim movement. And if you know anything about this movement they are furious. (IMPORTANT POINT) Have you ever wondered why there is a division of four trumpets and then 3 woes or trumpets. The number 4 is more earthly, and the number 3 is more spiritual or divine. The first four trumpets describe the Barbarians that attacked the Western Roman Empire, and when they did this IT WAS ONLY FOR POLTICAL REASONS. BUT THE 5-7 TRUMPETS, THESE DESTRUCTIONS ARE MORE FOR SPIRITUAL REASONS. When you look at the Muslim movement, they attack the Roman Empire not only for political reasons, BUT FOR A SPIRITUAL REASON. Why? They considered it to be a holy war. They attacked Christians because they thought Christians worshipped idols, which Christians are these? The Catholics. So they had to destroy all idols that

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were worshipped. So they fought for political and religious reasons. If you go to a Muslim Mosque you will not see an image, except for the lady Fatima. This is the only idol that they have. Note: Mary appeared to the 3 girls at Fatima. Satan is using this to bring Christians and Muslims together on this one point. And this place was named by one of the daughters of Mohammed.
9:3 And there came out of the smoke locusts upon the earth: and unto them was given power, as the scorpions of the earth have power.

The Ottoman empire came from the desert. Locusts move in a band, but they don’t have a king. This is also like the Ottoman empire. Locust – proverbs – move without a king over them. Power as scorpions – affliction, torments (5th trumpets emphasis). Rising of the Muslim. “locusts” – The smoke came out and it looked like Locusts. What do we know about locusts from the Bible?
Prov 30:27 The locusts have no king, yet go they forth all of them by bands…

This movement shows that they were able to move without an actual king being over them. “scorpions” – They have power like scorpions. What do we know about scorpions from the Bible?
1 Ki 12:11 And now whereas my father did lade you with a heavy yoke, I will add to your yoke: my father hath chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.

When we speak about scorpions we are speaking about affliction. And the Muslims (Mohammed movement) were very good with afflicting people. And that is the emphasis here in the 5th trumpet. You see a difference between 5th and 6th trumpets. The 5th trumpet describes more affliction and torment, there is killing, but it describes more torment and affliction. But in the 6th trumpet there is more slaying, killing, and destruction. What we see in the 5th trumpet is the rise of the Mohammed movement, and in the 6th trumpet their dominion and power, they overthrew the Greek (Roman) empire. In the 5th and 6th trumpets we see the downfall of the Eastern Roman Empire by the Mohammed movement, which became the Ottomon Empire, which in the end became a Turkish power. If you are lost now, it means you need to read history.
9:4 And it was commanded them that they should not hurt the grass of the earth, neither any green thing, neither any tree; but only those men which have not the seal of God in their foreheads.

There were Sabbath keepers in that movement. What is this talking about? When you study history you will see that this refers to the Muslim movement when they were subjugating the people. As they destroyed the people in the mountains they gave instructions to their warriors not to kill the people who were in the mountains that were worshipping God and keeping the Sabbath. This Bible text proves that there were Sabbath keepers during the time of the Muslim movement. (History shows this). PO: This verse also shows that the Seal of God is a seal of protection. Hurt not the grass, etc is similar to Rev 7. This history shows what will come to pass at the close of probation and during the destruction of the world.
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months: and their torment [was] as the torment of a scorpion, when he striketh a man.

“should not kill them” 5 months = 150 days = 150 years
Daniel & Revelation 503 But when did Othman make his first assault on the Greek empire? According to Gibbon "it was on the twenty-seventh of July, in the year twelve hundred and ninetynine of the Christian Era, that Othman first invaded the territory of Nicomaedia; and the singular accuracy of the date seems to disclose some foresight of the rapid and destructive growth of the monster.

We’ve already seen that the first four trumpets destroyed the Western Empire. So now we have to determine what destroyed the Eastern Roman Empire: “tormented” – the first attack began on July 27, 1299 AD. And since then, the Othman continually attacked the Eastern Roman Empire. It continued till July 27, 1449 AD—150 years. Many sought death but cannot find it.
Uriah Smith 505 …Commencing July 27, 1299, …

Ending at July 27, 1449 This is talking about a time period when they torment. That means they have power to torment, and to at least attack. 5 months Months = 30 days (based upon the Jewish calendar). 5 months = 150 days, 150 days = 150 years. So they had 150 years to torment. That is a long time. Christian Era – means the Christian time. Othman – this refers to the Muslim movement. Nicomaedia – this is a part of the Greek Empire. Monster – The empire When was the first time or the first date that the Mohammed movement invaded the Greek Empire. July 27, 1299. Note: About 6 paragraphs are deleted from the CD writings of the Pioneers including this whole quotation. There is another reason why they were able to have more power to attack because on that date
Daniel & Revelation 504 The unity of these Paphlagonians with Othman’s forces, which took place on July 27, as 1299…

This date does not come from SDA’s. It comes from a well known historian Edward Gibbon.
Daniel & Revelation 505 During that whole period the Turks were engaged in an almost perpetual war with the Greek Empire, but yet without conquering it.

“whole period” = 150 years. The words Turks, Ottomon Empire, Muslim movement, Mohammed movement are all interchangeable words. It is all talking about the same thing. Greek Empire = Eastern Roman Empire. For 150 years they were always fighting and tormenting, but never conquering. What is the date? July 27, 1299. You add 150 years you come to 1449. July 27, 1299 + 150 years = 1449. What happened after that time or around that time? I believe around 1453 that is when the Ottomon Empire took over the Eastern Roman Empire (Greek Empire) that was the

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downfall of the Eastern Roman empire. You can say from 1449 to 1453, during this time the Eastern Roman Empire came to its end. That is the 5th trumpet. That was the major point. 150 years from 1299. There is so much more.
9:6 And in those days shall men seek death, and shall not find it; and shall desire to die, and death shall flee from them.

“men seek death, and shall not find it” – They want to die, but can’t find it. What characteristic do you see here in the 5th trumpet? It is not death, but torment.
9:7 And the shapes of the locusts [were] like unto horses prepared unto battle; and on their heads [were] as it were crowns like gold, and their faces [were] as the faces of men. 9:8 And they had hair as the hair of women, and their teeth were as [the teeth] of lions. 9:9 And they had breastplates, as it were breastplates of iron; and the sound of their wings [was] as the sound of chariots of many horses running to battle. 9:10 And they had tails like unto scorpions, and there were stings in their tails: and their power [was] to hurt men five months.

“power was to hurt men five months” –Power was to hurt who? Man, to kill? No, to hurt man. For how long? 5 months.
9:11 And they had a king over them, [which is] the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue [is] Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath [his] name Apollyon.

Who is Apollyon or Abaddon? This word in the Greek and Hebrew means Destroyer. The characteristic of this power that destroys the Eastern Roman Empire, is to Destroy, but they will not completely destroy, but they will torment for 5 months. They look like Locusts, have teeth like iron, and hair like a woman with breast plates, etc. Arabs are known for riding horses. And if thousands or horses are running from a distance it looks like locusts jumping away. Object: Some people place this in the future during the 7 last plagues, if you place it then you won’t apply it to horses. Some use this to describe helicopters chasing God’s people during the 7 last plagues. The time frame is very important. There were no helicopters before 1844 It is speaking about the likeness of the Arab men and this movement. They had like hair. It was a fashion for them to have this. And they showed their rank in their tale on the horse or their clothes. It showed their power and they had a turbin that looked like a golden crown. John didn’t know how to describe what he was seeing. He could only use what he knew to describe it. Illus: A jungle man, all his life he lived in Bonia, and he never saw snow before, but one day he won a lottery ticket and they said he won a trip to Alaska. He landed there and all of a sudden he saw this white stuff, and it is coming down from heaven, it is melting in his hand, it is cold, and he opens his mouth, and says what is this? Then he goes back to his little village and said look my friends I saw something very interesting. What is it? Snow, unga, unga what is snow? What is he talking about? Snow, it is ice, what is ice, they all are wearing hardly anything, it is hot and they are fanning. He says it is like dry, white, rice. Oh, we understand now.

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In other words, John was using the language that he knew to communicate, but it became symbolic. It is symbolic to help people know what he is talking about. Give me one word to describe this one trumpet, what one word is repeated? Torment
9:12 One woe is past; [and], behold, there come two woes more hereafter.

The 6th Trumpet: 1449 A.D. – 1840 A.D. (13-21)
9:13 And the sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God, 9:14 Saying to the sixth angel which had the trumpet, Loose the four angels which are bound in the great river Euphrates.

“the great river Euphrates” – Just before the night of the destruction of Babylon, this river dried up. So when the Euphrates is mentioned, it gives the idea that a great nation is about to be destroyed. “the four angels” – these are the four principal sultanas of which the Ottoman Empire was composed, located in the country watered by the Euphrates. These sultanas were situated at Aleppo. Iconium, Damascus, and Baghdad. Apostle Paul called Rome, Babylon. Literal Babylon, spiritual Babylon and Papacy have river Euphrates.
1 Pet 5:13

Babylon at that time; refers to Rome; Apostle did not mention the word Rome because there would be persecution.
9:15 And the four angels were loosed, which were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year, for to slay the third part of men.

“an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year” – 1 hour (15 days) + 1 day (1 year) + 1 month (30 years) + 1 year (360 years) = 391 years and 15 days. Where is the beginning point? It is based on the previous time prophecy.
Rev 9:12 One woe is past; [and], behold, there come two woes more hereafter.

Between the first woe and second woe, it takes place right one after the other. That’s the reason why we take the prophecy of 391 years and 15 days right after first woe or the fifth seal—the fivemonth prophecy. Previous prophecy ended on July 27, 1449 AD. July 27, 1449 + 391 years and 15 days = August 11, 1840 AD. On the very same day, the Turkish power fell.
Daniel & Revelation 513 This conclusion was reached, and this application of the prophecy was made by Josiah Litch in 1838, two years before the expected event was to occur. In that year he predicted that the Turkish power would be overthrown "in AD 1840, sometime in the month of

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August;" [35] but a few days before the fulfillment of the prophecy he concluded more definitely from his study that the period allotted to the Turks would come to an end on August 11, 1840.

These two prophecies take important role in understanding the fifth and the sixth seal. If you add 391 years and 15 days to the end of the last time prophecy, July 27, 1449 + 391 years 15 days = it brings us to Aug 11, 1840. This fulfilled exactly according to the prophecy Daniel & Revelation 513 Turks would come to an end on August 11, 1840. Turks were surrendered. And Josiah Litch prophesied and the Advent Movement boomed. Daniel & Revelation 512 Surrender his independence into the hands of the Christian power. Christian = talking about Catholicism. No time prophesy after 1844 to second coming of Jesus Christ. “slay...of men” – Is this the same as torment? No, what is greater to torment or slay? To slay, to kill. Can you see the transition between tormenting and slaying? Before they tormented now they slay. 150 years were given to torment, but now this date is given to slay, kill, conquer, have power, and authority. Note: All of the language that is used for the trumpets also apply to the 7 last plagues. They are similar but not the same. “four angles were loosed” – Because the four angels were loosed they have power to slay men for an hour, day, month, and year. Because these four angels were loosed they will have power to slay men. What are these 4 angels? What does it mean they were loosed? That means that previously they were being held back. And something let them go “Four Angels” – These are the four principal sultanies of which the Ottoman Empire was composed located in country watered by the Euphrates. These sultanies were situated at Aleppo, Iconium, Damascus, and Bagdad.” URS 506 “Euphrates” This is very interesting in Bible prophecy it also uses the words Euphrates Rivers. Whenever the Bible speaks of the Euphrates River in Bible prophecy it means it is coming to an end, the very end. Why? The River of Euphrates was used in the destruction of Babylon. When the Euphrates River is dried up that is the end destruction is coming. Note: We are talking about the destruction of the Roman Empire. Peter called Rome Babylon It is like this: Literal Babylon has a River Euphrates, the Roman Empire (Symbolic Babylon) has a river Euphrates, and the Papacy (Spiritual Babylon) has a River Euphrates We have 3 Babylon’s: Literal, Roman Empire, The Papacy. These all have rivers.
1 Pet 5:13 …The church that is at Babylon, elected together with [you], saluteth you.

The church is where? Babylon. When Peter wrote this letter did he send it to Babylon? What do we know about Babylon at this time, what did the Bible say about Babylon after its destruction. It was

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laid waste and would remain like that for the rest of earth’s history. So it was not literal Babylon. It refers to Rome, because Rome was also known to be a city of idols. You have to remember that the Apostles and the Apostles of the early church during that time were very careful not to mention the word or name Rome because they did not want to look like they were going against the political power. Even in Daniel it mentions Babylon, MP, Greece, but it didn’t mention Rome for seeing the fear of persecution that would come to the Christians if the word Rome was mentioned in the Bible in terms of being an evil power. Here Peter is even trying to cover up by not calling Rome, Rome, but Babylon. The reason its Babylon because if you go to Dan 2 the whole Image represents Babylon. And in Dan 7 that theme is connected to Babylon. It was well known back then to call Rome Babylon because it was a city of idols. It was a popular term. Ancient Rome was known as the city of idols. The Ottoman Empire was situated on these four locations and from here they were able to attack the Greek Empire or the Eastern Roman Empire. Hour = 15 days. Because 24th of a day, day = 1 year or 360 days divided by 24 = 15. A day = 1 year. A month = 30 years. A year = 360 years. Total = 391 years 15 days. There are two time prophecies. 150 years. 391 years and 15 days. And this time prophecy is to slay men, and this is when the Ottoman Empire had full power over the Greek or Eastern Roman Empire even in terms of paying tribute. What is the beginning point of this time prophecy? It has to be the end of the 150 years, why? Because there is no other event that was given. When two time prophecies are put together like this, the beginning point is usually the same or comes after. For example the 70 weeks and the 2300 days of Daniel 8-9 are the same. In this case it comes after why? Because the first 150 years is just to torment, the 391 years, 15 days is to slay and kill. It begins July 27, 1449 + 391 years, 15 days = Aug 11, 1840. What happened on that date? Daniel & Revelation 513 Turks would come to an end on August 11, 1840. And Josiah Litch made a prediction way before and made an announcement that the Turks would come down Aug 11, 1840. And they thought he was a crazy fanatic because at that time the Turks were powerful. But guess what on that day the Newspaper announced it the Turks yield, they surrender. People were so amazed and asked what else do you have to tell us? And the Advent movement was set ablaze because of this prophecy. Summary: With all this God is saying the Roman Empire will fall, but this is to lead and build up the Advent movement. That’s all Daniel & Revelation 512 Ottoman independence would be brought about in the same way; that at the end of the specified period, that is, on the 11th August, 1840, the sultan would voluntarily surrender his independence into the hands of the Christian powers. They took the empire from the Christians, but they gave it back. When this history says Christian it refers to Catholicism not Protestants. This history is clear and it shows that on Aug 11, 1840 the Turks fell, how do we know? Because of this time prophecy. Note: If you say this is the same as the 7 last plagues, then that means you must have the 150 year time prophecy after the close of probation along with 391 years and 15 days. Then that would mean
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between the close of probation and the Second Coming you must have about 550 years of the 7 last plagues. So because of that they say oh it’s not symbolic it’s literal. How many days is that if you make it literal? 150 plus 391 which is about 1 year and ½ between the close of probation and the Second Coming. Is that what it is? EGW says there is no time prophecy between 1844 and the second coming.
LDE 36 Our position has been one of waiting and watching, with no time-proclamation to intervene between the close of the prophetic periods in 1844 and the time of our Lord's coming.--10MR 270 (1888). The people will not have another message upon definite time. After this period of time [Rev. 10:4-6], reaching from 1842 to 1844, there can be no definite tracing of the prophetic time. The longest reckoning reaches to the autumn of 1844.--7BC 971 (1900).

Chapter 10 will see why this is significant to the Advent Movement.
9:16 And the number of the army of the horsemen [were] two hundred thousand thousand: and I heard the number of them. 9:17 And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them, having breastplates of fire, and of jacinth, and brimstone: and the heads of the horses [were] as the heads of lions; and out of their mouths issued fire and smoke and brimstone. 9:18 By these three was the third part of men killed, by the fire, and by the smoke, and by the brimstone, which issued out of their mouths. 9:19 For their power is in their mouth, and in their tails: for their tails [were] like unto serpents, and had heads, and with them they do hurt. 9:20 And the rest of the men which were not killed by these plagues yet repented not of the works of their hands, that they should not worship devils, and idols of gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, and of wood: which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk: 9:21 Neither repented they of their murders, nor of their sorceries, nor of their fornication, nor of their thefts.

God destroyed them because of idol worship. One thing about Muslim, they hate idol worship. So that is why they destroyed them. How did Eastern Europe worship idols? Catholicism

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Chapter 10 – The Advent Movement
Revelation chapter 10 comes after the 6th trumpet. And this insert is given between the sixth and seventh trumpets. The 6th trumpet ended on Aug 11, 1840. And the seventh trumpet began in 1844. Therefore we see that this event was put right in-between those two dates. This chapter is one of the climatic points in the 7 trumpets. From this chapter on, you will notice that the picture and the language is different. You will see more of religious languages. This is a very important chapter. This is the chapter that you must be able to explain just about everything. We are going to spend more time in this chapter than any other chapters. This is the chapter that explains the origin of the remnant church. This chapter is not limited to the time period between the sixth seal and the seventh—1840 to 1844. Chapter Outline


The Mighty Angel (1-4) Mystery of God finished (5-7) The Little Book (8-11)

The Mighty Angel (1-4)
10:1 And I saw another mighty angel come down from heaven, clothed with a cloud: and a rainbow [was] upon his head, and his face [was] as it were the sun, and his feet as pillars of fire:

“And I saw another mighty angel come down from heaven” – Angels usually have two job descriptions. One to give a message and two to destroy! And of course who are blowing the seven trumpets? The angels. And they are blowing the trumpets to destroy. The blowing of the trumpets indicate destruction or to give a message of destruction. It can go either way. But in chapter 10 we see no destruction or desolation therefore this angel appears in this chapter to give a message. But notice the description of this angel. After you look at the descriptions you will discover that this is not an angel, but it is Jesus Christ. Here Jesus presents Himself as an angel that means He is coming to give a message. Did Jesus Christ already reveal Himself as an angel in the book of Revelation? Yes, in chapter 8. He stood before the altar of incense as an angel. So this is the second time He presents Himself in this way. Notice His descriptions. “pillars of fire” – gives a very clear connection with another historical event in the Old Testament. The very first time that the “pillars of fire” was mentioned is in the book of Exodus:
Ex 13:22 He took not away the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from before the people. Ex 14:24 And it came to pass, that in the morning watch the LORD looked unto the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of the cloud, and troubled the host of the Egyptians,

It was mentioned when the children of Israel were coming out of Egypt and crossing the red sea. The pillars of fire guided and protected them. Here are some parallels between the two. Exodus
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The pillar of fire was given after the plagues in Egypt and led them into the wilderness by crossing the red sea. After the children of Israel had a great rejoicing experience. A few days later, they came to a place called Marah–a bitter experience. Built a sanctuary for God. God taught them about the Sabbath. Received the Ten Commandments.

Rev 8 & 9 mention about 6 plagues, then we see the pillars of fire. The big picture is still the same, even though the number of plagues is different. In Rev 10:9, 10, when he ate the book, it was sweet at first, but when it got to the stomach, it became bitter. Very similar experience. Rediscovered the Sanctuary message. Rediscovered the Sabbath message. Restored the law of God.

There are much more, and what we see is the history of Israel is being repeated in the Advent movement. The Advent movement, in some ways, is a repetition of the Israelites when they came out of Egypt and going into the wilderness to go to the land of Canaan. “mighty angel” – this is no other than Jesus. The angel before the alter with the censer was also Jesus. So we know that Jesus can also be described as an angel. So we have five different descriptions: Cloud, rainbow, sun, pillars of fire, and lion. This angel is described with these characteristics, that means that this angel has a message that is related to His characteristics. Remember when Jesus came to the church of Philadelphia? He said to the church of Philadelphia that He had the key of David. That meant that His message was related to the key of David. Since this angel has a rainbow that means that He has a rainbow message. And He has a sun message, a cloud message, a lion message, and a fire message. So what are these messages? When you look at the book of Revelation what do you understand about clouds in relationship to Jesus Christ [contextually speaking]? (Don't go anywhere else, stay in this book first). Here are the reasons: 1. “clothed with a cloud” – cloud represents angels. (Ps 104:3; Ps 68:17)
Rev 1:7 Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen.

Since this mighty angel is clothed with angels, we can see that He is surrounded by other angels. The only angel that is surrounded by other angels is Jesus.
Rev 14:14 And I looked, and behold a white cloud, and upon the cloud [one] sat like unto the Son of man, having on his head a golden crown, and in his hand a sharp sickle.

“Son of man” – There we see Jesus Christ coming the second time with the clouds of heaven.
Ps 97:2 Clouds and darkness [are] round about him: righteousness and judgment [are] the habitation of his throne.

So we can see that clouds are around God. They are around His throne. You will see many places in the Bible that show when Jesus is with clouds it refers to His second coming. So here when you see this angel clothed with a cloud, He has a special message, and what is the message? The message of

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the second coming, and it is a message of judgment. Next we have the rainbow. How do we understand this rainbow? 2. “rainbow was upon his head”
Rev 4:3 And he that sat was to look upon like a jasper and a sardine stone: and there was a rainbow round about the throne, in sight like unto an emerald.

Rainbow is connected with divine act of God. God gave rainbow as a sign that He will never destroy the world with flood again. Therefore this rainbow belongs to whom? An angel or God? God. Therefore again this angel is not an angel, but Jesus Christ. But how do we understand this rainbow, when was the very first time that a rainbow or bow was mentioned in the Bible? During the days of Noah.
Gen 9:13 I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth.

“bow in the cloud” – This is very interesting, He was clothed with the cloud and rainbow is on His head. They are related. So the rainbow represents what? A covenant. So that means the angel that came down from heaven to visit John wanted to give him a message not only of the second coming and judgment, but also a message of the covenant. What covenant is this?
Heb 10:16-17 This [is] the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them; And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more.

By the way, the covenant does not end right here. Many times we think the covenant is only to write the law in your heart and mind, we usually think like this, but the covenant includes that when the law is written in your heart and mind, then “And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more” – So the rainbow represents what? The covenant, what covenant is that? To write the law in your heart and minds then to remember you sins no more! What does God have to do before He will no longer remember your sins anymore?
Is 43:25 I, [even] I, [am] he that blotteth out thy transgressions for mine own sake, and will not remember thy sins.

According to the Bible for Him not to remember our sins no more what has to happen? Our sins must be blotted out. Again the rainbow represents what? The covenant, what covenant is this? He will write the law in our hearts and minds, and He will remember our sins no more. But for Him to remember our sins no more, what has to happen? Our sins must be blotted out. So what is the rainbow message? A new covenant, but the end result is to blot your sins out. (*PO this is a preview to the book of Hebrews. That book explains the blotting out of sin.) Ellen G. White says the rainbow represents justice and mercy put together. What do you see in the MHP? What is the main piece of furniture? The Ark of the Covenant. What is inside? The law of God.

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The law of God is to show justice. But above it the seat is called the mercy seat. We see justice and mercy put together the rainbow. And what is the work in the MHP? To blot your sins out. Summary: This angel has given two messages so far, what are they? One: The second coming (or judgment, but the main thing is the second coming. The cloud shows the second coming.). Two: Before He can come what has to take place? Your sins must be blotted out. This is the rainbow. New covenant, new heart and the blotting out of sin. 3. “face was as it were the sun”
Rev 1:16 And he had in his right hand seven stars: and out of his mouth went a sharp twoedged sword: and his countenance was as the sun shineth in his strength.

You know this is talking about Jesus’ face. Who is this? Jesus. What does the Bible say about the angel's countenance in Matt 28? They look like lightning. Which is greater lightning or the sun? The sun. And this angel looks like the sun, therefore this angel is Jesus Christ! And the Bible says it is Jesus. Cloud belongs to who? Jesus. The rainbow belongs to who? Jesus. The face that looks like the sun belongs to who? Jesus. Therefore this is Jesus not an angel. What does the sun represent?
Mal 4:2 …the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings…

It is like this Jesus reveals Himself as being clothed with the clouds of heaven. I am coming the second time, but before I come, rainbow, your sins must be blotted out. But for your sins to be blotted out, you must have what? Righteousness, you must behold my face. So we have the Righteousness by faith message. You need my Righteousness. The complete message. Two texts on righteousness..
Phil 3:9-10 Gal 5:6-7

4. “feet as pillars of fire”
Rev 1:15 And his feet like unto fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace; and his voice as the sound of many waters.

This is Jesus’ feet. What does you know about pillars of fire? This verse describes Jesus. Again the feet that are pillars of fire belong to who? Jesus Christ. Note: We must admit that there are other passages that refer to angels with a similar description. But we must put ALL of the descriptions together not one. And the angels sometimes are clothed with fine linen, and Jesus is also clothed with fine linen. This doesn't mean that the angels are Jesus. What do the pillar of fires represent? Do you remember the first time pillars of fire were mentioned in the Bible?
Ex 13:21 And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night.

It is like this. Cloud I am coming the second time, before I come, rainbow, your sins must be blotted out, but for your sins to be blotted out, sun, you need my righteousness, but for you to understand

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my righteousness, you need to be lead by Me. So you must be lead by me. This took place between the time that the first-born died and them going towards the red sea. Remember the red sea that represents baptism. It means to be lead, but it is also a message of tribulation because of the furnace burning in the fire. He is leading, but at the same time it is a message of tribulation. Message of leading or following. 5. “And cried with a loud voice, as when a lion roareth”
Rev 5:5 And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.

Jesus is called the Lion of the tribe of Judah. 'And cried with a loud voice, as when a lion roareth.” Does the voice of a lion refer to Jesus? This refers to Jesus. Therefore this angel is Jesus Christ beyond a shadow of a doubt. What does the lion of the tribe of Judah the root of David mean? It is the lion of the tribe of Judah (When was Judah mentioned in the beginning?)
Gen 49:9, 10 Judah [is] a lion's whelp: from the prey, my son, thou art gone up: he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion; who shall rouse him up? The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him [shall] the gathering of the people [be]

Whelp means a baby. After he mentions that Judah was a lion, what does he say next?
Gen 49:10 …The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet…

So when the Bible says Judah or Lion in reference to Jesus it means that He is the lawgiver. And at the same time He has authority. He is the lawgiver and he has authority. What does this mean?
Ps 60:7 …Judah is my lawgiver… Isa 33:22 For the LORD [is] our judge, the LORD [is] our lawgiver, the LORD [is] our king; he will save us.

What are the words that are mentioned along with lawgiver? Judge and King. So Lion of the tribe of Judah represents not only the lawgiver, but He is our judge and our king.
Jas 4:12 There is one lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy…

So when the Bible says He cried like a lion, that means that He is from the tribe of Judah that means what? He is the lawgiver, and the Bible says there is only one lawgiver, and the Bible says the lawgiver is able to save and to destroy. He is able to judge, He is a King, He gave the Law, He is able to save and to destroy. What does that mean? It is a Message of judgment and of the avenger. Does this sound familiar? Where do we see judgment and avenge? The fifth seal, the souls under the altar, they cried out and said how long O Lord until you judge and avenge. Here comes Jesus and says John I am about to give you a message, sometime around Aug 11, 1840, I am about to give you a message of judgment and when I will avenge. So judgment has to take place. At the same time He has with Him the leading message, RBF, Second coming message, and to blot your sins out. All this is related to judgment and avenge. ALL OF THAT WAS ONLY VERSE 1. When we put all these together, we can come to only one conclusion—this mighty angel is Jesus.
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Why is He called the mighty angel? The work of an angel is a messenger. So Jesus came as a messenger, so He has some messages to give. In Daniel 9, when Daniel was praying, angel Gabriel came down. He told Daniel about the beginning event of the 2,300 days. But towards the end of 2,300 days, now Jesus Himself comes and explains which group will understand the fulfillment of the 2300 days. Who is more important? Gabriel or Jesus? Jesus. Therefore, if Jesus Himself came down to explain Rev 10, we can see a greater importance. Why is Jesus described with these different descriptions? Earlier in Revelation, the way that Jesus introduces Himself is exactly what the church needs for that time. That means the church needs something about cloud, rainbow, sun, pillars of fire and lion message. CLOUD MESSAGE In Revelation, cloud is associated with first and second coming.
Rev 14:14 And I looked, and behold a white cloud, and upon the cloud one sat like unto the Son of man, having on his head a golden crown, and in his hand a sharp sickle.

So one of the messages that this angel came to give was the second coming. RAINBOW MESSAGE It’s a promise message – from the story of Noah. We already saw that it’s also connected to God’s throne. Rev 4:3. What message is the message of the throne of God?
Ps 97:2 Clouds and darkness are round about him: righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne.

So we are seeing promise of righteousness and promise of judgment. What is below the righteousness and judgment?
Ps 119:172 My tongue shall speak of thy word: for all thy commandments are righteousness. Ecc 12:13, 14 [13] Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of man. [14]For God shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil.

So beneath the righteousness & judgment of God, we have God’s commandments. We know that underneath the commandments of God, there’s the love of God.
John 15:12 This is my commandment, That ye love one another, as I have loved you.

Therefore, it’s the promise of righteousness, promise of judgment, promise of God’s love, which is the promise of God’s character.

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We can already see the detail here. Before Jesus can come back, we have to get ready with righteousness, the commandments, love of God, having the character of Jesus and get ready for the judgment so we can stand when He comes back for a second time. There’s only one covenant for our salvation—new covenant. But it’s older than the old covenant.
Heb 10:16 This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them;

It sounds very similar to what we’ve studies so far. So before Jesus comes back with cloud, He also has promised that He will write the law of God in your heart and mind, so that you can stand when He comes back. Why to write the law of God in you heart and mind? The heart and mind is the same thing, So why two different words for one location? Heart is more of a spiritual aspect; mind is more of an intellectual aspect of a man. So God wants to put the law in you spiritually and intellectually. There’s a quotation in SOP that is very similar to this concept.
FLB 287 Just as soon as the people of God are sealed in their foreheads--it is not any seal or mark that can be seen, but a settling into the truth, both intellectually and spiritually, so they cannot be moved--just as soon as God's people are sealed and prepared for the shaking, it will come. Indeed, it has begun already; the judgments of God are now upon the land, . . . that we may know what is coming.

Now we see the connections between the new covenant or the rainbow message with the sealing message. The Bible says “I will put them” and “I will write them.” When you write things, you don’t want to forget it, you want to remember. So the new covenant is that God will write in your hearts so that you will remember His law, His righteousness, His judgment and His throne. But within the 10 commandments, we are asked to Remember a specific commandment—the Sabbath. So the Sabbath is an enhancement to remind you that God is the one that write the law in your hearts and mind— the new covenant. So this rainbow message is the promise that God will write the law in your heart and mind so that you will especially remember the Sabbath day. That’s exactly what had happened to the early advent movement. They understood the second coming message, then the law of God, then the Sabbath message, then the righteousness of God. Let’s go deeper than this. The new covenant is more than just writing the law in your heart and mind that you may remember.
Heb 10:17 And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more.

So God wants you to remember His law, and God will not remember your sin and iniquity. In order for you to remember, you have to write it. So in order for you not to remember, you have to erase it. So when God says He will not remember your sins anymore, He will have to erase or blot out your sins.
Isa 43:25 I, even I, am he that blotteth out thy transgressions for mine own sake, and will not remember thy sins.

So what will have to happen before God will not remember your sins? He has to blot them out sins first. So what is the rainbow message? If we remember His commandments, He will remember our
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sins no more by blotting our sins out. What’s going to happen if you remember your sin as Jesus comes down in the clouds of heaven? You will either be consumed or you will flee. For you to see God, there has to be no existence of sin in you—not even the remembrance of sins. Q: So how did Enoch, Moses and Elijah go to Heaven? A: Many of these people are there conditionally (Hebrews) The blotting out of sins is the message of the SDA. If there’s any message that we have which distinguishes this church from all other churches, this is the message. In Daniel, it’s described as “cleansing of the sanctuary.”
Dan 8:14 And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.

It means that sins that are recorded in the sanctuary will be blotted out. This is the message that this mighty angel came down to give to the Advent Movement. This is the message that the SDA church has to be, because in order for you to meet God, there must be no remembrance of sin. That’s the way we want to meet God. Can you imagine meeting God still with the remembrance of sins? But who will not remember? “I will not remember” – God. If God will not remember, that means we will not remember as well. Can God forget things? No. but He can forget voluntarily. Can you imagine being in heaven, and everything is perfect and beautiful, but God always remember what you have done when you were on earth, and you remember them too. But God will blot your sins completely out, that even the remembrance of sin will not exist. When will the blotting out of sin take place?
Acts 3:19, 20 [19]Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of the Lord; [20]And he shall send Jesus Christ, which before was preached unto you:

The latter rain is the finishing touch before the harvest. The latter rain is to prepare the people so they may be able to go through the time of trouble So this mighty angel has many messages: 1. Second coming 2. New covenant 3. Blotting out of sin 4. Investigative Judgment 5. Latter rain And we find all these messages in the advent movement.

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SUN MESSAGE
Mal 4:2 But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.

It represents righteousness with healing in His wings. God has took Israelites with His wings to the wilderness.
Ex 19:4 Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles’ wings, and brought you unto myself.

Wings gives the idea of speed, but also the guidance, protection, and a concept of righteousness that heals. How can the law of God be in our hearts when we have carnal mind and carnal nature?
Rom 8:3,4 [3]For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh: [4]That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.

So in order for us to have the law of God, we must have the righteousness of Christ. Before you can have the law of God in your heart, you must have the righteousness of Christ. This is the message of righteousness by faith. Almost in this order the Advent movement discovered these messages 1. Second coming 2. God’s law 3. Judgment 4. Sanctuary 5. Blotting out of sins 6. Righteousness by faith FEET AS PILLARS OF FIRE The first time that Jesus’ feet was mentioned was Gen 3:15.
Gen 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

Feet is connected to the death and the sacrifice of Jesus Christ. How about the pillars of fire? Even before the Exodus, something prefigured the pillars of fire—the covenant between Abraham & God. Abraham when he offered sacrifices, he divided them most of them. Then at night, fire like a lamp walked through. It represented after 400 years of Egyptian captivity, God’s people will be delivered – and the division represents the red sea being divided. What led them? The pillars of fire. Why does the sea have to be divided? Sea represents people. Red represents blood. Crossing the red sea representing Jesus died for many people, opening up the way for the sinners to go to the land of salvation. When Jesus died, the veil was torn from the top to the bottom, opening up the way to the presence of God. This veil represented His flesh.
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Heb 10:20 By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh;

So the pillars of fire is connected to the death of Jesus on the cross Why brass? The altar of burnt sacrifice was made of brass. Moses lifted up the brass serpent. It shows that Christ can lead us because of His death and sacrifice
John 12:32 And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me.

When everyone is drawn to the feet of Jesus, they will see His face and they will be healed with His righteousness. And when they see above His head, they will see the rainbow of the promise that their sins will be blotted out. Then they may see the clouds around Him and have the promise that He will come again for the second time to take them home. This is talking about the first angels’ message. And the Advent movement gave the first angels’ message. Let us not forget that all these messages, especially, blotting out of sins, is the pillar of our church. If you can’t explain this message, you have lost the distinct color of the SDA movement. There are churches teaching the law of God, Sabbath, Second Coming, state of the dead, but there is no other church on the face of earth that teaches the blotting out of sin and the investigative judgment. The book of Hebrews really brings out this concept.
10:2 And he had in his hand a little book open: and he set his right foot upon the sea, and [his] left [foot] on the earth,

“and he set his right foot upon the sea, and [his] left [foot] on the earth,” – based upon the context, this feet is the pillars of fire—death and sacrifice of Jesus. In other places, feet represents “spreading of the gospel.”
Isa 52:7 How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace; that bringeth good tidings of good, that publisheth salvation; that saith unto Zion, Thy God reigneth! Eph 6:15 And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace;

Feet has indication that this message is good tidings on the sea and the earth—that’s basically the whole world. And Christ has appeared as the mighty “angel”—the messenger. Therefore, this picture tells us that this gospel message in that book needs to go to all the world, kindred, tongue, and people. “little book opened” – this mighty angel has the message, and it’s contained in this little book. So this message is open now. This signifies that it has been sealed before. Which book is this? This book cannot be book with seven seals. If that book has been opened, that means all the seals must have been loosed. Since the seventh seal is the second coming, then whatever comes after this verse have to be after the second coming. If you take this book a the book with the seven seals, you will be very confused and following verses doesn’t really make sense. Jesus is holding the book, and it is opened. So Jesus is the one that opens the book. This is no ordinary book, but a divine book. Where else in the Bible do we know that certain book has been sealed by God?

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What is this little book? (Daniel, how do we know?) Because it says that it was a little book open that means that previously it was closed.
Rev 5:2 …To open the book, and to loose the seals.

When the Bible says that book was opened that means that it was sealed. Note: Why does the bible describe this book as being opened? This means it was once closed. Do we see this in any other place in the book of Revelation? Yes, the book with 7 seals. It was sealed and the bible says it needed to be opened. What little book was sealed before? Is this little book the book of Revelation? No, because the book of Revelation was never sealed. And the Bible says it is a Revelation it is already opened. Is this book the book of life? No, the Bible never says that the book of life was sealed. Is this the book of the 7 seals? No, that book will be opened at the second coming, and this book is opened before the second coming. So what is this little book that the Bible says was sealed. There is only one book in the Bible that was sealed.
Dan 12:4 But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end: many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased.

In the bible, you can find only one other book which God has sealed and to be opened later—the book of Daniel. Q: Why is it not the book of remembrance or life? A: First, if those books are opened, that means the judgment begins – and you will have trouble understanding “time no longer.” Second, the book of life or remembrance is never sealed. This book cannot be opened, it is sealed up, and cannot be opened up till the time of the end. That tells us that this verse is at the time of the end. When is the time of the end?
Dan 12:5-7 [5]Then I Daniel looked, and, behold, there stood other two, the one on this side of the bank of the river, and the other on that side of the bank of the river. [6]And one said to the man clothed in linen, which was upon the waters of the river, How long shall it be to the end of these wonders? [7]And I heard the man clothed in linen, which was upon the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand unto heaven, and sware by him that liveth for ever that it shall be for a time, times, and an half; and when he shall have accomplished to scatter the power of the holy people, all these things shall be finished…[9]And he said, Go thy way, Daniel: for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end.

According to these texts, after 1260 years, the time of the end begins.
Dan 11:35-37 [35] And some of them of understanding shall fall, to try them, and to purge, and to make them white, even to the time of the end: because it is yet for a time appointed. [36]And the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished: for that that is determined shall be done. [37]Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard any god: for he shall magnify himself above all.

God’s people will be persecuted by the papal power till the time of the end.

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Dan 7:25 And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.

And this power will persecute for 1260 years. That’s how long God’s people will be persecuted. And at the end of persecution, that’s the time of the end. Therefore, we know that the time of the end begins at 1798. So from 1798, the book of Daniel shall be opened for people to understand. Therefore, chapter 10 of Revelation is an event that will come sometime after 1798. What is more interesting is that the bible says this:
Dan 12:12 Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days.

That’s depicting the climactic point of the Advent Movement who understood the book of Daniel. From 1798, people understood the book of Daniel, and as the result of that, there was a great movement waiting for the sweet experience of His coming. There was a blessing for the preparation of the second coming. The book of Daniel 12 is closely linked with Revelation chapter 10. Therefore, this mighty angel has a message from the book of Daniel. “seal the book” – This is the key word. This verse says Daniel seal the book, close the book, shut up the book until the time of the end. That means that when this book is opened it has to be the time of the end. It was closed until the time of the end. So when the time of the end came it was opened. What does it mean that the book shall be opened? Does it mean they couldn't open the book before? No, it means they were not able to understand. In Rev 5:2 it talked about who could open the book and read it? That meant to read it to understand. So at the time of the end when it was opened then they would be able to understand. When was the time of the end?
Dan 11:35 And [some] of them of understanding shall fall, to try them, and to purge, and to make [them] white, [even] to the time of the end: because [it is] yet for a time appointed.

When you look at this text contextually the word purge means persecution. God's people would be persecuted until the time of the end. And where do we get that?
Dan 7:25 And he shall speak [great] words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.

We use this text because Daniel 11:35 is referring to the Papacy. The papacy would persecute God's people until the time of the end. And the Bible tells us how long the papacy would persecute God's people. When? “and they” – who are they? The saints. The Christians or the saints of God would be given into the Papacy's hand to be persecuted for how long? 1260 years. The other text says they would be persecuted until the time of the end. So the time of the end would be at the end of the 1260 years. It is the same as the time of the end. When was that? Time of the end = 1798. Therefore in Revelation 10:2 when the little book was opened it had to be at 1798 or a little after 1798, but it cannot be before.

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Dan 12:9-10 [9] And he said, Go thy way, Daniel: for the words [are] closed up and sealed till the time of the end Many shall be purified, and made white, [10] and tried; but the wicked shall do wickedly: and none of the wicked shall understand; but the wise shall understand.

The book is closed that means no one could understand, but when it was opened who would understand? The wise. Who are the wise that would understand?
Ps 111:10 The fear of the LORD [is] the beginning of wisdom…

So the wise people have wisdom. And for them to have wisdom they must do what? Fear God. Who shall understand? Those who would fear God.
Prov 3:27 …the wise shall inherit glory…

Inherit? That means to posses glory. Glory in the Bible represents honor or character. So the wise will also have the character of God. So they fear God and they possess the character of God. Who shall understand? Those who fear God and have the character of God. The wise.
Eccl 8:5 A wise man's heart discerneth both time and judgment.

Who shall understand? The wise men. Who are they? They fear God. They possess the glory of God. And they understand time and judgment. Who are they?
Rev 14:7 Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come…

Who shall understand the book of Daniel? Those who gave the 3 angel's message. Who are they? Rev 10. Note: This is one way to show the connection between Rev. 14:7 and Rev 10. That judgment hour belongs to Rev 10
Dan 12:4 But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, [even] to the time of the end: many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased.

“knowledge shall be increased” – Usually people say this is knowledge of train, telephone, airplane, science, etc. You can apply that, fine.. but contextually that is not it. When the book was closed, the book could not be understood. But when the time of the end came, then you could understand. So what shall increase? Knowledge of what? The book of Daniel. That is contextual. Now when it says shut up the book of Daniel. Did that mean that Daniel chapters 1 to 12 couldn't be understood? No. During the dark ages Martin Luther by studying chapter 7 identified the antichrist as the papacy. He said the little horn represented the papacy. And he did that before 1798. So which aspect of the book of Daniel was closed?
Dan 8:26 And the vision of the evening and the morning which was told [is] true: wherefore shut thou up the vision; for it [shall be] for many days.

Which vision was sealed? The vision of the evening and morning. This was the only aspect that was shut up. What vision is the vision of evening and morning?

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Dan 8:14 And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.

“days” – This word means Evening and morning. So which vision is sealed up? The vision of the evening and morning. Which vision is that? The 2300 days. So go back to Rev 10. When the Angel opened up the little book He opened what understanding? 2300 days. What was His message? 2300 days. What Was Sealed? Not everything was sealed in the book of Daniel. Luther, before the time of the end, interpreted the little horn power as the papacy and he was correct. So what message was sealed in the book of Daniel? There’s only one thing that specifically says that is was sealed*: the prophecy of 2,300 days.
Dan 8:14, 26 [14]And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days (evening & morning); then shall the sanctuary be cleansed. [26]And the vision of the evening and the morning which was told is true: wherefore shut thou up the vision; for it shall be for many days.

So when this book was opened, the understanding of the 2300 days was made known. Every description of this mighty angel has connection to the prophecy of the 2300 days. The book of Daniel tells us how long this book will be sealed for, and the book of revelation tells us how this book will be opened and what events shall come after. * SOP tells us that the last day events are sealed too—Dan 11:40 and on. Who shall understand 2300 days?
Dan 12:10 Many shall be purified, and made white, and tried; but the wicked shall do wickedly: and none of the wicked shall understand; but the wise shall understand.

We saw the similar language in the counsel that Jesus gave to the church of Laodecea.
Rev. 3:18 I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see.

We know that the SDA church is in the Laodicean condition. In the seven churches, who understood the book of Daniel? – Philadelphia. So then what happened to Laodicea? They may understand it intellectually, but spiritually they do not understand. There is no reformation or revival because they do not understand the book of Daniel and Revelation in a spiritual sense. The wicked shall not understand it. Who are the wicked?
Isa 57:21 There is no peace, saith my God, to the wicked.

Peace comes with the justification of sins. That means these are not experiencing the justification by faith. If you have a wrong idea of the justification by faith, you can’t understand this book in spiritual sense. Who are the wise from the book of Daniel? Daniel and his 3 Hebrew friends

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Pro 1:7 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge: but fools despise wisdom and instruction. Job 28:28 And unto man he said, Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom; and to depart from evil is understanding.

Who are the wise? He that fears God, meaning departing from evil.
Pro 3:35 The wise shall inherit glory: but shame shall be the promotion of fools.

The wise will posses the glory—God’s character.
Eccl 8:5 Whoso keepeth the commandment shall feel no evil thing: and a wise man’s heart discerneth both time and judgment.

The wise will understand the time and judgment. So when people study the book of Daniel, the wise has overcome sins. The wise had God’s character. They understood the time and judgment. That is the message of the first angel:
Rev 14:7 Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.

No wonder these wise men gave the first angel’s message—that’s who they were. These wise men understood the importance of the preparation for the second coming of Christ. Who really understood the first coming of Christ? The wise men from the east. They are the ones who looked for signs of His coming. They are the ones who brought three gifts—reason why we assume that they were three men. They were gentiles. These three men came to the Jerusalem and gave the message, but their message was rejected by the king and the priests. Study the parallel with the three angels’ message. What does this mean?
Is 52:7 How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace; that bringeth good tidings of good, that publisheth salvation;

This verse says that the feet represent bringing good tidings, or bringing a good message. Again an Angel is a messenger His feet represent what? Bringing good tidings. But what does it mean that His feet were upon the earth and the sea? He is bringing the message to the sea and the earth. The message of 2300 days would cover the whole earth it would go everywhere.
Eph 6:15 And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace; "

Again feet represent giving the message. The gospel of peace.
Rev 14:6 And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people, "

So the message of 2300 days it goes to every nation, kindred, tongue, and people. And the bible says Rev 14:7 " Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come.” That judgment message is related to the 2300 days.

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Mar 18 The message of Revelation 14, proclaiming that the hour of God's judgment is come, is given in the time of the end; and the angel of Revelation 10 is represented as having one foot on the sea and one foot on the land, showing that the message will be carried to distant lands, the ocean will be crossed, and the islands of the sea will hear the proclamation of the last message of warning. 10:3 And cried with a loud voice, as [when] a lion roareth: and when he had cried, seven thunders uttered their voices.

In the Bible, the Lion represents Jesus from the tribe of Judah. Every time the bible mentions Jesus is from the tribe of Judah, it also mentions that He is from the seed of David as well.
Rev 3:7 And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth;

When the bible says that He has the key of David, that means He’s son of David. That means He’s from the tribe of Judah, and He is the lion. So it’s the lion that has the key of David. This cry of the Lion is connected to what the church of Philadelphia went through.
10:4 And when the seven thunders had uttered their voices, I was about to write: and I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me, Seal up those things which the seven thunders uttered, and write them not.

John was just about to write about what the seven thunders has uttered, but the voice came telling him not to write. So it is not fully understood what the seven thunders said. If God didn’t want to tell us, what did He even bother to mention it? When you study “thunder,” it’s related to the voice of God. When you put thunders together with the voice of God, the Bible gives the idea that God speaks, but He speaks in secret. What the seven thunders uttered, has connection to the hours of temptation that the Philadelphia church will go through. You will see a very close picture in other place.
John 12:28, 29 [28] Father, glorify thy name. Then came there a voice from heaven, saying, I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again. [29]The people therefore, that stood by, and heard it, said that it thundered: others said, An angel spake to him.

Same characteristics as Revelation 10: voice, thunder, and angel. What did those words mean when God spoke?
John 12:30 Jesus answered and said, This voice came not because of me, but for your sakes.

The voice came for their sakes. What voice was this? God said “I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again.” The word glorify is connected to the death of Christ.
John 12:31,3 2 [31]Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out. [32]And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me.

This is talking about the crucifixion of Christ – glorifying Christ. When Christ was sacrificed, it brought the greatest glory to the character of God—glorify. If the disciples had understood those words, they would have been able to endure the trying hour. What trying hour? The hour of temptation—from Gethsemane to Calvary. They went through great disappointment. They were hoping Jesus to become the king of the Jews, but because they
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misunderstood the prophecies about the first advent of Christ, it was the hour of temptation for them. Now we understand what it means for the church of Philadelphia to go through the hour of temptation. When the Lion cried like a thunder, it was telling what the people would go through under the first and second angels’ message. There was great hope and great disappointment that caused them to be tried even more. Based upon the parallelism, we can conclude that the voice of the thunders is about what God is saying about what will come in the hour of temptation.

Mystery of God finished (5-7)
10:5 And the angel which I saw stand upon the sea and upon the earth lifted up his hand to heaven,

As soon as He reveals Himself the book is opened and then He cried like a lion and then seven thunders uttered. What are the seven thunders?
Ps 81:7 Thou calledst in trouble, and I delivered thee; I answered thee in the secret place of thunder: I proved thee at the waters of Meribah. Selah

When the bible says I answered you in the secret place of thunder, thunder is related to answering but in a secret place. Thunder is also related to judgment. Extra: Ex. 9:33; 19:16; Rev 16:18, 1 Sam 2:10 Thunders = judgment. It is like this He opened up the book and as a result there is an understanding of the 2300 days. And then after that 7 thunders utter their voice. Then John is about to write, and God says don't write. Seal up or close the 7 thunders. When the bible says seal up it means no one can understand it. But these 7 thunders are related to the prophecy of the 2300 days. In other words the people would understand something about the 2300 days, but there would be a certain aspect about the 2300 days that they would not understand. Contextually speaking we know that the 7 thunders are related to the 2300 days. What didn't the people understand about the 2300 days? They had the time right, but not the event.
7BC 971 The special light given to John which was expressed in the seven thunders was a delineation of events which would transpire under the first and second angels' messages. It was not best for the people to know these things, for their faith must necessarily be tested. In the order of God most wonderful and advanced truths would be proclaimed. The first and second angels' messages were to be proclaimed, but no further light was to be revealed before these messages had done their specific work. This is represented by the angel standing with one foot on the sea, proclaiming with a most solemn oath that time should be no longer.

So they should be tested. And the people were tested on what? They knew the time but not the event. And the 7 thunders explained the whole understanding of that prophecy. But God said don't write it, they must go through an experience they must be tested.
10:6 And sware by him that liveth for ever and ever, who created heaven, and the things that therein are, and the earth, and the things that therein are, and the sea, and the things which are therein, that there should be time no longer:

“there should be time no longer” – What type of time is this? There are 3 types of time in Bible prophecy: Regular time, Probationary time, Prophetic time. Which time is it? Regular time? Is your watch still ticking? Yes, so it isn't this one. Probationary time? Is there no more probation? If not why are we still here today. We are left with one option. Prophetic time. The only time that is in Revelation chapter 10 is the 2300 days. And this is prophetic time.
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What is prophetic time? 2300 days, 1290, 1260, 1335, 70 weeks, 3 ½ days, etc. All of them are prophetic. They all have a specific duration. They have a beginning and an ending. So from 1844 to the second coming there is no prophetic time. What does it mean? Is there any concept about time that is mentioned in Revelation 10? When the little book was opened, the time prophecy of 2300 days was understood. When that was given, then the seven thunders uttered their voices, and it was something about the disappointment to the time prophecy. After this, God tells us “time no longer!” Only thing we can conclude is that after the prophecy of 2300 days, there’s no more time prophecy.
No definite time – LDE 36 "I there stated in public that the Lord had been pleased to show me that there would be no definite time in the message given of God since 1844" No time-proclamation – LDE 36 (10 MR 270 1888) "Our position has been one of waiting and watching, with no time-proclamation to intervene between the close of the prophetic periods in 1844 and the time of our Lord's coming" No definite tracing – 7 BC 971 " This time, which the angel declares with a solemn oath, is not the end of this world's history, neither of probationary time, but of prophetic time, which should precede the advent of our Lord. That is, the people will not have another message upon definite time. After this period of time, reaching from 1842 to 1844, there can be no definite tracing of the prophetic time. The longest reckoning reaches to the autumn of 1844."

Note: The longest reckoning or tracing reached to 1844, which means you cannot reckon or trace. Till when? The next verse tells us.
10:7 But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets.

“in the days of the voice of the seventh angel” – this is talking about the seventh trumpet. When does the seven trumpet begins?
Rev 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded;...[19]And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament:... Heb 9:3,4 [3] And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all; [4]Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant...

The seventh angel began to sound when the door to the most holy place was opened—1844. “the mystery of God should be finished” – Until the mystery of God is finished, there shall be no more time prophecies. When will the mystery of God be finished? In a big sense, mystery of God is the gospel.
Rom 16:25 Now to him that is of power to stablish you according to my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began, 1 Tim 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up

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into glory.

In detail, the mystery is, Christ in you, the hope of glory.
Col 1:27 To whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of glory:

When the gospel is finished, there will be the second coming.
Matt 24:14 And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come.

The mystery of God shall be finished when Jesus comes. So after 2300 days is fulfilled—1844, up till Jesus comes, there will be no more prophetic time. God will not use another time prophecy to try His people any longer. His people will be tried not based on time prophecy, but He will use an event to test their character. We are living on the time of the seventh trumpet, and we have the commission to finish the mystery of God—Christ in you, the hope of glory. In order for us to finish the mystery of God, Christ must dwell within us. That’s the reason why Jesus is knocking at the door. Christ is inviting them to open the door, so He can come in and finish the mystery of God. How can Christ dwell in us?
Gal 2:20 I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.

So God is calling Laodicean church to be crucified with Him that they may have the hope of glory. The mystery of God is the full manifestation of the character of God in this world.
John 17:22 And the glory which thou gavest me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one…

When God imparts His character to us, we become one with each other just like Christ is one with the Father. So the mystery of God is how He can unite His people by giving them His character. Therefore, the unity between you and God must first exist before you can be united with each other. If you are not connected with God, then all of you cannot be together as one. Why is it a mystery? It’s a mystery of how God can change sinner; a mystery of how Christ as God, His character, can dwell in a sinful man; a mystery of how God can unite earthly people, with sinful habits, but somehow cleanse them and unite them as one even as God are one. What is the glory?
John 17:1 These words spake Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee:

Here, Jesus is asking for glory—God’s character. And in verse 22, Jesus says that the glory which the Father has given Him, He has given to the disciples. So the way that God glorify the Son is the way that He wants to glorify us. How did God glorify His Son?

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When Jesus said “the hour is come,” this is referring to the hour of His crucifixion. The hour of His death and sacrifice on the cross was the greatest moment for Jesus to show the love, power and the character of God. That glory, the self-sacrificing love, He has given it to the disciples. The greatest character of God is the self-sacrificing love. So the mystery of God is giving to us His character, and in the center of it is the self-sacrificing love. The big picture of the mystery of God is the gospel: 1. Christ in you the hope of glory (possessing the character of Christ—self-sacrificing love) 2. All are one in Christ Let’s prove this in other way:
Eph 1:9,10 [9]Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself: [10]That in the dispensation of the fulness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him:

So the mystery of God is gathering everything together in one all things in Christ, both which in heaven and on earth. This will take place ultimately at the second coming, but the preparation for that has to be done before. In spirit, in character, in mind, in purpose, in will, we need to be united with heaven before the coming of Christ So how does Jesus prepare us to be ready for the second coming? 1. Christ in you the hope of glory 2. By uniting us Sanctification brings the unity
Heb 2:11 For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren,

Jesus is the one that sanctifies; the believers are sanctified—and they are one. So what brings true unity? Sanctification. Because they are sanctified, Jesus is not ashamed to call them brethren.
Mark 3:35 For whosoever shall do the will of God, the same is my brother, and my sister, and mother. 1 Thes 4:3 For this is the will of God, even your sanctification, that ye should abstain from fornication:

The brothers of Jesus are them that do the will of God. And the will of God is our sanctification. Because they are sanctified that they can be united with God, and He is not shamed to call us brethren. This is the reason why Jesus, in the same prayer in Jn 17, said there words:
John 17:17 Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth.

Sanctification brings about true unity.

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Next Mystery | Uniting Church and Christ First mystery is, Christ in you Second mystery is, how all of you can be together Third mystery is, all of you together and with Christ as a body of believers.
Eph 5:31, 32 [31]For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and shall be joined unto his wife, and they two shall be one flesh. [32]This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church.

Before the investigative judgment, Christ wants to be united with everyone individually. During the investigative judgment, He has many names that can be part of the final body of Christ—potential people that profess His name—but by determining whether he or she has the individual unity with Christ, He decides whether or not they will be part of His church triumphant. If they are worthy, their names are remained; if not, they are erased. This is what you call Jesus receiving His bride. Before He can marry His church, the church must be purified and cleansed, without spot or blame— without those who profess Christianity yet living in sin. He will do this purification by shakings.* When God shakes the church—take out all the unclean ones—that when the church will be triumphant, without wrinkle or spot. * SOP tells us that there are three shakings: 1) winds of doctrine, 2) straight testimony, 3) Sunday law.
Eph 5:25-27 [25] Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it; [26]That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word, [27]That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.

When you understand this concept, you will understand why God is inviting us to attend the marriage supper of the Lamb in Revelation 19—it’s the reception for the wedding between Christ and the true church. Before that can happen, all the impure ones are taken out. When the church is finally one, that is called the finishing of the mystery of God. s The fullness of the character of Jesus must be manifested in humanity. This is the mystery of God. And because of this
John 17:22 And the glory which thou gavest me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one…

The mystery of God includes two things: 1. Christ in you the hope of glory (and because of this) 2. All of you will be united. You can add other texts:
Eph 1:9,10 Rom 16:25

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The mystery of God is two things: Christ fully represented in you; and you and other people united. When both of you have the character of God this can happen. True unity is the result of receiving His glory. Final Mystery of God
1 Cor 15:51, 52 [51]Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, [52]In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.

The final mystery of God is to give us immortality. Why? Before we can unite with heaven, our earthly body must be changed to the glorious body of immortality. Impure can’t unite with the pure. When we receive the immortality, finally we are completely united with heaven. 1. Christ, the hope of glory 2. We are united 3. We, as a body of church, united with Christ 4. We receive immortality—united with heaven. That is the mystery of God. Jesus Christ is the One who does all this for us—He died for us, He intercedes for us, advocates for us, and all these is to gather together in one. 1. From 1844 to the close of probation, we call it the antitypical Day of Atonement. The meaning of Atonement is at-one-ment. 2. There’s the Ark of Covenant in the most holy place. The meaning of ark is “to gather.” 3. The meaning of “reconciliation” is “to gather.” He is trying to bring everything together in one. Now watch this. The book is opened and the message of 2300 days goes out. And at the same time what needs to be finished during the seventh trumpet? They mystery of God. What is the mystery of God?

The Little Book (8-11)
10:8 And the voice which I heard from heaven spake unto me again, and said, Go [and] take the little book which is open in the hand of the angel which standeth upon the sea and upon the earth. 10:9 And I went unto the angel, and said unto him, Give me the little book. And he said unto me, Take [it], and eat it up; and it shall make thy belly bitter, but it shall be in thy mouth sweet as honey. 10:10 And I took the little book out of the angel's hand, and ate it up; and it was in my mouth sweet as honey: and as soon as I had eaten it, my belly was bitter.

“it was in my mouth sweet as honey” – Little book is the book of Daniel—the prophecy of the
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2300 days. Eating the little book means to understand the prophecy of the 2300 days. So when they understood the prophecy of the 2300 days it was sweet. The first acceptance, encounter, viewing, seeing and teaching was sweet. What made it sweet? It was sweet because the calculation of the 2300 days was correct—Oct. 22, 1844. But they misunderstood the event of the 2300 days event. “my belly was bitter” – mouth is the first place of digestion, and the belly is the final place of digestion. At first it was sweet, but later on there was a disappointment. They expected something, but later on it became bitter. Israelites were rejoicing when they were crossing the red sea, but they were disappointment to find the water that was bitter in the wilderness. God foresaw that the people would rejoice because they were expecting something, but later on they will become disappointed. According to SOP, God put His hand over it so that they will not see the correct event of the 2300 days. We see a wisdom in that—if you preach about the most holy place, people were not believing the sanctuary message anymore, it would have a little impact; but the second coming message is generally accepted by Christians and it drew many people’s attention. Every time when God’s people go through disappointment, they learn something. Israelites, Elijah, Moses, Joseph, John the Baptists, 12 disciples, Job, etc. Throughout the history, God’s people always went through the disappointment. Yet, through those disappointment they learned precious lessons. Usually medicine that which is good for your body is bitter.
Ps 51:7 Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean: wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.

Hyssop is a bitter plant. When God allows us to go through a bitter experience, you either spit it out and reject it or you can swallow it and let it digest in your belly. There were about 50,000 people waiting for the second coming of the Lord in Oct. 22, 1844. When Jesus did not come on that day, all went through the bitter experience. After that night, out of 50,000, only 50 people accepted the bitter disappointment as a medicine to teach them the truth of God. The rest did not continue in Christ and find out the reason of their disappointment—they didn’t allow the bitter experience to be the healing agent to make them see in the correct way.
10:11 And he said unto me, Thou must prophesy again before many peoples, and nations, and tongues, and kings.

“Thou must prophesy again” – After the bitter disappointment, they were to preach again even though it was so embarrassing for them. Farmers didn’t harvest their crops, many of them sold their business, house, all their belongings and offered them to this movement, some of them even had an ascension robe. They were confessing their sins, holding meetings many nights and days. They gained great strength when the stars fell and Josiah Litch’s interpretation became true. The whole nation was stirred. They got on to this rock waiting for the coming of Christ, singing and praying. But Jesus did not come! Can you imagine their disappointment and shame and embarrassment? Every time you walk down the street, people will point fingers to you and call you fanatics or liars! In the midst of that embarrassment, God’s command is, “Prophesy again!” Because one thing sure— they had the calculation of the 2300 days correct. By this appointment, God had drawn many people’s attention to the 2300 days.
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Why did Jesus ride on a donkey on Sunday into Jerusalem? Whenever a person rides on a donkey, it means an inauguration of a new king. Before when people were trying to make Him a king, He refused and sent them home or He went away. So when He rode on a donkey, so many people thought that time is now for Jesus to become the king of Israel. So was Jesus giving people false idea about Him? The act of Jesus on that day, drew the people’s attention to Jesus—and to the cross. God used the circumstances to bring about their attention to the great important event. The great disappointment was to restore the message of the sanctuary. If 50,000 were earnest and continued to seek after God, then they should have restudied the prophecy to see what they missed. The two disciples in the walk to Emmaus, they were discouraged, but Jesus came and gave them the correct understanding of the prophecy. Those 50 who were remained were also discouraged, but Jesus came to them gave them the correct understanding of the prophecy! So let us not be ashamed of the 1844 message! Similar event took place in the crucifixion of Christ to His disciples. And we must “prophesy again” that the mystery of God can be finished in our generation. When the bible says you eat God's word what does that mean? It means that you experience it. so John experienced the message of 2300 days. But did he understand? No, so he kind of experienced what it felt like, but he didn't understand what it meant. It was referring to the ministry in the MHP. There are two aspect of digestion: in the mouth and in the stomach. So when you taste it in the beginning it is good, but when you really understand it or digest it, it is bitter. It was sweet to them because they thought Jesus was coming the second time, but it was bitter because that wasn't what happened He went to the MHP. Note: Hysop is bitter. And Hysop is mentioned in Psalms 51 when it talks about blotting out my sins. Hysop cleanse me, this is the MHP. It was sweet when they thought it was the second coming, but it was bitter when He went to the MHP. They must go through a great disappointment. That is an application. 10 plagues on Egypt – 6 trumpets on Roman Empire. Egypt also went through a sweet and bitter experience. They had 10 plagues on Egypt. In Revelation 8 and 9 it talks about 6 trumpets on Rome. And symbolically they are 6 plagues. So 10 plagues on Egypt and 6 plagues on Rome. Similarities. God lead them by the pillars of fire and cloud—the Angel is clothed with cloud and the feet of pillars of fire. Right after the 10 plagues on Egypt God lead them with pillars of fire and a pillar of cloud. And after 6 plagues or trumpets God came to them as an Angel and lead them with pillars of fire. Israel crossed the red sea with joy but in few days they came to water of 'bitter' - -Advent movement heard the joy of the second coming but they had the bitter disappointment. Israel received the law, especially the Sabbath and built the sanctuary—Advent people discovered the importance of the law of God with the Sabbath and of the heavenly sanctuary. They have a similar history. Joshua and Caleb said let's go we can conquer the land, but they did not receive them. A.T. Jones and E.J. Waggoner proclaimed the message of RBF. If they would have received the message the latter rain would have come and then Jesus would have come, but they didn't receive them. What does this show us? The history of Israel is the history of the Seventh-day Adventist church.

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Summary The main point is that this lead up to the 1843 and 1844 experience of the 1 and 2nd Angel's message, understanding the 2300 days. They thought it was the second coming, but He moved into the MHP. This is what it is all about. And the text in Daniel 12 1290, and 1335. There would be a blessing with this message.

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Chapter 11 – The Seventh Trumpet
Most Holy Place: Day of Atonement Revelation 11:19 Introduces us into the most holy place, hence the day of atonement. Revelation 12-14 is the plain explanation of the great controversy. The books are opened and insight is gained as to the nature of the judgment, the commandments of God, the blood of the lamb, the three angels messages, etc. Revelation 15-19 (the seven plagues) depict the judgment of those cut of at the end of the antitypical day of atonement. Revelation 20 is the depiction of Azazel. Jesus just before he leaves the most holy place places sins upon the scapegoat. Satan is sent into the wilderness for 1000 years. Intro: Revelation chapter 11:1-13 covers a time frame that is before the 7th trumpet. The time frame for chapter 10 is really 1840-1844. The 6th trumpet ended in 1840 (PO: contextual interpretation). We know that the book was opened in 1798 because that was the book of Daniel, but what is happening in chapter 10 reveals the positive side of what took place because that little book was opened with the events that would follow. Chapter 11 reveals the negative side of having that book opened. In 1798 what happened, the book was opened and there was a slaughter. It is aiming at the same time period, but there is another angle that is being shown. Chapters 10 and 11 are basically talking about the same time period. Of course we know the 7th trumpet begins in 1844, but the main thrust is to show you what events took place when that little book was opened. Don’t get confused because it talks about the 1260, the 42 months, but these are mentioned only to show what leads up to the event of the book being opened. We have chapter 10 the book was opened the message was given it was sweet and became bitter that is the Advent Movement. Chapter 11 the book was opened with the French Revolution. A lot of destruction takes place but at the same time the Word of God was resurrected and it went afar. It has almost the same events and time frame being mentioned. The time frame would be from 1798 – 1844. Chapter 10 shows that the book was opened in 1798, but the event of the book being sweet and bitter took place between 1840 – 1844. But chapter 11, which describes the beast coming up out of the bottomless pit, that event took place in 1798. So the time frame is about the same from 17981844. One is more for 1798, and the other is for 1840-1844. Chapter 10 is more for 1840-1844, and chapter 11 is more for 1798 and what happened at that time. Chapter Outline

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Measuring of the temple (1-2) The French Revolution & the Two Witnesses (3-14) The 7th Trumpet (15-19)

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Measuring of the temple (1-2)
11:1 And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein.

“measure the temple of God, and the altar”– We see something about measuring and not measuring. Measure the holy temple and the altar. There’s two altars—altar of incense & altar of sacrifice. This altar has to be the altar of incense, because the court is left out; since it can’t be the altar of sacrifice in the court, it must be the altar of incense. “them that worship therein” – there are two groups of worshippers. 1. Those that are worshipping in the sanctuary (holy place and most holy place) 2. Those that are worshipping in the court We have two locations—sanctuary & the court, two worshippers, and God is telling us to measure one and leave the other. What does this mean? “reed” – represents something about “affliction.”
Matt 27:30 And they spit upon him, and took the reed, and smote him on the head.

A reed to measure, a rod to measure it represents judgment. But many times we think that this judgment is the investigative judgment, but I will show you why you cannot make that conclusion. “rod” – represents “authority.”
Rev 12:5 And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and to his throne.

“measure” – the word measure has a concept of judgment, but in this case it can’t be. If you take it as judgment concept, then you have one group being judged and the others not. So it doesn’t make sense. But what is being measured? Not just the worshippers but also the temple. What does it mean when the Bible says “measure the temple” or measuring the city? And what does it mean to measure it not?
Ezek 40:5 And behold a wall on the outside of the house round about, and in the man’s hand a measuring reed of six cubits long by the cubit and an hand breadth: so he measured the breadth of the building, one reed; and the height, one reed…

This chapter speaks about measuring the city. And when the city is measured..
Ezek 43:5 So the spirit took me up, and brought me into the inner court; and, behold, the glory of the LORD filled the house.

Then the glory of the Lord filled the house
Zech 2:2 Then said I, Whither goest thou? And he said unto me, To measure Jerusalem, to see what is the breadth thereof, and what is the length thereof.

Measure Jerusalem, after the city of Jerusalem was measured.

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Zech 2:5 For I, saith the LORD, will be unto her a wall of fire round about, and will be the glory in the midst of her.

The Lord will be the glory in the midst of her. What I see is repetition twice. Something is measured and then the glory of God fills the house. Jerusalem is measured and God will be their glory in the midst of her. Her represents Jerusalem. Then
Rev 21:15-17 [15]And he that talked with me had a golden reed to measure the city, and the gates thereof, and the wall thereof. [16]And the city lieth foursquare, and the length is as large as the breadth: and he measured the city with the reed, twelve thousand furlongs. The length and the breadth and the height of it are equal. [17]And he measured the wall thereof, an hundred and forty and four cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is, of the angel.

Here we see another measuring concept. And then

Rev 21:22-23 [22]And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it. [23]And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof.

I saw 3 repetitions of something being measured and then after that God fills the house. What I see in Revelation 11:1 when it says the temple, altar, and the worshippers there, measure them. What I see is that they are being accepted. They are qualified to have the glory of God coming into their lives. We have three places where the measuring of city is connected with the glory of God. Whenever God measures it, it’s filled with the glory of God. When it is measured, it is acceptable to God, and when it is not measured, it is rejected by God. Then why is it that those are in the court are rejected and those that are worshipping at the altar are accepted? Court & the sanctuary all represent the ministry of Jesus. But the difference is that the court belongs to earth, and the sanctuary belongs to heaven. The heavenly sanctuary is accepted, but the earthly sanctuary is now rejected. Study more into this concept and come out with more solid conclusion than this.
11:2 But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty [and] two months.

“court which is without the temple leave out” – Leave out means to cast out. It is given to the Gentiles, and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months. Then I looked into some Bible texts to understand the word measure. “measure not the court” – What does this mean? There must be a distinction between the temple and the altar and the court. They both have a common denominator, what is that? The sanctuary. The sanctuary is more religious, it is a place of worship. So whether it is the temple, altar, or court we are talking about worship. But there is a distinction: The temple and the altar. (Which altar is this? Altar of incense in the temple) and the Court. There is a distinction. Both talk about worship, but there is a difference. What is the difference between the temple, the tabernacle, the HP and MHP and the altar there in and the court outside, what is the main difference? The Court is where Jesus worked on earth, and the temple, and the altar is where Jesus worked in heaven. The court represents Jesus earthly ministry and the temple and the altar Jesus heavenly ministry.

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The difference between the two is that one is earthly and the other is heavenly. Does that mean that God rejects the earthly ministry? No, so what does it mean that He rejected it and gave it to the gentiles, for what? And who are these gentiles? Follow me…(IF I am wrong please correct me) The temple and the court both belong to the sanctuary service. And both represent what Jesus did on earth and in heaven. The contrast is earth and heaven that is all. One is being accepted, the other rejected. The only thing I see that is rejected or accepted that is related to the sanctuary is the earthly sanctuary. The earthly sanctuary was rejected and the heavenly sanctuary accepted. I know that it was not just the court that was rejected, but in the sense of the court representing the earthly sanctuary, therefore the earthly sanctuary was rejected. Then it says “it is given unto the Gentiles and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty [and] two months” – the gentiles, who worship in the outer court, are treading the holy city for 42 months. The opposite of Gentiles is Jews. In this book of Revelation, the Jews are no longer the literal Jews, but the true believers. So when the Revelation says “Gentiles,” they are unbelievers. The court is given to the unbelievers. They are the ones who tread down the city for 42 months—1,260 days. This gentile is no other than the papacy. The time period for the sixth trumpet is 1499-1840, August 11. So are we going back to AD 538? God is not contradicting Himself in the chronological order of the trumpets. But what you are about to see is, that the 42 months is not mentioned so much for its beginning but because of the events that take place at the end of the 1260-day prophecy. And the end point, 1798, is still the part of the sixth trumpet. When you read the whole chapter, you will see that the events took place at the end of 1798, and not at the beginning. There is another place in the bible where very close languages are mentioned: Who are these gentiles? There is only place in the Bible that has a similar description. Similar description. Actually this time frame places us a little bit before the 1260 because the court is given to the gentiles and they shall tread the holy city for 42 months. It is given for them to destroy for 42 months or 1260 years, therefore the setting of this prophecy is a little before the 1260 or around that time or at the beginning of that prophecy.
Luke 21:20-21 [20]And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh. [21]Then let them which are in Judaea flee to the mountains; and let them which are in the midst of it depart out; and let not them that are in the countries enter thereinto. [22]For these be the days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled.

LISTEN VERY CAREFULLY HERE WE HAVE A DUAL APPLICATION. So far we have been talking about the destruction of Jerusalem, and the destruction of Jerusalem represents the destruction of the world. Jesus is about to go into a dual application and you will see what He is talking about
Luke 21:23-24 [23]But woe unto them that are with child, and to them that give suck, in those days! for there shall be great distress in the land, and wrath upon this people. [24]they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.

Give me another word for Jerusalem? The Holy city “Gentiles” Who are the gentiles? Who destroyed Jerusalem the Roman Empire. But watch this is where we have a dual application. Notice

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“until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled” – That means that there is a time for the gentiles, this refers to the papacy. Why? Because the Roman Empire never had a specific time given. It was the papacy that had a specific time. And you may ask why does the Gentiles begin with Roman Empire and then switch to the papacy? Because when you go back to Dan 7 you see the Fourth dreadful beast and then the Littlehorn power comes up among the 10 horns. It is not another beast it is still attached to Fourth beast. Rome has two phases Pagan and Papal. So the word ‘Gentiles’ can belong to both Pagan Rome and the Papacy. It is interchangeable. PO: Same in Daniel 8 little horn represents both pagan and papal. These languages exactly fits Rev 11:2. Their time was 42 months. We see the dual application, first the literal fulfillment of the destruction of Jerusalem by Pagan Rome, and also the destruction of God’s people by Papal Rome for 1260 years. This phrase has a dual application it refers to Pagan Rome and Papal Rome, the papacy. Before that it says “they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations” – There were two things that were used sword and captivity. Did Pagan Rome use this upon literal Israel? Yes, did the papacy use this upon God’s people? Yes
Luke 21:25 And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring;

What day is that? Signs in heaven? Sun, moon, and stars. Can you see what is happening? When the Bible says Jerusalem shall be trodden underfoot by the gentiles it has a two-fold application. Pagan Rome destroyed the literal holy city, but Papal Rome, the papacy, destroy the holy people of God they are trodden underfoot until the times of the gentile be fulfilled, time that belongs to the gentiles, and when that is done we will see signs in the sun, moon, and stars.
Matt 24:15 When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:)

This is talking about the destruction of Jerusalem, and Jesus given instruction and after He mentions about the destruction of Jerusalem
Matt 24:24 For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall show great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if [it were] possible, they shall deceive the very elect.

Will there be false Christ’s and prophets at the end of time? Yes, but there were also false Christ’s and false prophets during the Dark ages, and after this. We know this is right after the great tribulation or the Dark Ages under the persecution of the papacy. Matt 24. As we have seen before, this prophecy was fulfilled in 1830s.
Matt 24:29 Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken:”

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After the tribulation there is a sign, in the sun, moon, and stars. But Luke says when the time of the gentiles will be fulfilled you see signs in the sun, moon, and stars. So that time of the Gentiles being fulfilled refers to the 1260 days of the papacy. (*PO In other words, the times of the gentiles is the same as the time of tribulation before the signs in the sun, moon, and stars. Once the time of the gentiles is fulfilled you see signs in the sun, moon, and stars. Once the time of tribulation is fulfilled you see signs in the sun, moon, and stars. So the time frame of the gentiles refers to the 1260 days.) The persecution stopped a little before 1798, but his time continued until 1798. So the signs began before 1798. PO: Mark 13 says in those days, after that tribulation. I will show you a time that belongs to the papacy. “holy city shall they tread under foot forty [and] two months” – The Holy City has now become God’s people. How do I know? Because New Jerusalem in the book of Revelation is called the Lamb’s wife. Therefore the holy city represents God’s people. You might say that the court is the holy city, NO IT’S not. The court is one thing, and the holy city is something else. It is different. That court belongs to the sanctuary, but it was rejected. The only thing I can conclude about something that was given to the gentiles and it was rejected, and that was the earthly sanctuary. The papacy took the earthly sanctuary and God rejected that idea, and with that the papacy destroyed God’s people for 42 months. This prophecy refers to Dan 8:13. The Papal Rome has its time—time, times, and dividing of time. Dan 7:25. Therefore, papacy trod underfoot the holy city for forty months. What does it mean, trod down the holy city? Did they do it literally? No, because the city was already destroyed in AD 70. So symbolically, what is that talking about? 1. God’s people 2. Holy city also includes the temple of God That means the papacy trod under God’s people and the holy city. We find the similar description:
Dan 8:13 Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain saint which spake, How long shall be the vision concerning the daily sacrifice, and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot? “how long” – that means there is a time

“transgression of desolation” – that refers to the papacy. “trodden under foot” – this is the same as Rev 11:2. Who shall be trodden under foot? The sanctuary and God’s people. There are two things that are being trodden under foot: The Sanctuary: How did they tread this underfoot? By =establishing a counterfeit sanctuary. By instituting mass, incense, confession, candlesticks, priesthood, etc. By establishing an earthly sanctuary that is how they destroyed the heavenly sanctuary message. And they trod underfoot

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The Host; God’s people. This means they persecute God’s people. With this go back to Rev 11:2 The Papal Rome trod under God’s sanctuary by establishing the earthly sanctuary and earthly temple. So what it means to measure not the court? It doesn’t mean that it won’t be judged. It means that the concept of the earthly priests, earthly intercessor, mass, earthly sanctuary, it will be rejected. Notice these languages:
Rev 13:10 He that leadeth into captivity shall go into captivity: he that killeth with the sword must be killed with the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the saints.

That is referring to the papacy. Leadeth into captivity and killeth with the sword refers to the papacy!! And that same description of sword and captivity is mentioned in Luke 21:24. Dual application. Therefore, the Gentiles, when it says according to his time can refer to Pagan Rome and Papal Rome. Do we have other descriptions like this? The language belongs to the papacy. This is the reason why in Daniel 2, 6, and 8, pagan Rome is linked up with the Papal Rome.
Rev 13:6 And he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme his name, and his tabernacle…

The papacy blasphemes against the tabernacle. What does this mean to blaspheme? Blaspheme in the bible connotation means to take the place of God. He takes the place of God’s tabernacle. By establishing the earthly tabernacle he blasphemes God. He thinks he is in control of the tabernacle.
Rev 17:4 And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls…

Speaking about the papacy it says this. Do you see her clothing? Purple, scarlet (red), gold and precious stones and pearls. Do you know of anybody else in the Bible that has similar clothing? The high priest. They have blue, purple, red, gold and precious stones upon his breast plate. That woman is trying to be like a high priest. But for you to be a high priest you must have a place to perform your work, where is that? The sanctuary. Where was it? The mass service. Again it shows that the papacy was trying to take over God’s sanctuary. That is how the court was given to the gentiles. God didn’t consider the papacy as God’s church. God calls them gentiles, which means heather or pagan. That is why He says come out from her my people. “forty and two months” – Do you see this time prophecy? The 1260. It says measure and measure it not because it will be given to the Gentiles for 42 months. Therefore this is not talking about the investigative judgment. So you must say that this has to be sometime during the 1260 days. Notice verse 1 again. There are two concepts that are being shown. In these two verses Judgment is not so much the main thrust, why? Because if you say the rod represents judgment, then what does it mean? What is it talking about? It says measure the temple, altar, and the worshippers that worship there. But don’t measure the court. So judge the temple and don’t judge the court? What does that mean? Note: Where do these descriptions come from? Temple, altar, court, where is it from? The sanctuary. There is difference between measure and measure not. Which one is good? Meaning who is being accepted or rejected? Measure or measure not? The bible says
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2 Thes 2:6 …And now ye know what withholdeth that he might be revealed in his time.

“that he” this refers to the papacy. “his time” that means that there was a time that belonged to the papacy. Did you know that a time belonged to the Jesus Christ? And there is a time for the papacy. Another counterfeit that shows the antichrist of Bible prophecy. Go back to look to see a dual application and the whole picture
Heb 10:29 Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace?

This means to reject the heavenly sanctuary by insisting on keeping the earthly sanctuary. Why does God mention about the papal power destroying God’s people and the understanding of the concept of heavenly sanctuary? Chapter 10 was about restoring the understanding of the sanctuary message. Chapter 11 is showing us why the Advent Movement was necessary to come forth and restore the sanctuary message—it’s because the papacy has destroyed it.

The French Revolution & the Two Witnesses (3-14)
11:3 And I will give [power] unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred [and] threescore days, clothed in sackcloth.

“sackcloth” – what does sackcloth represent? In mourning, discouraged, depressed, in tears “two witnesses” – they prophesy for 1260 days—same period as 42 months. Who are these two witnesses? The next verse tells us. This 1260 is the same as the 42 months. When God’s people are being trodden under foot for 42 months there will be two witnesses proclaiming for 1,260 days in sackcloth. Sackcloth means in mourning or in sadness. Who are these two witnesses? The Old and New Testament. This is how you prove it
Rev 11:7 And when they shall have finished their testimony”

Speaking of the two witnesses again. Witnesses do what? They testify. How do we know this is not talking about two people? Because they cannot live 1,260 years. So this is symbolic. There are two witnesses, and their work is to testify. Do you know of anything that testifies of Jesus?
Jn 5:39 Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.

What testifies of Jesus? The scriptures Is Jesus referring to the old or New Testament? The Old Testament because the New Testament did not exist then. He says read the OT and it testifies of me. Then of course that includes the NT because the NT explains and magnifies the OT. No one will argue with you. The two witnesses represent the Old and New Testament. There is another way to prove this. It says
Rev 11:4 ‘These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth.

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How do you understand candlesticks in those days? It was not like what we have today. You have an olive tree and a candlestick, and you needed to have something in-between. What is that? A lamp, what does a lamp represent in the Bible? The Word of God
Ps 119:105 Thy word [is] a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path.

And this is related to the HS.
Zech 4:6 Lamp related to HS.

The Bible says the HS will lead into all truth. They are related. That is the Old and New Testament, and look what happens.
11:4 These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth.

“These are the two olive trees” – this is straight from Zechariah 4:
Zech 4:2-6 [2]And said unto me, What seest thou? And I said, I have looked, and behold a candlestick all of gold, with a bowl upon the top of it, and his seven lamps thereon, and seven pipes to the seven lamps, which are upon the top thereof: [3]And two olive trees by it, one upon the right side of the bowl, and the other upon the left side thereof. [4]So I answered and spake to the angel that talked with me, saying, What are these, my lord? [5]Then the angel that talked with me answered and said unto me, Knowest thou not what these be? And I said, No, my lord. [6]Then he answered and spake unto me, saying, This is the word of the LORD unto Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, saith the LORD of hosts.

Although lamps are not mentioned in the book of Revelation, it is already included in Revelation. For the candlesticks to give light, there must be lamps. Candlesticks (the seven pipes) is supporting the lamps which contain oils that gives light. What are the two witnesses? Another word for “witnesses” is “testify.” They are witnesses of God, so they are witnesses of Jesus. What is the witness of Jesus?
John 5:39 Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.

So these two witnesses are the Old & the New Testament. What is oil? Who enables this Old and New Testament, that it has power to testify? The Holy Spirit—it leads everyone to the truth, which is based on the word of God. In Zechariah 4, it’s the oil that makes it to give light, and it’s represented by the Holy Spirit. What is lamp? Lamp also represents the word of God.
Ps 119:105 Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path.

So you must have the Holy Spirit and the Word of God to give light.
John 4:24 God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.

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What is the candlestick? Lamp is supported by the candlesticks.
Rev 1:20 ...and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.

Candlesticks represent the church. Therefore, the word of God is supported by God’s church. Why are they in sackcloth? God word is giving its testimony in sackcloth. When do you wear sackcloth? When you are depressed or mourning, or when someone is dead or dying. During the time of the fourth horseman who is called death and hell, the Bible was taken away from the people. It was sin for people to read or interpret the bible. They could only accept the interpretation of priests and bishops. So the word of God could give testimony only in their sackcloth. So when you put it all together, the Bible, especially during the 1260 time period, wanted to proclaim the heavenly sanctuary message but it was not able to. To get oil out of olive, you have to really beat them over and over again and also have to grind them. That gives us some application for these people to really giving the message while they were being afflicted. That goes along with Thyatira—odor of affliction.
11:5 And if any man will hurt them, fire proceedeth out of their mouth, and devoureth their enemies: and if any man will hurt them, he must in this manner be killed.

We are given the connotation that the two witnesses—the word of God—is also able to revenge and kill. For example, in Deuteronomy, there is the cursing and blessings. The Word of God is able to kill and give life. By the word of God saints will get life, and the sinners will be killed. The Word of God tells us that the wages of sin is death. By the word of God, He can punish a nation—your house is left unto you desolate, and they were destroyed afterwards. But in the next verse it goes deeper than this.
11:6 These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their prophecy: and have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to smite the earth with all plagues, as often as they will.

“in the days of their prophecy” – When is this? Both the new and old testament prophecy all the time, but prophesying in sackcloth is for 1260 years. Where else in the Bible does it say that it will not rain for 3 and half years by the word of God? Elijah! This is a clear connection with the church of Thyatira—Jezebel. “and have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to smite the earth with all plagues, as often as they will” – During the time of their prophesying, they have power to turn water to blood and smite the earth with plagues—the fifth and sixth trumpet. So the Word of God is being attacked during the 1260 years. But at the same time, it is giving vengeance—partial vengeance of God.
11:7 And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them.

“when they shall have finished their testimony” – after 1260 days—1798. “the beast” – beast represents a kingdom or nation. “ascendeth out of the bottomless pit” – What does it mean by bottomless pit? Bottomless means

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no bottom. That means when you fall into this pit, you never reach the bottom. You are not completely destroyed, yet you never reach the bottom—you are hanging. The word pit gives as idea that you have been captured. If we take all these together, you are captured but not completely destroyed. In other words, it gives the idea that it can come out, not by yourself, but only by help of someone else. So here’s the concepts related to the bottomless pit: 1. You are captured 2. You are not completely destroyed 3. You can be released only by someone else Here are an examples of that term:
Rev 20:1, 2 [1]And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. [2]And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years,

Satan will be bound in bottomless pit for 1000 years during the Millennium. 1. He is captured by the chain of circumstances – there’s none to exercise his power— deception. 2. He is not completely destroyed 3. He will be released by God – when all the wicked are resurrected at the end of Millennium, now he can exercise his power again. Therefore, when the bible says that the beast came out of the bottomless pit—chain of circumstances—that means that now something happened that caused this nation to be able to use its power. “shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them” – the very first thing this nation did was to persecute and fight against the two witnesses—word of God. The best way to understand this is to read the chapter in Great Controversy on the French Revolution. She gives a good description of this prophecy being fulfilled. “the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit” – What does it say bottomless pit? Usually a Beast comes out of the earth or sea. But now it says bottomless pit. A bottomless pit means when you throw something down there is no bottom, it keeps falling. Where do you go to understand the term bottomless pit? Only the book of Revelation. Bottomless pit means that it was put in there first and someone needs to open it and it will come out. Remember Satan was put into the bottomless pit, what does it mean? He was being with held, captured so to speak, he cannot do anything. But when the pit is opened he comes out.
Rev 17:8 The beast that thou sawest was, and is not; and shall ascend out of the bottomless pit…

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“Beast that was” – It means he was wounded “Is not” – He doesn’t exist “Shall ascend out of the bottomless pit” – That means something was with holding, what was that? He doesn’t have political power. But when he receives political power again, he comes out of the bottomless pit. So the bottomless pit means that he is being held back, restrained. But a time will come when he comes out again. If someone says the bottomless pit is the same location, it is not. It is just figurative language saying it is being held back. This beast was being held back, and when it came out it warred against the two witnesses, the word of God, and the people that had the two witnesses. What beast is this?
11:8 And their dead bodies [shall lie] in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified.

“spiritually is called” – that tells us clearly that we cannot take this text literally. “spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt” – What do you know about Sodom? Lust, sinful practice. What do you know about Egypt? Atheism. Why? Because Pharoah said
Ex 5:2 And Pharaoh said, Who [is] the LORD, that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not the LORD, neither will I let Israel go.

Of these two characteristics the Atheistic concept has been held back. Not so much the lust or sinful practice. The focus is on Atheism. But when was the beginning of this Atheistic concept? Egypt. But that concept has been withheld during many centuries even during the time of the papacy’s reign. They are not atheist they worship idols. But what happened? In 1798 the Atheistic movement through the French government took away the papal throne, and at the same time they destroyed Bibles and protestants. PO: Lustful practice doesn’t identify one nation. It is an attribute that will be included with this nation. “where also our Lord was crucified” – That means that Jesus was crucified again in the representation of His people. What does this mean? When people go against the word of God, they are actually going against Christ who is the Word of God. When they persecute those who hold the word of God, they are actually persecuting Jesus Himself. In other words, the characteristics of Sodom and Egypt are the enemy of Christ. “Sodom and Egypt” – Jesus was not crucified in Sodom and Egypt literally, but spiritual Sodom and spiritual Egypt—symbolic. To understand the characteristic of this beast, you have no other place to go but to the Sodom and Egypt—not so much the location but why they are being killed. Sodom and Egypt were both destroyed by fire. Sodom was destroyed because of their lustful, licentious, and immoral practices. Egypt was destroyed because Pharaoh would not acknowledge the God of heaven. He thought that Jehovah did not exist. They had their own gods, but they did not the acknowledge the true God. Around 1798, God’s word was attacked and persecuted and killed based by licentious living and atheism. In history, you cannot but go to one place to find that information in history around 1798. This is no other than the French Revolution.

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In 1793, France made a decree to destroy and deny the bible. They burned all the bibles they could find and persecuted Christians. It was the Papacy that caused the French Revolution because people were getting sick of religion. People were getting tired of Catholicism because they abused people’s property and possession. In the people’s mind, this religion was destroying the people. They declared that there should be no more religion. They picked up a half naked girl and carried her around as the god of reason. It was France who gave power to the Papacy in the beginning; the same power now is taking it away from the papacy. The concept of communism came out of French Revolution. Out of all Europe, France is one of the most corrupt countries today. So what we are seeing here is that from 1793 all the way to 1798, that God’s word and God’s people were being destroyed and persecuted (that was about 3 ½ years).
11:9 And they of the people and kindreds and tongues and nations shall see their dead bodies three days and an half, and shall not suffer their dead bodies to be put in graves.

“three days and an half” – this is three and a half years. ‘three days and an half.’ This is 3 ½ years. From 1793 and on. “dead bodies” – word of God.
11:10 And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall send gifts one to another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwelt on the earth.

“these two prophets” – referring to the two witnesses. “tormented them that dwelt on the earth” – people were going through Dark Ages because of religion. Though the truth would not torment them, the papacy, using the word of God, has tormented them, and now they are rejoicing that word of God is dead. Read French Revolution in the Great Controversy. That is exactly what happened.
11:11 And after three days and an half the Spirit of life from God entered into them, and they stood upon their feet; and great fear fell upon them which saw them.

“the Spirit of life from God entered into them” – after 3 ½ years, there was resurrection of the word of God. They were being destroyed for 3 ½ years and they were resurrected like Jesus was resurrected. And the Bible says the stood upon their feet. Feet represent bringing glad tidings again they were now able to testify again.
11:12 And they heard a great voice from heaven saying unto them, Come up hither. And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud; and their enemies beheld them.

“they ascended up to heaven in a cloud” – they were ascended up high where all peoples eyes could see them. After 1798, as the book of Daniel was being opened, the Bible was being printed all over the world. The Bible society was established around that time. Before 1798, Bible was very scarce. From 1798 and onwards, we see and increase of the Bible being scattered all over the world like autumn’s leaves. Just like the Jews, they thought they were going to destroy Jesus, but the resurrection of Jesus gave more powerful evidence of His teachings while on earth. The word of God went to heaven? No, it just simply says that they ascended up to heaven in a cloud. What does it mean? Ascended to heaven with the clouds means that all eyes can see it now.

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Rev 14:6 And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven…

That means that the message goes to all nation, kindred, tongues, and people. That is what it means The Word of God was persecuted but in 1798 and on it resurrected, and the Bible spreads even more. This is when the Bible societies were created. They began to print Bibles in the English language and they began to be scattered and printed in other languages. The 7th Trumpet. I cannot finish the 7th trumpet. This trumpet refers to the setting up of the Kingdom of God.
11:13 And the same hour was there a great earthquake, and the tenth part of the city fell, and in the earthquake were slain of men seven thousand: and the remnant were affrighted, and gave glory to the God of heaven.

Assumptions: “tenth part of the city” – part of the papacy—France—fell. “seven thousand men slain” – something was destroyed completely. But we see that most of verses 1-13 of this chapter is story about the word of God.    Prophesying in sackcloth How they were persecuted And how they were resurrected

This sounds very similar to the life of Jesus. Jesus ministered for 3 and half years or 1260 days. At the end He was crucified. He was resurrected after 3 days, and lifted up in the heaven. Why does God mention such a prophecy in Chap 11, with sixth seal and before the seventh trumpet? The word of God is being restored to prepare the people to get ready for the final judgment on earth. Chapter 10: Restoration of God’s doctrines – righteousness by faith, second coming, true message on the cross and the movement of God. Chapter 11: What the word of God went through and how it was restored. For 1260 years, the word of God prophesied, but in sackcloth. And these two witnesses are martyred during the French Revolution. But after 3 and half years, in 1798, the word of God was resurrected and was scattered around the world. As that is taking place, William Miller and others began to study the bible. As they were studying the Bible, Miller came to Dan 8:14, the sealed prophecy, and he unlocked the prophecy of 2300 days. After many years, he began to preach the message. Because of that message, the movement began to take place. But that movement went through sweet and bitter experience in 1844. And that leads to the seventh trumpet—the mystery of God should be finished.
11:14 The second woe is past; [and], behold, the third woe cometh quickly.

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“cometh quickly” – that means there is a little gap between the second woe and the third woe.
Rev 9:12 One woe is past; [and], behold, there come two woes more hereafter.

Between the first woe and second woe, it takes place right one after the other. That’s the reason why we take the prophecy of 391 years and 15 days at the end of five-month prophecy.

The 7th Trumpet (15-19)
11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become [the kingdoms] of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever.

We know that the seventh trumpet begins after 1844 because of verse 19:
Rev 11:19 And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament…

This is the opening to the most holy place. What is the seventh trumpet all about? The main picture is that the kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of Christ. It is something about the process of setting up the kingdom of God. What is that process?
Luke 19:12 He said therefore, A certain nobleman went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom, and to return.

Nobleman is Jesus; far country is heaven. Jesus went to heaven to “receive for himself a kingdom, and to return.”
Dan 7:13,14 [13]I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. [14]And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.

This is talking about the Investigative Judgment. Jesus receives His kingdom starting with 1844, when this is done, He will receive His kingdom. In order for you to have a kingdom, you need three things: 1. A king 2. Territory a kingdom or at least a city 3. People We already gave a king and the city – Jesus and the New Jerusalem. The only part that is missing is the people. When the decisions for the citizens of the kingdom of God is finalized, now He has the kingdom. That process of finalizing the citizens of heaven is called Investigative Judgment. That’s what it means to “receive” His kingdom. In the previous parable, the word “receive for Himself” is
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connected to this verse:
Eph 5:27 That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.

He is the king, He has a city, now, He’s preparing people to be in His kingdom—a glorious church. That is the purpose of the Investigative Judgment. The 144,000 proves that He can receive and has the right that this people can be part of His kingdom. The decision is made and Christ is coming back, but these people will demonstrate that Jesus indeed has the right to take the saints back. Why does the seventh trumpet sound like the second coming? God is declaring the final result of the seventh trumpet. Seven Churches are more religious; Seven Seals are God’s response in heaven; the Seven trumpets are more of a political language. This is the reason why the concept of kingdom of God is mentioned in the seventh trumpet. Just like in the fall of Jericho, in the seventh trumpet the city came down. Likewise, in this seventh trumpet the city of Babylon will come down and the kingdom of God will be established. In Daniel 2, before the kingdom of God is established, the stone destroyed the image of Babylon. We can see that the establishment of the kingdom of God is the greatest theme of seventh trumpet. And we saw the Advent movement in chapter 10, therefore, we see that the advent movement has a role to play to destroy the image of Babylon and to brining about the kingdom of God.
11:16 And the four and twenty elders, which sat before God on their seats, fell upon their faces, and worshipped God, 11:17 Saying, We give thee thanks, O Lord God Almighty, which art, and wast, and art to come; because thou hast taken to thee thy great power, and hast reigned.

“which are, and wast, and art to come” – called past, present and future. This description was given in chapter 1. Rev. 19:6 And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying, Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth
11:18 And the nations were angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth.

It is possible for God to pronounce something today that will take place in the future as though it were taking place today. Not that it is taking place today but that it will take place for a certainty because He sees the past, present and future at one time. For example:
Isa 44:22 I have blotted out, as a thick cloud, thy transgressions, and, as a cloud, thy sins: return unto me; for I have redeemed thee.

He is looking into the future when He will blot out their sins, but He is speaking as though it was happening today. The point is that what’s described in the seventh trumpet is not in chorological order. When you see verse 19, you have the ark of the covenant open—that’s way before the seventh trumpet. So the
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most important theme is mentioned here—the second coming—and it takes us to what events needs to take place before this can happen—the ministration of Jesus in the most holy place. God wants to leave the last impression with the most holy place. What was the last picture for the seven churches? The promise says that if you overcome you will sit with the Father on His throne. Redeemed and Christ. Chapter four and five is about Jesus and the Father on their throne. What was the last picture in the seven seals? Silence in heaven – Jesus and all His angels and God went out to get the redeemed. Redeemed and Christ. What is the last picture of the seven trumpets? The most holy place. In other words, to make it possible for us to be with God, this final work will take place—ark (gather), the day of atonement (to make one). “the time of the dead, that they should be judged” – That word dead means dead in sin – the wicked will be judged. The result of the wicked, they will be punished “servants the prophets” – this has close linkage to the remnant church.
Rev 10:7 But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets.

They would not say anything that contradicts the law and the testimony “fear thy name” –those who preach and accept the three angel’s messages
11:19 And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail.

Before any of these things can take place, the investigative judgment must take place first. “ark of his testament” – this vision is fulfilled in what time period? This is in the most holy place, which means it must take place after 1844. The final work in the most holy place is the blotting out of sin. In other places we see ark of the covenant. So testament and covenant may have similar meaning. Why is it called the ark of testament?
Ex 31:18 And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God.

In the ark of testament, there is the two tables of God’s testimony—the ten commandments. This is the text that shows us that there’s the law of God in heaven. So the basis of the judgment is the law of God.
Jam 2:12 So speak ye, and so do, as they that shall be judged by the law of liberty.

We are told by the servant of the Lord that a single question alone will be asked in the judgment:

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GW 315 The only question asked in the judgment will be, "Have they been obedient to My commandments?

That’s the reason why the nations are angry.
Rev 12:17 And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.

So how does it tie in with the two witnesses—old and new testament? There is only one thing that God has given to man, which He Himself wrote with His finger—the Ten Commandments. The first five books of the OT written by Moses are to explain and expound upon the Ten Commandments. From Joshua onwards to Malachi they are there to expand the greater scope to explain the people that have the law of God and tries to follow the first five books of Moses. When people still didn’t understand the law of God, Christ Himself came down to teach and expound on the true meaning of the law of God—four gospels. Paulines and other Epistles magnify what Jesus taught. In other words, the New Testament explains about the Old Testament and it expands it. Spirit of Prophecy explains and expands the Bible. It all begins with the Ten Commandments. Therefore, the two witnesses, is simply the expounding of the law of God. From 1844 and onwards, people will be judged by the testimony of God—the law of God. But people cannot be judged by this unless they don’t know about it. So there needs to be witnesses who can testify of the law of God. These two witnesses are the old and the new testament—to tell people about the law of God. That is why the two witnesses were raised up high so people can see them saying, “Behold us. We are telling you how you can stand in the great day of judgment.” So without the Bible, we can’t be ready for the judgment time. Increase of Bible knowledge prepared the world of the time of the judgment of God. As we have a parenthesis between the sixth and the seventh seal to show the 144,000 servants of God that would be able to stand (Rev 6:17 and 7:3-4) before the events preceding Jesus’ second coming, here in chapter 11, we have another parenthesis between the sixth and the seventh trumpet to show, I guess, some similar situation Yes, you should follow this thought all the way out. You have an insert in the seals, chapter 7 shows that the sealing must take place before God executes Vengeance of the Wicked, in response to the prayers of the saints, the souls under the altar, and that vengeance takes place at the second coming. Now we have an insert in chapters 10 & 11..showing that the investigative judgment must take place before God will execute vengeance upon the wicked. Now put together chapter 7 and chapter 10 inserts. Before God will execute vengeance upon the wicked He must first seal the servants of God (chap 7). Before God executes vengeance upon the wicked or “destroy those that destroy the earth”11:19 there must first be an Investigative judgment (chapter 11:17-19). But before God commences the investigative judgment, He must first warn the world to prepare for His coming through the Advent Movement (chap 10) and later they realize the judgment began in the MHP and that He is not coming to this earth. This concept is also known as Repeat and Enlarge.

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The Three Sevens
Seven Churches Seven Seals Seven Trumpets They are the first three sets of sevens. There are many sevens in the Bibles, yet the seven churches, seals and trumpets are the big first three sevens. We know that three has divine characteristics. Seven churches, the conditions of God’s churches. Seven seals, the ultimate result of God’s church (the 144,000). Seven trumpets, a picture that includes both the political side of God’s people and the religious side of God’s people. Because the seven trumpets at the end talk about the kingdom of God but His people are called kings and priests – prophets, servants or saints. When you look at each seven, you can see an element of religious and political. In the last church the promise is “if you overcome sin, sit with Him on His throne.” In the last seal the 144,000 – children of Israel, it is a nation based on the old testament. They have the seal of the living God in their forehead How was Jesus described before each seven? In the churches: Alpha and Omega, Faithful Witness, Eyes like fire, Sword coming out of His mouth, Golden paps. That description makes Jesus look like high priest. In the seals: Lamb and Lion that was slain, Seed of David, Lion or Kingship. In the trumpets: Angel and A mighty Angel. So let’s notice the comparison: High Priest, King, Angel/Messenger. Christ will make us priest and kings, but before that, we must become messengers. He will make us according to what He is. Advent Movement:  Philadelphia – churches  Sun, Moon and Stars – Seals  Rev 10 – trumpets Laodicea:  Seals – those that call the rocks and mountains to fall upon them  Trumpets – nations are angry (spiritually dead) Most Holy Place:  Rev 3:19 – “rebuke and chasten” – that is in some way connected to afflicting your own soul  Seals – the sealing experience  Trumpets – the sealing message 144,000  Rev 3 – churches  Rev 7  Servants the prophets – trumpets

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Chapter 12 – The Great Controversy
As you study this chapter you will see that this chapter is the introduction to the Great Controversy. It shows the Great Controversy in two places. In heaven and on earth This is one of the most fascinating books that I have ever read. When we study the purpose of this book in detail and dig deep and find its insight you will find Jesus. This book is about Jesus Christ. This is the only book that carries the title of ‘Revelation’ of Jesus Christ. And this is the only book that has the promise that there will be a blessing when you read, study, and keep it. Revelation is split into two parts: Chapters 1-11 and 12 – 22. Now we will study chapter 12. As we study this book I will mention from time to time how to study the Bible. (BSM: When you study prophecy one of the basic things you must first figure out is what the major theme is. One way we can discover the major theme by looking at every chapter starting with chapter 1, and you will see that every chapter is about time prophecy, it gives time, not a specific time prophecy, but time is mentioned. Ex. 7 churches, 7 seals, 7 trumpets, Ch. 12 – Woman; 13 – Two beasts first and second; 14 – 3 Angel's message, 144,000, 2nd coming of Jesus; 15 – close of probation; 16 – 7 last plagues; 17 – judgment of great whore; 18 – Babylon is fallen, destruction, loud cry; 19 – second coming; 20 – after new millennium; 21 – New Jerusalem; 22 – heaven) When you look at all of these things, the time frame, (there is an event that is mentioned over and over again in the book of revelation and that is the second coming of Jesus, and because of repetition we know that the second coming is a very important event in this book. When you study something look for repetition, what is the Bible trying to say?) There is also another time period that is repeated throughout the book of revelation. It is mentioned over and over again, and this is the 3 angel's messages. It is mentioned in chapter 14, but it is explained and described in detailed over and over again in the book of Revelation. Ex. Around the time of 1844 or a little bit before this up until the close of probation. When you study the seven churches, which church has the longest description? Thyatira and Philadelphia. Which trumpet is described the longest? Chapter 8 mentions 4 trumpets in 10 verses. In chapter 9 we see the 5th and 6th trumpets divided into two parts in the chapter. When you get into Chapter 10 this falls under the 7th trumpet. And you have the whole chapter of 11 that covers the 7th trumpet. And what time frame is this? From 1844 until the close of probation and it also covers the second coming. Point: The time frame that is covered the most and that is repeated the most, this is what God wants you to understand. Ex. When you study Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John what time period is described the most? His crucifixion. When you study his childhood, it is a couple of pages, His early ministry is a few chapters. Then His ministry jumps, He was in Galilee, Damascus, etc. But when you get to the last scenes from the Lord's supper, Gethsemane, judgment, Calvary, and the resurrection. The Bible describes this in detail. This means that God wants you to understand those events the most. BSM: In Genesis whose life is mentioned the most? Abraham and Joseph? Joseph (Abraham) But in the story of Joseph there are more stories, his life is covered in more detail. He really manifests the character of Jesus. And his life shows the rejection of Jesus Christ and His forgiveness. So by looking at all of these things you know where to go for the main theme. What is the big picture and this is how you discover it. You get the main theme or picture from the whole book first, and when you study chapter 12 look at what is repeated over and over again in Revelation 12.

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Theme of chapter 12 is the Great Controversy. In this chapter, the woman is mentioned at the beginning (verse 1), in the middle (verse 6, 14), at the end (verse 17). It’s easy and clear that this chapter is about Woman. There’s another character, Dragon, mentioned in the beginning (verse 3), in the middle (verse 7, 9, 13), at the end (verse 17). So the main characters of this chapter are the Woman and the Dragon, and they are in the Great Controversy. This is the best chapter to describe the picture of the Great Controversy. We cannot teach or understand Revelation 13 or 14 until they understand the Great Controversy. God is fighting the Great Controversy with Salvation. Overview
Rev 12:1 And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars:

“woman” – So in verse one we have a woman.
Rev 12:6 And the woman fled into the wilderness…

There is another text that talks about a woman
Rev 12:14 And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle…

Here is another text that talks about a woman
Rev 12:17 …And the dragon was wroth with the woman…

“woman” – In the beginning of the chapter it mentions about a woman. In the middle of the chapter it talks about a woman. And at the end of this chapter it talks about a woman. Therefore this chapter is about a woman. But there is another character that appears with this woman.
Rev 12:3 And there appeared another wonder in heaven; and behold a great red dragon"

“another wonder” – There are two wonders. The wonder of the woman and the wonder of the dragon. “dragon” – So in verse one we have the dragon
Rev 12:7 And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels.

There is another text that talks about the dragon.
Rev 12:13 And when the dragon saw that he was cast unto the earth, he persecuted the woman.

There is another text that talks about the dragon. Rev 12:17 And the dragon was wroth with the woman… This chapter also mentions about a dragon. (BSM: Observation method). We know from the observation method that this chapter has two major characters. 1.) Woman and 2.) Dragon. This chapter is about the woman and the dragon. We know this because it mentions this so many times.

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Title to attract people: “Beauty and the Beast” and you hit love, truth and righteousness. This is really dealing with the great controversy. Then you identify or interpret who is this woman and dragon. Who is this woman? The church
2 Cor 11:2 For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present [you as] a chaste virgin to Christ.

Here Paul is speaking to the church and he says I want you to become like a chaste virgin. He is not talking about a literal virgin, but a spiritual virgin. He is speaking of them being pure and clean, and undefiled.
Eph 5:25 Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it.

The husband represents Christ and the wife represents the church.
Jer 6:2 I have likened the daughter of Zion to a comely and delicate [woman].

“daughter of Zion” means the people of Zion (not all the daughters. Ex. Children of Israel doesn't mean little children, it is symbolic language. It means the church.) I have likened the church unto a woman. Remember this woman is clothed with something. A woman generally speaking represents the church. It could be a bad woman meaning a bad church or a good woman meaning a good church. This church is described with different things. She is clothed with the sun, the moon is under her feet, and she is crowned with 12 stars. This is how the bible describes this church or woman. How do you interpret this? (BSM: Just look at the natural purpose for this description. Ex. Sun, moon, and stars, what do they all do? They give light. So therefore just by looking at the natural description we know that this church, is the church of light. Where do you find the sun, moon, and stars? In heaven. So she is described with the things of heaven. What does that mean? This is a church that is associated with heavenly things. This is a heavenly church, it also can mean this is a church with a heavenly mind. This church is not in the galaxy, but it describes the church on this earth.) There is another woman in Revelation.
Rev 17:3 So he carried me away in the spirit into the wilderness: and I saw a woman sit

upon a scarlet coloured beast, full of names of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten horns" “woman” – Here is another woman.

Rev 17:4 And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornication"

“woman” – By looking at this description what kind of woman is she? Good or Bad? A bad woman. She is defiled. We can tell because the Bible uses descriptions like: abomination, filthiness, and fornication. So this woman in Bible prophecy represents an apostate church. A woman generally

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speaking means a church, and a church generally speaking means God's people. But this woman is an apostate church. Notice this… The woman in chapter 12 is described with the sun, moon, and stars. This woman is sitting on a scarlet colored beast. Where do we find beasts, in heaven or on earth? On the earth and she is arrayed with precious stones, naturally speaking where do you find precious stones? I am not saying there is no gold in heaven (BSM: But the Bible is speaking our language right?). She is described not with heavenly things, but the things of the earth. So this apostate woman is associated with the earth. God choose to describe His church and Satan’s church by the things that they wear. App: This shows us that it is important what we wear. Because what we wear shows who we are. Later we will interpret this woman and the beast. First let’s interpret the good woman.
Prophetic Faith of Our Fathers V.2 Pg. 243 "The reformation was not the tardy formation of the true church, but rather its re-for-mation. It has been aptly said that Pentecost formed it (the church), the Papacy de-formed it, and now Protestantism re-formed it." Comment: The church began at Pentecost, the Papacy deformed the church, and now Protestantism reformed the church that is why it is called reformation. It is a re-formation. God will allow heresies -- 5T 707 God will arouse His people; if other means fail, heresies will come in among them, which will sift them, separating the chaff from the wheat. TM 112 God's Spirit has illuminated every page of Holy Writ, but there are those upon whom it makes little impression, because it is imperfectly understood. When the shaking comes, by the introduction of false theories, these surface readers, anchored nowhere, are like shifting sand. They slide into any position to suit the tenor of their feelings of bitterness. . . . Daniel and Revelation must be studied, as well as the other prophecies of the Old and New Testaments. There is need of a much closer study of the word of God; especially should Daniel and the Revelation have attention as never before in the history of our work." Hellish Torch of False Prophecy – TM 409-410 Many will stand in our pulpits with the torch of false prophecy in their hands, kindled from the hellish torch of Satan. Safe from delusion - 8MR 320 (3SM 84) "As the points of our faith were thus established, our feet were placed upon a solid foundation. We accepted the truth point by point, under the demonstration of the Holy Spirit….All these truths are immortalized in my writings….Men may get up scheme after scheme, and the enemy will seek to seduce souls from the truth, but all who believe that the Lord has spoken through Sister White, and has given her a message, will be safe from the many delusions that will come in in these last days." ({MR760 23.3}Shows Ballenger's False views of the sanctuary could not be accepted.) Safety in ancient Landmarks - CH 459 "Our only safety is in preserving the ancient landmarks. "To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them." Isaiah 8:20".

Majority going out: 1.) Not one in 20 – "It is a solemn statement that I make to the church, that not one in twenty whose names are registered upon the church books are prepared to close their earthly history, and would be as verily without God and without hope in the world as the common sinner.--ChS 41 (1893). {LDE 172.1}" 2.) Larger portion than anticipated – LDE 174 "When the law of God is made void the church will be sifted by fiery trials, and a larger proportion than we now anticipate will give heed to seducing spirits and doctrines of devils." 3.) Not one in 20 youth – "The young want just what they have not; namely, religion. Nothing
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can take the place of this. Profession alone is nothing. Names are registered upon the church-books upon earth, but not in the book of life. I saw that there is not one in twenty of the youth who knows what experimental religion is." MYP 384 God's people in fallen Babylon, and protestant churches 1.) God to work for many Catholics – LDE 197 "Among the Catholics there are many who are most conscientious Christians and who walk in all the light that shines upon them, and God will work in their behalf." 2.) Greater part of the followers in protestant churches – " In the eighteenth chapter of the Revelation the people of God are called upon to come out of Babylon. According to this scripture, many of God's people must still be in Babylon. And in what religious bodies are the greater part of the followers of Christ now to be found? Without doubt, in the various churches professing the Protestant faith.--GC 383 (1911). {LDE 197.4}" 3.) Christ's true followers in Babylon -- "Notwithstanding the spiritual darkness and alienation from God that exist in the churches which constitute Babylon, the great body of Christ's true followers are still to be found in their communion." Historicism passed to the remnant
Rev 12:1,2,5,14

Historicism brought back by Luther
Rev 12:14

What is the protestant reformation? Q.1 We are the rightful heirs to the protestant reformation. What is historicism? What is futurism? The church has gone away from its there is Futurism in our church. Jesus gave us warnings.
Matt 24:3 Why the disciples asked this question? Mat 24:4, 5, 11, 24

Deception would be everywhere! Main Theme of Chapters 12-22 From this chapter and onward, is the second part of the book of Revelation. You will see the theme of judgment. From this chapter on, the events take place very fast. It’s also easier to interpret than the first part of the Revelation. Here are the overview of the second part of the book of Revelation: Chapter 12 Chapter 13 Woman and the Dragon | Big picture of the controversy Two Beasts | Papacy & USA
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Chapter 14 Chapter 15 Chapter 16

The 144,00 & Three Angels’ Messages, Separation of R & W. Close of Probation, Judgment Begins Seven Last Plagues

Chapter 17, 18 Judgment of the Whore & the Destruction of Babylon Chapter 19 Chapter 20 Chapter 21 Chapter 22 Study Map Chapter 12 explains – chapter 2-11 Chapter 13 explains verse 12:17 Chapter 14 explains verse 13:16 Chapter 15 explains verse 14:10 Chapter 17 explains verse 16:10 Chapter Outline Second Coming, Judgment of Righteous & Wicked Millennium | Reign with Christ as Priests and Kings Great White Throne Judgment , New Jerusalem Life in Heaven

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The Woman & the Dragon (1-6) War in heaven (7-12) The Dragon persecutes the Woman (13-18)

The Woman & the Dragon (1-6)
12:1 And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars:

“Appeared a great wonder” or “sign” this is visual inspiration. “Woman” – represents “church.”
2 Cor 11:2 For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ. Eph 5:25 Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it; Jer 6:2 I have likened the daughter of Zion to a comely and delicate woman. Is 61:10 I will greatly rejoice in the LORD, my soul shall be joyful in my God; for he hath clothed me

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with the garments of salvation, he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decketh himself with ornaments, and as a bride adorneth herself with her jewels. Hos 1:2 The beginning of the word of the LORD by Hosea. And the LORD said to Hosea, Go, take unto thee a wife of whoredoms and children of whoredoms: for the land hath committed great whoredom, departing from the LORD.

In the New Testament, we see the picture of Bride and Bridegroom over and over again. There are several women in the Revelation. There are clear distinctions between these women. The line of prophecy in which these symbols are found begins with Revelation 12, with the dragon that sought to destroy Christ at His birth. The dragon is said to be Satan (Revelation 12:9); he it was that moved upon Herod to put the Saviour to death. But the chief agent of Satan in making war upon Christ and His people during the first centuries of the Christian Era was the Roman Empire, in which paganism was the prevailing religion. Thus while the dragon, primarily, represents Satan, it is, in a secondary sense, a symbol of pagan Rome. “clothed with the sun, and the moon…stars” – This woman is covered with sun, moon, and stars—they all give light. These things first appear in the creation. By understanding why God created these things, we can see the characteristics of God’s church.
Gen 1:14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:

1. To divide – God created the light to divide the day from night. The church is to divide what is truth from error, righteousness and unrighteousness, holy from unholy.
1 Tim 3:15 But if I tarry long, that thou mayest know how thou oughtest to behave thyself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth.

2. For signs and times – God used sun, moon, and stars around 1780 and 1833 to indicate that Jesus is coming back soon. God’s church is the church that tells people about the signs and times of God. This light must not be hidden.
Matt 5:14 Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid.

In book of Revelation, God’s people are represented not only as a woman, but also as a city—New Jerusalem. So this woman has three ways to give the lights. 1. “Clothed with Sun” – She is clothed with the sun. What does the Sun represent in the Bible? Righteousness. It represents righteousness.
Mal 4:2 But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall. What is righteousness? 1 Jn 3:7 …he that doeth righteousness is righteous.

Righteousness is right doing.

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Psa 119:172 Commandments = Righteousness. So that means the sun that she is clothed with represents righteousness and the commandments of God. That means that God's church is a commandment keeping church. Psa 97:6 The heavens declare his righteousness, and all the people see his glory.

(BSM: Glory and righteousness are being connected). What is the glory of God? Ex 33:18-19 His goodness, and His name. His character. The woman is clothed with the Sun meaning she is clothed with His righteousness. What is righteousness? Commandment keeping and glory, which means His character. Righteousness is commandments and glory (BSM: If A=B and B=C therefore A=C) If righteousness is equal to commandments, and commandments is equal to glory then the commandments of God reveal His glory or reflect His character. God's character is just, good, and Holy.
Rom 7:12

The law is Holy, just, and good. They are both connected. You cannot separate the character of God from His commandments and righteousness. They are connected. If you have righteousness, you will keep the commandments, and if you keep the commandments you will reflect His character.
Ps 37:6 And he shall bring forth thy righteousness as the light, and thy judgment as the noonday.

Righteousness and light is connected. Note: If you keep reading the word judgment is connected with righteousness. But just taking the first line it describes righteousness with the light. And we know that the sun gives light. Simply put: this woman who is clothed with the sun means that she keeps the commandment, this is the major issue, she reflects God's character and she gives light. This is God's church. But there is another woman in Revelation.
Rev 17:4 And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornication:

She is clothed with: scarlet, purple, gold and precious stones. (BSM: Stop here and think! The Book of revelation uses OT language to describe it. these symbolic words have a connection with something in the Bible. God doesn't give symbolic language and leave you to interpret it by yourself.) Woman – church. Then we see that these ornaments are her clothing. (BSM: you can look up the words gold, purple, and scarlet to see what the Bible says. Look them up separately. This is a word study. Or if you want a closer interpretation. Don't just look up purple and scarlet separately. Look up two words together: Purple and scarlet. So what would be the best

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text to help us figure this out? A text that has purple, gold, scarlet and precious stones. When you find it. God is saying what this woman is wearing is connected with a person who wears these things.)
Ex 39:1-2 [1] And of the blue, and purple, and scarlet, they made cloths of service, to do service in the holy [place], and made the holy garments for Aaron; as the LORD commanded Moses. [2]And he

made the ephod [of] gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen.

This is similar language. These clothes were worn by the High Priest and they had on their breastplate precious stones. So because this woman is described with this clothing, what is the Bible trying to say? What is the role of a high priest? To make intercession, a mediator. So this woman is playing the role of a intercessor and a mediator. The study deeper: This woman is not wearing blue. Numbers 15 shows that blue represents the law of God. And this represents obedience. She doesn't have it because she is disobedient. In chapter 12 the woman is obedient because she is clothed with the sun. but this woman is disobedient because she doesn't have any blue on. What does Purple mean? Royalty. When Jesus visited king Herod for judgment. He mocked Him and said you are the king of Jews, and he took off his purple robe and gave it to Jesus. What does Scarlet represent? Sacrifice. For the High Priest purple represents kingship and red represents the sacrifice. Jesus is the king and Jesus is the sacrifice. For the woman. She has purple on so she claims to be a queen. That is why in Rev 18:10 she says "I sit as a queen.” Scarlet for her means that she is drunk with the blood of saints. She doesn't make a self-sacrifice but she sacrifices others. Par: We may say that this is the papacy or the anti-christ, but when you cause others to sacrifice and you don't sacrifice, you are a part of the anti-christ. You have this spirit in your heart. What we see in the book of Revelation is that if it wasn't for the grace of God we would all become popes, or we would worship the anit-christ power. Note: Phil 2:8 "" Jesus became obedient. What color is this? Blue. Even to death. What color is this? Red. What kind of life did Jesus live? A life of blue and red. When you mix red and blue you get purple. Purple means royalty. What is Jesus the King of glory? Ps 24 when He resurrected and went to heaven they called Him this, why? Because Jesus was obedient and he self sacrificed. He earned this right. What does gold represent? Wealth in natural sense. The woman is wealthy. It can mean faith or wealth. It represents wealth for her. She has earthly riches. We see the difference between her and the woman in Rev. 12.
Rev 19:8 And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints. Job 29:14 I put on righteousness, and it clothed me: my judgment was as a robe and a diadem.

Whose righteousness?
Jer 23:6 In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.

How can we put on this righteousness?
Gal 3:27 For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.

Not just the form of baptism, but the actual experience and the true meaning of baptism. What is the meaning of baptism?