Which of the following are LEED strategies to reduce single occupant automobile transportation to the project site?

Increase the building density A

Increasing the building density does not address how occupants commute.
B Build the project on a brownfield

Brownfields are contaminated sites. They may or may not be located in densely populated areas.
C Designate preferred parking spaces for carpools

Providing preferred parking for carpools is a LEED strategy to get more occupants to carpool.
D Locate the project in a suburban area This would probably put the project further away from mass transit and increase automobile use. Notes: Reference: Green Building & LEED Core Concepts Guide What organization develops building safety and fire prevention codes to construct residential and commercial buildings, including homes and schools?

Underwriters Laboratory (UL) A

Underwriters Laboratory addresses product safety certification.
B Department of Energy (DoE)

DoE is not addressed in LEED.
C ASHRAE

ASHRAE has a number of standards that have been adopted by LEED to meet the credit requirements of some of the credits.
D International Code Council The ICC creates codes for building and safety. Many of these codes are adopted by local jurisdictions and become part of the local building code. The codes are a complete set of comprehensive, coordinated building safety, plumbing, mechanical, fire prevention, energy efficiency codes, and accessibility. Notes: Reference: LEED for Homes Rating System EPAct 1992 does NOT address what type of water consuming devices? Cooling towers

A

EPAct does not address cooling towers.
B Kitchen faucets

EPAct covers flow rates of showers, faucets, and toilets.
C Boilers

EPAct does not address boilers.
D Urinals EPAct covers flow rates of showers, faucets, and toilets. Notes: Reference: LEED 2009 for New Construction and Major Renovations Rating System What helps reduce urban sprawl?

Designing buildings that use durable materials A

Using durable materials helps reduce the demand for virgin resources over the long term lifetime of a building.
B Reducing the heat island effect

Reducing the heat island effect helps make the surrounding areas cooler.
C Providing pedestrian access

Providing pedestrian access is a way to keep automobiles off the road.
D Community connectivity Urban sprawl means that cities are no longer compact but are spread out. This can increase commute times. People moving further from city centers to purchase houses contributes to sprawl but sprawl does not increase home prices. Urban sprawl actually discourages urban renewal as old buildings and areas are not redeveloped. Development density and community connectivity help to reduce urban sprawl. Notes: Reference: LEED 2009 for New Construction and Major Renovations Rating System

How many of the 110 possible LEED points can be earned for addressing regionally specific environmental issues?

A B

2 1

10 bonus credits are available. leaves. All rating systems with 110 points (any of the LEED 2009 rating systems) have 4 points for regional priority. four of which address regionally specific environmental issues. D Plumbing Notes: Reference: The Treatment by LEED of the Environmental Impact of HVAC Refrigerants A product made in part from cardboard boxes collected at curbside pickups or from an onsite comingled recycling area is an example of what material? Durable material A Durable materials are materials that have longer life spans. decking).is material recycled from consumer waste. grass clippings.formerly known as post-industrial content. Notes: Reference: USGBC Website What type of building system might use halons? A B Irrigation Electrical C Fire suppression Halons are found in HVAC and refrigeration equipment as well as fire suppression systems.. It includes returns of materials from the distribution chain. Examples include planer shavings.. sunflower seed Pre-consumer content . furniture. Examples include construction and demolition debris. The recycled material was generated by household. discarded products (e. bagasse. sawdust. materials collected through recycling programs. and credits are weighted to reflect their potential environmental impacts. commercial. Additionally. is the percentage of material in a product that is recycled from manufacturing waste. cabinetry. or institutional end-users and can no longer be used for its intended purpose. tree trimmings). B Recycled material Post-consumer material . Halons are ozone-depleting substances. chips. (USGBC) Postconsumer recycled content . plytrim.is the percentage of material in a product that was consumer waste. and landscaping waste (e. (ISO 14021) .C 10 D 4 LEED points are awarded on a 100-point scale. industrial.g.g. A roofing material that lasts 50 years is more durable than a roofing material that lasts 20 years.

For such projects. D Salvaged material Salvaged materials or reused materials are construction materials recovered from existing buildings or construction sites and reused. Examples of hydrocarbons include propane. D A new building project that uses hydrocarbons (HCs) as refrigerants Hydrocarbons (HCs) are a group of refrigerants that are a type of natural refrigerant. walnut shells. C A new building project that uses CFC-based refrigerants New buildings cannot use CFC-based refrigerants. the refrigerant leakage rate must be reduced to no more than 5% each year. culls. and obsolete inventories. and bricks. Notes: Reference: LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance Reference Guide. trimmed materials. (USGBC). ceiling tiles. regrind. or scrap generated in a process and capable of being reclaimed within the same process that generated it (ISO 14021).hulls. C Remanufactured material Remanufactured materials are materials that are turned into other products. flooring. and isopentane. Glossary Which projects would not be eligible for LEED certification? An existing building project that phases out the use of CFC-based refrigerants no later than 5 years after the project is completed A For existing buildings with CFC-based refrigerants. butane. overissue publications. isobutene. B A new building project that uses no refrigerants The use of no refrigerants is preferred when possible. Excluded are materials such as rework. Notes: Reference: LEED 2009 for New Construction and Major Renovations Rating System . E An existing building project that reduces CFC-based refrigerants by 95% prior to submitting the LEED application and will continue to use this system for another 10 years This would not be eligible unless the project had a phase-out plan in place at the time of the application and the CFC-based system was phased out within 5 years (not 10 years). ethane. a phase out plan must be in place that eliminates all CFC-based refrigerants within 5 years of project completion. Brick that is crushed and used for drainage in landscaping is an example. print overruns. This is called Fundamental Refrigerant Management in LEED. (USGBC) Examples include doors.

typical floor plans. A project schedule for an environmentally responsive design process would include additional time in the schedule for all of the following except: Reviewing unconventional materials or building techniques . By decreasing open space stormwater runoff can be increased since there is less natural area to absorb runoff. For the construction phase the credits will be marked as Achieved or Denied. B Open grid paving Open grid paving and pervious surfaces allow stormwater to percolate through the surface instead of running off. (earned) after the construction phase. C Rain gardens A rain garden is used to capture stormwater runoff. and elevations are part of the required documentation for all LEED projects. C After the design phase No points can be earned after the design phase. as does increasing the size of the building footprint. Uploading this documentation does not earn a project any points. D After the LEED Scorecard is completed and submitted Uploading the scorecard does not earn a project points. This is true of all credits and prerequisites. What are ways to reduce water pollution from stormwater runoff? Impervious concrete hardscapes A Impervious materials increase stormwater runoff. Points may be marked as Anticipated in LEED Online after the design phase but points are only Achieved B After the statement of work has been uploaded to LEED Online The project narrative. For the design phase those credits that can be reasonably assumed will be earned are marked as Anticipated or Denied.At what point can a project earn points for credits? After the construction phase A When a project opts for a split review there are separate reviews for the design phase and the construction phase. D Increasing the building footprint Increasing the building footprint reduces the quantity of open space.

review. C Any green practices that may be used for the project in connection with its green design criteria The extra green building practices may require more time for design. D Can be applied to only part of a building This rating system must be used in the entire building. or implementation. This is an example of a credit synergy where one design decision can earn credit in .A Time for reviewing new or unfamiliar building techniques may be required. C Measures building performance over a period of time LEED EB: O&M measures building performance over time. Notes: Reference: Sustainable Building Technical Manual: Part II What is the primary difference between LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance and the other LEED rating systems? Applies to any type of building project A This rating system does not apply to LEED for Homes or LEED for Neighborhood Development. Notes: Reference: LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance Reference Guide. This allows the building owner to see how the building is performing and make corrections to get better performance. Introduction A counter made of recycled glass obtained and manufactured within 500 miles of project would contribute toward: Regional materials only A The glass is a Regional material but also a Recycled material. B Required a LEED AP to be on the building maintenance staff LEED does not require LEED APs to be part of the building staff. B Pre-occupancy commissioning Commissioning is usually an extra step in green building projects. D Permitting Permitting should take the same amount time between conventional and green building projects.

The cost savings come in terms of lower operating budgets over time. C Both regional and recycled materials LEED rewards projects for using Regional Materials. The glass is considered recycled content (post-consumer). Since the glass counter was manufactured within 500 miles. Exam objective V. B Recycled materials only The glass is a Recycled material but also a Regional material. D Credit synergies Synergies among credits and sustainability goals yield a successful whole building design.multiple areas. The USGBC GA study guide also has 'Regional/Locally Sourced Materials' in the book's definitions. This is an example of a credit synergy where one design decision can earn credit in multiple areas. it is also a regional/local material. D Neither regional nor recycled materials This is not correct. Why does the USGBC outline rules on use of its trademarks and logos? . harvested or recovered. You may hear regional materials also referred to as local materials. Notes: Reference: LEED 2009 for New Construction and Major Renovations Rating System What are the results of incorporating green measures through a comprehensive. The terms mean the same thing. which are defined as building materials or products that have been extracted.B from the GBCI handbook is 'Locally (regionally) Harvested and Manufactured Materials'. C Shorter schedules Green building does not cause a project to have an overall shorter project schedule. holistic design? Longer schedules A Green building does not cause a project to have an overall longer project schedule. B Cost savings Green buildings on average cost about the same as convention buildings (according to research which may differ than personal experience). as well as manufactured within 500 miles of the project.

logo usage) from the LEED GA Candidate Handbook.. trademark usage. not a soft cost. C USGBC wants to make sure it retains control over what is said about LEED This is a valid statement but not the definition of the logo policies.USGBC wants customers to be directed to its website for clear information A This is a valid statement but not the primary reason USGBC created logo rules. what is the minimum amount of gross floor area the building must have to meet the minimum program requirements? .g. You are better off seeing questions from every exam objective than being under-prepared because some questions covering the GBCI exam objectives you will be tested on seem silly. B Reducing in a project's soft costs Purchased materials are a hard cost. C Reducing demand for virgin resources This is an environmental benefit of using recycled materials. D USGBC wants to make sure its message is spread accurately This question pertains to exam objective I. Notes: Reference: Logo Guidelines What benefit to the environment does a project that uses Recycled Materials contribute? Supporting the use of local resources A This is a social benefit of using Regional Materials because the community is helped through increased jobs and taxes. If a company becomes a member the company must pay a fee and then gets access to a logo. B USGBC wants to be able to charge a fee for logo use Fees are not charged for logo use directly.P USGBC Policies (e. The USGBC Logo Guidelines assist the community in the use of USGBC proprietary marks and corresponding language that accurately and consistently convey USGBC's messages and identity. While we receive many negative comments about the relevance of these types of questions the subject matter may come up on your exam. D Reduced air and water pollution This is an environmental benefit of using Regional Materials because transportation is reduced. Notes: Reference: LEED 2009 for New Construction and Major Renovations Rating System For a LEED for Core & Shell project.

A B 750 square feet (70 square meters) 1. C An occupied and operational building The building is of course included in the project building.000 square foot (93 square meters) minimum for New Construction. Schools. What logo is used to designate membership with USGBC? LEED logo A . Notes: Reference: GBCI Minimum Project Requirements For the purposes of LEED certification. D The grounds around the building The grounds are part of the project building. including an occupied and operational building(s) and the associated grounds that is registered for and actively pursuing LEED certification. While it may seem correct to use the term 'project boundary' in the question instead of 'project building'. Notes: Reference: LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance Reference Guide. B Shared parking structure on a neighboring property that is part of another LEED project Shared parking structures that are part of another LEED project would not be included. Glossary A project building is the real property. and Existing Buildings: O&M projects.000 square feet (93 square meters) There is a 1. the O+M glossary uses the term 'Project Building' so that is what we have used in the question. a project building includes all areas except: Parking lots A Parking lots are part of the project building. C 500 square feet (46 square meters) D 250 square feet (22 square meters) There is a 250 square feet (22 square meters) of gross floor area minimum for Commercial Interior projects. Core and Shell.

B Recycled Materials Pre-consumer content is content from industry scraps that was diverted from the waste stream and used for other purposes. roofs. the subject matter may come up on your exam.P USGBC Policies (e. It is important to know how you can and cannot use the logo so that you help the green building movement rather than hinder it. Excluded are materials that are re-incorporated into the same manufacturing process that generated it. wood chips. While we receive many comments about the relevance of these types of questions. trademark usage. D USGBC logo Use of the USGBC logo is granted through their marketing department. and walls of an existing building. Cabinetry made from walnut shells is an example of a pre-consumer recycled material.. The USGBC member logo is the only logo used to denote membership with USGBC. Examples include sawdust. and print overruns. logo usage) from the LEED GA Candidate Handbook. C Construction Waste Management Cabinets are usually built to order and have minimal waste generated during . The use of the USGBC and LEED logos are listed in the exam objectives to prevent misuse of these logos and to purposely or inadvertently spread incorrect information about LEED and USGBC. Notes: Reference: USGBC website Cabinetry made from walnut shells would help contribute toward earning what LEED credit? Building Reuse A Building reuse deals with reusing the floors. wood shavings. E LEED AP logo This logo is for people that are LEED APs. B USGBC member logo This question pertains to exam objective I. C LEED Chapter logo This logo denotes USGBC chapters.This logo is for LEED projects.g.

or significantly altered landscapes. Notes: Reference: n/a What area would not be considered previously developed? Unoccupied big-box retail store A Any existing building lot is a previously developed area. Land that has been altered and turned into a natural use such as agricultural. D Cotton field Previously developed land has pre-existing paving. D Regional Materials No information was given on the manufacturing distance of the cabinets so this cannot be an answer choice. D The intent of the proposed credit Notes: . forestry. B Parking lot grown over into a field A parking lot is a developed area. This is one of the sections listed for each credit/prerequisite in the reference guide. C Old torn down steel mill Any existing building lot is a previously developed area. Any waste disposed of would contribute to construction waste management but not enough information is given in the question to make this a valid choice.installation. construction. but is not part of the submittal process for an ID credit. or nature preservation does not count. Notes: Reference: LEED for Homes Glossary Which of the following are not required to be identified in writing to achieve an Innovation in Design (ID) credit for innovative performance? A B The strategies used to meet the requirements The proposed requirements for compliance C Regional variations for the credit Regional variations address concerns that are specific to where a building is located.

C The system must be installed to meet local fire codes LEED buildings still require meeting all local codes.Reference: LEED 2009 for New Construction and Major Renovations Rating System The following are required when submitting an ID credit for innovative performance: • • • • The intent of the proposed credit The proposed requirement for compliance The proposed submittals to demonstrate compliance The strategies used to meet the requirements The Green Label Plus certification is used for what material? Carpets A Green Label Plus certified carpets have low VOC content. B Floors Floors are certified by FloorScore. B The project could not earn LEED Platinum The project would still be eligible for LEED Platinum. • • • • Notes: Reference: LEED 2009 for New Construction and Major Renovations Rating System ----------------------What is true about a project that uses a Halon based fire suppression system? The project would not meet the Minimum Program Requirements A Refrigerant management is not addressed in the Minimum Program Requirements. D The system must have a leakage rate of 5% or less annually Leakage rates must be addressed for existing buildings that have CFC-based refrigerants that will be phased out over a 5 year period . D Wood Wood is certified by the Forest Stewardship Council. plumbing fixtures must meet local plumbing codes. C Cleaning products Green Seal and Environmental Choice are standards LEED accepts for cleaning products. and electrical systems must meet electrical codes. Fire systems must meet local fire codes.

They building owner will likely decide how many stories they would like the building to be. B Value engineering Value engineering (VE) is a systematic method to improve the 'value' of goods or products and services by using an examination of function. lot coverage. D The LEED rating system chosen LEED does not define the legal limits on building height. In conventional building many building features are VEd out to cut the budget. or it may regulate building height. Zoning may be use-based (regulating the uses to which land may be put). but the final height is determined by the local zoning.after project completion. B LEED Technical Advisory Group The LEED TAG does not rule on building height. C Local zoning Zoning is a method of land use regulation used by local governments in most developed countries. Because of the integrated design in green buildings. Notes: Reference: n/a What process identifies the high-performance building systems that will save money over the life of a project? Energy modeling A Energy modeling is only one aspect of measuring a building's performance. if a building owner decides to take out better quality and more costly insulation. the building's . • • • Notes: Reference: n/a The legal limit on the height of a building for a LEED project will be set by: The building owner A The building owner does not set the legal limit on the building height. VEing out a feature often ruins the performance of the system as a whole. and similar characteristics. These systems must reduce the leakage rate to 5% or less annually. or some combination of these. For example.

D Increase the area of permeable surfaces Increasing permeable surfaces reduces the rate of runoff but this strategy does not retain the water. C Reduce the size of the building footprint Reducing the building footprint will reduce impervious surfaces.utility bills will most likely go up and the HVAC system could be undersized. is designed to hold stormwater and reduce the runoff rate. ecobalance. and cradle-to-grave analysis) is the investigation and valuation of the environmental impacts of a given product or service caused or necessitated by its existence. C Life-cycle cost analysis Life cycle costing is used to evaluate economic performance and takes into account operational and maintenance costs throughout the life of the product. also known as life cycle assessment. B Install porous pavement Porous pavement is a type of permeable surface. The stormwater collects and sits in the pond and seeps back into the ground over time. This would reduce the rate but not hold any water. Notes: Reference: n/a What strategy to control and reduce stormwater will hold water and reduce the rate of runoff? Direct runoff into dry ponds A A dry pond. D Life-cycle assessment Life-cycle-analysis (LCA. Life cycle assessment evaluates a products 'environmental impact'. This reduces the rate but does not hold water. Notes: Reference: LEED 2009 for New Construction and Major Renovations Rating System What are three important factors of the LEED Green Building Rating System? It is the only green building standard A . This differs from life cycle costing evaluates a product's 'economic performance'. also known as a retention pond.

Do not confuse the following terms: Regional Priority Credits .Green Globes is another green building standard. Here is an example.LEED is not the only green building standard .these are bonus points for encouraging teams to attempt LEED credits that address specific environmental priorities in the project's region.S. Anyone on the project team can submit a CIR. C Visit the USGBC website Regional Priority credits are listed in an Excel spreadsheet and available from USGBC's website. consulting. and reference materials. E It is market-driven LEED is driven by the market place due to the volunteer committees being made up of people who work in the market place. has 6 LEED credits that are extra important to that zipcode. A project that achieves one of those credits earns a bonus point. B Look at the LEED credit checklist The LEED Credit Checklist helps project teams track their credits against requirements for certification. B It is voluntary USGBC member committees develop the LEED Rating System via a robust consensus process that has been refined since its inception. up to a maximum of 4. Notes: Reference: LEED Rating Systems How would a project team member determine if a credit has Regional Priority? Submit a Credit Interpretation Ruling (CIR) A CIRs are used for technical guidance on credits. D It is consensus-based LEED is a consensus process that has a balanced and transparent committee structure. Each zipcode in the U. as long as the person has access to LEED Online (through the project administrator). In Georgia zipcode 30002 saving water is . The key elements of the LEED Rating Systems are: • • • • • A consensus process that has a balanced and transparent committee structure Technical Advisory Groups to ensure scientific consistency and rigor Opportunities for stakeholder comment and review Member ballot of new rating systems and certain changes to existing rating systems A fair and open appeals process C It is government-financed USGBC is non-profit organization that derives revenue from training classes. The LEED Credit Checklist is also called the LEED Scorecard.

or they may be nonexistent. and/or which credits the project team wants to achieve. B LEED Score Card that helps the project team decide what specific design criteria will be met. etc. the project team consults the LEED score card to make sure the project is on track to achieve the credits the project team set out to achieve. The LEED score card is a tool to help guide the process and the meeting. or the team may come up with them at this time. the project team will use the LEED score card to check which LEED credits the project is likely to achieve. Regional Materials .a completed LEED score card that guides the project from beginning to end. Once the goals are set. There are variations but the end result is the same . This meeting is called the LEED charrette.design. At each step during the project . In regards to construction waste management the regional variation states 'hey.These are only found in reference guides and are specific to each credit. C Construction bids . check your local recycling program before you get to deep into this credit because if you can't recycle anything your chances of earning the credit go down'. These goals may have already been set by the project's owner based on the project vision. within 500 miles of the project site. Regional Variations D Check the appropriate LEED reference guide The LEED reference guides do not contain information on which credits are most important to which region. A regional variation 'outlines concerns specific to the geographic location of the building'. but it may not always be followed this way. because Georgia has had a lot of droughts lately. What was just described is a typical approach. The LEED Score Card is a tool Usually in the pre-design phase everyone involved in a project will get together either in person or on a conference call and discuss the project's green building goals. For example in some areas there aren't great recycling programs. Notes: Reference: USGBC website What tool would a project team use to set the project's green design criteria? Project schedule A The project schedule should occur later on after the design criteria has been set. as well as manufactured. harvested or recovered. construction.building materials or products that have been extracted. .important.

because the project is creating a quantifiable program that provides an environmental benefit to the community. Also. • • • • • E paper cardboard glass plastics metals Sustainable Sites Notes: Reference: Guidance on Innovation & Design (ID) Credits At a minimum. only allowing the community to recycle computers and electronics doesn't make the program non-comprehensive. Notes: Reference: Sample credit checklist for LEED v3 A project team for a LEED for New Construction project has decided to implement a community recycling program that will allow community residents to drop off computers and electronics at the project site. D Vision statement The project's green building goals should be developed from the vision statement. D Materials and Resources The prerequisite for projects to have an on-site recycle program found in the Materials and Resources category requires recycling of the following for the building occupants. a project team must successfully do which of the following to obtain LEED certification? Hire a USGBC approved consultant A USGBC consultants are not required for projects. What LEED category could the project earn points under? A B Indoor Environmental Quality Energy and Atmosphere C Innovation in Design This is an example of innovative performance. not the general community. . (Sustainable Building Technical Manual: Part II) However the vision statement is not a tool and not what the question is trying to teach.Construction bids should occur later on after the design criteria has been set.

An existing office building has a 20-year old chiller that uses CFC-11. The system must be reduced to an annual leakage of 5% or less during the phase out or if the system will stay in place if the simple payback is more than 10 years. C Gather documentation for the prerequisites Projects must meet all prerequisites to earn LEED certification and submit documentation for the credits being attempted. and only in cases when there will be a phase out or a third party audit shows that the simple payback for the new system would be more than 10 years and the old system will be left in place. What statement is true about the project's ability to earn LEED certification? The owner will not be able to achieve a Platinum level certification A The project could still achieve any level of certification. D The owner can leave the existing system in place if the annual leakage is reduced to 10% or less The annual leakage must be reduced to 5% or less. Notes: Reference: LEED 2009 for New Construction and Major Renovations Rating System What qualifies for Green Power credit for LEED projects? Using no refrigerants A . If a third party audit shows that the simple payback for the new system would be more than 10 years the system does not have to be replaced.B Gather documentation for 40 points of the 110 points available The minimum number of points required for certification is 40. D Record all vendors used on the project The product vendors are not needed when submitting documentation on the project. An owner is considering a major renovation of the building and applying for LEED for New Construction certification. The phase out must occur within 5 years after the project is completed. C The owner can implement a phase-out plan to earn LEED certification Existing buildings that have CFC based systems are still eligible for certification. A phase out plan must be implemented if a third party audit shows that the simple payback for the new system would be 10 years or less. B The owner must replace the chiller to earn LEED certification Replacement is not always required.

. RECs can be purchased to earn the Green Power credit. C Refrigerant quantities Refrigerant quantities are not addressed by LEED. On-Site Renewable Energy is energy the building produces on site. Notes: Reference: Guide to Purchasing Green Power What project issues are addressed by guidelines from SMACNA? Air quality issues from construction or renovation A SMACNA guidelines are used for some LEED credits in the Indoor Environmental Quality credit category. The Sheet Metal and Air Conditioning National Contractors Association (SMACNA) has a set of indoor air quality guidelines that are used to help manage air quality issues resulting from construction and renovation. RECs contribute to the Green Power credit. In LEED. etc. RECs can be purchased to show green power is used for the building's energy supply. You might hear this term on the news.Using no refrigerants results in natural or passive ventilation. D Renewable energy certificates The Green Power LEED credit requires off-site generated power. If a project has no access to a solar power farm from their local utility provider. low impact hydro. or a wind farm. D Carpet durability Carpet durability is not addressed by LEED. There is the general term 'green power' which tends to mean renewable energy. This could be a solar panel or an onsite windmill. B On-site renewable energy Green Power is not generated on site (that is called on-site renewable energy). B VOCs in materials VOCs in materials are addressed in the Indoor Environmental Quality LEED credit category by several different standards. The Green Power credit deals with renewable energy from the grid (utility providers) and comes from off-site. However in LEED renewable energy has distinct credits. C Energy reductions Energy reductions is how energy performance is optimized. This could be solar power from a solar power farm.

but that particular cost is usually separated in order to find out the actual construction expenses. mercury-containing light bulbs. steel. stones. engineering fees and other costs incurred before and after construction. hazardous materials. D Purchase of some steel This is a hard cost. The hard-cost categories are the bricks and mortar of the project. carpet. legal. These can be architectural. and metal. Which of the following would be classified as a soft construction cost? Civil engineer consulting fee A A soft construction cost is one that is not directly related to building. the hard costs are mostly comprised of the actual construction costs incurred to build the project. it will include the land. cardboard. a recycling program should include paper. construction. mechanical systems. Potable water comes from what sources? Municipal water supply . financing. dirt. plastic. glass. tile. Examples of hard costs include masonry. By far the largest portion of the expenses in a construction budget.What items would NOT be included in comingled recycling? A B Plastic Cardboard C Stone For LEED. etc. B Rental of a dumpster This is a hard cost. roofing. C Down payment on the property This is a hard cost. batteries. D Aluminum cans Notes: Reference: LEED 2009 for New Construction and Major Renovations Rating System At a minimum. In most cases. wood. and food waste would not be included.

If the project site is near a public library what would this help with? Meeting local zoning requirements Nothing in this scenario addresses meeting zoning requirements. etc. libraries. Glossary project team has selected a previously developed lot in an urban area to build a new condominium. It is what happens to the lot later that can impact the heat island effect. post offices. Notes: Reference: n/a A . Community connectivity is the quantity of connection between a site and the surrounding community. C Stormwater cisterns Cisterns are used to hold liquids. B Preserving any historical surroundings Building on a previously developed lot does not preserve the historical surroundings. D Wells Potable water is water that meets or exceeds EPA's drinking water standards and comes from wells or the municipal water supply. In this case the answer choice stated the cistern holds stormwater. C Reducing the heat island effect The type of lot selected does not address the heat island effect. D Community connectivity A public library is a basic service. hospitals. B Cooling towers Cooling towers use potable water they do not generate potable water.A Potable water is water that meets or exceeds EPA's drinking water standards and comes from wells or the municipal water supply. Notes: Reference: LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance Reference Guide. It is measured by pedestrian access to housing basic services such as restaurants. such as the quantity of hardscapes and the choice of materials used for paving.

precipitation. An urban heat island effect is caused by sunlight heating up dark colored surfaces such as roads and rooftops. or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer) (Environmental Protection Agency). C Using paving materials with high SRI values Materials with high SRI values reduce the heat island effect by reflecting solar radiation rather than absorbing it. C A five-year drought A A . Notes: Reference: LEED 2009 for New Construction and Major Renovations Rating System The heat island effect is created when developed areas have higher temperatures than surrounding rural areas. Huge quantities of heat are generated in buildings that have dark rooftops and absorb heat rather than reflect it. B Placing parking under cover Placing parking under cover is an accepted strategy by LEED for reducing the heat island effect. What is an example of climate change? A century-long decrease in temperature by 1 degree Climate change refers to any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature.Which of the following does not help reduce the non-roof heat island effect? Increasing the number of above ground parking spaces Increasing the number of parking spaces above ground would increase the heat island effect. D Planting large non-native trees for shading Shading hardscapes is an accepted strategy by LEED for reducing the heat island effect. B An unexpected snowstorm in Phoenix This is a weather condition.

C Identifying where new materials will be purchased from Identifying where new materials will be purchased from is part of selecting sustainable materials. Consider the packaging for product A that takes up 10 cubic feet and the packaging for product B that takes up 5 cubic feet. separate recycling containers will be used Construction waste management addresses diverting construction and demolition debris from landfills. If the packaging for product A is half recycled and half sent to the landfill. D A significant two-year increase in wind speeds Climate change takes place over more than two years. Notes: Reference: LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance Reference Guide. D Determining what sustainable materials will be used for construction Identifying what materials will be used is part of selecting sustainable materials. B Deciding if comingled vs. Construction waste management points are earned when 50% or more waste is diverted from landfills/incinerators. Glossary — Construction waste management should address what items? Selecting products that have less packaging Selecting products with less packaging does not reduce construction waste diversion from the point of earning LEED credits for construction waste management. donating materials to salvage yards. For New Construction projects must divert 50% of C&D debris from landfills/incinerators.Climate change takes place over more than five years. If the packaging for product B is half recycled and half sent to the landfill. Not how much waste is diverted while the product is being packaged. etc. LEED awards credit for diverting certain percentages of C&D debris from the waste stream. the project team needs to decide if comingled or separate recycling containers will be used. how much waste is diverted? 50%. The calculations are based on how much waste is diverted once the waste is on site. The end goal is to keep the C&D debris out of landfills and incinerators. donating materials to charitable organizations. A . The type of material and their costs do not impact the construction waste management calculations. When materials are recycled as part of a construction waste management plan. This can be done by recycling materials. how much waste is diverted? 50%. The type of material and their costs do not impact the construction waste management calculations.

Notes: Reference: LEED 2009 for New Construction and Major Renovations Rating System A . B ASHRAE ASHREA standards do not address renewable energy sources. D LEED for New Construction LEED for New Construction does not have a performance period. B LEED for Schools LEED for Schools does not have a performance period. C LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance LEED EB: O+M projects have a performance period requirement where various building systems are measured over time such as water usage and energy usage.Performance periods are part of which LEED rating system? LEED for Core & Shell LEED for Core & Shell does not have a performance period. Introduction A What organization is responsible for qualifying sources of off-site renewable energy acceptable by LEED? Center for Resource Solutions The organization that maintains Green-e is the Center for Resource Solutions. D Green-e Green-e is the actual certification used for RECs. C EPA The EPA does not specify renewable energy sources for LEED. Notes: Reference: LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance Reference Guide.

the systems must be phased out within 5 years after the project is completed. Projects should try to replace HCFCs with HFCs. In LEED enhanced refrigerant management requires not using halons in fire suppression systems. For buildings with existing systems that use CFC-based refrigerants. unless a third-party audit shows the simple payback for retrofitting/replacement is more than 10 years. C Replacing HFC-based refrigerants with HCFC-based refrigerants in existing equipment HCFCs are scheduled to be phased out under the Montreal Protocol by 2030. B Installing halon-based fire suppression systems Halons are an ozone depleting substance. This question asks about the requirements used to fulfill this intent. just like CFCs and HCFCs.Which of the following have helped reduce stratospheric ozone depletion? Not using CFC-based refrigerants in new equipment For new buildings LEED requires zero use of CFC-based refrigerants in new base building HVAC systems. In a new building how much CFC-based refrigerant can be used? A None The rating systems have a prerequisite for Fundamental Refrigerant Management which requires zero use of CFCs. not the other way round. Fundamental Refrigerant Management differs from Enhanced Refrigerant Management which requires either using no refrigerants or using refrigerants that have low Ozone Depletion Potential and Global Warming Potentials (ODP and GWP). D Implementing a phase-out of CFC-based refrigerants in existing equipment For renovations of existing buildings. CFCs are known to cause ozone depletion. B 2% of the total refrigerants A . implementing a phase-out of CFC-based refrigerants in existing equipment is a way to reduce ozone depletion Notes: Reference: LEED 2009 for New Construction and Major Renovations Rating System The intent of fundamental refrigerant management is to reduce stratospheric ozone depletion.

as long as they are not used in fire suppression systems D 5% of the total refrigerants Notes: Reference: LEED 2009 for New Construction and Major Renovations Rating System--------------- .C 5% of the total refrigerants.

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