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SYSTEM ADM. GUIDE 1/1543-APR 901 802 Uen A


Operations Support System (OSS) RC R4, Shipment B (3.0 GA Delivery)
Delta Information
Getting Started
Product Description RNO, Radio Network Optimization, Setup Guide
Operation
System Administration Copyright
Deployment
External Interfaces © Ericsson AB 2005 - All Rights Reserved
Ericsson Radio Core OSS Integration (ERCOSSI)
Business Objects Disclaimer
Citrix MetaFrame
F-Secure No part of this material may be reproduced in any form without the written permission of the
Secure Computing Safeword copyright owner.

The contents of these documents are subject to revision without notice due to continued progress in
methodology, design and manufacturing. Ericsson shall have no liability for any error or damage of
any kind resulting from the use of these documents.

Trademark List

Business Objects Business Objects SA

Contents

1 About This Document


1.1 Purpose
1.2 Target Group
1.3 Prerequisites
1.4 Typographic Conventions

2 OSS Installation and Configuration


2.1 Installation
2.2 Configuration of GSM PDB (Parameter Database)
Parameters
2.3 Site Coordinate and Antenna Data in CNA
2.4 Site Coordinate and Antenna Data in CS
2.5 Channel Group Data in CNA
2.6 SDM

3 BSC Configuration
3.1 Loading Corrections
3.2 Activating Optional Features
3.3 Defining Recording Files

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3.4 Checking the Routing of PRCA (Printout Category) 69 and


32
3.5 Checking the Size Alteration Events

4 Verification
4.1 RNO_CheckSetup
4.2 A Test Recording
4.3 If You Still Have Problems

Glossary

Reference List

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1 About This Document

1.1 Purpose

This document contains instructions on how to configure products in the RNO (Radio Network
Optimization) product family. Many different parts of the networks are involved in the production of
RNO results

The RNO Setup Guide is an attempt to make things easier by providing a step-by-step instruction on
how to install and configure RNO.

If you think you have already set-up RNO correctly, you can skip forward to Section 4.

If you want further details, please refer to Reference [2].

1.2 Target Group

The intended target groups for this document are administrators of the RNO applications.

1.3 Prerequisites

It is assumed that the user of this document

● Is familiar with Unix


● Has common knowledge of Ericsson's OSS-RC (Operations Support System - Radio and Core)
● Has the proper authority to use and administer RNO

1.4 Typographic Conventions

Table 1 Typographic Conventions

Convention Description Example

User Input A command that you must enter in cd $HOME


a Command Line Interface (CLI)
exactly as written.
Command Variables Command variables, the values of <home_directory>
which you must supply.
GUI Objects GUI objects, such as menus, On the File menu, click Exit.
fields, and buttons.
Key Combinations Key combinations. Press Ctrl+X to delete the selected
(1)
value.

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System Elements Command and parameter names, The files are located in E:\Test.
program names, path names,
URLs, and directory names The files are located in etc/opt/
(2)
ericsson/bin.
Output Information Text displayed by the system System awaiting input
Code Examples Code examples stat char* months[]=\

(3)
{"Jan","Feb"}

(1) The plus sign (+) indicates that you must press the keys simultaneously.

(2) The use of the forward slash (/) is for Unix systems, PC systems use the backslash (\).

(3) The back slash (\) is used to show where long lines are split.

2 OSS Installation and Configuration

2.1 Installation

The RNO CXC-products depend on each other as shown in the figure below:

Figure 1 The Product Dependences

To use WNCS (WCDMA Neighbouring Cell Support), NCS (Neighbouring Cell Support), MRR
(Measurement Result Recording), FAS (Frequency Allocation Support) or RNDBI (RNO Database
Export Interface) you must also install BRF (Basic Recording Framework). To use TET (Traffic
Estimation Tool), NOX (Neighbouring Cell List Optimization Expert) or GWNCS (GSM-WCDMA
Neighbouring Cell Support) you must also install BRF and NCS, and to use FOX (Frequency
Optimization Expert) or SYROX (Synchronized Radio Network Optimization Expert) you must also
install BRF and FAS.

Installation is done with IST (Installation Support Tool), as usual.

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Note:
Make sure that no recordings are active at upgrade installation.

To use the Business Objects universe and example reports supplied with RNDBI, some manual
configuration has to be done. The ZIP file containing the Business Objects universe and example
report files can be found at: /opt/ericsson/rndbi/etc/RNDBI.ZIP. The ZIP file is only available if
RNDBI is installed. For information on Business Objects Configuration, see Reference [7].

2.2 Configuration of GSM PDB (Parameter Database) Parameters

Most of the RNO PDB parameters have default values which is good enough to start working with,
but the following parameters must be edited before you can start running GSM RNO applications:

● Band Parameters
● BCCH (Broadcast Control Channel) Frequency Numbers
● STS (Statistics and Traffic Measurement Subsystem) Collection Timeouts

Some of the PDB parameters can be edited in a dialogue box of the RNO application. The dialogue
box is opened by selecting the RNO System Parameters from the Options menu in the RNO main
window. For further information see the on-line help.

All PDB parameters can be edited with the OSS tool cap_pdb_mu (see man-page).

2.2.1 Band Parameters

The parameters GSM800Band, GSM900Band , GSM1800Band and GSM1900Band is to contain the


frequencies used in your network. If none of these parameters are defined, it is not possible to
create frequency sets in RNO.

This means that some parts of RNO will work without setting these parameters, but it is
recommended to do so.

Start by asking a radio engineer what frequencies are allowed in your network. When you know this,
edit the parameter database in one of the following ways:

● Modify the respective parameter in the RNO System Parameters dialogue box, see above.

Or,

● Edit the parameter database map brf with the OSS tool cap_pdb_mu . The format is described
in the brf(7) man-page.

Note:
The "to" value in the intervals in the brf map is written before the "from" values!

2.2.2 BCCH Frequency Numbers for FAS, FOX, NCS and NOX

NCS and FAS (not MRR) need to know which frequencies that are used, or may be used, as BCCH.
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This information is used to decide which test frequencies shall be sent to the BA-list (BCCH
Allocation List) recording function in the BSC (Base Station Controller) when NCS and FAS ICDM
(Inter-Cell Dependency Matrix) results are recorded.

The radio engineers should know this, also. The BCCH frequency numbers should be entered in the
BCCHFreqNos parameter (use the dialogue box or edit the brf parameter database map). The format
is a string with the subset of frequency numbers (licensed) used for BCCHs. The syntax is intervals
of frequencies (from-to) or single frequencies (comma separated).

2.2.3 STS Collection Timeouts

The parameter stsCollectionTimes (in the brf and ncs parameter database maps) have default
setting, but it may be too short (depending on when you first installed RNO).

The recommended default settings are:

NCS: "1 240"

BRF: "120 15 15 15 15 60"

That is, the sum of the RNO wait time should be one hour more than the SDM (Statistical Data Mart)
" Error Delay", see Section 2.6.

The stsCollectionTimes parameter is used by RNO when STS data is collected from SDM. If you do
not have SDM installed, you do not need to bother about it. If you have SDM installed but are not
using it actively (that is you will never get STS counters in your RNO reports), you can set the
parameter fetchDataFromSDM value to 0 to make RNO skip the fetching of data from SDM. For
further information, see man-page for brf.

The stsCollectionTime parameter is not available in the RNO System Parameters dialogue box.
To change the stsCollectionTime parameter you must use the OSS tool cap_pdb_mu.

2.3 Site Coordinate and Antenna Data in CNA

The function of FAS, NCS, GWNCS, FOX and NOX depends on information about the geographical
position, antenna type, and direction of cell antennas. This information is used when BCCH and BSIC
(Base Station Identity Code) combinations (for GWNCS UMFIs) from the BARFIL are translated into
the corresponding cell names. The geographical position data is also used when RNO recording data
is shown in the GNIP (Geographical and Logical Network Information Presentation) tool.

If you only use MRR and you do not use GNIP, then you do not need the position data.

RNO reads the position data from CNA (Cellular Network Administration). Since some of the data
(which RNO needs) is not read into CNA in a CNA-adjust, you have to set the following attributes
manually:

Table 2 The Following CNA Attributes are not Included in CNA-adjust

Object Attribute Value Range


cell antenna_type (OMNI, SECTOR or ADAPTIVE)

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cell cell_dir 0..359 (Integer) for cells with SECTOR or ADAPTIVE antenna

NULL for cells with OMNI antenna


cell latitude Latitude-milliseconds
cell longitude Longitude-milliseconds

The simplest way to add them to CNA is to put them into a file and use the program cna_import to
read them into CNA. An example file look like this:

NW MSC BSC CELL antenna_type cell_dir latitude longitude


AXE M01 M01B00 S1000C0 OMNI NULL N58-00-00.000 E15-00-00.000
AXE M01 M01B00 S1100C0 SECTOR 0 N56-37-36.000 E14-13-48.000
AXE M01 M01B00 S1100C1 SECTOR 120 N56-37-36.000 E14-13-48.000
AXE M01 M01B00 S1100C2 SECTOR 240 N56-37-36.000 E14-13-48.000

To import this file called antennas into CNA to the planned area coord01 the following UNIX
commands should be issued:

# cp /tmp/antennas /var/opt/ericsson/cnai/data/import/.

# cna_import antennas coord01

After that, create an Update Job in CNA in order to make the planned area a Valid area. For further
information, see Reference [5] or the man-page for cna_import.

As your network grows, you should keep coordinate and antenna data up to date for RNO to work
properly.

2.4 Site Coordinate and Antenna Data in CS

The function of WNCS depends on information about the geographical positions. This information is
used when the reported scrambling codes from the network are translated into the corresponding
cell names.

WNCS reads the position data from CS (Configuration Service). You have to set the following
attributes:

Table 3 The Following CS Attributes needs to be set

RBS MOM Object Attribute Value Range


Sector latitude 0 - 8388607
Sector longitude -8388608 - 8388607
Sector latHemisphere North or South

2.5 Channel Group Data in CNA

It important to keep the channel group parameter NUMREQBPC updated according to the actual
number of TRXs used by the channel group. The parameter is not updated by a CNA Adjust and
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must therefore be manually maintained.

This is important to the FAS application, since incorrect NUMREQBPC values might lead to incorrect
downlink PIT estimates in the results.

When generation of recommendations are done in SYROX, it is essential that NUMREQBPC for the
frequency hopping channel groups reflects the number of TRXs used by the channel group.
Otherwise the suggested frequency hopping parameters will not be reliable.

NUMREQBPC shall be set to the value <Number of TRXs> * 8.

2.6 SDM

2.6.1 Installing Products

You need to install SMIA (Statistical Measurement Initiation and Administration), SGw (Statistical
Gateway) and SDM to get STS counters into RNO. Please use the installation instructions for each
product.

2.6.2 Starting Measurements

Use SMIA to start measurements on the object types that RNO uses. The needed object types are
listed in Reference [2] and they are CELTCHF, CELTCHH (if halfrate is used), NCELLREL, NECELLREL,
TRAFDLGPRS, CELLGPRS, CELLGPRSO, RLINKBITR, CELLSQI and CELLSQIDL. Please see Reference
[3] for information about how to set-up the measurements.

SMIA informs SGw automatically, that the files with these measurements have been set-up. If you
do not use SMIA, it is necessary to inform SGw manually which files SGw should parse. This can be
done using the SGw Measurement Configuration tool. For further information about how this is done
see Reference [4].

2.6.3 Configuring SDM

SDM needs to be set-up so that object types that RNO requires will be loaded into SDM. First you
need to make sure that all the network elements you would like to have statistics for are activated.
By default a new network element is inactive. SDM will not load any data from an inactive network
element even if SGw produces files.

You must make sure that the SDM objects are active. (By default all SDM objects are active).

You also need to set the required object types to Optional. NCELLREL is a mandatory object type in
SDM; this is not possible to change. Set the other object types to optional. This means that SDM will
wait for the object types for a time period if they do not arrive.

The time period to wait is called Error Delay and can also be set in SDM. Error delay is by default
set to 180 minutes.

Note:
The 180 minutes are measured from the start-time of the measurement period to be
loaded.
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If you have optional object types that are not set-up in the network elements or not communicated
to SGw, no data will be loaded into SDM before Error Delay time has passed. To get STS into RNO
as soon as possible, make sure that all object types that are set to mandatory or optional, have
been set-up in the network element and SGw knows about all files that should be parsed. For
information on how to inform SGw, see Reference [3].

If you have problems in your network so that files arrive late (for instance slow connections to the
network elements) it is possible to increase the Error Delay time. If the file with the object type
arrives after Error Delay time has passed the file will not be loaded into SDM and the data will not
be loaded into RNO.

Note:
If you change Error Delay in SDM, the stsCollectionTimes parameter in RNO needs to be
updated accordingly. See Section 2.2.3.

Please see Reference [6] for further information about how to do the above settings using the SDM.

You also need to make sure that the needed resolutions are stored for as long as they are needed.
For NCS and NOX this means that 24-hour resolution data should be stored at least a number of
days given by the parameter stsCollectionPeriod in the PDB map ncs plus 1. 60-minutes
resolution data needs to be stored at least for one day.

The stsCollectionPeriod parameter is available in the RNO System Parameters dialogue box
(select NCS application).

3 BSC Configuration

For each BSC in which RNO recordings will be run, a number of configurations have to be done.

3.1 Loading Corrections

For safe and correct RNO operation, make sure that the latest available version of correction
packages are installed in the BSCs where RNO is to be run. If there is any doubts about versions,
please contact your local contact person at Ericsson.

3.2 Activating Optional Features

The optional features RADIOINTREC and MEASRESREC must have been activated in the BSC in order
to run FAS/FOX and MRR.

The optional feature GWBAR must have been activated in the BSC in order to run GWNCS.

You can see if they have been activated by issuing the command (see also Reference [2]:

DBTSP:TAB=AXEPARS,SETNAME=CME20BSCF,NAME=<name>;

<name> is either RADIOINTREC, MEASRESREC or GWBAR. A response value of "1" means that the
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function is activated. A response value of "0" means that the functions are not activated.

Optional features can be activated in accordance with commercial agreements.

3.3 Defining Recording Files

Files used to transfer recording data from the BSC to the OSS must be defined in the BSC's IOG20
(Input Output Group 20) or APG40 (Adjunct Processor Group 40). It is recommended that 10 files of
each kind are defined, that is BARFIL00-BARFIL09, RIRFIL00-RIRFIL09 and MRRFIL00-MRRFIL09.

To define the files, you must know the file destination to the OSS from the BSC.

The files are defined with MML (Man Machine Language) commands. How this is done is described in
Reference [2].

There are two programs called genRnoIogFileMml and genRnoApgFileMml available. The programs
can produce a text file with the necessary MML-commands to define the files. See the manual page
of genRnoIogFileMml and genRnoApgFileMml for further info!

3.4 Checking the Routing of PRCA (Printout Category) 69 and 32

It is important to RNO that spontaneous reports and restart data from the recording functions in the
BSC are sent to the OSS. Those spontaneous reports are sent with Printout Category (PRCA) 69 and
32.

How to check and set-up the routing of these spontaneous reports is described in Reference [2].

3.5 Checking the Size Alteration Events

The BSC recording functions require certain size alteration events in the BSC to be set to high
enough values. These size alteration events are described in Reference [2].

When defining the BAR frequency file (SAE=533,BLOCK=ROBAR) the test frequencies should be
equal to the number of BCCH frequencies in your system, and the number of cells should at least be
equal to the number of cells in the BSC. You might want to add space for some extra cells right
away, if you plan for your network to grow.

4 Verification

To check that RNO has been installed correctly, you can perform the actions described below.

4.1 RNO_CheckSetup

The script RNO_CheckSetup checks the configuration of the OSS and the BSCs and reports problems
if there are any.

To check the configuration of the OSS and all connected BSCs for all recording functions, run the
test like this:
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RNO_CheckSetup -O -N

Note:
Running RNO_CheckSetup for all BSCs in the network may take a long time. If you only
need to check a part of the network, see below for additional options!

To check the configuration for FAS on the BSC named BSC1 you can run the test like this:

RNO_CheckSetup -N -t FAS -l BSC1

To see a short description of available options, enter:

RNO_CheckSetup

For further information, see man-page.

4.2 A Test Recording

If RNO_CheckSetup does not report any faults, you are ready to try your first recording. The
recommendation is to start with a small recording, covering approximately 15 cells for a short time
(15 minutes).

At the scheduled start-time of the recording, the recording status is changed to In Progress.

At approximately the scheduled stop time of the recording, the recording status is changed to
Completed. At this time, or somewhat later, a recording result for the recording turns up in the
Recording Results tab.

Note:
The recording status Completed means that the recording has finished in the BSC(s), not
that the recording result is ready. It may take some time between the completion time of
the recording to the completion time of the recording result, especially for FAS recordings.
This is because the recording has to collect data from the OSS and do some calculations.

The status of the recording result will vary from Processing to Ready for Analysis until the STS
data arrives. This may be up to 4 hours after the end of the recording.

4.3 If You Still Have Problems

If the recording status contains a hash mark (#), this means that there is text in the recording log.
The recording log contains warnings and error messages for events or situations that occurred
during the recording.

These warnings may tell you the reasons for your problem. Otherwise, please report the problem to
Ericsson through the usual channels.

If you need to write a trouble report or a customer support request, recording log messages are
probably of value to the person who will analyse the problem. The text from the recording log can be
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saved to a file.

Glossary

Glossary
The OSS-RC Glossary is available in Reference [1].

BA-List
BCCH Allocation List

BCCH
Broadcast Control Channel

BSIC
Base Station Identity Code

CLI
Command Line Interface

CNA
Cellular Network Administration. The OSS cell configuration tool

IST
Installation Support Tool

PDB
Parameter Database

PRCA
Printout Category

SGw
Statistical Gateway

Reference List

[1] Operations Support System (OSS) Glossary, 0033-AOM 901 017/2 Uen.
[2] RNO, Radio Network Optimization, System Administrator Guide, 1543-APR 901 802 Uen.
[3] SMIA, Network Statistics Statistical Measurement Initiation and Administration, User Guide,
1553-APR 901 220 Uen.
[4] SMIA, Network Statistics Statistical Measurement Initiation and Administration, System
Administratior Guide, 1543-APR 901 220 Uen.
[5] CNA, Cellular Network Administration, System Administrator Guide, 1543-APR 102 56/1A Uen.

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[6] SDM, NWS Statistical Data Mart, User Guide, 1553-APR 901 011 Uen.
[7] EMMA, Ericsson MultiMart Access, System Administrator Guide, 1543-APR 901 465 Uen.

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