Light and Render an Arch-Viz Style Outdoor Scene with V-Ray and 3d...

file:///D:/Dvd programas/vray com gamma/Light and Render an Arch-V...

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Laurens Corijn on Jul 10th 2009 with 37 comments Apart from the default render engines that come with 3ds Max, several extra renderers are available. Of all the 3rd party renders on the market, however, V-Ray has proven time and time again to be the most popular. In this tutorial, you will be introduced to lighting and rendering an outdoor scene with V-Ray in 3DS Max. This tutorial will walk you through the process of taking a finished model from it’s default rendered appearance, to a correctly set-up, and realistically lit final result. You will learn the basic V-Ray settings, that should always be set up for any scene, how to use a Gamma correct workflow, how to set lighting and global illumination settings, and how to optimize those settings. Note: This tutorial is meant to introduce a user, familiar with basic rendering in 3DS Max, to using V-Ray in a correct workflow. It will not teach you how to model the scene used in the images, as that is not our focus. The software used will be 3DS Max 2009 together with V-Ray 1.5, but using another version of 3DS Max should not be a problem, although minor differences in settings might be necessary. You can download the project file from the following link if you would like to look at (or play with) the settings, but you will need to have the above mentioned software to open it.

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Light and Render an Arch-Viz Style Outdoor Scene with V-Ray and 3d...

file:///D:/Dvd programas/vray com gamma/Light and Render an Arch-V...

Step 1
First of all, when rendering scenes with realistic global illumination, it is very important to work with gammacorrect settings. In short, this means we adjust 3DS Max’s settings to display brightness levels as you perceive them in real life. Go to “Customize” > “Preferences”, and select the “Gamma and LUT” tab. Any settings that you need to change, or pay attention to, will always be marked with a red border. It is very important to make sure that your screen or videocard display settings are set so that the gamma preview image blends together as one single grey value when viewed from a distance.

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Scroll all the way down.. go to “Rendering” > “Render Setup” (F10 on your keyboard). The “Common” tab should be active. 3 de 22 12/10/2010 20:41 . file:///D:/Dvd programas/vray com gamma/Light and Render an Arch-V. among others. Choose “V-Ray 1.50″ from the list and hit OK. Step 2 Next. The tabs in the “Render Settings” dialog should change to include. Hit the button next to the name of the “Production:” renderer to get a list of installed render engines... a “V-Ray” tab. and open the “Assign Renderer” rollout..Light and Render an Arch-Viz Style Outdoor Scene with V-Ray and 3d.

Hit ‘F9′ to start a first test render with “V-Ray”. or hitting ’8′ on your keyboard. but it is not really important since we will change this in a few steps anyway. these are called ‘buckets’. You might notice that my background color is grey instead of black. close the “Render Settings”... I chose this subject because it was easy to model. yet still looks interesting enough as a subject for this tutorial. My scene is Tod Williams’ 1978 Tarlo House in Suffolk County.. Step 3 For now. You can do the same via “Rendering” > “Environment”.. file:///D:/Dvd programas/vray com gamma/Light and Render an Arch-V. NY. 4 de 22 12/10/2010 20:41 .Light and Render an Arch-Viz Style Outdoor Scene with V-Ray and 3d. You will notice “V-Ray” renders with small squares running across your render.

Hit ‘F10′ again. “Lanczos”. is change your “Antialiasing” filter.. and “Mitchell-Netravali” are also okay. and go to the “V-Ray” tab. You don’t have to use “Catmull-Rom”. 5 de 22 12/10/2010 20:41 . The rollout we want is the “Image sampler” (Antialiasing) rollout. but I prefer the crisp look “Catmull-Rom” gives me. to bring up the “Render Settings” window..Light and Render an Arch-Viz Style Outdoor Scene with V-Ray and 3d. file:///D:/Dvd programas/vray com gamma/Light and Render an Arch-V.. which looks blurry and un-sharp compared to other more advanced ones. Step 4 The first thing you should always do when setting up rendering. “Area” is the default filter.. Change the drop down for the filter from “Area” to “Catmull-Rom”.

you can create a camera from a view by pressing “Ctrl + C” in a perspective viewport. as you should be able to see from other views... and render again by hitting ‘F9′. So.. file:///D:/Dvd programas/vray com gamma/Light and Render an Arch-V. Step 6 Next. You can switch a viewport back to perspective mode by hitting ‘P’ while in it. you will set up a camera. 6 de 22 12/10/2010 20:41 . try to find a camera angle that is aesthetically pleasing. and hit “Ctrl + C”.. Step 5 Close the “Render Settings”. This creates a default 3ds Max Camera. In 3ds Max.Light and Render an Arch-Viz Style Outdoor Scene with V-Ray and 3d. or present you with a list of camera’s if there are multiple cameras in the scene. Hitting ‘C’ will return the viewport back to camera mode. The difference in changing the “Antialiasing” filter should be visible already.

Create a “Physical Camera” at about the same location as the standard camera. Do the same thing with the “Physical Camera’s” target. This camera behaves like a real-life camera with F-number. In the “Primitives” tab.. and ISO values.. 7 de 22 12/10/2010 20:41 . Now. file:///D:/Dvd programas/vray com gamma/Light and Render an Arch-V. use the “Align” tool (highlighted red in the top left corner) to align your “Physical Camera” to the standard camera. and change the drop down to “VRay”. since their default values are meant to work with the “Physical Camera”. and you won’t have to tweak your “V-Ray” light settings. proprietary camera. called a “V-Ray Physical Camera”. go to the “Cameras” section..Light and Render an Arch-Viz Style Outdoor Scene with V-Ray and 3d. shutter speed.. The main reason you should use it is because you have more realistic control over your renders. Step 7 “V-Ray” has a special.

You should immediately see that our render has gone a lot darker.. You will also notice the “Antialiasing” quality has gone down. since “V-Ray” adapts it’s “Antialiasing” quality based on brightness and contrast (remember the “Adaptive subdivision” sampler from the “Antialiasing” rollout). Step 8 Delete the standard camera (you won’t need it anymore). The size of this object does not matter.... Go to the “Systems” button. This is because the brightness the “Vray Physical Camera” expects from lights is much higher than the default brightness of standard 3ds Max lights. and create a “Daylight” object. Change your view to look through your new “V-Ray Physical Camera”. Now hit ‘F9′ to test render again. of the “Create” tab. We are going to use a “Daylight” system to create a sunlight in our scene.Light and Render an Arch-Viz Style Outdoor Scene with V-Ray and 3d. Step 9 To fix your brightness problem. you need to set up some lights. This is actually normal. Once created. The advantage of this system is that it has an easy interface for correct sun positions and movement. you can rotate it to change the compass direction. at the center of your scene. 8 de 22 12/10/2010 20:41 . file:///D:/Dvd programas/vray com gamma/Light and Render an Arch-V.

however.. called the “Assembly Head”. instead of a standard light. and disable the “Skylight”. as the default values will work fine. Step 10 The “Daylight” system automatically created a sunlight attached to it. file:///D:/Dvd programas/vray com gamma/Light and Render an Arch-V. and change the highlighted drop downs to use a “VraySun”.Light and Render an Arch-Viz Style Outdoor Scene with V-Ray and 3d. but a render setting (we will talk more on this later)... Remember that adjusting the “VraySun’s” parameters happens through here. The “Skylight” is not an object in “V-Ray”. Select this light. this is not necessary. Since we are using a “Physical Camera”. 9 de 22 12/10/2010 20:41 ..

. go to the “Motion” tab.Elance.. is that you can also select a location somewhere on earth and the daylight system will automatically adjust the sun to behave like on that location. NY. stills www.Light and Render an Arch-Viz Style Outdoor Scene with V-Ray and 3d. What is interesting here. movies.com 10 de 22 12/10/2010 20:41 . by using the “Time” settings.com Lightmap Rendering Realtime rendering inside SU Export lightmaps.co. file:///D:/Dvd programas/vray com gamma/Light and Render an Arch-V. Step 11 With the “Daylight Assembly Head” selected. Click “Get Location”. Available now. 3 DS Max Designers Compare and Hire the Best.archipelis. and click on a location on the world map to select it.. I used the approximate location of “Suffolk County”. Find Someone Today! www.uk Easy 3D modeling for SL Create 3D models by simply drawing its shape and export to SL! www. Here you will change the sun’s “azimuth” and “altitude” to your liking..light-up.

At this point. hit ‘F9′ to test render again.. feel free to make more test renders. and a default “Physical Camera”. 11 de 22 12/10/2010 20:41 . With a default “VraySun”.. Step 12 Once you have a basic set up. your result should look like below.Light and Render an Arch-Viz Style Outdoor Scene with V-Ray and 3d. file:///D:/Dvd programas/vray com gamma/Light and Render an Arch-V... to find a sun position that is to your liking.

so select your “Physical Camera” to change some of its settings. and shutter speed to the ISO film speed. In real life. are the most important ones for the moment.. an “ISO” of ’100′. These numbers are a starting point for further tweaking. 12 de 22 12/10/2010 20:41 . This rule states “On a sunny day.. the brighter your image will be. set aperture to f/16. Keep the following in mind regarding these three settings: the lower the “F-number”. the lower the “Shutter Speed”. and “Film Speed” (ISO). file:///D:/Dvd programas/vray com gamma/Light and Render an Arch-V.. there is a rule in photography called the “Sunny 16 rule”. we will go for an “F-number” of ’16′. but “F-number”.” So in our case.Light and Render an Arch-Viz Style Outdoor Scene with V-Ray and 3d. and the higher the “ISO”. “Shutter Speed”. There are quite a few.. Step 13 The previous renders were a little overblown. and a “Shutter Speed” of ’125′ (a small deviation is fine).

we will get much more realistic lighting results.. 13 de 22 12/10/2010 20:41 . file:///D:/Dvd programas/vray com gamma/Light and Render an Arch-V. This is because we have not activated a “Skylight” with “Indirect Illumination” yet.. You will notice the scene got darker. and now seems a bit under lit. You will also probably notice that your shadows are completely black. Step 14 Render again. Once we do this..Light and Render an Arch-Viz Style Outdoor Scene with V-Ray and 3d..

Change the color from a slight blue. This is how you activate a skylight in “V-Ray”. It is important to lower the quality of the “Irradiance” map (a method for calculating “Indirect Illumination”) for test rendering purposes. as mentioned earlier. file:///D:/Dvd programas/vray com gamma/Light and Render an Arch-V. open the “Environment” rollout. This will reduce render times by a magnitude of 14 de 22 12/10/2010 20:41 . Step 16 Next.. go to the “Indirect Illumination” tab. This tab has a wealth of options and possibilities. to white. Step 15 Open your “Render Settings” again..Light and Render an Arch-Viz Style Outdoor Scene with V-Ray and 3d. there is no need to complicate things. as default settings will mostly work fine.. In the “V-Ray” tab.. Activate it by checking the tickbox in the upper left corner. Enable the “GI Environment” (skylight) override by checking the tickbox. but for this tutorial.

is how the light seems to reflect a little bit too strongly in some corners.Light and Render an Arch-Viz Style Outdoor Scene with V-Ray and 3d. Shadows are not pure black anymore. Phase” tickbox tells “V-Ray” to show you what it does while pre-calculating the “Irradiance” map. 15 de 22 12/10/2010 20:41 . After a render. up to ’4′.. Checking the “Show Calc. and the lighting generally became a lot more interesting to look at.... Step 17 Time to render again. The only problem on the image below. you should see a result that’s starting to look more like what we want. Just change the dropdown to “Low” instead of “High”. with more than adequate visual results for previewing. making rendering less boring to look at. with an interesting pre-pass or two. file:///D:/Dvd programas/vray com gamma/Light and Render an Arch-V.

To make the scene a little bit more interesting. or blue on an object is not done.. the material in the scene was pure white. until now. The settings for this reflective material are highlighted. click the material name in the top right. as the strong light bounce is almost 16 de 22 12/10/2010 20:41 . green. To change a standard material. red. and select a “VrayMtl” from the list that is presented. file:///D:/Dvd programas/vray com gamma/Light and Render an Arch-V. Step 18 The strong light reflection is because. as it is not the focus of this tutorial. You can skip this step if you like. assign a “VrayMaterial” with reflections enabled to the windows.Light and Render an Arch-Viz Style Outdoor Scene with V-Ray and 3d.. Step 19 Render again. Change the material color to a warm white value. just as using pure black. The results of the newly chosen materials should be obvious. This is almost never a good idea...

Light and Render an Arch-Viz Style Outdoor Scene with V-Ray and 3d. to make the darkened vignet edges more obvious. The default blueish white makes for a result that is much too warm. choosing a warm. 17 de 22 12/10/2010 20:41 . completely gone. orange-ish white as balance will cool the image colors down.. file:///D:/Dvd programas/vray com gamma/Light and Render an Arch-V.. while choosing a cold. Adjust the white balance to your liking. blueish white as balance can warm the image colors up. so change this color to a warmer white. you can increase the vignetting value a bit more. Optionally.. Playing with the shutter speed will show that a value of ’90′ looks best (remember that lowering shutter speed increases the image brightness). Step 20 The previous image is still a little bit under lit..

then there is no reason not to do so! 18 de 22 12/10/2010 20:41 . but instead of spending a lot of time on this in 3ds Max. file:///D:/Dvd programas/vray com gamma/Light and Render an Arch-V.Light and Render an Arch-Viz Style Outdoor Scene with V-Ray and 3d. in 3D. Remember. and can do with some more balancing of the brightness levels.. The changes should once again be obvious. the final result is what matters.. This render might still be a little bit under lit. so if getting there through Photoshop is easier and faster. we will opt to change these settings in Photoshop afterwards. We can now start increasing the settings for our final image... and this result should be adequate enough to end our test rendering phase. Step 21 Time for another test render.

it is almost a must (the smaller and the more geometric detail your object has. 19 de 22 12/10/2010 20:41 . an “Irradiance” map setting of “Medium” should do the job most of the time. file:///D:/Dvd programas/vray com gamma/Light and Render an Arch-V. the more necessary this option becomes)... and can even allow for a “Low” preset to be used. Step 22 Go back to the “Indirect Illumination” settings.Light and Render an Arch-Viz Style Outdoor Scene with V-Ray and 3d.. A setting of “High” should only be used when absolutely necessary. This tells “V-Ray” to locally increase the lighting quality where necessary.. For higher quality renders. “Detail enhancement” also adds quite a lot to render times. as it increases render times almost to a disproportionate level. instead of “Medium” or “High” in some occasions. but in certain cases. An interesting way of increasing quality is by enabling “Detail enhancement”.

Step 24 To illustrate the effect of “Gamma correct” settings and workflow. Especially the “Indirect Illumination” suffers from not using “Gamma correction”.... I chose for a more dramatic wide shot here. and then blended between the two. file:///D:/Dvd programas/vray com gamma/Light and Render an Arch-V. I saved the image without “Gamma correction”..Light and Render an Arch-Viz Style Outdoor Scene with V-Ray and 3d. 20 de 22 12/10/2010 20:41 . It would have been a lot more difficult to tweak the settings to look the same without “Gamma correction”. Step 23 Change your camera angle so it is a bit more to your liking.

21 de 22 12/10/2010 20:41 . Step 25 Once you’re happy with your render quality. Final Result Click on the image to open a High-Rez version. and then open it in Photoshop. Feel free to try anything else you want in Photoshop. save it. and resolution. “Image” > “Auto Levels” or “Auto Contrast” might also work.Light and Render an Arch-Viz Style Outdoor Scene with V-Ray and 3d. In this case. file:///D:/Dvd programas/vray com gamma/Light and Render an Arch-V.... but “Fading” them might prove necessary either way.. and then “Edit” > “Fade Auto Color” to 50% should prove enough to fix the levels. using “Image” > “Auto Color”.

.com.com. real-time. Try Our Free Trial Now! www. I've been doing CG for 4 years now. a recent Digital Arts & Entertainment graduate from Belgium. Lightmap Rendering Realtime rendering inside SU Export lightmaps... I like to spend my time listening to music. Besides doing CG. 22 de 22 12/10/2010 20:41 .myigetit. movies. and riding and maintaining my motorcycle.Light and Render an Arch-Viz Style Outdoor Scene with V-Ray and 3d.com By Laurens Corijn I'm Laurens Corijn.uk CATIA V5 Training Training courses for new and advanced users online.light-up. My website can be found at: laurenscorijn. stills www.tw 3D Max online training treinamentos.co.ziga.. www.com/catia LED lighting / products led tube/light bar/wall lamp/ wood pendant/table lamp/floor lamp www. file:///D:/Dvd programas/vray com gamma/Light and Render an Arch-V.cadritech. video game art.CartoonSmart. and optimized. I equally enjoy working on high-end rendering.com. mainly focusing on mechanical subjects such as vehicles.br Video classes in English Winning training center Flash tutorial Flash Training From An Industry Specialist. Don’t miss more CG tutorials and guides. published daily – subscribe to Cgtuts+ by RSS.

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