Outline for Lecture on Reconstruction

I. Overview II. Reconstruction defined III. The War’s Aftermath IV. Key Points to Remember about Reconstruction V. Development of the North after the War VI. Devastation in the South VII. The Battle Over Reconstruction a. Abraham Lincoln’s Plan for Reconstruction
i. Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction Plan (Ten

Percent Plan) VIII. Radical Republicans a. Wade-Davis Bill IX. Assassination of Abraham Lincoln a. John Wilkes Booth b. Others hurt in the melee c. Effect of assassination on the United States X. Andrew Johnson a. The man b. Johnson’s Reconstruction Plan c. Problems XI. Radical Reconstruction a. Who were the Radical Republicans? b. Goals of Radical Republicans

c. Republican verses Johnson i. Three points of contention between Johnson and Radical Republicans 1. Civil Rights Bill of 1866 2. The Freedmen’s Bureau 3. Fourteenth Amendment XII. 1866 Midterm Elections a. Main issue of election b. Formation of National Union Party c. Waving the “Bloody Shirt” d. Republicans in “driver’s seat.” XIII. Reconstruction Acts of 1867 a. Military Districts b. Probation c. Guidelines for readmission to the Union XIV. Impeachment of Andrew Johnson a. Tenure in Office Act b. Edwin Stanton c. Johnson’s efforts to stop Reconstruction d. Impeachment i. Trial of Andrew Johnson XV. Reconstruction of Southern Society a. Southern Republicans i. How did reconstruction actually work? ii. Who were the Southern Republicans?

iii. Three pillars in the South that supported Republicans 1. Carpetbaggers 2. Scalawags 3. Freedmen iv. Southern Republican Agenda 1. Goals of southern Republicans XVI. Tools of Enforcement and Change a. Goal of southern Democrats b. Three tools of Enforcement i. Freedmen’s Bureau ii. Army iii. Government Power XVII. Freedmen Life a. Immediate reaction b. Land ownership i. “Forty acres and a mule” ii. Reasons for freedmen believing that they would be given land iii. Reasons freedmen did not get their land c. What were the freedmen going to do with their lives? XVIII. The Presidency of Ulysses S. Grant a. The Election of 1868 b. Grant’s Administration i. Naïve and ineffective ii. Corruption

1. Credit Mobilier c. Grant’s Foreign Policy i. Hamilton Fish XIX. Decline of Reconstruction a. Three points about the end of Reconstruction b. Southern Republican Problems i. Corruption ii. Infighting iii. Decline of northern support XX. Democrats Take Control of the South a. Redemption i. Mississippi Plan 1. Overt Racism 2. Terror and Intimidation b. Southern Republican Response i. Full force ii. Enforcement Acts (1870-1871) XXI. 1876 Election a. Rutherford B. Hayes b. Samuel Tilden c. Disputed Election

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