UNICEF IN INDIA

© UNICEF India A school girl participates in a class. UNICEF has been working in India since 1949. The largest UN organisation in the country, UNICEF is fully committed to working with the Government of India to ensure that each child born in this vast and complex country gets the best start in life, thrives and develops to his or her full potential. The challenge is enormous but UNICEF is well placed to meet it. The organisation uses quality research and data to understand issues, implements new and innovative interventions that address the situation of children, and works with partners to bring those innovations to fruitition. What makes UNICEF unique in India is its network of 13 state offices. These enable the organisation to focus attention on the poorest and most disadvantaged communities, alongside its work at the national level. UNICEF uses its community-level knowledge to develop innovative interventions to ensure that women and children are able to access basic services such as clean water, health visitors and educational facilities, and that these services are of high quality. At the same time, UNICEF reaches out directly to families to help them to understand what they must do to ensure their children thrive. UNICEF also wants them to feel a sense of ownership of these services. That same knowledge and interface with communities enables the organisation to tackle issues that would otherwise be difficult to address: the complex factors that result in children working, or the growing threat that HIV/AIDS poses to children. UNICEF knows that key to addressing these challenges are its partnerships with sister UN agencies, voluntary organisations active at the community level, women’s groups and donors.

THE COUNTRY PROGRAMME, 2008-2012
Government of India – UNICEF Programme of Co-operation Over the last five years, India has seen impressive economic growth as well as progress in terms of human development. The economy has gone from strength to strength, with growth rates as high as nine per cent in 2006-07, while the population below the poverty line has been gradually falling. However, in its approach paper for the 11th Five Year Plan, the Government of India (GOI) recognises that even these remarkable growth rates are not fast or equitable enough to reach disadvantaged populations. GOI has adopted National Development Targets which are in line with – and at times more ambitious than – the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). While the current rate of progress of a number of indicators is not sufficient to meet many of these targets, the government’s commitment to “inclusive growth” presents a unique opportunity to improve the lives of all Indian children. UNICEF’s 2008-12 Country Programme seeks to complement government-led programmes to achieve these development goals, and is guided by the Convention on the Rights of the Child and other international and regional commitments. Key achievements of the UNICEF Country Programme (2003-2007) The previous Country Programme focussed on the fulfillment of rights of all children and women, and the promotion of an enabling environment to ensure equity and to strengthen accountabilities towards children.. In collaboration with government schemes, key achievements over the last five years include
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Increased household consumption of iodised salt; Provision of water supply and sanitation to 65 per cent of schools; Mainstreaming of HIV/AIDS prevention education for adolescents in 75 per cent of all government schools; Doubling in the coverage in household sanitation ; Improved school governance and child-friendly classroom environments; Adoption of Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illnesses (IMNCI) as a key strategy for child health;

Goal and objectives The overall goal of the 2008-2012 Country Programme is to advance the fulfilment of the rights of all women and children in India to survival. UNICEF will work closely with government flagship schemes to strengthen their capacity to deliver quality services to all its citizens. Reduction of MMR from 301 to 100 per 100. conservation and equitable allocation. Programmes In addition to reducing infant mortality rates (IMR). Key results include: • • Reduction of IMR from 58 to 28 per 1. Key results include: • Sustainable access to and use of safe water and basic sanitation services. the Reproductive and Child Health programme will also aim to reduce maternal mortality rates (MMR) from 301 to 100 per 100. Child Environment improving freshwater availability.000 live births. Anticipated results include: • • Reduction in the level of malnutrition.000 live births. as well as access to sanitation and adoption of critical hygiene practices. There is also a special focus on social inclusion in all these programmes. development. participation and protection by reducing social inequalities based on gender. keeping in mind the fact that the Eleventh-Five-Year Plan emphasises on ‘inclusive growth’ and recognises social exclusion and inequality as a constraint to the achievement of MDG goals. UNICEF’s work is centred on children from neonatal stages to adolescence.000 live births. The Child Protection will seek to protect children from violence. exploitation and abuse. ethnicity or region. caste. The Child Development and Nutrition programme will stress on the nutritional status of the mother along with the child. The programme will seek to create a protective environment for children through the improvement and expansion of services to children in need of care and protection and . Significant reduction in micronutrient deficiencies. UNICEF will focus on providing technical know-how to enhance ICDS functioning and delivery by supporting training of the field-level workers on the one hand and by conducting a nationwide awareness campaign on the issue with the purpose of influencing policy. The main interventions will revolve around enhancing child survival and maternal care. its management.

at the state level. the Emergency . support and treatment in the 17 integrated districts. achievement and completion rates in elementary education. retention. care. completion rates and literacy levels amongst disadvantaged groups. In particular. Provisioning of comprehensive PPTCT services to 40 per cent of all HIV-positive pregnant women. Delivery of targeted comprehensive HIV-prevention services to 90 per cent of atrisk adolescents and developing replicable models for HIV/AIDS prevention. Provision of correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS and risk reduction to 70 million out-of-school adolescents and young people. in addition. Key results include: • • • • Mainstreaming of HIV/AIDS prevention education into the curricula and teaching of all government secondary schools. laws. guidelines and tracking systems on children in need of care and protection and children in conflict with the law. The Education programme will endeavour to fine-tune policies and strategies to increase the enrolment. The Social Policy. Advocacy and Behaviour Change Communication programmes will focus on influencing national policies and schemes with respect to rights of children and women through advocacy. which cause extensive damage to lives and livelihoods every year. The Children and AIDS Programme will seek to reduce vulnerabilities. and on reaching families and communities on a number of inter-related behaviours and social/cultural norms that cut across programmes. In view of the fact that almost 80 per cent of India is vulnerable of natural disasters.children in conflict with the law under the provisions of the Juvenile Justice Act. the emphasis in the area of prevention will be on the most at risk and especially vulnerable young people up to the age of 24. slow down the rate of new infections and mitigate the impact of HIV/AIDS among children 0-18 years old. appropriate care and treatment to all identified HIV-positive infants and adequate care and protection received by an increased proportion of children affected by HIV at the state level. achievement and completion rates in elementary education. Key results include: • Increasing enrolment. child labour laws and other related legislation. Key results include: • • Strengthened policies. the programme seeks to improve learning outcomes. budgets. retention. norms. Establishment of child protection units at the state level.

In the disadvantaged states of Bihar.Preparedness and Response programme will ensure the fulfilment of rights of children and women in humanitarian crises. Orissa. Karnataka. Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh. policy and advocacy. Maharashtra. Rajasthan. Gujarat. Geographic Focus At a national level. . UNICEF will continue to concentrate efforts on community empowerment. West Bengal. the emphasis will be on focusing resources in terms of programming. Uttar Pradesh. Madhya Pradesh. behaviour change. Tamil Nadu and Kerala. and programmatic interventions. UNICEF will work closely with the central government in ensuring that children’s rights are reflected and resourced in policies and programmes. At a district level. UNICEF will continue to support limited-scale programming balanced with advocacy and influencing policy to build on progress made in the social sector. Andhra Pradesh. innovations and convergence. In Assam.

Celebrities in India (from the world of film / music / theatre / sports) have a strong national and regional appeal. National Celebrity: Raveena Tandon: Maternal and Neonatal health 5. they have helped sway government policies on behalf of children. thereby sending a message that children are an urgent priority. Sachin Tendulkar. 7. . Goodwill Ambassador: Amitabh Bachchan: Polio 2. Some of the invaluable contributions by our celebrity partners include innovative Public Service announcements. National Celebrity: Aamir Khan: Nutrition 4. Priyanka Chopra. National Celebrity: Priyanka Chopra: Convention on the rights of the child. National Ambassador: Sharmila Tagore: HIV stigma and discrimination 3. In the nearly 50 years since celebrities began working with UNICEF. Sachin Tendulkar. UNICEF in India partners with its ambassadors Amitabh Bachchan and Sharmila Tagore as well as key celebrity advocates who are committed to supporting the cause of children. publicize children's issues around the globe and raise funds for UNICEF-supported programmes. National Celebrity. UNICEF works with nearly 200 Goodwill Ambassadors to increase public awareness of the rights of children and women and UNICEF's work in protecting those rights. National Celebrity. Aamir Khan.CELEBRITIES SUPPORTING UNICEF’S WORK IN INDIA Globally. Early Marriage and Adolescent girls lifeskills 6. Over the years they have played a significant role in helping UNICEF to create public awareness on children’s issues. Nandana Sen: Gender based violence some facets of child protection. Handwashing and personal hygiene. Raveena Tandon and Nandana Sen have been actively supporting UNICEF’s work for women and children in India. Here is the list of Issue Associations of celebrities supporting UNICEF’s work in India 1. Also their involvement has mobilized action and resources from civil society. participation at key advocacy events and media interactions to generate a discourse around key issues.

The Indian Institutes of Technology provide world-class education to thousands. while over 190 million Indian women remain illiterate. range from 83 per cent in the district of Mumbai to 46 per cent in Nandurbar. while the average child sex ratio for Maharashtra is 917 females per 1. While monitoring progress towards the national targets as outlined in the 10th Five Year Plan is important. Even within states there are marked differences. Female literacy rates in Maharashtra. Through evidence-based programming and targeting. resulting in a narrowing of the disparities. among different income levels and between the sexes. Gender disparity is evident as almost twice as many girls as boys are pulled out of school. . With such diversity throughout the country. there are communities where a health worker has not been seen for years. data should also be generated and analysed at local levels to ensure that services reach the most disadvantaged. Similarly. While India boasts of state-of-the-art hospitals offering some of the best medical care in the world. between social groups. it ranges widely between districts: from 974 in the district of Gadchiroli to 850 in Sangli.000 males. ranging from only 2 per cent of births being registered in Bihar to 95 per cent in Goa.CONTRASTS AND CHALLENGES India is a country of contrasts and great complexity. The picture is not simply one of rich versus poor. The growth of modern infrastructure in cities contrasts with the most basic needs: only two out of every three urban households have water taps and three out of every four have toilets. The enormous challenges for development are the marked disparities among different geographical regions. or never sent to school. for example. Malnutrition afflicts more than half of all rural children even as problems related to obesity threaten their more affluent peers. Birth registration Birth registration is an area where there are significant differences between states. it is important for reliable disaggregated information to be available and used at all levels. resources can be directed to the most disadvantaged populations.

1949 UNICEF begins working in India. 2000 UNICEF partners with GOI to ensure eradication of guinea worm. now reaching millions of children throughout India. 2004 UNICEF joins Government of India’s (GOI) efforts to eradicate polio. 1975 UNICEF supports piloting and launch of Integrated Child Development services. the national water programme has expanded to provide access to protected sources of drinking water to 95% of India’s villages.8 million expectant and nursing mothers and 30 million children under six years of age. Since then. . 1967 UNICEF's association with GOI's rural water programme provides emergency relief to tackle severe drought. 1985–86 UNICEF supports launch of GOI’s Universal Immunization Programme.HISTORY OF UNICEF IN INDIA Milestones in the history of UNICEF's work in India. Today this programme reaches out to 4. 1986 UNICEF works with GOI to launch Oral Rehydration Therapy Programme for treatment of diarrhoea. 1996 UNICEF supports launch of GOI’s RCH programme.

and the Malaria Institute. Maternal and child health Maternal and child health programmes begin in India in the early 1950s and the flow of UNICEF supplies and equipment begins soon after. 5 anti-tuberculosis centers are established Bombay. Plant is set up with the equipment provided by UNICEF.B Centers In 1951.India’s first penicillin plant set up at Pimpri. UNICEF provides equipment and technical assistance.1949-1959 Milk Feeding Programme Partition takes its toll. India’s first DDT Plant Established 1954 – India’s first DDT plant set up to supply National Malaria Eradication Programme launched by the Government of India. later termed as Community Development Programme.H. assisted by UNICEF together with United Nations Information Centre. Delhi. India works on Disease Control Malaria control and demonstration projects started in Orissa. India’s first Penicillin Plant Established 1949 . UNICEF assists in this programme. India Establishes Anti-T. . Madras and West Bengal. MCH activities intensify from 195254 when the GOI adopted a National Extension Programme for rural areas. it is the first public sector undertaking in the Drugs & Pharmaceutical Sector.O. Mysore and United Provinces in collaboration with W. India Undertakes Massive Campaign on Vaccination Promotion A mass publicity campaign is undertaken for the promotion of BCG vaccination. soon after Independence the Government of India launches a milkfeeding programme for refugee children. The first Governor General of India backs the campaign and the programme.

Health Services 1973 Initiated by the government all over India. Assistance in the form of hardware material. . as a part of the health plan. initially in the form of equipment.000 rural populations in selected states. The aim is to increase the enrollment of blind children in regular schools. to face the unimagined emergency that put the life of millions of innocent children of the fleeing refugee families from East Pakistan at risk. Education in Food & Nutrition 1971 Indian Council of Agricultural Research in cooperation with UNICEF and FAO initiates a programme of “Higher education in Food and Nutrition”. benefited around 50. Emphasis is on teaching through demonstration kits rather than through chalk and talk method. Blind Children Government’s efforts for training the blind supported by UNICEF. NCERT. 1963-Water Supply Schemes in India get a boost with UNICEF entry. UNESCO and UNICEF work together.Pilot project on prevocational training for children who had completed 5 years of primary education launched. India signs a master plan of operation with UNICEF and its sister agencies. WHO and FAO. the uni-purpose workers of various vertical national programmes are converted into multi-purpose workers. 1970-1980 EPR-The Super Emergency 1971-72 Government of India and UNICEF swing into action almost simultaneously. The Government decides to experiment and strengthen this programme in 40 training centres. Science Teaching Early 1960s-the Government of India and UNICEF sign an agreement for reorganisation and expansion of science teaching in the schools of India. Applied Nutrition Programme A nationwide village–based Applied Nutrition Programme introduced in 1963. equipment and transport. The attempt is to have an indirect but long-term impact on the nutritional status of children and women in rural areas. this is a significant step forward in the provision of rural health care in the country.1960-1970 Pre-vocational Training for Children 1963 . UNICEF assists ANP with equipment and supplies.

. 1978-Community Biogas Plants In support of the development of ‘energy saver’ technology. with the support of UNICEF starts the SCR programme. Similar plants initiated in other parts of the country in 1977. Oral Rehydration Therapy 1978 1978 . later known as the Community Heath Volunteers (CHV). Special Nutrition Programme A further intermediate step taken by UNICEF in the Special Nutrition Programme introduced by the Government of India. RYTE The first Ready to Eat (RYTE) food processing unit started at Anand (Gujarat) with UNICEF support. 1986 – ORT becomes a fully-fledged national programme. The aim is to extend coverage to a larger number of beneficiaries. 1975-Integrated Basic Services Approach Ministry of Social Welfare and UNICEF sign a master plan of operation to improve the physical.Special Child Relief 1974 Government of India. social and psychological development of the most vulnerable and needy groups of children and their mothers. UNICEF assists experimental community biogas plants. 1978 UNICEF supports the Hyderabad Urban Community Development Programme which became a national and international model for UCD.The government’s efforts to reduce infant and child mortality due to diarrheal diseases supported by UNICEF for the production of new revolutionary solution-oral Rehydration therapy. Community Health Workers CHW. Another such pilot project initiated in 1978 in Uttar Pradesh. Health workers to serve as health guides to rural families. UNICEF supports this with funding. following the severe food shortage in several flood and drought affected areas in the northern part of the country. scheme launched in 1977 by the central government. as well as the provision of kits and manuals in local languages.

7 million children. establishes a new Plan of Action for Children in 2005. UNICEF assists central and state government in the project. Super Cylone of Orissa 1999 'super cyclone' hits the Orissa coast killing about 10.Government of India launches six national missions or mass campaigns of which UNICEF collaborates on the National Mission on Immunization. UNICEF is a partner of the Indian Government in the accelerated rural water supply programme. State Government is supported by various agencies including UNICEF which coordinates relief operations for about 1. Against Leprosy Edutainment comes to India in the form of a play on leprosy related stigma. National Plan of Action for Children 1992 India’s first National Plan of Action for Children drafted in 1992 (following the World Summit for Children in 1989.1980-1990 Rural Water Supply International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade (1981-1990).) Launch of G. called “Khat ki Garhi”. Bihar Education Project 1991 Bihar Education Project launched in 1991 with the express purpose of bringing about quantitative and qualitative improvement in the elementary system in Bihar. the National Mission for Drinking Water and the National Literacy Mission. Convention on Right of Child 1986 1986 . skilled attendance during delivery as well as for common childhood ailments. 1990-2000 Decade of the Girl Child The 1990s were declared as the SAARC Decade of the Girl Child.O. National Missions 1986 1986 . antenatal care. .Convention on the Rights of the Child adopted at historic South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) summit.I’s RCH Programme 1997 The Reproductive and Child Health Programme aimed to universalise immunization. Subscribes to the goals of universal coverage of primary education and child immunization.000 people.

Children/Young People Affected by HIV/AIDS 2005 . other UN agencies and NGOs have been working together for the promotion of Iodised salt as the best way of preventing Iodine Deficiencies Disorders. School Feeding Law The Supreme Court of India passes a landmark school feeding law in 2001.UNICEF supported the first national consultation on children and young people affected by or vulnerable to HIV/AIDS. provide care and support. to combat malnutrition.The Dular project. This legislation mandates that infants shall receive exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months. and make antiretroviral treatment accessible. Parliamentary Forum 2005 . Infant Milk Substitute The national enactment of the 2003 Infant Milk Substitutes. Dular Project 2001 . started in selected districts of Bihar and Jharkhand by the Government with UNICEF support. more than 14 million out of the 26 million newborns are protected against brain damage due to iodine deficiency. along with continued breastfeeding. that serves to strengthen the existing 1992 law. IMNCI 2002 .The honourable speaker of the Lok Sabha launches the Parliamentary Forum on Children. stop the spread of HIV from mother to child.Under the new legislation all state governments have to introduce a cooked mid-day meal in all primary schools.the government of India decided to experiment with the implementation of integrated management of neonatal and childhood illnesses. The objective is to make prevention education available. up to two years of age or beyond.2000 Onwards…. . becomes a major step promoted and welcomed by UNICEF and partners. UNICEF provides research and data support. UNICEF. infant mortality and poor maternal health. Today in India. Iodine Deficiency Disorder Since the 1990s. Feeding Bottles and Infant Foods Amendment Act. and thereafter optimal complementary feeding. the Government of India.

The overall package focuses on the newborn and the under-three child. and treatment of main illnesses with standard protocols by expanding service delivery to village level and by enhancing the skills of village workers (“Anganwadi workers”) and community health workers (“Auxiliary Nurse-midwifes”). IMNCI is a central element of the National Reproductive and Child Health programme. The following highlights some specific programming activities: Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illnesses (IMNCI). care-seeking during illness. India proposes a bold approach to meet the MDG challenges for health. The programme has demonstrated the effectiveness of a mix of community and health facility based activities to improve newborn care practices at home. UNICEF Programme and Policy Support UNICEF plays a critical roll to ensure the effective implementation of the NRHM. referrals. and appropriate and prompt treatment during illness. Malaria Control. counselling. . as well as identification.THEIR WORK UNICEF ACTION ON HEALTH National Rural Health Mission Under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) (2005-2012). Immunization. classification. Working for an ‘architectural correction’ of the public healthcare system. exclusive breastfeeding. Importantly. etc. This also involves simultaneously pushing for convergence not only among traditionally vertical health programmes (Reproductive and Child Health Programme.) but also with other government departments. ensuring capacity building and introducing technical innovations for expanding coverage effectively. UNICEF also works to promote interaction and convergence of actions across different social sectors. TB Control. the NRHM aims to decentralise health planning and implementation to the district level. and providing evidence and documentation of what works and what doesn’t to further refine national and state specific implementation policies. UNICEFRight from advocating at a national level for evidence based policies and strategies to bringing technical assistance at district and grass-roots. It promotes home visiting. The global Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI) clinical package developed by WHO and UNICEF has been adapted to include neonatal care and home visitation being rolled out in India. care at birth.

Chattisgarh.. today a 100 million children will wash hands with soap at rural schools in Rajasthan. As part of the Global Handwashing Day. . Orissa. Tendulkar. appeared for free in a public service announcement developed by UNICEF and the Government of India being broadcast in 14 languages on television channels across the country to drum up support for the campaign. Gujarat. Goal seven of the Millennium Development Goals aims to reduce by half the number of people without access to sanitation by 2015. Many of them live in rural areas.Cricketers Go Handwashing Indian Cricket Team Joins 100 Million School Children to Soap Up For Global Handwashing Day (15 October 2008) Indian cricket legend Sachin Tendulkar and his team mates are joining millions of school children around the country to lather up for better health and hygiene as part of today's first ever Global Handwashing Day. Andhra Pradesh and Assam states." the cricket star said. Lizette Burgers." Today's cricket event is just one of thousands of activities taking place across the country as part of the global movement uniting millions of children in more than 70 countries across five continents. Jharkhand. More than 1.000 children die every day in India from diarrhoea. because washing hands with soap can keep children safe and healthy and protect them against deadly diseases." said UNICEF India Chief of Water and Sanitation. Uttar Pradesh. Global Handwashing Day is part of the International Year of Sanitation 2008. I constantly have to remind them to wash their hands before and after meals. West Bengal. Tamil Nadu. participating children will pledge to wash their hands with soap following the prescribed five-step method. Madhya Pradesh. Adequate sanitation also has a huge impact on school attendance. "The crux of this campaign is that we are reaching out to students in hundreds of thousands of schools in rural India. Providing private and separate sanitary latrines in school can increase girls' enrollment by 11 percent. who is widely acknowledged as one of the greatest batsmen in the history of the sport. Maharashtra. Proper handwashing with soap can reduce diarrhoeal cases by 47 percent and acute respiratory illnesses by 30 percent. Bihar. "I wanted to be a part of this campaign. In India. from children in the flood-affected areas of Bihar to schools in far removed tribal regions of Jharkhand to satellite schools in Rajasthan. "Having two young children. Currently about 65 percent of Indian schools have sanitation coverage with only 34 percent of girls completing their schooling. Almost half of the people around the world without a toilet live in India.

reaches 34 million children aged 0–6 years and 7 million pregnant and nursing mothers. it is designed to play a significant role in the improvement of early childcare. and all parents were given information on adequate feeding and child care. . by developing innovative communication approaches with mothers. and to improve the development of children under three years old. those who were severely malnourished were identified for treatment. These interventions aim at bettering the care children get by educating their parents and communities. by developing community-based early childcare interventions. especially those in marginalised groups. UNICEF continues to support the government in linking vitamin A supplementation and immunization services to these weighing and information provision sessions. After weighing the children. The Government’s Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) programme. UNICEF supports iron supplementation for adolescent girls in 12 states and Vitamin A supplementation in 14 states. Vitamin A and anaemia programmes are strengthened through the provision of supplies. UNICEF is assisting the Government to further expand and enhance the quality of ICDS in various ways: by improving the training of anganwadi (childcare) workers. in Madhya Pradesh a big effort was made through a state-wide programme to identify all children who were malnourished. As a result the number of severely malnourished children reduced by half. The nutritional and development status of children under three years old is also improved through community-based early childcare interventions currently being implemented in seven states. The world’s largest early childcare and development programme. For example. helping to improve monitoring and reporting systems. providing essential supplies. the training of field workers and the support of programme management. It encourages the universal use of adequately iodised salt by educating the general population and collaborating with the salt industry.UNICEF ACTION ON NUTRITION UNICEF supports the Government in its objectives to reduce and prevent malnutrition.

The current priority is to maintain water systems. UNICEF intensified its advocacy among salt producers to produce iodised salt. increased from about 300 kilograms per month to 500 kilograms per month in the second half of 2003. Collaboration was initiated with a large consumer organisation. whose members work at the grassroots. UNICEF ACTION ON WATER. in collaboration with the government. only about 20 per cent of its households were using adequately iodised salt in 1999. The availability of protected drinking water sources has improved significantly over the past few years. participate in decisions about. One strategy is to protect vulnerable water sources by maintaining platforms and drainage around hand-pumps. Groundwater resources are over-exploited in many regions. As a result. Maharashtra) to sustain drinking water sources. hygiene and water supply: elements from these have influenced Government policy and programmes. improved water supplies and sanitation services. monitor and regulate water quality and ensure sustainability of sources. and an equitable management of demand coupled with interventions to improve recharge are needed. The most effective solution is to focus on home hygiene practices. the fortificant added to the salt. Protecting drinking water from faecal contamination remains a major challenge because of a widespread lack of sanitation. UNICEF supports local initiatives in four water-scarce states (Gujarat. including propagating the sanitary use of toilets and washing hands with soap or ash. One particular concern is to ensure that marginalised groups. an awareness raising campaign was started among shopkeepers and the general population.Tamil Nadu Although Tamil Nadu is one of the three major salt producing and exporting states in India. .Working with salt producers . ENVIRONMENT AND SANITATION UNICEF supports the national and state governments in developing and implementing a range of replicable models for sanitation. Together with FEDCOT. and benefit from. Madhya Pradesh. a federation of 350 registered consumer organisations in Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry. After several meetings with local salt producers and a campaign to raise awareness amongst the local people. UNICEF also supports low-cost solutions to protect drinking water from excessive arsenic and fluoride. preliminary indications showed an increase in the production of iodised salt: the sale of potassium iodiate. FEDCOT. especially women and the poor.

500 children are receiving ART and nearly 19. UNFPA and UNICEF. Women and their partners will have access to confidential testing and counseling.Among the estimated 2.NACO with support of UNICEF. Protection. as of September 2007. Clinton. Prevention of parent-to-child transmission (PPTCT) focuses on both women and their partners with a view to create an AIDS free generation. NACO under this initiative has set a target for providing ART to 10. care and support for affected children . NACO in collaboration with NCERT. Indian Academy of Paediatrics. UNICEF is helping to reach at risk adolescents and young people in 43 high priority and prevalence districts across the country.000 children by 2007. Every year about 21. adolescents and young people at the centre of the HIV/AIDS agenda. This initiative has been launched on 30th November 2006 by Mrs. Sonia Gandhi and William. 70. 3.000 are children under 15 years old (UNAIDS 2007). Mrs. J. UNICEF India has been working to get a clear picture on an evidence-based approach to address the changing needs of the children affected by HIV/AIDS. HIV positive mothers will receive antiretroviral drugs. On 31st July 2007. Clinton Foundation and WHO has formulated the policy and guidelines which form the basis of the “National Paediatric initiative” for children living with HIV. Minister of State for Women and Child .000 children are infected through mother to child transmission and thousands of children are affected because their parents are HIV positive. through focused peer outreach programmes and by strengthening links to youth-friendly health services and communication initiatives. UNICEF is supporting the government’s PPTCT services in 2433 centers across the country.000 children were identified who may need ART in future. Renuka Chowdhury.5 million people in India living with HIV/AIDS. Paediatric HIV/AIDS . UNICEF has been carrying out focused popular campaigns to raise awareness among the children and young people. AEP is a joint initiative by the DoE. 2. UNICEF collaborates with the Government of India and other partners in four key areas we call the 4 Ps: Primary prevention among young people is the greatest hope to defeat the virus. Now. This programme aims to strengthen life skills and increase knowledge of young people required to empower them to say ‘no’ to negative peer pressure and use the skills to protect themselves from HIV infections. 6. The Unite for children Unite Against AIDS campaign calls upon everyone to join together to put the care and protection of children. UNICEF provided technical support to Adolescence Education Programmes (AEP) in schools. as will their babies soon after the birth. 4. The PPTCT programme supports women in minimizing the risk of HIV transmission through breastfeeding and follow-up care.UNICEF ACTION ON HIV/AIDS As a part of the joint UN response and within the context of National Aids Control Plan III.

(a) A strategic anti stigma and discrimination campaign (b) Advocacy with MPs and key policy makers. interactive exhibits in the train engaged audiences. reduce the stigma and discrimination incidents and to influence the policies that will benefit the HIV positive children and young people. The innovative.” said Karin Hulshof. I am sure that it will be successful in taking the message of HIV prevention to many more people across the country. To achieve this. 5. Communications and Advocacy . contain the spread of the disease. December 2009 – To create and increase awareness about HIV/AIDS in India. particularly women and children. Sonia Gandhi. the attractively decorated Red Ribbon Express (RRE) was flagged off on World AIDS Day.Communications and advocacy on HIV/AIDS is essential to break the silence. launched the first comprehensive National Policy on Children and AIDS in India. The initiative supports the United Nations Millennium Development Goal 6 (combat HIV/AIDS. giving them a better understanding of the issues relating to HIV and AIDS. . “UNICEF is happy to have partnered with NACO in this ambitious project that reached more than six million people throughout the length and breadth of India in its first run. prevention and heightening the perception of risk associated with HIV. UNICEF India Representative “The overwhelming response that the Red Ribbon Express received on its year-long journey led to NACO's decision to run it for one more year and UNICEF's decision to support this unique initiative once again.” Ms Hulshof added. the Chairperson of the United Progressive Alliance and the Rajiv Gandhi Foundation.Development. UNICEF works on two levels . the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). India. malaria and other diseases) and aims to prevent HIV infections among young people by increasing knowledge about transmission. High level dignitaries. The Red Ribbon initiative targeted at young people and women has been conceptualised by the Rajiv Gandhi Foundation and implemented by the National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) in collaboration with the Ministry of Railways. 1 December 2009 by Mrs. The ten-coach Red Ribbon Express also aims to encourage people to adopt safe behaviours and to reduce stigma and discrimination that prevent people from accessing services. important cabinet ministers and the Chief Minister of Delhi were present at the flag-off event. Red Ribbon Express Train Commences its Year Long Journey NEW DELHI.

this strategy led to an increase of more than 47 per cent in school enrolment and attendance among the villages targeted by the ongoing UNICEF child labour elimination intervention. For this purpose. UNICEF India supports the Government with a twofold strategy aimed to strengthen rescue mechanisms and reduce at the same time children’s vulnerability to trafficking through a special focus on preventive action. combining strategies aimed not only to the withdrawal of children from work. over 1000 Self-Help-Groups have been established and they are now playing a crucial role in reducing indebtedness among poor rural families. Moreover. key preventive measure and essential component for the rehabilitation of released children. and counselors working on issues of child trafficking in order to enable rescue and rehabilitation processes which are in the best interest of the child. With the support of UNICEF. for example. Manuals have been developed for social workers. Women’s empowerment is also showing to be instrumental to the well-being of children as a whole. Over 120 Alternative Learning Centers (ALC) have been established in order to facilitate mainstreaming of out-of-school children into formal education and through them more than 24.000 children have been able to go back to school . child trafficking. a school enrollment rate of more than 90 per cent and a sensible increase in the age of marriage. Translated into action. b) Addressing poverty related factors through the promotion of self-help-groups. but also to enhance cummunities’ awareness. a National Communication Strategy on child trafficking has been developed and is now being implemented at community-level through UNICEF state offices. Existing strategies include: a) Promotion of education as both. this approach led to a multilayered programme whose scope is to understand and address the multiple vulnerabilities of children in need of special protection rather than tackle only their immediate manifestations. namely an immunization coverage of more than 80 per cent. UNICEF Child Protection Programme in India focuses mainly on three areas of intervention: child labour. ownership and collective action for the protection and promotion of children rights. . In the area of Child Labour. In the area of child trafficking. In Uttar Pradesh. for instance. and children in difficult circumstances.UNICEF ACTION ON CHILD PROTECTION UNICEF India’s programmatic approach to child protection aims to build a protective environment in which children can live and develop in the full respect of their fundamental rights. projects implemented in various states of the country adopt an essentially holistic approach. judiciary. 50 per cent of targeted villages have adopted three keyfriendly practices. c) Advocacy and social mobilisation for the elimination of child labour.

. Government of India. UNICEF also supports the Ministry of Women and Child Development. UNICEF is also collaborating with the Ministry of Women and Child Development on the creation of a website for Missing Children to facilitate tracing and reintegration of lost children. In the efforts to improve the implementation of the Juvenile Justice System in the country UNICEF is also supporting the government with the development of training materials for the Judiciary and various other functionaries of the system like the child welfare committee members.As a part of its efforts to formulate strategies and legislations on issues related to child protection. to undertake a national level study on children affected by violence and to conduct regional and national consultations on child marriage and to hold dialogues on Offences Against Children Bill. police and care-takers in the various institutions under the Act.

Orissa.UNICEF IN EMERGENCIES Over the last two decades. programme communication support in tackling avian flu.8 million people and resulted in a loss of 138 human lives. RedR India. the Bhuj earthquake in January 2001.These partnerships are crucial to ensuring comprehensive and effective delivery of humanitarian assistance. conducting rapid assessments and providing a platform for the UNDMT to coordinate the UN system’s response in areas where it has a presence. India has borne the brunt of several major natural disasters including the Latur Earthquake in 1993. the Tsunami in December 2004. UNICEF works in collaboration with local and international partners. and the Indian Red Cross Society. and civil society. primarily floods. West Bengal and other states in 2007 and 2008. including governments. Tens of millions people are affected annually in India. In addition. but also droughts. The principal goal of UNICEF’s Emergency Preparedness and Response Programme in India has been to ensure the fulfillment of the rights of children and women in . major avian flu outbreak in West Bengal and Kosi floods in Bihar in 2008. the earthquake in Jammu & Kashmir in October 2005. In 2009. the eastern Indian State of West Bengal was hit by cyclone Aila which affected 6. a number of relatively smaller-scale emergencies. Uttar Pradesh. landslides. the Orissa super-cyclone in October 1999. emergency preparedness efforts are primarily focused on disaster-prone states. and multi-sectoral support in dealing with major floods. cholera and avian flu outbreaks have occurred. With it’s network of 13 field offices covering 16 states in India – UNICEF has played a critical role in times of crisis by gathering information. a high proportion of whom are children. While UNICEF is ready to respond to a humanitarian crisis anywhere in India. Key partners for UNICEF India include the Union Government’s National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA). but UNICEF at the same time put an ever increasing emphasis on advocacy efforts with the government partners and all other stakeholders to ensure appropriate response to the needy affected population and fast resumption of essential social services. In 2009. UN agencies. UNICEF was a major humanitarian player in the country that complemented the governments' action. most of them from the poorest strata of the population. major flooding in Bihar. Sphere India Unified Response Strategy. UNICEF provided support to the state governments to assist the victims of communal violence and displacement. Assam. UNICEF’s response complemented the government's efforts in providing urgently needed supplies with the ultimate purpose of preventing disease epidemics and saving lives. In most cases.

.humanitarian crises.

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