Prima parte contine lectiile cu exercitiile corespondete, iar de la pagina-69- se afla rezolvarile la aceste exercitii LECTIA I TIMPURILE MODULUI

INDICATIV Exista doua aspecte in limba engleza: simplu si continuu. In general, timpurile simple se folosesc atunci când accentul se pune pe actiunea propriu-zisa, iar timpurile continue se folosesc atunci când accentul se pune pe durata actiunii, pe perioada de timp in care aceasta are loc. In explicarea intrebuintarii timpurilor continue se va intâlni formularea „actiune in plina desfasurare". Aceasta inseamna ca actiunea a inceput inainte de momentul la care se face referire si va continua dupa acel moment. Exista un numar de verbe in limba engleza care nu se folosesc la forma continua, deoarece ideea de durata e inclusa in continutul lor semantic. Ex. to want, to like, to dislike, to understand, to owe, to matter, to love, to hate, to belong, to believe, to remember, to know. A. Present Tense Simple Afirmativ Negativ I work I do not (don’t) work You work You do not (don’t) work He/she/it works He/she/it does not (doesn’t) work We work We do not (don’t) work You work You do not (don’t) work They work They do not (don’t) work Interogativ Do I work? Do we work? Do you work? Do you work? Does he/she/it work? Do they work? Present Tense Simple se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune regulata, obisnuita, in perioada prezenta. Ex. What do you do? (Cu ce te ocupi?) I am a student. What time do you usually have breakfast? Present Tense Continuous Se conjuga verbul „to be" la timpul prezent si se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat.

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Afirmativ I am working We are working. You are working You are working He/she/it is working They are working Negativ I am not working. You are not (aren’t) working. He/she/it is not (isn’t) working. We are not (aren’t) working. You are not (aren’t) working. They are not (aren’t) working. Interogativ Am I working? Are we working? Are you working? Are you working? Is he/she/it working? Are they working? Present Tense Simple se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune in plina desfasurare in momentul prezent. Ex. Where are you going? I am going to school. De asemenea poate arata o actiune care se desfasoara pe timp limitat in perioada prezenta. Ex.: I go to school by bus this week. My father is taking me in his car. Uneori se poate folosi timpul Present Tense Continuous cu adverbul always, pentru a arata o actiune repetata. In acest caz, exista o conotatie afectiva (nemultumire) sau actiunea respectiva este caracteristica pentru acea persoana. Ex. You are always losing your things. You are always grumbling when I ask you to help me in the kitchen. Exercitii cu Present Simple si Present Continuous 1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Simple) la interogativ si negativ: Nota: Verbul „to have", atunci când nu inseamna „a avea, a poseda", ci este parte dintr-o expresie (to have breakfast, to have a shower, to have a party), formeaza negativul si interogativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului „to do". 1. 2. I love my brother. She talks too much.

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3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

I understand you. You play the piano very well. I always believe you. He remembers my phone number. They live in Bucharest. He has a hot bath every day. I trust my friend. I have lunch at one o’clock.

2. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Continuous) la negativ si interogativ: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. It is raining. I am having a walk. He is telling the truth. You are typing a letter. They are swimming in the river. My friend is wearing a new dress. My mother is resting. We are studying English. Ann is knitting. The child is learning to play the piano.

3. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Present Simple sau la Present Continuous: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. him. 7. 8. I (not go) shopping because it (rain). What you (do) on Sundays? He usually (drink) coffee but now he (drink) tea. In England it often (rain). I (not like) that boy. He usually (speak) so quickly that I (not understand) You (like) this book? You (dream) at night?

Yes, I (dream) every night. 9. 10. I can’t answer the phone now because I (cook). How you usually (get) to work?

I usually (go) by bus, but now I (take) a taxi because I am late. 11. The manager can’t receive you now as he (have) an interview. 12. You (write) to John now?

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Yes, I (be). I always (write) to him on his birthday. 13. Where you (hurry)?

To the theatre, as I (not want) to miss the first act. 14. She always (borrow) books from me and never (remember) to give them back. 15. You (go) to work every day? Yes, of course, except Saturdays and Sundays. 16. 17. Why you (smoke) so much? Who you (wait) for?

I (wait) for John, but he is late, as usual. 18. 19. I always (have) a rest after lunch. What you (think) of?

I (think) of my mother just now. 20. You (know) what time is it?

4. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. Iarna ninge. Duminica el nu se scoala devreme. Eu nu studiez seara. Ce faci? Citesti sau privesti la televizor? Secretara tocmai bate la masina un referat. Ea merge la cumparaturi sâmbata. Acum imi fac temele la engleza. Nu-mi place cafeaua. Ce carte citesti? La ce ora se scoala John dimineata? Ce faci tu in zilele libere? Cui ii telefonezi? El nu merge la scoala cu metroul, merge pe jos. De ce deschizi fereastra? Adesea citesc carti englezesti. Ea isi face bagajul. Cât de des le scrii parintilor tai? Când merg la mare imi place sa inot mult.

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(Ieri am mers al plimbare. B. (Anul trecut am calatorit in Anglia. Past Tense trebuie invatat din tabelul de verbe neregulate care indica cele trei forme de baza ale verbului: forma I – infinitiv. Ex. forma II. Yesterday I went for a walk. de obicei.19. were not – weren’t They weren’t working.Paste Tense. Afirmativ I was working We were working You were working You were working He/she/it was working They were working Negativ I was not working We were not working You were not working You were not working He/she/it was not working They were not working Formele prescurtate sunt: was not – wasn’t I wasn’t working. Ex. Clientul tocmai isi alege o pereche de pantofi. Past Tense Simple arata o actiune trecuta. cu perfectul compus. to work – worked Daca verbul este neregulat.) Past Tense Continuous Se formeaza prin conjugarea verbului „to be" la trecut (Past Tense) si adaugarea formei -ing a verbului de conjugat. to speak – spoke – spoken Afirmativ worked I/you/he/she/it/we/they spoke Negativ work I/you/he/she/it/we/they did not speak Interogativ work? Did I/you/he/she/it/we/they speak? Forma prescurtata a lui did not este didn’t (I didn’t work). Past Tense Simple Past Tense Simple se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei – ed in cazul verbelor regulate. Este timpul de naratiune.) Last year I travelled to England. terminata. Ex. efectuata intro perioada de timp trecuta. terminata. Se traduce. Interogativ 5 . forma III – participiul trecut.

10. 6. You speak English well. 2. I play football. He forbade her to do this. 2. ambele verbe se traduc cu imperfectul. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la Past Tense Simple: I sleep until 9 o’clock every day. 4. He translated the text. Ex. While I was crossing the street. 1. ele aratând actiuni paralele. Se traduce. Ex. 10. his sister was watching TV. 7. 9. While John was reading. I enjoyed travelling. 5. (Ieri pe vremea asta priveam la televizor. He meets John on Sundays. I own two umbrellas. 4. 3. intr-un moment trecut. I was watching TV. 8. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la negativ si interogativ: He thought about you. We worked very hard. 5. 8. This time yesterday. In aceasta situatie. verbul la Past Continuous (tradus cu imperfectul). 6. I always make cakes on Sundays. He changed his library book every day. 7. You ask too many questions.) Adesea. in aceeasi fraza. I hated him. sora lui privea la televizor. 1.Was I working? Were we working? Were you working? Were you working? Was he/she/it working? Were they working? Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment din trecut. este posibil sa apara un verb folosit la Past Continuous si un verb folosit la Past Simple. 3. 1. Ex. (In timp ce John citea. cu imperfectul. He came home late. 9. Este. de obicei. in plina desfasurare. You drink too much. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Tense Simple sau Continuous: 6 . 1. reprezinta fundalul de timp pe care se petrece actiunea exprimata de Past Simple (tradus cu perfectul compus). They drank all the wine. In acest caz. That sounds interesting. I like to have a coffee in the morning. I met John. de asemenea. I sold my car.) Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous 1. posibil sa apara intr-o fraza timpul Past Continuous in mod repetat.

Baietii jucau carti când l-au auzit pe tatal lor intrând in casa. 12. Ce faceai martea trecuta la ora 7 dimineata? Ma pregateam sa merg la facultate. mi-am luat micul dejun si apoi am plecat la Acum doua zile am cazut si mi-am rupt piciorul. he (have) an accident. El a dat primul examen saptamâna trecuta. 19. Când te-ai intors de la munte? Când ai cumparat acest televizor? Ieri mi-am pierdut manusile. scola. 7. 2. Cine a câstigat meciul alaltaieri? In timp ce ploua. He/she/it has not (hasn’t) worked.1. 11. the teacher (write) on the blackboard. 8. Duminica trecuta prietenii mei au jucat sah. 13. 9. 6. 8. Afirmativ I have worked We have worked You have worked You have worked He/she/it has worked They have worked Negativ I have not (haven’t) worked. 2. Saptamâna trecuta am fost bolnav si nu am mers la scoala. 15. I talk on the phone. eu conduceam masina spre Sinaia. 6. I (watch) a film on TV. she (have) dinner. M-am sculat târziu ieri dimineata. Ei au ascuns imediat cartile si si-au scos manualele de scoala. 1. 20. 10. 16. This time last Sunday. la care se adauga forma a treia (participiul trecut) a verbului de conjugat. 14. Unde ti-ai petrecut concediul vara trecuta? Ieri m-am sculat devreme. Ieri pe vremea asta ploua. While he (learn) to drive. someone (ring up). When I (arrive). When you (come in). 17. he (work) in a bank. 7 . Ai dormit bine noaptea trecuta? Ieri nu am mers la bazinul de inot. 7. C. 10. In timp ce imi cautam pasaportul am gasit aceasta fotografie veche. 21. Batea un vânt puternic când am iesit din casa. 22. He suddenly (realize) that he (not wear) his glasses. Traduceti in limba engleza: Soarele nu a apus la ora 8 aseara. When I first (meet) him. 5. 3. 1. Present Perfect Simple Timpul Present Perfect Simple se formeaza prin conjugarea verbului „to have" la prezent. 4. 4. 18. As I (write). 9. Where you (go) when I (meet) you? What you (do) this time yesterday? When I (enter) the classroom. 3. 5.

Interogativ Have I worked? Has he/she/it worked? Timpul Present Perfect este un timp de relatie. El arata o legatura intre trecut si momentul prezent. Timpul Present Perfect Simple se foloseste in urmatoarele situatii: arata o actiune inceputa in trecut care continua pâna in prezent. Cu acest sens se folosesc de obicei prepozitiile since (din, incepând din) si for (de, timp de).

Ex. I haven’t seen John for two months. (Nu l-am vazut pe John de doua luni.) I haven’t seen John since September. (Nu l-am vazut pe John din septembrie.) I have known John for two years. (Il cunosc pe John de doi ani.) I have known John since 1990. (Il cunosc pe John din 1990.) arata o actiune trecuta, efectuata intr-o perioada de timp neterminata. In acest caz, folosirea lui este insotita de adverbe precum: today, this week, this month, this year.

Ex. I have seen two films this week. (Am vazut doua filme saptamâna aceasta.) Daca adverbul de timp este „this morning", folosirea timpului verbal este conditionata de momentul in care se face afirmatia; daca aceasta este in cursul diminetii (pâna la ora 12) sau dupa amiaza. Ex. ora 10 a.m. I haven’t got up early this morning. ora 2 p.m. I didn’t get up early this morning. Traducerea celor doua propozitii in limba româna este identica. Nu m-am sculat devreme azi dimineata. arata o actiune trecuta, terminata, care are rezultate in prezent sau care, dintr-un motiv sau altul, intereseaza in prezent.

Ex. Have you seen Hamlet? (Ai vazut Hamlet?) I have lost my umbrella . I must buy a new one. (Mi-am pierdut umbrela. Trebuie sa-mi cumpar una noua.)

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Trebuie precizat faptul ca, daca se mentioneaza momentul trecut in care a avut loc actiunea care intereseaza in prezent sau care are rezultate in prezent, nu mai poate fi folosit timpul Present Perfect. In acest caz, se foloseste Past Simple. Ex. I lost my umbrella yesterday. I must buy a new one. De asemenea, daca se pune o intrebate referitoare la trecut care incepe cu „when", nu se poate folosi timpul Present Perfect, intrucât „when" reprezinta un moment precizat in trecut. Ex. When did you see Hamlet? I saw it last week. Timpul Present Perfect nu poate fi folosit cu un adverb de timp precizat in trecut. Se foloseste cu adverbe de timp neprecizat care leaga trecutul de prezent. Adverbe de timp neprecizat care se aseaza intre auxiliar si verb: often, never, seldom, always, ever, already, just. Ex. Have you ever been to England? (Ai fost vreodata in Anglia?) No, I have never been to England. Yes, I have often been to England. Adverbe de timp neprecizat care stau la sfârsitul propozitiei: lately, yet (in propozitii negative). Ex. He hasn’t returned home yet. (El nu s-a intors inca acasa.) I haven’t seen him lately. (Nu l-am vazut in ultimul timp.) Dupa cum se poate observa, timpul Present Perfect Simple se traduce in româneste fie cu prezentul, fie cu perfectul compus, in functie de context. Present Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Present Perfect Simple al verbului „to be", la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I have been working We have been working You have been working You have been working He/she/it has been working They have been working Negativ I have not (haven’t) been working. He has not (hasn’t) been working. Interogativ Have I been working? Has he been working? Timpul Present Perfect Continuous arata o actiune in plina desfasurare, cu accent pe durata, intre un moment trecut si prezent. Ex. I am tired because I have been working all day. (Sunt obosit pentru ca am muncit toata ziua.) De asemene, poate arata probabilitatea ca actiunea inceputa in

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trecut, care continua in prezent, sa continue si in viitor. Ex. It has been raining for three hours. If it doesn’t stop soon, we shall have floods. (Ploua de trei ore. Daca nu se opreste in curând, vom avea inundatii.) Ca si Present Perfect Simple, se poate traduce cu prezentul sau cu perfectul compus din limba româna. Exercitii cu Present Perfect Simple si Continuous 1. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. strike. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. Folositi Present Perfect Simple in locul infinitivelor din paranteze: Where you (be)? I (be) to the market. You (water) the flowers? He just (leave) home. I (lend) him some money today. There isn’t any train service because the engine – drivers (go) on Would you like a cake? No, thank you, I just (have) one. I already (see) this film. He (not come) home yet. I (not be) to the seaside this year. I (buy) a new house. You must come and see it. You (visit) the Village Museum? You ever (eat) caviar? I (not write) to my friend for three months. It (not rain) since December. You ever (drive) a car? He always (rely on) his friend. You (read) Sorescu’s last book? You (pay) the telephone bill? He (not go) to bed yet. How long you (live) here? I (live) here for one year.

1. Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous in locul infinitivelor din paranteze: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. He (fish) for two hours but he (catch) nothing yet. We (know) each other for several years. The radio (play) since 7 a.m. I’m tired of it. I (shop) all day and I want to have a rest now. How long you (wear) glasses? I (cook) all the morning. How many dishes you (cook)? Why you (be) in the garden so long? I (water) the flowers. He (sleep) for 10 hours now. It’s time we woke him up.

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11. it? 12.

I (ask) you to clean your room for two days. When are you going to do Ever since that woman came to work here, she (try) to make trouble.

1. Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau Past Tense Simple in locul infinitivelor: 1. I (lose) my pen. You (not see) it anywhere? No, I haven’t. When you (use) it last? 2. Your ever (try) to give up smoking? Yes, I (try) last year but I (not succeed). 3. You (see) your mother this week? No, she (leave) for Brasov a week ago. 4. You (be) out of work long? 5. I am not out of work now. I (get) a job last month. 6. I (wear) my hair long since I (be) a little girl. 7. She (change) a lot since I (see) her last. 8. I (do) a lot of work since I (get up) in the morning. 9. The child (play) the piano since I (return) from school. 10. It (rain) since we (leave) Bucharest. 11. He (be) very ill since the holidays (begin). 1. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind Past Tense Simple sau Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. Cine te-a invatat sa vorbesti engleza atât de bine? Unde ti-ai petrecut vacanta anul acesta? M-am gândit adesea sa-mi iau carnet de conducere. De cât timp inveti engleza? Vremea s-a incalzit in ultimul timp. El este ministru de doi ani. Traduc un text de doua ore si nu l-am terminat inca. El a scris numai doua scrisori de când a plecat in strainatate. Un copil a spart geamul. Trebuie sa-l inlocuim. Ninge de doua ore. Am mers pe jos 10 km pâna acum. Mergem pe jos de la ora 3. De când mi-am cumparat masina, am mers arareori pe jos la slujba. La ce te-ai uitat? A fost un accident. Cu cine ai votat la ultimele alegeri? Nu am mers la vot. Am stat acasa si nu am regretat nici o clipa. Ai vazut ziarul de azi? A plecat John? Da, a plecat acum o ora. Ti-ai luat deja micul dejun? Da, l-am luat la ora 8. Ai mai fost in acest oras? Da, am petrecut o luna aici, acum doi ani.

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D. s-a plictisit. Se poate traduce cu mai mult ca perfectul sau perfectul compus.25. De asemenea. Timpul Past Perfect Continuous arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente trecute. Yesterday at 9 o’clock I had had breakfast. Past Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Past Perfect Simple al verbului „to be". (Când el a intrat in camera.) Ca sens. I had finished writing my homework. (Dupa ce John privise (a privit) la televizor 10 minute. Ei lucreaza la aceasta casa de un an si nu au terminat-o inca. Afirmativ I had been working. (Când mi-ai telefonat. (Ieri la ora 9 luasem micul dejun. Este.) When you rang me up. Arata o actiune trecuta care a avut loc inaintea unei alte actiuni sau a unui moment din trecut. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat.) After John had been watching TV for 10 minutes. terminasem de scris temele. Ex. la care se adauga forma III (past participle) a verbului de conjugat. echivalentul in limba româna al acestui timp este mai mult ca perfectul. Past Perfect Continuous poate prelua functiile lui Present Perfect Cotinuous in propozitia secundara. Afirmativ I had worked. in acest caz. Negativ I had not (hadn’t) been working. 12 . este vorba de o relatie intre doua momente trecute. she had been typing for one hour. Ex. Interogativ Had I been working? Aceste forme se pastreaza la toate persoanele. când in aceeasi fraza in propozitia principala se afla un verb la Past Tense. dar. ea batea la masina de o ora. Negativ I had not (hadn’t) worked. Past Perfect Simple Se formeaza cu verbul „to have" la Past Tense Simple. ca si Present Perfect. he got bored. When he entered the room.) He said it had been raining for three days. un verb de relatie. Interogativ Had I worked? Acest timp are aceeasi forma la toate persoanele.

When I arrived home. perfectul compus sau imperfectul din limba româna. He (tell) me he (be) to the theatre the day before. She just (go) out when I (call at) her house. 1. 1. it (rain) for one hour. 9. she (tell) me they (be) friends for five years. 9. she (write) letters for one hour. he (go) downstairs to have dinner. she (clean) and (dust) for 5 hours. When I rang her up. I (ring up) him and (congratulate) him. somebody told us it (rain) for hours. 10. 13 . I (return) from school. 4. After we (walked) for an hour. 3. 4. 6. 4. they drank some coffee. acest timp se poate traduce cu mai mult ca perfectul. 3. she (study) the subject for a week. After John (listen to) the news bulletin. she felt chilly. He (learn) English for two years before he (go) to England for the first time. 10. When I (find out) he (get married). 1. 5. She discovered her child (not tell) the truth. I realized she (have) a party. 2. 7. After John (leave). We (ask) him what countries he (visit). 1. mother (cook) for two hours. 6. 5. At 3 o’clock on Friday. The river became deeper after it (rain) heavily for a few hours. 7. they (wait) for the bus for half an hour. When she decided to have a rest. He asked me whether I (meet) John before. we (realize) we (lose) our way. 2. We were shocked to hear she (not pass) the exam. 3. When we met them. 6. She said she already (be) to England. 2. we (climb) for 7 hours.(El a spus ca ploua de trei zile. 8. Puneti verbele din paranteza la Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau la Past Tense Simple: 1. 10. The professor (speak) for 10 minutes when I (enter) the hall. The child (eat) all the cakes before his mother became aware of it. When she sat for the exam. He told me he (catch) some fish on that day. The house was much smaller then he (think) at first. The fire (spread) to the next building when the firemen arrived. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Perfect Continuous: When I left home. 8. 8. 5. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Perfect Simple: After they (finish) dinner. 9.) Dupa cum se observa. After Jane (swim) for half an hour. When we reached the top. 7. When we arrived at Sinaia. Exercitii cu Past Simple si Continuous 1. When I called on her unexpectedly.

Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna. Secretara mi-a spus ca directorul vorbea la telefon de o jumatate de ora. Afirmativ I (shall) will go We (shall) will go You will go You will go He/she/it will go They will go Negativ I (shall) will not go We (shall) will not go You will not go You will not go He/she/it will not go They will not go Forma scurta pentru „shall not" este shan’t. We (shall) will be going. mi-am dat seama ca imi lasasem poseta acasa.) Future Continuous Se formeaza cu viitorul simplu al verbului „to be". De indata ce au plecat musafirii. will la persoana II si III. 4. Future Tense Simple Se formeaza cu shall sau will la persoana I. De indata ce a terminat de scris lucrarea. (Il voi intâlni saptamâna viitoare. El mi-a multumit pentru ceea ce facusem pentru el. Afirmativ I (shall) will be going. 10. Nu ti-am telefonat pentru ca am crezut ca plecasesi in strainatate. 6. Interogativ Shall I go? Shall we go? Will you go? Will you go? Will he/she/it/ go? Will they go? Trebuie remarcat faptul ca la interogativ persoana I. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau Past Tense Simple: 1. 2. iar pentru „will not" este won’t. 5. E. 7. El nu facuse nimic inainte de a-mi cere mie sfatul. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. 8. Ei au calatorit in multe tari dupa ce s-au casatorit. Ei mi-au spus ca locuiau in Franta din 1980. You will be going. Acest timp arata o actiune viitoare obisnuita. Mi-a parut rau ca il jignisem.1. am mers la culcare. 9. se foloseste numai „shall". Când am ajuns la statia de autobuz. 14 . a inmânat-o profesorului. la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat. He/she/it will be going. I (shall) will meet him next week. Ex. 3.

We (shall) will have gone. 15 .) Future Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Future Perfect al verbului „to be".You will be going. I will be travelling to England. They will have gone. Ex. (have + forma III). la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. (Mâine la ora trei voi calatori spre Anglia. Future Perfect Simple Se formeaza cu shall sau will. Negativ I (shall) will not be going. Interogativ Shall I be going? Shall we be going? Will you be going? Will you be going? Will he/she/it be going? Will they be going? Acest timp arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment viitor. We (shall) will not have gone. They will not be going. Negativ I (shall) will not have gone. By three o’clock tomorrow. You will have gone. He/she/it will not have gone. I will have reached Predeal. Interogativ Shall I have gone? Shall we have gone? Will you have gone? Will you have gone? Will he/she/it have gone? Will they have gone? Acest timp arata o actiune anterioara unei alte actiuni sau unui moment viitor. They will be going. Se traduce cu timpul viitor anterior din limba româna. Afirmativ I (shall) will have gone. (Mâine pâna la ora trei voi fi ajuns la Predeal. Ex. He/she/it will have gone. You will not be going. At three o’clock. la care se adauga infinitivul trecut al verbului de conjugat. You will not be going.) Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna. Ex. You will not have gone. He/she/it will not be going. They will not have gone. You will not have gone. You will have gone. We (shall) will not be going. I (shall) will have been going.

Preia functiile lui Future Tense Continuous intr-o propozitie secundara. Intr-un astfel de context. voi studia (voi fi studiat) de trei ore. la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat. iar cea de la „would not" este wouldn’t. Future-in-the-Past Simple Se formeaza cu should (persoana I) sau would (toate persoanele). Este un timp rar folosit. (El a spus ca in ziua urmatoare. Acest timp este folosit in concordanta timpurilor pentru a arata o actiune posterioara unui moment sau unei actiuni din trecut. the next day. Când vei veni tu acasa.) Intrucât nu poate fi intâlnit decât in propozitii secundare (dupa un verb la timpul trecut in propozitia principala). va calatori spre Anglia. (El a spus ca va intârzia. Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente viitoare. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. bine stabilit. He said he would be late. • Ex. atunci când in principala se afla un verb la trecut. He said that at 3 o’clock. (Plec/voi pleca la Londra mâine. arata un program precis. he would be travelling to England. nu se pune problema folosirii lui a interogativ decât in intrebari disjunctive. un aranjament prealabil pentru viitorul apropiat. Arata o intentie.When you come home. • 16 . I leave for London tomorrow. Este un timp sestul de rar folosit.) Present Continuous + adverb de timp viitor. Afirmativ I (should) would go We (should) would go You would go You would go He/she/it would go They would go Negativ I (should) would not go We (should) would not go You would not go You would not go He/she/it would not go They would not go Forma scurta de la „should not" este shouldn’t. Ex. I will have been studying for three hours.) Alte mijloace de exprimare a viitorului Present Simple + adverb de timp viitor. Se traduce cu viitorul simplu sau cu viitorul anterior din limba româna. I should (would) be going. la ora 3. Future-in-the-Past Continuous Se formeaza cu Future-in-the-Past Simple al verbului „to be". Ex.

1. In a week’s time. 7. the baby (cry). The sun (rise) in 10 minutes. He (be) pleased if you invite him. You (not find) a solution if you don’t know the whole truth. 4. By the time you come home. they (be married) for 25 years. I (work) at the office till late at 3. Don’t expect me home for dinner. 6. 9. You (need) the vacuum cleaner tomorrow or may I borrow it? I am sure when I arrive home. it probably (rain). I am meeting John this morning. 5. Exercitii cu timpurile „Future" 1. He (study) all day tomorrow. we (climb) the mountain. I am going to read this book. 10. I (have) breakfast. 7.Ex. If we don’t hurry. we (take) our exam. 3. 1.) It is going to rain. (Il intâlnesc/il voi intâlni pe John in dimineata aceasta. one hundred thousand people (spend) their holidays at the seaside. 10. Don’t ring her up at 8 o’clock p. night. 5. I (read) all the books on the bibliography list. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Perfect Simple sau Continuous: 1. 4. 8. I am sure I (succeed). I am sure you (like) this book. 5. By the end of the season. You (recognize) him when you see him? I (remember) this day all my life. 7. I (swim) in the sea. I (finish) reading the newspapers by lunch time. 9. Let’s hurry to the beach. Next year. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Continuous: This time next month. I (cook) for two hours. When you reach Sinaia. 2. Tomorrow morning at 8 o’clock. She (watch) TV. (Voi citi/am de gând sa citesc aceasta carte. the sun (rise) before we reach the beach. You (remember) to post my letter? I hope I (pass) the exam. 1. 2.) Expresia „to be going to" + infinitiv. This time next day.m. 2. 8. 6. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Simple: I (know) the results in three days’ time. Arata de asemenea o intentie sau o probabilitate. 6. 4. You (be) in London tomorrow. When I take the exam. 3. 17 . • Ex. 3.

Vineri. Pâna la ora 1. mâine. un timp „past" Past Tense Simple. Past Perfect Continuous Propozitia secundara 18 . E un obiect frumos. 8. 7. By 5 o’clock. Uite ce am cumparat la o licitatie! 12. Am cumparat o masina de scris si voi invata sa bat.8. ei vor avea ultima ora de engleza. vor fi economisit 5 milioane. 4. Past Perfect Simple. nu in propozitii. El va studia in biblioteca luni de la ora 1 la 5. 9. Present Tense Continuous. Pâna la sfârsitul lunii. un timp „present" Present Tense Simple. Ea consta in aceea ca folosirea unui anumit timp in propozitia principala obliga la folosirea unui timp adecvat in propozitia secundara. I (pay off) all my debts. you (see) all the exhibits in the museum. desigur. voi fi vazut acest film de 5 ori. Ce inseamna „un timp adecvat" se va vedea in continuare. Ce faci mâine dimineata la ora 11? 3. 9. Present Perfect Continuous Propozitia secundara Orice timp cerut de sens Propozitia principala 2. 2. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind unul din tipurile de viitor: 1. 10. Voi vizita târgul international. ea va fi terminat curatenia in casa. ci in fraze. Din cauza grevei soferilor de autobuze multa lume va merge pe jos la slujba. Past Tense Continuous. 6. I (work) on this paper for a month. 11. By the end of the month. Trenul va fi plecat inainte de a ajunge noi la gara. intre orele 12 si 1. By the beginning of next week. 4. Propozitia principala 1. 5. Pâna anul viitor pe vremea aceasta. 10. Present Perfect Simple. Unde il vei pune? LECTIA II CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Concordanta timpurilor se aplica.

(El a spus ca va cumpara o masina daca va avea bani. (El a spus ca va veni sa ma vada dupa ce va termina lucrul. She said she had forgotten where she had put her glasses. He said he would come to see me when he had time. (El a spus ca se intorsese acasa cu o saptamâna inainte.) c) Past Tense – actiunea posterioara – Future-in-the-Past He said he would leave the next day. Ex.) Nota 2: Daca intr-o fraza exista doua propozitii secundare cu actiune posterioara celei din principala. (El a spus ca este bolnav. cu exceptia propozitii temporale sau conditionale. un timp „future" Teoretic se poate folosi orice timp cerut de sens. (El a spus ca va pleca a doua zi. (El a spus ca va veni sa ma vada când va avea timp. se poate folosi Past Perfect in mod repetat.) He said he would come to see me after he had finished work. (El a spus ca merge la scola.Orice alt timp „past" Ex. care nu pot include un verb la viitor.) He said he would buy a car if he had money. dupa care (in temporala sau conditionala) se intrebuinteaza Past Tense (pentru simultaneitate) sau Past Perfect (pentru anterioritate).) b) Past Tense – actiune anterioara – Past Perfect He said he had returned home a week before.) 1. (Ea a spus ca uitase unde si-a pus ochelarii. Situatiile cel mai des intâlnite sunt urmatoarele: a.) She promised her mother she would help her. dintre care una este temporala sau conditionala.) He said he was going to school. Ex. (Am ajuns acasa dupa ce incetase ploaia. (Ea i-a promis mamei sale ca o va ajuta. Future – actiune simultana – Present 19 . a) Past Tense – actiune simultana – Past Tense He said he was ill. Future-in-the-Past se poate folosi numai o singura data.) I arrived home after it had stopped raining.) Nota 1: Daca intr-o fraza exista doua propozitii secundara cu actiunea anterioara celei din principala.

It was clear they (talk) business again. Ex. Este posibil ca ceea ce apare acum ca tendinta. Future – actiune anterioara – Present Perfect I will go to England after I have received a visa. I understood you (be) a painter. 5. când propozitia secundara exprima un adevar general valabil. 8. Când propozitia secundara este comparativa. Ex. she saw the sun (shine) brightly. 2. Nota: In limba engleza contemporana.I will read this book when I have time. 6. 3. sa ajunga regula. Cartea pe care o citesc acum mi-a fost data de fratele meu. de exemplu. Ex. Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor 1. (Voi merge in Anglia dupa ce voi obtine viza. They didn’t know that I (play) football. Looking out of the window. 4. (Voi fi terminat de studiat când vei veni tu acasa. 3. 7. (Voi citi aceasta carte când voi avea timp. Se poate intâlni. He was in a hurry because he (want) to catch the train. când propozitia secundara este atributiva. He realized he (not remember) John’s phone number.) I will have finished studying when you come home. având in vedere simultaneitatea actiunilor din propozitia principala si cea secundara: 1. He asked me if I usually (read) that newspaper. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect (Past Tense Simple sau Continuous). 9.) Exceptii de la concordanta timpurilor 1. The book I am reading now was given to me by my brother. I believed you (be) at the seaside. Last year I worked more than I have done this year. Anul trecut am muncit mai mult decât anul acesta. 10. Pentru moment insa. cu timpul. se poate observa uneori o oarecare tendinta de a nu se respecta concordanta timpurilor atunci când verbul din propozitia principala este la trecut. The teacher told the pupils water boils at 100 oC.) b. You didn’t tell me you (have to) type this report. sfatuim pe vorbitorii români de limba engleza sa respecte regulile de concordanta a timpurilor asa cum sunt prezentate mai sus. 20 . Profesorul le-a spus elevilor ca apa fierbe la 100 oC. I was not sure if you (speak) English. 2. o formulare de tipul: „He said he loves me".

1. 9. We all believed he (win) the competition. I thought you soon (have) a holiday. I was sue the performance (be cancelled). We shall start dinner as soon as the guests (arrive). 7. 4. He just (leave) home when he came across John. After she (learn) to type. He hoped he (finish) reading the book in two days. 10. 8. She told me his name after he (leave). He promised he (drive) me home. Yesterday I bought a new umbrella because I (lose) my old one. I was not sure I (remain) at home that evening. He will write to me after he (arrive) in England. I will buy a car when I (have) enough money. He didn’t admit that he (steal) the book. When it started to rain. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Present Simple sau Present Perfect Simple: 1. he was tired because he (travel) for three days. 9. By the time you (finish) translating the text. 3. 4. 4. When I arrived. 11. the concert already (begin). After he (repair) the car. When I heard the main actor was ill. 3. When he finally reached London. I will pay my debts after I (receive) my salary. 6. 6. we (dig) in the garden for an hour. As wages had gone up. 6. You will be surprised when you (see) how much she (change). 10. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect (Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous). She didn’t even say thank you after all I (do) for her. 2. 2. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future-in-the-Past. he will drive to Sinaia. 5. 5. As soon as the holidays (begin). 5. You will be surprised when you (see) how well she (look). I will go on playing the piano till he (tell) me to stop. 10. 1. 7. I didn’t think that book to be a nice birthday present for you because I (read) it and I (not enjoy) it. too. we supposed prices (go up). I congratulated him. He believed the strike (end) very soon. având in vedere faptul ca propozitia secundara exprima o actiune posterioara celei din principala: 1. He was sure he (pass) the exam and he promised he (give) a party afterwards. 8. 2. 9. 1. this beach will become very crowded. 7. tinând seama de relatia de anterioritate exprimata de verbul din propozitia principala sau din cea secundara: 1. They said they (remain) at the seaside for another week. 21 . I shall have typed all the letters. 3. 8. After I (hear) the news. she will take a job as a secretary.

he (trust) his son and he (not expect) such a thing to happen. He said he (have to) write down my address as he (not remember) it otherwise. It is said that one Englishman will not speak to another before they (be) introduced. tinând seama de exceptiile de la concordanta timpurilor: 1. I hoped it (not rain) when I (arrive) at the beach. You won’t be able to speak about this book till you (read) it. You will get a shock when you (see) the mess in that room. Your mother will be upset when she (notice) you (break) the vase. 5. He discovered to his horror that he (eat) the worms in the cherries. He was very upset because I (be) late. 5. 7. they said they (listen to) music since 5 o’clock. I was surprised that his son (fail) the exam. I found out that yoga (be) a very useful practice. When you asked me where I (spend) my holidays. 13. You will never know how much I (suffer). When I finally arrived home. 12. 5. 14. 2. respectând toate regulile de concordanta a timpurilor. 15. I did not know that you (wear) glasses since childhood. 16. 4. I didn’t know at what temperature this metal (melt). He told me hibernating animal (not eat) in winter. I will come as soon as I (finish) my work. 9.12. He told me he never (see) the sea. 15. precum si exceptiile: 1. When we (go) to see them last night. I (not decide) yet. The teacher told the pupils what the capital of Mexico (be). I will never forget what you just (tell ) me. he decided he (change) his job. In 1998. 6. I will do it when I (want) to. 4. Last night I met the couple who soon (move) next door to me. 14. 13. 11. Last year you spoke English less fluently than you (do) now. they were listening to music. 3. 8. 16. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. The train will have left before we (reach) the station. The book I (read) in the last few days was lent to me by John. 18. 22 . 3. I wasn’t aware German (be) such a difficult language. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. 7. 8. I will lend it to you. 10. 17. Last year I earned more money than I (earn) in the next five years. When I (finish) the book. not before. the Romanians travelled less than they (do) this year. 10. 19. A week ago. When their first baby (be born). you will feel better. 6. they will have been married for five years. I (be) very hungry because I (not eat) anything all day. 6. 20. 2. 9. After you (drink) a coffee. Last night I (read) the book which you (read) now. They (know) each other for a long time before they finally got married.

2. my friends told me there (be) many small houses and narrow streets in Padua. Nu mi-am amintit ca ne cunoscusem cu un an inainte. Afirmativ I should/would go We should/would go You would go You would go He/she/it would go They would not go Negativ I should/would not go We should/would not go You would not go You would not go He/she/it would not go They would not go Forme prescurtate: shouldn’t. Interogativ 23 . Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 9. I-am promis ca ii voi scrie când voi ajunge la Londra. 11. M-a intrebat câte litere sunt in alfabetul chinez si nu am putut sa-I raspund. Tata imi va da un cadou dupa ce voi lua examenul. Stiam ca esti in Bucuresti. Nu am stat acasa sa te astept pentru ca nu stiam când vei veni. 3. I hoped the company where I (work) (not go) bankrupt. 10. 18. 4. wouldn’t. Era foarte suparat ca isi pierduse dictionarul si nu era sigur ca va gasi unul nou in librarii. la care se adauga infinitivul prezent al verbului de conjugat. 19. Masina pe cae o voi cumpara va fi importata din Germania. 12. 7. 6.17. LECTIA III MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRAZELE CONDITIONALE Present Conditional (conditional prezent) Se formeaza cu should si would la persoana I si would la persoanele II si III. He was very tired and he (hope) he (have) time to rest that afternoon. Politistul ma va intreba ce am vazut in timpul accidentul. 8. 5. 7. Iti voi spune adevarul dupa ce il voi afla eu insami. we (drink) coffee and brandy. Secretara mi-a spus ca directorul este ocupat. After we have finished dinner. Hotul nu si-a dat seama ca politia il urmarea de o saptamâna. After having visited Italy. 20.

) 24 . ai merge.).Should I go? Should we go? Would you go? Would you go? Would he/she/it go? Would they go? Se traduce cu conditionalul prezent din limba româna (as merge. Past Conditional (conditional trecut) Se traduce cu should/would la care se adauga infinitivul trecut (have + forma III a verbului de conjugat). ai fi mers. (Voi merge la mare daca vremea va fi buna. ar fi mers etc. Frazele conditionale (If-Clauses) Exista trei tipuri de fraze conditionale: Tipul 1 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Future Present I will go to the seaside if the weather is fine. Afirmativ I should/would have gone You would have gone He/she/it would have gone We should/would have gone You would have gone They would have gone Negativ I should/would not have gone You would not have gone He/she/it would not have gone We should/would not have gone You would not have gone They would not have gone Interogativ Should I have gone? Should we have gone? Would you have gone? Would you have gone? Would he/she/it have gone? Would they have gone? Se traduce cu conditionalul trecut din limba româna (as fi mers. ar merge etc.).

I won’t go shopping if you don’t come with me. In acest caz. atunci când actiunea din secundara este posibila. should poate fi folosit in secundara la tipul 2 de fraza conditionala. daca s-ar intâmpla ca. If she should ring up. (As fi stat acasa daca ar fi plouat. (As merge la mare daca vremea ar fi buna.) Nota 1: Trebuie sa se tina seama ca subjonctivul folosit in propozitia secundara are forma lui Past Tense Simple la toate verbele. In caz ca telefoneaza. (Voi sta acasa daca va ploua. providing. dar improbabila. spune-I ca nu sunt acasa. (As fi mers la mare daca vremea ar fi fost buna. supposing. Ex. If the police should find out the truth. in case. tell her I am out. Ex. in loc de Present Simple. unde se intâlneste forma „were" la toate persoanele.) I would stay at home if it rained.) I would have stayed at home if it had rained. (As sta acasa daca ar ploua. 25 . Nota 3: should + infinitiv poate fi folosit la tipul 1. suppose. Tipul 3 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Past Conditional Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Perfect I would have gone to the seaside if the weather had been fine. De asemenea. Acest tip de secundara este adesea combinat cu imperativul. What shall we do. we would be fined.) Nota 2: – if poate fi inlocuit de provided (that). cu exceptia verbului „to be". supposing he is late? (Ce vom face presupunând ca el intârzie?) o if not poate fi inlocuit cu unless I won’t go shopping unless you come with me.) Tipul 2 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Present Conditional Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Tense I would go to the seaside if the weather were fine.I will stay at home if it rains. should se traduce cu: in caz ca.

6. 26 . noi am fi amendati.) Nota 4: Atunci când if este urmat de un verb auxiliar (ex. If I tell you something. I (buy) it. If I (work) harder. este posibila omiterea lui if. 10. 2. you (promise) to keep it a secret? Unless you study more. should). tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 1: 1. 8. 6. you (be) late. 1. 4. – if he were here – were he here – if it had rained – had it rained – if he should come – should he come Exercitii cu fraze conditionale 1. we shall have floods. If you (take) a dog. 5. I would ring him up. 9.(In caz ca politia ar afla adevarul/ Daca s-ar intâmpla ca politia sa afle adevarul. Ex. 7. he (take) a pill. If you don’t hurry. had. 5. 7. I would have succeeded. If it (go on) raining. 8. Should he have a headache. He would have been arrested if he (try) to leave the country. si in acest caz se inverseaza ordinea subiect – auxiliar. 9. I wouldn’t have come with you in your car. If you had known English. she (be) very angry. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. I (lend) you the book if you promise to return it in time. you (read) Shakespeare in the original. 5. 2. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. 10. he (not make) so many mistakes. you (not get) into trouble. you (not find) me at home. 3. If I (know) you had no driving licence. I (buy) a car. 2. you (not pass) the exam. If she finds out what has happened. were. If I like the dress. If I won the lottery. If I see him. 3. I (greet) him. Were I in your place. Where you (go) if you had a holiday? 1. I would be nervous. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 2: 1. If I (know) his phone-number. you will have to look after it. Unless you come at 6. 4. I (not do) this. If you had taken my advice. would you visit me? You (buy) this house if you had money? If he were more careful. 3. What would you do if you (be) Prime Minister? If I (give up) smoking. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 3: 1. If I (move) to the country-side. 4.

he would never have known. 27 . If he (realize) it was so late. 5. strazile vor fi ude. If I (not tell) him. He will be at the airport in time if he (leave) now. Daca ar ploua. Traduceti in limba engleza: Daca va ploua. He (tell) you if you had asked him. 12. I-ai da? 3. 3. 5. 6. 6. Nu vom merge la plimbare daca nu va sta ploaia. Ai fi prins trenul daca ai fi luat un taxi. you wouldn’t have an accident. 9. 6. 8. It (be) better if you had waited. 1. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. I would speak to him. 5. If he had written a letter to me. I (answer) it. Daca n-ai fi inchis fereastra. Daca cina nu va fi gata la timp. If you (drive) more carefully. strazile ar fi fost ude. 11. 3. 7. You (be) sick if you eat so much. 10. 4. 2. If I (be) you. 8. I would go home immediately. Ce s-ar fi intâmplat daca ai fi condus cu viteza mare? 4. If I (see) him. Dacaar fi plouat. 7. Il vei vedea daca il vei astepta. As mai croseta un pulover daca as mai avea lâna. 10. Ai prinde trenul daca ai lua un taxi. Voi fi dezamagit daca nu voi afla adevarul. Daca un cersetor ti-ar cere bani.6. 1. 1. Mamaia ar fi un loc ideal pentru o vacanta daca n-ar fi atât de multi oameni acolo. I wouldn’t have come unless you (invite) me. Had I been at home. voi mânca la un restaurant. 9. strazile ar fi ude. 2. If the child is good. Mi-ar placea mai mult piesa daca ar fi mai scurta. 9. 10. 7. 4. I (not make) so many mistakes in my translation. 8. 9. 1. 10. Vei prinde trenul daca vei lua un taxi. he (get) a bar of chocolate. mi-ar fi fost frig. Had I learned English grammar. 8. 2. I (answer) the phone. 7. tinând seama ca se poate intâlni oricare dintre cele 3 tipuri de fraze conditionale: 1. he would have gone home. Te vei supara daca iti voi lua creionul? Te-ai supara daca ti-as lua creionul? Te-ai fi suparat daca ti-as fi luat creionul? Ce vei face daca il vei intâlni pe John? Ce-ai face daca l-ai intâlni pe John? Ce-ai fi facut daca l-ai fi intâlnit pe John? Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. I (answer) your question if I can.

He said: „She gave me a book". Se schimba pronumele. He said she had given him a book. in propozitia secundara se schimba timpurile dupa cum urmeaza: Present past Present perfect past perfect Past past perfect Future future-in-the-past Ex. Ex. 28 . Se schimba o serie de cuvinte in functie de sens. He said he would do the exercise. Pentru a trece o propozitie de la vorbirea directa la vorbirea indirecta. o He said „I was ill". 1. – He said „I am ill". trebuie respectate o serie de reguli. o 1. ceea ce se intâmpla in majoritatea cazurilor.LECTIA IV VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRECTA Vorbirea directa: John said: „She is not at home" Vorbirea indirecta: John said she was not at home. He said he had been ill. o He said „I will do the exercise". Atunci când verbul din propozitia principala este la trecut. 2. He said „I have been working hard. He said he was ill. in functie de sens. He said he had been working hard.

He said: „I am going to do this traslation tomorrow".  He said he was going to do that translation the next day. He said: „I’ll be at home today". 3.Ex. today that day yesterday the day before/the previous day the day before yesterday two days before tomorrow the next day/the following day the day after tomorrow in two days’ time next week the next/the following week two years ago two years before now then this that these those here there Ex." He said if it rained he would stay at home. I will stay at home.  He said he would be at home on that day. 29 . Frazele conditionale sunt trecute la vorbirea indirecta in modul urmator: o tipul 1 devine tipul 2: "If it rains.

2. exista tentatia de a folosi ordinea cuvintelor din propozitiile interogative. Verbele modale would. Intrucât aceasta propozitie incepe cu un cuvânt interogativ." He said if itrained he would stay at home. He said „Go out". Afirmatii: cu that (care se poate omite) Ex. He asked me if I liked music.o tipurile 2 si 3 nu se schimba: "If it rained. Incorect: He asked me what was the time. 3. trebuie acordata atentie ordinei cuvintelor din propozitia secundara. should. He asked me where I had been. He asked me: „What is the time?" Corect: He asked me what the time was. might ramân neschimbate la vorbirea indirecta. I would stay at home. on holiday. Intrebarile speciale se introduc cu cuvântul interogativ respectiv. ought to. Where have you been? I’ve been away.  He told me to go out. iar raspunsul poate fi da sau nu. He said „Don’t go out"  He told me not to go out. In cazul intrebarilor speciale trecute la vorbirea indirecta. Ex. ceea ce este o greseala. Intrebari Exista doua tipuri de intrebari: generale si speciale. Treceti urmatoarele afirmatii de la vorbirea directa la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): 30 . Comenzi: cu infinitivul (afirmativ sau negativ) Ex.  He said (that) he was ill. Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si vorbirea indirecta 1. Ex. 1. I would have stayed at home. Intrebarile generale se introduc cu if sau whether (daca). Ex. "If it had rained. could. Ex. He said: „I might be late" He said he might be late. Intrebarile generale sunt cele care incep cu un verb. He said: „I am ill". Ex." He said if it had rained he would have stayed at home. Modalitati de introducere a propozitiilor secundare in vorbirea indirecta 1.

11. Treceti urmatoarele intrebari generale la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: „Will you be at home tomorrow?" He asked me if I would be at home the next day. 4. John left for Sinaia two days ago. 12. 7. I am going to have a nap this afternoon. Don’t drive so fast! Open the door. 1. ordered) me to come in. 2. 5. 9. 9. I would have answered the phone. 1. If I had been at home. 2. I am very busy today. I went to England two years ago. I will go shopping right now. If I have enough money. 1. 10. The weather was fine yesterday. I think it’s going to rain tomorrow.Model: He said „I will leave for London tomorrow". 3. I saw this film a week ago. 10. 4. 7. please? Can you come to tea this afternoon? Has the train left? Do you know what this word means? Was your mother at home? Did you buy this book yesterday? 31 . He said (that) he would leave for London the next day. 4. 3. 6. Will you help me. 6. I will buy a car next year. 6. 5. Treceti urmatoarele comenzi la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut) Model: He said: „Come in!" He told (asked. 2. please! Write me a letter when you get to England! Don’t cross the street on a red light! Be careful with my books! Don’t smoke so much! Take this pill! Don’t interrupt me when I am speaking! Ring me up when you arrive home! 3. 8. 8. Last year I spent my holiday at the seaside. I don’t remember where I have bought this dictionary. 3. please! Read the text. 5. 2.

iar complementul indirect este him. 7. 6. in unele cazuri. 11. 10. trecerea de la diateza activa la diateza pasiva se face prin transformarea complementului direct in subiect. In limba engleza. 1. Treceti urmatoarele intrebari speciale la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: He said: „When did you come back?" He asked me when I had come back. Activ: I gave him a book. Ambele complemente pot deveni subiecte in cazul trecerii 32 . I will be asked. 2. Ex. Ex. complementul indirect si.7. 8. I was asked. exista trei tipuri de complemente care pot deveni subiect in transformarea de la activ la pasiv: complementul direct. Did you drink coffee every day? Were you at the library yesterday? Do you live in London for a long time? Can you speak English? Would you like a cake? Could you lend me a book. please? 4. Unde complementul direct este a book. Activ: Directorul m-a chemat pe mine. 9. 5. I am asked. 4. I had been asked. complementul prepozitional. How long have you been learning English? What are you going to do tomorrow? How long does it take you to reach your office? When will you be back? Where will you spend your weekend? Who is this man? Why is it so dark in this room? When did the rain stop? Which of these cakes do you prefer? How did you travel? LECTIA V Pasivul se formeaza conjugând verbul to be la timpul cerut de sens. 12. 10. In limba româna. I have been asked. 3. 8. la care se adauga forma III (participiul trecut) a verbului de conjugat. Ex. Pasiv: Eu am fost chemat de director. 9.

The policeman will show us the way. 2. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva: 1. In aceste situatii. Ex. People play football all over the world. transformând atât complementul direct cât si cel indirect in subiecte: 1. de asemenea. 10. I will invite my friend to a party. Ex. The doctor prescribed some pills to the patient. Nota: Se poate folosit aspectul continuu al diatezei pasive numai la Present Tense si Past Tense. He has found your bag. (by me) In propozitia: In this office they insist on punctuality. 5. 4. Pasiv: The child was looked after (by her). when I passed by. His coworkers must do something for him. subiectul va fi trecut la cazul nominativ. pasivul se foloseste atunci când nu este important cine face actiunea. Un alt exemplu de complement prepozitional care poate deveni subiect. (by me) Complement indirect  Subiect He was given a book. The noise frightened me. I teach them English. 4. de la sfârsitul propozitiei. Exercitii cu diateza pasiva 1. 8. While I am in hospital. A specialist will repair my TV set. 6. Activ: She looked after the child. They will finish the work today. In this office punctuality is insisted on. my flat is being painted. care. 2. I have lent John two of my books. 5. While I was in hospital. They are building a new house round the corner. 6. punctuality este un complement prepozitional. They were building a new supermarket in that district last month. Desigur. Complement direct  Subiect A book was given to him. 7. 33 . The jury awarded the Romanian film director the Great Prize. They have given me a nice present. my flat was being painted. 9. 3. In multe cazuri. 3. poate deveni subiect in cazul folosirii diatezei pasive: In this office punctuality is insisted on (by them). 2.la pasiv. Someone has found the missing child. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva in doua feluri. se omite formularea by.

They set fire to the shed. 3. 6. Would you have finished your work sooner if your colleagues hadn’t interrupted you? 5. 8. The pupils will be told where to sit. 5. 6. 7. Have you fed the dog? 7. Do you think they will turn down your request? 10. I was recommended a very good doctor. 9. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 8. Has someone repaired the TV set? 2. Did the sight of the accident shock him? 8. They didn’t look after the children properly. They will give me a reward. The teacher asked me a difficult question. Gasiti subiecte acolo unde este necesar: 1. 9. 3. 7. Haven’t they told you to be here at 6 o’clock? 4. We called for the doctor. Burglars broke into the house. 4. Did the tornado frighten you? 5. This painting is admired by all the visitors of the museum. Treceti la pasiv urmatoarele propozitii care cuprind combinatii verb+prepozitie: 1. 34 . 5. We objected to his proposal. In acest hotel se vorbesc limbi straine. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva: 1. My friend doesn’t always tell me the truth. We couldn’t account for his odd behaviour. 4. The guide showed the museum to the tourists. 8. 10. Will someone tell him the details? 6. Will you write the letter in ink? 3. 3. 6. He hasn’t slept in his bed. This book will soon be forgotten. English is spoken all over the world. We laughed at John. 10. Did they tell you about the meeting? 9. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii de la diateza pasiva la diateza activa. This house has been built out of stone and cement. 2. The climber was finally discovered by the rescue party. 9. These books mustn’t be taken away. 4. Don’t speak until someone speaks to you. 2.7. He hates being made fun of. A reception was held in his honour.

Acest timbru nu a fost bine lipit pe plic. (Pot sa fac aceasta. I can do this. 11. prezent Negativ: cannot. Când a ajuns acasa si-a dat seama ca I se furase portofelul. Ni se vor da instructiuni detaliate in privinta referatului. must. 3. 9. • Nu au toate timpurile. Aceasta informatie treuie tratata confidential. (Vreau sa fac aceasta. Cursul profesorului a fost ascultat de toti studentii. 10. 14. America a fost descoperita la sfârsitul secolului al XV-lea. Sensurile cuvintelor noi trebuie cautate in dictionar. Muzeul a fost inchis pentru reparatii. ought to. 4. Nu s-a auzit nimic despre el de când a plecat la Constanta. He cannot (can’t) speak English. 8. Ex.) • Nu primesc s la persoana III singular. 6. Can = infinitiv. are sensul de a putea. may.) Spre deosebire de: I want to do this. should. 13. Scrisoarea va fi pusa la posta cât mai curând posibil. • Nu formeaza negativul si interogativul cu „to do".2. Ni s-a cerut sa aratam pasapoartele. 5. He can speak English. Can is a model verb. shall. a fi in stare Ex. will. would. Can 1. need. 15. I can make this traslation. could. prezent. Caracteristici generale • Nu primesc to inaintea lor si dupa ele: Ex. Ex. Ni s-au spus lucruri foarte interesante la conferinta. Se folosesc inlocuitori. 12. 7. Evenimentul a fost comentat de toate ziarele. might. LECTIA VI VERBELE MODALE Can. can’t 35 . Se construiesc multe blocuri noi in cartierul nostru.

Interogativ: Can I? Can you? etc. Ex. I cannot (can’t) make this translation. Ex. 3. a avea permisiunea 36 . Ex. I will tbe able to drive a car after I have taken a few lessons. I couldn’t come to you yesterday. se foloseste infinitivul trecut. Pentru celelalte timpuri se foloseste inlocuitorul to be able to.) Cu acest sens. Voi putea veni la tine mâine.Ex. Nu se poate sa-l fi vazut pe John pe strada. He is abroad. conditional prezent al verbului can Negativ: could not (couldn’t) Interogativ: Could I ? Could you? etc. Ex. pot/am permisiunea sa iau masina ta? 4. You can’t/couldn’t have seen John in the street. Soarele nu a apus inca. Ex. N-am putut sa vin la tine ieri. Nu se poate sa fie ora 9. 2. can I take your car? Tata. nu e posibil sa. Voi sti sa conduc masina dupa ce voi lua câteva lectii. Ex. inlocuitorul to be able to pentru celelalte timpuri. N-am putut sa-ti telefonez saptamâna aceasta. Arata o anumita abilitate fizica sau intelectuala. (Stiu sa vorbesc engleza. Could you help me? Ai putea sa ma ajuti? Pentru conditionalul trecut se foloseste could + infinitivul trecut Ex. Pentru a reda ideea de trecut cu acest sens.). El e in strainatate. are sensul de a putea. The sun hasn’t set yet. Ex. can poate fi folosit cu sensul lui may de „a avea permisiunea". I can swim. Father. Se traduce cu a sti sa. I will be able to come to you tomorrow. May 1. In vorbirea familiara. Ex.) I can speak English. Can you make this translation? Could=Past Tense. Ar fi putut sa fie aici in timp. It can’t/couldn’t be 9 o’clock. He could have been here in time. timpurile se folosesc ca la punctul 1 (could pentru Past Tense si conditionalul prezent. I haven’t been able to ring you up this week. (Stiu sa inot. Can’t/couldn’t – nu se poate sa.

Se foloseste inlocuitorul to have to. Ex. Ai putea sa ma ajuti când sunt la nevoie. mayn’t Interogativ: May I? May you? May = infinitiv. Ia-ti umbrela. May/Might – s-ar putea sa Ex. 2. Must 1. A trebuit sa termin traducerea ieri. May/might pot exprima un repros. to be permitted to. You may/might help me when I am in need. 3. Ex. Trebuie sa plec acasa. He may/might be at home now. prezent Nu are alte timpuri. Pentru celelalte timpuri se folosesc inlocuitorii: to be allowed to. S-ar putea sa fie acasa acum. Telefoneaza-I lui John.Ex. I had to finish the traslation yesterday. (Da. Negativ: must not. Va trebui sa termin traducerea mâine. It may/might rain. to have to formeaza interogativul si negativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului to do. Ai fi putut sa imi scrii o scrisoare când erai in Anglia. you may. De ce nu ti-ai luat haina? S-ar fi putut sa racesti. poti. Pentru redarea ideii de trecut. Ex. A trebui Ex. Cu acest sens. I was allowed/permitted to smoke in that room. Voi putea/mi se va permite sa fumez in camera aceea. It’s got late. I will be allowed/permitted to smoke in that room. Trebuie mentionat faptul ca inlocuitorul lui must. 37 . se adauga infinitivul trecut. He said I might smoke in that room. Take your umbrella.) Negativ: may not. Ex. dar se foloseste numai dupa un alt verb la trecut (vorbire indirecta). I will have to finish the translation tomorrow. s-ar putea sa ploua. ideea de trecut este redata prin adaugarea infinitivului trecut. S-a facut târziu. Ex. You might have written me a letter when you were in England. mustn’t Interogativ: Must I? Must you? Must = infinitiv. Why didn’t you take your coat? You may/might have caught a cold. Ex. Ring up John. May I smoke in this room? Pot/am permisiunea sa fumez in aceasta camera? Yes. prezent Cu acest sens exista timpul might care reda ideea de trecut. Am putut/mi s-a permis sa fumez in camera aceea. I must go home.

dar a fost facuta. Ex. Pentru a raspunde afirmativ la intrebarea de mai sus. nu e nevoie. Couldn’t you see it was going to rain? Nu era nevoie sa uzi florile. notional. It must be late. Ex. 2. Cu acest sens. Probabil ca e târziu. se foloseste needn’t + infinitivul trecut. you must! (Da. You needn’t have watered the flowers. poate avea sensul probabil ca: Ex. Ex. He doesn’t need this book. Need Exista doua verbe: • To need: verb obisnuit. Hai sa-l vizitam. Probabil ca John e acasa acum. you needn’t. trebuie!) Pentru exprimarea ideii de trecut a verbului need. 38 . Let’s go home. Eu dormeam când ai venit tu aseara. N-ai vazut ca urma sa ploua? Daca actiunea nu era necesara si nu a fost facuta. se foloseste verbul must. It must have been late. Profesorul ne-a spus ca e prea usor pentru noi. Need I be here at one o’clock? Yes. Probabil ca era târziu. Nu a fost nevoie sa facem acest exercitiu.Ex. need se foloseste numai la interogativ si negativ. Nu. The teacher told us it was too easy for us. Need I be here at one o’clock? E nevoie sa fiu aici la ora 1? No. ideea de trecut se reda prin adaugarea infinitivului trecut. John must be at home now. We didn’t need to do this exercise. El nu are nevoie de aceasta carte. Hai sa mergem acasa. De asemenea. exista 2 posibilitati: Daca actiunea nu era necesara. cu sensul de a fi nevoie Ca verb modal. I didn’t have to finish the translation yesterday. Let’s call on him. I was asleep when you arrived home last night. cu sensul de a avea nevoie Ex. • Ex. se foloseste didn’t need + infinitivul • Ex. • Need: verb modal.

se adauga infinitivul trecut. de asemenea. Ex. Ar trebui sa o ajuti pe mama ta la treburile casei. This radio won’t work. Mother to child: You shall have a bicycle if you pass the exam. You needn’t drive so fast. ar fi bine sa. Would • Formula de politete. Folosit cu persoana I. please? • A voi (cu sens extins la obiecte): This child will/would not do what I say. o oferta sau o sugestie. we have enough time. Must not se traduce cu „nu trebuie". Shall Folosit cu persoana I. o obligatie morala. Nu e nevoie sa conduci atât de repede. Mother to child: You shall not get any pocket-money if you don’t pass the exam. shall indica viitorul. Ex. Mama spune copilului: Nu vei mai primi nici un ban de buzunar daca nu vei lua examenul. cerere politicoasa: Will you/would you sit down? Will you/would you help me with my translation. shall poate arata o promisiune. Ex. You should not/ought not to have been so rude to him. there is a speed limit here. Pentru a reda ideea de trecut. Will. avem destul timp. You mustn’t drive so fast. Ex. aici e limita de viteza. ar fi cazul sa. Should. Se traduc cu: ar trebui sa. Ought to Ambele verbe indica o actiune corecta. interogativ. Ex. Which dress shall I buy? Ce rochie sa cumpar? Shall I wait for you? Sa te astept? Shall we meet at one o’clock? Sa ne intâlnim la ora 1? Folosit cu persoanele II si III. Need not se traduce cu „nu e nevoie". Nu ar fi trebuit sa fii atât de nepoliticos cu el. You should/ought to help your mother with housework.Nota: Nu trebuie confundat need not cu must not. 39 . Nu trebuie sa conduci atât de repede. Mama spune copilului: Vei avea o bicicleta daca vei lua examenul. o obligatie sau o amenintare care provin de la cel care vorbeste. Acest copil nu vrea sa faca ce-I spun. solicitarea unui sfat. poate indica. o recomandare.

3. Se poate folosi cu infinitivul trecut: He will have reached Paris by now. 2. in timp ce la interogativ si negativ se poate conjuga atât ca un verb obisnuit cât si ca modal. You may not smoke in this room. o in trecut When I was a child. She will be her sister. 13. I must look up the words in the dictionary. acolo unde este necesar: 1. folosind inlocuitorii verbelor modale respective. Ex. • Presupunere: se traduce in limba româna cu o fi. my mother would read me fairy tales. Aceasta fata seamana foarte bine cu Jane. care are numai forma de trecut. O fi sora ei. 14. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la Past Tense Simple si Future Tense Simple. Mama mea obisnuieste sa stea ore intregi privind la televizor. You may leave earlier. This child may have another cake.• Actiune repetata: . Can you help me? You mustn’t do this . This girl looks very much like Jane. Nota: In afara de „would". ideea de actiune repetata in trecut se poate exprima cu „used to". 11. 8. mama obisnuia sa-mi citeasca povesti. 40 . 12. my mother used to read me fairy tales. 9. O fi ajuns la Paris pâna acum. Un alt verb semi-modal este dare (a indrazni) care se conjuga la afirmativ ca un verb obisnuit. 4. I must go soon. 5. 7. I cannot translate ten pages a day. Used to eate un verb semi-modal. Când eram copil. May I walk on the grass? He may not come in wearing dirty boots. 6. I must learn English.in perioada prezenta My mother will sit for hours watching TV. 10. He can swim very well. When I was a child. You may not speak to your mother like that. Exercitii cu verbe modale 1. She can lend you that book.

6. 1. Redati ideea de trecut in urmatoarele propozitii folosind infinitivul trecut in loc de infinitivul prezent: 1. You can’t be pleased with this piece of news. 18. 19. You might pay more attention to your work. It might rain. 2. 9. You might change your mind about that. 3. You probably forgot to lock the door. John must be ill. He should go to school everyday. 7. 17. You must have forgotten to lock the door. He must be in the garden at this time of the day. She can play the piano very well. 17.15. He …even drive on its surface. there is plenty in the fridge. It can’t be too late. But one still …breathe without extra oxygen and one certainly …stay there very long. 13. You should visit your sick friend in hospital. He must speak English well. 12. Can Jane type very quickly? Can you speak Chinese? Everybody may borrow books from this library. 16. John could be a winner. Must you be so rude? She can read and write at the age of five. When we … fly there as easily as we fly to other countries of the world. You might write to me more often. 1. 16. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind must + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: He probably speaks English well. 2. 1. 20. It can’t be easy to learn Chinese. He must be delayed at the office. 3. It must be difficult to climb this mountain. 11. 19. 8. He ought to tell me the truth. He …reach the Moon and walk there. He needn’t buy milk. You can’t see a bear in this part of the country. 4. You needn’t do this. Completati spatiile goale cu can sau can’t: 1. Man …travel through space now. 10. 41 . He may be at home. 18. 20. holidays will be very different. 5. 4. You shouldn’t go to bed so late. 15. 5. 14.

perhaps it is a good one. I don’t believe she has married that awful man. 5. He probably thinks I am wrong. 7. I don’t believe she has got so fat. 1. 9. You have probably forgotten his address. I don’t believe it is his fault. 3. 8. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind can’t + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: I don’t believe you are right. 5. 1. 4. Perhaps she has returned the book to you and you have lent it to someone else. 9. 5. 8. He was probably late. This is probably the best Romanian film of the year. A good knowledge of English is likely to help you a lot in your career. 6. Perhaps he has done the exercise correctly. 6. 4. 10. I don’t believe that he has passed the exam. Perhaps it snowed in the mountains It may/might have snowed in the mountains. You can’t have been right. He probably came home very early. Take your umbrella. 42 . It is possible for her to be very late. I don’t believe you were right. perhaps it will rain. He is probably older than he looks. 2. 10. 3. 7. Don’t wait. It probably took a long time to finish this translation. I don’t think he is at the office so late at night. 5. You can’t be right. 2. 4. 8. It is possible that he was right but I don’t think so. 6. You probably left your umbrella in the shop. I don’t believe it was his fault. It is possible that I come home early. Perhaps she was out when you rang her up. 6. 7. I don’t believe she has learnt English in two months. I think she was angry with you. 2. I have bought his latest book. She is probably a very good doctor. 3. but I doubt it. It may/might snow in the mountains. I don’t think the weather will change. You probably knew the lesson very well to get a 10. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind may + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: Perhaps it snows in the mountains.1.

7. 1. Completati spatiile goale cu mustn’t sau needn’t : You … take an umbrella. I …hurry up in order not to miss the train. 9. I don’t think you will miss the train if you hurry. …you tell me the truth. 8. you…get a nice present. 1. 5. 4. 10. I don’t think this is a true story. it will soon start raining. 1. 8. …you be so kind and pass me the salt. 3. One … travel by bus without paying the fare. I …read one book a day. 3. please? He always made mistakes because he …never take any advice. … you correct my exercise. 6. 10. She …write an article for this magazine every week. 2. 3. You …not expect everybody to obey you. When I was a teenager. I promise you not …be disturbed. 7. 6. I …(answer) the questions. People … speak during the concert. 9. he will never read them all. I … return the books before the 1st of September. 5. You …(lend) him so many books. 10. The visitors … feed the animals in the Zoo. you …re-type it. 7. I …wear my hair long. 9. which would have saved me a lot of work. You …not eat so many sweets if you don’t want to get fat. The sky is clear.Completati spatiile goale cu didn’t need to sau needn’t have + forma III a verbului: 1. they are addictive. 1. which was very convenient. 9. One …buy a ticket for a slow train in advance. 4. 2. 5. … you help me solve this problem? When I was young. Completati spatiile goale cu should sau would: You …not go to bed so late at night. 3. please? This letter is full of mistakes. 8. My child …play with the cat for hours on end. 10. You … take sleeping pills too often. 10. 2. I’ll give you as much as you want. 4. 6. I …(buy) a new map of London as I already had one. I …(answer) the questions. 43 . You…water the flowers. 2. This door … not unlock. Completati spatiile goale cu shall sau will: 1. He …read for hours on end. You … worry about money.9. 4. Go to sleep. If you win the contest. You …make a noise or the baby will wake up. You …do this whether you like it or not. for once? This …be John’s house.

2. but he himself believes he needn’t.5. but I forgot it was Sunday. Traduceti in limba engleza. 14. 7. 9. It …(take) you a long time to knit this dress. 11. He …(swim) across the Danube. We …(wait) too long. he is a very poor swimmer. Va trebui sa plec curând. You …(see) Anna yesterday. 7. Sunt sigur ca voi putea gasi timp sa te ajut. Toti studentii pot si trebuie sa scrie aceasta lucrare. 4. 9. 11. You …(wait) for me. 5. I didn’t hear the phone. Toata lumea sa fie prezenta la sedinta. I haven’t got my bag with me. 9. Ai putea sa-mi telefonezi mai des când stii ca sunt bolnav. 10. Incercati sa gasiti un sens urmatorului dialog: "Do you think he will?" "I think he might. 8. I …(leave) it on the bus. 8. 10. 3. She is away. 8. Nu. 10. 3. 6. I am sorry you wasted your time. Profesorul mi-a spus ca pot sa lipsesc de la ora urmatoare. can’t sau needn’t + infinitivul trecut: 1. because the teacher won’t have time to read it all. 6. 2. Trebuie sa-mi schimb pantofii când intru in casa pentru ca sunt plini de noroi. I …(see) him for that." "His family consider he should. 7. Ar fi trebuit sa citesc bibliografia pentru acest seminar. folosind verbe modale sau inlocuitori ai acestora: 1. I wrote him a letter. Ar trebui ca toti copiii sa faca treburi in casa. Nu e nevoie sa-ti cari singura bagajul in gara. putem lua autobuzul sau telefericul. 4. I …(get up) so early today. Nu stiu sa crosetez. Stiam sa cânt la pian când eram copil. The child … (leave) home." 1. E nevoie sa urcam la cabana pe jos? 15. He has one of his own." "Yes. He …(be) at home. 13. 5. You …(buy) so much bread. 44 . I …(be) in the garden. The student …(write) such a long composition. he was back soon. Completati spatiile goale cu must. te-ar putea ajuta un hamal. Va trebui sa ma ajuti mai mult astazi. It …(rain) here. the road is dry. 12. 6. I locked the door and took the key with me. 12. It’ll get stale. You…(lend) him your text – book. The light was on in his room. John …(do) such a thing. he is a nice boy.

de Past Tense si de Past Perfect. 1. Vreti. Apare in propozitii exclamative. might. o dorinta sau un blestem. El apare cu forme de infinitiv. God forgive you! Fie ca Domnul sa te ierte! Curse this fog! Blestemata fie aceasta ceata! b. 20. 17. in engleza contemporana. De asemenea.16. 24. exista echivalenti de subjonctiv care constau in verbele should. ar fi inlocuit cu prezentul. 26. o urare. Long live the king! Traiasca regele. would + infinitiv. 27. LECTIA VII MODUL SUBJONCTIV In engleza contemporana. Subjonctiv cu forma de infinitiv a. Nu a fost nevoie sa spun „multumesc" când am aflat ora exacta formând 958 intrucât stiam ca informatia e inregistrata pe banda. 19. Nu aveti voie sa vorbiti in timpul examenului. Nu era nevoie sa-mi faci cafea. Shakespeare: „If this be error"… If this is error Byron: „Though the hart be still as loving" …the heart is 45 . 21. subjonctivul nu are formele lui proprii. am baut deja doua astazi. Ex. Ex. sa astepti câteva minute? 30. dar el nu a vrut sa vina la telefon. in situatii in care. Nu se poate sa fi gasit usa deschisa. Mâine va trebui sa pun scrisoarea la posta. Ti-am telefonat si nu a raspuns nimeni. o incuiasem chiar eu. Unde mergem acum? 28. Poate fi intâlnit in poezia clasica. Iti promit ca vei avea cartea mâine. Probabil ca eram inca la facultate. 18. Nu se poate ca profesorul sa fi fost multumit de acest raspuns. 23. Fie ce-o fi. Am cerut sa vorbesc cu directorul. Ar fi trebuit sa insisti. va rog. Nu se poate sa fi fost acasa aseara. De ce ai vorbit atât de tare? 25. Come what may. Nu a fost nevoie sa-I telefonez lui Jane ca sa vorbesc cu ea pentru ca urma sa vina la mine peste o jumatate de ora. 29. exprimând o lozinca. 22. may.

I recommended that his proposal be accepted. Ex. it is likely that. bine ar fi sa) Daca dorinta se refera la momentul prezent. It is necessary that you be present. Everybody leave the hall. se foloseste subjonctivul cu forma de Past Perfect. Doctorul a insistat ca eu sa stau acasa. Cineva sa-mi aduca un pahar cu apa. se foloseste would. Este de dorit ca noi sa terminam intâi traducerea. Ex. • Ex. it is desirable that. I wish it would stop raining. Mi-as dori sa ma fi nascut in Anglia. Somebody bring me a glass of water. 46 . to order Ex. Mi-as dori sa inceteze ploaia. d. ca echivalent de subjonctiv. Am recomandat ca propunerea lui sa fie acceptata. to insist. Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Tense sau Past Perfect: Apare dupa urmatoarele expresii: a. Nota: Verbul to be la subjonctivul du forma de Past Tense. to demand. to urge. The doctor insisted that I keep indoors. e) Dupa verbe ca: to propose. • Ex. apare ca were la toate persoanele. Este imposibil ca el sa faca aceasta. I wish I were in England now. to suggest. Dupa constructii de tipul: it is impossible that. • I wish (mi-as dori. I wish I had been born in England.c. It is desirable that we finish the translation first. se foloseste subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense. Toata lumea sa paraseasca sala. to recommend. It is impossible that he do this. Daca dorinta se refera la un moment anterior. Daca dorinta se refera la un moment viitor. E necesar ca tu sa fii prezent. 1. Mi-as dori sa fiu in Anglia acum. Poate fi folosit ca o modalitate de a da ordine. Ex. it is necessary that.

to recommend. d)It is time. • 47 . De asemenea. Ex. to urge. Echivalenti de subjonctiv a. It is high time you began to study seriously.) It is high time. la fel ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv (vezi 1-e). It is time the child went to bed. You speak English as if you had lived in England. E timpul sa mearga copilul la culcare. I would sooner you stayed at home tonight. Era de mult timpul sa incepi sa studiezi serios. (E timpul.b) If only – are aproximativ acelasi sens cu I wish Ex. fie ca se foloseste in limba engleza subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. Ex. I would sooner I stayed at home tonight. In exemplul de mai sus. to insist. se poate folosi fie subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense. Vorbesti engleza ca si cum ai fi trait in Anglia. in aceasta situatie should este urmat de infinitivul trecut. You speak English as if you were an Englishman. It is impossible that he should do this. It is necessary that you should be present. de parca) even if/even though (chiar daca) Ex. I would sooner/rather (as prefera sa…) Ex. Vorbesti engleza de parca ai fi englez.) Ex. If only I lived to be a hundred! Bine ar fi sa traiesc pâna la o suta de ani! c) As if/though (ca si cum. it is necessary that. It is impossible that he should have done this. Ex. should poate aparea dupa verbe ca: to propose. should – ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv (1-d) se poate folosi dupa constructii de tipul: It is impossible that. Exista o situatie in care nu se poate folosi subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv.ci este necesara introducerea lui should. Dupa cum se observa. persoana care isi exprima preferinta este diferita de cea care face actiunea. (Era de mult timpul. fie ca se foloseste should ca echivalent de subjonctiv. It is desirable that we should finish the translation first. a. In cazul in care persoana care isi exprima preferinta este aceeasi cu cea care face actiunea. Acest tip de constructii se traduc la fel (vezi 1-d). fie cel cu forma de infinitiv. to demand. As prefera sa stai acasa in seara asta. Este vorba de cazul când propozitia secundara exprima o actiune anterioara celei din principala. 1. Este imposibil ca el sa fi facut aceasta. I would sooner stay at home tonight. to suggest.

Hurry up lest you miss the train. might Ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv.Ex. fie in vorbirea direca.when. I am afraid lest he should fail the exam. Invata serios ca sa treci examenul. Mi-e teama ca nu cumva sa piarda examenul. • Dupa to hope. Study hard so that/in order that you may pass the exam. Am invatat serios ca sa trec examenul. May success attend you! Fie ca succesul sa fie cu tine! May you live long and be happy! Fie sa traiesti mult si sa fii fericit. The doctor insisted that I should stay indoors. • Dupa conjunctia lest (ca nu cumva sa) Ex. in secundara se foloseste might. a. iar daca verbul din propozitia principala este la timpul trecut. to be afraid Ex. Hurry up lest you should miss the train. I was afraid that he might fail the exam. How should I know where he is now? De unde sa stiu unde este el acum? I don’t see why you should be so rude to him. may poate aparea in lozinci si urari: Ex. • Ex. I hope that he may pass the exam. Nota: In engleza contemporana exista tendinta de a se omite should dupa lest si de a se folosi subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. Grabeste-te ca nu cumva sa pierzi trenul. 48 . Intrebari introduse prin how. I recommend that his proposal should be accepted. Dupa cum reiese din exemplele de mai sus. in order that Ex. Nu vad de ce sa fii atât de nepoliticos cu el. • Dupa so that. Sper ca el sa treaca examenul. where. daca verbul din propozitia principala este la timpul prezent. Mi-era teama sa nu cada la examen. I studied hard so that/in order that I might pass the exam. may. fie in vorbirea indirecta. Ex. why. in secundara se foloseste may.

No matter who you may/might be. • Ex. you have no right to do this. I wish the weather were fine. Era posibil ca el sa fi ajuns aici la timp. whatever sau dupa formulele echivalente no matter who. • Dupa it is possible. 49 . I wish I could speak English. Oricine ai fi. wherever. I am sorry it rains so often. Exisa situatii când se pot folosi si alte verbe modale decât cele expuse in acest capitol ca echivalenti de subjonctiv. I regret I have no children. 5. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. Oriunde as fi. whenever. Mi-as dori sa pot/sa am permisiunea de a imprumuta masina ta. I regret I have only one child. I am sorry my friend is ill. echivalentii de subjonctiv sunt la origine verbe modale.Dupa whoever. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + Past Tense (afirmativ sau negativ): Model: I am sorry/I regret the weather isn’t fine. I am sorry books are so expensive. Este posibil ca el sa ajunga aici la timp. verbele respective aduc in propozitie si sensul lor initial. I wish I might borrow your car. Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv 1. nu ai dreptul sa faci asta. Mi-as dori sa pot vorbi engleza/sa fiu in stare sa vorbesc engleza. It was possible that he might be here in time. whichever. It is possible that he may be here in time. I am sorry I don’t live in Bucharest. 7. 4. iar in aceste cazuri. no matter when. Nota: Dupa cum se poate observa. it was possible Ex. 10. Whoever you may/might be. I am sorry I can’t play the piano. I regret I am not a student. 9. Ex. I am sorry you live so far away. 8. 2. 1. etc. I will ring you up. iti voi telefona. Wherever I may/might be. I regret I can’t go to the concert. 6. you have no right to do this. 3. however.

8. I regret you won’t come on holiday with me. I would rather you (not waste) your time! I am cold. 9. I am sorry I had no money to buy that painting. 10. I’d rather I (stay) at home and (watch) TV. 1. 5. I am sorry you had an accident. 1. 3. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + Past Perfect (afirmativ sau negativ): Model: I am sorry I lost my umbrella. It is high time you (start) studying for your exam. 8. 7. I wish he would take my advice. I regret you didn’t win the competition. If only I (be) in Italy now! I wish I (enter) the faculty last year. I regret I won’t have a phone in my new flat. 4. 6. It’s time we (go) home. I am sorry he won’t accept my proposal. I regret I won’t spend my holiday in England. I am sorry they will not sign the contract. 9. 2. I wish I hadn’t lost my umbrella. 3. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. I am sorry he will be away for such a long time. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. I regretted you couldn’t come to me yesterday. Puneti verbele din paranteze la forma corecta de subjonctiv: You behave as if you (own) the place. 1. 50 . 5. 6. I would rather you (close) that window. 5. I regret I won’t be able to read Goethe in the original. 2. 2. I am sorry I will get fat when giving up smoking. I regretted the weather was bad when I was on holiday. 7. I am sorry you were delayed at the office. 8. 10. 6. 4. 1. Don’t treat me as if I (be) a child. I am sorry you won’t take a driving licence. 4. I am sorry I was late for the party.1. 3. I am sorry I didn’t win the Great Prize. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + would + infinitiv scurt: Model: I am sorry he will not take my advice. I was sorry you were out when I called. I regret he will stay in hospital so long. 1. 7. 9. I was sorry you had got a fine.

Este enervant ca tu sa fi uitat sa-mi aduci cartea inapoi. 2. E ora 10! Nu crezi ca era demult timpul sa te scoli si sa te apuci de lucru? 15. 12. 4. 16. 19. Bine ar fi sa nu fi facut atâtea greseli la lucrarea de control. 6. I would rather he (tell) me the truth. E timpul sa-mi inapoiezi banii pe care ti I-am imprumutat. 3. If only I (not forget) his phone number! He wishes his book (become) a best-seller! If only I (become) a millionaire. Mi-as dori sa incetezi sa te mai vaicaresti pentru ca am si eu necazurile mele. Era ciudat ca el sa nu fi citit aceasta carte. 5. 18. 13. 6. He wishes he (have) a good English teacher in the next academic year. Ce pacat ca nu mai sunt tânar! 8. Este imposibil ca el sa se fi intors atât de devreme. 20. Bine ar fi sa fii mai ordonata! 5. 19. am putea merge la plaja! 6. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de sobjonctiv should + infinitivul prezent sau trecut: 1. 3. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense sau Past Perfect: 1. If only my telephone (work)! I wish I (not catch) a cold on the trip yesterday. Mi-as dori sa incetezi cu zgomotul acela chiar in acest moment. 10. 14.10. Vorbesti ca si cum ai fi suparata pe mine. 11. la tara. 9. As prefera sa ma scol mai devreme. Jane si-ar dori sa-mi petrec sfârsitul de saptamâna cu ea. 12. El mi-a vorbit ca si cum nu se intâmplase nimic intre noi. 16. 4. 17. 18. dar eu prefer sa mergi la bunicul. 14. Ea se poarta cu el de parca ar fi sotul ei. 17. As prefera sa mergi la teatru. 11. Era demult timpul sa incepi sa citesti cartile cerute pentru examenul de literatura româna. Ce pacat ca ploua! Daca n-ar ploua. Este necesar sa fii informat despre ce se intâmpla in tara. 15. It’s time I (get) a promotion! 5. 51 . Stiu ca tu ti-ai dori sa-ti petreci vacanta intr-o tabara. Este important ca tu sa stii engleza bine. He would rather his daughter (not get married) so young. 13. It’s high time he (take) a job and (stop) living on his parents. 2. Ea arata de parca ar fi manechin. As prefera sa merg la teatru. As prefera sa te scoli mai devreme. 20. Ti-ai dori sa fi fost invitata la petrecerea lui John? 7. I would marry you even if you (be) a pauper. Este imposibil ca el sa se intoarca atât de devreme.

14. Oricând te vei intoarce. No matter how/however absent – minded you (be). Oricare ar fi motivul. nu ar trebui sa ma minti. Am facut un imprumut ca sa (astfel incât sa) pot sa-mi cumpar casa. 5. 5. I have to work hard so that my company (prosper). eu voi fi acasa si te voi astepta. Este posibil ca ea sa fie plecata din oras. El a sugerat ca noi sa cumparam aceasta casa. 8. I’d rather you (retire) as soon as possible. Mama a hotarât ca noi sa stam acasa. 5. 13. I’ve told you everything so that you (understand) my position. Da-te la o parte ca sa vad (astfel incât sa pot vedea) ecranul. 12. 6. drive carefully lest you (have) an accident. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de subjonctiv may sau might + infinitivul prezent: 1. 4. Profesorul sugereaza ca noi sa citim aceasta carte. I closed the window so that it (not get) too cold. 3. 2. 9. 11. astfel incât sa nu-l aud eu. She speaks about her son as if he (be) a genius. 8. I closed the window lest (get) too cold. Vorbeste mai tare ca sa te aud (asfel incât sa te pot auzi). Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de subjonctiv should + infinitivul prezent: 1. 2. 7. The road is wet. 10. Oricine ti-ar fi spus asta despre mine. 8. El a intrat in casa fara zgomot. Oricât te-ai stradui. 4. I wish my car (not break down) last week. 6. 4. 8. 10. 52 . I propose that we (leave) by the 9 o’clock train. 7. Directorul a propus ca eu sa lucrez in alt sector. It is impossible that my sister (tell) this to you yesterday. 3. Este foarte important ca acest contract sa fie semnat foarte curând. 7. Inlocuiti infinitivele din paranteze cu unul dintre tipurile de subjonctiv sau cu un echivalent de subjonctiv: 1. 6. 3. 10. He throws money away as if he (be) a rich man. 1. 2. nu poti câstiga un astfel de concurs. Vrei sa spui ca este probabil sa ne petrecem concediul in Bucuresti? Este necesar sa fiu prezent la aceasta sedinta? 7. It is desirable that they (divorce) immediately. Prietenul meu a insistat sa merg cu el la concert. nu ar fi trebuit sa crezi. Am sugerat sa-l alegem presedinte. It is strange that she (leave) the lights on when she left the town. 9. Este probabil ca fiul meu sa fi luat examenul.7. 8. Orice mi-ai spune. 9. you should remember your own phone number. Directorul a cerut ca toata lumea sa fie prezenta la ora 8. nu te pot crede. Insist ca tu sa accepti aceasta slujba.

Diateza activa o o nedefinit: calling perfect: having called Diateza pasiva o o nedefinit: being called perfect: having been called Participiul trecut se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ed la verbele regulate. 19. 16. I have such a boring job. All success (attend) you! I wish I (be) there when it happened. Infinitivul poate avea aspect. Atât participiul prezent cât si gerunziul se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ing la infinitivul verbelor (to call – calling). modurile nepersonale sunt urmatoarele: infinitivul. I suggested that we (take) a taxi. in cazul verbelor neregulate. 18. el reprezinta forma a III-a: o to call – called – called 53 . diateza si timpuri. The doctor recommended that the patient (have) an operation.15. I wish I (find) another. Participiul prezent si gerunziul pot avea timpuri si diateza. If only I (have) a brother or a sister! LECTIA VIII MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI CONSTRUCTIILE VERBALE In limba engleza. 17. Diateza activa o o o o infinitiv prezent simplu: to call infinitiv prezent continuu: to be calling infinitiv perfect simplu: to have called infinitiv perfect continuu: to have been calling Diateza pasiva o o infinitiv prezent simplu: to be called infinitiv perfect: to have been called Forma -ing. forma -ing (gerunziul si participiul prezent) si participiul trecut.

) He ordered the door to be locked. (M-am asteptat ca el sa vina la timp. to know. Verbele to make si to let sunt urmate de infinitivul scurt (fara to). to consider. Ex.) e. (L-am facut sa invete engleza. to declare. cu anumite verbe urmate de prepozitii obligatorii: to rely upon/on.) They declared him to be the man of the year.) 1. Ex. to count upon/on . I made him study English. (L-am lasat sa iasa afara sa joace fotbal. I saw him leave the room. Aceste verbe sunt urmate de infinitivul scurt (fara to). (Consider ca el este un bun student.) I let him go out and play. verbe exprimând perceptia senzoriala: to see. Ex. to hear. (Vreau ca John sa faca aceasta.) d. He admitted the news to be false. (As vrea ca el sa vina cu mine.) f. I rely on you to do this. to suppose. verbe declarative: to state. to watch. Ex. Ex. to wish. verbe exprimând un ordin. to expect. Adverbe exprimând dorinta sau vointa: to want. (Ma bazez pe tine sa faci aceasta. verbe exprimând perceptia mentala: to think. (Ei l-au declarat a fi omul anului. to dislike. Acuzativ cu infinitiv Consta dintr-un verb urmat de un pronume sau substantiv in acuzativ + un verb la infinitiv. Ex. o permisiune sau o cauzalitate: to make. (El a recunoscut ca stirile erau false. (Vreau ca tu sa pleci acum.) I want John to do this. to hate. Ex. Nominativ cu infinitiv 54 . to like. I consider him to be a good student.) Exista câteva tipuri de verbe care accepta acest tip de constructii: a.) I expected him to come in time. to cause.) b. to believe. to admit. I’d like him to come with me. to allow.o to go – went – gone Constructii cu infinitivul 1. to order. to feel. (L-am vazut ca paraseste camera/parasind camera. I want you to go now. (El a ordonat sa se incuie usa. to understand.) c.

I consider him to be a good student. Daca vrem sa traducem expresia personala: „Ea e sigura ca va veni la timp" o redam in modul urmator: „She is sure the she will come in time". to turn out. to consider.) Nota: Trebuie remarcat faptul ca expresia impersonala din limba româna se intâmpla sa este. to make.) If I happen to meet him. a. (El s-a dovedit a fi un bun jurnalist. to seem. For – phrase Consta din propozitia for + un substantiv sau pronume in acuzativ + un verb la infinitiv. Ex. He is said to be a good writer. I made him study English. to suppose. cu expresiile: to be sure / likely / unlikely / certain Ex. to appear o la diateza activa: Ex. He is considered to be a good student. to hear. b.) Nota: Din nou avem in limba engleza o expresie personala care se traduce in româneste cu o expresie impersonala. He was declared to be the man of the year. She is sure to come in time.) I happened to meet him in the street. 1. I will tell him where you are. He was made to study English. to expect.Consta dintr-un subiect in nominativ + un verb la diateza pasiva sau activa + un verb la infinitiv. cu verbele: to happen. The news was considered to be false. (E sigur ca ea va veni la timp. He considered the news to be false. ii voi spune unde esti. folosit cu verbe la diateza pasiva: to see. 55 . (S-a intâmplat sa-l intâlnesc pe strada. (Se spune ca el este un bun scriitor. to believe.) Sunt situatii in care Nominativul cu Infinitivut exprima o formulare pasiva a Acuzativului cu Infinitiv: Ex. He proved to be a good journalist. a. They declared him to be the man of the year. to say. to know. de obicei. tradusa cu o expresie personala in limba engleza. to prove. (Daca se va intâmpla sa-l intâlnesc.

we shall go to the beach. Acuzativ cu participiu Se foloseste cu verbe exprimând perceptie senzorial: to see. aceasta constructie este asemanatoare cu Acuzativul cu Infinitiv. (Orele fiind terminate.) It is impossible for him to come. (Este necesar ca eu sa merg acolo. It is necessary that I (should) go there.) In cazul verbelor de perceptie. to smell. (Aceasta ramâne sa o decida el. in timp ce acuzativul cu participiu arata actiunea in desfasurare. (Ea a fost auzita cântând. Astfel: I saw her leave s-ar putea traduce Am vazut-o ca pleaca sau Am vazuto plecând.) 56 .) Nota: Ultimele doua propozitii se se pot reda in limba engleza si cu ajutorul subjonctivului.) Weather permitting. to watch.) I heard her singing.) She was heard singing. Nominativ cu Participiu Este pasivul constructiei Acuzativ cu Participiu: Ex: He was seen leaving. we went home. (Daca vremea va permite. am mers acasa.) It is necessary for me to go there. Ex. It is impossible that I (should) come.) 3. Ex. Constructii cu participiul prezent 1. (Este imposibil ca el sa vina. to hear.) This remains for him to decide. (E usor sa fac asta. 2.Ex. (El a fost vazut plecând. precum si cu verbele to find. (Am lasat-o / gasit-o plângând. Diferenta de sens intre cele doua constructii este urmatoarea: folosirea acuzativului cu infinitiv pune accentul pe actiunea propriu-zisa. It is easy for me to do this. I saw him leaving (L-am vazut plecând. In timp ce I saw her leaving se poate traduce numai Am vazut-o plecând. Ex: The classes being over.) I left / found her crying. vom merge la plaja. Nominativul absolut Este o constructie participiala care are un subiect al ei propriu. (Am auzit-o cântând. to leave.

She had two sons killed in the war. Ex.) Aceasta constructie arata ca actiunea este facuta de catre altcineva spre avantajul sau la ordinul persoanei reprezentate de subiect. 1. You should bear it in mind. You should read it. 11. Ex: I must have/get mz shoes repaired. L-am vazut vorbind cu prietena lui. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind constructia „for-phrase": Model: This translation is easy. I-au fost ucisi doi fii in razboi. (Trebuie sa-mi dau pantofii la reparat. This is a good book. (Voi merge sa ma coafez. Am auzit-o certându-si copilul. Cineva mi-a spart geamul din dormitor. The match was about to begin.Constructie cu participiul trecut Este formata din verbul to have sau to get + un complement + participiul trecut. 6. M-am asteptat sa vii mai devreme. 15. El voia ca eu sa-l ajut. John a recunoscut ca vina era a lui. Exercitii cu constructiile verbale 1. This problem is too difficult. Ma bazez pe tine sa-mi imprumuti niste bani. El m-a facut sa pierd trenul. 14. 6. The time has come. I had my bedroom window broken. Este de asemenea sa apara situatii in care actiunea exprimata de participiul trecut este facuta de altcineva in detrimentul persoanei exprimate de subiect. Presupuneam ca el stie sa conduca masina. 5. I can’t solve it. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind constructia Acuzativ cu Infinitiv sau Acuzativ cu Participiu: 1. 3. You should take it. Cred ca el e un sot bun. 3. 12. 5. This fact is important. I cam make it.) I will have my hair done. Stiam ca el e un om foarte ocupat. Am vazut câtiva copii jucându-se in parc. This is a valuable piece of advice. 4. 2. 4. 13. 2. 9. 7. 8. Ea m-a facut sa inteleg ce se intâmplase. 2. We should have a heart to heart talk. 10. Inteleg ca ea e o profesoara foarte buna. This translation is easy for me to make. 57 . The people were impatient. Mama ar vrea ca eu sa devin doctor. I-am privit jucând fotbal.

Everybody. 7. 9. 3. 8. People believed he was a brilliant surgeon. 2. 5. I ordered a taxi. 6. 6. 8. Folositi drept subiect pronumele subliniate: Model: Her parents thought she was a gifted child. 7. I saw the plane landing. It is important that you should come to the office.7. It seemed that she was satisfied with me. Expected that he would resign. 10. 9. I have closed the window. It’s time we met again. It’s time you started learning foreign languages. This is the main thing. 10. transformându-le in Nominativ cu Participiu: Model: I heard the dog barking. 58 . She was thought to be a gifted child. They said she was ill. It is necessary that you should study the matter seriously. The dog was heard barking. 2. It is expected that he will arrive at 2 o’clock. It is possible that I might buy a car. 1. She heard the baby crying. 3. I thought she was unable to win the contest. 9. 5. I can’t believe she said that. 3. 8. It is possible that the plane might be delayed. They heard him repeat it several times. It is recommendable that you should read this book. It happened that she made three spelling mistakes in her letter. It is impossible that he should have said that. It is necessary that he be present. It is important to know the truth. 4. 2. We should do it now. I didn’t want her to miss the train. 10. Treceti la pasiv urmatoarele constructii Acuzativ cu Participiu. I don’t want you to catch a cold. l. This is a strange thing. at once. It is advisable that you should resign. 5. 4. 4. It was proved that she was a liar. Reformulati urmatoarele fraze cu modul subjonctiv folosind constructia „forphrase": Model: It is important that I should know the truth. 1. It is sure they have had an argument. Reformulati urmatoarele fraze cu modul subjonctiv folosind constructia Nominativ cu Infinitiv.

10. The plane having taken off. The rain having stopped. She heard the hunters shooting. 10. the audience left the hali. I went shopping. 3. The concert being over. 2. The letter being written. 6. 8. The mud having ruined my shoes. 7.3. 4. 5. we sat down to dinner. I saw the peasants working in the field. we hurried to the beach. 4. I saw her fainting. we were seared about having floods. we shall climb to the top of the mountain. I went to post it. I saw her lying on the beach. Weather permitting. 6. 6. 59 . 8. 5. The decision being taken in my favour. 9. I stopped smoking. I had to change them. The sun having risen. Everybody being at home. 9. I went home relaxed. 7. I found the boy breaking the window. I could hear her typing. The river having risen in the night. I heard the child breaking the vase. Traduceti in limba româna urmatoarele propozitii cu constructia Nominativul absolut: 1. I found her digging in the garden.

She doesn’t talk. My mother isn’t resting. Do I love? 2. You don’t play. We aren’t studying. My friend isn’t wearing. The child isn’t learning. Is my friend wearing? 7. Is it raining? 2. He isn’t telling. Does she talk? 3. I don’t love. Is Ann knitting? 10. Do I understand? 4. Do I have? Exercitiul 2: l. You aren’t typing. I don’t understand. Is the child learning? Exercitiul 3: 60 . Do you play? 5. Are we studying? 9. Does he have? 9. They aren’t swimming. Is my mother resting? 8. Ann isn’t knitting. Do I trust? 10. It isn’t raining. Am I having? 3. Do I always believe? 6. I don’t always believe. I don’t have.CHEIA EXERCITIILOR LECTIA I TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV Exercitii cu Present Simple si Continuous Exercitiul l: 1. Are you typing? 5. I don’t trust. Is he telling? 4. I am not having. Are they swimming? 6. They don’t live. He doesn’t remember. Do they live? 8. He doesn’t have. Does he remember? 7.

write. That sounded. Do you like? 8. he is having. 7. I always have. Do you dream? I dream 9. Did he forbid? Exercitiul 3: 1. 18. It snows in winter. Why are you opening the window? I5. you came in. 10. 2. 20. 19. He didn’t change. 7. 3. it is raining. 9. 1 don’t like. Now I am doing my homework in English. I don’t like coffee. At what time does John get up in the morning? 11. I often read English books. 61 . is drinking. 3. 14. Whom are you ringing up? 13. go. He didn’t forbid. Do you go? 16. 5. I do not study in the evening. speaks. someone rang up. 16. 4. Did I sell? 6. Do you know? Exercitiul 4: l. 6. drinks. You drank. You spoke. I slept. She goes shopping on Saturdays. 8. 1 first met. How often do you write to your parents? 18. he walks. 12. I didn’t enjoy. 10. What are you speaking about? Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: 1. I entered. 1 liked. He didn’t come. 5. 2. am taking. I didn’t hate. remembers. What book are you reading? 10. He didn’t think. 8. Did we work? 7. He doesn’t go to school by underground.l. Exercitiul 2: 1. I didn’t sell. 4. I owned. 9. We didn’t work. What are you doing? Are you reading or watching TV? 5. always borrow/is always borrowing. 5. 10. 6. Did I hate? 4. 3. 6. are you thinking? I am thinking. am. 4. What do you do on your free days? 12. On Sundays. I always made. Are you writing. 2. it often rains. I was watching. Do you smoke? 17. he realized. I played. 14. Do you usually get. The secretary is just typing a report. Did he translate? 10. Did he change? 5. do you do? 3. are you hurrying? I don’t want. 9. Did I enjoy? 9. 8. 20. 13. The customer is just choosing a pair of shoes. I like to swim a lot. the teacher was writing. She is packing her luggage. I am not going. he was working. were you doing? 7. he was-learning. he had. He met. don’t understand. 2. When I go to the seaside. are you waiting? I am waiting. Did they drink? 3. were you going. They didn’t drink. 6. she was having. You asked. he wasn’t wearing. he doesn’t get up early. Did he think? 2. I was talking. Did he come? 8. 19. 17. I met. 1 am cooking. 7. I was writing. I arrived. He didn’t translate. 15. 11. 4.

we left. I got up late yesterday morning. 17. 4. Where did you spend your holiday last summer? 15. Have you been. 10. He sat for his first exam last week. 9. I didn’t go to the swimming pool. 8. When did you buy this TV set? 12. I returned. 3. Have you watered? 3. I have lost. Have you seen? she left. Have you lived? I have lived. 14. Exercitiul 3: I. They hid the cards away and took out their school books. Yesterday. I haven’t been. We have known. 5. While I was looking for my passport. 13. began. 20. 18. 1t hasn’t rained. 11 . 2. 6. Last Sunday. Have you ever eaten? 13. He has just left. 5. Did you sleep well last night? 3. 2. have you been wearing? 6. 7. 8. Have you been? I have been. haven’t you seen? did you use? 2. 9. 9. 2. 6. 4. 7. Have you read? 18. He hasn’t come. the engine – drivers have gone. 10. Last night. I was.Exercitiul 4: 1. at 7 o’clock in the morning? I was preparing to go to the faculty. have you been. He has been sleeping. What were you doing last Tuesday. He has been fishing. I have been wearing. 5. Who won the match the day before yesterday? 20. Two days ago I fell and I broke my leg. 8. the sun didn’t set at 8 o’clock. I haven’t written. 5. I found this old photo. Have you ever tried? I tried. I was driving to Sinaia. It has been raining. Exercitii cu Present Perfect Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: l. Yesterday I got up early. She has changed. A strong wind was blowing when I left the house. I have lent. 9. I got up. he has caught. Exercitiul 2: l. I have been cooking. I have been doing. I have been watering. 10. 6. I had breakfast and then I left for school. Have you visited? 12. 3. The child has been playing. she has been trying. 10. When did you return from the mountains? 11. He has always relied. Yesterday I lost my gloves. 4. 4. my friends played chess. The boys were playing cards when they heard their father entering the house. I have been asking. 7. 19. I have already seen. I have just had. Have you paid? 19. Have you ever driven? 16. 14. I have bought. I got. While it was raining. I saw. The radio has been playing. Exercitiul 4: 62 . 16. He hasn’t gone. This time yesterday it was raining. I didn’t succeed. He has been. I5. 17. I have’ been shopping. 8. Last week I was ill and 1 didn’t go to school. have you cooked? 7.

5. Exercitiul 3: 1. 7. 9. 10. 8. had been speaking. 19. he told. 3. 3.1. 5. It has been snowing for two hours. I went to 63 . 11. The weather has got warmer lately. 4. I found out. had been swimming. 10. I was sorry I had hurt him. 7. we had been walking. 4. Have you seen today’s newspaper? 17. 2. 3. I had it at 8 o’clock. he handed it to the teacher. Have you already had breakfast? Yes. 8. He thanked me for what I had done for him. I had met. 5. two years ago. had eaten. I called. he went. she told. he had caught. He has written only two letters since he went abroad. As soon as the guests had left. 14. we asked. he left an hour ago. he had visited. 12. 4. had been climbing. we realized. had been cooking. 10. 10. had been having. 2. I have often thought of taking a driving licence. she had been writing. he had been. he had learned/he had been learning. she had not passed. it had been raining. they had been. 4. he went. 2. had not told. she had been cleaning and dusting. We have been walking since 3 o clock. Exercitiul 2: 1. she had been studying. I spent a month here. 5. we had lost. 9. Who has taught you to speak English so well? 2. he had thought. had spread. Have you been to this town before? Yes. Has John left? Yes. How long have you been learning English? 5. 6. 6. had listened. they had finished. 13. Exercitiul 4: 1. Exercitii cu Past Perfect Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: 1. I had returned. 20. I stayed at home and I haven’t regretted it for a moment! 16. it had been raining. 9. I entered. it had been raining. she had already been. 8. Who did you vote for at the last elections? I didn’t go to vote. We must replace it. I rang him up. had left. he had got married. I have been translating a text for two hours and I haven’t finished it yet. congratulated. 7. 3. As soon as he had finished writing the paper. He hadn’t done anything before he asked for my advice. 6. A child has broken the window. they had been waiting. He has been a Minister for two years. 7. She had just gone out. 4. 9. Since I bought a car. 6. They have been working on this house for a year and they haven’t finished it yet. 8. 18. What did you look at? It was an accident. 2. 15. Where have you spent your holiday this year? 3. We have walked 10 km so far. I have seldom walked to my office.

He will be studying. He will be. Will you recognize? 4. When I arrived at the bus stop. 5. 5. I realized I had left my bag at home. I shall/will remember. Look what I have bought at an auction! It’s a very beautiful object. 8. By the end of the month I shall/will have seen this film 5 times. 2. 10. 8. I shall/will have been working. 6. 7. He will be studying in the library on Monday from one to five o’clock. I shall/will have been cooking. I shall/will be swimming. I didn’t phone you because I thought you had gone abroad. 10. 10. will be crying. You will have seen. The train will have left before we arrive at the station. will/shall will be climbing. between twelve and one o’clock. 8. 4. You will like. We shall/will have taken. I shall/will have paid off. will have risen. 8. 7. will have spent. they will have been married. I shall/will succeed. Because of the strike of the bus – drivers. You will not/won’t find. On Friday. 3. You will be. 2. 10. 10. 3. 6. it will probably be raining. 3. 9. I shall/will know. Where will you put it? 64 . 6. What will you be doing tomorrow morning at 11 o’clock? I shall/will be visiting the international fair. I have bought a typewriter and I shall learn to type. 9. many people will be going to work on foot tomorrow. The secretary told me the manager had been speaking on the phone for half an hour. they will be having their last English class. I shall/will pass. 6. I shall/will be having. 4. 5. Wil1 you remember? 9. 3. wilt be rising. 7. By this time next year. 2. 9. I shall/will have read 8.bed. 7. I shall/will have saved five million lei. 4. 2. I shall/will be working. I shall/will have finished. Exercitiul 3: 1. They told me they had been living in France since 1980. 9. 6. They travelled to many countries after they had got married. Exercitiul 4: 1. Exercitii cu timpurile „Future" Exercitiul 1: 1. 7. Exercitiut 2: 1. She will be watching. Will you be needing? 5. By 10 o’clock she will have finished cleaning the house.

16. we had been digging. 11. would end. he had just left. is. 19. I have. he had eaten. 4. is born. 9. 7. I have been reading. you do. I had lost. I had done. 14. you spoke. you had been wearing. would not go. I work/I worked. 3. you see. 8. she has learnt. he would give. 6. 19.LECTIA II Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor Exercitiul 1: 1. 20. he had not expected. 2. 16. You had to type. 65 . you have read. did not remember. 18. 2. arrive. 5. 9. is. 5. 9. 15. 5. 6. we went. 3. do not eat. 2. Exercitiul 6: 1. Exercitiul 5: 1. you were. he trusted. 10. 4. 7. 7. 10. 5. he would win. he wanted. had already begun. he had to write. 2. 4. they had known. I had not eaten. 3. he had left. she notices you have broken. 3. 17. he tells. I would spend. 6. there are. 10. I finish. Exercitiul 3: 1. 8. I want. he would not remember. he had been travelling. I have suffered. 8. he hoped. he had stolen. I had read. I would remain. he would drive. he has arrived. 3. would be cancelled. 13. he would have. they were talking. 10. she has changed. 7. he would pass. he had never seen. Exercitiul 4: 1. you were. you finish. I had heard. you have drunk. he would finish. I had not decided. they had been listening. 7. I was. 14. was shining. you would soon have. he has repaired. we will drink. she looks. they have been. I read. 4. they would remain. 2. Exercitiul 2: 1. I finish. 5. 10. you see. begin. 20. melts. 11. 15. had failed. 10. I was. I had not enjoyed. 4. he would change. you are reading. 17. is. 8. 9. 8. 5. you see. I played/I was playing. prices would go up. 12. I will earn/will be earning. will soon move. 6. 13. it would not be raining when I arrived. 6. we reach. they have done. 8. I usually read. 18. 7. 3. 6. 2. 12. I have received. 9. you have just told. 9. 4.

I would buy. he would not make. you would have read. 2. 11. I wouldn’t do. he had realized. he would take. I didn’t stay at home to wait for you because I didn’t know when you would come. he leaves. I will buy. he had tried. I had not told.Exercitiul 7: l. The secretary told me the manager was busy. 7. 4. 6. you were. 3. would you go? Exercitiul 3: l. 5. Exercitiul 4: l. I saw. He asked me how many letters there are in the Chinese alphabet and I couldn’t answer him. 6. it goes on. 10. 2. I didn’t remember that we had met a year before. I will tell you the truth after I have found it myself. she will be. 8. 7. I will lend. 10. you will not find. 9. 3. 10. 12. 4. He was very upset because he had lost his dictionary and he was not sure he would find a new one in the bookshops. It would have been. you will not pass. you take. I knew. 4. you had driven. Would you buy? 4. 5. 5. will you promise? 6. 10. Exercitiul 5: 66 . Exercitiul 2: 1. I would have answered. I would have answered. 7. The car I will buy will be imported from Germany. 5. 4. you wouldn’t have got. he would have told. 2. 3. 9. 8. I were. 8. 10. The policeman will ask me what I have seen during the accident. LECTIA III Exercitii cu fraze conditionale Exercitiul 1: l. I knew you were in Bucharest. you will be. 9. I promised him I would write to him when I arrived in London. 3. 6. I will answer. The thief did not realize that the police had been following him for a week. 7. 2. Father will give me a present after I have passed the exam. I had worked. you will be. I had known. I would not have made. 5. 7. I moved. 8. I gave up. 3. I will greet 2. 6. 9. he will get. you had invited. 9. 8.

I would knit another sweater if I had more wool. He told me to open the door. I would like the play more if it were shorter. He said he had spent his holiday at the seaside the year before. He told/asked/ordered me not to drive so fast. What would you do if you meet John? 12. 7. LECTIA IV Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si indirecta Exercitiul 1: 1. 8. the streets will be wet. 12. He said if he had enough money he would buy a car the next year. What would you have done if you had met John? Exercitiul 6: l. 67 . 4. He said he had seen that film a week before. the streets would be wet. He said the weather had been fine the day before. He told me not to cross the street on a red light. 6.1. Exercitiul 2: 1. 6. Would you have been angry if I had taken your pencil? 10. He said he didn’t remember where he had bought that dictionary. 2. You will see him if you wait. If it rains. If it had rained. 8. 8. He told me to read that text. He said he was going to have a nap that afternoon. 7. If you hadn’t shut the window I would have been cold. 5. What will you do if you meet John? 11. 5. You would have caught the train if you had taken a taxi. What would have happened if you had driven at a high speed? 4. 3. He told me not to smoke so much. If a beggar asked you for money. Will you be angry if I take your pencil? 8. He told me to write him a letter when I got to England. He said he thought it was going to rain the next day. He told me to take that pill. 4. 9. You will catch the train if you take a taxi. 3. He said if he had been at home he would have answered the phone. He told me to be careful with his books. He said she would go shopping right then. 6. He said he was very busy on that day. the streets would have been wet. You would catch the train if you took a taxi. would you give him some? 3. He said he had gone to England two years before. 5. Mamaia would be an ideal place for a holiday if there weren’t so many people there. 9. I will eat at a restaurant. 6. He said John had left for Sinaia two days before. 3. Would you be angry if I took your pencil? 9. 7. 2. 2. 4. 10. 2. 10. 5. If it rained. We won’t go for a walk if the rain doesn’t stop/unless the rain stops. I will be disappointed if I don’t find out the truth. 11. If dinner is not ready in time. 7.

8. 3. when I passed by. I was frightened by the noise. He asked me how I had travelled. I have been given a nice present (by them). 5. 11. 9. 4. 9. My TV set will be repaired by a specialist. 12. He asked me where I would spend my weekend. He asked me if I could lend him a book. He asked me how long I had been learning . He asked me if 1 had been at the library the day before. He asked me when I would be back. 7. 6. He asked me if I knew what that word meant/means. He asked me if I could come to tea that afternoon. Your bag has been found (by him). Some pills were prescribed to the patient (by the doctor). The patient was prescribed some pills (by the doctor). He asked me if I drank coffee every day. He asked me why it was so dark in that room. A new house is being built round the corner (by them). Exercitiul 3: 1.English. 5. He asked me if my mother had been at home. 2. He asked me if I had bought that book the day before.9. He asked me who that man was. 3. 10. He told me to ring him up when I arrived home. 7. 6. 10 He asked me if I could speak English. 2. He asked me if I would help him. The missing child has been found (by someone). He asked me how long it took me to reach my office. 9. 4. A nice present has been given to 68 . Football is played all over the world. He asked me if I would like a cake. He asked me what I was going to do the next day. 8. 7. The work will be finished today (by them). A new supermarket was being built in that district last month. 5. 3. 2. He asked me when the rain had stopped. Exercitiul 2: 1. LECTIA V Exercitii cu diateza pasiva Exercitiul 1: 1. 10. He asked me if the train had left. 2. 6. He told me not to interrupt him when he was speaking. Something must be done for him by his coworkers. Exercitiul 4: 1. He asked me if I had lived in London for a long time. 10. 4. My friend will be invited to a party (by me). He asked me which of those cakes I preferred. 8.

Will the letter be written in ink? 3. The teacher will tell the pupils where to sit. 5. He hates people making fun of him. A difficult question was asked of me by the teacher. The way will be shown to us by the policeman. Don’t speak until you are spoken to (by someone). They held a reception in his honour. 7. 3. John was laughed at (by us). I’m not always told the truth by my friend. They have built this house out of stone and cement. 5. A reward will be given to me (by them). English is taught to them (by me). 4. People will soon forget this book. People mustn’t take away these books. Was he shocked by the sight of the accident? 8. His bed hasn’t been slept in (by him). The rescue party finally discovered the climber. Would your work have been finished sooner if you hadn’t been interrupted by your colleagues? Exercitiul 5: 1. The house was broken into (by burglars). 6. 6. Haven’t you been told to be here at 6 o’clock? 4. 9.me (by them). Fire was set to the shed (by them). Exercitiul 6: 69 . 10. 2. The children weren’t looked after properly (by them). 4. Do you think your request will be turned down? 10. Has the TV set been repaired? 2. 3. 6. The Romanian film director was awarded the Great Prize (by the jury). 7. His proposal was objected to (by us). They are taught English (by me). The doctor was called for (by us). Exercitiul 4: 1. Will the details be told to him? Will he be told the details? 6. I will be given a reward (by them). Were you told about the meeting? 9. I was asked a difficult question by the teacher. All the visitors of the museum admire this painting. 2. 8. The tourists were shown the museum (by the guide). The truth is not always told to me by my friend. Two of my books have been lent to John (by me). Were you frightened by the tornado? 5. 4. Exercitiul 3: 1. His odd behaviour couldn’t be accounted for (by us). We will be shown the way by the policeman. Has the dog been fed? 7. 5. 9. 8. My friend recommended me a very good doctor. 7. People speak English all over the world. The Great Prize was awarded to the Romanian film director (by the jury). 9. 8. John has been lent two of my books (by me).: 3. The museum was shown to the tourists (by the guide). 10.

LECTIA VI Exercitii cu verbe modale Exercitiul 1: 1. You might have written. She could lend. He will be able to swim. 14. 4. very interesting things were told to us at the conference. This stamp hasn’t been well stuck on the envelope. 2. 19. This piece of information must be treated confidentially. He could swim. Nothing has been heard about him since he left for Constanta. 3. When he arrived home he realized his wallet had been stolen. 16. 10. He must have been delayed. I won t be able to translate. 2. You will be allowed/permitted to leave. John must have been. She will be able to lend. 6. I couldn’t translate. You were not allowed/permitted to smoke. We were told very interesting things at the conference. Foreign languages are spoken in this hotel. 12. He could read and write. I had to learn. You won’t have to do. 2.l. Everybody will be allowed/permitted to borrow. 3. 3 It might have rained. I will have to go. 5. 15. The meanings of the new words must be looked up in the dictionary. 13. You won’t be allowed/permitted to speak. 4. 4. Everybody was allowed/permitted to borrow. You will not be allowed/permitted to smoke. 5. Could Jane type? Will Jane be able to type? 17. The child will be allowed/permitted to have. Could you help? Will you be able to help? 9. I will have to look up. America was discovered at the end of the 15th century. 7. 5. She will be able to play. I had to look up. Detailed instructions will be given to us about the paper. You didn’t have to do. 7. She could play. 8. 6. You were allowed/permitted to leave. Could he speak? Will he be able to speak? 18. I had to go. The child was allowed/permitted to have. 10. The professor’s lecture was listened to by all the students. 11. He was not allowed/permitted to come. You were not allowed/permitted to speak. We were asked to show our passports. 9. 15. 70 . Exercitiul 2: 1. The museum was closed for repairs. 13. I will have to learn. 14. 6. It can t have been. The letter will be mailed as soon as possible. Did you have to be? Will you have to be? 20. Many new blocks are being built in our district. The event was commented on by all the newspapers. 8. He won’t be allowed/permitted to come. Was I not allowed/permitted to walk? Shall I be not allowed/permitted to walk? 11. She will be able to read and write. 12. We will be given detailed instructions about the paper.

He needn’t have bought. should. 8. 2. 18. 5. 15. Exercitiul 5: 1. Exercitiul 6: 1. can. He can’t be at the office. 7. 4. 11. 20. mustn’t. 8. 5. 4. It may/might be a good one. 10. 10. He may have been. 6. should. 5. This can’t be a true story. can’t. 4. 16. can. 5. 3. 9. 10. 10. It can’t have been. Exercitiul 8: l. 4: She must be a very good doctor. It can’t have been his fault. It can’t be his fault. 9. John could have been. He may/might have done. 7. 7. 6. 9. You can’t have been. would. You shouldn’t have gone. I may/might come home. 10. needn’t. You must have forgotten. She may/might be very late. 3. would. mustn’t. She may/might have been out. 9. He must think. Exercitiul 3: 1. Exercitiul 4: l. mustn’t. 9. can. You can’t miss the train. You must have known the lesson. would. She can’t have married. 6. needn’t. She can’t have got. Exercitiul 9: 71 . 12. would. 7. should. 7. 3. He must have been late. 3. She may/might have returned. He must have come home. 4. 17. 4. mustn’t. 14. 2. needn’t. would. 2. 6. It may/might rain. She may/might have been angry. The weather can’t change. She can’t have learned English. He must be older. 2. 8. You needn’t have done. 2. Exercitiul 7: 1. mustn’t. 8. can’t. 3. 10. This must be the best. 5. It must have been. You can’t have seen.You should have visited. It must have taken a long time. 6. should. He ought to have told. He may/might have been right. 6. He should have gone. 5. He must have been. S. needn’t. You must have left your umbrella. You might have changed. He can’t have passed. 13. You might have paid. can. A good knowledge of English may/might help you. 8. 9. 2. 3. would. needn’t. 7. 19.

I must have been still at the faculty. needn’t have bought. I ought to/should have read the bibliography for the seminar. 14. 4. 21. we may/might take the bus or the ski-lift. Sensuri posibile: „Do you think he will try to enter the faculty?". All the children ought to/should do some housework. Exercitiul 13: 1. 11. 25. The teacher can’t/couldn’t have been satisfied with this answer. I have already drunk two. 18. you shall have the book tomorrow.1. 7. 5. 26. must have been. No. 5. I didn’t need to say „thank you" when I found out the exact time by dialing number 958. You may ring me up more often when you know I am ill. 8. didn’t need to buy. will. I had locked it myself 27. You can’t have found the door open. a porter could help you. You will have to help me more today. because she was to come to my place in half hour’s time. I rang you up and nobody answered. today. 2. didn’t need to wait. 24. shall. 5. 22. needn’t have written. must have taken. 10. as I knew the information was recorded on tape. 12. 10. You ought to/should have insisted. Need we walk up to the chalet? 15. I can’t knit. I will have to leave soon. You needn’t have made coffee for me. I could play the piano when I was a child. can’t have done. Exercitiul 12: 1. Exercitiul 10: 1. 2. 10. will. Exercitiul 11: 1. 7. The teacher told me I might skip the next class. 8. I promise you. 17. needn’t have waited. 23. 3. 4. I asked to speak to the manager but he wouldn’t come to the phone. shall. You needn’t carry your luggage in the station yourself. 6. 4. must have been. I must change my shoes when I enter the house because they are full of mud. 7. 16. 3. 19. 4. 6. 13. „Do you think he will marry that girl?" etc. 20. 8. 6. 8. 9. 9. will. 9. 9. shall. must have left. needn’t have lent. Why did you speak so loud? Somebody might have heard you. 1 am sure I will be able to find time to help you. shall. 2. 5. Everybody shall be present at the meeting. 2. I didn’t need to ring up Jane in order to speak to her. can’t have swum. needn’t have answered. 3. needn’t have lent. needn’t have got up. will. 7. All the students can and must write this paper. can’t have seen. didn’t need to answer. can’t have left. You can’t/couldn’t have been at home last night. 3. can’t have rained. Where shall we 72 . 6. 10. will. will. didn’t need to see.

I wish you had won the competition. I wish I lived in Bucharest. 10. I stayed. 8. Will you. 7. I wish I wouldn’t get fat when giving up smoking. I wish you hadn’t been delayed at the office. 12. 15. 4. 13. 17. I wish they would sign the contract. 4. I wish I had money to buy that painting. I wish I would spend my holiday in England. 29. you owned. I wish he wouldn’t stay in hospital so long. 14. I wish books weren’t so expensive. 7. Exercitiul 2: l. S. 7. I wish you would come on holiday with me. 73 . I wish I hadn’t been late for the party. 3. 1 wish I had children. you didn’t waste. 4. I were. 11. I wish you would take a driving licence. 2. 18. 5. 6. 3. my telephone worked. you were. I wished you hadn’t been out when I called. Exercitiul 4: 1. stopped. 7. You may not speak during the exam. we went. 2. I wish I were a student. Exercitiul 3: 1. 10. 8. 9. 2. 9. I were. I wish he would accept my proposal. I had entered. 4. his daughter didn’t get married. I wished you had been able to come to me yesterday.go now? 28. I wish it didn’t rain so often. I wish I could pay the piano. wait for a few minutes? 30. I wish he wouldn’t be away for such a long time. 16. I hadn’t forgotten. I wish you hadn’t had an accident. you closed. I wish my friend weren’t ill. 3. 19. I wish I would able to read Goethe in the original. Tomorrow I will have to mail the letter. I wish I could go to the concert. I wished you hadn’t got a fine. I wish you didn’t live so far away. his book would become. 10. 8. S. 6. 9. 8. 3. I wished the weather hadn’t been bad when I was on holiday. I would become. I wish I didn’t have only one child. 5. watched. 10. hadn’t caught a cold. he told. 2. 20. 9. I wish I would have a phone in my new flat. he took. you started. 6. please. he would have. I wish I had won the Great Prize. I got. LECTIA VII Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv Exercitiul 1: 1. 6.

2. 6. 5. The manager requested that everybody (should) be present at 8 o’clock. 20. 11. but I would rather you went to your grandparents in the countryside. I wish/If only you were tidier! 5. He spoke to me as if nothing had happened between us. 12. 4. Exercitiul 8: 74 . It is annoying that you should have forgotten to bring me back the book. 8. Jane wishes I would spend my weekend with her. Do you wish you had been invited to John’s party? 7. too. The manager proposed that 1 (should) work in another department. He suggested that we (should) buy this house. 9. 4. I insist that you (should) accept this job. It is impossible that he (should) return so early. It was strange that she shouldn’t have read this book. It is important that you (should) know English well. I wish/If only I were young again! 8. She looks as if she were a model. I wish you stopped complaining because I have my own troubles. 13. I wish/If only I hadn’t made so many mistakes in the test-paper! 2. 9. The teacher suggests that we (should) read this book. It’s high time you started reading the books required for the exam in Romanian literature. 3. My friend insisted that I (should) go to the concert with him. It is very important that this contract (should) be signed very soon. Mother decided that we (should) stay at home. It’s time you paid me back the money I lent you. 14. 2. It is impossible that he should have returned so early.Exercitiul 5: l. I wish/If only it didn’t rain! If it didn’t rain. She behaves to him as if he were his husband. Exercitiul 6: 1. 5. Do you mean it is likely that we (should) spend our holiday in Brasov? 10. It’s 10 o’clock! Don’t you think it’s high time you got up and started working? 15. 16. 8. It is likely that my son should have passed the exam. I would rather you got up earlier. 7. 17. I wish you stopped that noise right away! 3. 19. 10. I would rather you went to the theatre. we could go to the beach. 6. It is necessary that I (should) be present at the meeting? Exercitiul 7: 1. I know you wish you would spend your holiday in a camp. I would rather I went/I would rather go to the theatre. You speak as if you were angry with me. It is necessary that you (should) be informed about what is happening in the country. 18. I would rather I got up/I would rather get up earlier. 6. I suggested that we (should) elect him president. 3. 4. 7.

15. John admitted the fault to be his. I think him to be a good husband. The people were impatient for the match to begin. he were. 17. He wanted me to help him. I watched them playing football. 3. you may/might understand. 8. 4. 13. (should) have. 15. you shouldn’t have believed it. 11. 8. This is the main thing for us to do. 10. you can’t win such a competition. The time has come for us to have a heart to heart talk. Exercitiul 2: 1. we (should) leave. 5. 11. No matter how hard you may/might try. LECTIA VIII Exercitii cu constructiile verbale Exercitiul 1: 1. Move aside so that I may/might see the screen. I saw some children playing in the park. she should have left. He entered the house noiselessly so that I might not hear him.1. 2. Whatever you may/might tell me. may attend. I had been. 6. Whatever the reason may/might be. 12. This is a good book for you to read. 6. Whenever you may/might return. 5. we should take. 12. 2. 7. they (should) divorce. 6. 9. I understand her to be a very good teacher. I had. 18. 4. 16. might prosper. 6. 4. 8. Mother would like me to become a doctor. I would find. She made me understand what had happened. 19. 3. 14. 10. 3. you retired. I heard her scold/scolding her child. This fact is important for you to bear in mind. This is a valuable piece of advice for you to take. I saw him speaking to his friend. 13. I can’t believe you. I have closed the window for you not to catch a cold. 4. He made me miss the train. 14. 9. 9. Whoever may/might have told you this about me. I 75 . I made a loan so that I might buy the house. should have told. you shouldn’t lie to me. 5. I rely on you to lend me some money. you may/might be. it might not get. 2. 7. I supposed him to be able to drive a car. 10. 20. This problem is too difficult for me to solve. 9. it should get. 5. I expected you to come earlier. 8. Exercitiul 9: 1. you should have. 7. 2. he were. 7. I will be at home waiting for you. hadn’t broken down. 3. It is possible that she might be away. 1 knew him to be a very busy man. Speak louder so that I may/might hear you.

5. 9. He was believed to be a brilliant surgeon. It is recommendable for you to read this book. It’s time for us to meet again. 6. 5. Decizia fiind luata in favoarea mea. It is advisable for you to resign. It is possible for the plane to be delayed. 10. She was found digging in the garden. Intrucât râul crescuse in timpul noptii. He was expected to resign. Intrucât noroiul imi stricase pantofii. The peasants were seen working in the field. 2. 7. 3. She was seen lying on the beach. vom urca pâna la vârful muntelui. Concertul fiind terminat. Exercitiul 6: 1. Exercitiul 5: 1. This is a strange thing for her to have said. She seemed to be satisfied with me. She was seen fainting. 2. 10. 8. It is possible for me to buy a car. Exercitiul 3: 1. 10. 10. The child was heard breaking the vase. am mers sa o pun la posta. 8. 4. It is impossible for him to have said that. a trebuit sa-i schimb. Scrisoarea fiind scrisa. Intrucât ploaia incetase. 5. 3. 7. 3. 8. The hunters were heard shooting. Dupa ce avionul a decolat am incetat sa fumez. 7. ne-am asezat la cina. 4. 2. Toata lumea fiind acasa. It is necessary for him to be present. 4. 6. It is important for you to come to the office at once. She (was) proved to be a liar. 8. Daca vremea va permite. 7. 3. Intrucât soarele rasarise. She was thought to be unable to win the contest. 4. They are sure to have had an argument. 9. The baby was heard crying. ne-am grabit spre plaja. 2. 9. She was said to be ill. 5. LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE 76 . He was heard to repeat it several times. 10. am plecat la cumparaturi.ordered a taxi for her not to miss the train. It is necessary for you to study the matter seriously. publicul a parasit sala. 9. It’s time for you to start learning foreign languages. He is expected to arrive at 2 o’clock. She happened to make three spelling mistakes in her letter. 6. 6. The boy was found breaking the window. She could be heard typing. ne era teama sa nu avem inundatii. am plecat acasa linistit. Exercitiul 4: 1. The plane was seen landing.

were bore beat became began bent bit blew broke brought built burnt burst bought caught chose came cost crept cut dealt dug did drew dreamt been borne. born beaten become begun bent bitten blown broken brought built burnt burst bought caught chosen come cost crept cut dealt dug done drawn dreamt 77 .to be to bear to beat to become to begin to bend to bite to blow to break to bring to build to burn to burst to buy to catch to choose to come to cost to creep to cut to deal to dig to do to draw to dream was.

to drink to drive to eat to fall to feed to feel to fight to find to fly to forbid to forget to forgive to freeze to give to go to grow to hang to have to hear to hide to hit to hold to hurt to keep to kneel drank drove ate fell fed felt fought found flew forbade forgot forgave froze gave went grew hung had heard hid hit held hurt kept knelt drunk driven eaten fallen fed felt fought found flown forbidden forgotten forgiven frozen given gone grown hung had heard hidden hit held hurt kept knelt 78 .

learned left lent let lain lost made meant mown met paid put read ridden rung risen run said seen sought sold 79 . learned left lent let lay lost made meant mowed met paid put read rode rang rose ran said saw sought sold known laid led leant learnt.to know to lay to lead to lean to learn to leave to lend to let to lie to lose to make to mean to mow to meet to pay to put to read to ride to ring to rise to run to say to see to seek to sell knew laid led leant learnt.

to set to sew to shake to shine to shoot to show to shrink to shut to sing to sink to sleep to slide to smell to sow to speak to spell to spend to spill to spread to stand to stea1 to stick to stride to strike to strive set sewed shook shone shot showed shrank shut sang sank slept slid smelt sowed spoke spelt spent spilt spread stood stole stuck strode struck strove set sewn shaken shone shot shown shrunk shut sung sunk slept slid smelt sown spoken spelt spent split spread stood stolen stuck stridden struck striven 80 .

to swear to sweep to swim to take to teach to tell to think to throw to understand 1 swore swept swam took taught told thought threw understood sworn swept swum taken taught told thought thrown understood 81 .

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