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Lab 1 – Overview of the Internet

1. Overview of the Internet

Exploring Google Search Engine

Basic search help:
Advanced search help:
Advanced search tips:

1. When using search utilities on the Web, knowing how to use search boxes
effectively can make your work easier. The expression AND, OR, NOT and
NEAR can be used to narrow down a search and the keywords host, link, title,
filetype and image can make your searches more powerful.

2. The following table lists explanations and examples of each. Please note that not
all search engines accept these keywords or expressions.

Keyword or
AND Finds both words on the same page
+ Finds both words on the same page
OR Finds one word or the other
- Excludes pages that contain following the -
NOT Excludes pages that include a word following the NOT
NEAR Finds two words close to each other
Title Keyword to search the title of the Web pages
Title: Web Programming
Link Keyword to find pages that contain a link to the specified URL
Image Keyword to find all pages that contain the specified image file
Image: lotr.jpg
Filetype If you prefer to see a set of results with a specific file type

3. Open you web browser and visit the Google Search Engine at Perform the following searching on the Web.

Lab 1 – Overview of the Internet

a. Create a search definition that includes AND and OR operators. Test your
search strings via Google Search Tool.
b. In Google, you can also get a list of definitions by including the special
operator ‘define:’ with no space between it and the term you want defined.
Search the definitions for ‘World Wide Web’ gathered from various online
c. Use the ‘image’ keyword to search images of Albert Einstein in jpeg
d. To see a particular set of results with a specific file type, you can simply type
filetype:[extension] within the search box along with your search
term(s). Find the power point slides that contain information on OSI Model.

4. For more control over the search, you may use Google's Advanced Search page.

a. Enter search terms in the area marked ‘Find results’. You are required to
search for pages that have ‘Introduction to Database’ in the title and
without a term ‘MySQL’.
b. Increase the number of results to be displayed per page to at least 30.
c. Consider the format. You may want to look for publications in the pdf
d. Specify the language of return pages are in English and the pages first
seen in the past 6 months.
e. Click ‘Advanced Search’ to execute the search.

Lab 1 – Overview of the Internet

5. Browse to the Google Book Search site at At Google

Books you can search by title, author, publisher, date, subject or ISBN. Google
will search full text when it has it and show snippets from the pages. There are
four views: Snippet (from the text), Limited Preview (table of contents), Full
(download a pdf copy) for public domain books, and No Preview (bibliographic
information and references to the book). Now, find an online book on ‘Java
Programming’ using the Google Book Search.

Comparing Internet Service Providers

1. Find THREE Internet Service Providers that offer service in your area, compare
their services by filling in the following chart.

Internet Technology (Cable

Monthly Fee E-mail
Service Modem/DSL/Wireless/ Other services
/ Speed Accounts
Provider Regular Phone Line)

Lab 1 – Overview of the Internet

Uniform Resource Locator (URL)

Anatomy of a Web Address

Consider the web address

Here’s what it all means:

http  transfer protocol (type of information being transferred)  website name, host name

googleguide  second-level domain name

com  top-level domain name

searchEngines  directory name (major category)

google  sub-directory name (sub-category)

searchLeader  file name (a file within the directory)

html  file format

1. Consider the following URL, identify the anatomy of a web address (protocol
used, hostname, domain name, etc.)


2. Browse the Internet and document the following for each of the sites:
i Second Level Domain

Lab 1 – Overview of the Internet

ii Top Level Domain

iii Site category (commercial, entertainment, education, etc) based on the domain

Second Level Top Level

URL Site Category
Domain Domain

3. Name 5 Search Engines (other than Google).


4. Name 5 Web Browsers (other than IE).