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At the end of the nineteenth century to the beginning of this century, Organizations thought
was dominated by Scientific Management movement, characterized by the work of Taylor,
Fayol, etc. These authors contented themselves with a classical conception of motivation in
which was reduced to the minimum expression. Applying to the world of work, this principle
came to a conception of human nature which can be summarized as "men feel repugnance
for work for the effort and responsibility involved. If work, is to get a salary
(incitement economic) to enable them to meet certain needs outside of work. Because they
are passive and lack of interest in his work, men should be directed and require strict
supervision of behavior. It is therefore an economical reasons which encourages men to
work. By 1925, the school comes Human Relations resulting in a new language management:
motivation, leadership, communication, informal organization, etc. It not only talks
of authority, hierarchy, or rationalization of work.
Different historical circumstances and developments work, unionization, etc. helped
make increasingly problematic control of what would be the social part of the organizations.

Definition of Teamwork
Two important concepts to clarify:
- The team is assigned or set of persons' self, according to skills and competencies; to fulfill a
particular goal under the leadership of a coordinator.
- Teamwork refers to the number of strategies, procedures and methodologies used by a
group of people to achieve the goals.
Some other definitions:
• Reduced number of people with complementary skills who are committed to a purpose, a
scope of work and a joint planning and shared mutual responsibility”.
• "A team is a group of people who perform a task to achieve results”.

Characteristics of teamwork:
For an adequate team work:
• Effective leadership: having a process of creating a vision that takes into
account the interests of the members of the organization.
• Promote communication channels, while eliminating barriers to communication
and also promote adequate feedback.
• Existence of a harmonious work environment, allowing and encouraging the
participation of members of the teams

Team building
For a group becomes a team is necessary:
• Cohesion: It refers to the attraction of the condition of being a member of a group.
• Assigning roles and norms: all groups assign roles to their members.
• Communication: Good interpersonal communication is vital to the development of any
type of task.
• Definition of objectives: It is very important that team members have common goals in
relation to team work and that everyone can clearly explain what their individual
• Interdependence: they are responsible both for their own learning and team learning in
Conditions to be met by team members:
1. Being able to establish satisfactory relations with team members.
2. Be honest with yourself and others.
3. Have a sense of self-criticism and constructive criticism.
4. A sense of responsibility to meet the objectives.
5. Ability to self-determination, optimism, initiative and tenacity.
6. Having concern for improvement, for improvement.

Advantages of teamwork:
• Each team member should bring different ideas to the decisions of an intellectual or
operational take the organization are the best.
• Each occupies a different position but all their energies directed towards the same goal.

Teamwork Techniques
• Technical explanation: It is distinguished by the driver or some specialists are the ones
who set the topic or issue to be addressed.
• Interrogative or technical questions: In this technique, a dialogue-team driver taking
advantage of the exchange of questions and answers
• Roundtable: You need a selected group of people, a moderator and an
auditorium. They will have to be investigated before on the subject to be discussed is
how to argue.
• Seminar: The host points out topics and dates on which the topics will be covered,
says the literature to be used to follow the seminar.
• Case study: It is the story of a problem or a case including sufficient detail to facilitate
the analysis equipment.
• Forum: The forum moderator began by explaining the precise issue or problem to be

Seven ideas of strength to think

1. Teamwork is a way, not a fad.
2. Teams are not machines, the quality requires motivation.
3. Work teams are becoming.
4. Quality requires a learning process.
5. Working in teams and develop sustainable quality process requires commitment from
top management.
6. The process always begins at home.
7. Focus on people and focus on quality.

Teamwork in modern organizations

A company can have several interrelated projects with different groups working in teams. It
can also have a single project with all the body working together.
• Designing team-based organizations work.
• New ways of teamwork, to meet current and future demands.
• Training and development efficient equipment.
• The participation and empowerment in teamwork.
• Effective leadership teams.
• Methods of work teams.