Source: http://www.experiment-resources.com/writing-a-bibliography.html#ixzz12QZyCaod
For any research paper, writing a bibliography is essential, to prevent any accusations of plagiarism, and to give fair credit to the work of previous authors in the field. by Martyn Shuttleworth (2009) Writing a reference-list also allow the reader, or the person marking the paper, to check the original sources if they require more detail. Your bibliography, often called a citation list, always comes at the end of the paper, and it must include all of the direct sources that you referred to in the body of the paper. For the vast majority of scientific papers, APA or MLA style references are used, alphabetically ordered by the surname of the author. For any sources with no author, use the name of the organization or website or, if there is no other choice, use the title of the work. As with in text citations, it is important to stick to one style and avoid confusing the reader. All entries in the bibliography should be in alphabetical order, and they should use a hanging indent. If you use more than one source from the same author, you should order them by date and then by the first letter of the title, if the year of publication is the same.

It is impossible to list all of the permutations for the various types of sources used here. More information can be found at: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/06/. Citation examples are from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/06/, and http://www.aresearchguide.com/12biblio.html As for APA and MLA citations, here's how to write a bibliography:

Book with one Author:
APA: Sagan, C. (1980). Cosmos. New York: Random House.

Wainrib (Ed.. 5th ed. "Graphic Design Education as a Liberal Art: Design and Knowledge in the University and The 'Real World. Laura Beth. Steven Heller. Gender issues across the life cycle (pp. J. New York: Springer. 1998. 13-24. & Valencia. Kowalski. APA: Hlastala. Cosmos. R.. DC: American Psychological Association. E. J. In B.2 (2002): 265. (1991).86. 1980 Book with two Authors: APA: Calfee. Men's and women's gender role journeys: Metaphor for healing. T.'" The Education of a Graphic Designer. X. Gunnar. D. Washington. "Subtle. S. Journal Article: If there are more than six authors. Ed. 2002. Tu. Journal of abnormal psychology. Kupfer. OH: West. 107-123)." Journal of Social Issues 58. A. list the first six and then use: et al. transition.MLA: Sagan. (2000). New York: Random House. Ethical and International Environment of Business. APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication. R. & Egan. Anderson. B. (1992). The Legal. Cincinnati. MLA: Nielsen. Pervasive.. Edited Book: APA: O'Neil. J. M. Article from an Online Journal: . 109(4):777 . J. MLA: Swanson. and the "kindling model. R. Sherrill. and Mary Jane Dundas. Herbert M. bipolar disorder. MLA: Bohlman. Carl. Stressful life events. and transformation. Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in Public as Hate Speech. C. J. New York: Allworth Press. M.). Frank. R.

html#ixzz12QZyCaod . 417 ± 445. Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in Public as Hate Speech. so it is best to stick to what they say.2 (2002). Harkness. Laura Beth. Read more: http://www. Many academics have their own preferred style. Life Stress.blackwell-synergy. (2005).pdf MLA: Nielsen. "Subtle. 7 June 2003. 265-280. Retrieved from: http://psyc. Pervasive.queensu." Journal of Social Issues 58. but remember to check with your supervisor. <http://www. the ³Kindling´ Hypothesis. There are many more subtle variations when writing a bibliography and the whole process of creating a bibliography can be a minefield. The above sources contain plenty of information about the correct format. 112 (2).com/writing-a-bibliography. and the Recurrence of Depression: Considerations From a Life Stress Perspective.APA: Monroe.00260>. S. K.1111/1540-4560.ca/~harkness/documents/PR_Kindling_Paper.experiment-resources. Psychological Review.com/doi/abs/10. and they will be the ones marking your research paper. The supervisor also might help writing a reference if you have trouble with a particularly difficult citation.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful