Name: Topic: Feudalism!

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Date: !

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Across!
2. An estate from which a lord's family gained its livelihood. It was the economic heart of Feudalism. ! 6. The feudal ritual of investiture performed by someone who is not a clergyman. ! 10. This Viking leader became vassal to a King from Western Europe in one of the earliest examples of feudal ties. ! 11. Land granted to a vassal by the lord in return for loyalty and service. ! 12. In one of the earliest investiture ceremonies, between a Viking and a European king, this fief was granted. Its modern name evolved from it being known as the "Northmen's Land". !

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Down !
1. This group, though normally not expected to be warriors, still satisfied feudal responsibilities that their land ownership placed on them. They may have acquired this land via inheritance. ! 3. A socio-economic system based on land ownership. Bonds of loyalty/ service are formed from such ownership. ! 4. This group, though normally not expected to be warriors, still satisfied feudal responsibilities that their land ownership placed on them. The Church was the largest landowner in Feudal Europe and thus added feudal reponsibilities to the tasks of this group. ! 5. A person who earns a living via agriculture. Often, they are poor. ! 7. One bound in loyalty and service to a lord as a result of the investiture ceremony. ! 8. Most peasants were classified as this. Though not slaves, they and their children were 'tied' to the land they toiled over.! 9. A ritual that symbolically confirms an agreement via the exchange of objects for service. ! 10. An attempt to change for the better.

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