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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. Introduction ………………………………………………………………… 2. CHAPTER I: Introducing the Concept of ‘Blog’ …………………… I.1. Introducing the Concept of ‘Blog’ …………………………… I.2. From Early Times to Present Day Blogs ……………………. I.2.1. Amateur Radio ………………………………………….. I.2.2. Bulletin Board Systems ……………………………… I.2.3. Personal WebPages ……………………………………. I.2.4. The Birth of Blogging …………………………………. I.2.5. Have you heard of ‘Blogger’? ………………………. I.3. Steps in Creating Your Own Blog ……………………………… I.4. ‘Classification’ of Blogs …………………………………………. 3. CHAPTER II: Pragmatics- Great Communication Challenge ………………………………………………………………………………. II.1. Pragmatics- Great Communication Challenge …….. II.2. Pragmatics- Intentions in Communication …………….. II.2.1. First Communicative Intentions …………………. II.2.2. Second Communicative Intentions ……………… II.3. Intentions in Political Communication Blogs …………… II.4. Be careful what you say! ………………………………………. 4. CHAPTER III: Why Blog? ………………………………………………….
III.1. Blog? .................................................................
III.2. Advantges and Disadvantages of a Blog over a Website ……………………………………………………………………………….. III.3. Tips For A Better Weblog……………………………………… 5. Glossary of Terms Related to Blogs
……………………………………… 6. Conclusion ……………………………………………………………………. 7. BIBLIOGRAPHY ………………………………………………………………
The purpose of this paper is to introduce the concept of blog from early times to present day. From the age of Pliny the Young, to the use of diaries and ending with blogs, people kept events in their life in a certain order. The disposal of this paper is in three main chapters, some of them having subchapters of their own. The first chapter of the present paper deals with the concept of blog, definitions given along time and the rapid development which blogging undertook. In the history part, we have a representation of the predecessors of modern blogging from amateur radio and Bulletin Board Systems to the dawn of the first true blogs. Although it was quiet difficult to classify, as there were no specific criteria, I’ve tried to present in general the types of blogs one can come into contact with. Whether personal or corporate, blogs follow almost thje same pattern, and the author’s intentions are to produce some response from the the reader. The reader relies on linguistic and extralinguistic information in order to understand the message.
The second chapter is about the close link between Pragmatics, the intentions of communication and Blogs. It doesn’t matter whether we are authors or readers of a blog, we all encounter difficulties when we need to transmit or understand a message. Even if we talk different languages, but both the writer and the reader use the same code a communication can be established. The desire is totally different from what is intended. For example one can desire to write a blog, which will become well known and popular, but cannot intend to do it unless he is an already well known person, his message is of high interests and he benefits of publicity on most popular sites. The promise of the web was that everyone could publish, that a thousand voices could flourish, communicate, and connect. The truth was that only those people who knew how to code a web page could make their voices heard. The third chapter of the present paper focuses on the question: ‘Why blog?’ and it is of a very personal approach. I have also pointed the advantages and disadvantages that we can encounter if we want to create a blog. It is an attempt to convince people to take part in the world of the Internet which according to Dr. Weinberger in ‘World of Ends’ nobody owns, everybody can use, and anybody can improve. You can also meet some very interesting tips that can help you built a successful blog. I have finished my paper with a Glossary of terms related to blog, in order to make clear if one should have troubles in understanding phrases along the paper. I hope we’ll find it easy to read and captivating.
CHAPTER I .
In order to establish a certain definition of the word and to discover its origins we have to follow the timeline since 1992 –when Tim Berners-Lee created ‘What’s new page’.when Pyra Lab’s created the free web application ‘Blogger’. but it can be used as a verb. the origin and not least the history of the word ‘blog’. then 1996.INTRODUCING THE CONCEPT OF ‘BLOG’ CHAPTER I I. 1999. to maintain or add content to a blog. The term "blog" is a truncated blend of the words "web" and "log.when the Oxford English Dictionary included the term ‘weblog’. Introducing the Concept of ‘Blog’: The aim of this chapter is to discuss the definitions." It's a noun. ‘weblogging’ and ‘weblogger’ in it.1. owned today by Google and 2003. .when the term ‘weblog’ was coined by John Barger.
or other material such as graphics or video.aspx) ‘The word blog is derived from the combination of the two words.simplehostfinder. a personal chronological log of thoughts published on a Web page’. the term “web log” ‘was initially coined refer to a server’s log file and then expanded to include the meaning of online personal journaling.ducttapemarketing.’ (www. 2005.com/Glossary.’ To avoid confusion. Acording to Mal Keenan. the word “blog” ‘was adopted to refer to personal journaling.com/glossary. concerns or events.netalert. with regular entries of commentary.’ Nowadays a blog is defined as ‘an online publication where an author puts his or her personal thoughts and opinions from the most intimate to corporate ideas. usually maintained by an individual. (Mal Keenan.asp) ‘A blog (an abridgment of the term web log) is a website. Entries are commonly displayed in reverse chronological order.’(keywordmktg. in chronological order on the net’. Blogs generally consist of text and images and can appear in a calendar type format. "Blog" .htm) Introduction-to- ‘A blog is a publication of personal thoughts. chronological publication of personal thoughts and Web links.com/articles/ Blogging.’ (www. web and log.net. descriptions of events. It is updated frequently and is usually a mixture of what is happening in a person's life and what is happening on the web or in the media. Blogs are virtual diaries created by individuals and stored on the Internet.Blog is in original a part of the word ‘weblog’ and is defined by the Webster's New Millennium Dictionary of English as ‘an online diary. ‘A Basic Introduction to Blogging http://www. and web links.au/03003-Glossary.html) ‘A frequent. experiences.
in case of disasters.co.org/wiki/Blog#Community_and_cataloging) ‘Web log is a journal kept on the Internet.le.wikipedia. The difference represents the fact it was written in a special notebook and it was not for the public. The blog may also contain different topics although if not all the time with a subjective content. meaning to maintain or add content to a blog’.nz/resources/web-site-design-web-marketingdefinitions-b. By relating facts in chronological order it offered the possibility of placing the events in time and space. (http://en.ac. Blogging sites can provide excellent information on many topics. and our Web pages that work as a journal that our normally updated daily.ie/FAQs/DefinitionofTerms/) . but only for the captain and perhaps the crew.blogger. The blog contains personal thoughts and experiences which the author made public.html) ‘Like an online dairy.com.’ (www. ‘This is a web log or online diary hosted on specific sites such as www. This can be about and be used for anything at all.html) ‘Blog is short for Web log. or separately ‘web log’. for a business organization’ (germworks. reviews. It offers readers the opportunity to reply to opinions and link to their own blogs. This journal is often updated daily and contains the information that the person maintaining the blog (the blogger) wishes to share with the world. it can be used for news.’ (www.iab.uk/webcentre/help/glossary. Seeing it written separately and if we forget about the word ‘web’ we can indeed say it could be taken as the ‘log’ that used to be kept by the captains of big ships.avatar.’ (www. although content can be subjective.net/blog/2007/02/11/web-jargon-explained/) We can notice that the word blog was originally known as ‘weblog’ written either together.can also be used as a verb. products.
gmu. entries are made on a regular or daily basis in a blog like an online diary. A diary was considered too personal to share.htm) ‘A blog is basically a journal or personal diary that is available on the web.gov/techglossary.’ (tig.searchenginegenie.com/search-engine-glossary-b.’ (www. and according to definitions the diary was a book in which one could keep his . Someone who keeps a journal on the internet like this is called a blogger.blizzardinternet. Blogs are typically updated daily using content management software that allows people with little or no technical background to update and maintain them. The information first goes to a blogger Web site. Some blogs have definite authors who disclose their names and some with anonymous authors who use a nickname.com/search-engine-marketingglossary.corporatewebsitemarketing.lsc.’ (mason. They are typically updated daily or on a regular basis. Blog scripting allows someone to automatically post information to a Web site.’ (www.html) The blog is said to be the updated daily journal kept on the net.‘A blog is information that is instantly published to a Web site.com/tech-glossary/) ‘This is a term coming from the combination of the terms web log – it is a web page that serves as publicly accessible journal for the author. is usually updated daily and reflects the personality of the author. Then the information is automatically inserted into a template tailored for your Web site. It can be formal or informal.edu/~montecin/netterms.php) ‘Blog is a web journal which is otherwise called as a "weblog". I don’t agree because the purpose of a diary was not to be shown to people. It is a journal that is kept on the internet.htm) ‘This is the slang term for web log.’(newsletter.
An integrated calendar keeps track of your daily posts and allows site users to quickly access archived posts. and multimedia. or the online diary. The blog. You can publish written essays. Yet keeping events in a chronological order.htm) After having read all these definitions I got to the conclusion that the web log. But where did all this come from? A blog is often a mixture of what is happening in a person's life and what is happening on the Web. The information you may find is not necessarily valid. From Early Times to Present Day Blogs . is a diary that is first written on a computer and then posted on the World Wide Web. or entirely true.com/oth/glossary. offers the possibility of keeping your thoughts. I.experiences each day. associates. a kind of hybrid diary/guide site. The blogs which have political or current-events themes due to their great number of accesses have and become ‘soap boxes’ (www. feelings and events in your life on a web page. documents. annotated links.pvt. Your most recent posts are placed at the top of your home page along with everything else you published that day. posting thoughts and reflecting the personality of the author determined people to name it the online diary. It is very important because you have access to it when you use the internet and you don't need to be a programmer in order to use a Weblog. graphics. It allows a person or a group of persons to share a running log of events and personal insights with those who access their page. and customers can easily find and interact with it. A Weblog allows you to easily publish a wide variety of content to the Web.2. It is not only an easy way to publish to the Web but a way to organize your entire published product over time so that friends. short form blog.
More and more people use services such as Blogger.J. William Safire.’ We should reach back in history to find the person who first popularized the idea of influencing the world by using some medium to get across his ideas to large groups. Hundreds of weblog pioneers will compete for that title. The question ‘Who was the first blogger?’ arouse many disputes. Joseph Felcone. In the following paragraphs I will try and underline the significant stages that gave birth to the modern day blogging. but once with the introduction of automated published systems. bloxicographers should not limit themselves to finding the first to use the Internet.com. Not the opposite of “nonsense”.How did all started? Where there predecessors to blogging? Who was the first blogger? These are some questions that have aroused in my mind from the first moment I heard the term blog. It is well known nowadays that people kept online diaries long before the term blog was coined. an antiquarian bookseller in Princeton N. In the search for the Grand Originator. “Blogging” is broader than “creating a weblog to express a personal opinion and/or to establish an information community. a language columnist. most notably Blogger at blogger. when they want to simplify and accelerate the publishing process. was the first to suggest a nominee. uses now and then the word consense as a neologism: ‘ “consense” is a verb that can replace “form a consensus”. we ought to dig more deeply to place blogging in the great scheme of human communication. and it will be interesting to see who they will consense upon. Graham “as a joke” and re-minted in all seriousness in 2002 by William Quick with his Daily Pundit. they came aware of the term. Although the word “blogosphere” was coined in 1999 by Brad L. In his most recent catalogue of books .
young Pliny’s book. This Roman consul is said to have commented “on political events. whereas others are requests for support of his own agenda. Saphire affirms he had discovered the first columnists: Simeon Stylites the Elder. (Greek “stylos” means “pillar”. Panegyricus”. each loftier and narrower than the preceding.” Therefore could this not be the definition of the pre-blogger. famed for his denunciation in the Senate of an assassination conspiracist. Simeon the Elder stood .D. who preceded the Plinys by a century. and the domestic events of the day. one of nine he published between A. Thus. Others commenting on this OUP blog will put forward the abovementioned Cicero. 99 and 109.) The sainted Simeon the Elder took up residence atop a column in Syria in AD 423. He remained atop that column and others for 37 years. According to the OED. a stylite was “an ascetic who lived on the top of a pillar”. his final column was 66 feet high. Gaius. would be titled if published today: “Letters in Praise of Great Friends”. he lists under the headline “The First Blogger?” a book by Plinius Caecilius Secundus. panegyricus is a “public eulogy”. We all recognize “epistle” as a letter.for sale. a consul of the Roman empire. according to the Oxford English Dictionary. and are well-crafted from a literary perspective. Even if he doesn’t have a blog. especially one touting a particular candidate for office or seeking support for his own altruistic ideas or nefarious schemes? Pliny the Younger (son of Pliny the Elder) deserves consideration for the title of “First Blogger” in Joseph Felcone’s opinion. The book is titled “Epistolarum libri X. better known to all of us as Pliny the Younger. social life in Rome and the provinces. Unlike many of the existing letters of Cicero. Pliny’s letters were intended for public consumption. Some letters are paeans of praise for particular friends.
Once they obtained the license they received a unique call sign with which to identify in order to work legally.day and night. leaning on a rail. Other columnists took up his technique and were also called stylites. who then went out and spread his pastoral teachings. He preached sermons to those gathered around his column. concluding with “I.2. He was the subject of a poem by Tennyson. Who was the first blogger. The degree of difficulty differed from country to country. We shall explore how blogging came to be. I. Simeon. from amateur radio and bulletin board systems to the dawn of the first true blogs. That was not enough. there have already been various ways in which people can reach a mass audience with their online or offline views. they could share . Amateur Radio In the early 1990s the amateur radio was the means through which people communicated their opinions to friends. In the strictest sense. a blog is someone's online record of the Web sites he or she visits.”This was the first columnist. In order to be able to operate an amateur radio station a person would have to obtain a license after passing a test or a series of examinations. relatives or strangers. lefts to be decided by those who will access the blog concerning this theme.1. dependent for food on what his disciples (and presumably the Younger) brought him by ladder. Blogs aren't as new as one may think. With the right equipment. They have actually been around since the early days of the Internet. Before the proliferation of blogging. The watcher on the column till the end. before the Internet became popular. They needed specialized equipment to be able to engage in a communication with other amateur radio operators.
By the mid 1990. the BBS obtained recognition because of the introducing of faster modems which allowed people from different regions to get into contact. Together with the radio station. due to the appearance of the GIF image format in 1987. The Computer Bulletin Board System (CBBS) went operational in 1978 and was the first known BBS. They used a terminal program in order get into contact with other BBS users. which are recordings placed on web hosts and can be downloaded as audio files. had allowed people from the same region to . The faster modems proved to be a way to send personal data and receive other person’s opinions and data. During the 1980s. Due to the increasingly growth of Internet Usenet groups and Internet forum and message board communities. But as it is today the necessity to speed up things got rid of the old slow in speed modems which were an impediment in the development. in the mid-1990s bulletin board systems lost their position. the Bulletin board systems have also existed before the Internet. By the beginning of the 1990s the Bulletin board systems had become much appreciated. the text logs can be considered the ancestors of today’s podcast. But that did not last for too long. Bulletin Board Systems Abbreviated BBS.2. play different games or even exchange views through a digital message board. I.2. It was not difficult to utilize and the users could read news. These were called text logs which are also known as ‘glogs’. once they had access to internet they began posting the texts of their radio sessions on their personal web pages.news or personal beliefs. During the Bulletin board system period the exchange of color images took place. There were two monthly magazines devoted to these systems. Let’s not forget that these systems. even before the arrival of the Internet.
Although it sounds bizarre if we look at what the Internet offers us today. These pages served as a means to communicate at long distances with friends and relatives. there were also disadvantages. This was a huge step forward and it determined a growth in personal homepages. People uploaded photos. In order to build a page. I. at the beginning. Posting ideas. Making you views and opinions known to a larger community of people were the defining steps in the practice of modern blogging. users needed basic knowledge of HTML. The information posted could not be automatically updated and kept on the page. Nowadays. people could set their own personal pages on the web. different articles. we can easily display personal information on the web. Personal WebPages In the mid-1990s due to the spread of the Internet and the appearance of free site hosts. sharing color images were necessary if we wanted to communicate in different parts of our country and in different parts of the Earth. For those without knowledge of HTML. songs and some kept on their site a page where they would frequently update new events from their lives. But as we are used to it.2. specialized sites with free hosts offered faster and easier solutions. as there is a great number of free weblog hosts. They suffered a significant evolution. things were not as easy as there are now. which are easy to use.hold social discussions of current affairs and other topics of mutual interest.3. . The person had to edit the page by itself as there were no options to edit separately the old and new posts.
The Birth of Blogging Before knowing and fully using the term blog. personal information.2. . Blogging platforms are sites specially dedicated to keeping online diaries.4. Dynamic Timeline: January Swarthmore student Justin Hall creates first blog ever. February “Dooced” becomes a verb: “Fired for blogging. free blog-creation service. people who would write on sites or who kept online journals were called diarists. Graham coins ‘Blogosphere’ “as a joke” January Boing Boing is born. journalists or escroibitionists. Dooce. They are considered to be among the first forms of blogging.net.com launches. Brad L. July AndrewSullivan. December Web. Links.” August Blogger rolls out the first popular.” April Programmer Peter Merholz shortens “Weblog” to “blog.” 2002 2000 2000 1999 1999 1997 1994 Online diarist Jorn Barger coins the term “Weblog” for “logging the Heather Armstrong is fired for discussing her job on her blog.I.
August empire. Inc. gains worldwide audience Jason Calacanis founds Weblogs. thirteen days later. December Gawker launches. the first in what will become a blog The word ‘Blogosphere’ is re-minted in all seriousness in 2002 by William Quick with his Daily Pundit December Talking Points Memo highlights Trent Lott’s racially 2002 charged comments.. igniting the gossip-blog boom. which eventually grows into a . 2002 Nick Denton launches Gizmodo. June Google launches AdSense. Blogads launches.” an anonymous Iraqi blogger. March during the Iraq war. the first broker of blog advertising. Lott resigns from his post as Senate majority leader. matching ads to blog content. January Denton launches Wonkette. August The first avalanche of ads on political blogs. September portfolio of 85 blogs. 2004 2003 2003 2003 2003 2002 “Salam Pax.
Denton 2004 2005 2005 2005 2005 2006 2006 The Huffington Post surges to become fourth most-linked-to blog. adding it to its Website. December Merriam-Webster declares “blog” the “Word of the Year. Tim Berners-Lee. The National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) started a What’s New list of sites in June 1993. February 2004 Calacanis poaches Gizmodo writer Peter Rojas from Denton. currently a freelance journalist. Notably the site provided entries sorts by date and the What’s New links included commentary.” January Study finds that 32 million Americans read blogs. Justin Hall. father of the World Wide Web. January Time leases Andrew Sullivan’s blog. launches Justin’s Home Page which would later become Links from the Underground.March proclaims himself “royally shafted” on his personal blog. first posted a web page in 1992 at CERN that kept a list of all new web sites as they come online. . May The Huffington Post launches. December An estimated $100 million worth of blog ads are sold this year. October Calacanis sells his blogs to AOL for $25 million. In January 1994. This service was eventually taken over by Netscape in what became on of the more popular websites of its time.
and it is from this basis that modern blogs emerged. This system allowed visitors to share their opinions about individual posts. Notably on 10 January 1996. founded in the October of 1998. Eaton evaluated all submissions by a simple . In November 1998. Dave Winer writes a weblog that chronicles the 24 Hours of Democracy Project. Brigitte Eaton launched the Eatonweb Portal. and others maintaining similar sites began sending their URLs to him for inclusion on the list.The site included links to and reviews of other sites. and how it meshed with my life. before I go to bed. editor of Infosift. and most interested people did. blogging as we now know it continued to develop. Of the journal he writes “Some days. Open Diary was the online diary host that pioneered the first web diaries commenting system. It all started with Jesse James Garrett. One of the oldest online diary hosts was Open Diary. At the beginning of 1999 there were only 23 blog known.” In February 1996. who began compiling a list of "other sites like his" as he found them in his travels around the web. Hall commences writing an online journal with dated daily entries. he sent that list to Cameron Barrett. Many point to blogs as websites or webpages that provided links and comments to other pages. According to Rebecca Blood in 1998 there were just a handful of sites of the type that are now identified as weblogs. although each daily post is linked by through an index page. It was easy to read all of the weblogs on Cameron's list. I think about my day. Cameron Barrett published the first list of blog sites on Camworld. and I write a little about what learned me. In November of that year. The origins of modern blogging are often as argued about as what blogging is. The first portal dedicated to listing blogs was launched. After Jorn Barger introduced the term weblog into popular use in December 1997.
This rapid growth continued steadily until July 1999 when Pitas. one of the criteria we use to day in identifying a blog. and suddenly there were hundreds. Have you heard of ‘Blogger’? .assessment that the site consist of dated entries." I. the first free build-your-ownweblog tool launched. In May 1999. over 70 million blogs in "print.2. There are now. Scott Rosenberg at Salon.com writes one of the first media articles on the emergence of weblogs and refers to the growing number of “Web Journalists”.5. Suddenly it became difficult to read every weblog every day. More and more people began blogging with the arrival of easy-to-use blogging platforms which offered technologies such as perm links and archives creation and commenting systems. by one count. or even to keep track of all the new ones that were appearing.
the bandwagon-jumping turned into an explosion.hourihan. when it was first set up by Pyra Labs) ‘Although scattered blogs existed during the late 1990s. Pyra released Blogger. and with the ease that these web-based tools provided. 2003 ‘Blogger’s History re-imagined’ reimagined). 03. it wasn't until 1999 that San Francisco's Pyra Labs created the free Web application Blogger. In early 1999. a kind of company bulletin board.’ (Chris Mooney. and Groksoup launched. blogs . Over the following 12 months. Owned today by Google.com as seen in 1999.(Blogger. February.com/2003/02/bloggershistoryIn August. Originally. Blogger was the first to provide an easy set of tools for anyone to set up a blog. the hope was that the innovation would help those collaborating on business projects to coordinate and share information on an internal Web server. Peter Merholz split up this word into ‘we’ and ‘blog’. http://meg.
With a click. changed their focus from the web-at-large in favor of a sort of a short-form journal. Such links are nearly always accompanied by the editor's commentary. In September of 2000 there were thousands of weblogs: topicoriented weblogs. and still does. Weblogs could only be created by people who already knew how to make a website. Blogger will post the text on the writer's website. When we refer to the original weblogs. The editors of the sites presented links both to little-known corners of the web and to current news articles they feel are worthy of note. archive it in the proper place. It provided. accessible from any browser. Blogger itself places no restrictions on the form of content being posted. astute examinations of the . the weblogs who had always included a mix of links. A filter-style weblog was needed. new companies and tools enter the market. many advantages to its readers. commentary. notes about the weekend. alternative viewpoints. and the unexpected. Due to the introduction of Blogger. It revealed glimpses of an unimagined web to those who have no time to surf. Its web interface. consists of an empty form box into which the blogger can type anything from a passing thought to an extended essay or a childhood recollection. and personal notes. the important. a quick reflection on some subject or another. and present the writer with another empty box. the overlooked.explode. they were link-driven sites. and personal thoughts and essays. often updated several times a day. were instead a record of the blogger's thoughts: something noticed on the way to work. commentary. These blogs. just waiting to be filled. Each was a mixture in unique proportions of links. An intelligent human being filters through the mass of information packaged daily for our consumption and picks out the interesting. The blogging explosion took place in 2001.
personal blog. On any search engine you look there will be the same three main steps for you to create your own. This address is confidential and it can’t be mentioned without your agreement. Steps in Creating Your Own Blog It’s easy to create a blog. (Blogger. You have to introduce an e-mail address you will use to access your blog and other Google services. The first step consists in creating an account. Nowadays it is hard to establishe a number of blogs due to the great number of users who may have an infinite number of blogs on any theme they want.human condition as reflected by mainstream media. You have to reintroduce your e-mail in order .3. and links to the weird and free-form notebooks of ideas. short-form journals.com nowdays) I.
and not forget to read and thick. There is a password which you choose and which will grant you access to your account. We don’t have any specialized criteria because they differ not only in th type of content but also in the way the content is delivered or written. If it is available you will see a written message and that means that from now on this URL will be used by visitors in order to access your blog. The second step is shorter then the first but with great importance. if you agree with the rules of utilization in order to complete the first step to create your blog. We have to consider blogs from many perspectives. which is why I have also put the word classification in between inverted commas. I. Some letters are generated and you have to introduce them. posts photos or anything else on your site. In the third step you choose a template for the blog from those already existing. although there are as many unique types of blogs as there are people. Personal blogs are the traditional and the most common type of blogs. Therefore we may try and make a general classification as they follow. with the possibility of changing it latter after your blog has been configured.to avoid misspelling of certain words.4. Blogs are often seen as more . You can create blogs on certain themes or you can use it for different purposes. The three steps completed you can now start and edit. They belong to an individual. ‘Classification’ of Blogs It is quiet difficult to classify blogs. In this step you give your blog a name and you have to choose an URL address and check for its availability. Next you choose the name which you want to appear when you open your page or when you sign the messages in the blog. are usually updated daily and comprise on-going diary or commentary.
as in most cases. They become a way to reflect on life. The subjects are diverse from political. They comprise music. fashion. branding or PR purposes. This determined another criterion of classification. even if their blog is never read by anyone but them. referred to as surveillance was Wearable Wireless Webcam. We also have the so called media type blogs. Corporate blogs are blogs used either internally to enhance the communication and culture in a corporation or externally for marketing. A type of an early blog. legal. projects related to travel. called a ‘photoblogs’. one comprising links is called a ‘linklog’. These types of journals have been used in legal matters as evidence. Not many personal blogs rise to fame and the mainstream. Blogging can have a sentimental quality. video. and links and so on about one’s life. or it can be for business purposes. called a ‘sketchblogs’ or comprising photos. Another classification could be by the device they are formed. Then we have sites with a map of sketches. and pictures transmitted live. A corporate blog can be private. We can mention here the ‘moblogs’. which are blogs written using a mobile devices such as mobile phone or PDA. videos. music. Blogs focus on particular subjects. Art is also present in web format under the name of ‘artlog’. photos. We may notice that personal bloggers usually take pride in their blog posts. ‘Tumblelogs’ are type of blogs with shorter posts and mixed media types. it’s main focus are the art works. semi-automated with live video together with text.than a way to just communicate. and others. A blog comprising videos is called a vlog. We can also . It as an online diary of a person’s personal life combined with text.
include here the ‘splog’. If you've only heard of blogs from the consumer press. The main competitor to Twitter is Jaiku. instant messaging. including text messaging. than they are or could ever be discussed in academic articles. Digg founder Kevin Rose. but the fact is. and more extensively. Health care blogs. which is not quiet a legitimate blog and its sole purpose is that of spamming. In recent years. These blogs are called ‘collaborative blogs’. you might think they consist entirely of blather about pop culture and outrageous fulminations from the political far left and far right. however. Recently. the blogosphere has seen the emergence and growing popularity of more collaborative efforts. Texas. there are many serious. often set up by already established bloggers wishing to pool time and resources to both reduce the pressure of maintaining a popular website and to attract a larger readership. In most cases there is a single uniting theme. Micro-blogging is a form of blogging that allows users to write brief text updates (usually less than 200 characters) and publish them. There are blogs which have multiple users. Collaborative blogs seem to have more chance to grow in popularity then blogs with only one user. either to be viewed by anyone or by a restricted group which can be chosen by the user. and the major health care issues of the day are discussed on blogs — before. with the same feature of micro-blogging are being born. which was launched in July 2006 and won the Web Award in the blog category at the 2007 South by Southwest Conference in Austin. many new services. MP3 or the web. These messages can be submitted by a variety of means. such as politics or technology that stands at the base of collaborative blogs. well written blogs. email. . The most popular service is called Twitter.
which integrates micro-blogging with file-sharing and event invitations.together with three other developers recently launched a service called Pownce. The popular social networking websites Facebook and MySpace also have a micro-blogging feature. CHAPTER II . called "status update".
Pragmatics.PRAGMATICS.cn/Personal/szliu/ definition. pragmatics studies how people comprehend and produce a communicative act or speech act in a concrete speech situation which is usually a conversation’ (October4.THE GREAT COMMUNICATION CHALENGE CHAPTER II: II. ‘A subfield of linguistics developed in the late 1970s. It will take us a lot of time to analyze each category of blog and that is why the political blogs will be mentioned more along this chapter. .Great Communication Challenge The purpose of this chapter is to observe the connection established between the writer and the reader of a blog and whether the intentions of the writer are well understood by the reader.gxnu.1.2006 http://www.edu.html).
When we talk to people that are close to us in space. Here are the four areas that pragmatics is concerned with. or writer. it needs to be investigated closer. physical. when and under what circumstances. or reader. Pragmatics studies what the speaker’s. It analyses what people mean by their utterances. time. briefly: ‘Pragmatics is the study of the speaker meaning’ ‘Pragmatics is the study of contextual meaning’ ‘Pragmatics is the study of how more gets communicated than is said’ . Since there is small amount of meaning. It is therefore very important what the context’s meaning is. writer’s meaning is. The speaker decides how much he needs to say on the assumption of how close or distant he is with the listener. and interpreted by a listener.Pragmatics is concerned with the study of meaning as communicated by the speaker. or writing to. The problem of what is said and what is unsaid arises and we need to make a choice. instead of what the words or phrases present might mean by themselves. where. We can communicate a lot of things even if we don’t necessarily explain them in speech. This type of study involves the interpretation of what people mean in a particular context and if or how the context influences what is said. We need to take into consideration how people organize what they want to say in accordance with who they are talking. The speakers intended meaning is explored in order to help the listener make ideas of what is said in order to arrive at an interpretation. Distance is another perspective that we need to take into consideration when we deal with Pragmatics. The notion of distance appears into main line. social or conceptual plans there is an amount of shared experience. This way we might explore the unsaid things and recognize what it was meant to be communicated.
and. Grice’s study on meaning intentions (Mintentions. for instance: . the analysis of beliefs. that is. desires. 1996. desires and. as distinct from a mere event. intentions is at the center of pragmatic studies. II. 1969) opened a long debate on the exact definition of the now so-called communicative intentions. then.‘Pragmatics is the study of the expression of relative distance’ (George Yule. non-definable in terms of other mental states such as beliefs and desires. the cultural knowledge such as politeness.. Implicit meaning . particularly. by means of presuppositions. i. implications and implicators.They are the mental causes of actions.2. that is what can be meant or communicated beyond what is explicitly or literally said. Grice 1957. The study of the agent’s beliefs. Most approaches construe intention as a primitive mental state. Naturally. Communicative intentions share. intentions is crucial for understanding what she has done. of course. Oxford University Press) The ability to comprehend and produce a communicative act is referred to as pragmatic competence (Kasper. . they are what together with some bodily movements constitute an action. the characteristics of intentions in general.Intentions in Communication Since the work by Austin and Grice. 1997) which often includes one's knowledge about the social distance. social status between the speakers involved.e. Pragmatics. linguistic pragmatics has been mainly focused on the communicative use of language conceived as intentional human action. particularly. and the linguistic knowledge explicit. Pragmatics.
They have conditions of consistency. they are to be recognized by the addressee.Their satisfaction consists precisely in that recognition by the addressee..Their object is presupposed to be attainable by the agent. but you cannot intend to go to the moon this afternoon (unless you are a multimillionaire who has made an arrangement with some spatial agency). The last three characteristics are already pointed out in the first version of M-intentions (Grice 1957): ““A meant something by x” is (roughly) equivalent to “A intended the utterance of x to produce some effect in an audience by means of the recognition of this intention””. . 220.They are overt.Their object represents their conditions of satisfaction. they are always oriented towards some other agent –the addressee.They are usually intentions-in-action and not prior intentions (see Searle 1983 for the distinction). You can desire to go to the moon this afternoon. . . but you cannot intend p and intend not-p at the same time. i. . . in the Weberian sense of social action.e. Communicative intentions have also some features of their own: .) And their exact formulation seems to constitute the reason for the main critiques and subsequent reformulations by Grice himself (1969): ““U meant something by uttering x” is true iff. p. U uttered x intending: (1) A to produce a particular response r (2) A to think (recognize) that U intends (1) . (Grice 1957/1989.They are social. that is. You can desire p and desire not-p at the same time. for some audience A.
2. It seems that what the speaker usually intends by her communicative action is to change the mental states of the addressee. Make your contribution to the conversation as informative as necessary.e.(3) A to fulfill (1) on the basis of his fulfillment of (2). communicative intentions are intentions to produce some response on the part of the addressee. 92. 4.) Here are represented Grice's Conversational Maxims: Maxim of Quantity: 1. Be brief (avoid unnecessary wordiness). to believe that . p. maybe. But what change should it be for the communicative intention to be successful? The intention of the speaker when she says. II. First Communicative Intentions First. Avoid ambiguity. Do not make your contribution to the conversation more informative than necessary..” (Grice 1969/1989. Maxim of Manner: 1. Do not say that for which you lack adequate evidence. ‘It is raining’ could be to induce the addressee to believe that it is raining or. Maxim of Quality: 1.1. Be orderly. 3. The issue has been to define what such a response should exactly be. Do not say what you believe to be false. for instance. Maxim of Relevance: Be relevant (i.2. 2. 2. Avoid obscurity of expression. say things related to the current topic of the conversation).
as intended to be recognized.47) II. communicative intentions have to be wholly overt: “The understanding of the force of an utterance in all cases involves recognizing what may be called broadly an audience-directed intention and recognizing it as wholly overt. p.” (Searle 1969. It seems that the addressee’s only new mental state needed is his recognition of the speaker’s communicative intention. with conceptual. This is what has been called ‘illocutionary uptake’: “In the case of illocutionary acts we succeed in doing what we are trying to do by getting our audience to recognize what we are trying to do. But the ‘effect’ on the hearer is not a belief or a response. But is any of these beliefs on the part of the addressee necessary for the communicative action to be successful qua communicative action? The most common answer has been negative. it consists simply in the hearer understanding the utterance of the speaker. What seems to be a matter of consensus is that every covert or even neutral (with respect to its intended recognition by the addressee) aspect of the speaker’s intention is left out of the definition of . others for a potentially infinite but practically finite number of clauses in the definition.the speaker believes that it is raining.” (Strawson 1964. some arguing for a reflexive (self-referential) definition.2. his understanding of the speaker’s utterance. p. logical or psychological arguments. 459) The exact formulation of this overt nature of communicative intentions has been a subject of hot debate. Perlocutionary aspects of that sort have been excluded from the content of communicative intentions. Second Communicative Intentions Second.2.
The addressee relies on linguistic and extra linguistic information for reaching that recognition. to say that the fulfillment of communicative intentions consists precisely in being recognized by the addressee. Blog readers. have an interest in finding interesting blog posts. One way of summing this up is. This is where Rhetoric can make its contribution. but face very substantial difficulties in gaining new readers. The ulterior perlocutionary effects on the audience. Persuasive as well as convincing and other kinds of perlocutionary intentions seem to constitute the basis of rhetorical studies of linguistic use.3. Intentions in Communication in Political Blogs Why political blogs. given search costs and limited time. However. which may be analyzed as a pure coordination game. . it is near impossible for readers to sift through the vast amounts of available material in order to find the interesting posts. intended or not intended by the speaker. Much of the work in current Pragmatics views linguistic understanding as the process of recognition of the speaker’s communicative intentions.communicative intentions. are usually ignored by pragmatic studies. that people write things not of the best quality. it is extraordinarily hard for them to attract readers. finally. for their part. Most bloggers wish to maximize their readership. some might ask? Well I consider them to be the most suitable example. The problem is as follows. sometimes in a large quantity and not of the best relevance. even when they have something interesting and unique to offer. We argue that bloggers and readers face an important coordination problem. II. Given the vast number of blogs even in the political subsection of the blogosphere.
and a focal point at which bloggers with interesting posts. Stating political bias at the outset is therefore seen as being more honest. but these are often not considered "proper" blogs by the blogging community. Political blogs often have a clearly stated political bias. In other jurisdictions bloggers use the uncensored nature of the internet to bypass state controlled news media but as a result may find themselves persecuted. they will also often have an incentive to contact one of the large ‘focal point’ blogs. bloggers believe that it does in many cases have a hidden political agenda. politicians and other organizations hoping to be seen to be more accountable to their audiences. In liberal democracies the right to criticize the government without interference is considered an important element of free speech. blogs are often seen as being too anonymous and lacking in factual reliability to be trustworthy. if the . On the other hand. However. Blogs with large numbers of incoming links offer both a means of filtering interesting blog posts from less interesting ones.A political blog is a common type of blog that comments on politics. they will usually post this on their own blogs. However. The latter may post on the issue with a hyperlink back to the original blog. This assertion is supported by the propaganda model. When less prominent bloggers have an interesting piece of information or point of view that is relevant to a political controversy. The increasing popularity of political blogs by independent commentators has led to their adoption by media companies. to publicize their post. Although mainstream media news is often presented as impartial. they can serve as a soapbox for opinions not represented in mainstream media. and potential readers of these posts can coordinate 60.
His own reactions--to a poem. he will be able to more fully articulate his opinions to himself and others. Doing this. Reading the views of other ordinary people. they may begin a similar journey of self-discovery and intellectual self-reliance. this new awareness of his inner life may develop into a trust in his own perspective. or to begin a creative project--one that he would have dismissed as being inconsequential or doubted he could complete only a few months before. They will click back and forth between blogs and analyze each blogger's point of view in a multiblog conversation. so that the originator of the piece of information receives more readers.story or point of view is interesting enough. yes. he will become a more confident writer. to play with haiku. by virtue of simply writing down whatever is on his mind. and will begin to act in accordance with his inner voice instead. will be confronted with his own thoughts and opinions. They might look more closely at the other riders on the train after the blogger describes his impressions of a fellow commuter. he may gain more confidence in his view of the world. Accustomed to expressing his thoughts on his website. he may begin to experiment with longer forms of writing. and form their own conclusions on the matter at hand. Blogging every day. and. he will become less reflexive and more reflective. to other people. they will readily question and evaluate what is being said. Ideally. The blogger. to the media--will carry more weight with him. Being met with friendly voices. and find his own opinions and ideas worthy of serious consideration. As he enunciates his opinions daily. A community of 100 or 20 or 3 people may spring up around the public record of his thoughts. . His readers will remember an incident from their own childhood when the blogger relates a memory. He will become impatient with waiting to see what others think before he decides.
"Misrepresenting" . "we ignore the trolls. posts that "misrepresent" another person. Deleting posts is supposed to come with an explanation of why the material was removed. Be careful what you say! According to Nate Anderson when we think about starting a blog we need to be very careful and prepared all the time to take charge for our words. Candidates for deletion include any posts that abuse or threaten others. anything that infringes upon copyright or violates confidentiality or the privacy of others. He therefore organized six principles one has to follow: 1." (Nate Anderson. "We won't say anything online that we wouldn't say in person. they will enforce civility by deleting posts." 4. "We require commenter to supply a valid e-mail address before they can post.ars/post/20070409-prohibition-and-candelightmarches-a-code-of-conduct-for bloggers. April 09. "We take responsibility for our own words and for the comments we allow on our blog. "We connect privately before we respond publicly." 6. but this is still an incredibly wide-ranging list of things to police. "When we believe someone is unfairly attacking another. who also are uneasy about the fact that the rules can change at any time." 5.co/news. contain knowingly false information or ad hominem attacks. We give a definition and determine what is 'unacceptable content' on a case-by-case basis.II." 3.11:51AM CT ‘Blogger Code of Conduct: the tyranny of good intentions’ http:// arstechnica.html) According to the first principle blog owners will do more than require "accountability".4. 2007 ." 2. This wide-ranging list does not go over well with some critics of the plan. we take action.
who decides whether a position is being misrepresented? The burden of enforcing this falls on the site moderators. to put it mildly. forgetting that a real person is at the other end of a distant IP address. Ad hominem attacks. is a tough one to handle. The second principle deals with the power to speak white. except that conflict (in the form of argument and debate) is often the reason that . so this rule might be of limited utility. are meant to be public. Tightening up the definition to include "willful misrepresentation" might make things easier. that affect other people too. the two people involved should make contact through some other means before hashing out the issue on public message boards. psychic moderators would be required. and anyone who has tried to hire a psychic moderator recently knows that the market for them is tight. Of course. This seems impractical. who are put in the unenviable position of having to understand exactly what it is that every poster meant by his or her post. except that it would then require moderators to make judgments about what particular posters intended. in essence. easier in theory to find and remove. but it seems like a good place to start for most posters." which is fine. We need look no further than our own forums to see the endless argument over what does and does not constitute an illegitimate attack on another person. The nature of online communities makes it easy to lash out in anger. In the third case we must realize that not all events. So whenever a problem arises. sarcasm.someone else's position. in particular. This is supposed to happen whenever "we encounter conflicts and misrepresentation in the blogosphere. or abuse. in practice pose plenty of thorny problems. plenty of people would (and do) make abusive comments to others in person. and then deciding if summaries or responses to that post got it wrong.
This isn't a call to vigilante justice. but an appeal to bloggers to stand up against offensive postings. initiate something worth spending time. the code asks other bloggers to contact that person. it's a solid principle. Perhaps this principle works best when applied to the interpersonal rivalries or dislikes that crop up in every community. We can’t launch gossip and pretend we did not do it. I totally agree. the entire point is to hash out arguments in the open. though. Again. Some might say they can survive without blogs. Since we had the courage to initiate something. The fourth principle is more like a call to action. point out the fault. whether they are about politics or the best audio card to buy for your basement recording studio. The last but not least principle is that of spotting when someone is misleading. the reader to get the idea. In general. Comments that could be construed as a threat will be turned over to the police for action. trolling us. and we mustn’t be fake. We ought to stand and face life as it is. We must be clear if we want the message transmited to be well interpreted. this can be very difficult. In the case of the fifth. and not misinform the readers.people visit blogs. When someone makes an asinine. and can often lead to charges of "trolling" when controversial opinions are posted. when it comes to ideas. in practice. and ask them to make amends publicly. though. no anonymous comments are allowed. offensive. but why not try and see? . or abusive post on a blog.
but if we stop at every small detail then why do anything? .CHAPTER III WHY BLOG? CHAPTER III III. and I have already encountered them. Indeed there are disadvantages to blogging.1. Why Blog? This chapter is meant to convince to try for once and only after that point your disapprovals.
sometimes along the streets. it’s the humanity I see in a blog that keeps me coming back for more. a life one builds and maintains using conversations and relationships with other people. I don’t have yet a certain theme for my blog. I am not so focused. Blogs should show personality. sometimes the walk is through the fields. Since my blog is so new people have been asking me what its about and why I do it. I don’t quiet manage to write daily because I work a lot on my dissertation paper which I have mentioned there. I want to write about things that make us feel human. I may not want to hear about their new car acquisition. but I might be interested in hearing about their trip to the mountain. Weinberger put it in World of Ends. I’m not sure the feeling that creating a blog post invokes for so many of us will change. What I’m sure of is that I would like to create a blog that would recreate a warm and inviting atmosphere. everybody can use. probably because I’m passionate about too many things.When I start a post I have no idea where I'm heading. If I connect with someone through their blog or anything else they do. One of the things I’ve noticed since I started this blog is how much more attention I pay to the details. There are moments we need to be fully aware of the passing of life. nobody owns. Where do we draw the line? How much of our personal side should we show on our blogs? Despite the fact that the ‘role of the blog’ has changed over time and will continue to morph as their value unfolds. as Dr. and anybody can improve. For me. . I love that freedom. whether its something someone says or a painting and its vibrant colors. Another reason for blogging is to participate in the creation of a world which. Blog writing is like going off for a walk with no predetermined finish time or route. their joys and pains and their thoughts on spirituality.
-Blogs have potential to help the organization develop stronger relationships and brand loyalty with its customers. as readers react to certain pieces. showcasing the organization as having talent and expertise. -Blogs can build the profile of the writer. .like that I used to live in the house of my grandparents during evenings or holydays when they would gather all nephews tell stories and relive their lives. from an organizational perspective the advantages include the following: -The consumer and citizen are potentially better informed and this can only be good for the long-term health of our societies and economies. and keeping your finger on the pulse. -Blogs can be a positive way of getting feedback. -Blogs. You just post your info and the info looks wonderful because the Blog uses the template that you set up. but email spam filters do not block blogs because they are not an email communication. in an intranet environment. I can't imagine that I would send an email to my zone every day but with a Blog you can post as much as you would like. You have unlimited access and can make as many blogs as you like on any subject. You can post as often as you like. You don't have to mess with an HTML layout. etc. as they interact with the ‘human face’ of the organization through blogs. suggest story ideas. There are a lot of spams.2. III. According to Gerry McGovern. Advantges and Disadvantages of a Blog over a Website Advantages are numerous and above all is the freedom of speech which allows one to make friends online and share knowledge with them. can be an excellent way of sharing knowledge within the organization.
many blogs are not updated. but don't commit to a tool until you have had a chance to try it out. the real expertise within the organization lays hidden. Tips for a Better Weblog This is an age where you will build your professional reputation word by word. and the people who have most to say don’t have enough time to write it.3. The Web makes many organizations look like disorganizations. Pick the one that works . they are a very expensive one. -Organizations are not democracies. Choose an updating tool that is easy to use. blogs are easy to start and hard to maintain. or cost a little money.The fact that you need to keep the blog constantly updated. far from blogs being a cheap strategy. Gerry McGovern classifies disadvantages as it follows: -Most people don’t have very much to say that’s interesting. Try out several services. as you get drowned in trivia. and/or are unable to write down their ideas in a compelling and clear manner. the average customer prefers it if the organization they are about to purchase from is at least somewhat coherent. with multiple tones and opinions. and although it’s easy to start it’s hard to maintain constitute disadvantages of blogs. thus damaging rather than enhancing the reputation of the organization. -I have often found that the people who have most time to write have least to say. There are free. Contrary to what some might think. So. III. Start off by finding something people care about and that you care about. As a result. in that they eat up time. Thus. if you don’t want to loose potential readers. Writing coherently is one of the most difficult and time-consuming tasks for a human being to undertake. -Like practically everything else on the Web.
or your grandmother. strangers. If you want results. Do not forget to be truthful. You conduct yourself differently with your friends than you do with professional associates. foment social change. Your readers may enjoy being introduced to the weblogs you most . or your profession. and then adhere to them. you allow your readers access to your primary material. You must remember to be real. Even a professional weblog can be engaging. but try to post several times a week. whether they are self-published or archived on another site. Understand that on the Internet. respectful to your audience and to your fellow bloggers. After having done this determine your purpose. Speak in a real voice about real things. the more interesting your writing will be. gardening. A weblog is the place for strong opinions. Weblogs are used to filter information.best for you. think about your own standards. In the Weblog Handbook. The Web allows a transparency that no other medium can duplicate. a speech. When you link to a news story. your words may live forever. and muse about the meaning of life. You needn't update every day. organize businesses. Interested readers will return to your site if there is likely to be something new. empowering them to make informed judgements. Try and establish an intended audience. Knowing what you hope to accomplish with your weblog will allow you to begin in a more focused way. customers. an essay. or another blogger's entry. Knowing for whom you are writing will allow you to adopt an appropriate tone. social issues. establish professional reputations. a government document. whether about politics. The more engaged you are with your subject. Establish your credibility. share family news. I propose a set of Weblog Ethics. music. Write about what you love. We have to link to our sources and to other weblogs. update frequently.
but the people who return to your site regularly will come because they are interested in what you have to say.enjoy reading. . it will be more rewarding for you if you allow yourself to experiment a little. Even if most blog audiences are small at the beginning. You may never have more than a few hundred readers. Whether your blog is a hobby or a professional tool. with time and regular updates your audience will grow. Generously linking to other weblogs enlarges the grassroots network of information sharing and social alliances we are creating together on the Web. The Web is a democratic medium and bloggers amplify each other's voices when they link to each other.
GLOSSARY OF TERMS RELATED TO BLOGS .
Glossary of Terms Related to Blogs: A Artlog is a form of art sharing and publishing in the format of a blog. but differentiated by the predominant use of and focus on Art work rather than text. Audioblogging started gaining popularity recently in 2003. Blawg used for blogs relating to justice and laws. B Blam used to describe blogs that are nothing but advertising or marketing often generated mechanically. Audioblog blogging method by which the author does not create posts in text but (generally) in the audio MPEG-3 format and makes them available to download from website. Most bloggers use this as a platform to spread their self-created music or more obscure (‘indie’. . Autocasting automated method of podcasting that allows both bloggers and blog readers to generate audio versions. non-mainstream) music in addition to their posts which are read out loud like radio broadcasts.
Blog Hopping means to follow the links from one blogroll or blog entry to another. blogs different from their own culture. bloggers from all over the world post a recommendation of 5 new blogs. Colloquial term derived from the words ‘blog’ and ‘beg’. BlogDay August 31st special event. is a service that provides Web-based tools used by individuals to publish weblogs on the World Wide Web. A typical blog client has more features than an online editor. Blog to edit (or update) or add new material to a weblog. Blog Feed XML-based file for a blog which allows it to be read in another format. Blogger-person who authors and updates a weblog. point of view and attitude. preferably. . Blog Client is software to manage blog(s) from operating system without need to launch web browser software. Formats such as RSS and Atom are used to structure the XML file. which was popularized by Peter Merholz when he split the original term into the phrase ‘we blog’ on his own weblog.Bleg blog post consisting of a request or appeal to readers. On BlogDay every year. *A shorter version of the word ‘weblog’. such as spell-checkers and more options for advanced content creation and editing. The XML-based file in which the blog hosting software places a machine-readable version of the blog so that it may be "syndicated" for further distribution on the web. Most bloggers use BlogDay to explore other bloggers’ blogrolls.created by Pyra Labs.
Weblogs are interconnected. Blogsnob someone who refuses to respond to comments on their blog from those outside their circle of friends. information and opinion erupting around a particular subject in the blogosphere. referring to them as a community or a social network. Blogstream the alternative news and information network growing up around weblogs and user-driven content mechanisms. bloggers read others' blogs. and post comments on each others' blogs. the interconnected blogs have grown their own culture. Comment text note left on a post to indicate readers’ feelings and thoughts. Body represents the main body containing weblog contents. Because of this. Blogrolls are often found on the front page sidebar of most weblogs. and describes the alternative network of blogs delivering news and information instead of other more established channels. reference them in their own writing. In a nutshell. Blogstorm used to describe a large amount of activity. link to them. post . C Citation represents the recognition or quotation from another blog or blogger. Blogroll represents a collection of links to other weblogs.Blogosphere is the collective term encompassing all weblogs or blogs. it is a play on the term “mainstream”.
Movable Type . It is derived from the combination of “military” and “blog”.popular blog editing program. F Flog a fake blog or more suitable a combination of “fake” and “blog”.Comment Spam flooding a blog with advertising comments. L Links see Blogroll. It is a serious problem that requires banning tools or password protection for blogs. the medium through which blogs derive their existence. G Glog text logs. M Merholz. generally password-protected or behind a firewall. Milblog is a blog authored by members of the armed forces. See also WordPress authored on the move. D DarkBlog is a non-public blog. I Internet represents the network of all networks. generally through . Moblog is a blog mobile phones. Peter was person who is credited with starting up the first blog in history.
Multi-blog represents the act to create and maintain two or more blogs simultaneously. R RSS ’Really Simple Syndication’ It represents alternative means of accessing the vast amount of information available on the internet. . It is derived from the poetic device “quatrain”. Post the unit of measurement for blog content. Podcast posting audio and video material on a blog’s RSS feed for readers to download and listen to. and hence denotes an extremely irritating style of writing by which every other word rhymes and each line contains a set number of syllables. Instead of browsing the websites directly. information is sent to the user instead. Q Quatrain is a style of writing. Photoblog represents the blog whose content is mainly of photos. This is a break from traditional text methods of supplying information – podcasts are gaining popularity as an alternative to the text-and-jpg method of blogging. Ping alert in the TrackBack system that notfifies original author when someone else writes an entry concerning the original post. Multi-blogger is an individual or organization that creates and maintains two or more blogs simultaneously. P Permalink is a permanent link to the URL of a single post.
S Sketchblog is a site containing a portfolio of sketches. Trackback means whereby different weblogs/websites can notify each other to inform each other of citations and/or related resources. Verbosity ranges from eloquent to outright vulgar.RSS Aggregator software or online service allowing a blogger to acces and read an RSS feed. Splog blog composed entirely of spam. Trackback is a system implemented by Movable Type and later adopted by other blogging tools. V Vlog A blog comprising videos are blogs with shorter posts and mixed media . etc. Read by an RSS aggregator and shows when a blog has been updated. RSS Feed file containing a blog’s latest posts and updates. Troll blog commenter whose sole purpose is to attack the views expressed on the blog.e. or which has no “written value”. T Tumblelogs types. Shocklog is the blog designed to engineer rumours and discussion by posting various shocking content – i. violence. which allows a blogger to see who has seen the original material and created a separate article concerning it. porn.
See also Blogger. Conclusion .Vorage represents the act of foraging for video on the internet and sharing it with others. See also Movable Type. It is derived from the words “forage” and “video”. X Xanga blogging service. W Weblog online publication with regular posts and updates WordPress is a popular blog editing tool. XML’Extensible Markup Language’ it is used for information exchange.
You can hear about blog on any channel you watch.htm) "We cannot live for ourselves alone. because it has become a phenomenon. advantages and 2004. ‘Blogs and blogging: 23. disadvantages’ blogging. the Web and blogs have let the book out!’(Gerry McGovern.hotmihroz. What arouse my interest was that everybody started to mention blog more and more. ‘Bloggers are people with attitude. which I called ‘hotmihroz’ and which you can visit at (http://www. and along these sympathetic fibers. myself did not know almost anything about this phenomenon. as things I want to do next. Well. I started my blog." Herman Melville August http://www.blogspot. but I haven’t quiet decided yet on a certain theme for it.com/nt/2004/nt_2004_08_23_ . our actions run as causes and return to us as results. Our lives are connected by a thousand invisible threads. In the mere future I hope I’ll have the time and ‘take the bull by the horns’. until late last year. As I already mentioned it is something we can indeed live without. I even counted in one day with approximation around 96 times the word being mentioned.com/).This paper was meant to bring the nowadays wide spread term ‘blog’ closer to those who have heard of it vaguely and haven’t quiet decided whether to appel to it or not. They say there's a book inside everybody. I. but are people so lazy and unopened to new? I don’t think so. I don’t manage to post daily that is why it is not known only by very close friends.gerrymcgovern. I would like to end this paper with these two quotes and hope I managed to put blogs in your agenda. I have heard it mentioned but it skipped my interest.
Clive Thompson . February.au/03003-Glossary. http://blog-bib.html July 2004. New York Media LLC. 2006 . 2003 ‘Blogger’s History re-imagined’ http://meg. http:// keywordmktg. 2006 http://www.ducttapemarketing.utoronto.pvt.com/glossary. http://en. www. 03. 4. Keyword Mktg.aspx 7.Blogging.edu. Peñasco Valley Telecommunications www.utsc.hourihan. 12. Drezner.au/advice/services/blogs/What_are_some_po pular_blog_websites. Inc.Glossary of Common Terms in the Internet and Online Industries.com/articles/ Introduction-to.Mal Keenan.nz/resources/web-site-design-webmarketing-definitions-b. Daniel W. http://www.com/ .BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. Henry Farrell. May 25. 2005. www. 2008. at 11:46.org/wiki/Blog#Com munity_and_cataloging 11. http://nymag. html 5.htm October 4.com/Glossary.blogspot.html 6.net. Feb 13. The power and politics of blogs.com/2003/02/bloggershistory-reimagined 3. Susan Herzog.http://www. 2004.cn/Personal/szliu/definition.asp 9.netalert.gov.simplehostfinder. 2007. Chris Mooney.wikipedia.gxnu.avatar.ca/~farrell/blogpaperfinal.pdf 13.co. htm 2. 1998-2007.netalert.html 10.com/news/media/15971/ 8.com/oth/glossary. www. ‘A Basic Introduction to Blogging http:// www. 2008.
com/nt/2004/nt _2004_08_23_blogging. Rebecca.html 23.ars/post/20070409-prohibition-and-candelightmarches-a-code-of-conduct-for bloggers.com/search-engine-marketingglossary.corporatewebsitemarketing. April 09.htm 26. www.searchenginegenie. http:// newsletter.html 25.htm 24. http://www.10.net/blog/2007/02/11/web-jargon-explained/ 18.gov/techglossary.’ http://worldofends. http://www.pvt.14.14.com/ .rebeccablood. Blood. http://germworks.iab.03.David Parkinson Mar.com/oth/glossary.rebeccablood. http://www. Cambridge. The Weblog Handbook: Practical Advice on Creating and Maintaining Your Blog.co/news.gerrymcgovern. Gerry McGovern. MA: Perseus Publishing.11:51AM CT ‘Blogger Code of Conduct: the tyranny of good intentions’ http:// arstechnica. www. www.net/essays/weblog_ history .php 21. 2007 . Doc Searls and David Weinberger.lsc.www.com/tech-glossary/ 20. www. ‘World of EndsWhat the Internet Is and How to Stop Mistaking It for Something Else.htm 22.le. http://tig.uk/webcentre/help/glossary. html 16. last updated 3.net/handbook/.com/search-engine-glossary-b. ‘Blogs and blogging: advantages and disadvantages’ August 23. Nate Anderson. 2004.html 17. 2002.ac. 15.blizzardinternet. 2008 at 12:43 pm.ie/FAQs/DefinitionofTerms/ 19. Blood. http://daparky. ‘Advantages and disadvantages of blogs’. Rebecca.com/ advantages-and-disadvantages-of-blogging/ 27.
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