2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

Smart Metering with ZigBee
Referee: Dipl.-Inf. Cédric Bürfent Fraunhofer-Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE, Freiburg i.Br., Munich, 25. June 2008

ISE Projects in Smart Metering, Dept. EES, Group EMS (BSR)
§ New: eTelligence – (Social) One winner in E-Energy (BMWi in consortium with EWE AG). § Working: EWE Box – (Technical) Industry project, order of EWE AG. § Working: Smart Metering – (Social) Technology and potentials for reduction of energy consumption and augmentation of energy efficience, (BMWi, MVV u.a.). § Working: DEMAX– (Technical) Decentralized Energyand netMAnagement with variable electricity tariffs, (BMWi – InnoNet). § Working: WP-Efficience – (Technical) Monitoring of heat pumps, (BMWA, ESC pp. ). § Working: Intelliekon – (Social) Effective energy consumption of household with smart meters and tariff systems (BMBF).

2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

Overview of the presentation
§ § § § § Introduction of AMM AMM Project draft and challenges ZigBee Service (Smart) Energy Gatway (SEG) ZigBee Display Summary

Intro: What is Advanced Meter Management (AMM) ?
Electric utility Customer

§ Better energy grid management, § Reduction of legal expenses, § Customer binding, § Remote switch/connection, (2-way-communication).

§ Transparency, § Consumption reports, added values, § Stimulation for energy saving (tariff), § Smart devices, § etc.

AMM: Influencing factors
Technological basic conditions § Meter structure, § Standardisation, § Communication channels.

Motivation

§ Regulated requirements, § Savings, § Legal expenses, § Added values, § Cut peak demands, § Uninterrupted services, § Transparency, § Smart grids. Regulated Basic conditions § Liberalisierung, § Decartelisation, § Law on measures and calibration.

AMM Europe

Potential Capacity

§ Average energy consumption § Renewable energies, § Load shifting.

Project Smart Metering - Draft

2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

AMM-Concepts – Project difficulties: Disjunct domains! Smart (electronic) Meter Smart Grid

Home Automation Automated Meter Reading

2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

Service Energy Gateway (SEG) – Multi Utility Controller

Secondary communication

SEG ZigBee M-Bus Ethernet

Primary communication

Tertiary communication

ISE

Display

SEG Project Structure

ZigBee
Meter for: -Electricity -Gas

M-Bus

SEG

openvpn rsync Scheduling server (at Strato)? DSL Copy to ftp server

SOAP

Extern
Webaccess RMS – Remote Meter Reading System EDM – Energy Data Management System

2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

Smart Metering project system parameters:
§ Database: PostGres (Conf: ODBC/Access, WebFrontent/PhpPgMyadmin, Shell/psql) § SEG: ZigBee+M-Bus+Ethernet-LAN (Conf: Linux) § Meter: M-Bus Gas + Electricity § Visualisation: ZigBee-QT-Display (local), Homepage § Scheduling Server: Cron (15min), data+ctrl-interface.

2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

Smart Metering project security parameters:
§ Primary: M-Bus: none (passive via wire) § Secondary: ZigBee: § Fixed Network address, § Encryption 128bit AES § Tertiary: OpenVPN, https: SSL

2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

Description SEG-Gateway 1 (prototype)

2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

Description SEG-Gateway 2 (project version)

2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

SEG Gateway - Controller Software:
§ Timeserver: rdate RFC868 § Dataserver: rsync § Datamanagement: mux (ISE-C program) § M-Bus-master: read_mbus (ISE-C program) § ZigBee-server: zigbeed (ISE-C program)

2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

SEG Gateway - ZigBee module Strength of Telegesis ETRX2:
§ Encryption (AES) § Automatics § Stability (Forum) § Availability (Modules, USB dongles)

2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

Telegesis ZigBee module
§ Server automatic: a) Energy scan on all channels in S00 b) PAN start with random PAN ID on quietest channel c) Random security key (S03=0..0) § Server manual: a) S00: select channel b) S01: select PAN ID (!FFFF) c) S03: own AES key

2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

Telegesis ZigBee module
§ Client automatic: a) Scan network for PANs b) Joins PAN with best RSSI value § Client manual: a) Set PAN ID (stored) b) Set AES key (stored)

2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

ZigBee enabled Display

2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

ZigBee enabled Display

2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

ZigBee display software project screenshots:

2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

Project Summary

§ ZigBee: § Modules work very well! § 10 of 80 (160) systems installed § Range extenders needed § SEG: § 3-Interfaces-system solid until now. § VPN works so far. § Display: § ZigBee datarate good suited.

§ QT-GUI works well for tariff and load visu.

2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

Summary – Todos:
§ AMI: Advanced Meter Infrastructure profile: § Energy Service Portal § In-Premise Display § Smart Appliances § ZigBee Meters: We need them in Germany. § Merging: Primary,secondary communication. § Wide-range-ZigBee: Cluster of multiple houses. § Gateways: MBUS-2-ZigBee (AMI)

2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

Thank you for your friendly attention!

http://www.ise.fraunhofer.de cedric.buerfent@ise.fraunhofer.de

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