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1
SPM MATHEMATICS  PAPER 1 (1449 / 1)
A
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
GENERAL GUIDE  Paper 1
Paper 1 SPM Mathematics covers selected topics from Form 1 to 3, all topics in Form 4 and 5, and requires BASIC, INTERMEDIATE and HIGHER skills. Topics in this paper covers the NUMBERS, SHAPES & SPACE and ALGEBRAIC themes. Skills connected to the NUMBERS, SHAPES & SPACE and ALGEBRAIC themes sometimes complement each other; without any one of the skill, others CAN’T BE acquired. Questions on SHAPES require a lot of ALGEBRAIC and NUMBER skills whilst questions on ALGEBRA require skills on NUMBERS or vice versa. From the above explaination, it is clear that skills on NUMBERS should be built first whilst skills on ALGEBRA are an important tool to solve many problems. Scope of questions covers topics that have been taught from Form 1 to 5 (please refer to topics analysis in Part C to get a clear picture of topics posted)
NUMBERS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Whole Numbers Fractions Decimals Percentages Directed Numbers Multiples & Factors Squares, Square Roots, Cubes, Cube Roots 8. Standard Form 9. Number Bases
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.
SHAPES AND SPACES
Basic Measurements Lines and Angles Polygons Perimeter and Area Geometrical Constructions Loci In Two Dimensions Circles Solid Geometry Pythagoras’ Theorem Trigonometry Bearings Angles Of Elevation & Depression Lines & Planes In 3Dimentions Plans And Elevations Earth As A Sphere Transformations 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17.
ALGEBRA
Indices Algebraic Expressions Algebraic Formulae Linear Equations Linear Inequalities Quadratic Exp. & Equations Coordinates The Straight Line Graphs Of Functions Gradient & Area Under A Graph Nisbah dan Kadar Variations Matrices Sets Mathematical Reasoning Statistics Probability
B
NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
EXAMINATION FORMAT – Paper 1
ITEM Type Of Instrument Type Of Item Number Of Question Total Marks Test Duration Constructual Inclination Contextual Coverage Level of Difficulty Additional Tools NOTES / DISCRIPTION Objective Test Multiple Choice 40 questions (Answer all) 40 1 hour 15 minutes Knowledge  45 % / Skill  55 % 1. Lower secondaries field of studies that have continuity at higher secondary. 2. All field of studies from form 4 to 5. Easy : Moderate : Difficult = 5 : 3 : 2 1. Scientific Calculators 2. Mathematical Tables Book 3. Geometrical Equipment
2
C
ANALYSIS – Paper 1
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
TOPICS
FORM 1 – 3
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Polygons I and II Algebraic Expressions Linear Equations Algebraic Formulae Statistics I and II Transformations I and II Indices Linear Inequalities Trigonometry I TOTAL 2 2 1 1 2 3 2 2 15 1 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 14 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 12 1 2 1 1 3 2 1 1 1 13 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 13 1 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 12 2 2 1 1 3 2 2 2 15
FORM 4
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Standard Form Quadratic Expr. & Equations Sets Mathematical Reasoning The Straight Line Statistics III Probability I Circles III Trigonometry II Angles of Elevation & Depress. Lines & Planes in 3Dimension TOTAL 4 3 1 2 1 2 1 1 15 4 3 2 3 1 2 2 1 18 3 3 2 1 2 1 3 1 1 17 4 3 2 2 1 2 2 1 17 3 3 2 2 1 3 1 1 16 4 3 2 2 1 3 2 1 18 4 2 2 2 1 2 2 1 16
FORM 5
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6 7. 8. 9. 10. Number Bases Graphs of Functions II Transformations III Matrices Variations Gradient/Area Under Graphs Probability II Bearings Earth As A Sphere Plans And Elevations TOTAL 2 1 3 2 1 1 10 2 1 1 2 1 1 8 2 1 2 3 1 2 11 2 1 2 3 1 1 10 2 1 2 3 1 2 11 2 1 2 3 1 1 10 2 1 2 2 1 1 9
☛ Bold printed topics are topics that are either not included in Paper 1 or topics that are seldom asked. ☛ Majority of questions are from Upper Secondary. 40 % Lower Secondary and 60 % Upper Secondary ☛ Questions posted varies in terms of difficilty. There are simple and basic questions that touch only the surface of a topic while others goes deeper and need higher skills. ☛ Familiarise yourself with the use of a scientific calculator. Fumbling with a calculator may invite unwanted results.
3
D
ANSWERING GUIDE – Paper 1
1. Paper 1 usually begins with simple and easy questions. 2. If any can’t be answered, move to other questions and don’t waste time an any one question. 3. For questions that involve Squares, Square Roots or other table readings, usually examples on how to use the table are shown. 4. Table below shows instructions word in questions and what should be done.
QUESTION INSTRUCTION
CALCULATE / EVALUATE / FIND EXPRESS WRITE / STATE ROUND SIMPLIFY FACTORISE SOLVE
WHAT SHOULD BE DONE
You have to do calculation using formulae, guide, theorem or law. You have to give answer in the form requested. Write down answer without showing any working method. You have to give answer to the nearest value. You have to write certain expression in the simplest form You have to write again expression in the form of product of factors. Seeking the value of variable in a certain equation.
QUESTION EXAMPLE
Calculate the probability of getting a male student. Express your answer in standard form. State the angle for this rotation. Round 0.0218 to two significant figure. Simplify m 2 – (k – m) 2 k Factorise completely 4h2k – hk. Solve the equation f + 5 = 8
5. It is very important for candidates to study past years questions and try to answer them according to the time and rules set. This will give us a clear picture of the form of question that will be given, skills that must be grasp and topics that must be given priority. 6. Don’t be too dependent on a certain method or skill to solve problems. Try to variate your technique and skill. 7. THE MORE EXERCISE, THE BETTER METHOD OF SOLVING WE USE AND THE FASTER WE SOLVE EXAMINATION QUESTIONS THAT HAVE THE SAME FORMAT EACH YEAR .
E
FORMS OF QUESTION – Paper 1
1. “COMMON SENSE” QUESTIONS (NEEDS NO CALCULATION) EXAMPLE 1 : A B
P D
C
The diagram shows four lines drawn on a square grid. Which of the lines has a gradient of 2 ? A. PA B. PB C. PC D. PD
4
2. QUESTIONS THAT CAN BE ANSWERED USING OTHER QUESTION BEFORE OR AFTER IT AS A GUIDE Example 2 below can be answered using Example 3 as a guide. EXAMPLE 2 : Amir Amsyar bought a pair of pants at a price of RM 42 after discount. The original price is RM 60. Calculate the percentage of discount given. A. 20 % C. 30 % B. 25 % D. 35 % EXAMPLE 3 : Solve the following equation 60 – x (60) = 42 100 A. – 20 B. 30 C. 45 D.  32
3. QUESTIONS THAT CAN BE ANSWERED BY TRYING OUT EACH CHOICE GIVEN (If possible, try not using this method because it is time consuming)
EXAMPLE 4 : A bag contains 624 balls which are either orange, purple or white. If a ball is picked randomly from the bag, the probability of picking a white ball is 3 . Find the number 8 of white balls in the bag. A. 234 B. 243 C. 324 D. 423
Try whether 234 is equal to 3 . If not, repeat with 624 8 other choices. (If possible make a RANDOM choice because we might succeed at first try)
A better and quicker method here is using tthe algebraic method i.e by forming the equation x = 3 and solving it. 624 8
4. QUESTIONS THAT CAN BE SOLVED USING ALGEBRAIC METHOD EXAMPLE 5 : The interior angles of a hexagon are 2xo, 2xo, 3xo, 3xo, 4xo dan 4xo. The value of x is A. 40o C. 80o B. 70o D. 90o EXAMPLE 6 : In the following diagram, calculate the height of the cylinder, h, given surface area of the cylinder is 330 cm2 and its radius is 3.5 cm. r
A. 11.5 cm B. 13.25 cm C. 15 cm D. 26.5 cm h
Form the equation 2x + 2x + 3x + 3x + 4x + 4x = 4(180) and solve the equation.
Form the equation 2π(3.5)2 + 2π(3.5)h = 330 and sol solve the equation. (Subtitute π = 22 / 7)
EXAMPLE 7 Given M (k, 2) is the mid point for the line that connects points P (8, a) and Q (2a, a). The value of k is A. 2 B. 3 C. – 2 D. – 3
5
Form the simultaneous equation a + a = 2 dan – 8 + 2a = k 2 and solve them.
5. QUESTIONS THAT HAD TO BE GUESSED Before guessing, eliminate all the distractors first. EXAMPLE 8 :
1.
6.27 x 10 –4 = A. 0.0000627 B. 62700 C. 0.000627 D. 6270000
Not possible because this is a big number! Not possible because this is a big number!
6.
TRY THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS INVOLVING NUMBERS, SHAPES & ALGEBRA :
1. Round 40450 to three significant figure A. 404 B. 405 4. 3.47 x 10 3 = A. 0.0034 C. 347 B. 34.7 D. 3470 N 7. G H C. 40400 D. 40500 2. 2.4 x 10 5 + 4.8 x 10 4 = A. 7.2 x 10 9 C. 2.88 x 10 5 B. 2.88 x 10 9 D. 2.88 x 10 4 5. The area of a square is 1.54 m2. Its width is 250 cm. Find its length in cm A. 1.29 x 102 C. 6.16 x 101 B. 6.16 x 101 D. 6.16 x 103 8. Factorise 6pq – 4q2 A. 2q(4p – 4q) C. 6p(p – 4q2) B. 6q(p – 4q2) D. 2q(3p – 2q) 9. Factorise completely 2x2  8 S G and H are two points on the parallel of laltitude 72oN. Find the shortest distance, in nautical miles, between point G and H. A. 1080 B. 2160 13. 14. P
6
3.
1011101 2 – 10110 2 = A. 10001 2 C. 10101 2 B. 10111 2 D. 11111 2
6. If x + 2 = 3x then x = 5 A. – 1 / 3 C. – 5 B. – 2 / 5 D. 1 11. Express 2r _ r as a k+1 k fraction in its lowest term A. r(k – 1) C. r k(k + 1) k B. rk + r D. r . k(k + 1) k+1 12. Given w = 3a + 2b a then a = A. 2b C. w – 2b w–3 3 B. 2b D. w w+3 6b
A. 2(x2 – 4) B. 2(x – 2)2 C. (x – 2)(x + 4) D. 2(x – 2)(x + 2) 10. (4 – 3p)(2 + 5p) = A. 8 + 26p – 15p2 B. 8 – 26p – 15p2 C. 8 + 14p – 15p2 D. 8 – 14p – 15p2 Q 60o 20o R
C. 4320 D. 8640
15. Chinese ☻☻☻☻ ☻☻ Indian ☻☻☻☻☻ Malay ☻denotes x students Piktograph shows number of students in class 3A. Find value of x if total number of students is 35 people A. 4 B. 6 C. 5 D. 3
4
Q
P
2
R is due south of Q. The bearing of P from R is A. 080o o 6B. 100 C. 240o D. 260o
2 0 2 4 Q is the image of triangle P under a rotation. The coordinates of the centre of rotation are A. (5, 1) C. (4, 2) B. (2, 4) D. (0, 5)
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SPM MATHEMATICS PAPER 2 (1449/2) A
1.
GENERAL GUIDE– Paper 2
Paper 2 SPM Mathematics contains two parts; Part A and Part B. 2. Test is in the form of written subjective and answers must be written in the question paper. 3. Questions are in the form of subjective and needs longer working method. 4. Scope of question covers certain particular topics from form 1 to form 5, different from Paper 1 that has a wider coverage.
B
NO 1 2 3
EXAMINATION FORMAT – Paper 2
ITEM Type of Instrument Type of Item Number of Question NOTES / DESCRIPTIONS Subjective Test Structure and Limited Response Part A 11 questions (Answer all) Part B 5 questions (Choose 4)
4
Total Marks
Part A : 52 marks Part B : 48 marks (1 question 12 marks)
5 6
Test Duration Constructual Inclination
2 hours 30 minutes Knowledge  25 % Skill  70 % Value  5% Lower secondary learning scope that has continuity in upper secondary. ☛ All learning scope from Form 4 and 5.
☛
7
Contextual Coverage
8
Difficulty Level ☛ Easy (E) ☛ Moderate (M) ☛ Difficult (D) Additional Tools
E:M:D=5:3:2
9
☛ Scientific Calculator ☛ Mathematical Tables 7
Book
☛
Geometrical Equipment
C
1.
GENERAL INSTRUCTION – Paper 2
2. 3. 4. 5.
Candidates must answer ALL 11 questions in Part A and 4 out of 5 questions in Part B (if more than 4 are answered, only 4 questions with the highest mark will be chosen). Candidates can use a normal scientific calculator. Candidates will be supplied with four digit tables book, graph papers, blank papers. Final answer that involves decimals must be given correct to two decimal places. Though not stated, candidates also have to bring along drawing tools like long rulers, geometry sets, “flexi curve” and other tools thought to be useful.
D
ANALYSIS – Paper 2
PART A
’03 ’04 ’05 ’06 ’07 ‘08 ’09 ‘10 1 1 1
3
TOPICS
FORM 1 – 3
1. 2. 3. Simultaneous Linear Equations Cicles (II) Volume/Surface Area of Solids TOTAL 1 1 1
3
PART B
’03 ’04 ’05 ’06 ’07 ’08 ’09 ‘10
1 1 1
3
1 1 1
3
1 1 1
3
1 1 1
3
1 1 1
3
FORM 4
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Standard Form Quadratic Expr & Equations Sets Mathematical Reasoning The Straight Line Statistics III Probability I Cicles III Trigonometry II Angl. of Elevation & Depress. Lines & Planes in 3Dimension TOTAL 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1
4
1
5
1
4
1
5
1
4
1
5
1
4
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
FORM 5
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Number Bases Graphs of Functions II Transformations III Matrices Variations Gradient/Area Under Graphs Probability II Bearings Earth As A Sphere Plans and Elevations TOTAL OVERALL TOTAL 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 11 3 11 4 11 3 11 4 11 3 11 4 11 4 5 1 1 4 5 1 1 4 5 1 1 4 5 1 1 4 5 1 1 4 5 1 1 4 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
☛ Topics from form 4 and 5 forms major questions. ☛ Candidates can make suitable choice of question in Part B and this can be done by looking at your skill and ability. Teachers’ and friends’ opinions have to be taken into account too. 8
☛ Bold printed topics are topics never being included in Paper 2 before.
E
ANSWERING GUIDE AND MARKING SCHEME
In general, candidate will be awarded METHOD MARKS (for working method needed), ANSWER MARKS (for the precise answer needed), INDEPENDENT MARKS (for answers that working methods are not needed), TRANSFER MARKS (for transfering points into graph paper with precision), GRAPH MARKS ( for smooth and flawless graph) QUALITY MARKS (for a good drawings of Plans and Elevation ) and others. Following are general guides that candidates have to practice in some questions in paper 2.
1.
QUADRATIC EQUATION 

Change to its standard form ax2 + bx + c = 0 Factorise expression on the Left Hand Side. Use the fact that “If ab = 0, then a = 0 or b = 0”
Example 1 : Solve the equation (f – 1)(f + 3) = 5
2. SIMULTANEOUS LINEAR EQUATIONS Eliminate fractions first (if there is any) by multiplying the equation with the denominator. solve using the “subtitution” or “variable elimination” technique. recheck whether the answer satisfy the equation given.
Example 2 : Calculate the value of f and g that satisfy both the following equations 1f+g = 1 2 3f – 2g = 22
3. MATRICES  candidates must be able to find Inverse of a Matix and know its characteristics.  candidates must also be able to use that Inverse Matrix to solve simultaneous equations or the matrix equation given.  write final answer explicitly. Example 3 : Given the matrix A = 5 3 4 2 ( i) Find the inverse of matrix A (ii) Hence, using matrices, calculate the values of x and y which satisfy the following matrix equation 5 3 x 0 = 4 2 y 2
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4. SETS (ALTERNATES WITH REGION SHADING ON GRAPH’S QUESTION)  Usually, question is on shading region of intersection, union and complement of sets.  Multiple hatchings are allowed. Example 4 : On the diagrams in the answer space, shade (a) the set P’ ⋂Q Q
P
(b) the set (P ⋃Q’) ⋂R Q
P
R
R
5. GRADIENT AND AREA UNDER A GRAPH  questions usually are based on SpeedTime or DistanceTime graphs.  candidates must be able to (a) write equation from the information given and hence solve that equation. (b) calculate speed from DistanceTime graph. (c) calculate distance and acceleration from SpeedTime graph. (d) caculate average speed from both graphs. Example 5 :
Speed (m s1) 14 12 154 Time (sec) 8 t Diagram shows speedtime graph for a particle in a period of t s. Calculate (i) rate of speed change for the particle in the first 8 seconds. (ii) value of t, given total distance travelled by the particle in the period of t seconds is 248 m. M D O t 4 5 Time (hour)
Example 6 :
Distance from P (km) C 280
N
Diagram shows distancetime graph for the route travelled by a bus and a car. OMN represents the bus’s route from town P to town R and CMD represents the car’s route from town R to town P. (i) Calculate average speed, in km h–1, travelled by the bus from P to R. (ii) If the car travels at uniform speed, calculate value of t.
6.
CIRCLES  candidates must be able use length of arc and area of a sector formulas with ease where the use of angle at the centre is very important.  answer must be given at least to 2 decimal place if decimals are involve.
C
Example 7 : In the diagram, ABD is a sector of a circle with centre A. ADC is a straight line. By using π = 3.142, calculate D (a) perimeter of the shaded region (b) area of the shaded region. A 10 B
8 cm
7. SURFACE AREA AND VOLUME OF SOLIDS.  Memorise formulaes on surface area and volume of solids.  Skill on formulae application is also very important.. Example 8 : Example 9 : Example 10 :
V
(I) (II) Diagram (I) is a container in the shape of a cuboid that is full with water. Base of the cuboid in the shape of a rectangle with a length of 11 cm and breadth of 8 cm. Height of the cuboid is 21 cm. Diagram (II) is an empty container in the shape of a cylinder. Diameter of the base of the cylinder is 12 cm. All the water in the cuboid container are poured into the cylinder container. Calculate the height of the water level in the cylinder container.
Diagram above shows a solid in the shape of a cylinder with a hemisphere taken out from each end of the cylinder. Base radius of the cylinder is the same as radius of the hemisphere, that is 5. 6 cm. Length of the cylinder is 13 cm. Calculate the volume of the solid left..
Q
P
M N Diagram above shows a solid erected from a combination of a cuboid and a pyramid. Given height of the vertice V from the base MNPQ is 13 cm, calculate the surface area of the solid..
8. GRAPHS OF FUNCTIONS  Graphs must be drawn on a graph paper.  you must be able to calculate y values from the function given, obey scale instruction, shift points in the table to graph and hence draw a smooth curve.  skills on solving equation by graphical method are also needed. Example 11 :
(a) Complete the following table for the function of y = x3 – 12x + 20. x y 3.5 19.1 3 29 2 1 0 20 1 9 2 4 3 3.5 20.9 4 36 (3 marks)
(b)
(c) (d)
Using the scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the xaxis and 2 cm to 5 units on the yaxis, draw the graph of y = x3 – 12x + 20 for – 3. 5 ≤ x ≤ 4. (3 marks) From your graph, find value of y when x = 1. 5 Draw a suitable straight line on your graph to find all the values of x in the range of 3. 5 ≤ x ≤ 4 that satisfy the equation x3 – 12x – 5 = 0. State the values of x. (1 mark) (5 marks)
Example 12 :
(a) Complete the following table for the equation y = 24 . x x 4 3 2 1 1 y 6  12  24 24
1. 5
2 12
3 8
4 6 [2 marks]
(b) For this part of the question, use the graph paper provided. You may use a flexible curve rule. By using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the xaxis and 2 cm to 5 units on the yaxis, draw the graph of y = 24 for – 4 ≤ x ≤ 4. x (c) From your graph, find (i) the value of y when x = 2. 9 (ii) the value of x when y = 13 [5 marks] [2 marks]
(d) Draw a suitable straight line on your graph to find all the values of x which satisfy the equation 2x2 + 5x = 24 for  4 ≤ x ≤ 4. State
11
these values of x.
[3 marks]
9. PLANS AND ELEVATIONS



Drawings are done on the blank paper provided in the question paper. Drawings must be precise according to measurements given. All lines must be straight and drawn using a ruler. 90 o angle can be erected quickly using 90° edge of a ruler. Make sure there are no “extensions” and “gaps”. Construction lines must be differentiated with projection lines. Circles’ curves must be drawn using compasses. “Line straightness” should be emphasize.
Example 13 :
Example 14 :
10. STATISTICS  Candidates must be able to find mean, modes and medians.  Candidates must be able to construct frequency table and hence draw histogram or frequency polygons.  Candidates must be able to construct cumulative frequency table and hence draw an ogive.  Candidate must also be able to find informations from the ogive drawn. Example 15:
Number of Appreciation Certificate Number of Students 0 18 1 3 2 5 3 0 5 6 6 2 7 3 8 1
(a) The table above shows number of appreciation certificate received by 40 students in a class. Find (i) median (ii) mean of the data. (3 marks) (b) For this question, use the graph paper provided provided.
Age (years)
Number of workers
1822 2327 2832 3337 3842
8 15 23 36 48
4347 4852 5357
29 15 6
The table above shows the age (in years) distribution for 180 workers in an Electronic Factory. (i) Construct a cumulative frequency table for the data. (ii) Using the scale of 2 cm to 5 years on the xaxis and 2 cm to 20 workers on the yaxis, draw an ogive for the data. (iii) Workers in the first quartile are required to attend a course. State the oldest age of the worker required to attend the course. (9 marks)
Example 16 :
For this question, use the graph paper provided. 152 173 167 172 168 174 166 178 176 164 154 167 162 155 151 163 160 176 168 175 174 177 171 159 171 174 179 169 153 173 156 172 160 154 164 158 167 178 169 154 Data in the above table are height, in cm, for a group of 40 students. (a) Construct a frequency table for this data using class intervals of the size of 5 cm, with 145149 as the first class interval. . (4 marks) (b) Using a scale of 2 cm to 5 cm on the xaxis and 2 cm to 1 student on the yaxis, draw a frequency polygon for the above data. (4 marks) 12 (c) From the frequency polygon, (i) Find the modal class, (ii) calculate the mean height for the group of students (4 marks)
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