RESEARCH PROPOSAL INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

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“THINK GLOBALLY AND ACT LOCALLY”

Environment is an sum total of conditions which surround man at a given point in space and time. In this environment has mainly four segments such as atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere. Biosphere is called eco-system. It consists of forest, ponds, grassland, cropland etc. In 2008 world health day focused on the need to protect health from climatic change, hence April 7th 2008 World Health Organization developed a theme “protecting health from climate change”. International agencies, Nongovernmental organizations, Governments, as well as WHO took collaborative action to: • Establish links between climate change, health, and other development areas such as environment, food, energy, transport. • Involve a wide spectrum of world population to put effort to stabilize the climate change. • Protect poor and vulnerable population from the effects of climate change.
NEED FOR STUDY:

Climate change is an average of weather (temperature, rainfall, droughts, and heat waves) over a “long” time (more than 2-3 weeks). Increasing temperature will also lead to changes in many aspects of weather such as wind patterns, the amount and type of precipitation, and the severity and frequency of extreme weather events.

Bangalore OBJECTIVES 1. 4. So awareness can be given through SHGs and respective ward councilors in order to reach everyone in the community. Sathiajothi Kama raj (The Hindu. To compare the pre and post test level of knowledge and attitude on health effects due to climate change among opinion leaders in experimental group. solar cookers and biogas.Self-help group members are involved in many healths related activities. 2009). Self help group to be involved in spreading awareness on climate change. reported that. Promoting the awareness on climate change by insisting the SHGs to use of improved cooking apparatus. To compare the pre and post test level of knowledge and attitude on health effects due to climate change among opinion leaders in control group. To assess the pre and post test level of knowledge and attitude on health effects due to climate change among opinion leaders in experimental group. REVIEW OF LITERATURE    SECTION A : Review related to reasons for climate change SECTION B : Review related to general effects and health effects due to climate change SECTION C : Review related to prevention and control measures. 2. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM A quasi experimental study to assess the effectiveness of IEC package on Knowledge and attitude of health effects due to climate change among Opinion leaders in a selected urban community. . About 2000 SHGs promoted to involve in creating awareness on climate change and its cause and effects. To assess the pre and post test level of knowledge and attitude on health effects due to climate change among opinion leaders in control group. 3.

To correlate the mean improvement knowledge score with mean improved attitude score on health effects due to climate change among opinion leaders in experimental group and control group. Communication Refers to exchange of new ideas regarding preventive and control measures on  . To compare the pre and post test level of knowledge and attitude on health effects due to climate change among opinion leaders between experimental group and control group. administered to opinion leaders regarding health effects due to climate change as measured by an investigator using structured questionnaire. OPERATIONAL DEFINITONS  Effectiveness: Refers to the outcome of IEC package.5.  Education Refers to imparting knowledge regarding reasons and ill effects due to climate change by video show. 7. To associate the mean improvement knowledge and attitude score with selected demographic variables among opinion leaders in experimental group.  Information Refers to giving knowledge regarding health effects due to climate change by lecture method. 6.  IEC Package: Refers to logically designed information to discuss and teach regarding health effects due to climate change.

 Opinion Leaders Refers to people who are councilors. Health Effects Refers to deviation of normal health status of the human beings due to extreme temperature.  Knowledge Understanding of the opinion leaders regarding health effects due to climate change through IEC package.  Urban Community Refers to non rural area which ASSUMPTIONS . youth club leaders.climate change by using pamphlets. cancer. hypothermia. respiratory infections and skin allergies. and teachers residing in an urban community.  Attitude Refers to opinion or feelings regarding health effects due to climate change elicited by a five point Likert scale. and rain such as heat stroke. heat waves and droughts will be persisting for a longer period. droughts.  Climate Change Refers to changes in weather such as extreme temperature (high and low temperature). rain fall. self help group leaders.

Certain demographic factors may influence the promotion of health. This study will be delimited to selected community setting only. NH3: There is no significant difference between pre and post test level of knowledge on health effects due to climate change among opinion leaders between experimental group and control group. This study will be delimited to a period of 4 weeks. NH5: There is no positive correlation between mean improved knowledge score with mean improved attitude score on health effects due to climate change among opinion leaders in experimental group. 2. NH4: There is no significant difference between pre and post test level of attitude on health effects due to climate change among opinion leaders between experimental group and control group. NH6: There is no significant association of mean improvement level of knowledge and attitude score with selected demographic variables in experimental group. NULL HYPOTHESES NH1: There is no significant difference between the pre test and post test level of knowledge and attitude on health effects due to climate change among opinion leaders in experimental group. This study will be delimited to opinion leaders only 3. . Opinion leaders may play a important role to protect the community from health effects.    IEC Package provides adequate knowledge on health effects due to climate change to the opinion leaders. NH2: There is no significant difference between the pre test and post test level of knowledge and attitude on health effects due to climate change among opinion leaders in control group . DELIMITATION 1.

. PILOT STUDY Pilot study will be conducted with ten samples of opinion leaders. design and plan of statistical analysis. education. religion.  Demographic Variables Age. hours spending for social work and organization of program. income. Sample size limited to 60 opinion leaders only. social position. occupation. Bangalore.  Dependent Variable Knowledge and attitude of the opinion leaders regarding health effects due to climate change. The purpose of study is to find out the feasibility of study. sex. RESEARCH VARIABLES The variables identified in this study are. MATERIAL AND METHODS(METHODOLOGY) A Quasi experimental study to assess the effectiveness of IEC package on knowledge and attitude of health effects due to climate change among opinion leaders in a selected urban community. SOURCES OF DATA Opinion leaders in selected community setting.  Independent Variable IEC package on health effects due to climate change.4.

RESEARCH DESIGN Quasi-experimental equivalent control group design This study fulfills the criteria such as manipulation. Bangalore. control and no randomization. METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION (Including sampling technique) SAMPLE . SETTING The study will be conducted in a selected urban community of Bangalore. PRE TEST O1 Experimental group MANIPULATION X POST TEST O2 Assess the knowledge IEC package(lecture Assess the & attitude regarding method. and regarding health climate change with pamphlets) on effects due to climate the help of structured health effects due to change with the help questionnaire. POPULATION The population comprised of opinion leaders in an urban settings.RESEARCH APPROACH Quantitative research approach will be used for this study. video knowledge & attitude health effects due to show. climate change of structured questionnaire Assess the knowledge & attitude regarding health effects due to climate change with the help of structured questionnaire Control group Assess the knowledge & attitude regarding health effects due to climate change with the help of structured questionnaire.

The samples for the study are the opinion leaders’ i. Exclusive Criteria  Opinion leaders who had been pre-exposed to the knowledge on health effects due to climate change.e. youth club leaders. SAMPLING TECHNIQUE The non.  Opinion leaders who are not willing to participate in the study. Teachers and youth club leaders) who can understand and read Kannada and English. of which 30 are in the experimental group and 30 samples are in the control group.  Opinion leaders who are present during the data collection period.probability convenience sampling technique will be used to collect the samples. SAMPLE SIZE Sample size for the study will be 60 opinion leaders. Self help group leader. CRITERIA FOR SAMPLE SELECTION INCLUSIVE CRITERIA  Opinion leaders (Ward councilors. teachers. PLAN FOR DATA ANALYSIS Descriptive Statistics .The sample consists of opinion leaders who fulfilled the inclusive criteria and who are in the selected urban setting. self-help group leaders. and ward councilors.

3. 4. Mean percentage and standard deviation will be used to compute the level of knowledge and attitude on health effects due to climate change. Frequency and percentage distribution will be used to analyze the demographic data. Karl Pearson correlation coefficient . 2. Chi-square test will be used to associate the knowledge with selected demographic variables. One way ANOVA test will be used for association with demographic variables.1. Inferential Statistics 1. Paired ‘t’ test will be used to find out the effectiveness of IEC package. 2.

CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK: Societal Influence R g .

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