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2008

HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD

**CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
**

Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Riaz ul Haq Tariq Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Khan Executive Director Member (Acad) Deputy Director (Curri) Assistant Director Assistant Director

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CONTENTS

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Introduction --------------------------------------------------------- 07 Objectives ----------------------------------------------------------- 09 Frame Work/Template for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics ------ 10 Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics ----------- 11 Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics------------ 14 Recommendations ------------------------------------------------ 66 Details of Compulsary Courses (Annexures A, B, C, D & E.) ------------------------------------ 67

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PREFACE

Curriculum development is a highly organized and systematic process and involves a number of procedures. Many of these procedures include incorporating the results from international research studies and reforms made in other countries. These studies and reforms are then related to the particular subject and the position in Pakistan so that the proposed curriculum may have its roots in the socio-economics setup in which it is to be introduced. Hence, unlike a machine, it is not possible to accept any curriculum in its entirety. It has to be studied thoroughly and all aspects are to be critically examined before any component is recommended for adoption. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976, the Federal Government vide notification No. D773/76-JEA (cur.), dated December 4th 1976, appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees, certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges, universities and other institutions of higher education. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives, the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. According to the decision of the special meeting of Vice-Chancellor’s Committee, the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic, Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards, and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. It also aimed to give a basic, broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. The new BS degree shall be of 4 years duration, and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees, 63.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses, and 36.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level, comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities, degree awarding institutions, R&D organizations and respective accreditation councils. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Physics in a meeting held on March 28-29, 2008 at the 4

revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. DR. is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17.HEC Regional Center. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. Lahore.RIAZ-UL-HAQ TARIQ Member Academics June 2008 5 . duly approved by the competent authority. The final draft prepared by the National Curriculum Revision Special Committee.

EXP. REC. OF NCRC. COL. UNI. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I 6 . INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREPARATION OF FINAL CURRICULUM QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. VCC.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRICULUM UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRICULUM IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. LI R&D HEC National Curriculum Revision Committee Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Preparation Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRICULUM PREPARARTION OF DRAFT BY NCRC IMPLEMENTATION OF CURRICULUM REVIEW Abbreviations Used: NCRC. R&D. PREP.

Muhammad Siddique Kalhoro. 4. Manzoor Hussain. 2008 at HEC Regional Centre. Karachi to adjust and finalize the BS Physics (4 Year) curriculum in the light of HEC approved guidelines and generic unified frame work / template for social and natural sciences for the program. 3. Prof. Dr. Peshawar. 5. Centralized Resource Laboratory. Jamshoro. Department of Physics. Department of Physics. Chairman. Prof. Ansar A.Dr. Director Institute of Physics. held on November 16-17.I. Dr. Karachi. Gomal University. Khan 2. Dr. University of Karachi. 7. Prof. Prof. Department of Physics.Introduction The 2nd and Final NCRC Special Meeting in Physics was held on March 28-29. Department of Physics. Ashraf Chaudhry. University of the Punjab. Lahore. Prof. Director. The following attended the Meetings: 1. University of Peshawar. Department of Physics. D. 6.Dr. Dr. 8. Muhammad Ayub. This meeting was follow up of the preliminary meeting. Prof. Qurban Ali Bhatti. University of Sindh. Dr. Department of Physics.Muhammad Riaz Khan. 2007 at HEC Regional Centre. Prof. Qidwai. Multan 7 Convener Member Member Member Member Member Member Member . Dr. Chairman. Khairpur. Department of Physics. Professor. Bahauddin Zakria University. Lahore. Shah Adul Latif University. Government College University. Prof. Lahore.Hassan Amir Shah.

University Multan 11. Government College University. 10. Dr. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. The objective of the meeting was explained and the forum was requested to select a convener & secretary of the meeting. 2007 at HEC. Prof. Regional Centre. Associate Professor. Department of Physics. Department of Physics.Z. Dr. Prof. University of Balochistan. Dr. Riaz Ahmad. Chairman. Riaz Ahmad as a secretary. Lahore. Dr. M. The committee unanimously selected Prof. Karachi welcomed the participants. Younis Nadeem. Islamabad. Assistant Director HEC. Incharge HEC Regional Centre. the participants agreed to the following scheme of study and course outlines for BS (4 Year) program in Physics in the light of the guidelines and format approved by HEC for BS (4-years) program for natural sciences: 8 .9. Shafiullah Khan requested the participants to finalize the revised curriculum of Physics (2005) in line with HEC approved template for BS (4 year) program in the light of decisions taken in the first NCRC special meeting in physics held on November 16-17. Muhammad Ayub as convener and Dr. Syed Zafar Ilyas. After a thorough and long discussion. Mr. Shafiullah Khan. B. Mr. Lahore Member Member Member/ Secretary The Meeting started with a recitation from Holy Quran by Mr.

research and industry in government / private organizations. Students will be able to design and conduct experiments and analyse experimental data. Students will develop the ability of working in an interactive group. Students will develop effective skills in mathematics and its applications to the solutions of Physics problems. able to face the challenges of the modern world. Students will develop skills in written as well as oral communication in English. 2. Students will develop and understanding of different basics of Physics and their applications to real problems.Objectives of BS 4 Year program in Physics The Objective of BS 4 Year Program is to impart the best possible education in the subject so that students will utilize the knowledge of Physics in practical life which will be beneficial for the society. Students will develop hands-on experience in different laboratory techniques. Student will learn fundamentals principles of Physics. Students will develop critical and rational reasoning so that they will be able to work on complex and unforeseen problems and seek their solution. 7. Students will develop habit of independent learning and get motivation for selfeducation. The graduates will be able to apply their knowledge of Physics for their professional growth and for obtaining further Higher Education in specialized fields of Physics The main educational objectives of BS (4-year) program are: 1. 11. This programme will equip the students with firm foundation in principles of Physics and their applications. . 8. 3. Students will develop in-depth understanding of some specialized area of Physics by opting for a number of elective courses. 5. Students will develop problem-solving skills which will be helpful in applying their knowledge to the real world. 9. 6. The primary aim of the programme is to produce broad-based graduates. Students will be prepared for careers in teaching. 9 4. 10.

8. Atomic & Molecular Physics 10. 6. 3. 9. 16.III Elective – IV / Research Project Cr hr 3 3 3 3 12 Total Credit Hours 132 * University has the option to recommend any other course in lieu of English-IV ** University may recommend any other course in lieu of Mathematics-II GOF= General Subjects from Faculties other than Science GRF= General Subject from Science Faculty 10 . Heat & Thermodynamics 5. Lab-I 11. Waves and Oscillations. 13. 10. 4. Lab-IV Cr hr 2 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 29 25 21 Major courses including research project/internship 11-13 courses 36-42 Credit hours Subject 1. INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Cr hr 3 3 3 3 2 2 3 3 3 9-10 courses 30-33 Credit hours Cr hr 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Subject 1. Quantum Mechanics – I Classical Mechanics Electronics Lab-V Mathematical Methods – I Quantum Mechanics –II Electromagnetic Theory-I Thermal & Statistical Physics Nuclear Physics Solid State Physics Lab-VI Computational Physics Lab-VII Electromagnetic Theory-II University Option Mathematical Methods – II Cr hr 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 2 3 3 3 45 Elective Courses within the major 4 courses 12 Credit Hours Subject 1. 2. Lab-III 13. MATHEMATI-CS-I 8. Optics / University Option 9. 3. 6. Electricity & Magnetism-I 6. 4. Electricity & Magnetism – II 8.II Elective . ENGLISH-I ENGLISH-II ENGLISH-III ENGLISH-IV* PAKISTAN STUDIES ISLAMIC STUDIES / ETHICS 7. 3. Mechanics – I 2. MATHEMATICS-II** 9. 2. 5. 14. 3. 12.LAYOUT FOR BS (4 YEAR) PHYSICS General Courses to be chosen from other departments 7-8 courses 21-24 Cr. Lab-II 12. Elective l . 5. 2. Modern Physics & Electronics 7.I Elective . hours Subject GOF-I GRF-I Maths-III GOF-II GOF-III GRF-II Maths-IV Compulsory Requirements (the student has no choice) Discipline Specific Foundation Courses 9 courses 25 Credit hours Subject 1. 11. 15. Mechanics – II 4. 7. 4.

Hrs. Hrs. 3 2 3 3 3 2 1 17 Remarks Comp-5 Comp-6 Comp-7 Gen-2 Found-3 Found-4 Found-5 Semester-III Title Cr. 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 19 Remarks Com-8 Found-6 Found-7 Gen-3 Found-8 Gen-4 Found-9 Remarks Comp-9 Found-10 Gen-5 Gen-6 Found-11 Gen-7 Found-12 English-IV University Option Modern Physics & Electronics GOF-III Maths-IV Electricity & Magnetism-II GRF-II Lab-IV Total 11 .SCHEME OF BS (4 YEAR) PROGRAMME IN PHYSICS Semester-1 Title Cr. Remarks English-I Pak Studies Maths-1 Introduction to Computers Mechanics-I GOF-I Lab-I Total Title English-II Islamic Studies Maths-II GRF-I Waves & Oscillations Mechanics-II Lab-II Total 3 2 3 3 2 3 1 17 Comp-1 Comp-2 Comp-3 Comp-4 Found-1 Gen-1 Found-2 Semester-II Cr. Hrs. English-III 3 Electricity & Magnetism-I 3 Heat & Thermodynamics 3 Maths-III 3 Optics/University Option* 3 GOF-II 3 Lab-III 1 Total 19 Title Semester-IV Cr Hrs.

Mathematical Methods of 3 Physics-I Quantum Mechanics-I 3 Thermal & Statistical 3 Physics Classical Mechanics 3 Electronics 3 Lab-V 2 Total 17 Semester-VI Title Cr. Mathematical Methods of 3 Physics -II Quantum Mechanics -II 3 Electromagnetic Theory -I 3 Nuclear Physics 3 Solid State Physics 3 Lab-VI 2 Total 17 Semester-VII Title Cr. Hrs. Elective-II 3 Elective-III 3 Elective-IV/Research Project 3 University Option* 3 Total Total Credit Hours = 132 12 Remarks Maj-1 Maj-2 Maj-3 Maj-4 Maj-5 Maj-6 Remarks Maj-7 Maj-8 Maj-9 Maj-10 Maj-11 Maj-12 Remarks Maj-13 Found-13 Maj-14 Elective Maj-15 Remarks Elective Elective Elective Maj-16 GOF= General Subjects from Faculties other than Science Faculty GRF= General Subject from Science Faculty The Universities may reshuffle courses within semesters * University Option is given to universities in order to introduce subjects according to specialization of qualified staff available Note: 12 . Computational Physics 3 Atomic & Molecular Physics 3 Electromagnetic Theory-II 3 Elective-I 3 LAB-VII 2 Total 14 Semester-VIII Cr Title Hrs.Semester-V Cr Title Hrs. Hrs.

Riaz Ahmed was requested to prepare the course profiles for different courses and submit the same to Mr. Dr. Shafiullah Khan. Dr. Assistant Director (Curriculum). The Meeting ended with thanks from the chair. HEC. Riaz Ahmad (Secretary) Prof.Course Profiles Dr. 2008. Muhammad Ayub (Convener) 13 . Islamabad on the prescribed format by 10th April.

Vector Analysis: Review of Vector in 3 dimensions and fundamental Operations. Divergence of a vector. the banked curve. Cosines. Direction. Projectile motion with and without air resistance. work done by a variable force (1-2 dimension). Work. Effect of drag forces on motion. gradient of a scalar. (Essentially a review of grade-XII concepts via integration technique to calculate work done (e. Deriving kinetic equations for x(t). General 14 . Divergence and curl of a vector. 3. Vector identities. circular motion. Divergence Theorem. pulling a mass at the end of a fixed string against gravity. their derivation. curl and line integral (mutual relation). (Physics + Math) 2 Cr. Work energy theorem. Qualitative discussion to develop understanding. Equations of motion. 2. v(t) via integration. To give basic understanding of laws of motion and their applications is daily life.Sc. in vibration of a spring obeying Hooke’s Law). Obtaining general expression for work done (2dimensional case) and applying to simple cases e. Spherical polar coordinates.g. normal forces and contact forces. Constant and variable forces. Vector and scalar triple products. Obtaining x(t).g. Stoke’s Theorem. Cylindrical Coordinaties. Physical significance of each type. To give mathematical concept and expressions of various physical parameters used in mechanics. Coriolis force. Centrifugal force as an example of pseudo force. Applying Newton’s Laws to obtain v(t) for the case of motion with time dependent (Integration approach) drag (viscous) forces. Particle Dynamics: Dynamics of uniform. v(t) for this case using integration method. terminal velocity. special examples. flux. physical importance and applications to specific cases. Calculation of pseudo forces for simple cases (linearly accelerated reference frames). Non inertial frames and Pseudo forces.h Objectives: 1. Time dependent forces.DETAILS OF COURSES MECHANICS-I Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. Power and Energy: Work done by a constant force. To give concept of vector and their various properties.

1999.M. Centre of mass. D.h Objectives: 1. Derivation using integral calculus. Mc-Graw Hill. Kolenkow. Vol. 2. Law of conservation of total energy of an isolated system. Kleppner and R. Basic formulae and applications. 1959. and 3 dimensional conservative systems. McGraw Hill. 5th ed. Calculating C. Conservation of Energy in 1. Derivation of basic equation. Position.proof of work energy theorem: Qualitative review of work energy theorem. obtaining velocities in C.Sc. Recommended Books: 1. Krane. 3. D. Inelastic collision. Vector Analysis and an Introduction to Tensor Analysis. To give the basic concept of rotational motion. physical properties of matter and relativistic mechanics Uses of above concepts in daily life in a scientific way 15 . I & II. Halliday. MECHANICS-II Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. Simple applications. Systems of Particles: Two particle systems and generalization to many particle systems. Calculation of Centre of Mass of solid objects using integral calculus. of Uniform Rod. An Introduction to Mechanics. Resnick. Conservation of momentum during collision in one and two dimensions. Conservative and non conservative forces: Conservation of energy in a system of particles. 1978. 2. application to motion of a rocket (determination of its mass as a function of time). Power. Cylinder and Sphere.M. frame. Centre of mass of solid objects. R. Momentum Changes in a system of variable mass. M. Physics. 2. (Physics + Math) 2 Cr. Collisions in centre of Mass reference frame (One and two dimensions). Collisions: Elastic Collisions. law of gravitation. Speigel. Energy changes with respect to observers in different inertial frames. John Wiley. velocity and equation of motion.

Relation between three types of elasticity. Its mathematical treatment. Transformation of velocity. Compression & shearing. Radial and transversal velocity and acceleration. Relativity of length. role in formation of drops and bubbles. Proof and Illustration. Effects of torque on the angular momentum. Consequences of Lorentz transformation. Determination of moment of inertia of various shapes i. Gravitation: Gravitational effect of a spherical mass distribution. (Lorentz invariants) E2=c2 p2+m2oc 4 16 . Elastic Modulus. bar and solid sphere.Rotational Dynamics: Relationships between linear & angular variables. obtaining the Coefficient of viscosity. Poisson’s ratio. Postulates of Relativity. Derivation. Relativity of mass. variation of mass with velocity. mass energy relation and its importance. Elastic limit. Parallel axis and Perpendicular axis theorems. Rolling without slipping. for disc. effects of Torque and its relation with angular momentum. Variation of Pressure in fluid at rest and with height in the atmosphere. Elastic Properties of Matter. Assumptions on which inverse transformation is derived. The spinning Top. The Lorentz Transformation. Universal Gravitational Law. Gravitational field & Potential. Stability of spinning objects. Energy considerations in planetary and satellite motion. Fluid Statics. Bulk Properties of Matters. Conservation of angular momentum. Surface Tension. Special Theory of Relativity: Inertial and non inertial frame. calculation of escape velocity. Viscosity. relativistic momentum and Relativistic energy. Motion of Planets and Keplers' Laws (Derivation & explanation) Motion of Satellites. Tension. Physical basis of elasticity. Rotational dynamics of rigid bodies. precessional motion. Physical basis. application to simple cases. Combined rotational and translational motion. Equations of rotational motion and effects of application of torques. fluid flow through a cylindrical pipe (Poiseulle's law). Angular Momentum: Angular Velocity. practical example of viscosity. scalar and vector form. Gravitational Potential Energy (develop using integration techniques). Kinetic energy of rotation. Physical basis. Moment of Inertia.e. Discussion with examples. Qualitative discussion on application of gravitational law to the Galaxy. Relativity of time.

Derivation & discussion. 1999. Sound: Beats Phenomenon. Physics. WAVES & OSCILLATIONS Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. Discussion of its solution. D. Waves speed. I & II. a(t). 5th ed. Halliday. Natural frequency.Recommended Books: 1. discussion of its solution. Combinations of harmonic motions. Mechanical analysis. Speigel. Vol. D. simple pendulum. Forced oscillations and resonances. Equation of damped harmonic motion. Phase changes on reflection. (Physics + Math) 3 Cr. Vector Analysis and an Introduction to Tensor Analysis. Equation of forced oscillation. Quality factor. Principle of superposition (basic ideas). Application of SHM. SHM and uniform circular motion. Kleppner and R.h Objective: 1. v(t). 3. Group speed and dispersion. 1959. Standing waves. R. 1978. Wave equation. Krane. Waves in Physical Media: Mechanical waves. 2. propagation and interaction with other waves use of basic concept of waves in their application in daily life Harmonic Oscillations: Simple harmonic motion (SHM). Power and intensity in wave motion.Sc. Sinusoidal waves. Interference of waves. Resnick. Obtaining and solving the basic equations of motion x(t). 17 . To understand the basics of waves. mechanism of wave production. McGraw Hill. Kolenkow. M. Physical pendulum. 2. An Introduction to Mechanics. Travelling waves. Mc-Graw Hill. Lissajous patterns. Phase velocity of traveling waves. Longitudinal and transverse Oscillations. Torsional oscillator. Discussion of solution. Examples of resonance. Analytical treatment. Energy considerations in SHM. John Wiley. Resonance. Damped harmonic motion.

2. John Wiley. Bajaj. Atomic vibrations. Normal modes. Surface tension of water by capillary tube method. Krane.K. Physics. J. Many coupled oscillator. 6. Resnick. Forced oscillations of two coupled oscillators. 5. Tata McGrawHill Publishing company Limited. radius.Coupled Oscillators and Normal modes: Two coupled pendulums. Determination of moment of inertia of a solid/hollow cylinder and a sphere etc. Vibrations of air columns. Vol. 3. of students in Modulus of Rigidity by Static & Dynamic method (Maxwell’s needle. Fourier methods of analyzing general motion of a continuous system. 8.O.R. 1999. 18 . To study the dependence of Centripetal force on mass. Recommended Books: 1. 5th Edition 1999. LAB-I Pre-requisites 1 Cr. 3. and angular velocity of a body in circular motion. Energy relations in coupled oscillations. Two coupled masses. 2. Barton’s Apparatus). 7. N. 5th ed. Halliday. H. To study the damping features of an oscillating system using simple pendulum of variable mass. Investigation of phase change with position in traveling wave and measurement of the velocity of sound by C. 4. Beats in coupled oscillations. 1986. 1. D. The Physics of Vibrations and Waves. Measurement of viscosity of liquid by Stoke’s / Poiseulli’s method. I & II. Longitudinal vibrations of a rod. Two coupled LC circuits.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives To develop the experimental capability understanding the concept of Mechanics. To determine the value of “g” by compound pendulum / Kater’s Pendulum. Normal Modes of Continuous systems: Transverse vibration of a string. Pain. The Physics of Waves & Oscillations. General methods of finding normal modes.

Experiments in Physics.9. University Practical Physics. To determine frequency of AC supply by CRO. To determine Horizontal/Vertical distance by Sextant. Longman. Advanced Level Practical Physics. To study the conservation of energy (Hook’s law). Recommended Books: 1. 4. Calibration of thermocouple by potentiometer. 5. Selected Experiments in Physical Sciences. 4. 11. Determination of wavelength of sodium light by Fresnel’s biprism. The determination of wavelength of Sodium –D lines by Newton’s Ring. 10.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives To develop the understanding of students in measuring the thermal and optical parameters and to remove the fear of students to use various gadgets in laboratory 1. The determination of Stefan’s constant. The measurement of specific rotation of sugar by Polarimeter and determination of sugar concentration in a given solution. Marrow. 2. Determination of temperature coefficient of resistance of a given wire. 7. 12. Determination of “J” by Callender – Barnis method. C. The determination of wavelength of light/laser by Diffraction grating. Surjeet Pub Ind. CBS Publishing Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities LAB-II Pre-requisites 1 Cr. 2. D. K. 8. H. To determine thermal Emf and plot temperature diagram. 9. Heimann Educational Books Nolan and Bigliani. Bhattacharya. 6. Nelkon and Ogborn. 3. 19 . The determination of resolving power of a diffraction grating. 3.

Nelkon and Ogborn. C. Field of infinite line of charge. 4. H.g Ring of charge. 14. Electric field of continuous charge distribution e. 2. Point charge in an electric field. Recommended Books: 1. Surjeet Pub Ind. To study the combinations of harmonic motion (Lissajous figures). electrical potential and dielectrics To understand the DC circuits To know the effect of magnetic field and basic magnetic properties of materials Electric Field: Field due to a point charge: due to several point charges.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. Longman. To give the concept of electric field. Marrow. K. To determine the stopping potential by photo cell. D. infinite line of charge. Selected Experiments in Physical Sciences. 3. Electric dipole. CBS Publishing Note: At least nine experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM-I Pre-requisites 3 Cr. To study the parameters of waves (Beats phenomenon). Experiments in Physics. 3. Charge in isolated conductors. field near a charged conducting sheet. Advanced Level Practical Physics. field of spherical shell and field of spherical charge distribution. 16. To determine the Thermal conductivity of good and bad conductors using Lee’s and Searl’s apparatus. conductor with a cavity.13. To study the laws of vibration of stretched string using sonometer. Heimann Educational Books Nolan and Bigliani. (Integral and differential forms) and its application. Bhattacharya. field of infinite sheet of charge. 2. 15. University Practical Physics. disc of charge. Dipole in an electric field. 20 . Electric flux: Gauss's law. 17. Torque and energy of a dipole in uniform field.

calculating the electric field in a capacitor. Gettys. 21 . Thevenin theorem. Ferromagnetism Discussion. Energy per unit volume.Bohr Magneton. Hysteresis in Ferromagnetic materials. potential due to collection of point charges. Paramagnetism. Basic ideas. cylindrical.Electric Potential: Potential due to point charge. Application of Gauss's Law to capacitor with dielectric.. Discuss quantitatively. magnetic force on a current. and calculation of their capacitance. voltages at various elements of a loop. Diamagnetism. Magnetic dipole: Energy of magnetic dipole in field. resistivity. An atomic view. McGraw-Hill. multiple loops. Use of Kirchhoff's Ist & 2nd law. D C Circuits: Electric Current. Growth and Decay of current in an RC circuit and their analytical treatment. Capacitors of various shapes. Recommended Books: 1. Magnetic Field Effects and Magnetic Properties of Matter: Magnetic force on a charged particle. Integral and differential forms. Torque on a current loop. Skove Physics Classical and Modern (2nd edition). Gauss's Law for Magnetism: Discuss and develop the concepts of conservation of magnetic flux. F. M. E. Recall the previous results. Calculating the current in a single loop. J. Keller. Differential form of Gauss’s Law. Ampere's Law. Ohm’s Law. resistance. Inc. Lorentz Force with its applications in CRO. force on two parallel current changing conductors. ρ. σ. Capacitors and dielectrics: Capacitance. energy transfer in an electric circuit. Potential and field inside and outside an isolated conductor. Electric field of dielectric. Capacitor with dielectric. Electric potential of continuous charge distribution. 1993. Norton theorem and Superposition theorem. Poisson’s and Laplace equation without solution. Energy stored in an electric field. potential due to dipole. Do not derive. W. B. Field as the gradient or derivative of potential. Origin of Atomic and Nuclear magnetism. Magnetization. spherical etc. J. Defining M. Magnetic Materials. µ. Biot-Savart Law: Analytical treatment and applications to a current loop. applications to solenoids and toroids. Equation of continuity. and conductivity. (Integral form). current density J.

Distribution of energies. F. J. Internal energy of an ideal gas. Thermodynamic functions: Thermodynamic functions (Internal energy.. S. Thermodynamic temperature scale: Absolute zero: Entropy. McGraw-Hill Book Co.Review of previous concepts. Inc. Kip Fundamentals of Electricity and Magnetism (2nd Ed. Krane Physics (Vol-II). Entropy & second law. TdS equations. Qualitative discussion. Edminister Schaum’s Outline Series. Entropy in reversible process. Carnot theorem. Maxwell distribution. A. D. HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS Pre-requisites 3 Cr. Reversible and irreversible processes. 1992. Mean free path and microscopic calculations of mean free path. Entropy in irreversible process. 2. Liquification of gases. Enthalpy... Heat engine. Work done on an ideal gas. Energy equations and their applications. John Willey & sons. 1969. 1959. 4. D.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. R. 5. Refrigerators. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Van der Waals equation of state. First law of thermo-dynamics and its applications to adiabatic. Halliday. Gibb’s functions. 1986. Internal energy of an ideal gas: Equipartition of energy. Intermolecular forces. Kinetic theory of the ideal gas. Resnick. Diffusion. Thermodynamics: Review of previous concepts.. K. Qualitative description. 3.2. Chand & Co. Helmholtz functions) Maxwell’s relations. S. Second Law of thermodynamics. Carnot engines. cyclic and free expansion. Distribution of molecular speeds. Brownian motion. Low Temperature Physics. Conduction and viscosity. Calculation of efficiency of heat engines. Vasudeva Magnetism and Electricity. Maxwell-Boltzmann energy distribution. 3. Heat and Temperature: Temperature. N. To give the concept of heat and temperature To give the concept of classical distribution function To understand the laws of thermodynamics and their application Statistical Mechanics: Statistical distribution and mean values.). isothermal. Theory and Problems of Electromagnetism. Joule-Thomson effect and 22 . A. Entropy & probability. Entropy.

Longman 1967. 2. 4. two lens systems. (thin films.its equations. J. Fresnel’s biprism). Chromatic aberration. Refraction at a spherical surface. Lee and F. Pointon. McGrawHill Professional Book Group. Induced optical effects. interference. Thomson effect Seabeck’s effect. W. OPTICS Pre-requisites 3Cr. 3. Thermoelectricity. 1951. 3rd Edition. Introduction to Statistical Physics. Aberrations. Eye pieces. Analytical treatment of interference phenomenon. W. F. Peltier’s effect. Schaum's Outline of Thermodynamics. sign convention. Abbott. point source and extended source. Uni-axial crystals. McGraw Hill 1965. Polarization Plane elliptically and circularly polarized light. M. To develop understanding about the optical devices Geometrical Optics Geometrical optics and its laws. Heat and Thermodynamics. Sears. Fibre optics. J. Malus law. Polarizing angle and Brewster law. 1995. M. To understand the concept of reflections. A. Typical cases of interference phenomena. lens formula by deviation method.h. Thermodynamics. 5. McGraw Hill. 2. Production of each type and their uses. 23 . Reif. Holography. Recommended Books: 1. lens formula. M. Berkley Physics series.Thermocouple. diffraction and polarization. refraction. Fabry Perot & Michelson interferometer. Statistical Physics. Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. Review of topics related to chromatic aberration. Addison-Wesley 1954. Zemansky. Optical activity in liquids Interference Far field approximation.

p-type. Monostable multi. operating point. Application to grating. Recommended Books: 1. neutron and electron diffraction. Physics. transistor biasing for amplifiers. Origin of Quantum Theory: Black body radiation. R. hybrid parameters (common emitter).vibrator (basic). Inc. Addison – Wesley Publishing Company 1987. John Willey & sons. E. Fresnel diffraction. K. p-n junction diode. 2. To give the concept of modern physics To know the nuclear structure and radioactivity To know some nuclear reactions and production of nuclear energy To give basic understanding of Plasma and LASER Electronics: Basic crystal structure. common emitter. Krane. Logic gates OR. 1992. Photoelectric and Compton effect.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives: 1. Fraunhofer diffraction. Resolving power of lenses. Study of Fourier theorem and its analysis. NAND. load line. 2. Halliday. Optics. its basic structure and operation. S. Stefan Boltzmann-. Diffraction by a single slit. free electron model. consequences..C. common collector. Transistor as an amplifier (common emitter mode). NOT. characteristics of common base. Line spectra. Diffraction pattern of a rectangular aperture. Wiens. Diffraction applications. 24 . NOR and their basic applications. Dispersing properties of prism and grating. The quantization of energy. its structure. Resnick. D. 4. AND. X-ray diffraction. energy band in solid and energy gaps. Positive & negative feed back R. Hecht. Diffraction pattern of a circular aperture. n-type semiconductor materials. Diffraction grating. ELECTRONICS & MODERN PHYSICS Pre-requisites 3 Cr. Explanation using quantum theory. Transistor. 3.and Planck’s law. Oscillators. characteristics and application as rectifiers.Diffraction Huygen’s principle. Double slit diffraction pattern.

Frank-Hertz experiment. W H Freeman and Company 2000. Fundamentals of Modern Physics. localizing a wave in space and time. DavissonGermer Experiment and J. Vector atom model. molecules.Wave Nature of Matter: Wave behaviour of particle (wave function etc. Inductance of a Solenoid. Resnick. Review of emf. Modern Physics 3rd edition. 3. Thomson Experiment. John Wiley & Sons 1961 Sanjiv Puri. “Basic definition”. Arthur Beiser. 6. Pauli’s exclusion principle and its use in developing the periodic table. Inc. Atomic spectrum. Krane. Concepts of Modern Physics (fifth edition) McGraw-Hill 1995. Quantum Physics of Atoms.. Llewellyn. Halliday. Tipler and Ralph A. John Willey & sons. D. Eisberg and Robert Resnick. 2002. John Wiley & Sons. Wave packets and particles. 2004.) its definition and relation to probability of particle. energy levels of electron. Bohr’s Magnetron. Narosa Publishing House. Inductance. Induced electric fields. Toroid. To understand the laws of electromagnetic induction To understand the AC circuits To know the generation and propagation of Electromagnetic waves Inductance: Faraday’s Law of Electromagnetic Induction. Atomic Physics: Bohr’s theory (review). 2. Calculation and application using differential and integral form. ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM-II Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 3Cr. Spin quantization. Angular momentum of electrons. Faraday Law and Lenz’s Law. Robert M. 3. Modern Physics. X-ray spectrum (continuous and discrete) Moseley’s law. 2nd edition.P. Nuclei and Particles. S. R.h Objectives: 1. Recommended Books: 1. 5. Physics. LR Circuits. Growth and Decay of 25 . Orbital angular momentum. d’Broglie hypothesis and its testing. Solids. Paul A. 1992. Robert M Eisberg. 2. K. 4.

obtaining the velocity of light from Maxwell's equations. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Ampere's Law).. RMS values. 1969. Derive. Energy stored in a magnetic field. analytical treatment. Theory and Problems of Electromagnetism. Forced electromagnetic oscillations and resonance. Energy density and the magnetic field. Single loop RLC circuit. R. Resnick. (Gauss's law for electromagnetism. 26 .magnetic equations. Qualitative discussion. acceptor and rejector.magnetic wave. Inc. A. (Integral & Differential forms) Discussion and implications. 2. Maxwell's equations. 4. J. Gettys. Series and parallel circuits i. phase angles. Generating an electro. Quantitative analysis using differential equatins. Analytical expression for time dependent solution. Travelling waves and Maxwell's equations. W. Keller. Edminister Schaum’s Outline Series. Inc. Induced magnetic fields & displacement current. Alternating Current Circuits: Alternating current. F. Power in A. Analytical treatment and discussion of physical concepts. N. 1959. inductive and capacitative elements. Recommended Books: 1. S. obtaining differential form of Maxwell's equations. 1986. S. E. 1992. applications. Skove Physics Classical and Modern (2nd edition).current. Graphical analysis. Chand & Co. Faraday Law. Krane Physics (Vol-II). AC current in resistive. D. John Willey & sons.. Electro-Magnetic Waves (Maxwell's Equations): Summarizing the electro. 5. Halliday. J. D. J. Development of concepts. McGraw-Hill. K. power factor.. 1993..C circuits: phase angles. Energy transport and the Poynting Vector. Vasudeva Magnetism and Electricity. Analytical treatment. A.e. F. Kip Fundamentals of Electricity and Magnetism (2nd Ed. M.). Electromagnetic Oscillation.. 3. McGraw-Hill Book Co.

Study of electric circuits by black box. 10.h Objectives: To know the electrical circuit elements. Surjeet Pub Ind. CBS Publishing. 6. University Practical Physics. Note: At least eight experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. Recommended Books: 1. To study the B. 3. 4.H. 3. Experiments in Physics. 9. 13. G L Squires. their experimental measurement and to give understanding of electrical circuits and use of CRO. Practical Physics. C K Bhattacharya. Thevinin. Measurement of self/mutual inductance. Resonance frequency of an acceptor circuit Resonance frequency of a Rejecter Circuit. amplitude. 5. 2. phase and time period of a complex signal by CRO. 12. 11.LBORATORY III Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 1 Cr. 27 . Norton).e. Study of the parameter of wave i. 3rd Edition. curve & measure the magnetic parameters. 1. 7. To study the application of Lorentz force by CRO. 8. 15. 14. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. To study the network theorems (Superposition. 2. Measurement of low resistance coil by a Carey Foster Bridge. Measurement of resistance using a Neon flash bulb and condenser Conversion of a galvanometer into Voltmeter & an Ammeter To study the characteristics of Photo emission and determination of Plank’s constant using a Photo cell Calibration of an Ammeter and a Voltmeter by potentiometer Charge sensitivity of a ballistic galvanometer Comparison of capacities by ballistic galvanometer.

7. To set up transistor oscillator circuit and measure its frequency by an oscilloscope. To develop understanding and uses of electronic devises including GATS. Determination of e/m of an electron. 2. 3. Characteristics of a semiconductor diode (Compare Si with Ge diode) Setting up of half & full wave rectifier & study of following factors i. University Practical Physics. 28 . 6. 14. 3. Mass absorption coefficient of lead for γ-rays using G. 8. Use of computer in the learning of knowledge of GATE and other experiments. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. To set up an electronic switching circuit using transistor LDR and demonstrate its use as a NOT Gate. 4. M. iii. Smoothing effect of a capacitor ii. 10. 11 12. NAND etc) using diode and to develop their truth table. counter and use it to determine the absorption co-efficient of β-particle in Aluminum. OR. Determination of range of α particles. G L Squires. Study of regulation of output voltage with load. To set up and study various logic gates (AND. 5. C K Bhattacharya. Characteristics of a transistor. To understand the behaviour of nuclear radiation including beta and gama radition.M counter. 2. Determination of ionization potential of mercury. Experiments in Physics.LAB-IV Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 1 Cr. Ripple factor & its variation with load. 9. To set up a single stage amplifier & measure its voltage gain and bandwidth. 3rd Edition. Recommended Books: 1. 13. Surjeet Pub Ind.h Objectives: 1. CBS Publishing. Transistors. 15. To study the characteristic curves of a G. Practical Physics.

Diagonalization of matrices. Group Theory: Introduction to groups. Divergence and Curl in the curvilinear coordinates system. Continuous groups-O groups. Green’s theorem in the plane. 2nd ed. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors of matrices. Taylor and Laurent series. Similarity transformations. 29 . 2. Arfken. Quotient rule. Cauchy integral theorem and integral formula. Group representation. Tensor algebra. 1970. Orthogonal matrices. Hermitian matrices. Covariant and contravariant tensors. Vector differentiation and gradient. Determinants. Mathematical Physics. Vector integration.h Objectives 1. Gradient. Curvilinear Coordinates and Tensors: Curvilinear coordinate system. Divergence and Gauss’s theorem. SU(2) groups. tensors. MATHEMATICAL METHODS-I Pre-requisite General Mathematics 3 Cr. G. Cartesian. Academic Press. matrices and some of their uses in the world of physics To give basic understanding of group theory and complex variables used in physics Vector Analysis: Review of vectors Algebra.Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. Curl and Stoke's theorem. To develop the mathematical background of student in vectors. Invariant subgroups. Lie groups Complex Variables: Functions of a complex variable. Cauchy Riemann conditions and analytic functions. Discret groups-Dihedral groups. Complex integration. Matrices: Linear vector spaces. Calculus of residue. Matrices. Recommended Books: 1. Spherical and Cylinderical coordinate system.

Functions and expectation values. Fourier Analysis Simon Schuster Series. The free particle. The hydrogenic atom. Speigel. Butkov. Addition of angular momenta. 1971. The potential barrier problems. Hsu. H. Mathematical Physics. M.2. Time evolution of a system. Spin. Heisenberg uncertainty relations. Complex Variables Schaum’s Outline Series. Angular Momentum: Orbital angular momentum. Three dimensional isotopic oscillator.h Objectives 1. Formalism of Quantum Mechanics: The state of a system. 5. Properties of one dimensional potential functions. 3. Schrodinger and Heisenberg pictures. Pipes and Harvill. McGraw Hill 1979. Understanding the behaviour of quantum mechanical particle and development of Schrodinger equation in one and three dimensions introduction to Quantum mechanical operators and determination of angular momentum of a quantum mechanical particle Quantum Mechanics of One Dimensional Problems: Review of concepts of classical mechanics. The linear harmonic oscillator. QUANTUM MECHANICS-I Pre-requisite FSc Physics and Modern Physics & electronics 3 Cr. 2. E. Hermitian operators. State of a system. 30 . The eigenvalues and eigen functions of L2 and Lz. Solutions of Schrodinger equation for free particles. Applied Mathematics for Engineers and Physicists. 1967. Particle in a box. 4. P. Central potentials. R. Symmetry principles and conservation laws. McGraw Hill. Schrodinger Equation in Three Dimensions: Separation of Schrodinger equation in cartesian coordinates. Dynamical variables and operators. Three dimensional square well potential. Matrix representation of angular momentum operators. Dirac notation. Commuting and non commuting operators. Addison-Wesley 1968. Three dimensional square well potential. The hydrogenic atom.

'Introductory Quantum mechanics'. To develop the understanding of thermal properties by using statistical means in thermodynamics Development of various statistics like Boltzmann Statistics. Oxford University Press. Elements of Probability Theory: Probabilities. 2. Reading Mass.J. Addison Wesley Publishing Company.H. 5. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. 'Quantum Mechanics: An Introduction'. Int. Townsend. fundamental equations and equations of state. 3. W. 'Relativistic Quantum Mechanics'. 31 . Griffiths. THERMAL AND STATISTICAL PHYSICS Pre-requisite: FSc Physics and Heat and Thermodynamics 3 Cr. Introduction to Quantum Mechanics. New Delhi (1992). Narosa Publishing House. Berlin (1990). Equilibrium Thermodynamics: Basic postulates.L.Dirac Statistics To develop the understating of lattice dynamics in solid materials. Bransden & C. McGraw Hill Book Company. 6. 3. Cieplak & J.S. W. Springer Verlag. Bialynicki-Birula. PRENTICE Hall. (1980). Bose – Einstein statistics and Fermi. Joachain. 7. 'Introduction to Quantum Mechanics' Longman Scientific & Technical London (1990). Greiner. 'Quantum Mechanics'. F. Kaminski. J. Liboff. David J. response functions Maxwell's relation. 'A Modern Approach to Quantum Mechanics'. R. Singapore (1992). Schwable. 'Theory of Quantua'. M. (1980). statistical interpretation of entropy..h Objectives: 1. New York (1992). 2. 4. reduction of derivatives. 8 B. Inc. Boltzmann H-theorem.Books Recommended: 1. Greiner. Reading Mass. distribution functions.

Introduction to density matrix approach. Longman 1967. Statistical Mechanics of Interacting Systems: Lattice vibrations in solids. Advanced Topics: Fluctuations. Statistical Systems: Maxwell-Boltzmann. 4. CLASSICAL MECHANICS Pre-requisites: Mechanics I & II 3 Cr. Boltzmann distribution. Partition Function: Relations of partition function with thermodynamic variables. Statistical Physics. Ferromagnets in Mean Field Approximation. Reif. Black body radiations. counting of states (in classical and quantum mechanical systems. 3.Formulation of Statistical Methods: Ensembles. Examples of thermodynamics of these systems. 1965. 1988. McGraw Hill. 2. Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics. ELBS/John Willey. John Wiley 1958. Gas of electrons in solids. examples (collection of simple harmonic oscillators. Pointon.J. Theorem of equipartition of energy. Pauli and Van Vleck paramagnetics. 2nd Ed. F. F. Kittel. canonical and grand canonical partion function. C. 2. Formation of Microcononical. Mandl. Introduction to Statistical Physics. examples) partition function.h Objectives: 1. Elements of Statistical Physics. A. Bose-Einstein. Bose-Einstein Condensation. Van der Waals Gas: mean field calculation. Books Recommended: 1. To develop the basic knowledge of classical world using the laws of Physics To develop the understanding of two bodies central force problems 32 . Fermi-Dirac statistical systems.

Liouville's theorem. 33 .. Variational Principles: Calculus of variation and Hamilton's principle. Arnold. Eulerian angles. 'Dynamics'. Euler's theorem.3. H.N. Tensors and dyadics. Rutherford scattering. John Wiley & Sons. Books Recommended: 1. Addison Wesley.I. Equation of motion and solution for one body problem. S. Kinematics of Rigid Body Motion: Orthogonal transformations. 2. Lagrange's equation and its applications. Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics Springer verlag. Hamilton Equation of Motion: Legendre transformation Conservation theorems. Goldstein. Rigid body problems and Euler's equations. Two Body Central Force Problem: Low and least action. constraints. Canonical Transformations: Examples of canoical transformations. 'Classical Mechanics'. Edn. Reading. Massachusetts (1980). Alembert's principle. V. Kepler's Laws Laboratory and centre of mass systems. Derivation of Lagrange's equation from Hamilton's principle. 4. Rigid Body Equation of Motion: Angular momentum. New York (1980). Moment of inertia. 2nd. The coriolis force. 3. New York (1983). Rasband. Virtual work. and Hamilton equations of motion. To give understanding of kinematics and dynamics of rigid bodies Development of Hamiltonian equation and use of canonical transformation in classical physics Elementary Principles: Brief Survey of Newtonian mechanics of a system of particles. two body problem and its reduction to one body problem. Lagrange and Poison brackets.

Special Diodes: Zener diodes. Zener regulators. Transistor Circuits: Bipolar transistors. Integrator and Differentiator. Frequency response. Ebers-Moll. Active filters.. 'Classical Mechanics'. Power class A. Oxford Science Publications. Woodhouse.J. Varactor diodes. Tuned RF Voltage amplifiers. Matzner & L. Shepley. 34 .h Objectives: 1. Biasing. Light emitting diodes. B. N. Common base and common collector amplifiers. Operational Amplifiers: Ideal op-amps. Instrumentation amplifier. Tunnel diodes. Feedback and stability. The differential amplifiers. Biasing and stability. Frequency response.M.4. MOSFET. To develop the understanding of different electronic circuit elements and devices like diode. Operation and construction. Photodiodes. oscillators and voltage regulators used in daily life alliances To understand the day to day electronic devices.z and y-parameter models. Switching circuits. and C amplifiers. ELECTRONICS Pre-requisites: Modern Physics and Electronics 3 Cr. R. Summing. Non inverting and inverting circuits. Comparators. Common source and common drain amplifiers. London (1991). Multistage Amplifiers. its data and sheet parameters. Schottky diodes. Prentice Hall Inc. I-F Amplifiers and automatic gain control. Oxford (1987). Varistors and their applications. RC coupled and direct coupled stages.A. 'Introduction to Analytical Dynamics'. amplifiers. Field Effect FET: Transistors. parameters and ratings. 2. 5. Common emitter. Junction FET..C. Hybrid-p and h. Negative feedback. transistors. Op-amp applications. Simple op-amp arrangements.

P. To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills. 5.T. Roden. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. C. Measurement of the spectrum of gama rays from a radioisotope.L. List of Experiments 1. T. in a scintillation counter. 'Electronic Principles'. McGraw Hill Book Company. The Bengamin/Cummings Publishing Co. Shunt and switching regulators. Reston Publishing Company Inc.h Objectives: 1. Measurement of the half life of a radio nuclide. 3. LAB V Pre-requisites: LAB I –IV 1 Cr.. Colpit's Phase shift and 555 timer oscillators. Shielding and attenuation of gamma rays. 'Integrated Electronics'.H. 2. 'Electronic Devices'. To study the pulseheight as a function of the H. Power supply. CMOSS.L. New Delhi (1988). Merril Publishing Company Columbus (1988). Tata McGraw Hill. Virginia (1980). Bell. To study the characteristics of a Geiger-Muller counter and to examine the attenuations of beta particles in Al-and Pb foils.J. Halkias. G. M. 2. California (1991). Malvino. 'Electronic Design Circuit & Systems'. Hartley. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics.. D.C. Savant Jr. Voltage Regulators: Series. 2.S. Carpenter. 3.B. Singapore (Latest Edition). 35 .Oscillators: Armstrong. Millman & C. 'Electronic devices & Circuits'. A. J. 4. Books Recommended: 1. 3. Floyd.

Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. Separation of variables. Second solution. Standing wave ratio. 9. Nonhomogenous differential equations. Experiments in Modern Physics (Academic). Skin effect. R. Experimental Electronics (McGraw-Hill). 8. etc. H. AC circuits and dielectric constants of water and ice. 7. Melissinos.J. Use of a Lithium-drifted Ge-counter for gamme spectroscopy and to compare its performance with that of a nal-detector. A. Experiments with transmission lines.h Objectives: 1) 2) 3) To give the understanding of Differential equations and their uses in Physics Introduction to special functions. Fourier Transforms Solution of Boundary value problems and their uses Differential Equations in Physics: First and second order linear differential equations. Frobenius series solution of differential equations. Experiments in Modern Physics (McGraw-Hill). Olsono. etc.4. 3. Partial differential equations of theoretical physics.Homogeneous differential equations. 36 . Books Recommended: 1.T. MATHEMATICAL METHODS-II Pre-requisite General mathematics and Mathematical Methods-I 3 Cr. Radio frequency measurement. 6. Fourier Series. 5.C. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. To study the characteristics of a solid-state detector and use it to measure the spectra of alpha and beta particles. Measurement of characteristic impedance.Mark and H. Higgings. 2. Velocity.

Special Functions:

Bessel functions and Hankel functions, Spherical Bessel functions, Legendre polynomials, Associated Legendre polynomials, Spherical harmonics Laguerre polynomials, Hermite polynomials.

Fourier Series:

Definition and general properties, Fourier series of various physical functions, Uses and application of Fourier series.

Integral Transforms:

Integral transform, Fourier transform, Convolution theorem, Elementary Laplace transform and its application.

**Boundary Value Problems and Green's Functions:
**

Boundary value problems in Physics, Non-homogeneous boundary value problems and Green's functions, Green's functions for one dimensional problems, Eigenfunction expansion of Green's function, Construction of Green's functions in higher dimensions.

Books Recommended:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5 6. 7. 8. G. Arfken, Mathematical Physics, 2nd ed, Academic Press, 1970. R. Bronson, ‘Differential Equations’ Schaum’s Outline Series, McGraw Hill, New York. E. Butkov, ‘Mathematical Physics Addison-Weseley London . M.L. Boas, 'Mathematical Methods in Physical Sciences', John Wiley & Sons, New York (1989). C.W. Wong, 'Introduction to Mathematical Physics', Oxford University, Press, New York (1991). Hassani, 'Foundations of Mathematical Physics', Prentice Hall International Inc., Singapore (1991). Chattopadhyay, 'Mathematical Physics', Wiley Eastern Limited, New Delhi, (1990). H. Cohen, 'Mathematics for Scientists & Engineers' Prentice Hall International Inc., New Jersey (1992).

**QUANTUM MECHANICS-II Pre-requisites:
**

Quantum Mechanics I

3 Cr.h

37

Objectives:

1. 2. 3. to understand the use of approximation in Quantum mechanics to understand the theory of scattering and interaction of quantum systems with radiation to understand the basics of relativistic quantum mechanics

Approximate Methods:

Time independent perturbation theory for non degenerate and degenerate levels, the variational method, The WKB approximation, Time dependent perturbation theory.

**Identical Particles and Second Quantization:
**

Indistinguishability of identical particles, Systems of identical particles, Quantum dynamics of identical particle systems, statistics, Symmetry of states, Fermions, Bosons.

Theory of Scattering:

Scattering experiments and cross sections, Potential scattering, The method of partial waves, The Born’s approximation.

**The Interaction of Quantum Systems with Radiation:
**

Electromagnetic field and its interaction with one electron system, Transition rates, Spontaneous emission, Selection rules for electric dipole transitions, The spin of photon and its helicity.

**Relativistic Quantum Mechanics:
**

Schrodinger relativistic equation, Probability and current densities, KleinGordon equation and hydrogen atom, Dirac relativistic equation.

Books Recommended:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. B.H. Bransden & C.J. Joachain, 'Introduction to Quantum Mechanics' Longman Scientific & Technical London (1990). J.S. Townsend, 'A Modern Approach to Quantum Mechanics', McGraw Hill Book Company, Singapore (1992). W. Greiner, 'Quantum Mechanics: An Introduction', Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Reading Mass. (1980). R.L. Liboff, 'Introductory Quantum mechanics', Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Reading Mass. (1980). Bialynicki-Birula, M. Cieplak & J. Kaminski, 'Theory of Quantua', Oxford University Press, New York (1992). W. Greiner, 'Relativistic Quantum Mechanics', Springer Verlag, Berlin (1990). 38

7. 8 9.

F. Schwable, 'Quantum Mechanics', Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi (1992). David J. Griffiths, Introduction to Quantum Mechanics, PRENTICE Hall, Int., Inc. S.Gasiorowicz, Quantum Physics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Singapore.

**ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY Pre-requisites:
**

Electricity and magnetism I & II

3 Cr.h

Objectives:

1. 2. 3. To give the basic understanding in static electromagnetic fields and time dependent electromagnetic fields To develop knowledge of propagation, reflection and refraction of electromagnetic waves To develop the understanding of skin effect and wave guides

Fundamental Concepts:

Recapitulation of the fundamental concepts, Induction B, Addition of Laplace equation and methods of images. Magnetic intensity H, Maxwell's equations in differential and integral forms, Poynting theorem and energy conservation.

**Static Electromagnetic Fields:
**

Electrostatic fields in several dielectric media, Magneto static fields of magnetized matter, Magnetostatic field of stationary current, Magnetization current.

**Time Dependent Electromagnetic Fields:
**

Maxwell's equations for quasi stationery fields, Potentials of a rapidly varying field, Fields of uniformly moving and accelerated charges, Radiation from an accelerated charge, Field of oscillating expansion of electro magnetic field, Multiple fields. Expansion of emf.

**Reflection and Refraction of Electromagnetic Waves:
**

Laws of reflection and refraction, Fresnel's formula, Total reflection, Refraction in conducting media, Reflection from a conducting surface.

39

Books Recommended:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. H.C. Ohanion, 'Classical Electrodynamics', Allyn & bacon Inc., Massachusetts (1988). Y.K. Lim, 'Introduction to Classical Elecrodynamics, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pt., Singapore (1986). P.C. Lorrain & D.R. Corson, 'Electromagnetic Fields and Waves', W.H. Freeman & Co., New York (1978). C.R. Paul & S.A. Nasar, 'Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields, McGraw Hill Book Company, Singapore (1987). A.M. Portis, 'Electromagnetic Fields', John Wiley & Sons, New York (1978). D. Grifftns, An introduction to Dynamics, Prentice Hall, 1984 Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, John Wiley, 1975 Ritze Millfadad Chiristy, Foundation of Electromagnetic Theory

**NUCLEAR PHYSICS Pre-requisites:
**

Modern Physics and Electronics

3 Cr.h

Objectives:

1) 2) 3) To understand the nuclear structure using different nuclear models To understand the nature of nuclear forces To give understanding of radioactivity and nuclear reactions

History:

Starting from Bacqurel’s discovery of radioactivity to Chedwick’s neutron.

Basic Properties of Nucleus: Nuclear size, mass, binding energy, nuclear spin,magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moment, parity and statistics. Nuclear Forces: Yukawa's theory of nuclear forces. Nucleon

scattering, charge independence and spin dependence of nuclear force, isotopic spin.

**Nuclear Models: Liquid drop model; Fermi gas model, Shell model;
**

Collective model.

40

Segre. 3. K. Nuclear Reactions: Conservation laws of nuclear reactions. 5. Neutrino hypothesis. 1977. energy level and level width. 1995. 4.h Quantum Mechanics . 1999. cross sections for nuclear reactions. Nuclear Physics. 1980. theory of Gamma decay. Zetsche.Theories of Radioactive Decay: Theory of Alpha decay and explanation of observed phenomena. Nuclear isomerism. Fermi theory of Beta decay. Particle and Nuclei. Kenneth S. Atomic potential. Povh. Structure of Solids Lattices and basis. Kaplan. compound nucleolus theory of nuclear reaction and its limitations. space groups and binding forces. SOLID STATE PHYSICS Pre-requisite 3 Cr. Statistical Physics. Nuclei and Practicles. Electricity & Magnetism I & II. Objectives: 1. 41 . the magnetic lens spectrometer. C. Position and orientation of planes in crystals. 2. Books Recommended: 1. B. F. 2. Simple crystal structures. Rith. Breit-Wigner one level formula including the effect of angular momentum. 1995. Krane. Heat and Thermodynamics. 5. resonance reactions. McGraw Hill. Q-value and threshold energy of nuclear reaction. Fundamental types of lattice. 3. Symmetry operations. Scholtz. multipolarity of Gamma rays. Introducing Nuclear Physics. direct reaction. measurement of Beta ray energies. Addison-Wisely. To develop a basic knowledge of crystallography To understand the x-ray diffraction in crystal investigation To understand the binding forces in crystalline material To develop the understanding of lattice dynamics and its uses in derivation of theories of specific heat To understand the behaviour of free electrons in metals and Fermi Energy. Green. 4. Bejamin. Nuclear Physics.

Phonons and Lattice Vibrations: Lattice heat capacity. 2. two and three dimensions. bcc. H. Neutrons and electrons from crystals. 6. W. N. rotating crystal method.h.A. Ashcroft and N. Thermal conductivity and resistivity. Mermin. Solid State Physics. III. Pearson Education 2000. An Introduction. Narosa Publishing House. The Physics and Chemistry of Solids. By. Comparison with experimental results. 7. Academic Press 1992.M. 7th Ed. D. Wahab. Reciprocal lattice to sc. The Solid State. C. 3. Reciprocal lattice. M. Recommended Books: 1. Fourier analysis of the basis. 4. Bragg’s law. II. S. M. Solid State Physics. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. 5. Ewald construction and Brillouin zone. 2. Burns. Rosenberg. Umklapp processes. 42 . Oxford Science Publications 1990. High Temperature Superconductivity. Kohn Wiley. Scattered wave amplitude. M. Elementary Solid State Physics. 1976. Einstein model. Elliott. Holt. Omar. Enumeration of normal models. orthorhombic and hexagonal crystals. 1999. Debye model of heat capacity. 3. Wiley. Laue method.A. Kittle. IV 1 Cr. Objectives: 1.Crystal diffraction and reciprocal lattice: Diffraction of X-rays. 1998. R. LAB VI Pre-requisites LAB I. fcc. 3rd Edition. classical model. Density of state in one. Introduction to Solid State Physics. G. Rinehart & Winston. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills. Powder methods. 1996.

10. 7. 5. To design and build a lotic circuit (using AND/OR/NOR gates) for performing a given function. C. 8. 13. Squires.R. Ripple factor. Transistor pulse-circuitry (three types of flipflop and the Schmidt trigger circuit). COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS Pre-requisites: 3 Cr. Surjeet Pub Ind. etc. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities.h Undergraduate Level Physics and Elementary Mathematics and Linear Algebra. etc.F. Design of high or medium voltage dc power supply and measurement of the voltage regulation.R. K. 2. or to design and build a height-to-width converter. L. Experiments in Physics. 6. To design and build a linear integrator to enable digitization of photo-multiplier pulses. Computer and Programming Skills. coupled amplifier and a study of its characteristics. Power out-put selectivity. Recommended Books: 1. 43 . CBS Publishing.C. 3rd Edition. 11. Practical Physics. Design of high or medium voltage dc power supply and measurement of the voltage regulation. Basic Numerical Analysis and Analytical Tools for Numerical Analysis.4. etc. To build and investigate the properties of hard value multivibrators. Study of leaser parameters. Bhattacharya.) Measurement of transistor hybrid parameters. or superheterdyne receiver and measurement of its sensitivity.F. Design of a medium wave T. Mathematical Methods. Study of random processes and fluctuations in random processes (Poission distribution. 9. 3. G. Design of an L. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. 12. Ripple factor etc. the operational amplifier. University Practical Physics. Gain characteristics and spectral response of a photo-multiplier tube.

K. C. New York (1965 PHYSICS-401 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS 4 Cr. Doing Physics with random numbers. Introduction of computer languages To know the use of computer in numerical anlysis Computer simulation and modeling Computer Languages: A brief introduction of the computer languages like Basic..Objectives: 1.h Pre-requisite Phy-202 (Modern Physics). Rading Massachusetts(1988). 'Numerical Methods for Engineers with Personal Computer Applications. Chapra & R. Phy-306 (Quantum Mechanics) 44 . The mathematical models. Numerical integration and differentiation. Wave phenomena. Chanle. De Jong. Merman. Computer simulation. Computational Techniques in Physics' Adm Hilger. Numerical Methods: Numerical Solutions of equations. Koonini. Some systems of interest for physicists such as Motion of Falling objects. 3. McGraw Hill Book Company. L. 3.T. 5.C. Pascal etc and known software packages of computation. Kepler's problems. 'Introduction to Computational Physics'. Massachusetts (1991). Oscillatory motion. P. Relationship of modeling and simulation. Dynamic systems. Error analysis and technique for elimination of systematic and random errors. The Benjamin/Coming Publishing Inc. California (1986). Populations genetics etc.. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. S. Regression and interpolation. H. Modeling & Simulations: Conceptual models. Random numbers and random walk. Macheown & D. Computational Physics'. Field of static charges and current. Books Recommended: 1. 'An Introduction to Computer Simulation Methods'. Addison Wesley Publishing Company Inc. 2. Diffusion.J. S. Gould & J. M. 4. Tobochnik. Many particle systems. Bristol (1987).P. 2.

Many body Systems (12 hours) Pauli exclusion principle. Bransden and C. Periodic system of the elemments. 4. H. 1988. Selection rules. Stern Gerlach experiment. Transition probabilities of diatomic molecules. X-ray spectra. Anomalous Zeeman effect. normal Zeeman effect. Fermi Golden rule.Objectives: 1. Atoms in radiation field. Stark effect. Hydrogen Molecular ion (LCAO approximation). Polyatomic molecules (brief introduction). LS coupling. Physics of atomic and Molecules. Spectrophysics. Frank Hertz experiment and approximation methods. 2. One Electron System (12 hours) Review of Schrodinger equation for hydrogen atom. 2.J. Spin orbit coupling. Sommerfeld model. Anne P. Central field approximation. Thomas Fermi potential. second edition. 5. 45 . 3. vibrational. Joachain. B. Thorn. Molecules (12 hours) Ionic and covalent bonding. Longmans. Hartree Fock methods and self consistent field. Chapman and Hall. Hyperfine structure. Radiative transitions. Paschen back effect. electron spin and Hund’s cases. Hydrogen molecule (Heitler London and molecular orbital theories) Recommended Books: 1. jj coupling and other type of coupling. Raman effect. Interaction with field (7 hours) Many electron atoms in an electromagnetic field. To review the existing theories of atomic structure To introduce the experimental proof of quantisation To introduce the use of Schrodinger Equation in real system like Hydrogen atom To understand the Molecular spectrum To understand the LASER production and Operation Structure of Atoms (5 hours): Review of Bohr’s theory. Quantum numbers. and electronic spectra. Einstein coefficients. Stark effect. Diatomic molecules-rotational. London 1983. Born Oppenhimer approximation.

P.3. Skin Effect and Wave Guides: High frequency current in a semi infinite conductor. 'Electromagnetic Fields and Waves'. C. second edition. grange and Coloumb grange. Resnick. Books Recommended: 1. Pt. Forced oscillation of an electronic oscillator. Waves guided by dielectrics. Singapore (1986). Dispersion in dilute medium and dense media. Foundation of Electromagnetic Theory 46 . An introduction to Dynamics. Molecules. New York (1978). Allyn & bacon Inc. John Wiley & Sons. Group velocity. Eisberg. 'Introduction to Classical Elecrodynamics. Objectives: 1. Nuclei and Particles. Prentice Hall. D. Singapore (1987). Solids.R. Waves guided by parallel plane conductor. Loren z.M.A. John Wiley. 5.H. R.R. Scattering by a bound electron. Portis. Grifftns. McGraw Hill Book Company. 3. Power transfer and attenuation.h. 2.. 1984 Jackson. John Wiley and sons 1985. Corson. 7. 6. H.. World Scientific Publishing Co. Internal impedance at high frequencies.. Quantum Physics of Atoms. 'Electromagnetic Fields'. reflection and refraction of electromagnetic waves To develop the understanding of skin effect and wave guides Propagation of Plane Electromagnetic Waves: monochromatic waves and plane waves. Dispersion in metallic conductor. New York (1978). Q of a cavity resonator. Wave guides as cavity resonators. Transmission by a rectangular. Lorrain & D. 1975 Ritze Millfadad Chiristy. Y. A. 3. 'Classical Electrodynamics'. Classical Electrodynamics. Massachusetts (1988). and R. To give the basic understanding in static electromagnetic fields and time dependent electromagnetic fields To develop knowledge of propagation. Ohanion. ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY II Pre-requisites: Electricity and magnetism I & II 3 Cr.C. Nasar.K. Freeman & Co.C. Lim. 'Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields. Wave Guidance. Paul & S. 2. W. 4.

3. Determination of the constituents of substance by activation analysis. 2.h A project can be introduced instead of these experiments. Lab-VII 1.g. Measurement of the total neutron cross-section. The Frank-hertz experiment (Measurement of excitation potential of Hg). 47 . 12. 3. 9. To study the Zeeman effect for a line in the spectrum of helium. 15. To examine the characteristics of a Solid-State detector and to use it for alpha and beta Spectroscopy and compare the results with those obtained by a scintillation counter.R. Experiments with microwaves.PROJECT 3 Cr. 4. 16. Pre-requisite: Undergraduate physics and Labs I-VI Objectives: 1. 11. To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills. 2. To examine the stopping-power of various substances for thermal neutrons. Source strength of Co60 by gamma coincidence methods. 6. Determination of the Rydberg constant from the spectrum of hydrogen. Determination of Planck’s constant (h) by using the photoelectric effect. To prove the Rutherford law of scattering of charged particles. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics.) by microwave absorption. Use of an analogue computer for solving differential equations.Cs) and study of their photoelectric and Compton absorption. 13. 14.S. Study of their optical properties. 10. Electron spin resonance (E. Determination of the charge on an electron (e) by Millikan’s method. 7. 8. Measurement of the spectrum of gamma rays from a radioisotope (e. Fabry-Perot interferometer used as a gas refractometer. 5.

Gray. 48 . Drift mobility.T. A. H. 2.C. Experiments in Modern Physics (Academic).M. Melissionos. Books Recommended: 1. 21. Note: At least 12 experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities.) of protons in water. All experimental courses are only recommended but Universities may opt other experiments according to facilities and expertise available to them. To determine the energy gap in silicon and Germanium. Olson.R. 22. Nuclear magnetic resonance (N. 18. The measurement of the Hall effect in germanium and silicon. 23. 24. 19. Experiments in Modern Physics (McGrawHill). Measurement of the conductivity of Si and Ge as a functions of temperature.S. (Shockley-Haynes experiments for Germanium. T. The study of the Mossbauer effect. 20. Simple diode manufacture and point-contact transistor. demonstrating transistor action). Applied Electronics (John-Wiley and Sons).Mark and N. To build a medium or short-wave transmitter. 3.17.

H. Introduction to Controlled Fusion: Basic nuclear fusion reactions. To know fluid description of the plasma. To learn about the importance of the plasma alongwith the basic concept of plasma. Applications of plasma physics. University may also tailor these courses according to their facilities.A.Chen. Introduction to plasma Physics. 3. To know aout the surface physics and its applications Learn about the interaction of surface with the ions.F.Trivelpiece. 1960 (D. 2nd ed. SURFACE PHYSICS Pre-requisites: Solid state Physics 3 Cr. 1973 (McGraw Hill). Books Recommended: 1. waves and oscillations 3 Cr. PLASMA PHYSICS Pre-requisite: Electrodynamics. Concept of temperature. Reaction rates and power density. Single-particle motion in electromegnatic field. Occurrance of plasma. Principles of Plasma Physics. Introduction.DETAIL OF ELECTIVE COURSES These elective courses can be chosen from the list or new elective course may be offered according to the availability of staff and necessary infrastructure.h Objectives: 1.Krall and A.Van Nestrand).h Objectives: 1. Debye shielding. Uniform and nonuniform E and B fields. The plasma parameter. Controlled Thermonuclear Reactions. 2. Wave propagation in plasma. 49 . 2. F. Derivation of dispersion relations for simple electrostatic and electromagnetic modes. (Plenum). radiation losses from plasma.W.Lovberg. electrons etc. operational conditions. Time-variant E and B fields.Glasstone and R. 2. Fluid description of plasma. S. Criteria for plasma. N.

Growth processes. Specific types of surface. Signal processing and spectral analysis. Surface Structures and Reconstructions: Lattice concept. Adsorption mechanisms and kinetics for low coverages Langmuir Isotherms. Studying Surfaces: What is UHV? Do we need UHV to study surfaces? The kinetic theory of gases. More complex ceconstruction.An Introduction to Surfaces: What is a surface? The energetics and thermodynmics of creating a surface. Electron-Surface Interactions: Electron diffraction and quasi – elastic scattering. Surface energies and the Wulff Theorem. concept of vacuum and standard vacuum hardware components. Auger depth. Catalysis and Growth Processes: Adsorption mechanisms and kinetics chemisorption vs. bcc and stepped surfaces and a discussion of their relative energies. the kinetics of adsorption. stability. adsorbate phase diagrams and phase transitions. Theory and practice of Auger electron spectroscopy. physiorption. vibrational spectroscopy. Free electron theories and the work function. hcp. Adsorption. The structure of semi-conductor surfaces. potential energy curves and adsorption energetics. 2D surface structures. The Electronics and Magnetic Structure of Surfaces: Band theory. Discussion of the merits of different types of electron energy analysers and electron deterctors. growth mechanisms. Profiling. 50 . The surface structures of very small metal particles. The electronic structure of semiconductor surfaces. Electron emission processes. Desorption and experimental probes of surface structure such a LEED and RHEED. fcc. comparison of particle scattering techniques. Electron spectroscopes. The Structure of Adsorbate Layers: Experimental probes of surface structure such as LEED and RHEED. Desorption Bonding . catalysis. An introduction to surface Physics. derivation. Quantification of Auger spectra. Comparison of different types of pumps with measurement of vacuum pressure. Desorption. Magnetic processes at surfaces. 3 D crystal structures. adsorption. Preparing a clean surface.

Books Recommended 1. Thin aerofoil. SPM. Reynold’s number. Compressible flows. To know the fundamentals of Fluid Mechanice and its applications To learn about the computational aspect for solving diffusion equation. Atomic Force Microscopy. Back scattering. Boundary value problems. Reduced forms of governing equations. Imaging XPS. SEM. governing equations of fluid motion.h Objectives 1. FLUID DYNAMICS Pre-requisite Classical Mechanics. An Introduciton to the theory and practice of SIMS. Incompressible and 51 . Computational Fluid dynamics-I: Introduction to numerical computation. Introduction to solution of Partial Differential Equiation’s using finite difference methods Advanced Techniques. 2. Surface Microscopy: Classification of microscopy techniques. The finite volume method. Basic Fluid Mechanics: Fundamentals of Continuum mechanics. John A. Auger depth profiling. Kinematics of the flow field. Venables. Computational Fluid Dynamics-II: Governing equations in integral and differential form.Atom/ion surface interactions: Comparison of particle scattering techniques. Introduction to Surface and Thin Film Processes Cambridge University Press (2000). Optical microscopy. An introduction to the theory and practice of scanning Tunneling Microscopy. Scanning probe microscopy techniques. STEM. Turbulent Boundary layer. SIMS imaging and depth profiling. Introduction to numerical solution of Ordinary Differential equation’s using multi-step methods. Basic concepts in surface imaging and localized spectroscopy. Electrodynamics 3 Cr. the continuity equation. theory and practice of Rutherford. Boundary Layer Theory: Laminar Boundary layer. Incompressible flows.

Production of ultrahigh vacuum. 4. F. 2.M.Lamb. Computational Fluid Dynamics for Engineers. Schemes for solving large algebraic systems. guttering pumps.V.J.T. Mcgraw Hill. K. 3. sorption pumps. vortex shedding and vibrations. Diffusion pumps. Pump down Time Ultimate pressure. H. Time marching schemes. 6th edition 1993. Laboratory sessions (preceded by lectures): water waves. P. N. 1993.A. Turbo molecular pumps. Discrete methods for the steady state and time dependent advection diffusion equation.h Objectives: 1. Perini gauges. Books Recommended: 1.1 & 11. sorption pumps (High Vacuum). Chiang. Hemisphere. 5. Doer.M. Measurement of total pressure in Vacuums Systems. 1980. Viscous flud flow (second Edition). 1991. Pumping Speed.. Hoffmann and S. 52 . Vacuum Techniques: Gas Transport: Throughout. hydraulic jumps. Roache. Ion pumps. Manometers. Hemosa Publishers. Albuquerque.. 3 Cr. Hydrodynamics.compressible flow & their methods. Patankar. METHODS OF EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS Pre-requisites Experimental labs and techniques used in these labs. Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow. To learn about the vacuum techniques To learn the detection techniques about radiation. Use of a commercial code for the predication off complex flows. 2. To learn about the measuring techniques along with data analysis. White. 3. Vol. S. Fundamental concepts. Incorporation of turbulence models. temperature. Cryogenic pumps. Experimental Methods: Introduction to laboratory techniques. “Computational Fluid Dynamics”. air flow past a cylinder aero foils. Units pressure ranges. The pressure correction method on staggered and unstaggered grids. Fore-Vacuum Pumps: Rotary Oil pumps. turbulent jets and plumes.

Multichannel analyzer. Differentiators. flow. Sensor Technology: Sensors for temperature. and single channel analyzer. Precision. Power supplies. interpolation and extrapolation. Lock in Amplifiers. pressure displacement. Errors of Direct measurements.The McLoad gauges. Design of high Vacuum system. Coincidence circuits. Special Techniques and problems. current to voltage converter. power magnetic field. Computer Introduction: Introduction to computers. Repair Techniques. 53 . Pump Choice. Statistical Methods. Accuracy. Vacuum valves. photo multipliers. Visual c/visual Basic. preliminary Estimation. smoothing. Rejection of data. Least squares fit to a polynomial. Mechanical feed throughs & Electrical feed throughs Leak detection: Basic consideration. Nonlinear functions. Signal Generators. rotation position. alpha/beta detectors. phase. Electronics and Electronic Instruments: Operational amplifiers. Propagation of errors. level. GPIB Interface. RS 232. cosmic rays detectors. vacuum Flanges. Spectrographs and Interferometers. x-rays/gamma detectors. difference amplifiers. Mass spectrometer for partial measurement of pressure. Radiation Detection and Measurement: GM tubes. rotation. Spectroscopy amplifiers. metal. Statistical Control of Measurements. Vacuum Components. tilt. Surface to Volume ratio. Interfacing. channeltron. Integrators. Mean Value and Variance. Significance of results. scintillation detector. Boxcar averages. Accidental Errors. current voltage. DA/AD conversion. Ramp Generators. pumping system design. Data Analysis: Evaluation of measurement: Systematic Errors. speed. Liquid Nitrogen trap. leak detection equipment. linear and parabolic interpolation. Logarithmic amplifiers. Isolators. neutron detectors. Data manipulation. summing amplifiers. Errors of Computation. Counters. charge sensitive pre-amplifiers. explosive and heat.

Chapman Hall. Turbulence. flow in reverse. Turbulent jets and planes. To become familiar with the essentials of environment nad Global climate To learn to use spectroscopy for environments. 3. Data Reduction and Error Analysis for Physical Science.h Objective: 1.1. 4. Academic Press. McGraw Hill. The transition electric dipole moment. Lambert – Beer’s law. Inc. climate variations and modeling. High Vacuum Techniques. New York & London Vol. H. Errors of Observations. active control of sound. Statistical Treatment of Methods of Experimental Physics. Flow equations of fluid Dynamics. P. ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Pre-requisite: Physics (FSc) 3 Cr. Solar UV and life. 2. elements of weather and climate. Energy and momentum. 2. Introduction to the Essentials of Environmental Physics: The economic system. Basic Environmental Spectroscopy: Black body radiation. 54 . The spectroscopy of bi-molecules. J.Books Recommended: 1. living in green house. Gaussian plumes in air. IOP. the social and political context. enjoying the sun. The ozone filter. The emission spectrum of sun. reducing the transmission of sound. 1962. Transport of matter. The Global Climate: The energy Balance. The Einstein Coefficients. Turbulence Diffusion. Yarwood. Bevington. J. Noise: Basic Acoustics. ground water.Young. Transport of Pollutants: Diffusion.Toping.D. (Zero-dimensional Greenhouse Model).B. Human Perceptions and noise criteria.

utilization of photo synthetically active radiation. Schmidt decomposition. Environmental Physics. 2. density matrix. Basic principles and postulates of quantum mechanics: Quantum states. vertical profiles in the lower layers of the atmosphere. 1998. EPR and Bell’s inequality. quantization from bits to qubits. Quantum Computation: Quantum Circuits. The atmospheric greenhouse effect.h Objectives 1. Atmospheric Circulation. To be familiar with the quantum computing To learn about the Quantum circuits . cloud and Precipitation. 1999. Single qubit operation. quantum measurement. General characteristics of measuring equipments. evolution. superposition. 2. Atmosphere and Climate: Structure of the atmosphere. and cryptography Computer technology and historical background. Measurement of temperature. Physics of Environmental and Climate. 2nd ed. Dynamic action of seliq. Schrodinger equation. John Wiley and sons.Radiation: General laws of Radiation. Lateral movement in the atmosphere. air humidity. Natural radiation. Guyot Praxis Publication. INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM COMPUTING Pre-requisite: Quantum Mechanics and Computational Physics 3 Cr. precipitation. Climatology and Measurements of Climate Factor: Data collection and organization. Atmospheric Pressure. interaction of electromagnetic radiation and plants. Books Recommended: 1. statistical analysis of climatic data. Controlled operations. Thermal action of selief. climatic indices. Topo Climates and Micro Climates: Effects of surface elements in flat and widely unduling areas. Measurement. automatic weather stations. operator function. Radiation balance. surface wind velocity. Universal 55 . Egbert Booker and Rienk Van Gron Belle.

One time pad. and Ekert protocols. Springer Verlag (1997). Williams and S.quantum gates. Quantum Teleportation.h Objectives 1. 2.P. 2. Single qubit and CNOT gates. Springer Verlag. Quantum Search Algorithm. BB84. Chapman & Hall/CRC (2002). the strong coupling. Experimental realization. A. RSA cryptography. the group SU (2). 3. parity. A. Cambridge University Press. Quantum Computation and Quantum Information by M. To know the particles and their classification. time reversal. Ekert. Polarization and Spin basis. Chuang. G parity. Books Recommended: 1. iso-spin charge conjugation. Heidelberg (2000). mesons. BB90. H. the weak coupling. Symmetry Transformation and Conservation Laws: Translation in space. 4. systems of identical particles.Brylinsky and G. PARTICLE PHYSICS Pre-requisite Quantum Physics 3 Cr. Berlin. Schor’s algorithm. The Physics of Quantum Information: Quantum Cryptography. CPT theorem. leptons. Quantum Computation by P. rotation in space. baryons. To learn about the Quark models.K. Quantum Cryptography: Uncertainty principle. To learn about the interaction of these particles. 56 . Bouwmester. hadrons. quarks. Clearwater. Chen. Zeilinger. Exploration in Quantum Computation by C. Quantum cryptography with and without eavesdropping. Trapdoor function. Mathematics of Quantum Computation by A. Particle Classification: Quantum numbers. Breaking unbreakable codes: Code making. and A. L. The Fundamental Interactions: The electromagnetic coupling. Code breaking on classical and quantum computers. 3. Nielson and I. Cambridge 2000.

. The Quark Model: The group SU (3). (1990). partial wave formalism and the optical theorem. D.D. Books Recommended: 1. production experiments. baryon resonances. 1. the Breit-Wigner resonance formula. Hadron Spectroscopy: Formation experiment. A. quarks. The Standard Model (qualitative treatment only): Unification of weak and electromagnetic interactions Glashow-SalamWeinberg Model. (1984). polarization ad photon spin.. the quarkonium model. To use numerical techniques to solve the differential equations. hadrons baryons. To understand the simulation in classical physics and Quantum Physics 57 . COMPUTER SIMULATION Pre-requisites Mathematical Physics 3 Cr. parity and C parity of photon. phase space considerations. 3. 3. heave meson spectroscopy. John-Wiley and Sons. Introduction to Elementary Particles by Griffiths. angular momentum. Quarks and Leptons by Halzen.The Electromagnetic Field: Gauge invariance and Maxwell’s equations. (1995).h Objectives. John-Wiley and Sons. D. McGraw Hill. J. mesons in quark model. (1987). and Drell.. World Scientific. Quantum Mechanics by Riazuddin and Fayyazuddin. and Martin. 4. S. 2. F. Relatvistic Quantum Mechanics by Bjorken.D. Learn techniques to understand and develop compter simulations. 2.

Oscillatory Motions). incorporation of furbulence model. radio. schemes for solving large algebric system. percolation theory. Schrodinger Wave Equation. 58 . partial differential equations (elliptic and parabolic types) Simulation in Classical Physics: Motion of Falling Objects. numerical integrations. Electromagnetic Waves. Mean and Turbulant kinetic energy equation. Coupled oscillator). Computational Methods for Continuous Medium: Fluid equations.Introduction: Importance of computers in physics. Electric Fields and Potentials. Random Process and Quantum Physics: Random Number and their uses. Governing equation in integral and differential forms. One Dimensional Dynamics (Accelerating cars and objects on springs). Accuracy and stability of numerical techniques. use of commercial code for prediction of off complex flow. Approaches to Equilibrium. Energy and Center of Mass. Two-Dimensional Trajectories (Kepler’s Laws. Numerical Approaches: Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations. LRC Circuits. Guassian Distribution. finite volume method. Distribution Functions in Statistical Physics. compressible and incompressible flow and their methods. Interference. Monte. Particle in Bound and Free States. Reduce forms of the governing equation. Noise in Signal.Carlo Simulation. Diffraction and Polarization. principles of vector computing in Cartesian. Driven LRC Circuits (Time varying). Raynold averaging and its applications to Navier stokes equations. Numerical Solution of time-independent (and dependent). nature of computer simulation. special functions and Guassian quadrarure. Molecular Dynamics in Solids. computer graphics and programming languages. Geometrical Optics (Ray Tracing an Principle of Least Time). Wave phenomena (Fourier analysis. Discrete methods for the steady state and time dependent diffusion equation. The pressure-corection method on staggered and unstaggered grids.activity and radioactive decay series. matrix operation. Techniques and class of computer simulation. Random-walk problem. Canonical and Micro-Canonical Ensembles. External points and strings. initial (boundary) and eigen value problems. spherical and cylindrical coordinates. Electric Currents and Magnetic Fields. Time marching schems.

truth table. Marvin L. simplification of Boolean expression by Boolean Postulates and theorem. Albuquerque. (A Series of the Consortium for upper level Physics software). Winkelman and J.G. Quantum Mechanics Simulation. Computational Fluid Dynamics. Johnston and Styer. (BCD. Parity in Codes 59 . P. To understand the computer interface and micro-controller alongwith the emedded system. basic logic gates. Hillar. 5.W. New York. N.M. Books Recommended: 1. Review of Number Systems: Binary. John Wiley & Sons. Hehl.h Objectives 1.. An Introduction to “Computer Simulation Methods” Part-I & II. Don’t care condition. 1988. To develop logic circuit using th Boolean Algebra. 2. Octal and Hexadecimal number system. Hemosa Publishers. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. their inter-conversion. 1993. concepts of logic. New York. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. Boolean Algebra: DeMorgan’s theorem. Gray etc. Springer-Verlage Berlin. F. thermal conduction and heat transport. Stauffer. DIGITAL ELECTRONICS Pre-requisites Electronics 3 Cr. New York.1995. Inc. 2. Roache. 3. Modelling ideal (MHD). Zabolitzky. Harvey Gould and Jan Tobochink. K-maps and their uses. ASCII. 6. D. resistive and viseus flow of plasmas. 3.Magnetohydrodynamics.). New York. De Jong. W. Different codes.J. 1991. Inc. Inc. 1988. To learn the basics of digitl electronics sucha sa Boolian Algebra. Introduction to Computational Physics. Computer Simultation and Computer Algebra (Lectures for Beginers).

Discussion on 8085/8088. Barrey B. RTL. 2. NAND. 8086 processor family. (Static and dynamic) Memory mapping techniques. Prentic Hall (1998). gate design. Combinational logic circuit: Logic circuits based on AND – OR.IC logic families: Basic characteristics of a logic family. Brey. up-down. Micro-controller/ Embedded System: Introduction to Embedded and microcontroller based systems. Instruction set and their types. (Fan in/out. 60 . NOR Logic. Propagation delay time. T-FF. Intel UPS Architecture. Philips 80C51 & 80C552 and Motorola 68Hc05/08. Sequential Logic Circuit: Flip-flops clocked RS-FF. Ripple. RAM. Digital Logic and Computer Design Morris Mono 1995 Prentic Hall Tocheim. microcontroller characteristics. McMillan. Exclusive OR gate. Different logic based IC families (DTL. ECL.C. Typical Microcontroller examples:. Synchronous) A/D and D/A Converters. Microchip Inc and PIC microcontroller. PLA. The Microprocessor and microcontroller applications and environment. D-FF. Digital Electronics. addition. Books Recommended 1. Control and Time Section). PROM. UP Registers. 5. Digital System Design and Micro possessor J. Larry D. EAPROM. Micro Electron. Addressing modes. (1999). noise margins etc. TTL. half subtractor. Micro Computers: Computers and its types. Interfacing with peripherals. dissipation. features of a general purpose microcontroller. Intel Microprocessor Hierarchy. BORTIE (NBF). 3. micro processor (ALU. all generation of computers. subtraction (2’s compliments. JK-FF. Counters (Ring. Shift Register. Macmillan Publishing Company. Jones. half adder. full subtractor encoder. McGraw Hill. programming and interfacing. full adder. 1993. decoder. EE PROM. OR-AND. Principles and applications of digital electronics. Memory Devices: ROM. 6. 4. basic architecture of computer. CMOS).

T. Measurement of neutron cross-sections as a function of energy. Gas-filled detectors. Synchrocyclotron.Floyd. fast neutron detectors. 8th edition. Alternating-gradient Synchrotron. Cloud chambers. Elementary Reactor Physics: Controlled fission reactions. Detailed study of PWR and CANDU type reactors. The Design of Small-Scale Embedded Systems. slowing down of neutrons. 3. Nuclear Radiation Detection and Measurements: Interaction of nuclear radiation with matter. Charged Particle Accelerators: Linear and orbital accelerators Van de Graaff. Digital Fundamental. Mass distribution of fission energy. Nuclear chain reaction and applications. Theory of fission and spontaneous fission. Nuclear fission. Electron-Synchrotrons. 8. EXPERIMENTAL NUCLEAR PHYSICS Pre-requisite Nuclear Physics 3 Cr. Tim Wilmshurst. 2. Reactor as a neutron source. Radioactive sources. Cyclotron. Betatron. 61 . Description of fission reaction.L. photographic emulsions. To learn the nuclear detection system and techniques fr their measurements To learn about the charged particles accelerator and nuclear reactor To develop understanding of neutrons physics. Neutron Physics: Neutron Sources. Average number of neutrons released. Photo neutron sources Charged particle sources. slow neutron detectors. Palgrave (2003). Types of nuclear reactors (Power and Research). Proton-synchrotron.h Objectives 1. Scintillation counters and solid-state detectors. Bubble chambers.7.

Matrix Formulation of Geometrical Optics. Resonator. F. Spectroscopy of Molecule and Semiconductors: Electronic Energy Levels. Stable Resonators. Absorption and Gain Coefficients. Coherence. Introducing Nuclear Physics.h Objectives 1. John Wiley. 6. Spinger. Develop fundamental concepts about lasers Learn the principles of spectroscopy of molecules and semiconductos Understand the optical resonators and laser system. Stimulated Transition. Selection Rules. Rith. Resonance Energy Transfers. Generalized Spherical Resonator. B. R. 4. Bejamin. Pumping Schemes. Data Detection and Error analysis for physical sciences. Ring Resonator. 3. LASERS Pre-requisite: Quantum Mechanics I and Atomic Physics 3 Cr. Zetsche. Krane. Brightness. Kenneth S. C. Absorption and Stimulated Emission Rates. Knoll. F. 1999. Directionality. Properties of Laser Beam: Monochromaticity. 1977.Books Recommended: 1. Particle and Nuclei. 5. Applications of lasers Introductory Concepts: Spontaneous Emission. Absorption. Keith. K. Concentric (Spherical) Resonator. 2002. 2. Level Occupation at Thermal Equilibrium. 1989. William. Confocal. Radiative and Nonradiative Decay. 3. Scholtz. Segre. Stimulated Emission. 1995. . 4. 2. Nuclei and Practicles. Povh. Stability Condition Standing and Traveling Waves 62 . Optical Resonators: Plane Parallel (Fabry-Perot) Resonator. Semiconductor. Radiation Detection and Measurement. Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics. Unstable Resonators. Glenn. Philips Berington and D. Molecular Energy Levels. Wave Reflection and Transmission at a Dielectric Interface. Leo. 1994.

Drilling. 2. Chemical Pumping. Threshold Condition and Output Power. Fabry-Perot Interferometer.A. Eberly and P. 5. H. Phase Velocity. Berlin (Latest Edition). Defense Industry. Free-Electron and X-Ray Lasers Laser applications: Material Processing: Surface Hardening. Plenum Press New York & London (1992). (Latest Edition). Laser Communication. Threshold Pump Power. Line broadening. Oscillation and Pulsations in Lasers. Siegman. Science Books Mill Valley. J. Group Velocity. Pumping Processes: Optical pumping: Flash lamp and Laser. Continuous Wave (CW) and pulsed lasers Rate Equations. T. Silfvast. Laser. Gas lasers: Helium Neon laser. Holography. Principles of Lasers. Svelto. CO2 laser. Haken. Gas Dynamics Pumping. Milonni. Optimum Output Coupling. Scully and Zubairy.E. University. 63 . Small Signal Gain and Loop Gain. QSwitching and Mode-Locking Methods. pumping efficiency. Lasers Systems : Solid State Lasers: Ruby Laser. Laser Fundamentals. Quantum Optics. Wiley.in a two Mirror Resonator. Nitrogen Laser and Excimer Lasers. 3. Longitudinal and Transverse Modes in a Cavity. Springer. Electrical Pumping: Longitudinal Configuration and Transverse Configuration. Multilayer Dielectric Coatings. Welding etc. Cambridge University Press (1997). W. Laser Tuning. Lasers. Medicine. A. Atmospheric Physics Books Recommended 1. New York. (1986). C. 4. Nd: YAG & Nd: Glass Lasers and Semiconductor Lasers: Homojunction Lasers Double-Heterostructure lasers. Cutting. Laser Theory. and Group-Delay Dispersion. O. latest edition.

Cambridge University Press. 2. Special Relativity: Galilean relativity.h Objectives 1. Einstein’s postulates of special relativity. Hubble’s law. Introduction to Cosmology. 1999. history of the universe. Oxford University Press. J. To learn about the Special theory of relativity To learn the basics of relativistic mechanics and develop understanding about the General theory.D. kinetic and total energy. curves and surfaces. tensor fields. Michelson-Morley experiment. the light-cone. General Relativity: Principles of general relativity. the Big Bang expansion rate. R. 3. Books Recommended: 1. geodesics. cosmological red-shift. velocity transformation and velocity addition. equation of geodesics deviation. 1989. line element. 2. time paradox.McComb. Riemann tensor. length contraction. structure of space-time. microwave background. Cosmology: Newtonian cosmology. matter and radiation domination. W. FSc Physics 3 Cr. metric tensor. Dynamics and Relativity. rest mass. Einstein’s field equations.D. Relativistic Mechanics: Force equation in relativity.V. conservation of energy and momentum.RELATIVITY AND COSMOLOGY Pre-requisites Mechanics. Lie derivative. Oxford University Press. Minkowski space time tensors. Introducing Einstein’s Relativity. proper time. four-vectors. relativity of simultaneity. Elements of Tensor Calculus: Manifolds and coordinates. Lorentz transformations.D’Inverno. time dilation. 1992.Narlikar. concept of ether. 64 .

7. Solid State Physics. 3. J. Solid State Physics. John Wiley & Sons. 2. 2. 1989. 1982. Introduction to Solid State Physics.SOLID STATE PHYSICS-II Pre-requisite: Solid State Physics I 3Cr. New Age International Pub. H.E. Magnetic relaxation and resonance phenomena. 2003.Pillai. New York. Dia. Superconductivity and devices. Kittle. New York. Dislocations in crystals. New Delhi. 4. Read Jr. To understand the transport properties in solids To understand the crystal defects and their importance To understand the dielectric and magnetic properties of materials To give basic understanding of superconductivity. Co.O. Books Recommended: 1. Kachaava. 1989. 7th edition 1996. A. Jullien. Oxford. John Wiley. S. Christman. 5. 3. Point defects and dislocations in solids. Guinier & R. 65 . C.R. Solid State Physics. Dielectrics. 1988. Hall. 1991. McGraw Hill. Boltzmann equation. W. 4. Para and Ferro-magnetism. Oxford University Press. C. Introduction to superconductivity with applications.h Objectives: 1. 6.M.T. The Solid State. Transport properties of solids. Tata McGraw Hill. Solid State Physics. John Wiley & Sons.

the program can be split up in two parts. Until the introduction of 4-year composite bachelor degree program in Colleges and Universities. completed at College and university department respectively. namely Part-I (2-years) and Part-II (2years). 4.” may not be used with the nomenclature of the program. The HEC should provide special funds for building infrastructure for the BS (4-year) program and development of teaching faculty at the university departments. To implement the BS (4-year) program the Colleges will have to provide extra facilities for teaching extra courses and for Lab equipment. in consistency with the approved revised scheme of studies and curriculum of Physics for the program. 66 . 3. As all the BS programs are of four years duration.General Recommendations: The Committee made the following recommendations: 1. 2. For the smooth and uniform implementation of the BS (4-year) program throughout the country. Refresher courses on new topics in Physics may be arranged for college teachers. the Provinces will have to be involved at the highest level for the implementation for the BS program. the suffix “Hons. 5. the HEC may take up the matter with the provincial Directorate of Colleges to introduce the BS (4-year) program both in Colleges and University departments. The Directorate Colleges of Provinces should be provided special funds by the respective provinces for qualified manpower and for building of necessary infrastructure for starting BS (4-year) program or at least the Part-I of this program at Colleges.

active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase.Annexure “A” COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. a) Functional English Grammar 67 . Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1.

Thomson and A. Oxford University Press. Exercises 2. Oxford Supplementary Skills.1.J. Oxford University Press. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. 1997. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. Third edition. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Third Impression 1992. Exercises 1. b) Practical English Grammar by A. Writing. 2. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. ISBN 0 19 453402 2.V. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Martinet.V. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review 68 . ISBN 0194313492 Practical English Grammar by A. Thomson and A. Third edition. 1997. Fourth Impression 1993. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. and speed reading. minutes of meetings. Martinet.J. Upper Intermediate. intensive and extensive. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. Reading. Reading/Comprehension 1. Oxford Supplementary Skills.

Martinet. discursive. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. Third Impression 1991. b) c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive.V. introduction to presentations. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. Third edition. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Exercises 2. content. Oxford Supplementary Skills. form. narrative. Writing. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. language. Writing 1. Oxford Supplementary Skills. descriptive and argumentative writing). Reading 1. Practical English Grammar by A. Thomson and A. Oxford University Press 1986. Oxford Supplementary Skills.J. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. Fourth Impression 1993. ISBN 0 19 431350 6.Recommended books: Communication Skills a) Grammar 1. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building 69 . Reading. Writing. 2. clarity. 2. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Advanced. Fourth Impression 1992.

Mandell. 2. Compiled by norther Illinois University. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. argumentative and report writing). Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. Oxford Supplementary Skills. 2004. descriptive. Third Impression 1992. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. Advanced by Ron White. A Custom Publication. Kirszner and Stephen R. 3. Writing. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. without taxing the taste of engineering students). ISBN 0 19 435407 3 (particularly suitable for discursive. Kathleen Shine Cain. St. Martin’s Press. 70 .Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. College Writing Skills by John Langan. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G.

Study the process of governance. 1958-71 c. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Course Outline 1. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. Contemporary Pakistan a. national development. Indus Civilization Muslim advent iii. contemporary Pakistan. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. 1947-58 b. 1977-88 e. ideological background of Pakistan. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. 2. 1971-77 d. 1999 onward 3. government. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. Society and social structure c. b. Historical Perspective a. People and Land i. Ethnicity d. 1988-99 f. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan 71 . Location and geo-physical features.Annexure “B” Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Economic institutions and issues b. ii. politics.

1987. Lawrence. 3. Mehmood. Lahore. Akbar. Ethno . Karachi: Oxford University Press. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Amin. Khalid Bin. K. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. Lahore: Vanguard. 4. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. 1998. Enigma of Political Development. Ziring.National Movement in Pakistan.The Emergence of Banglades. Zaidi. M. 13. 14. 8. 2000. Haq. Rafique.Books Recommended 1. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. 2. 11. 1967. Mehmood. 10. Karachi: Royal Book Company. History & Culture of Sindh. 5. Zahid. Burki. Afzal. S. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. 1993. Institute of Public Policy Research. 6. Washington: American Enterprise. Vol. 7. Sayeed. II & III. Pakistan Under Martial Law. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Politics in Pakistan. 1972. Safdar. Party. Muhammad Waseem. Noor ul. Tahir. Shahid Javed. 12. nd. Lahore: Idara-eSaqafat-e-Islamia. 72 . Ansar. 9. The Political System of Pakistan. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Political Parties in Pakistan. State & Society in Pakistan.M.K. S. Wilcox. 1980. Aziz. I. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. 1994. 1993.. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. Club Road. 1976. Wayne. Islamabad. Karachi: Oxford University Press. 1980. Safdar.

14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.58. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.19.A.57.Annexure “C” ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.A.56.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Sellected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.40.Tadabar (Verse No1.6.W) in Makkah 73 .21.20) Related to thinking.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S. Detail of Courses Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) Basic Concepts of Quran 2) History of Quran 3) Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.

W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Basic Concepts of Hadith History of Hadith Kinds of Hadith Uloom –ul-Hadith Sunnah & Hadith Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Nature of Differences in Islamic Law Islam and Sectarianism Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islamic Culture & Civilization Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics Islamic Concept of Riba Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 74 .3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.

3) Basic Institutions of Govt.S. Pakistan. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. IRI. Bhatia. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. “Studies in Islamic Law. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts Of Social System Of Islam 2) Elements Of Family 3) Ethical Values Of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. Ahmad Hasan. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. Islamabad (2001) 75 . “Emergence of Islam” . International Islamic University.

Wooton W. Beckenback EF. Sharron S. introduction to sets. determinants. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Mathematics at secondary level 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. not majoring in mathematics. College Algebra and Trigonometry. types of functions. Boston 76 . Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. system of linear equations. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. 1987. Cramer’s rule. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. geometric progression. cube roots of unity. Houghton & Mifflin. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. PWS-Kent Company. equations reducible to quadratic equations. trigonometric identities. 1978. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. matrix inverse. types. set operations. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. complex numbers. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. harmonic progression. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1.Annexure “D” Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. functions.

Calculus (11th edition). Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. solution of equations involving absolute values. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. continuous functions. New York Stewart J. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) Mathematics II (Calculus) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. 1995. Finney AR. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Mathematics I (Algebra) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. integration by substitution. Ma. 77 . with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Calculus (3rd edition). Boston Thomas GB. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). PWS-Kent Company. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. derivatives. integration by parts. functions and their graphs. John Wiley. 1986. left-hand and right-hand limits. Addison-Wesley. not majoring in mathematics. continuity. Bevens I. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Reading. USA 3. Davis S. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line.Swokowski EW. 2005. 2005. differentiation of polynomial. 1983. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Recommended Books: Anton H. inequalities. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. not majoring in mathematics. PWS-Kent Company. change of variables in indefinite integrals. Boston 2. rational and transcendental functions.

parallel and perpendicular lines. Conic Sections: Parabola. Circle: Equation of a circle.Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. intersection of two lines. 1969 Kaufmann JE. Boston 4. PWS-Kent Company. intersection of lines and circles. Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. PWS-Kent Company. 1987. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). locus of a point in various conditions. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline : Pre-requisites : Credit Hours : Minimum Contact Hours: Assessment : Effective : Aims : : To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. hyperbola. Scott. College Algebra and Trigonometry. various forms of equation of a line. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). distance between two points. equation of a line. ellipse. After completion of this course the student should be able to: • • • Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. angle between two lines. 1986. Analytic Geometry. slope of a line. Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. distance between a point and a line. Boston Swokowski EW. Objectives 78 . Freshman and Company. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. circles determined by various conditions.

2. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. ungrouped and grouped data. 4. R. tally sheet method.. J. Introduction to sets. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. moments. determinants. functions. 79 . array. standard deviation. Prentice Hall. inverse of matrices. Latest Edition. deciles and percentiles. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. set operations. E. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. equations reducible to quadratic equations. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem.. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. R. R. Wilcox. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. bar frequency diagram histogram. circle and trigonometric functions. Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. variance.. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. Boston. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. Cramer’s rule. 3. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. cumulative frequency curve. geometric and harmonic progressions. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. 2. individual. types of matrices. skewness and kurtosis. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. PWS-Kent Company. relationship of statistics with social science. frequency polygon. discrete and continuous series. Latest Edition. E. E. Measures of dispersion: Range. nature of roots of quadratic equations. system of linear equations. characteristics of statistics. Walpole. Algebra : : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. Graphs: Graph of straight line. types of frequency series. Kaufmann. types of functions. Latest Edition. quartiles. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data.Contents 1.. Swokowski. trigonometric identities. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. Statistics : Books Recommended: 1. W.

McCallum. Leibnitz’ theorem. Davis. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. products. 4. and Transcendental Functions. Boston. Elliott Mendelson. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. Recommended Books: 1. Least-Squares Line. 2. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Contents 1.Jr. 6. Gleason. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. I. theorems of differentiation. quotients. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. Calculus Single and Multivariable. Calculus. 8th edition. 1999. Integration by Parts. E. Preliminary calculus. implicit differentiation. H. 11th Edition. Bevens. 2005. Mathews. Swokowski. Inc. the chain rule. Solution of equations involving absolute values. Schaum’s Outline Series. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. et al. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. Calculus. Equation of a Line. special points of a function. logarithmic differentiation. Prentice-Hall. 2002. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. Inequalities. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. Calculus. Continuity. John Wiley & Sons. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. 1983. Addison Wesley publishing company. Hughes-Hallett. 3rd Edition.5. 80 . Rational Functions. 3. Second Edition 1992. Rational and Transcendental Functions. Extreme Values of Functions. Slope of a Line. Trigonometric Functions. Continuous Functions. S. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. Jhon Willey & Sons. 4th edition. Inc. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. Anton. W. Frank A. Thomas. 6. John H. 2005. 5.

identities of hyperbolic functions. • Integration Integration from first principles. complex conjugate. calculus of hyperbolic functions Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. operations with power series Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • • • • The need for complex numbers Manipulation of complex numbers Additions and subtraction. inverses of hyperbolic functions. integration by parts. substitution method. division Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form and argument. standard Maclaurin series Evaluation of limits 81 .2. • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. integral inequalities. integration by inspection. infinite and improper integrals. alternating series test • • • • Operations with series Power series Convergence of power series. sinusoidal function. the difference method. finding the nth roots of unity. solving polynomial equations Complex logarithms and complex powers Applications to differentiation and integration • • 3. the inverse of differentiation. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. approximation errors in Taylor series. solving hyperbolic equations. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. applications of integration. geometric series. reduction formulae. integration using partial fractions. series involving natural numbers. arithmetico-geometric series. modulus multiplication. plane polar coordinates. logarithmic integration.

Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints Double integrals Triple integrals Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes.4. line to plane Reciprocal vectors 5. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. Vector algebra • • • • • • • • • 7. moments of inertia. vector triple product Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. centers of mass and centroids. vector product. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants 82 . Pappus’ theorems. equation of a plane Using vectors to find distances Point to line. masses. Multiple integrals • • • • 6. line to line. the inner product. point to plane. scalar triple product. mean values of functions Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals.

div and curl Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. spherical polar coordinates • 8. of a unitary matrix. unitary normal Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. symmetric and antisymmetric. of a general square matrix Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. combinations of grad. divergence of a vector field. Hermitian. Vector calculus • • • • • • • • • 83 . differential of a vector Integration of vectors Space curves Vector functions of several arguments Surfaces Scalar and vector fields Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. orthogonal.• • • • • The inverse of a matrix The rank of a matrix Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns Special square matrices Diagonal. curl of a vector field Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products.

Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. The Variance and standard deviation. The Mean Deviation. Absolute and relative measures. Rounding of a Number. Types of frequency curves. Discrete and continuous variables. The semiInter-quartile Range. Probability and Probability Distributions. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Exercises. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. bias. Exercises. sampling and non sampling errors. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Unit 5. properties of Good Average. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution.Annexure “E” INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Significant digits. sample design and sampling frame. Diagrams. Standardized variables. Coefficient of variation. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. probability and non-probability sampling. Sources. Exercises. Historigram. Collection of primary and secondary data. Range. Editing of Data. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Exercises Unit 6. Pie chart. 84 . Moments and Moments ratios. Unit 2. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. The Mode. Observations. Exercises. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Different types of Averages. Population. Quantiles. Difference of means and proportions. Exercises. Histogram. Graphs and their Construction. sampling with and without replacement. Median and mode. Empirical Relation between Mean. Stem and Leaf Display. Data. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. definition of outliers and their detection. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Change of origin and scale. Presentation of Data Introduction. Errors of measurement. Unit 3. Unit 4. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Box and Whisker Plot. Bar charts. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics.

Exercises. Muhammad. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. null and alternative hypothesis. Examples Recommended Books 1 2 Walpole. Exercises Unit 9. 85 . Correlation. R. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. r and R2. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. Testing of Hypothesis.Single Population Introduction. level of significance. Kitab Markaz. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Exercises. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. “Introduction to Statistics”. Statistical problem. its estimation and interpretation. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. Macmillan Publishing Co. New York. 1982. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Exercises Unit 10. Inc. cause and effect relationships. Regression and Correlation Introduction. Coefficient of linear correlation. Test statistics. examples. simple linear regression. 3rd Ed. 2005.Unit 7. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. acceptance and rejection regions. Unit 8. Contingency Tables. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples.. Type-I and Type-II errors. E. Unit 11.. F.

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