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2008

HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD

**CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
**

Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Riaz ul Haq Tariq Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Khan Executive Director Member (Acad) Deputy Director (Curri) Assistant Director Assistant Director

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CONTENTS

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Introduction --------------------------------------------------------- 07 Objectives ----------------------------------------------------------- 09 Frame Work/Template for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics ------ 10 Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics ----------- 11 Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics------------ 14 Recommendations ------------------------------------------------ 66 Details of Compulsary Courses (Annexures A, B, C, D & E.) ------------------------------------ 67

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PREFACE

Curriculum development is a highly organized and systematic process and involves a number of procedures. Many of these procedures include incorporating the results from international research studies and reforms made in other countries. These studies and reforms are then related to the particular subject and the position in Pakistan so that the proposed curriculum may have its roots in the socio-economics setup in which it is to be introduced. Hence, unlike a machine, it is not possible to accept any curriculum in its entirety. It has to be studied thoroughly and all aspects are to be critically examined before any component is recommended for adoption. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976, the Federal Government vide notification No. D773/76-JEA (cur.), dated December 4th 1976, appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees, certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges, universities and other institutions of higher education. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives, the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. According to the decision of the special meeting of Vice-Chancellor’s Committee, the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic, Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards, and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. It also aimed to give a basic, broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. The new BS degree shall be of 4 years duration, and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees, 63.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses, and 36.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level, comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities, degree awarding institutions, R&D organizations and respective accreditation councils. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Physics in a meeting held on March 28-29, 2008 at the 4

The final draft prepared by the National Curriculum Revision Special Committee. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17.RIAZ-UL-HAQ TARIQ Member Academics June 2008 5 . 2007 at HEC Regional Center. is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. Lahore. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. duly approved by the competent authority.HEC Regional Center. DR.

REC. COL. LI R&D HEC National Curriculum Revision Committee Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Preparation Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. UNI. PREP. R&D. OF NCRC. EXP. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I 6 .CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRICULUM UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRICULUM IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREPARATION OF FINAL CURRICULUM QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRICULUM PREPARARTION OF DRAFT BY NCRC IMPLEMENTATION OF CURRICULUM REVIEW Abbreviations Used: NCRC. VCC.

Department of Physics. Prof. Department of Physics. 4. Department of Physics. Prof. Dr. University of the Punjab. Ashraf Chaudhry. Lahore. Dr. Director. Director Institute of Physics. 2008 at HEC Regional Centre. Dr. Peshawar. 5. Bahauddin Zakria University. Prof. Qurban Ali Bhatti. Manzoor Hussain. Karachi. Dr. Department of Physics. Multan 7 Convener Member Member Member Member Member Member Member .I. Prof. Chairman.Introduction The 2nd and Final NCRC Special Meeting in Physics was held on March 28-29.Dr. Shah Adul Latif University. D. Ansar A. 8. Prof. This meeting was follow up of the preliminary meeting.Dr. Dr. Centralized Resource Laboratory. Lahore. Department of Physics.Muhammad Riaz Khan. Government College University. Qidwai. Muhammad Siddique Kalhoro. Dr. Muhammad Ayub. Department of Physics. Professor. 6. University of Karachi. Prof. held on November 16-17. Gomal University. Prof.Hassan Amir Shah. Khairpur. 2007 at HEC Regional Centre. Karachi to adjust and finalize the BS Physics (4 Year) curriculum in the light of HEC approved guidelines and generic unified frame work / template for social and natural sciences for the program. The following attended the Meetings: 1. 3. University of Peshawar. Chairman. 7. University of Sindh. Lahore. Khan 2. Prof. Jamshoro. Department of Physics.

After a thorough and long discussion. University of Balochistan. The committee unanimously selected Prof. Assistant Director HEC. The objective of the meeting was explained and the forum was requested to select a convener & secretary of the meeting. Dr. Lahore. Dr. 2007 at HEC. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. 10. Islamabad. Riaz Ahmad as a secretary. Mr. Associate Professor. Muhammad Ayub as convener and Dr. Government College University. Shafiullah Khan. Mr.Z. B. Department of Physics. Regional Centre. Prof. Chairman. University Multan 11. Incharge HEC Regional Centre. Syed Zafar Ilyas. Younis Nadeem. Department of Physics. Riaz Ahmad. Lahore Member Member Member/ Secretary The Meeting started with a recitation from Holy Quran by Mr. the participants agreed to the following scheme of study and course outlines for BS (4 Year) program in Physics in the light of the guidelines and format approved by HEC for BS (4-years) program for natural sciences: 8 . Prof.9. Karachi welcomed the participants. Dr. Shafiullah Khan requested the participants to finalize the revised curriculum of Physics (2005) in line with HEC approved template for BS (4 year) program in the light of decisions taken in the first NCRC special meeting in physics held on November 16-17. M. Dr.

9. Student will learn fundamentals principles of Physics. 8. 10. Students will develop and understanding of different basics of Physics and their applications to real problems. Students will develop problem-solving skills which will be helpful in applying their knowledge to the real world. Students will develop hands-on experience in different laboratory techniques. Students will develop in-depth understanding of some specialized area of Physics by opting for a number of elective courses. Students will be able to design and conduct experiments and analyse experimental data. Students will develop critical and rational reasoning so that they will be able to work on complex and unforeseen problems and seek their solution. 6. 5. Students will develop skills in written as well as oral communication in English. Students will be prepared for careers in teaching.Objectives of BS 4 Year program in Physics The Objective of BS 4 Year Program is to impart the best possible education in the subject so that students will utilize the knowledge of Physics in practical life which will be beneficial for the society. The primary aim of the programme is to produce broad-based graduates. research and industry in government / private organizations. Students will develop the ability of working in an interactive group. Students will develop habit of independent learning and get motivation for selfeducation. Students will develop effective skills in mathematics and its applications to the solutions of Physics problems. able to face the challenges of the modern world. This programme will equip the students with firm foundation in principles of Physics and their applications. . 7. 11. 2. The graduates will be able to apply their knowledge of Physics for their professional growth and for obtaining further Higher Education in specialized fields of Physics The main educational objectives of BS (4-year) program are: 1. 3. 9 4.

LAYOUT FOR BS (4 YEAR) PHYSICS General Courses to be chosen from other departments 7-8 courses 21-24 Cr. Electricity & Magnetism-I 6. MATHEMATI-CS-I 8. 4. Atomic & Molecular Physics 10. Mechanics – I 2. 5. 14. 7.II Elective . Modern Physics & Electronics 7. 6. 10. 8. 16. 3. 2. Lab-III 13. 3.III Elective – IV / Research Project Cr hr 3 3 3 3 12 Total Credit Hours 132 * University has the option to recommend any other course in lieu of English-IV ** University may recommend any other course in lieu of Mathematics-II GOF= General Subjects from Faculties other than Science GRF= General Subject from Science Faculty 10 . MATHEMATICS-II** 9. Heat & Thermodynamics 5. Waves and Oscillations. 4. 9. Elective l .I Elective . 15. 13. ENGLISH-I ENGLISH-II ENGLISH-III ENGLISH-IV* PAKISTAN STUDIES ISLAMIC STUDIES / ETHICS 7. 6. 11. Optics / University Option 9. 4. 12. 2. Lab-II 12. INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Cr hr 3 3 3 3 2 2 3 3 3 9-10 courses 30-33 Credit hours Cr hr 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Subject 1. Electricity & Magnetism – II 8. Quantum Mechanics – I Classical Mechanics Electronics Lab-V Mathematical Methods – I Quantum Mechanics –II Electromagnetic Theory-I Thermal & Statistical Physics Nuclear Physics Solid State Physics Lab-VI Computational Physics Lab-VII Electromagnetic Theory-II University Option Mathematical Methods – II Cr hr 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 2 3 3 3 45 Elective Courses within the major 4 courses 12 Credit Hours Subject 1. 2. Lab-I 11. 3. Lab-IV Cr hr 2 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 29 25 21 Major courses including research project/internship 11-13 courses 36-42 Credit hours Subject 1. hours Subject GOF-I GRF-I Maths-III GOF-II GOF-III GRF-II Maths-IV Compulsory Requirements (the student has no choice) Discipline Specific Foundation Courses 9 courses 25 Credit hours Subject 1. 3. Mechanics – II 4. 5.

Hrs. English-III 3 Electricity & Magnetism-I 3 Heat & Thermodynamics 3 Maths-III 3 Optics/University Option* 3 GOF-II 3 Lab-III 1 Total 19 Title Semester-IV Cr Hrs. Remarks English-I Pak Studies Maths-1 Introduction to Computers Mechanics-I GOF-I Lab-I Total Title English-II Islamic Studies Maths-II GRF-I Waves & Oscillations Mechanics-II Lab-II Total 3 2 3 3 2 3 1 17 Comp-1 Comp-2 Comp-3 Comp-4 Found-1 Gen-1 Found-2 Semester-II Cr. Hrs. Hrs.SCHEME OF BS (4 YEAR) PROGRAMME IN PHYSICS Semester-1 Title Cr. 3 2 3 3 3 2 1 17 Remarks Comp-5 Comp-6 Comp-7 Gen-2 Found-3 Found-4 Found-5 Semester-III Title Cr. 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 19 Remarks Com-8 Found-6 Found-7 Gen-3 Found-8 Gen-4 Found-9 Remarks Comp-9 Found-10 Gen-5 Gen-6 Found-11 Gen-7 Found-12 English-IV University Option Modern Physics & Electronics GOF-III Maths-IV Electricity & Magnetism-II GRF-II Lab-IV Total 11 .

Mathematical Methods of 3 Physics-I Quantum Mechanics-I 3 Thermal & Statistical 3 Physics Classical Mechanics 3 Electronics 3 Lab-V 2 Total 17 Semester-VI Title Cr. Hrs.Semester-V Cr Title Hrs. Mathematical Methods of 3 Physics -II Quantum Mechanics -II 3 Electromagnetic Theory -I 3 Nuclear Physics 3 Solid State Physics 3 Lab-VI 2 Total 17 Semester-VII Title Cr. Hrs. Elective-II 3 Elective-III 3 Elective-IV/Research Project 3 University Option* 3 Total Total Credit Hours = 132 12 Remarks Maj-1 Maj-2 Maj-3 Maj-4 Maj-5 Maj-6 Remarks Maj-7 Maj-8 Maj-9 Maj-10 Maj-11 Maj-12 Remarks Maj-13 Found-13 Maj-14 Elective Maj-15 Remarks Elective Elective Elective Maj-16 GOF= General Subjects from Faculties other than Science Faculty GRF= General Subject from Science Faculty The Universities may reshuffle courses within semesters * University Option is given to universities in order to introduce subjects according to specialization of qualified staff available Note: 12 . Computational Physics 3 Atomic & Molecular Physics 3 Electromagnetic Theory-II 3 Elective-I 3 LAB-VII 2 Total 14 Semester-VIII Cr Title Hrs.

Muhammad Ayub (Convener) 13 . Assistant Director (Curriculum). Dr. Riaz Ahmad (Secretary) Prof. Riaz Ahmed was requested to prepare the course profiles for different courses and submit the same to Mr.Course Profiles Dr. HEC. Islamabad on the prescribed format by 10th April. Shafiullah Khan. 2008. The Meeting ended with thanks from the chair. Dr.

Projectile motion with and without air resistance. Work energy theorem. Time dependent forces. physical importance and applications to specific cases. General 14 . normal forces and contact forces. Vector identities. 3. circular motion. Direction.DETAILS OF COURSES MECHANICS-I Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. curl and line integral (mutual relation). Applying Newton’s Laws to obtain v(t) for the case of motion with time dependent (Integration approach) drag (viscous) forces. Divergence Theorem. Non inertial frames and Pseudo forces. v(t) for this case using integration method.Sc. in vibration of a spring obeying Hooke’s Law). work done by a variable force (1-2 dimension). Power and Energy: Work done by a constant force. Spherical polar coordinates. (Physics + Math) 2 Cr. Deriving kinetic equations for x(t). their derivation. Coriolis force. Cylindrical Coordinaties.g. To give concept of vector and their various properties. Work. Obtaining x(t). Effect of drag forces on motion. Centrifugal force as an example of pseudo force. Calculation of pseudo forces for simple cases (linearly accelerated reference frames). Divergence and curl of a vector.h Objectives: 1. gradient of a scalar. v(t) via integration. Obtaining general expression for work done (2dimensional case) and applying to simple cases e. Constant and variable forces. To give mathematical concept and expressions of various physical parameters used in mechanics. Divergence of a vector. Qualitative discussion to develop understanding. flux. Cosines. the banked curve.g. 2. Equations of motion. Physical significance of each type. Vector and scalar triple products. Vector Analysis: Review of Vector in 3 dimensions and fundamental Operations. Particle Dynamics: Dynamics of uniform. special examples. To give basic understanding of laws of motion and their applications is daily life. Stoke’s Theorem. pulling a mass at the end of a fixed string against gravity. (Essentially a review of grade-XII concepts via integration technique to calculate work done (e. terminal velocity.

Physics. Simple applications. Centre of mass. of Uniform Rod. McGraw Hill. D. D. R. 2. M. Kolenkow. Conservative and non conservative forces: Conservation of energy in a system of particles. velocity and equation of motion. Conservation of Energy in 1. Energy changes with respect to observers in different inertial frames. Momentum Changes in a system of variable mass. Calculating C. I & II. Derivation of basic equation. Halliday. Speigel. Position. Vol. John Wiley. 2. Systems of Particles: Two particle systems and generalization to many particle systems. An Introduction to Mechanics. physical properties of matter and relativistic mechanics Uses of above concepts in daily life in a scientific way 15 . Inelastic collision. 1978. Calculation of Centre of Mass of solid objects using integral calculus. 1959. 3. Conservation of momentum during collision in one and two dimensions. obtaining velocities in C. Cylinder and Sphere. Collisions in centre of Mass reference frame (One and two dimensions). law of gravitation. 1999. Krane. Resnick. Derivation using integral calculus. To give the basic concept of rotational motion.Sc.M. Law of conservation of total energy of an isolated system. Centre of mass of solid objects.proof of work energy theorem: Qualitative review of work energy theorem. Collisions: Elastic Collisions. Basic formulae and applications. Power. frame. Kleppner and R. Recommended Books: 1. and 3 dimensional conservative systems.M. application to motion of a rocket (determination of its mass as a function of time). 2. Mc-Graw Hill. (Physics + Math) 2 Cr. MECHANICS-II Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. 5th ed.h Objectives: 1. Vector Analysis and an Introduction to Tensor Analysis.

(Lorentz invariants) E2=c2 p2+m2oc 4 16 . Relativity of time. mass energy relation and its importance. Gravitational field & Potential. Poisson’s ratio. relativistic momentum and Relativistic energy. scalar and vector form. Effects of torque on the angular momentum. Conservation of angular momentum. Physical basis. obtaining the Coefficient of viscosity. fluid flow through a cylindrical pipe (Poiseulle's law). Universal Gravitational Law. Moment of Inertia. Derivation.e. role in formation of drops and bubbles. Viscosity. Rotational dynamics of rigid bodies. Gravitation: Gravitational effect of a spherical mass distribution. Postulates of Relativity. Proof and Illustration. Tension. Variation of Pressure in fluid at rest and with height in the atmosphere. effects of Torque and its relation with angular momentum. Equations of rotational motion and effects of application of torques. precessional motion. practical example of viscosity. Radial and transversal velocity and acceleration. Elastic Properties of Matter. calculation of escape velocity. Relativity of mass. Elastic Modulus. Rolling without slipping. Kinetic energy of rotation. Bulk Properties of Matters. Determination of moment of inertia of various shapes i. Gravitational Potential Energy (develop using integration techniques). Relativity of length. Transformation of velocity. The spinning Top. Motion of Planets and Keplers' Laws (Derivation & explanation) Motion of Satellites. Assumptions on which inverse transformation is derived. bar and solid sphere. Discussion with examples. variation of mass with velocity. Fluid Statics. Surface Tension. Compression & shearing. application to simple cases. The Lorentz Transformation. Physical basis. Stability of spinning objects. for disc. Combined rotational and translational motion. Qualitative discussion on application of gravitational law to the Galaxy. Angular Momentum: Angular Velocity. Relation between three types of elasticity. Consequences of Lorentz transformation.Rotational Dynamics: Relationships between linear & angular variables. Special Theory of Relativity: Inertial and non inertial frame. Parallel axis and Perpendicular axis theorems. Physical basis of elasticity. Energy considerations in planetary and satellite motion. Its mathematical treatment. Elastic limit.

Phase changes on reflection. v(t). Obtaining and solving the basic equations of motion x(t). 1959. Interference of waves. Phase velocity of traveling waves. Mechanical analysis. Discussion of its solution. Torsional oscillator. Forced oscillations and resonances. 2. Equation of damped harmonic motion. 5th ed. Wave equation. R. propagation and interaction with other waves use of basic concept of waves in their application in daily life Harmonic Oscillations: Simple harmonic motion (SHM). mechanism of wave production. Physical pendulum. Vol. Energy considerations in SHM. Longitudinal and transverse Oscillations. D. Speigel. John Wiley. An Introduction to Mechanics. Travelling waves. Waves in Physical Media: Mechanical waves. 2. Resonance. Principle of superposition (basic ideas). Lissajous patterns. Analytical treatment. Combinations of harmonic motions. Waves speed.Recommended Books: 1. 3. Equation of forced oscillation. Mc-Graw Hill. Application of SHM. 1978. Group speed and dispersion. simple pendulum. a(t). 17 . WAVES & OSCILLATIONS Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. Damped harmonic motion.h Objective: 1. SHM and uniform circular motion. Vector Analysis and an Introduction to Tensor Analysis. Sound: Beats Phenomenon. Natural frequency. (Physics + Math) 3 Cr. Sinusoidal waves. Derivation & discussion.Sc. Kleppner and R. To understand the basics of waves. Standing waves. McGraw Hill. Krane. Halliday. 1999. D. I & II. Kolenkow. Resnick. Physics. discussion of its solution. M. Discussion of solution. Examples of resonance. Power and intensity in wave motion. Quality factor.

Measurement of viscosity of liquid by Stoke’s / Poiseulli’s method. Forced oscillations of two coupled oscillators. 1.R. Halliday. Two coupled LC circuits. 5th Edition 1999. Bajaj. 1986. H. 3. Tata McGrawHill Publishing company Limited. Resnick. 4. Investigation of phase change with position in traveling wave and measurement of the velocity of sound by C. 2. Atomic vibrations. I & II. John Wiley.O. Energy relations in coupled oscillations. Physics. and angular velocity of a body in circular motion. 6.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives To develop the experimental capability understanding the concept of Mechanics. To study the dependence of Centripetal force on mass. 5. Two coupled masses. Vol. 5th ed. 8. Longitudinal vibrations of a rod. Fourier methods of analyzing general motion of a continuous system. Recommended Books: 1. Normal modes. The Physics of Waves & Oscillations. radius. Vibrations of air columns. 7. N. Many coupled oscillator. 3. Surface tension of water by capillary tube method. D. To study the damping features of an oscillating system using simple pendulum of variable mass. 1999. Pain. Barton’s Apparatus). 2. LAB-I Pre-requisites 1 Cr. Determination of moment of inertia of a solid/hollow cylinder and a sphere etc. The Physics of Vibrations and Waves. of students in Modulus of Rigidity by Static & Dynamic method (Maxwell’s needle. Krane. To determine the value of “g” by compound pendulum / Kater’s Pendulum. J.Coupled Oscillators and Normal modes: Two coupled pendulums. General methods of finding normal modes. Normal Modes of Continuous systems: Transverse vibration of a string. Beats in coupled oscillations. 18 .K.

The determination of wavelength of light/laser by Diffraction grating. Recommended Books: 1. Experiments in Physics. Bhattacharya. CBS Publishing Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities LAB-II Pre-requisites 1 Cr. Nelkon and Ogborn. To determine frequency of AC supply by CRO. Heimann Educational Books Nolan and Bigliani. Determination of temperature coefficient of resistance of a given wire. 12. Calibration of thermocouple by potentiometer. Surjeet Pub Ind. 4. C. 9. D. The measurement of specific rotation of sugar by Polarimeter and determination of sugar concentration in a given solution. Determination of “J” by Callender – Barnis method. 7.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives To develop the understanding of students in measuring the thermal and optical parameters and to remove the fear of students to use various gadgets in laboratory 1. 5. Marrow. University Practical Physics. Longman. Advanced Level Practical Physics. Determination of wavelength of sodium light by Fresnel’s biprism. 11. Selected Experiments in Physical Sciences. The determination of Stefan’s constant. 19 .9. H. K. The determination of resolving power of a diffraction grating. 2. To determine Horizontal/Vertical distance by Sextant. 3. 3. 10. 4. 6. The determination of wavelength of Sodium –D lines by Newton’s Ring. 2. To study the conservation of energy (Hook’s law). To determine thermal Emf and plot temperature diagram. 8.

17. 3. 16. Field of infinite line of charge. Electric flux: Gauss's law. Charge in isolated conductors. 4. C. H. 15. field of spherical shell and field of spherical charge distribution. K. disc of charge.13. To study the combinations of harmonic motion (Lissajous figures). Electric dipole. To determine the Thermal conductivity of good and bad conductors using Lee’s and Searl’s apparatus.g Ring of charge. 20 . Marrow. CBS Publishing Note: At least nine experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM-I Pre-requisites 3 Cr. Experiments in Physics.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. field of infinite sheet of charge. conductor with a cavity. (Integral and differential forms) and its application. Advanced Level Practical Physics. field near a charged conducting sheet. Longman. Surjeet Pub Ind. 3. Nelkon and Ogborn. 2. To determine the stopping potential by photo cell. Electric field of continuous charge distribution e. To give the concept of electric field. To study the laws of vibration of stretched string using sonometer. Selected Experiments in Physical Sciences. 14. Recommended Books: 1. Heimann Educational Books Nolan and Bigliani. electrical potential and dielectrics To understand the DC circuits To know the effect of magnetic field and basic magnetic properties of materials Electric Field: Field due to a point charge: due to several point charges. D. infinite line of charge. Point charge in an electric field. 2. Dipole in an electric field. University Practical Physics. Torque and energy of a dipole in uniform field. Bhattacharya. To study the parameters of waves (Beats phenomenon).

Skove Physics Classical and Modern (2nd edition). Keller. Recall the previous results. Magnetic Materials. magnetic force on a current. (Integral form). Energy stored in an electric field.Electric Potential: Potential due to point charge. potential due to dipole. Diamagnetism. An atomic view. Inc. resistivity. Hysteresis in Ferromagnetic materials. Capacitors and dielectrics: Capacitance. Gauss's Law for Magnetism: Discuss and develop the concepts of conservation of magnetic flux. energy transfer in an electric circuit. µ. Electric potential of continuous charge distribution. voltages at various elements of a loop. Use of Kirchhoff's Ist & 2nd law. J. spherical etc. Discuss quantitatively. resistance. applications to solenoids and toroids. Ampere's Law. cylindrical. Ohm’s Law. multiple loops. Integral and differential forms. Ferromagnetism Discussion. Magnetic dipole: Energy of magnetic dipole in field. Potential and field inside and outside an isolated conductor.. Biot-Savart Law: Analytical treatment and applications to a current loop. Origin of Atomic and Nuclear magnetism. Torque on a current loop. Magnetization. Equation of continuity. 1993. Energy per unit volume. Poisson’s and Laplace equation without solution. current density J. Defining M. W. McGraw-Hill.Bohr Magneton. 21 . Capacitors of various shapes. M. Norton theorem and Superposition theorem. E. ρ. Gettys. Application of Gauss's Law to capacitor with dielectric. J. B. Field as the gradient or derivative of potential. and calculation of their capacitance. Growth and Decay of current in an RC circuit and their analytical treatment. Recommended Books: 1. Paramagnetism. Basic ideas. D C Circuits: Electric Current. calculating the electric field in a capacitor. force on two parallel current changing conductors. and conductivity. Electric field of dielectric. Magnetic Field Effects and Magnetic Properties of Matter: Magnetic force on a charged particle. Capacitor with dielectric. F. Differential form of Gauss’s Law. potential due to collection of point charges. Calculating the current in a single loop. Lorentz Force with its applications in CRO. Thevenin theorem. Do not derive. σ.

R. F. Vasudeva Magnetism and Electricity. K. S. A. 3. Carnot theorem. Internal energy of an ideal gas: Equipartition of energy. Thermodynamics: Review of previous concepts. 1959. A. Qualitative description. S.. Heat engine. Carnot engines.. Internal energy of an ideal gas. Resnick. Work done on an ideal gas. isothermal. Enthalpy. D. Maxwell-Boltzmann energy distribution. Reversible and irreversible processes. 5. 3.. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Gibb’s functions. 1992. Intermolecular forces.2. 4. Heat and Temperature: Temperature. cyclic and free expansion. 1986. Entropy in reversible process. J. Conduction and viscosity. Maxwell distribution. Refrigerators. TdS equations. Entropy.). 2. First law of thermo-dynamics and its applications to adiabatic. Liquification of gases. Calculation of efficiency of heat engines. 1969. Thermodynamic functions: Thermodynamic functions (Internal energy.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. Halliday. Diffusion. Krane Physics (Vol-II). Inc. Low Temperature Physics. Qualitative discussion. Mean free path and microscopic calculations of mean free path. Helmholtz functions) Maxwell’s relations. Distribution of energies.. Energy equations and their applications. Second Law of thermodynamics. Joule-Thomson effect and 22 . Brownian motion. Edminister Schaum’s Outline Series. Thermodynamic temperature scale: Absolute zero: Entropy. Entropy & second law. D. McGraw-Hill Book Co. N. Kinetic theory of the ideal gas.Review of previous concepts. Theory and Problems of Electromagnetism. Kip Fundamentals of Electricity and Magnetism (2nd Ed. Distribution of molecular speeds. HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS Pre-requisites 3 Cr. Entropy & probability. To give the concept of heat and temperature To give the concept of classical distribution function To understand the laws of thermodynamics and their application Statistical Mechanics: Statistical distribution and mean values. Entropy in irreversible process. John Willey & sons. Chand & Co. Van der Waals equation of state.

Schaum's Outline of Thermodynamics. (thin films. lens formula. Uni-axial crystals. Recommended Books: 1. M. interference. Peltier’s effect. Longman 1967. Refraction at a spherical surface. M. Aberrations. Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. 3rd Edition. refraction. Berkley Physics series. Optical activity in liquids Interference Far field approximation. McGraw Hill 1965. Lee and F. 5. Thermodynamics. two lens systems. J. Fresnel’s biprism). To develop understanding about the optical devices Geometrical Optics Geometrical optics and its laws. 2. Abbott. W. W. M. 3. Typical cases of interference phenomena. McGrawHill Professional Book Group. Sears. Thermoelectricity. F. Chromatic aberration. Fabry Perot & Michelson interferometer. 2. Heat and Thermodynamics. 4. Polarizing angle and Brewster law. 1951. McGraw Hill. sign convention. Eye pieces. Review of topics related to chromatic aberration. 1995. OPTICS Pre-requisites 3Cr. Introduction to Statistical Physics. point source and extended source. Zemansky. Production of each type and their uses. Analytical treatment of interference phenomenon. J. Addison-Wesley 1954. To understand the concept of reflections.Thermocouple. 23 . Thomson effect Seabeck’s effect. Polarization Plane elliptically and circularly polarized light. Fibre optics. Pointon. Statistical Physics. Malus law.h. Induced optical effects. diffraction and polarization. Reif.its equations. A. Holography. lens formula by deviation method.

Transistor as an amplifier (common emitter mode).C.vibrator (basic). The quantization of energy. Application to grating. p-type. John Willey & sons. Optics. Fraunhofer diffraction. ELECTRONICS & MODERN PHYSICS Pre-requisites 3 Cr. common emitter. Oscillators. hybrid parameters (common emitter). S. D. operating point. Line spectra. Study of Fourier theorem and its analysis. Transistor.and Planck’s law. Resolving power of lenses. 1992. characteristics and application as rectifiers. Addison – Wesley Publishing Company 1987. To give the concept of modern physics To know the nuclear structure and radioactivity To know some nuclear reactions and production of nuclear energy To give basic understanding of Plasma and LASER Electronics: Basic crystal structure. p-n junction diode. AND.Diffraction Huygen’s principle. Krane. Diffraction grating. Positive & negative feed back R. NOT. 2. Stefan Boltzmann-. free electron model. Inc. E. n-type semiconductor materials. Wiens. Recommended Books: 1. consequences. load line. Diffraction applications. 2. characteristics of common base. common collector. Dispersing properties of prism and grating. Physics. Origin of Quantum Theory: Black body radiation. its basic structure and operation. Resnick.. transistor biasing for amplifiers. Diffraction pattern of a rectangular aperture. NOR and their basic applications. 4. 24 . Logic gates OR. 3. energy band in solid and energy gaps. Photoelectric and Compton effect. Diffraction pattern of a circular aperture. R. Double slit diffraction pattern. Fresnel diffraction. Halliday. neutron and electron diffraction. K.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives: 1. Monostable multi. Diffraction by a single slit. X-ray diffraction. Explanation using quantum theory. Hecht. its structure. NAND.

W H Freeman and Company 2000. Atomic spectrum. Nuclei and Particles. Halliday. Angular momentum of electrons. 5. Arthur Beiser. Inductance of a Solenoid.Wave Nature of Matter: Wave behaviour of particle (wave function etc.h Objectives: 1. 2. 3. 2nd edition. 3. Narosa Publishing House. Paul A. localizing a wave in space and time. ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM-II Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 3Cr. Quantum Physics of Atoms. Concepts of Modern Physics (fifth edition) McGraw-Hill 1995.. Fundamentals of Modern Physics. John Wiley & Sons 1961 Sanjiv Puri. Faraday Law and Lenz’s Law. Growth and Decay of 25 . 2004. Atomic Physics: Bohr’s theory (review). Physics. R. Orbital angular momentum. Toroid. Thomson Experiment. D. Review of emf. Recommended Books: 1. 1992. Solids. 2002. “Basic definition”. 6. Vector atom model. Modern Physics 3rd edition. Induced electric fields. John Willey & sons. d’Broglie hypothesis and its testing. Tipler and Ralph A. Inc. Calculation and application using differential and integral form. Robert M Eisberg. energy levels of electron. K.) its definition and relation to probability of particle. 4. Krane. Inductance. Wave packets and particles. John Wiley & Sons. Eisberg and Robert Resnick.P. DavissonGermer Experiment and J. Robert M. LR Circuits. To understand the laws of electromagnetic induction To understand the AC circuits To know the generation and propagation of Electromagnetic waves Inductance: Faraday’s Law of Electromagnetic Induction. molecules. Pauli’s exclusion principle and its use in developing the periodic table. X-ray spectrum (continuous and discrete) Moseley’s law. Modern Physics. Frank-Hertz experiment. S. Spin quantization. Resnick. Bohr’s Magnetron. 2. Llewellyn.

D. Vasudeva Magnetism and Electricity.. J. E. Theory and Problems of Electromagnetism. Halliday. N. Energy stored in a magnetic field. Electromagnetic Oscillation. Gettys. phase angles. McGraw-Hill Book Co.. Kip Fundamentals of Electricity and Magnetism (2nd Ed. Forced electromagnetic oscillations and resonance. Series and parallel circuits i. inductive and capacitative elements. Qualitative discussion. Chand & Co.. Faraday Law. Inc. 2. A. RMS values. AC current in resistive. Edminister Schaum’s Outline Series. power factor.C circuits: phase angles. Graphical analysis. John Willey & sons. analytical treatment. 26 . Generating an electro.magnetic wave. W. S.). Single loop RLC circuit. K. (Integral & Differential forms) Discussion and implications. Skove Physics Classical and Modern (2nd edition). Ampere's Law). Development of concepts. obtaining differential form of Maxwell's equations. Krane Physics (Vol-II). 3. F. Analytical treatment and discussion of physical concepts.. 4. 1959. Energy transport and the Poynting Vector. Travelling waves and Maxwell's equations. McGraw-Hill. J. Power in A.e. McGraw-Hill Book Co. 1993. Energy density and the magnetic field. J. Quantitative analysis using differential equatins. obtaining the velocity of light from Maxwell's equations. Electro-Magnetic Waves (Maxwell's Equations): Summarizing the electro. 1992. Recommended Books: 1. Induced magnetic fields & displacement current. Keller. S. D. R. acceptor and rejector.magnetic equations.. A.current. Analytical expression for time dependent solution. Maxwell's equations. Analytical treatment. (Gauss's law for electromagnetism. applications. 5. M. Derive. 1969. Inc. F. Resnick. 1986. Alternating Current Circuits: Alternating current.

3. 11. Study of electric circuits by black box.e. 4. phase and time period of a complex signal by CRO. Experiments in Physics. 2. 8. C K Bhattacharya. University Practical Physics. 7. 12. Practical Physics. 1. 3. 6. 9. curve & measure the magnetic parameters. 14. amplitude. Measurement of resistance using a Neon flash bulb and condenser Conversion of a galvanometer into Voltmeter & an Ammeter To study the characteristics of Photo emission and determination of Plank’s constant using a Photo cell Calibration of an Ammeter and a Voltmeter by potentiometer Charge sensitivity of a ballistic galvanometer Comparison of capacities by ballistic galvanometer. CBS Publishing. Norton). To study the network theorems (Superposition. Thevinin. 27 . Measurement of self/mutual inductance. 5. Measurement of low resistance coil by a Carey Foster Bridge.h Objectives: To know the electrical circuit elements. G L Squires. To study the B.LBORATORY III Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 1 Cr. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. Study of the parameter of wave i. their experimental measurement and to give understanding of electrical circuits and use of CRO. 10. 15. To study the application of Lorentz force by CRO. Note: At least eight experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. Surjeet Pub Ind. 3rd Edition. 2. Recommended Books: 1.H. Resonance frequency of an acceptor circuit Resonance frequency of a Rejecter Circuit. 13.

OR. To study the characteristic curves of a G. Determination of range of α particles. To set up a single stage amplifier & measure its voltage gain and bandwidth. 28 . Characteristics of a transistor. To set up an electronic switching circuit using transistor LDR and demonstrate its use as a NOT Gate. 3. 3. iii. 7. Determination of e/m of an electron. 14. Characteristics of a semiconductor diode (Compare Si with Ge diode) Setting up of half & full wave rectifier & study of following factors i. 9. counter and use it to determine the absorption co-efficient of β-particle in Aluminum. Recommended Books: 1. 2. M. To set up transistor oscillator circuit and measure its frequency by an oscilloscope. Transistors. 15. Mass absorption coefficient of lead for γ-rays using G. 8. Use of computer in the learning of knowledge of GATE and other experiments. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. 13. G L Squires. CBS Publishing.h Objectives: 1. 6. To set up and study various logic gates (AND.M counter. Smoothing effect of a capacitor ii. University Practical Physics. Study of regulation of output voltage with load. NAND etc) using diode and to develop their truth table. 10. Practical Physics. 2. Ripple factor & its variation with load. Experiments in Physics. 3rd Edition. 5. 4. C K Bhattacharya. 11 12. To understand the behaviour of nuclear radiation including beta and gama radition.LAB-IV Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 1 Cr. Surjeet Pub Ind. To develop understanding and uses of electronic devises including GATS. Determination of ionization potential of mercury.

2nd ed. Cauchy Riemann conditions and analytic functions. Curl and Stoke's theorem. Spherical and Cylinderical coordinate system. Tensor algebra. Vector differentiation and gradient. Recommended Books: 1. 29 . Quotient rule. Matrices. G. Academic Press. Cauchy integral theorem and integral formula. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors of matrices. Divergence and Gauss’s theorem. Continuous groups-O groups. Cartesian. 2. MATHEMATICAL METHODS-I Pre-requisite General Mathematics 3 Cr. Discret groups-Dihedral groups. Determinants. Taylor and Laurent series. 1970. Diagonalization of matrices. To develop the mathematical background of student in vectors. Arfken. matrices and some of their uses in the world of physics To give basic understanding of group theory and complex variables used in physics Vector Analysis: Review of vectors Algebra. Matrices: Linear vector spaces. Invariant subgroups. Covariant and contravariant tensors. Complex integration. Orthogonal matrices. Calculus of residue. Hermitian matrices.Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. Mathematical Physics. Group Theory: Introduction to groups. Group representation. tensors. Similarity transformations.h Objectives 1. Lie groups Complex Variables: Functions of a complex variable. Green’s theorem in the plane. Curvilinear Coordinates and Tensors: Curvilinear coordinate system. Gradient. Divergence and Curl in the curvilinear coordinates system. Vector integration. SU(2) groups.

Formalism of Quantum Mechanics: The state of a system. E. Butkov. Commuting and non commuting operators. R. Angular Momentum: Orbital angular momentum. Spin. Heisenberg uncertainty relations. Three dimensional square well potential. Schrodinger and Heisenberg pictures. Matrix representation of angular momentum operators.h Objectives 1. Symmetry principles and conservation laws. Dirac notation. McGraw Hill. P. Particle in a box. Speigel. Hsu. Central potentials. Dynamical variables and operators. The hydrogenic atom. Understanding the behaviour of quantum mechanical particle and development of Schrodinger equation in one and three dimensions introduction to Quantum mechanical operators and determination of angular momentum of a quantum mechanical particle Quantum Mechanics of One Dimensional Problems: Review of concepts of classical mechanics. Applied Mathematics for Engineers and Physicists. Complex Variables Schaum’s Outline Series. The free particle. Hermitian operators. The hydrogenic atom. 1971.2. Time evolution of a system. Properties of one dimensional potential functions. Three dimensional square well potential. 4. The potential barrier problems. Addition of angular momenta. M. Addison-Wesley 1968. The linear harmonic oscillator. State of a system. Schrodinger Equation in Three Dimensions: Separation of Schrodinger equation in cartesian coordinates. The eigenvalues and eigen functions of L2 and Lz. Three dimensional isotopic oscillator. McGraw Hill 1979. Mathematical Physics. Functions and expectation values. H. Pipes and Harvill. 3. Solutions of Schrodinger equation for free particles. Fourier Analysis Simon Schuster Series. 2. 30 . QUANTUM MECHANICS-I Pre-requisite FSc Physics and Modern Physics & electronics 3 Cr. 5. 1967.

Griffiths. Greiner. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. New York (1992). J. R. Bialynicki-Birula. Kaminski. Joachain. Elements of Probability Theory: Probabilities. Int. Introduction to Quantum Mechanics. Equilibrium Thermodynamics: Basic postulates.J. 3. 'Introduction to Quantum Mechanics' Longman Scientific & Technical London (1990). Springer Verlag. 6. Bose – Einstein statistics and Fermi. Greiner. reduction of derivatives. 'A Modern Approach to Quantum Mechanics'. 2. Schwable. (1980).Dirac Statistics To develop the understating of lattice dynamics in solid materials.S. THERMAL AND STATISTICAL PHYSICS Pre-requisite: FSc Physics and Heat and Thermodynamics 3 Cr. 4.Books Recommended: 1. Liboff. Oxford University Press. 2.H. Boltzmann H-theorem. 7. fundamental equations and equations of state. 'Theory of Quantua'. David J. response functions Maxwell's relation. 'Quantum Mechanics: An Introduction'. (1980). Cieplak & J. F. Reading Mass. 31 . New Delhi (1992). 5.. Inc. 'Relativistic Quantum Mechanics'. PRENTICE Hall.L.h Objectives: 1. Berlin (1990). 3. distribution functions. statistical interpretation of entropy. M. 8 B. W. Reading Mass. 'Quantum Mechanics'. 'Introductory Quantum mechanics'. Bransden & C. Townsend. To develop the understanding of thermal properties by using statistical means in thermodynamics Development of various statistics like Boltzmann Statistics. Singapore (1992). Addison Wesley Publishing Company. Narosa Publishing House. McGraw Hill Book Company. W.

Introduction to density matrix approach. Reif. Fermi-Dirac statistical systems. Advanced Topics: Fluctuations.J. examples) partition function. Longman 1967. Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics. Gas of electrons in solids. Formation of Microcononical. examples (collection of simple harmonic oscillators. Statistical Systems: Maxwell-Boltzmann. 2. Examples of thermodynamics of these systems. canonical and grand canonical partion function. Boltzmann distribution. 2nd Ed. Bose-Einstein. Kittel. counting of states (in classical and quantum mechanical systems. Statistical Mechanics of Interacting Systems: Lattice vibrations in solids. Pauli and Van Vleck paramagnetics. To develop the basic knowledge of classical world using the laws of Physics To develop the understanding of two bodies central force problems 32 . Partition Function: Relations of partition function with thermodynamic variables. Bose-Einstein Condensation. Black body radiations. F. 2. Books Recommended: 1. Introduction to Statistical Physics. F. Elements of Statistical Physics. CLASSICAL MECHANICS Pre-requisites: Mechanics I & II 3 Cr. John Wiley 1958. Theorem of equipartition of energy.h Objectives: 1. Ferromagnets in Mean Field Approximation. A. 4. ELBS/John Willey. McGraw Hill. Mandl. C. 1965. 1988. Pointon.Formulation of Statistical Methods: Ensembles. Statistical Physics. Van der Waals Gas: mean field calculation. 3.

Rutherford scattering. Derivation of Lagrange's equation from Hamilton's principle. H. 2nd. New York (1983). 'Dynamics'. Euler's theorem. Arnold. Kinematics of Rigid Body Motion: Orthogonal transformations. Rasband. Tensors and dyadics. 'Classical Mechanics'.. Hamilton Equation of Motion: Legendre transformation Conservation theorems. and Hamilton equations of motion. Variational Principles: Calculus of variation and Hamilton's principle. Moment of inertia. Canonical Transformations: Examples of canoical transformations. 4. Lagrange and Poison brackets. Kepler's Laws Laboratory and centre of mass systems. Addison Wesley. 2. Rigid Body Equation of Motion: Angular momentum. Edn. Two Body Central Force Problem: Low and least action. 3. Virtual work. Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics Springer verlag. Books Recommended: 1.3. Eulerian angles. Reading. Goldstein. Massachusetts (1980). S. Equation of motion and solution for one body problem. Alembert's principle. 33 . Rigid body problems and Euler's equations. John Wiley & Sons.N. New York (1980). Liouville's theorem. To give understanding of kinematics and dynamics of rigid bodies Development of Hamiltonian equation and use of canonical transformation in classical physics Elementary Principles: Brief Survey of Newtonian mechanics of a system of particles. constraints.I. two body problem and its reduction to one body problem. The coriolis force. Lagrange's equation and its applications. V.

Woodhouse.. Common emitter. Power class A. Oxford Science Publications. 'Introduction to Analytical Dynamics'. Comparators. Zener regulators. oscillators and voltage regulators used in daily life alliances To understand the day to day electronic devices. Common source and common drain amplifiers. N. The differential amplifiers. transistors. R. Instrumentation amplifier. Junction FET. To develop the understanding of different electronic circuit elements and devices like diode. Tunnel diodes. amplifiers. Non inverting and inverting circuits. B.h Objectives: 1. parameters and ratings. Summing.4. Multistage Amplifiers. MOSFET. Frequency response. Schottky diodes. ELECTRONICS Pre-requisites: Modern Physics and Electronics 3 Cr. I-F Amplifiers and automatic gain control.. Biasing and stability. Oxford (1987). Switching circuits. 2. Prentice Hall Inc.J. Varistors and their applications. Transistor Circuits: Bipolar transistors. Operation and construction.C. Active filters.M. Photodiodes. Integrator and Differentiator. Special Diodes: Zener diodes. Field Effect FET: Transistors. Ebers-Moll. Op-amp applications. Simple op-amp arrangements. 34 . Tuned RF Voltage amplifiers. Shepley. Feedback and stability. its data and sheet parameters. Frequency response. London (1991). Operational Amplifiers: Ideal op-amps. Varactor diodes. Light emitting diodes.A. Matzner & L. Negative feedback. Hybrid-p and h. RC coupled and direct coupled stages. 5. and C amplifiers.z and y-parameter models. Common base and common collector amplifiers. 'Classical Mechanics'. Biasing.

2. D. California (1991). 3.T. 2. McGraw Hill Book Company.H. Voltage Regulators: Series. Measurement of the half life of a radio nuclide. Singapore (Latest Edition). Colpit's Phase shift and 555 timer oscillators. 2. Tata McGraw Hill.P. Virginia (1980). Floyd. 3. 3. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. 35 . Halkias. List of Experiments 1. Millman & C. 'Electronic Principles'. Books Recommended: 1. T. C. Shunt and switching regulators. in a scintillation counter.C. Malvino. 5.L. G. Measurement of the spectrum of gama rays from a radioisotope. To study the characteristics of a Geiger-Muller counter and to examine the attenuations of beta particles in Al-and Pb foils. 'Integrated Electronics'. 4. CMOSS. Bell. To study the pulseheight as a function of the H. J. Power supply. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics. 'Electronic Design Circuit & Systems'. Savant Jr. M. Hartley.L. Roden. Merril Publishing Company Columbus (1988). New Delhi (1988).S. The Bengamin/Cummings Publishing Co.. Shielding and attenuation of gamma rays. To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills. 'Electronic Devices'. A. Reston Publishing Company Inc.J.h Objectives: 1..Oscillators: Armstrong. LAB V Pre-requisites: LAB I –IV 1 Cr. Carpenter. 'Electronic devices & Circuits'.B.

Experiments in Modern Physics (McGraw-Hill).J. 3. R. Standing wave ratio. Frobenius series solution of differential equations.T. Experiments with transmission lines. Measurement of characteristic impedance. Nonhomogenous differential equations. Experimental Electronics (McGraw-Hill). 6. MATHEMATICAL METHODS-II Pre-requisite General mathematics and Mathematical Methods-I 3 Cr. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. A. Partial differential equations of theoretical physics. etc. AC circuits and dielectric constants of water and ice. Melissinos. Higgings.4. Radio frequency measurement. 2. Olsono. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. Books Recommended: 1.C.Homogeneous differential equations. 9. Second solution. Separation of variables. Experiments in Modern Physics (Academic). Fourier Series.h Objectives: 1) 2) 3) To give the understanding of Differential equations and their uses in Physics Introduction to special functions. To study the characteristics of a solid-state detector and use it to measure the spectra of alpha and beta particles.Mark and H. 36 . Velocity. Fourier Transforms Solution of Boundary value problems and their uses Differential Equations in Physics: First and second order linear differential equations. H. 8. Use of a Lithium-drifted Ge-counter for gamme spectroscopy and to compare its performance with that of a nal-detector. 5. etc. Skin effect. 7.

Special Functions:

Bessel functions and Hankel functions, Spherical Bessel functions, Legendre polynomials, Associated Legendre polynomials, Spherical harmonics Laguerre polynomials, Hermite polynomials.

Fourier Series:

Definition and general properties, Fourier series of various physical functions, Uses and application of Fourier series.

Integral Transforms:

Integral transform, Fourier transform, Convolution theorem, Elementary Laplace transform and its application.

**Boundary Value Problems and Green's Functions:
**

Boundary value problems in Physics, Non-homogeneous boundary value problems and Green's functions, Green's functions for one dimensional problems, Eigenfunction expansion of Green's function, Construction of Green's functions in higher dimensions.

Books Recommended:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5 6. 7. 8. G. Arfken, Mathematical Physics, 2nd ed, Academic Press, 1970. R. Bronson, ‘Differential Equations’ Schaum’s Outline Series, McGraw Hill, New York. E. Butkov, ‘Mathematical Physics Addison-Weseley London . M.L. Boas, 'Mathematical Methods in Physical Sciences', John Wiley & Sons, New York (1989). C.W. Wong, 'Introduction to Mathematical Physics', Oxford University, Press, New York (1991). Hassani, 'Foundations of Mathematical Physics', Prentice Hall International Inc., Singapore (1991). Chattopadhyay, 'Mathematical Physics', Wiley Eastern Limited, New Delhi, (1990). H. Cohen, 'Mathematics for Scientists & Engineers' Prentice Hall International Inc., New Jersey (1992).

**QUANTUM MECHANICS-II Pre-requisites:
**

Quantum Mechanics I

3 Cr.h

37

Objectives:

1. 2. 3. to understand the use of approximation in Quantum mechanics to understand the theory of scattering and interaction of quantum systems with radiation to understand the basics of relativistic quantum mechanics

Approximate Methods:

Time independent perturbation theory for non degenerate and degenerate levels, the variational method, The WKB approximation, Time dependent perturbation theory.

**Identical Particles and Second Quantization:
**

Indistinguishability of identical particles, Systems of identical particles, Quantum dynamics of identical particle systems, statistics, Symmetry of states, Fermions, Bosons.

Theory of Scattering:

Scattering experiments and cross sections, Potential scattering, The method of partial waves, The Born’s approximation.

**The Interaction of Quantum Systems with Radiation:
**

Electromagnetic field and its interaction with one electron system, Transition rates, Spontaneous emission, Selection rules for electric dipole transitions, The spin of photon and its helicity.

**Relativistic Quantum Mechanics:
**

Schrodinger relativistic equation, Probability and current densities, KleinGordon equation and hydrogen atom, Dirac relativistic equation.

Books Recommended:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. B.H. Bransden & C.J. Joachain, 'Introduction to Quantum Mechanics' Longman Scientific & Technical London (1990). J.S. Townsend, 'A Modern Approach to Quantum Mechanics', McGraw Hill Book Company, Singapore (1992). W. Greiner, 'Quantum Mechanics: An Introduction', Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Reading Mass. (1980). R.L. Liboff, 'Introductory Quantum mechanics', Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Reading Mass. (1980). Bialynicki-Birula, M. Cieplak & J. Kaminski, 'Theory of Quantua', Oxford University Press, New York (1992). W. Greiner, 'Relativistic Quantum Mechanics', Springer Verlag, Berlin (1990). 38

7. 8 9.

F. Schwable, 'Quantum Mechanics', Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi (1992). David J. Griffiths, Introduction to Quantum Mechanics, PRENTICE Hall, Int., Inc. S.Gasiorowicz, Quantum Physics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Singapore.

**ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY Pre-requisites:
**

Electricity and magnetism I & II

3 Cr.h

Objectives:

1. 2. 3. To give the basic understanding in static electromagnetic fields and time dependent electromagnetic fields To develop knowledge of propagation, reflection and refraction of electromagnetic waves To develop the understanding of skin effect and wave guides

Fundamental Concepts:

Recapitulation of the fundamental concepts, Induction B, Addition of Laplace equation and methods of images. Magnetic intensity H, Maxwell's equations in differential and integral forms, Poynting theorem and energy conservation.

**Static Electromagnetic Fields:
**

Electrostatic fields in several dielectric media, Magneto static fields of magnetized matter, Magnetostatic field of stationary current, Magnetization current.

**Time Dependent Electromagnetic Fields:
**

Maxwell's equations for quasi stationery fields, Potentials of a rapidly varying field, Fields of uniformly moving and accelerated charges, Radiation from an accelerated charge, Field of oscillating expansion of electro magnetic field, Multiple fields. Expansion of emf.

**Reflection and Refraction of Electromagnetic Waves:
**

Laws of reflection and refraction, Fresnel's formula, Total reflection, Refraction in conducting media, Reflection from a conducting surface.

39

Books Recommended:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. H.C. Ohanion, 'Classical Electrodynamics', Allyn & bacon Inc., Massachusetts (1988). Y.K. Lim, 'Introduction to Classical Elecrodynamics, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pt., Singapore (1986). P.C. Lorrain & D.R. Corson, 'Electromagnetic Fields and Waves', W.H. Freeman & Co., New York (1978). C.R. Paul & S.A. Nasar, 'Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields, McGraw Hill Book Company, Singapore (1987). A.M. Portis, 'Electromagnetic Fields', John Wiley & Sons, New York (1978). D. Grifftns, An introduction to Dynamics, Prentice Hall, 1984 Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, John Wiley, 1975 Ritze Millfadad Chiristy, Foundation of Electromagnetic Theory

**NUCLEAR PHYSICS Pre-requisites:
**

Modern Physics and Electronics

3 Cr.h

Objectives:

1) 2) 3) To understand the nuclear structure using different nuclear models To understand the nature of nuclear forces To give understanding of radioactivity and nuclear reactions

History:

Starting from Bacqurel’s discovery of radioactivity to Chedwick’s neutron.

Basic Properties of Nucleus: Nuclear size, mass, binding energy, nuclear spin,magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moment, parity and statistics. Nuclear Forces: Yukawa's theory of nuclear forces. Nucleon

scattering, charge independence and spin dependence of nuclear force, isotopic spin.

**Nuclear Models: Liquid drop model; Fermi gas model, Shell model;
**

Collective model.

40

4. Bejamin. measurement of Beta ray energies. C. Addison-Wisely. Kenneth S. Fundamental types of lattice. Symmetry operations. Zetsche. Fermi theory of Beta decay. 5. 2. Rith. F. compound nucleolus theory of nuclear reaction and its limitations. Nuclear Reactions: Conservation laws of nuclear reactions. K. direct reaction. 1977. Simple crystal structures. 2. 4. Position and orientation of planes in crystals.h Quantum Mechanics . multipolarity of Gamma rays. Nuclear Physics. 1999. 1995. Heat and Thermodynamics.Theories of Radioactive Decay: Theory of Alpha decay and explanation of observed phenomena. Books Recommended: 1. the magnetic lens spectrometer. 3. McGraw Hill. Statistical Physics. Q-value and threshold energy of nuclear reaction. To develop a basic knowledge of crystallography To understand the x-ray diffraction in crystal investigation To understand the binding forces in crystalline material To develop the understanding of lattice dynamics and its uses in derivation of theories of specific heat To understand the behaviour of free electrons in metals and Fermi Energy. Structure of Solids Lattices and basis. space groups and binding forces. Kaplan. 5. 1995. Nuclear isomerism. Objectives: 1. Introducing Nuclear Physics. B. resonance reactions. 41 . Particle and Nuclei. Neutrino hypothesis. Green. Scholtz. Povh. cross sections for nuclear reactions. energy level and level width. Nuclei and Practicles. Segre. Nuclear Physics. Krane. Electricity & Magnetism I & II. 3. Atomic potential. SOLID STATE PHYSICS Pre-requisite 3 Cr. Breit-Wigner one level formula including the effect of angular momentum. theory of Gamma decay. 1980.

Thermal conductivity and resistivity. S. M. II. Debye model of heat capacity. Narosa Publishing House.A. Enumeration of normal models. Holt. Kittle. Elementary Solid State Physics. Einstein model. By. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills. 1996. An Introduction. 42 . Reciprocal lattice. R. 1999.Crystal diffraction and reciprocal lattice: Diffraction of X-rays. 2. Pearson Education 2000. 1976. orthorhombic and hexagonal crystals. Density of state in one. 3. Ewald construction and Brillouin zone. Rosenberg. Powder methods. Scattered wave amplitude. D.A. H. Objectives: 1. Fourier analysis of the basis. 3rd Edition. Reciprocal lattice to sc. Wahab. 7. The Solid State. Burns. 3. 7th Ed. Umklapp processes. Neutrons and electrons from crystals. Kohn Wiley. M. III. Academic Press 1992. fcc. two and three dimensions. Bragg’s law. C. classical model. The Physics and Chemistry of Solids. Phonons and Lattice Vibrations: Lattice heat capacity. Solid State Physics. 5. W. 2. Solid State Physics. Comparison with experimental results. Mermin. Ashcroft and N. Rinehart & Winston. 1998. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. bcc. 6. M. G.M. Elliott. Laue method. N. Wiley. Oxford Science Publications 1990.h. LAB VI Pre-requisites LAB I. 4. High Temperature Superconductivity. Omar. Recommended Books: 1. rotating crystal method. Introduction to Solid State Physics. IV 1 Cr.

Gain characteristics and spectral response of a photo-multiplier tube. etc. 11. CBS Publishing. 13. Ripple factor etc. 3rd Edition. etc. 3. Basic Numerical Analysis and Analytical Tools for Numerical Analysis.4. Design of an L. Mathematical Methods. Power out-put selectivity. To build and investigate the properties of hard value multivibrators. Design of high or medium voltage dc power supply and measurement of the voltage regulation. 9.F. University Practical Physics.F.C. Ripple factor. 12. 6. Design of high or medium voltage dc power supply and measurement of the voltage regulation. etc. coupled amplifier and a study of its characteristics.) Measurement of transistor hybrid parameters. Study of random processes and fluctuations in random processes (Poission distribution. G. or to design and build a height-to-width converter. 10. Recommended Books: 1. the operational amplifier. COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS Pre-requisites: 3 Cr. K. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. Computer and Programming Skills. Squires. 5. Experiments in Physics. Surjeet Pub Ind. Design of a medium wave T.R. Transistor pulse-circuitry (three types of flipflop and the Schmidt trigger circuit).h Undergraduate Level Physics and Elementary Mathematics and Linear Algebra. Study of leaser parameters. 7. To design and build a lotic circuit (using AND/OR/NOR gates) for performing a given function. 8. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. To design and build a linear integrator to enable digitization of photo-multiplier pulses. Bhattacharya. Practical Physics. L. 2. C. or superheterdyne receiver and measurement of its sensitivity. 43 .R.

5. Some systems of interest for physicists such as Motion of Falling objects. Error analysis and technique for elimination of systematic and random errors. Koonini. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. 'Numerical Methods for Engineers with Personal Computer Applications. Regression and interpolation.T..P. Chanle.. Tobochnik.J. Books Recommended: 1. Bristol (1987). Gould & J. Dynamic systems. Rading Massachusetts(1988). Addison Wesley Publishing Company Inc. 'Introduction to Computational Physics'. Computer simulation. P. S. Random numbers and random walk. L.C. Modeling & Simulations: Conceptual models. Merman. 4. 'An Introduction to Computer Simulation Methods'. 2.h Pre-requisite Phy-202 (Modern Physics). Massachusetts (1991). Computational Physics'. Wave phenomena. Many particle systems. Phy-306 (Quantum Mechanics) 44 .K. Chapra & R. California (1986). M. Oscillatory motion. H. Computational Techniques in Physics' Adm Hilger. McGraw Hill Book Company. De Jong. Macheown & D. Relationship of modeling and simulation. Numerical Methods: Numerical Solutions of equations.Objectives: 1. Numerical integration and differentiation. Populations genetics etc. Doing Physics with random numbers. 3. S. The Benjamin/Coming Publishing Inc. New York (1965 PHYSICS-401 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS 4 Cr. Pascal etc and known software packages of computation. Diffusion. 3. Field of static charges and current. C. The mathematical models. Introduction of computer languages To know the use of computer in numerical anlysis Computer simulation and modeling Computer Languages: A brief introduction of the computer languages like Basic. 2. Kepler's problems.

second edition. 1988. 5.J. vibrational. Hartree Fock methods and self consistent field. jj coupling and other type of coupling. Selection rules. Quantum numbers. Thorn. Paschen back effect. Diatomic molecules-rotational. Stark effect. Atoms in radiation field. Frank Hertz experiment and approximation methods. Hydrogen molecule (Heitler London and molecular orbital theories) Recommended Books: 1. London 1983. 45 . Many body Systems (12 hours) Pauli exclusion principle. Physics of atomic and Molecules. Born Oppenhimer approximation. Spectrophysics. Polyatomic molecules (brief introduction). 2. Interaction with field (7 hours) Many electron atoms in an electromagnetic field. Longmans. Spin orbit coupling. Raman effect. Joachain. LS coupling. Periodic system of the elemments. X-ray spectra. Stark effect. One Electron System (12 hours) Review of Schrodinger equation for hydrogen atom. Chapman and Hall. 4. Anomalous Zeeman effect. Radiative transitions. Einstein coefficients. Anne P. To review the existing theories of atomic structure To introduce the experimental proof of quantisation To introduce the use of Schrodinger Equation in real system like Hydrogen atom To understand the Molecular spectrum To understand the LASER production and Operation Structure of Atoms (5 hours): Review of Bohr’s theory. Bransden and C. B. 2.Objectives: 1. H. Molecules (12 hours) Ionic and covalent bonding. electron spin and Hund’s cases. Hydrogen Molecular ion (LCAO approximation). Sommerfeld model. and electronic spectra. Fermi Golden rule. 3. Stern Gerlach experiment. Central field approximation. Thomas Fermi potential. normal Zeeman effect. Transition probabilities of diatomic molecules. Hyperfine structure.

Forced oscillation of an electronic oscillator. 'Electromagnetic Fields'. Paul & S. Nuclei and Particles. 'Electromagnetic Fields and Waves'.H.h. Wave guides as cavity resonators. John Wiley & Sons. H. and R. Freeman & Co. 3. R.. D. New York (1978).K. Skin Effect and Wave Guides: High frequency current in a semi infinite conductor. Ohanion. Power transfer and attenuation. To give the basic understanding in static electromagnetic fields and time dependent electromagnetic fields To develop knowledge of propagation.R. grange and Coloumb grange. Prentice Hall. Singapore (1986). Objectives: 1. John Wiley. Scattering by a bound electron. Internal impedance at high frequencies. Dispersion in dilute medium and dense media. C. 'Classical Electrodynamics'. 'Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields. 3. Y.C. 1975 Ritze Millfadad Chiristy. Classical Electrodynamics. 2. Group velocity. 6. W. Solids. Lorrain & D. Corson. 5. reflection and refraction of electromagnetic waves To develop the understanding of skin effect and wave guides Propagation of Plane Electromagnetic Waves: monochromatic waves and plane waves. Portis.R. Eisberg. Allyn & bacon Inc. Loren z. Nasar. 2. Quantum Physics of Atoms. Books Recommended: 1. Dispersion in metallic conductor. New York (1978). Q of a cavity resonator.M. Waves guided by parallel plane conductor.A. World Scientific Publishing Co. Grifftns. Transmission by a rectangular. Singapore (1987). ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY II Pre-requisites: Electricity and magnetism I & II 3 Cr. 'Introduction to Classical Elecrodynamics.. 7. 4. Resnick. A. Massachusetts (1988). McGraw Hill Book Company. An introduction to Dynamics.3.C.. P. Waves guided by dielectrics. second edition. Lim. Molecules. John Wiley and sons 1985. Pt. 1984 Jackson. Foundation of Electromagnetic Theory 46 . Wave Guidance.

Electron spin resonance (E. 11. 4. Use of an analogue computer for solving differential equations. 3.R. To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills. 13. Study of their optical properties. Lab-VII 1. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. 2. Pre-requisite: Undergraduate physics and Labs I-VI Objectives: 1. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics. Fabry-Perot interferometer used as a gas refractometer. 5. Determination of the Rydberg constant from the spectrum of hydrogen. Determination of the charge on an electron (e) by Millikan’s method. 47 . 15. 7. 3. 9. Determination of Planck’s constant (h) by using the photoelectric effect. The Frank-hertz experiment (Measurement of excitation potential of Hg). To examine the stopping-power of various substances for thermal neutrons.) by microwave absorption.Cs) and study of their photoelectric and Compton absorption. 16.S. 8. To prove the Rutherford law of scattering of charged particles. To study the Zeeman effect for a line in the spectrum of helium. 12. Determination of the constituents of substance by activation analysis.g. 10. 2. Measurement of the spectrum of gamma rays from a radioisotope (e. 6.PROJECT 3 Cr. To examine the characteristics of a Solid-State detector and to use it for alpha and beta Spectroscopy and compare the results with those obtained by a scintillation counter. Source strength of Co60 by gamma coincidence methods. Measurement of the total neutron cross-section. 14.h A project can be introduced instead of these experiments. Experiments with microwaves.

17. 24. The study of the Mossbauer effect. demonstrating transistor action).S.R. Nuclear magnetic resonance (N. Simple diode manufacture and point-contact transistor. 21. Note: At least 12 experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. Applied Electronics (John-Wiley and Sons).M. H.) of protons in water. Olson. Experiments in Modern Physics (McGrawHill). Books Recommended: 1. Measurement of the conductivity of Si and Ge as a functions of temperature. A. Melissionos.C. To determine the energy gap in silicon and Germanium. 23. 48 . 19.T. 20. 22. Experiments in Modern Physics (Academic). Drift mobility. Gray. The measurement of the Hall effect in germanium and silicon. (Shockley-Haynes experiments for Germanium. 3. All experimental courses are only recommended but Universities may opt other experiments according to facilities and expertise available to them. To build a medium or short-wave transmitter. 18. T. 2.Mark and N.

Reaction rates and power density. F. 49 .h Objectives: 1. Occurrance of plasma. To know fluid description of the plasma. Introduction to Controlled Fusion: Basic nuclear fusion reactions. 2. electrons etc. Wave propagation in plasma.Krall and A. Concept of temperature. The plasma parameter. 1960 (D. Introduction. operational conditions. Single-particle motion in electromegnatic field.Trivelpiece. To learn about the importance of the plasma alongwith the basic concept of plasma. University may also tailor these courses according to their facilities. radiation losses from plasma. 1973 (McGraw Hill).Lovberg. (Plenum).h Objectives: 1. Criteria for plasma. waves and oscillations 3 Cr.Van Nestrand). Applications of plasma physics. Time-variant E and B fields.W. SURFACE PHYSICS Pre-requisites: Solid state Physics 3 Cr.DETAIL OF ELECTIVE COURSES These elective courses can be chosen from the list or new elective course may be offered according to the availability of staff and necessary infrastructure. 2. N. 3. 2. Fluid description of plasma.H. Books Recommended: 1. PLASMA PHYSICS Pre-requisite: Electrodynamics.F.A. 2nd ed. Controlled Thermonuclear Reactions.Glasstone and R.Chen. To know aout the surface physics and its applications Learn about the interaction of surface with the ions. Uniform and nonuniform E and B fields. Debye shielding. Derivation of dispersion relations for simple electrostatic and electromagnetic modes. Introduction to plasma Physics. Principles of Plasma Physics. S.

Free electron theories and the work function. Desorption Bonding . Catalysis and Growth Processes: Adsorption mechanisms and kinetics chemisorption vs. vibrational spectroscopy. hcp. Preparing a clean surface. Electron-Surface Interactions: Electron diffraction and quasi – elastic scattering. The Structure of Adsorbate Layers: Experimental probes of surface structure such as LEED and RHEED. growth mechanisms. The electronic structure of semiconductor surfaces. Surface Structures and Reconstructions: Lattice concept. Profiling. stability. Magnetic processes at surfaces. catalysis. The Electronics and Magnetic Structure of Surfaces: Band theory. Auger depth. Comparison of different types of pumps with measurement of vacuum pressure. 2D surface structures. Quantification of Auger spectra. Surface energies and the Wulff Theorem. Electron emission processes. Desorption. Discussion of the merits of different types of electron energy analysers and electron deterctors. More complex ceconstruction. The structure of semi-conductor surfaces. Signal processing and spectral analysis. 50 . Electron spectroscopes. potential energy curves and adsorption energetics. bcc and stepped surfaces and a discussion of their relative energies. the kinetics of adsorption. Adsorption. comparison of particle scattering techniques. Desorption and experimental probes of surface structure such a LEED and RHEED. Studying Surfaces: What is UHV? Do we need UHV to study surfaces? The kinetic theory of gases. Adsorption mechanisms and kinetics for low coverages Langmuir Isotherms. Theory and practice of Auger electron spectroscopy. physiorption. The surface structures of very small metal particles. Growth processes. An introduction to surface Physics. concept of vacuum and standard vacuum hardware components. fcc. 3 D crystal structures. Specific types of surface. derivation. adsorbate phase diagrams and phase transitions.An Introduction to Surfaces: What is a surface? The energetics and thermodynmics of creating a surface. adsorption.

Turbulent Boundary layer. Reynold’s number. To know the fundamentals of Fluid Mechanice and its applications To learn about the computational aspect for solving diffusion equation. Venables. Compressible flows. Basic concepts in surface imaging and localized spectroscopy. Boundary Layer Theory: Laminar Boundary layer.Atom/ion surface interactions: Comparison of particle scattering techniques. the continuity equation. FLUID DYNAMICS Pre-requisite Classical Mechanics. Surface Microscopy: Classification of microscopy techniques. Basic Fluid Mechanics: Fundamentals of Continuum mechanics. Atomic Force Microscopy. Incompressible flows. Electrodynamics 3 Cr. SIMS imaging and depth profiling. Auger depth profiling. Computational Fluid dynamics-I: Introduction to numerical computation.h Objectives 1. Introduction to numerical solution of Ordinary Differential equation’s using multi-step methods. An introduction to the theory and practice of scanning Tunneling Microscopy. Scanning probe microscopy techniques. Thin aerofoil. Reduced forms of governing equations. Boundary value problems. The finite volume method. Optical microscopy. John A. Computational Fluid Dynamics-II: Governing equations in integral and differential form. theory and practice of Rutherford. 2. governing equations of fluid motion. Back scattering. STEM. Incompressible and 51 . An Introduciton to the theory and practice of SIMS. Kinematics of the flow field. Imaging XPS. Books Recommended 1. Introduction to Surface and Thin Film Processes Cambridge University Press (2000). SEM. Introduction to solution of Partial Differential Equiation’s using finite difference methods Advanced Techniques. SPM.

METHODS OF EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS Pre-requisites Experimental labs and techniques used in these labs. To learn about the measuring techniques along with data analysis. 5. 3. Ion pumps. Books Recommended: 1. Production of ultrahigh vacuum. guttering pumps. Cryogenic pumps. N. Turbo molecular pumps. Incorporation of turbulence models.T.1 & 11. “Computational Fluid Dynamics”. P. White. 3 Cr. air flow past a cylinder aero foils..M. 2. Mcgraw Hill.compressible flow & their methods. Computational Fluid Dynamics for Engineers. S. Use of a commercial code for the predication off complex flows. Albuquerque. 6th edition 1993.h Objectives: 1. Perini gauges.M.V. Experimental Methods: Introduction to laboratory techniques. Hemisphere. F.J. Hemosa Publishers. The pressure correction method on staggered and unstaggered grids.. Discrete methods for the steady state and time dependent advection diffusion equation. sorption pumps (High Vacuum). 2. 1991. Vol. 1980. Laboratory sessions (preceded by lectures): water waves. Viscous flud flow (second Edition). Doer. Diffusion pumps. 4. Pumping Speed. Fundamental concepts. hydraulic jumps. Manometers. Measurement of total pressure in Vacuums Systems.Lamb. Time marching schemes. 1993. vortex shedding and vibrations. Fore-Vacuum Pumps: Rotary Oil pumps. Chiang. Units pressure ranges. To learn about the vacuum techniques To learn the detection techniques about radiation. 52 . temperature. Vacuum Techniques: Gas Transport: Throughout. Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow. sorption pumps.A. Schemes for solving large algebraic systems. Pump down Time Ultimate pressure. Roache. turbulent jets and plumes. H. Hydrodynamics. K. 3. Patankar. Hoffmann and S.

Computer Introduction: Introduction to computers. Precision. and single channel analyzer. rotation. Least squares fit to a polynomial. scintillation detector. photo multipliers. leak detection equipment. flow. linear and parabolic interpolation. Surface to Volume ratio. DA/AD conversion. Isolators. Differentiators. power magnetic field. Accidental Errors. difference amplifiers. Statistical Methods. Signal Generators. level. Mean Value and Variance. Power supplies. Significance of results. pressure displacement. preliminary Estimation. alpha/beta detectors. Repair Techniques. current to voltage converter.The McLoad gauges. charge sensitive pre-amplifiers. neutron detectors. Visual c/visual Basic. Data manipulation. Interfacing. Design of high Vacuum system. Accuracy. Nonlinear functions. Integrators. 53 . Spectroscopy amplifiers. Lock in Amplifiers. Radiation Detection and Measurement: GM tubes. vacuum Flanges. Electronics and Electronic Instruments: Operational amplifiers. Pump Choice. Statistical Control of Measurements. Vacuum Components. Special Techniques and problems. Rejection of data. phase. Coincidence circuits. Boxcar averages. pumping system design. Ramp Generators. smoothing. Errors of Computation. tilt. summing amplifiers. Propagation of errors. Logarithmic amplifiers. Mechanical feed throughs & Electrical feed throughs Leak detection: Basic consideration. Liquid Nitrogen trap. RS 232. metal. Multichannel analyzer. Sensor Technology: Sensors for temperature. explosive and heat. speed. Mass spectrometer for partial measurement of pressure. cosmic rays detectors. current voltage. rotation position. channeltron. GPIB Interface. Counters. Errors of Direct measurements. Data Analysis: Evaluation of measurement: Systematic Errors. x-rays/gamma detectors. interpolation and extrapolation. Vacuum valves. Spectrographs and Interferometers.

The emission spectrum of sun. ground water.Young. H.D.Toping. Chapman Hall. Human Perceptions and noise criteria. 2.1. Introduction to the Essentials of Environmental Physics: The economic system. Basic Environmental Spectroscopy: Black body radiation. Noise: Basic Acoustics. climate variations and modeling. 54 . J. flow in reverse. The transition electric dipole moment. Yarwood. ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Pre-requisite: Physics (FSc) 3 Cr. active control of sound. To become familiar with the essentials of environment nad Global climate To learn to use spectroscopy for environments.h Objective: 1. Turbulence Diffusion. Inc. living in green house. Data Reduction and Error Analysis for Physical Science. reducing the transmission of sound. Flow equations of fluid Dynamics. 1962. Bevington. Lambert – Beer’s law. Transport of Pollutants: Diffusion. elements of weather and climate. Turbulent jets and planes. the social and political context. McGraw Hill. 2. The Global Climate: The energy Balance. Turbulence. Statistical Treatment of Methods of Experimental Physics. New York & London Vol. The Einstein Coefficients.B. The ozone filter. Errors of Observations. Energy and momentum. Transport of matter. The spectroscopy of bi-molecules. IOP. 3. enjoying the sun. Academic Press. High Vacuum Techniques. (Zero-dimensional Greenhouse Model).Books Recommended: 1. 4. Solar UV and life. Gaussian plumes in air. J. P.

precipitation. Climatology and Measurements of Climate Factor: Data collection and organization. density matrix. INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM COMPUTING Pre-requisite: Quantum Mechanics and Computational Physics 3 Cr. superposition. vertical profiles in the lower layers of the atmosphere. Physics of Environmental and Climate. General characteristics of measuring equipments. 1998. evolution. automatic weather stations. Single qubit operation. 2. Universal 55 . John Wiley and sons. Egbert Booker and Rienk Van Gron Belle. Dynamic action of seliq. Topo Climates and Micro Climates: Effects of surface elements in flat and widely unduling areas. quantization from bits to qubits. and cryptography Computer technology and historical background. To be familiar with the quantum computing To learn about the Quantum circuits . operator function. Natural radiation. 1999. interaction of electromagnetic radiation and plants. Lateral movement in the atmosphere. Measurement of temperature. Atmospheric Pressure. surface wind velocity. Atmospheric Circulation. Controlled operations. Quantum Computation: Quantum Circuits. 2. Thermal action of selief. Schrodinger equation. Atmosphere and Climate: Structure of the atmosphere. Radiation balance. statistical analysis of climatic data. climatic indices. EPR and Bell’s inequality. cloud and Precipitation.Radiation: General laws of Radiation. The atmospheric greenhouse effect. Basic principles and postulates of quantum mechanics: Quantum states. Measurement. quantum measurement. 2nd ed. Books Recommended: 1.h Objectives 1. Schmidt decomposition. utilization of photo synthetically active radiation. Guyot Praxis Publication. air humidity. Environmental Physics.

Quantum Teleportation. Springer Verlag. H. the group SU (2). Trapdoor function. A. Mathematics of Quantum Computation by A. To know the particles and their classification. mesons. Clearwater. CPT theorem. Quantum Cryptography: Uncertainty principle. 2. Cambridge 2000. Exploration in Quantum Computation by C. Quantum Computation by P. baryons.P. Zeilinger. To learn about the Quark models. Quantum cryptography with and without eavesdropping. quarks. systems of identical particles. Chen. The Physics of Quantum Information: Quantum Cryptography. Quantum Computation and Quantum Information by M. Breaking unbreakable codes: Code making. The Fundamental Interactions: The electromagnetic coupling. Polarization and Spin basis. and A. Ekert. Books Recommended: 1. BB84.K. One time pad. G parity. iso-spin charge conjugation. Schor’s algorithm. hadrons. Quantum Search Algorithm. and Ekert protocols. 3. RSA cryptography. leptons. the strong coupling. L.Brylinsky and G. Bouwmester. BB90. the weak coupling. parity. Williams and S. Code breaking on classical and quantum computers.quantum gates. Chapman & Hall/CRC (2002). time reversal. Heidelberg (2000). 3. Berlin. Particle Classification: Quantum numbers. 4. Single qubit and CNOT gates. A. To learn about the interaction of these particles. Nielson and I.h Objectives 1. 56 . Chuang. PARTICLE PHYSICS Pre-requisite Quantum Physics 3 Cr. Cambridge University Press. rotation in space. Springer Verlag (1997). Experimental realization. 2. Symmetry Transformation and Conservation Laws: Translation in space.

D. 4.D. phase space considerations. quarks. D. McGraw Hill. (1990). John-Wiley and Sons. A. and Martin. 3. To use numerical techniques to solve the differential equations. Books Recommended: 1.. Quarks and Leptons by Halzen. Introduction to Elementary Particles by Griffiths. The Quark Model: The group SU (3). the quarkonium model. partial wave formalism and the optical theorem. mesons in quark model.. baryon resonances. Hadron Spectroscopy: Formation experiment. 2. (1995). To understand the simulation in classical physics and Quantum Physics 57 . polarization ad photon spin. angular momentum. production experiments. hadrons baryons. The Standard Model (qualitative treatment only): Unification of weak and electromagnetic interactions Glashow-SalamWeinberg Model. S. Quantum Mechanics by Riazuddin and Fayyazuddin. (1984). F.The Electromagnetic Field: Gauge invariance and Maxwell’s equations. (1987). World Scientific. 1. J. and Drell. 2. heave meson spectroscopy.D. 3. COMPUTER SIMULATION Pre-requisites Mathematical Physics 3 Cr. the Breit-Wigner resonance formula.h Objectives.. John-Wiley and Sons. Learn techniques to understand and develop compter simulations. Relatvistic Quantum Mechanics by Bjorken. parity and C parity of photon.

Particle in Bound and Free States. Time marching schems. Mean and Turbulant kinetic energy equation. Numerical Solution of time-independent (and dependent). External points and strings. 58 . Electromagnetic Waves. nature of computer simulation. Techniques and class of computer simulation. Wave phenomena (Fourier analysis. Governing equation in integral and differential forms. percolation theory. Numerical Approaches: Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations. Guassian Distribution. partial differential equations (elliptic and parabolic types) Simulation in Classical Physics: Motion of Falling Objects. numerical integrations. Distribution Functions in Statistical Physics. Oscillatory Motions). Raynold averaging and its applications to Navier stokes equations. Random-walk problem. Interference. use of commercial code for prediction of off complex flow.Introduction: Importance of computers in physics. Geometrical Optics (Ray Tracing an Principle of Least Time). The pressure-corection method on staggered and unstaggered grids. Diffraction and Polarization. finite volume method. Canonical and Micro-Canonical Ensembles. schemes for solving large algebric system. incorporation of furbulence model. computer graphics and programming languages. Random Process and Quantum Physics: Random Number and their uses. compressible and incompressible flow and their methods.Carlo Simulation. Two-Dimensional Trajectories (Kepler’s Laws. Noise in Signal. Computational Methods for Continuous Medium: Fluid equations. matrix operation. Driven LRC Circuits (Time varying). principles of vector computing in Cartesian. Electric Fields and Potentials. Monte. Reduce forms of the governing equation. radio. Energy and Center of Mass. Electric Currents and Magnetic Fields. Molecular Dynamics in Solids. Schrodinger Wave Equation. initial (boundary) and eigen value problems. special functions and Guassian quadrarure. Coupled oscillator). One Dimensional Dynamics (Accelerating cars and objects on springs).activity and radioactive decay series. LRC Circuits. Approaches to Equilibrium. Accuracy and stability of numerical techniques. Discrete methods for the steady state and time dependent diffusion equation. spherical and cylindrical coordinates.

To learn the basics of digitl electronics sucha sa Boolian Algebra. Don’t care condition. Hehl. Octal and Hexadecimal number system.Magnetohydrodynamics. Computational Fluid Dynamics. Marvin L. Quantum Mechanics Simulation. Gray etc. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. Hillar. An Introduction to “Computer Simulation Methods” Part-I & II. New York.). Stauffer. Johnston and Styer. their inter-conversion.G. New York. 1991. Winkelman and J. Albuquerque. F. 1988. 3. simplification of Boolean expression by Boolean Postulates and theorem.W. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. Inc.J. 1993. John Wiley & Sons. 2. Computer Simultation and Computer Algebra (Lectures for Beginers). DIGITAL ELECTRONICS Pre-requisites Electronics 3 Cr. D. Modelling ideal (MHD). De Jong. (A Series of the Consortium for upper level Physics software). Springer-Verlage Berlin. Different codes. Boolean Algebra: DeMorgan’s theorem. Inc.M. N. Zabolitzky. K-maps and their uses. resistive and viseus flow of plasmas. Books Recommended: 1. Roache.1995. Parity in Codes 59 . Review of Number Systems: Binary. ASCII. To understand the computer interface and micro-controller alongwith the emedded system. (BCD. 2. basic logic gates. Inc. Hemosa Publishers. 1988.. Introduction to Computational Physics.h Objectives 1. truth table. thermal conduction and heat transport. New York. 6. P. 5. concepts of logic. Harvey Gould and Jan Tobochink. New York. To develop logic circuit using th Boolean Algebra. 3. W.

Macmillan Publishing Company. (Static and dynamic) Memory mapping techniques. OR-AND. RTL. 60 . up-down. TTL. full adder. Prentic Hall (1998). dissipation. addition. D-FF. Memory Devices: ROM. Combinational logic circuit: Logic circuits based on AND – OR. PLA. Different logic based IC families (DTL. McGraw Hill. all generation of computers. 8086 processor family. micro processor (ALU. Philips 80C51 & 80C552 and Motorola 68Hc05/08. Barrey B. half subtractor. Intel UPS Architecture. (1999). 1993. decoder. microcontroller characteristics. Control and Time Section). gate design. Addressing modes. Micro-controller/ Embedded System: Introduction to Embedded and microcontroller based systems. 3. Digital Electronics. Counters (Ring. 4. Principles and applications of digital electronics. RAM. Micro Computers: Computers and its types. Micro Electron. Instruction set and their types. Interfacing with peripherals. Exclusive OR gate. Digital Logic and Computer Design Morris Mono 1995 Prentic Hall Tocheim. Discussion on 8085/8088. Intel Microprocessor Hierarchy. 5. Shift Register. CMOS). Sequential Logic Circuit: Flip-flops clocked RS-FF. Jones. basic architecture of computer.IC logic families: Basic characteristics of a logic family. UP Registers. Propagation delay time. Synchronous) A/D and D/A Converters. 2. 6. (Fan in/out. Digital System Design and Micro possessor J. McMillan. T-FF. programming and interfacing. features of a general purpose microcontroller. EAPROM. Larry D. EE PROM.C. NAND. Microchip Inc and PIC microcontroller. The Microprocessor and microcontroller applications and environment. PROM. noise margins etc. subtraction (2’s compliments. full subtractor encoder. JK-FF. Brey. Books Recommended 1. Ripple. Typical Microcontroller examples:. ECL. half adder. NOR Logic. BORTIE (NBF).

To learn the nuclear detection system and techniques fr their measurements To learn about the charged particles accelerator and nuclear reactor To develop understanding of neutrons physics. Types of nuclear reactors (Power and Research). slowing down of neutrons. The Design of Small-Scale Embedded Systems. Photo neutron sources Charged particle sources. Neutron Physics: Neutron Sources.7. Elementary Reactor Physics: Controlled fission reactions. T. slow neutron detectors. EXPERIMENTAL NUCLEAR PHYSICS Pre-requisite Nuclear Physics 3 Cr.h Objectives 1. Theory of fission and spontaneous fission. 8. Alternating-gradient Synchrotron. Palgrave (2003). Measurement of neutron cross-sections as a function of energy. Cloud chambers. Synchrocyclotron. 2. Bubble chambers. Nuclear fission. fast neutron detectors. Mass distribution of fission energy. Nuclear chain reaction and applications. Electron-Synchrotrons. Radioactive sources. Scintillation counters and solid-state detectors. Nuclear Radiation Detection and Measurements: Interaction of nuclear radiation with matter. photographic emulsions.Floyd. 3. Charged Particle Accelerators: Linear and orbital accelerators Van de Graaff. Reactor as a neutron source. Gas-filled detectors. Betatron. Digital Fundamental. Detailed study of PWR and CANDU type reactors. Cyclotron. 8th edition. 61 . Tim Wilmshurst.L. Description of fission reaction. Proton-synchrotron. Average number of neutrons released.

Stimulated Emission. Introducing Nuclear Physics. Absorption and Stimulated Emission Rates. Selection Rules. Applications of lasers Introductory Concepts: Spontaneous Emission. William. 1977. Spinger. Zetsche. R. Absorption and Gain Coefficients. Knoll. Stable Resonators. Kenneth S. Directionality. 4. 2. 1994. Krane. John Wiley. 6. K. 3. Level Occupation at Thermal Equilibrium. Radiative and Nonradiative Decay. Bejamin. 1989. 5. LASERS Pre-requisite: Quantum Mechanics I and Atomic Physics 3 Cr. 1995. Wave Reflection and Transmission at a Dielectric Interface. Properties of Laser Beam: Monochromaticity. 1999. Glenn. C. F. Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics. Resonance Energy Transfers. B. Stimulated Transition. Develop fundamental concepts about lasers Learn the principles of spectroscopy of molecules and semiconductos Understand the optical resonators and laser system. Matrix Formulation of Geometrical Optics. Segre. Particle and Nuclei. Stability Condition Standing and Traveling Waves 62 . Brightness. Povh. Data Detection and Error analysis for physical sciences. Leo. Semiconductor. Spectroscopy of Molecule and Semiconductors: Electronic Energy Levels. 4. Concentric (Spherical) Resonator. F. Resonator. Absorption. Philips Berington and D. 3. .Books Recommended: 1. Molecular Energy Levels. 2002. Generalized Spherical Resonator. Keith. Nuclei and Practicles. Scholtz. Coherence. Ring Resonator. 2. Confocal. Rith. Pumping Schemes. Radiation Detection and Measurement. Optical Resonators: Plane Parallel (Fabry-Perot) Resonator.h Objectives 1. Unstable Resonators.

Haken. Gas lasers: Helium Neon laser. Threshold Condition and Output Power. Fabry-Perot Interferometer. Svelto. Principles of Lasers. Line broadening. QSwitching and Mode-Locking Methods. Free-Electron and X-Ray Lasers Laser applications: Material Processing: Surface Hardening. latest edition. Small Signal Gain and Loop Gain. Continuous Wave (CW) and pulsed lasers Rate Equations. Phase Velocity. Laser. Electrical Pumping: Longitudinal Configuration and Transverse Configuration. Cutting. Lasers. O. Nitrogen Laser and Excimer Lasers. University. 5. Atmospheric Physics Books Recommended 1. CO2 laser. Multilayer Dielectric Coatings. Longitudinal and Transverse Modes in a Cavity. Silfvast. Pumping Processes: Optical pumping: Flash lamp and Laser.in a two Mirror Resonator. Nd: YAG & Nd: Glass Lasers and Semiconductor Lasers: Homojunction Lasers Double-Heterostructure lasers. (Latest Edition). W. New York. Group Velocity. Springer. H. Laser Fundamentals. Oscillation and Pulsations in Lasers. T. Science Books Mill Valley. 2. pumping efficiency. Optimum Output Coupling. Drilling. Wiley. Threshold Pump Power. Laser Theory. Quantum Optics. (1986). Berlin (Latest Edition). Scully and Zubairy. Siegman.E. and Group-Delay Dispersion. C.A. Laser Communication. Chemical Pumping. Plenum Press New York & London (1992). J. Laser Tuning. Defense Industry. Holography. A. 4. 63 . Milonni. Welding etc. Gas Dynamics Pumping. Eberly and P. Medicine. 3. Lasers Systems : Solid State Lasers: Ruby Laser. Cambridge University Press (1997).

relativity of simultaneity. concept of ether. J. 3. 1989. equation of geodesics deviation. time dilation. Riemann tensor. 1992. Relativistic Mechanics: Force equation in relativity. Einstein’s field equations.RELATIVITY AND COSMOLOGY Pre-requisites Mechanics. cosmological red-shift. microwave background. Introducing Einstein’s Relativity. structure of space-time. Hubble’s law. Books Recommended: 1. Lie derivative.D. line element. kinetic and total energy. To learn about the Special theory of relativity To learn the basics of relativistic mechanics and develop understanding about the General theory. metric tensor.D.McComb. Cambridge University Press. rest mass. FSc Physics 3 Cr.Narlikar. velocity transformation and velocity addition. length contraction. 2. Introduction to Cosmology. the light-cone. time paradox.V. Elements of Tensor Calculus: Manifolds and coordinates. General Relativity: Principles of general relativity. Lorentz transformations. Einstein’s postulates of special relativity. the Big Bang expansion rate. proper time.h Objectives 1. history of the universe. conservation of energy and momentum. geodesics. tensor fields. Michelson-Morley experiment. 2. curves and surfaces. Minkowski space time tensors. four-vectors. Special Relativity: Galilean relativity. Dynamics and Relativity. 64 . 1999. R. matter and radiation domination. Oxford University Press. Oxford University Press. W.D’Inverno. Cosmology: Newtonian cosmology.

Dia. 1989. Para and Ferro-magnetism. S. H. Dislocations in crystals. John Wiley.E. Christman. A. C. 65 . 5. The Solid State. Introduction to Solid State Physics.SOLID STATE PHYSICS-II Pre-requisite: Solid State Physics I 3Cr.O.h Objectives: 1. McGraw Hill. Boltzmann equation.R. Oxford University Press. Kachaava. Solid State Physics. 1982. John Wiley & Sons. 2003. 2. Dielectrics. Point defects and dislocations in solids. New Age International Pub. 2.T. Tata McGraw Hill. 1988. Transport properties of solids. Superconductivity and devices.M. Solid State Physics. New York. W. Books Recommended: 1. J. Read Jr. Hall. Magnetic relaxation and resonance phenomena. Solid State Physics. 4. Kittle. 4. 1991.Pillai. New York. 6. 7. New Delhi. Solid State Physics. 1989. Jullien. 3. Co. To understand the transport properties in solids To understand the crystal defects and their importance To understand the dielectric and magnetic properties of materials To give basic understanding of superconductivity. Oxford. John Wiley & Sons. C. 7th edition 1996. Guinier & R. Introduction to superconductivity with applications. 3.

3. For the smooth and uniform implementation of the BS (4-year) program throughout the country. 4. 66 .” may not be used with the nomenclature of the program. namely Part-I (2-years) and Part-II (2years). 2. The Directorate Colleges of Provinces should be provided special funds by the respective provinces for qualified manpower and for building of necessary infrastructure for starting BS (4-year) program or at least the Part-I of this program at Colleges. the HEC may take up the matter with the provincial Directorate of Colleges to introduce the BS (4-year) program both in Colleges and University departments. in consistency with the approved revised scheme of studies and curriculum of Physics for the program.General Recommendations: The Committee made the following recommendations: 1. Until the introduction of 4-year composite bachelor degree program in Colleges and Universities. the program can be split up in two parts. As all the BS programs are of four years duration. Refresher courses on new topics in Physics may be arranged for college teachers. the Provinces will have to be involved at the highest level for the implementation for the BS program. the suffix “Hons. completed at College and university department respectively. To implement the BS (4-year) program the Colleges will have to provide extra facilities for teaching extra courses and for Lab equipment. The HEC should provide special funds for building infrastructure for the BS (4-year) program and development of teaching faculty at the university departments. 5.

Annexure “A” COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. a) Functional English Grammar 67 . clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure.

Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs.1. intensive and extensive. Exercises 1. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. 1997. 1997. Third edition. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review 68 . Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. minutes of meetings. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Third edition. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Upper Intermediate. Reading.V. b) Practical English Grammar by A. Oxford University Press. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. ISBN 0194313492 Practical English Grammar by A. Thomson and A. 2.V. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Martinet. Martinet. and speed reading. Third Impression 1992. Writing. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning.J. Reading/Comprehension 1.J. Exercises 2. Fourth Impression 1993. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Oxford University Press. Thomson and A.

ISBN 0 19 431350 6. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. language. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Writing 1. 2. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. 2.J. descriptive and argumentative writing). introduction to presentations. discursive. Oxford Supplementary Skills.V. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. Reading. b) c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. Oxford Supplementary Skills. content.Recommended books: Communication Skills a) Grammar 1. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Thomson and A. Fourth Impression 1992. clarity. Writing. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. Third Impression 1991. Third edition. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Practical English Grammar by A. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. Writing. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). narrative. Oxford University Press 1986. form. Fourth Impression 1993. Reading 1. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Martinet. Exercises 2. Advanced. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building 69 .

b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. College Writing Skills by John Langan. Third Impression 1992. A Custom Publication. Compiled by norther Illinois University. descriptive.Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. Kirszner and Stephen R. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 (particularly suitable for discursive. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Martin’s Press. 70 . Mandell. 2. without taxing the taste of engineering students). Kathleen Shine Cain. 3. 2004. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. St. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. argumentative and report writing). Advanced by Ron White. Writing.

ii. Course Outline 1. Location and geo-physical features. Contemporary Pakistan a. Historical Perspective a. Society and social structure c. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. 1988-99 f. 1971-77 d. national development. Ethnicity d. government.Annexure “B” Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. Economic institutions and issues b. contemporary Pakistan. 1977-88 e. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. 1999 onward 3. Indus Civilization Muslim advent iii. politics. 2. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan 71 . issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. 1958-71 c. b. People and Land i. Study the process of governance. 1947-58 b. ideological background of Pakistan. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a.

72 . 14. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. Lahore: Vanguard. 1972. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Mehmood. Pakistan Under Martial Law. Haq. Karachi: Royal Book Company. Party. Club Road. 6. 12. Pakistan Kayyun Toota.National Movement in Pakistan. Safdar. I. Wilcox. 1993. State & Society in Pakistan. 1993. nd. M. 1987.K. 2. Wayne. Aziz. K. Lahore. Institute of Public Policy Research. 13. Noor ul. Sayeed. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. 1980. 7. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Mehmood. 2000. Lahore: Idara-eSaqafat-e-Islamia. 1980. 5. Amin. 1998. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective.M. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Zaidi. Shahid Javed.Books Recommended 1. 9. Ziring. Ansar. S. The Political System of Pakistan. Afzal. Ethno . Akbar. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. 8. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. 10. Safdar. Islamabad. Political Parties in Pakistan.. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. Vol. 1967.The Emergence of Banglades. Burki. 11. Rafique. 1976. S. II & III. Enigma of Political Development. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. 1994. 4. Washington: American Enterprise. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. Khalid Bin. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. 3. Tahir. Lawrence. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Muhammad Waseem. History & Culture of Sindh. Politics in Pakistan. Zahid.

63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Sellected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.Annexure “C” ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.A.19.Tadabar (Verse No1. Detail of Courses Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) Basic Concepts of Quran 2) History of Quran 3) Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.21. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.56.6.57.A.58.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.20) Related to thinking.W) in Makkah 73 .40.

W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.A.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Basic Concepts of Hadith History of Hadith Kinds of Hadith Uloom –ul-Hadith Sunnah & Hadith Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Nature of Differences in Islamic Law Islam and Sectarianism Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islamic Culture & Civilization Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics Islamic Concept of Riba Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 74 .3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.

“Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Emergence of Islam” . “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. International Islamic University.3) Basic Institutions of Govt. “Studies in Islamic Law. IRI. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Islamabad (2001) 75 . Ahmad Hasan.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. Bhatia. in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts Of Social System Of Islam 2) Elements Of Family 3) Ethical Values Of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad.S. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. Pakistan.

Beckenback EF. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. functions. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Mathematics at secondary level 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. determinants.Annexure “D” Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. system of linear equations. complex numbers. introduction to sets. matrix inverse. Boston 76 . harmonic progression. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. 1987. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. types. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. 1978. Sharron S. cube roots of unity. trigonometric identities. PWS-Kent Company. equations reducible to quadratic equations. not majoring in mathematics. geometric progression. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. Wooton W. Houghton & Mifflin. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. types of functions. set operations. College Algebra and Trigonometry. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. Cramer’s rule.

USA 3. 2005. PWS-Kent Company. PWS-Kent Company. not majoring in mathematics. Reading. 2005. Finney AR. Calculus (3rd edition). change of variables in indefinite integrals. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) Mathematics II (Calculus) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. functions and their graphs. inequalities. John Wiley. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. Bevens I. 1983. 1995. continuous functions. integration by substitution. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. continuity. differentiation of polynomial. Recommended Books: Anton H. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. New York Stewart J. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Mathematics I (Algebra) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Calculus (11th edition). Addison-Wesley.Swokowski EW. Boston Thomas GB. solution of equations involving absolute values. Boston 2. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. Davis S. left-hand and right-hand limits. derivatives. integration by parts. 1986. rational and transcendental functions. not majoring in mathematics. 77 . with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Ma. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition).

Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. Boston 4. PWS-Kent Company. ellipse. Objectives 78 . Scott. After completion of this course the student should be able to: • • • Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). distance between two points. slope of a line. Conic Sections: Parabola. Boston Swokowski EW. various forms of equation of a line. 1986. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Circle: Equation of a circle. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. equation of a line. Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines.Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. Freshman and Company. hyperbola. angle between two lines. College Algebra and Trigonometry. parallel and perpendicular lines. locus of a point in various conditions. intersection of lines and circles. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. distance between a point and a line. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline : Pre-requisites : Credit Hours : Minimum Contact Hours: Assessment : Effective : Aims : : To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. 1987. 1969 Kaufmann JE. circles determined by various conditions. intersection of two lines. PWS-Kent Company. Analytic Geometry.

graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. Kaufmann. functions. E. geometric and harmonic progressions. Measures of dispersion: Range. set operations. frequency polygon. Prentice Hall.Contents 1. 79 . 2. types of functions. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. J. variance. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. Statistics : Books Recommended: 1. individual. circle and trigonometric functions. 3. Cramer’s rule. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. system of linear equations. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. characteristics of statistics. Latest Edition. Algebra : : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. PWS-Kent Company. R. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. E. types of matrices.. skewness and kurtosis. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics.. 2. Swokowski. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. relationship of statistics with social science. quartiles. Graphs: Graph of straight line. discrete and continuous series. array. R. Walpole. types of frequency series. E. Latest Edition. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. 4. standard deviation. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. inverse of matrices. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. R. equations reducible to quadratic equations. deciles and percentiles. cumulative frequency curve. tally sheet method. bar frequency diagram histogram. nature of roots of quadratic equations.. Wilcox. W. Boston. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations.. trigonometric identities. moments. Introduction to sets. determinants. ungrouped and grouped data. Latest Edition.

3. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. S. Trigonometric Functions. Prentice-Hall. Recommended Books: 1. quotients. 8th edition. Anton. Boston. 1983. 11th Edition. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. Schaum’s Outline Series. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Contents 1. E. W. 6. McCallum. 2005. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. Preliminary calculus. Swokowski. Continuity. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. Extreme Values of Functions. 80 .5. products. Rational and Transcendental Functions. Rational Functions. Bevens. Second Edition 1992. and Transcendental Functions. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. Thomas. theorems of differentiation. 4th edition. 6. Calculus. Inc. 2005. Inc. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. Elliott Mendelson. Least-Squares Line. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. Calculus. 5. Equation of a Line. Jhon Willey & Sons. special points of a function. John Wiley & Sons. logarithmic differentiation. et al. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. John H. H. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Gleason. 4. Inequalities. 3rd Edition. Frank A. Integration by Parts. Hughes-Hallett. Davis. 2. Mathews. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. Continuous Functions. the chain rule. Calculus Single and Multivariable. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. 2002. implicit differentiation. Slope of a Line. Calculus. 1999. Leibnitz’ theorem. Addison Wesley publishing company. I.Jr. Solution of equations involving absolute values.

convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. • Integration Integration from first principles. finding the nth roots of unity. plane polar coordinates. series involving natural numbers. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. standard Maclaurin series Evaluation of limits 81 . infinite and improper integrals. operations with power series Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. applications of integration. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. integration by inspection. solving hyperbolic equations. complex conjugate. alternating series test • • • • Operations with series Power series Convergence of power series. de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. substitution method. modulus multiplication. approximation errors in Taylor series. integration using partial fractions. solving polynomial equations Complex logarithms and complex powers Applications to differentiation and integration • • 3. reduction formulae. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • • • • The need for complex numbers Manipulation of complex numbers Additions and subtraction. inverses of hyperbolic functions. sinusoidal function. arithmetico-geometric series. • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. geometric series. division Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form and argument. the inverse of differentiation.2. calculus of hyperbolic functions Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. identities of hyperbolic functions. the difference method. logarithmic integration. integral inequalities. integration by parts.

Vector algebra • • • • • • • • • 7. moments of inertia. vector triple product Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. masses. line to plane Reciprocal vectors 5. the inner product. vector product. Multiple integrals • • • • 6. line to line. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. centers of mass and centroids. point to plane.4. mean values of functions Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints Double integrals Triple integrals Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. Pappus’ theorems. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants 82 . scalar triple product. equation of a plane Using vectors to find distances Point to line. Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product.

of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices.• • • • • The inverse of a matrix The rank of a matrix Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns Special square matrices Diagonal. divergence of a vector field. of a general square matrix Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. differential of a vector Integration of vectors Space curves Vector functions of several arguments Surfaces Scalar and vector fields Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. unitary normal Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. orthogonal. curl of a vector field Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. spherical polar coordinates • 8. combinations of grad. of a unitary matrix. symmetric and antisymmetric. div and curl Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. Vector calculus • • • • • • • • • 83 . Hermitian.

definition of outliers and their detection. Significant digits. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Collection of primary and secondary data. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Unit 2. Quantiles. Unit 4. The Mode. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Bar charts. Unit 3. sample design and sampling frame. Box and Whisker Plot. Exercises. probability and non-probability sampling. Different types of Averages. Standardized variables. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Exercises. properties of Good Average. The Mean Deviation. The semiInter-quartile Range. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Probability and Probability Distributions. Observations. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Types of frequency curves. Stem and Leaf Display. Errors of measurement. Sources. Pie chart. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Editing of Data. Discrete and continuous variables. Exercises. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Histogram. Graphs and their Construction. Change of origin and scale.Annexure “E” INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Unit 5. Diagrams. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Coefficient of variation. Absolute and relative measures. sampling with and without replacement. Exercises. Range. Exercises Unit 6. Empirical Relation between Mean. Historigram. Population. 84 . Rounding of a Number. Data. Moments and Moments ratios. Exercises. Ogive for Discrete Variable. sampling and non sampling errors. The Variance and standard deviation. Difference of means and proportions. bias. Presentation of Data Introduction. Median and mode.

simple linear regression. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. 3rd Ed. Regression and Correlation Introduction.Unit 7. Inc. Test statistics. Testing of Hypothesis. r and R2. examples. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. 2005. Exercises. Type-I and Type-II errors. Exercises Unit 10. F. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. cause and effect relationships. Unit 11. “Introduction to Statistics”.. Muhammad. Kitab Markaz. R. Statistical problem. 1982. its estimation and interpretation. Correlation. Macmillan Publishing Co. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Contingency Tables. acceptance and rejection regions. Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. Coefficient of linear correlation. Exercises Unit 9. E. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. New York. level of significance. Unit 8.. 85 . Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. Examples Recommended Books 1 2 Walpole. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. null and alternative hypothesis.Single Population Introduction. Exercises.

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