CURRICULUM OF PHYSICS BS (4-YEAR

)

2008

HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD

CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Riaz ul Haq Tariq Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Khan Executive Director Member (Acad) Deputy Director (Curri) Assistant Director Assistant Director

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CONTENTS
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Introduction --------------------------------------------------------- 07 Objectives ----------------------------------------------------------- 09 Frame Work/Template for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics ------ 10 Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics ----------- 11 Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics------------ 14 Recommendations ------------------------------------------------ 66 Details of Compulsary Courses (Annexures A, B, C, D & E.) ------------------------------------ 67

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PREFACE
Curriculum development is a highly organized and systematic process and involves a number of procedures. Many of these procedures include incorporating the results from international research studies and reforms made in other countries. These studies and reforms are then related to the particular subject and the position in Pakistan so that the proposed curriculum may have its roots in the socio-economics setup in which it is to be introduced. Hence, unlike a machine, it is not possible to accept any curriculum in its entirety. It has to be studied thoroughly and all aspects are to be critically examined before any component is recommended for adoption. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976, the Federal Government vide notification No. D773/76-JEA (cur.), dated December 4th 1976, appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees, certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges, universities and other institutions of higher education. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives, the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. According to the decision of the special meeting of Vice-Chancellor’s Committee, the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic, Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards, and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. It also aimed to give a basic, broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. The new BS degree shall be of 4 years duration, and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees, 63.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses, and 36.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level, comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities, degree awarding institutions, R&D organizations and respective accreditation councils. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Physics in a meeting held on March 28-29, 2008 at the 4

Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. duly approved by the competent authority. The final draft prepared by the National Curriculum Revision Special Committee.HEC Regional Center. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. Lahore.RIAZ-UL-HAQ TARIQ Member Academics June 2008 5 . revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. DR.

VCC. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I 6 . REC. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREPARATION OF FINAL CURRICULUM QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. EXP. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRICULUM PREPARARTION OF DRAFT BY NCRC IMPLEMENTATION OF CURRICULUM REVIEW Abbreviations Used: NCRC. COL. LI R&D HEC National Curriculum Revision Committee Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Preparation Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. PREP.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRICULUM UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRICULUM IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. OF NCRC. R&D. UNI.

Prof. This meeting was follow up of the preliminary meeting. Bahauddin Zakria University.Dr. 2007 at HEC Regional Centre. Dr. Prof. Multan 7 Convener Member Member Member Member Member Member Member . Prof. D. Department of Physics. Dr. 2008 at HEC Regional Centre. Ansar A. Department of Physics. Jamshoro. Ashraf Chaudhry. Prof. Director. Muhammad Ayub. Dr. Prof. Karachi. 4. Department of Physics. Khan 2.Hassan Amir Shah. Muhammad Siddique Kalhoro. 8. Professor. Dr. Chairman. Manzoor Hussain. 3. Dr. Department of Physics. Peshawar. Lahore. Khairpur. Director Institute of Physics. Shah Adul Latif University. Government College University. University of Sindh.Dr. Lahore. University of the Punjab. Chairman. 6. Centralized Resource Laboratory. Karachi to adjust and finalize the BS Physics (4 Year) curriculum in the light of HEC approved guidelines and generic unified frame work / template for social and natural sciences for the program. Prof. Gomal University. Department of Physics. held on November 16-17. University of Peshawar.Introduction The 2nd and Final NCRC Special Meeting in Physics was held on March 28-29. The following attended the Meetings: 1. Prof. Qurban Ali Bhatti. Prof. 7.Muhammad Riaz Khan. University of Karachi. Department of Physics. Dr.I. Lahore. 5. Qidwai. Department of Physics.

The committee unanimously selected Prof. B. University Multan 11. Shafiullah Khan. Mr. Mr. The objective of the meeting was explained and the forum was requested to select a convener & secretary of the meeting. the participants agreed to the following scheme of study and course outlines for BS (4 Year) program in Physics in the light of the guidelines and format approved by HEC for BS (4-years) program for natural sciences: 8 . Regional Centre. M. Prof.Z. Prof. Riaz Ahmad. Department of Physics. Muhammad Ayub as convener and Dr. Associate Professor.9. After a thorough and long discussion. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. 2007 at HEC. Younis Nadeem. 10. Dr. Riaz Ahmad as a secretary. Incharge HEC Regional Centre. Dr. Dr. Dr. Government College University. Lahore. Department of Physics. Assistant Director HEC. Islamabad. Lahore Member Member Member/ Secretary The Meeting started with a recitation from Holy Quran by Mr. Chairman. Shafiullah Khan requested the participants to finalize the revised curriculum of Physics (2005) in line with HEC approved template for BS (4 year) program in the light of decisions taken in the first NCRC special meeting in physics held on November 16-17. Karachi welcomed the participants. Syed Zafar Ilyas. University of Balochistan.

Students will develop habit of independent learning and get motivation for selfeducation. This programme will equip the students with firm foundation in principles of Physics and their applications. 9 4. 10. Students will develop hands-on experience in different laboratory techniques. 8. 2. 5. Students will be able to design and conduct experiments and analyse experimental data. 9. 7. Student will learn fundamentals principles of Physics. The graduates will be able to apply their knowledge of Physics for their professional growth and for obtaining further Higher Education in specialized fields of Physics The main educational objectives of BS (4-year) program are: 1. Students will be prepared for careers in teaching. Students will develop and understanding of different basics of Physics and their applications to real problems. 6. Students will develop effective skills in mathematics and its applications to the solutions of Physics problems. able to face the challenges of the modern world.Objectives of BS 4 Year program in Physics The Objective of BS 4 Year Program is to impart the best possible education in the subject so that students will utilize the knowledge of Physics in practical life which will be beneficial for the society. Students will develop the ability of working in an interactive group. . Students will develop in-depth understanding of some specialized area of Physics by opting for a number of elective courses. research and industry in government / private organizations. Students will develop problem-solving skills which will be helpful in applying their knowledge to the real world. 3. Students will develop skills in written as well as oral communication in English. The primary aim of the programme is to produce broad-based graduates. Students will develop critical and rational reasoning so that they will be able to work on complex and unforeseen problems and seek their solution. 11.

III Elective – IV / Research Project Cr hr 3 3 3 3 12 Total Credit Hours 132 * University has the option to recommend any other course in lieu of English-IV ** University may recommend any other course in lieu of Mathematics-II GOF= General Subjects from Faculties other than Science GRF= General Subject from Science Faculty 10 . Waves and Oscillations. 9. 5. 15. Elective l . 10. 3.II Elective . Quantum Mechanics – I Classical Mechanics Electronics Lab-V Mathematical Methods – I Quantum Mechanics –II Electromagnetic Theory-I Thermal & Statistical Physics Nuclear Physics Solid State Physics Lab-VI Computational Physics Lab-VII Electromagnetic Theory-II University Option Mathematical Methods – II Cr hr 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 2 3 3 3 45 Elective Courses within the major 4 courses 12 Credit Hours Subject 1. 4. Mechanics – I 2. 8. 2. Optics / University Option 9. 4. 6. 4. INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Cr hr 3 3 3 3 2 2 3 3 3 9-10 courses 30-33 Credit hours Cr hr 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Subject 1. 6. MATHEMATICS-II** 9. Lab-II 12. 3. 16. MATHEMATI-CS-I 8. 3. 3. Lab-IV Cr hr 2 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 29 25 21 Major courses including research project/internship 11-13 courses 36-42 Credit hours Subject 1. ENGLISH-I ENGLISH-II ENGLISH-III ENGLISH-IV* PAKISTAN STUDIES ISLAMIC STUDIES / ETHICS 7. 2. Lab-III 13. 12. 14. 13. Modern Physics & Electronics 7.LAYOUT FOR BS (4 YEAR) PHYSICS General Courses to be chosen from other departments 7-8 courses 21-24 Cr. 11. Heat & Thermodynamics 5. Electricity & Magnetism – II 8. Lab-I 11.I Elective . hours Subject GOF-I GRF-I Maths-III GOF-II GOF-III GRF-II Maths-IV Compulsory Requirements (the student has no choice) Discipline Specific Foundation Courses 9 courses 25 Credit hours Subject 1. 5. 7. 2. Electricity & Magnetism-I 6. Atomic & Molecular Physics 10. Mechanics – II 4.

3 3 3 3 3 3 1 19 Remarks Com-8 Found-6 Found-7 Gen-3 Found-8 Gen-4 Found-9 Remarks Comp-9 Found-10 Gen-5 Gen-6 Found-11 Gen-7 Found-12 English-IV University Option Modern Physics & Electronics GOF-III Maths-IV Electricity & Magnetism-II GRF-II Lab-IV Total 11 . Hrs. 3 2 3 3 3 2 1 17 Remarks Comp-5 Comp-6 Comp-7 Gen-2 Found-3 Found-4 Found-5 Semester-III Title Cr. English-III 3 Electricity & Magnetism-I 3 Heat & Thermodynamics 3 Maths-III 3 Optics/University Option* 3 GOF-II 3 Lab-III 1 Total 19 Title Semester-IV Cr Hrs. Remarks English-I Pak Studies Maths-1 Introduction to Computers Mechanics-I GOF-I Lab-I Total Title English-II Islamic Studies Maths-II GRF-I Waves & Oscillations Mechanics-II Lab-II Total 3 2 3 3 2 3 1 17 Comp-1 Comp-2 Comp-3 Comp-4 Found-1 Gen-1 Found-2 Semester-II Cr. Hrs.SCHEME OF BS (4 YEAR) PROGRAMME IN PHYSICS Semester-1 Title Cr. Hrs.

Semester-V Cr Title Hrs. Hrs. Hrs. Elective-II 3 Elective-III 3 Elective-IV/Research Project 3 University Option* 3 Total Total Credit Hours = 132 12 Remarks Maj-1 Maj-2 Maj-3 Maj-4 Maj-5 Maj-6 Remarks Maj-7 Maj-8 Maj-9 Maj-10 Maj-11 Maj-12 Remarks Maj-13 Found-13 Maj-14 Elective Maj-15 Remarks Elective Elective Elective Maj-16 GOF= General Subjects from Faculties other than Science Faculty GRF= General Subject from Science Faculty The Universities may reshuffle courses within semesters * University Option is given to universities in order to introduce subjects according to specialization of qualified staff available Note: 12 . Mathematical Methods of 3 Physics-I Quantum Mechanics-I 3 Thermal & Statistical 3 Physics Classical Mechanics 3 Electronics 3 Lab-V 2 Total 17 Semester-VI Title Cr. Mathematical Methods of 3 Physics -II Quantum Mechanics -II 3 Electromagnetic Theory -I 3 Nuclear Physics 3 Solid State Physics 3 Lab-VI 2 Total 17 Semester-VII Title Cr. Computational Physics 3 Atomic & Molecular Physics 3 Electromagnetic Theory-II 3 Elective-I 3 LAB-VII 2 Total 14 Semester-VIII Cr Title Hrs.

2008.Course Profiles Dr. Riaz Ahmed was requested to prepare the course profiles for different courses and submit the same to Mr. Islamabad on the prescribed format by 10th April. Muhammad Ayub (Convener) 13 . Riaz Ahmad (Secretary) Prof. Shafiullah Khan. HEC. The Meeting ended with thanks from the chair. Dr. Assistant Director (Curriculum). Dr.

Cylindrical Coordinaties. in vibration of a spring obeying Hooke’s Law). To give concept of vector and their various properties. physical importance and applications to specific cases. Cosines. Vector Analysis: Review of Vector in 3 dimensions and fundamental Operations. 3. Projectile motion with and without air resistance. Centrifugal force as an example of pseudo force. (Essentially a review of grade-XII concepts via integration technique to calculate work done (e. Equations of motion. special examples. flux. Effect of drag forces on motion. Power and Energy: Work done by a constant force.g. their derivation. Physical significance of each type. pulling a mass at the end of a fixed string against gravity.Sc. normal forces and contact forces. work done by a variable force (1-2 dimension). v(t) for this case using integration method. Constant and variable forces. 2. the banked curve. Deriving kinetic equations for x(t). Time dependent forces. circular motion. Divergence of a vector. Qualitative discussion to develop understanding. v(t) via integration. curl and line integral (mutual relation). Divergence Theorem. General 14 . Applying Newton’s Laws to obtain v(t) for the case of motion with time dependent (Integration approach) drag (viscous) forces. Obtaining general expression for work done (2dimensional case) and applying to simple cases e. Vector identities.DETAILS OF COURSES MECHANICS-I Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. Work. Divergence and curl of a vector. Particle Dynamics: Dynamics of uniform. terminal velocity. Coriolis force. To give mathematical concept and expressions of various physical parameters used in mechanics. (Physics + Math) 2 Cr. Direction. Obtaining x(t). Non inertial frames and Pseudo forces. Stoke’s Theorem.h Objectives: 1. To give basic understanding of laws of motion and their applications is daily life. Work energy theorem. Calculation of pseudo forces for simple cases (linearly accelerated reference frames). gradient of a scalar. Spherical polar coordinates.g. Vector and scalar triple products.

Derivation using integral calculus. 2. 5th ed. Physics. law of gravitation. MECHANICS-II Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. 3. Momentum Changes in a system of variable mass. (Physics + Math) 2 Cr. Inelastic collision. of Uniform Rod. 1999. Centre of mass of solid objects. physical properties of matter and relativistic mechanics Uses of above concepts in daily life in a scientific way 15 . Vector Analysis and an Introduction to Tensor Analysis.M. Law of conservation of total energy of an isolated system. D. Derivation of basic equation. McGraw Hill. Halliday. application to motion of a rocket (determination of its mass as a function of time).proof of work energy theorem: Qualitative review of work energy theorem. 1959. and 3 dimensional conservative systems. Calculating C. obtaining velocities in C. Cylinder and Sphere. 1978. frame. An Introduction to Mechanics. 2. Simple applications. Conservative and non conservative forces: Conservation of energy in a system of particles. Resnick. Krane. Vol. Calculation of Centre of Mass of solid objects using integral calculus. Conservation of Energy in 1. Position. Speigel. Recommended Books: 1. 2. Centre of mass.M. Collisions: Elastic Collisions. Collisions in centre of Mass reference frame (One and two dimensions). I & II.Sc. John Wiley. Kolenkow. R. To give the basic concept of rotational motion. Mc-Graw Hill. D. Kleppner and R. Energy changes with respect to observers in different inertial frames. Systems of Particles: Two particle systems and generalization to many particle systems. Power. M. Conservation of momentum during collision in one and two dimensions. velocity and equation of motion. Basic formulae and applications.h Objectives: 1.

Transformation of velocity. Derivation. scalar and vector form. Effects of torque on the angular momentum. Relativity of length. calculation of escape velocity. Bulk Properties of Matters. The spinning Top. Viscosity. Equations of rotational motion and effects of application of torques. Radial and transversal velocity and acceleration. Combined rotational and translational motion. Determination of moment of inertia of various shapes i. Consequences of Lorentz transformation. precessional motion. Conservation of angular momentum. Compression & shearing. Rotational dynamics of rigid bodies. Gravitational field & Potential. Physical basis of elasticity. Physical basis. Elastic limit.Rotational Dynamics: Relationships between linear & angular variables. Gravitation: Gravitational effect of a spherical mass distribution. fluid flow through a cylindrical pipe (Poiseulle's law). Elastic Modulus. Postulates of Relativity. The Lorentz Transformation. Moment of Inertia. Qualitative discussion on application of gravitational law to the Galaxy. role in formation of drops and bubbles. obtaining the Coefficient of viscosity. Gravitational Potential Energy (develop using integration techniques). Rolling without slipping. Fluid Statics. Poisson’s ratio. relativistic momentum and Relativistic energy. Variation of Pressure in fluid at rest and with height in the atmosphere. Parallel axis and Perpendicular axis theorems. Motion of Planets and Keplers' Laws (Derivation & explanation) Motion of Satellites. Discussion with examples. Physical basis. mass energy relation and its importance. Universal Gravitational Law. (Lorentz invariants) E2=c2 p2+m2oc 4 16 . effects of Torque and its relation with angular momentum. for disc. practical example of viscosity. bar and solid sphere. Kinetic energy of rotation. Special Theory of Relativity: Inertial and non inertial frame. Assumptions on which inverse transformation is derived. Its mathematical treatment. variation of mass with velocity.e. Stability of spinning objects. Relation between three types of elasticity. Energy considerations in planetary and satellite motion. Tension. Angular Momentum: Angular Velocity. Relativity of mass. Surface Tension. Proof and Illustration. Relativity of time. application to simple cases. Elastic Properties of Matter.

Krane. Natural frequency. M. Phase velocity of traveling waves. Sinusoidal waves. An Introduction to Mechanics. SHM and uniform circular motion. Equation of forced oscillation. Waves in Physical Media: Mechanical waves. Sound: Beats Phenomenon. Analytical treatment. Vol. Waves speed. Phase changes on reflection. mechanism of wave production. Resonance.h Objective: 1. WAVES & OSCILLATIONS Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. Torsional oscillator.Recommended Books: 1. Vector Analysis and an Introduction to Tensor Analysis. 1959. Standing waves. D. v(t). Halliday. Forced oscillations and resonances. Mechanical analysis. Derivation & discussion. Energy considerations in SHM. 17 . Combinations of harmonic motions. Power and intensity in wave motion. Kleppner and R. 5th ed. To understand the basics of waves. simple pendulum. Principle of superposition (basic ideas). Travelling waves. I & II. Mc-Graw Hill. Wave equation. John Wiley. Application of SHM. (Physics + Math) 3 Cr. discussion of its solution. Equation of damped harmonic motion. 3. 2. Kolenkow. R. Group speed and dispersion. Longitudinal and transverse Oscillations. Lissajous patterns. Examples of resonance. 1999. propagation and interaction with other waves use of basic concept of waves in their application in daily life Harmonic Oscillations: Simple harmonic motion (SHM). Speigel. McGraw Hill. Obtaining and solving the basic equations of motion x(t). Interference of waves.Sc. Discussion of its solution. Damped harmonic motion. Resnick. a(t). Physical pendulum. D. Physics. 1978. 2. Discussion of solution. Quality factor.

LAB-I Pre-requisites 1 Cr. 7. Measurement of viscosity of liquid by Stoke’s / Poiseulli’s method. Determination of moment of inertia of a solid/hollow cylinder and a sphere etc. Pain. 6. 3. 8. I & II. Atomic vibrations. Many coupled oscillator. Physics. Halliday.K. 1986. 2. Surface tension of water by capillary tube method. Recommended Books: 1. Fourier methods of analyzing general motion of a continuous system. H. To determine the value of “g” by compound pendulum / Kater’s Pendulum. Krane. 2. 1. General methods of finding normal modes. To study the damping features of an oscillating system using simple pendulum of variable mass. 1999. To study the dependence of Centripetal force on mass. 5th ed. 4. J. of students in Modulus of Rigidity by Static & Dynamic method (Maxwell’s needle. Tata McGrawHill Publishing company Limited. 18 . 3. Energy relations in coupled oscillations. 5th Edition 1999. Vol. Beats in coupled oscillations. Investigation of phase change with position in traveling wave and measurement of the velocity of sound by C. Forced oscillations of two coupled oscillators. and angular velocity of a body in circular motion.Coupled Oscillators and Normal modes: Two coupled pendulums.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives To develop the experimental capability understanding the concept of Mechanics. Normal Modes of Continuous systems: Transverse vibration of a string. N. Normal modes. D. Bajaj.R. Barton’s Apparatus).O. John Wiley. The Physics of Vibrations and Waves. The Physics of Waves & Oscillations. Vibrations of air columns. Resnick. Longitudinal vibrations of a rod. Two coupled masses. radius. Two coupled LC circuits. 5.

The determination of resolving power of a diffraction grating. Nelkon and Ogborn. C. 19 . The determination of wavelength of Sodium –D lines by Newton’s Ring.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives To develop the understanding of students in measuring the thermal and optical parameters and to remove the fear of students to use various gadgets in laboratory 1. 8. To determine frequency of AC supply by CRO. Bhattacharya. 4. H. 12. To determine Horizontal/Vertical distance by Sextant. University Practical Physics. K. The measurement of specific rotation of sugar by Polarimeter and determination of sugar concentration in a given solution. To study the conservation of energy (Hook’s law). Heimann Educational Books Nolan and Bigliani. Recommended Books: 1. To determine thermal Emf and plot temperature diagram. 5. Experiments in Physics. 9. The determination of Stefan’s constant. The determination of wavelength of light/laser by Diffraction grating. 3. 2. Determination of wavelength of sodium light by Fresnel’s biprism. Advanced Level Practical Physics. CBS Publishing Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities LAB-II Pre-requisites 1 Cr. 7. Determination of “J” by Callender – Barnis method. 2. 11. Determination of temperature coefficient of resistance of a given wire. Selected Experiments in Physical Sciences. 3. D. 4. Calibration of thermocouple by potentiometer. Marrow. 10. 6.9. Longman. Surjeet Pub Ind.

17. To determine the Thermal conductivity of good and bad conductors using Lee’s and Searl’s apparatus. field of infinite sheet of charge. Recommended Books: 1. Heimann Educational Books Nolan and Bigliani. 14. conductor with a cavity. Nelkon and Ogborn. D. To study the parameters of waves (Beats phenomenon). 2. Marrow. To give the concept of electric field. 15. electrical potential and dielectrics To understand the DC circuits To know the effect of magnetic field and basic magnetic properties of materials Electric Field: Field due to a point charge: due to several point charges. Field of infinite line of charge. Charge in isolated conductors. 20 . Electric field of continuous charge distribution e.g Ring of charge. (Integral and differential forms) and its application. field of spherical shell and field of spherical charge distribution. Advanced Level Practical Physics.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. Selected Experiments in Physical Sciences. disc of charge. Torque and energy of a dipole in uniform field. Dipole in an electric field. Surjeet Pub Ind. K. C. To study the laws of vibration of stretched string using sonometer. Experiments in Physics. Electric flux: Gauss's law. Bhattacharya.13. field near a charged conducting sheet. CBS Publishing Note: At least nine experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM-I Pre-requisites 3 Cr. Electric dipole. Longman. 3. Point charge in an electric field. H. infinite line of charge. 2. 4. 3. 16. To determine the stopping potential by photo cell. University Practical Physics. To study the combinations of harmonic motion (Lissajous figures).

Gettys. µ. Differential form of Gauss’s Law. Growth and Decay of current in an RC circuit and their analytical treatment. σ. Biot-Savart Law: Analytical treatment and applications to a current loop. Ferromagnetism Discussion. Magnetic dipole: Energy of magnetic dipole in field. Ampere's Law. Magnetic Field Effects and Magnetic Properties of Matter: Magnetic force on a charged particle. F. potential due to dipole.Electric Potential: Potential due to point charge. Integral and differential forms. calculating the electric field in a capacitor. McGraw-Hill. An atomic view. Origin of Atomic and Nuclear magnetism. spherical etc. Ohm’s Law. potential due to collection of point charges. Gauss's Law for Magnetism: Discuss and develop the concepts of conservation of magnetic flux. 21 . Discuss quantitatively. Magnetic Materials. D C Circuits: Electric Current. E. 1993. Inc. and conductivity. cylindrical. Energy stored in an electric field. Paramagnetism. magnetic force on a current. Field as the gradient or derivative of potential. Defining M. Capacitors and dielectrics: Capacitance. (Integral form). energy transfer in an electric circuit. voltages at various elements of a loop. Recall the previous results. Torque on a current loop. Potential and field inside and outside an isolated conductor. Norton theorem and Superposition theorem. Lorentz Force with its applications in CRO. Calculating the current in a single loop. J. M. Diamagnetism. Poisson’s and Laplace equation without solution. force on two parallel current changing conductors. J. resistivity. Electric potential of continuous charge distribution. current density J. Electric field of dielectric. Do not derive. resistance. Thevenin theorem. Equation of continuity. and calculation of their capacitance. B. Skove Physics Classical and Modern (2nd edition). Energy per unit volume. Recommended Books: 1. multiple loops.Bohr Magneton. Basic ideas. applications to solenoids and toroids. Capacitors of various shapes.. ρ. Use of Kirchhoff's Ist & 2nd law. Application of Gauss's Law to capacitor with dielectric. Hysteresis in Ferromagnetic materials. Keller. Capacitor with dielectric. Magnetization. W.

S. Chand & Co. Distribution of molecular speeds. Gibb’s functions. K. 1986. Internal energy of an ideal gas: Equipartition of energy. Low Temperature Physics. 4. To give the concept of heat and temperature To give the concept of classical distribution function To understand the laws of thermodynamics and their application Statistical Mechanics: Statistical distribution and mean values. McGraw-Hill Book Co. N. Van der Waals equation of state. 2. Thermodynamic temperature scale: Absolute zero: Entropy. Calculation of efficiency of heat engines. Joule-Thomson effect and 22 . Refrigerators. Internal energy of an ideal gas.. Helmholtz functions) Maxwell’s relations. HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS Pre-requisites 3 Cr. Entropy in reversible process. F. 3. 1992. A. S. Theory and Problems of Electromagnetism. D. Brownian motion. Conduction and viscosity. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Kinetic theory of the ideal gas. A. Diffusion..Review of previous concepts. Heat and Temperature: Temperature. Carnot theorem. Thermodynamics: Review of previous concepts. Maxwell distribution. Second Law of thermodynamics.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. 3. Qualitative description. Kip Fundamentals of Electricity and Magnetism (2nd Ed. D. Halliday. Energy equations and their applications. Enthalpy. J. Resnick. Inc. Vasudeva Magnetism and Electricity. cyclic and free expansion. Entropy & second law. Qualitative discussion.2. 1969. 5. Intermolecular forces. TdS equations. Heat engine. Liquification of gases. Entropy. Maxwell-Boltzmann energy distribution.. Work done on an ideal gas. Krane Physics (Vol-II). isothermal. Entropy in irreversible process.). First law of thermo-dynamics and its applications to adiabatic. Edminister Schaum’s Outline Series. Mean free path and microscopic calculations of mean free path. Carnot engines. 1959.. John Willey & sons. Reversible and irreversible processes. Entropy & probability. R. Thermodynamic functions: Thermodynamic functions (Internal energy. Distribution of energies.

Pointon. Polarization Plane elliptically and circularly polarized light. (thin films. Zemansky. Uni-axial crystals. Lee and F. 2. McGraw Hill. point source and extended source. M. Holography. W. W. Reif. 1995. diffraction and polarization. lens formula. Review of topics related to chromatic aberration. Malus law. Fibre optics.its equations. Thomson effect Seabeck’s effect. McGrawHill Professional Book Group. To develop understanding about the optical devices Geometrical Optics Geometrical optics and its laws. 23 . F. To understand the concept of reflections. 3.Thermocouple. M. lens formula by deviation method. Sears. 5. Eye pieces. Heat and Thermodynamics. Addison-Wesley 1954. 1951.h. Longman 1967. Fabry Perot & Michelson interferometer. Berkley Physics series. McGraw Hill 1965. Production of each type and their uses. Thermodynamics. sign convention. 4. Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. Abbott. A. refraction. OPTICS Pre-requisites 3Cr. Chromatic aberration. J. M. 3rd Edition. Thermoelectricity. Polarizing angle and Brewster law. Refraction at a spherical surface. two lens systems. Introduction to Statistical Physics. Peltier’s effect. Typical cases of interference phenomena. Analytical treatment of interference phenomenon. J. Schaum's Outline of Thermodynamics. 2. Aberrations. Fresnel’s biprism). Statistical Physics. Recommended Books: 1. Optical activity in liquids Interference Far field approximation. interference. Induced optical effects.

R. Addison – Wesley Publishing Company 1987. AND. Optics. transistor biasing for amplifiers. p-n junction diode. 2. ELECTRONICS & MODERN PHYSICS Pre-requisites 3 Cr. Origin of Quantum Theory: Black body radiation. Halliday. operating point. 24 . energy band in solid and energy gaps. Transistor. 2. Resolving power of lenses.and Planck’s law. Positive & negative feed back R.vibrator (basic). common emitter. The quantization of energy. Diffraction applications. Diffraction pattern of a circular aperture. Logic gates OR. D. S. 1992. Recommended Books: 1. Fresnel diffraction. neutron and electron diffraction. Photoelectric and Compton effect. K. Explanation using quantum theory. characteristics of common base. 3. p-type. John Willey & sons. E. Krane. Wiens. NOR and their basic applications. NOT.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives: 1. To give the concept of modern physics To know the nuclear structure and radioactivity To know some nuclear reactions and production of nuclear energy To give basic understanding of Plasma and LASER Electronics: Basic crystal structure. Inc. Monostable multi. Resnick. its structure. characteristics and application as rectifiers. Fraunhofer diffraction. Study of Fourier theorem and its analysis. consequences.Diffraction Huygen’s principle. Oscillators. X-ray diffraction. Double slit diffraction pattern.. Dispersing properties of prism and grating. NAND. n-type semiconductor materials. Transistor as an amplifier (common emitter mode). Diffraction pattern of a rectangular aperture. Application to grating. Physics. common collector. Diffraction grating.C. Line spectra. load line. hybrid parameters (common emitter). Stefan Boltzmann-. Diffraction by a single slit. Hecht. its basic structure and operation. free electron model. 4.

X-ray spectrum (continuous and discrete) Moseley’s law. S. Wave packets and particles. Angular momentum of electrons. Review of emf. Robert M Eisberg. Inc. molecules. Physics. 2002. Robert M. “Basic definition”. 3. Inductance of a Solenoid. localizing a wave in space and time. Quantum Physics of Atoms. 1992. energy levels of electron. Narosa Publishing House.h Objectives: 1. Solids. Resnick. LR Circuits. R. Modern Physics 3rd edition. Orbital angular momentum. Paul A. Halliday. D. Tipler and Ralph A. 2004. Fundamentals of Modern Physics. 2. Nuclei and Particles. Recommended Books: 1. Calculation and application using differential and integral form. W H Freeman and Company 2000. Atomic Physics: Bohr’s theory (review). ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM-II Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 3Cr. Concepts of Modern Physics (fifth edition) McGraw-Hill 1995. 4. Eisberg and Robert Resnick. Thomson Experiment.P. Llewellyn.) its definition and relation to probability of particle. d’Broglie hypothesis and its testing. 6. 3. K. John Wiley & Sons 1961 Sanjiv Puri.Wave Nature of Matter: Wave behaviour of particle (wave function etc. Toroid. Pauli’s exclusion principle and its use in developing the periodic table. 2nd edition. Atomic spectrum. DavissonGermer Experiment and J. Arthur Beiser. Frank-Hertz experiment. John Wiley & Sons. Modern Physics. Growth and Decay of 25 . Vector atom model. To understand the laws of electromagnetic induction To understand the AC circuits To know the generation and propagation of Electromagnetic waves Inductance: Faraday’s Law of Electromagnetic Induction.. 2. 5. Induced electric fields. Bohr’s Magnetron. John Willey & sons. Krane. Faraday Law and Lenz’s Law. Spin quantization. Inductance.

(Gauss's law for electromagnetism. Series and parallel circuits i. S. F. analytical treatment. A. Maxwell's equations. D. Vasudeva Magnetism and Electricity. obtaining the velocity of light from Maxwell's equations. Analytical treatment and discussion of physical concepts. Edminister Schaum’s Outline Series.). E. Alternating Current Circuits: Alternating current. power factor.. AC current in resistive. 26 . S. Inc. Halliday. Chand & Co. Power in A. Theory and Problems of Electromagnetism. Gettys. Skove Physics Classical and Modern (2nd edition). acceptor and rejector. Qualitative discussion. 1993. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Inc.e. McGraw-Hill. Ampere's Law). obtaining differential form of Maxwell's equations. Energy density and the magnetic field. Krane Physics (Vol-II). Induced magnetic fields & displacement current.. Faraday Law. Derive. Kip Fundamentals of Electricity and Magnetism (2nd Ed. Energy transport and the Poynting Vector. 1969. K. M. 2. Forced electromagnetic oscillations and resonance..current. 5. Energy stored in a magnetic field. R. inductive and capacitative elements. RMS values. Resnick. 3. 4. J. J. Analytical expression for time dependent solution. J. Keller. phase angles.C circuits: phase angles. 1959. Graphical analysis. Quantitative analysis using differential equatins. W. applications. Single loop RLC circuit. Electromagnetic Oscillation. Generating an electro. (Integral & Differential forms) Discussion and implications. Analytical treatment. F. Development of concepts.magnetic equations. Travelling waves and Maxwell's equations. McGraw-Hill Book Co. N. Electro-Magnetic Waves (Maxwell's Equations): Summarizing the electro. John Willey & sons. Recommended Books: 1.. 1992.. D. A.magnetic wave. 1986.

2. 8. phase and time period of a complex signal by CRO. Practical Physics. their experimental measurement and to give understanding of electrical circuits and use of CRO. G L Squires. Measurement of resistance using a Neon flash bulb and condenser Conversion of a galvanometer into Voltmeter & an Ammeter To study the characteristics of Photo emission and determination of Plank’s constant using a Photo cell Calibration of an Ammeter and a Voltmeter by potentiometer Charge sensitivity of a ballistic galvanometer Comparison of capacities by ballistic galvanometer. 4.e. CBS Publishing. Measurement of low resistance coil by a Carey Foster Bridge. 2. 9. 1. 11. To study the B. Surjeet Pub Ind.H. 6. 12. 15.h Objectives: To know the electrical circuit elements. 3. 3. 3rd Edition. Study of the parameter of wave i. 5. 10. amplitude. To study the network theorems (Superposition. 27 . 7. Norton). Note: At least eight experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. To study the application of Lorentz force by CRO. curve & measure the magnetic parameters. 14. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. Resonance frequency of an acceptor circuit Resonance frequency of a Rejecter Circuit. Recommended Books: 1. Experiments in Physics. Study of electric circuits by black box. C K Bhattacharya. Measurement of self/mutual inductance. University Practical Physics. 13.LBORATORY III Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 1 Cr. Thevinin.

OR.M counter. Determination of range of α particles. C K Bhattacharya. Determination of e/m of an electron. 9. NAND etc) using diode and to develop their truth table. Determination of ionization potential of mercury. M. To study the characteristic curves of a G. 3. Characteristics of a transistor. CBS Publishing. 8. To develop understanding and uses of electronic devises including GATS. 28 . Characteristics of a semiconductor diode (Compare Si with Ge diode) Setting up of half & full wave rectifier & study of following factors i. G L Squires. 3. To set up a single stage amplifier & measure its voltage gain and bandwidth. Transistors. 11 12. To set up transistor oscillator circuit and measure its frequency by an oscilloscope. Practical Physics. Surjeet Pub Ind. Smoothing effect of a capacitor ii. 15. 4. To understand the behaviour of nuclear radiation including beta and gama radition. 3rd Edition. counter and use it to determine the absorption co-efficient of β-particle in Aluminum. Use of computer in the learning of knowledge of GATE and other experiments. 2.h Objectives: 1. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. Study of regulation of output voltage with load. Mass absorption coefficient of lead for γ-rays using G. To set up an electronic switching circuit using transistor LDR and demonstrate its use as a NOT Gate. University Practical Physics. Ripple factor & its variation with load. 5. To set up and study various logic gates (AND. Recommended Books: 1. 6. 7. 13. 10. 14. Experiments in Physics.LAB-IV Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 1 Cr. 2. iii.

Lie groups Complex Variables: Functions of a complex variable. Continuous groups-O groups. Calculus of residue.h Objectives 1. Diagonalization of matrices. Arfken. Curvilinear Coordinates and Tensors: Curvilinear coordinate system. Similarity transformations. Recommended Books: 1.Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. Taylor and Laurent series. Group representation. Orthogonal matrices. Green’s theorem in the plane. 1970. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors of matrices. Covariant and contravariant tensors. Cartesian. To develop the mathematical background of student in vectors. Divergence and Curl in the curvilinear coordinates system. Complex integration. Tensor algebra. Mathematical Physics. 29 . Curl and Stoke's theorem. Vector differentiation and gradient. tensors. Discret groups-Dihedral groups. Academic Press. Quotient rule. MATHEMATICAL METHODS-I Pre-requisite General Mathematics 3 Cr. Cauchy integral theorem and integral formula. Divergence and Gauss’s theorem. matrices and some of their uses in the world of physics To give basic understanding of group theory and complex variables used in physics Vector Analysis: Review of vectors Algebra. 2. Gradient. Matrices. 2nd ed. SU(2) groups. Cauchy Riemann conditions and analytic functions. Hermitian matrices. Matrices: Linear vector spaces. Spherical and Cylinderical coordinate system. Determinants. Vector integration. Group Theory: Introduction to groups. G. Invariant subgroups.

5. The hydrogenic atom. QUANTUM MECHANICS-I Pre-requisite FSc Physics and Modern Physics & electronics 3 Cr. Functions and expectation values. The potential barrier problems. Butkov. Formalism of Quantum Mechanics: The state of a system. 1967. R. 4. Complex Variables Schaum’s Outline Series. 2. Fourier Analysis Simon Schuster Series. Properties of one dimensional potential functions. Addison-Wesley 1968. Solutions of Schrodinger equation for free particles. Commuting and non commuting operators. Applied Mathematics for Engineers and Physicists. Addition of angular momenta. Mathematical Physics. Three dimensional isotopic oscillator. Particle in a box. Understanding the behaviour of quantum mechanical particle and development of Schrodinger equation in one and three dimensions introduction to Quantum mechanical operators and determination of angular momentum of a quantum mechanical particle Quantum Mechanics of One Dimensional Problems: Review of concepts of classical mechanics.2. Central potentials. E. 30 . P. Schrodinger Equation in Three Dimensions: Separation of Schrodinger equation in cartesian coordinates. Three dimensional square well potential. The linear harmonic oscillator. Schrodinger and Heisenberg pictures. Hermitian operators. Dynamical variables and operators. Speigel. Time evolution of a system. H. Matrix representation of angular momentum operators. Angular Momentum: Orbital angular momentum. Dirac notation. McGraw Hill 1979. The hydrogenic atom. McGraw Hill. Spin. State of a system. M. Three dimensional square well potential.h Objectives 1. The eigenvalues and eigen functions of L2 and Lz. Symmetry principles and conservation laws. Hsu. Pipes and Harvill. 1971. Heisenberg uncertainty relations. 3. The free particle.

Elements of Probability Theory: Probabilities. reduction of derivatives. R. Equilibrium Thermodynamics: Basic postulates. Reading Mass.J. statistical interpretation of entropy.H. 'Introduction to Quantum Mechanics' Longman Scientific & Technical London (1990). (1980). Springer Verlag. F. Singapore (1992). 'A Modern Approach to Quantum Mechanics'. fundamental equations and equations of state.S. Schwable.h Objectives: 1. 'Relativistic Quantum Mechanics'. distribution functions. 31 . McGraw Hill Book Company. New Delhi (1992). Reading Mass. Berlin (1990). Bialynicki-Birula. New York (1992). 7. 'Quantum Mechanics'. Oxford University Press. Townsend. M. Boltzmann H-theorem. 2. Greiner.Books Recommended: 1. response functions Maxwell's relation. 8 B. David J. Introduction to Quantum Mechanics. J. 4. Griffiths. W. 2. 3.. Kaminski. Greiner. Cieplak & J. Bose – Einstein statistics and Fermi. (1980).Dirac Statistics To develop the understating of lattice dynamics in solid materials. Inc. 'Introductory Quantum mechanics'. 'Theory of Quantua'. Int. To develop the understanding of thermal properties by using statistical means in thermodynamics Development of various statistics like Boltzmann Statistics. Joachain. W. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. 5. 3. THERMAL AND STATISTICAL PHYSICS Pre-requisite: FSc Physics and Heat and Thermodynamics 3 Cr. PRENTICE Hall. 6. Narosa Publishing House. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. 'Quantum Mechanics: An Introduction'.L. Bransden & C. Liboff.

Theorem of equipartition of energy. Ferromagnets in Mean Field Approximation. 2nd Ed. Advanced Topics: Fluctuations. A. Formation of Microcononical. Partition Function: Relations of partition function with thermodynamic variables. 1965. McGraw Hill. Black body radiations. Longman 1967. Reif. Bose-Einstein. Boltzmann distribution. Elements of Statistical Physics.h Objectives: 1. Pauli and Van Vleck paramagnetics. 4. C. Van der Waals Gas: mean field calculation. Kittel. examples (collection of simple harmonic oscillators. Mandl. F. examples) partition function. Introduction to Statistical Physics. Fermi-Dirac statistical systems. Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics. counting of states (in classical and quantum mechanical systems. Examples of thermodynamics of these systems. 2. 2. 1988. 3. Statistical Physics. canonical and grand canonical partion function. Bose-Einstein Condensation.J. Books Recommended: 1. Gas of electrons in solids. F. John Wiley 1958. Pointon. Statistical Mechanics of Interacting Systems: Lattice vibrations in solids. CLASSICAL MECHANICS Pre-requisites: Mechanics I & II 3 Cr. To develop the basic knowledge of classical world using the laws of Physics To develop the understanding of two bodies central force problems 32 . Introduction to density matrix approach. Statistical Systems: Maxwell-Boltzmann. ELBS/John Willey.Formulation of Statistical Methods: Ensembles.

Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics Springer verlag.I. Goldstein. Variational Principles: Calculus of variation and Hamilton's principle. John Wiley & Sons. constraints. Rigid body problems and Euler's equations. The coriolis force. 'Classical Mechanics'. H. Liouville's theorem. Virtual work. Canonical Transformations: Examples of canoical transformations. Rasband. Derivation of Lagrange's equation from Hamilton's principle. 4. two body problem and its reduction to one body problem. Lagrange's equation and its applications. Equation of motion and solution for one body problem. Kepler's Laws Laboratory and centre of mass systems. Massachusetts (1980). Rutherford scattering. Books Recommended: 1. Edn. Moment of inertia. Alembert's principle. Arnold.N.. 3. 2. New York (1980). and Hamilton equations of motion. Kinematics of Rigid Body Motion: Orthogonal transformations. Rigid Body Equation of Motion: Angular momentum. Euler's theorem. Tensors and dyadics. To give understanding of kinematics and dynamics of rigid bodies Development of Hamiltonian equation and use of canonical transformation in classical physics Elementary Principles: Brief Survey of Newtonian mechanics of a system of particles. Hamilton Equation of Motion: Legendre transformation Conservation theorems. New York (1983). V. Lagrange and Poison brackets. Eulerian angles. Reading. Two Body Central Force Problem: Low and least action. 'Dynamics'. 2nd. S.3. 33 . Addison Wesley.

Power class A. Negative feedback. Non inverting and inverting circuits. 2.M. London (1991). Field Effect FET: Transistors. Switching circuits. Light emitting diodes.h Objectives: 1. oscillators and voltage regulators used in daily life alliances To understand the day to day electronic devices. ELECTRONICS Pre-requisites: Modern Physics and Electronics 3 Cr. Ebers-Moll. Transistor Circuits: Bipolar transistors. B. N. 'Introduction to Analytical Dynamics'. R. 'Classical Mechanics'.. parameters and ratings. Common base and common collector amplifiers. Integrator and Differentiator. Frequency response. Active filters. Multistage Amplifiers. Hybrid-p and h. Frequency response.z and y-parameter models. Tuned RF Voltage amplifiers. Zener regulators. The differential amplifiers. Special Diodes: Zener diodes. Photodiodes. Common source and common drain amplifiers. I-F Amplifiers and automatic gain control. Schottky diodes. Prentice Hall Inc. and C amplifiers.. Oxford (1987). Biasing. 34 . Instrumentation amplifier.C. Common emitter. Operational Amplifiers: Ideal op-amps.4. Biasing and stability. Simple op-amp arrangements. Woodhouse. amplifiers. Summing.A. Operation and construction. Varactor diodes. RC coupled and direct coupled stages. Oxford Science Publications. To develop the understanding of different electronic circuit elements and devices like diode. Op-amp applications. Junction FET. transistors. Shepley. Matzner & L. 5. Feedback and stability. Comparators. Varistors and their applications.J. its data and sheet parameters. MOSFET. Tunnel diodes.

Floyd. The Bengamin/Cummings Publishing Co. J. 3. Power supply.B. Malvino. Measurement of the half life of a radio nuclide. 2. 'Electronic Devices'. Reston Publishing Company Inc.J. LAB V Pre-requisites: LAB I –IV 1 Cr. T. Tata McGraw Hill. D. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work.h Objectives: 1. Virginia (1980).C. To study the characteristics of a Geiger-Muller counter and to examine the attenuations of beta particles in Al-and Pb foils. M. McGraw Hill Book Company. in a scintillation counter. New Delhi (1988). To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics..L. Measurement of the spectrum of gama rays from a radioisotope. Bell. G. Voltage Regulators: Series. Merril Publishing Company Columbus (1988).P. Savant Jr. A.T. California (1991). List of Experiments 1. 5. Shielding and attenuation of gamma rays. 2. Roden. 3. C. 'Electronic Design Circuit & Systems'. 'Integrated Electronics'. Shunt and switching regulators. Millman & C.. Halkias. 'Electronic Principles'.Oscillators: Armstrong.H. CMOSS. To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills.S. 'Electronic devices & Circuits'. 4. Carpenter.L. 35 . Hartley. Singapore (Latest Edition). To study the pulseheight as a function of the H. 2. 3. Books Recommended: 1. Colpit's Phase shift and 555 timer oscillators.

Melissinos. Radio frequency measurement. R. H. Higgings. Standing wave ratio.Mark and H. Olsono. 5. AC circuits and dielectric constants of water and ice.J. 2. Experiments in Modern Physics (McGraw-Hill). etc.T.Homogeneous differential equations. etc. MATHEMATICAL METHODS-II Pre-requisite General mathematics and Mathematical Methods-I 3 Cr. 8. Fourier Transforms Solution of Boundary value problems and their uses Differential Equations in Physics: First and second order linear differential equations. To study the characteristics of a solid-state detector and use it to measure the spectra of alpha and beta particles. A. Partial differential equations of theoretical physics. 9. Velocity. Use of a Lithium-drifted Ge-counter for gamme spectroscopy and to compare its performance with that of a nal-detector.4. Separation of variables. Experimental Electronics (McGraw-Hill). 7. Experiments in Modern Physics (Academic). Experiments with transmission lines. 6. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. Second solution. Fourier Series. 3. 36 . Skin effect. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. Books Recommended: 1. Nonhomogenous differential equations. Frobenius series solution of differential equations. Measurement of characteristic impedance.C.h Objectives: 1) 2) 3) To give the understanding of Differential equations and their uses in Physics Introduction to special functions.

Special Functions:
Bessel functions and Hankel functions, Spherical Bessel functions, Legendre polynomials, Associated Legendre polynomials, Spherical harmonics Laguerre polynomials, Hermite polynomials.

Fourier Series:
Definition and general properties, Fourier series of various physical functions, Uses and application of Fourier series.

Integral Transforms:
Integral transform, Fourier transform, Convolution theorem, Elementary Laplace transform and its application.

Boundary Value Problems and Green's Functions:
Boundary value problems in Physics, Non-homogeneous boundary value problems and Green's functions, Green's functions for one dimensional problems, Eigenfunction expansion of Green's function, Construction of Green's functions in higher dimensions.

Books Recommended:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5 6. 7. 8. G. Arfken, Mathematical Physics, 2nd ed, Academic Press, 1970. R. Bronson, ‘Differential Equations’ Schaum’s Outline Series, McGraw Hill, New York. E. Butkov, ‘Mathematical Physics Addison-Weseley London . M.L. Boas, 'Mathematical Methods in Physical Sciences', John Wiley & Sons, New York (1989). C.W. Wong, 'Introduction to Mathematical Physics', Oxford University, Press, New York (1991). Hassani, 'Foundations of Mathematical Physics', Prentice Hall International Inc., Singapore (1991). Chattopadhyay, 'Mathematical Physics', Wiley Eastern Limited, New Delhi, (1990). H. Cohen, 'Mathematics for Scientists & Engineers' Prentice Hall International Inc., New Jersey (1992).

QUANTUM MECHANICS-II Pre-requisites:
Quantum Mechanics I

3 Cr.h

37

Objectives:
1. 2. 3. to understand the use of approximation in Quantum mechanics to understand the theory of scattering and interaction of quantum systems with radiation to understand the basics of relativistic quantum mechanics

Approximate Methods:
Time independent perturbation theory for non degenerate and degenerate levels, the variational method, The WKB approximation, Time dependent perturbation theory.

Identical Particles and Second Quantization:
Indistinguishability of identical particles, Systems of identical particles, Quantum dynamics of identical particle systems, statistics, Symmetry of states, Fermions, Bosons.

Theory of Scattering:
Scattering experiments and cross sections, Potential scattering, The method of partial waves, The Born’s approximation.

The Interaction of Quantum Systems with Radiation:
Electromagnetic field and its interaction with one electron system, Transition rates, Spontaneous emission, Selection rules for electric dipole transitions, The spin of photon and its helicity.

Relativistic Quantum Mechanics:
Schrodinger relativistic equation, Probability and current densities, KleinGordon equation and hydrogen atom, Dirac relativistic equation.

Books Recommended:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. B.H. Bransden & C.J. Joachain, 'Introduction to Quantum Mechanics' Longman Scientific & Technical London (1990). J.S. Townsend, 'A Modern Approach to Quantum Mechanics', McGraw Hill Book Company, Singapore (1992). W. Greiner, 'Quantum Mechanics: An Introduction', Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Reading Mass. (1980). R.L. Liboff, 'Introductory Quantum mechanics', Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Reading Mass. (1980). Bialynicki-Birula, M. Cieplak & J. Kaminski, 'Theory of Quantua', Oxford University Press, New York (1992). W. Greiner, 'Relativistic Quantum Mechanics', Springer Verlag, Berlin (1990). 38

7. 8 9.

F. Schwable, 'Quantum Mechanics', Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi (1992). David J. Griffiths, Introduction to Quantum Mechanics, PRENTICE Hall, Int., Inc. S.Gasiorowicz, Quantum Physics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Singapore.

ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY Pre-requisites:
Electricity and magnetism I & II

3 Cr.h

Objectives:
1. 2. 3. To give the basic understanding in static electromagnetic fields and time dependent electromagnetic fields To develop knowledge of propagation, reflection and refraction of electromagnetic waves To develop the understanding of skin effect and wave guides

Fundamental Concepts:
Recapitulation of the fundamental concepts, Induction B, Addition of Laplace equation and methods of images. Magnetic intensity H, Maxwell's equations in differential and integral forms, Poynting theorem and energy conservation.

Static Electromagnetic Fields:
Electrostatic fields in several dielectric media, Magneto static fields of magnetized matter, Magnetostatic field of stationary current, Magnetization current.

Time Dependent Electromagnetic Fields:
Maxwell's equations for quasi stationery fields, Potentials of a rapidly varying field, Fields of uniformly moving and accelerated charges, Radiation from an accelerated charge, Field of oscillating expansion of electro magnetic field, Multiple fields. Expansion of emf.

Reflection and Refraction of Electromagnetic Waves:
Laws of reflection and refraction, Fresnel's formula, Total reflection, Refraction in conducting media, Reflection from a conducting surface.

39

Books Recommended:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. H.C. Ohanion, 'Classical Electrodynamics', Allyn & bacon Inc., Massachusetts (1988). Y.K. Lim, 'Introduction to Classical Elecrodynamics, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pt., Singapore (1986). P.C. Lorrain & D.R. Corson, 'Electromagnetic Fields and Waves', W.H. Freeman & Co., New York (1978). C.R. Paul & S.A. Nasar, 'Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields, McGraw Hill Book Company, Singapore (1987). A.M. Portis, 'Electromagnetic Fields', John Wiley & Sons, New York (1978). D. Grifftns, An introduction to Dynamics, Prentice Hall, 1984 Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, John Wiley, 1975 Ritze Millfadad Chiristy, Foundation of Electromagnetic Theory

NUCLEAR PHYSICS Pre-requisites:
Modern Physics and Electronics

3 Cr.h

Objectives:
1) 2) 3) To understand the nuclear structure using different nuclear models To understand the nature of nuclear forces To give understanding of radioactivity and nuclear reactions

History:
Starting from Bacqurel’s discovery of radioactivity to Chedwick’s neutron.

Basic Properties of Nucleus: Nuclear size, mass, binding energy, nuclear spin,magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moment, parity and statistics. Nuclear Forces: Yukawa's theory of nuclear forces. Nucleon
scattering, charge independence and spin dependence of nuclear force, isotopic spin.

Nuclear Models: Liquid drop model; Fermi gas model, Shell model;
Collective model.

40

theory of Gamma decay. Particle and Nuclei. Povh. Nuclear Physics. Nuclear Reactions: Conservation laws of nuclear reactions. Symmetry operations. Breit-Wigner one level formula including the effect of angular momentum. 1995. Nuclear isomerism. 3. Addison-Wisely. 1999.h Quantum Mechanics . the magnetic lens spectrometer. Krane. 4. Kenneth S. Segre. 1977. Q-value and threshold energy of nuclear reaction. Atomic potential. Objectives: 1. energy level and level width. multipolarity of Gamma rays. B. Fermi theory of Beta decay. resonance reactions. Simple crystal structures. Green. 41 . C. Fundamental types of lattice.Theories of Radioactive Decay: Theory of Alpha decay and explanation of observed phenomena. F. SOLID STATE PHYSICS Pre-requisite 3 Cr. Kaplan. Introducing Nuclear Physics. 4. Rith. measurement of Beta ray energies. Neutrino hypothesis. 2. 1980. space groups and binding forces. Books Recommended: 1. 1995. Bejamin. K. McGraw Hill. cross sections for nuclear reactions. Electricity & Magnetism I & II. Heat and Thermodynamics. compound nucleolus theory of nuclear reaction and its limitations. Nuclear Physics. Nuclei and Practicles. 2. Zetsche. direct reaction. 3. Statistical Physics. 5. Scholtz. 5. To develop a basic knowledge of crystallography To understand the x-ray diffraction in crystal investigation To understand the binding forces in crystalline material To develop the understanding of lattice dynamics and its uses in derivation of theories of specific heat To understand the behaviour of free electrons in metals and Fermi Energy. Structure of Solids Lattices and basis. Position and orientation of planes in crystals.

Phonons and Lattice Vibrations: Lattice heat capacity. High Temperature Superconductivity. 7. Solid State Physics. Rosenberg. classical model. Wiley. Recommended Books: 1. Laue method. Mermin. fcc. two and three dimensions. 7th Ed. Wahab. LAB VI Pre-requisites LAB I. 4. Elementary Solid State Physics. 1998.Crystal diffraction and reciprocal lattice: Diffraction of X-rays. Debye model of heat capacity. G. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. 3. Kohn Wiley. Ashcroft and N. Kittle. bcc. S. Omar. Solid State Physics. R. Scattered wave amplitude. Ewald construction and Brillouin zone. 3. 1999. 1976. The Solid State. 2. orthorhombic and hexagonal crystals. Neutrons and electrons from crystals. An Introduction.A. 1996. By. Objectives: 1. M. Reciprocal lattice. 6. D.h. Einstein model. 42 . Introduction to Solid State Physics. Thermal conductivity and resistivity. Holt. Density of state in one. IV 1 Cr. W. Fourier analysis of the basis. III. M. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills. Narosa Publishing House. N. rotating crystal method. Academic Press 1992. Bragg’s law. 3rd Edition. H. Enumeration of normal models. Rinehart & Winston. II. Elliott. Reciprocal lattice to sc. C. Umklapp processes.M. 2. M. Powder methods. Burns. 5. Oxford Science Publications 1990.A. Pearson Education 2000. Comparison with experimental results. The Physics and Chemistry of Solids.

Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. Gain characteristics and spectral response of a photo-multiplier tube. To design and build a linear integrator to enable digitization of photo-multiplier pulses. To build and investigate the properties of hard value multivibrators. Power out-put selectivity. G. CBS Publishing. L. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. C. Design of an L. Design of high or medium voltage dc power supply and measurement of the voltage regulation.) Measurement of transistor hybrid parameters. etc. 11. University Practical Physics. etc. Design of high or medium voltage dc power supply and measurement of the voltage regulation. Mathematical Methods. 9. 10. 7. 8. Design of a medium wave T. 3. etc. the operational amplifier. COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS Pre-requisites: 3 Cr. Computer and Programming Skills. 43 . or superheterdyne receiver and measurement of its sensitivity. 6. Surjeet Pub Ind.C. Recommended Books: 1. 3rd Edition. Basic Numerical Analysis and Analytical Tools for Numerical Analysis. Transistor pulse-circuitry (three types of flipflop and the Schmidt trigger circuit).4. Study of random processes and fluctuations in random processes (Poission distribution. Squires. Bhattacharya. Study of leaser parameters. Ripple factor etc. 13.R. 12. Practical Physics.F.F. 5.R. or to design and build a height-to-width converter. 2. To design and build a lotic circuit (using AND/OR/NOR gates) for performing a given function. coupled amplifier and a study of its characteristics. K. Experiments in Physics. Ripple factor.h Undergraduate Level Physics and Elementary Mathematics and Linear Algebra.

'Numerical Methods for Engineers with Personal Computer Applications. Massachusetts (1991). C. Many particle systems. Populations genetics etc. 2.h Pre-requisite Phy-202 (Modern Physics).P. H. Some systems of interest for physicists such as Motion of Falling objects. Phy-306 (Quantum Mechanics) 44 . Wave phenomena.K. Koonini. Merman. Kepler's problems. 3. Rading Massachusetts(1988). New York (1965 PHYSICS-401 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS 4 Cr. Computational Physics'. Regression and interpolation. Gould & J. Error analysis and technique for elimination of systematic and random errors. 4. 3. Addison Wesley Publishing Company Inc. Macheown & D. Computational Techniques in Physics' Adm Hilger. Random numbers and random walk. De Jong. Modeling & Simulations: Conceptual models. 'An Introduction to Computer Simulation Methods'. M.T. The Benjamin/Coming Publishing Inc..Objectives: 1. S. S. 5. Oscillatory motion. L. P. Dynamic systems. Doing Physics with random numbers.J. Diffusion.C. Introduction of computer languages To know the use of computer in numerical anlysis Computer simulation and modeling Computer Languages: A brief introduction of the computer languages like Basic. McGraw Hill Book Company. Chanle. Chapra & R. Computer simulation. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. Field of static charges and current. Books Recommended: 1. Pascal etc and known software packages of computation. Numerical integration and differentiation. The mathematical models. Tobochnik. Relationship of modeling and simulation. 'Introduction to Computational Physics'. Numerical Methods: Numerical Solutions of equations. California (1986).. 2. Bristol (1987).

B. Radiative transitions. LS coupling. electron spin and Hund’s cases. second edition.J. London 1983. Stern Gerlach experiment. Raman effect. Polyatomic molecules (brief introduction). Thomas Fermi potential. Transition probabilities of diatomic molecules. H. Diatomic molecules-rotational. Many body Systems (12 hours) Pauli exclusion principle. Selection rules. 5. Interaction with field (7 hours) Many electron atoms in an electromagnetic field. Spectrophysics. 3. 4. Stark effect. vibrational. Physics of atomic and Molecules. Einstein coefficients. jj coupling and other type of coupling. 2. Born Oppenhimer approximation. Quantum numbers. Periodic system of the elemments. Hydrogen molecule (Heitler London and molecular orbital theories) Recommended Books: 1. Anne P. To review the existing theories of atomic structure To introduce the experimental proof of quantisation To introduce the use of Schrodinger Equation in real system like Hydrogen atom To understand the Molecular spectrum To understand the LASER production and Operation Structure of Atoms (5 hours): Review of Bohr’s theory. Spin orbit coupling. Anomalous Zeeman effect. and electronic spectra. Longmans. Fermi Golden rule. Hydrogen Molecular ion (LCAO approximation).Objectives: 1. Thorn. Chapman and Hall. Hyperfine structure. Stark effect. Molecules (12 hours) Ionic and covalent bonding. 1988. normal Zeeman effect. One Electron System (12 hours) Review of Schrodinger equation for hydrogen atom. Atoms in radiation field. Frank Hertz experiment and approximation methods. 2. 45 . Hartree Fock methods and self consistent field. Bransden and C. Paschen back effect. Central field approximation. X-ray spectra. Sommerfeld model. Joachain.

Waves guided by parallel plane conductor. R. 5. Paul & S. Objectives: 1. second edition. Nuclei and Particles. Massachusetts (1988). grange and Coloumb grange. 6.C. John Wiley.M. Allyn & bacon Inc. Wave guides as cavity resonators. Solids. D. W. Prentice Hall. Portis. Dispersion in metallic conductor.A. An introduction to Dynamics. Grifftns. Singapore (1987). 7. 'Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields. 2. To give the basic understanding in static electromagnetic fields and time dependent electromagnetic fields To develop knowledge of propagation. H. reflection and refraction of electromagnetic waves To develop the understanding of skin effect and wave guides Propagation of Plane Electromagnetic Waves: monochromatic waves and plane waves. Books Recommended: 1. A. Q of a cavity resonator. New York (1978).h. 'Electromagnetic Fields'. 1984 Jackson. Foundation of Electromagnetic Theory 46 . Molecules.. ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY II Pre-requisites: Electricity and magnetism I & II 3 Cr. Forced oscillation of an electronic oscillator. Freeman & Co. Pt. Ohanion. Lim. Classical Electrodynamics. Transmission by a rectangular. 'Classical Electrodynamics'. Loren z. and R. Lorrain & D. Scattering by a bound electron.C. New York (1978).K. Waves guided by dielectrics. Quantum Physics of Atoms. Y. World Scientific Publishing Co. Skin Effect and Wave Guides: High frequency current in a semi infinite conductor. Power transfer and attenuation. 'Electromagnetic Fields and Waves'.. 3. Group velocity. Eisberg. 4. Internal impedance at high frequencies. 2. McGraw Hill Book Company.3. Singapore (1986). Resnick. Dispersion in dilute medium and dense media. 'Introduction to Classical Elecrodynamics. Nasar. P.H. John Wiley and sons 1985. John Wiley & Sons. 1975 Ritze Millfadad Chiristy.R. C. 3.R. Wave Guidance. Corson..

13. Lab-VII 1. 2. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. Determination of the Rydberg constant from the spectrum of hydrogen. 5.) by microwave absorption. 7. To prove the Rutherford law of scattering of charged particles. 8. 47 .g. Determination of the charge on an electron (e) by Millikan’s method. Measurement of the total neutron cross-section. 4. To examine the stopping-power of various substances for thermal neutrons. 14. Study of their optical properties. Electron spin resonance (E. 2. Pre-requisite: Undergraduate physics and Labs I-VI Objectives: 1. 15. 10. 9. The Frank-hertz experiment (Measurement of excitation potential of Hg). To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics.R.h A project can be introduced instead of these experiments. Fabry-Perot interferometer used as a gas refractometer. Use of an analogue computer for solving differential equations. Determination of Planck’s constant (h) by using the photoelectric effect. Experiments with microwaves.PROJECT 3 Cr. Source strength of Co60 by gamma coincidence methods. 6. To study the Zeeman effect for a line in the spectrum of helium. 12. 3. Measurement of the spectrum of gamma rays from a radioisotope (e. 16. To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills.Cs) and study of their photoelectric and Compton absorption. 3.S. 11. Determination of the constituents of substance by activation analysis. To examine the characteristics of a Solid-State detector and to use it for alpha and beta Spectroscopy and compare the results with those obtained by a scintillation counter.

A. T. 23. Olson.T. Drift mobility. Melissionos.Mark and N. H. The measurement of the Hall effect in germanium and silicon.R.M. Gray.) of protons in water.17. Note: At least 12 experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities.S. All experimental courses are only recommended but Universities may opt other experiments according to facilities and expertise available to them. 48 . Simple diode manufacture and point-contact transistor. Applied Electronics (John-Wiley and Sons). Books Recommended: 1. 3. The study of the Mossbauer effect. 20. Experiments in Modern Physics (Academic). 2. demonstrating transistor action). 18. To build a medium or short-wave transmitter. 19. Experiments in Modern Physics (McGrawHill). To determine the energy gap in silicon and Germanium.C. Measurement of the conductivity of Si and Ge as a functions of temperature. (Shockley-Haynes experiments for Germanium. 22. 24. 21. Nuclear magnetic resonance (N.

Introduction. Reaction rates and power density. To know fluid description of the plasma. 2. 49 . 2. Introduction to plasma Physics. waves and oscillations 3 Cr. SURFACE PHYSICS Pre-requisites: Solid state Physics 3 Cr. Criteria for plasma. (Plenum).Chen.A.Van Nestrand). operational conditions. Fluid description of plasma. Controlled Thermonuclear Reactions. Single-particle motion in electromegnatic field. radiation losses from plasma.Krall and A. N. Concept of temperature.Lovberg. Uniform and nonuniform E and B fields. Derivation of dispersion relations for simple electrostatic and electromagnetic modes. University may also tailor these courses according to their facilities.H.W. S. Time-variant E and B fields. 1960 (D.Trivelpiece. Occurrance of plasma.DETAIL OF ELECTIVE COURSES These elective courses can be chosen from the list or new elective course may be offered according to the availability of staff and necessary infrastructure. electrons etc. To know aout the surface physics and its applications Learn about the interaction of surface with the ions. Debye shielding. 3.h Objectives: 1. To learn about the importance of the plasma alongwith the basic concept of plasma. 2nd ed.h Objectives: 1. Books Recommended: 1. The plasma parameter.F. Applications of plasma physics.Glasstone and R. PLASMA PHYSICS Pre-requisite: Electrodynamics. Principles of Plasma Physics. 2. Wave propagation in plasma. Introduction to Controlled Fusion: Basic nuclear fusion reactions. 1973 (McGraw Hill). F.

50 . Catalysis and Growth Processes: Adsorption mechanisms and kinetics chemisorption vs. vibrational spectroscopy. 3 D crystal structures. An introduction to surface Physics. adsorbate phase diagrams and phase transitions. concept of vacuum and standard vacuum hardware components. Auger depth. stability. The structure of semi-conductor surfaces. comparison of particle scattering techniques. Profiling. Desorption Bonding . potential energy curves and adsorption energetics. The electronic structure of semiconductor surfaces. Growth processes. Electron emission processes. growth mechanisms. bcc and stepped surfaces and a discussion of their relative energies. The Electronics and Magnetic Structure of Surfaces: Band theory.An Introduction to Surfaces: What is a surface? The energetics and thermodynmics of creating a surface. Specific types of surface. Preparing a clean surface. adsorption. Free electron theories and the work function. Quantification of Auger spectra. Adsorption mechanisms and kinetics for low coverages Langmuir Isotherms. Discussion of the merits of different types of electron energy analysers and electron deterctors. Electron spectroscopes. derivation. the kinetics of adsorption. catalysis. 2D surface structures. Studying Surfaces: What is UHV? Do we need UHV to study surfaces? The kinetic theory of gases. hcp. physiorption. More complex ceconstruction. Surface Structures and Reconstructions: Lattice concept. Theory and practice of Auger electron spectroscopy. The Structure of Adsorbate Layers: Experimental probes of surface structure such as LEED and RHEED. Signal processing and spectral analysis. fcc. Comparison of different types of pumps with measurement of vacuum pressure. Adsorption. Desorption. Magnetic processes at surfaces. Electron-Surface Interactions: Electron diffraction and quasi – elastic scattering. The surface structures of very small metal particles. Desorption and experimental probes of surface structure such a LEED and RHEED. Surface energies and the Wulff Theorem.

To know the fundamentals of Fluid Mechanice and its applications To learn about the computational aspect for solving diffusion equation. Books Recommended 1. Kinematics of the flow field. Electrodynamics 3 Cr. Introduction to numerical solution of Ordinary Differential equation’s using multi-step methods. Introduction to Surface and Thin Film Processes Cambridge University Press (2000). Boundary value problems. Back scattering. FLUID DYNAMICS Pre-requisite Classical Mechanics. John A. Incompressible and 51 . The finite volume method. Basic Fluid Mechanics: Fundamentals of Continuum mechanics. Venables. Scanning probe microscopy techniques. An Introduciton to the theory and practice of SIMS. theory and practice of Rutherford. An introduction to the theory and practice of scanning Tunneling Microscopy.Atom/ion surface interactions: Comparison of particle scattering techniques. Thin aerofoil. Auger depth profiling. STEM. Surface Microscopy: Classification of microscopy techniques. 2. Reduced forms of governing equations. SPM. Computational Fluid Dynamics-II: Governing equations in integral and differential form. Computational Fluid dynamics-I: Introduction to numerical computation. Optical microscopy. Turbulent Boundary layer.h Objectives 1. Atomic Force Microscopy. Boundary Layer Theory: Laminar Boundary layer. Compressible flows. SEM. SIMS imaging and depth profiling. Reynold’s number. Imaging XPS. Basic concepts in surface imaging and localized spectroscopy. governing equations of fluid motion. Incompressible flows. Introduction to solution of Partial Differential Equiation’s using finite difference methods Advanced Techniques. the continuity equation.

H. 2.V.. Perini gauges. 2. The pressure correction method on staggered and unstaggered grids. F. sorption pumps. Books Recommended: 1. 1993. hydraulic jumps. Viscous flud flow (second Edition). 3. Vacuum Techniques: Gas Transport: Throughout.Lamb. Units pressure ranges. Doer. 1980. temperature.A.. Production of ultrahigh vacuum. Experimental Methods: Introduction to laboratory techniques. Fundamental concepts. To learn about the measuring techniques along with data analysis. Measurement of total pressure in Vacuums Systems. Pumping Speed. vortex shedding and vibrations.T. Roache. 5. Patankar. Mcgraw Hill. Diffusion pumps. sorption pumps (High Vacuum). Hemosa Publishers. 52 . 3. To learn about the vacuum techniques To learn the detection techniques about radiation. Laboratory sessions (preceded by lectures): water waves.1 & 11. P. Time marching schemes. Pump down Time Ultimate pressure. Turbo molecular pumps. N. air flow past a cylinder aero foils. Use of a commercial code for the predication off complex flows. Cryogenic pumps. Hemisphere. Vol. Computational Fluid Dynamics for Engineers. Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow. guttering pumps. Discrete methods for the steady state and time dependent advection diffusion equation.compressible flow & their methods. Hoffmann and S. 1991.M. METHODS OF EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS Pre-requisites Experimental labs and techniques used in these labs. Manometers. turbulent jets and plumes. Schemes for solving large algebraic systems. 3 Cr.M.h Objectives: 1. Albuquerque. K. Ion pumps. 4. Incorporation of turbulence models. 6th edition 1993. Chiang.J. White. S. “Computational Fluid Dynamics”. Hydrodynamics. Fore-Vacuum Pumps: Rotary Oil pumps.

Electronics and Electronic Instruments: Operational amplifiers. Multichannel analyzer. linear and parabolic interpolation. Significance of results. x-rays/gamma detectors.The McLoad gauges. Signal Generators. charge sensitive pre-amplifiers. Pump Choice. Mass spectrometer for partial measurement of pressure. Design of high Vacuum system. DA/AD conversion. Spectroscopy amplifiers. speed. rotation. Surface to Volume ratio. metal. tilt. Lock in Amplifiers. Accuracy. Counters. Errors of Direct measurements. Computer Introduction: Introduction to computers. Isolators. Mean Value and Variance. GPIB Interface. Precision. power magnetic field. leak detection equipment. Rejection of data. alpha/beta detectors. RS 232. Ramp Generators. Mechanical feed throughs & Electrical feed throughs Leak detection: Basic consideration. Integrators. 53 . Liquid Nitrogen trap. Differentiators. neutron detectors. flow. interpolation and extrapolation. Data Analysis: Evaluation of measurement: Systematic Errors. Interfacing. pumping system design. Visual c/visual Basic. difference amplifiers. Data manipulation. Statistical Control of Measurements. Statistical Methods. rotation position. vacuum Flanges. Special Techniques and problems. Repair Techniques. Coincidence circuits. Vacuum Components. pressure displacement. photo multipliers. current to voltage converter. phase. Sensor Technology: Sensors for temperature. Nonlinear functions. smoothing. Radiation Detection and Measurement: GM tubes. Vacuum valves. Errors of Computation. and single channel analyzer. Boxcar averages. preliminary Estimation. Least squares fit to a polynomial. explosive and heat. cosmic rays detectors. summing amplifiers. current voltage. Logarithmic amplifiers. Propagation of errors. Spectrographs and Interferometers. channeltron. Accidental Errors. level. Power supplies. scintillation detector.

Solar UV and life. climate variations and modeling.Toping. The ozone filter. 2. To become familiar with the essentials of environment nad Global climate To learn to use spectroscopy for environments. elements of weather and climate. Energy and momentum. enjoying the sun.B.Young. Turbulent jets and planes. Yarwood.Books Recommended: 1.1. Transport of matter. The Global Climate: The energy Balance. Basic Environmental Spectroscopy: Black body radiation. The emission spectrum of sun. Noise: Basic Acoustics. Introduction to the Essentials of Environmental Physics: The economic system. IOP. flow in reverse. 4. living in green house. ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Pre-requisite: Physics (FSc) 3 Cr. 54 . Statistical Treatment of Methods of Experimental Physics. Data Reduction and Error Analysis for Physical Science. Flow equations of fluid Dynamics. Chapman Hall. reducing the transmission of sound. Inc. 3. active control of sound. (Zero-dimensional Greenhouse Model). J.D. Gaussian plumes in air. Bevington. McGraw Hill. Human Perceptions and noise criteria. Errors of Observations. New York & London Vol. The Einstein Coefficients. ground water.h Objective: 1. Transport of Pollutants: Diffusion. 1962. 2. the social and political context. Turbulence. High Vacuum Techniques. J. Academic Press. Lambert – Beer’s law. Turbulence Diffusion. The transition electric dipole moment. The spectroscopy of bi-molecules. H. P.

Measurement of temperature. General characteristics of measuring equipments.Radiation: General laws of Radiation. Schrodinger equation. Environmental Physics. air humidity. surface wind velocity. Physics of Environmental and Climate. 1998. Basic principles and postulates of quantum mechanics: Quantum states. Dynamic action of seliq. 1999. evolution. Controlled operations. John Wiley and sons. quantization from bits to qubits. The atmospheric greenhouse effect. Climatology and Measurements of Climate Factor: Data collection and organization. density matrix. INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM COMPUTING Pre-requisite: Quantum Mechanics and Computational Physics 3 Cr. 2nd ed. Lateral movement in the atmosphere. automatic weather stations. Atmospheric Pressure. To be familiar with the quantum computing To learn about the Quantum circuits . operator function. superposition. Natural radiation. Single qubit operation. Universal 55 . vertical profiles in the lower layers of the atmosphere. Measurement. and cryptography Computer technology and historical background. utilization of photo synthetically active radiation. Schmidt decomposition. Thermal action of selief. Books Recommended: 1. EPR and Bell’s inequality. climatic indices. Radiation balance. 2. Guyot Praxis Publication. Atmosphere and Climate: Structure of the atmosphere. cloud and Precipitation. statistical analysis of climatic data.h Objectives 1. Egbert Booker and Rienk Van Gron Belle. quantum measurement. precipitation. Topo Climates and Micro Climates: Effects of surface elements in flat and widely unduling areas. Quantum Computation: Quantum Circuits. interaction of electromagnetic radiation and plants. Atmospheric Circulation. 2.

Mathematics of Quantum Computation by A. iso-spin charge conjugation. A. Springer Verlag. Quantum Computation by P.K.quantum gates. Clearwater. Chuang. Particle Classification: Quantum numbers.Brylinsky and G. Schor’s algorithm. and Ekert protocols.h Objectives 1. 3. Cambridge University Press. Polarization and Spin basis. Chapman & Hall/CRC (2002). Springer Verlag (1997). CPT theorem. Quantum Computation and Quantum Information by M. The Physics of Quantum Information: Quantum Cryptography. Quantum Cryptography: Uncertainty principle. and A. To learn about the Quark models. Zeilinger. Breaking unbreakable codes: Code making. L. the weak coupling. systems of identical particles. Experimental realization. Nielson and I. parity. 2. G parity. Quantum cryptography with and without eavesdropping. 4. BB84. baryons. Exploration in Quantum Computation by C. Quantum Search Algorithm. 56 .P. leptons. BB90. the strong coupling. PARTICLE PHYSICS Pre-requisite Quantum Physics 3 Cr. the group SU (2). Single qubit and CNOT gates. Heidelberg (2000). Symmetry Transformation and Conservation Laws: Translation in space. Bouwmester. quarks. 3. To learn about the interaction of these particles. H. Berlin. To know the particles and their classification. Williams and S. Trapdoor function. rotation in space. Chen. 2. hadrons. One time pad. Cambridge 2000. Ekert. mesons. A. time reversal. Code breaking on classical and quantum computers. Quantum Teleportation. RSA cryptography. Books Recommended: 1. The Fundamental Interactions: The electromagnetic coupling.

polarization ad photon spin. 1. 4. Introduction to Elementary Particles by Griffiths. John-Wiley and Sons. Relatvistic Quantum Mechanics by Bjorken. 3. F. 2.h Objectives. and Drell. quarks. Learn techniques to understand and develop compter simulations. COMPUTER SIMULATION Pre-requisites Mathematical Physics 3 Cr. hadrons baryons. To use numerical techniques to solve the differential equations. Quarks and Leptons by Halzen. (1990). (1987). baryon resonances. World Scientific. (1995). Hadron Spectroscopy: Formation experiment. parity and C parity of photon. D.The Electromagnetic Field: Gauge invariance and Maxwell’s equations. J. partial wave formalism and the optical theorem.D. John-Wiley and Sons. production experiments. The Standard Model (qualitative treatment only): Unification of weak and electromagnetic interactions Glashow-SalamWeinberg Model.. and Martin. Quantum Mechanics by Riazuddin and Fayyazuddin. A. 3. The Quark Model: The group SU (3). phase space considerations. S. mesons in quark model.. (1984). the quarkonium model. 2.. heave meson spectroscopy. Books Recommended: 1. the Breit-Wigner resonance formula. D. angular momentum. To understand the simulation in classical physics and Quantum Physics 57 . McGraw Hill.D.

Interference. Electromagnetic Waves.activity and radioactive decay series. schemes for solving large algebric system. Raynold averaging and its applications to Navier stokes equations. Numerical Solution of time-independent (and dependent). The pressure-corection method on staggered and unstaggered grids. Canonical and Micro-Canonical Ensembles. External points and strings. Distribution Functions in Statistical Physics.Introduction: Importance of computers in physics. partial differential equations (elliptic and parabolic types) Simulation in Classical Physics: Motion of Falling Objects. Molecular Dynamics in Solids. Discrete methods for the steady state and time dependent diffusion equation. Coupled oscillator). Accuracy and stability of numerical techniques. Numerical Approaches: Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations. Techniques and class of computer simulation. Random-walk problem. Noise in Signal. Governing equation in integral and differential forms. Diffraction and Polarization. Approaches to Equilibrium. matrix operation. initial (boundary) and eigen value problems. special functions and Guassian quadrarure. Random Process and Quantum Physics: Random Number and their uses. Reduce forms of the governing equation. Electric Currents and Magnetic Fields. computer graphics and programming languages. Driven LRC Circuits (Time varying). numerical integrations. finite volume method. Two-Dimensional Trajectories (Kepler’s Laws. 58 . Particle in Bound and Free States. incorporation of furbulence model. Mean and Turbulant kinetic energy equation. radio. percolation theory. compressible and incompressible flow and their methods. Electric Fields and Potentials. use of commercial code for prediction of off complex flow. LRC Circuits.Carlo Simulation. principles of vector computing in Cartesian. Schrodinger Wave Equation. Geometrical Optics (Ray Tracing an Principle of Least Time). Time marching schems. Oscillatory Motions). Wave phenomena (Fourier analysis. spherical and cylindrical coordinates. Guassian Distribution. Energy and Center of Mass. Monte. nature of computer simulation. Computational Methods for Continuous Medium: Fluid equations. One Dimensional Dynamics (Accelerating cars and objects on springs).

Winkelman and J. Octal and Hexadecimal number system. DIGITAL ELECTRONICS Pre-requisites Electronics 3 Cr. 2. Harvey Gould and Jan Tobochink.. (A Series of the Consortium for upper level Physics software). 5. Parity in Codes 59 . 3. Johnston and Styer.1995. P. D. basic logic gates. Don’t care condition. Inc. Albuquerque. De Jong. resistive and viseus flow of plasmas. Different codes. Boolean Algebra: DeMorgan’s theorem. To learn the basics of digitl electronics sucha sa Boolian Algebra.G. New York. An Introduction to “Computer Simulation Methods” Part-I & II. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. John Wiley & Sons. simplification of Boolean expression by Boolean Postulates and theorem. To understand the computer interface and micro-controller alongwith the emedded system. Marvin L. 6. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. ASCII. Modelling ideal (MHD).h Objectives 1. W. concepts of logic. Books Recommended: 1. To develop logic circuit using th Boolean Algebra. Zabolitzky. Review of Number Systems: Binary.J. N. Hillar. Quantum Mechanics Simulation. Springer-Verlage Berlin. 1993. Roache. New York. 3.Magnetohydrodynamics. F. Computational Fluid Dynamics. (BCD. 1988.). 1988.M. Stauffer. Introduction to Computational Physics.W. 2. Hehl. Inc. truth table. Gray etc. New York. Hemosa Publishers. Computer Simultation and Computer Algebra (Lectures for Beginers). thermal conduction and heat transport. 1991. their inter-conversion. New York. K-maps and their uses. Inc.

EAPROM. ECL. Instruction set and their types. full adder. The Microprocessor and microcontroller applications and environment. EE PROM. Exclusive OR gate. Books Recommended 1. 3. Discussion on 8085/8088. programming and interfacing. half adder.IC logic families: Basic characteristics of a logic family. T-FF. half subtractor. addition. McGraw Hill. 8086 processor family. Memory Devices: ROM. Typical Microcontroller examples:. 6. 4. dissipation. Micro Computers: Computers and its types. subtraction (2’s compliments. D-FF. PLA. Interfacing with peripherals. 5. full subtractor encoder. RTL. Digital Electronics. Intel Microprocessor Hierarchy. Combinational logic circuit: Logic circuits based on AND – OR. Ripple. McMillan. (Static and dynamic) Memory mapping techniques. Macmillan Publishing Company. Shift Register. NOR Logic. Micro Electron. 60 . noise margins etc. microcontroller characteristics. Prentic Hall (1998). up-down. basic architecture of computer. Intel UPS Architecture. all generation of computers. Brey. gate design. OR-AND. Synchronous) A/D and D/A Converters. PROM. Digital System Design and Micro possessor J. Digital Logic and Computer Design Morris Mono 1995 Prentic Hall Tocheim. 2. 1993. Counters (Ring. features of a general purpose microcontroller. Different logic based IC families (DTL. CMOS). RAM. Propagation delay time. JK-FF. Principles and applications of digital electronics. Sequential Logic Circuit: Flip-flops clocked RS-FF. Barrey B. Microchip Inc and PIC microcontroller. Larry D. Addressing modes. decoder. Philips 80C51 & 80C552 and Motorola 68Hc05/08.C. (Fan in/out. NAND. micro processor (ALU. UP Registers. Jones. BORTIE (NBF). (1999). Micro-controller/ Embedded System: Introduction to Embedded and microcontroller based systems. Control and Time Section). TTL.

Floyd. Mass distribution of fission energy. fast neutron detectors. Nuclear Radiation Detection and Measurements: Interaction of nuclear radiation with matter. Charged Particle Accelerators: Linear and orbital accelerators Van de Graaff. Tim Wilmshurst. Palgrave (2003). EXPERIMENTAL NUCLEAR PHYSICS Pre-requisite Nuclear Physics 3 Cr.h Objectives 1. T. Theory of fission and spontaneous fission. 2. 8th edition. Cyclotron. Scintillation counters and solid-state detectors.L. To learn the nuclear detection system and techniques fr their measurements To learn about the charged particles accelerator and nuclear reactor To develop understanding of neutrons physics. Elementary Reactor Physics: Controlled fission reactions. Proton-synchrotron. Betatron. 8. photographic emulsions. Alternating-gradient Synchrotron. Nuclear chain reaction and applications. Bubble chambers. Electron-Synchrotrons. slowing down of neutrons. 3. The Design of Small-Scale Embedded Systems. Digital Fundamental. Radioactive sources. Synchrocyclotron. 61 . Photo neutron sources Charged particle sources. Cloud chambers. Reactor as a neutron source. Types of nuclear reactors (Power and Research). slow neutron detectors. Neutron Physics: Neutron Sources. Gas-filled detectors. Detailed study of PWR and CANDU type reactors. Measurement of neutron cross-sections as a function of energy. Description of fission reaction. Average number of neutrons released.7. Nuclear fission.

2. Nuclei and Practicles. Generalized Spherical Resonator. Introducing Nuclear Physics. John Wiley. Leo. 1995. Properties of Laser Beam: Monochromaticity. 3. 2.h Objectives 1. C. Kenneth S. Radiation Detection and Measurement. Selection Rules. Resonance Energy Transfers. 4. Scholtz. Molecular Energy Levels. Krane. Glenn. 1989. Spinger. Brightness. Data Detection and Error analysis for physical sciences. Stability Condition Standing and Traveling Waves 62 . Concentric (Spherical) Resonator. B. . 1999. Ring Resonator. Knoll. Optical Resonators: Plane Parallel (Fabry-Perot) Resonator. Spectroscopy of Molecule and Semiconductors: Electronic Energy Levels. Confocal. 3. Segre. LASERS Pre-requisite: Quantum Mechanics I and Atomic Physics 3 Cr. R. 5. 6. Level Occupation at Thermal Equilibrium. F. Absorption and Stimulated Emission Rates. K. 1994.Books Recommended: 1. Radiative and Nonradiative Decay. Resonator. Wave Reflection and Transmission at a Dielectric Interface. Povh. Develop fundamental concepts about lasers Learn the principles of spectroscopy of molecules and semiconductos Understand the optical resonators and laser system. Stable Resonators. Zetsche. Matrix Formulation of Geometrical Optics. Unstable Resonators. Stimulated Transition. F. 1977. 4. Bejamin. Rith. Coherence. 2002. Stimulated Emission. Applications of lasers Introductory Concepts: Spontaneous Emission. Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics. Particle and Nuclei. Philips Berington and D. Semiconductor. William. Absorption and Gain Coefficients. Absorption. Pumping Schemes. Keith. Directionality.

University. Berlin (Latest Edition). CO2 laser. C. Laser Tuning. Oscillation and Pulsations in Lasers. Nd: YAG & Nd: Glass Lasers and Semiconductor Lasers: Homojunction Lasers Double-Heterostructure lasers. Optimum Output Coupling.A. Eberly and P. Siegman. Chemical Pumping.E. Welding etc. Nitrogen Laser and Excimer Lasers. Continuous Wave (CW) and pulsed lasers Rate Equations. Gas lasers: Helium Neon laser. Fabry-Perot Interferometer. Longitudinal and Transverse Modes in a Cavity. 63 . Multilayer Dielectric Coatings. Milonni. Wiley. Atmospheric Physics Books Recommended 1. T. Cambridge University Press (1997). J. Drilling. pumping efficiency. A. Line broadening. Cutting. W. and Group-Delay Dispersion. Threshold Pump Power. 5. Laser Fundamentals. Phase Velocity. Lasers. Laser Communication. Free-Electron and X-Ray Lasers Laser applications: Material Processing: Surface Hardening. Lasers Systems : Solid State Lasers: Ruby Laser. Principles of Lasers. Haken. Silfvast. New York. Springer. O. 2. (Latest Edition). Scully and Zubairy. 3. 4. Electrical Pumping: Longitudinal Configuration and Transverse Configuration. Group Velocity. latest edition. Holography. Laser Theory. Quantum Optics. Defense Industry. Plenum Press New York & London (1992). (1986). Science Books Mill Valley. Laser. Svelto. Small Signal Gain and Loop Gain.in a two Mirror Resonator. Gas Dynamics Pumping. H. Pumping Processes: Optical pumping: Flash lamp and Laser. Threshold Condition and Output Power. Medicine. QSwitching and Mode-Locking Methods.

To learn about the Special theory of relativity To learn the basics of relativistic mechanics and develop understanding about the General theory. Cambridge University Press. Riemann tensor. Relativistic Mechanics: Force equation in relativity. Oxford University Press. Michelson-Morley experiment. Einstein’s field equations. 1992. Lie derivative.D’Inverno. the Big Bang expansion rate. 64 .RELATIVITY AND COSMOLOGY Pre-requisites Mechanics. proper time. relativity of simultaneity. Einstein’s postulates of special relativity. Cosmology: Newtonian cosmology. FSc Physics 3 Cr. length contraction. Special Relativity: Galilean relativity. conservation of energy and momentum. Hubble’s law. metric tensor. history of the universe. Lorentz transformations. Dynamics and Relativity. structure of space-time. R. 2. four-vectors. curves and surfaces. microwave background. kinetic and total energy. Elements of Tensor Calculus: Manifolds and coordinates. W. Introducing Einstein’s Relativity. tensor fields. cosmological red-shift. equation of geodesics deviation. General Relativity: Principles of general relativity. Books Recommended: 1.V. velocity transformation and velocity addition. Introduction to Cosmology. 1989. 2. 3. Minkowski space time tensors.D. rest mass. time dilation.McComb. 1999. Oxford University Press. time paradox. geodesics. line element.h Objectives 1. J.Narlikar. matter and radiation domination. the light-cone.D. concept of ether.

Oxford. Solid State Physics. Solid State Physics. New Age International Pub. 5. J. The Solid State. H. Tata McGraw Hill. John Wiley & Sons. 6.T. John Wiley & Sons. 65 . Solid State Physics. Magnetic relaxation and resonance phenomena. Jullien. Kittle.Pillai. A. 2003. Oxford University Press. 4. Point defects and dislocations in solids. Kachaava.E. Introduction to Solid State Physics.R. McGraw Hill. Read Jr. W. C. C. Superconductivity and devices. New Delhi. New York. 1989. Transport properties of solids. Hall.h Objectives: 1. To understand the transport properties in solids To understand the crystal defects and their importance To understand the dielectric and magnetic properties of materials To give basic understanding of superconductivity. Dia. S. 2. New York. Books Recommended: 1. 1982. 1991.SOLID STATE PHYSICS-II Pre-requisite: Solid State Physics I 3Cr. Dislocations in crystals. 3. 7th edition 1996. Dielectrics. Co. 4. Solid State Physics. 1988. Guinier & R. 3. Boltzmann equation. John Wiley. Para and Ferro-magnetism. Introduction to superconductivity with applications. 2. 7.O. Christman. 1989.M.

For the smooth and uniform implementation of the BS (4-year) program throughout the country.General Recommendations: The Committee made the following recommendations: 1. 3. 2. 66 . As all the BS programs are of four years duration.” may not be used with the nomenclature of the program. 4. completed at College and university department respectively. the program can be split up in two parts. the suffix “Hons. To implement the BS (4-year) program the Colleges will have to provide extra facilities for teaching extra courses and for Lab equipment. Until the introduction of 4-year composite bachelor degree program in Colleges and Universities. namely Part-I (2-years) and Part-II (2years). the Provinces will have to be involved at the highest level for the implementation for the BS program. the HEC may take up the matter with the provincial Directorate of Colleges to introduce the BS (4-year) program both in Colleges and University departments. 5. Refresher courses on new topics in Physics may be arranged for college teachers. The Directorate Colleges of Provinces should be provided special funds by the respective provinces for qualified manpower and for building of necessary infrastructure for starting BS (4-year) program or at least the Part-I of this program at Colleges. in consistency with the approved revised scheme of studies and curriculum of Physics for the program. The HEC should provide special funds for building infrastructure for the BS (4-year) program and development of teaching faculty at the university departments.

a) Functional English Grammar 67 .Annexure “A” COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1.

Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin.V. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis.V. intensive and extensive. 2. Fourth Impression 1993. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Third Impression 1992. Exercises 1. Upper Intermediate.J. Exercises 2. 1997. Martinet. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing.J. Thomson and A. Writing. Reading/Comprehension 1. Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 0194313492 Practical English Grammar by A. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. minutes of meetings. 1997. Oxford University Press.1. Third edition. Oxford University Press. b) Practical English Grammar by A. Third edition. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review 68 . Reading. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Martinet. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Thomson and A. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. and speed reading.

Practical English Grammar by A. 2. content. Thomson and A. descriptive and argumentative writing). 2. Reading.J. Fourth Impression 1993. introduction to presentations. Third Impression 1991. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. Oxford University Press 1986. b) c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. Writing.V. Writing. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Oxford Supplementary Skills. form. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Third edition. Oxford Supplementary Skills. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building 69 . Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Martinet. Reading 1. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). narrative. discursive. language. clarity.Recommended books: Communication Skills a) Grammar 1. Exercises 2. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. Writing 1. Advanced. Fourth Impression 1992.

Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. 3. without taxing the taste of engineering students). (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature.Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Compiled by norther Illinois University. Kirszner and Stephen R. Martin’s Press. 2004. Third Impression 1992. argumentative and report writing). College Writing Skills by John Langan. Advanced by Ron White. St. Oxford Supplementary Skills. descriptive. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 (particularly suitable for discursive. 70 . Writing. Kathleen Shine Cain. 2. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. Mandell. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. A Custom Publication. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton.

Ethnicity d. ii. Course Outline 1. 1971-77 d. Economic institutions and issues b. contemporary Pakistan. politics. Location and geo-physical features. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. 1977-88 e. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan 71 . 1947-58 b. government. 1958-71 c. Historical Perspective a. Contemporary Pakistan a. 1988-99 f. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e.Annexure “B” Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. Society and social structure c. 2. 1999 onward 3. People and Land i. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. ideological background of Pakistan. national development. b. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Study the process of governance. Indus Civilization Muslim advent iii.

Karachi: Oxford University Press. Akbar. Washington: American Enterprise. 1980. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 1993. Aziz. Pakistan Under Martial Law. Lahore: Vanguard. Safdar. M. Party. II & III. 6. Islamabad. State & Society in Pakistan. Zahid. 1993. 2000. Lahore: Idara-eSaqafat-e-Islamia. Amin. 1998. 2. Karachi: Royal Book Company. nd. Rafique. Afzal. Lawrence.The Emergence of Banglades. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. Ethno .Books Recommended 1. Khalid Bin. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Political Parties in Pakistan. 1967. S. Institute of Public Policy Research. 1994. Burki. 1976. 7. Wilcox. Wayne. 14. Tahir. K. Sayeed. Politics in Pakistan. Ziring. The Political System of Pakistan. Muhammad Waseem.K. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. 4. Shahid Javed. Safdar. Vol. Enigma of Political Development. Club Road. 1980. 12. Mehmood.M. 13. Noor ul. 11. Zaidi. Mehmood. 9. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research.National Movement in Pakistan. Ansar. 1987. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. 10. 5. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. S. 1972. Haq. I. 72 .. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. 8. 3. Lahore. History & Culture of Sindh.

19. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.56. Detail of Courses Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) Basic Concepts of Quran 2) History of Quran 3) Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.40.6.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Sellected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.Tadabar (Verse No1.57.A.21.A.W) in Makkah 73 .) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.20) Related to thinking.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.58.Annexure “C” ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.

W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Basic Concepts of Hadith History of Hadith Kinds of Hadith Uloom –ul-Hadith Sunnah & Hadith Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Nature of Differences in Islamic Law Islam and Sectarianism Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islamic Culture & Civilization Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics Islamic Concept of Riba Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 74 .A.A.

‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. IRI. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. Islamabad (2001) 75 . Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts Of Social System Of Islam 2) Elements Of Family 3) Ethical Values Of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. Bhatia. “Emergence of Islam” .S. International Islamic University. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad.” Hussain Hamid Hassan.3) Basic Institutions of Govt. “Studies in Islamic Law. Pakistan. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. Ahmad Hasan.

set operations. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. types of functions. complex numbers. geometric progression. Sharron S. determinants. introduction to sets. not majoring in mathematics. Beckenback EF. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. Houghton & Mifflin.Annexure “D” Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. matrix inverse. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. Cramer’s rule. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Mathematics at secondary level 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. trigonometric identities. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. cube roots of unity. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. harmonic progression. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. equations reducible to quadratic equations. types. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. College Algebra and Trigonometry. 1978. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. PWS-Kent Company. functions. Wooton W. Boston 76 . 1987. system of linear equations. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression.

MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Mathematics I (Algebra) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. New York Stewart J. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. Davis S. continuous functions. Finney AR. differentiation of polynomial. PWS-Kent Company. Boston 2. not majoring in mathematics. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). 2005. not majoring in mathematics. 1986. Bevens I. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. 2005. 1995. Ma. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. John Wiley. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. left-hand and right-hand limits. 77 . Calculus (11th edition). Recommended Books: Anton H. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) Mathematics II (Calculus) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. derivatives. PWS-Kent Company.Swokowski EW. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. integration by substitution. continuity. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. solution of equations involving absolute values. Reading. change of variables in indefinite integrals. Calculus (3rd edition). 1983. integration by parts. functions and their graphs. inequalities. Boston Thomas GB. Addison-Wesley. rational and transcendental functions. USA 3.

Conic Sections: Parabola. hyperbola. locus of a point in various conditions. slope of a line. Boston Swokowski EW. 1986. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Analytic Geometry. PWS-Kent Company. ellipse. circles determined by various conditions. distance between two points.Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. various forms of equation of a line. Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Freshman and Company. intersection of two lines. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. intersection of lines and circles. equation of a line. PWS-Kent Company. Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. angle between two lines. 1969 Kaufmann JE. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). College Algebra and Trigonometry. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline : Pre-requisites : Credit Hours : Minimum Contact Hours: Assessment : Effective : Aims : : To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. distance between a point and a line. Objectives 78 . 1987. Scott. parallel and perpendicular lines. Boston 4. Circle: Equation of a circle. After completion of this course the student should be able to: • • • Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics.

R. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. skewness and kurtosis. Measures of dispersion: Range. ungrouped and grouped data. determinants. system of linear equations. types of functions. 2.Contents 1. E. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. functions. standard deviation. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. relationship of statistics with social science. frequency polygon. inverse of matrices. equations reducible to quadratic equations. Introduction to sets. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. types of matrices.. E. Wilcox. E. Cramer’s rule. Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. Latest Edition. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. 4. individual... trigonometric identities. Latest Edition. Walpole. Graphs: Graph of straight line. PWS-Kent Company. cumulative frequency curve. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. 3. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. Boston. 79 . ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. variance. Latest Edition. Swokowski. Prentice Hall. circle and trigonometric functions. 2. Algebra : : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. set operations. types of frequency series. Kaufmann. R. array. tally sheet method. moments. W. Statistics : Books Recommended: 1. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. discrete and continuous series. nature of roots of quadratic equations. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. geometric and harmonic progressions. J. quartiles. characteristics of statistics. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations.. R. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. deciles and percentiles. bar frequency diagram histogram.

Hughes-Hallett. Second Edition 1992. Calculus. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. and Transcendental Functions. E. Calculus Single and Multivariable. Inc. implicit differentiation. McCallum. Equation of a Line. Rational and Transcendental Functions. Elliott Mendelson. 11th Edition. Rational Functions. H. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Contents 1. Frank A. 6. 2005. Davis. 80 . quotients. Preliminary calculus. 1999.Jr. 3rd Edition. 8th edition. Continuity. S. Anton. Schaum’s Outline Series. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. Integration by Parts. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. I. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. Recommended Books: 1. Boston. Bevens. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Inequalities. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. 5.5. logarithmic differentiation. Slope of a Line. Solution of equations involving absolute values. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. Swokowski. Gleason. Jhon Willey & Sons. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. 6. Thomas. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. 4. Calculus. 3. Continuous Functions. John H. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. 4th edition. 2005. Leibnitz’ theorem. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. 2. Addison Wesley publishing company. Extreme Values of Functions. Calculus. Inc. Prentice-Hall. et al. Mathews. 1983. theorems of differentiation. 2002. Least-Squares Line. special points of a function. products. W. the chain rule. John Wiley & Sons. Trigonometric Functions.

standard Maclaurin series Evaluation of limits 81 . geometric series. the inverse of differentiation. integration by parts. solving hyperbolic equations. de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. infinite and improper integrals. approximation errors in Taylor series. substitution method. finding the nth roots of unity. plane polar coordinates. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. division Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form and argument. • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. identities of hyperbolic functions. solving polynomial equations Complex logarithms and complex powers Applications to differentiation and integration • • 3. integration by inspection. alternating series test • • • • Operations with series Power series Convergence of power series. sinusoidal function. integral inequalities. • Integration Integration from first principles. inverses of hyperbolic functions. operations with power series Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • • • • The need for complex numbers Manipulation of complex numbers Additions and subtraction. series involving natural numbers.2. the difference method. logarithmic integration. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. arithmetico-geometric series. modulus multiplication. calculus of hyperbolic functions Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. applications of integration. integration using partial fractions. complex conjugate. reduction formulae.

masses. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints Double integrals Triple integrals Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. scalar triple product. line to line. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. Vector algebra • • • • • • • • • 7. equation of a plane Using vectors to find distances Point to line. mean values of functions Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. Multiple integrals • • • • 6. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants 82 . moments of inertia. centers of mass and centroids. vector product.4. point to plane. vector triple product Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. Pappus’ theorems. line to plane Reciprocal vectors 5. the inner product.

symmetric and antisymmetric. differential of a vector Integration of vectors Space curves Vector functions of several arguments Surfaces Scalar and vector fields Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. of a general square matrix Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. div and curl Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. of a unitary matrix. unitary normal Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. combinations of grad. orthogonal. spherical polar coordinates • 8. divergence of a vector field.• • • • • The inverse of a matrix The rank of a matrix Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns Special square matrices Diagonal. Vector calculus • • • • • • • • • 83 . Hermitian. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. curl of a vector field Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products.

Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Exercises. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. definition of outliers and their detection. The semiInter-quartile Range. Rounding of a Number. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Unit 3. bias. Historigram. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Different types of Averages. Errors of measurement. Diagrams. Difference of means and proportions. sampling and non sampling errors. Unit 5. Range. sample design and sampling frame. Types of frequency curves. The Variance and standard deviation. Median and mode.Annexure “E” INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. properties of Good Average. Exercises. The Mean Deviation. Standardized variables. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Stem and Leaf Display. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Data. Change of origin and scale. Discrete and continuous variables. Exercises. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. Moments and Moments ratios. Presentation of Data Introduction. Exercises. Exercises. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Graphs and their Construction. Probability and Probability Distributions. The Mode. Empirical Relation between Mean. Exercises Unit 6. 84 . Collection of primary and secondary data. Sources. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Box and Whisker Plot. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Histogram. Pie chart. Editing of Data. sampling with and without replacement. Observations. Bar charts. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Absolute and relative measures. Quantiles. Significant digits. Coefficient of variation. Unit 2. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Unit 4. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. probability and non-probability sampling. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Population.

Regression and Correlation Introduction. Unit 8. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. Test statistics. Exercises. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. Coefficient of linear correlation. its estimation and interpretation. Macmillan Publishing Co. Testing of Hypothesis.. “Introduction to Statistics”. Contingency Tables. null and alternative hypothesis. 2005.. F. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. r and R2. Exercises. simple linear regression. acceptance and rejection regions. Inc.Single Population Introduction. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. 1982. Correlation. Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. E. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. R. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. cause and effect relationships. Kitab Markaz. Exercises Unit 9. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. New York. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction.Unit 7. Exercises Unit 10. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. Muhammad. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. Statistical problem. 3rd Ed. Unit 11. 85 . examples. Type-I and Type-II errors. Examples Recommended Books 1 2 Walpole. level of significance.

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