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2008

HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD

**CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
**

Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Riaz ul Haq Tariq Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Khan Executive Director Member (Acad) Deputy Director (Curri) Assistant Director Assistant Director

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CONTENTS

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Introduction --------------------------------------------------------- 07 Objectives ----------------------------------------------------------- 09 Frame Work/Template for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics ------ 10 Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics ----------- 11 Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics------------ 14 Recommendations ------------------------------------------------ 66 Details of Compulsary Courses (Annexures A, B, C, D & E.) ------------------------------------ 67

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PREFACE

Curriculum development is a highly organized and systematic process and involves a number of procedures. Many of these procedures include incorporating the results from international research studies and reforms made in other countries. These studies and reforms are then related to the particular subject and the position in Pakistan so that the proposed curriculum may have its roots in the socio-economics setup in which it is to be introduced. Hence, unlike a machine, it is not possible to accept any curriculum in its entirety. It has to be studied thoroughly and all aspects are to be critically examined before any component is recommended for adoption. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976, the Federal Government vide notification No. D773/76-JEA (cur.), dated December 4th 1976, appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees, certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges, universities and other institutions of higher education. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives, the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. According to the decision of the special meeting of Vice-Chancellor’s Committee, the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic, Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards, and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. It also aimed to give a basic, broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. The new BS degree shall be of 4 years duration, and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees, 63.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses, and 36.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level, comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities, degree awarding institutions, R&D organizations and respective accreditation councils. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Physics in a meeting held on March 28-29, 2008 at the 4

HEC Regional Center. Lahore. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. duly approved by the competent authority. DR. The final draft prepared by the National Curriculum Revision Special Committee.RIAZ-UL-HAQ TARIQ Member Academics June 2008 5 . is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions.

LI R&D HEC National Curriculum Revision Committee Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Preparation Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. OF NCRC. UNI. REC. EXP. PREP. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I 6 . INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREPARATION OF FINAL CURRICULUM QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. VCC. R&D. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRICULUM PREPARARTION OF DRAFT BY NCRC IMPLEMENTATION OF CURRICULUM REVIEW Abbreviations Used: NCRC.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRICULUM UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRICULUM IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. COL.

Jamshoro. Ansar A. 5. Department of Physics. 8. Muhammad Siddique Kalhoro. Prof. Karachi to adjust and finalize the BS Physics (4 Year) curriculum in the light of HEC approved guidelines and generic unified frame work / template for social and natural sciences for the program. Multan 7 Convener Member Member Member Member Member Member Member . This meeting was follow up of the preliminary meeting.Muhammad Riaz Khan. Department of Physics. Department of Physics. Department of Physics.Hassan Amir Shah. D. Prof. Manzoor Hussain. 4.Dr. Department of Physics. Ashraf Chaudhry. Prof. Professor. 7. Shah Adul Latif University. Department of Physics. Lahore.Dr. Qurban Ali Bhatti. Prof. Prof. 6. Dr. University of Peshawar. The following attended the Meetings: 1. Director Institute of Physics. Dr. Prof. Qidwai.I. 2008 at HEC Regional Centre. held on November 16-17. Khan 2. Dr. Prof. Department of Physics. 3. Dr. Bahauddin Zakria University. Government College University. Muhammad Ayub. Dr. Chairman. Prof.Introduction The 2nd and Final NCRC Special Meeting in Physics was held on March 28-29. Karachi. Centralized Resource Laboratory. Chairman. Dr. University of Karachi. 2007 at HEC Regional Centre. University of the Punjab. Gomal University. Lahore. Director. Khairpur. University of Sindh. Lahore. Peshawar.

Assistant Director HEC. Dr. Lahore Member Member Member/ Secretary The Meeting started with a recitation from Holy Quran by Mr. Muhammad Ayub as convener and Dr. Regional Centre. University of Balochistan. the participants agreed to the following scheme of study and course outlines for BS (4 Year) program in Physics in the light of the guidelines and format approved by HEC for BS (4-years) program for natural sciences: 8 . Mr. Department of Physics. B. Riaz Ahmad. Chairman. Riaz Ahmad as a secretary. Islamabad. 10. Department of Physics. Dr. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. Government College University. Younis Nadeem. Karachi welcomed the participants. Shafiullah Khan. Prof. Prof.Z. The committee unanimously selected Prof. M. Dr. 2007 at HEC. Shafiullah Khan requested the participants to finalize the revised curriculum of Physics (2005) in line with HEC approved template for BS (4 year) program in the light of decisions taken in the first NCRC special meeting in physics held on November 16-17. Associate Professor. Syed Zafar Ilyas. Incharge HEC Regional Centre. After a thorough and long discussion.9. The objective of the meeting was explained and the forum was requested to select a convener & secretary of the meeting. Mr. Dr. Lahore. University Multan 11.

This programme will equip the students with firm foundation in principles of Physics and their applications. Students will develop problem-solving skills which will be helpful in applying their knowledge to the real world. Students will develop critical and rational reasoning so that they will be able to work on complex and unforeseen problems and seek their solution. 10. The graduates will be able to apply their knowledge of Physics for their professional growth and for obtaining further Higher Education in specialized fields of Physics The main educational objectives of BS (4-year) program are: 1. Students will develop effective skills in mathematics and its applications to the solutions of Physics problems. 5. 6. Students will develop and understanding of different basics of Physics and their applications to real problems. The primary aim of the programme is to produce broad-based graduates. Students will develop hands-on experience in different laboratory techniques. 7. Student will learn fundamentals principles of Physics. able to face the challenges of the modern world. 9. . Students will develop in-depth understanding of some specialized area of Physics by opting for a number of elective courses. Students will develop the ability of working in an interactive group. 9 4. research and industry in government / private organizations. 2. 3.Objectives of BS 4 Year program in Physics The Objective of BS 4 Year Program is to impart the best possible education in the subject so that students will utilize the knowledge of Physics in practical life which will be beneficial for the society. Students will be prepared for careers in teaching. 8. 11. Students will develop skills in written as well as oral communication in English. Students will be able to design and conduct experiments and analyse experimental data. Students will develop habit of independent learning and get motivation for selfeducation.

5.II Elective . 2. Optics / University Option 9. 3. 16. 2. Mechanics – II 4.III Elective – IV / Research Project Cr hr 3 3 3 3 12 Total Credit Hours 132 * University has the option to recommend any other course in lieu of English-IV ** University may recommend any other course in lieu of Mathematics-II GOF= General Subjects from Faculties other than Science GRF= General Subject from Science Faculty 10 . 4. Mechanics – I 2. 5. 6. 12. 4. 3. 13. 3. Lab-II 12. hours Subject GOF-I GRF-I Maths-III GOF-II GOF-III GRF-II Maths-IV Compulsory Requirements (the student has no choice) Discipline Specific Foundation Courses 9 courses 25 Credit hours Subject 1.I Elective . 2. 14. Elective l . INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Cr hr 3 3 3 3 2 2 3 3 3 9-10 courses 30-33 Credit hours Cr hr 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Subject 1. 7. Electricity & Magnetism-I 6. 4. Lab-I 11. ENGLISH-I ENGLISH-II ENGLISH-III ENGLISH-IV* PAKISTAN STUDIES ISLAMIC STUDIES / ETHICS 7. 9. MATHEMATI-CS-I 8. Quantum Mechanics – I Classical Mechanics Electronics Lab-V Mathematical Methods – I Quantum Mechanics –II Electromagnetic Theory-I Thermal & Statistical Physics Nuclear Physics Solid State Physics Lab-VI Computational Physics Lab-VII Electromagnetic Theory-II University Option Mathematical Methods – II Cr hr 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 2 3 3 3 45 Elective Courses within the major 4 courses 12 Credit Hours Subject 1. Modern Physics & Electronics 7. Waves and Oscillations. Electricity & Magnetism – II 8. Lab-III 13. Lab-IV Cr hr 2 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 29 25 21 Major courses including research project/internship 11-13 courses 36-42 Credit hours Subject 1. Heat & Thermodynamics 5. MATHEMATICS-II** 9. 6. 10. 3. 8. 11.LAYOUT FOR BS (4 YEAR) PHYSICS General Courses to be chosen from other departments 7-8 courses 21-24 Cr. 15. Atomic & Molecular Physics 10.

Remarks English-I Pak Studies Maths-1 Introduction to Computers Mechanics-I GOF-I Lab-I Total Title English-II Islamic Studies Maths-II GRF-I Waves & Oscillations Mechanics-II Lab-II Total 3 2 3 3 2 3 1 17 Comp-1 Comp-2 Comp-3 Comp-4 Found-1 Gen-1 Found-2 Semester-II Cr. English-III 3 Electricity & Magnetism-I 3 Heat & Thermodynamics 3 Maths-III 3 Optics/University Option* 3 GOF-II 3 Lab-III 1 Total 19 Title Semester-IV Cr Hrs. Hrs. 3 2 3 3 3 2 1 17 Remarks Comp-5 Comp-6 Comp-7 Gen-2 Found-3 Found-4 Found-5 Semester-III Title Cr.SCHEME OF BS (4 YEAR) PROGRAMME IN PHYSICS Semester-1 Title Cr. 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 19 Remarks Com-8 Found-6 Found-7 Gen-3 Found-8 Gen-4 Found-9 Remarks Comp-9 Found-10 Gen-5 Gen-6 Found-11 Gen-7 Found-12 English-IV University Option Modern Physics & Electronics GOF-III Maths-IV Electricity & Magnetism-II GRF-II Lab-IV Total 11 . Hrs. Hrs.

Elective-II 3 Elective-III 3 Elective-IV/Research Project 3 University Option* 3 Total Total Credit Hours = 132 12 Remarks Maj-1 Maj-2 Maj-3 Maj-4 Maj-5 Maj-6 Remarks Maj-7 Maj-8 Maj-9 Maj-10 Maj-11 Maj-12 Remarks Maj-13 Found-13 Maj-14 Elective Maj-15 Remarks Elective Elective Elective Maj-16 GOF= General Subjects from Faculties other than Science Faculty GRF= General Subject from Science Faculty The Universities may reshuffle courses within semesters * University Option is given to universities in order to introduce subjects according to specialization of qualified staff available Note: 12 . Mathematical Methods of 3 Physics -II Quantum Mechanics -II 3 Electromagnetic Theory -I 3 Nuclear Physics 3 Solid State Physics 3 Lab-VI 2 Total 17 Semester-VII Title Cr. Hrs. Computational Physics 3 Atomic & Molecular Physics 3 Electromagnetic Theory-II 3 Elective-I 3 LAB-VII 2 Total 14 Semester-VIII Cr Title Hrs.Semester-V Cr Title Hrs. Mathematical Methods of 3 Physics-I Quantum Mechanics-I 3 Thermal & Statistical 3 Physics Classical Mechanics 3 Electronics 3 Lab-V 2 Total 17 Semester-VI Title Cr. Hrs.

The Meeting ended with thanks from the chair. Riaz Ahmad (Secretary) Prof. Shafiullah Khan. 2008. HEC. Muhammad Ayub (Convener) 13 . Islamabad on the prescribed format by 10th April. Riaz Ahmed was requested to prepare the course profiles for different courses and submit the same to Mr. Dr.Course Profiles Dr. Dr. Assistant Director (Curriculum).

Projectile motion with and without air resistance. (Essentially a review of grade-XII concepts via integration technique to calculate work done (e. Cylindrical Coordinaties. Deriving kinetic equations for x(t).h Objectives: 1. Vector Analysis: Review of Vector in 3 dimensions and fundamental Operations. the banked curve. Physical significance of each type. v(t) via integration. Calculation of pseudo forces for simple cases (linearly accelerated reference frames). General 14 . terminal velocity. Non inertial frames and Pseudo forces. Effect of drag forces on motion. Equations of motion. To give concept of vector and their various properties. Spherical polar coordinates. Divergence Theorem. 2. Time dependent forces. Power and Energy: Work done by a constant force. Coriolis force. Vector identities. their derivation. To give basic understanding of laws of motion and their applications is daily life.g. gradient of a scalar. normal forces and contact forces. Obtaining general expression for work done (2dimensional case) and applying to simple cases e. Stoke’s Theorem. Work. Applying Newton’s Laws to obtain v(t) for the case of motion with time dependent (Integration approach) drag (viscous) forces.DETAILS OF COURSES MECHANICS-I Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. Direction. work done by a variable force (1-2 dimension). Work energy theorem. special examples. in vibration of a spring obeying Hooke’s Law). flux. curl and line integral (mutual relation). Centrifugal force as an example of pseudo force. Qualitative discussion to develop understanding. physical importance and applications to specific cases. Constant and variable forces. Cosines. Divergence of a vector. pulling a mass at the end of a fixed string against gravity. Divergence and curl of a vector.Sc. (Physics + Math) 2 Cr. v(t) for this case using integration method. 3. circular motion. Obtaining x(t). Particle Dynamics: Dynamics of uniform.g. Vector and scalar triple products. To give mathematical concept and expressions of various physical parameters used in mechanics.

Collisions in centre of Mass reference frame (One and two dimensions). D.h Objectives: 1. (Physics + Math) 2 Cr. Calculating C. I & II. of Uniform Rod. Centre of mass of solid objects. Position. Cylinder and Sphere. Law of conservation of total energy of an isolated system. Inelastic collision. Kolenkow. An Introduction to Mechanics.M. D. Recommended Books: 1. application to motion of a rocket (determination of its mass as a function of time). 1978. Vol. Mc-Graw Hill. Physics. and 3 dimensional conservative systems. Systems of Particles: Two particle systems and generalization to many particle systems. Conservation of momentum during collision in one and two dimensions. 5th ed. Simple applications. physical properties of matter and relativistic mechanics Uses of above concepts in daily life in a scientific way 15 . Speigel. Kleppner and R. Derivation of basic equation.proof of work energy theorem: Qualitative review of work energy theorem. Calculation of Centre of Mass of solid objects using integral calculus. 2. McGraw Hill. velocity and equation of motion. 3. 1959. Vector Analysis and an Introduction to Tensor Analysis. Krane. Centre of mass. R. Energy changes with respect to observers in different inertial frames. Momentum Changes in a system of variable mass. Derivation using integral calculus. Resnick.Sc. Power. Collisions: Elastic Collisions. 2. Halliday. MECHANICS-II Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. M. Conservation of Energy in 1. Basic formulae and applications. law of gravitation. 2. To give the basic concept of rotational motion. frame. Conservative and non conservative forces: Conservation of energy in a system of particles. John Wiley. obtaining velocities in C. 1999.M.

fluid flow through a cylindrical pipe (Poiseulle's law). Universal Gravitational Law. mass energy relation and its importance. Motion of Planets and Keplers' Laws (Derivation & explanation) Motion of Satellites. Variation of Pressure in fluid at rest and with height in the atmosphere.e. precessional motion. Combined rotational and translational motion. Conservation of angular momentum. Viscosity. practical example of viscosity. Postulates of Relativity. Elastic Modulus. Kinetic energy of rotation. calculation of escape velocity. for disc. Rolling without slipping. Physical basis of elasticity. Proof and Illustration. Tension. Parallel axis and Perpendicular axis theorems. Transformation of velocity. Discussion with examples. The Lorentz Transformation. Assumptions on which inverse transformation is derived. Consequences of Lorentz transformation. Bulk Properties of Matters. Radial and transversal velocity and acceleration. scalar and vector form. Physical basis. Rotational dynamics of rigid bodies. Relation between three types of elasticity.Rotational Dynamics: Relationships between linear & angular variables. Elastic limit. Elastic Properties of Matter. Relativity of time. relativistic momentum and Relativistic energy. Moment of Inertia. role in formation of drops and bubbles. Special Theory of Relativity: Inertial and non inertial frame. effects of Torque and its relation with angular momentum. Energy considerations in planetary and satellite motion. obtaining the Coefficient of viscosity. Its mathematical treatment. Surface Tension. application to simple cases. Physical basis. Relativity of length. Gravitational Potential Energy (develop using integration techniques). Angular Momentum: Angular Velocity. Qualitative discussion on application of gravitational law to the Galaxy. Gravitational field & Potential. Effects of torque on the angular momentum. (Lorentz invariants) E2=c2 p2+m2oc 4 16 . bar and solid sphere. Compression & shearing. Equations of rotational motion and effects of application of torques. Fluid Statics. The spinning Top. Gravitation: Gravitational effect of a spherical mass distribution. Derivation. variation of mass with velocity. Stability of spinning objects. Relativity of mass. Determination of moment of inertia of various shapes i. Poisson’s ratio.

Group speed and dispersion. Discussion of its solution. Mechanical analysis. Equation of damped harmonic motion. R. Resonance.h Objective: 1. Phase changes on reflection. Vector Analysis and an Introduction to Tensor Analysis. Application of SHM. (Physics + Math) 3 Cr. Power and intensity in wave motion. Principle of superposition (basic ideas). Waves in Physical Media: Mechanical waves.Sc. Longitudinal and transverse Oscillations. D. Physical pendulum. M. propagation and interaction with other waves use of basic concept of waves in their application in daily life Harmonic Oscillations: Simple harmonic motion (SHM). An Introduction to Mechanics. Analytical treatment. 3. Halliday. Equation of forced oscillation. SHM and uniform circular motion. v(t). 17 . Derivation & discussion. Sound: Beats Phenomenon. D. Phase velocity of traveling waves. Energy considerations in SHM. mechanism of wave production. Interference of waves. Kolenkow. Mc-Graw Hill. I & II. Physics. discussion of its solution. Damped harmonic motion. Natural frequency. 1978. simple pendulum. Standing waves. Resnick. Waves speed. Obtaining and solving the basic equations of motion x(t). Discussion of solution. Krane. 1999. 2. Travelling waves. 5th ed. a(t). Forced oscillations and resonances. Sinusoidal waves. To understand the basics of waves. John Wiley. 1959. McGraw Hill. Lissajous patterns. Quality factor. Kleppner and R. Speigel. Torsional oscillator. WAVES & OSCILLATIONS Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. Wave equation. Vol. 2. Examples of resonance.Recommended Books: 1. Combinations of harmonic motions.

Forced oscillations of two coupled oscillators. 1986. Vibrations of air columns.Coupled Oscillators and Normal modes: Two coupled pendulums. Tata McGrawHill Publishing company Limited.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives To develop the experimental capability understanding the concept of Mechanics. 5th Edition 1999. of students in Modulus of Rigidity by Static & Dynamic method (Maxwell’s needle. Two coupled masses. Determination of moment of inertia of a solid/hollow cylinder and a sphere etc. Surface tension of water by capillary tube method. To determine the value of “g” by compound pendulum / Kater’s Pendulum. Physics. 3. 2. Two coupled LC circuits. I & II. Barton’s Apparatus). Recommended Books: 1. Energy relations in coupled oscillations. Measurement of viscosity of liquid by Stoke’s / Poiseulli’s method. General methods of finding normal modes. Normal Modes of Continuous systems: Transverse vibration of a string. 2. 5.R.O. 1. To study the damping features of an oscillating system using simple pendulum of variable mass. Vol. 8.K. radius. Bajaj. 4. Krane. Atomic vibrations. The Physics of Waves & Oscillations. J. Fourier methods of analyzing general motion of a continuous system. Normal modes. H. Longitudinal vibrations of a rod. 5th ed. D. John Wiley. The Physics of Vibrations and Waves. Many coupled oscillator. 1999. Resnick. LAB-I Pre-requisites 1 Cr. Beats in coupled oscillations. Pain. 7. and angular velocity of a body in circular motion. Halliday. 3. To study the dependence of Centripetal force on mass. Investigation of phase change with position in traveling wave and measurement of the velocity of sound by C. 18 . N. 6.

H. CBS Publishing Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities LAB-II Pre-requisites 1 Cr. 8. 19 . 12. University Practical Physics. 9. C. Longman. The determination of Stefan’s constant. 2. The determination of resolving power of a diffraction grating. To determine frequency of AC supply by CRO.9. Determination of wavelength of sodium light by Fresnel’s biprism. Experiments in Physics. To determine thermal Emf and plot temperature diagram. 4. The determination of wavelength of Sodium –D lines by Newton’s Ring. 6. The measurement of specific rotation of sugar by Polarimeter and determination of sugar concentration in a given solution. K. Advanced Level Practical Physics. 2. Surjeet Pub Ind.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives To develop the understanding of students in measuring the thermal and optical parameters and to remove the fear of students to use various gadgets in laboratory 1. Heimann Educational Books Nolan and Bigliani. Bhattacharya. Nelkon and Ogborn. 5. Marrow. Recommended Books: 1. Determination of temperature coefficient of resistance of a given wire. To study the conservation of energy (Hook’s law). 4. 3. Selected Experiments in Physical Sciences. 3. 11. To determine Horizontal/Vertical distance by Sextant. The determination of wavelength of light/laser by Diffraction grating. Calibration of thermocouple by potentiometer. 10. D. 7. Determination of “J” by Callender – Barnis method.

2. 14. C. (Integral and differential forms) and its application. Electric flux: Gauss's law. infinite line of charge. Electric field of continuous charge distribution e. 17. Point charge in an electric field.13. Marrow. K. Advanced Level Practical Physics. Dipole in an electric field. Bhattacharya. H. Torque and energy of a dipole in uniform field. To study the laws of vibration of stretched string using sonometer. To study the combinations of harmonic motion (Lissajous figures).g Ring of charge. Nelkon and Ogborn. 2. Experiments in Physics. Charge in isolated conductors.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. field of spherical shell and field of spherical charge distribution. Heimann Educational Books Nolan and Bigliani. 4. electrical potential and dielectrics To understand the DC circuits To know the effect of magnetic field and basic magnetic properties of materials Electric Field: Field due to a point charge: due to several point charges. Longman. field near a charged conducting sheet. Field of infinite line of charge. conductor with a cavity. To give the concept of electric field. To determine the Thermal conductivity of good and bad conductors using Lee’s and Searl’s apparatus. Surjeet Pub Ind. Selected Experiments in Physical Sciences. field of infinite sheet of charge. disc of charge. Electric dipole. Recommended Books: 1. CBS Publishing Note: At least nine experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM-I Pre-requisites 3 Cr. To study the parameters of waves (Beats phenomenon). 15. 16. 20 . To determine the stopping potential by photo cell. University Practical Physics. D. 3. 3.

and conductivity. E. Electric field of dielectric. Integral and differential forms. Equation of continuity. Skove Physics Classical and Modern (2nd edition). resistance. Ampere's Law. Application of Gauss's Law to capacitor with dielectric. Use of Kirchhoff's Ist & 2nd law. Biot-Savart Law: Analytical treatment and applications to a current loop. Recommended Books: 1. M. Magnetic Field Effects and Magnetic Properties of Matter: Magnetic force on a charged particle. Thevenin theorem.Bohr Magneton. and calculation of their capacitance. magnetic force on a current. potential due to collection of point charges. Discuss quantitatively. Poisson’s and Laplace equation without solution. Defining M. (Integral form). Capacitors and dielectrics: Capacitance. Basic ideas. ρ. Do not derive. F. Paramagnetism. Torque on a current loop. Growth and Decay of current in an RC circuit and their analytical treatment. Inc. Capacitor with dielectric. multiple loops. Keller. Magnetic Materials. Origin of Atomic and Nuclear magnetism. B. current density J. Norton theorem and Superposition theorem. applications to solenoids and toroids. voltages at various elements of a loop. Gettys. Field as the gradient or derivative of potential. Recall the previous results. Energy stored in an electric field. cylindrical. spherical etc. D C Circuits: Electric Current. Hysteresis in Ferromagnetic materials. Calculating the current in a single loop. Gauss's Law for Magnetism: Discuss and develop the concepts of conservation of magnetic flux. energy transfer in an electric circuit. calculating the electric field in a capacitor. Lorentz Force with its applications in CRO. Ohm’s Law. An atomic view.Electric Potential: Potential due to point charge. W. Magnetization. σ. 21 . McGraw-Hill. Potential and field inside and outside an isolated conductor. J.. J. µ. Diamagnetism. Magnetic dipole: Energy of magnetic dipole in field. force on two parallel current changing conductors. potential due to dipole. Differential form of Gauss’s Law. resistivity. 1993. Capacitors of various shapes. Ferromagnetism Discussion. Energy per unit volume. Electric potential of continuous charge distribution.

J.Review of previous concepts. Qualitative description. Liquification of gases. cyclic and free expansion. 3. Energy equations and their applications. Carnot theorem. 5. Resnick.. S. Entropy. Joule-Thomson effect and 22 . Entropy in reversible process.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. Diffusion. 1969. Conduction and viscosity. Intermolecular forces. Helmholtz functions) Maxwell’s relations.. Calculation of efficiency of heat engines. Entropy in irreversible process... Inc. Qualitative discussion. Vasudeva Magnetism and Electricity. Halliday. Internal energy of an ideal gas: Equipartition of energy. Heat and Temperature: Temperature. Mean free path and microscopic calculations of mean free path. Thermodynamic temperature scale: Absolute zero: Entropy. First law of thermo-dynamics and its applications to adiabatic. Krane Physics (Vol-II). D. Second Law of thermodynamics. S. Entropy & probability. Van der Waals equation of state. Reversible and irreversible processes. D. Internal energy of an ideal gas. Kip Fundamentals of Electricity and Magnetism (2nd Ed. McGraw-Hill Book Co. N. Work done on an ideal gas. Enthalpy. Kinetic theory of the ideal gas. 2. Distribution of molecular speeds. Distribution of energies. 1959. Low Temperature Physics. HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS Pre-requisites 3 Cr. Refrigerators. Chand & Co. A. Maxwell distribution. isothermal. TdS equations. Brownian motion. Heat engine. McGraw-Hill Book Co. 1992.2. 3. Thermodynamic functions: Thermodynamic functions (Internal energy. Carnot engines. A. Maxwell-Boltzmann energy distribution. Entropy & second law. 4. To give the concept of heat and temperature To give the concept of classical distribution function To understand the laws of thermodynamics and their application Statistical Mechanics: Statistical distribution and mean values. R. F. John Willey & sons. K. Thermodynamics: Review of previous concepts. Gibb’s functions. Theory and Problems of Electromagnetism.). Edminister Schaum’s Outline Series. 1986.

W. Uni-axial crystals. A. Polarizing angle and Brewster law. Chromatic aberration. point source and extended source.h. Optical activity in liquids Interference Far field approximation. Holography. OPTICS Pre-requisites 3Cr. Berkley Physics series. Thermodynamics. refraction. Introduction to Statistical Physics. two lens systems. W. McGraw Hill. 2. McGrawHill Professional Book Group. Abbott.its equations. Reif.Thermocouple. Typical cases of interference phenomena. McGraw Hill 1965. Peltier’s effect. Induced optical effects. Recommended Books: 1. M. sign convention. 3. Statistical Physics. Pointon. M. Analytical treatment of interference phenomenon. Lee and F. Polarization Plane elliptically and circularly polarized light. Malus law. Sears. Production of each type and their uses. interference. Fabry Perot & Michelson interferometer. 23 . Zemansky. Aberrations. lens formula. Heat and Thermodynamics. Schaum's Outline of Thermodynamics. Refraction at a spherical surface. diffraction and polarization. lens formula by deviation method. 1995. Longman 1967. To develop understanding about the optical devices Geometrical Optics Geometrical optics and its laws. J. M. 4. (thin films. To understand the concept of reflections. Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. Fibre optics. 2. Addison-Wesley 1954. F. Thermoelectricity. Review of topics related to chromatic aberration. Eye pieces. Fresnel’s biprism). 3rd Edition. 5. J. Thomson effect Seabeck’s effect. 1951.

Origin of Quantum Theory: Black body radiation.and Planck’s law. 2. Resolving power of lenses.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives: 1. Wiens. E. John Willey & sons. NAND. Oscillators. p-n junction diode. NOR and their basic applications. K. transistor biasing for amplifiers. common collector. The quantization of energy. Explanation using quantum theory. Positive & negative feed back R. hybrid parameters (common emitter). Resnick. Monostable multi. Diffraction applications. 3. Diffraction pattern of a rectangular aperture. To give the concept of modern physics To know the nuclear structure and radioactivity To know some nuclear reactions and production of nuclear energy To give basic understanding of Plasma and LASER Electronics: Basic crystal structure. 1992. Diffraction pattern of a circular aperture. common emitter. load line. energy band in solid and energy gaps. Inc. D. S. its structure. Fresnel diffraction. Addison – Wesley Publishing Company 1987.Diffraction Huygen’s principle. Transistor as an amplifier (common emitter mode). Dispersing properties of prism and grating. Stefan Boltzmann-. characteristics and application as rectifiers. Diffraction grating.C. Physics. Fraunhofer diffraction. Diffraction by a single slit. Line spectra. Logic gates OR. 4. 2. Study of Fourier theorem and its analysis. ELECTRONICS & MODERN PHYSICS Pre-requisites 3 Cr. consequences. neutron and electron diffraction. its basic structure and operation. Double slit diffraction pattern. Halliday.. X-ray diffraction. operating point. Hecht. Photoelectric and Compton effect. n-type semiconductor materials. Optics. NOT. p-type. Krane. AND. free electron model. R. characteristics of common base.vibrator (basic). Recommended Books: 1. Application to grating. Transistor. 24 .

1992. Inductance of a Solenoid. Recommended Books: 1. W H Freeman and Company 2000. Atomic Physics: Bohr’s theory (review). “Basic definition”. Concepts of Modern Physics (fifth edition) McGraw-Hill 1995. Modern Physics.P. Atomic spectrum. K. Toroid. Orbital angular momentum. D. 3. 2. Wave packets and particles. energy levels of electron. 2002. 3. Krane. Modern Physics 3rd edition. Frank-Hertz experiment. 2. DavissonGermer Experiment and J. Halliday. Calculation and application using differential and integral form. Tipler and Ralph A. Inductance. Spin quantization. Induced electric fields. S. X-ray spectrum (continuous and discrete) Moseley’s law. LR Circuits. Eisberg and Robert Resnick. 5. Thomson Experiment. Pauli’s exclusion principle and its use in developing the periodic table. d’Broglie hypothesis and its testing. John Wiley & Sons. Inc. Physics. Quantum Physics of Atoms. localizing a wave in space and time.. 4. John Willey & sons. Bohr’s Magnetron. 2nd edition. Paul A. 6. Narosa Publishing House. Faraday Law and Lenz’s Law. Vector atom model. Solids. molecules. John Wiley & Sons 1961 Sanjiv Puri. ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM-II Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 3Cr. To understand the laws of electromagnetic induction To understand the AC circuits To know the generation and propagation of Electromagnetic waves Inductance: Faraday’s Law of Electromagnetic Induction.) its definition and relation to probability of particle. Robert M.h Objectives: 1. Llewellyn. 2004. R.Wave Nature of Matter: Wave behaviour of particle (wave function etc. Robert M Eisberg. Fundamentals of Modern Physics. Arthur Beiser. Growth and Decay of 25 . Resnick. Angular momentum of electrons. Review of emf. Nuclei and Particles.

Chand & Co. Keller. J. Single loop RLC circuit. Skove Physics Classical and Modern (2nd edition). Analytical expression for time dependent solution. Electro-Magnetic Waves (Maxwell's Equations): Summarizing the electro. Electromagnetic Oscillation. Faraday Law. R. 2. analytical treatment. D. Alternating Current Circuits: Alternating current. Qualitative discussion. Edminister Schaum’s Outline Series. 26 .current.. 4. 5. McGraw-Hill Book Co. F. Resnick. Energy density and the magnetic field. John Willey & sons.. Maxwell's equations. phase angles. 1993. A. Analytical treatment. McGraw-Hill Book Co. 1992. Energy stored in a magnetic field. Ampere's Law). Graphical analysis.C circuits: phase angles.. power factor. (Gauss's law for electromagnetism. Gettys. K. inductive and capacitative elements.e. 3. Travelling waves and Maxwell's equations. Theory and Problems of Electromagnetism. Forced electromagnetic oscillations and resonance. F. Series and parallel circuits i. E. Development of concepts. Kip Fundamentals of Electricity and Magnetism (2nd Ed. Quantitative analysis using differential equatins. W. Generating an electro. A. Derive. Induced magnetic fields & displacement current. J. obtaining the velocity of light from Maxwell's equations. Halliday.. S. Krane Physics (Vol-II). applications.. S. (Integral & Differential forms) Discussion and implications. acceptor and rejector. Inc. N. D. 1986.magnetic wave. Analytical treatment and discussion of physical concepts. J. RMS values. 1959.). AC current in resistive. 1969. Vasudeva Magnetism and Electricity. Inc. McGraw-Hill.magnetic equations. Recommended Books: 1. Energy transport and the Poynting Vector. obtaining differential form of Maxwell's equations. M. Power in A.

Measurement of self/mutual inductance. University Practical Physics. 2. Resonance frequency of an acceptor circuit Resonance frequency of a Rejecter Circuit. 15. 14.H. Experiments in Physics.e. To study the B. G L Squires. CBS Publishing. 10. curve & measure the magnetic parameters. 2. phase and time period of a complex signal by CRO. C K Bhattacharya. their experimental measurement and to give understanding of electrical circuits and use of CRO. 6. Surjeet Pub Ind. 3rd Edition. 4. Thevinin. 1. 8. Norton). 27 . Measurement of low resistance coil by a Carey Foster Bridge. To study the application of Lorentz force by CRO. Recommended Books: 1. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. 5. 11.LBORATORY III Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 1 Cr. To study the network theorems (Superposition.h Objectives: To know the electrical circuit elements. 3. 12. Note: At least eight experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. Practical Physics. amplitude. Study of the parameter of wave i. 7. Measurement of resistance using a Neon flash bulb and condenser Conversion of a galvanometer into Voltmeter & an Ammeter To study the characteristics of Photo emission and determination of Plank’s constant using a Photo cell Calibration of an Ammeter and a Voltmeter by potentiometer Charge sensitivity of a ballistic galvanometer Comparison of capacities by ballistic galvanometer. Study of electric circuits by black box. 13. 9. 3.

28 . counter and use it to determine the absorption co-efficient of β-particle in Aluminum. Smoothing effect of a capacitor ii. 14. iii.LAB-IV Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 1 Cr. Transistors. To study the characteristic curves of a G. University Practical Physics. 7. 11 12. Use of computer in the learning of knowledge of GATE and other experiments. Determination of ionization potential of mercury. Characteristics of a transistor. 4. Mass absorption coefficient of lead for γ-rays using G. 3rd Edition. 3. To understand the behaviour of nuclear radiation including beta and gama radition. C K Bhattacharya.M counter. Experiments in Physics.h Objectives: 1. Study of regulation of output voltage with load. Recommended Books: 1. 6. Determination of range of α particles. 10. Determination of e/m of an electron. To set up and study various logic gates (AND. M. 8. NAND etc) using diode and to develop their truth table. To set up an electronic switching circuit using transistor LDR and demonstrate its use as a NOT Gate. 2. To set up transistor oscillator circuit and measure its frequency by an oscilloscope. 15. 2. CBS Publishing. Characteristics of a semiconductor diode (Compare Si with Ge diode) Setting up of half & full wave rectifier & study of following factors i. 5. 13. To set up a single stage amplifier & measure its voltage gain and bandwidth. Practical Physics. Ripple factor & its variation with load. 9. OR. To develop understanding and uses of electronic devises including GATS. G L Squires. 3. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. Surjeet Pub Ind.

Determinants. To develop the mathematical background of student in vectors. Orthogonal matrices. Hermitian matrices. Continuous groups-O groups. Invariant subgroups. 2. Covariant and contravariant tensors. Quotient rule. Taylor and Laurent series. Mathematical Physics. MATHEMATICAL METHODS-I Pre-requisite General Mathematics 3 Cr. Divergence and Curl in the curvilinear coordinates system. Group Theory: Introduction to groups. Curvilinear Coordinates and Tensors: Curvilinear coordinate system. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors of matrices. Cartesian. Curl and Stoke's theorem. Group representation. G. Matrices. Vector integration. Matrices: Linear vector spaces. Arfken. Vector differentiation and gradient. Similarity transformations. Green’s theorem in the plane. Gradient. Academic Press. Spherical and Cylinderical coordinate system. 1970. Complex integration. Tensor algebra.h Objectives 1. matrices and some of their uses in the world of physics To give basic understanding of group theory and complex variables used in physics Vector Analysis: Review of vectors Algebra. Lie groups Complex Variables: Functions of a complex variable. Calculus of residue. 29 . SU(2) groups. Recommended Books: 1. Diagonalization of matrices. 2nd ed. Discret groups-Dihedral groups.Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. tensors. Divergence and Gauss’s theorem. Cauchy integral theorem and integral formula. Cauchy Riemann conditions and analytic functions.

The linear harmonic oscillator. Addition of angular momenta. Complex Variables Schaum’s Outline Series. The hydrogenic atom. Hsu.2. 3. Hermitian operators. Dirac notation. Formalism of Quantum Mechanics: The state of a system. The free particle. Properties of one dimensional potential functions. Particle in a box. 30 . The eigenvalues and eigen functions of L2 and Lz. Mathematical Physics. Three dimensional square well potential. Understanding the behaviour of quantum mechanical particle and development of Schrodinger equation in one and three dimensions introduction to Quantum mechanical operators and determination of angular momentum of a quantum mechanical particle Quantum Mechanics of One Dimensional Problems: Review of concepts of classical mechanics.h Objectives 1. P. 4. Functions and expectation values. 2. Butkov. Addison-Wesley 1968. Angular Momentum: Orbital angular momentum. 1971. McGraw Hill. Commuting and non commuting operators. Dynamical variables and operators. State of a system. QUANTUM MECHANICS-I Pre-requisite FSc Physics and Modern Physics & electronics 3 Cr. The potential barrier problems. Schrodinger Equation in Three Dimensions: Separation of Schrodinger equation in cartesian coordinates. Pipes and Harvill. Three dimensional isotopic oscillator. Heisenberg uncertainty relations. Spin. Schrodinger and Heisenberg pictures. 1967. Time evolution of a system. McGraw Hill 1979. R. 5. Solutions of Schrodinger equation for free particles. Speigel. M. Symmetry principles and conservation laws. Central potentials. H. Matrix representation of angular momentum operators. E. The hydrogenic atom. Applied Mathematics for Engineers and Physicists. Three dimensional square well potential. Fourier Analysis Simon Schuster Series.

fundamental equations and equations of state. W. Reading Mass. Cieplak & J. 3. (1980). W. 3.L. M. 8 B. David J. Kaminski. Schwable. 'Theory of Quantua'. 2. Greiner. Singapore (1992). Liboff. THERMAL AND STATISTICAL PHYSICS Pre-requisite: FSc Physics and Heat and Thermodynamics 3 Cr. Berlin (1990). Inc. PRENTICE Hall. Addison Wesley Publishing Company.S.Books Recommended: 1. Bialynicki-Birula. 'Quantum Mechanics'. F. 7.H. Oxford University Press. McGraw Hill Book Company. Griffiths. Springer Verlag. 'Introduction to Quantum Mechanics' Longman Scientific & Technical London (1990). reduction of derivatives. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. Bransden & C. Reading Mass. Equilibrium Thermodynamics: Basic postulates. Introduction to Quantum Mechanics. To develop the understanding of thermal properties by using statistical means in thermodynamics Development of various statistics like Boltzmann Statistics. 2.J.h Objectives: 1. statistical interpretation of entropy. R. (1980). J.Dirac Statistics To develop the understating of lattice dynamics in solid materials. Bose – Einstein statistics and Fermi. New Delhi (1992). response functions Maxwell's relation. Townsend. Greiner. 'Introductory Quantum mechanics'. Boltzmann H-theorem. 'Relativistic Quantum Mechanics'. 5.. 6. 4. distribution functions. Int. 'A Modern Approach to Quantum Mechanics'. Joachain. 'Quantum Mechanics: An Introduction'. Elements of Probability Theory: Probabilities. Narosa Publishing House. New York (1992). 31 .

ELBS/John Willey. F. Introduction to density matrix approach. 2. Black body radiations. 1965. counting of states (in classical and quantum mechanical systems. Formation of Microcononical.Formulation of Statistical Methods: Ensembles. Introduction to Statistical Physics. Pointon. John Wiley 1958. Elements of Statistical Physics. 2nd Ed. 4.J. F. C. Bose-Einstein Condensation. canonical and grand canonical partion function. Kittel. Fermi-Dirac statistical systems. Van der Waals Gas: mean field calculation. Examples of thermodynamics of these systems. Statistical Physics. Partition Function: Relations of partition function with thermodynamic variables. 3. Statistical Mechanics of Interacting Systems: Lattice vibrations in solids. Books Recommended: 1. McGraw Hill. examples (collection of simple harmonic oscillators. CLASSICAL MECHANICS Pre-requisites: Mechanics I & II 3 Cr. Theorem of equipartition of energy. 1988. Bose-Einstein. Boltzmann distribution. Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics. Ferromagnets in Mean Field Approximation. Reif. Advanced Topics: Fluctuations. Pauli and Van Vleck paramagnetics. Mandl. 2. A. Longman 1967. Statistical Systems: Maxwell-Boltzmann. To develop the basic knowledge of classical world using the laws of Physics To develop the understanding of two bodies central force problems 32 .h Objectives: 1. examples) partition function. Gas of electrons in solids.

Alembert's principle. Lagrange and Poison brackets.3. Rutherford scattering. 'Dynamics'. Rigid Body Equation of Motion: Angular momentum. two body problem and its reduction to one body problem. V. Eulerian angles.N. Kinematics of Rigid Body Motion: Orthogonal transformations. H. Two Body Central Force Problem: Low and least action. New York (1983). Tensors and dyadics. 4. The coriolis force. John Wiley & Sons. S. Addison Wesley. and Hamilton equations of motion. 2nd. Goldstein. 2. To give understanding of kinematics and dynamics of rigid bodies Development of Hamiltonian equation and use of canonical transformation in classical physics Elementary Principles: Brief Survey of Newtonian mechanics of a system of particles. Derivation of Lagrange's equation from Hamilton's principle. Reading. Kepler's Laws Laboratory and centre of mass systems. Books Recommended: 1. Moment of inertia. Canonical Transformations: Examples of canoical transformations. New York (1980). constraints. Lagrange's equation and its applications. Arnold. Liouville's theorem. Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics Springer verlag. Edn. Euler's theorem. Massachusetts (1980). Variational Principles: Calculus of variation and Hamilton's principle.. Virtual work. 33 . Equation of motion and solution for one body problem. Hamilton Equation of Motion: Legendre transformation Conservation theorems. 3. Rigid body problems and Euler's equations. 'Classical Mechanics'.I. Rasband.

To develop the understanding of different electronic circuit elements and devices like diode. Simple op-amp arrangements. Summing.J.. Integrator and Differentiator. RC coupled and direct coupled stages. Oxford (1987). Op-amp applications. Zener regulators. Varactor diodes. Switching circuits. Frequency response. Tuned RF Voltage amplifiers. Matzner & L. N.M. Active filters. transistors. Photodiodes. Feedback and stability. its data and sheet parameters. Hybrid-p and h. amplifiers. Frequency response. Prentice Hall Inc. Oxford Science Publications. Light emitting diodes. Multistage Amplifiers. Special Diodes: Zener diodes. oscillators and voltage regulators used in daily life alliances To understand the day to day electronic devices. Comparators. Biasing. Field Effect FET: Transistors. Woodhouse.4.z and y-parameter models. R. Operational Amplifiers: Ideal op-amps. Common emitter. I-F Amplifiers and automatic gain control. 5. ELECTRONICS Pre-requisites: Modern Physics and Electronics 3 Cr. Common source and common drain amplifiers. B. and C amplifiers. Junction FET. Tunnel diodes.A. Power class A. The differential amplifiers. Shepley. Ebers-Moll. Schottky diodes. MOSFET. Operation and construction. Negative feedback. Common base and common collector amplifiers. parameters and ratings.h Objectives: 1. Biasing and stability.C. Non inverting and inverting circuits. 'Classical Mechanics'. Varistors and their applications. 34 . London (1991). Transistor Circuits: Bipolar transistors. Instrumentation amplifier.. 2. 'Introduction to Analytical Dynamics'.

Power supply. 2. Shunt and switching regulators. D.J. Bell. 'Electronic devices & Circuits'.B. A. 'Electronic Design Circuit & Systems'. LAB V Pre-requisites: LAB I –IV 1 Cr. Carpenter. CMOSS.T.S. The Bengamin/Cummings Publishing Co.h Objectives: 1. List of Experiments 1. 'Integrated Electronics'. Floyd. G. Tata McGraw Hill. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics. Halkias. Roden. Virginia (1980). 'Electronic Principles'. in a scintillation counter. Shielding and attenuation of gamma rays. Voltage Regulators: Series. Merril Publishing Company Columbus (1988). California (1991).L. To study the characteristics of a Geiger-Muller counter and to examine the attenuations of beta particles in Al-and Pb foils. Malvino. 'Electronic Devices'. 3.H. M.. Measurement of the spectrum of gama rays from a radioisotope.P. 2. 4. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work.C. Books Recommended: 1. 5. Hartley. 2. New Delhi (1988). To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills. C.Oscillators: Armstrong. T. 3. Colpit's Phase shift and 555 timer oscillators. To study the pulseheight as a function of the H. Reston Publishing Company Inc. Savant Jr.. Singapore (Latest Edition). J. 3.L. 35 . McGraw Hill Book Company. Millman & C. Measurement of the half life of a radio nuclide.

8. 3. H. Frobenius series solution of differential equations. 36 . Experiments in Modern Physics (McGraw-Hill). Second solution. Use of a Lithium-drifted Ge-counter for gamme spectroscopy and to compare its performance with that of a nal-detector. 5. MATHEMATICAL METHODS-II Pre-requisite General mathematics and Mathematical Methods-I 3 Cr. Partial differential equations of theoretical physics. Experiments in Modern Physics (Academic). Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities.J. Separation of variables.4. Radio frequency measurement. Fourier Series. Measurement of characteristic impedance.Mark and H. Velocity. etc. Standing wave ratio. Books Recommended: 1.Homogeneous differential equations.C. etc. Nonhomogenous differential equations.h Objectives: 1) 2) 3) To give the understanding of Differential equations and their uses in Physics Introduction to special functions. R. Experimental Electronics (McGraw-Hill). Higgings. Experiments with transmission lines. 9. A. Melissinos. 6. AC circuits and dielectric constants of water and ice. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. Olsono. Skin effect. Fourier Transforms Solution of Boundary value problems and their uses Differential Equations in Physics: First and second order linear differential equations. 7.T. 2. To study the characteristics of a solid-state detector and use it to measure the spectra of alpha and beta particles.

Special Functions:

Bessel functions and Hankel functions, Spherical Bessel functions, Legendre polynomials, Associated Legendre polynomials, Spherical harmonics Laguerre polynomials, Hermite polynomials.

Fourier Series:

Definition and general properties, Fourier series of various physical functions, Uses and application of Fourier series.

Integral Transforms:

Integral transform, Fourier transform, Convolution theorem, Elementary Laplace transform and its application.

**Boundary Value Problems and Green's Functions:
**

Boundary value problems in Physics, Non-homogeneous boundary value problems and Green's functions, Green's functions for one dimensional problems, Eigenfunction expansion of Green's function, Construction of Green's functions in higher dimensions.

Books Recommended:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5 6. 7. 8. G. Arfken, Mathematical Physics, 2nd ed, Academic Press, 1970. R. Bronson, ‘Differential Equations’ Schaum’s Outline Series, McGraw Hill, New York. E. Butkov, ‘Mathematical Physics Addison-Weseley London . M.L. Boas, 'Mathematical Methods in Physical Sciences', John Wiley & Sons, New York (1989). C.W. Wong, 'Introduction to Mathematical Physics', Oxford University, Press, New York (1991). Hassani, 'Foundations of Mathematical Physics', Prentice Hall International Inc., Singapore (1991). Chattopadhyay, 'Mathematical Physics', Wiley Eastern Limited, New Delhi, (1990). H. Cohen, 'Mathematics for Scientists & Engineers' Prentice Hall International Inc., New Jersey (1992).

**QUANTUM MECHANICS-II Pre-requisites:
**

Quantum Mechanics I

3 Cr.h

37

Objectives:

1. 2. 3. to understand the use of approximation in Quantum mechanics to understand the theory of scattering and interaction of quantum systems with radiation to understand the basics of relativistic quantum mechanics

Approximate Methods:

Time independent perturbation theory for non degenerate and degenerate levels, the variational method, The WKB approximation, Time dependent perturbation theory.

**Identical Particles and Second Quantization:
**

Indistinguishability of identical particles, Systems of identical particles, Quantum dynamics of identical particle systems, statistics, Symmetry of states, Fermions, Bosons.

Theory of Scattering:

Scattering experiments and cross sections, Potential scattering, The method of partial waves, The Born’s approximation.

**The Interaction of Quantum Systems with Radiation:
**

Electromagnetic field and its interaction with one electron system, Transition rates, Spontaneous emission, Selection rules for electric dipole transitions, The spin of photon and its helicity.

**Relativistic Quantum Mechanics:
**

Schrodinger relativistic equation, Probability and current densities, KleinGordon equation and hydrogen atom, Dirac relativistic equation.

Books Recommended:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. B.H. Bransden & C.J. Joachain, 'Introduction to Quantum Mechanics' Longman Scientific & Technical London (1990). J.S. Townsend, 'A Modern Approach to Quantum Mechanics', McGraw Hill Book Company, Singapore (1992). W. Greiner, 'Quantum Mechanics: An Introduction', Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Reading Mass. (1980). R.L. Liboff, 'Introductory Quantum mechanics', Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Reading Mass. (1980). Bialynicki-Birula, M. Cieplak & J. Kaminski, 'Theory of Quantua', Oxford University Press, New York (1992). W. Greiner, 'Relativistic Quantum Mechanics', Springer Verlag, Berlin (1990). 38

7. 8 9.

F. Schwable, 'Quantum Mechanics', Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi (1992). David J. Griffiths, Introduction to Quantum Mechanics, PRENTICE Hall, Int., Inc. S.Gasiorowicz, Quantum Physics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Singapore.

**ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY Pre-requisites:
**

Electricity and magnetism I & II

3 Cr.h

Objectives:

1. 2. 3. To give the basic understanding in static electromagnetic fields and time dependent electromagnetic fields To develop knowledge of propagation, reflection and refraction of electromagnetic waves To develop the understanding of skin effect and wave guides

Fundamental Concepts:

Recapitulation of the fundamental concepts, Induction B, Addition of Laplace equation and methods of images. Magnetic intensity H, Maxwell's equations in differential and integral forms, Poynting theorem and energy conservation.

**Static Electromagnetic Fields:
**

Electrostatic fields in several dielectric media, Magneto static fields of magnetized matter, Magnetostatic field of stationary current, Magnetization current.

**Time Dependent Electromagnetic Fields:
**

Maxwell's equations for quasi stationery fields, Potentials of a rapidly varying field, Fields of uniformly moving and accelerated charges, Radiation from an accelerated charge, Field of oscillating expansion of electro magnetic field, Multiple fields. Expansion of emf.

**Reflection and Refraction of Electromagnetic Waves:
**

Laws of reflection and refraction, Fresnel's formula, Total reflection, Refraction in conducting media, Reflection from a conducting surface.

39

Books Recommended:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. H.C. Ohanion, 'Classical Electrodynamics', Allyn & bacon Inc., Massachusetts (1988). Y.K. Lim, 'Introduction to Classical Elecrodynamics, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pt., Singapore (1986). P.C. Lorrain & D.R. Corson, 'Electromagnetic Fields and Waves', W.H. Freeman & Co., New York (1978). C.R. Paul & S.A. Nasar, 'Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields, McGraw Hill Book Company, Singapore (1987). A.M. Portis, 'Electromagnetic Fields', John Wiley & Sons, New York (1978). D. Grifftns, An introduction to Dynamics, Prentice Hall, 1984 Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, John Wiley, 1975 Ritze Millfadad Chiristy, Foundation of Electromagnetic Theory

**NUCLEAR PHYSICS Pre-requisites:
**

Modern Physics and Electronics

3 Cr.h

Objectives:

1) 2) 3) To understand the nuclear structure using different nuclear models To understand the nature of nuclear forces To give understanding of radioactivity and nuclear reactions

History:

Starting from Bacqurel’s discovery of radioactivity to Chedwick’s neutron.

Basic Properties of Nucleus: Nuclear size, mass, binding energy, nuclear spin,magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moment, parity and statistics. Nuclear Forces: Yukawa's theory of nuclear forces. Nucleon

scattering, charge independence and spin dependence of nuclear force, isotopic spin.

**Nuclear Models: Liquid drop model; Fermi gas model, Shell model;
**

Collective model.

40

Heat and Thermodynamics. Kaplan. Particle and Nuclei. Statistical Physics. McGraw Hill. Povh. 3. 2. Structure of Solids Lattices and basis. resonance reactions. energy level and level width. 1977. 4. To develop a basic knowledge of crystallography To understand the x-ray diffraction in crystal investigation To understand the binding forces in crystalline material To develop the understanding of lattice dynamics and its uses in derivation of theories of specific heat To understand the behaviour of free electrons in metals and Fermi Energy. F. theory of Gamma decay. Objectives: 1. measurement of Beta ray energies. Segre. Symmetry operations. direct reaction. K. the magnetic lens spectrometer. Zetsche. Krane. Nuclear Physics. Fermi theory of Beta decay. Nuclear isomerism. 2. 1980. 1995. Atomic potential. multipolarity of Gamma rays. Nuclei and Practicles. Simple crystal structures. B. 1995. space groups and binding forces. Breit-Wigner one level formula including the effect of angular momentum. cross sections for nuclear reactions. 4. Addison-Wisely. Bejamin. C. Electricity & Magnetism I & II. SOLID STATE PHYSICS Pre-requisite 3 Cr.h Quantum Mechanics . Kenneth S. 3. Green. Position and orientation of planes in crystals. Q-value and threshold energy of nuclear reaction. Fundamental types of lattice. 41 .Theories of Radioactive Decay: Theory of Alpha decay and explanation of observed phenomena. 1999. Rith. compound nucleolus theory of nuclear reaction and its limitations. Introducing Nuclear Physics. 5. Scholtz. Neutrino hypothesis. Nuclear Physics. Books Recommended: 1. Nuclear Reactions: Conservation laws of nuclear reactions. 5.

two and three dimensions. W. G. Kittle. Density of state in one. N. Powder methods. 1998. The Solid State.A. Neutrons and electrons from crystals. IV 1 Cr. Narosa Publishing House. M. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills. 1996. Reciprocal lattice to sc. Recommended Books: 1. classical model. 7th Ed. Kohn Wiley. 1976. Debye model of heat capacity. Burns. An Introduction. C. Objectives: 1. Fourier analysis of the basis. 6. Laue method. Wiley. 1999.A. Comparison with experimental results. orthorhombic and hexagonal crystals.M. Elementary Solid State Physics. Mermin. Bragg’s law. Pearson Education 2000. Reciprocal lattice. Scattered wave amplitude. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. M. 42 . Elliott. Wahab. Academic Press 1992. Oxford Science Publications 1990. D. S. 3. 4. Introduction to Solid State Physics. 3. Solid State Physics. LAB VI Pre-requisites LAB I.h. Enumeration of normal models. Omar. rotating crystal method. Rinehart & Winston. 2. 7. Ewald construction and Brillouin zone. 2. Holt. II. Phonons and Lattice Vibrations: Lattice heat capacity. bcc. High Temperature Superconductivity. Einstein model. Ashcroft and N. Solid State Physics. 5.Crystal diffraction and reciprocal lattice: Diffraction of X-rays. H. M. 3rd Edition. R. Rosenberg. III. Thermal conductivity and resistivity. fcc. Umklapp processes. The Physics and Chemistry of Solids. By.

R.C. Study of random processes and fluctuations in random processes (Poission distribution.4. Recommended Books: 1. 11. COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS Pre-requisites: 3 Cr. or superheterdyne receiver and measurement of its sensitivity. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. Basic Numerical Analysis and Analytical Tools for Numerical Analysis. Study of leaser parameters.) Measurement of transistor hybrid parameters.F. K. To design and build a linear integrator to enable digitization of photo-multiplier pulses. 8. To build and investigate the properties of hard value multivibrators. Design of a medium wave T. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. coupled amplifier and a study of its characteristics. CBS Publishing.R. C. 3. the operational amplifier. etc. Experiments in Physics. Gain characteristics and spectral response of a photo-multiplier tube. Bhattacharya. To design and build a lotic circuit (using AND/OR/NOR gates) for performing a given function. Design of high or medium voltage dc power supply and measurement of the voltage regulation. Power out-put selectivity. Design of an L. 3rd Edition. 43 . G. 13.F. 10. 2. Ripple factor etc. etc. Squires. etc. 5. Practical Physics. Mathematical Methods. 9. 7. L. University Practical Physics.h Undergraduate Level Physics and Elementary Mathematics and Linear Algebra. Ripple factor. or to design and build a height-to-width converter. Transistor pulse-circuitry (three types of flipflop and the Schmidt trigger circuit). Computer and Programming Skills. Design of high or medium voltage dc power supply and measurement of the voltage regulation. 12. Surjeet Pub Ind. 6.

De Jong. Tobochnik. Doing Physics with random numbers.h Pre-requisite Phy-202 (Modern Physics). M. Merman. New York (1965 PHYSICS-401 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS 4 Cr. Bristol (1987).. Pascal etc and known software packages of computation. C. Gould & J. 5. P. 4. Numerical Methods: Numerical Solutions of equations..Objectives: 1. Many particle systems. Kepler's problems.K. L. S. 2.T. Error analysis and technique for elimination of systematic and random errors. 'Introduction to Computational Physics'. Koonini. Books Recommended: 1. Wave phenomena.C. 3. 2. The mathematical models. Modeling & Simulations: Conceptual models. Computational Physics'. 3. Introduction of computer languages To know the use of computer in numerical anlysis Computer simulation and modeling Computer Languages: A brief introduction of the computer languages like Basic. 'An Introduction to Computer Simulation Methods'. 'Numerical Methods for Engineers with Personal Computer Applications. Oscillatory motion. Addison Wesley Publishing Company Inc. Phy-306 (Quantum Mechanics) 44 . Numerical integration and differentiation. Field of static charges and current. Relationship of modeling and simulation. Chanle. H. McGraw Hill Book Company. The Benjamin/Coming Publishing Inc. Rading Massachusetts(1988). Computer simulation. Random numbers and random walk. California (1986). Populations genetics etc. Some systems of interest for physicists such as Motion of Falling objects. Chapra & R. Massachusetts (1991). Dynamic systems. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. Diffusion.J. S. Regression and interpolation.P. Macheown & D. Computational Techniques in Physics' Adm Hilger.

Anne P. vibrational. Transition probabilities of diatomic molecules. Hartree Fock methods and self consistent field. X-ray spectra. Longmans. normal Zeeman effect. Radiative transitions. Molecules (12 hours) Ionic and covalent bonding. and electronic spectra. Central field approximation.J. Interaction with field (7 hours) Many electron atoms in an electromagnetic field. Hydrogen molecule (Heitler London and molecular orbital theories) Recommended Books: 1. 4. Hydrogen Molecular ion (LCAO approximation).Objectives: 1. London 1983. electron spin and Hund’s cases. Bransden and C. Thorn. Sommerfeld model. Chapman and Hall. 2. Stark effect. Anomalous Zeeman effect. Spin orbit coupling. 1988. Diatomic molecules-rotational. Stark effect. second edition. Atoms in radiation field. jj coupling and other type of coupling. Physics of atomic and Molecules. LS coupling. H. Many body Systems (12 hours) Pauli exclusion principle. Selection rules. One Electron System (12 hours) Review of Schrodinger equation for hydrogen atom. Periodic system of the elemments. Paschen back effect. Joachain. Frank Hertz experiment and approximation methods. Polyatomic molecules (brief introduction). B. 45 . Einstein coefficients. To review the existing theories of atomic structure To introduce the experimental proof of quantisation To introduce the use of Schrodinger Equation in real system like Hydrogen atom To understand the Molecular spectrum To understand the LASER production and Operation Structure of Atoms (5 hours): Review of Bohr’s theory. 3. Raman effect. Fermi Golden rule. 5. Quantum numbers. Hyperfine structure. Spectrophysics. Stern Gerlach experiment. Born Oppenhimer approximation. 2. Thomas Fermi potential.

Waves guided by parallel plane conductor. H.R. Transmission by a rectangular. Dispersion in metallic conductor. Resnick. second edition. Massachusetts (1988).A. 6. Allyn & bacon Inc. A. Eisberg. Paul & S. Quantum Physics of Atoms. Wave guides as cavity resonators. New York (1978). John Wiley & Sons.. Power transfer and attenuation. Objectives: 1. Singapore (1986). 5. grange and Coloumb grange. Nuclei and Particles. Wave Guidance..R. 3. 4..K. Lim. Loren z. Forced oscillation of an electronic oscillator. Dispersion in dilute medium and dense media. 'Electromagnetic Fields'. C. Molecules.h. Freeman & Co. 1984 Jackson. Q of a cavity resonator.M. 3. and R. Classical Electrodynamics. To give the basic understanding in static electromagnetic fields and time dependent electromagnetic fields To develop knowledge of propagation. Solids.C.H. Prentice Hall. Scattering by a bound electron. reflection and refraction of electromagnetic waves To develop the understanding of skin effect and wave guides Propagation of Plane Electromagnetic Waves: monochromatic waves and plane waves. 'Classical Electrodynamics'. Grifftns. World Scientific Publishing Co. 2. Singapore (1987). Y. 'Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields. Pt. Skin Effect and Wave Guides: High frequency current in a semi infinite conductor. ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY II Pre-requisites: Electricity and magnetism I & II 3 Cr. Foundation of Electromagnetic Theory 46 . 7. 1975 Ritze Millfadad Chiristy.C. Internal impedance at high frequencies. P. 'Introduction to Classical Elecrodynamics. Lorrain & D. Corson. McGraw Hill Book Company. An introduction to Dynamics. Ohanion. 'Electromagnetic Fields and Waves'. Nasar. Group velocity. 2. D. Portis. W. Waves guided by dielectrics. New York (1978). John Wiley and sons 1985.3. Books Recommended: 1. R. John Wiley.

2. Measurement of the spectrum of gamma rays from a radioisotope (e. 6. 5. 4. Determination of the Rydberg constant from the spectrum of hydrogen. To examine the characteristics of a Solid-State detector and to use it for alpha and beta Spectroscopy and compare the results with those obtained by a scintillation counter. 2. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills.Cs) and study of their photoelectric and Compton absorption. 11. Experiments with microwaves. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics. To examine the stopping-power of various substances for thermal neutrons.S.) by microwave absorption. Pre-requisite: Undergraduate physics and Labs I-VI Objectives: 1. 3. Fabry-Perot interferometer used as a gas refractometer. 15.PROJECT 3 Cr. Source strength of Co60 by gamma coincidence methods. Electron spin resonance (E. 10. Study of their optical properties. Determination of the charge on an electron (e) by Millikan’s method. Measurement of the total neutron cross-section. To study the Zeeman effect for a line in the spectrum of helium.g. Lab-VII 1.R. 12. 16. 14. 3. 13. Determination of Planck’s constant (h) by using the photoelectric effect. Use of an analogue computer for solving differential equations. Determination of the constituents of substance by activation analysis. The Frank-hertz experiment (Measurement of excitation potential of Hg).h A project can be introduced instead of these experiments. 7. 8. To prove the Rutherford law of scattering of charged particles. 9. 47 .

The study of the Mossbauer effect. Olson. The measurement of the Hall effect in germanium and silicon.S. Note: At least 12 experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. 23. Gray. 48 . 22. To determine the energy gap in silicon and Germanium.) of protons in water. demonstrating transistor action). To build a medium or short-wave transmitter. Applied Electronics (John-Wiley and Sons).Mark and N. Experiments in Modern Physics (Academic). H. 3. Measurement of the conductivity of Si and Ge as a functions of temperature. (Shockley-Haynes experiments for Germanium. Simple diode manufacture and point-contact transistor. Drift mobility. 18.C.17. Melissionos. Nuclear magnetic resonance (N. Books Recommended: 1. 20. All experimental courses are only recommended but Universities may opt other experiments according to facilities and expertise available to them.R.T. Experiments in Modern Physics (McGrawHill). 21.M. A. T. 19. 24. 2.

W. Criteria for plasma. Time-variant E and B fields. electrons etc. University may also tailor these courses according to their facilities. operational conditions. 2. Derivation of dispersion relations for simple electrostatic and electromagnetic modes.Van Nestrand). Introduction to plasma Physics.Lovberg. SURFACE PHYSICS Pre-requisites: Solid state Physics 3 Cr. Concept of temperature. Principles of Plasma Physics. PLASMA PHYSICS Pre-requisite: Electrodynamics.Glasstone and R. 1960 (D. N. radiation losses from plasma. Applications of plasma physics.Krall and A.Trivelpiece. Single-particle motion in electromegnatic field. Introduction to Controlled Fusion: Basic nuclear fusion reactions.A. To know fluid description of the plasma.F. Books Recommended: 1. waves and oscillations 3 Cr.H. Controlled Thermonuclear Reactions. Debye shielding.DETAIL OF ELECTIVE COURSES These elective courses can be chosen from the list or new elective course may be offered according to the availability of staff and necessary infrastructure. Uniform and nonuniform E and B fields. F. To know aout the surface physics and its applications Learn about the interaction of surface with the ions.h Objectives: 1.Chen. 2. 1973 (McGraw Hill). Introduction.h Objectives: 1. 2. Fluid description of plasma. 49 . Wave propagation in plasma. Reaction rates and power density. 2nd ed. S. (Plenum). To learn about the importance of the plasma alongwith the basic concept of plasma. Occurrance of plasma. 3. The plasma parameter.

Quantification of Auger spectra. The surface structures of very small metal particles. vibrational spectroscopy. Theory and practice of Auger electron spectroscopy. Auger depth.An Introduction to Surfaces: What is a surface? The energetics and thermodynmics of creating a surface. Signal processing and spectral analysis. 3 D crystal structures. stability. the kinetics of adsorption. Desorption. The Structure of Adsorbate Layers: Experimental probes of surface structure such as LEED and RHEED. Specific types of surface. adsorbate phase diagrams and phase transitions. catalysis. Profiling. Adsorption mechanisms and kinetics for low coverages Langmuir Isotherms. physiorption. The structure of semi-conductor surfaces. Preparing a clean surface. Studying Surfaces: What is UHV? Do we need UHV to study surfaces? The kinetic theory of gases. Adsorption. derivation. Surface energies and the Wulff Theorem. The Electronics and Magnetic Structure of Surfaces: Band theory. bcc and stepped surfaces and a discussion of their relative energies. potential energy curves and adsorption energetics. Desorption Bonding . Comparison of different types of pumps with measurement of vacuum pressure. Catalysis and Growth Processes: Adsorption mechanisms and kinetics chemisorption vs. Electron spectroscopes. Electron-Surface Interactions: Electron diffraction and quasi – elastic scattering. growth mechanisms. adsorption. Magnetic processes at surfaces. Discussion of the merits of different types of electron energy analysers and electron deterctors. The electronic structure of semiconductor surfaces. comparison of particle scattering techniques. hcp. Desorption and experimental probes of surface structure such a LEED and RHEED. Growth processes. Free electron theories and the work function. An introduction to surface Physics. 50 . 2D surface structures. concept of vacuum and standard vacuum hardware components. Electron emission processes. Surface Structures and Reconstructions: Lattice concept. fcc. More complex ceconstruction.

Basic concepts in surface imaging and localized spectroscopy. Surface Microscopy: Classification of microscopy techniques.h Objectives 1. Auger depth profiling. Optical microscopy. Introduction to solution of Partial Differential Equiation’s using finite difference methods Advanced Techniques. STEM.Atom/ion surface interactions: Comparison of particle scattering techniques. Boundary Layer Theory: Laminar Boundary layer. 2. To know the fundamentals of Fluid Mechanice and its applications To learn about the computational aspect for solving diffusion equation. Basic Fluid Mechanics: Fundamentals of Continuum mechanics. Incompressible flows. Computational Fluid dynamics-I: Introduction to numerical computation. Atomic Force Microscopy. governing equations of fluid motion. theory and practice of Rutherford. the continuity equation. Imaging XPS. Kinematics of the flow field. Boundary value problems. Venables. FLUID DYNAMICS Pre-requisite Classical Mechanics. SIMS imaging and depth profiling. Thin aerofoil. Scanning probe microscopy techniques. The finite volume method. Turbulent Boundary layer. Computational Fluid Dynamics-II: Governing equations in integral and differential form. Books Recommended 1. Reynold’s number. Introduction to Surface and Thin Film Processes Cambridge University Press (2000). Incompressible and 51 . Compressible flows. An Introduciton to the theory and practice of SIMS. John A. Introduction to numerical solution of Ordinary Differential equation’s using multi-step methods. An introduction to the theory and practice of scanning Tunneling Microscopy. SPM. Reduced forms of governing equations. Electrodynamics 3 Cr. Back scattering. SEM.

. Hemosa Publishers. sorption pumps. Fore-Vacuum Pumps: Rotary Oil pumps. H.M. The pressure correction method on staggered and unstaggered grids. 5. “Computational Fluid Dynamics”. To learn about the vacuum techniques To learn the detection techniques about radiation. air flow past a cylinder aero foils.. White. Vol. turbulent jets and plumes. 3 Cr. 52 . Books Recommended: 1. N. Pumping Speed. P. Hoffmann and S. Roache. Schemes for solving large algebraic systems. Hemisphere.T. Chiang. Patankar. Use of a commercial code for the predication off complex flows. Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow. 3. 2.M.h Objectives: 1. Fundamental concepts. Diffusion pumps. Doer. guttering pumps. Computational Fluid Dynamics for Engineers.J. Vacuum Techniques: Gas Transport: Throughout. To learn about the measuring techniques along with data analysis. Turbo molecular pumps. 3. Cryogenic pumps.V. S. 2.A. K. F. Ion pumps. Perini gauges. Pump down Time Ultimate pressure. sorption pumps (High Vacuum). Viscous flud flow (second Edition). 4. Albuquerque. Measurement of total pressure in Vacuums Systems. 1980. METHODS OF EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS Pre-requisites Experimental labs and techniques used in these labs. Production of ultrahigh vacuum. hydraulic jumps. Hydrodynamics. 6th edition 1993. vortex shedding and vibrations. Manometers. 1993. temperature. 1991. Units pressure ranges. Incorporation of turbulence models.compressible flow & their methods.1 & 11. Time marching schemes. Discrete methods for the steady state and time dependent advection diffusion equation. Mcgraw Hill.Lamb. Experimental Methods: Introduction to laboratory techniques. Laboratory sessions (preceded by lectures): water waves.

Visual c/visual Basic. Lock in Amplifiers. Electronics and Electronic Instruments: Operational amplifiers. Mass spectrometer for partial measurement of pressure. alpha/beta detectors. Differentiators. and single channel analyzer. Pump Choice. Errors of Direct measurements. scintillation detector. Logarithmic amplifiers. Sensor Technology: Sensors for temperature. Vacuum Components. rotation position. DA/AD conversion. vacuum Flanges. Accuracy. Computer Introduction: Introduction to computers. explosive and heat. Multichannel analyzer. Significance of results. metal. tilt. Precision. channeltron. Spectrographs and Interferometers. level. linear and parabolic interpolation. current to voltage converter. current voltage. Special Techniques and problems. Ramp Generators. rotation. Spectroscopy amplifiers. pumping system design. x-rays/gamma detectors. Liquid Nitrogen trap. Accidental Errors. interpolation and extrapolation. Surface to Volume ratio. Data manipulation. Vacuum valves. cosmic rays detectors. Statistical Control of Measurements. RS 232. Power supplies. Rejection of data. Radiation Detection and Measurement: GM tubes. preliminary Estimation. charge sensitive pre-amplifiers. pressure displacement. Nonlinear functions. photo multipliers. Interfacing. phase. Isolators. Integrators. Least squares fit to a polynomial. 53 . Counters. Signal Generators. power magnetic field. speed. smoothing. Data Analysis: Evaluation of measurement: Systematic Errors. Boxcar averages. Errors of Computation. Design of high Vacuum system. leak detection equipment. flow. difference amplifiers.The McLoad gauges. GPIB Interface. Propagation of errors. neutron detectors. summing amplifiers. Mechanical feed throughs & Electrical feed throughs Leak detection: Basic consideration. Coincidence circuits. Statistical Methods. Repair Techniques. Mean Value and Variance.

2. climate variations and modeling. Noise: Basic Acoustics. The ozone filter. active control of sound. IOP.Toping. 54 . Energy and momentum. Basic Environmental Spectroscopy: Black body radiation. Statistical Treatment of Methods of Experimental Physics. the social and political context. New York & London Vol.Books Recommended: 1. flow in reverse. Introduction to the Essentials of Environmental Physics: The economic system.D. enjoying the sun. Solar UV and life. ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Pre-requisite: Physics (FSc) 3 Cr. Human Perceptions and noise criteria. The emission spectrum of sun.B. Academic Press. 2. 4. P.1. (Zero-dimensional Greenhouse Model). 3. reducing the transmission of sound. The transition electric dipole moment. High Vacuum Techniques. Lambert – Beer’s law. The Einstein Coefficients. J. Bevington. Data Reduction and Error Analysis for Physical Science. ground water. H. Turbulence. Inc. Errors of Observations. Turbulence Diffusion. Transport of matter. McGraw Hill.h Objective: 1. 1962. Flow equations of fluid Dynamics. Chapman Hall. Gaussian plumes in air. Turbulent jets and planes. Transport of Pollutants: Diffusion. J.Young. To become familiar with the essentials of environment nad Global climate To learn to use spectroscopy for environments. The spectroscopy of bi-molecules. living in green house. elements of weather and climate. Yarwood. The Global Climate: The energy Balance.

To be familiar with the quantum computing To learn about the Quantum circuits . superposition. INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM COMPUTING Pre-requisite: Quantum Mechanics and Computational Physics 3 Cr. air humidity. Egbert Booker and Rienk Van Gron Belle. Atmosphere and Climate: Structure of the atmosphere. 1998. 2nd ed. Controlled operations. 2. automatic weather stations. Environmental Physics. evolution. Basic principles and postulates of quantum mechanics: Quantum states. Climatology and Measurements of Climate Factor: Data collection and organization. Single qubit operation. John Wiley and sons.Radiation: General laws of Radiation.h Objectives 1. surface wind velocity. and cryptography Computer technology and historical background. Topo Climates and Micro Climates: Effects of surface elements in flat and widely unduling areas. Measurement of temperature. climatic indices. Physics of Environmental and Climate. Guyot Praxis Publication. Books Recommended: 1. 2. Natural radiation. 1999. precipitation. cloud and Precipitation. operator function. Measurement. quantization from bits to qubits. vertical profiles in the lower layers of the atmosphere. Schrodinger equation. Lateral movement in the atmosphere. density matrix. statistical analysis of climatic data. quantum measurement. Dynamic action of seliq. The atmospheric greenhouse effect. General characteristics of measuring equipments. Atmospheric Circulation. utilization of photo synthetically active radiation. Quantum Computation: Quantum Circuits. Atmospheric Pressure. interaction of electromagnetic radiation and plants. EPR and Bell’s inequality. Thermal action of selief. Universal 55 . Radiation balance. Schmidt decomposition.

Quantum Teleportation.K. Springer Verlag (1997). To learn about the interaction of these particles. iso-spin charge conjugation. quarks. and Ekert protocols. 2. Nielson and I. and A. Schor’s algorithm. CPT theorem. To know the particles and their classification. Quantum Computation by P. Quantum Computation and Quantum Information by M. Breaking unbreakable codes: Code making. BB84. Mathematics of Quantum Computation by A. 3. 3. L. Springer Verlag. PARTICLE PHYSICS Pre-requisite Quantum Physics 3 Cr. BB90. time reversal. One time pad. To learn about the Quark models. leptons. The Fundamental Interactions: The electromagnetic coupling. rotation in space. parity. Chen. Exploration in Quantum Computation by C. Single qubit and CNOT gates. Experimental realization.P. 4.quantum gates. Cambridge 2000. H.h Objectives 1. the strong coupling. G parity. the group SU (2). Williams and S. Quantum cryptography with and without eavesdropping. A. Bouwmester. Heidelberg (2000). A.Brylinsky and G. Cambridge University Press. Code breaking on classical and quantum computers. baryons. Berlin. hadrons. Ekert. 2. Chuang. Zeilinger. RSA cryptography. The Physics of Quantum Information: Quantum Cryptography. Particle Classification: Quantum numbers. Trapdoor function. Clearwater. Quantum Cryptography: Uncertainty principle. the weak coupling. Symmetry Transformation and Conservation Laws: Translation in space. Polarization and Spin basis. systems of identical particles. 56 . Books Recommended: 1. Chapman & Hall/CRC (2002). mesons. Quantum Search Algorithm.

4. angular momentum. John-Wiley and Sons.D. hadrons baryons. mesons in quark model.h Objectives. heave meson spectroscopy. Books Recommended: 1. polarization ad photon spin. (1987).. quarks. J. COMPUTER SIMULATION Pre-requisites Mathematical Physics 3 Cr. A. F. To use numerical techniques to solve the differential equations. Learn techniques to understand and develop compter simulations. parity and C parity of photon. McGraw Hill. phase space considerations. 2. 1. S. World Scientific. production experiments. and Martin. Introduction to Elementary Particles by Griffiths. To understand the simulation in classical physics and Quantum Physics 57 . D.The Electromagnetic Field: Gauge invariance and Maxwell’s equations. D. (1990). The Standard Model (qualitative treatment only): Unification of weak and electromagnetic interactions Glashow-SalamWeinberg Model. Quarks and Leptons by Halzen. (1984). baryon resonances. the quarkonium model.. 2. partial wave formalism and the optical theorem. 3.. the Breit-Wigner resonance formula. Quantum Mechanics by Riazuddin and Fayyazuddin. John-Wiley and Sons. Hadron Spectroscopy: Formation experiment. Relatvistic Quantum Mechanics by Bjorken. The Quark Model: The group SU (3). and Drell. (1995).D. 3.

Electromagnetic Waves.Introduction: Importance of computers in physics. Two-Dimensional Trajectories (Kepler’s Laws. Monte. The pressure-corection method on staggered and unstaggered grids. Numerical Solution of time-independent (and dependent). spherical and cylindrical coordinates.activity and radioactive decay series. Interference. 58 . Discrete methods for the steady state and time dependent diffusion equation. Raynold averaging and its applications to Navier stokes equations. Geometrical Optics (Ray Tracing an Principle of Least Time). Time marching schems. Driven LRC Circuits (Time varying). LRC Circuits. numerical integrations. Electric Fields and Potentials. Noise in Signal. matrix operation. Energy and Center of Mass. compressible and incompressible flow and their methods. External points and strings. Random-walk problem. Accuracy and stability of numerical techniques. nature of computer simulation.Carlo Simulation. Computational Methods for Continuous Medium: Fluid equations. Molecular Dynamics in Solids. Guassian Distribution. Canonical and Micro-Canonical Ensembles. finite volume method. percolation theory. Diffraction and Polarization. Schrodinger Wave Equation. schemes for solving large algebric system. Particle in Bound and Free States. Wave phenomena (Fourier analysis. Techniques and class of computer simulation. incorporation of furbulence model. initial (boundary) and eigen value problems. Oscillatory Motions). radio. Random Process and Quantum Physics: Random Number and their uses. partial differential equations (elliptic and parabolic types) Simulation in Classical Physics: Motion of Falling Objects. One Dimensional Dynamics (Accelerating cars and objects on springs). special functions and Guassian quadrarure. Electric Currents and Magnetic Fields. Distribution Functions in Statistical Physics. Approaches to Equilibrium. computer graphics and programming languages. Governing equation in integral and differential forms. Mean and Turbulant kinetic energy equation. use of commercial code for prediction of off complex flow. principles of vector computing in Cartesian. Coupled oscillator). Reduce forms of the governing equation. Numerical Approaches: Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations.

3. Hehl. New York. DIGITAL ELECTRONICS Pre-requisites Electronics 3 Cr.1995. Octal and Hexadecimal number system. Inc. Don’t care condition. Hemosa Publishers. Computer Simultation and Computer Algebra (Lectures for Beginers). An Introduction to “Computer Simulation Methods” Part-I & II. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. Introduction to Computational Physics. D. K-maps and their uses. To understand the computer interface and micro-controller alongwith the emedded system. Computational Fluid Dynamics. (BCD. truth table. Review of Number Systems: Binary. Johnston and Styer.). De Jong. Parity in Codes 59 . 3. Boolean Algebra: DeMorgan’s theorem. ASCII. 1988. Inc. Different codes. F. New York. P. thermal conduction and heat transport. Springer-Verlage Berlin. their inter-conversion. Marvin L. Albuquerque. Zabolitzky. 5. John Wiley & Sons. 1993.. W. Harvey Gould and Jan Tobochink. Books Recommended: 1. 1988.M. Hillar. Addison Wesley Publishing Company.G. Quantum Mechanics Simulation.J. New York. 2. basic logic gates. 1991. Inc. Modelling ideal (MHD). concepts of logic. resistive and viseus flow of plasmas. N. simplification of Boolean expression by Boolean Postulates and theorem. New York. 2.Magnetohydrodynamics. Gray etc. Winkelman and J. 6. (A Series of the Consortium for upper level Physics software).W. Roache. To develop logic circuit using th Boolean Algebra.h Objectives 1. Stauffer. To learn the basics of digitl electronics sucha sa Boolian Algebra.

Different logic based IC families (DTL. Philips 80C51 & 80C552 and Motorola 68Hc05/08. basic architecture of computer. Shift Register. Jones. Interfacing with peripherals. PLA. EAPROM. (1999). Books Recommended 1. up-down. subtraction (2’s compliments. Discussion on 8085/8088. 6. Addressing modes. Memory Devices: ROM. Principles and applications of digital electronics. Control and Time Section). Intel Microprocessor Hierarchy. McGraw Hill. 2. Sequential Logic Circuit: Flip-flops clocked RS-FF. noise margins etc. Brey. Combinational logic circuit: Logic circuits based on AND – OR. NAND. McMillan. EE PROM. Prentic Hall (1998). Micro Computers: Computers and its types.IC logic families: Basic characteristics of a logic family. The Microprocessor and microcontroller applications and environment. UP Registers. 60 . BORTIE (NBF). 8086 processor family. Digital System Design and Micro possessor J. addition. full adder. (Fan in/out. NOR Logic. Digital Logic and Computer Design Morris Mono 1995 Prentic Hall Tocheim. features of a general purpose microcontroller. CMOS). (Static and dynamic) Memory mapping techniques. Micro-controller/ Embedded System: Introduction to Embedded and microcontroller based systems. PROM. 1993. OR-AND. full subtractor encoder. programming and interfacing. Micro Electron. micro processor (ALU. half subtractor. 3. Larry D. 5. Ripple. Microchip Inc and PIC microcontroller. Typical Microcontroller examples:. TTL. D-FF.C. Exclusive OR gate. Synchronous) A/D and D/A Converters. 4. decoder. microcontroller characteristics. Digital Electronics. all generation of computers. T-FF. Instruction set and their types. Propagation delay time. JK-FF. dissipation. gate design. RAM. RTL. Barrey B. Counters (Ring. Macmillan Publishing Company. half adder. Intel UPS Architecture. ECL.

Photo neutron sources Charged particle sources. Scintillation counters and solid-state detectors.h Objectives 1. Types of nuclear reactors (Power and Research). 8. 61 . Neutron Physics: Neutron Sources. Bubble chambers. Charged Particle Accelerators: Linear and orbital accelerators Van de Graaff.Floyd. To learn the nuclear detection system and techniques fr their measurements To learn about the charged particles accelerator and nuclear reactor To develop understanding of neutrons physics. Radioactive sources. photographic emulsions. Palgrave (2003). Tim Wilmshurst. T. Description of fission reaction. Gas-filled detectors. Cyclotron. 8th edition. Nuclear chain reaction and applications. Elementary Reactor Physics: Controlled fission reactions. fast neutron detectors.7. Reactor as a neutron source. 2. Detailed study of PWR and CANDU type reactors. Digital Fundamental. Cloud chambers. Alternating-gradient Synchrotron. 3. Nuclear Radiation Detection and Measurements: Interaction of nuclear radiation with matter.L. slowing down of neutrons. Average number of neutrons released. Betatron. The Design of Small-Scale Embedded Systems. Measurement of neutron cross-sections as a function of energy. Nuclear fission. Proton-synchrotron. Electron-Synchrotrons. Mass distribution of fission energy. Synchrocyclotron. EXPERIMENTAL NUCLEAR PHYSICS Pre-requisite Nuclear Physics 3 Cr. slow neutron detectors. Theory of fission and spontaneous fission.

1989. Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics. Develop fundamental concepts about lasers Learn the principles of spectroscopy of molecules and semiconductos Understand the optical resonators and laser system. Nuclei and Practicles. 1994. Data Detection and Error analysis for physical sciences. Concentric (Spherical) Resonator. Brightness. Rith. Stimulated Emission. Pumping Schemes. William. R. Radiative and Nonradiative Decay. Krane. Unstable Resonators. 1977. 1999. Spinger. . Absorption. Kenneth S. Level Occupation at Thermal Equilibrium. 2002. Keith. K. Zetsche. Philips Berington and D. Glenn. 2. Introducing Nuclear Physics. Optical Resonators: Plane Parallel (Fabry-Perot) Resonator. Selection Rules. Applications of lasers Introductory Concepts: Spontaneous Emission. Spectroscopy of Molecule and Semiconductors: Electronic Energy Levels. Radiation Detection and Measurement. Stability Condition Standing and Traveling Waves 62 . Resonance Energy Transfers. 1995. Povh. Segre. 2. Directionality. Scholtz. Absorption and Gain Coefficients. Ring Resonator.h Objectives 1. Resonator. 4. B. Confocal. LASERS Pre-requisite: Quantum Mechanics I and Atomic Physics 3 Cr.Books Recommended: 1. Matrix Formulation of Geometrical Optics. 3. Stable Resonators. Leo. John Wiley. Knoll. Absorption and Stimulated Emission Rates. Particle and Nuclei. F. 5. Semiconductor. 4. Generalized Spherical Resonator. Properties of Laser Beam: Monochromaticity. Wave Reflection and Transmission at a Dielectric Interface. Bejamin. Molecular Energy Levels. Coherence. Stimulated Transition. C. 6. 3. F.

Laser. Defense Industry. Laser Fundamentals. Threshold Pump Power. Plenum Press New York & London (1992). 3. Electrical Pumping: Longitudinal Configuration and Transverse Configuration. Laser Theory. pumping efficiency. Milonni. (Latest Edition). Oscillation and Pulsations in Lasers. 2. Atmospheric Physics Books Recommended 1. Science Books Mill Valley. Threshold Condition and Output Power. Scully and Zubairy. Springer. 63 .E. Gas lasers: Helium Neon laser. Cambridge University Press (1997). Group Velocity. H. Drilling. Cutting. Silfvast. Welding etc. Svelto. (1986). Berlin (Latest Edition). Multilayer Dielectric Coatings.in a two Mirror Resonator. and Group-Delay Dispersion. Holography. Optimum Output Coupling. Small Signal Gain and Loop Gain. Haken. Lasers. New York. Laser Communication. Longitudinal and Transverse Modes in a Cavity. CO2 laser. W. Medicine. Line broadening. O. Laser Tuning. 4. latest edition. Quantum Optics. Continuous Wave (CW) and pulsed lasers Rate Equations. Principles of Lasers. A. 5. Gas Dynamics Pumping. Lasers Systems : Solid State Lasers: Ruby Laser. Nd: YAG & Nd: Glass Lasers and Semiconductor Lasers: Homojunction Lasers Double-Heterostructure lasers. Free-Electron and X-Ray Lasers Laser applications: Material Processing: Surface Hardening. Chemical Pumping. Pumping Processes: Optical pumping: Flash lamp and Laser.A. University. T. Siegman. J. Eberly and P. C. QSwitching and Mode-Locking Methods. Phase Velocity. Fabry-Perot Interferometer. Nitrogen Laser and Excimer Lasers. Wiley.

cosmological red-shift. Relativistic Mechanics: Force equation in relativity. kinetic and total energy. metric tensor. 2. General Relativity: Principles of general relativity.D. Dynamics and Relativity.D’Inverno. Cambridge University Press. history of the universe. four-vectors. 64 . structure of space-time.V. line element. Special Relativity: Galilean relativity. 1992. Introducing Einstein’s Relativity. Oxford University Press. curves and surfaces. relativity of simultaneity.Narlikar. proper time. Cosmology: Newtonian cosmology. Michelson-Morley experiment.h Objectives 1. geodesics. the light-cone. Einstein’s field equations. length contraction. Minkowski space time tensors. 1999. FSc Physics 3 Cr. Oxford University Press. Riemann tensor. 3. R. conservation of energy and momentum. To learn about the Special theory of relativity To learn the basics of relativistic mechanics and develop understanding about the General theory. matter and radiation domination.D. Elements of Tensor Calculus: Manifolds and coordinates. J. time dilation. Lorentz transformations. velocity transformation and velocity addition. 1989.McComb. Einstein’s postulates of special relativity. 2. microwave background. equation of geodesics deviation. Lie derivative. tensor fields. time paradox.RELATIVITY AND COSMOLOGY Pre-requisites Mechanics. rest mass. W. the Big Bang expansion rate. concept of ether. Books Recommended: 1. Hubble’s law. Introduction to Cosmology.

Dia. 65 . Solid State Physics.E. 4.T. New Age International Pub. John Wiley. Solid State Physics. 1989.M. Read Jr. John Wiley & Sons. The Solid State. Magnetic relaxation and resonance phenomena. 1988. H. Solid State Physics. 7th edition 1996. Boltzmann equation. 1989. Introduction to Solid State Physics. Dielectrics. 1991. Co.Pillai. 3. C. Kachaava. J. Introduction to superconductivity with applications. McGraw Hill. Oxford University Press. Tata McGraw Hill. Hall. Kittle.O.R. 2. 6. New Delhi. Para and Ferro-magnetism. C. Jullien. 1982. W. John Wiley & Sons. 2. 7. New York. New York. Solid State Physics.SOLID STATE PHYSICS-II Pre-requisite: Solid State Physics I 3Cr. Guinier & R. Dislocations in crystals. A. S. Transport properties of solids. 3. 2003. 5. To understand the transport properties in solids To understand the crystal defects and their importance To understand the dielectric and magnetic properties of materials To give basic understanding of superconductivity. 4. Christman. Superconductivity and devices. Oxford.h Objectives: 1. Point defects and dislocations in solids. Books Recommended: 1.

Until the introduction of 4-year composite bachelor degree program in Colleges and Universities. the Provinces will have to be involved at the highest level for the implementation for the BS program. 4.General Recommendations: The Committee made the following recommendations: 1. 3. in consistency with the approved revised scheme of studies and curriculum of Physics for the program. Refresher courses on new topics in Physics may be arranged for college teachers. 5. For the smooth and uniform implementation of the BS (4-year) program throughout the country. The HEC should provide special funds for building infrastructure for the BS (4-year) program and development of teaching faculty at the university departments. namely Part-I (2-years) and Part-II (2years). completed at College and university department respectively.” may not be used with the nomenclature of the program. the program can be split up in two parts. As all the BS programs are of four years duration. the suffix “Hons. 2. 66 . To implement the BS (4-year) program the Colleges will have to provide extra facilities for teaching extra courses and for Lab equipment. The Directorate Colleges of Provinces should be provided special funds by the respective provinces for qualified manpower and for building of necessary infrastructure for starting BS (4-year) program or at least the Part-I of this program at Colleges. the HEC may take up the matter with the provincial Directorate of Colleges to introduce the BS (4-year) program both in Colleges and University departments.

Annexure “A” COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. a) Functional English Grammar 67 .

style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review 68 . b) Practical English Grammar by A.J. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Third Impression 1992. 1997. 1997. minutes of meetings. Writing.1. Third edition. ISBN 0 19 453402 2.J. Reading.V. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. Third edition. and speed reading. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. intensive and extensive. Thomson and A. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Oxford University Press. Exercises 1. Oxford University Press. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Oxford Supplementary Skills. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. Fourth Impression 1993. 2. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. ISBN 0194313492 Practical English Grammar by A. Upper Intermediate. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Martinet. Reading/Comprehension 1. Exercises 2. Thomson and A. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. Martinet.V.

Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building 69 . Reading 1. introduction to presentations. Oxford Supplementary Skills. 2. Fourth Impression 1993. descriptive and argumentative writing). Reading. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. Oxford University Press 1986. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco.V. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos.J. narrative. content. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. b) c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Third Impression 1991. Fourth Impression 1992. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. Third edition. Thomson and A. Writing. Martinet. clarity. Practical English Grammar by A.Recommended books: Communication Skills a) Grammar 1. Exercises 2. Writing. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. language. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. form. Advanced. 2. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. discursive. Writing 1.

without taxing the taste of engineering students). College Writing Skills by John Langan. 3. 2004. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. Compiled by norther Illinois University. Kathleen Shine Cain. 70 . Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. A Custom Publication. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. argumentative and report writing). Kirszner and Stephen R. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 (particularly suitable for discursive. Advanced by Ron White. Third Impression 1992. Martin’s Press. St.Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. 2. Mandell. descriptive. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. Writing.

Economic institutions and issues b. 2. 1947-58 b. 1958-71 c. Society and social structure c. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan 71 . government. Historical Perspective a. politics. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan.Annexure “B” Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. Contemporary Pakistan a. contemporary Pakistan. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. ii. b. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Location and geo-physical features. national development. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. 1977-88 e. People and Land i. Ethnicity d. 1999 onward 3. Indus Civilization Muslim advent iii. 1971-77 d. Study the process of governance. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. 1988-99 f. ideological background of Pakistan. Course Outline 1.

History & Culture of Sindh. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Pakistan Under Martial Law. 5. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Political Parties in Pakistan. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. Lahore: Vanguard. Mehmood. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. Islamabad. 1967. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. Ziring. 10. 4. Ethno . 14. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Club Road. Zahid. S. 1980. 1987. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. S. I. Tahir. 9. 1994. Lahore: Idara-eSaqafat-e-Islamia. Akbar.M. Party. Rafique. Lahore. Lawrence. 6. Ansar. Khalid Bin. The Political System of Pakistan. 1993. Muhammad Waseem. Safdar. 8. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research.The Emergence of Banglades. Washington: American Enterprise. 1998. Afzal. 1993. Safdar. 3. 2. 2000. Aziz. nd. K. 11. 1972. Noor ul.National Movement in Pakistan. Sayeed. Haq. 72 . 1980. Amin. M.Books Recommended 1. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Mehmood. Karachi: Royal Book Company. Shahid Javed. 13. II & III. State & Society in Pakistan. Politics in Pakistan. 7. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. 12. Institute of Public Policy Research.. 1976. Zaidi. Burki. Vol. Enigma of Political Development. Wilcox.K. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Wayne.

A.Annexure “C” ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.56.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar. Detail of Courses Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) Basic Concepts of Quran 2) History of Quran 3) Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.58.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.20) Related to thinking.A.Tadabar (Verse No1.21.19.6.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.57.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Sellected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.W) in Makkah 73 .40.

3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Basic Concepts of Hadith History of Hadith Kinds of Hadith Uloom –ul-Hadith Sunnah & Hadith Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Nature of Differences in Islamic Law Islam and Sectarianism Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islamic Culture & Civilization Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics Islamic Concept of Riba Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 74 .W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.A.

“Emergence of Islam” . “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. Bhatia. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. “Studies in Islamic Law. Pakistan. in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts Of Social System Of Islam 2) Elements Of Family 3) Ethical Values Of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. Ahmad Hasan.3) Basic Institutions of Govt. International Islamic University.S. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. IRI. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. Islamabad (2001) 75 . Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad.” Hussain Hamid Hassan.

types of functions.Annexure “D” Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Mathematics at secondary level 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. 1987. functions. Boston 76 . Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. Cramer’s rule. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. matrix inverse. 1978. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. PWS-Kent Company. Beckenback EF. complex numbers. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. system of linear equations. geometric progression. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. trigonometric identities. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. set operations. harmonic progression. determinants. equations reducible to quadratic equations. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. Wooton W. College Algebra and Trigonometry. Houghton & Mifflin. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. types. not majoring in mathematics. Sharron S. cube roots of unity. introduction to sets.

1986. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. 1995. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Mathematics I (Algebra) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. continuity. Boston 2. left-hand and right-hand limits. Recommended Books: Anton H. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) Mathematics II (Calculus) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Addison-Wesley. New York Stewart J. PWS-Kent Company. Calculus (3rd edition). Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. Calculus (11th edition). with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Reading. continuous functions. Boston Thomas GB. differentiation of polynomial. Finney AR. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. John Wiley. derivatives. solution of equations involving absolute values. rational and transcendental functions. 77 . PWS-Kent Company. 1983.Swokowski EW. not majoring in mathematics. inequalities. USA 3. Ma. Davis S. 2005. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. 2005. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. integration by substitution. integration by parts. Bevens I. change of variables in indefinite integrals. functions and their graphs. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). not majoring in mathematics.

intersection of lines and circles. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. Conic Sections: Parabola. 1987. Objectives 78 . Freshman and Company. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline : Pre-requisites : Credit Hours : Minimum Contact Hours: Assessment : Effective : Aims : : To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). ellipse. PWS-Kent Company. After completion of this course the student should be able to: • • • Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. locus of a point in various conditions.Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. angle between two lines. circles determined by various conditions. College Algebra and Trigonometry. various forms of equation of a line. distance between a point and a line. 1986. Scott. intersection of two lines. Circle: Equation of a circle. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). hyperbola. Boston Swokowski EW. slope of a line. distance between two points. Boston 4. parallel and perpendicular lines. PWS-Kent Company. equation of a line. Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. 1969 Kaufmann JE. Analytic Geometry. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S.

Boston. deciles and percentiles.. Cramer’s rule. Kaufmann. discrete and continuous series. moments. 2. circle and trigonometric functions. types of matrices. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. nature of roots of quadratic equations. geometric and harmonic progressions. 4. R. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem.. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. Latest Edition. ungrouped and grouped data. types of functions. functions. 2. Prentice Hall. Wilcox. tally sheet method. set operations. Statistics : Books Recommended: 1. standard deviation. trigonometric identities. characteristics of statistics.. 3. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. W. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. equations reducible to quadratic equations. Latest Edition.Contents 1. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. relationship of statistics with social science. Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. individual. R. 79 . R. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. Algebra : : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. PWS-Kent Company. Graphs: Graph of straight line. quartiles. Latest Edition. system of linear equations. E. inverse of matrices. bar frequency diagram histogram. Measures of dispersion: Range. E. types of frequency series. skewness and kurtosis. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. determinants. J. Walpole. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. cumulative frequency curve. Introduction to sets. frequency polygon. array. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. variance. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. E. Swokowski. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry..

Preliminary calculus. Solution of equations involving absolute values. I. John Wiley & Sons. products. Swokowski. Calculus. Inc. special points of a function. Calculus. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. Trigonometric Functions.Jr. 6. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. 80 . Thomas. Rational Functions. Jhon Willey & Sons. 2. Prentice-Hall. Recommended Books: 1. Inequalities. 4. 4th edition. Slope of a Line. H. the chain rule. Equation of a Line. S. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. Continuous Functions. 3. Leibnitz’ theorem. Inc. McCallum. 2005. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. 5. Second Edition 1992. Davis. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Contents 1. theorems of differentiation. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Calculus Single and Multivariable. Frank A. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. Anton. Boston. 2002. Rational and Transcendental Functions. Schaum’s Outline Series. Integration by Parts. implicit differentiation. quotients. Least-Squares Line. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers.5. Mathews. 1999. John H. Continuity. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. W. 3rd Edition. E. Bevens. Calculus. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. logarithmic differentiation. 8th edition. 2005. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. 11th Edition. Extreme Values of Functions. Hughes-Hallett. Addison Wesley publishing company. Elliott Mendelson. 1983. et al. Gleason. 6. and Transcendental Functions.

de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. integration by parts. solving hyperbolic equations. series involving natural numbers. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. alternating series test • • • • Operations with series Power series Convergence of power series. integration using partial fractions. logarithmic integration. inverses of hyperbolic functions. the inverse of differentiation. complex conjugate.2. operations with power series Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. substitution method. infinite and improper integrals. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. integral inequalities. solving polynomial equations Complex logarithms and complex powers Applications to differentiation and integration • • 3. • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. identities of hyperbolic functions. sinusoidal function. geometric series. the difference method. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. finding the nth roots of unity. calculus of hyperbolic functions Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. division Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form and argument. modulus multiplication. arithmetico-geometric series. plane polar coordinates. reduction formulae. applications of integration. standard Maclaurin series Evaluation of limits 81 . Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • • • • The need for complex numbers Manipulation of complex numbers Additions and subtraction. • Integration Integration from first principles. approximation errors in Taylor series. integration by inspection.

equation of a plane Using vectors to find distances Point to line. masses. moments of inertia. vector product. mean values of functions Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. Vector algebra • • • • • • • • • 7. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants 82 . Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. Multiple integrals • • • • 6. Pappus’ theorems. the inner product. centers of mass and centroids. line to line. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints Double integrals Triple integrals Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. vector triple product Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. scalar triple product.4. point to plane. line to plane Reciprocal vectors 5.

div and curl Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. unitary normal Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix.• • • • • The inverse of a matrix The rank of a matrix Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns Special square matrices Diagonal. orthogonal. divergence of a vector field. Vector calculus • • • • • • • • • 83 . Hermitian. of a general square matrix Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. symmetric and antisymmetric. spherical polar coordinates • 8. of a unitary matrix. curl of a vector field Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. differential of a vector Integration of vectors Space curves Vector functions of several arguments Surfaces Scalar and vector fields Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. combinations of grad.

What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Coefficient of variation. Histogram. Types of frequency curves. Unit 4. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Sources. Diagrams. Median and mode. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Exercises. The Variance and standard deviation. sampling and non sampling errors. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Quantiles. Errors of measurement. The Mode. Historigram. probability and non-probability sampling. Significant digits. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Difference of means and proportions. Unit 2. Rounding of a Number. Exercises Unit 6. Standardized variables. Absolute and relative measures. Probability and Probability Distributions. definition of outliers and their detection. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Moments and Moments ratios. Exercises. Collection of primary and secondary data. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. sample design and sampling frame. Pie chart. Exercises. Unit 5. Exercises. 84 . Exercises. Bar charts. Data. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Discrete and continuous variables. properties of Good Average. Different types of Averages. Change of origin and scale. Unit 3. Observations.Annexure “E” INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. sampling with and without replacement. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. The Mean Deviation. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Empirical Relation between Mean. bias. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Stem and Leaf Display. The semiInter-quartile Range. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Box and Whisker Plot. Population. Presentation of Data Introduction. Editing of Data. Graphs and their Construction. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Range.

acceptance and rejection regions. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. Contingency Tables. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. Type-I and Type-II errors. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. Regression and Correlation Introduction. r and R2. R. Exercises. simple linear regression. Coefficient of linear correlation. its estimation and interpretation. Exercises Unit 10. Test statistics. “Introduction to Statistics”. Statistical problem. Exercises Unit 9. 1982. Unit 8. null and alternative hypothesis. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. Testing of Hypothesis. Examples Recommended Books 1 2 Walpole. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters.Single Population Introduction. Macmillan Publishing Co. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. Hypothesis Testing Introduction.Unit 7. 85 . Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. Exercises. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. examples. Muhammad. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Unit 11. cause and effect relationships. E. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table.. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. Inc. New York. 2005. F. 3rd Ed. level of significance.. Kitab Markaz. Correlation.

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