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2008

HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD

**CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
**

Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Riaz ul Haq Tariq Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Khan Executive Director Member (Acad) Deputy Director (Curri) Assistant Director Assistant Director

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CONTENTS

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Introduction --------------------------------------------------------- 07 Objectives ----------------------------------------------------------- 09 Frame Work/Template for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics ------ 10 Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics ----------- 11 Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics------------ 14 Recommendations ------------------------------------------------ 66 Details of Compulsary Courses (Annexures A, B, C, D & E.) ------------------------------------ 67

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PREFACE

Curriculum development is a highly organized and systematic process and involves a number of procedures. Many of these procedures include incorporating the results from international research studies and reforms made in other countries. These studies and reforms are then related to the particular subject and the position in Pakistan so that the proposed curriculum may have its roots in the socio-economics setup in which it is to be introduced. Hence, unlike a machine, it is not possible to accept any curriculum in its entirety. It has to be studied thoroughly and all aspects are to be critically examined before any component is recommended for adoption. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976, the Federal Government vide notification No. D773/76-JEA (cur.), dated December 4th 1976, appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees, certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges, universities and other institutions of higher education. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives, the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. According to the decision of the special meeting of Vice-Chancellor’s Committee, the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic, Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards, and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. It also aimed to give a basic, broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. The new BS degree shall be of 4 years duration, and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees, 63.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses, and 36.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level, comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities, degree awarding institutions, R&D organizations and respective accreditation councils. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Physics in a meeting held on March 28-29, 2008 at the 4

duly approved by the competent authority. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. DR. The final draft prepared by the National Curriculum Revision Special Committee. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. 2007 at HEC Regional Center.HEC Regional Center.RIAZ-UL-HAQ TARIQ Member Academics June 2008 5 . Lahore. is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions.

FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRICULUM PREPARARTION OF DRAFT BY NCRC IMPLEMENTATION OF CURRICULUM REVIEW Abbreviations Used: NCRC. R&D. COL.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRICULUM UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRICULUM IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. VCC. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREPARATION OF FINAL CURRICULUM QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. REC. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I 6 . UNI. PREP. EXP. OF NCRC. LI R&D HEC National Curriculum Revision Committee Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Preparation Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI.

2008 at HEC Regional Centre. D. University of Karachi. Department of Physics. 7.Hassan Amir Shah. Chairman. 5. Lahore. Prof. Dr.Muhammad Riaz Khan.Dr. University of Sindh. This meeting was follow up of the preliminary meeting. Prof. Government College University. Manzoor Hussain. Ashraf Chaudhry.Introduction The 2nd and Final NCRC Special Meeting in Physics was held on March 28-29. Dr. Qurban Ali Bhatti. Peshawar. Centralized Resource Laboratory. Chairman. Dr. Karachi to adjust and finalize the BS Physics (4 Year) curriculum in the light of HEC approved guidelines and generic unified frame work / template for social and natural sciences for the program. Prof. Shah Adul Latif University. Director Institute of Physics. Bahauddin Zakria University. Department of Physics. Prof. 6. Prof. Dr. Multan 7 Convener Member Member Member Member Member Member Member . Department of Physics. Department of Physics. Gomal University. 4. Jamshoro. Dr. Lahore. Karachi.Dr. Dr. 8. Khairpur. Qidwai. Department of Physics. The following attended the Meetings: 1. Muhammad Ayub. Lahore. Professor. Khan 2. 2007 at HEC Regional Centre. 3.I. Department of Physics. Department of Physics. Prof. Muhammad Siddique Kalhoro. University of Peshawar. University of the Punjab. Prof. Director. Prof. Ansar A. held on November 16-17.

B. University of Balochistan. Associate Professor. Dr. Riaz Ahmad as a secretary. Islamabad. Department of Physics. Dr. Prof. The objective of the meeting was explained and the forum was requested to select a convener & secretary of the meeting. Mr.9. Mr. Incharge HEC Regional Centre.Z. Dr. After a thorough and long discussion. Department of Physics. Shafiullah Khan requested the participants to finalize the revised curriculum of Physics (2005) in line with HEC approved template for BS (4 year) program in the light of decisions taken in the first NCRC special meeting in physics held on November 16-17. Lahore Member Member Member/ Secretary The Meeting started with a recitation from Holy Quran by Mr. 2007 at HEC. Assistant Director HEC. Shafiullah Khan. Karachi welcomed the participants. Younis Nadeem. the participants agreed to the following scheme of study and course outlines for BS (4 Year) program in Physics in the light of the guidelines and format approved by HEC for BS (4-years) program for natural sciences: 8 . Syed Zafar Ilyas. M. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. Dr. Prof. Regional Centre. Lahore. Government College University. 10. Riaz Ahmad. Chairman. The committee unanimously selected Prof. University Multan 11. Muhammad Ayub as convener and Dr.

6. 3. Students will develop critical and rational reasoning so that they will be able to work on complex and unforeseen problems and seek their solution. Students will be prepared for careers in teaching. This programme will equip the students with firm foundation in principles of Physics and their applications. The graduates will be able to apply their knowledge of Physics for their professional growth and for obtaining further Higher Education in specialized fields of Physics The main educational objectives of BS (4-year) program are: 1. 9. 7. Students will develop in-depth understanding of some specialized area of Physics by opting for a number of elective courses. able to face the challenges of the modern world. 9 4. The primary aim of the programme is to produce broad-based graduates. research and industry in government / private organizations. 10. . Students will develop the ability of working in an interactive group. Students will develop hands-on experience in different laboratory techniques. Students will be able to design and conduct experiments and analyse experimental data. Students will develop and understanding of different basics of Physics and their applications to real problems. Students will develop problem-solving skills which will be helpful in applying their knowledge to the real world. Students will develop skills in written as well as oral communication in English. 5. Students will develop effective skills in mathematics and its applications to the solutions of Physics problems. Students will develop habit of independent learning and get motivation for selfeducation.Objectives of BS 4 Year program in Physics The Objective of BS 4 Year Program is to impart the best possible education in the subject so that students will utilize the knowledge of Physics in practical life which will be beneficial for the society. 8. 2. Student will learn fundamentals principles of Physics. 11.

ENGLISH-I ENGLISH-II ENGLISH-III ENGLISH-IV* PAKISTAN STUDIES ISLAMIC STUDIES / ETHICS 7. Modern Physics & Electronics 7.I Elective . Mechanics – II 4. Waves and Oscillations. Lab-III 13. 2. Lab-II 12. 2. 4. INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Cr hr 3 3 3 3 2 2 3 3 3 9-10 courses 30-33 Credit hours Cr hr 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Subject 1. 2. 3. Optics / University Option 9. 15. 9.LAYOUT FOR BS (4 YEAR) PHYSICS General Courses to be chosen from other departments 7-8 courses 21-24 Cr. Heat & Thermodynamics 5. 13. 11. MATHEMATI-CS-I 8. 3. hours Subject GOF-I GRF-I Maths-III GOF-II GOF-III GRF-II Maths-IV Compulsory Requirements (the student has no choice) Discipline Specific Foundation Courses 9 courses 25 Credit hours Subject 1. 10.II Elective . 12. 6. Electricity & Magnetism-I 6.III Elective – IV / Research Project Cr hr 3 3 3 3 12 Total Credit Hours 132 * University has the option to recommend any other course in lieu of English-IV ** University may recommend any other course in lieu of Mathematics-II GOF= General Subjects from Faculties other than Science GRF= General Subject from Science Faculty 10 . 14. Mechanics – I 2. 16. Quantum Mechanics – I Classical Mechanics Electronics Lab-V Mathematical Methods – I Quantum Mechanics –II Electromagnetic Theory-I Thermal & Statistical Physics Nuclear Physics Solid State Physics Lab-VI Computational Physics Lab-VII Electromagnetic Theory-II University Option Mathematical Methods – II Cr hr 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 2 3 3 3 45 Elective Courses within the major 4 courses 12 Credit Hours Subject 1. Elective l . 3. Lab-IV Cr hr 2 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 29 25 21 Major courses including research project/internship 11-13 courses 36-42 Credit hours Subject 1. Atomic & Molecular Physics 10. 5. 7. 4. 6. 4. Electricity & Magnetism – II 8. MATHEMATICS-II** 9. Lab-I 11. 3. 5. 8.

Hrs. Hrs. Remarks English-I Pak Studies Maths-1 Introduction to Computers Mechanics-I GOF-I Lab-I Total Title English-II Islamic Studies Maths-II GRF-I Waves & Oscillations Mechanics-II Lab-II Total 3 2 3 3 2 3 1 17 Comp-1 Comp-2 Comp-3 Comp-4 Found-1 Gen-1 Found-2 Semester-II Cr.SCHEME OF BS (4 YEAR) PROGRAMME IN PHYSICS Semester-1 Title Cr. English-III 3 Electricity & Magnetism-I 3 Heat & Thermodynamics 3 Maths-III 3 Optics/University Option* 3 GOF-II 3 Lab-III 1 Total 19 Title Semester-IV Cr Hrs. Hrs. 3 2 3 3 3 2 1 17 Remarks Comp-5 Comp-6 Comp-7 Gen-2 Found-3 Found-4 Found-5 Semester-III Title Cr. 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 19 Remarks Com-8 Found-6 Found-7 Gen-3 Found-8 Gen-4 Found-9 Remarks Comp-9 Found-10 Gen-5 Gen-6 Found-11 Gen-7 Found-12 English-IV University Option Modern Physics & Electronics GOF-III Maths-IV Electricity & Magnetism-II GRF-II Lab-IV Total 11 .

Mathematical Methods of 3 Physics -II Quantum Mechanics -II 3 Electromagnetic Theory -I 3 Nuclear Physics 3 Solid State Physics 3 Lab-VI 2 Total 17 Semester-VII Title Cr. Mathematical Methods of 3 Physics-I Quantum Mechanics-I 3 Thermal & Statistical 3 Physics Classical Mechanics 3 Electronics 3 Lab-V 2 Total 17 Semester-VI Title Cr. Elective-II 3 Elective-III 3 Elective-IV/Research Project 3 University Option* 3 Total Total Credit Hours = 132 12 Remarks Maj-1 Maj-2 Maj-3 Maj-4 Maj-5 Maj-6 Remarks Maj-7 Maj-8 Maj-9 Maj-10 Maj-11 Maj-12 Remarks Maj-13 Found-13 Maj-14 Elective Maj-15 Remarks Elective Elective Elective Maj-16 GOF= General Subjects from Faculties other than Science Faculty GRF= General Subject from Science Faculty The Universities may reshuffle courses within semesters * University Option is given to universities in order to introduce subjects according to specialization of qualified staff available Note: 12 .Semester-V Cr Title Hrs. Hrs. Computational Physics 3 Atomic & Molecular Physics 3 Electromagnetic Theory-II 3 Elective-I 3 LAB-VII 2 Total 14 Semester-VIII Cr Title Hrs. Hrs.

Shafiullah Khan. Riaz Ahmad (Secretary) Prof. Muhammad Ayub (Convener) 13 . Assistant Director (Curriculum). Islamabad on the prescribed format by 10th April. Dr. HEC. Dr. The Meeting ended with thanks from the chair. 2008. Riaz Ahmed was requested to prepare the course profiles for different courses and submit the same to Mr.Course Profiles Dr.

h Objectives: 1. Work. special examples. Projectile motion with and without air resistance. Calculation of pseudo forces for simple cases (linearly accelerated reference frames). 2. Divergence of a vector. terminal velocity. Applying Newton’s Laws to obtain v(t) for the case of motion with time dependent (Integration approach) drag (viscous) forces. work done by a variable force (1-2 dimension). Time dependent forces. normal forces and contact forces. v(t) for this case using integration method. Obtaining x(t). Physical significance of each type. gradient of a scalar. Equations of motion. v(t) via integration. Stoke’s Theorem. To give concept of vector and their various properties. Qualitative discussion to develop understanding. (Essentially a review of grade-XII concepts via integration technique to calculate work done (e. their derivation. Direction. Non inertial frames and Pseudo forces. Vector Analysis: Review of Vector in 3 dimensions and fundamental Operations. Centrifugal force as an example of pseudo force. in vibration of a spring obeying Hooke’s Law). flux. To give mathematical concept and expressions of various physical parameters used in mechanics. Constant and variable forces. pulling a mass at the end of a fixed string against gravity. Vector identities. General 14 . Spherical polar coordinates. Cosines.DETAILS OF COURSES MECHANICS-I Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. To give basic understanding of laws of motion and their applications is daily life. Particle Dynamics: Dynamics of uniform. curl and line integral (mutual relation).Sc. circular motion. Work energy theorem. Obtaining general expression for work done (2dimensional case) and applying to simple cases e. Effect of drag forces on motion. Deriving kinetic equations for x(t). Vector and scalar triple products. Cylindrical Coordinaties. 3. Divergence Theorem. (Physics + Math) 2 Cr. Divergence and curl of a vector. physical importance and applications to specific cases.g. the banked curve.g. Coriolis force. Power and Energy: Work done by a constant force.

physical properties of matter and relativistic mechanics Uses of above concepts in daily life in a scientific way 15 . MECHANICS-II Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. 1978.proof of work energy theorem: Qualitative review of work energy theorem. Power. of Uniform Rod. Halliday. application to motion of a rocket (determination of its mass as a function of time). Simple applications. Mc-Graw Hill.M. Vector Analysis and an Introduction to Tensor Analysis. (Physics + Math) 2 Cr. Krane. 2.Sc. Collisions: Elastic Collisions. Calculation of Centre of Mass of solid objects using integral calculus. I & II. 1959. obtaining velocities in C. Conservation of Energy in 1. 5th ed. Cylinder and Sphere. law of gravitation.M.h Objectives: 1. Energy changes with respect to observers in different inertial frames. 1999. 3. Inelastic collision. D. Resnick. Momentum Changes in a system of variable mass. Centre of mass of solid objects. Law of conservation of total energy of an isolated system. Basic formulae and applications. D. Derivation of basic equation. Conservation of momentum during collision in one and two dimensions. Vol. Position. R. Speigel. Calculating C. Recommended Books: 1. 2. Derivation using integral calculus. Conservative and non conservative forces: Conservation of energy in a system of particles. velocity and equation of motion. and 3 dimensional conservative systems. Collisions in centre of Mass reference frame (One and two dimensions). John Wiley. McGraw Hill. Centre of mass. 2. M. Kolenkow. An Introduction to Mechanics. Physics. frame. Kleppner and R. Systems of Particles: Two particle systems and generalization to many particle systems. To give the basic concept of rotational motion.

Stability of spinning objects. Energy considerations in planetary and satellite motion. Proof and Illustration. mass energy relation and its importance. Moment of Inertia. Transformation of velocity. Qualitative discussion on application of gravitational law to the Galaxy. Relation between three types of elasticity. Its mathematical treatment. fluid flow through a cylindrical pipe (Poiseulle's law). Relativity of mass. (Lorentz invariants) E2=c2 p2+m2oc 4 16 . Physical basis. The spinning Top. Relativity of length. scalar and vector form. relativistic momentum and Relativistic energy. Derivation. for disc. Motion of Planets and Keplers' Laws (Derivation & explanation) Motion of Satellites. Fluid Statics. Discussion with examples. Assumptions on which inverse transformation is derived. bar and solid sphere. Rotational dynamics of rigid bodies. Elastic limit. Combined rotational and translational motion. Tension. Effects of torque on the angular momentum. application to simple cases. calculation of escape velocity. Consequences of Lorentz transformation. variation of mass with velocity. Elastic Modulus. Universal Gravitational Law. Gravitational Potential Energy (develop using integration techniques). obtaining the Coefficient of viscosity. Parallel axis and Perpendicular axis theorems. precessional motion. Special Theory of Relativity: Inertial and non inertial frame. Relativity of time. effects of Torque and its relation with angular momentum. Poisson’s ratio. Elastic Properties of Matter. Conservation of angular momentum.e. Gravitational field & Potential. Rolling without slipping. Gravitation: Gravitational effect of a spherical mass distribution. Equations of rotational motion and effects of application of torques. Viscosity.Rotational Dynamics: Relationships between linear & angular variables. The Lorentz Transformation. Bulk Properties of Matters. Physical basis. role in formation of drops and bubbles. Radial and transversal velocity and acceleration. Surface Tension. Kinetic energy of rotation. Variation of Pressure in fluid at rest and with height in the atmosphere. Angular Momentum: Angular Velocity. Determination of moment of inertia of various shapes i. practical example of viscosity. Physical basis of elasticity. Postulates of Relativity. Compression & shearing.

Kolenkow. 1978. a(t). M. Examples of resonance. v(t). Phase changes on reflection. Principle of superposition (basic ideas). 1959. Vol. simple pendulum. Equation of damped harmonic motion. 1999. (Physics + Math) 3 Cr. Power and intensity in wave motion. discussion of its solution. Discussion of solution. Travelling waves. 2. Lissajous patterns. Interference of waves.h Objective: 1. Forced oscillations and resonances. Kleppner and R. D. To understand the basics of waves. McGraw Hill.Recommended Books: 1. Waves speed. Mechanical analysis. D. 17 . Halliday. 3. Longitudinal and transverse Oscillations. Discussion of its solution. Group speed and dispersion. Vector Analysis and an Introduction to Tensor Analysis.Sc. Physical pendulum. Sinusoidal waves. R. Wave equation. SHM and uniform circular motion. Analytical treatment. 5th ed. Application of SHM. Phase velocity of traveling waves. propagation and interaction with other waves use of basic concept of waves in their application in daily life Harmonic Oscillations: Simple harmonic motion (SHM). Waves in Physical Media: Mechanical waves. Equation of forced oscillation. John Wiley. Quality factor. Natural frequency. mechanism of wave production. Energy considerations in SHM. An Introduction to Mechanics. Standing waves. Sound: Beats Phenomenon. Resnick. Damped harmonic motion. Combinations of harmonic motions. Speigel. Mc-Graw Hill. WAVES & OSCILLATIONS Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. 2. Torsional oscillator. Physics. I & II. Derivation & discussion. Resonance. Krane. Obtaining and solving the basic equations of motion x(t).

3.K. 3. To study the dependence of Centripetal force on mass. Forced oscillations of two coupled oscillators. Tata McGrawHill Publishing company Limited. Surface tension of water by capillary tube method. To determine the value of “g” by compound pendulum / Kater’s Pendulum. 8. General methods of finding normal modes. 5th Edition 1999. Recommended Books: 1. 5. Beats in coupled oscillations. 2. The Physics of Waves & Oscillations.O. H. Pain. Barton’s Apparatus). 5th ed. Krane. 7. Two coupled masses. I & II. Normal modes. and angular velocity of a body in circular motion. Two coupled LC circuits. 1. 2. To study the damping features of an oscillating system using simple pendulum of variable mass. radius. 1999. 18 . Fourier methods of analyzing general motion of a continuous system. 6.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives To develop the experimental capability understanding the concept of Mechanics. Resnick. Many coupled oscillator. Atomic vibrations. Physics. LAB-I Pre-requisites 1 Cr. of students in Modulus of Rigidity by Static & Dynamic method (Maxwell’s needle. Bajaj. Vibrations of air columns. N. J. Measurement of viscosity of liquid by Stoke’s / Poiseulli’s method.R. D. Investigation of phase change with position in traveling wave and measurement of the velocity of sound by C. Vol. The Physics of Vibrations and Waves. Halliday. Normal Modes of Continuous systems: Transverse vibration of a string. 1986. Energy relations in coupled oscillations. Longitudinal vibrations of a rod.Coupled Oscillators and Normal modes: Two coupled pendulums. John Wiley. Determination of moment of inertia of a solid/hollow cylinder and a sphere etc. 4.

Calibration of thermocouple by potentiometer. K. 8. To determine frequency of AC supply by CRO. The measurement of specific rotation of sugar by Polarimeter and determination of sugar concentration in a given solution. The determination of wavelength of light/laser by Diffraction grating. Nelkon and Ogborn. 3. Heimann Educational Books Nolan and Bigliani. 10. 3. 4. Experiments in Physics. Advanced Level Practical Physics. 5. The determination of Stefan’s constant. 4. 9. 2. H. 19 . 6. Determination of wavelength of sodium light by Fresnel’s biprism. 7. The determination of wavelength of Sodium –D lines by Newton’s Ring. To study the conservation of energy (Hook’s law). Selected Experiments in Physical Sciences. 2. Bhattacharya. Marrow. Surjeet Pub Ind.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives To develop the understanding of students in measuring the thermal and optical parameters and to remove the fear of students to use various gadgets in laboratory 1. Determination of “J” by Callender – Barnis method. To determine thermal Emf and plot temperature diagram. University Practical Physics. 12. Determination of temperature coefficient of resistance of a given wire.9. 11. C. The determination of resolving power of a diffraction grating. Longman. To determine Horizontal/Vertical distance by Sextant. D. CBS Publishing Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities LAB-II Pre-requisites 1 Cr. Recommended Books: 1.

2. Electric flux: Gauss's law. Marrow. To study the laws of vibration of stretched string using sonometer. Advanced Level Practical Physics. Electric field of continuous charge distribution e. 3.13. 2. 20 . 4. Surjeet Pub Ind. Charge in isolated conductors. To study the parameters of waves (Beats phenomenon). Torque and energy of a dipole in uniform field. C. To determine the Thermal conductivity of good and bad conductors using Lee’s and Searl’s apparatus. (Integral and differential forms) and its application. Point charge in an electric field. Bhattacharya. University Practical Physics. infinite line of charge. field of spherical shell and field of spherical charge distribution. To give the concept of electric field. field near a charged conducting sheet. field of infinite sheet of charge. To study the combinations of harmonic motion (Lissajous figures). Nelkon and Ogborn. Electric dipole. D. Longman. disc of charge.g Ring of charge.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. Selected Experiments in Physical Sciences. 3. CBS Publishing Note: At least nine experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM-I Pre-requisites 3 Cr. 17. Recommended Books: 1. conductor with a cavity. 15. H. electrical potential and dielectrics To understand the DC circuits To know the effect of magnetic field and basic magnetic properties of materials Electric Field: Field due to a point charge: due to several point charges. To determine the stopping potential by photo cell. 14. Experiments in Physics. K. 16. Field of infinite line of charge. Dipole in an electric field. Heimann Educational Books Nolan and Bigliani.

µ. B. Lorentz Force with its applications in CRO. Recall the previous results. J. Skove Physics Classical and Modern (2nd edition). Capacitors of various shapes. energy transfer in an electric circuit. Capacitor with dielectric. Norton theorem and Superposition theorem. Energy per unit volume. resistivity. 1993. ρ. voltages at various elements of a loop. Basic ideas. Ampere's Law. McGraw-Hill. Energy stored in an electric field. Diamagnetism. potential due to collection of point charges. 21 . cylindrical. Biot-Savart Law: Analytical treatment and applications to a current loop. Poisson’s and Laplace equation without solution. An atomic view. Application of Gauss's Law to capacitor with dielectric. Paramagnetism. Magnetization. D C Circuits: Electric Current. Field as the gradient or derivative of potential. W. Hysteresis in Ferromagnetic materials.Electric Potential: Potential due to point charge. resistance. Capacitors and dielectrics: Capacitance. Origin of Atomic and Nuclear magnetism.. Electric field of dielectric. and conductivity. Ohm’s Law. Use of Kirchhoff's Ist & 2nd law. Magnetic Field Effects and Magnetic Properties of Matter: Magnetic force on a charged particle. Equation of continuity. Inc.Bohr Magneton. Gettys. Growth and Decay of current in an RC circuit and their analytical treatment. Magnetic dipole: Energy of magnetic dipole in field. Potential and field inside and outside an isolated conductor. Gauss's Law for Magnetism: Discuss and develop the concepts of conservation of magnetic flux. Ferromagnetism Discussion. M. σ. spherical etc. Keller. force on two parallel current changing conductors. magnetic force on a current. Electric potential of continuous charge distribution. current density J. E. Torque on a current loop. J. Defining M. calculating the electric field in a capacitor. Do not derive. Integral and differential forms. F. Thevenin theorem. Differential form of Gauss’s Law. multiple loops. potential due to dipole. Discuss quantitatively. and calculation of their capacitance. Magnetic Materials. Calculating the current in a single loop. Recommended Books: 1. applications to solenoids and toroids. (Integral form).

D. Kip Fundamentals of Electricity and Magnetism (2nd Ed. Gibb’s functions.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS Pre-requisites 3 Cr. Liquification of gases. Inc. Heat engine. S.. D. A. A.. Van der Waals equation of state. Diffusion. J. Refrigerators.2. Entropy & probability. To give the concept of heat and temperature To give the concept of classical distribution function To understand the laws of thermodynamics and their application Statistical Mechanics: Statistical distribution and mean values.. Kinetic theory of the ideal gas. Edminister Schaum’s Outline Series. 1986. Krane Physics (Vol-II). 1969. Theory and Problems of Electromagnetism. Heat and Temperature: Temperature. Low Temperature Physics. Qualitative discussion. Entropy in irreversible process. N. Thermodynamic functions: Thermodynamic functions (Internal energy. TdS equations. Joule-Thomson effect and 22 . Maxwell-Boltzmann energy distribution. Calculation of efficiency of heat engines. John Willey & sons. Intermolecular forces. Distribution of molecular speeds. Qualitative description. Helmholtz functions) Maxwell’s relations. Entropy & second law. Entropy in reversible process. Resnick. Thermodynamic temperature scale: Absolute zero: Entropy. 3. isothermal. Conduction and viscosity. 3. Carnot engines. Second Law of thermodynamics. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Enthalpy. S. 2. F. cyclic and free expansion. Internal energy of an ideal gas: Equipartition of energy. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Thermodynamics: Review of previous concepts. Maxwell distribution. Chand & Co. Mean free path and microscopic calculations of mean free path. Work done on an ideal gas. Energy equations and their applications. 1959. Distribution of energies. R. Internal energy of an ideal gas. First law of thermo-dynamics and its applications to adiabatic. Entropy. Halliday. Vasudeva Magnetism and Electricity. 4. Reversible and irreversible processes. Brownian motion.)..Review of previous concepts. 1992. 5. Carnot theorem. K.

lens formula by deviation method. Fabry Perot & Michelson interferometer. 2. Induced optical effects. Thermoelectricity. W. A. Fibre optics. Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1.its equations. 3. Berkley Physics series.h. Analytical treatment of interference phenomenon. 4. Polarization Plane elliptically and circularly polarized light. Thomson effect Seabeck’s effect. Recommended Books: 1. (thin films. McGraw Hill. J. Statistical Physics. J. lens formula. To understand the concept of reflections. refraction. Peltier’s effect. diffraction and polarization. M. Addison-Wesley 1954. M. W. Heat and Thermodynamics. Pointon. Refraction at a spherical surface. Production of each type and their uses. Thermodynamics. 23 .Thermocouple. Holography. McGraw Hill 1965. Sears. Chromatic aberration. McGrawHill Professional Book Group. Typical cases of interference phenomena. 1995. Lee and F. point source and extended source. sign convention. F. Polarizing angle and Brewster law. Introduction to Statistical Physics. To develop understanding about the optical devices Geometrical Optics Geometrical optics and its laws. Longman 1967. interference. 5. two lens systems. Zemansky. Reif. Eye pieces. 2. M. Optical activity in liquids Interference Far field approximation. 1951. Malus law. Schaum's Outline of Thermodynamics. 3rd Edition. Abbott. Aberrations. Uni-axial crystals. OPTICS Pre-requisites 3Cr. Fresnel’s biprism). Review of topics related to chromatic aberration.

Hecht. Photoelectric and Compton effect. common emitter. Transistor as an amplifier (common emitter mode). Dispersing properties of prism and grating.Diffraction Huygen’s principle. p-type. Monostable multi. AND. ELECTRONICS & MODERN PHYSICS Pre-requisites 3 Cr. Positive & negative feed back R. Explanation using quantum theory. To give the concept of modern physics To know the nuclear structure and radioactivity To know some nuclear reactions and production of nuclear energy To give basic understanding of Plasma and LASER Electronics: Basic crystal structure. Origin of Quantum Theory: Black body radiation. Wiens. hybrid parameters (common emitter). Application to grating. 4. Diffraction by a single slit. NOR and their basic applications. neutron and electron diffraction. Diffraction applications. 3.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives: 1. Stefan Boltzmann-. transistor biasing for amplifiers. X-ray diffraction. Diffraction pattern of a rectangular aperture. Recommended Books: 1. p-n junction diode. Diffraction pattern of a circular aperture. 1992. Fresnel diffraction. consequences. NAND.and Planck’s law.. load line. Resnick. its basic structure and operation. Resolving power of lenses. D. its structure. Transistor. 2. Fraunhofer diffraction. characteristics and application as rectifiers. free electron model. Optics. K. n-type semiconductor materials. Line spectra. John Willey & sons. Physics. Logic gates OR. 24 . energy band in solid and energy gaps. Oscillators. The quantization of energy. operating point. Diffraction grating. characteristics of common base. Inc. E. Halliday. NOT.vibrator (basic). Krane. Double slit diffraction pattern. R. Study of Fourier theorem and its analysis. Addison – Wesley Publishing Company 1987. common collector. S. 2.C.

Robert M Eisberg. Vector atom model. Angular momentum of electrons. Calculation and application using differential and integral form. Modern Physics 3rd edition. To understand the laws of electromagnetic induction To understand the AC circuits To know the generation and propagation of Electromagnetic waves Inductance: Faraday’s Law of Electromagnetic Induction. DavissonGermer Experiment and J. Eisberg and Robert Resnick. Modern Physics. Krane.P. molecules.Wave Nature of Matter: Wave behaviour of particle (wave function etc. Arthur Beiser. 3. LR Circuits. Nuclei and Particles. Narosa Publishing House. Recommended Books: 1. Toroid. X-ray spectrum (continuous and discrete) Moseley’s law. W H Freeman and Company 2000. d’Broglie hypothesis and its testing. John Wiley & Sons 1961 Sanjiv Puri. Orbital angular momentum. John Wiley & Sons.. Quantum Physics of Atoms. 2004. 2002. 2. Spin quantization. Bohr’s Magnetron. Physics. John Willey & sons. S. 2nd edition. energy levels of electron. Llewellyn. 2. R. Inc. “Basic definition”. D. Growth and Decay of 25 . Resnick. Concepts of Modern Physics (fifth edition) McGraw-Hill 1995. Tipler and Ralph A. Thomson Experiment. 5. Induced electric fields. K.) its definition and relation to probability of particle. 3. Solids. 6. Review of emf. Paul A. 4. Inductance.h Objectives: 1. localizing a wave in space and time. Atomic Physics: Bohr’s theory (review). Robert M. Halliday. Atomic spectrum. Wave packets and particles. Pauli’s exclusion principle and its use in developing the periodic table. Fundamentals of Modern Physics. Inductance of a Solenoid. ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM-II Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 3Cr. Frank-Hertz experiment. Faraday Law and Lenz’s Law. 1992.

obtaining the velocity of light from Maxwell's equations. Edminister Schaum’s Outline Series. J. J. Qualitative discussion.. 3. 1959. Derive. Kip Fundamentals of Electricity and Magnetism (2nd Ed. S.e. Analytical treatment. Electromagnetic Oscillation. 1986.C circuits: phase angles. Forced electromagnetic oscillations and resonance. 1993.magnetic equations. Gettys. K.. Graphical analysis. S. D. RMS values. Skove Physics Classical and Modern (2nd edition). W. E. F... Generating an electro. Quantitative analysis using differential equatins. AC current in resistive. Power in A. Maxwell's equations. phase angles. Energy transport and the Poynting Vector. analytical treatment. A.). McGraw-Hill. applications. Travelling waves and Maxwell's equations. Analytical expression for time dependent solution.. 1969. R. power factor. obtaining differential form of Maxwell's equations. McGraw-Hill Book Co. inductive and capacitative elements. John Willey & sons. Theory and Problems of Electromagnetism. J. Development of concepts. Energy stored in a magnetic field. 5. 2. M. Chand & Co. 1992. N. Alternating Current Circuits: Alternating current. Inc. Keller. 4. Series and parallel circuits i. acceptor and rejector. Inc. Analytical treatment and discussion of physical concepts. Induced magnetic fields & displacement current. Recommended Books: 1. F. Energy density and the magnetic field. (Integral & Differential forms) Discussion and implications. Single loop RLC circuit. 26 .current. A. McGraw-Hill Book Co.magnetic wave. (Gauss's law for electromagnetism. Faraday Law. Resnick. Vasudeva Magnetism and Electricity. Halliday. Krane Physics (Vol-II). D. Ampere's Law). Electro-Magnetic Waves (Maxwell's Equations): Summarizing the electro.

3rd Edition.LBORATORY III Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 1 Cr. University Practical Physics. 9.e. C K Bhattacharya. 2. Experiments in Physics. 12. 11. Measurement of self/mutual inductance. phase and time period of a complex signal by CRO. CBS Publishing. 10. their experimental measurement and to give understanding of electrical circuits and use of CRO. Measurement of resistance using a Neon flash bulb and condenser Conversion of a galvanometer into Voltmeter & an Ammeter To study the characteristics of Photo emission and determination of Plank’s constant using a Photo cell Calibration of an Ammeter and a Voltmeter by potentiometer Charge sensitivity of a ballistic galvanometer Comparison of capacities by ballistic galvanometer. G L Squires. To study the B. 3. 2. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. 13. 15. 3. 14. 7. Practical Physics. 1.H. 5. Note: At least eight experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities.h Objectives: To know the electrical circuit elements. 4. To study the application of Lorentz force by CRO. Study of the parameter of wave i. Thevinin. 8. 27 . Surjeet Pub Ind. Norton). Measurement of low resistance coil by a Carey Foster Bridge. 6. curve & measure the magnetic parameters. Recommended Books: 1. Study of electric circuits by black box. amplitude. Resonance frequency of an acceptor circuit Resonance frequency of a Rejecter Circuit. To study the network theorems (Superposition.

9. Characteristics of a transistor. OR.LAB-IV Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 1 Cr. To set up and study various logic gates (AND. 3. 2. 5. 10. Use of computer in the learning of knowledge of GATE and other experiments. 13. M. Characteristics of a semiconductor diode (Compare Si with Ge diode) Setting up of half & full wave rectifier & study of following factors i. 3rd Edition. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. iii. Determination of e/m of an electron. To set up a single stage amplifier & measure its voltage gain and bandwidth. Smoothing effect of a capacitor ii. Study of regulation of output voltage with load. 4. Recommended Books: 1. University Practical Physics. Practical Physics. 8. 28 . counter and use it to determine the absorption co-efficient of β-particle in Aluminum. Transistors. 3. To understand the behaviour of nuclear radiation including beta and gama radition. G L Squires. Surjeet Pub Ind.M counter. Mass absorption coefficient of lead for γ-rays using G. CBS Publishing. 14. 15. Determination of ionization potential of mercury. 7. 11 12. 6. Experiments in Physics. C K Bhattacharya.h Objectives: 1. Determination of range of α particles. NAND etc) using diode and to develop their truth table. 2. To set up transistor oscillator circuit and measure its frequency by an oscilloscope. To set up an electronic switching circuit using transistor LDR and demonstrate its use as a NOT Gate. Ripple factor & its variation with load. To study the characteristic curves of a G. To develop understanding and uses of electronic devises including GATS.

Complex integration. SU(2) groups. Academic Press. tensors. Vector differentiation and gradient. Recommended Books: 1. Cauchy integral theorem and integral formula. Diagonalization of matrices. Mathematical Physics. Group representation. Spherical and Cylinderical coordinate system. Divergence and Gauss’s theorem.h Objectives 1. Invariant subgroups. Discret groups-Dihedral groups. Matrices. Similarity transformations. Group Theory: Introduction to groups. MATHEMATICAL METHODS-I Pre-requisite General Mathematics 3 Cr. 2. Gradient.Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. Determinants. G. Quotient rule. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors of matrices. Vector integration. To develop the mathematical background of student in vectors. Calculus of residue. Taylor and Laurent series. Cartesian. Arfken. 2nd ed. matrices and some of their uses in the world of physics To give basic understanding of group theory and complex variables used in physics Vector Analysis: Review of vectors Algebra. Lie groups Complex Variables: Functions of a complex variable. Curl and Stoke's theorem. 1970. Curvilinear Coordinates and Tensors: Curvilinear coordinate system. Cauchy Riemann conditions and analytic functions. Orthogonal matrices. Green’s theorem in the plane. Divergence and Curl in the curvilinear coordinates system. Matrices: Linear vector spaces. Continuous groups-O groups. Covariant and contravariant tensors. Hermitian matrices. 29 . Tensor algebra.

Speigel. Dynamical variables and operators. E. Understanding the behaviour of quantum mechanical particle and development of Schrodinger equation in one and three dimensions introduction to Quantum mechanical operators and determination of angular momentum of a quantum mechanical particle Quantum Mechanics of One Dimensional Problems: Review of concepts of classical mechanics. 1971. 30 . McGraw Hill. Applied Mathematics for Engineers and Physicists. P. McGraw Hill 1979. Complex Variables Schaum’s Outline Series. Addition of angular momenta. Hsu.2. Properties of one dimensional potential functions. Butkov. The linear harmonic oscillator. Solutions of Schrodinger equation for free particles. Symmetry principles and conservation laws. The free particle. Dirac notation. 5. 2. Addison-Wesley 1968. The hydrogenic atom. Three dimensional square well potential. 1967. Schrodinger and Heisenberg pictures.h Objectives 1. Heisenberg uncertainty relations. Hermitian operators. Angular Momentum: Orbital angular momentum. H. Pipes and Harvill. The potential barrier problems. Formalism of Quantum Mechanics: The state of a system. The hydrogenic atom. Mathematical Physics. Three dimensional isotopic oscillator. Time evolution of a system. State of a system. M. Matrix representation of angular momentum operators. The eigenvalues and eigen functions of L2 and Lz. QUANTUM MECHANICS-I Pre-requisite FSc Physics and Modern Physics & electronics 3 Cr. 4. Central potentials. R. Commuting and non commuting operators. 3. Three dimensional square well potential. Spin. Fourier Analysis Simon Schuster Series. Functions and expectation values. Particle in a box. Schrodinger Equation in Three Dimensions: Separation of Schrodinger equation in cartesian coordinates.

L. J. Bose – Einstein statistics and Fermi. F. Reading Mass. 3. Oxford University Press. New York (1992). THERMAL AND STATISTICAL PHYSICS Pre-requisite: FSc Physics and Heat and Thermodynamics 3 Cr. Elements of Probability Theory: Probabilities. 'Introductory Quantum mechanics'. 5. Bialynicki-Birula. response functions Maxwell's relation. 6. Liboff. 31 . 'Introduction to Quantum Mechanics' Longman Scientific & Technical London (1990). fundamental equations and equations of state.Dirac Statistics To develop the understating of lattice dynamics in solid materials.H. Reading Mass.. Cieplak & J. Bransden & C.h Objectives: 1. Joachain. statistical interpretation of entropy. Narosa Publishing House. Introduction to Quantum Mechanics. 7. W. 4. Springer Verlag. (1980). To develop the understanding of thermal properties by using statistical means in thermodynamics Development of various statistics like Boltzmann Statistics.Books Recommended: 1. Inc. Berlin (1990). David J. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. reduction of derivatives. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. distribution functions. R. 'A Modern Approach to Quantum Mechanics'.J. Townsend. Equilibrium Thermodynamics: Basic postulates. New Delhi (1992). Greiner. 'Quantum Mechanics'. Griffiths. Int. 'Quantum Mechanics: An Introduction'. 8 B. Singapore (1992). 'Theory of Quantua'. M. PRENTICE Hall. (1980). W. Boltzmann H-theorem.S. 3. Greiner. 2. Schwable. Kaminski. 'Relativistic Quantum Mechanics'. 2. McGraw Hill Book Company.

Introduction to density matrix approach. 2nd Ed. Theorem of equipartition of energy. Formation of Microcononical. 3. A. Boltzmann distribution. examples (collection of simple harmonic oscillators. counting of states (in classical and quantum mechanical systems. Pauli and Van Vleck paramagnetics. Bose-Einstein Condensation. Reif. 1965. Van der Waals Gas: mean field calculation. 2.h Objectives: 1. 2. 1988. ELBS/John Willey. John Wiley 1958. examples) partition function. 4. Fermi-Dirac statistical systems. Bose-Einstein. F. Books Recommended: 1. Black body radiations.Formulation of Statistical Methods: Ensembles. Statistical Physics. Gas of electrons in solids. McGraw Hill. Statistical Mechanics of Interacting Systems: Lattice vibrations in solids. Ferromagnets in Mean Field Approximation. C. To develop the basic knowledge of classical world using the laws of Physics To develop the understanding of two bodies central force problems 32 . Kittel. Examples of thermodynamics of these systems. Longman 1967. Statistical Systems: Maxwell-Boltzmann. Elements of Statistical Physics. Pointon. Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics. Mandl. Introduction to Statistical Physics.J. canonical and grand canonical partion function. Partition Function: Relations of partition function with thermodynamic variables. CLASSICAL MECHANICS Pre-requisites: Mechanics I & II 3 Cr. Advanced Topics: Fluctuations. F.

Rigid body problems and Euler's equations. Two Body Central Force Problem: Low and least action. Euler's theorem. Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics Springer verlag. 'Classical Mechanics'. Rutherford scattering. Hamilton Equation of Motion: Legendre transformation Conservation theorems. Massachusetts (1980). Books Recommended: 1. To give understanding of kinematics and dynamics of rigid bodies Development of Hamiltonian equation and use of canonical transformation in classical physics Elementary Principles: Brief Survey of Newtonian mechanics of a system of particles. H. constraints. Derivation of Lagrange's equation from Hamilton's principle. Moment of inertia. S. 'Dynamics'.3. Rigid Body Equation of Motion: Angular momentum. Eulerian angles. New York (1983). 4. Addison Wesley. two body problem and its reduction to one body problem. Arnold. Liouville's theorem. 2nd. Kepler's Laws Laboratory and centre of mass systems. 3. V.. and Hamilton equations of motion. Reading. Kinematics of Rigid Body Motion: Orthogonal transformations. Edn. Alembert's principle. 2.N. John Wiley & Sons. Canonical Transformations: Examples of canoical transformations. New York (1980).I. Virtual work. 33 . Lagrange and Poison brackets. Tensors and dyadics. Rasband. The coriolis force. Goldstein. Lagrange's equation and its applications. Variational Principles: Calculus of variation and Hamilton's principle. Equation of motion and solution for one body problem.

Woodhouse. 'Classical Mechanics'. oscillators and voltage regulators used in daily life alliances To understand the day to day electronic devices. amplifiers. Transistor Circuits: Bipolar transistors. N. parameters and ratings. Varistors and their applications. Instrumentation amplifier. Comparators... Biasing. Light emitting diodes. Operation and construction. I-F Amplifiers and automatic gain control. Frequency response. Switching circuits. Negative feedback. Oxford Science Publications. Zener regulators. ELECTRONICS Pre-requisites: Modern Physics and Electronics 3 Cr.M. Tunnel diodes. Feedback and stability. Ebers-Moll. Non inverting and inverting circuits. Multistage Amplifiers. Shepley. Tuned RF Voltage amplifiers. Matzner & L. Operational Amplifiers: Ideal op-amps. Biasing and stability. To develop the understanding of different electronic circuit elements and devices like diode. Integrator and Differentiator. Junction FET. 2. MOSFET. The differential amplifiers. London (1991). Common emitter. Common source and common drain amplifiers. Simple op-amp arrangements. 5. Field Effect FET: Transistors. Prentice Hall Inc. Photodiodes.A. RC coupled and direct coupled stages. its data and sheet parameters. 34 . and C amplifiers. Special Diodes: Zener diodes. Op-amp applications. Varactor diodes. Schottky diodes. Oxford (1987).z and y-parameter models. Active filters. B. Power class A. transistors.J. Common base and common collector amplifiers. Frequency response.h Objectives: 1.4. Hybrid-p and h. Summing. 'Introduction to Analytical Dynamics'.C. R.

The Bengamin/Cummings Publishing Co. M. CMOSS. 'Electronic Devices'. 5. Colpit's Phase shift and 555 timer oscillators. 3. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics.T. Tata McGraw Hill. To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills.L. Roden. Floyd. 'Electronic devices & Circuits'. Merril Publishing Company Columbus (1988). McGraw Hill Book Company. G. Books Recommended: 1.. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. LAB V Pre-requisites: LAB I –IV 1 Cr. California (1991). Halkias. A. Measurement of the half life of a radio nuclide. Shielding and attenuation of gamma rays. List of Experiments 1.C. in a scintillation counter. Reston Publishing Company Inc. Hartley. 2.B. 3.. T.S.P. Savant Jr.L. To study the characteristics of a Geiger-Muller counter and to examine the attenuations of beta particles in Al-and Pb foils. 'Electronic Design Circuit & Systems'. 2. Power supply. To study the pulseheight as a function of the H. Malvino. 3. New Delhi (1988). 2.Oscillators: Armstrong. 4. Shunt and switching regulators. J.J. D. Millman & C. Virginia (1980). C. 35 . Carpenter. Bell. 'Electronic Principles'.h Objectives: 1. 'Integrated Electronics'.H. Measurement of the spectrum of gama rays from a radioisotope. Voltage Regulators: Series. Singapore (Latest Edition).

Experiments with transmission lines. H. AC circuits and dielectric constants of water and ice. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. R. 6. Standing wave ratio. Fourier Transforms Solution of Boundary value problems and their uses Differential Equations in Physics: First and second order linear differential equations. Use of a Lithium-drifted Ge-counter for gamme spectroscopy and to compare its performance with that of a nal-detector. MATHEMATICAL METHODS-II Pre-requisite General mathematics and Mathematical Methods-I 3 Cr. Experiments in Modern Physics (McGraw-Hill). 8. 7.h Objectives: 1) 2) 3) To give the understanding of Differential equations and their uses in Physics Introduction to special functions. A. 5. Experimental Electronics (McGraw-Hill).Mark and H. Second solution. Higgings.Homogeneous differential equations. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. To study the characteristics of a solid-state detector and use it to measure the spectra of alpha and beta particles. Melissinos. etc. Measurement of characteristic impedance. Olsono. Fourier Series.J.4. Radio frequency measurement.T.C. 3. 2. Skin effect. Frobenius series solution of differential equations. 9. Experiments in Modern Physics (Academic). Partial differential equations of theoretical physics. Separation of variables. etc. 36 . Books Recommended: 1. Velocity. Nonhomogenous differential equations.

Special Functions:

Bessel functions and Hankel functions, Spherical Bessel functions, Legendre polynomials, Associated Legendre polynomials, Spherical harmonics Laguerre polynomials, Hermite polynomials.

Fourier Series:

Definition and general properties, Fourier series of various physical functions, Uses and application of Fourier series.

Integral Transforms:

Integral transform, Fourier transform, Convolution theorem, Elementary Laplace transform and its application.

**Boundary Value Problems and Green's Functions:
**

Boundary value problems in Physics, Non-homogeneous boundary value problems and Green's functions, Green's functions for one dimensional problems, Eigenfunction expansion of Green's function, Construction of Green's functions in higher dimensions.

Books Recommended:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5 6. 7. 8. G. Arfken, Mathematical Physics, 2nd ed, Academic Press, 1970. R. Bronson, ‘Differential Equations’ Schaum’s Outline Series, McGraw Hill, New York. E. Butkov, ‘Mathematical Physics Addison-Weseley London . M.L. Boas, 'Mathematical Methods in Physical Sciences', John Wiley & Sons, New York (1989). C.W. Wong, 'Introduction to Mathematical Physics', Oxford University, Press, New York (1991). Hassani, 'Foundations of Mathematical Physics', Prentice Hall International Inc., Singapore (1991). Chattopadhyay, 'Mathematical Physics', Wiley Eastern Limited, New Delhi, (1990). H. Cohen, 'Mathematics for Scientists & Engineers' Prentice Hall International Inc., New Jersey (1992).

**QUANTUM MECHANICS-II Pre-requisites:
**

Quantum Mechanics I

3 Cr.h

37

Objectives:

1. 2. 3. to understand the use of approximation in Quantum mechanics to understand the theory of scattering and interaction of quantum systems with radiation to understand the basics of relativistic quantum mechanics

Approximate Methods:

Time independent perturbation theory for non degenerate and degenerate levels, the variational method, The WKB approximation, Time dependent perturbation theory.

**Identical Particles and Second Quantization:
**

Indistinguishability of identical particles, Systems of identical particles, Quantum dynamics of identical particle systems, statistics, Symmetry of states, Fermions, Bosons.

Theory of Scattering:

Scattering experiments and cross sections, Potential scattering, The method of partial waves, The Born’s approximation.

**The Interaction of Quantum Systems with Radiation:
**

Electromagnetic field and its interaction with one electron system, Transition rates, Spontaneous emission, Selection rules for electric dipole transitions, The spin of photon and its helicity.

**Relativistic Quantum Mechanics:
**

Schrodinger relativistic equation, Probability and current densities, KleinGordon equation and hydrogen atom, Dirac relativistic equation.

Books Recommended:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. B.H. Bransden & C.J. Joachain, 'Introduction to Quantum Mechanics' Longman Scientific & Technical London (1990). J.S. Townsend, 'A Modern Approach to Quantum Mechanics', McGraw Hill Book Company, Singapore (1992). W. Greiner, 'Quantum Mechanics: An Introduction', Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Reading Mass. (1980). R.L. Liboff, 'Introductory Quantum mechanics', Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Reading Mass. (1980). Bialynicki-Birula, M. Cieplak & J. Kaminski, 'Theory of Quantua', Oxford University Press, New York (1992). W. Greiner, 'Relativistic Quantum Mechanics', Springer Verlag, Berlin (1990). 38

7. 8 9.

F. Schwable, 'Quantum Mechanics', Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi (1992). David J. Griffiths, Introduction to Quantum Mechanics, PRENTICE Hall, Int., Inc. S.Gasiorowicz, Quantum Physics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Singapore.

**ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY Pre-requisites:
**

Electricity and magnetism I & II

3 Cr.h

Objectives:

1. 2. 3. To give the basic understanding in static electromagnetic fields and time dependent electromagnetic fields To develop knowledge of propagation, reflection and refraction of electromagnetic waves To develop the understanding of skin effect and wave guides

Fundamental Concepts:

Recapitulation of the fundamental concepts, Induction B, Addition of Laplace equation and methods of images. Magnetic intensity H, Maxwell's equations in differential and integral forms, Poynting theorem and energy conservation.

**Static Electromagnetic Fields:
**

Electrostatic fields in several dielectric media, Magneto static fields of magnetized matter, Magnetostatic field of stationary current, Magnetization current.

**Time Dependent Electromagnetic Fields:
**

Maxwell's equations for quasi stationery fields, Potentials of a rapidly varying field, Fields of uniformly moving and accelerated charges, Radiation from an accelerated charge, Field of oscillating expansion of electro magnetic field, Multiple fields. Expansion of emf.

**Reflection and Refraction of Electromagnetic Waves:
**

Laws of reflection and refraction, Fresnel's formula, Total reflection, Refraction in conducting media, Reflection from a conducting surface.

39

Books Recommended:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. H.C. Ohanion, 'Classical Electrodynamics', Allyn & bacon Inc., Massachusetts (1988). Y.K. Lim, 'Introduction to Classical Elecrodynamics, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pt., Singapore (1986). P.C. Lorrain & D.R. Corson, 'Electromagnetic Fields and Waves', W.H. Freeman & Co., New York (1978). C.R. Paul & S.A. Nasar, 'Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields, McGraw Hill Book Company, Singapore (1987). A.M. Portis, 'Electromagnetic Fields', John Wiley & Sons, New York (1978). D. Grifftns, An introduction to Dynamics, Prentice Hall, 1984 Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, John Wiley, 1975 Ritze Millfadad Chiristy, Foundation of Electromagnetic Theory

**NUCLEAR PHYSICS Pre-requisites:
**

Modern Physics and Electronics

3 Cr.h

Objectives:

1) 2) 3) To understand the nuclear structure using different nuclear models To understand the nature of nuclear forces To give understanding of radioactivity and nuclear reactions

History:

Starting from Bacqurel’s discovery of radioactivity to Chedwick’s neutron.

Basic Properties of Nucleus: Nuclear size, mass, binding energy, nuclear spin,magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moment, parity and statistics. Nuclear Forces: Yukawa's theory of nuclear forces. Nucleon

scattering, charge independence and spin dependence of nuclear force, isotopic spin.

**Nuclear Models: Liquid drop model; Fermi gas model, Shell model;
**

Collective model.

40

Scholtz.Theories of Radioactive Decay: Theory of Alpha decay and explanation of observed phenomena. Structure of Solids Lattices and basis. To develop a basic knowledge of crystallography To understand the x-ray diffraction in crystal investigation To understand the binding forces in crystalline material To develop the understanding of lattice dynamics and its uses in derivation of theories of specific heat To understand the behaviour of free electrons in metals and Fermi Energy. Nuclear isomerism. Symmetry operations. Particle and Nuclei. 1995. multipolarity of Gamma rays. the magnetic lens spectrometer. Kenneth S. Breit-Wigner one level formula including the effect of angular momentum. space groups and binding forces. Nuclear Physics.h Quantum Mechanics . Statistical Physics. Zetsche. Introducing Nuclear Physics. 5. Neutrino hypothesis. measurement of Beta ray energies. Electricity & Magnetism I & II. 1980. Rith. Simple crystal structures. energy level and level width. Bejamin. 1999. Heat and Thermodynamics. K. Segre. McGraw Hill. Nuclei and Practicles. Nuclear Reactions: Conservation laws of nuclear reactions. Fundamental types of lattice. Povh. Atomic potential. Position and orientation of planes in crystals. theory of Gamma decay. cross sections for nuclear reactions. resonance reactions. Q-value and threshold energy of nuclear reaction. F. 3. compound nucleolus theory of nuclear reaction and its limitations. Krane. 3. 1995. 2. 2. 4. Addison-Wisely. Fermi theory of Beta decay. 4. Books Recommended: 1. Green. 41 . Nuclear Physics. B. SOLID STATE PHYSICS Pre-requisite 3 Cr. C. Objectives: 1. 1977. direct reaction. Kaplan. 5.

To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. H. 7th Ed. III. classical model.h.M. IV 1 Cr. Scattered wave amplitude. 5. 6. 2. Recommended Books: 1. Solid State Physics. Phonons and Lattice Vibrations: Lattice heat capacity. 1976. N. Burns. W. two and three dimensions. Introduction to Solid State Physics. Holt. Elementary Solid State Physics. Comparison with experimental results. R. The Solid State. Ewald construction and Brillouin zone. Thermal conductivity and resistivity. 1996. orthorhombic and hexagonal crystals. 42 . 2. C. Elliott. Einstein model. bcc. 1998. D. S. Solid State Physics. Density of state in one. 3. Mermin. Fourier analysis of the basis. Rosenberg. M. Enumeration of normal models. Omar. 4. Academic Press 1992. The Physics and Chemistry of Solids. Pearson Education 2000. Laue method. Narosa Publishing House. fcc. By. Oxford Science Publications 1990. Ashcroft and N. Objectives: 1. G. Wiley. II. M.Crystal diffraction and reciprocal lattice: Diffraction of X-rays. Umklapp processes. High Temperature Superconductivity. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills. LAB VI Pre-requisites LAB I. Bragg’s law. M.A. Debye model of heat capacity. 1999. Kittle. Reciprocal lattice. Powder methods. Rinehart & Winston. An Introduction. rotating crystal method. Wahab. Kohn Wiley.A. 3rd Edition. 7. Neutrons and electrons from crystals. Reciprocal lattice to sc. 3.

Transistor pulse-circuitry (three types of flipflop and the Schmidt trigger circuit). C. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani.R. or to design and build a height-to-width converter. Ripple factor etc. L.) Measurement of transistor hybrid parameters. Surjeet Pub Ind. etc. 13. CBS Publishing. Experiments in Physics.F. 2. Power out-put selectivity. Practical Physics. 3rd Edition. 8. Design of high or medium voltage dc power supply and measurement of the voltage regulation. 3. coupled amplifier and a study of its characteristics. University Practical Physics. Study of leaser parameters. 6. Design of an L. To design and build a linear integrator to enable digitization of photo-multiplier pulses.R. etc. Gain characteristics and spectral response of a photo-multiplier tube. To design and build a lotic circuit (using AND/OR/NOR gates) for performing a given function.h Undergraduate Level Physics and Elementary Mathematics and Linear Algebra. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. 12. 5. the operational amplifier. Study of random processes and fluctuations in random processes (Poission distribution. Computer and Programming Skills. To build and investigate the properties of hard value multivibrators. 7.4. COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS Pre-requisites: 3 Cr.C. Basic Numerical Analysis and Analytical Tools for Numerical Analysis. Design of a medium wave T.F. 10. Ripple factor. Bhattacharya. etc. 11. 9. Squires. Mathematical Methods. G. Design of high or medium voltage dc power supply and measurement of the voltage regulation. 43 . Recommended Books: 1. or superheterdyne receiver and measurement of its sensitivity. K.

Chanle. Massachusetts (1991). 3. Tobochnik. 2. The Benjamin/Coming Publishing Inc. Gould & J.Objectives: 1. Error analysis and technique for elimination of systematic and random errors. Many particle systems. Some systems of interest for physicists such as Motion of Falling objects.J. Dynamic systems. Populations genetics etc. Numerical Methods: Numerical Solutions of equations. Computer simulation. Kepler's problems. H. 3.. Computational Techniques in Physics' Adm Hilger. Wave phenomena. M. Introduction of computer languages To know the use of computer in numerical anlysis Computer simulation and modeling Computer Languages: A brief introduction of the computer languages like Basic.P. Random numbers and random walk. Rading Massachusetts(1988). 'Introduction to Computational Physics'. Macheown & D. 'Numerical Methods for Engineers with Personal Computer Applications. Chapra & R. 2. Pascal etc and known software packages of computation. California (1986). Regression and interpolation. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. C. Diffusion. 'An Introduction to Computer Simulation Methods'. 4.K.C. S. Bristol (1987). P. Numerical integration and differentiation. Modeling & Simulations: Conceptual models. Doing Physics with random numbers. De Jong. S. Oscillatory motion. Computational Physics'. Merman.T. L. Books Recommended: 1. Field of static charges and current. The mathematical models.h Pre-requisite Phy-202 (Modern Physics). Phy-306 (Quantum Mechanics) 44 . McGraw Hill Book Company. Relationship of modeling and simulation.. Addison Wesley Publishing Company Inc. Koonini. 5. New York (1965 PHYSICS-401 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS 4 Cr.

Chapman and Hall. Selection rules. 2. Longmans. 4. Stark effect. Many body Systems (12 hours) Pauli exclusion principle. Thorn. Hartree Fock methods and self consistent field. One Electron System (12 hours) Review of Schrodinger equation for hydrogen atom. 1988. Einstein coefficients. Interaction with field (7 hours) Many electron atoms in an electromagnetic field.J. Hydrogen Molecular ion (LCAO approximation). To review the existing theories of atomic structure To introduce the experimental proof of quantisation To introduce the use of Schrodinger Equation in real system like Hydrogen atom To understand the Molecular spectrum To understand the LASER production and Operation Structure of Atoms (5 hours): Review of Bohr’s theory. London 1983. Born Oppenhimer approximation. electron spin and Hund’s cases. Polyatomic molecules (brief introduction). Atoms in radiation field. Periodic system of the elemments. Joachain.Objectives: 1. Frank Hertz experiment and approximation methods. B. H. Stark effect. Physics of atomic and Molecules. Bransden and C. normal Zeeman effect. Anomalous Zeeman effect. 3. Raman effect. Anne P. Central field approximation. LS coupling. 45 . Hyperfine structure. Molecules (12 hours) Ionic and covalent bonding. Stern Gerlach experiment. Hydrogen molecule (Heitler London and molecular orbital theories) Recommended Books: 1. X-ray spectra. Fermi Golden rule. Spectrophysics. vibrational. 2. 5. Spin orbit coupling. Sommerfeld model. Thomas Fermi potential. and electronic spectra. jj coupling and other type of coupling. second edition. Radiative transitions. Paschen back effect. Quantum numbers. Transition probabilities of diatomic molecules. Diatomic molecules-rotational.

3. John Wiley and sons 1985. Singapore (1986). 7. 'Electromagnetic Fields'. 1984 Jackson.C.. 1975 Ritze Millfadad Chiristy. Pt. Scattering by a bound electron. Nuclei and Particles. 'Classical Electrodynamics'. 'Electromagnetic Fields and Waves'..3. Group velocity. Prentice Hall. Massachusetts (1988).K.H. Nasar. Allyn & bacon Inc. Quantum Physics of Atoms. An introduction to Dynamics. and R. Loren z. Wave guides as cavity resonators. Transmission by a rectangular. Portis. 4. Paul & S. grange and Coloumb grange.A. Resnick. 2. Grifftns.h. second edition. D. Eisberg. Waves guided by parallel plane conductor. 5. Lorrain & D.R. Waves guided by dielectrics. W. Lim..C. 6.M. Q of a cavity resonator. To give the basic understanding in static electromagnetic fields and time dependent electromagnetic fields To develop knowledge of propagation. ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY II Pre-requisites: Electricity and magnetism I & II 3 Cr. 3. McGraw Hill Book Company. John Wiley. Singapore (1987). P. 'Introduction to Classical Elecrodynamics. 2. Forced oscillation of an electronic oscillator. Dispersion in metallic conductor. Dispersion in dilute medium and dense media. Skin Effect and Wave Guides: High frequency current in a semi infinite conductor. 'Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields. Molecules. Corson. H. Power transfer and attenuation. New York (1978). Books Recommended: 1. Classical Electrodynamics. A. Foundation of Electromagnetic Theory 46 . Solids. Y. reflection and refraction of electromagnetic waves To develop the understanding of skin effect and wave guides Propagation of Plane Electromagnetic Waves: monochromatic waves and plane waves. Ohanion. Internal impedance at high frequencies. John Wiley & Sons. New York (1978). R. C.R. Objectives: 1. World Scientific Publishing Co. Freeman & Co. Wave Guidance.

Determination of the Rydberg constant from the spectrum of hydrogen. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. 13. To examine the stopping-power of various substances for thermal neutrons. To examine the characteristics of a Solid-State detector and to use it for alpha and beta Spectroscopy and compare the results with those obtained by a scintillation counter. To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills. Lab-VII 1. 4. Source strength of Co60 by gamma coincidence methods. 10. 12. 5. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics.) by microwave absorption. 6. 7. Electron spin resonance (E. 14. Use of an analogue computer for solving differential equations. 15. Measurement of the spectrum of gamma rays from a radioisotope (e. To study the Zeeman effect for a line in the spectrum of helium.h A project can be introduced instead of these experiments.PROJECT 3 Cr. Experiments with microwaves.R. Study of their optical properties. 47 . Determination of the charge on an electron (e) by Millikan’s method. 3. 16. 8. Determination of the constituents of substance by activation analysis. Measurement of the total neutron cross-section. Determination of Planck’s constant (h) by using the photoelectric effect. To prove the Rutherford law of scattering of charged particles.Cs) and study of their photoelectric and Compton absorption. 9.S.g. Pre-requisite: Undergraduate physics and Labs I-VI Objectives: 1. Fabry-Perot interferometer used as a gas refractometer. 2. The Frank-hertz experiment (Measurement of excitation potential of Hg). 3. 11. 2.

17. Experiments in Modern Physics (McGrawHill).M. Olson. Note: At least 12 experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. 21.R. A. (Shockley-Haynes experiments for Germanium. demonstrating transistor action). All experimental courses are only recommended but Universities may opt other experiments according to facilities and expertise available to them. 19.C.) of protons in water. The measurement of the Hall effect in germanium and silicon.S.Mark and N. Books Recommended: 1. 22. The study of the Mossbauer effect. Measurement of the conductivity of Si and Ge as a functions of temperature. Applied Electronics (John-Wiley and Sons). 23. To build a medium or short-wave transmitter. 18. Melissionos. T. 48 . Drift mobility. 24. Gray. Nuclear magnetic resonance (N. To determine the energy gap in silicon and Germanium. Simple diode manufacture and point-contact transistor.T. 3. 2. 20. H. Experiments in Modern Physics (Academic).

Van Nestrand). Introduction to plasma Physics. Derivation of dispersion relations for simple electrostatic and electromagnetic modes. Occurrance of plasma. 2. operational conditions.Trivelpiece. To know fluid description of the plasma. Fluid description of plasma. Reaction rates and power density. Controlled Thermonuclear Reactions. Books Recommended: 1. radiation losses from plasma. Wave propagation in plasma. University may also tailor these courses according to their facilities. waves and oscillations 3 Cr.Chen. Concept of temperature. 49 .h Objectives: 1. Introduction to Controlled Fusion: Basic nuclear fusion reactions. Introduction. Time-variant E and B fields. S.H.Lovberg. 3. 2. N. Uniform and nonuniform E and B fields. Principles of Plasma Physics. PLASMA PHYSICS Pre-requisite: Electrodynamics.A. 2. SURFACE PHYSICS Pre-requisites: Solid state Physics 3 Cr.Glasstone and R. To know aout the surface physics and its applications Learn about the interaction of surface with the ions. Applications of plasma physics.Krall and A. Criteria for plasma. The plasma parameter. (Plenum). To learn about the importance of the plasma alongwith the basic concept of plasma. Debye shielding. 1960 (D.W. 1973 (McGraw Hill).F. Single-particle motion in electromegnatic field. 2nd ed.h Objectives: 1. F.DETAIL OF ELECTIVE COURSES These elective courses can be chosen from the list or new elective course may be offered according to the availability of staff and necessary infrastructure. electrons etc.

adsorbate phase diagrams and phase transitions. the kinetics of adsorption. physiorption. Desorption. potential energy curves and adsorption energetics. An introduction to surface Physics. Discussion of the merits of different types of electron energy analysers and electron deterctors. Adsorption mechanisms and kinetics for low coverages Langmuir Isotherms. Preparing a clean surface. The structure of semi-conductor surfaces. Studying Surfaces: What is UHV? Do we need UHV to study surfaces? The kinetic theory of gases. bcc and stepped surfaces and a discussion of their relative energies. Adsorption. The Structure of Adsorbate Layers: Experimental probes of surface structure such as LEED and RHEED. Auger depth. comparison of particle scattering techniques. Electron-Surface Interactions: Electron diffraction and quasi – elastic scattering. Free electron theories and the work function. The Electronics and Magnetic Structure of Surfaces: Band theory. vibrational spectroscopy. Quantification of Auger spectra. hcp. Profiling. derivation. Desorption and experimental probes of surface structure such a LEED and RHEED. Specific types of surface. The surface structures of very small metal particles. Theory and practice of Auger electron spectroscopy. 3 D crystal structures. Catalysis and Growth Processes: Adsorption mechanisms and kinetics chemisorption vs. Signal processing and spectral analysis. Surface energies and the Wulff Theorem. More complex ceconstruction. fcc. stability. adsorption. The electronic structure of semiconductor surfaces. 2D surface structures. Electron spectroscopes. Electron emission processes. Surface Structures and Reconstructions: Lattice concept. catalysis. concept of vacuum and standard vacuum hardware components. Desorption Bonding . Magnetic processes at surfaces. 50 . growth mechanisms. Comparison of different types of pumps with measurement of vacuum pressure.An Introduction to Surfaces: What is a surface? The energetics and thermodynmics of creating a surface. Growth processes.

Atomic Force Microscopy. Introduction to numerical solution of Ordinary Differential equation’s using multi-step methods. Imaging XPS. Computational Fluid Dynamics-II: Governing equations in integral and differential form. theory and practice of Rutherford. STEM. FLUID DYNAMICS Pre-requisite Classical Mechanics. Electrodynamics 3 Cr. To know the fundamentals of Fluid Mechanice and its applications To learn about the computational aspect for solving diffusion equation. governing equations of fluid motion. Incompressible flows.Atom/ion surface interactions: Comparison of particle scattering techniques. John A. Auger depth profiling. SEM. Basic concepts in surface imaging and localized spectroscopy. Basic Fluid Mechanics: Fundamentals of Continuum mechanics. An Introduciton to the theory and practice of SIMS. SPM. Optical microscopy. Introduction to solution of Partial Differential Equiation’s using finite difference methods Advanced Techniques. Incompressible and 51 . Reduced forms of governing equations. Boundary Layer Theory: Laminar Boundary layer. SIMS imaging and depth profiling. Scanning probe microscopy techniques. Kinematics of the flow field. 2. An introduction to the theory and practice of scanning Tunneling Microscopy. Thin aerofoil. the continuity equation. Venables. Books Recommended 1. Turbulent Boundary layer. Introduction to Surface and Thin Film Processes Cambridge University Press (2000). The finite volume method. Compressible flows. Boundary value problems.h Objectives 1. Back scattering. Computational Fluid dynamics-I: Introduction to numerical computation. Reynold’s number. Surface Microscopy: Classification of microscopy techniques.

M. Time marching schemes. 3 Cr. Experimental Methods: Introduction to laboratory techniques.M.V. White. Measurement of total pressure in Vacuums Systems. Fundamental concepts. H. 1993. Cryogenic pumps. Mcgraw Hill. Use of a commercial code for the predication off complex flows. sorption pumps. F. vortex shedding and vibrations. air flow past a cylinder aero foils. Pump down Time Ultimate pressure. Doer. 2.T. Albuquerque. To learn about the measuring techniques along with data analysis. sorption pumps (High Vacuum). Fore-Vacuum Pumps: Rotary Oil pumps. Schemes for solving large algebraic systems. Manometers. 5. Discrete methods for the steady state and time dependent advection diffusion equation. Hoffmann and S... The pressure correction method on staggered and unstaggered grids. Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow. Vol.compressible flow & their methods. Viscous flud flow (second Edition). Chiang. Perini gauges. 52 . Hemisphere. K. To learn about the vacuum techniques To learn the detection techniques about radiation. Diffusion pumps. Hemosa Publishers.1 & 11. 3. Roache. 2. 6th edition 1993. P. guttering pumps. 3. temperature. Books Recommended: 1. Turbo molecular pumps. 1991. hydraulic jumps. Computational Fluid Dynamics for Engineers. Vacuum Techniques: Gas Transport: Throughout. 4. “Computational Fluid Dynamics”. Production of ultrahigh vacuum. Patankar.h Objectives: 1. turbulent jets and plumes. Pumping Speed. N. Units pressure ranges.Lamb.A. Laboratory sessions (preceded by lectures): water waves. S. Hydrodynamics. Incorporation of turbulence models.J. 1980. Ion pumps. METHODS OF EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS Pre-requisites Experimental labs and techniques used in these labs.

Data Analysis: Evaluation of measurement: Systematic Errors. Statistical Control of Measurements. neutron detectors. Mean Value and Variance. current to voltage converter. summing amplifiers. pressure displacement. leak detection equipment. Radiation Detection and Measurement: GM tubes. Spectrographs and Interferometers. Vacuum Components. Logarithmic amplifiers. Differentiators. Computer Introduction: Introduction to computers. Mechanical feed throughs & Electrical feed throughs Leak detection: Basic consideration. phase. Accuracy. cosmic rays detectors. level. Liquid Nitrogen trap. Integrators. difference amplifiers. Data manipulation. 53 . speed. interpolation and extrapolation. Visual c/visual Basic. Interfacing. rotation. Rejection of data. Pump Choice. x-rays/gamma detectors. current voltage. Least squares fit to a polynomial. Isolators. linear and parabolic interpolation. Statistical Methods. metal.The McLoad gauges. Multichannel analyzer. Special Techniques and problems. Repair Techniques. Counters. smoothing. Propagation of errors. Boxcar averages. Sensor Technology: Sensors for temperature. Ramp Generators. photo multipliers. flow. Vacuum valves. preliminary Estimation. explosive and heat. and single channel analyzer. GPIB Interface. Design of high Vacuum system. DA/AD conversion. channeltron. Accidental Errors. Surface to Volume ratio. pumping system design. Electronics and Electronic Instruments: Operational amplifiers. charge sensitive pre-amplifiers. rotation position. Coincidence circuits. Significance of results. Power supplies. alpha/beta detectors. Signal Generators. Spectroscopy amplifiers. tilt. Precision. Errors of Computation. RS 232. Lock in Amplifiers. Nonlinear functions. vacuum Flanges. Mass spectrometer for partial measurement of pressure. power magnetic field. scintillation detector. Errors of Direct measurements.

Young. Solar UV and life. The Global Climate: The energy Balance. Turbulence. 1962.B. The emission spectrum of sun. 2. the social and political context. Statistical Treatment of Methods of Experimental Physics. 3. Human Perceptions and noise criteria. Transport of matter. Basic Environmental Spectroscopy: Black body radiation. 54 . Flow equations of fluid Dynamics. Errors of Observations.h Objective: 1. McGraw Hill. ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Pre-requisite: Physics (FSc) 3 Cr. High Vacuum Techniques. Noise: Basic Acoustics.Toping.1. P. J.Books Recommended: 1.D. Energy and momentum. New York & London Vol. Turbulence Diffusion. elements of weather and climate. The ozone filter. The Einstein Coefficients. Transport of Pollutants: Diffusion. Lambert – Beer’s law. 4. Data Reduction and Error Analysis for Physical Science. The transition electric dipole moment. The spectroscopy of bi-molecules. living in green house. To become familiar with the essentials of environment nad Global climate To learn to use spectroscopy for environments. IOP. Bevington. H. Turbulent jets and planes. Chapman Hall. Gaussian plumes in air. ground water. enjoying the sun. Yarwood. Introduction to the Essentials of Environmental Physics: The economic system. Inc. active control of sound. climate variations and modeling. flow in reverse. 2. reducing the transmission of sound. J. (Zero-dimensional Greenhouse Model). Academic Press.

surface wind velocity. 1999. Controlled operations. climatic indices. automatic weather stations. Schmidt decomposition. operator function. evolution. density matrix. Quantum Computation: Quantum Circuits. 1998. Guyot Praxis Publication.Radiation: General laws of Radiation. precipitation. Climatology and Measurements of Climate Factor: Data collection and organization. John Wiley and sons. INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM COMPUTING Pre-requisite: Quantum Mechanics and Computational Physics 3 Cr. Single qubit operation. Universal 55 . Basic principles and postulates of quantum mechanics: Quantum states. quantum measurement. 2. To be familiar with the quantum computing To learn about the Quantum circuits . utilization of photo synthetically active radiation. 2.h Objectives 1. cloud and Precipitation. statistical analysis of climatic data. Atmospheric Circulation. EPR and Bell’s inequality. Radiation balance. General characteristics of measuring equipments. and cryptography Computer technology and historical background. Environmental Physics. vertical profiles in the lower layers of the atmosphere. Books Recommended: 1. air humidity. Atmospheric Pressure. quantization from bits to qubits. Measurement. Atmosphere and Climate: Structure of the atmosphere. superposition. Topo Climates and Micro Climates: Effects of surface elements in flat and widely unduling areas. Schrodinger equation. 2nd ed. Physics of Environmental and Climate. Egbert Booker and Rienk Van Gron Belle. Natural radiation. Dynamic action of seliq. The atmospheric greenhouse effect. interaction of electromagnetic radiation and plants. Thermal action of selief. Lateral movement in the atmosphere. Measurement of temperature.

Clearwater. iso-spin charge conjugation. Chuang. Springer Verlag (1997). The Physics of Quantum Information: Quantum Cryptography. BB90. To know the particles and their classification. 56 .quantum gates. parity. Zeilinger. the weak coupling. L. Exploration in Quantum Computation by C. Quantum cryptography with and without eavesdropping. Particle Classification: Quantum numbers. RSA cryptography. The Fundamental Interactions: The electromagnetic coupling. Schor’s algorithm. Springer Verlag. quarks. 2. Quantum Cryptography: Uncertainty principle. baryons. Chapman & Hall/CRC (2002). the strong coupling. hadrons. Single qubit and CNOT gates. Nielson and I. Williams and S. 3. Ekert. time reversal. Breaking unbreakable codes: Code making.Brylinsky and G. 3. Experimental realization. A. Chen. Mathematics of Quantum Computation by A. To learn about the Quark models. One time pad. leptons. Trapdoor function. Cambridge University Press. To learn about the interaction of these particles. H.P. Quantum Search Algorithm. G parity. CPT theorem. and A. PARTICLE PHYSICS Pre-requisite Quantum Physics 3 Cr. Berlin. Quantum Computation and Quantum Information by M.h Objectives 1.K. Quantum Computation by P. systems of identical particles. Books Recommended: 1. Bouwmester. Polarization and Spin basis. mesons. Heidelberg (2000). BB84. the group SU (2). Quantum Teleportation. Symmetry Transformation and Conservation Laws: Translation in space. and Ekert protocols. Code breaking on classical and quantum computers. 4. Cambridge 2000. A. rotation in space. 2.

D. mesons in quark model. angular momentum. To use numerical techniques to solve the differential equations. To understand the simulation in classical physics and Quantum Physics 57 . John-Wiley and Sons. (1987). Books Recommended: 1. World Scientific. D. (1990). and Martin. J. S. baryon resonances. D. Quantum Mechanics by Riazuddin and Fayyazuddin. polarization ad photon spin. 3. A. Learn techniques to understand and develop compter simulations. F.The Electromagnetic Field: Gauge invariance and Maxwell’s equations. phase space considerations. Introduction to Elementary Particles by Griffiths.h Objectives. The Quark Model: The group SU (3). The Standard Model (qualitative treatment only): Unification of weak and electromagnetic interactions Glashow-SalamWeinberg Model. (1984). the Breit-Wigner resonance formula.D. quarks. production experiments. and Drell. 1. Relatvistic Quantum Mechanics by Bjorken. partial wave formalism and the optical theorem. 2. 3. McGraw Hill... 4. parity and C parity of photon. John-Wiley and Sons. 2. COMPUTER SIMULATION Pre-requisites Mathematical Physics 3 Cr. hadrons baryons. Quarks and Leptons by Halzen. Hadron Spectroscopy: Formation experiment. the quarkonium model. heave meson spectroscopy.. (1995).

Numerical Solution of time-independent (and dependent). Guassian Distribution. Reduce forms of the governing equation. Accuracy and stability of numerical techniques. One Dimensional Dynamics (Accelerating cars and objects on springs). Random Process and Quantum Physics: Random Number and their uses. radio. Raynold averaging and its applications to Navier stokes equations. finite volume method. Molecular Dynamics in Solids. Schrodinger Wave Equation. Approaches to Equilibrium. Electric Currents and Magnetic Fields. special functions and Guassian quadrarure. nature of computer simulation. Particle in Bound and Free States. LRC Circuits. Computational Methods for Continuous Medium: Fluid equations. Wave phenomena (Fourier analysis.activity and radioactive decay series. schemes for solving large algebric system. 58 .Introduction: Importance of computers in physics. Interference. Time marching schems. Driven LRC Circuits (Time varying). Governing equation in integral and differential forms. use of commercial code for prediction of off complex flow. Diffraction and Polarization. Oscillatory Motions). spherical and cylindrical coordinates. principles of vector computing in Cartesian. Mean and Turbulant kinetic energy equation. partial differential equations (elliptic and parabolic types) Simulation in Classical Physics: Motion of Falling Objects. initial (boundary) and eigen value problems. Electromagnetic Waves. compressible and incompressible flow and their methods. Coupled oscillator).Carlo Simulation. The pressure-corection method on staggered and unstaggered grids. Distribution Functions in Statistical Physics. Geometrical Optics (Ray Tracing an Principle of Least Time). Canonical and Micro-Canonical Ensembles. percolation theory. Discrete methods for the steady state and time dependent diffusion equation. External points and strings. Techniques and class of computer simulation. incorporation of furbulence model. Random-walk problem. Numerical Approaches: Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations. numerical integrations. Monte. matrix operation. Electric Fields and Potentials. Noise in Signal. Two-Dimensional Trajectories (Kepler’s Laws. computer graphics and programming languages. Energy and Center of Mass.

To learn the basics of digitl electronics sucha sa Boolian Algebra. Octal and Hexadecimal number system. 1993.). To understand the computer interface and micro-controller alongwith the emedded system. Springer-Verlage Berlin. Hehl. W. Zabolitzky. To develop logic circuit using th Boolean Algebra. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. 2. 6. 3. Roache. Inc. Computational Fluid Dynamics. Addison Wesley Publishing Company.J.1995. K-maps and their uses. ASCII. simplification of Boolean expression by Boolean Postulates and theorem. 1988. Quantum Mechanics Simulation. Books Recommended: 1. (A Series of the Consortium for upper level Physics software). resistive and viseus flow of plasmas. New York. Winkelman and J.. thermal conduction and heat transport. Different codes. John Wiley & Sons. Don’t care condition. basic logic gates. Review of Number Systems: Binary.h Objectives 1. P. 3. 2. Gray etc. Inc. Inc. Stauffer. Johnston and Styer. 5. (BCD. DIGITAL ELECTRONICS Pre-requisites Electronics 3 Cr. New York. De Jong. 1991.W. Computer Simultation and Computer Algebra (Lectures for Beginers). New York. concepts of logic. Albuquerque. Hillar. Marvin L. D. Introduction to Computational Physics. truth table. N. Harvey Gould and Jan Tobochink. An Introduction to “Computer Simulation Methods” Part-I & II. New York. their inter-conversion. F.Magnetohydrodynamics. Boolean Algebra: DeMorgan’s theorem. Parity in Codes 59 . 1988.G. Hemosa Publishers. Modelling ideal (MHD).M.

Ripple. Combinational logic circuit: Logic circuits based on AND – OR. 4. subtraction (2’s compliments. PROM. half subtractor. noise margins etc. Micro Computers: Computers and its types. Addressing modes. 8086 processor family. features of a general purpose microcontroller. microcontroller characteristics. 1993. 3. McGraw Hill. Interfacing with peripherals. Sequential Logic Circuit: Flip-flops clocked RS-FF. Synchronous) A/D and D/A Converters. Memory Devices: ROM. Principles and applications of digital electronics. D-FF. Digital System Design and Micro possessor J. Shift Register. JK-FF. half adder. Discussion on 8085/8088. Microchip Inc and PIC microcontroller. full subtractor encoder. Intel UPS Architecture. Barrey B. Exclusive OR gate. CMOS). full adder. UP Registers. Macmillan Publishing Company. PLA. Philips 80C51 & 80C552 and Motorola 68Hc05/08.C. all generation of computers. addition. up-down. T-FF. programming and interfacing. Different logic based IC families (DTL. 2. RTL. Micro Electron. Books Recommended 1.IC logic families: Basic characteristics of a logic family. NAND. gate design. Digital Logic and Computer Design Morris Mono 1995 Prentic Hall Tocheim. EAPROM. basic architecture of computer. Typical Microcontroller examples:. TTL. decoder. Control and Time Section). (Static and dynamic) Memory mapping techniques. OR-AND. Brey. Intel Microprocessor Hierarchy. The Microprocessor and microcontroller applications and environment. Counters (Ring. Digital Electronics. Larry D. (Fan in/out. 5. dissipation. EE PROM. Prentic Hall (1998). Propagation delay time. NOR Logic. McMillan. Jones. (1999). RAM. BORTIE (NBF). Instruction set and their types. Micro-controller/ Embedded System: Introduction to Embedded and microcontroller based systems. 6. micro processor (ALU. ECL. 60 .

Radioactive sources. Measurement of neutron cross-sections as a function of energy. Nuclear Radiation Detection and Measurements: Interaction of nuclear radiation with matter. To learn the nuclear detection system and techniques fr their measurements To learn about the charged particles accelerator and nuclear reactor To develop understanding of neutrons physics. Theory of fission and spontaneous fission. T.L.h Objectives 1. EXPERIMENTAL NUCLEAR PHYSICS Pre-requisite Nuclear Physics 3 Cr. slowing down of neutrons. Types of nuclear reactors (Power and Research).7. Gas-filled detectors. 2. Electron-Synchrotrons. Palgrave (2003). Alternating-gradient Synchrotron. 8. Reactor as a neutron source. 61 . Elementary Reactor Physics: Controlled fission reactions. Cyclotron. Betatron. fast neutron detectors.Floyd. Average number of neutrons released. The Design of Small-Scale Embedded Systems. Digital Fundamental. Nuclear fission. Tim Wilmshurst. slow neutron detectors. 8th edition. Description of fission reaction. Detailed study of PWR and CANDU type reactors. Scintillation counters and solid-state detectors. Synchrocyclotron. Cloud chambers. Nuclear chain reaction and applications. Charged Particle Accelerators: Linear and orbital accelerators Van de Graaff. Neutron Physics: Neutron Sources. Proton-synchrotron. Mass distribution of fission energy. photographic emulsions. Bubble chambers. Photo neutron sources Charged particle sources. 3.

Particle and Nuclei. Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics. Zetsche. Data Detection and Error analysis for physical sciences. C. F. 1999. Keith. B. Pumping Schemes. Leo. 3. Unstable Resonators. Wave Reflection and Transmission at a Dielectric Interface. Stable Resonators. Molecular Energy Levels. Glenn. Nuclei and Practicles. F. Selection Rules. Semiconductor. 2. Segre. Absorption and Gain Coefficients. Concentric (Spherical) Resonator. Introducing Nuclear Physics. William.h Objectives 1. Confocal. Optical Resonators: Plane Parallel (Fabry-Perot) Resonator. 1989. Resonance Energy Transfers. Scholtz. 5. John Wiley.Books Recommended: 1. Brightness. Ring Resonator. Rith. Povh. 4. . Absorption and Stimulated Emission Rates. Stimulated Transition. Kenneth S. Krane. Resonator. 6. 2002. 4. Coherence. LASERS Pre-requisite: Quantum Mechanics I and Atomic Physics 3 Cr. Matrix Formulation of Geometrical Optics. Directionality. 2. 3. Develop fundamental concepts about lasers Learn the principles of spectroscopy of molecules and semiconductos Understand the optical resonators and laser system. R. Applications of lasers Introductory Concepts: Spontaneous Emission. Absorption. Stimulated Emission. Generalized Spherical Resonator. Spectroscopy of Molecule and Semiconductors: Electronic Energy Levels. 1994. Spinger. 1995. Radiative and Nonradiative Decay. Bejamin. Philips Berington and D. 1977. Knoll. Stability Condition Standing and Traveling Waves 62 . Level Occupation at Thermal Equilibrium. K. Properties of Laser Beam: Monochromaticity. Radiation Detection and Measurement.

Laser Tuning. T. Gas lasers: Helium Neon laser. 4. New York. 63 . C. Siegman. Electrical Pumping: Longitudinal Configuration and Transverse Configuration. Drilling. Quantum Optics. Haken. Laser Communication. Welding etc. Laser. Nitrogen Laser and Excimer Lasers. O. Svelto. A. Cambridge University Press (1997). Group Velocity.E. Lasers Systems : Solid State Lasers: Ruby Laser. Wiley. and Group-Delay Dispersion. H. Small Signal Gain and Loop Gain. Continuous Wave (CW) and pulsed lasers Rate Equations. 3. pumping efficiency. Cutting. Milonni. Optimum Output Coupling. Laser Fundamentals. Plenum Press New York & London (1992). Fabry-Perot Interferometer. Line broadening. Multilayer Dielectric Coatings. Atmospheric Physics Books Recommended 1. Lasers. QSwitching and Mode-Locking Methods. Principles of Lasers. Eberly and P. Free-Electron and X-Ray Lasers Laser applications: Material Processing: Surface Hardening. Silfvast. Chemical Pumping. Laser Theory. Science Books Mill Valley.in a two Mirror Resonator. Threshold Condition and Output Power.A. Longitudinal and Transverse Modes in a Cavity. Berlin (Latest Edition). latest edition. Oscillation and Pulsations in Lasers. (1986). Pumping Processes: Optical pumping: Flash lamp and Laser. (Latest Edition). 5. 2. CO2 laser. Defense Industry. Springer. W. Holography. Gas Dynamics Pumping. J. University. Medicine. Phase Velocity. Scully and Zubairy. Threshold Pump Power. Nd: YAG & Nd: Glass Lasers and Semiconductor Lasers: Homojunction Lasers Double-Heterostructure lasers.

W. 3. line element. geodesics. the Big Bang expansion rate. microwave background. Michelson-Morley experiment.D’Inverno. Relativistic Mechanics: Force equation in relativity. time paradox. velocity transformation and velocity addition. four-vectors. To learn about the Special theory of relativity To learn the basics of relativistic mechanics and develop understanding about the General theory. Introduction to Cosmology. 2. J. tensor fields.V. General Relativity: Principles of general relativity. 1999.D. the light-cone. Oxford University Press. structure of space-time. 1989. R. Elements of Tensor Calculus: Manifolds and coordinates. length contraction. kinetic and total energy.McComb. Einstein’s field equations. Cosmology: Newtonian cosmology. proper time. Dynamics and Relativity. FSc Physics 3 Cr. Lorentz transformations. 64 . Cambridge University Press.RELATIVITY AND COSMOLOGY Pre-requisites Mechanics.h Objectives 1. 2. matter and radiation domination. Books Recommended: 1. Special Relativity: Galilean relativity. curves and surfaces. relativity of simultaneity. Minkowski space time tensors.Narlikar.D. conservation of energy and momentum. Introducing Einstein’s Relativity. time dilation. Lie derivative. cosmological red-shift. 1992. metric tensor. equation of geodesics deviation. Einstein’s postulates of special relativity. Hubble’s law. concept of ether. history of the universe. rest mass. Riemann tensor. Oxford University Press.

2. C.SOLID STATE PHYSICS-II Pre-requisite: Solid State Physics I 3Cr. 3.Pillai.M. Jullien. Oxford University Press. 2.E. Dislocations in crystals. Oxford. 1982. 4. Introduction to superconductivity with applications. Christman. C. Dielectrics. Hall. Superconductivity and devices. Kittle. Dia. Point defects and dislocations in solids. 7th edition 1996. Solid State Physics. Transport properties of solids. McGraw Hill. 7. Read Jr. Solid State Physics. 1991. The Solid State. S.R. John Wiley & Sons. John Wiley & Sons. New York. Boltzmann equation.T. 5. Introduction to Solid State Physics. John Wiley. To understand the transport properties in solids To understand the crystal defects and their importance To understand the dielectric and magnetic properties of materials To give basic understanding of superconductivity.O. Kachaava. New Delhi. 6. 1988. 1989. New York. Solid State Physics.h Objectives: 1. Co. Tata McGraw Hill. A. 4. 3. Books Recommended: 1. J. 65 . H. Para and Ferro-magnetism. W. Guinier & R. New Age International Pub. Magnetic relaxation and resonance phenomena. 1989. Solid State Physics. 2003.

66 . Until the introduction of 4-year composite bachelor degree program in Colleges and Universities. completed at College and university department respectively. the HEC may take up the matter with the provincial Directorate of Colleges to introduce the BS (4-year) program both in Colleges and University departments. 2. 4.General Recommendations: The Committee made the following recommendations: 1. Refresher courses on new topics in Physics may be arranged for college teachers. The HEC should provide special funds for building infrastructure for the BS (4-year) program and development of teaching faculty at the university departments. As all the BS programs are of four years duration. the program can be split up in two parts. The Directorate Colleges of Provinces should be provided special funds by the respective provinces for qualified manpower and for building of necessary infrastructure for starting BS (4-year) program or at least the Part-I of this program at Colleges. the suffix “Hons. 3. For the smooth and uniform implementation of the BS (4-year) program throughout the country. the Provinces will have to be involved at the highest level for the implementation for the BS program. namely Part-I (2-years) and Part-II (2years). in consistency with the approved revised scheme of studies and curriculum of Physics for the program. 5.” may not be used with the nomenclature of the program. To implement the BS (4-year) program the Colleges will have to provide extra facilities for teaching extra courses and for Lab equipment.

active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure.Annexure “A” COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. a) Functional English Grammar 67 .

unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. Thomson and A.V.1. Upper Intermediate. Oxford Supplementary Skills. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. Fourth Impression 1993. Thomson and A. intensive and extensive. Reading/Comprehension 1. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41.J. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Reading. b) Practical English Grammar by A. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Third edition. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. Exercises 1. ISBN 0194313492 Practical English Grammar by A. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs.V. 2. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review 68 . Oxford University Press. Third edition. 1997. Martinet. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. Writing.J. and speed reading. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Third Impression 1992. minutes of meetings. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Martinet. Exercises 2. 1997.

ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Fourth Impression 1993. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. Reading. narrative. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Writing. Reading 1. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. Third edition. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. content. Advanced. Fourth Impression 1992. Exercises 2. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet.J. Third Impression 1991. introduction to presentations. Thomson and A. 2. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. discursive. Martinet. Oxford University Press 1986. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. clarity.V. Writing. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building 69 . language. b) c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive.Recommended books: Communication Skills a) Grammar 1. form. Writing 1. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. descriptive and argumentative writing). Practical English Grammar by A. 2.

b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. 3. 2004. St. Writing. Advanced by Ron White. Kirszner and Stephen R. descriptive. 70 .Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Oxford Supplementary Skills. 2. Martin’s Press. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. without taxing the taste of engineering students). argumentative and report writing). Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. College Writing Skills by John Langan. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 (particularly suitable for discursive. A Custom Publication. Compiled by norther Illinois University. Third Impression 1992. Mandell. Kathleen Shine Cain.

Society and social structure c. national development. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. government. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan 71 . Historical Perspective a. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. 2. 1977-88 e. 1988-99 f. Study the process of governance. politics. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. 1958-71 c. Indus Civilization Muslim advent iii. Contemporary Pakistan a. 1947-58 b. Course Outline 1. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. Economic institutions and issues b. ideological background of Pakistan. Ethnicity d. 1999 onward 3. ii. People and Land i. 1971-77 d.Annexure “B” Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. b. Location and geo-physical features. contemporary Pakistan. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c.

Washington: American Enterprise. Vol. 1976. The Political System of Pakistan. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. Wayne. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. 1998. 5. Afzal. Mehmood. Zahid. 13. Club Road. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Pakistan Political Roots & Development.K. Sayeed. History & Culture of Sindh. Shahid Javed. 1994.. Pakistan Under Martial Law. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Akbar. Amin.The Emergence of Banglades. 1967. Ethno .M. 8. K. 1972. Rafique. 7.Books Recommended 1. Safdar. 4. Lawrence. 2. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. Khalid Bin. S. 10. Karachi: Royal Book Company. Noor ul. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. 3. Politics in Pakistan. Zaidi. 6. Islamabad. S. Mehmood. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. Lahore: Idara-eSaqafat-e-Islamia. Muhammad Waseem. 1980. Wilcox. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. 2000. 1987. Aziz. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. II & III. Ansar. Haq. State & Society in Pakistan. 1980. Enigma of Political Development. Party. 12. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. nd. Tahir.National Movement in Pakistan. Safdar. 1993. 11. 72 . Karachi: Oxford University Press. I. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. Lahore: Vanguard. 14. 1993. M. Lahore. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Political Parties in Pakistan. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Ziring. 9. Institute of Public Policy Research. Burki.

Tadabar (Verse No1.W) in Makkah 73 .Annexure “C” ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life. Detail of Courses Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) Basic Concepts of Quran 2) History of Quran 3) Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Sellected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.20) Related to thinking.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.A.A.57.19.58.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.40.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.21.6.56.

3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.A.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Basic Concepts of Hadith History of Hadith Kinds of Hadith Uloom –ul-Hadith Sunnah & Hadith Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Nature of Differences in Islamic Law Islam and Sectarianism Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islamic Culture & Civilization Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics Islamic Concept of Riba Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 74 .

“An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. “Emergence of Islam” . Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. Ahmad Hasan. in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts Of Social System Of Islam 2) Elements Of Family 3) Ethical Values Of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad.3) Basic Institutions of Govt. IRI. Islamabad (2001) 75 . International Islamic University. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad.” Hussain Hamid Hassan.S. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. “Studies in Islamic Law. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. Bhatia. Pakistan.

harmonic progression. determinants. 1978. complex numbers. matrix inverse. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. trigonometric identities. geometric progression. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. Boston 76 . introduction to sets. Wooton W. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. 1987. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry.Annexure “D” Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. Beckenback EF. not majoring in mathematics. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. functions. types of functions. equations reducible to quadratic equations. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. College Algebra and Trigonometry. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. Sharron S. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. PWS-Kent Company. Houghton & Mifflin. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. set operations. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Mathematics at secondary level 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. cube roots of unity. system of linear equations. Cramer’s rule. types.

not majoring in mathematics. John Wiley. Ma. derivatives. 1983. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). PWS-Kent Company. Calculus (3rd edition). Calculus and Analytic Geometry. Boston 2. Finney AR. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) Mathematics II (Calculus) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. Calculus (11th edition). Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. USA 3. 1995. continuity. New York Stewart J. 2005. differentiation of polynomial. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). change of variables in indefinite integrals. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. Addison-Wesley.Swokowski EW. functions and their graphs. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. left-hand and right-hand limits. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Bevens I. Recommended Books: Anton H. continuous functions. Boston Thomas GB. 2005. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Mathematics I (Algebra) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. inequalities. integration by substitution. 77 . Reading. rational and transcendental functions. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. not majoring in mathematics. 1986. PWS-Kent Company. Davis S. solution of equations involving absolute values. integration by parts.

Analytic Geometry. College Algebra and Trigonometry. angle between two lines. parallel and perpendicular lines. distance between two points. Boston 4. hyperbola. 1969 Kaufmann JE. Freshman and Company. PWS-Kent Company. PWS-Kent Company. After completion of this course the student should be able to: • • • Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. slope of a line. various forms of equation of a line. 1987. distance between a point and a line. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline : Pre-requisites : Credit Hours : Minimum Contact Hours: Assessment : Effective : Aims : : To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. Scott. locus of a point in various conditions. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). ellipse. intersection of two lines. Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination.Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. equation of a line. 1986. intersection of lines and circles. Circle: Equation of a circle. Boston Swokowski EW. Objectives 78 . Conic Sections: Parabola. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). circles determined by various conditions.

. W. Swokowski. cumulative frequency curve. standard deviation. E. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. skewness and kurtosis. determinants. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. individual. characteristics of statistics. relationship of statistics with social science. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. 2. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. types of matrices. Statistics : Books Recommended: 1. deciles and percentiles. R. E. R. Latest Edition. Kaufmann. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. E. inverse of matrices. 79 . graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. Graphs: Graph of straight line. Algebra : : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. variance. set operations. Measures of dispersion: Range. Introduction to sets. functions.. tally sheet method. array. 2. discrete and continuous series. types of frequency series. quartiles. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. moments. types of functions. Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. Boston. Latest Edition. R. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. Cramer’s rule. equations reducible to quadratic equations. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. system of linear equations. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. circle and trigonometric functions. Prentice Hall. frequency polygon. J. ‘Introduction of Statistics’.Contents 1. ungrouped and grouped data. trigonometric identities. PWS-Kent Company.. Wilcox. 4. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. Walpole. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. 3. bar frequency diagram histogram. nature of roots of quadratic equations. Latest Edition. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes.. geometric and harmonic progressions.

• Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. theorems of differentiation. Calculus. implicit differentiation. et al. I. Schaum’s Outline Series. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. 1999. Calculus. Gleason. 5. Rational and Transcendental Functions. 2002. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. John H. John Wiley & Sons. Slope of a Line. Least-Squares Line. Leibnitz’ theorem. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. Elliott Mendelson. Trigonometric Functions. S. Davis. Continuous Functions. Rational Functions. 80 . 2005. Swokowski. 8th edition. H. the chain rule. Calculus. Solution of equations involving absolute values. Continuity. E. Frank A. quotients. 11th Edition. Preliminary calculus. Boston. 6. 4th edition. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Inequalities. 6. Jhon Willey & Sons.5. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. Bevens. 2. 4. and Transcendental Functions. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. Thomas. W. Addison Wesley publishing company. 3. 3rd Edition. Anton.Jr. products. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. Prentice-Hall. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. Inc. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Contents 1. Second Edition 1992. Hughes-Hallett. Inc. Calculus Single and Multivariable. Integration by Parts. Recommended Books: 1. logarithmic differentiation. 1983. Mathews. 2005. Equation of a Line. McCallum. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. special points of a function. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. Extreme Values of Functions.

operations with power series Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. sinusoidal function. identities of hyperbolic functions. series involving natural numbers. alternating series test • • • • Operations with series Power series Convergence of power series. arithmetico-geometric series. the inverse of differentiation. solving hyperbolic equations. reduction formulae. calculus of hyperbolic functions Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. geometric series. • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. finding the nth roots of unity. modulus multiplication. standard Maclaurin series Evaluation of limits 81 . logarithmic integration. integration by parts. inverses of hyperbolic functions. infinite and improper integrals. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. solving polynomial equations Complex logarithms and complex powers Applications to differentiation and integration • • 3. • Integration Integration from first principles. integration using partial fractions. substitution method. the difference method. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • • • • The need for complex numbers Manipulation of complex numbers Additions and subtraction. integral inequalities. approximation errors in Taylor series. complex conjugate. plane polar coordinates. integration by inspection. division Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form and argument.2. applications of integration. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence.

some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants 82 . vector triple product Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line.4. centers of mass and centroids. the inner product. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. scalar triple product. moments of inertia. vector product. line to plane Reciprocal vectors 5. Vector algebra • • • • • • • • • 7. line to line. point to plane. equation of a plane Using vectors to find distances Point to line. Pappus’ theorems. masses. Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. mean values of functions Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints Double integrals Triple integrals Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. Multiple integrals • • • • 6.

differential of a vector Integration of vectors Space curves Vector functions of several arguments Surfaces Scalar and vector fields Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. of a unitary matrix. Vector calculus • • • • • • • • • 83 . Hermitian.• • • • • The inverse of a matrix The rank of a matrix Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns Special square matrices Diagonal. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. symmetric and antisymmetric. unitary normal Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. orthogonal. spherical polar coordinates • 8. divergence of a vector field. combinations of grad. of a general square matrix Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. div and curl Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. curl of a vector field Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products.

Exercises Unit 6.Annexure “E” INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Editing of Data. Difference of means and proportions. Stem and Leaf Display. sampling and non sampling errors. The Variance and standard deviation. Absolute and relative measures. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Exercises. sampling with and without replacement. Median and mode. Exercises. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Data. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. The Mean Deviation. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Empirical Relation between Mean. Unit 2. Rounding of a Number. Sources. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Exercises. Presentation of Data Introduction. Box and Whisker Plot. Probability and Probability Distributions. 84 . sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Different types of Averages. Significant digits. Exercises. Unit 4. Errors of measurement. Quantiles. Histogram. Population. Observations. Standardized variables. Bar charts. Historigram. The semiInter-quartile Range. bias. definition of outliers and their detection. Coefficient of variation. Diagrams. sample design and sampling frame. Unit 5. Range. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Exercises. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. properties of Good Average. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Unit 3. Discrete and continuous variables. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Types of frequency curves. Graphs and their Construction. The Mode. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Pie chart. Change of origin and scale. Collection of primary and secondary data. Moments and Moments ratios. probability and non-probability sampling. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial.

Coefficient of linear correlation. Contingency Tables. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. Regression and Correlation Introduction. R.. Correlation. level of significance. “Introduction to Statistics”. Statistical problem. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. r and R2. Macmillan Publishing Co. F.. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. examples. null and alternative hypothesis. Testing of Hypothesis. Inc. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. 1982. simple linear regression. Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. Exercises Unit 9. Exercises. Muhammad. 85 . New York. acceptance and rejection regions. Examples Recommended Books 1 2 Walpole. Exercises. its estimation and interpretation. Kitab Markaz. Type-I and Type-II errors. 3rd Ed. E. Exercises Unit 10. cause and effect relationships. Test statistics. Unit 11. 2005. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. Unit 8.Single Population Introduction.Unit 7.

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