## Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

)

2008

HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD

**CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
**

Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Riaz ul Haq Tariq Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Khan Executive Director Member (Acad) Deputy Director (Curri) Assistant Director Assistant Director

2

CONTENTS

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Introduction --------------------------------------------------------- 07 Objectives ----------------------------------------------------------- 09 Frame Work/Template for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics ------ 10 Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics ----------- 11 Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics------------ 14 Recommendations ------------------------------------------------ 66 Details of Compulsary Courses (Annexures A, B, C, D & E.) ------------------------------------ 67

3

PREFACE

Curriculum development is a highly organized and systematic process and involves a number of procedures. Many of these procedures include incorporating the results from international research studies and reforms made in other countries. These studies and reforms are then related to the particular subject and the position in Pakistan so that the proposed curriculum may have its roots in the socio-economics setup in which it is to be introduced. Hence, unlike a machine, it is not possible to accept any curriculum in its entirety. It has to be studied thoroughly and all aspects are to be critically examined before any component is recommended for adoption. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976, the Federal Government vide notification No. D773/76-JEA (cur.), dated December 4th 1976, appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees, certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges, universities and other institutions of higher education. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives, the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. According to the decision of the special meeting of Vice-Chancellor’s Committee, the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic, Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards, and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. It also aimed to give a basic, broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. The new BS degree shall be of 4 years duration, and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees, 63.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses, and 36.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level, comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities, degree awarding institutions, R&D organizations and respective accreditation councils. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Physics in a meeting held on March 28-29, 2008 at the 4

2007 at HEC Regional Center.HEC Regional Center. is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. DR. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. Lahore.RIAZ-UL-HAQ TARIQ Member Academics June 2008 5 . duly approved by the competent authority. The final draft prepared by the National Curriculum Revision Special Committee.

VCC. COL.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRICULUM UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRICULUM IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. LI R&D HEC National Curriculum Revision Committee Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Preparation Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. EXP. UNI. PREP. OF NCRC. REC. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREPARATION OF FINAL CURRICULUM QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRICULUM PREPARARTION OF DRAFT BY NCRC IMPLEMENTATION OF CURRICULUM REVIEW Abbreviations Used: NCRC. R&D. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I 6 .

Qurban Ali Bhatti. Muhammad Siddique Kalhoro. Dr. Shah Adul Latif University. Department of Physics. Multan 7 Convener Member Member Member Member Member Member Member . Chairman. Professor. Karachi to adjust and finalize the BS Physics (4 Year) curriculum in the light of HEC approved guidelines and generic unified frame work / template for social and natural sciences for the program. Qidwai. 2008 at HEC Regional Centre. The following attended the Meetings: 1. Gomal University. Manzoor Hussain. Bahauddin Zakria University. Director Institute of Physics. Government College University. Peshawar. Dr. Ashraf Chaudhry. Department of Physics. 7. 5. This meeting was follow up of the preliminary meeting. 6. Prof.Dr. Chairman. 8. Prof.Hassan Amir Shah. Dr. Dr. Lahore. 4. University of Peshawar. Khan 2. held on November 16-17. University of Karachi. Director. 2007 at HEC Regional Centre. Dr. D. Jamshoro. Prof. Karachi. Department of Physics. Centralized Resource Laboratory. Department of Physics. Department of Physics.Introduction The 2nd and Final NCRC Special Meeting in Physics was held on March 28-29. Khairpur. Ansar A. Muhammad Ayub. Lahore.Muhammad Riaz Khan. 3. Prof. Prof. Prof. Lahore. University of the Punjab. Department of Physics.Dr.I. Prof. Prof. Dr. University of Sindh. Department of Physics.

Dr. Mr. Government College University. Muhammad Ayub as convener and Dr. Karachi welcomed the participants. Riaz Ahmad. Syed Zafar Ilyas. Dr. Mr. University of Balochistan. Prof. Dr. Prof. Dr. Associate Professor. Younis Nadeem. Shafiullah Khan. Incharge HEC Regional Centre. Shafiullah Khan requested the participants to finalize the revised curriculum of Physics (2005) in line with HEC approved template for BS (4 year) program in the light of decisions taken in the first NCRC special meeting in physics held on November 16-17. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. B. Lahore. Riaz Ahmad as a secretary. 2007 at HEC. Lahore Member Member Member/ Secretary The Meeting started with a recitation from Holy Quran by Mr. Assistant Director HEC. Chairman. After a thorough and long discussion. Islamabad. 10. Regional Centre. M. Department of Physics. University Multan 11. The committee unanimously selected Prof.Z.9. The objective of the meeting was explained and the forum was requested to select a convener & secretary of the meeting. the participants agreed to the following scheme of study and course outlines for BS (4 Year) program in Physics in the light of the guidelines and format approved by HEC for BS (4-years) program for natural sciences: 8 . Department of Physics.

. Students will develop habit of independent learning and get motivation for selfeducation. research and industry in government / private organizations.Objectives of BS 4 Year program in Physics The Objective of BS 4 Year Program is to impart the best possible education in the subject so that students will utilize the knowledge of Physics in practical life which will be beneficial for the society. Students will develop effective skills in mathematics and its applications to the solutions of Physics problems. Students will develop and understanding of different basics of Physics and their applications to real problems. Students will develop hands-on experience in different laboratory techniques. Students will develop problem-solving skills which will be helpful in applying their knowledge to the real world. Students will develop skills in written as well as oral communication in English. 9. Student will learn fundamentals principles of Physics. 3. Students will be prepared for careers in teaching. 8. The primary aim of the programme is to produce broad-based graduates. 6. Students will develop in-depth understanding of some specialized area of Physics by opting for a number of elective courses. Students will develop the ability of working in an interactive group. The graduates will be able to apply their knowledge of Physics for their professional growth and for obtaining further Higher Education in specialized fields of Physics The main educational objectives of BS (4-year) program are: 1. able to face the challenges of the modern world. 9 4. 5. Students will develop critical and rational reasoning so that they will be able to work on complex and unforeseen problems and seek their solution. Students will be able to design and conduct experiments and analyse experimental data. 2. 10. 7. 11. This programme will equip the students with firm foundation in principles of Physics and their applications.

III Elective – IV / Research Project Cr hr 3 3 3 3 12 Total Credit Hours 132 * University has the option to recommend any other course in lieu of English-IV ** University may recommend any other course in lieu of Mathematics-II GOF= General Subjects from Faculties other than Science GRF= General Subject from Science Faculty 10 . 3. Lab-III 13. 2. 4. 10. 5. 11. 3.I Elective . 9. 16. Atomic & Molecular Physics 10. 6.LAYOUT FOR BS (4 YEAR) PHYSICS General Courses to be chosen from other departments 7-8 courses 21-24 Cr. 4. 12. Waves and Oscillations. 15. Mechanics – II 4. MATHEMATICS-II** 9. 4. MATHEMATI-CS-I 8. 2. Mechanics – I 2. Lab-II 12. 3. hours Subject GOF-I GRF-I Maths-III GOF-II GOF-III GRF-II Maths-IV Compulsory Requirements (the student has no choice) Discipline Specific Foundation Courses 9 courses 25 Credit hours Subject 1. Lab-IV Cr hr 2 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 29 25 21 Major courses including research project/internship 11-13 courses 36-42 Credit hours Subject 1. 6. Electricity & Magnetism-I 6. ENGLISH-I ENGLISH-II ENGLISH-III ENGLISH-IV* PAKISTAN STUDIES ISLAMIC STUDIES / ETHICS 7. Quantum Mechanics – I Classical Mechanics Electronics Lab-V Mathematical Methods – I Quantum Mechanics –II Electromagnetic Theory-I Thermal & Statistical Physics Nuclear Physics Solid State Physics Lab-VI Computational Physics Lab-VII Electromagnetic Theory-II University Option Mathematical Methods – II Cr hr 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 2 3 3 3 45 Elective Courses within the major 4 courses 12 Credit Hours Subject 1. 2. 14. Lab-I 11. 3. 5. Optics / University Option 9. Electricity & Magnetism – II 8. Elective l . Heat & Thermodynamics 5.II Elective . 7. 13. INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Cr hr 3 3 3 3 2 2 3 3 3 9-10 courses 30-33 Credit hours Cr hr 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Subject 1. 8. Modern Physics & Electronics 7.

Hrs. 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 19 Remarks Com-8 Found-6 Found-7 Gen-3 Found-8 Gen-4 Found-9 Remarks Comp-9 Found-10 Gen-5 Gen-6 Found-11 Gen-7 Found-12 English-IV University Option Modern Physics & Electronics GOF-III Maths-IV Electricity & Magnetism-II GRF-II Lab-IV Total 11 . 3 2 3 3 3 2 1 17 Remarks Comp-5 Comp-6 Comp-7 Gen-2 Found-3 Found-4 Found-5 Semester-III Title Cr. Hrs. English-III 3 Electricity & Magnetism-I 3 Heat & Thermodynamics 3 Maths-III 3 Optics/University Option* 3 GOF-II 3 Lab-III 1 Total 19 Title Semester-IV Cr Hrs. Remarks English-I Pak Studies Maths-1 Introduction to Computers Mechanics-I GOF-I Lab-I Total Title English-II Islamic Studies Maths-II GRF-I Waves & Oscillations Mechanics-II Lab-II Total 3 2 3 3 2 3 1 17 Comp-1 Comp-2 Comp-3 Comp-4 Found-1 Gen-1 Found-2 Semester-II Cr.SCHEME OF BS (4 YEAR) PROGRAMME IN PHYSICS Semester-1 Title Cr. Hrs.

Mathematical Methods of 3 Physics-I Quantum Mechanics-I 3 Thermal & Statistical 3 Physics Classical Mechanics 3 Electronics 3 Lab-V 2 Total 17 Semester-VI Title Cr. Hrs. Mathematical Methods of 3 Physics -II Quantum Mechanics -II 3 Electromagnetic Theory -I 3 Nuclear Physics 3 Solid State Physics 3 Lab-VI 2 Total 17 Semester-VII Title Cr.Semester-V Cr Title Hrs. Hrs. Computational Physics 3 Atomic & Molecular Physics 3 Electromagnetic Theory-II 3 Elective-I 3 LAB-VII 2 Total 14 Semester-VIII Cr Title Hrs. Elective-II 3 Elective-III 3 Elective-IV/Research Project 3 University Option* 3 Total Total Credit Hours = 132 12 Remarks Maj-1 Maj-2 Maj-3 Maj-4 Maj-5 Maj-6 Remarks Maj-7 Maj-8 Maj-9 Maj-10 Maj-11 Maj-12 Remarks Maj-13 Found-13 Maj-14 Elective Maj-15 Remarks Elective Elective Elective Maj-16 GOF= General Subjects from Faculties other than Science Faculty GRF= General Subject from Science Faculty The Universities may reshuffle courses within semesters * University Option is given to universities in order to introduce subjects according to specialization of qualified staff available Note: 12 .

Dr. HEC. Shafiullah Khan. Assistant Director (Curriculum). The Meeting ended with thanks from the chair. Muhammad Ayub (Convener) 13 . Islamabad on the prescribed format by 10th April. Dr. Riaz Ahmad (Secretary) Prof. 2008.Course Profiles Dr. Riaz Ahmed was requested to prepare the course profiles for different courses and submit the same to Mr.

Effect of drag forces on motion. Spherical polar coordinates. Cylindrical Coordinaties. Vector identities. To give mathematical concept and expressions of various physical parameters used in mechanics. Time dependent forces. Constant and variable forces. in vibration of a spring obeying Hooke’s Law). Divergence of a vector. Divergence Theorem. Obtaining general expression for work done (2dimensional case) and applying to simple cases e. Divergence and curl of a vector. Qualitative discussion to develop understanding. Direction. Centrifugal force as an example of pseudo force. physical importance and applications to specific cases. v(t) for this case using integration method. Vector and scalar triple products. Cosines. Non inertial frames and Pseudo forces. the banked curve. (Essentially a review of grade-XII concepts via integration technique to calculate work done (e. Stoke’s Theorem.g. normal forces and contact forces. their derivation. flux. Calculation of pseudo forces for simple cases (linearly accelerated reference frames). gradient of a scalar. special examples. General 14 . terminal velocity. Vector Analysis: Review of Vector in 3 dimensions and fundamental Operations. v(t) via integration. curl and line integral (mutual relation). Physical significance of each type. Particle Dynamics: Dynamics of uniform. circular motion. Obtaining x(t). To give basic understanding of laws of motion and their applications is daily life. Work.h Objectives: 1.DETAILS OF COURSES MECHANICS-I Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. To give concept of vector and their various properties. (Physics + Math) 2 Cr. Projectile motion with and without air resistance. Power and Energy: Work done by a constant force. Equations of motion. work done by a variable force (1-2 dimension). 3. Applying Newton’s Laws to obtain v(t) for the case of motion with time dependent (Integration approach) drag (viscous) forces.Sc. Coriolis force.g. 2. pulling a mass at the end of a fixed string against gravity. Work energy theorem. Deriving kinetic equations for x(t).

Calculating C. Inelastic collision. and 3 dimensional conservative systems. law of gravitation. Energy changes with respect to observers in different inertial frames. Systems of Particles: Two particle systems and generalization to many particle systems. Vol. 2. Power. 1978. 2. Collisions: Elastic Collisions. Momentum Changes in a system of variable mass. M.proof of work energy theorem: Qualitative review of work energy theorem. 2. 3. Recommended Books: 1. Derivation using integral calculus. of Uniform Rod. Centre of mass of solid objects. Physics. (Physics + Math) 2 Cr. Resnick.h Objectives: 1. Basic formulae and applications. physical properties of matter and relativistic mechanics Uses of above concepts in daily life in a scientific way 15 . An Introduction to Mechanics. Conservation of Energy in 1. Cylinder and Sphere. Conservative and non conservative forces: Conservation of energy in a system of particles. Collisions in centre of Mass reference frame (One and two dimensions). MECHANICS-II Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. 1999. Simple applications. frame. application to motion of a rocket (determination of its mass as a function of time).Sc. John Wiley. Centre of mass. Mc-Graw Hill. 1959. Position. Law of conservation of total energy of an isolated system. Krane. velocity and equation of motion. Derivation of basic equation. 5th ed. To give the basic concept of rotational motion. obtaining velocities in C. Speigel. I & II. Kleppner and R. Vector Analysis and an Introduction to Tensor Analysis. McGraw Hill.M. Calculation of Centre of Mass of solid objects using integral calculus. D. Conservation of momentum during collision in one and two dimensions. Halliday. D.M. R. Kolenkow.

Its mathematical treatment. Viscosity. Special Theory of Relativity: Inertial and non inertial frame. Relativity of time. practical example of viscosity. Radial and transversal velocity and acceleration. bar and solid sphere. Determination of moment of inertia of various shapes i. Angular Momentum: Angular Velocity. Transformation of velocity. role in formation of drops and bubbles. Postulates of Relativity. Physical basis. mass energy relation and its importance. Gravitational field & Potential. Kinetic energy of rotation. Discussion with examples. Physical basis. The Lorentz Transformation.e. Parallel axis and Perpendicular axis theorems. precessional motion. Gravitation: Gravitational effect of a spherical mass distribution. The spinning Top. Derivation. Effects of torque on the angular momentum. Elastic Modulus. Conservation of angular momentum. relativistic momentum and Relativistic energy. Relativity of mass. Consequences of Lorentz transformation. Relativity of length. Elastic limit. Energy considerations in planetary and satellite motion. calculation of escape velocity. scalar and vector form. Elastic Properties of Matter. Universal Gravitational Law. Equations of rotational motion and effects of application of torques. Poisson’s ratio. Tension.Rotational Dynamics: Relationships between linear & angular variables. Proof and Illustration. (Lorentz invariants) E2=c2 p2+m2oc 4 16 . Combined rotational and translational motion. fluid flow through a cylindrical pipe (Poiseulle's law). Stability of spinning objects. Fluid Statics. effects of Torque and its relation with angular momentum. Gravitational Potential Energy (develop using integration techniques). Compression & shearing. Moment of Inertia. Qualitative discussion on application of gravitational law to the Galaxy. Surface Tension. variation of mass with velocity. obtaining the Coefficient of viscosity. for disc. Rotational dynamics of rigid bodies. Rolling without slipping. Bulk Properties of Matters. Assumptions on which inverse transformation is derived. Physical basis of elasticity. Variation of Pressure in fluid at rest and with height in the atmosphere. Relation between three types of elasticity. application to simple cases. Motion of Planets and Keplers' Laws (Derivation & explanation) Motion of Satellites.

Phase velocity of traveling waves. Halliday. Physical pendulum. Natural frequency. D. Discussion of solution. Resnick. Speigel. v(t). 2. Forced oscillations and resonances. 3. Mc-Graw Hill. Discussion of its solution. Power and intensity in wave motion. McGraw Hill. Vector Analysis and an Introduction to Tensor Analysis. Physics. Examples of resonance. Damped harmonic motion. D. Wave equation. 17 . 1978. Sinusoidal waves. Waves in Physical Media: Mechanical waves. Analytical treatment. An Introduction to Mechanics. Quality factor. Energy considerations in SHM. Lissajous patterns.Sc. Group speed and dispersion. Phase changes on reflection. Standing waves. Vol. simple pendulum. Equation of damped harmonic motion. 1959. M. Equation of forced oscillation. SHM and uniform circular motion. Krane.Recommended Books: 1. discussion of its solution. R. To understand the basics of waves. Waves speed. 1999. Derivation & discussion. mechanism of wave production. Resonance. Torsional oscillator. Interference of waves. Application of SHM. (Physics + Math) 3 Cr. Obtaining and solving the basic equations of motion x(t). propagation and interaction with other waves use of basic concept of waves in their application in daily life Harmonic Oscillations: Simple harmonic motion (SHM). Sound: Beats Phenomenon. WAVES & OSCILLATIONS Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. Travelling waves. 2. a(t).h Objective: 1. I & II. Mechanical analysis. Combinations of harmonic motions. Longitudinal and transverse Oscillations. 5th ed. Kleppner and R. Kolenkow. Principle of superposition (basic ideas). John Wiley.

7. Pain. Energy relations in coupled oscillations. Recommended Books: 1. Two coupled masses. Normal Modes of Continuous systems: Transverse vibration of a string. General methods of finding normal modes. 4. To determine the value of “g” by compound pendulum / Kater’s Pendulum. To study the damping features of an oscillating system using simple pendulum of variable mass. Vibrations of air columns. 18 . 5th Edition 1999. 5th ed. Tata McGrawHill Publishing company Limited. and angular velocity of a body in circular motion. Normal modes. Investigation of phase change with position in traveling wave and measurement of the velocity of sound by C. LAB-I Pre-requisites 1 Cr. Vol. 6. Barton’s Apparatus). 1999. N. H. 5. Longitudinal vibrations of a rod. I & II. Fourier methods of analyzing general motion of a continuous system. 3. Beats in coupled oscillations. Physics.K.O. Two coupled LC circuits.Coupled Oscillators and Normal modes: Two coupled pendulums. 8. Many coupled oscillator. 2. radius. The Physics of Vibrations and Waves. Forced oscillations of two coupled oscillators. Halliday.R. John Wiley. Surface tension of water by capillary tube method. 3. To study the dependence of Centripetal force on mass. 2. Atomic vibrations. The Physics of Waves & Oscillations. 1. Bajaj. 1986. Krane. Measurement of viscosity of liquid by Stoke’s / Poiseulli’s method. of students in Modulus of Rigidity by Static & Dynamic method (Maxwell’s needle. D.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives To develop the experimental capability understanding the concept of Mechanics. J. Resnick. Determination of moment of inertia of a solid/hollow cylinder and a sphere etc.

h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives To develop the understanding of students in measuring the thermal and optical parameters and to remove the fear of students to use various gadgets in laboratory 1. Nelkon and Ogborn. H. The determination of wavelength of light/laser by Diffraction grating. Recommended Books: 1. University Practical Physics. 4. Calibration of thermocouple by potentiometer. The determination of resolving power of a diffraction grating. Selected Experiments in Physical Sciences. 7.9. To study the conservation of energy (Hook’s law). 2. 12. Bhattacharya. 5. The determination of Stefan’s constant. 3. The measurement of specific rotation of sugar by Polarimeter and determination of sugar concentration in a given solution. C. 19 . Heimann Educational Books Nolan and Bigliani. 11. The determination of wavelength of Sodium –D lines by Newton’s Ring. To determine frequency of AC supply by CRO. Longman. To determine thermal Emf and plot temperature diagram. Surjeet Pub Ind. Marrow. 4. 2. Determination of wavelength of sodium light by Fresnel’s biprism. Determination of “J” by Callender – Barnis method. 6. 9. To determine Horizontal/Vertical distance by Sextant. 3. Experiments in Physics. Determination of temperature coefficient of resistance of a given wire. 8. CBS Publishing Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities LAB-II Pre-requisites 1 Cr. D. 10. K. Advanced Level Practical Physics.

To study the parameters of waves (Beats phenomenon). University Practical Physics. CBS Publishing Note: At least nine experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM-I Pre-requisites 3 Cr. infinite line of charge. Longman. Recommended Books: 1. H. K. To study the laws of vibration of stretched string using sonometer. field of infinite sheet of charge.13. Advanced Level Practical Physics. Experiments in Physics. 2. Electric dipole. To study the combinations of harmonic motion (Lissajous figures). To determine the Thermal conductivity of good and bad conductors using Lee’s and Searl’s apparatus. Dipole in an electric field. 4. Marrow. To give the concept of electric field. Charge in isolated conductors. 3. 15. Electric flux: Gauss's law. 3. 14. conductor with a cavity. Surjeet Pub Ind. C. Bhattacharya. 17. Torque and energy of a dipole in uniform field. D. (Integral and differential forms) and its application. Point charge in an electric field. Nelkon and Ogborn. Electric field of continuous charge distribution e.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. Selected Experiments in Physical Sciences.g Ring of charge. 16. field near a charged conducting sheet. field of spherical shell and field of spherical charge distribution. Field of infinite line of charge. 2. disc of charge. 20 . To determine the stopping potential by photo cell. Heimann Educational Books Nolan and Bigliani. electrical potential and dielectrics To understand the DC circuits To know the effect of magnetic field and basic magnetic properties of materials Electric Field: Field due to a point charge: due to several point charges.

magnetic force on a current. Energy stored in an electric field. Recommended Books: 1. Energy per unit volume. Calculating the current in a single loop. voltages at various elements of a loop. multiple loops. energy transfer in an electric circuit. Electric field of dielectric. Ferromagnetism Discussion. 1993. J. Paramagnetism. W. E. µ. Capacitors and dielectrics: Capacitance.Electric Potential: Potential due to point charge. calculating the electric field in a capacitor. Origin of Atomic and Nuclear magnetism.. B. Ohm’s Law. potential due to dipole. Use of Kirchhoff's Ist & 2nd law. Field as the gradient or derivative of potential. and calculation of their capacitance. An atomic view. σ. 21 . Capacitor with dielectric. Equation of continuity. current density J. Ampere's Law. Magnetic Field Effects and Magnetic Properties of Matter: Magnetic force on a charged particle. Electric potential of continuous charge distribution. ρ. McGraw-Hill. Biot-Savart Law: Analytical treatment and applications to a current loop. Hysteresis in Ferromagnetic materials. resistance. Integral and differential forms. Recall the previous results. resistivity. Application of Gauss's Law to capacitor with dielectric. Keller. Gettys. Magnetic Materials. Thevenin theorem. and conductivity. Lorentz Force with its applications in CRO. Torque on a current loop. Discuss quantitatively. F. Skove Physics Classical and Modern (2nd edition). Diamagnetism. force on two parallel current changing conductors. Poisson’s and Laplace equation without solution. cylindrical. Gauss's Law for Magnetism: Discuss and develop the concepts of conservation of magnetic flux. Differential form of Gauss’s Law. Growth and Decay of current in an RC circuit and their analytical treatment. D C Circuits: Electric Current. Capacitors of various shapes.Bohr Magneton. Norton theorem and Superposition theorem. applications to solenoids and toroids. Potential and field inside and outside an isolated conductor. J. Magnetic dipole: Energy of magnetic dipole in field. potential due to collection of point charges. Magnetization. Basic ideas. spherical etc. Defining M. M. Do not derive. (Integral form). Inc.

Internal energy of an ideal gas: Equipartition of energy. Brownian motion.). Enthalpy. Heat engine. Entropy in reversible process. Halliday. Vasudeva Magnetism and Electricity. 5. A.. Internal energy of an ideal gas. Work done on an ideal gas. McGraw-Hill Book Co. 3. Calculation of efficiency of heat engines. Carnot theorem. Van der Waals equation of state. cyclic and free expansion. D. Kip Fundamentals of Electricity and Magnetism (2nd Ed.. K.2. 1986. To give the concept of heat and temperature To give the concept of classical distribution function To understand the laws of thermodynamics and their application Statistical Mechanics: Statistical distribution and mean values. Intermolecular forces.. Thermodynamic temperature scale: Absolute zero: Entropy. Mean free path and microscopic calculations of mean free path. isothermal. A. Maxwell distribution. Reversible and irreversible processes. McGraw-Hill Book Co. 3. First law of thermo-dynamics and its applications to adiabatic.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS Pre-requisites 3 Cr. N. Chand & Co.. Theory and Problems of Electromagnetism. J. Liquification of gases. D. Entropy & probability. S. Distribution of molecular speeds. Gibb’s functions. Second Law of thermodynamics. Joule-Thomson effect and 22 . F. 1992. Entropy. Conduction and viscosity. John Willey & sons. Resnick. Low Temperature Physics. Maxwell-Boltzmann energy distribution. 4. TdS equations. Edminister Schaum’s Outline Series. Distribution of energies. Entropy & second law. 1969. Entropy in irreversible process. Energy equations and their applications. S.Review of previous concepts. Refrigerators. Helmholtz functions) Maxwell’s relations. 2. R. Kinetic theory of the ideal gas. Qualitative description. Krane Physics (Vol-II). Thermodynamic functions: Thermodynamic functions (Internal energy. Qualitative discussion. 1959. Carnot engines. Diffusion. Heat and Temperature: Temperature. Thermodynamics: Review of previous concepts. Inc.

diffraction and polarization. Abbott. M. Zemansky. point source and extended source. Berkley Physics series. Peltier’s effect. J. 23 . Pointon. Holography. 1995. Chromatic aberration. Reif. 5. Optical activity in liquids Interference Far field approximation. Thermoelectricity. McGraw Hill 1965. Typical cases of interference phenomena. Production of each type and their uses. To understand the concept of reflections. Thomson effect Seabeck’s effect. lens formula. F. 1951. Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. M. 3. Fibre optics. M. Addison-Wesley 1954. Fabry Perot & Michelson interferometer. McGrawHill Professional Book Group. Eye pieces. sign convention.Thermocouple. Polarizing angle and Brewster law. (thin films.h. Recommended Books: 1. Fresnel’s biprism). refraction. Induced optical effects. Review of topics related to chromatic aberration. 2. Longman 1967. Lee and F. 3rd Edition. To develop understanding about the optical devices Geometrical Optics Geometrical optics and its laws. Polarization Plane elliptically and circularly polarized light. Aberrations. Introduction to Statistical Physics. Thermodynamics. 4. Sears.its equations. lens formula by deviation method. A. Malus law. Analytical treatment of interference phenomenon. two lens systems. Uni-axial crystals. OPTICS Pre-requisites 3Cr. interference. Heat and Thermodynamics. W. McGraw Hill. Schaum's Outline of Thermodynamics. Statistical Physics. W. Refraction at a spherical surface. 2. J.

D.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives: 1. its basic structure and operation. transistor biasing for amplifiers. Fresnel diffraction. ELECTRONICS & MODERN PHYSICS Pre-requisites 3 Cr. Physics. R. Diffraction grating.C. energy band in solid and energy gaps.and Planck’s law. free electron model. Recommended Books: 1. common emitter. neutron and electron diffraction. John Willey & sons. Positive & negative feed back R.vibrator (basic). Logic gates OR. Inc. Diffraction pattern of a circular aperture. NOR and their basic applications. S. NOT. To give the concept of modern physics To know the nuclear structure and radioactivity To know some nuclear reactions and production of nuclear energy To give basic understanding of Plasma and LASER Electronics: Basic crystal structure. Monostable multi. its structure..Diffraction Huygen’s principle. Double slit diffraction pattern. Diffraction applications. characteristics of common base. common collector. Study of Fourier theorem and its analysis. load line. K. Oscillators. 2. Krane. Addison – Wesley Publishing Company 1987. Optics. Diffraction pattern of a rectangular aperture. 1992. consequences. p-type. The quantization of energy. 24 . Diffraction by a single slit. E. operating point. Application to grating. Dispersing properties of prism and grating. AND. Photoelectric and Compton effect. NAND. characteristics and application as rectifiers. Halliday. Stefan Boltzmann-. p-n junction diode. Transistor. Resolving power of lenses. Hecht. X-ray diffraction. Transistor as an amplifier (common emitter mode). 2. Origin of Quantum Theory: Black body radiation. 3. Wiens. Fraunhofer diffraction. hybrid parameters (common emitter). Resnick. Explanation using quantum theory. 4. Line spectra. n-type semiconductor materials.

P. John Wiley & Sons 1961 Sanjiv Puri. S. Modern Physics 3rd edition. Orbital angular momentum. Induced electric fields. 2004. Tipler and Ralph A. Narosa Publishing House. Pauli’s exclusion principle and its use in developing the periodic table. Solids. Thomson Experiment. localizing a wave in space and time. To understand the laws of electromagnetic induction To understand the AC circuits To know the generation and propagation of Electromagnetic waves Inductance: Faraday’s Law of Electromagnetic Induction. 1992. 4. Physics. Inc. Atomic spectrum. Robert M. 2. X-ray spectrum (continuous and discrete) Moseley’s law. D.) its definition and relation to probability of particle. Inductance of a Solenoid. Resnick. Nuclei and Particles. 5. John Wiley & Sons.. DavissonGermer Experiment and J. Calculation and application using differential and integral form. energy levels of electron.Wave Nature of Matter: Wave behaviour of particle (wave function etc. Krane. 3. Robert M Eisberg. Llewellyn. d’Broglie hypothesis and its testing. 2nd edition. LR Circuits. R. Halliday. Toroid. W H Freeman and Company 2000. 6. Paul A. Inductance. Recommended Books: 1. Growth and Decay of 25 . Arthur Beiser. Quantum Physics of Atoms. K. Spin quantization. Fundamentals of Modern Physics. Concepts of Modern Physics (fifth edition) McGraw-Hill 1995. Frank-Hertz experiment. Faraday Law and Lenz’s Law. molecules. Atomic Physics: Bohr’s theory (review). Vector atom model.h Objectives: 1. Eisberg and Robert Resnick. 2. Bohr’s Magnetron. John Willey & sons. 3. 2002. Modern Physics. “Basic definition”. ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM-II Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 3Cr. Wave packets and particles. Angular momentum of electrons. Review of emf.

Maxwell's equations. McGraw-Hill. Ampere's Law). R. Graphical analysis. M. W. 1993. Analytical expression for time dependent solution. Keller. Qualitative discussion. Analytical treatment. Energy transport and the Poynting Vector. McGraw-Hill Book Co. inductive and capacitative elements. RMS values. 26 . F.magnetic equations. 3.C circuits: phase angles. A. Alternating Current Circuits: Alternating current. Halliday. Induced magnetic fields & displacement current. Analytical treatment and discussion of physical concepts. Faraday Law. Kip Fundamentals of Electricity and Magnetism (2nd Ed. Skove Physics Classical and Modern (2nd edition).. Generating an electro. Inc. Power in A... power factor. acceptor and rejector. S. (Integral & Differential forms) Discussion and implications. AC current in resistive.magnetic wave. F. Forced electromagnetic oscillations and resonance. J.. J. McGraw-Hill Book Co. phase angles. 2. Recommended Books: 1. N. S. Electro-Magnetic Waves (Maxwell's Equations): Summarizing the electro. K. 4. 1969. Krane Physics (Vol-II). (Gauss's law for electromagnetism. Derive.e. D. Development of concepts. Inc. A.). Gettys. 1959. John Willey & sons. 1986. obtaining the velocity of light from Maxwell's equations. Series and parallel circuits i. Vasudeva Magnetism and Electricity. applications.current. E. 1992. Travelling waves and Maxwell's equations. Theory and Problems of Electromagnetism. Edminister Schaum’s Outline Series. D. Energy stored in a magnetic field. 5. J. obtaining differential form of Maxwell's equations.. Quantitative analysis using differential equatins. analytical treatment. Energy density and the magnetic field. Single loop RLC circuit. Chand & Co. Resnick. Electromagnetic Oscillation.

University Practical Physics. To study the network theorems (Superposition. Measurement of low resistance coil by a Carey Foster Bridge. 4. To study the B. 3rd Edition. Study of the parameter of wave i. Resonance frequency of an acceptor circuit Resonance frequency of a Rejecter Circuit. 7. 8.e.LBORATORY III Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 1 Cr. 27 . Experiments in Physics. To study the application of Lorentz force by CRO.h Objectives: To know the electrical circuit elements. CBS Publishing. 1. Note: At least eight experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. 11. 3. curve & measure the magnetic parameters. 2. Thevinin. Recommended Books: 1. 9. Study of electric circuits by black box. Practical Physics. 13. Measurement of resistance using a Neon flash bulb and condenser Conversion of a galvanometer into Voltmeter & an Ammeter To study the characteristics of Photo emission and determination of Plank’s constant using a Photo cell Calibration of an Ammeter and a Voltmeter by potentiometer Charge sensitivity of a ballistic galvanometer Comparison of capacities by ballistic galvanometer. amplitude. 12. Surjeet Pub Ind. G L Squires. 15. their experimental measurement and to give understanding of electrical circuits and use of CRO. Measurement of self/mutual inductance. C K Bhattacharya. 10. 3. 5. 6. 2. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. 14. Norton). phase and time period of a complex signal by CRO.H.

To understand the behaviour of nuclear radiation including beta and gama radition. 6. 3rd Edition. 13. 11 12. M. To set up transistor oscillator circuit and measure its frequency by an oscilloscope.LAB-IV Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 1 Cr. To study the characteristic curves of a G.h Objectives: 1. Recommended Books: 1. 3. 3. counter and use it to determine the absorption co-efficient of β-particle in Aluminum. NAND etc) using diode and to develop their truth table. 8. Determination of ionization potential of mercury. OR. 2. Characteristics of a semiconductor diode (Compare Si with Ge diode) Setting up of half & full wave rectifier & study of following factors i. Surjeet Pub Ind. Transistors. To set up and study various logic gates (AND. Smoothing effect of a capacitor ii. Study of regulation of output voltage with load. 5. G L Squires. University Practical Physics. Characteristics of a transistor. 4. To set up a single stage amplifier & measure its voltage gain and bandwidth. Practical Physics. 7. 2. Determination of e/m of an electron. CBS Publishing. To develop understanding and uses of electronic devises including GATS. 14. Use of computer in the learning of knowledge of GATE and other experiments. iii. Determination of range of α particles. Experiments in Physics. 28 . 10. Mass absorption coefficient of lead for γ-rays using G. C K Bhattacharya. To set up an electronic switching circuit using transistor LDR and demonstrate its use as a NOT Gate. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. Ripple factor & its variation with load. 15. 9.M counter.

Arfken. Cauchy Riemann conditions and analytic functions. 2. Diagonalization of matrices. Group representation. Green’s theorem in the plane. Similarity transformations. Cauchy integral theorem and integral formula. Covariant and contravariant tensors. Curvilinear Coordinates and Tensors: Curvilinear coordinate system. 2nd ed. Complex integration. Divergence and Curl in the curvilinear coordinates system. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors of matrices. SU(2) groups. Taylor and Laurent series. Matrices: Linear vector spaces. Vector integration. Continuous groups-O groups. Vector differentiation and gradient. G. Mathematical Physics. Discret groups-Dihedral groups. Curl and Stoke's theorem. Quotient rule. Recommended Books: 1. Divergence and Gauss’s theorem. Hermitian matrices. To develop the mathematical background of student in vectors. 1970. Gradient. Orthogonal matrices. Cartesian. Academic Press. Tensor algebra. Matrices. Group Theory: Introduction to groups. Invariant subgroups.h Objectives 1. Spherical and Cylinderical coordinate system. matrices and some of their uses in the world of physics To give basic understanding of group theory and complex variables used in physics Vector Analysis: Review of vectors Algebra. Calculus of residue.Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. tensors. Determinants. MATHEMATICAL METHODS-I Pre-requisite General Mathematics 3 Cr. 29 . Lie groups Complex Variables: Functions of a complex variable.

Addition of angular momenta. 1971. Three dimensional square well potential. Dynamical variables and operators. Applied Mathematics for Engineers and Physicists. Hermitian operators. Addison-Wesley 1968. The potential barrier problems. Speigel. 4. Time evolution of a system. 1967. State of a system. Commuting and non commuting operators. H. Understanding the behaviour of quantum mechanical particle and development of Schrodinger equation in one and three dimensions introduction to Quantum mechanical operators and determination of angular momentum of a quantum mechanical particle Quantum Mechanics of One Dimensional Problems: Review of concepts of classical mechanics. Formalism of Quantum Mechanics: The state of a system. The hydrogenic atom. P. The free particle. Heisenberg uncertainty relations. Mathematical Physics. Matrix representation of angular momentum operators. 3. Dirac notation. E. 2. Fourier Analysis Simon Schuster Series. M. Hsu. Schrodinger Equation in Three Dimensions: Separation of Schrodinger equation in cartesian coordinates.2. The hydrogenic atom. 5. Butkov. Symmetry principles and conservation laws. 30 . Solutions of Schrodinger equation for free particles. McGraw Hill. Spin. The linear harmonic oscillator. Properties of one dimensional potential functions. Schrodinger and Heisenberg pictures.h Objectives 1. QUANTUM MECHANICS-I Pre-requisite FSc Physics and Modern Physics & electronics 3 Cr. Particle in a box. The eigenvalues and eigen functions of L2 and Lz. Angular Momentum: Orbital angular momentum. Complex Variables Schaum’s Outline Series. R. McGraw Hill 1979. Pipes and Harvill. Functions and expectation values. Central potentials. Three dimensional square well potential. Three dimensional isotopic oscillator.

Cieplak & J. 3. Bialynicki-Birula. 6. Bransden & C. Greiner. Oxford University Press. Schwable. Bose – Einstein statistics and Fermi. fundamental equations and equations of state. Int. W. 7. New York (1992). R. reduction of derivatives. 'Introduction to Quantum Mechanics' Longman Scientific & Technical London (1990). Springer Verlag.Books Recommended: 1. F.H. McGraw Hill Book Company. Elements of Probability Theory: Probabilities. Townsend. Reading Mass. Greiner. 3. Inc. 'Relativistic Quantum Mechanics'. 4. J. Liboff. W.Dirac Statistics To develop the understating of lattice dynamics in solid materials. 2. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. Kaminski. 5. Singapore (1992). 8 B. Reading Mass. Joachain. statistical interpretation of entropy. Equilibrium Thermodynamics: Basic postulates. THERMAL AND STATISTICAL PHYSICS Pre-requisite: FSc Physics and Heat and Thermodynamics 3 Cr.S. PRENTICE Hall. 'Quantum Mechanics'. To develop the understanding of thermal properties by using statistical means in thermodynamics Development of various statistics like Boltzmann Statistics. 'Quantum Mechanics: An Introduction'. Berlin (1990). 31 . Griffiths. distribution functions. Addison Wesley Publishing Company.J. Boltzmann H-theorem. (1980)..L. Introduction to Quantum Mechanics. 'Theory of Quantua'. 'A Modern Approach to Quantum Mechanics'. 2. Narosa Publishing House. M. (1980). New Delhi (1992). 'Introductory Quantum mechanics'. response functions Maxwell's relation.h Objectives: 1. David J.

h Objectives: 1. Longman 1967. Books Recommended: 1. Ferromagnets in Mean Field Approximation. Bose-Einstein. Mandl. examples) partition function. Pauli and Van Vleck paramagnetics. Statistical Systems: Maxwell-Boltzmann. 4. Formation of Microcononical. counting of states (in classical and quantum mechanical systems. Partition Function: Relations of partition function with thermodynamic variables. 1965. A. 2nd Ed. Statistical Physics. 3. Reif. McGraw Hill. 2. canonical and grand canonical partion function.J. Theorem of equipartition of energy.Formulation of Statistical Methods: Ensembles. Examples of thermodynamics of these systems. Introduction to density matrix approach. Bose-Einstein Condensation. F. CLASSICAL MECHANICS Pre-requisites: Mechanics I & II 3 Cr. examples (collection of simple harmonic oscillators. F. ELBS/John Willey. Black body radiations. Elements of Statistical Physics. Fermi-Dirac statistical systems. Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics. Statistical Mechanics of Interacting Systems: Lattice vibrations in solids. Gas of electrons in solids. Introduction to Statistical Physics. John Wiley 1958. Boltzmann distribution. Van der Waals Gas: mean field calculation. 1988. C. To develop the basic knowledge of classical world using the laws of Physics To develop the understanding of two bodies central force problems 32 . Pointon. Advanced Topics: Fluctuations. 2. Kittel.

Canonical Transformations: Examples of canoical transformations. Alembert's principle. 'Dynamics'. Goldstein. Rigid Body Equation of Motion: Angular momentum. Arnold. Moment of inertia. John Wiley & Sons. Lagrange and Poison brackets. and Hamilton equations of motion. New York (1980). Addison Wesley. 2. 3. Variational Principles: Calculus of variation and Hamilton's principle. Rigid body problems and Euler's equations. Eulerian angles. Kinematics of Rigid Body Motion: Orthogonal transformations. Tensors and dyadics. Euler's theorem. The coriolis force. Massachusetts (1980). Rutherford scattering.N. 33 . Books Recommended: 1. Hamilton Equation of Motion: Legendre transformation Conservation theorems.3. 4. Derivation of Lagrange's equation from Hamilton's principle. two body problem and its reduction to one body problem. constraints. 'Classical Mechanics'. Lagrange's equation and its applications. 2nd. New York (1983). H. Reading. Rasband. V. Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics Springer verlag. Virtual work. Equation of motion and solution for one body problem.. Kepler's Laws Laboratory and centre of mass systems. To give understanding of kinematics and dynamics of rigid bodies Development of Hamiltonian equation and use of canonical transformation in classical physics Elementary Principles: Brief Survey of Newtonian mechanics of a system of particles. S. Edn.I. Liouville's theorem. Two Body Central Force Problem: Low and least action.

Oxford Science Publications.. To develop the understanding of different electronic circuit elements and devices like diode.J.z and y-parameter models. 'Classical Mechanics'. RC coupled and direct coupled stages. Biasing. Tunnel diodes. oscillators and voltage regulators used in daily life alliances To understand the day to day electronic devices. Prentice Hall Inc. B. Schottky diodes.A. its data and sheet parameters. Varactor diodes. Matzner & L. Multistage Amplifiers. Common source and common drain amplifiers. Comparators. and C amplifiers. 5. Power class A. Light emitting diodes.4. Operational Amplifiers: Ideal op-amps. Zener regulators. Summing. Woodhouse. MOSFET. Feedback and stability. Instrumentation amplifier. London (1991). 'Introduction to Analytical Dynamics'.. amplifiers. Simple op-amp arrangements. Oxford (1987). Common base and common collector amplifiers. Negative feedback. Tuned RF Voltage amplifiers. I-F Amplifiers and automatic gain control. Frequency response. transistors. Frequency response. 2. 34 . R. The differential amplifiers. Shepley. Active filters.h Objectives: 1. Op-amp applications. Switching circuits. Integrator and Differentiator. Hybrid-p and h.M. Photodiodes. Varistors and their applications. Junction FET.C. N. Biasing and stability. Special Diodes: Zener diodes. Operation and construction. Non inverting and inverting circuits. parameters and ratings. Ebers-Moll. Transistor Circuits: Bipolar transistors. Common emitter. Field Effect FET: Transistors. ELECTRONICS Pre-requisites: Modern Physics and Electronics 3 Cr.

H. The Bengamin/Cummings Publishing Co. Books Recommended: 1.Oscillators: Armstrong.B. Shunt and switching regulators. M. Singapore (Latest Edition). 'Electronic Devices'. Merril Publishing Company Columbus (1988). 'Electronic Design Circuit & Systems'. LAB V Pre-requisites: LAB I –IV 1 Cr. 'Integrated Electronics'. 3. Voltage Regulators: Series. C.S. Measurement of the half life of a radio nuclide.. To study the characteristics of a Geiger-Muller counter and to examine the attenuations of beta particles in Al-and Pb foils. in a scintillation counter. Floyd. CMOSS. Measurement of the spectrum of gama rays from a radioisotope. Colpit's Phase shift and 555 timer oscillators.J. McGraw Hill Book Company. 5. To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills. 2.L. Hartley.h Objectives: 1. Reston Publishing Company Inc. California (1991). 'Electronic Principles'. T. Millman & C.P. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. 2. 3. Shielding and attenuation of gamma rays. Power supply. A. J. D. 4. G. 2. 35 .. To study the pulseheight as a function of the H. 'Electronic devices & Circuits'. Malvino. List of Experiments 1. Roden.L. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics.T. Tata McGraw Hill. Carpenter. Virginia (1980).C. Bell. Savant Jr. 3. New Delhi (1988). Halkias.

H. AC circuits and dielectric constants of water and ice. etc. Experiments in Modern Physics (Academic). Measurement of characteristic impedance. Velocity. R.T.C. Fourier Series. Skin effect. 9. A.J.Mark and H. Olsono. etc.h Objectives: 1) 2) 3) To give the understanding of Differential equations and their uses in Physics Introduction to special functions. Experiments with transmission lines. MATHEMATICAL METHODS-II Pre-requisite General mathematics and Mathematical Methods-I 3 Cr. Use of a Lithium-drifted Ge-counter for gamme spectroscopy and to compare its performance with that of a nal-detector. 5. Partial differential equations of theoretical physics. Radio frequency measurement. Standing wave ratio. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities.4. Second solution. 36 . 6. Nonhomogenous differential equations. To study the characteristics of a solid-state detector and use it to measure the spectra of alpha and beta particles. Experiments in Modern Physics (McGraw-Hill). 2. 8. Books Recommended: 1. Melissinos. Experimental Electronics (McGraw-Hill). Separation of variables.Homogeneous differential equations. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. Fourier Transforms Solution of Boundary value problems and their uses Differential Equations in Physics: First and second order linear differential equations. 3. 7. Frobenius series solution of differential equations. Higgings.

Special Functions:

Bessel functions and Hankel functions, Spherical Bessel functions, Legendre polynomials, Associated Legendre polynomials, Spherical harmonics Laguerre polynomials, Hermite polynomials.

Fourier Series:

Definition and general properties, Fourier series of various physical functions, Uses and application of Fourier series.

Integral Transforms:

Integral transform, Fourier transform, Convolution theorem, Elementary Laplace transform and its application.

**Boundary Value Problems and Green's Functions:
**

Boundary value problems in Physics, Non-homogeneous boundary value problems and Green's functions, Green's functions for one dimensional problems, Eigenfunction expansion of Green's function, Construction of Green's functions in higher dimensions.

Books Recommended:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5 6. 7. 8. G. Arfken, Mathematical Physics, 2nd ed, Academic Press, 1970. R. Bronson, ‘Differential Equations’ Schaum’s Outline Series, McGraw Hill, New York. E. Butkov, ‘Mathematical Physics Addison-Weseley London . M.L. Boas, 'Mathematical Methods in Physical Sciences', John Wiley & Sons, New York (1989). C.W. Wong, 'Introduction to Mathematical Physics', Oxford University, Press, New York (1991). Hassani, 'Foundations of Mathematical Physics', Prentice Hall International Inc., Singapore (1991). Chattopadhyay, 'Mathematical Physics', Wiley Eastern Limited, New Delhi, (1990). H. Cohen, 'Mathematics for Scientists & Engineers' Prentice Hall International Inc., New Jersey (1992).

**QUANTUM MECHANICS-II Pre-requisites:
**

Quantum Mechanics I

3 Cr.h

37

Objectives:

1. 2. 3. to understand the use of approximation in Quantum mechanics to understand the theory of scattering and interaction of quantum systems with radiation to understand the basics of relativistic quantum mechanics

Approximate Methods:

Time independent perturbation theory for non degenerate and degenerate levels, the variational method, The WKB approximation, Time dependent perturbation theory.

**Identical Particles and Second Quantization:
**

Indistinguishability of identical particles, Systems of identical particles, Quantum dynamics of identical particle systems, statistics, Symmetry of states, Fermions, Bosons.

Theory of Scattering:

Scattering experiments and cross sections, Potential scattering, The method of partial waves, The Born’s approximation.

**The Interaction of Quantum Systems with Radiation:
**

Electromagnetic field and its interaction with one electron system, Transition rates, Spontaneous emission, Selection rules for electric dipole transitions, The spin of photon and its helicity.

**Relativistic Quantum Mechanics:
**

Schrodinger relativistic equation, Probability and current densities, KleinGordon equation and hydrogen atom, Dirac relativistic equation.

Books Recommended:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. B.H. Bransden & C.J. Joachain, 'Introduction to Quantum Mechanics' Longman Scientific & Technical London (1990). J.S. Townsend, 'A Modern Approach to Quantum Mechanics', McGraw Hill Book Company, Singapore (1992). W. Greiner, 'Quantum Mechanics: An Introduction', Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Reading Mass. (1980). R.L. Liboff, 'Introductory Quantum mechanics', Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Reading Mass. (1980). Bialynicki-Birula, M. Cieplak & J. Kaminski, 'Theory of Quantua', Oxford University Press, New York (1992). W. Greiner, 'Relativistic Quantum Mechanics', Springer Verlag, Berlin (1990). 38

7. 8 9.

F. Schwable, 'Quantum Mechanics', Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi (1992). David J. Griffiths, Introduction to Quantum Mechanics, PRENTICE Hall, Int., Inc. S.Gasiorowicz, Quantum Physics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Singapore.

**ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY Pre-requisites:
**

Electricity and magnetism I & II

3 Cr.h

Objectives:

1. 2. 3. To give the basic understanding in static electromagnetic fields and time dependent electromagnetic fields To develop knowledge of propagation, reflection and refraction of electromagnetic waves To develop the understanding of skin effect and wave guides

Fundamental Concepts:

Recapitulation of the fundamental concepts, Induction B, Addition of Laplace equation and methods of images. Magnetic intensity H, Maxwell's equations in differential and integral forms, Poynting theorem and energy conservation.

**Static Electromagnetic Fields:
**

Electrostatic fields in several dielectric media, Magneto static fields of magnetized matter, Magnetostatic field of stationary current, Magnetization current.

**Time Dependent Electromagnetic Fields:
**

Maxwell's equations for quasi stationery fields, Potentials of a rapidly varying field, Fields of uniformly moving and accelerated charges, Radiation from an accelerated charge, Field of oscillating expansion of electro magnetic field, Multiple fields. Expansion of emf.

**Reflection and Refraction of Electromagnetic Waves:
**

Laws of reflection and refraction, Fresnel's formula, Total reflection, Refraction in conducting media, Reflection from a conducting surface.

39

Books Recommended:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. H.C. Ohanion, 'Classical Electrodynamics', Allyn & bacon Inc., Massachusetts (1988). Y.K. Lim, 'Introduction to Classical Elecrodynamics, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pt., Singapore (1986). P.C. Lorrain & D.R. Corson, 'Electromagnetic Fields and Waves', W.H. Freeman & Co., New York (1978). C.R. Paul & S.A. Nasar, 'Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields, McGraw Hill Book Company, Singapore (1987). A.M. Portis, 'Electromagnetic Fields', John Wiley & Sons, New York (1978). D. Grifftns, An introduction to Dynamics, Prentice Hall, 1984 Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, John Wiley, 1975 Ritze Millfadad Chiristy, Foundation of Electromagnetic Theory

**NUCLEAR PHYSICS Pre-requisites:
**

Modern Physics and Electronics

3 Cr.h

Objectives:

1) 2) 3) To understand the nuclear structure using different nuclear models To understand the nature of nuclear forces To give understanding of radioactivity and nuclear reactions

History:

Starting from Bacqurel’s discovery of radioactivity to Chedwick’s neutron.

Basic Properties of Nucleus: Nuclear size, mass, binding energy, nuclear spin,magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moment, parity and statistics. Nuclear Forces: Yukawa's theory of nuclear forces. Nucleon

scattering, charge independence and spin dependence of nuclear force, isotopic spin.

**Nuclear Models: Liquid drop model; Fermi gas model, Shell model;
**

Collective model.

40

resonance reactions. Statistical Physics. Objectives: 1. theory of Gamma decay. SOLID STATE PHYSICS Pre-requisite 3 Cr. measurement of Beta ray energies. Kaplan. Scholtz. Electricity & Magnetism I & II. space groups and binding forces. multipolarity of Gamma rays. McGraw Hill. 1995. 1999. cross sections for nuclear reactions. Addison-Wisely.h Quantum Mechanics . Segre. Breit-Wigner one level formula including the effect of angular momentum. Zetsche. Structure of Solids Lattices and basis. Simple crystal structures. To develop a basic knowledge of crystallography To understand the x-ray diffraction in crystal investigation To understand the binding forces in crystalline material To develop the understanding of lattice dynamics and its uses in derivation of theories of specific heat To understand the behaviour of free electrons in metals and Fermi Energy. Nuclei and Practicles. Introducing Nuclear Physics. Neutrino hypothesis. 5. 4. B. 1995. Q-value and threshold energy of nuclear reaction. Fermi theory of Beta decay. direct reaction. Position and orientation of planes in crystals. 2. Atomic potential. Nuclear isomerism. energy level and level width. K. 1977. Rith. the magnetic lens spectrometer. Krane. Green. Bejamin. Particle and Nuclei. 4. Nuclear Reactions: Conservation laws of nuclear reactions. Heat and Thermodynamics. Fundamental types of lattice. Povh. 3. 1980. 5. Kenneth S. Symmetry operations. F. 3. 2. Nuclear Physics. 41 . compound nucleolus theory of nuclear reaction and its limitations. Nuclear Physics.Theories of Radioactive Decay: Theory of Alpha decay and explanation of observed phenomena. Books Recommended: 1. C.

Introduction to Solid State Physics. Rosenberg. Density of state in one. Comparison with experimental results. C. Kohn Wiley. High Temperature Superconductivity. Fourier analysis of the basis. LAB VI Pre-requisites LAB I. Neutrons and electrons from crystals. 2. Solid State Physics. Ashcroft and N. The Solid State. 1996. III. 3rd Edition. Reciprocal lattice. Phonons and Lattice Vibrations: Lattice heat capacity. Debye model of heat capacity. An Introduction. M. Enumeration of normal models.h. 1976. Objectives: 1. 42 . Academic Press 1992. classical model. Kittle. Wahab. Reciprocal lattice to sc. Mermin. rotating crystal method. M. The Physics and Chemistry of Solids. 6. H.A. W. G. Holt. orthorhombic and hexagonal crystals. Einstein model. two and three dimensions. II. fcc. M. Laue method.M. D. 7. Pearson Education 2000. R. 2. Thermal conductivity and resistivity. Scattered wave amplitude. Oxford Science Publications 1990. Powder methods. bcc. Burns. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. S. Elementary Solid State Physics. 5. By.Crystal diffraction and reciprocal lattice: Diffraction of X-rays. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills. Rinehart & Winston. Umklapp processes. Recommended Books: 1. N.A. Wiley. Ewald construction and Brillouin zone. Omar. Elliott. Bragg’s law. Narosa Publishing House. 1998. 3. 4. 3. 1999. Solid State Physics. 7th Ed. IV 1 Cr.

Bhattacharya. Power out-put selectivity.F. Design of an L. To build and investigate the properties of hard value multivibrators. coupled amplifier and a study of its characteristics. Ripple factor etc. C. 3rd Edition. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. Computer and Programming Skills. 10.F. 11. G.R. 5.R. etc. Study of leaser parameters. Study of random processes and fluctuations in random processes (Poission distribution. To design and build a linear integrator to enable digitization of photo-multiplier pulses. 7. Surjeet Pub Ind. 13. K. the operational amplifier. 2. Recommended Books: 1. etc. 43 . Design of high or medium voltage dc power supply and measurement of the voltage regulation. COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS Pre-requisites: 3 Cr. Design of high or medium voltage dc power supply and measurement of the voltage regulation. or superheterdyne receiver and measurement of its sensitivity. Mathematical Methods.h Undergraduate Level Physics and Elementary Mathematics and Linear Algebra.) Measurement of transistor hybrid parameters. 3. 6. Squires. 8. 12. etc.4. or to design and build a height-to-width converter. Gain characteristics and spectral response of a photo-multiplier tube. Design of a medium wave T. Basic Numerical Analysis and Analytical Tools for Numerical Analysis. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. Ripple factor. Practical Physics. Transistor pulse-circuitry (three types of flipflop and the Schmidt trigger circuit). To design and build a lotic circuit (using AND/OR/NOR gates) for performing a given function. 9.C. University Practical Physics. L. Experiments in Physics. CBS Publishing.

Objectives: 1. Oscillatory motion. 'Introduction to Computational Physics'. Many particle systems.. Massachusetts (1991). The mathematical models. Phy-306 (Quantum Mechanics) 44 . Computer simulation. 2. Field of static charges and current. S. 2. Chanle. Modeling & Simulations: Conceptual models. Pascal etc and known software packages of computation. Diffusion. Rading Massachusetts(1988). Some systems of interest for physicists such as Motion of Falling objects. Books Recommended: 1.C. Computational Techniques in Physics' Adm Hilger. Bristol (1987). Random numbers and random walk. Error analysis and technique for elimination of systematic and random errors. 3..P. 'Numerical Methods for Engineers with Personal Computer Applications. 'An Introduction to Computer Simulation Methods'. McGraw Hill Book Company. 3. C. Gould & J. L. P. Computational Physics'. Tobochnik. Merman. The Benjamin/Coming Publishing Inc. 5. New York (1965 PHYSICS-401 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS 4 Cr.K. Addison Wesley Publishing Company Inc.T. Numerical integration and differentiation. Koonini. Macheown & D. H. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. 4. Relationship of modeling and simulation. Regression and interpolation. Chapra & R. M. Introduction of computer languages To know the use of computer in numerical anlysis Computer simulation and modeling Computer Languages: A brief introduction of the computer languages like Basic.J. California (1986). Populations genetics etc. Kepler's problems. De Jong. Numerical Methods: Numerical Solutions of equations. Doing Physics with random numbers.h Pre-requisite Phy-202 (Modern Physics). Dynamic systems. S. Wave phenomena.

One Electron System (12 hours) Review of Schrodinger equation for hydrogen atom. and electronic spectra. 5. Frank Hertz experiment and approximation methods.J. Stark effect. Born Oppenhimer approximation. 2. Physics of atomic and Molecules. Interaction with field (7 hours) Many electron atoms in an electromagnetic field. Hyperfine structure. H. Spectrophysics. Anne P. normal Zeeman effect. jj coupling and other type of coupling. Quantum numbers. Hydrogen Molecular ion (LCAO approximation). Central field approximation. Transition probabilities of diatomic molecules. 4. Bransden and C. Spin orbit coupling. 1988. Selection rules. Paschen back effect. Hartree Fock methods and self consistent field. X-ray spectra. Radiative transitions. Stark effect. Atoms in radiation field. Diatomic molecules-rotational. vibrational. Stern Gerlach experiment. second edition. Einstein coefficients. Polyatomic molecules (brief introduction). Molecules (12 hours) Ionic and covalent bonding. electron spin and Hund’s cases. Joachain. B. Fermi Golden rule. 3. London 1983. 45 . Periodic system of the elemments. Raman effect. Longmans. Many body Systems (12 hours) Pauli exclusion principle. Sommerfeld model. Thorn.Objectives: 1. LS coupling. Anomalous Zeeman effect. 2. To review the existing theories of atomic structure To introduce the experimental proof of quantisation To introduce the use of Schrodinger Equation in real system like Hydrogen atom To understand the Molecular spectrum To understand the LASER production and Operation Structure of Atoms (5 hours): Review of Bohr’s theory. Hydrogen molecule (Heitler London and molecular orbital theories) Recommended Books: 1. Thomas Fermi potential. Chapman and Hall.

Portis. Power transfer and attenuation. Allyn & bacon Inc.3. 'Electromagnetic Fields and Waves'. Waves guided by dielectrics. Ohanion. second edition. 3. Solids. Paul & S. Corson. 2. 'Introduction to Classical Elecrodynamics.. To give the basic understanding in static electromagnetic fields and time dependent electromagnetic fields To develop knowledge of propagation. Waves guided by parallel plane conductor. Q of a cavity resonator. Grifftns. 'Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields. Prentice Hall. Books Recommended: 1. Eisberg. A. Forced oscillation of an electronic oscillator. 1984 Jackson. Singapore (1987). World Scientific Publishing Co.K. Quantum Physics of Atoms. Dispersion in metallic conductor. Internal impedance at high frequencies. John Wiley and sons 1985. 6. Nasar. Scattering by a bound electron. 5. Y. C. 4. New York (1978)..R. 2.. Freeman & Co. and R. McGraw Hill Book Company. Singapore (1986). Nuclei and Particles. Massachusetts (1988). Transmission by a rectangular. Foundation of Electromagnetic Theory 46 . New York (1978).R. Lorrain & D. Wave guides as cavity resonators. 'Electromagnetic Fields'. John Wiley. D.H. ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY II Pre-requisites: Electricity and magnetism I & II 3 Cr. 1975 Ritze Millfadad Chiristy. Loren z. Classical Electrodynamics. P. An introduction to Dynamics. Molecules. Dispersion in dilute medium and dense media. W. Objectives: 1. 3. 'Classical Electrodynamics'. Resnick. R. Lim. Group velocity.h.C. 7. Pt. H. reflection and refraction of electromagnetic waves To develop the understanding of skin effect and wave guides Propagation of Plane Electromagnetic Waves: monochromatic waves and plane waves.C. Wave Guidance.M. Skin Effect and Wave Guides: High frequency current in a semi infinite conductor.A. John Wiley & Sons. grange and Coloumb grange.

2. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics. 7. 6. Determination of Planck’s constant (h) by using the photoelectric effect. 11.PROJECT 3 Cr. 9. Determination of the Rydberg constant from the spectrum of hydrogen. To study the Zeeman effect for a line in the spectrum of helium. Lab-VII 1. 4.h A project can be introduced instead of these experiments. 47 . To examine the characteristics of a Solid-State detector and to use it for alpha and beta Spectroscopy and compare the results with those obtained by a scintillation counter.) by microwave absorption. Determination of the constituents of substance by activation analysis. 2. Fabry-Perot interferometer used as a gas refractometer. Measurement of the spectrum of gamma rays from a radioisotope (e. Source strength of Co60 by gamma coincidence methods. 14. 5.g. 3. To prove the Rutherford law of scattering of charged particles. 13.Cs) and study of their photoelectric and Compton absorption. 12. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work.S. Electron spin resonance (E. 16. Study of their optical properties. Use of an analogue computer for solving differential equations. Measurement of the total neutron cross-section.R. 8. To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills. Determination of the charge on an electron (e) by Millikan’s method. Experiments with microwaves. 10. To examine the stopping-power of various substances for thermal neutrons. The Frank-hertz experiment (Measurement of excitation potential of Hg). 3. 15. Pre-requisite: Undergraduate physics and Labs I-VI Objectives: 1.

Experiments in Modern Physics (Academic). Experiments in Modern Physics (McGrawHill). 18. Note: At least 12 experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. Drift mobility. Olson.R. H. Nuclear magnetic resonance (N. 20. To build a medium or short-wave transmitter.Mark and N.17. 2. 24. 3.) of protons in water.C. 48 . Simple diode manufacture and point-contact transistor. demonstrating transistor action). T. Gray. 23. Books Recommended: 1. Applied Electronics (John-Wiley and Sons). The study of the Mossbauer effect. Measurement of the conductivity of Si and Ge as a functions of temperature. Melissionos. 22. To determine the energy gap in silicon and Germanium. A. The measurement of the Hall effect in germanium and silicon. 19.T. All experimental courses are only recommended but Universities may opt other experiments according to facilities and expertise available to them.M. (Shockley-Haynes experiments for Germanium. 21.S.

h Objectives: 1. Introduction to plasma Physics. Uniform and nonuniform E and B fields. F. Fluid description of plasma. Wave propagation in plasma. Books Recommended: 1. Principles of Plasma Physics. Time-variant E and B fields. 2. (Plenum). waves and oscillations 3 Cr. Occurrance of plasma. 1973 (McGraw Hill).Lovberg. operational conditions. PLASMA PHYSICS Pre-requisite: Electrodynamics.Chen. To know fluid description of the plasma. Derivation of dispersion relations for simple electrostatic and electromagnetic modes. 2. Controlled Thermonuclear Reactions.H. 3. Concept of temperature. 2. University may also tailor these courses according to their facilities. Single-particle motion in electromegnatic field. radiation losses from plasma.W. N. SURFACE PHYSICS Pre-requisites: Solid state Physics 3 Cr.F. The plasma parameter. Reaction rates and power density. electrons etc. 1960 (D. 49 . Debye shielding. To know aout the surface physics and its applications Learn about the interaction of surface with the ions.DETAIL OF ELECTIVE COURSES These elective courses can be chosen from the list or new elective course may be offered according to the availability of staff and necessary infrastructure. To learn about the importance of the plasma alongwith the basic concept of plasma.A. Criteria for plasma. Applications of plasma physics.Trivelpiece.Krall and A. 2nd ed. S. Introduction to Controlled Fusion: Basic nuclear fusion reactions.h Objectives: 1. Introduction.Van Nestrand).Glasstone and R.

hcp. Catalysis and Growth Processes: Adsorption mechanisms and kinetics chemisorption vs. The structure of semi-conductor surfaces. An introduction to surface Physics. the kinetics of adsorption. Desorption. fcc. catalysis. growth mechanisms. adsorbate phase diagrams and phase transitions. Signal processing and spectral analysis. bcc and stepped surfaces and a discussion of their relative energies. 2D surface structures. adsorption. Magnetic processes at surfaces. The electronic structure of semiconductor surfaces. Comparison of different types of pumps with measurement of vacuum pressure. potential energy curves and adsorption energetics. Electron-Surface Interactions: Electron diffraction and quasi – elastic scattering. Adsorption. Surface energies and the Wulff Theorem. The surface structures of very small metal particles. Auger depth. The Structure of Adsorbate Layers: Experimental probes of surface structure such as LEED and RHEED. 3 D crystal structures. Theory and practice of Auger electron spectroscopy. physiorption. derivation. vibrational spectroscopy. Desorption and experimental probes of surface structure such a LEED and RHEED. Free electron theories and the work function. Studying Surfaces: What is UHV? Do we need UHV to study surfaces? The kinetic theory of gases. Electron emission processes. comparison of particle scattering techniques. 50 . Desorption Bonding . The Electronics and Magnetic Structure of Surfaces: Band theory. More complex ceconstruction. Preparing a clean surface. Profiling. Quantification of Auger spectra. Adsorption mechanisms and kinetics for low coverages Langmuir Isotherms. Discussion of the merits of different types of electron energy analysers and electron deterctors. Specific types of surface. concept of vacuum and standard vacuum hardware components. Electron spectroscopes. stability.An Introduction to Surfaces: What is a surface? The energetics and thermodynmics of creating a surface. Surface Structures and Reconstructions: Lattice concept. Growth processes.

theory and practice of Rutherford. Kinematics of the flow field. Optical microscopy. To know the fundamentals of Fluid Mechanice and its applications To learn about the computational aspect for solving diffusion equation. Books Recommended 1. Auger depth profiling. 2. SIMS imaging and depth profiling. The finite volume method. Back scattering. Basic concepts in surface imaging and localized spectroscopy. FLUID DYNAMICS Pre-requisite Classical Mechanics. Surface Microscopy: Classification of microscopy techniques. An introduction to the theory and practice of scanning Tunneling Microscopy.Atom/ion surface interactions: Comparison of particle scattering techniques. Introduction to Surface and Thin Film Processes Cambridge University Press (2000). STEM. Thin aerofoil. Computational Fluid dynamics-I: Introduction to numerical computation. Imaging XPS. Atomic Force Microscopy. Boundary Layer Theory: Laminar Boundary layer. An Introduciton to the theory and practice of SIMS. Turbulent Boundary layer. the continuity equation. governing equations of fluid motion. Computational Fluid Dynamics-II: Governing equations in integral and differential form. Basic Fluid Mechanics: Fundamentals of Continuum mechanics. Reynold’s number. Reduced forms of governing equations. Introduction to numerical solution of Ordinary Differential equation’s using multi-step methods. Electrodynamics 3 Cr.h Objectives 1. Boundary value problems. Introduction to solution of Partial Differential Equiation’s using finite difference methods Advanced Techniques. Incompressible and 51 . Venables. Compressible flows. Incompressible flows. Scanning probe microscopy techniques. SPM. SEM. John A.

Time marching schemes. Use of a commercial code for the predication off complex flows. air flow past a cylinder aero foils. K. guttering pumps. 3. vortex shedding and vibrations. Turbo molecular pumps. Experimental Methods: Introduction to laboratory techniques. Viscous flud flow (second Edition). F. Discrete methods for the steady state and time dependent advection diffusion equation. Hemosa Publishers. Ion pumps. 4. Patankar. 3. METHODS OF EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS Pre-requisites Experimental labs and techniques used in these labs. P.A. 5. Computational Fluid Dynamics for Engineers. Vacuum Techniques: Gas Transport: Throughout. N. Chiang. 1993.M. Hydrodynamics. To learn about the measuring techniques along with data analysis. Hemisphere.. 2.Lamb.compressible flow & their methods. sorption pumps. 3 Cr. Measurement of total pressure in Vacuums Systems. Units pressure ranges. Fore-Vacuum Pumps: Rotary Oil pumps. Diffusion pumps. Schemes for solving large algebraic systems. 1991. temperature. turbulent jets and plumes. Pump down Time Ultimate pressure.J. Pumping Speed.. hydraulic jumps. Laboratory sessions (preceded by lectures): water waves. H. 2. Production of ultrahigh vacuum. Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow. Doer. Books Recommended: 1. sorption pumps (High Vacuum). S.T.1 & 11. Manometers. 6th edition 1993. Hoffmann and S.h Objectives: 1. To learn about the vacuum techniques To learn the detection techniques about radiation. 1980. White. Incorporation of turbulence models. Vol. “Computational Fluid Dynamics”. Cryogenic pumps. 52 . Perini gauges.V. The pressure correction method on staggered and unstaggered grids.M. Roache. Fundamental concepts. Albuquerque. Mcgraw Hill.

tilt. vacuum Flanges. Differentiators. Vacuum valves. Ramp Generators. Errors of Direct measurements. Propagation of errors. Accidental Errors. Isolators. Repair Techniques. Accuracy. Radiation Detection and Measurement: GM tubes. Integrators. Coincidence circuits. Mass spectrometer for partial measurement of pressure. level. Lock in Amplifiers. Computer Introduction: Introduction to computers. Least squares fit to a polynomial. Mechanical feed throughs & Electrical feed throughs Leak detection: Basic consideration. Nonlinear functions. DA/AD conversion. pumping system design. channeltron. Precision. preliminary Estimation. explosive and heat. 53 . rotation position. Spectroscopy amplifiers. current voltage. Visual c/visual Basic. power magnetic field. Data manipulation. Rejection of data. phase. Electronics and Electronic Instruments: Operational amplifiers. current to voltage converter. photo multipliers. Power supplies. Boxcar averages. Pump Choice. Design of high Vacuum system. Signal Generators. and single channel analyzer. Significance of results. Vacuum Components.The McLoad gauges. Liquid Nitrogen trap. difference amplifiers. Spectrographs and Interferometers. summing amplifiers. Surface to Volume ratio. charge sensitive pre-amplifiers. neutron detectors. Mean Value and Variance. alpha/beta detectors. speed. Special Techniques and problems. pressure displacement. flow. metal. leak detection equipment. RS 232. Statistical Control of Measurements. Data Analysis: Evaluation of measurement: Systematic Errors. GPIB Interface. smoothing. scintillation detector. Interfacing. Sensor Technology: Sensors for temperature. x-rays/gamma detectors. interpolation and extrapolation. Logarithmic amplifiers. linear and parabolic interpolation. cosmic rays detectors. Statistical Methods. Multichannel analyzer. Errors of Computation. Counters. rotation.

B. Turbulent jets and planes. Turbulence. 2. elements of weather and climate. 2. J. Transport of Pollutants: Diffusion. Flow equations of fluid Dynamics. 54 . Basic Environmental Spectroscopy: Black body radiation. flow in reverse. Lambert – Beer’s law. Gaussian plumes in air. Noise: Basic Acoustics. Bevington. reducing the transmission of sound.Young. Data Reduction and Error Analysis for Physical Science. 4. IOP. McGraw Hill. climate variations and modeling. Inc.1. Energy and momentum. 1962. ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Pre-requisite: Physics (FSc) 3 Cr. The ozone filter. the social and political context. J. The transition electric dipole moment. Transport of matter. Yarwood. Turbulence Diffusion.Toping.Books Recommended: 1. The spectroscopy of bi-molecules. (Zero-dimensional Greenhouse Model). Academic Press. Errors of Observations. P. Human Perceptions and noise criteria. Statistical Treatment of Methods of Experimental Physics. Chapman Hall. To become familiar with the essentials of environment nad Global climate To learn to use spectroscopy for environments. ground water. H. Solar UV and life. Introduction to the Essentials of Environmental Physics: The economic system. 3. New York & London Vol. The emission spectrum of sun. The Einstein Coefficients. living in green house. The Global Climate: The energy Balance.h Objective: 1. enjoying the sun. High Vacuum Techniques. active control of sound.D.

Basic principles and postulates of quantum mechanics: Quantum states. Thermal action of selief. Single qubit operation.h Objectives 1. Natural radiation. 2nd ed. Universal 55 . vertical profiles in the lower layers of the atmosphere. climatic indices. INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM COMPUTING Pre-requisite: Quantum Mechanics and Computational Physics 3 Cr. Controlled operations. Environmental Physics. Egbert Booker and Rienk Van Gron Belle. superposition. operator function.Radiation: General laws of Radiation. cloud and Precipitation. Atmosphere and Climate: Structure of the atmosphere. 1998. surface wind velocity. John Wiley and sons. Atmospheric Pressure. Atmospheric Circulation. Measurement. precipitation. Lateral movement in the atmosphere. 1999. Books Recommended: 1. utilization of photo synthetically active radiation. quantization from bits to qubits. and cryptography Computer technology and historical background. General characteristics of measuring equipments. Measurement of temperature. quantum measurement. EPR and Bell’s inequality. interaction of electromagnetic radiation and plants. Climatology and Measurements of Climate Factor: Data collection and organization. Physics of Environmental and Climate. statistical analysis of climatic data. Schmidt decomposition. evolution. density matrix. Guyot Praxis Publication. automatic weather stations. The atmospheric greenhouse effect. Topo Climates and Micro Climates: Effects of surface elements in flat and widely unduling areas. Dynamic action of seliq. Schrodinger equation. 2. Quantum Computation: Quantum Circuits. 2. air humidity. Radiation balance. To be familiar with the quantum computing To learn about the Quantum circuits .

leptons. To know the particles and their classification. the strong coupling. Exploration in Quantum Computation by C. BB90. Chuang. Clearwater. Quantum Computation and Quantum Information by M. Trapdoor function. Springer Verlag. Breaking unbreakable codes: Code making. A. To learn about the Quark models. RSA cryptography.h Objectives 1. mesons. Berlin.quantum gates. 2. hadrons. Chapman & Hall/CRC (2002).Brylinsky and G. CPT theorem. parity. H. Chen. baryons. quarks. Quantum Teleportation. Cambridge 2000. Particle Classification: Quantum numbers. To learn about the interaction of these particles. One time pad. time reversal. Code breaking on classical and quantum computers. systems of identical particles. Mathematics of Quantum Computation by A. Single qubit and CNOT gates. Quantum Search Algorithm. rotation in space. Symmetry Transformation and Conservation Laws: Translation in space. 2. Springer Verlag (1997). L.P. Cambridge University Press. BB84. Williams and S.K. iso-spin charge conjugation. the weak coupling. 3. The Fundamental Interactions: The electromagnetic coupling. Heidelberg (2000). Schor’s algorithm. PARTICLE PHYSICS Pre-requisite Quantum Physics 3 Cr. The Physics of Quantum Information: Quantum Cryptography. Quantum Computation by P. A. Zeilinger. Experimental realization. Books Recommended: 1. G parity. Quantum cryptography with and without eavesdropping. and A. and Ekert protocols. the group SU (2). Nielson and I. Bouwmester. Quantum Cryptography: Uncertainty principle. Polarization and Spin basis. 56 . 4. Ekert. 3.

2. S.. Quantum Mechanics by Riazuddin and Fayyazuddin. Hadron Spectroscopy: Formation experiment. Books Recommended: 1. (1984). phase space considerations. Relatvistic Quantum Mechanics by Bjorken. and Drell. 3. the Breit-Wigner resonance formula. D. baryon resonances. Learn techniques to understand and develop compter simulations. 2. partial wave formalism and the optical theorem. To understand the simulation in classical physics and Quantum Physics 57 . F. production experiments. John-Wiley and Sons. McGraw Hill. and Martin. 3.h Objectives. hadrons baryons. parity and C parity of photon. the quarkonium model. (1990). John-Wiley and Sons. 1.. Introduction to Elementary Particles by Griffiths.D. D. (1995). To use numerical techniques to solve the differential equations..D. COMPUTER SIMULATION Pre-requisites Mathematical Physics 3 Cr. The Quark Model: The group SU (3). (1987). mesons in quark model. A. Quarks and Leptons by Halzen. 4. polarization ad photon spin. The Standard Model (qualitative treatment only): Unification of weak and electromagnetic interactions Glashow-SalamWeinberg Model.The Electromagnetic Field: Gauge invariance and Maxwell’s equations. angular momentum. World Scientific. J. heave meson spectroscopy. quarks.

Guassian Distribution. schemes for solving large algebric system. principles of vector computing in Cartesian. Numerical Solution of time-independent (and dependent). Wave phenomena (Fourier analysis. partial differential equations (elliptic and parabolic types) Simulation in Classical Physics: Motion of Falling Objects. compressible and incompressible flow and their methods. Coupled oscillator). Mean and Turbulant kinetic energy equation. Random-walk problem. Canonical and Micro-Canonical Ensembles. Raynold averaging and its applications to Navier stokes equations. Noise in Signal. LRC Circuits. Oscillatory Motions). special functions and Guassian quadrarure. Two-Dimensional Trajectories (Kepler’s Laws. radio. Random Process and Quantum Physics: Random Number and their uses. incorporation of furbulence model. use of commercial code for prediction of off complex flow. One Dimensional Dynamics (Accelerating cars and objects on springs).Introduction: Importance of computers in physics. Energy and Center of Mass. Driven LRC Circuits (Time varying). Monte. Reduce forms of the governing equation. External points and strings. Time marching schems. nature of computer simulation. Accuracy and stability of numerical techniques.Carlo Simulation. Particle in Bound and Free States. Electric Currents and Magnetic Fields. Electric Fields and Potentials. Approaches to Equilibrium. Computational Methods for Continuous Medium: Fluid equations. numerical integrations. 58 . Governing equation in integral and differential forms. Techniques and class of computer simulation. Molecular Dynamics in Solids. Interference. matrix operation. percolation theory. Electromagnetic Waves. spherical and cylindrical coordinates. computer graphics and programming languages. Schrodinger Wave Equation. initial (boundary) and eigen value problems. Geometrical Optics (Ray Tracing an Principle of Least Time). finite volume method.activity and radioactive decay series. Discrete methods for the steady state and time dependent diffusion equation. Numerical Approaches: Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations. Diffraction and Polarization. Distribution Functions in Statistical Physics. The pressure-corection method on staggered and unstaggered grids.

Winkelman and J. Roache. Quantum Mechanics Simulation.G. Inc. An Introduction to “Computer Simulation Methods” Part-I & II. Zabolitzky. New York. resistive and viseus flow of plasmas. thermal conduction and heat transport. (A Series of the Consortium for upper level Physics software). Boolean Algebra: DeMorgan’s theorem. To learn the basics of digitl electronics sucha sa Boolian Algebra. ASCII.J.. 1988. New York. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. Stauffer. Review of Number Systems: Binary. 2. 1993. 2. Hemosa Publishers. Marvin L. Hillar. New York. New York. Books Recommended: 1.). Computer Simultation and Computer Algebra (Lectures for Beginers). Albuquerque. Harvey Gould and Jan Tobochink. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. basic logic gates. F. Computational Fluid Dynamics. 1988. Springer-Verlage Berlin.h Objectives 1.Magnetohydrodynamics. 1991. 6. Modelling ideal (MHD). John Wiley & Sons. Johnston and Styer.1995. their inter-conversion. 5. (BCD. Gray etc. Inc. Parity in Codes 59 . truth table. P. Octal and Hexadecimal number system. simplification of Boolean expression by Boolean Postulates and theorem. 3. D. De Jong. Inc. To understand the computer interface and micro-controller alongwith the emedded system. Hehl. concepts of logic. W. Different codes.W. To develop logic circuit using th Boolean Algebra. K-maps and their uses. N. DIGITAL ELECTRONICS Pre-requisites Electronics 3 Cr. 3.M. Introduction to Computational Physics. Don’t care condition.

McMillan. (1999). Shift Register. The Microprocessor and microcontroller applications and environment. Micro Computers: Computers and its types. Different logic based IC families (DTL. Ripple. Digital System Design and Micro possessor J. 6. Typical Microcontroller examples:. Prentic Hall (1998). BORTIE (NBF). CMOS). 1993. EAPROM. Books Recommended 1. gate design. EE PROM. Exclusive OR gate. Propagation delay time. 5. Digital Electronics. Memory Devices: ROM. JK-FF. subtraction (2’s compliments. (Fan in/out. OR-AND. 4. Control and Time Section). half adder. Philips 80C51 & 80C552 and Motorola 68Hc05/08. 8086 processor family. basic architecture of computer. micro processor (ALU. 2. decoder. Intel Microprocessor Hierarchy. Digital Logic and Computer Design Morris Mono 1995 Prentic Hall Tocheim. Addressing modes.C. Barrey B. PLA. NAND. Larry D. Counters (Ring. Combinational logic circuit: Logic circuits based on AND – OR. TTL. Brey. NOR Logic. Jones. PROM. ECL. noise margins etc. full adder. RTL. Intel UPS Architecture. (Static and dynamic) Memory mapping techniques. McGraw Hill. Synchronous) A/D and D/A Converters.IC logic families: Basic characteristics of a logic family. RAM. Instruction set and their types. UP Registers. up-down. all generation of computers. T-FF. Macmillan Publishing Company. Micro-controller/ Embedded System: Introduction to Embedded and microcontroller based systems. Microchip Inc and PIC microcontroller. Principles and applications of digital electronics. 60 . programming and interfacing. dissipation. D-FF. Micro Electron. 3. Interfacing with peripherals. Sequential Logic Circuit: Flip-flops clocked RS-FF. Discussion on 8085/8088. half subtractor. microcontroller characteristics. full subtractor encoder. addition. features of a general purpose microcontroller.

Detailed study of PWR and CANDU type reactors. 8th edition. 2. Photo neutron sources Charged particle sources. slow neutron detectors. Proton-synchrotron. Cloud chambers. Scintillation counters and solid-state detectors. Measurement of neutron cross-sections as a function of energy.7.Floyd. Nuclear chain reaction and applications. To learn the nuclear detection system and techniques fr their measurements To learn about the charged particles accelerator and nuclear reactor To develop understanding of neutrons physics. Betatron. Average number of neutrons released. Electron-Synchrotrons. 61 . EXPERIMENTAL NUCLEAR PHYSICS Pre-requisite Nuclear Physics 3 Cr. Gas-filled detectors. Nuclear Radiation Detection and Measurements: Interaction of nuclear radiation with matter. Theory of fission and spontaneous fission. 3. Elementary Reactor Physics: Controlled fission reactions. Charged Particle Accelerators: Linear and orbital accelerators Van de Graaff. Radioactive sources. Description of fission reaction. Reactor as a neutron source. The Design of Small-Scale Embedded Systems. Digital Fundamental. fast neutron detectors. Tim Wilmshurst. Neutron Physics: Neutron Sources. Palgrave (2003). Types of nuclear reactors (Power and Research). 8. T. Cyclotron. slowing down of neutrons. Nuclear fission. Bubble chambers.h Objectives 1.L. photographic emulsions. Mass distribution of fission energy. Synchrocyclotron. Alternating-gradient Synchrotron.

R. Stimulated Emission. William. Pumping Schemes. Molecular Energy Levels. 4. Spinger. Radiation Detection and Measurement. 2. Absorption. Absorption and Stimulated Emission Rates. Povh. Selection Rules. Particle and Nuclei. 3. Ring Resonator. 2. 1989. 6. Radiative and Nonradiative Decay. 1977. Stability Condition Standing and Traveling Waves 62 . Introducing Nuclear Physics. Concentric (Spherical) Resonator. 3. F. Wave Reflection and Transmission at a Dielectric Interface. 4. Glenn. Bejamin. Resonance Energy Transfers. Data Detection and Error analysis for physical sciences. Coherence. K. Spectroscopy of Molecule and Semiconductors: Electronic Energy Levels. Generalized Spherical Resonator. LASERS Pre-requisite: Quantum Mechanics I and Atomic Physics 3 Cr. 1995. Zetsche. B. John Wiley. C.h Objectives 1. Develop fundamental concepts about lasers Learn the principles of spectroscopy of molecules and semiconductos Understand the optical resonators and laser system. 2002.Books Recommended: 1. Applications of lasers Introductory Concepts: Spontaneous Emission. Absorption and Gain Coefficients. Properties of Laser Beam: Monochromaticity. Level Occupation at Thermal Equilibrium. Philips Berington and D. Directionality. Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics. Stable Resonators. Knoll. Unstable Resonators. Scholtz. Matrix Formulation of Geometrical Optics. 1999. Krane. Brightness. Rith. Keith. Confocal. Stimulated Transition. 5. Semiconductor. Kenneth S. Leo. Nuclei and Practicles. Resonator. Segre. Optical Resonators: Plane Parallel (Fabry-Perot) Resonator. F. 1994. .

Multilayer Dielectric Coatings. Longitudinal and Transverse Modes in a Cavity. Nd: YAG & Nd: Glass Lasers and Semiconductor Lasers: Homojunction Lasers Double-Heterostructure lasers. Defense Industry. (1986). pumping efficiency. Principles of Lasers.in a two Mirror Resonator. Nitrogen Laser and Excimer Lasers. Threshold Condition and Output Power. A. Welding etc. Silfvast. Medicine. Gas Dynamics Pumping. Siegman. Optimum Output Coupling. Chemical Pumping. H. J. Drilling. C. Laser Fundamentals. Free-Electron and X-Ray Lasers Laser applications: Material Processing: Surface Hardening. Milonni. Laser Communication. and Group-Delay Dispersion. Lasers. 2. (Latest Edition). University. Continuous Wave (CW) and pulsed lasers Rate Equations. Berlin (Latest Edition). Atmospheric Physics Books Recommended 1. O. Phase Velocity. 3. Group Velocity. Svelto. QSwitching and Mode-Locking Methods. Science Books Mill Valley. Fabry-Perot Interferometer. 4. Gas lasers: Helium Neon laser. latest edition. Electrical Pumping: Longitudinal Configuration and Transverse Configuration. Pumping Processes: Optical pumping: Flash lamp and Laser. W. 5. Laser Theory. Plenum Press New York & London (1992). T. Cambridge University Press (1997). Threshold Pump Power. Laser. Scully and Zubairy. Haken. Holography. Wiley. Springer. Quantum Optics. Cutting. CO2 laser. Laser Tuning. Line broadening. Lasers Systems : Solid State Lasers: Ruby Laser. Oscillation and Pulsations in Lasers. 63 . Eberly and P.E. New York. Small Signal Gain and Loop Gain.A.

Narlikar. kinetic and total energy. geodesics. Elements of Tensor Calculus: Manifolds and coordinates. 2. W. Books Recommended: 1. To learn about the Special theory of relativity To learn the basics of relativistic mechanics and develop understanding about the General theory. line element. Introducing Einstein’s Relativity. four-vectors. FSc Physics 3 Cr. Introduction to Cosmology. conservation of energy and momentum. 64 . 2. Cosmology: Newtonian cosmology. matter and radiation domination. curves and surfaces. Oxford University Press. metric tensor.D’Inverno.RELATIVITY AND COSMOLOGY Pre-requisites Mechanics. velocity transformation and velocity addition. Riemann tensor. equation of geodesics deviation. Special Relativity: Galilean relativity. J. the light-cone. Minkowski space time tensors.h Objectives 1. 1999. General Relativity: Principles of general relativity. microwave background. time dilation. relativity of simultaneity. Michelson-Morley experiment. Dynamics and Relativity. concept of ether. time paradox.D. Hubble’s law.V. R. Relativistic Mechanics: Force equation in relativity.McComb. Lie derivative. Einstein’s postulates of special relativity. proper time. tensor fields. rest mass. history of the universe. Einstein’s field equations.D. 1992. Lorentz transformations. length contraction. Oxford University Press. the Big Bang expansion rate. Cambridge University Press. 1989. 3. structure of space-time. cosmological red-shift.

7th edition 1996. C. A. Dislocations in crystals. Hall.Pillai. 2. H.SOLID STATE PHYSICS-II Pre-requisite: Solid State Physics I 3Cr. 1989. 6. Point defects and dislocations in solids. 3.h Objectives: 1. 2003. Transport properties of solids. Guinier & R.R. New Delhi. New Age International Pub. 1989. Dia. Jullien. The Solid State. Tata McGraw Hill. Solid State Physics. New York. Dielectrics.T. Solid State Physics. Oxford University Press. To understand the transport properties in solids To understand the crystal defects and their importance To understand the dielectric and magnetic properties of materials To give basic understanding of superconductivity. John Wiley. Christman. 65 . 4. Oxford. New York.O. Boltzmann equation. Solid State Physics. John Wiley & Sons. S. Magnetic relaxation and resonance phenomena. 4. J. McGraw Hill.E.M. Superconductivity and devices. 1988. C. Co. Read Jr. Kittle. W. Books Recommended: 1. Kachaava. 7. 1991. Introduction to Solid State Physics. 1982. 3. Solid State Physics. 5. 2. Para and Ferro-magnetism. John Wiley & Sons. Introduction to superconductivity with applications.

Refresher courses on new topics in Physics may be arranged for college teachers. For the smooth and uniform implementation of the BS (4-year) program throughout the country. 66 . the program can be split up in two parts. the HEC may take up the matter with the provincial Directorate of Colleges to introduce the BS (4-year) program both in Colleges and University departments. The Directorate Colleges of Provinces should be provided special funds by the respective provinces for qualified manpower and for building of necessary infrastructure for starting BS (4-year) program or at least the Part-I of this program at Colleges. in consistency with the approved revised scheme of studies and curriculum of Physics for the program. 5. The HEC should provide special funds for building infrastructure for the BS (4-year) program and development of teaching faculty at the university departments. the Provinces will have to be involved at the highest level for the implementation for the BS program. the suffix “Hons.General Recommendations: The Committee made the following recommendations: 1. completed at College and university department respectively. 4. 3.” may not be used with the nomenclature of the program. Until the introduction of 4-year composite bachelor degree program in Colleges and Universities. namely Part-I (2-years) and Part-II (2years). As all the BS programs are of four years duration. 2. To implement the BS (4-year) program the Colleges will have to provide extra facilities for teaching extra courses and for Lab equipment.

Annexure “A” COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. a) Functional English Grammar 67 . Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure.

Third Impression 1992. Upper Intermediate. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. Exercises 1. Fourth Impression 1993. Thomson and A. 1997.J.J. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. Exercises 2.V. b) Practical English Grammar by A. minutes of meetings. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Writing. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. intensive and extensive.V. Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Thomson and A. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. ISBN 0194313492 Practical English Grammar by A. Reading/Comprehension 1. Third edition. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review 68 . Reading. 1997. Martinet. Oxford University Press. Oxford Supplementary Skills. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning.1. Third edition. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. 2. and speed reading. Oxford University Press. Martinet.

ISBN 0 19 431350 6.Recommended books: Communication Skills a) Grammar 1. narrative. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. 2. Fourth Impression 1993. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Thomson and A. Third Impression 1991.V. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Oxford Supplementary Skills. descriptive and argumentative writing). content. discursive. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Reading 1. Advanced. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. Writing 1. Martinet. Fourth Impression 1992. Oxford University Press 1986. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. 2.J. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. form. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building 69 . argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. language. Oxford Supplementary Skills. introduction to presentations. Writing. Exercises 2. Practical English Grammar by A. clarity. Third edition. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Writing. b) c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. Reading.

Martin’s Press. 3. 2004. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 (particularly suitable for discursive.Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. A Custom Publication. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. Mandell. Kirszner and Stephen R. College Writing Skills by John Langan. Third Impression 1992. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. Oxford Supplementary Skills. 2. Compiled by norther Illinois University. argumentative and report writing). Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. 70 . Writing. Advanced by Ron White. St. Kathleen Shine Cain. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. without taxing the taste of engineering students). Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. descriptive.

Location and geo-physical features. Ethnicity d. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan 71 . Study the process of governance. politics.Annexure “B” Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. 1947-58 b. national development. 1988-99 f. 1971-77 d. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. Economic institutions and issues b. 1999 onward 3. government. contemporary Pakistan. 1958-71 c. b. 2. Historical Perspective a. ii. Society and social structure c. Course Outline 1. People and Land i. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. ideological background of Pakistan. Contemporary Pakistan a. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. 1977-88 e. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. Indus Civilization Muslim advent iii.

Party. 1967. Lahore: Vanguard. 8. Washington: American Enterprise. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Lahore: Idara-eSaqafat-e-Islamia. Ansar. Lahore. Ethno . 12. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. Ziring. 1998. Enigma of Political Development. 1993.Books Recommended 1. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Safdar.The Emergence of Banglades. Safdar. Khalid Bin. Afzal. S. Haq. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. Mehmood. Zaidi. 1994. History & Culture of Sindh. Shahid Javed. Institute of Public Policy Research. Wayne. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. Karachi: Royal Book Company. Islamabad. Rafique. Muhammad Waseem. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Club Road. 1993. 1972. 7. M. 10. Mehmood. Zahid. Burki. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. State & Society in Pakistan. 14. 9. 2000. Political Parties in Pakistan. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. 11. Tahir. 1987.. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. The Political System of Pakistan.M. Aziz. 3. Lawrence. 1980.K. Sayeed. 6. Akbar. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. S.National Movement in Pakistan. 1980. Noor ul. II & III. I. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. Vol. Wilcox. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. nd. 2. K. 1976. 72 . 4. Politics in Pakistan. Pakistan Under Martial Law. 5. 13. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Amin.

W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.19.6. Detail of Courses Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) Basic Concepts of Quran 2) History of Quran 3) Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.W) in Makkah 73 .Annexure “C” ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.21.A.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.56.Tadabar (Verse No1.40.57.A.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Sellected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.20) Related to thinking.58.

A.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Basic Concepts of Hadith History of Hadith Kinds of Hadith Uloom –ul-Hadith Sunnah & Hadith Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Nature of Differences in Islamic Law Islam and Sectarianism Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islamic Culture & Civilization Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics Islamic Concept of Riba Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 74 .

Pakistan.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. IRI. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts Of Social System Of Islam 2) Elements Of Family 3) Ethical Values Of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Emergence of Islam” . Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. “Studies in Islamic Law. International Islamic University. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. Islamabad (2001) 75 . “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. Ahmad Hasan. Bhatia. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi.S. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad.3) Basic Institutions of Govt.

determinants. geometric progression. Houghton & Mifflin. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. trigonometric identities. system of linear equations. set operations. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. matrix inverse. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. equations reducible to quadratic equations. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. College Algebra and Trigonometry. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. 1978. functions. Sharron S. Boston 76 . Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. Beckenback EF. cube roots of unity. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. types of functions. types. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. PWS-Kent Company. complex numbers. introduction to sets. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. harmonic progression. not majoring in mathematics. Wooton W. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Mathematics at secondary level 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Cramer’s rule.Annexure “D” Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. 1987.

with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. PWS-Kent Company. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. Finney AR. Reading. Recommended Books: Anton H. not majoring in mathematics. differentiation of polynomial. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). integration by parts. Boston Thomas GB. 1995. 1983. Addison-Wesley. Davis S. solution of equations involving absolute values. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. New York Stewart J. change of variables in indefinite integrals. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. continuous functions. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Mathematics I (Algebra) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students.Swokowski EW. Calculus (11th edition). Ma. Bevens I. inequalities. continuity. John Wiley. rational and transcendental functions. not majoring in mathematics. Boston 2. 2005. Calculus (3rd edition). Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. 2005. derivatives. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. left-hand and right-hand limits. integration by substitution. USA 3. PWS-Kent Company. 77 . 1986. functions and their graphs. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) Mathematics II (Calculus) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students.

equation of a line. Circle: Equation of a circle. Analytic Geometry. PWS-Kent Company. 1986.Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). hyperbola. intersection of lines and circles. parallel and perpendicular lines. Boston Swokowski EW. distance between a point and a line. College Algebra and Trigonometry. Freshman and Company. Boston 4. circles determined by various conditions. Objectives 78 . Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). 1969 Kaufmann JE. intersection of two lines. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. locus of a point in various conditions. various forms of equation of a line. distance between two points. Conic Sections: Parabola. ellipse. 1987. PWS-Kent Company. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline : Pre-requisites : Credit Hours : Minimum Contact Hours: Assessment : Effective : Aims : : To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. Scott. angle between two lines. After completion of this course the student should be able to: • • • Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. slope of a line.

E. system of linear equations. 2. Boston. bar frequency diagram histogram. frequency polygon. array. cumulative frequency curve. ‘Introduction of Statistics’.. Latest Edition. E.. Prentice Hall. Introduction to sets. Graphs: Graph of straight line. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations.. deciles and percentiles. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. 2.. moments. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. 79 . variance. inverse of matrices. Cramer’s rule. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. discrete and continuous series. circle and trigonometric functions. J. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. types of matrices. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. Wilcox. R. 3. W. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. 4. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. individual. skewness and kurtosis. PWS-Kent Company. types of functions. types of frequency series. equations reducible to quadratic equations. set operations. Algebra : : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. nature of roots of quadratic equations. Statistics : Books Recommended: 1. Kaufmann. relationship of statistics with social science. Swokowski. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. functions. Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. Latest Edition.Contents 1. Measures of dispersion: Range. geometric and harmonic progressions. Walpole. E. characteristics of statistics. R. ungrouped and grouped data. tally sheet method. Latest Edition. quartiles. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. determinants. standard deviation. R. trigonometric identities.

Least-Squares Line. Second Edition 1992. Elliott Mendelson. special points of a function. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. Frank A. Rational and Transcendental Functions. Davis. Mathews. Bevens. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. Thomas. Addison Wesley publishing company. Slope of a Line. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. McCallum. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. 2005. Extreme Values of Functions. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. Recommended Books: 1. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. and Transcendental Functions. W. et al. 5.Jr. Jhon Willey & Sons. Calculus. Prentice-Hall. Gleason. Anton. 3rd Edition. 2. Boston. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Contents 1. Swokowski.5. 2002. Leibnitz’ theorem. Calculus Single and Multivariable. Schaum’s Outline Series. theorems of differentiation. 4. 80 . S. products. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. 6. Preliminary calculus. logarithmic differentiation. Equation of a Line. H. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. Integration by Parts. 1999. Calculus. 6. Trigonometric Functions. I. Inc. Inc. 4th edition. 3. 8th edition. implicit differentiation. Solution of equations involving absolute values. Rational Functions. quotients. Continuous Functions. John Wiley & Sons. Hughes-Hallett. 11th Edition. the chain rule. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. Calculus. 2005. E. 1983. John H. Inequalities. Continuity. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers.

arithmetico-geometric series. integration by inspection. reduction formulae. substitution method. integration by parts. • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. division Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form and argument.2. plane polar coordinates. operations with power series Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. integral inequalities. solving hyperbolic equations. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. calculus of hyperbolic functions Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. geometric series. solving polynomial equations Complex logarithms and complex powers Applications to differentiation and integration • • 3. finding the nth roots of unity. the inverse of differentiation. the difference method. alternating series test • • • • Operations with series Power series Convergence of power series. inverses of hyperbolic functions. complex conjugate. approximation errors in Taylor series. standard Maclaurin series Evaluation of limits 81 . Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • • • • The need for complex numbers Manipulation of complex numbers Additions and subtraction. • Integration Integration from first principles. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. applications of integration. infinite and improper integrals. sinusoidal function. series involving natural numbers. modulus multiplication. integration using partial fractions. logarithmic integration. identities of hyperbolic functions.

moments of inertia. centers of mass and centroids.4. line to plane Reciprocal vectors 5. vector triple product Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. masses. point to plane. Pappus’ theorems. mean values of functions Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. scalar triple product. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints Double integrals Triple integrals Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. vector product. line to line. Vector algebra • • • • • • • • • 7. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. equation of a plane Using vectors to find distances Point to line. Multiple integrals • • • • 6. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants 82 . the inner product.

combinations of grad. spherical polar coordinates • 8. symmetric and antisymmetric. unitary normal Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. orthogonal. curl of a vector field Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. Vector calculus • • • • • • • • • 83 . of a unitary matrix. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. divergence of a vector field. div and curl Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. of a general square matrix Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. differential of a vector Integration of vectors Space curves Vector functions of several arguments Surfaces Scalar and vector fields Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. Hermitian.• • • • • The inverse of a matrix The rank of a matrix Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns Special square matrices Diagonal.

properties of Good Average. Standardized variables. Graphs and their Construction. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Sources. Observations. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. The Mean Deviation. Change of origin and scale. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. sampling with and without replacement. Exercises. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. Moments and Moments ratios. Historigram. Exercises. The semiInter-quartile Range. Discrete and continuous variables. Stem and Leaf Display. Poisson and Normal Distribution. 84 . Ogive for Discrete Variable. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics.Annexure “E” INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. The Variance and standard deviation. Errors of measurement. Bar charts. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Histogram. Pie chart. Significant digits. sample design and sampling frame. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Box and Whisker Plot. Exercises. Diagrams. Exercises Unit 6. definition of outliers and their detection. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Coefficient of variation. Unit 2. Median and mode. Collection of primary and secondary data. Exercises. Difference of means and proportions. Unit 4. Empirical Relation between Mean. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Editing of Data. Presentation of Data Introduction. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Rounding of a Number. Data. Types of frequency curves. sampling and non sampling errors. Exercises. bias. Absolute and relative measures. Quantiles. Population. Unit 5. Range. Probability and Probability Distributions. probability and non-probability sampling. The Mode. Different types of Averages. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Unit 3.

F. E. Exercises Unit 10. Exercises. 1982. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. simple linear regression. Type-I and Type-II errors. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. 3rd Ed. Correlation.Single Population Introduction. Statistical problem. Contingency Tables. examples.. Kitab Markaz. New York. 85 . Unit 8. cause and effect relationships. 2005. Examples Recommended Books 1 2 Walpole. null and alternative hypothesis. acceptance and rejection regions. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. R. Test statistics. Testing of Hypothesis.. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. Exercises. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad.Unit 7. Macmillan Publishing Co. r and R2. Regression and Correlation Introduction. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. level of significance. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Exercises Unit 9. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. Muhammad. Unit 11. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. “Introduction to Statistics”. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. its estimation and interpretation. Inc. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. Coefficient of linear correlation.

- Compiled P4 (M1)
- Relativistic Quantum Field Theory
- Inclined 2014
- Schaum's Outline of Applied Physics - Arthur Beiser.pdf
- Wheel of Vehicle Energy Harvesting
- Quantum Mantras
- Final Exam 2012.pdf
- Mechanical Aptitude Questions
- Ch3_notes
- sm_pdf_chapter5.pdf
- What is Work
- ShiHai MorseControl
- The Quantum Zeno Effect
- Problem Set 03 Physics
- summary chapter 3 townsend quantum mechanics modern approach
- QM Summary
- 9th phy (2).docx
- Aqa Mm2b Wre Jun13
- Structural Statics and Dynamics on Axial Fan Blades
- Mech Energy Practice
- Chap10 Slides
- Physics Equations Table
- Chapter 10 Homework
- 8.01x-20140107
- v4-3843-3851 (1)
- Physics' Contents, Alonso
- Posture, dynamic stability, and voluntary movement
- Aits 1718 Pt II Jee Adv Paper 1
- 02-05ChapGere
- Mechanics

Sign up to vote on this title

UsefulNot usefulRead Free for 30 Days

Cancel anytime.

Close Dialog## Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

Loading