CURRICULUM OF PHYSICS BS (4-YEAR

)

2008

HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD

CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Riaz ul Haq Tariq Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Khan Executive Director Member (Acad) Deputy Director (Curri) Assistant Director Assistant Director

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CONTENTS
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Introduction --------------------------------------------------------- 07 Objectives ----------------------------------------------------------- 09 Frame Work/Template for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics ------ 10 Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics ----------- 11 Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics------------ 14 Recommendations ------------------------------------------------ 66 Details of Compulsary Courses (Annexures A, B, C, D & E.) ------------------------------------ 67

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PREFACE
Curriculum development is a highly organized and systematic process and involves a number of procedures. Many of these procedures include incorporating the results from international research studies and reforms made in other countries. These studies and reforms are then related to the particular subject and the position in Pakistan so that the proposed curriculum may have its roots in the socio-economics setup in which it is to be introduced. Hence, unlike a machine, it is not possible to accept any curriculum in its entirety. It has to be studied thoroughly and all aspects are to be critically examined before any component is recommended for adoption. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976, the Federal Government vide notification No. D773/76-JEA (cur.), dated December 4th 1976, appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees, certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges, universities and other institutions of higher education. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives, the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. According to the decision of the special meeting of Vice-Chancellor’s Committee, the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic, Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards, and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. It also aimed to give a basic, broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. The new BS degree shall be of 4 years duration, and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees, 63.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses, and 36.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level, comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities, degree awarding institutions, R&D organizations and respective accreditation councils. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Physics in a meeting held on March 28-29, 2008 at the 4

Lahore. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. 2007 at HEC Regional Center.RIAZ-UL-HAQ TARIQ Member Academics June 2008 5 . The final draft prepared by the National Curriculum Revision Special Committee. is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template.HEC Regional Center. DR. duly approved by the competent authority.

FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRICULUM PREPARARTION OF DRAFT BY NCRC IMPLEMENTATION OF CURRICULUM REVIEW Abbreviations Used: NCRC. REC. OF NCRC.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRICULUM UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRICULUM IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. PREP. UNI. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREPARATION OF FINAL CURRICULUM QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. COL. VCC. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I 6 . LI R&D HEC National Curriculum Revision Committee Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Preparation Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. R&D. EXP.

Shah Adul Latif University.Dr. Prof. Chairman. held on November 16-17. Prof. 6. Muhammad Ayub. Prof. Dr. Qurban Ali Bhatti. This meeting was follow up of the preliminary meeting. Director. 2008 at HEC Regional Centre. Ansar A. University of Karachi. Ashraf Chaudhry. Manzoor Hussain. University of Sindh. Dr. Qidwai. Director Institute of Physics. 7. Department of Physics. Lahore.Hassan Amir Shah. Prof.Introduction The 2nd and Final NCRC Special Meeting in Physics was held on March 28-29. Dr.Dr. Prof. Prof. 3. Jamshoro. Multan 7 Convener Member Member Member Member Member Member Member . Department of Physics. Prof. 8. Government College University. Department of Physics. Muhammad Siddique Kalhoro. Karachi to adjust and finalize the BS Physics (4 Year) curriculum in the light of HEC approved guidelines and generic unified frame work / template for social and natural sciences for the program. Dr. 4. Department of Physics. Professor. Department of Physics.Muhammad Riaz Khan.I. Khan 2. Karachi. Lahore. Khairpur. 2007 at HEC Regional Centre. D. Gomal University. Chairman. The following attended the Meetings: 1. University of the Punjab. 5. Bahauddin Zakria University. Dr. Department of Physics. Peshawar. Dr. Department of Physics. Lahore. Prof. Centralized Resource Laboratory. University of Peshawar.

Lahore.9. Prof. Regional Centre. 10. Shafiullah Khan requested the participants to finalize the revised curriculum of Physics (2005) in line with HEC approved template for BS (4 year) program in the light of decisions taken in the first NCRC special meeting in physics held on November 16-17. Assistant Director HEC. Islamabad. Department of Physics.Z. Riaz Ahmad as a secretary. University of Balochistan. Government College University. Shafiullah Khan. Syed Zafar Ilyas. B. Dr. M. University Multan 11. Riaz Ahmad. Dr. Associate Professor. The committee unanimously selected Prof. Dr. Lahore Member Member Member/ Secretary The Meeting started with a recitation from Holy Quran by Mr. Younis Nadeem. Muhammad Ayub as convener and Dr. Mr. After a thorough and long discussion. Department of Physics. Chairman. Mr. Incharge HEC Regional Centre. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. the participants agreed to the following scheme of study and course outlines for BS (4 Year) program in Physics in the light of the guidelines and format approved by HEC for BS (4-years) program for natural sciences: 8 . 2007 at HEC. Prof. Dr. Karachi welcomed the participants. The objective of the meeting was explained and the forum was requested to select a convener & secretary of the meeting.

11. 7. Students will develop and understanding of different basics of Physics and their applications to real problems. 2. 8. 6. Students will develop the ability of working in an interactive group. 10. 3. Students will develop critical and rational reasoning so that they will be able to work on complex and unforeseen problems and seek their solution. 5. Student will learn fundamentals principles of Physics. The graduates will be able to apply their knowledge of Physics for their professional growth and for obtaining further Higher Education in specialized fields of Physics The main educational objectives of BS (4-year) program are: 1. . Students will be prepared for careers in teaching.Objectives of BS 4 Year program in Physics The Objective of BS 4 Year Program is to impart the best possible education in the subject so that students will utilize the knowledge of Physics in practical life which will be beneficial for the society. This programme will equip the students with firm foundation in principles of Physics and their applications. research and industry in government / private organizations. 9 4. Students will develop in-depth understanding of some specialized area of Physics by opting for a number of elective courses. Students will develop skills in written as well as oral communication in English. able to face the challenges of the modern world. 9. The primary aim of the programme is to produce broad-based graduates. Students will develop effective skills in mathematics and its applications to the solutions of Physics problems. Students will develop hands-on experience in different laboratory techniques. Students will develop habit of independent learning and get motivation for selfeducation. Students will be able to design and conduct experiments and analyse experimental data. Students will develop problem-solving skills which will be helpful in applying their knowledge to the real world.

INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Cr hr 3 3 3 3 2 2 3 3 3 9-10 courses 30-33 Credit hours Cr hr 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Subject 1. 3. Optics / University Option 9. 2. Electricity & Magnetism – II 8. Lab-II 12. Heat & Thermodynamics 5. 5. 3. Electricity & Magnetism-I 6. Modern Physics & Electronics 7. 15. Elective l .I Elective . Lab-I 11. 11. Lab-IV Cr hr 2 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 29 25 21 Major courses including research project/internship 11-13 courses 36-42 Credit hours Subject 1. 8.LAYOUT FOR BS (4 YEAR) PHYSICS General Courses to be chosen from other departments 7-8 courses 21-24 Cr. 3. 13. ENGLISH-I ENGLISH-II ENGLISH-III ENGLISH-IV* PAKISTAN STUDIES ISLAMIC STUDIES / ETHICS 7. Atomic & Molecular Physics 10. 16. 7. 4. Mechanics – I 2. 3. 6. 4.III Elective – IV / Research Project Cr hr 3 3 3 3 12 Total Credit Hours 132 * University has the option to recommend any other course in lieu of English-IV ** University may recommend any other course in lieu of Mathematics-II GOF= General Subjects from Faculties other than Science GRF= General Subject from Science Faculty 10 . 6. Quantum Mechanics – I Classical Mechanics Electronics Lab-V Mathematical Methods – I Quantum Mechanics –II Electromagnetic Theory-I Thermal & Statistical Physics Nuclear Physics Solid State Physics Lab-VI Computational Physics Lab-VII Electromagnetic Theory-II University Option Mathematical Methods – II Cr hr 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 2 3 3 3 45 Elective Courses within the major 4 courses 12 Credit Hours Subject 1. 12. MATHEMATI-CS-I 8. 2. Waves and Oscillations. 5. MATHEMATICS-II** 9. 14. Lab-III 13. 2. Mechanics – II 4. hours Subject GOF-I GRF-I Maths-III GOF-II GOF-III GRF-II Maths-IV Compulsory Requirements (the student has no choice) Discipline Specific Foundation Courses 9 courses 25 Credit hours Subject 1.II Elective . 4. 9. 10.

3 3 3 3 3 3 1 19 Remarks Com-8 Found-6 Found-7 Gen-3 Found-8 Gen-4 Found-9 Remarks Comp-9 Found-10 Gen-5 Gen-6 Found-11 Gen-7 Found-12 English-IV University Option Modern Physics & Electronics GOF-III Maths-IV Electricity & Magnetism-II GRF-II Lab-IV Total 11 . 3 2 3 3 3 2 1 17 Remarks Comp-5 Comp-6 Comp-7 Gen-2 Found-3 Found-4 Found-5 Semester-III Title Cr. English-III 3 Electricity & Magnetism-I 3 Heat & Thermodynamics 3 Maths-III 3 Optics/University Option* 3 GOF-II 3 Lab-III 1 Total 19 Title Semester-IV Cr Hrs. Hrs.SCHEME OF BS (4 YEAR) PROGRAMME IN PHYSICS Semester-1 Title Cr. Hrs. Hrs. Remarks English-I Pak Studies Maths-1 Introduction to Computers Mechanics-I GOF-I Lab-I Total Title English-II Islamic Studies Maths-II GRF-I Waves & Oscillations Mechanics-II Lab-II Total 3 2 3 3 2 3 1 17 Comp-1 Comp-2 Comp-3 Comp-4 Found-1 Gen-1 Found-2 Semester-II Cr.

Semester-V Cr Title Hrs. Hrs. Elective-II 3 Elective-III 3 Elective-IV/Research Project 3 University Option* 3 Total Total Credit Hours = 132 12 Remarks Maj-1 Maj-2 Maj-3 Maj-4 Maj-5 Maj-6 Remarks Maj-7 Maj-8 Maj-9 Maj-10 Maj-11 Maj-12 Remarks Maj-13 Found-13 Maj-14 Elective Maj-15 Remarks Elective Elective Elective Maj-16 GOF= General Subjects from Faculties other than Science Faculty GRF= General Subject from Science Faculty The Universities may reshuffle courses within semesters * University Option is given to universities in order to introduce subjects according to specialization of qualified staff available Note: 12 . Mathematical Methods of 3 Physics -II Quantum Mechanics -II 3 Electromagnetic Theory -I 3 Nuclear Physics 3 Solid State Physics 3 Lab-VI 2 Total 17 Semester-VII Title Cr. Hrs. Mathematical Methods of 3 Physics-I Quantum Mechanics-I 3 Thermal & Statistical 3 Physics Classical Mechanics 3 Electronics 3 Lab-V 2 Total 17 Semester-VI Title Cr. Computational Physics 3 Atomic & Molecular Physics 3 Electromagnetic Theory-II 3 Elective-I 3 LAB-VII 2 Total 14 Semester-VIII Cr Title Hrs.

Shafiullah Khan. 2008. HEC. Dr. The Meeting ended with thanks from the chair. Riaz Ahmad (Secretary) Prof. Riaz Ahmed was requested to prepare the course profiles for different courses and submit the same to Mr. Muhammad Ayub (Convener) 13 .Course Profiles Dr. Assistant Director (Curriculum). Islamabad on the prescribed format by 10th April. Dr.

Spherical polar coordinates. (Physics + Math) 2 Cr. Power and Energy: Work done by a constant force. Physical significance of each type. normal forces and contact forces.g. special examples. Work energy theorem. curl and line integral (mutual relation). Stoke’s Theorem. terminal velocity. Effect of drag forces on motion. Centrifugal force as an example of pseudo force. Particle Dynamics: Dynamics of uniform. flux. Applying Newton’s Laws to obtain v(t) for the case of motion with time dependent (Integration approach) drag (viscous) forces. v(t) via integration. General 14 . Vector Analysis: Review of Vector in 3 dimensions and fundamental Operations. v(t) for this case using integration method. Time dependent forces. Obtaining general expression for work done (2dimensional case) and applying to simple cases e. Obtaining x(t). Coriolis force.DETAILS OF COURSES MECHANICS-I Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. Vector and scalar triple products. 3. Work. (Essentially a review of grade-XII concepts via integration technique to calculate work done (e. To give mathematical concept and expressions of various physical parameters used in mechanics. circular motion. To give concept of vector and their various properties.Sc. their derivation. Vector identities. in vibration of a spring obeying Hooke’s Law). Equations of motion. physical importance and applications to specific cases. the banked curve. gradient of a scalar. Cosines. work done by a variable force (1-2 dimension). Cylindrical Coordinaties. Deriving kinetic equations for x(t). Direction. Divergence and curl of a vector. To give basic understanding of laws of motion and their applications is daily life.g.h Objectives: 1. Qualitative discussion to develop understanding. 2. Divergence Theorem. Projectile motion with and without air resistance. Divergence of a vector. Calculation of pseudo forces for simple cases (linearly accelerated reference frames). Constant and variable forces. pulling a mass at the end of a fixed string against gravity. Non inertial frames and Pseudo forces.

Kleppner and R. Physics.h Objectives: 1.M. frame. 1999. 1978. velocity and equation of motion. Mc-Graw Hill. Basic formulae and applications. 2. Position. Conservation of momentum during collision in one and two dimensions.M. Resnick. 1959. Conservation of Energy in 1. Power. Calculation of Centre of Mass of solid objects using integral calculus. R. Collisions in centre of Mass reference frame (One and two dimensions). Law of conservation of total energy of an isolated system. Energy changes with respect to observers in different inertial frames. An Introduction to Mechanics. To give the basic concept of rotational motion. Centre of mass. 3. Calculating C.proof of work energy theorem: Qualitative review of work energy theorem. McGraw Hill. Derivation of basic equation. Momentum Changes in a system of variable mass. Cylinder and Sphere. John Wiley. (Physics + Math) 2 Cr. Collisions: Elastic Collisions. D.Sc. obtaining velocities in C. Derivation using integral calculus. Kolenkow. Krane. of Uniform Rod. Vol. application to motion of a rocket (determination of its mass as a function of time). Simple applications. physical properties of matter and relativistic mechanics Uses of above concepts in daily life in a scientific way 15 . M. 5th ed. D. Inelastic collision. Systems of Particles: Two particle systems and generalization to many particle systems. Recommended Books: 1. and 3 dimensional conservative systems. 2. I & II. Conservative and non conservative forces: Conservation of energy in a system of particles. 2. Speigel. Halliday. law of gravitation. Centre of mass of solid objects. MECHANICS-II Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. Vector Analysis and an Introduction to Tensor Analysis.

e. bar and solid sphere. Variation of Pressure in fluid at rest and with height in the atmosphere. calculation of escape velocity. Universal Gravitational Law. Rotational dynamics of rigid bodies. application to simple cases. Physical basis. Gravitational field & Potential. Physical basis. The Lorentz Transformation. Rolling without slipping. scalar and vector form. Consequences of Lorentz transformation. (Lorentz invariants) E2=c2 p2+m2oc 4 16 . Discussion with examples. Fluid Statics. Its mathematical treatment. relativistic momentum and Relativistic energy. The spinning Top. Moment of Inertia. Conservation of angular momentum. Relativity of length. Energy considerations in planetary and satellite motion. Relativity of mass. Qualitative discussion on application of gravitational law to the Galaxy. Derivation. Assumptions on which inverse transformation is derived. Parallel axis and Perpendicular axis theorems. Postulates of Relativity. fluid flow through a cylindrical pipe (Poiseulle's law). Kinetic energy of rotation. Gravitational Potential Energy (develop using integration techniques). Viscosity. Determination of moment of inertia of various shapes i. Bulk Properties of Matters.Rotational Dynamics: Relationships between linear & angular variables. Special Theory of Relativity: Inertial and non inertial frame. Compression & shearing. Relativity of time. Poisson’s ratio. Tension. Elastic Modulus. Elastic limit. Gravitation: Gravitational effect of a spherical mass distribution. mass energy relation and its importance. Combined rotational and translational motion. Motion of Planets and Keplers' Laws (Derivation & explanation) Motion of Satellites. Radial and transversal velocity and acceleration. obtaining the Coefficient of viscosity. Equations of rotational motion and effects of application of torques. practical example of viscosity. Stability of spinning objects. precessional motion. Effects of torque on the angular momentum. Elastic Properties of Matter. Angular Momentum: Angular Velocity. role in formation of drops and bubbles. Physical basis of elasticity. variation of mass with velocity. Transformation of velocity. Proof and Illustration. effects of Torque and its relation with angular momentum. for disc. Surface Tension. Relation between three types of elasticity.

D. propagation and interaction with other waves use of basic concept of waves in their application in daily life Harmonic Oscillations: Simple harmonic motion (SHM). John Wiley. Physics. simple pendulum. Halliday. Travelling waves. Phase changes on reflection. Derivation & discussion. Equation of damped harmonic motion. discussion of its solution. Energy considerations in SHM. 2. Forced oscillations and resonances. Mechanical analysis. Wave equation. 1978. Discussion of solution. 1999. M. Combinations of harmonic motions. Vol. R. Phase velocity of traveling waves. Resnick. I & II. Standing waves. (Physics + Math) 3 Cr. Mc-Graw Hill. WAVES & OSCILLATIONS Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. Damped harmonic motion. a(t). 1959. Quality factor. To understand the basics of waves.Sc. Lissajous patterns. Physical pendulum. D. v(t). 17 . Kleppner and R. Power and intensity in wave motion. SHM and uniform circular motion. Sinusoidal waves.Recommended Books: 1. Examples of resonance. Principle of superposition (basic ideas). Speigel. Waves in Physical Media: Mechanical waves. mechanism of wave production. Kolenkow. Resonance. McGraw Hill. Equation of forced oscillation. 5th ed. Natural frequency. Sound: Beats Phenomenon. Group speed and dispersion. 3. Torsional oscillator. Longitudinal and transverse Oscillations. Obtaining and solving the basic equations of motion x(t).h Objective: 1. Waves speed. Discussion of its solution. Krane. An Introduction to Mechanics. Application of SHM. 2. Analytical treatment. Vector Analysis and an Introduction to Tensor Analysis. Interference of waves.

To determine the value of “g” by compound pendulum / Kater’s Pendulum. and angular velocity of a body in circular motion. N. To study the dependence of Centripetal force on mass. Surface tension of water by capillary tube method.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives To develop the experimental capability understanding the concept of Mechanics. Measurement of viscosity of liquid by Stoke’s / Poiseulli’s method. 18 . H. Recommended Books: 1. 6. 2. General methods of finding normal modes. Energy relations in coupled oscillations. radius. D. Vibrations of air columns.O. Investigation of phase change with position in traveling wave and measurement of the velocity of sound by C. Halliday. Physics. 5. 1999. Many coupled oscillator. 8. Tata McGrawHill Publishing company Limited.K.R. Vol. Krane. Barton’s Apparatus). Longitudinal vibrations of a rod. Atomic vibrations. Determination of moment of inertia of a solid/hollow cylinder and a sphere etc. 2. 5th ed. Resnick. The Physics of Waves & Oscillations. 7. 1. Pain. of students in Modulus of Rigidity by Static & Dynamic method (Maxwell’s needle. Beats in coupled oscillations. J. The Physics of Vibrations and Waves. Two coupled LC circuits. Normal Modes of Continuous systems: Transverse vibration of a string. Two coupled masses. Bajaj. Normal modes. To study the damping features of an oscillating system using simple pendulum of variable mass. John Wiley. Forced oscillations of two coupled oscillators.Coupled Oscillators and Normal modes: Two coupled pendulums. LAB-I Pre-requisites 1 Cr. 5th Edition 1999. 3. Fourier methods of analyzing general motion of a continuous system. I & II. 3. 1986. 4.

C. 9. To determine frequency of AC supply by CRO. Recommended Books: 1. 10. To study the conservation of energy (Hook’s law). Advanced Level Practical Physics. 3. Marrow. 8. 5. Surjeet Pub Ind. The determination of wavelength of Sodium –D lines by Newton’s Ring. 19 . The measurement of specific rotation of sugar by Polarimeter and determination of sugar concentration in a given solution. Experiments in Physics. Determination of wavelength of sodium light by Fresnel’s biprism. To determine thermal Emf and plot temperature diagram. The determination of resolving power of a diffraction grating. H. Heimann Educational Books Nolan and Bigliani. Longman. 6. To determine Horizontal/Vertical distance by Sextant. 7. 2. Bhattacharya. Nelkon and Ogborn.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives To develop the understanding of students in measuring the thermal and optical parameters and to remove the fear of students to use various gadgets in laboratory 1. K. Selected Experiments in Physical Sciences. 4. University Practical Physics. 2. CBS Publishing Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities LAB-II Pre-requisites 1 Cr. Calibration of thermocouple by potentiometer.9. D. 4. The determination of Stefan’s constant. 12. The determination of wavelength of light/laser by Diffraction grating. 11. Determination of “J” by Callender – Barnis method. Determination of temperature coefficient of resistance of a given wire. 3.

To determine the Thermal conductivity of good and bad conductors using Lee’s and Searl’s apparatus. Field of infinite line of charge. Electric field of continuous charge distribution e. infinite line of charge. Advanced Level Practical Physics. (Integral and differential forms) and its application. Selected Experiments in Physical Sciences. 17. field of spherical shell and field of spherical charge distribution. C. University Practical Physics. To study the laws of vibration of stretched string using sonometer. 20 . Point charge in an electric field.13. Electric dipole.g Ring of charge. 16. To determine the stopping potential by photo cell. Heimann Educational Books Nolan and Bigliani. Electric flux: Gauss's law.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. To give the concept of electric field. 15. To study the parameters of waves (Beats phenomenon). Recommended Books: 1. 4. Marrow. 2. 2. Nelkon and Ogborn. 3. electrical potential and dielectrics To understand the DC circuits To know the effect of magnetic field and basic magnetic properties of materials Electric Field: Field due to a point charge: due to several point charges. K. D. field of infinite sheet of charge. Longman. conductor with a cavity. Experiments in Physics. To study the combinations of harmonic motion (Lissajous figures). Bhattacharya. Dipole in an electric field. field near a charged conducting sheet. Charge in isolated conductors. Surjeet Pub Ind. disc of charge. 14. H. CBS Publishing Note: At least nine experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM-I Pre-requisites 3 Cr. 3. Torque and energy of a dipole in uniform field.

Defining M. Energy stored in an electric field. (Integral form). Hysteresis in Ferromagnetic materials. 21 . D C Circuits: Electric Current. magnetic force on a current. multiple loops. cylindrical. Capacitors and dielectrics: Capacitance. E. Potential and field inside and outside an isolated conductor. Differential form of Gauss’s Law. Recommended Books: 1. Use of Kirchhoff's Ist & 2nd law. W. Inc. Electric potential of continuous charge distribution. J. resistance. F.Bohr Magneton. Basic ideas. Biot-Savart Law: Analytical treatment and applications to a current loop. Gauss's Law for Magnetism: Discuss and develop the concepts of conservation of magnetic flux. Thevenin theorem. Lorentz Force with its applications in CRO. Keller. Magnetic Field Effects and Magnetic Properties of Matter: Magnetic force on a charged particle. Poisson’s and Laplace equation without solution. current density J. An atomic view. Energy per unit volume. Diamagnetism. spherical etc. Origin of Atomic and Nuclear magnetism. McGraw-Hill. Paramagnetism. 1993. Calculating the current in a single loop. Magnetic dipole: Energy of magnetic dipole in field. force on two parallel current changing conductors. Recall the previous results. Integral and differential forms. Magnetic Materials. calculating the electric field in a capacitor. voltages at various elements of a loop. Ferromagnetism Discussion. Field as the gradient or derivative of potential. and calculation of their capacitance. Ohm’s Law. Do not derive. ρ.Electric Potential: Potential due to point charge. applications to solenoids and toroids. resistivity. potential due to collection of point charges. Application of Gauss's Law to capacitor with dielectric. µ. and conductivity. Gettys. Torque on a current loop. Norton theorem and Superposition theorem. Discuss quantitatively. J.. Skove Physics Classical and Modern (2nd edition). Growth and Decay of current in an RC circuit and their analytical treatment. σ. energy transfer in an electric circuit. potential due to dipole. Capacitor with dielectric. Electric field of dielectric. Ampere's Law. M. Capacitors of various shapes. B. Magnetization. Equation of continuity.

First law of thermo-dynamics and its applications to adiabatic. 1986. Liquification of gases.. Distribution of molecular speeds. HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS Pre-requisites 3 Cr. Calculation of efficiency of heat engines. Inc. F. Maxwell-Boltzmann energy distribution. Entropy. Internal energy of an ideal gas. Refrigerators. isothermal. Van der Waals equation of state. N. Qualitative description. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Chand & Co. R. Conduction and viscosity. K. Heat and Temperature: Temperature.). A. 1992. John Willey & sons. Edminister Schaum’s Outline Series. Intermolecular forces. Gibb’s functions. Qualitative discussion. Distribution of energies. Low Temperature Physics. McGraw-Hill Book Co. cyclic and free expansion. Diffusion. Entropy in reversible process.. Entropy in irreversible process. 5. Theory and Problems of Electromagnetism.2.. Brownian motion. Krane Physics (Vol-II). Second Law of thermodynamics.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. Joule-Thomson effect and 22 . 1969. Mean free path and microscopic calculations of mean free path.. TdS equations. 1959. Halliday. Enthalpy. Maxwell distribution. D. Internal energy of an ideal gas: Equipartition of energy. Thermodynamics: Review of previous concepts. Entropy & probability. 3. Thermodynamic temperature scale: Absolute zero: Entropy. S. Carnot theorem. D. A. 2. Heat engine. Kip Fundamentals of Electricity and Magnetism (2nd Ed. Vasudeva Magnetism and Electricity. Resnick. S. Kinetic theory of the ideal gas. 4. J. 3. Reversible and irreversible processes. Carnot engines. Thermodynamic functions: Thermodynamic functions (Internal energy. Energy equations and their applications. Work done on an ideal gas. Helmholtz functions) Maxwell’s relations.Review of previous concepts. To give the concept of heat and temperature To give the concept of classical distribution function To understand the laws of thermodynamics and their application Statistical Mechanics: Statistical distribution and mean values. Entropy & second law.

point source and extended source. To understand the concept of reflections. lens formula. two lens systems. Production of each type and their uses. interference. Addison-Wesley 1954. 4. M. Berkley Physics series. Refraction at a spherical surface. Malus law. Reif. diffraction and polarization. To develop understanding about the optical devices Geometrical Optics Geometrical optics and its laws. W. Statistical Physics. sign convention. Introduction to Statistical Physics. 23 . 1951. Fabry Perot & Michelson interferometer. Optical activity in liquids Interference Far field approximation. Sears. Recommended Books: 1. Analytical treatment of interference phenomenon. A. Induced optical effects. Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. McGraw Hill 1965. 5. Thermodynamics. Uni-axial crystals.h. Polarization Plane elliptically and circularly polarized light. Longman 1967. Zemansky. Aberrations. Lee and F. Fibre optics. J.its equations. 3. Review of topics related to chromatic aberration. Abbott. W. Chromatic aberration.Thermocouple. Fresnel’s biprism). 2. Heat and Thermodynamics. M. 3rd Edition. 1995. (thin films. Schaum's Outline of Thermodynamics. Eye pieces. McGrawHill Professional Book Group. F. refraction. Peltier’s effect. M. J. Pointon. Typical cases of interference phenomena. 2. Polarizing angle and Brewster law. McGraw Hill. Thomson effect Seabeck’s effect. lens formula by deviation method. Holography. Thermoelectricity. OPTICS Pre-requisites 3Cr.

consequences. Wiens. p-n junction diode. Diffraction pattern of a circular aperture. X-ray diffraction.and Planck’s law. Addison – Wesley Publishing Company 1987. p-type. characteristics of common base. R. Oscillators. Diffraction by a single slit. Krane. 1992. operating point. Inc. common emitter. Monostable multi.Diffraction Huygen’s principle. NOT. Transistor as an amplifier (common emitter mode). Diffraction grating. Dispersing properties of prism and grating. transistor biasing for amplifiers. characteristics and application as rectifiers. 2.C. To give the concept of modern physics To know the nuclear structure and radioactivity To know some nuclear reactions and production of nuclear energy To give basic understanding of Plasma and LASER Electronics: Basic crystal structure. John Willey & sons. Resnick. K. Fresnel diffraction. Positive & negative feed back R. E. Application to grating. Line spectra.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives: 1. Recommended Books: 1. AND. Physics. Explanation using quantum theory. Halliday. 3. Resolving power of lenses. common collector. 2. Logic gates OR. Diffraction pattern of a rectangular aperture. its basic structure and operation. Study of Fourier theorem and its analysis. Hecht. Double slit diffraction pattern. Photoelectric and Compton effect. hybrid parameters (common emitter). Optics. NAND.. Origin of Quantum Theory: Black body radiation. Fraunhofer diffraction. ELECTRONICS & MODERN PHYSICS Pre-requisites 3 Cr. Transistor. free electron model. D. Diffraction applications. 24 . NOR and their basic applications. Stefan Boltzmann-. neutron and electron diffraction. its structure. energy band in solid and energy gaps.vibrator (basic). S. load line. The quantization of energy. 4. n-type semiconductor materials.

5. Tipler and Ralph A. Paul A. K. 2004. Frank-Hertz experiment. Review of emf. Krane. DavissonGermer Experiment and J. ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM-II Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 3Cr. Pauli’s exclusion principle and its use in developing the periodic table. energy levels of electron. Concepts of Modern Physics (fifth edition) McGraw-Hill 1995. Resnick.Wave Nature of Matter: Wave behaviour of particle (wave function etc. Robert M. Calculation and application using differential and integral form. Arthur Beiser. Thomson Experiment. 3.P. Inc.) its definition and relation to probability of particle. Nuclei and Particles. Narosa Publishing House. R. LR Circuits. Toroid. 1992. S. localizing a wave in space and time. Induced electric fields. 2002. Wave packets and particles. “Basic definition”. Angular momentum of electrons. Modern Physics 3rd edition. X-ray spectrum (continuous and discrete) Moseley’s law. To understand the laws of electromagnetic induction To understand the AC circuits To know the generation and propagation of Electromagnetic waves Inductance: Faraday’s Law of Electromagnetic Induction. Robert M Eisberg. Modern Physics. 2. Atomic Physics: Bohr’s theory (review). Spin quantization. W H Freeman and Company 2000. Eisberg and Robert Resnick. Halliday. Physics. Vector atom model. Fundamentals of Modern Physics. Faraday Law and Lenz’s Law.. d’Broglie hypothesis and its testing. molecules.h Objectives: 1. Quantum Physics of Atoms. John Wiley & Sons 1961 Sanjiv Puri. 4. Atomic spectrum. 3. Inductance of a Solenoid. Bohr’s Magnetron. 2nd edition. Solids. D. Llewellyn. 6. Growth and Decay of 25 . Orbital angular momentum. Recommended Books: 1. John Wiley & Sons. Inductance. 2. John Willey & sons.

applications. Inc. Development of concepts. Series and parallel circuits i. Power in A. Analytical treatment. power factor. Travelling waves and Maxwell's equations. Keller. Energy density and the magnetic field. AC current in resistive. Skove Physics Classical and Modern (2nd edition). Single loop RLC circuit. J. acceptor and rejector.e. Gettys. Recommended Books: 1.. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Electro-Magnetic Waves (Maxwell's Equations): Summarizing the electro. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Halliday. RMS values. K. D. N. Maxwell's equations. (Integral & Differential forms) Discussion and implications. 1986. Krane Physics (Vol-II). 26 . D. Derive. McGraw-Hill. 2. Induced magnetic fields & displacement current. R. M.magnetic wave. F..magnetic equations. 1969. Ampere's Law). A. Graphical analysis. Energy stored in a magnetic field.C circuits: phase angles.current. Inc. 3. 5. Faraday Law. E. John Willey & sons. obtaining differential form of Maxwell's equations. F.. S. A. Electromagnetic Oscillation. Edminister Schaum’s Outline Series. Analytical treatment and discussion of physical concepts. Chand & Co. analytical treatment. W. obtaining the velocity of light from Maxwell's equations. J. 1993. Kip Fundamentals of Electricity and Magnetism (2nd Ed.). J. phase angles. Analytical expression for time dependent solution. Energy transport and the Poynting Vector. Vasudeva Magnetism and Electricity. Generating an electro.. Qualitative discussion. 1992. (Gauss's law for electromagnetism. Theory and Problems of Electromagnetism. S. Resnick. Alternating Current Circuits: Alternating current. Quantitative analysis using differential equatins. inductive and capacitative elements. Forced electromagnetic oscillations and resonance. 1959. 4..

27 . 5. To study the application of Lorentz force by CRO. 14. Thevinin. their experimental measurement and to give understanding of electrical circuits and use of CRO. 3. To study the B. University Practical Physics. Study of electric circuits by black box. phase and time period of a complex signal by CRO. 7. 3. 9. Norton). 2. 4.H. 10. To study the network theorems (Superposition. 2. 6. 12. Study of the parameter of wave i. Note: At least eight experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. curve & measure the magnetic parameters. CBS Publishing. G L Squires. Measurement of low resistance coil by a Carey Foster Bridge. 15.LBORATORY III Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 1 Cr. Measurement of self/mutual inductance. 8.h Objectives: To know the electrical circuit elements. Resonance frequency of an acceptor circuit Resonance frequency of a Rejecter Circuit. 1. 13. Surjeet Pub Ind. Measurement of resistance using a Neon flash bulb and condenser Conversion of a galvanometer into Voltmeter & an Ammeter To study the characteristics of Photo emission and determination of Plank’s constant using a Photo cell Calibration of an Ammeter and a Voltmeter by potentiometer Charge sensitivity of a ballistic galvanometer Comparison of capacities by ballistic galvanometer. amplitude. Recommended Books: 1. Practical Physics. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani.e. C K Bhattacharya. Experiments in Physics. 11. 3rd Edition.

6. To set up transistor oscillator circuit and measure its frequency by an oscilloscope. To develop understanding and uses of electronic devises including GATS.M counter. 3. 13. M. 3rd Edition. Determination of range of α particles. To set up and study various logic gates (AND. G L Squires. 7. 9. Determination of e/m of an electron. NAND etc) using diode and to develop their truth table. 5. 2. CBS Publishing. 15. Experiments in Physics. 11 12. 2. Practical Physics. 8. Surjeet Pub Ind. Study of regulation of output voltage with load. 14. Recommended Books: 1. University Practical Physics. Smoothing effect of a capacitor ii. counter and use it to determine the absorption co-efficient of β-particle in Aluminum. Characteristics of a semiconductor diode (Compare Si with Ge diode) Setting up of half & full wave rectifier & study of following factors i. Use of computer in the learning of knowledge of GATE and other experiments. 4. Ripple factor & its variation with load. Transistors. C K Bhattacharya. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. To set up a single stage amplifier & measure its voltage gain and bandwidth. Characteristics of a transistor. To set up an electronic switching circuit using transistor LDR and demonstrate its use as a NOT Gate.h Objectives: 1. 10. OR. Mass absorption coefficient of lead for γ-rays using G. 28 . Determination of ionization potential of mercury.LAB-IV Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 1 Cr. To study the characteristic curves of a G. To understand the behaviour of nuclear radiation including beta and gama radition. iii. 3.

Complex integration. Orthogonal matrices. To develop the mathematical background of student in vectors. Divergence and Gauss’s theorem. Cartesian. Discret groups-Dihedral groups. 2nd ed. Mathematical Physics. Gradient. Cauchy integral theorem and integral formula. Group representation. 29 . Calculus of residue. Lie groups Complex Variables: Functions of a complex variable. SU(2) groups. Green’s theorem in the plane. Continuous groups-O groups. Cauchy Riemann conditions and analytic functions. 1970. Taylor and Laurent series. Similarity transformations.Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. Curl and Stoke's theorem. matrices and some of their uses in the world of physics To give basic understanding of group theory and complex variables used in physics Vector Analysis: Review of vectors Algebra. Academic Press. Curvilinear Coordinates and Tensors: Curvilinear coordinate system. Divergence and Curl in the curvilinear coordinates system. Group Theory: Introduction to groups. Spherical and Cylinderical coordinate system. Matrices: Linear vector spaces. Quotient rule. G. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors of matrices. 2.h Objectives 1. Covariant and contravariant tensors. Hermitian matrices. Vector integration. Vector differentiation and gradient. Tensor algebra. Recommended Books: 1. Diagonalization of matrices. Invariant subgroups. Matrices. tensors. Determinants. Arfken. MATHEMATICAL METHODS-I Pre-requisite General Mathematics 3 Cr.

Hermitian operators. The hydrogenic atom. Dirac notation. Three dimensional isotopic oscillator. McGraw Hill 1979. Functions and expectation values. Addition of angular momenta. Speigel. 5. Complex Variables Schaum’s Outline Series. Three dimensional square well potential. E. QUANTUM MECHANICS-I Pre-requisite FSc Physics and Modern Physics & electronics 3 Cr. McGraw Hill. H. Heisenberg uncertainty relations. The hydrogenic atom. Understanding the behaviour of quantum mechanical particle and development of Schrodinger equation in one and three dimensions introduction to Quantum mechanical operators and determination of angular momentum of a quantum mechanical particle Quantum Mechanics of One Dimensional Problems: Review of concepts of classical mechanics. Three dimensional square well potential. M. 4. Fourier Analysis Simon Schuster Series. 1971.h Objectives 1. Solutions of Schrodinger equation for free particles. Formalism of Quantum Mechanics: The state of a system. 1967. Applied Mathematics for Engineers and Physicists. Spin. Addison-Wesley 1968. R. Schrodinger and Heisenberg pictures. 30 . Time evolution of a system. Matrix representation of angular momentum operators. 2. The potential barrier problems. Commuting and non commuting operators. The linear harmonic oscillator. 3. Pipes and Harvill. Butkov. Schrodinger Equation in Three Dimensions: Separation of Schrodinger equation in cartesian coordinates. Hsu. The free particle. The eigenvalues and eigen functions of L2 and Lz. Central potentials. Mathematical Physics. P. Angular Momentum: Orbital angular momentum. Dynamical variables and operators. Symmetry principles and conservation laws. Particle in a box.2. State of a system. Properties of one dimensional potential functions.

.Dirac Statistics To develop the understating of lattice dynamics in solid materials. 2. Elements of Probability Theory: Probabilities. PRENTICE Hall. W. Introduction to Quantum Mechanics. New Delhi (1992). (1980).H. distribution functions. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. Berlin (1990). To develop the understanding of thermal properties by using statistical means in thermodynamics Development of various statistics like Boltzmann Statistics. Bransden & C. 'Relativistic Quantum Mechanics'. statistical interpretation of entropy. reduction of derivatives. W. Int. J. Bialynicki-Birula. Joachain. Liboff. 3. Reading Mass. New York (1992). 4. 'A Modern Approach to Quantum Mechanics'.h Objectives: 1. response functions Maxwell's relation. 6. Griffiths. Schwable. (1980). 2. fundamental equations and equations of state. Oxford University Press. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. McGraw Hill Book Company. Singapore (1992). Boltzmann H-theorem. Reading Mass.S. Kaminski. David J. Townsend.Books Recommended: 1. 'Quantum Mechanics: An Introduction'. 31 . Greiner. Cieplak & J. 3. M. Inc. 8 B.L. 'Quantum Mechanics'. 'Theory of Quantua'. 7. F. Equilibrium Thermodynamics: Basic postulates. 5. Bose – Einstein statistics and Fermi.J. Narosa Publishing House. 'Introduction to Quantum Mechanics' Longman Scientific & Technical London (1990). THERMAL AND STATISTICAL PHYSICS Pre-requisite: FSc Physics and Heat and Thermodynamics 3 Cr. 'Introductory Quantum mechanics'. Greiner. Springer Verlag. R.

examples (collection of simple harmonic oscillators.Formulation of Statistical Methods: Ensembles. Introduction to density matrix approach. Reif. Books Recommended: 1. Statistical Mechanics of Interacting Systems: Lattice vibrations in solids. 4. F. Kittel. Gas of electrons in solids. To develop the basic knowledge of classical world using the laws of Physics To develop the understanding of two bodies central force problems 32 . Bose-Einstein Condensation. Statistical Systems: Maxwell-Boltzmann. Partition Function: Relations of partition function with thermodynamic variables. examples) partition function. Introduction to Statistical Physics. Bose-Einstein. Fermi-Dirac statistical systems. Examples of thermodynamics of these systems. McGraw Hill. CLASSICAL MECHANICS Pre-requisites: Mechanics I & II 3 Cr. Longman 1967. A.J. John Wiley 1958. Formation of Microcononical. 2.h Objectives: 1. C. Elements of Statistical Physics. 2nd Ed. 1965. counting of states (in classical and quantum mechanical systems. Van der Waals Gas: mean field calculation. Theorem of equipartition of energy. Pauli and Van Vleck paramagnetics. 2. Statistical Physics. Pointon. ELBS/John Willey. F. Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics. 3. Black body radiations. 1988. Advanced Topics: Fluctuations. Ferromagnets in Mean Field Approximation. Boltzmann distribution. Mandl. canonical and grand canonical partion function.

Tensors and dyadics. 2. 33 . Goldstein. Virtual work. 4. constraints. S. Canonical Transformations: Examples of canoical transformations. Massachusetts (1980). 2nd. Rigid Body Equation of Motion: Angular momentum. Hamilton Equation of Motion: Legendre transformation Conservation theorems. Kepler's Laws Laboratory and centre of mass systems.3. Liouville's theorem. Derivation of Lagrange's equation from Hamilton's principle.I. Euler's theorem. Edn. V. H. Rigid body problems and Euler's equations.N. Rutherford scattering. To give understanding of kinematics and dynamics of rigid bodies Development of Hamiltonian equation and use of canonical transformation in classical physics Elementary Principles: Brief Survey of Newtonian mechanics of a system of particles. Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics Springer verlag. Lagrange's equation and its applications. Moment of inertia. Alembert's principle. New York (1980). 'Classical Mechanics'. John Wiley & Sons. Lagrange and Poison brackets. Kinematics of Rigid Body Motion: Orthogonal transformations. two body problem and its reduction to one body problem. Variational Principles: Calculus of variation and Hamilton's principle. Reading. The coriolis force. and Hamilton equations of motion. Equation of motion and solution for one body problem. Two Body Central Force Problem: Low and least action. 'Dynamics'. Rasband.. Books Recommended: 1. Arnold. 3. New York (1983). Eulerian angles. Addison Wesley.

Tuned RF Voltage amplifiers. Integrator and Differentiator. its data and sheet parameters. Shepley. Special Diodes: Zener diodes. R. Common emitter. Light emitting diodes. Negative feedback.J. Feedback and stability. RC coupled and direct coupled stages. I-F Amplifiers and automatic gain control. parameters and ratings. Power class A. Varistors and their applications. Operation and construction. MOSFET..h Objectives: 1. Prentice Hall Inc. The differential amplifiers. Ebers-Moll. Woodhouse. Oxford Science Publications. Common base and common collector amplifiers. 5. 2. Op-amp applications. Tunnel diodes. N. Summing. 'Introduction to Analytical Dynamics'. Hybrid-p and h. Operational Amplifiers: Ideal op-amps. Zener regulators. London (1991). Biasing and stability. Simple op-amp arrangements. Biasing. Comparators.C.. Active filters.M.A. Varactor diodes.4. amplifiers. Photodiodes. Field Effect FET: Transistors. Transistor Circuits: Bipolar transistors. Instrumentation amplifier. Switching circuits. 34 . Common source and common drain amplifiers. Frequency response. B.z and y-parameter models. and C amplifiers. Matzner & L. Oxford (1987). 'Classical Mechanics'. To develop the understanding of different electronic circuit elements and devices like diode. ELECTRONICS Pre-requisites: Modern Physics and Electronics 3 Cr. transistors. Multistage Amplifiers. Schottky diodes. Junction FET. Frequency response. Non inverting and inverting circuits. oscillators and voltage regulators used in daily life alliances To understand the day to day electronic devices.

C.Oscillators: Armstrong. Colpit's Phase shift and 555 timer oscillators. Shunt and switching regulators.H. 'Electronic devices & Circuits'. 4. 'Integrated Electronics'. 'Electronic Devices'. LAB V Pre-requisites: LAB I –IV 1 Cr. 5.J. 3.h Objectives: 1..L. CMOSS. Measurement of the spectrum of gama rays from a radioisotope. 2. Millman & C.C. M..T. Carpenter. G. T. in a scintillation counter. California (1991). 'Electronic Principles'. McGraw Hill Book Company. 3. The Bengamin/Cummings Publishing Co. Measurement of the half life of a radio nuclide. Singapore (Latest Edition). Bell. 'Electronic Design Circuit & Systems'. Tata McGraw Hill. Reston Publishing Company Inc. List of Experiments 1. Voltage Regulators: Series. D. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics. 2. Shielding and attenuation of gamma rays. Power supply. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. 2. Malvino. Floyd. Merril Publishing Company Columbus (1988).L.S. Hartley. New Delhi (1988).P. A. Roden. Halkias. Savant Jr. To study the pulseheight as a function of the H. 3. Books Recommended: 1. Virginia (1980). To study the characteristics of a Geiger-Muller counter and to examine the attenuations of beta particles in Al-and Pb foils.B. To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills. 35 . J.

Standing wave ratio.4. Partial differential equations of theoretical physics. Books Recommended: 1. Higgings. Fourier Transforms Solution of Boundary value problems and their uses Differential Equations in Physics: First and second order linear differential equations. 36 . 2. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. Separation of variables.T. Use of a Lithium-drifted Ge-counter for gamme spectroscopy and to compare its performance with that of a nal-detector. To study the characteristics of a solid-state detector and use it to measure the spectra of alpha and beta particles. etc.Mark and H. A. MATHEMATICAL METHODS-II Pre-requisite General mathematics and Mathematical Methods-I 3 Cr. 6. Experiments in Modern Physics (McGraw-Hill). Measurement of characteristic impedance. Frobenius series solution of differential equations.C. Skin effect. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. Radio frequency measurement. Velocity. Experimental Electronics (McGraw-Hill). 8. Nonhomogenous differential equations. Fourier Series. 9. Melissinos.Homogeneous differential equations. Second solution. 5. Experiments in Modern Physics (Academic). 3. H. etc. 7.J. Olsono.h Objectives: 1) 2) 3) To give the understanding of Differential equations and their uses in Physics Introduction to special functions. AC circuits and dielectric constants of water and ice. Experiments with transmission lines. R.

Special Functions:
Bessel functions and Hankel functions, Spherical Bessel functions, Legendre polynomials, Associated Legendre polynomials, Spherical harmonics Laguerre polynomials, Hermite polynomials.

Fourier Series:
Definition and general properties, Fourier series of various physical functions, Uses and application of Fourier series.

Integral Transforms:
Integral transform, Fourier transform, Convolution theorem, Elementary Laplace transform and its application.

Boundary Value Problems and Green's Functions:
Boundary value problems in Physics, Non-homogeneous boundary value problems and Green's functions, Green's functions for one dimensional problems, Eigenfunction expansion of Green's function, Construction of Green's functions in higher dimensions.

Books Recommended:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5 6. 7. 8. G. Arfken, Mathematical Physics, 2nd ed, Academic Press, 1970. R. Bronson, ‘Differential Equations’ Schaum’s Outline Series, McGraw Hill, New York. E. Butkov, ‘Mathematical Physics Addison-Weseley London . M.L. Boas, 'Mathematical Methods in Physical Sciences', John Wiley & Sons, New York (1989). C.W. Wong, 'Introduction to Mathematical Physics', Oxford University, Press, New York (1991). Hassani, 'Foundations of Mathematical Physics', Prentice Hall International Inc., Singapore (1991). Chattopadhyay, 'Mathematical Physics', Wiley Eastern Limited, New Delhi, (1990). H. Cohen, 'Mathematics for Scientists & Engineers' Prentice Hall International Inc., New Jersey (1992).

QUANTUM MECHANICS-II Pre-requisites:
Quantum Mechanics I

3 Cr.h

37

Objectives:
1. 2. 3. to understand the use of approximation in Quantum mechanics to understand the theory of scattering and interaction of quantum systems with radiation to understand the basics of relativistic quantum mechanics

Approximate Methods:
Time independent perturbation theory for non degenerate and degenerate levels, the variational method, The WKB approximation, Time dependent perturbation theory.

Identical Particles and Second Quantization:
Indistinguishability of identical particles, Systems of identical particles, Quantum dynamics of identical particle systems, statistics, Symmetry of states, Fermions, Bosons.

Theory of Scattering:
Scattering experiments and cross sections, Potential scattering, The method of partial waves, The Born’s approximation.

The Interaction of Quantum Systems with Radiation:
Electromagnetic field and its interaction with one electron system, Transition rates, Spontaneous emission, Selection rules for electric dipole transitions, The spin of photon and its helicity.

Relativistic Quantum Mechanics:
Schrodinger relativistic equation, Probability and current densities, KleinGordon equation and hydrogen atom, Dirac relativistic equation.

Books Recommended:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. B.H. Bransden & C.J. Joachain, 'Introduction to Quantum Mechanics' Longman Scientific & Technical London (1990). J.S. Townsend, 'A Modern Approach to Quantum Mechanics', McGraw Hill Book Company, Singapore (1992). W. Greiner, 'Quantum Mechanics: An Introduction', Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Reading Mass. (1980). R.L. Liboff, 'Introductory Quantum mechanics', Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Reading Mass. (1980). Bialynicki-Birula, M. Cieplak & J. Kaminski, 'Theory of Quantua', Oxford University Press, New York (1992). W. Greiner, 'Relativistic Quantum Mechanics', Springer Verlag, Berlin (1990). 38

7. 8 9.

F. Schwable, 'Quantum Mechanics', Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi (1992). David J. Griffiths, Introduction to Quantum Mechanics, PRENTICE Hall, Int., Inc. S.Gasiorowicz, Quantum Physics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Singapore.

ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY Pre-requisites:
Electricity and magnetism I & II

3 Cr.h

Objectives:
1. 2. 3. To give the basic understanding in static electromagnetic fields and time dependent electromagnetic fields To develop knowledge of propagation, reflection and refraction of electromagnetic waves To develop the understanding of skin effect and wave guides

Fundamental Concepts:
Recapitulation of the fundamental concepts, Induction B, Addition of Laplace equation and methods of images. Magnetic intensity H, Maxwell's equations in differential and integral forms, Poynting theorem and energy conservation.

Static Electromagnetic Fields:
Electrostatic fields in several dielectric media, Magneto static fields of magnetized matter, Magnetostatic field of stationary current, Magnetization current.

Time Dependent Electromagnetic Fields:
Maxwell's equations for quasi stationery fields, Potentials of a rapidly varying field, Fields of uniformly moving and accelerated charges, Radiation from an accelerated charge, Field of oscillating expansion of electro magnetic field, Multiple fields. Expansion of emf.

Reflection and Refraction of Electromagnetic Waves:
Laws of reflection and refraction, Fresnel's formula, Total reflection, Refraction in conducting media, Reflection from a conducting surface.

39

Books Recommended:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. H.C. Ohanion, 'Classical Electrodynamics', Allyn & bacon Inc., Massachusetts (1988). Y.K. Lim, 'Introduction to Classical Elecrodynamics, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pt., Singapore (1986). P.C. Lorrain & D.R. Corson, 'Electromagnetic Fields and Waves', W.H. Freeman & Co., New York (1978). C.R. Paul & S.A. Nasar, 'Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields, McGraw Hill Book Company, Singapore (1987). A.M. Portis, 'Electromagnetic Fields', John Wiley & Sons, New York (1978). D. Grifftns, An introduction to Dynamics, Prentice Hall, 1984 Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, John Wiley, 1975 Ritze Millfadad Chiristy, Foundation of Electromagnetic Theory

NUCLEAR PHYSICS Pre-requisites:
Modern Physics and Electronics

3 Cr.h

Objectives:
1) 2) 3) To understand the nuclear structure using different nuclear models To understand the nature of nuclear forces To give understanding of radioactivity and nuclear reactions

History:
Starting from Bacqurel’s discovery of radioactivity to Chedwick’s neutron.

Basic Properties of Nucleus: Nuclear size, mass, binding energy, nuclear spin,magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moment, parity and statistics. Nuclear Forces: Yukawa's theory of nuclear forces. Nucleon
scattering, charge independence and spin dependence of nuclear force, isotopic spin.

Nuclear Models: Liquid drop model; Fermi gas model, Shell model;
Collective model.

40

direct reaction. Atomic potential. energy level and level width. 1977. 5. Kenneth S. multipolarity of Gamma rays. Nuclear isomerism. 1995. Heat and Thermodynamics. Objectives: 1. Electricity & Magnetism I & II. Books Recommended: 1. compound nucleolus theory of nuclear reaction and its limitations. 3. Introducing Nuclear Physics. 1995. F. Bejamin. space groups and binding forces. 4. 41 . 5. Neutrino hypothesis. the magnetic lens spectrometer. 2. Krane. Fermi theory of Beta decay. Fundamental types of lattice.h Quantum Mechanics .Theories of Radioactive Decay: Theory of Alpha decay and explanation of observed phenomena. cross sections for nuclear reactions. Position and orientation of planes in crystals. Breit-Wigner one level formula including the effect of angular momentum. resonance reactions. Rith. Particle and Nuclei. SOLID STATE PHYSICS Pre-requisite 3 Cr. Segre. Zetsche. To develop a basic knowledge of crystallography To understand the x-ray diffraction in crystal investigation To understand the binding forces in crystalline material To develop the understanding of lattice dynamics and its uses in derivation of theories of specific heat To understand the behaviour of free electrons in metals and Fermi Energy. Nuclear Physics. Symmetry operations. McGraw Hill. Nuclear Reactions: Conservation laws of nuclear reactions. Q-value and threshold energy of nuclear reaction. theory of Gamma decay. Addison-Wisely. 1980. 3. Scholtz. Green. measurement of Beta ray energies. Structure of Solids Lattices and basis. Simple crystal structures. 2. 4. K. Nuclei and Practicles. Nuclear Physics. Statistical Physics. 1999. Kaplan. C. B. Povh.

Kohn Wiley. Bragg’s law. M. III. 3. bcc. Solid State Physics. Ewald construction and Brillouin zone. Fourier analysis of the basis. LAB VI Pre-requisites LAB I. Enumeration of normal models. R. N. Wiley. M. 1998. Academic Press 1992. 6. D. Mermin. H. Kittle. 1999. Oxford Science Publications 1990. The Solid State.A. Solid State Physics. Rinehart & Winston. Reciprocal lattice. II. 1976.M. IV 1 Cr. C. The Physics and Chemistry of Solids. 2.A. W. 3. Wahab. Thermal conductivity and resistivity. Pearson Education 2000. Holt. Scattered wave amplitude. Ashcroft and N. Neutrons and electrons from crystals. fcc. 2. M.Crystal diffraction and reciprocal lattice: Diffraction of X-rays. Umklapp processes. 42 . To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. orthorhombic and hexagonal crystals. Debye model of heat capacity. Introduction to Solid State Physics. 1996. classical model. Density of state in one. An Introduction. two and three dimensions. Objectives: 1. Recommended Books: 1.h. Reciprocal lattice to sc. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills. Narosa Publishing House. 3rd Edition. S. rotating crystal method. 4. By. Omar. Comparison with experimental results. Laue method. Elementary Solid State Physics. Elliott. Powder methods. 7th Ed. 5. Phonons and Lattice Vibrations: Lattice heat capacity. Einstein model. G. Burns. Rosenberg. High Temperature Superconductivity. 7.

F. 3rd Edition. 7. Surjeet Pub Ind. Bhattacharya. 12. the operational amplifier. K. 13. To design and build a lotic circuit (using AND/OR/NOR gates) for performing a given function. C. 43 .F. 5. 2. Practical Physics. Ripple factor etc. University Practical Physics. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. Gain characteristics and spectral response of a photo-multiplier tube. 9. 3. 10. Study of random processes and fluctuations in random processes (Poission distribution. Design of high or medium voltage dc power supply and measurement of the voltage regulation. Mathematical Methods. etc. 8. Power out-put selectivity.C. Experiments in Physics.h Undergraduate Level Physics and Elementary Mathematics and Linear Algebra. To build and investigate the properties of hard value multivibrators. Squires.4. Study of leaser parameters. or superheterdyne receiver and measurement of its sensitivity. 11. 6. L. Design of an L. G.R. Transistor pulse-circuitry (three types of flipflop and the Schmidt trigger circuit). Computer and Programming Skills. coupled amplifier and a study of its characteristics.R. Design of a medium wave T. etc. etc. Ripple factor. Design of high or medium voltage dc power supply and measurement of the voltage regulation. or to design and build a height-to-width converter. Recommended Books: 1. To design and build a linear integrator to enable digitization of photo-multiplier pulses. COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS Pre-requisites: 3 Cr. CBS Publishing.) Measurement of transistor hybrid parameters. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. Basic Numerical Analysis and Analytical Tools for Numerical Analysis.

Bristol (1987). 2. L. 5. California (1986). Gould & J. Many particle systems. Koonini.T. Error analysis and technique for elimination of systematic and random errors. Chapra & R. M. Computational Physics'. Oscillatory motion. Rading Massachusetts(1988).J.P. 2. Kepler's problems. Computer simulation. Some systems of interest for physicists such as Motion of Falling objects. Field of static charges and current. Diffusion. Numerical integration and differentiation. Populations genetics etc. Relationship of modeling and simulation. 4. Regression and interpolation. 3. P.. C. The Benjamin/Coming Publishing Inc. Computational Techniques in Physics' Adm Hilger. McGraw Hill Book Company. Books Recommended: 1. 'An Introduction to Computer Simulation Methods'. 'Introduction to Computational Physics'. H.h Pre-requisite Phy-202 (Modern Physics). S. Massachusetts (1991). 3. The mathematical models.K. Doing Physics with random numbers. Phy-306 (Quantum Mechanics) 44 . Modeling & Simulations: Conceptual models. Chanle. Tobochnik. Dynamic systems. Macheown & D. S. Wave phenomena. 'Numerical Methods for Engineers with Personal Computer Applications. New York (1965 PHYSICS-401 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS 4 Cr. De Jong. Random numbers and random walk. Numerical Methods: Numerical Solutions of equations. Merman.C. Introduction of computer languages To know the use of computer in numerical anlysis Computer simulation and modeling Computer Languages: A brief introduction of the computer languages like Basic.Objectives: 1. Addison Wesley Publishing Company.. Addison Wesley Publishing Company Inc. Pascal etc and known software packages of computation.

Spectrophysics. Periodic system of the elemments. Central field approximation. Transition probabilities of diatomic molecules. Anne P. 1988. and electronic spectra. Atoms in radiation field. Molecules (12 hours) Ionic and covalent bonding. Chapman and Hall. Raman effect. H. Born Oppenhimer approximation. 3. Bransden and C. Hartree Fock methods and self consistent field. second edition.Objectives: 1. electron spin and Hund’s cases. Anomalous Zeeman effect. London 1983. 45 . Radiative transitions. Joachain. Stark effect. normal Zeeman effect. Polyatomic molecules (brief introduction). Diatomic molecules-rotational. jj coupling and other type of coupling. One Electron System (12 hours) Review of Schrodinger equation for hydrogen atom. Hyperfine structure. Stern Gerlach experiment.J. Thomas Fermi potential. LS coupling. Spin orbit coupling. X-ray spectra. 2. Sommerfeld model. Longmans. Many body Systems (12 hours) Pauli exclusion principle. Stark effect. Frank Hertz experiment and approximation methods. 4. Hydrogen molecule (Heitler London and molecular orbital theories) Recommended Books: 1. 5. Paschen back effect. To review the existing theories of atomic structure To introduce the experimental proof of quantisation To introduce the use of Schrodinger Equation in real system like Hydrogen atom To understand the Molecular spectrum To understand the LASER production and Operation Structure of Atoms (5 hours): Review of Bohr’s theory. Interaction with field (7 hours) Many electron atoms in an electromagnetic field. Physics of atomic and Molecules. Hydrogen Molecular ion (LCAO approximation). Quantum numbers. B. Fermi Golden rule. vibrational. Thorn. 2. Einstein coefficients. Selection rules.

6.C. World Scientific Publishing Co. 'Introduction to Classical Elecrodynamics. John Wiley. Grifftns.h. and R. 1975 Ritze Millfadad Chiristy. Prentice Hall. Books Recommended: 1. 1984 Jackson. Singapore (1987).R. Ohanion. D. Freeman & Co. second edition. W. 'Classical Electrodynamics'. Classical Electrodynamics. An introduction to Dynamics. 'Electromagnetic Fields and Waves'.R. Dispersion in dilute medium and dense media. Wave guides as cavity resonators. Pt. Lorrain & D. Waves guided by parallel plane conductor. Foundation of Electromagnetic Theory 46 . Power transfer and attenuation. Eisberg. New York (1978). Molecules.. 5. New York (1978). McGraw Hill Book Company. Quantum Physics of Atoms. Waves guided by dielectrics. Allyn & bacon Inc. 2. 'Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields.A. grange and Coloumb grange. 'Electromagnetic Fields'. John Wiley and sons 1985. P. Q of a cavity resonator. Scattering by a bound electron. 7. 3. R. John Wiley & Sons.M. C. Forced oscillation of an electronic oscillator. 4.. Corson. Wave Guidance. Nasar. Group velocity. Lim. Portis. H.C. Solids.K. 2. reflection and refraction of electromagnetic waves To develop the understanding of skin effect and wave guides Propagation of Plane Electromagnetic Waves: monochromatic waves and plane waves.H.3. Skin Effect and Wave Guides: High frequency current in a semi infinite conductor. Transmission by a rectangular. 3. To give the basic understanding in static electromagnetic fields and time dependent electromagnetic fields To develop knowledge of propagation. Massachusetts (1988). Dispersion in metallic conductor. ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY II Pre-requisites: Electricity and magnetism I & II 3 Cr. Y. Objectives: 1. Nuclei and Particles. Singapore (1986).. A. Paul & S. Loren z. Internal impedance at high frequencies. Resnick.

Fabry-Perot interferometer used as a gas refractometer. Determination of the Rydberg constant from the spectrum of hydrogen. 47 . 13.g.S.R.PROJECT 3 Cr. 15. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics. Determination of the constituents of substance by activation analysis. Pre-requisite: Undergraduate physics and Labs I-VI Objectives: 1. 3. Source strength of Co60 by gamma coincidence methods. To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills. 16. 6. Experiments with microwaves. 2. Determination of Planck’s constant (h) by using the photoelectric effect. 2. 7. 8. 9.h A project can be introduced instead of these experiments. 14. Determination of the charge on an electron (e) by Millikan’s method. 10.) by microwave absorption. Measurement of the spectrum of gamma rays from a radioisotope (e. Electron spin resonance (E. To study the Zeeman effect for a line in the spectrum of helium. The Frank-hertz experiment (Measurement of excitation potential of Hg). To examine the characteristics of a Solid-State detector and to use it for alpha and beta Spectroscopy and compare the results with those obtained by a scintillation counter. 12. Use of an analogue computer for solving differential equations. Study of their optical properties. 4. 5. Measurement of the total neutron cross-section.Cs) and study of their photoelectric and Compton absorption. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. To prove the Rutherford law of scattering of charged particles. Lab-VII 1. To examine the stopping-power of various substances for thermal neutrons. 11. 3.

Experiments in Modern Physics (Academic). Olson. Simple diode manufacture and point-contact transistor. demonstrating transistor action). 22. Applied Electronics (John-Wiley and Sons). Experiments in Modern Physics (McGrawHill). To build a medium or short-wave transmitter.R. Measurement of the conductivity of Si and Ge as a functions of temperature.Mark and N. The study of the Mossbauer effect. A. To determine the energy gap in silicon and Germanium. Gray. 20. Drift mobility. Nuclear magnetic resonance (N. All experimental courses are only recommended but Universities may opt other experiments according to facilities and expertise available to them. Note: At least 12 experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. 23.T.) of protons in water. H.S. 21. (Shockley-Haynes experiments for Germanium.M.17.C. 18. 19. T. The measurement of the Hall effect in germanium and silicon. 3. Melissionos. 24. 2. 48 . Books Recommended: 1.

SURFACE PHYSICS Pre-requisites: Solid state Physics 3 Cr. Introduction.h Objectives: 1. 2. S. University may also tailor these courses according to their facilities. Time-variant E and B fields.Chen. electrons etc. Concept of temperature. Controlled Thermonuclear Reactions. Uniform and nonuniform E and B fields. Introduction to Controlled Fusion: Basic nuclear fusion reactions.A. 2nd ed.Glasstone and R. Introduction to plasma Physics.Krall and A.H. F.Trivelpiece. 3. To learn about the importance of the plasma alongwith the basic concept of plasma. 1960 (D.Lovberg. Debye shielding.F. 1973 (McGraw Hill). Criteria for plasma. Wave propagation in plasma. To know fluid description of the plasma.W. Books Recommended: 1. 2. Reaction rates and power density. Fluid description of plasma.DETAIL OF ELECTIVE COURSES These elective courses can be chosen from the list or new elective course may be offered according to the availability of staff and necessary infrastructure. waves and oscillations 3 Cr. The plasma parameter. Principles of Plasma Physics.h Objectives: 1. (Plenum). PLASMA PHYSICS Pre-requisite: Electrodynamics. 2. radiation losses from plasma. N. To know aout the surface physics and its applications Learn about the interaction of surface with the ions. Derivation of dispersion relations for simple electrostatic and electromagnetic modes.Van Nestrand). 49 . Applications of plasma physics. operational conditions. Single-particle motion in electromegnatic field. Occurrance of plasma.

adsorbate phase diagrams and phase transitions. An introduction to surface Physics. The electronic structure of semiconductor surfaces. Magnetic processes at surfaces. Auger depth. Adsorption.An Introduction to Surfaces: What is a surface? The energetics and thermodynmics of creating a surface. Signal processing and spectral analysis. vibrational spectroscopy. catalysis. Desorption Bonding . stability. the kinetics of adsorption. The Structure of Adsorbate Layers: Experimental probes of surface structure such as LEED and RHEED. Quantification of Auger spectra. Preparing a clean surface. Comparison of different types of pumps with measurement of vacuum pressure. Desorption. Electron emission processes. Surface energies and the Wulff Theorem. 50 . adsorption. The structure of semi-conductor surfaces. The Electronics and Magnetic Structure of Surfaces: Band theory. physiorption. derivation. 3 D crystal structures. comparison of particle scattering techniques. The surface structures of very small metal particles. Growth processes. 2D surface structures. Free electron theories and the work function. Discussion of the merits of different types of electron energy analysers and electron deterctors. fcc. Electron-Surface Interactions: Electron diffraction and quasi – elastic scattering. Specific types of surface. bcc and stepped surfaces and a discussion of their relative energies. growth mechanisms. Desorption and experimental probes of surface structure such a LEED and RHEED. Catalysis and Growth Processes: Adsorption mechanisms and kinetics chemisorption vs. Studying Surfaces: What is UHV? Do we need UHV to study surfaces? The kinetic theory of gases. Adsorption mechanisms and kinetics for low coverages Langmuir Isotherms. concept of vacuum and standard vacuum hardware components. potential energy curves and adsorption energetics. hcp. Electron spectroscopes. Theory and practice of Auger electron spectroscopy. More complex ceconstruction. Profiling. Surface Structures and Reconstructions: Lattice concept.

Boundary Layer Theory: Laminar Boundary layer. Electrodynamics 3 Cr. John A. To know the fundamentals of Fluid Mechanice and its applications To learn about the computational aspect for solving diffusion equation. Incompressible and 51 . Introduction to Surface and Thin Film Processes Cambridge University Press (2000). Reynold’s number. Reduced forms of governing equations.h Objectives 1. Computational Fluid dynamics-I: Introduction to numerical computation.Atom/ion surface interactions: Comparison of particle scattering techniques. Thin aerofoil. Compressible flows. An Introduciton to the theory and practice of SIMS. Incompressible flows. Atomic Force Microscopy. SEM. Optical microscopy. Turbulent Boundary layer. FLUID DYNAMICS Pre-requisite Classical Mechanics. the continuity equation. An introduction to the theory and practice of scanning Tunneling Microscopy. STEM. governing equations of fluid motion. Kinematics of the flow field. Books Recommended 1. 2. The finite volume method. Auger depth profiling. Computational Fluid Dynamics-II: Governing equations in integral and differential form. Surface Microscopy: Classification of microscopy techniques. Scanning probe microscopy techniques. Introduction to solution of Partial Differential Equiation’s using finite difference methods Advanced Techniques. Imaging XPS. Boundary value problems. Introduction to numerical solution of Ordinary Differential equation’s using multi-step methods. SIMS imaging and depth profiling. Basic concepts in surface imaging and localized spectroscopy. Venables. Basic Fluid Mechanics: Fundamentals of Continuum mechanics. SPM. theory and practice of Rutherford. Back scattering.

2. Time marching schemes. Patankar. Vacuum Techniques: Gas Transport: Throughout. 3. guttering pumps. sorption pumps.Lamb. Diffusion pumps. S. Turbo molecular pumps. F. 52 .A.. turbulent jets and plumes. Vol.. 3. Discrete methods for the steady state and time dependent advection diffusion equation.M. 1993. Ion pumps. 1980. Mcgraw Hill. 4. METHODS OF EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS Pre-requisites Experimental labs and techniques used in these labs. Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow.T. Use of a commercial code for the predication off complex flows. 1991. Doer. Hemisphere. Perini gauges. White. Pumping Speed.1 & 11. Cryogenic pumps. Hoffmann and S. “Computational Fluid Dynamics”. The pressure correction method on staggered and unstaggered grids. Incorporation of turbulence models. 6th edition 1993. hydraulic jumps. Chiang. temperature. Books Recommended: 1.J. 5. To learn about the measuring techniques along with data analysis. Hemosa Publishers. Roache. N. H. To learn about the vacuum techniques To learn the detection techniques about radiation. Viscous flud flow (second Edition). Production of ultrahigh vacuum.h Objectives: 1. sorption pumps (High Vacuum). Computational Fluid Dynamics for Engineers. Experimental Methods: Introduction to laboratory techniques. Albuquerque. 3 Cr. air flow past a cylinder aero foils. Manometers. Schemes for solving large algebraic systems.compressible flow & their methods. Hydrodynamics.M. P. Pump down Time Ultimate pressure. Laboratory sessions (preceded by lectures): water waves. vortex shedding and vibrations. Units pressure ranges. K. Fore-Vacuum Pumps: Rotary Oil pumps. Fundamental concepts.V. 2. Measurement of total pressure in Vacuums Systems.

Differentiators. current to voltage converter. Signal Generators. Lock in Amplifiers. scintillation detector. Ramp Generators. Isolators. Spectrographs and Interferometers. Radiation Detection and Measurement: GM tubes. leak detection equipment. Nonlinear functions. Logarithmic amplifiers. vacuum Flanges. summing amplifiers. DA/AD conversion. cosmic rays detectors. Visual c/visual Basic. Boxcar averages. Vacuum valves. metal. Computer Introduction: Introduction to computers. x-rays/gamma detectors. alpha/beta detectors. flow. and single channel analyzer. Design of high Vacuum system. Errors of Computation. preliminary Estimation. Sensor Technology: Sensors for temperature. Surface to Volume ratio. Statistical Control of Measurements. Accuracy. Counters. charge sensitive pre-amplifiers. GPIB Interface. rotation. level. Data manipulation. interpolation and extrapolation.The McLoad gauges. Mean Value and Variance. Coincidence circuits. Multichannel analyzer. rotation position. Integrators. current voltage. Spectroscopy amplifiers. Special Techniques and problems. Vacuum Components. phase. smoothing. Errors of Direct measurements. explosive and heat. Liquid Nitrogen trap. Electronics and Electronic Instruments: Operational amplifiers. pressure displacement. Mass spectrometer for partial measurement of pressure. Rejection of data. Repair Techniques. channeltron. Accidental Errors. Statistical Methods. neutron detectors. RS 232. power magnetic field. pumping system design. Precision. Mechanical feed throughs & Electrical feed throughs Leak detection: Basic consideration. difference amplifiers. Data Analysis: Evaluation of measurement: Systematic Errors. tilt. 53 . Pump Choice. Interfacing. Power supplies. Propagation of errors. Least squares fit to a polynomial. Significance of results. photo multipliers. linear and parabolic interpolation. speed.

Bevington. Yarwood. The ozone filter. The Einstein Coefficients. 3.Books Recommended: 1.Toping. reducing the transmission of sound.B. Errors of Observations. H. elements of weather and climate. active control of sound. Flow equations of fluid Dynamics. Basic Environmental Spectroscopy: Black body radiation. climate variations and modeling.h Objective: 1. Inc. Turbulent jets and planes. Gaussian plumes in air. The spectroscopy of bi-molecules. ground water. flow in reverse. 4. 54 . Turbulence Diffusion. 1962. J.D. The transition electric dipole moment. Human Perceptions and noise criteria. enjoying the sun. Transport of Pollutants: Diffusion. High Vacuum Techniques. living in green house. 2. The emission spectrum of sun. (Zero-dimensional Greenhouse Model). Energy and momentum. Solar UV and life. Academic Press. P. Noise: Basic Acoustics. the social and political context. The Global Climate: The energy Balance. J. New York & London Vol. Turbulence. Introduction to the Essentials of Environmental Physics: The economic system. ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Pre-requisite: Physics (FSc) 3 Cr.1.Young. IOP. Transport of matter. McGraw Hill. To become familiar with the essentials of environment nad Global climate To learn to use spectroscopy for environments. Chapman Hall. 2. Lambert – Beer’s law. Statistical Treatment of Methods of Experimental Physics. Data Reduction and Error Analysis for Physical Science.

Books Recommended: 1. Basic principles and postulates of quantum mechanics: Quantum states. 1999. Environmental Physics. and cryptography Computer technology and historical background. The atmospheric greenhouse effect. Single qubit operation. Atmosphere and Climate: Structure of the atmosphere. vertical profiles in the lower layers of the atmosphere. Atmospheric Circulation. Climatology and Measurements of Climate Factor: Data collection and organization. interaction of electromagnetic radiation and plants. Measurement of temperature. Schrodinger equation. To be familiar with the quantum computing To learn about the Quantum circuits . air humidity. quantum measurement. superposition. Dynamic action of seliq. Universal 55 . Thermal action of selief. precipitation. 2. Atmospheric Pressure. evolution. Measurement. Controlled operations. Lateral movement in the atmosphere. 1998. statistical analysis of climatic data. 2. 2nd ed. automatic weather stations. John Wiley and sons. Guyot Praxis Publication. INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM COMPUTING Pre-requisite: Quantum Mechanics and Computational Physics 3 Cr. Physics of Environmental and Climate. quantization from bits to qubits. Schmidt decomposition. climatic indices. Egbert Booker and Rienk Van Gron Belle. operator function. General characteristics of measuring equipments. density matrix. utilization of photo synthetically active radiation. Natural radiation.Radiation: General laws of Radiation. Topo Climates and Micro Climates: Effects of surface elements in flat and widely unduling areas. Quantum Computation: Quantum Circuits. EPR and Bell’s inequality. surface wind velocity.h Objectives 1. Radiation balance. cloud and Precipitation.

Schor’s algorithm. the strong coupling. H. Trapdoor function. Clearwater. systems of identical particles. Chapman & Hall/CRC (2002). The Physics of Quantum Information: Quantum Cryptography. BB84. Quantum Search Algorithm. the weak coupling. PARTICLE PHYSICS Pre-requisite Quantum Physics 3 Cr. 4. RSA cryptography. parity. baryons. Cambridge University Press. Experimental realization. L. Exploration in Quantum Computation by C. A. Zeilinger.P. A. Cambridge 2000. and Ekert protocols. Books Recommended: 1. and A.Brylinsky and G. rotation in space. Code breaking on classical and quantum computers. Symmetry Transformation and Conservation Laws: Translation in space. 3. 2. Breaking unbreakable codes: Code making. The Fundamental Interactions: The electromagnetic coupling. G parity.quantum gates. mesons. Single qubit and CNOT gates. hadrons. time reversal. Polarization and Spin basis. Quantum Computation by P. Chuang. One time pad. Heidelberg (2000). Mathematics of Quantum Computation by A. Williams and S. Quantum Computation and Quantum Information by M. To learn about the Quark models.K. Chen. leptons. Quantum cryptography with and without eavesdropping. Bouwmester. Berlin. Springer Verlag. 3. BB90. Quantum Teleportation. Springer Verlag (1997). To know the particles and their classification. 56 . quarks. Particle Classification: Quantum numbers. 2. Quantum Cryptography: Uncertainty principle. the group SU (2). iso-spin charge conjugation. Nielson and I. CPT theorem. Ekert.h Objectives 1. To learn about the interaction of these particles.

parity and C parity of photon. heave meson spectroscopy.The Electromagnetic Field: Gauge invariance and Maxwell’s equations.. 1. Hadron Spectroscopy: Formation experiment. Quantum Mechanics by Riazuddin and Fayyazuddin. D. D. (1990). partial wave formalism and the optical theorem. 4. The Quark Model: The group SU (3). 2. 3. 2. angular momentum. Introduction to Elementary Particles by Griffiths. quarks. Quarks and Leptons by Halzen. phase space considerations. mesons in quark model. To understand the simulation in classical physics and Quantum Physics 57 . COMPUTER SIMULATION Pre-requisites Mathematical Physics 3 Cr. 3. and Martin. polarization ad photon spin. and Drell. (1987). baryon resonances. the Breit-Wigner resonance formula..h Objectives. hadrons baryons. production experiments. John-Wiley and Sons. A. (1984). World Scientific. Books Recommended: 1. S. J. The Standard Model (qualitative treatment only): Unification of weak and electromagnetic interactions Glashow-SalamWeinberg Model. the quarkonium model. (1995). John-Wiley and Sons. Learn techniques to understand and develop compter simulations. McGraw Hill.D.. To use numerical techniques to solve the differential equations. F.D. Relatvistic Quantum Mechanics by Bjorken.

Electric Fields and Potentials.Carlo Simulation. nature of computer simulation. Geometrical Optics (Ray Tracing an Principle of Least Time). Two-Dimensional Trajectories (Kepler’s Laws. Discrete methods for the steady state and time dependent diffusion equation. initial (boundary) and eigen value problems. radio. spherical and cylindrical coordinates. Numerical Solution of time-independent (and dependent). numerical integrations. Particle in Bound and Free States. compressible and incompressible flow and their methods.Introduction: Importance of computers in physics. Numerical Approaches: Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations. Governing equation in integral and differential forms. Interference.activity and radioactive decay series. Reduce forms of the governing equation. Coupled oscillator). Techniques and class of computer simulation. principles of vector computing in Cartesian. Diffraction and Polarization. The pressure-corection method on staggered and unstaggered grids. Distribution Functions in Statistical Physics. Mean and Turbulant kinetic energy equation. Raynold averaging and its applications to Navier stokes equations. 58 . Computational Methods for Continuous Medium: Fluid equations. Guassian Distribution. computer graphics and programming languages. partial differential equations (elliptic and parabolic types) Simulation in Classical Physics: Motion of Falling Objects. percolation theory. Approaches to Equilibrium. Random-walk problem. Time marching schems. One Dimensional Dynamics (Accelerating cars and objects on springs). LRC Circuits. finite volume method. Accuracy and stability of numerical techniques. Canonical and Micro-Canonical Ensembles. Oscillatory Motions). Energy and Center of Mass. Monte. matrix operation. Random Process and Quantum Physics: Random Number and their uses. incorporation of furbulence model. Noise in Signal. use of commercial code for prediction of off complex flow. special functions and Guassian quadrarure. Electric Currents and Magnetic Fields. Driven LRC Circuits (Time varying). Wave phenomena (Fourier analysis. Electromagnetic Waves. Schrodinger Wave Equation. Molecular Dynamics in Solids. External points and strings. schemes for solving large algebric system.

Marvin L. truth table. To learn the basics of digitl electronics sucha sa Boolian Algebra. Different codes.W. To understand the computer interface and micro-controller alongwith the emedded system.Magnetohydrodynamics. (A Series of the Consortium for upper level Physics software). 3. 1988. Stauffer. Books Recommended: 1. New York. 3. ASCII. P. Johnston and Styer. De Jong. resistive and viseus flow of plasmas. Quantum Mechanics Simulation. Inc. New York. Review of Number Systems: Binary. basic logic gates. W. Introduction to Computational Physics. D. Hillar. Roache. 1988. Parity in Codes 59 .). K-maps and their uses. An Introduction to “Computer Simulation Methods” Part-I & II. Hemosa Publishers. 5.1995. Winkelman and J. Don’t care condition. Modelling ideal (MHD). 6.h Objectives 1. DIGITAL ELECTRONICS Pre-requisites Electronics 3 Cr. Harvey Gould and Jan Tobochink. (BCD.. simplification of Boolean expression by Boolean Postulates and theorem.G. New York. New York. Gray etc. 2.J. Hehl. John Wiley & Sons. Inc. Computational Fluid Dynamics. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. Albuquerque. thermal conduction and heat transport. N. Zabolitzky. concepts of logic. Octal and Hexadecimal number system. 1991. To develop logic circuit using th Boolean Algebra. Computer Simultation and Computer Algebra (Lectures for Beginers). their inter-conversion. Boolean Algebra: DeMorgan’s theorem.M. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. F. 1993. 2. Inc. Springer-Verlage Berlin.

Instruction set and their types. 3. OR-AND. EAPROM. Larry D. EE PROM. ECL. Micro Computers: Computers and its types. McMillan. Typical Microcontroller examples:. Digital Logic and Computer Design Morris Mono 1995 Prentic Hall Tocheim. 5. Addressing modes. Interfacing with peripherals. dissipation. half subtractor.IC logic families: Basic characteristics of a logic family. addition. Books Recommended 1. BORTIE (NBF). Exclusive OR gate. Shift Register. features of a general purpose microcontroller. basic architecture of computer. subtraction (2’s compliments. Ripple. PROM. (Static and dynamic) Memory mapping techniques. all generation of computers. Sequential Logic Circuit: Flip-flops clocked RS-FF. programming and interfacing. Microchip Inc and PIC microcontroller. (1999). full adder. Digital Electronics. NAND. Prentic Hall (1998). micro processor (ALU. McGraw Hill. 1993. Brey. T-FF. RTL. The Microprocessor and microcontroller applications and environment. JK-FF. Jones. Intel Microprocessor Hierarchy. Synchronous) A/D and D/A Converters. (Fan in/out. decoder. PLA.C. Macmillan Publishing Company. Propagation delay time. Micro-controller/ Embedded System: Introduction to Embedded and microcontroller based systems. gate design. 2. Principles and applications of digital electronics. full subtractor encoder. 60 . UP Registers. NOR Logic. Different logic based IC families (DTL. 6. Discussion on 8085/8088. Digital System Design and Micro possessor J. RAM. Counters (Ring. CMOS). half adder. D-FF. TTL. Barrey B. Memory Devices: ROM. Philips 80C51 & 80C552 and Motorola 68Hc05/08. Combinational logic circuit: Logic circuits based on AND – OR. noise margins etc. Micro Electron. microcontroller characteristics. 8086 processor family. Control and Time Section). 4. up-down. Intel UPS Architecture.

Photo neutron sources Charged particle sources. 8. Palgrave (2003). To learn the nuclear detection system and techniques fr their measurements To learn about the charged particles accelerator and nuclear reactor To develop understanding of neutrons physics. Nuclear Radiation Detection and Measurements: Interaction of nuclear radiation with matter. 61 . Average number of neutrons released. Bubble chambers.Floyd. Synchrocyclotron. Measurement of neutron cross-sections as a function of energy. Cyclotron. Cloud chambers. Mass distribution of fission energy. The Design of Small-Scale Embedded Systems. Radioactive sources. Nuclear chain reaction and applications. Gas-filled detectors. Description of fission reaction. Digital Fundamental. Electron-Synchrotrons. 3. Reactor as a neutron source. Nuclear fission.7. Alternating-gradient Synchrotron. fast neutron detectors. Scintillation counters and solid-state detectors. Betatron. Tim Wilmshurst. Neutron Physics: Neutron Sources. slowing down of neutrons. Elementary Reactor Physics: Controlled fission reactions. slow neutron detectors. Proton-synchrotron.h Objectives 1. Theory of fission and spontaneous fission.L. T. EXPERIMENTAL NUCLEAR PHYSICS Pre-requisite Nuclear Physics 3 Cr. Types of nuclear reactors (Power and Research). photographic emulsions. Detailed study of PWR and CANDU type reactors. 8th edition. Charged Particle Accelerators: Linear and orbital accelerators Van de Graaff. 2.

Leo. . Rith.h Objectives 1. C. Knoll. William. Selection Rules. John Wiley. Concentric (Spherical) Resonator. 1989. Wave Reflection and Transmission at a Dielectric Interface. Radiative and Nonradiative Decay. Spectroscopy of Molecule and Semiconductors: Electronic Energy Levels. Scholtz. Krane. Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics. Coherence. Philips Berington and D. B. Stability Condition Standing and Traveling Waves 62 . R.Books Recommended: 1. 1999. 5. 4. 1995. Level Occupation at Thermal Equilibrium. 3. Generalized Spherical Resonator. Resonator. Unstable Resonators. Absorption. Povh. Segre. Glenn. Data Detection and Error analysis for physical sciences. 3. Matrix Formulation of Geometrical Optics. Kenneth S. Spinger. 2002. Applications of lasers Introductory Concepts: Spontaneous Emission. LASERS Pre-requisite: Quantum Mechanics I and Atomic Physics 3 Cr. K. Radiation Detection and Measurement. Optical Resonators: Plane Parallel (Fabry-Perot) Resonator. Brightness. Properties of Laser Beam: Monochromaticity. Stimulated Transition. Semiconductor. Ring Resonator. Develop fundamental concepts about lasers Learn the principles of spectroscopy of molecules and semiconductos Understand the optical resonators and laser system. F. Molecular Energy Levels. Resonance Energy Transfers. Directionality. Absorption and Gain Coefficients. Introducing Nuclear Physics. Absorption and Stimulated Emission Rates. Particle and Nuclei. Pumping Schemes. Stimulated Emission. Nuclei and Practicles. 2. Keith. Bejamin. Stable Resonators. 4. 1977. Confocal. 6. Zetsche. F. 1994. 2.

Springer. Nitrogen Laser and Excimer Lasers. O. Cutting. Quantum Optics. 3. Laser Theory.in a two Mirror Resonator. Electrical Pumping: Longitudinal Configuration and Transverse Configuration. Siegman. Multilayer Dielectric Coatings. QSwitching and Mode-Locking Methods. (1986). Laser Communication. Silfvast. Science Books Mill Valley. Pumping Processes: Optical pumping: Flash lamp and Laser. Laser Fundamentals. C. W. Cambridge University Press (1997). Line broadening. Threshold Condition and Output Power. Oscillation and Pulsations in Lasers. Laser. Group Velocity. 5. Free-Electron and X-Ray Lasers Laser applications: Material Processing: Surface Hardening. Nd: YAG & Nd: Glass Lasers and Semiconductor Lasers: Homojunction Lasers Double-Heterostructure lasers. Holography. Longitudinal and Transverse Modes in a Cavity. Laser Tuning. (Latest Edition). latest edition. Fabry-Perot Interferometer. Gas Dynamics Pumping. Principles of Lasers. Lasers. Welding etc. Drilling. Atmospheric Physics Books Recommended 1. Chemical Pumping. Plenum Press New York & London (1992). pumping efficiency. Continuous Wave (CW) and pulsed lasers Rate Equations. 2. Svelto. Threshold Pump Power. J. and Group-Delay Dispersion. New York. T. Gas lasers: Helium Neon laser. 4. Phase Velocity. Lasers Systems : Solid State Lasers: Ruby Laser. H.E. A. Eberly and P. Small Signal Gain and Loop Gain. Medicine.A. Berlin (Latest Edition). Wiley. Milonni. 63 . Scully and Zubairy. Haken. CO2 laser. Optimum Output Coupling. Defense Industry. University.

Dynamics and Relativity. metric tensor. length contraction. Einstein’s postulates of special relativity. Elements of Tensor Calculus: Manifolds and coordinates. W.McComb. history of the universe. Minkowski space time tensors. curves and surfaces. time paradox. matter and radiation domination. To learn about the Special theory of relativity To learn the basics of relativistic mechanics and develop understanding about the General theory. geodesics. Cosmology: Newtonian cosmology.Narlikar. 1989. Introducing Einstein’s Relativity. structure of space-time. 1992. Cambridge University Press. concept of ether. Michelson-Morley experiment. 2. velocity transformation and velocity addition. cosmological red-shift. tensor fields.h Objectives 1. equation of geodesics deviation. General Relativity: Principles of general relativity. Riemann tensor. the light-cone. Einstein’s field equations. Introduction to Cosmology. Books Recommended: 1. proper time. time dilation. four-vectors. microwave background. FSc Physics 3 Cr.D’Inverno. relativity of simultaneity. Oxford University Press. conservation of energy and momentum. R. Lie derivative.RELATIVITY AND COSMOLOGY Pre-requisites Mechanics.V. Oxford University Press. 3. 2. J. the Big Bang expansion rate. rest mass. 64 . line element. Hubble’s law. 1999.D. Relativistic Mechanics: Force equation in relativity. kinetic and total energy. Lorentz transformations. Special Relativity: Galilean relativity.D.

W. C.O. Solid State Physics. A. 1982. John Wiley. Kachaava.SOLID STATE PHYSICS-II Pre-requisite: Solid State Physics I 3Cr. 2. 7. The Solid State. 2.h Objectives: 1. Tata McGraw Hill. Transport properties of solids. Kittle.E. 3. Christman. 1989. Para and Ferro-magnetism. Co. Guinier & R. J. C.M. Oxford. Dislocations in crystals. Boltzmann equation. Solid State Physics. 1988. John Wiley & Sons. S. Oxford University Press. Magnetic relaxation and resonance phenomena. Solid State Physics. Jullien. New York. Point defects and dislocations in solids.T. Hall. New Age International Pub. 7th edition 1996. 2003. To understand the transport properties in solids To understand the crystal defects and their importance To understand the dielectric and magnetic properties of materials To give basic understanding of superconductivity. McGraw Hill.R.Pillai. Introduction to Solid State Physics. New York. 4. H. Books Recommended: 1. 1991. Dia. Dielectrics. Read Jr. 6. Solid State Physics. 1989. 5. Introduction to superconductivity with applications. 4. 3. John Wiley & Sons. 65 . New Delhi. Superconductivity and devices.

completed at College and university department respectively.General Recommendations: The Committee made the following recommendations: 1. To implement the BS (4-year) program the Colleges will have to provide extra facilities for teaching extra courses and for Lab equipment.” may not be used with the nomenclature of the program. the program can be split up in two parts. in consistency with the approved revised scheme of studies and curriculum of Physics for the program. 2. The HEC should provide special funds for building infrastructure for the BS (4-year) program and development of teaching faculty at the university departments. the suffix “Hons. 4. The Directorate Colleges of Provinces should be provided special funds by the respective provinces for qualified manpower and for building of necessary infrastructure for starting BS (4-year) program or at least the Part-I of this program at Colleges. the HEC may take up the matter with the provincial Directorate of Colleges to introduce the BS (4-year) program both in Colleges and University departments. namely Part-I (2-years) and Part-II (2years). 5. Until the introduction of 4-year composite bachelor degree program in Colleges and Universities. 66 . 3. For the smooth and uniform implementation of the BS (4-year) program throughout the country. Refresher courses on new topics in Physics may be arranged for college teachers. the Provinces will have to be involved at the highest level for the implementation for the BS program. As all the BS programs are of four years duration.

a) Functional English Grammar 67 .Annexure “A” COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase.

Upper Intermediate. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. 2. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs.V. b) Practical English Grammar by A.J. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Thomson and A. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. Oxford University Press.V. 1997. Third Impression 1992. intensive and extensive. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. 1997. Oxford University Press. Martinet. Oxford Supplementary Skills. and speed reading. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. Exercises 2. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review 68 . ISBN 0194313492 Practical English Grammar by A. Fourth Impression 1993. Third edition. Thomson and A. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Exercises 1. Writing.J. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. Martinet. Third edition. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Reading.1. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Reading/Comprehension 1. minutes of meetings.

Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building 69 . descriptive and argumentative writing). Martinet. Thomson and A. Third edition. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. Reading. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Practical English Grammar by A. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. clarity. language. Advanced. Writing. introduction to presentations. Oxford Supplementary Skills. narrative. Writing. Third Impression 1991. 2. Fourth Impression 1993. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Exercises 2. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Writing 1.Recommended books: Communication Skills a) Grammar 1. Oxford University Press 1986.V. form. content. Fourth Impression 1992. Reading 1. 2. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. discursive. Oxford Supplementary Skills.J. b) c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive.

A Custom Publication. Advanced by Ron White. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. College Writing Skills by John Langan. Mandell. Kirszner and Stephen R. descriptive. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 (particularly suitable for discursive. 3. Third Impression 1992. Writing. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. Kathleen Shine Cain. Oxford Supplementary Skills. without taxing the taste of engineering students). b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. argumentative and report writing).Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. 70 . 2004. Martin’s Press. 2. St. Compiled by norther Illinois University.

1971-77 d. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. government. 1947-58 b. b. 1988-99 f. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. Ethnicity d. 1999 onward 3. Society and social structure c.Annexure “B” Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. 2. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan 71 . Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. national development. ii. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. ideological background of Pakistan. 1958-71 c. Historical Perspective a. 1977-88 e. Economic institutions and issues b. politics. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. Contemporary Pakistan a. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. contemporary Pakistan. Location and geo-physical features. People and Land i. Study the process of governance. Indus Civilization Muslim advent iii. Course Outline 1.

Rafique. Pakistan Under Martial Law. Mehmood. Political Parties in Pakistan.Books Recommended 1. 1993. Tahir. Zaidi. K. Mehmood. Lahore. S. 13. Washington: American Enterprise. Sayeed. Muhammad Waseem. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. 1980. Akbar.M. Vol. 9. Ethno . 1998. 7. 10. 1993. Club Road.The Emergence of Banglades. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. 4. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. Aziz. 1972. 1994. Party. 1980. 8. II & III. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. S. Lawrence. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. Khalid Bin. Wilcox. 5. Politics in Pakistan.K. Shahid Javed. Zahid.National Movement in Pakistan. History & Culture of Sindh. Burki. Noor ul. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. State & Society in Pakistan. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Wayne. Enigma of Political Development. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. Lahore: Vanguard. 1976. Karachi: Oxford University Press. 2. Ansar. Afzal. 12. 1967. Safdar. 2000.. Institute of Public Policy Research. 6. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Lahore: Idara-eSaqafat-e-Islamia. 11. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. 14. Karachi: Royal Book Company. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Safdar. The Political System of Pakistan. 1987. Haq. nd. M. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. Amin. 72 . Islamabad. I. 3. Ziring.

40.A.20) Related to thinking. Detail of Courses Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) Basic Concepts of Quran 2) History of Quran 3) Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.Tadabar (Verse No1.56.57.Annexure “C” ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.19.W) in Makkah 73 .63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Sellected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.6.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.58.21.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.

3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.A.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Basic Concepts of Hadith History of Hadith Kinds of Hadith Uloom –ul-Hadith Sunnah & Hadith Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Nature of Differences in Islamic Law Islam and Sectarianism Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islamic Culture & Civilization Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics Islamic Concept of Riba Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 74 .

International Islamic University. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. Islamabad (2001) 75 . Pakistan. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts Of Social System Of Islam 2) Elements Of Family 3) Ethical Values Of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad.” Hussain Hamid Hassan.S. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. IRI. Ahmad Hasan. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. “Studies in Islamic Law. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. Bhatia. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad.3) Basic Institutions of Govt. “Emergence of Islam” .

Boston 76 . system of linear equations. 1978. Houghton & Mifflin. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. 1987. geometric progression. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. harmonic progression. not majoring in mathematics. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. set operations. matrix inverse. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. Wooton W. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. equations reducible to quadratic equations. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. functions. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. Cramer’s rule. introduction to sets. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Mathematics at secondary level 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. types of functions. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. PWS-Kent Company.Annexure “D” Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. cube roots of unity. determinants. types. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. Sharron S. complex numbers. trigonometric identities. College Algebra and Trigonometry. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. Beckenback EF.

Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. PWS-Kent Company. left-hand and right-hand limits. Calculus (11th edition). Calculus (3rd edition). derivatives. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. functions and their graphs. Bevens I. Finney AR. solution of equations involving absolute values. USA 3. 77 . not majoring in mathematics. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Boston Thomas GB. 2005. integration by substitution. rational and transcendental functions. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. continuity. 2005. Reading. 1983. 1986. change of variables in indefinite integrals. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. John Wiley. Davis S. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition).Swokowski EW. 1995. integration by parts. Addison-Wesley. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. New York Stewart J. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Mathematics I (Algebra) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. continuous functions. Recommended Books: Anton H. differentiation of polynomial. Ma. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) Mathematics II (Calculus) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Boston 2. inequalities. PWS-Kent Company. not majoring in mathematics.

hyperbola. circles determined by various conditions. After completion of this course the student should be able to: • • • Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. Freshman and Company. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Boston Swokowski EW. Scott. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline : Pre-requisites : Credit Hours : Minimum Contact Hours: Assessment : Effective : Aims : : To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. Conic Sections: Parabola. Circle: Equation of a circle. equation of a line. various forms of equation of a line. slope of a line. Analytic Geometry. 1969 Kaufmann JE. Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). PWS-Kent Company. intersection of lines and circles. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. parallel and perpendicular lines. College Algebra and Trigonometry. distance between two points. 1986. distance between a point and a line. ellipse.Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. 1987. Boston 4. Objectives 78 . PWS-Kent Company. angle between two lines. locus of a point in various conditions. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. intersection of two lines.

deciles and percentiles. array. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. trigonometric identities. Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. 4. discrete and continuous series. types of functions. cumulative frequency curve.. R. circle and trigonometric functions. moments. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. R. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. types of frequency series. Latest Edition. Introduction to sets. R. Graphs: Graph of straight line.Contents 1. geometric and harmonic progressions. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. Walpole. Latest Edition. 2. nature of roots of quadratic equations. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. quartiles. system of linear equations. Wilcox. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. 2. E.. bar frequency diagram histogram. types of matrices. E. Boston. Swokowski. standard deviation. functions. set operations. tally sheet method. PWS-Kent Company. Measures of dispersion: Range. 79 . Cramer’s rule. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations.. individual. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. J. equations reducible to quadratic equations. inverse of matrices. determinants. Prentice Hall. 3. Kaufmann. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. Statistics : Books Recommended: 1. ungrouped and grouped data. skewness and kurtosis. Latest Edition. relationship of statistics with social science.. frequency polygon. E. characteristics of statistics. variance. Algebra : : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. W. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution.

Thomas. Jhon Willey & Sons. Trigonometric Functions. Bevens. special points of a function. 2002. Inc. Equation of a Line. Rational and Transcendental Functions. E. Anton. Calculus. John H. Least-Squares Line. Slope of a Line. logarithmic differentiation. John Wiley & Sons.Jr. Mathews. 2. Davis. and Transcendental Functions. Recommended Books: 1. I. McCallum. 5. Calculus. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. implicit differentiation. quotients. Integration by Parts. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. 6. the chain rule. Inc. Continuity. theorems of differentiation. Elliott Mendelson. Addison Wesley publishing company. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. Second Edition 1992. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. W. Continuous Functions. Gleason. Swokowski. 11th Edition. 1999. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Prentice-Hall. Calculus. et al. products. 4. Boston. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Contents 1. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. Schaum’s Outline Series. 3. 1983. H. 6. Frank A. 4th edition. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. 80 . Extreme Values of Functions. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. Rational Functions. Solution of equations involving absolute values. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. Inequalities. 2005. 2005. Hughes-Hallett. Calculus Single and Multivariable. Leibnitz’ theorem. 3rd Edition. S. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. 8th edition. Preliminary calculus.5.

integration using partial fractions. integration by inspection. the difference method. sinusoidal function. inverses of hyperbolic functions. approximation errors in Taylor series. geometric series. logarithmic integration. de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. complex conjugate. identities of hyperbolic functions. substitution method. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. finding the nth roots of unity. standard Maclaurin series Evaluation of limits 81 . operations with power series Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. the inverse of differentiation. solving hyperbolic equations. series involving natural numbers. solving polynomial equations Complex logarithms and complex powers Applications to differentiation and integration • • 3. integration by parts. applications of integration. plane polar coordinates. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. modulus multiplication. integral inequalities. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. alternating series test • • • • Operations with series Power series Convergence of power series. division Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form and argument. • Integration Integration from first principles. calculus of hyperbolic functions Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. reduction formulae. arithmetico-geometric series. • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. infinite and improper integrals.2. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • • • • The need for complex numbers Manipulation of complex numbers Additions and subtraction.

equation of a plane Using vectors to find distances Point to line. mean values of functions Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. vector product. centers of mass and centroids. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants 82 . scalar triple product. line to plane Reciprocal vectors 5. moments of inertia. masses. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. line to line. Multiple integrals • • • • 6. Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints Double integrals Triple integrals Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. point to plane. Vector algebra • • • • • • • • • 7. Pappus’ theorems. the inner product. vector triple product Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line.4.

div and curl Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. spherical polar coordinates • 8. of a unitary matrix. Vector calculus • • • • • • • • • 83 . curl of a vector field Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices.• • • • • The inverse of a matrix The rank of a matrix Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns Special square matrices Diagonal. unitary normal Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. orthogonal. symmetric and antisymmetric. combinations of grad. of a general square matrix Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. divergence of a vector field. Hermitian. differential of a vector Integration of vectors Space curves Vector functions of several arguments Surfaces Scalar and vector fields Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field.

sampling with and without replacement. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. 84 . Exercises. Diagrams. Box and Whisker Plot. Sources. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. The Mean Deviation. definition of outliers and their detection. sampling and non sampling errors. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Moments and Moments ratios. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. Observations. Empirical Relation between Mean. Exercises. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Different types of Averages. Histogram. Collection of primary and secondary data. Significant digits. sample design and sampling frame. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Unit 5. Median and mode. Data. Range. Coefficient of variation. Pie chart. Stem and Leaf Display. Poisson and Normal Distribution. bias. Difference of means and proportions. Exercises. Probability and Probability Distributions. Exercises. Population. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Editing of Data. Standardized variables. Exercises Unit 6. Graphs and their Construction. The semiInter-quartile Range. Unit 3. probability and non-probability sampling. Quantiles. The Mode. Unit 2. Discrete and continuous variables. Change of origin and scale. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. The Variance and standard deviation. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. properties of Good Average. Unit 4. Rounding of a Number. Historigram. Exercises. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. Bar charts. Errors of measurement. Absolute and relative measures.Annexure “E” INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Types of frequency curves. Presentation of Data Introduction.

“Introduction to Statistics”. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. Macmillan Publishing Co. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. Exercises. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. null and alternative hypothesis. 2005. examples. Exercises Unit 10. Test statistics. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. Unit 8. Exercises. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. cause and effect relationships. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. 1982. its estimation and interpretation. Correlation. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. Regression and Correlation Introduction.Unit 7. Inc. Exercises Unit 9. E. r and R2. acceptance and rejection regions. Coefficient of linear correlation. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. New York.. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. Contingency Tables. Examples Recommended Books 1 2 Walpole. Statistical problem. R. F. Kitab Markaz. Unit 11. 85 . level of significance.Single Population Introduction. Muhammad. Testing of Hypothesis.. 3rd Ed. Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. Type-I and Type-II errors. simple linear regression.

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