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# CURRICULUM OF PHYSICS BS (4-YEAR

)

2008

HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD

**CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
**

Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Riaz ul Haq Tariq Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Khan Executive Director Member (Acad) Deputy Director (Curri) Assistant Director Assistant Director

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CONTENTS

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Introduction --------------------------------------------------------- 07 Objectives ----------------------------------------------------------- 09 Frame Work/Template for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics ------ 10 Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics ----------- 11 Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics------------ 14 Recommendations ------------------------------------------------ 66 Details of Compulsary Courses (Annexures A, B, C, D & E.) ------------------------------------ 67

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PREFACE

Curriculum development is a highly organized and systematic process and involves a number of procedures. Many of these procedures include incorporating the results from international research studies and reforms made in other countries. These studies and reforms are then related to the particular subject and the position in Pakistan so that the proposed curriculum may have its roots in the socio-economics setup in which it is to be introduced. Hence, unlike a machine, it is not possible to accept any curriculum in its entirety. It has to be studied thoroughly and all aspects are to be critically examined before any component is recommended for adoption. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976, the Federal Government vide notification No. D773/76-JEA (cur.), dated December 4th 1976, appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees, certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges, universities and other institutions of higher education. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives, the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. According to the decision of the special meeting of Vice-Chancellor’s Committee, the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic, Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards, and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. It also aimed to give a basic, broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. The new BS degree shall be of 4 years duration, and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees, 63.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses, and 36.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level, comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities, degree awarding institutions, R&D organizations and respective accreditation councils. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Physics in a meeting held on March 28-29, 2008 at the 4

revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. Lahore.RIAZ-UL-HAQ TARIQ Member Academics June 2008 5 . 2007 at HEC Regional Center. duly approved by the competent authority. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. The final draft prepared by the National Curriculum Revision Special Committee. DR.HEC Regional Center.

REC. PREP. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I 6 . UNI. VCC. COL.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRICULUM UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRICULUM IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREPARATION OF FINAL CURRICULUM QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. OF NCRC. LI R&D HEC National Curriculum Revision Committee Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Preparation Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRICULUM PREPARARTION OF DRAFT BY NCRC IMPLEMENTATION OF CURRICULUM REVIEW Abbreviations Used: NCRC. EXP. R&D.

Ashraf Chaudhry. 2008 at HEC Regional Centre. Department of Physics.Hassan Amir Shah. The following attended the Meetings: 1. University of Peshawar. Karachi to adjust and finalize the BS Physics (4 Year) curriculum in the light of HEC approved guidelines and generic unified frame work / template for social and natural sciences for the program.I. Department of Physics. Khairpur. Dr. Qidwai. Multan 7 Convener Member Member Member Member Member Member Member . Professor. Chairman. Prof. Department of Physics. Gomal University. Jamshoro. This meeting was follow up of the preliminary meeting. Director Institute of Physics.Dr.Dr. Chairman. 6. Department of Physics. Lahore. Prof. 7. 5. Qurban Ali Bhatti. Ansar A. Muhammad Ayub. University of Karachi. Department of Physics. 4. Shah Adul Latif University. Prof. University of Sindh. Prof. 8. Dr. Department of Physics. Dr.Muhammad Riaz Khan. held on November 16-17. Prof. Dr. Centralized Resource Laboratory. Prof. Prof. Dr. Khan 2. 2007 at HEC Regional Centre. Government College University. Lahore. Dr. Director. Bahauddin Zakria University. Lahore. D. Karachi. 3. Manzoor Hussain. Muhammad Siddique Kalhoro. University of the Punjab. Prof. Peshawar. Department of Physics.Introduction The 2nd and Final NCRC Special Meeting in Physics was held on March 28-29.

2007 at HEC. The objective of the meeting was explained and the forum was requested to select a convener & secretary of the meeting. Dr. Muhammad Ayub as convener and Dr. Prof. Shafiullah Khan. Islamabad. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. Syed Zafar Ilyas. Dr. Mr. Department of Physics. M. Regional Centre. the participants agreed to the following scheme of study and course outlines for BS (4 Year) program in Physics in the light of the guidelines and format approved by HEC for BS (4-years) program for natural sciences: 8 . Department of Physics. Karachi welcomed the participants. Prof. Riaz Ahmad. University Multan 11. University of Balochistan. Dr. Dr. Incharge HEC Regional Centre.Z. The committee unanimously selected Prof. Chairman. Mr. Government College University. Lahore Member Member Member/ Secretary The Meeting started with a recitation from Holy Quran by Mr. Assistant Director HEC. Lahore.9. B. Associate Professor. 10. Riaz Ahmad as a secretary. After a thorough and long discussion. Shafiullah Khan requested the participants to finalize the revised curriculum of Physics (2005) in line with HEC approved template for BS (4 year) program in the light of decisions taken in the first NCRC special meeting in physics held on November 16-17. Younis Nadeem.

Students will develop habit of independent learning and get motivation for selfeducation. research and industry in government / private organizations. 8. able to face the challenges of the modern world. Students will develop in-depth understanding of some specialized area of Physics by opting for a number of elective courses. . Students will develop and understanding of different basics of Physics and their applications to real problems. Students will develop hands-on experience in different laboratory techniques. 7. The primary aim of the programme is to produce broad-based graduates. Students will be prepared for careers in teaching. 9 4. 6. 9. The graduates will be able to apply their knowledge of Physics for their professional growth and for obtaining further Higher Education in specialized fields of Physics The main educational objectives of BS (4-year) program are: 1.Objectives of BS 4 Year program in Physics The Objective of BS 4 Year Program is to impart the best possible education in the subject so that students will utilize the knowledge of Physics in practical life which will be beneficial for the society. This programme will equip the students with firm foundation in principles of Physics and their applications. Students will develop skills in written as well as oral communication in English. Students will develop problem-solving skills which will be helpful in applying their knowledge to the real world. Students will develop effective skills in mathematics and its applications to the solutions of Physics problems. 2. 10. Student will learn fundamentals principles of Physics. Students will be able to design and conduct experiments and analyse experimental data. 11. Students will develop the ability of working in an interactive group. Students will develop critical and rational reasoning so that they will be able to work on complex and unforeseen problems and seek their solution. 5. 3.

Elective l . 13. 4. 5. 3.II Elective . 8. Electricity & Magnetism – II 8. 11. Waves and Oscillations. 2. Mechanics – I 2.LAYOUT FOR BS (4 YEAR) PHYSICS General Courses to be chosen from other departments 7-8 courses 21-24 Cr.I Elective . 4. 12. Mechanics – II 4. 2. Atomic & Molecular Physics 10. Optics / University Option 9. MATHEMATICS-II** 9. INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Cr hr 3 3 3 3 2 2 3 3 3 9-10 courses 30-33 Credit hours Cr hr 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Subject 1. Lab-III 13. 3. Lab-IV Cr hr 2 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 29 25 21 Major courses including research project/internship 11-13 courses 36-42 Credit hours Subject 1. 4. Quantum Mechanics – I Classical Mechanics Electronics Lab-V Mathematical Methods – I Quantum Mechanics –II Electromagnetic Theory-I Thermal & Statistical Physics Nuclear Physics Solid State Physics Lab-VI Computational Physics Lab-VII Electromagnetic Theory-II University Option Mathematical Methods – II Cr hr 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 2 3 3 3 45 Elective Courses within the major 4 courses 12 Credit Hours Subject 1. 16. Lab-I 11. 10. MATHEMATI-CS-I 8. Lab-II 12. Modern Physics & Electronics 7. ENGLISH-I ENGLISH-II ENGLISH-III ENGLISH-IV* PAKISTAN STUDIES ISLAMIC STUDIES / ETHICS 7. 6. Electricity & Magnetism-I 6. 3. 2. hours Subject GOF-I GRF-I Maths-III GOF-II GOF-III GRF-II Maths-IV Compulsory Requirements (the student has no choice) Discipline Specific Foundation Courses 9 courses 25 Credit hours Subject 1. 9. 6. 7. 14. 5. Heat & Thermodynamics 5.III Elective – IV / Research Project Cr hr 3 3 3 3 12 Total Credit Hours 132 * University has the option to recommend any other course in lieu of English-IV ** University may recommend any other course in lieu of Mathematics-II GOF= General Subjects from Faculties other than Science GRF= General Subject from Science Faculty 10 . 15. 3.

Hrs. Remarks English-I Pak Studies Maths-1 Introduction to Computers Mechanics-I GOF-I Lab-I Total Title English-II Islamic Studies Maths-II GRF-I Waves & Oscillations Mechanics-II Lab-II Total 3 2 3 3 2 3 1 17 Comp-1 Comp-2 Comp-3 Comp-4 Found-1 Gen-1 Found-2 Semester-II Cr. 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 19 Remarks Com-8 Found-6 Found-7 Gen-3 Found-8 Gen-4 Found-9 Remarks Comp-9 Found-10 Gen-5 Gen-6 Found-11 Gen-7 Found-12 English-IV University Option Modern Physics & Electronics GOF-III Maths-IV Electricity & Magnetism-II GRF-II Lab-IV Total 11 . 3 2 3 3 3 2 1 17 Remarks Comp-5 Comp-6 Comp-7 Gen-2 Found-3 Found-4 Found-5 Semester-III Title Cr. English-III 3 Electricity & Magnetism-I 3 Heat & Thermodynamics 3 Maths-III 3 Optics/University Option* 3 GOF-II 3 Lab-III 1 Total 19 Title Semester-IV Cr Hrs. Hrs.SCHEME OF BS (4 YEAR) PROGRAMME IN PHYSICS Semester-1 Title Cr. Hrs.

Semester-V Cr Title Hrs. Hrs. Hrs. Computational Physics 3 Atomic & Molecular Physics 3 Electromagnetic Theory-II 3 Elective-I 3 LAB-VII 2 Total 14 Semester-VIII Cr Title Hrs. Elective-II 3 Elective-III 3 Elective-IV/Research Project 3 University Option* 3 Total Total Credit Hours = 132 12 Remarks Maj-1 Maj-2 Maj-3 Maj-4 Maj-5 Maj-6 Remarks Maj-7 Maj-8 Maj-9 Maj-10 Maj-11 Maj-12 Remarks Maj-13 Found-13 Maj-14 Elective Maj-15 Remarks Elective Elective Elective Maj-16 GOF= General Subjects from Faculties other than Science Faculty GRF= General Subject from Science Faculty The Universities may reshuffle courses within semesters * University Option is given to universities in order to introduce subjects according to specialization of qualified staff available Note: 12 . Mathematical Methods of 3 Physics -II Quantum Mechanics -II 3 Electromagnetic Theory -I 3 Nuclear Physics 3 Solid State Physics 3 Lab-VI 2 Total 17 Semester-VII Title Cr. Mathematical Methods of 3 Physics-I Quantum Mechanics-I 3 Thermal & Statistical 3 Physics Classical Mechanics 3 Electronics 3 Lab-V 2 Total 17 Semester-VI Title Cr.

Islamabad on the prescribed format by 10th April.Course Profiles Dr. Dr. Muhammad Ayub (Convener) 13 . The Meeting ended with thanks from the chair. Riaz Ahmed was requested to prepare the course profiles for different courses and submit the same to Mr. Dr. Riaz Ahmad (Secretary) Prof. 2008. Assistant Director (Curriculum). Shafiullah Khan. HEC.

Coriolis force. curl and line integral (mutual relation).Sc. Projectile motion with and without air resistance. 3. Qualitative discussion to develop understanding. Divergence of a vector. pulling a mass at the end of a fixed string against gravity. their derivation. in vibration of a spring obeying Hooke’s Law). General 14 . Stoke’s Theorem. Direction. Constant and variable forces. Applying Newton’s Laws to obtain v(t) for the case of motion with time dependent (Integration approach) drag (viscous) forces. normal forces and contact forces. Non inertial frames and Pseudo forces. Divergence Theorem. Cylindrical Coordinaties. To give concept of vector and their various properties. (Essentially a review of grade-XII concepts via integration technique to calculate work done (e. Work energy theorem. To give basic understanding of laws of motion and their applications is daily life.g. circular motion. Particle Dynamics: Dynamics of uniform. Vector and scalar triple products. Obtaining general expression for work done (2dimensional case) and applying to simple cases e. Effect of drag forces on motion. flux. terminal velocity. (Physics + Math) 2 Cr. Cosines.DETAILS OF COURSES MECHANICS-I Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. Spherical polar coordinates. v(t) for this case using integration method. the banked curve.h Objectives: 1. 2.g. special examples. Calculation of pseudo forces for simple cases (linearly accelerated reference frames). physical importance and applications to specific cases. gradient of a scalar. To give mathematical concept and expressions of various physical parameters used in mechanics. Equations of motion. Work. Vector identities. Obtaining x(t). Power and Energy: Work done by a constant force. Divergence and curl of a vector. Deriving kinetic equations for x(t). v(t) via integration. Centrifugal force as an example of pseudo force. Time dependent forces. Vector Analysis: Review of Vector in 3 dimensions and fundamental Operations. work done by a variable force (1-2 dimension). Physical significance of each type.

Conservative and non conservative forces: Conservation of energy in a system of particles. Derivation using integral calculus. 5th ed. Inelastic collision. Kleppner and R. I & II. 1978. Speigel. Collisions: Elastic Collisions.h Objectives: 1. application to motion of a rocket (determination of its mass as a function of time). Cylinder and Sphere. Mc-Graw Hill. An Introduction to Mechanics. (Physics + Math) 2 Cr. Vol. MECHANICS-II Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. frame. McGraw Hill. John Wiley. Krane.M. M. obtaining velocities in C.proof of work energy theorem: Qualitative review of work energy theorem. Law of conservation of total energy of an isolated system. 2. 3. D. Conservation of momentum during collision in one and two dimensions. Derivation of basic equation. Collisions in centre of Mass reference frame (One and two dimensions). Calculating C. Recommended Books: 1. physical properties of matter and relativistic mechanics Uses of above concepts in daily life in a scientific way 15 . Centre of mass of solid objects. Kolenkow.Sc. D. of Uniform Rod. Simple applications.M. and 3 dimensional conservative systems. Halliday. Power. R. Vector Analysis and an Introduction to Tensor Analysis. 2. Centre of mass. 1999. Physics. 2. 1959. Resnick. Position. Momentum Changes in a system of variable mass. velocity and equation of motion. law of gravitation. To give the basic concept of rotational motion. Conservation of Energy in 1. Calculation of Centre of Mass of solid objects using integral calculus. Systems of Particles: Two particle systems and generalization to many particle systems. Energy changes with respect to observers in different inertial frames. Basic formulae and applications.

Energy considerations in planetary and satellite motion. mass energy relation and its importance.Rotational Dynamics: Relationships between linear & angular variables. calculation of escape velocity. Motion of Planets and Keplers' Laws (Derivation & explanation) Motion of Satellites. Gravitational Potential Energy (develop using integration techniques). Discussion with examples. role in formation of drops and bubbles. Bulk Properties of Matters. Compression & shearing. application to simple cases. Transformation of velocity. Proof and Illustration. Elastic Properties of Matter.e. Parallel axis and Perpendicular axis theorems. obtaining the Coefficient of viscosity. Angular Momentum: Angular Velocity. Relativity of mass. Consequences of Lorentz transformation. Special Theory of Relativity: Inertial and non inertial frame. (Lorentz invariants) E2=c2 p2+m2oc 4 16 . The spinning Top. precessional motion. Gravitational field & Potential. Variation of Pressure in fluid at rest and with height in the atmosphere. Physical basis of elasticity. Its mathematical treatment. Radial and transversal velocity and acceleration. variation of mass with velocity. Combined rotational and translational motion. fluid flow through a cylindrical pipe (Poiseulle's law). Stability of spinning objects. relativistic momentum and Relativistic energy. Assumptions on which inverse transformation is derived. Physical basis. effects of Torque and its relation with angular momentum. Gravitation: Gravitational effect of a spherical mass distribution. Viscosity. Relativity of length. Relativity of time. Surface Tension. bar and solid sphere. Postulates of Relativity. Qualitative discussion on application of gravitational law to the Galaxy. Equations of rotational motion and effects of application of torques. Determination of moment of inertia of various shapes i. Universal Gravitational Law. Poisson’s ratio. Rolling without slipping. Derivation. Fluid Statics. Elastic limit. for disc. Effects of torque on the angular momentum. Kinetic energy of rotation. Conservation of angular momentum. Moment of Inertia. Relation between three types of elasticity. Rotational dynamics of rigid bodies. practical example of viscosity. scalar and vector form. The Lorentz Transformation. Elastic Modulus. Tension. Physical basis.

Energy considerations in SHM. Halliday. An Introduction to Mechanics. Equation of forced oscillation. D. Power and intensity in wave motion. I & II. Application of SHM. R. Longitudinal and transverse Oscillations. McGraw Hill. Phase velocity of traveling waves. Waves in Physical Media: Mechanical waves. Combinations of harmonic motions. Analytical treatment. Waves speed. Examples of resonance. Travelling waves. propagation and interaction with other waves use of basic concept of waves in their application in daily life Harmonic Oscillations: Simple harmonic motion (SHM). Physical pendulum. 17 . Damped harmonic motion. Principle of superposition (basic ideas). Derivation & discussion. 2. 1978. discussion of its solution. Sound: Beats Phenomenon. Standing waves. Wave equation. M. 1959. Torsional oscillator. 2. Discussion of solution. Discussion of its solution. Lissajous patterns. Sinusoidal waves. Vol. (Physics + Math) 3 Cr. Physics. Interference of waves. Resnick. Forced oscillations and resonances. v(t). 5th ed. Phase changes on reflection. Quality factor. mechanism of wave production. 1999. Vector Analysis and an Introduction to Tensor Analysis. John Wiley. simple pendulum. WAVES & OSCILLATIONS Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F.Recommended Books: 1. Kleppner and R. D.h Objective: 1. To understand the basics of waves.Sc. SHM and uniform circular motion. Group speed and dispersion. Mechanical analysis. Equation of damped harmonic motion. Resonance. Obtaining and solving the basic equations of motion x(t). a(t). 3. Mc-Graw Hill. Speigel. Natural frequency. Kolenkow. Krane.

Barton’s Apparatus). 5th ed. The Physics of Vibrations and Waves. 3. Resnick. Krane. Physics. Two coupled masses.O. J.R. Investigation of phase change with position in traveling wave and measurement of the velocity of sound by C. 2. Vol. D. Beats in coupled oscillations. 3. of students in Modulus of Rigidity by Static & Dynamic method (Maxwell’s needle.Coupled Oscillators and Normal modes: Two coupled pendulums. Determination of moment of inertia of a solid/hollow cylinder and a sphere etc.K. Recommended Books: 1. To determine the value of “g” by compound pendulum / Kater’s Pendulum. 1999. 6. Pain. I & II. 7. Atomic vibrations. Vibrations of air columns. Normal Modes of Continuous systems: Transverse vibration of a string. 18 . John Wiley. 1. Two coupled LC circuits. To study the dependence of Centripetal force on mass. 5th Edition 1999. N.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives To develop the experimental capability understanding the concept of Mechanics. LAB-I Pre-requisites 1 Cr. The Physics of Waves & Oscillations. 5. Fourier methods of analyzing general motion of a continuous system. Longitudinal vibrations of a rod. 1986. Many coupled oscillator. To study the damping features of an oscillating system using simple pendulum of variable mass. Surface tension of water by capillary tube method. Energy relations in coupled oscillations. 8. Tata McGrawHill Publishing company Limited. Halliday. 2. Normal modes. General methods of finding normal modes. radius. 4. and angular velocity of a body in circular motion. Measurement of viscosity of liquid by Stoke’s / Poiseulli’s method. Forced oscillations of two coupled oscillators. H. Bajaj.

10. Selected Experiments in Physical Sciences. The determination of resolving power of a diffraction grating. 8.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives To develop the understanding of students in measuring the thermal and optical parameters and to remove the fear of students to use various gadgets in laboratory 1. 4. C. 7. 5. H. 3. University Practical Physics. 12. Determination of temperature coefficient of resistance of a given wire. To study the conservation of energy (Hook’s law). To determine Horizontal/Vertical distance by Sextant. The measurement of specific rotation of sugar by Polarimeter and determination of sugar concentration in a given solution. CBS Publishing Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities LAB-II Pre-requisites 1 Cr. Marrow. Determination of “J” by Callender – Barnis method. 2. 4. D. The determination of wavelength of Sodium –D lines by Newton’s Ring. 11. Determination of wavelength of sodium light by Fresnel’s biprism. Calibration of thermocouple by potentiometer. Bhattacharya. To determine thermal Emf and plot temperature diagram. Nelkon and Ogborn. Advanced Level Practical Physics. 3. 9. Experiments in Physics. 6. 19 . Recommended Books: 1. The determination of Stefan’s constant. Surjeet Pub Ind. Heimann Educational Books Nolan and Bigliani. K. The determination of wavelength of light/laser by Diffraction grating. To determine frequency of AC supply by CRO.9. 2. Longman.

Field of infinite line of charge. Marrow. Surjeet Pub Ind. field of spherical shell and field of spherical charge distribution. 2. Dipole in an electric field. (Integral and differential forms) and its application. Point charge in an electric field. Bhattacharya. Charge in isolated conductors. Nelkon and Ogborn. Electric dipole.13. 3. C. 4. Torque and energy of a dipole in uniform field. Selected Experiments in Physical Sciences. Heimann Educational Books Nolan and Bigliani. 14. University Practical Physics.g Ring of charge. To study the parameters of waves (Beats phenomenon). 3. D. infinite line of charge. 16. H. 15. Advanced Level Practical Physics. field of infinite sheet of charge. Electric flux: Gauss's law. Experiments in Physics. Recommended Books: 1. field near a charged conducting sheet. To study the laws of vibration of stretched string using sonometer. Electric field of continuous charge distribution e. To give the concept of electric field. electrical potential and dielectrics To understand the DC circuits To know the effect of magnetic field and basic magnetic properties of materials Electric Field: Field due to a point charge: due to several point charges. To determine the Thermal conductivity of good and bad conductors using Lee’s and Searl’s apparatus. To determine the stopping potential by photo cell. CBS Publishing Note: At least nine experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM-I Pre-requisites 3 Cr. 17. 20 . To study the combinations of harmonic motion (Lissajous figures).h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. Longman. 2. K. conductor with a cavity. disc of charge.

resistance. Diamagnetism. Potential and field inside and outside an isolated conductor. and calculation of their capacitance. Do not derive. magnetic force on a current. McGraw-Hill.Bohr Magneton. Poisson’s and Laplace equation without solution. Electric field of dielectric. Capacitor with dielectric. D C Circuits: Electric Current. Energy stored in an electric field. Lorentz Force with its applications in CRO. resistivity. spherical etc. Application of Gauss's Law to capacitor with dielectric. Growth and Decay of current in an RC circuit and their analytical treatment. E. Norton theorem and Superposition theorem. Gettys. Torque on a current loop. current density J. Biot-Savart Law: Analytical treatment and applications to a current loop. Keller. force on two parallel current changing conductors. M. Skove Physics Classical and Modern (2nd edition). Paramagnetism. cylindrical. F. Recommended Books: 1. Recall the previous results. Magnetic dipole: Energy of magnetic dipole in field. Field as the gradient or derivative of potential. 21 . Differential form of Gauss’s Law. J. Ohm’s Law. Ferromagnetism Discussion. W.. Defining M.Electric Potential: Potential due to point charge. potential due to dipole. (Integral form). J. Use of Kirchhoff's Ist & 2nd law. Capacitors and dielectrics: Capacitance. calculating the electric field in a capacitor. and conductivity. Integral and differential forms. multiple loops. ρ. Inc. Hysteresis in Ferromagnetic materials. voltages at various elements of a loop. 1993. Electric potential of continuous charge distribution. µ. Ampere's Law. B. Magnetic Materials. An atomic view. potential due to collection of point charges. Magnetic Field Effects and Magnetic Properties of Matter: Magnetic force on a charged particle. applications to solenoids and toroids. Equation of continuity. Discuss quantitatively. energy transfer in an electric circuit. Basic ideas. Origin of Atomic and Nuclear magnetism. σ. Calculating the current in a single loop. Magnetization. Capacitors of various shapes. Gauss's Law for Magnetism: Discuss and develop the concepts of conservation of magnetic flux. Energy per unit volume. Thevenin theorem.

2. Thermodynamics: Review of previous concepts. TdS equations. J. Entropy in irreversible process. Inc. Internal energy of an ideal gas.). Conduction and viscosity.. Edminister Schaum’s Outline Series. Helmholtz functions) Maxwell’s relations. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Enthalpy. Maxwell distribution. Thermodynamic functions: Thermodynamic functions (Internal energy. N.. Refrigerators. Qualitative discussion. Joule-Thomson effect and 22 . Carnot theorem. 4. D. Distribution of energies.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. S. 1959. Van der Waals equation of state. Resnick. Second Law of thermodynamics. Energy equations and their applications. Entropy & probability. Distribution of molecular speeds. Entropy in reversible process. Kinetic theory of the ideal gas. Reversible and irreversible processes. John Willey & sons. Mean free path and microscopic calculations of mean free path. 1969. R. Entropy. D. Gibb’s functions. Heat and Temperature: Temperature. To give the concept of heat and temperature To give the concept of classical distribution function To understand the laws of thermodynamics and their application Statistical Mechanics: Statistical distribution and mean values. cyclic and free expansion. Internal energy of an ideal gas: Equipartition of energy. Work done on an ideal gas. HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS Pre-requisites 3 Cr. 3. Entropy & second law. Kip Fundamentals of Electricity and Magnetism (2nd Ed. A. S. Halliday. Theory and Problems of Electromagnetism.. Liquification of gases. 2. 3. Intermolecular forces. F. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Krane Physics (Vol-II). Thermodynamic temperature scale: Absolute zero: Entropy. Qualitative description. isothermal. K.. Heat engine. Maxwell-Boltzmann energy distribution. 5. 1992. Carnot engines. First law of thermo-dynamics and its applications to adiabatic. 1986. A.Review of previous concepts. Vasudeva Magnetism and Electricity. Diffusion. Low Temperature Physics. Calculation of efficiency of heat engines. Chand & Co. Brownian motion.

2. Recommended Books: 1. 1951. Abbott. Review of topics related to chromatic aberration. lens formula. Holography. M. McGraw Hill 1965. sign convention. refraction. Zemansky. OPTICS Pre-requisites 3Cr.Thermocouple. Uni-axial crystals. 1995. Thermoelectricity. Fibre optics. (thin films. M.h. Polarization Plane elliptically and circularly polarized light. Sears. point source and extended source. diffraction and polarization. Thermodynamics. Statistical Physics. Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. M. 4. Refraction at a spherical surface. W. Reif. Fabry Perot & Michelson interferometer. 3. Eye pieces. To develop understanding about the optical devices Geometrical Optics Geometrical optics and its laws. To understand the concept of reflections. A. 5. McGrawHill Professional Book Group. 23 . Chromatic aberration. two lens systems. W. Aberrations. Addison-Wesley 1954. 2. McGraw Hill. Heat and Thermodynamics. Malus law. Typical cases of interference phenomena. Berkley Physics series. Polarizing angle and Brewster law. Peltier’s effect.its equations. Analytical treatment of interference phenomenon. Longman 1967. Optical activity in liquids Interference Far field approximation. Schaum's Outline of Thermodynamics. lens formula by deviation method. Lee and F. Production of each type and their uses. 3rd Edition. Pointon. Introduction to Statistical Physics. F. Fresnel’s biprism). J. Induced optical effects. interference. Thomson effect Seabeck’s effect. J.

R. Logic gates OR. Fresnel diffraction. consequences. energy band in solid and energy gaps. Diffraction pattern of a rectangular aperture. Diffraction by a single slit. 2. Double slit diffraction pattern. Stefan Boltzmann-. 24 . p-type. transistor biasing for amplifiers. Dispersing properties of prism and grating. Explanation using quantum theory. Optics.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives: 1. D. hybrid parameters (common emitter). common collector. Wiens. Photoelectric and Compton effect. The quantization of energy. Positive & negative feed back R. Application to grating. Line spectra. Resolving power of lenses. 3. Transistor. characteristics of common base. To give the concept of modern physics To know the nuclear structure and radioactivity To know some nuclear reactions and production of nuclear energy To give basic understanding of Plasma and LASER Electronics: Basic crystal structure. Study of Fourier theorem and its analysis. Physics. K. characteristics and application as rectifiers.vibrator (basic).and Planck’s law. operating point. Monostable multi. 2. Fraunhofer diffraction. Recommended Books: 1. 1992.Diffraction Huygen’s principle. X-ray diffraction. Transistor as an amplifier (common emitter mode). p-n junction diode. S. Addison – Wesley Publishing Company 1987. NOR and their basic applications. NAND. Origin of Quantum Theory: Black body radiation. free electron model. Oscillators. John Willey & sons. its basic structure and operation. Diffraction applications. load line. 4. neutron and electron diffraction. E. its structure. Inc.. NOT. Diffraction grating. Halliday. Resnick. n-type semiconductor materials. Diffraction pattern of a circular aperture. Hecht.C. AND. common emitter. Krane. ELECTRONICS & MODERN PHYSICS Pre-requisites 3 Cr.

Nuclei and Particles. Toroid. molecules. Inc. ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM-II Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 3Cr. 3. X-ray spectrum (continuous and discrete) Moseley’s law. Induced electric fields. Frank-Hertz experiment. Angular momentum of electrons. 4. Concepts of Modern Physics (fifth edition) McGraw-Hill 1995. Spin quantization. R. Solids. localizing a wave in space and time. Physics. 2002. DavissonGermer Experiment and J. Vector atom model. 2004. Pauli’s exclusion principle and its use in developing the periodic table. Halliday. Fundamentals of Modern Physics. Paul A. Growth and Decay of 25 . Faraday Law and Lenz’s Law. W H Freeman and Company 2000. To understand the laws of electromagnetic induction To understand the AC circuits To know the generation and propagation of Electromagnetic waves Inductance: Faraday’s Law of Electromagnetic Induction.. 6. energy levels of electron. Llewellyn. Atomic spectrum. Modern Physics. 5. 2. Inductance. John Willey & sons. Review of emf. 2nd edition.) its definition and relation to probability of particle.Wave Nature of Matter: Wave behaviour of particle (wave function etc.P. D. Orbital angular momentum. Arthur Beiser. John Wiley & Sons. Eisberg and Robert Resnick. Wave packets and particles. S. 1992. John Wiley & Sons 1961 Sanjiv Puri. Narosa Publishing House. 3. 2.h Objectives: 1. Inductance of a Solenoid. Robert M Eisberg. K. Resnick. d’Broglie hypothesis and its testing. Krane. Quantum Physics of Atoms. Modern Physics 3rd edition. LR Circuits. Recommended Books: 1. Atomic Physics: Bohr’s theory (review). Robert M. “Basic definition”. Tipler and Ralph A. Thomson Experiment. Calculation and application using differential and integral form. Bohr’s Magnetron.

1969. Vasudeva Magnetism and Electricity. McGraw-Hill Book Co. analytical treatment. J. Maxwell's equations. N.C circuits: phase angles.. D.magnetic wave. Faraday Law. W. Analytical expression for time dependent solution. S. Travelling waves and Maxwell's equations. Keller. Krane Physics (Vol-II). Energy transport and the Poynting Vector. Inc. 1959. M. 2. Analytical treatment and discussion of physical concepts. power factor. Analytical treatment. Energy density and the magnetic field. 3. (Gauss's law for electromagnetism. Gettys. Inc. Induced magnetic fields & displacement current. (Integral & Differential forms) Discussion and implications.e. John Willey & sons. Series and parallel circuits i. K. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Theory and Problems of Electromagnetism. Kip Fundamentals of Electricity and Magnetism (2nd Ed. Derive.. Skove Physics Classical and Modern (2nd edition).. acceptor and rejector. 1992. J. 4. obtaining differential form of Maxwell's equations. 5. E. Generating an electro. J. Recommended Books: 1. RMS values. A. D. applications. Alternating Current Circuits: Alternating current.current. Ampere's Law).. A. Development of concepts. Electro-Magnetic Waves (Maxwell's Equations): Summarizing the electro. Qualitative discussion. Graphical analysis. Energy stored in a magnetic field. Chand & Co. Quantitative analysis using differential equatins. obtaining the velocity of light from Maxwell's equations. Edminister Schaum’s Outline Series.. Halliday. R. F. Forced electromagnetic oscillations and resonance.magnetic equations. Power in A. 26 . 1993. F. Resnick. Single loop RLC circuit.). S. AC current in resistive. McGraw-Hill. phase angles. inductive and capacitative elements. Electromagnetic Oscillation. 1986.

Measurement of resistance using a Neon flash bulb and condenser Conversion of a galvanometer into Voltmeter & an Ammeter To study the characteristics of Photo emission and determination of Plank’s constant using a Photo cell Calibration of an Ammeter and a Voltmeter by potentiometer Charge sensitivity of a ballistic galvanometer Comparison of capacities by ballistic galvanometer. Resonance frequency of an acceptor circuit Resonance frequency of a Rejecter Circuit. C K Bhattacharya. Experiments in Physics. 2. 3. To study the network theorems (Superposition. Recommended Books: 1. University Practical Physics. 5. Surjeet Pub Ind. 3rd Edition. Measurement of low resistance coil by a Carey Foster Bridge. To study the B. 7. 15. Thevinin. CBS Publishing. 13. G L Squires. 2. 9. 10. 6. 14. Practical Physics. 11. 12. their experimental measurement and to give understanding of electrical circuits and use of CRO. Measurement of self/mutual inductance.h Objectives: To know the electrical circuit elements.H. Study of electric circuits by black box.LBORATORY III Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 1 Cr. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. phase and time period of a complex signal by CRO. Norton). 1. amplitude. 4. Study of the parameter of wave i. curve & measure the magnetic parameters. 27 . 3. 8. To study the application of Lorentz force by CRO. Note: At least eight experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities.e.

Use of computer in the learning of knowledge of GATE and other experiments. iii.h Objectives: 1. 5. Recommended Books: 1. To develop understanding and uses of electronic devises including GATS. NAND etc) using diode and to develop their truth table. Characteristics of a transistor. 10. M. 6. Determination of range of α particles. To study the characteristic curves of a G. Determination of ionization potential of mercury. Determination of e/m of an electron. 14. To set up transistor oscillator circuit and measure its frequency by an oscilloscope. 3. 13. 3. 4. Surjeet Pub Ind. Mass absorption coefficient of lead for γ-rays using G. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. 28 . 11 12. 9. To set up and study various logic gates (AND. C K Bhattacharya. Ripple factor & its variation with load. G L Squires. Characteristics of a semiconductor diode (Compare Si with Ge diode) Setting up of half & full wave rectifier & study of following factors i. 15. To set up an electronic switching circuit using transistor LDR and demonstrate its use as a NOT Gate. 7. To set up a single stage amplifier & measure its voltage gain and bandwidth. 3rd Edition.LAB-IV Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 1 Cr. To understand the behaviour of nuclear radiation including beta and gama radition. Transistors. CBS Publishing. Experiments in Physics. 2. 2. OR. University Practical Physics. Study of regulation of output voltage with load. Smoothing effect of a capacitor ii. counter and use it to determine the absorption co-efficient of β-particle in Aluminum. 8. Practical Physics.M counter.

tensors. Divergence and Curl in the curvilinear coordinates system. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors of matrices. MATHEMATICAL METHODS-I Pre-requisite General Mathematics 3 Cr. Cauchy integral theorem and integral formula. Invariant subgroups. Cauchy Riemann conditions and analytic functions. Tensor algebra. Green’s theorem in the plane. Group representation. Hermitian matrices. Recommended Books: 1. G. Continuous groups-O groups.Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. Divergence and Gauss’s theorem. Arfken. Mathematical Physics. Cartesian. Lie groups Complex Variables: Functions of a complex variable. 1970. Diagonalization of matrices. Curl and Stoke's theorem. SU(2) groups. Calculus of residue. Academic Press. matrices and some of their uses in the world of physics To give basic understanding of group theory and complex variables used in physics Vector Analysis: Review of vectors Algebra. Vector integration. Curvilinear Coordinates and Tensors: Curvilinear coordinate system. Covariant and contravariant tensors. Discret groups-Dihedral groups. Vector differentiation and gradient. 2. Taylor and Laurent series. Similarity transformations. Quotient rule. To develop the mathematical background of student in vectors. 29 . Matrices: Linear vector spaces. 2nd ed. Matrices. Group Theory: Introduction to groups. Spherical and Cylinderical coordinate system.h Objectives 1. Complex integration. Gradient. Determinants. Orthogonal matrices.

Matrix representation of angular momentum operators. The potential barrier problems. Formalism of Quantum Mechanics: The state of a system. Hermitian operators. Three dimensional square well potential. Properties of one dimensional potential functions. Dynamical variables and operators. Commuting and non commuting operators. 4. Solutions of Schrodinger equation for free particles. 5. McGraw Hill. State of a system. Three dimensional square well potential. Applied Mathematics for Engineers and Physicists. Addison-Wesley 1968. The hydrogenic atom. 1971. 30 . Mathematical Physics. Schrodinger Equation in Three Dimensions: Separation of Schrodinger equation in cartesian coordinates. Pipes and Harvill. M. 3. Functions and expectation values. H. Understanding the behaviour of quantum mechanical particle and development of Schrodinger equation in one and three dimensions introduction to Quantum mechanical operators and determination of angular momentum of a quantum mechanical particle Quantum Mechanics of One Dimensional Problems: Review of concepts of classical mechanics. The hydrogenic atom. Symmetry principles and conservation laws. Dirac notation. Particle in a box. Three dimensional isotopic oscillator. QUANTUM MECHANICS-I Pre-requisite FSc Physics and Modern Physics & electronics 3 Cr. R. Schrodinger and Heisenberg pictures. Fourier Analysis Simon Schuster Series. 1967. Butkov. Central potentials. Time evolution of a system. E. The eigenvalues and eigen functions of L2 and Lz. Hsu. Addition of angular momenta. P. Spin.2. McGraw Hill 1979.h Objectives 1. The free particle. Complex Variables Schaum’s Outline Series. Speigel. The linear harmonic oscillator. Heisenberg uncertainty relations. 2. Angular Momentum: Orbital angular momentum.

David J. J.L. New York (1992). 31 .S. Kaminski. PRENTICE Hall. Narosa Publishing House. Reading Mass. Int. Cieplak & J.Dirac Statistics To develop the understating of lattice dynamics in solid materials. Springer Verlag. Greiner. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. Bose – Einstein statistics and Fermi. 2.h Objectives: 1. Elements of Probability Theory: Probabilities. Addison Wesley Publishing Company.J. W. Townsend. 8 B. Liboff. F.. Griffiths. THERMAL AND STATISTICAL PHYSICS Pre-requisite: FSc Physics and Heat and Thermodynamics 3 Cr. R.Books Recommended: 1. 7. 'Quantum Mechanics'. 'Theory of Quantua'. Introduction to Quantum Mechanics. Berlin (1990). 3.H. McGraw Hill Book Company. W. statistical interpretation of entropy. To develop the understanding of thermal properties by using statistical means in thermodynamics Development of various statistics like Boltzmann Statistics. (1980). 'Introductory Quantum mechanics'. M. Schwable. Equilibrium Thermodynamics: Basic postulates. Bransden & C. distribution functions. 'Quantum Mechanics: An Introduction'. Oxford University Press. response functions Maxwell's relation. Inc. 'Relativistic Quantum Mechanics'. reduction of derivatives. 4. Reading Mass. Greiner. 6. New Delhi (1992). Singapore (1992). 'Introduction to Quantum Mechanics' Longman Scientific & Technical London (1990). Boltzmann H-theorem. 3. Joachain. Bialynicki-Birula. 'A Modern Approach to Quantum Mechanics'. 5. fundamental equations and equations of state. (1980). 2.

Statistical Physics. Introduction to Statistical Physics. Formation of Microcononical. 2. Boltzmann distribution. counting of states (in classical and quantum mechanical systems. Gas of electrons in solids. Books Recommended: 1. examples) partition function. Theorem of equipartition of energy. 1988. Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics. Kittel. 2. 1965. Partition Function: Relations of partition function with thermodynamic variables. 3. Advanced Topics: Fluctuations. ELBS/John Willey. To develop the basic knowledge of classical world using the laws of Physics To develop the understanding of two bodies central force problems 32 . Fermi-Dirac statistical systems.J. CLASSICAL MECHANICS Pre-requisites: Mechanics I & II 3 Cr. Elements of Statistical Physics. Black body radiations. Mandl. canonical and grand canonical partion function. Longman 1967. Introduction to density matrix approach. Statistical Systems: Maxwell-Boltzmann. Pointon. A. Reif. Van der Waals Gas: mean field calculation. John Wiley 1958. Bose-Einstein Condensation. C.h Objectives: 1. 4. Statistical Mechanics of Interacting Systems: Lattice vibrations in solids.Formulation of Statistical Methods: Ensembles. Pauli and Van Vleck paramagnetics. Bose-Einstein. 2nd Ed. examples (collection of simple harmonic oscillators. Examples of thermodynamics of these systems. F. Ferromagnets in Mean Field Approximation. F. McGraw Hill.

Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics Springer verlag. Liouville's theorem. and Hamilton equations of motion. V. Eulerian angles. New York (1983). Variational Principles: Calculus of variation and Hamilton's principle. Virtual work. Equation of motion and solution for one body problem. Rigid body problems and Euler's equations. Reading. H. two body problem and its reduction to one body problem.3. 'Dynamics'. 3. 'Classical Mechanics'. Addison Wesley. Kinematics of Rigid Body Motion: Orthogonal transformations. Euler's theorem. Edn. 33 . Kepler's Laws Laboratory and centre of mass systems. Two Body Central Force Problem: Low and least action. New York (1980). Tensors and dyadics. 4. constraints. 2. John Wiley & Sons. Alembert's principle. Moment of inertia. S. Rutherford scattering. Derivation of Lagrange's equation from Hamilton's principle. Books Recommended: 1. Rigid Body Equation of Motion: Angular momentum.. 2nd. Canonical Transformations: Examples of canoical transformations.I. Lagrange and Poison brackets. Massachusetts (1980). Lagrange's equation and its applications. Hamilton Equation of Motion: Legendre transformation Conservation theorems. Goldstein. Arnold. To give understanding of kinematics and dynamics of rigid bodies Development of Hamiltonian equation and use of canonical transformation in classical physics Elementary Principles: Brief Survey of Newtonian mechanics of a system of particles.N. Rasband. The coriolis force.

J. ELECTRONICS Pre-requisites: Modern Physics and Electronics 3 Cr. Common base and common collector amplifiers. Biasing. B. Common source and common drain amplifiers.. Tunnel diodes. Hybrid-p and h. Power class A. Summing. Oxford (1987). Woodhouse.4. Instrumentation amplifier. Varactor diodes.M. Negative feedback. MOSFET. RC coupled and direct coupled stages. Tuned RF Voltage amplifiers. Common emitter. Transistor Circuits: Bipolar transistors.h Objectives: 1. 2. London (1991). Junction FET. Matzner & L. Active filters. Photodiodes. 34 . Varistors and their applications. To develop the understanding of different electronic circuit elements and devices like diode. Shepley. R. Comparators. Operational Amplifiers: Ideal op-amps. Biasing and stability. Oxford Science Publications. 'Classical Mechanics'. Feedback and stability. Operation and construction. Integrator and Differentiator. Simple op-amp arrangements. N. Field Effect FET: Transistors.A. Schottky diodes.. Switching circuits.C. Multistage Amplifiers. Op-amp applications. I-F Amplifiers and automatic gain control. Frequency response. Ebers-Moll. Frequency response. amplifiers. Light emitting diodes. Zener regulators. oscillators and voltage regulators used in daily life alliances To understand the day to day electronic devices. parameters and ratings. and C amplifiers. Special Diodes: Zener diodes. 5. Prentice Hall Inc.z and y-parameter models. 'Introduction to Analytical Dynamics'. transistors. Non inverting and inverting circuits. The differential amplifiers. its data and sheet parameters.

J. To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills. Malvino. 'Electronic devices & Circuits'.J. 35 . Shunt and switching regulators. To study the characteristics of a Geiger-Muller counter and to examine the attenuations of beta particles in Al-and Pb foils.T. 2. 'Electronic Devices'. Books Recommended: 1. Millman & C. Colpit's Phase shift and 555 timer oscillators. Measurement of the spectrum of gama rays from a radioisotope. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics. T. Bell. New Delhi (1988).L. 3..Oscillators: Armstrong. 3. 2.P. 2. G. The Bengamin/Cummings Publishing Co.L. 'Integrated Electronics'. Voltage Regulators: Series.S.. CMOSS. in a scintillation counter. 'Electronic Principles'. 4. M. Tata McGraw Hill.C. List of Experiments 1. McGraw Hill Book Company. Halkias.H. Virginia (1980). Carpenter. D.B. C. Roden. Reston Publishing Company Inc. Power supply. 5. 'Electronic Design Circuit & Systems'. Merril Publishing Company Columbus (1988).h Objectives: 1. LAB V Pre-requisites: LAB I –IV 1 Cr. 3. Hartley. California (1991). Singapore (Latest Edition). Savant Jr. Shielding and attenuation of gamma rays. To study the pulseheight as a function of the H. Measurement of the half life of a radio nuclide. A. Floyd.

H. 3.C. 6. AC circuits and dielectric constants of water and ice. To study the characteristics of a solid-state detector and use it to measure the spectra of alpha and beta particles.Homogeneous differential equations.Mark and H. Books Recommended: 1. 2. Olsono. Melissinos. Fourier Series. Radio frequency measurement. Nonhomogenous differential equations. Skin effect. Velocity. 9. Use of a Lithium-drifted Ge-counter for gamme spectroscopy and to compare its performance with that of a nal-detector.h Objectives: 1) 2) 3) To give the understanding of Differential equations and their uses in Physics Introduction to special functions. 36 . Measurement of characteristic impedance. A. Fourier Transforms Solution of Boundary value problems and their uses Differential Equations in Physics: First and second order linear differential equations. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. 8.J. etc. Experimental Electronics (McGraw-Hill).T. MATHEMATICAL METHODS-II Pre-requisite General mathematics and Mathematical Methods-I 3 Cr. Experiments with transmission lines. Frobenius series solution of differential equations. R. Second solution. 5. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. Experiments in Modern Physics (Academic). Standing wave ratio. Separation of variables. 7. Partial differential equations of theoretical physics. Higgings.4. Experiments in Modern Physics (McGraw-Hill). etc.

Special Functions:

Bessel functions and Hankel functions, Spherical Bessel functions, Legendre polynomials, Associated Legendre polynomials, Spherical harmonics Laguerre polynomials, Hermite polynomials.

Fourier Series:

Definition and general properties, Fourier series of various physical functions, Uses and application of Fourier series.

Integral Transforms:

Integral transform, Fourier transform, Convolution theorem, Elementary Laplace transform and its application.

**Boundary Value Problems and Green's Functions:
**

Boundary value problems in Physics, Non-homogeneous boundary value problems and Green's functions, Green's functions for one dimensional problems, Eigenfunction expansion of Green's function, Construction of Green's functions in higher dimensions.

Books Recommended:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5 6. 7. 8. G. Arfken, Mathematical Physics, 2nd ed, Academic Press, 1970. R. Bronson, ‘Differential Equations’ Schaum’s Outline Series, McGraw Hill, New York. E. Butkov, ‘Mathematical Physics Addison-Weseley London . M.L. Boas, 'Mathematical Methods in Physical Sciences', John Wiley & Sons, New York (1989). C.W. Wong, 'Introduction to Mathematical Physics', Oxford University, Press, New York (1991). Hassani, 'Foundations of Mathematical Physics', Prentice Hall International Inc., Singapore (1991). Chattopadhyay, 'Mathematical Physics', Wiley Eastern Limited, New Delhi, (1990). H. Cohen, 'Mathematics for Scientists & Engineers' Prentice Hall International Inc., New Jersey (1992).

**QUANTUM MECHANICS-II Pre-requisites:
**

Quantum Mechanics I

3 Cr.h

37

Objectives:

1. 2. 3. to understand the use of approximation in Quantum mechanics to understand the theory of scattering and interaction of quantum systems with radiation to understand the basics of relativistic quantum mechanics

Approximate Methods:

Time independent perturbation theory for non degenerate and degenerate levels, the variational method, The WKB approximation, Time dependent perturbation theory.

**Identical Particles and Second Quantization:
**

Indistinguishability of identical particles, Systems of identical particles, Quantum dynamics of identical particle systems, statistics, Symmetry of states, Fermions, Bosons.

Theory of Scattering:

Scattering experiments and cross sections, Potential scattering, The method of partial waves, The Born’s approximation.

**The Interaction of Quantum Systems with Radiation:
**

Electromagnetic field and its interaction with one electron system, Transition rates, Spontaneous emission, Selection rules for electric dipole transitions, The spin of photon and its helicity.

**Relativistic Quantum Mechanics:
**

Schrodinger relativistic equation, Probability and current densities, KleinGordon equation and hydrogen atom, Dirac relativistic equation.

Books Recommended:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. B.H. Bransden & C.J. Joachain, 'Introduction to Quantum Mechanics' Longman Scientific & Technical London (1990). J.S. Townsend, 'A Modern Approach to Quantum Mechanics', McGraw Hill Book Company, Singapore (1992). W. Greiner, 'Quantum Mechanics: An Introduction', Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Reading Mass. (1980). R.L. Liboff, 'Introductory Quantum mechanics', Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Reading Mass. (1980). Bialynicki-Birula, M. Cieplak & J. Kaminski, 'Theory of Quantua', Oxford University Press, New York (1992). W. Greiner, 'Relativistic Quantum Mechanics', Springer Verlag, Berlin (1990). 38

7. 8 9.

F. Schwable, 'Quantum Mechanics', Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi (1992). David J. Griffiths, Introduction to Quantum Mechanics, PRENTICE Hall, Int., Inc. S.Gasiorowicz, Quantum Physics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Singapore.

**ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY Pre-requisites:
**

Electricity and magnetism I & II

3 Cr.h

Objectives:

1. 2. 3. To give the basic understanding in static electromagnetic fields and time dependent electromagnetic fields To develop knowledge of propagation, reflection and refraction of electromagnetic waves To develop the understanding of skin effect and wave guides

Fundamental Concepts:

Recapitulation of the fundamental concepts, Induction B, Addition of Laplace equation and methods of images. Magnetic intensity H, Maxwell's equations in differential and integral forms, Poynting theorem and energy conservation.

**Static Electromagnetic Fields:
**

Electrostatic fields in several dielectric media, Magneto static fields of magnetized matter, Magnetostatic field of stationary current, Magnetization current.

**Time Dependent Electromagnetic Fields:
**

Maxwell's equations for quasi stationery fields, Potentials of a rapidly varying field, Fields of uniformly moving and accelerated charges, Radiation from an accelerated charge, Field of oscillating expansion of electro magnetic field, Multiple fields. Expansion of emf.

**Reflection and Refraction of Electromagnetic Waves:
**

Laws of reflection and refraction, Fresnel's formula, Total reflection, Refraction in conducting media, Reflection from a conducting surface.

39

Books Recommended:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. H.C. Ohanion, 'Classical Electrodynamics', Allyn & bacon Inc., Massachusetts (1988). Y.K. Lim, 'Introduction to Classical Elecrodynamics, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pt., Singapore (1986). P.C. Lorrain & D.R. Corson, 'Electromagnetic Fields and Waves', W.H. Freeman & Co., New York (1978). C.R. Paul & S.A. Nasar, 'Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields, McGraw Hill Book Company, Singapore (1987). A.M. Portis, 'Electromagnetic Fields', John Wiley & Sons, New York (1978). D. Grifftns, An introduction to Dynamics, Prentice Hall, 1984 Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, John Wiley, 1975 Ritze Millfadad Chiristy, Foundation of Electromagnetic Theory

**NUCLEAR PHYSICS Pre-requisites:
**

Modern Physics and Electronics

3 Cr.h

Objectives:

1) 2) 3) To understand the nuclear structure using different nuclear models To understand the nature of nuclear forces To give understanding of radioactivity and nuclear reactions

History:

Starting from Bacqurel’s discovery of radioactivity to Chedwick’s neutron.

Basic Properties of Nucleus: Nuclear size, mass, binding energy, nuclear spin,magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moment, parity and statistics. Nuclear Forces: Yukawa's theory of nuclear forces. Nucleon

scattering, charge independence and spin dependence of nuclear force, isotopic spin.

**Nuclear Models: Liquid drop model; Fermi gas model, Shell model;
**

Collective model.

40

1995. Symmetry operations. Introducing Nuclear Physics. 5. Q-value and threshold energy of nuclear reaction. Rith. Povh. Krane. 1980. Structure of Solids Lattices and basis. Neutrino hypothesis. measurement of Beta ray energies. 4. resonance reactions. To develop a basic knowledge of crystallography To understand the x-ray diffraction in crystal investigation To understand the binding forces in crystalline material To develop the understanding of lattice dynamics and its uses in derivation of theories of specific heat To understand the behaviour of free electrons in metals and Fermi Energy. 3. 1999. C. energy level and level width. Kaplan. 1977. Particle and Nuclei. Green. Bejamin. space groups and binding forces. Scholtz. Heat and Thermodynamics. Fermi theory of Beta decay. Zetsche. Simple crystal structures. Atomic potential. SOLID STATE PHYSICS Pre-requisite 3 Cr. Nuclei and Practicles. Fundamental types of lattice. the magnetic lens spectrometer. Electricity & Magnetism I & II. 1995. Statistical Physics. 5. Nuclear Physics. 2. Objectives: 1.Theories of Radioactive Decay: Theory of Alpha decay and explanation of observed phenomena. B. cross sections for nuclear reactions. Breit-Wigner one level formula including the effect of angular momentum. theory of Gamma decay. multipolarity of Gamma rays. 3.h Quantum Mechanics . Kenneth S. 4. Nuclear Physics. Position and orientation of planes in crystals. F. Books Recommended: 1. McGraw Hill. Segre. Nuclear isomerism. direct reaction. Addison-Wisely. K. compound nucleolus theory of nuclear reaction and its limitations. 41 . 2. Nuclear Reactions: Conservation laws of nuclear reactions.

To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. 3rd Edition. Rinehart & Winston. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills. 5. Elliott. Oxford Science Publications 1990. R. II. LAB VI Pre-requisites LAB I. Mermin. Fourier analysis of the basis. C. Introduction to Solid State Physics. Ewald construction and Brillouin zone. Umklapp processes. Solid State Physics.Crystal diffraction and reciprocal lattice: Diffraction of X-rays. 3. Reciprocal lattice to sc. S. bcc.M. 1999. G. D. Reciprocal lattice. Debye model of heat capacity. M. 2. The Solid State. Phonons and Lattice Vibrations: Lattice heat capacity. Pearson Education 2000. Einstein model. 3. Enumeration of normal models. orthorhombic and hexagonal crystals. Rosenberg. N. 1976. 42 . M. 7th Ed. By. Ashcroft and N. The Physics and Chemistry of Solids. Density of state in one. Kittle. Wiley. M. Bragg’s law. Solid State Physics. W. High Temperature Superconductivity. 1998.A. 2. 7. fcc. 6. rotating crystal method. H. two and three dimensions.A. Laue method.h. 1996. Neutrons and electrons from crystals. 4. Kohn Wiley. Comparison with experimental results. Holt. Burns. IV 1 Cr. Scattered wave amplitude. An Introduction. Omar. Wahab. Objectives: 1. classical model. Elementary Solid State Physics. III. Narosa Publishing House. Powder methods. Recommended Books: 1. Thermal conductivity and resistivity. Academic Press 1992.

Surjeet Pub Ind. Ripple factor. Practical Physics. Study of random processes and fluctuations in random processes (Poission distribution. To design and build a linear integrator to enable digitization of photo-multiplier pulses. Design of a medium wave T. etc. 13. 3. 12. or superheterdyne receiver and measurement of its sensitivity.) Measurement of transistor hybrid parameters. Experiments in Physics. Design of high or medium voltage dc power supply and measurement of the voltage regulation. Transistor pulse-circuitry (three types of flipflop and the Schmidt trigger circuit). K.F.C.R. Computer and Programming Skills.F. Mathematical Methods. Design of high or medium voltage dc power supply and measurement of the voltage regulation.R. Basic Numerical Analysis and Analytical Tools for Numerical Analysis. C. Power out-put selectivity. 5. 8. 10. 43 . Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS Pre-requisites: 3 Cr. 6. 2. To design and build a lotic circuit (using AND/OR/NOR gates) for performing a given function. G. 3rd Edition. etc. Design of an L. Ripple factor etc. Bhattacharya. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities.4. Recommended Books: 1. 9. or to design and build a height-to-width converter. L. 11. To build and investigate the properties of hard value multivibrators.h Undergraduate Level Physics and Elementary Mathematics and Linear Algebra. Gain characteristics and spectral response of a photo-multiplier tube. University Practical Physics. Squires. the operational amplifier. 7. coupled amplifier and a study of its characteristics. Study of leaser parameters. CBS Publishing. etc.

3. Numerical Methods: Numerical Solutions of equations. Error analysis and technique for elimination of systematic and random errors. De Jong. California (1986). Chanle. Introduction of computer languages To know the use of computer in numerical anlysis Computer simulation and modeling Computer Languages: A brief introduction of the computer languages like Basic.J. P. Macheown & D. M. 5. 4. Computational Physics'. Doing Physics with random numbers. Pascal etc and known software packages of computation. Addison Wesley Publishing Company Inc. Koonini.h Pre-requisite Phy-202 (Modern Physics). Relationship of modeling and simulation. Oscillatory motion. Kepler's problems. Rading Massachusetts(1988).K. Field of static charges and current. S. Chapra & R. Computer simulation.C. S. C. The Benjamin/Coming Publishing Inc. Dynamic systems. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. Merman. L. 'An Introduction to Computer Simulation Methods'. Gould & J. Massachusetts (1991). Random numbers and random walk. Some systems of interest for physicists such as Motion of Falling objects. McGraw Hill Book Company. Populations genetics etc. 'Numerical Methods for Engineers with Personal Computer Applications.P. Diffusion.T. Computational Techniques in Physics' Adm Hilger. Wave phenomena. Books Recommended: 1. 3. Numerical integration and differentiation. Bristol (1987). Modeling & Simulations: Conceptual models. H. New York (1965 PHYSICS-401 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS 4 Cr.Objectives: 1. 2. Tobochnik. 2. Many particle systems. The mathematical models. Phy-306 (Quantum Mechanics) 44 .. Regression and interpolation.. 'Introduction to Computational Physics'.

Sommerfeld model. Stark effect. Fermi Golden rule. Bransden and C. H.Objectives: 1. 2. Diatomic molecules-rotational. electron spin and Hund’s cases. Physics of atomic and Molecules. Hartree Fock methods and self consistent field. 4. Spin orbit coupling. X-ray spectra. normal Zeeman effect. Atoms in radiation field. Molecules (12 hours) Ionic and covalent bonding. 3. Paschen back effect. Periodic system of the elemments. 45 . London 1983. Anne P. Anomalous Zeeman effect. Chapman and Hall. jj coupling and other type of coupling. Joachain. Thorn. Thomas Fermi potential. Raman effect. Frank Hertz experiment and approximation methods. One Electron System (12 hours) Review of Schrodinger equation for hydrogen atom. Transition probabilities of diatomic molecules. Born Oppenhimer approximation. 5. To review the existing theories of atomic structure To introduce the experimental proof of quantisation To introduce the use of Schrodinger Equation in real system like Hydrogen atom To understand the Molecular spectrum To understand the LASER production and Operation Structure of Atoms (5 hours): Review of Bohr’s theory. B. vibrational. Spectrophysics. and electronic spectra. Polyatomic molecules (brief introduction). Stern Gerlach experiment. Interaction with field (7 hours) Many electron atoms in an electromagnetic field. second edition. Stark effect. Hyperfine structure. 2. Selection rules. Quantum numbers. Hydrogen Molecular ion (LCAO approximation). Central field approximation. LS coupling. Longmans. Radiative transitions.J. 1988. Hydrogen molecule (Heitler London and molecular orbital theories) Recommended Books: 1. Many body Systems (12 hours) Pauli exclusion principle. Einstein coefficients.

Power transfer and attenuation. Singapore (1987). H. Nasar. second edition. grange and Coloumb grange.R. Wave guides as cavity resonators. Loren z. C. John Wiley and sons 1985. and R. 'Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields. Transmission by a rectangular. Corson. Quantum Physics of Atoms. R. reflection and refraction of electromagnetic waves To develop the understanding of skin effect and wave guides Propagation of Plane Electromagnetic Waves: monochromatic waves and plane waves. 1984 Jackson..K. Lim. Scattering by a bound electron. To give the basic understanding in static electromagnetic fields and time dependent electromagnetic fields To develop knowledge of propagation.C. 'Introduction to Classical Elecrodynamics. 7. Allyn & bacon Inc.A. 3. Singapore (1986). Group velocity.. Solids. Internal impedance at high frequencies. Nuclei and Particles. ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY II Pre-requisites: Electricity and magnetism I & II 3 Cr. World Scientific Publishing Co. 5. D. 1975 Ritze Millfadad Chiristy. McGraw Hill Book Company. Waves guided by dielectrics. Skin Effect and Wave Guides: High frequency current in a semi infinite conductor. Wave Guidance. Pt. 2. Massachusetts (1988). Prentice Hall. Ohanion. Dispersion in metallic conductor. New York (1978).H.. Paul & S. 3. Waves guided by parallel plane conductor. 2. 4. Lorrain & D.M.3. Q of a cavity resonator. Molecules. Freeman & Co. John Wiley. P. Y. Objectives: 1.h. Grifftns. W. 'Electromagnetic Fields and Waves'. Forced oscillation of an electronic oscillator. 'Electromagnetic Fields'. 6.C. Books Recommended: 1. Resnick. Dispersion in dilute medium and dense media. Eisberg. An introduction to Dynamics. New York (1978). A. Classical Electrodynamics. Portis. Foundation of Electromagnetic Theory 46 . 'Classical Electrodynamics'.R. John Wiley & Sons.

Determination of the constituents of substance by activation analysis. Fabry-Perot interferometer used as a gas refractometer. 2.R. Determination of the Rydberg constant from the spectrum of hydrogen. Pre-requisite: Undergraduate physics and Labs I-VI Objectives: 1. 16. Measurement of the spectrum of gamma rays from a radioisotope (e. 9. 6. Study of their optical properties.PROJECT 3 Cr. 13. To examine the characteristics of a Solid-State detector and to use it for alpha and beta Spectroscopy and compare the results with those obtained by a scintillation counter. 10. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. Determination of Planck’s constant (h) by using the photoelectric effect. 2. 47 .h A project can be introduced instead of these experiments. 14. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics. The Frank-hertz experiment (Measurement of excitation potential of Hg). To study the Zeeman effect for a line in the spectrum of helium. Use of an analogue computer for solving differential equations. 15. 7. 11. Experiments with microwaves. 8. Source strength of Co60 by gamma coincidence methods. Electron spin resonance (E. 12. 3.g.S. To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills. 3. Determination of the charge on an electron (e) by Millikan’s method.) by microwave absorption. To prove the Rutherford law of scattering of charged particles. 5. To examine the stopping-power of various substances for thermal neutrons.Cs) and study of their photoelectric and Compton absorption. Measurement of the total neutron cross-section. 4. Lab-VII 1.

Olson. 22.S. Note: At least 12 experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities.C. Books Recommended: 1.17. Experiments in Modern Physics (McGrawHill). 2. Simple diode manufacture and point-contact transistor. To build a medium or short-wave transmitter.T. Gray. 24. demonstrating transistor action). 48 . Melissionos. 20. To determine the energy gap in silicon and Germanium. Applied Electronics (John-Wiley and Sons). (Shockley-Haynes experiments for Germanium. T. 21.R. Drift mobility. The measurement of the Hall effect in germanium and silicon.) of protons in water. 23.Mark and N.M. All experimental courses are only recommended but Universities may opt other experiments according to facilities and expertise available to them. The study of the Mossbauer effect. H. Experiments in Modern Physics (Academic). A. 3. 18. 19. Measurement of the conductivity of Si and Ge as a functions of temperature. Nuclear magnetic resonance (N.

Introduction to plasma Physics. Introduction. PLASMA PHYSICS Pre-requisite: Electrodynamics. N. electrons etc.W. Occurrance of plasma. Single-particle motion in electromegnatic field.Trivelpiece. 3. waves and oscillations 3 Cr. Time-variant E and B fields. Debye shielding. SURFACE PHYSICS Pre-requisites: Solid state Physics 3 Cr. Uniform and nonuniform E and B fields.h Objectives: 1. 1960 (D. Books Recommended: 1. S.F. Controlled Thermonuclear Reactions. University may also tailor these courses according to their facilities. Applications of plasma physics. Criteria for plasma. Wave propagation in plasma.DETAIL OF ELECTIVE COURSES These elective courses can be chosen from the list or new elective course may be offered according to the availability of staff and necessary infrastructure.H.h Objectives: 1. Principles of Plasma Physics.Van Nestrand). 49 . operational conditions. Introduction to Controlled Fusion: Basic nuclear fusion reactions. Reaction rates and power density. Derivation of dispersion relations for simple electrostatic and electromagnetic modes. To know aout the surface physics and its applications Learn about the interaction of surface with the ions. 2. (Plenum).A. 1973 (McGraw Hill).Chen.Glasstone and R. 2. To learn about the importance of the plasma alongwith the basic concept of plasma. F. To know fluid description of the plasma. 2nd ed.Krall and A. radiation losses from plasma. Fluid description of plasma. The plasma parameter. Concept of temperature. 2.Lovberg.

the kinetics of adsorption. Growth processes. vibrational spectroscopy. Electron spectroscopes. Adsorption. Comparison of different types of pumps with measurement of vacuum pressure. physiorption. Adsorption mechanisms and kinetics for low coverages Langmuir Isotherms. Catalysis and Growth Processes: Adsorption mechanisms and kinetics chemisorption vs. Studying Surfaces: What is UHV? Do we need UHV to study surfaces? The kinetic theory of gases. Auger depth. Quantification of Auger spectra. growth mechanisms. fcc. 2D surface structures. Desorption and experimental probes of surface structure such a LEED and RHEED. Desorption Bonding . The surface structures of very small metal particles. Profiling. stability. The structure of semi-conductor surfaces. Specific types of surface. derivation. The Electronics and Magnetic Structure of Surfaces: Band theory. Preparing a clean surface. potential energy curves and adsorption energetics. catalysis. Electron-Surface Interactions: Electron diffraction and quasi – elastic scattering. Magnetic processes at surfaces. Signal processing and spectral analysis. adsorption. An introduction to surface Physics. Surface energies and the Wulff Theorem. Theory and practice of Auger electron spectroscopy. hcp. Surface Structures and Reconstructions: Lattice concept. concept of vacuum and standard vacuum hardware components. adsorbate phase diagrams and phase transitions. 3 D crystal structures. Electron emission processes. The electronic structure of semiconductor surfaces. The Structure of Adsorbate Layers: Experimental probes of surface structure such as LEED and RHEED. Desorption. Discussion of the merits of different types of electron energy analysers and electron deterctors. comparison of particle scattering techniques. Free electron theories and the work function. More complex ceconstruction. 50 .An Introduction to Surfaces: What is a surface? The energetics and thermodynmics of creating a surface. bcc and stepped surfaces and a discussion of their relative energies.

Computational Fluid Dynamics-II: Governing equations in integral and differential form. Boundary value problems. To know the fundamentals of Fluid Mechanice and its applications To learn about the computational aspect for solving diffusion equation. Incompressible flows. Incompressible and 51 . Introduction to Surface and Thin Film Processes Cambridge University Press (2000). Venables.h Objectives 1. John A. The finite volume method. An Introduciton to the theory and practice of SIMS.Atom/ion surface interactions: Comparison of particle scattering techniques. 2. Turbulent Boundary layer. Boundary Layer Theory: Laminar Boundary layer. Surface Microscopy: Classification of microscopy techniques. Auger depth profiling. Back scattering. Electrodynamics 3 Cr. Computational Fluid dynamics-I: Introduction to numerical computation. Optical microscopy. Introduction to solution of Partial Differential Equiation’s using finite difference methods Advanced Techniques. Reynold’s number. Basic concepts in surface imaging and localized spectroscopy. SPM. Compressible flows. Books Recommended 1. FLUID DYNAMICS Pre-requisite Classical Mechanics. SIMS imaging and depth profiling. Thin aerofoil. Imaging XPS. the continuity equation. theory and practice of Rutherford. STEM. Basic Fluid Mechanics: Fundamentals of Continuum mechanics. An introduction to the theory and practice of scanning Tunneling Microscopy. governing equations of fluid motion. SEM. Reduced forms of governing equations. Scanning probe microscopy techniques. Kinematics of the flow field. Introduction to numerical solution of Ordinary Differential equation’s using multi-step methods. Atomic Force Microscopy.

The pressure correction method on staggered and unstaggered grids. Fore-Vacuum Pumps: Rotary Oil pumps. Incorporation of turbulence models.V. 2. hydraulic jumps. Vol. Roache. vortex shedding and vibrations. S. Turbo molecular pumps. Hoffmann and S. Vacuum Techniques: Gas Transport: Throughout. “Computational Fluid Dynamics”. Fundamental concepts. Books Recommended: 1. Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow. Chiang. Laboratory sessions (preceded by lectures): water waves. K. White. 1993. air flow past a cylinder aero foils. sorption pumps (High Vacuum). sorption pumps. Production of ultrahigh vacuum. Mcgraw Hill.compressible flow & their methods. Computational Fluid Dynamics for Engineers. Hemosa Publishers. Pump down Time Ultimate pressure.T. 3. Time marching schemes. 52 . 3 Cr.A. Patankar. 2.1 & 11. F. Units pressure ranges. Perini gauges. Pumping Speed. To learn about the vacuum techniques To learn the detection techniques about radiation. Viscous flud flow (second Edition). Manometers.Lamb. turbulent jets and plumes. Discrete methods for the steady state and time dependent advection diffusion equation.J. To learn about the measuring techniques along with data analysis. Schemes for solving large algebraic systems. Doer. N. 1980.M. P. Diffusion pumps.. 5.h Objectives: 1. Albuquerque. Measurement of total pressure in Vacuums Systems. Hydrodynamics.M. METHODS OF EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS Pre-requisites Experimental labs and techniques used in these labs. temperature. H. 3. 1991.. Hemisphere. guttering pumps. Experimental Methods: Introduction to laboratory techniques. Ion pumps. Cryogenic pumps. Use of a commercial code for the predication off complex flows. 4. 6th edition 1993.

Precision. Accuracy. Signal Generators. Errors of Direct measurements. Interfacing. summing amplifiers. scintillation detector. interpolation and extrapolation. Electronics and Electronic Instruments: Operational amplifiers. Significance of results. Spectrographs and Interferometers. 53 . Differentiators. x-rays/gamma detectors. phase. charge sensitive pre-amplifiers. Ramp Generators. Integrators. Visual c/visual Basic. current voltage. current to voltage converter. Spectroscopy amplifiers. Vacuum Components.The McLoad gauges. Liquid Nitrogen trap. tilt. photo multipliers. Surface to Volume ratio. DA/AD conversion. speed. Isolators. RS 232. Statistical Control of Measurements. Errors of Computation. Nonlinear functions. Least squares fit to a polynomial. difference amplifiers. Coincidence circuits. level. Counters. power magnetic field. Propagation of errors. Computer Introduction: Introduction to computers. Boxcar averages. pressure displacement. smoothing. Data manipulation. channeltron. metal. Lock in Amplifiers. Vacuum valves. neutron detectors. Mechanical feed throughs & Electrical feed throughs Leak detection: Basic consideration. Mean Value and Variance. Repair Techniques. Accidental Errors. alpha/beta detectors. flow. linear and parabolic interpolation. Logarithmic amplifiers. Power supplies. preliminary Estimation. Special Techniques and problems. explosive and heat. rotation position. Mass spectrometer for partial measurement of pressure. Rejection of data. Data Analysis: Evaluation of measurement: Systematic Errors. pumping system design. Pump Choice. rotation. and single channel analyzer. Statistical Methods. leak detection equipment. Multichannel analyzer. cosmic rays detectors. GPIB Interface. Design of high Vacuum system. Sensor Technology: Sensors for temperature. vacuum Flanges. Radiation Detection and Measurement: GM tubes.

2. To become familiar with the essentials of environment nad Global climate To learn to use spectroscopy for environments. Basic Environmental Spectroscopy: Black body radiation. 4. 2. Turbulence Diffusion. McGraw Hill. Inc. Transport of matter. IOP. Errors of Observations. H. Flow equations of fluid Dynamics. Turbulent jets and planes. Turbulence. High Vacuum Techniques. Statistical Treatment of Methods of Experimental Physics.D.1. J.h Objective: 1. 1962.Toping. J. ground water. Transport of Pollutants: Diffusion. Human Perceptions and noise criteria. 3. living in green house. Data Reduction and Error Analysis for Physical Science. Bevington. enjoying the sun. Gaussian plumes in air. The Global Climate: The energy Balance. flow in reverse. climate variations and modeling. reducing the transmission of sound. 54 . The Einstein Coefficients. elements of weather and climate. Lambert – Beer’s law. Yarwood. Solar UV and life. The ozone filter. the social and political context.Young. The emission spectrum of sun. Introduction to the Essentials of Environmental Physics: The economic system. Academic Press.Books Recommended: 1. The spectroscopy of bi-molecules. active control of sound.B. P. Noise: Basic Acoustics. ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Pre-requisite: Physics (FSc) 3 Cr. Energy and momentum. New York & London Vol. (Zero-dimensional Greenhouse Model). The transition electric dipole moment. Chapman Hall.

John Wiley and sons. statistical analysis of climatic data. Measurement of temperature. and cryptography Computer technology and historical background. cloud and Precipitation. automatic weather stations. Books Recommended: 1. Schrodinger equation. utilization of photo synthetically active radiation. Single qubit operation. quantum measurement. Schmidt decomposition. Environmental Physics. density matrix.h Objectives 1. Universal 55 . climatic indices. operator function. Guyot Praxis Publication. INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM COMPUTING Pre-requisite: Quantum Mechanics and Computational Physics 3 Cr. The atmospheric greenhouse effect. Egbert Booker and Rienk Van Gron Belle. 2. Physics of Environmental and Climate. Lateral movement in the atmosphere. Dynamic action of seliq. interaction of electromagnetic radiation and plants. 2. 2nd ed. evolution. EPR and Bell’s inequality. surface wind velocity. To be familiar with the quantum computing To learn about the Quantum circuits . precipitation. Climatology and Measurements of Climate Factor: Data collection and organization. vertical profiles in the lower layers of the atmosphere. Topo Climates and Micro Climates: Effects of surface elements in flat and widely unduling areas. air humidity. Natural radiation. Radiation balance. Atmospheric Pressure. Controlled operations. Atmosphere and Climate: Structure of the atmosphere. Atmospheric Circulation. 1998.Radiation: General laws of Radiation. superposition. 1999. General characteristics of measuring equipments. Measurement. Basic principles and postulates of quantum mechanics: Quantum states. quantization from bits to qubits. Quantum Computation: Quantum Circuits. Thermal action of selief.

quarks. Clearwater. Cambridge 2000. Ekert. Chapman & Hall/CRC (2002). Quantum Search Algorithm. baryons. systems of identical particles. Code breaking on classical and quantum computers. The Fundamental Interactions: The electromagnetic coupling. A. A. leptons. Symmetry Transformation and Conservation Laws: Translation in space. Schor’s algorithm.P. BB90. Breaking unbreakable codes: Code making. Zeilinger. the weak coupling. 2. L. CPT theorem.h Objectives 1. Chen. time reversal. Springer Verlag. 3. 2. Berlin. the group SU (2). Chuang. iso-spin charge conjugation. Cambridge University Press. RSA cryptography. Bouwmester. G parity. Exploration in Quantum Computation by C. Quantum Teleportation. rotation in space. The Physics of Quantum Information: Quantum Cryptography. and A. hadrons. To know the particles and their classification. mesons. H.quantum gates. Polarization and Spin basis. 56 . Trapdoor function. Single qubit and CNOT gates. Quantum cryptography with and without eavesdropping.Brylinsky and G. To learn about the Quark models. To learn about the interaction of these particles. Mathematics of Quantum Computation by A. BB84. 3. Nielson and I. Springer Verlag (1997).K. and Ekert protocols. Experimental realization. Quantum Computation and Quantum Information by M. PARTICLE PHYSICS Pre-requisite Quantum Physics 3 Cr. Particle Classification: Quantum numbers. the strong coupling. 4. Heidelberg (2000). parity. Quantum Computation by P. One time pad. Williams and S. Quantum Cryptography: Uncertainty principle. Books Recommended: 1.

D. phase space considerations.. 3. parity and C parity of photon. production experiments. S. Quarks and Leptons by Halzen. To understand the simulation in classical physics and Quantum Physics 57 .h Objectives. Relatvistic Quantum Mechanics by Bjorken. and Drell. partial wave formalism and the optical theorem. (1995). John-Wiley and Sons. John-Wiley and Sons. A.D. (1987). Books Recommended: 1. angular momentum. To use numerical techniques to solve the differential equations. McGraw Hill. The Quark Model: The group SU (3). D. the quarkonium model. 2. (1990). D. Hadron Spectroscopy: Formation experiment. F. baryon resonances. Introduction to Elementary Particles by Griffiths. 4. polarization ad photon spin. 3. 2. COMPUTER SIMULATION Pre-requisites Mathematical Physics 3 Cr.. hadrons baryons. World Scientific. The Standard Model (qualitative treatment only): Unification of weak and electromagnetic interactions Glashow-SalamWeinberg Model.The Electromagnetic Field: Gauge invariance and Maxwell’s equations.. quarks. Learn techniques to understand and develop compter simulations. mesons in quark model. the Breit-Wigner resonance formula. (1984). Quantum Mechanics by Riazuddin and Fayyazuddin. and Martin. heave meson spectroscopy. 1. J.

Governing equation in integral and differential forms.Introduction: Importance of computers in physics. computer graphics and programming languages. Mean and Turbulant kinetic energy equation. partial differential equations (elliptic and parabolic types) Simulation in Classical Physics: Motion of Falling Objects. Canonical and Micro-Canonical Ensembles. radio. Oscillatory Motions). Raynold averaging and its applications to Navier stokes equations. Driven LRC Circuits (Time varying). Numerical Solution of time-independent (and dependent). Electric Fields and Potentials. Discrete methods for the steady state and time dependent diffusion equation. Approaches to Equilibrium. External points and strings. Random Process and Quantum Physics: Random Number and their uses. Wave phenomena (Fourier analysis. percolation theory. Computational Methods for Continuous Medium: Fluid equations. Monte. 58 . Numerical Approaches: Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations. Interference. incorporation of furbulence model. initial (boundary) and eigen value problems. One Dimensional Dynamics (Accelerating cars and objects on springs). spherical and cylindrical coordinates. Reduce forms of the governing equation. Schrodinger Wave Equation. Geometrical Optics (Ray Tracing an Principle of Least Time). Distribution Functions in Statistical Physics. Guassian Distribution. LRC Circuits. Electric Currents and Magnetic Fields. matrix operation. schemes for solving large algebric system. Energy and Center of Mass. Time marching schems. Techniques and class of computer simulation. Accuracy and stability of numerical techniques. Two-Dimensional Trajectories (Kepler’s Laws.activity and radioactive decay series. Random-walk problem. Electromagnetic Waves. special functions and Guassian quadrarure. The pressure-corection method on staggered and unstaggered grids. finite volume method. principles of vector computing in Cartesian. nature of computer simulation. Coupled oscillator). numerical integrations. Noise in Signal. compressible and incompressible flow and their methods. Particle in Bound and Free States. Molecular Dynamics in Solids. use of commercial code for prediction of off complex flow. Diffraction and Polarization.Carlo Simulation.

1993. D. Hehl. Octal and Hexadecimal number system. simplification of Boolean expression by Boolean Postulates and theorem. P. K-maps and their uses. 2. (A Series of the Consortium for upper level Physics software). Review of Number Systems: Binary. F. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. De Jong. 1991. 3. Stauffer.G. Don’t care condition. Harvey Gould and Jan Tobochink. Marvin L. John Wiley & Sons. To understand the computer interface and micro-controller alongwith the emedded system. Albuquerque. Quantum Mechanics Simulation. Hemosa Publishers. resistive and viseus flow of plasmas. W. (BCD. New York. truth table. Computer Simultation and Computer Algebra (Lectures for Beginers). 1988. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. Boolean Algebra: DeMorgan’s theorem. Hillar. Roache. An Introduction to “Computer Simulation Methods” Part-I & II. Winkelman and J. their inter-conversion.). 5. 3.1995. ASCII. Modelling ideal (MHD). Introduction to Computational Physics.W. Inc. New York.J. Johnston and Styer.h Objectives 1. 1988. DIGITAL ELECTRONICS Pre-requisites Electronics 3 Cr. To develop logic circuit using th Boolean Algebra. Inc. Springer-Verlage Berlin. concepts of logic. Different codes. Computational Fluid Dynamics. N. 2. Parity in Codes 59 .. To learn the basics of digitl electronics sucha sa Boolian Algebra. 6. New York. Books Recommended: 1.Magnetohydrodynamics.M. thermal conduction and heat transport. Inc. New York. basic logic gates. Zabolitzky. Gray etc.

Sequential Logic Circuit: Flip-flops clocked RS-FF. 2. microcontroller characteristics. RAM. Larry D. Ripple. programming and interfacing. Intel Microprocessor Hierarchy. Principles and applications of digital electronics. T-FF. Interfacing with peripherals.IC logic families: Basic characteristics of a logic family. Exclusive OR gate. Books Recommended 1. CMOS). 1993. Prentic Hall (1998). 3. subtraction (2’s compliments. EE PROM. Counters (Ring. basic architecture of computer. UP Registers. full subtractor encoder. Different logic based IC families (DTL. PLA. features of a general purpose microcontroller. RTL. (Static and dynamic) Memory mapping techniques. dissipation. Micro-controller/ Embedded System: Introduction to Embedded and microcontroller based systems. Propagation delay time. Addressing modes. EAPROM. PROM. all generation of computers. Discussion on 8085/8088. Micro Electron. Digital Electronics. 60 . OR-AND. half subtractor. Philips 80C51 & 80C552 and Motorola 68Hc05/08. half adder. Brey. NOR Logic. Control and Time Section). Macmillan Publishing Company. Micro Computers: Computers and its types. up-down. micro processor (ALU. Digital System Design and Micro possessor J. Shift Register. BORTIE (NBF). Synchronous) A/D and D/A Converters. Instruction set and their types. (Fan in/out. Intel UPS Architecture. noise margins etc. Combinational logic circuit: Logic circuits based on AND – OR. D-FF. ECL. Jones. 6. Memory Devices: ROM. McGraw Hill. full adder. Microchip Inc and PIC microcontroller. TTL. 8086 processor family. 5. NAND. McMillan. addition. (1999). Barrey B. gate design. 4. decoder. The Microprocessor and microcontroller applications and environment.C. JK-FF. Digital Logic and Computer Design Morris Mono 1995 Prentic Hall Tocheim. Typical Microcontroller examples:.

Photo neutron sources Charged particle sources. Bubble chambers. Betatron. Mass distribution of fission energy.Floyd. slow neutron detectors. T. Radioactive sources. Palgrave (2003). To learn the nuclear detection system and techniques fr their measurements To learn about the charged particles accelerator and nuclear reactor To develop understanding of neutrons physics. Digital Fundamental.h Objectives 1. Charged Particle Accelerators: Linear and orbital accelerators Van de Graaff. Nuclear fission. Reactor as a neutron source. 8. Elementary Reactor Physics: Controlled fission reactions. Synchrocyclotron.L. Nuclear Radiation Detection and Measurements: Interaction of nuclear radiation with matter. slowing down of neutrons. Average number of neutrons released. fast neutron detectors. 8th edition. 3. 61 . Alternating-gradient Synchrotron. Gas-filled detectors. EXPERIMENTAL NUCLEAR PHYSICS Pre-requisite Nuclear Physics 3 Cr. Scintillation counters and solid-state detectors. Nuclear chain reaction and applications. photographic emulsions. Cloud chambers. Proton-synchrotron. Tim Wilmshurst.7. Detailed study of PWR and CANDU type reactors. Types of nuclear reactors (Power and Research). Neutron Physics: Neutron Sources. The Design of Small-Scale Embedded Systems. Theory of fission and spontaneous fission. 2. Measurement of neutron cross-sections as a function of energy. Electron-Synchrotrons. Cyclotron. Description of fission reaction.

C. Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics. Introducing Nuclear Physics. Keith. 1995. Stimulated Emission. Optical Resonators: Plane Parallel (Fabry-Perot) Resonator. Scholtz. Bejamin. Particle and Nuclei. 4. R. Spectroscopy of Molecule and Semiconductors: Electronic Energy Levels. 4. 3.h Objectives 1. Semiconductor. Glenn. Kenneth S. B. Segre. Level Occupation at Thermal Equilibrium. Stability Condition Standing and Traveling Waves 62 . Coherence. Zetsche. Develop fundamental concepts about lasers Learn the principles of spectroscopy of molecules and semiconductos Understand the optical resonators and laser system. Spinger. Brightness. Philips Berington and D. Absorption and Gain Coefficients. Directionality. 6. Radiation Detection and Measurement. Pumping Schemes. K. Stimulated Transition. 1999. Confocal. Generalized Spherical Resonator. Resonator. 2002. 1994. Properties of Laser Beam: Monochromaticity. Matrix Formulation of Geometrical Optics. 2.Books Recommended: 1. Unstable Resonators. 5. Resonance Energy Transfers. Leo. Applications of lasers Introductory Concepts: Spontaneous Emission. John Wiley. Krane. F. Absorption and Stimulated Emission Rates. Knoll. Stable Resonators. Molecular Energy Levels. Wave Reflection and Transmission at a Dielectric Interface. Concentric (Spherical) Resonator. Data Detection and Error analysis for physical sciences. 1989. Absorption. . Povh. 2. 3. Selection Rules. Ring Resonator. Radiative and Nonradiative Decay. Rith. Nuclei and Practicles. LASERS Pre-requisite: Quantum Mechanics I and Atomic Physics 3 Cr. William. 1977. F.

C. Drilling. Scully and Zubairy. Oscillation and Pulsations in Lasers. Berlin (Latest Edition). Fabry-Perot Interferometer. O.A. Wiley. Threshold Pump Power. 4. Silfvast. Phase Velocity. Quantum Optics. Siegman. New York. (Latest Edition). Lasers Systems : Solid State Lasers: Ruby Laser. Electrical Pumping: Longitudinal Configuration and Transverse Configuration. 3. Small Signal Gain and Loop Gain. A. and Group-Delay Dispersion. Group Velocity. J. Cutting. Laser Fundamentals. Lasers. Line broadening. Plenum Press New York & London (1992). Pumping Processes: Optical pumping: Flash lamp and Laser. Threshold Condition and Output Power. Laser. Svelto. Nitrogen Laser and Excimer Lasers. Medicine. Eberly and P. Science Books Mill Valley.E. 2. 63 . Free-Electron and X-Ray Lasers Laser applications: Material Processing: Surface Hardening. W. Gas Dynamics Pumping. Holography. latest edition. CO2 laser. Longitudinal and Transverse Modes in a Cavity. Principles of Lasers. Gas lasers: Helium Neon laser. H. University.in a two Mirror Resonator. Haken. Nd: YAG & Nd: Glass Lasers and Semiconductor Lasers: Homojunction Lasers Double-Heterostructure lasers. Laser Communication. pumping efficiency. 5. Optimum Output Coupling. Laser Tuning. (1986). Cambridge University Press (1997). Milonni. Chemical Pumping. Multilayer Dielectric Coatings. Springer. Atmospheric Physics Books Recommended 1. Defense Industry. Laser Theory. Welding etc. Continuous Wave (CW) and pulsed lasers Rate Equations. QSwitching and Mode-Locking Methods. T.

equation of geodesics deviation. Cosmology: Newtonian cosmology. Special Relativity: Galilean relativity. structure of space-time. time paradox. Relativistic Mechanics: Force equation in relativity.h Objectives 1.D. geodesics. matter and radiation domination. the light-cone. FSc Physics 3 Cr. time dilation. Cambridge University Press. Lorentz transformations. Riemann tensor. metric tensor. relativity of simultaneity. history of the universe. Oxford University Press. J. Lie derivative. proper time. line element. Introduction to Cosmology. 2.D’Inverno. Einstein’s field equations. 1992.McComb. Einstein’s postulates of special relativity. length contraction. curves and surfaces. rest mass. Hubble’s law. tensor fields. W. concept of ether. To learn about the Special theory of relativity To learn the basics of relativistic mechanics and develop understanding about the General theory. cosmological red-shift. conservation of energy and momentum.V.Narlikar. velocity transformation and velocity addition. Minkowski space time tensors. microwave background. General Relativity: Principles of general relativity. 2. 64 . four-vectors. Dynamics and Relativity.RELATIVITY AND COSMOLOGY Pre-requisites Mechanics. kinetic and total energy. Michelson-Morley experiment. the Big Bang expansion rate. Oxford University Press. R. 1989. Introducing Einstein’s Relativity. 1999. Books Recommended: 1.D. 3. Elements of Tensor Calculus: Manifolds and coordinates.

New York. 1989. Magnetic relaxation and resonance phenomena. Kachaava. 2003. 5. John Wiley & Sons.E. C. Hall. Guinier & R. H. Solid State Physics. Boltzmann equation. Introduction to superconductivity with applications. Co. John Wiley.SOLID STATE PHYSICS-II Pre-requisite: Solid State Physics I 3Cr.R. 1989. Solid State Physics.h Objectives: 1. Tata McGraw Hill. To understand the transport properties in solids To understand the crystal defects and their importance To understand the dielectric and magnetic properties of materials To give basic understanding of superconductivity. 1982. The Solid State. 3.M. New Delhi. New Age International Pub. Dia. Superconductivity and devices. S.T. A. Solid State Physics. J. 3. Solid State Physics. 1988. 1991. Oxford. 65 . Oxford University Press.O. Dislocations in crystals. C. Para and Ferro-magnetism. Introduction to Solid State Physics. Kittle. 6. Books Recommended: 1. Read Jr. Dielectrics. Christman. 2.Pillai. Jullien. Transport properties of solids. 7th edition 1996. Point defects and dislocations in solids. 4. 7. John Wiley & Sons. New York. W. 4. McGraw Hill. 2.

The Directorate Colleges of Provinces should be provided special funds by the respective provinces for qualified manpower and for building of necessary infrastructure for starting BS (4-year) program or at least the Part-I of this program at Colleges. the HEC may take up the matter with the provincial Directorate of Colleges to introduce the BS (4-year) program both in Colleges and University departments. 4. 5. Refresher courses on new topics in Physics may be arranged for college teachers. the suffix “Hons. Until the introduction of 4-year composite bachelor degree program in Colleges and Universities. As all the BS programs are of four years duration. completed at College and university department respectively. namely Part-I (2-years) and Part-II (2years). in consistency with the approved revised scheme of studies and curriculum of Physics for the program. 66 . the Provinces will have to be involved at the highest level for the implementation for the BS program. 2. For the smooth and uniform implementation of the BS (4-year) program throughout the country. The HEC should provide special funds for building infrastructure for the BS (4-year) program and development of teaching faculty at the university departments. the program can be split up in two parts.General Recommendations: The Committee made the following recommendations: 1.” may not be used with the nomenclature of the program. To implement the BS (4-year) program the Colleges will have to provide extra facilities for teaching extra courses and for Lab equipment. 3.

Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1. a) Functional English Grammar 67 . active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase.Annexure “A” COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking.

unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. b) Practical English Grammar by A. Fourth Impression 1993. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. ISBN 0194313492 Practical English Grammar by A. Third Impression 1992. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Oxford University Press. 1997. intensive and extensive.1. minutes of meetings. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review 68 . Exercises 1. Upper Intermediate. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Third edition. Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Reading/Comprehension 1. Writing. Thomson and A.V. and speed reading. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. 1997. Third edition.V. Oxford Supplementary Skills. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. Martinet.J. Reading. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Martinet.J. Oxford University Press. 2. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. Exercises 2. Thomson and A.

Writing. Third edition. Practical English Grammar by A. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. 2. b) c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. Third Impression 1991.J. Martinet. form. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Writing.Recommended books: Communication Skills a) Grammar 1. Fourth Impression 1992. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Advanced. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. content. descriptive and argumentative writing). narrative. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. introduction to presentations. Oxford Supplementary Skills. language. Fourth Impression 1993. 2.V. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building 69 . Reading 1. discursive. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Exercises 2. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. Thomson and A. Writing 1. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Oxford University Press 1986. clarity. Reading.

College Writing Skills by John Langan. 2. without taxing the taste of engineering students). Third Impression 1992. 2004. St. Kathleen Shine Cain. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Compiled by norther Illinois University. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 (particularly suitable for discursive. Kirszner and Stephen R. Mandell. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. argumentative and report writing). Advanced by Ron White. 70 . Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton.Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. 3. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. A Custom Publication. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. Martin’s Press. descriptive. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. Writing.

1999 onward 3.Annexure “B” Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan 71 . People and Land i. Study the process of governance. Course Outline 1. national development. 1958-71 c. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. Ethnicity d. Society and social structure c. Historical Perspective a. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. Economic institutions and issues b. b. 1971-77 d. 1988-99 f. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. politics. Location and geo-physical features. 1977-88 e. government. ideological background of Pakistan. contemporary Pakistan. 2. 1947-58 b. ii. Contemporary Pakistan a. Indus Civilization Muslim advent iii.

5. 4. 6. Zaidi. Tahir. 13. 1993. 1980. Noor ul. 72 . Lawrence. Khalid Bin. Afzal.Books Recommended 1. 1987. 1976. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. 8. Ziring.K. 12. History & Culture of Sindh.National Movement in Pakistan. Enigma of Political Development. Sayeed. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. Shahid Javed. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. 1967. Zahid. Haq. 10. Ansar. Muhammad Waseem. 9. State & Society in Pakistan. Politics in Pakistan. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research.M. Islamabad. Safdar. 11. Lahore. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. Wayne.The Emergence of Banglades. 1993.. Rafique. 1998. 3. 14. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Safdar. Ethno . Mehmood. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. 2. S. Mehmood. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Amin. Lahore: Idara-eSaqafat-e-Islamia. Wilcox. Karachi: Royal Book Company. nd. Aziz. Vol. Pakistan Under Martial Law. The Political System of Pakistan. 7. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. M. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. II & III. S. 2000. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. 1972. Lahore: Vanguard. Washington: American Enterprise. I. Political Parties in Pakistan. Party. 1994. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Burki. Club Road. Akbar. Institute of Public Policy Research. K. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. 1980.

40.Annexure “C” ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.6.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.58. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar. Detail of Courses Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) Basic Concepts of Quran 2) History of Quran 3) Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Sellected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.19.56.21.57.Tadabar (Verse No1.A.W) in Makkah 73 .20) Related to thinking.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.

3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Basic Concepts of Hadith History of Hadith Kinds of Hadith Uloom –ul-Hadith Sunnah & Hadith Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Nature of Differences in Islamic Law Islam and Sectarianism Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islamic Culture & Civilization Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics Islamic Concept of Riba Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 74 .A.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.

Pakistan. IRI. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. Islamabad (2001) 75 . Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. Bhatia.S. in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts Of Social System Of Islam 2) Elements Of Family 3) Ethical Values Of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. Ahmad Hasan. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad.3) Basic Institutions of Govt. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. “Emergence of Islam” . “Studies in Islamic Law. International Islamic University.

Sharron S. Houghton & Mifflin. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. trigonometric identities. determinants. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. PWS-Kent Company. not majoring in mathematics. 1978.Annexure “D” Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. introduction to sets. harmonic progression. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. functions. Cramer’s rule. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. Beckenback EF. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. matrix inverse. Wooton W. system of linear equations. set operations. types of functions. College Algebra and Trigonometry. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. Boston 76 . geometric progression. 1987. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. complex numbers. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. equations reducible to quadratic equations. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Mathematics at secondary level 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. types. cube roots of unity.

Reading. USA 3. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). left-hand and right-hand limits. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. 1995. Recommended Books: Anton H. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Calculus (11th edition). John Wiley. Davis S. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. Boston 2. New York Stewart J. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. differentiation of polynomial. change of variables in indefinite integrals. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) Mathematics II (Calculus) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. PWS-Kent Company. rational and transcendental functions. integration by parts. not majoring in mathematics. PWS-Kent Company. Bevens I. Ma.Swokowski EW. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. 2005. continuous functions. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. Boston Thomas GB. 1986. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. solution of equations involving absolute values. Finney AR. Calculus (3rd edition). inequalities. derivatives. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Mathematics I (Algebra) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. functions and their graphs. 1983. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. integration by substitution. 2005. continuity. Addison-Wesley. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). 77 . not majoring in mathematics.

ellipse. intersection of lines and circles. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. Objectives 78 . Circle: Equation of a circle. equation of a line. angle between two lines. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. Analytic Geometry. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). circles determined by various conditions. Conic Sections: Parabola. Boston Swokowski EW. College Algebra and Trigonometry. Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. Scott. distance between a point and a line. Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. distance between two points. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). PWS-Kent Company. 1986. parallel and perpendicular lines. hyperbola. slope of a line. Freshman and Company.Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. 1987. intersection of two lines. Boston 4. PWS-Kent Company. 1969 Kaufmann JE. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline : Pre-requisites : Credit Hours : Minimum Contact Hours: Assessment : Effective : Aims : : To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. After completion of this course the student should be able to: • • • Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. locus of a point in various conditions. various forms of equation of a line.

Latest Edition. relationship of statistics with social science. Boston. bar frequency diagram histogram. Algebra : : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. deciles and percentiles. Wilcox. Graphs: Graph of straight line. W. Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. cumulative frequency curve. 4. circle and trigonometric functions. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. 2. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. equations reducible to quadratic equations. quartiles. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. nature of roots of quadratic equations. Prentice Hall. Statistics : Books Recommended: 1. individual. 3.. Kaufmann. Swokowski.. system of linear equations. Cramer’s rule.. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. determinants. discrete and continuous series. skewness and kurtosis.Contents 1. E. 2. ungrouped and grouped data. inverse of matrices. E. set operations. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. types of matrices. Measures of dispersion: Range. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. characteristics of statistics. moments. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. J. standard deviation. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. R. geometric and harmonic progressions. types of frequency series. 79 . Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. PWS-Kent Company. tally sheet method.. R. array. trigonometric identities. Latest Edition. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. E. variance. types of functions. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. functions. frequency polygon. Introduction to sets. R. Latest Edition. Walpole.

Swokowski. Inc. Gleason. products. John Wiley & Sons. et al. Calculus. Recommended Books: 1. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. 80 . 3rd Edition. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. Solution of equations involving absolute values. 3. implicit differentiation. Second Edition 1992. Hughes-Hallett. Least-Squares Line. Thomas. Integration by Parts. Calculus. Preliminary calculus. theorems of differentiation. S. the chain rule. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. Extreme Values of Functions. E. 8th edition. Calculus Single and Multivariable. Equation of a Line. Addison Wesley publishing company. 1999. special points of a function. quotients. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. Mathews. Rational and Transcendental Functions. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. Continuous Functions. Boston. Slope of a Line. Inequalities. 2. Rational Functions. I. Anton. Davis. 4. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. Bevens. Calculus. Jhon Willey & Sons.5. 6. logarithmic differentiation. McCallum. Continuity. H. Leibnitz’ theorem. 1983. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Frank A. 4th edition. 2005. 2002. 2005. 5.Jr. Inc. Elliott Mendelson. John H. 6. and Transcendental Functions. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. Schaum’s Outline Series. Prentice-Hall. W. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Contents 1. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. Trigonometric Functions. 11th Edition.

logarithmic integration. series involving natural numbers. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • • • • The need for complex numbers Manipulation of complex numbers Additions and subtraction. geometric series. alternating series test • • • • Operations with series Power series Convergence of power series. integration by parts. infinite and improper integrals. substitution method. complex conjugate. de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. solving hyperbolic equations. standard Maclaurin series Evaluation of limits 81 . division Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form and argument. identities of hyperbolic functions. arithmetico-geometric series. approximation errors in Taylor series. integration by inspection. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. operations with power series Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. integral inequalities. • Integration Integration from first principles. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. finding the nth roots of unity. the difference method.2. plane polar coordinates. sinusoidal function. integration using partial fractions. the inverse of differentiation. modulus multiplication. inverses of hyperbolic functions. solving polynomial equations Complex logarithms and complex powers Applications to differentiation and integration • • 3. applications of integration. calculus of hyperbolic functions Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. reduction formulae.

4. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants 82 . Multiple integrals • • • • 6. mean values of functions Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. equation of a plane Using vectors to find distances Point to line. vector product. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints Double integrals Triple integrals Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. line to line. Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. line to plane Reciprocal vectors 5. moments of inertia. Pappus’ theorems. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. vector triple product Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. point to plane. scalar triple product. the inner product. Vector algebra • • • • • • • • • 7. centers of mass and centroids. masses.

Hermitian. unitary normal Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. of a general square matrix Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. Vector calculus • • • • • • • • • 83 . div and curl Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. differential of a vector Integration of vectors Space curves Vector functions of several arguments Surfaces Scalar and vector fields Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field.• • • • • The inverse of a matrix The rank of a matrix Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns Special square matrices Diagonal. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. curl of a vector field Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. orthogonal. of a unitary matrix. symmetric and antisymmetric. combinations of grad. spherical polar coordinates • 8. divergence of a vector field.

Median and mode. Exercises. bias. Constructing of a frequency distribution. Presentation of Data Introduction. sample design and sampling frame. Editing of Data. Historigram. Significant digits. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. probability and non-probability sampling. Quantiles. Graphs and their Construction. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Absolute and relative measures. Exercises. Exercises. Data. Errors of measurement. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Unit 5. Different types of Averages. The Variance and standard deviation. sampling with and without replacement. Unit 2. Unit 4. The semiInter-quartile Range. Range. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Difference of means and proportions. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. The Mean Deviation. properties of Good Average. Change of origin and scale. definition of outliers and their detection. Bar charts. sampling and non sampling errors. Probability and Probability Distributions. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. Discrete and continuous variables. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Pie chart. Collection of primary and secondary data. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Stem and Leaf Display. Exercises. Moments and Moments ratios. Empirical Relation between Mean. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction.Annexure “E” INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Histogram. Exercises. Exercises Unit 6. Box and Whisker Plot. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Observations. 84 . Rounding of a Number. Unit 3. Standardized variables. Coefficient of variation. Types of frequency curves. Population. Diagrams. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Sources. The Mode. Ogive for Discrete Variable.

85 . Muhammad. Contingency Tables. simple linear regression. examples. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. E. Test statistics. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. Type-I and Type-II errors. Exercises. Inc. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. Regression and Correlation Introduction. Correlation. Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction.Unit 7. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. acceptance and rejection regions. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. Macmillan Publishing Co. New York. Examples Recommended Books 1 2 Walpole. cause and effect relationships. 2005. 3rd Ed. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. Unit 11. Exercises. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. r and R2.Single Population Introduction. “Introduction to Statistics”. Exercises Unit 10. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. Coefficient of linear correlation. 1982. Unit 8. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Testing of Hypothesis.. null and alternative hypothesis. estimation of parameters and their interpretation.. F. Statistical problem. level of significance. Exercises Unit 9. its estimation and interpretation. Kitab Markaz. R.