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2008

HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD

**CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
**

Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Riaz ul Haq Tariq Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Khan Executive Director Member (Acad) Deputy Director (Curri) Assistant Director Assistant Director

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CONTENTS

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Introduction --------------------------------------------------------- 07 Objectives ----------------------------------------------------------- 09 Frame Work/Template for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics ------ 10 Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics ----------- 11 Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics------------ 14 Recommendations ------------------------------------------------ 66 Details of Compulsary Courses (Annexures A, B, C, D & E.) ------------------------------------ 67

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PREFACE

Curriculum development is a highly organized and systematic process and involves a number of procedures. Many of these procedures include incorporating the results from international research studies and reforms made in other countries. These studies and reforms are then related to the particular subject and the position in Pakistan so that the proposed curriculum may have its roots in the socio-economics setup in which it is to be introduced. Hence, unlike a machine, it is not possible to accept any curriculum in its entirety. It has to be studied thoroughly and all aspects are to be critically examined before any component is recommended for adoption. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976, the Federal Government vide notification No. D773/76-JEA (cur.), dated December 4th 1976, appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees, certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges, universities and other institutions of higher education. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives, the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. According to the decision of the special meeting of Vice-Chancellor’s Committee, the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic, Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards, and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. It also aimed to give a basic, broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. The new BS degree shall be of 4 years duration, and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees, 63.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses, and 36.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level, comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities, degree awarding institutions, R&D organizations and respective accreditation councils. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Physics in a meeting held on March 28-29, 2008 at the 4

HEC Regional Center. duly approved by the competent authority. is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. The final draft prepared by the National Curriculum Revision Special Committee. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. 2007 at HEC Regional Center.RIAZ-UL-HAQ TARIQ Member Academics June 2008 5 . DR. Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. Lahore.

HEC BACK TO STAGE-I 6 . R&D. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREPARATION OF FINAL CURRICULUM QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. LI R&D HEC National Curriculum Revision Committee Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Preparation Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. COL. REC. VCC. UNI. EXP. PREP. OF NCRC.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRICULUM UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRICULUM IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRICULUM PREPARARTION OF DRAFT BY NCRC IMPLEMENTATION OF CURRICULUM REVIEW Abbreviations Used: NCRC.

Department of Physics. Chairman. Prof. Jamshoro. 3. Lahore. University of Karachi. Karachi. Prof. Karachi to adjust and finalize the BS Physics (4 Year) curriculum in the light of HEC approved guidelines and generic unified frame work / template for social and natural sciences for the program. Dr. Prof. Qidwai. held on November 16-17. Department of Physics. Dr. Dr. Gomal University. Shah Adul Latif University.Hassan Amir Shah. University of Sindh. University of the Punjab. Department of Physics. Multan 7 Convener Member Member Member Member Member Member Member . Director. Lahore. This meeting was follow up of the preliminary meeting. Prof.Dr. Government College University. 8. 6. Dr. Qurban Ali Bhatti. Manzoor Hussain.Muhammad Riaz Khan. The following attended the Meetings: 1. Dr. Ashraf Chaudhry. 4. Ansar A. Prof. 2008 at HEC Regional Centre. Professor.Dr.Introduction The 2nd and Final NCRC Special Meeting in Physics was held on March 28-29. Chairman. 5. 2007 at HEC Regional Centre. Centralized Resource Laboratory. Department of Physics. Peshawar. Prof. Khan 2. D. University of Peshawar.I. Department of Physics. Muhammad Ayub. Lahore. Khairpur. Bahauddin Zakria University. Dr. Director Institute of Physics. Department of Physics. Muhammad Siddique Kalhoro. Department of Physics. 7. Prof. Prof.

The objective of the meeting was explained and the forum was requested to select a convener & secretary of the meeting. Chairman. Mr. Regional Centre. Riaz Ahmad as a secretary. the participants agreed to the following scheme of study and course outlines for BS (4 Year) program in Physics in the light of the guidelines and format approved by HEC for BS (4-years) program for natural sciences: 8 . Karachi welcomed the participants. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. Syed Zafar Ilyas. 10. Shafiullah Khan.Z. The committee unanimously selected Prof. 2007 at HEC. Dr. B. Lahore Member Member Member/ Secretary The Meeting started with a recitation from Holy Quran by Mr. After a thorough and long discussion. Government College University. Lahore. Shafiullah Khan requested the participants to finalize the revised curriculum of Physics (2005) in line with HEC approved template for BS (4 year) program in the light of decisions taken in the first NCRC special meeting in physics held on November 16-17. Associate Professor. Younis Nadeem. M. Riaz Ahmad. Department of Physics. Dr. Prof. Mr.9. University of Balochistan. Dr. Prof. Muhammad Ayub as convener and Dr. Assistant Director HEC. University Multan 11. Incharge HEC Regional Centre. Dr. Islamabad. Department of Physics.

The graduates will be able to apply their knowledge of Physics for their professional growth and for obtaining further Higher Education in specialized fields of Physics The main educational objectives of BS (4-year) program are: 1. able to face the challenges of the modern world. 3. Student will learn fundamentals principles of Physics. Students will develop in-depth understanding of some specialized area of Physics by opting for a number of elective courses. . Students will be able to design and conduct experiments and analyse experimental data. Students will develop problem-solving skills which will be helpful in applying their knowledge to the real world. The primary aim of the programme is to produce broad-based graduates. Students will develop critical and rational reasoning so that they will be able to work on complex and unforeseen problems and seek their solution. 8. 11. 10. Students will develop hands-on experience in different laboratory techniques. Students will be prepared for careers in teaching. research and industry in government / private organizations. 2. Students will develop and understanding of different basics of Physics and their applications to real problems.Objectives of BS 4 Year program in Physics The Objective of BS 4 Year Program is to impart the best possible education in the subject so that students will utilize the knowledge of Physics in practical life which will be beneficial for the society. 6. 9. Students will develop effective skills in mathematics and its applications to the solutions of Physics problems. This programme will equip the students with firm foundation in principles of Physics and their applications. 7. 5. Students will develop skills in written as well as oral communication in English. Students will develop habit of independent learning and get motivation for selfeducation. Students will develop the ability of working in an interactive group. 9 4.

MATHEMATI-CS-I 8. 15. Mechanics – I 2. 4. 13. Electricity & Magnetism – II 8. 11. 4. 14. Atomic & Molecular Physics 10. 2. Lab-IV Cr hr 2 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 29 25 21 Major courses including research project/internship 11-13 courses 36-42 Credit hours Subject 1. 6. 3. Heat & Thermodynamics 5. 10. 12. INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Cr hr 3 3 3 3 2 2 3 3 3 9-10 courses 30-33 Credit hours Cr hr 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Subject 1. 4.II Elective . Quantum Mechanics – I Classical Mechanics Electronics Lab-V Mathematical Methods – I Quantum Mechanics –II Electromagnetic Theory-I Thermal & Statistical Physics Nuclear Physics Solid State Physics Lab-VI Computational Physics Lab-VII Electromagnetic Theory-II University Option Mathematical Methods – II Cr hr 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 2 3 3 3 45 Elective Courses within the major 4 courses 12 Credit Hours Subject 1. 3. 5. Lab-I 11. hours Subject GOF-I GRF-I Maths-III GOF-II GOF-III GRF-II Maths-IV Compulsory Requirements (the student has no choice) Discipline Specific Foundation Courses 9 courses 25 Credit hours Subject 1. 3. 3. 8.LAYOUT FOR BS (4 YEAR) PHYSICS General Courses to be chosen from other departments 7-8 courses 21-24 Cr.I Elective . Optics / University Option 9. Lab-III 13. 2. ENGLISH-I ENGLISH-II ENGLISH-III ENGLISH-IV* PAKISTAN STUDIES ISLAMIC STUDIES / ETHICS 7. Elective l . Waves and Oscillations. Modern Physics & Electronics 7. Lab-II 12. MATHEMATICS-II** 9. 7. Electricity & Magnetism-I 6. 9.III Elective – IV / Research Project Cr hr 3 3 3 3 12 Total Credit Hours 132 * University has the option to recommend any other course in lieu of English-IV ** University may recommend any other course in lieu of Mathematics-II GOF= General Subjects from Faculties other than Science GRF= General Subject from Science Faculty 10 . 2. 16. 6. Mechanics – II 4. 5.

Hrs. Remarks English-I Pak Studies Maths-1 Introduction to Computers Mechanics-I GOF-I Lab-I Total Title English-II Islamic Studies Maths-II GRF-I Waves & Oscillations Mechanics-II Lab-II Total 3 2 3 3 2 3 1 17 Comp-1 Comp-2 Comp-3 Comp-4 Found-1 Gen-1 Found-2 Semester-II Cr. English-III 3 Electricity & Magnetism-I 3 Heat & Thermodynamics 3 Maths-III 3 Optics/University Option* 3 GOF-II 3 Lab-III 1 Total 19 Title Semester-IV Cr Hrs. Hrs. Hrs. 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 19 Remarks Com-8 Found-6 Found-7 Gen-3 Found-8 Gen-4 Found-9 Remarks Comp-9 Found-10 Gen-5 Gen-6 Found-11 Gen-7 Found-12 English-IV University Option Modern Physics & Electronics GOF-III Maths-IV Electricity & Magnetism-II GRF-II Lab-IV Total 11 . 3 2 3 3 3 2 1 17 Remarks Comp-5 Comp-6 Comp-7 Gen-2 Found-3 Found-4 Found-5 Semester-III Title Cr.SCHEME OF BS (4 YEAR) PROGRAMME IN PHYSICS Semester-1 Title Cr.

Elective-II 3 Elective-III 3 Elective-IV/Research Project 3 University Option* 3 Total Total Credit Hours = 132 12 Remarks Maj-1 Maj-2 Maj-3 Maj-4 Maj-5 Maj-6 Remarks Maj-7 Maj-8 Maj-9 Maj-10 Maj-11 Maj-12 Remarks Maj-13 Found-13 Maj-14 Elective Maj-15 Remarks Elective Elective Elective Maj-16 GOF= General Subjects from Faculties other than Science Faculty GRF= General Subject from Science Faculty The Universities may reshuffle courses within semesters * University Option is given to universities in order to introduce subjects according to specialization of qualified staff available Note: 12 . Mathematical Methods of 3 Physics-I Quantum Mechanics-I 3 Thermal & Statistical 3 Physics Classical Mechanics 3 Electronics 3 Lab-V 2 Total 17 Semester-VI Title Cr. Computational Physics 3 Atomic & Molecular Physics 3 Electromagnetic Theory-II 3 Elective-I 3 LAB-VII 2 Total 14 Semester-VIII Cr Title Hrs. Hrs.Semester-V Cr Title Hrs. Mathematical Methods of 3 Physics -II Quantum Mechanics -II 3 Electromagnetic Theory -I 3 Nuclear Physics 3 Solid State Physics 3 Lab-VI 2 Total 17 Semester-VII Title Cr. Hrs.

HEC. The Meeting ended with thanks from the chair. Islamabad on the prescribed format by 10th April. Riaz Ahmed was requested to prepare the course profiles for different courses and submit the same to Mr. Riaz Ahmad (Secretary) Prof. 2008.Course Profiles Dr. Shafiullah Khan. Muhammad Ayub (Convener) 13 . Dr. Assistant Director (Curriculum). Dr.

Vector identities. Deriving kinetic equations for x(t). Obtaining general expression for work done (2dimensional case) and applying to simple cases e. Direction. Particle Dynamics: Dynamics of uniform. circular motion. Projectile motion with and without air resistance. curl and line integral (mutual relation). gradient of a scalar. Time dependent forces. Applying Newton’s Laws to obtain v(t) for the case of motion with time dependent (Integration approach) drag (viscous) forces. Non inertial frames and Pseudo forces. Qualitative discussion to develop understanding. work done by a variable force (1-2 dimension). Effect of drag forces on motion. terminal velocity. To give mathematical concept and expressions of various physical parameters used in mechanics. Power and Energy: Work done by a constant force. v(t) for this case using integration method. Constant and variable forces.h Objectives: 1. normal forces and contact forces. flux. 3. Cosines. physical importance and applications to specific cases. Obtaining x(t). Vector and scalar triple products. Divergence and curl of a vector. the banked curve. To give concept of vector and their various properties. To give basic understanding of laws of motion and their applications is daily life. their derivation. special examples.Sc. v(t) via integration. Vector Analysis: Review of Vector in 3 dimensions and fundamental Operations. Coriolis force. Stoke’s Theorem.DETAILS OF COURSES MECHANICS-I Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. Spherical polar coordinates. 2.g. (Essentially a review of grade-XII concepts via integration technique to calculate work done (e.g. Physical significance of each type. Divergence of a vector. Work energy theorem. Calculation of pseudo forces for simple cases (linearly accelerated reference frames). Centrifugal force as an example of pseudo force. Work. (Physics + Math) 2 Cr. Divergence Theorem. pulling a mass at the end of a fixed string against gravity. General 14 . in vibration of a spring obeying Hooke’s Law). Equations of motion. Cylindrical Coordinaties.

Basic formulae and applications. application to motion of a rocket (determination of its mass as a function of time). Derivation using integral calculus. Vol. 1978. Halliday. Mc-Graw Hill.Sc. of Uniform Rod. Inelastic collision. Conservation of momentum during collision in one and two dimensions. physical properties of matter and relativistic mechanics Uses of above concepts in daily life in a scientific way 15 . law of gravitation. 1999. 3. I & II. Collisions in centre of Mass reference frame (One and two dimensions). velocity and equation of motion. 2. R. McGraw Hill. John Wiley. Krane. Power. (Physics + Math) 2 Cr. Centre of mass. Energy changes with respect to observers in different inertial frames. Vector Analysis and an Introduction to Tensor Analysis.h Objectives: 1. Conservation of Energy in 1. Resnick. Collisions: Elastic Collisions. Law of conservation of total energy of an isolated system. To give the basic concept of rotational motion. M. Conservative and non conservative forces: Conservation of energy in a system of particles. An Introduction to Mechanics. Speigel. MECHANICS-II Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. 1959. obtaining velocities in C. Kleppner and R. D. Physics.M.M. 5th ed. Derivation of basic equation. Simple applications. 2. Position. Centre of mass of solid objects.proof of work energy theorem: Qualitative review of work energy theorem. frame. Kolenkow. Calculating C. Momentum Changes in a system of variable mass. and 3 dimensional conservative systems. Systems of Particles: Two particle systems and generalization to many particle systems. Calculation of Centre of Mass of solid objects using integral calculus. Recommended Books: 1. D. 2. Cylinder and Sphere.

(Lorentz invariants) E2=c2 p2+m2oc 4 16 . The spinning Top. Gravitational field & Potential. Relativity of mass. Stability of spinning objects. fluid flow through a cylindrical pipe (Poiseulle's law). Parallel axis and Perpendicular axis theorems. Tension. mass energy relation and its importance. Relativity of length. Assumptions on which inverse transformation is derived. Physical basis. Viscosity. relativistic momentum and Relativistic energy. Consequences of Lorentz transformation. The Lorentz Transformation. Kinetic energy of rotation. Angular Momentum: Angular Velocity. scalar and vector form. Gravitational Potential Energy (develop using integration techniques). Moment of Inertia. calculation of escape velocity. Elastic limit. Variation of Pressure in fluid at rest and with height in the atmosphere.Rotational Dynamics: Relationships between linear & angular variables. Transformation of velocity. Fluid Statics. Compression & shearing. practical example of viscosity. Gravitation: Gravitational effect of a spherical mass distribution. Motion of Planets and Keplers' Laws (Derivation & explanation) Motion of Satellites. Combined rotational and translational motion. Postulates of Relativity. Equations of rotational motion and effects of application of torques. Proof and Illustration. Relativity of time. Discussion with examples. role in formation of drops and bubbles. Radial and transversal velocity and acceleration. Its mathematical treatment. Special Theory of Relativity: Inertial and non inertial frame. Universal Gravitational Law. Physical basis of elasticity. Derivation. Elastic Properties of Matter. obtaining the Coefficient of viscosity. variation of mass with velocity. Rotational dynamics of rigid bodies. Elastic Modulus. Conservation of angular momentum. Rolling without slipping. effects of Torque and its relation with angular momentum. Qualitative discussion on application of gravitational law to the Galaxy. bar and solid sphere. for disc. Surface Tension. precessional motion. Effects of torque on the angular momentum. Determination of moment of inertia of various shapes i. application to simple cases. Relation between three types of elasticity. Physical basis. Bulk Properties of Matters. Energy considerations in planetary and satellite motion. Poisson’s ratio.e.

McGraw Hill. Group speed and dispersion. Vector Analysis and an Introduction to Tensor Analysis. Examples of resonance. a(t). An Introduction to Mechanics. WAVES & OSCILLATIONS Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. Power and intensity in wave motion. Wave equation. 2. simple pendulum. discussion of its solution. Physical pendulum. Standing waves. Discussion of solution. Kleppner and R. 1959. Discussion of its solution. 17 . Application of SHM. Lissajous patterns. Resnick. I & II. Speigel. propagation and interaction with other waves use of basic concept of waves in their application in daily life Harmonic Oscillations: Simple harmonic motion (SHM). D. R. Interference of waves. Derivation & discussion. To understand the basics of waves. Kolenkow. Equation of forced oscillation. 1999. Natural frequency. Sound: Beats Phenomenon. Vol. Damped harmonic motion. 1978. Phase changes on reflection. Mc-Graw Hill. Resonance. v(t). Combinations of harmonic motions.Sc. Energy considerations in SHM. 3. M. Halliday. Physics. 5th ed. Obtaining and solving the basic equations of motion x(t). Torsional oscillator. SHM and uniform circular motion. mechanism of wave production. Principle of superposition (basic ideas). Mechanical analysis. Waves in Physical Media: Mechanical waves. Forced oscillations and resonances. Phase velocity of traveling waves. Equation of damped harmonic motion. 2.h Objective: 1.Recommended Books: 1. Analytical treatment. Krane. D. John Wiley. (Physics + Math) 3 Cr. Sinusoidal waves. Waves speed. Quality factor. Longitudinal and transverse Oscillations. Travelling waves.

Normal Modes of Continuous systems: Transverse vibration of a string. 1999. 6. 5th ed. Halliday. N. Surface tension of water by capillary tube method. D. Physics. Resnick. I & II. Two coupled LC circuits.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives To develop the experimental capability understanding the concept of Mechanics. 5. The Physics of Waves & Oscillations. Pain. 7. Fourier methods of analyzing general motion of a continuous system. The Physics of Vibrations and Waves. To study the damping features of an oscillating system using simple pendulum of variable mass. J. General methods of finding normal modes. Energy relations in coupled oscillations. Atomic vibrations. Determination of moment of inertia of a solid/hollow cylinder and a sphere etc. 1986. 2. Forced oscillations of two coupled oscillators. Vol. of students in Modulus of Rigidity by Static & Dynamic method (Maxwell’s needle. Normal modes. LAB-I Pre-requisites 1 Cr. 3. radius. Investigation of phase change with position in traveling wave and measurement of the velocity of sound by C. Krane. 8.Coupled Oscillators and Normal modes: Two coupled pendulums. H. Vibrations of air columns. 3. To study the dependence of Centripetal force on mass. 18 . To determine the value of “g” by compound pendulum / Kater’s Pendulum. 4.O. Tata McGrawHill Publishing company Limited. 2. Barton’s Apparatus). Recommended Books: 1. Measurement of viscosity of liquid by Stoke’s / Poiseulli’s method. Bajaj. and angular velocity of a body in circular motion. 1. 5th Edition 1999. Many coupled oscillator. Two coupled masses. Beats in coupled oscillations.K. John Wiley. Longitudinal vibrations of a rod.R.

Determination of wavelength of sodium light by Fresnel’s biprism. The determination of Stefan’s constant. To determine thermal Emf and plot temperature diagram. Heimann Educational Books Nolan and Bigliani. Nelkon and Ogborn. 12. 9. H. Determination of “J” by Callender – Barnis method. 3. Advanced Level Practical Physics. Longman. 5. 6. 11. The measurement of specific rotation of sugar by Polarimeter and determination of sugar concentration in a given solution. K. 2. To determine Horizontal/Vertical distance by Sextant. 8. 10. Selected Experiments in Physical Sciences. Surjeet Pub Ind. The determination of wavelength of Sodium –D lines by Newton’s Ring. The determination of resolving power of a diffraction grating. The determination of wavelength of light/laser by Diffraction grating. D. 4. C. 3. Marrow. CBS Publishing Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities LAB-II Pre-requisites 1 Cr.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives To develop the understanding of students in measuring the thermal and optical parameters and to remove the fear of students to use various gadgets in laboratory 1.9. 2. University Practical Physics. Determination of temperature coefficient of resistance of a given wire. To determine frequency of AC supply by CRO. 7. Recommended Books: 1. Calibration of thermocouple by potentiometer. 4. Bhattacharya. Experiments in Physics. To study the conservation of energy (Hook’s law). 19 .

Recommended Books: 1. Bhattacharya. electrical potential and dielectrics To understand the DC circuits To know the effect of magnetic field and basic magnetic properties of materials Electric Field: Field due to a point charge: due to several point charges. Electric dipole. 3. Electric field of continuous charge distribution e. disc of charge. Marrow. 15. (Integral and differential forms) and its application. Longman. field of infinite sheet of charge. To determine the stopping potential by photo cell. Selected Experiments in Physical Sciences. Field of infinite line of charge. To study the laws of vibration of stretched string using sonometer. infinite line of charge. 20 . field near a charged conducting sheet. H. Experiments in Physics. Heimann Educational Books Nolan and Bigliani. University Practical Physics. D. Advanced Level Practical Physics. To give the concept of electric field. Nelkon and Ogborn. Electric flux: Gauss's law. 3.13. Torque and energy of a dipole in uniform field.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. To study the parameters of waves (Beats phenomenon). 2. 16. Surjeet Pub Ind. 4. field of spherical shell and field of spherical charge distribution. Charge in isolated conductors. Dipole in an electric field. Point charge in an electric field. CBS Publishing Note: At least nine experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM-I Pre-requisites 3 Cr. 14. To study the combinations of harmonic motion (Lissajous figures). To determine the Thermal conductivity of good and bad conductors using Lee’s and Searl’s apparatus. K. 2. 17. C.g Ring of charge. conductor with a cavity.

Thevenin theorem. magnetic force on a current. Capacitors of various shapes. Magnetic Materials. Norton theorem and Superposition theorem. Energy stored in an electric field. Basic ideas. Ohm’s Law.Bohr Magneton. Integral and differential forms. Energy per unit volume.. resistance.Electric Potential: Potential due to point charge. Potential and field inside and outside an isolated conductor. voltages at various elements of a loop. Growth and Decay of current in an RC circuit and their analytical treatment. Capacitor with dielectric. Keller. force on two parallel current changing conductors. Electric field of dielectric. Calculating the current in a single loop. Biot-Savart Law: Analytical treatment and applications to a current loop. and conductivity. Lorentz Force with its applications in CRO. Defining M. Electric potential of continuous charge distribution. Application of Gauss's Law to capacitor with dielectric. D C Circuits: Electric Current. Origin of Atomic and Nuclear magnetism. Magnetization. Gauss's Law for Magnetism: Discuss and develop the concepts of conservation of magnetic flux. Magnetic Field Effects and Magnetic Properties of Matter: Magnetic force on a charged particle. J. Recommended Books: 1. Hysteresis in Ferromagnetic materials. Differential form of Gauss’s Law. Capacitors and dielectrics: Capacitance. Diamagnetism. Discuss quantitatively. Ferromagnetism Discussion. Recall the previous results. 21 . potential due to dipole. (Integral form). Equation of continuity. Inc. calculating the electric field in a capacitor. F. Ampere's Law. Magnetic dipole: Energy of magnetic dipole in field. B. McGraw-Hill. Torque on a current loop. ρ. Do not derive. An atomic view. E. M. Skove Physics Classical and Modern (2nd edition). potential due to collection of point charges. W. energy transfer in an electric circuit. applications to solenoids and toroids. and calculation of their capacitance. Field as the gradient or derivative of potential. µ. multiple loops. Gettys. Use of Kirchhoff's Ist & 2nd law. 1993. spherical etc. resistivity. J. Poisson’s and Laplace equation without solution. σ. Paramagnetism. cylindrical. current density J.

Vasudeva Magnetism and Electricity.Review of previous concepts. Halliday. Helmholtz functions) Maxwell’s relations. Theory and Problems of Electromagnetism. Carnot theorem. Internal energy of an ideal gas: Equipartition of energy. Internal energy of an ideal gas. Low Temperature Physics. cyclic and free expansion. Resnick. Work done on an ideal gas. 1959. J. Refrigerators.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1.. R. Intermolecular forces. Calculation of efficiency of heat engines. Diffusion. N. Van der Waals equation of state. 5. 4. Thermodynamic functions: Thermodynamic functions (Internal energy. K.. Joule-Thomson effect and 22 . HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS Pre-requisites 3 Cr. Entropy. D.2. Second Law of thermodynamics. Qualitative description.). Conduction and viscosity. S. Distribution of molecular speeds. D. Inc. isothermal. Heat and Temperature: Temperature. Heat engine. Entropy in irreversible process. Reversible and irreversible processes. Entropy & probability. Edminister Schaum’s Outline Series. Chand & Co. A. To give the concept of heat and temperature To give the concept of classical distribution function To understand the laws of thermodynamics and their application Statistical Mechanics: Statistical distribution and mean values. Carnot engines. Energy equations and their applications. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Entropy & second law. First law of thermo-dynamics and its applications to adiabatic. F. Liquification of gases. 1969. Krane Physics (Vol-II). 3. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Qualitative discussion. Maxwell distribution. 3. Kinetic theory of the ideal gas. Gibb’s functions. Distribution of energies. Entropy in reversible process. Mean free path and microscopic calculations of mean free path. Thermodynamic temperature scale: Absolute zero: Entropy. Maxwell-Boltzmann energy distribution.. Brownian motion. 2. A. John Willey & sons. S. Enthalpy. Thermodynamics: Review of previous concepts. TdS equations. 1986.. Kip Fundamentals of Electricity and Magnetism (2nd Ed. 1992.

W. Thermoelectricity. Eye pieces. Reif. To understand the concept of reflections. refraction. Production of each type and their uses. lens formula by deviation method. Zemansky. Aberrations. Fibre optics. sign convention. Typical cases of interference phenomena. Lee and F. point source and extended source. 2. M. diffraction and polarization. 4. M. Statistical Physics. Addison-Wesley 1954. To develop understanding about the optical devices Geometrical Optics Geometrical optics and its laws. two lens systems. 1995. Chromatic aberration. M. Fabry Perot & Michelson interferometer. (thin films. Thomson effect Seabeck’s effect. 1951. Longman 1967. Pointon. Malus law. McGraw Hill 1965. W. Holography. Sears. Uni-axial crystals. Polarization Plane elliptically and circularly polarized light.Thermocouple. Abbott. Introduction to Statistical Physics. Heat and Thermodynamics. Optical activity in liquids Interference Far field approximation. Review of topics related to chromatic aberration. 3rd Edition. McGrawHill Professional Book Group. Recommended Books: 1. Peltier’s effect. lens formula. Thermodynamics. interference. Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. 3. McGraw Hill. 2. Analytical treatment of interference phenomenon.its equations. Refraction at a spherical surface. J. Polarizing angle and Brewster law. F.h. 23 . Berkley Physics series. OPTICS Pre-requisites 3Cr. A. Fresnel’s biprism). Schaum's Outline of Thermodynamics. J. 5. Induced optical effects.

2. hybrid parameters (common emitter). Transistor as an amplifier (common emitter mode). Explanation using quantum theory. Halliday. 1992. common collector. E. its structure. ELECTRONICS & MODERN PHYSICS Pre-requisites 3 Cr. Monostable multi. Diffraction applications. Origin of Quantum Theory: Black body radiation. Photoelectric and Compton effect. Transistor. R. X-ray diffraction. consequences. Line spectra.C. Addison – Wesley Publishing Company 1987. John Willey & sons. S. Diffraction pattern of a circular aperture.. AND. Stefan Boltzmann-.and Planck’s law. NOR and their basic applications. Resolving power of lenses. Diffraction grating. transistor biasing for amplifiers.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives: 1. energy band in solid and energy gaps. operating point. Hecht. Krane. Inc. Oscillators. Fraunhofer diffraction. 3. p-type. Resnick.Diffraction Huygen’s principle. D. Application to grating. NOT. characteristics of common base. 2. NAND. Diffraction pattern of a rectangular aperture. Wiens. K. 24 . p-n junction diode. load line. its basic structure and operation. Diffraction by a single slit. neutron and electron diffraction. Logic gates OR. Recommended Books: 1. n-type semiconductor materials. free electron model. common emitter. Study of Fourier theorem and its analysis. Double slit diffraction pattern. Physics. Dispersing properties of prism and grating. To give the concept of modern physics To know the nuclear structure and radioactivity To know some nuclear reactions and production of nuclear energy To give basic understanding of Plasma and LASER Electronics: Basic crystal structure. The quantization of energy. characteristics and application as rectifiers. Positive & negative feed back R. Optics. Fresnel diffraction.vibrator (basic). 4.

Pauli’s exclusion principle and its use in developing the periodic table. ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM-II Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 3Cr. “Basic definition”.) its definition and relation to probability of particle. 3. 2. Inc. Wave packets and particles. Resnick. 1992. Solids. Vector atom model. Narosa Publishing House. Llewellyn. Atomic spectrum.P. S. Tipler and Ralph A. John Wiley & Sons. 6. John Wiley & Sons 1961 Sanjiv Puri. Eisberg and Robert Resnick. Modern Physics 3rd edition. Review of emf. X-ray spectrum (continuous and discrete) Moseley’s law. 5. Robert M Eisberg. Paul A. Angular momentum of electrons. 3. molecules.Wave Nature of Matter: Wave behaviour of particle (wave function etc. R. Bohr’s Magnetron. localizing a wave in space and time. DavissonGermer Experiment and J. W H Freeman and Company 2000. Nuclei and Particles. Inductance of a Solenoid. Physics. Arthur Beiser. Orbital angular momentum. Frank-Hertz experiment.. Toroid. 4. 2. energy levels of electron. Induced electric fields. Quantum Physics of Atoms. Recommended Books: 1. Modern Physics. K. To understand the laws of electromagnetic induction To understand the AC circuits To know the generation and propagation of Electromagnetic waves Inductance: Faraday’s Law of Electromagnetic Induction. Concepts of Modern Physics (fifth edition) McGraw-Hill 1995. LR Circuits. d’Broglie hypothesis and its testing. Growth and Decay of 25 . Faraday Law and Lenz’s Law.h Objectives: 1. John Willey & sons. Krane. Spin quantization. Halliday. Robert M. 2002. Fundamentals of Modern Physics. Atomic Physics: Bohr’s theory (review). Calculation and application using differential and integral form. 2004. 2nd edition. Thomson Experiment. Inductance. D.

Travelling waves and Maxwell's equations. McGraw-Hill Book Co.magnetic equations. Energy density and the magnetic field. Energy transport and the Poynting Vector. 26 . Energy stored in a magnetic field. Qualitative discussion. Derive. F. Analytical treatment and discussion of physical concepts. J. obtaining differential form of Maxwell's equations. 1992. Inc.. 1959. Maxwell's equations. phase angles. A.e. Single loop RLC circuit. Power in A. Faraday Law. E. RMS values. K. S.current. D. S.. analytical treatment. A. Vasudeva Magnetism and Electricity. Skove Physics Classical and Modern (2nd edition). Krane Physics (Vol-II). Development of concepts. J. Ampere's Law). R. Inc. Electromagnetic Oscillation. Graphical analysis. Gettys. Alternating Current Circuits: Alternating current. John Willey & sons.. 2. inductive and capacitative elements. Halliday. Kip Fundamentals of Electricity and Magnetism (2nd Ed. power factor. (Integral & Differential forms) Discussion and implications. Analytical treatment.. McGraw-Hill. Quantitative analysis using differential equatins. 1969. Analytical expression for time dependent solution. D. W. Resnick. 1986.magnetic wave. Induced magnetic fields & displacement current. 5.. Edminister Schaum’s Outline Series. Theory and Problems of Electromagnetism. Recommended Books: 1. Series and parallel circuits i. obtaining the velocity of light from Maxwell's equations. 1993. 4. M. Forced electromagnetic oscillations and resonance. Generating an electro. N. F. Chand & Co. McGraw-Hill Book Co. applications. acceptor and rejector. AC current in resistive. 3.).C circuits: phase angles. J. Keller. (Gauss's law for electromagnetism. Electro-Magnetic Waves (Maxwell's Equations): Summarizing the electro.

Recommended Books: 1. curve & measure the magnetic parameters.h Objectives: To know the electrical circuit elements. To study the application of Lorentz force by CRO.e. 14. Resonance frequency of an acceptor circuit Resonance frequency of a Rejecter Circuit. 4. Surjeet Pub Ind. Note: At least eight experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. 3rd Edition. 3. 3. 8. 6. Study of the parameter of wave i. phase and time period of a complex signal by CRO.H.LBORATORY III Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 1 Cr. 13. amplitude. 2. Measurement of resistance using a Neon flash bulb and condenser Conversion of a galvanometer into Voltmeter & an Ammeter To study the characteristics of Photo emission and determination of Plank’s constant using a Photo cell Calibration of an Ammeter and a Voltmeter by potentiometer Charge sensitivity of a ballistic galvanometer Comparison of capacities by ballistic galvanometer. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. CBS Publishing. Practical Physics. 11. 7. 1. their experimental measurement and to give understanding of electrical circuits and use of CRO. 27 . G L Squires. 9. Measurement of self/mutual inductance. University Practical Physics. Experiments in Physics. C K Bhattacharya. To study the network theorems (Superposition. Norton). 12. Thevinin. 10. 2. Study of electric circuits by black box. To study the B. 5. Measurement of low resistance coil by a Carey Foster Bridge. 15.

3. Characteristics of a semiconductor diode (Compare Si with Ge diode) Setting up of half & full wave rectifier & study of following factors i. 3rd Edition. iii. Study of regulation of output voltage with load. G L Squires. 11 12.LAB-IV Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 1 Cr. Determination of ionization potential of mercury. 8. OR. 9. CBS Publishing. Recommended Books: 1. 2. 15. 2. To set up transistor oscillator circuit and measure its frequency by an oscilloscope. Determination of e/m of an electron. 13. To study the characteristic curves of a G. Smoothing effect of a capacitor ii. NAND etc) using diode and to develop their truth table. Characteristics of a transistor. 28 . Experiments in Physics. M. To understand the behaviour of nuclear radiation including beta and gama radition. 5. 7. C K Bhattacharya. To set up an electronic switching circuit using transistor LDR and demonstrate its use as a NOT Gate. Mass absorption coefficient of lead for γ-rays using G. 14. Determination of range of α particles. To set up and study various logic gates (AND.M counter. 3. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. counter and use it to determine the absorption co-efficient of β-particle in Aluminum. Use of computer in the learning of knowledge of GATE and other experiments. 6. Ripple factor & its variation with load. University Practical Physics. To set up a single stage amplifier & measure its voltage gain and bandwidth.h Objectives: 1. Practical Physics. 4. To develop understanding and uses of electronic devises including GATS. Transistors. 10. Surjeet Pub Ind.

G.Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. Curl and Stoke's theorem. Hermitian matrices. Spherical and Cylinderical coordinate system. Tensor algebra. Group Theory: Introduction to groups. Divergence and Gauss’s theorem. Matrices. Diagonalization of matrices. MATHEMATICAL METHODS-I Pre-requisite General Mathematics 3 Cr. Curvilinear Coordinates and Tensors: Curvilinear coordinate system. Continuous groups-O groups.h Objectives 1. Academic Press. 2. Lie groups Complex Variables: Functions of a complex variable. 29 . tensors. Discret groups-Dihedral groups. Cauchy integral theorem and integral formula. Gradient. 1970. Matrices: Linear vector spaces. Covariant and contravariant tensors. Group representation. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors of matrices. Mathematical Physics. To develop the mathematical background of student in vectors. Cartesian. Arfken. Complex integration. Divergence and Curl in the curvilinear coordinates system. Similarity transformations. Vector integration. Quotient rule. Cauchy Riemann conditions and analytic functions. Determinants. Recommended Books: 1. Vector differentiation and gradient. 2nd ed. matrices and some of their uses in the world of physics To give basic understanding of group theory and complex variables used in physics Vector Analysis: Review of vectors Algebra. Green’s theorem in the plane. SU(2) groups. Taylor and Laurent series. Orthogonal matrices. Invariant subgroups. Calculus of residue.

Dynamical variables and operators. The eigenvalues and eigen functions of L2 and Lz. Heisenberg uncertainty relations. Three dimensional isotopic oscillator. Schrodinger Equation in Three Dimensions: Separation of Schrodinger equation in cartesian coordinates.2. Central potentials. E. Fourier Analysis Simon Schuster Series. P. Addition of angular momenta. Commuting and non commuting operators. M. Matrix representation of angular momentum operators. Spin. 1967. The free particle. McGraw Hill 1979. State of a system. Time evolution of a system. Pipes and Harvill. 2. Complex Variables Schaum’s Outline Series. Addison-Wesley 1968. Angular Momentum: Orbital angular momentum. 3. 4. The hydrogenic atom. Hermitian operators. 1971. Solutions of Schrodinger equation for free particles. 30 . The linear harmonic oscillator. Properties of one dimensional potential functions. 5.h Objectives 1. Particle in a box. Formalism of Quantum Mechanics: The state of a system. Understanding the behaviour of quantum mechanical particle and development of Schrodinger equation in one and three dimensions introduction to Quantum mechanical operators and determination of angular momentum of a quantum mechanical particle Quantum Mechanics of One Dimensional Problems: Review of concepts of classical mechanics. The potential barrier problems. Symmetry principles and conservation laws. Dirac notation. Applied Mathematics for Engineers and Physicists. The hydrogenic atom. Functions and expectation values. Three dimensional square well potential. McGraw Hill. Speigel. Mathematical Physics. H. Butkov. Schrodinger and Heisenberg pictures. Hsu. QUANTUM MECHANICS-I Pre-requisite FSc Physics and Modern Physics & electronics 3 Cr. Three dimensional square well potential. R.

To develop the understanding of thermal properties by using statistical means in thermodynamics Development of various statistics like Boltzmann Statistics. Liboff. Bialynicki-Birula. Singapore (1992). PRENTICE Hall. 3. M.J. David J.h Objectives: 1. J. 7. Greiner.L. (1980). Griffiths. Greiner. 6. Reading Mass. Joachain. Springer Verlag. Reading Mass. statistical interpretation of entropy. 5. F. reduction of derivatives. response functions Maxwell's relation. Schwable. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. Bose – Einstein statistics and Fermi.S. Oxford University Press. THERMAL AND STATISTICAL PHYSICS Pre-requisite: FSc Physics and Heat and Thermodynamics 3 Cr. 'Introduction to Quantum Mechanics' Longman Scientific & Technical London (1990). 31 . New Delhi (1992). fundamental equations and equations of state. (1980). 2. Narosa Publishing House. 'Relativistic Quantum Mechanics'. Equilibrium Thermodynamics: Basic postulates. McGraw Hill Book Company. 8 B. 'Quantum Mechanics: An Introduction'. 'Introductory Quantum mechanics'. Townsend. 'Quantum Mechanics'. Bransden & C. Boltzmann H-theorem. 2.H. distribution functions. Inc.. Elements of Probability Theory: Probabilities. Berlin (1990).Dirac Statistics To develop the understating of lattice dynamics in solid materials. New York (1992). 3. Introduction to Quantum Mechanics. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. Kaminski.Books Recommended: 1. 'Theory of Quantua'. W. 4. 'A Modern Approach to Quantum Mechanics'. R. W. Int. Cieplak & J.

F. Bose-Einstein Condensation. Formation of Microcononical. Elements of Statistical Physics. Books Recommended: 1. McGraw Hill.Formulation of Statistical Methods: Ensembles. Gas of electrons in solids. 2. Pauli and Van Vleck paramagnetics. counting of states (in classical and quantum mechanical systems. 3. Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics. F. Introduction to density matrix approach. Van der Waals Gas: mean field calculation. To develop the basic knowledge of classical world using the laws of Physics To develop the understanding of two bodies central force problems 32 . Partition Function: Relations of partition function with thermodynamic variables. Statistical Physics. 4. Bose-Einstein.h Objectives: 1. 2nd Ed. Pointon. Statistical Systems: Maxwell-Boltzmann. Advanced Topics: Fluctuations. Statistical Mechanics of Interacting Systems: Lattice vibrations in solids. CLASSICAL MECHANICS Pre-requisites: Mechanics I & II 3 Cr. Theorem of equipartition of energy. ELBS/John Willey. Ferromagnets in Mean Field Approximation. examples (collection of simple harmonic oscillators. Mandl. Introduction to Statistical Physics. C. Reif. 1988. canonical and grand canonical partion function. Black body radiations. 2. A. John Wiley 1958. Boltzmann distribution. Longman 1967. 1965. Fermi-Dirac statistical systems. Examples of thermodynamics of these systems.J. examples) partition function. Kittel.

Goldstein. New York (1983). Massachusetts (1980). Arnold. Variational Principles: Calculus of variation and Hamilton's principle. To give understanding of kinematics and dynamics of rigid bodies Development of Hamiltonian equation and use of canonical transformation in classical physics Elementary Principles: Brief Survey of Newtonian mechanics of a system of particles. 'Dynamics'. New York (1980). V. Rutherford scattering. Alembert's principle. Hamilton Equation of Motion: Legendre transformation Conservation theorems. Rigid Body Equation of Motion: Angular momentum. Lagrange and Poison brackets. Lagrange's equation and its applications. Rasband. Two Body Central Force Problem: Low and least action. Addison Wesley.I. Moment of inertia. 2nd. Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics Springer verlag. Canonical Transformations: Examples of canoical transformations. Eulerian angles. Euler's theorem. Books Recommended: 1. 4.N. constraints. Kepler's Laws Laboratory and centre of mass systems. Edn. Equation of motion and solution for one body problem.. two body problem and its reduction to one body problem. Derivation of Lagrange's equation from Hamilton's principle. H. 2. and Hamilton equations of motion. Rigid body problems and Euler's equations. 3.3. Virtual work. Kinematics of Rigid Body Motion: Orthogonal transformations. Liouville's theorem. Tensors and dyadics. Reading. 33 . The coriolis force. 'Classical Mechanics'. John Wiley & Sons. S.

z and y-parameter models. Oxford Science Publications. Active filters. Feedback and stability. and C amplifiers. Operational Amplifiers: Ideal op-amps. Field Effect FET: Transistors. Comparators. Frequency response. B.. Oxford (1987). Power class A. Multistage Amplifiers.M. Operation and construction. To develop the understanding of different electronic circuit elements and devices like diode.J. Instrumentation amplifier. Zener regulators. R. Non inverting and inverting circuits. Hybrid-p and h. The differential amplifiers. amplifiers. Varactor diodes. parameters and ratings. 2.A. RC coupled and direct coupled stages. Tunnel diodes. Summing. Integrator and Differentiator. MOSFET. Matzner & L. Common emitter. its data and sheet parameters.. Op-amp applications. Ebers-Moll. Junction FET. Prentice Hall Inc. Simple op-amp arrangements. Schottky diodes. Photodiodes. ELECTRONICS Pre-requisites: Modern Physics and Electronics 3 Cr. Frequency response. Biasing. Special Diodes: Zener diodes. I-F Amplifiers and automatic gain control.4. Common base and common collector amplifiers. oscillators and voltage regulators used in daily life alliances To understand the day to day electronic devices. London (1991). Light emitting diodes. Switching circuits. N. Biasing and stability. transistors. 34 . Transistor Circuits: Bipolar transistors.h Objectives: 1. Shepley. 5. Woodhouse. 'Introduction to Analytical Dynamics'. Negative feedback. Tuned RF Voltage amplifiers. Common source and common drain amplifiers.C. 'Classical Mechanics'. Varistors and their applications.

To study the characteristics of a Geiger-Muller counter and to examine the attenuations of beta particles in Al-and Pb foils. 'Electronic Principles'. Voltage Regulators: Series. CMOSS.J. J. 35 . Millman & C. List of Experiments 1.. Tata McGraw Hill. Halkias. Books Recommended: 1.S. 'Electronic devices & Circuits'. New Delhi (1988). Virginia (1980).L. A.B. 4. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics. To study the pulseheight as a function of the H. 3. in a scintillation counter. Colpit's Phase shift and 555 timer oscillators.. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work.Oscillators: Armstrong. C. Measurement of the spectrum of gama rays from a radioisotope. Carpenter. Hartley.h Objectives: 1. Power supply. Reston Publishing Company Inc. McGraw Hill Book Company. Savant Jr. 'Integrated Electronics'. To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills. LAB V Pre-requisites: LAB I –IV 1 Cr. Merril Publishing Company Columbus (1988). Bell. T.T. 5. Malvino. Measurement of the half life of a radio nuclide. The Bengamin/Cummings Publishing Co. Singapore (Latest Edition).P. D. Shunt and switching regulators. Floyd. California (1991).H. 'Electronic Devices'. Shielding and attenuation of gamma rays. 3. M.L. G. Roden. 2. 2. 'Electronic Design Circuit & Systems'. 2. 3.C.

Books Recommended: 1. Partial differential equations of theoretical physics. Experiments with transmission lines. Olsono. Frobenius series solution of differential equations. Use of a Lithium-drifted Ge-counter for gamme spectroscopy and to compare its performance with that of a nal-detector.C. Fourier Transforms Solution of Boundary value problems and their uses Differential Equations in Physics: First and second order linear differential equations. Experimental Electronics (McGraw-Hill). etc. 9.4. Separation of variables.h Objectives: 1) 2) 3) To give the understanding of Differential equations and their uses in Physics Introduction to special functions. Standing wave ratio. H.T. Measurement of characteristic impedance. A. etc. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. 3. Radio frequency measurement. Second solution. MATHEMATICAL METHODS-II Pre-requisite General mathematics and Mathematical Methods-I 3 Cr.Homogeneous differential equations. Experiments in Modern Physics (McGraw-Hill). Higgings. 6. 8. Nonhomogenous differential equations. 7. AC circuits and dielectric constants of water and ice.Mark and H. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. Melissinos. Velocity. 36 . To study the characteristics of a solid-state detector and use it to measure the spectra of alpha and beta particles. Fourier Series.J. Experiments in Modern Physics (Academic). Skin effect. R. 5. 2.

Special Functions:

Bessel functions and Hankel functions, Spherical Bessel functions, Legendre polynomials, Associated Legendre polynomials, Spherical harmonics Laguerre polynomials, Hermite polynomials.

Fourier Series:

Definition and general properties, Fourier series of various physical functions, Uses and application of Fourier series.

Integral Transforms:

Integral transform, Fourier transform, Convolution theorem, Elementary Laplace transform and its application.

**Boundary Value Problems and Green's Functions:
**

Boundary value problems in Physics, Non-homogeneous boundary value problems and Green's functions, Green's functions for one dimensional problems, Eigenfunction expansion of Green's function, Construction of Green's functions in higher dimensions.

Books Recommended:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5 6. 7. 8. G. Arfken, Mathematical Physics, 2nd ed, Academic Press, 1970. R. Bronson, ‘Differential Equations’ Schaum’s Outline Series, McGraw Hill, New York. E. Butkov, ‘Mathematical Physics Addison-Weseley London . M.L. Boas, 'Mathematical Methods in Physical Sciences', John Wiley & Sons, New York (1989). C.W. Wong, 'Introduction to Mathematical Physics', Oxford University, Press, New York (1991). Hassani, 'Foundations of Mathematical Physics', Prentice Hall International Inc., Singapore (1991). Chattopadhyay, 'Mathematical Physics', Wiley Eastern Limited, New Delhi, (1990). H. Cohen, 'Mathematics for Scientists & Engineers' Prentice Hall International Inc., New Jersey (1992).

**QUANTUM MECHANICS-II Pre-requisites:
**

Quantum Mechanics I

3 Cr.h

37

Objectives:

1. 2. 3. to understand the use of approximation in Quantum mechanics to understand the theory of scattering and interaction of quantum systems with radiation to understand the basics of relativistic quantum mechanics

Approximate Methods:

Time independent perturbation theory for non degenerate and degenerate levels, the variational method, The WKB approximation, Time dependent perturbation theory.

**Identical Particles and Second Quantization:
**

Indistinguishability of identical particles, Systems of identical particles, Quantum dynamics of identical particle systems, statistics, Symmetry of states, Fermions, Bosons.

Theory of Scattering:

Scattering experiments and cross sections, Potential scattering, The method of partial waves, The Born’s approximation.

**The Interaction of Quantum Systems with Radiation:
**

Electromagnetic field and its interaction with one electron system, Transition rates, Spontaneous emission, Selection rules for electric dipole transitions, The spin of photon and its helicity.

**Relativistic Quantum Mechanics:
**

Schrodinger relativistic equation, Probability and current densities, KleinGordon equation and hydrogen atom, Dirac relativistic equation.

Books Recommended:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. B.H. Bransden & C.J. Joachain, 'Introduction to Quantum Mechanics' Longman Scientific & Technical London (1990). J.S. Townsend, 'A Modern Approach to Quantum Mechanics', McGraw Hill Book Company, Singapore (1992). W. Greiner, 'Quantum Mechanics: An Introduction', Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Reading Mass. (1980). R.L. Liboff, 'Introductory Quantum mechanics', Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Reading Mass. (1980). Bialynicki-Birula, M. Cieplak & J. Kaminski, 'Theory of Quantua', Oxford University Press, New York (1992). W. Greiner, 'Relativistic Quantum Mechanics', Springer Verlag, Berlin (1990). 38

7. 8 9.

F. Schwable, 'Quantum Mechanics', Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi (1992). David J. Griffiths, Introduction to Quantum Mechanics, PRENTICE Hall, Int., Inc. S.Gasiorowicz, Quantum Physics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Singapore.

**ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY Pre-requisites:
**

Electricity and magnetism I & II

3 Cr.h

Objectives:

1. 2. 3. To give the basic understanding in static electromagnetic fields and time dependent electromagnetic fields To develop knowledge of propagation, reflection and refraction of electromagnetic waves To develop the understanding of skin effect and wave guides

Fundamental Concepts:

Recapitulation of the fundamental concepts, Induction B, Addition of Laplace equation and methods of images. Magnetic intensity H, Maxwell's equations in differential and integral forms, Poynting theorem and energy conservation.

**Static Electromagnetic Fields:
**

Electrostatic fields in several dielectric media, Magneto static fields of magnetized matter, Magnetostatic field of stationary current, Magnetization current.

**Time Dependent Electromagnetic Fields:
**

Maxwell's equations for quasi stationery fields, Potentials of a rapidly varying field, Fields of uniformly moving and accelerated charges, Radiation from an accelerated charge, Field of oscillating expansion of electro magnetic field, Multiple fields. Expansion of emf.

**Reflection and Refraction of Electromagnetic Waves:
**

Laws of reflection and refraction, Fresnel's formula, Total reflection, Refraction in conducting media, Reflection from a conducting surface.

39

Books Recommended:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. H.C. Ohanion, 'Classical Electrodynamics', Allyn & bacon Inc., Massachusetts (1988). Y.K. Lim, 'Introduction to Classical Elecrodynamics, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pt., Singapore (1986). P.C. Lorrain & D.R. Corson, 'Electromagnetic Fields and Waves', W.H. Freeman & Co., New York (1978). C.R. Paul & S.A. Nasar, 'Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields, McGraw Hill Book Company, Singapore (1987). A.M. Portis, 'Electromagnetic Fields', John Wiley & Sons, New York (1978). D. Grifftns, An introduction to Dynamics, Prentice Hall, 1984 Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, John Wiley, 1975 Ritze Millfadad Chiristy, Foundation of Electromagnetic Theory

**NUCLEAR PHYSICS Pre-requisites:
**

Modern Physics and Electronics

3 Cr.h

Objectives:

1) 2) 3) To understand the nuclear structure using different nuclear models To understand the nature of nuclear forces To give understanding of radioactivity and nuclear reactions

History:

Starting from Bacqurel’s discovery of radioactivity to Chedwick’s neutron.

Basic Properties of Nucleus: Nuclear size, mass, binding energy, nuclear spin,magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moment, parity and statistics. Nuclear Forces: Yukawa's theory of nuclear forces. Nucleon

scattering, charge independence and spin dependence of nuclear force, isotopic spin.

**Nuclear Models: Liquid drop model; Fermi gas model, Shell model;
**

Collective model.

40

Introducing Nuclear Physics. Bejamin. Electricity & Magnetism I & II. Addison-Wisely. Simple crystal structures. 4. 41 . Position and orientation of planes in crystals. Segre. Zetsche. Kenneth S. 1995. Rith. 3.Theories of Radioactive Decay: Theory of Alpha decay and explanation of observed phenomena. 2. Kaplan. 1995. Green. Symmetry operations. Heat and Thermodynamics. 1980. Breit-Wigner one level formula including the effect of angular momentum.h Quantum Mechanics . To develop a basic knowledge of crystallography To understand the x-ray diffraction in crystal investigation To understand the binding forces in crystalline material To develop the understanding of lattice dynamics and its uses in derivation of theories of specific heat To understand the behaviour of free electrons in metals and Fermi Energy. McGraw Hill. energy level and level width. Fermi theory of Beta decay. the magnetic lens spectrometer. 4. F. multipolarity of Gamma rays. C. Nuclear Physics. SOLID STATE PHYSICS Pre-requisite 3 Cr. 2. theory of Gamma decay. Povh. space groups and binding forces. resonance reactions. Nuclear Physics. Krane. Neutrino hypothesis. compound nucleolus theory of nuclear reaction and its limitations. cross sections for nuclear reactions. 3. Particle and Nuclei. 1977. Scholtz. 5. 5. Atomic potential. measurement of Beta ray energies. B. direct reaction. Structure of Solids Lattices and basis. Statistical Physics. Objectives: 1. Fundamental types of lattice. 1999. Nuclear isomerism. Q-value and threshold energy of nuclear reaction. Books Recommended: 1. Nuclear Reactions: Conservation laws of nuclear reactions. K. Nuclei and Practicles.

Objectives: 1. The Solid State. Introduction to Solid State Physics. IV 1 Cr. Powder methods. 7th Ed. 4. rotating crystal method.Crystal diffraction and reciprocal lattice: Diffraction of X-rays. 1999. II. Ewald construction and Brillouin zone. fcc. Reciprocal lattice to sc. Einstein model.A. Bragg’s law. 2. High Temperature Superconductivity. 1976.M. Wiley. G. M. Wahab. Rinehart & Winston. Burns. Omar. two and three dimensions. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. Density of state in one.A. 6. The Physics and Chemistry of Solids. R. Laue method. Neutrons and electrons from crystals. 42 . 1998. H. Kohn Wiley. orthorhombic and hexagonal crystals. M. Fourier analysis of the basis. 5. Holt. C. S. 3. bcc. An Introduction. Academic Press 1992. Recommended Books: 1. 1996. Comparison with experimental results. Narosa Publishing House. W. III.h. Oxford Science Publications 1990. By. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills. D. 2. Elliott. Thermal conductivity and resistivity. Enumeration of normal models. Kittle. Debye model of heat capacity. Phonons and Lattice Vibrations: Lattice heat capacity. Mermin. Rosenberg. LAB VI Pre-requisites LAB I. M. Pearson Education 2000. 3. Elementary Solid State Physics. Umklapp processes. N. 3rd Edition. Ashcroft and N. Reciprocal lattice. Solid State Physics. Solid State Physics. 7. classical model. Scattered wave amplitude.

K. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. University Practical Physics. 9. etc. 3rd Edition. To design and build a linear integrator to enable digitization of photo-multiplier pulses. 2.F. To design and build a lotic circuit (using AND/OR/NOR gates) for performing a given function. Design of high or medium voltage dc power supply and measurement of the voltage regulation. Gain characteristics and spectral response of a photo-multiplier tube. Recommended Books: 1. or to design and build a height-to-width converter. etc. Mathematical Methods. Design of high or medium voltage dc power supply and measurement of the voltage regulation. Study of random processes and fluctuations in random processes (Poission distribution.4.h Undergraduate Level Physics and Elementary Mathematics and Linear Algebra. CBS Publishing. 13.C.) Measurement of transistor hybrid parameters. COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS Pre-requisites: 3 Cr. or superheterdyne receiver and measurement of its sensitivity. C. L. To build and investigate the properties of hard value multivibrators.R. Squires. 5. 12. 6. Practical Physics. Basic Numerical Analysis and Analytical Tools for Numerical Analysis. coupled amplifier and a study of its characteristics. Ripple factor etc. Experiments in Physics. Study of leaser parameters. Surjeet Pub Ind. Power out-put selectivity.R. Computer and Programming Skills. 11. the operational amplifier.F. 8. 3. Bhattacharya. G. 10. Ripple factor. etc. Design of a medium wave T. Transistor pulse-circuitry (three types of flipflop and the Schmidt trigger circuit). 43 . Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. 7. Design of an L.

L. Many particle systems. Computational Techniques in Physics' Adm Hilger. Doing Physics with random numbers. 2. Computational Physics'. Chanle. 2. 'An Introduction to Computer Simulation Methods'. 'Introduction to Computational Physics'.P. New York (1965 PHYSICS-401 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS 4 Cr. 'Numerical Methods for Engineers with Personal Computer Applications. S. De Jong. Massachusetts (1991). Relationship of modeling and simulation. Numerical integration and differentiation. Field of static charges and current. Addison Wesley Publishing Company Inc. Addison Wesley Publishing Company.. Merman. Diffusion. The Benjamin/Coming Publishing Inc. Books Recommended: 1. Dynamic systems. Oscillatory motion. Some systems of interest for physicists such as Motion of Falling objects. Populations genetics etc. C. Modeling & Simulations: Conceptual models.K. Chapra & R. 3. S. Bristol (1987). 3. The mathematical models. Wave phenomena. M. Random numbers and random walk. Introduction of computer languages To know the use of computer in numerical anlysis Computer simulation and modeling Computer Languages: A brief introduction of the computer languages like Basic. Kepler's problems. H.. Pascal etc and known software packages of computation.J. Regression and interpolation. Error analysis and technique for elimination of systematic and random errors. Computer simulation. Rading Massachusetts(1988). Phy-306 (Quantum Mechanics) 44 .T. McGraw Hill Book Company. 5. Macheown & D. Tobochnik.C.Objectives: 1. Gould & J. California (1986).h Pre-requisite Phy-202 (Modern Physics). P. Numerical Methods: Numerical Solutions of equations. Koonini. 4.

B. Frank Hertz experiment and approximation methods. 45 . electron spin and Hund’s cases. Interaction with field (7 hours) Many electron atoms in an electromagnetic field.J. Stern Gerlach experiment. 1988. Stark effect. Atoms in radiation field. Joachain. second edition. Selection rules. Quantum numbers. Born Oppenhimer approximation. Longmans. normal Zeeman effect. Radiative transitions. Anomalous Zeeman effect. Hartree Fock methods and self consistent field. 3. One Electron System (12 hours) Review of Schrodinger equation for hydrogen atom. Hyperfine structure. Many body Systems (12 hours) Pauli exclusion principle. Spectrophysics. LS coupling. Periodic system of the elemments. Molecules (12 hours) Ionic and covalent bonding. Paschen back effect. Sommerfeld model. X-ray spectra. Fermi Golden rule. Raman effect. London 1983. Thorn. Polyatomic molecules (brief introduction). Transition probabilities of diatomic molecules. Spin orbit coupling. Thomas Fermi potential. Bransden and C. 2. Stark effect. Anne P. To review the existing theories of atomic structure To introduce the experimental proof of quantisation To introduce the use of Schrodinger Equation in real system like Hydrogen atom To understand the Molecular spectrum To understand the LASER production and Operation Structure of Atoms (5 hours): Review of Bohr’s theory.Objectives: 1. Hydrogen Molecular ion (LCAO approximation). Central field approximation. 2. Einstein coefficients. H. Chapman and Hall. vibrational. Physics of atomic and Molecules. 5. Diatomic molecules-rotational. Hydrogen molecule (Heitler London and molecular orbital theories) Recommended Books: 1. 4. jj coupling and other type of coupling. and electronic spectra.

McGraw Hill Book Company.3. John Wiley. Q of a cavity resonator. 3. New York (1978). Classical Electrodynamics. Portis. Wave guides as cavity resonators. Allyn & bacon Inc. H. 2. Skin Effect and Wave Guides: High frequency current in a semi infinite conductor.R. grange and Coloumb grange. Objectives: 1. Group velocity. A. Transmission by a rectangular. 6. 'Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields..C. 'Electromagnetic Fields'. Molecules. D. Internal impedance at high frequencies.. Freeman & Co. Foundation of Electromagnetic Theory 46 . Loren z. Books Recommended: 1. Nasar. Paul & S. ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY II Pre-requisites: Electricity and magnetism I & II 3 Cr. 2. Corson. C. and R. Pt. Dispersion in metallic conductor. John Wiley & Sons. 'Classical Electrodynamics'. To give the basic understanding in static electromagnetic fields and time dependent electromagnetic fields To develop knowledge of propagation. Eisberg. Waves guided by parallel plane conductor.R. Dispersion in dilute medium and dense media. 5. World Scientific Publishing Co. 1975 Ritze Millfadad Chiristy. Waves guided by dielectrics. Singapore (1986).h. Wave Guidance. Prentice Hall. Forced oscillation of an electronic oscillator. Resnick. Quantum Physics of Atoms. John Wiley and sons 1985. Ohanion. 4. 3. second edition. Solids.M. An introduction to Dynamics. 1984 Jackson. reflection and refraction of electromagnetic waves To develop the understanding of skin effect and wave guides Propagation of Plane Electromagnetic Waves: monochromatic waves and plane waves. Lim. Scattering by a bound electron. Massachusetts (1988). Nuclei and Particles. Lorrain & D. Grifftns. Power transfer and attenuation.. 'Electromagnetic Fields and Waves'.C. New York (1978). 'Introduction to Classical Elecrodynamics. Y. Singapore (1987).A.H.K. 7. W. R. P.

To prove the Rutherford law of scattering of charged particles. 6. 7.S. Source strength of Co60 by gamma coincidence methods. Determination of Planck’s constant (h) by using the photoelectric effect.) by microwave absorption. Measurement of the total neutron cross-section.h A project can be introduced instead of these experiments. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics. Measurement of the spectrum of gamma rays from a radioisotope (e. Experiments with microwaves. 47 . 2. Study of their optical properties. 11. 3. 14. To study the Zeeman effect for a line in the spectrum of helium. 16.g. To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills.Cs) and study of their photoelectric and Compton absorption. 8. 10. To examine the characteristics of a Solid-State detector and to use it for alpha and beta Spectroscopy and compare the results with those obtained by a scintillation counter. Determination of the Rydberg constant from the spectrum of hydrogen. 15.PROJECT 3 Cr. To examine the stopping-power of various substances for thermal neutrons. 5. 9. The Frank-hertz experiment (Measurement of excitation potential of Hg). Determination of the constituents of substance by activation analysis.R. 4. 13. Use of an analogue computer for solving differential equations. Lab-VII 1. Fabry-Perot interferometer used as a gas refractometer. 12. 2. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. Pre-requisite: Undergraduate physics and Labs I-VI Objectives: 1. Electron spin resonance (E. Determination of the charge on an electron (e) by Millikan’s method. 3.

Nuclear magnetic resonance (N. Gray. 2. Drift mobility. A. 21. All experimental courses are only recommended but Universities may opt other experiments according to facilities and expertise available to them. 23. Experiments in Modern Physics (McGrawHill). To build a medium or short-wave transmitter. To determine the energy gap in silicon and Germanium. 19.R. Note: At least 12 experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities.C. 18.17. Measurement of the conductivity of Si and Ge as a functions of temperature.Mark and N. 24.M. Experiments in Modern Physics (Academic).) of protons in water. Olson. Simple diode manufacture and point-contact transistor. 3.T. (Shockley-Haynes experiments for Germanium. 22. Melissionos. The measurement of the Hall effect in germanium and silicon.S. The study of the Mossbauer effect. Books Recommended: 1. demonstrating transistor action). Applied Electronics (John-Wiley and Sons). 20. H. T. 48 .

Wave propagation in plasma.H.Glasstone and R.h Objectives: 1. University may also tailor these courses according to their facilities. To know fluid description of the plasma. Derivation of dispersion relations for simple electrostatic and electromagnetic modes. PLASMA PHYSICS Pre-requisite: Electrodynamics. electrons etc. 3. operational conditions.W. To learn about the importance of the plasma alongwith the basic concept of plasma. Single-particle motion in electromegnatic field. SURFACE PHYSICS Pre-requisites: Solid state Physics 3 Cr.h Objectives: 1. radiation losses from plasma. F. Introduction to Controlled Fusion: Basic nuclear fusion reactions. 1960 (D. Introduction to plasma Physics. 2. N. Applications of plasma physics. Debye shielding. waves and oscillations 3 Cr. 1973 (McGraw Hill).Krall and A. (Plenum). Fluid description of plasma. Uniform and nonuniform E and B fields.A. 49 .Lovberg.DETAIL OF ELECTIVE COURSES These elective courses can be chosen from the list or new elective course may be offered according to the availability of staff and necessary infrastructure. 2nd ed.Trivelpiece.Chen. Criteria for plasma. Time-variant E and B fields. Books Recommended: 1. Reaction rates and power density.F. S. To know aout the surface physics and its applications Learn about the interaction of surface with the ions. Principles of Plasma Physics. Occurrance of plasma. Controlled Thermonuclear Reactions. 2. 2.Van Nestrand). Introduction. Concept of temperature. The plasma parameter.

Profiling. Desorption. Growth processes. Auger depth. Desorption Bonding . adsorbate phase diagrams and phase transitions. vibrational spectroscopy. Comparison of different types of pumps with measurement of vacuum pressure. potential energy curves and adsorption energetics. Surface energies and the Wulff Theorem. derivation. Preparing a clean surface. comparison of particle scattering techniques. The structure of semi-conductor surfaces. Theory and practice of Auger electron spectroscopy. growth mechanisms. stability. Specific types of surface. Discussion of the merits of different types of electron energy analysers and electron deterctors. 50 . Free electron theories and the work function. Magnetic processes at surfaces. The Structure of Adsorbate Layers: Experimental probes of surface structure such as LEED and RHEED. Electron spectroscopes. Surface Structures and Reconstructions: Lattice concept. Desorption and experimental probes of surface structure such a LEED and RHEED. Catalysis and Growth Processes: Adsorption mechanisms and kinetics chemisorption vs. More complex ceconstruction. Electron emission processes. Adsorption. The electronic structure of semiconductor surfaces. Quantification of Auger spectra. 3 D crystal structures. The Electronics and Magnetic Structure of Surfaces: Band theory. the kinetics of adsorption. physiorption.An Introduction to Surfaces: What is a surface? The energetics and thermodynmics of creating a surface. fcc. Signal processing and spectral analysis. Adsorption mechanisms and kinetics for low coverages Langmuir Isotherms. The surface structures of very small metal particles. bcc and stepped surfaces and a discussion of their relative energies. concept of vacuum and standard vacuum hardware components. hcp. 2D surface structures. An introduction to surface Physics. Studying Surfaces: What is UHV? Do we need UHV to study surfaces? The kinetic theory of gases. catalysis. adsorption. Electron-Surface Interactions: Electron diffraction and quasi – elastic scattering.

Reduced forms of governing equations. Back scattering. Venables. SPM. Introduction to Surface and Thin Film Processes Cambridge University Press (2000). Books Recommended 1. STEM. Compressible flows. SIMS imaging and depth profiling. Incompressible and 51 . Basic Fluid Mechanics: Fundamentals of Continuum mechanics. Introduction to numerical solution of Ordinary Differential equation’s using multi-step methods. John A. Boundary value problems. FLUID DYNAMICS Pre-requisite Classical Mechanics. the continuity equation. Incompressible flows. Turbulent Boundary layer. Introduction to solution of Partial Differential Equiation’s using finite difference methods Advanced Techniques. Thin aerofoil. SEM. Imaging XPS. Scanning probe microscopy techniques. 2. Atomic Force Microscopy. An introduction to the theory and practice of scanning Tunneling Microscopy. Computational Fluid Dynamics-II: Governing equations in integral and differential form. Auger depth profiling. Reynold’s number. To know the fundamentals of Fluid Mechanice and its applications To learn about the computational aspect for solving diffusion equation. Boundary Layer Theory: Laminar Boundary layer.Atom/ion surface interactions: Comparison of particle scattering techniques. Kinematics of the flow field.h Objectives 1. theory and practice of Rutherford. Computational Fluid dynamics-I: Introduction to numerical computation. Electrodynamics 3 Cr. Optical microscopy. Basic concepts in surface imaging and localized spectroscopy. Surface Microscopy: Classification of microscopy techniques. governing equations of fluid motion. The finite volume method. An Introduciton to the theory and practice of SIMS.

4. 1980. 2. Use of a commercial code for the predication off complex flows. The pressure correction method on staggered and unstaggered grids. Incorporation of turbulence models. vortex shedding and vibrations. Roache. H.compressible flow & their methods. Hoffmann and S. Hemosa Publishers. Viscous flud flow (second Edition). Units pressure ranges. K. P.h Objectives: 1.A. To learn about the measuring techniques along with data analysis.Lamb. Fundamental concepts..1 & 11. Books Recommended: 1. To learn about the vacuum techniques To learn the detection techniques about radiation. hydraulic jumps. 52 . Hydrodynamics. Pump down Time Ultimate pressure. Perini gauges. Turbo molecular pumps. 6th edition 1993. Fore-Vacuum Pumps: Rotary Oil pumps. Patankar. S. White. METHODS OF EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS Pre-requisites Experimental labs and techniques used in these labs. Discrete methods for the steady state and time dependent advection diffusion equation.J. guttering pumps.V. turbulent jets and plumes.. sorption pumps. Experimental Methods: Introduction to laboratory techniques. F. Production of ultrahigh vacuum. temperature. Pumping Speed. N.M. Chiang. Vacuum Techniques: Gas Transport: Throughout. air flow past a cylinder aero foils. Cryogenic pumps. 2. Laboratory sessions (preceded by lectures): water waves.M. 1993. Time marching schemes. 5. 3. sorption pumps (High Vacuum). Schemes for solving large algebraic systems. 3 Cr. Diffusion pumps. Doer.T. Albuquerque. Manometers. Hemisphere. Measurement of total pressure in Vacuums Systems. 3. “Computational Fluid Dynamics”. Ion pumps. Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow. Computational Fluid Dynamics for Engineers. Vol. Mcgraw Hill. 1991.

Radiation Detection and Measurement: GM tubes. Accuracy. summing amplifiers. leak detection equipment. Sensor Technology: Sensors for temperature.The McLoad gauges. and single channel analyzer. Mean Value and Variance. Significance of results. Statistical Control of Measurements. current to voltage converter. pumping system design. pressure displacement. Pump Choice. RS 232. Spectrographs and Interferometers. interpolation and extrapolation. Differentiators. Special Techniques and problems. Data manipulation. phase. Liquid Nitrogen trap. Mass spectrometer for partial measurement of pressure. Propagation of errors. alpha/beta detectors. Spectroscopy amplifiers. Repair Techniques. metal. Interfacing. Lock in Amplifiers. level. Electronics and Electronic Instruments: Operational amplifiers. scintillation detector. Boxcar averages. Data Analysis: Evaluation of measurement: Systematic Errors. Computer Introduction: Introduction to computers. cosmic rays detectors. Ramp Generators. current voltage. Isolators. difference amplifiers. Integrators. Multichannel analyzer. rotation. 53 . Power supplies. speed. Visual c/visual Basic. Surface to Volume ratio. Accidental Errors. DA/AD conversion. Statistical Methods. Vacuum valves. x-rays/gamma detectors. Rejection of data. explosive and heat. linear and parabolic interpolation. Nonlinear functions. flow. Coincidence circuits. preliminary Estimation. power magnetic field. rotation position. Vacuum Components. Mechanical feed throughs & Electrical feed throughs Leak detection: Basic consideration. charge sensitive pre-amplifiers. channeltron. vacuum Flanges. photo multipliers. tilt. smoothing. Signal Generators. Errors of Computation. neutron detectors. Counters. Design of high Vacuum system. GPIB Interface. Errors of Direct measurements. Precision. Least squares fit to a polynomial. Logarithmic amplifiers.

2. ground water. living in green house. Energy and momentum. The ozone filter.D. The spectroscopy of bi-molecules. McGraw Hill. Data Reduction and Error Analysis for Physical Science. Yarwood.1. active control of sound. Noise: Basic Acoustics. climate variations and modeling. flow in reverse. J. enjoying the sun. Flow equations of fluid Dynamics. To become familiar with the essentials of environment nad Global climate To learn to use spectroscopy for environments. Turbulent jets and planes. IOP. 54 . Turbulence Diffusion. Basic Environmental Spectroscopy: Black body radiation.B. the social and political context. Bevington. 4. The emission spectrum of sun. 1962. Transport of matter. Academic Press.Toping. New York & London Vol. Introduction to the Essentials of Environmental Physics: The economic system. Inc. Transport of Pollutants: Diffusion. Human Perceptions and noise criteria. The Einstein Coefficients. Statistical Treatment of Methods of Experimental Physics. Chapman Hall. Solar UV and life. P. Gaussian plumes in air. elements of weather and climate. High Vacuum Techniques.Books Recommended: 1. The Global Climate: The energy Balance. The transition electric dipole moment. H. Turbulence. 2. reducing the transmission of sound.Young. ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Pre-requisite: Physics (FSc) 3 Cr. Lambert – Beer’s law. Errors of Observations. J. 3. (Zero-dimensional Greenhouse Model).h Objective: 1.

surface wind velocity. and cryptography Computer technology and historical background. 2. The atmospheric greenhouse effect. EPR and Bell’s inequality. Measurement. Basic principles and postulates of quantum mechanics: Quantum states. Climatology and Measurements of Climate Factor: Data collection and organization. Physics of Environmental and Climate. Schmidt decomposition. Radiation balance. Natural radiation. Thermal action of selief. statistical analysis of climatic data. Measurement of temperature. 1999. superposition. 2. operator function. Universal 55 . Egbert Booker and Rienk Van Gron Belle. Environmental Physics. precipitation. Guyot Praxis Publication. Quantum Computation: Quantum Circuits. air humidity. quantization from bits to qubits. General characteristics of measuring equipments. Topo Climates and Micro Climates: Effects of surface elements in flat and widely unduling areas. density matrix. Single qubit operation. evolution. Atmospheric Pressure. Books Recommended: 1. cloud and Precipitation. Atmosphere and Climate: Structure of the atmosphere.h Objectives 1. Controlled operations. interaction of electromagnetic radiation and plants. 2nd ed. Dynamic action of seliq. quantum measurement. automatic weather stations. John Wiley and sons.Radiation: General laws of Radiation. climatic indices. Schrodinger equation. utilization of photo synthetically active radiation. Atmospheric Circulation. INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM COMPUTING Pre-requisite: Quantum Mechanics and Computational Physics 3 Cr. 1998. To be familiar with the quantum computing To learn about the Quantum circuits . vertical profiles in the lower layers of the atmosphere. Lateral movement in the atmosphere.

Springer Verlag. Chen. the weak coupling. Schor’s algorithm. Experimental realization. Polarization and Spin basis. the strong coupling. iso-spin charge conjugation. 3. BB84. rotation in space. leptons. G parity. time reversal. mesons. Quantum Teleportation. Quantum Computation and Quantum Information by M. Clearwater. Quantum Search Algorithm. To learn about the Quark models. systems of identical particles. Bouwmester. Exploration in Quantum Computation by C. Quantum cryptography with and without eavesdropping. The Fundamental Interactions: The electromagnetic coupling. 4. CPT theorem. Ekert. Breaking unbreakable codes: Code making. Cambridge University Press. Nielson and I. Code breaking on classical and quantum computers. 3. hadrons. Trapdoor function. 2. The Physics of Quantum Information: Quantum Cryptography. parity. Quantum Computation by P. and Ekert protocols. Books Recommended: 1. baryons. and A. Symmetry Transformation and Conservation Laws: Translation in space.Brylinsky and G. Berlin. RSA cryptography. the group SU (2). Chuang. Springer Verlag (1997). Zeilinger. 56 . To learn about the interaction of these particles. 2.K. To know the particles and their classification. L. Quantum Cryptography: Uncertainty principle. PARTICLE PHYSICS Pre-requisite Quantum Physics 3 Cr. A. Cambridge 2000. A. Single qubit and CNOT gates. BB90. H. Heidelberg (2000). quarks. Williams and S. Particle Classification: Quantum numbers.quantum gates. One time pad.P. Chapman & Hall/CRC (2002). Mathematics of Quantum Computation by A.h Objectives 1.

production experiments. COMPUTER SIMULATION Pre-requisites Mathematical Physics 3 Cr. The Quark Model: The group SU (3). Learn techniques to understand and develop compter simulations. The Standard Model (qualitative treatment only): Unification of weak and electromagnetic interactions Glashow-SalamWeinberg Model. 4. parity and C parity of photon. S. Introduction to Elementary Particles by Griffiths. J. 3. and Martin.. heave meson spectroscopy.The Electromagnetic Field: Gauge invariance and Maxwell’s equations. To use numerical techniques to solve the differential equations. (1987). F. 2. D. quarks. 2. hadrons baryons. (1990). partial wave formalism and the optical theorem. and Drell. angular momentum. Books Recommended: 1.D. World Scientific. John-Wiley and Sons. D. (1995). John-Wiley and Sons.h Objectives. To understand the simulation in classical physics and Quantum Physics 57 . the Breit-Wigner resonance formula.D. Hadron Spectroscopy: Formation experiment. phase space considerations. baryon resonances.. 1. McGraw Hill. Quarks and Leptons by Halzen. Relatvistic Quantum Mechanics by Bjorken. Quantum Mechanics by Riazuddin and Fayyazuddin. A. 3. the quarkonium model. mesons in quark model.. (1984). polarization ad photon spin.

Numerical Solution of time-independent (and dependent). Driven LRC Circuits (Time varying). Approaches to Equilibrium. radio. percolation theory. Accuracy and stability of numerical techniques. Oscillatory Motions). One Dimensional Dynamics (Accelerating cars and objects on springs).activity and radioactive decay series. initial (boundary) and eigen value problems. 58 . Canonical and Micro-Canonical Ensembles. finite volume method. Diffraction and Polarization. LRC Circuits. Monte. computer graphics and programming languages. incorporation of furbulence model. nature of computer simulation. special functions and Guassian quadrarure. compressible and incompressible flow and their methods.Introduction: Importance of computers in physics. Schrodinger Wave Equation. Electromagnetic Waves. Mean and Turbulant kinetic energy equation. Distribution Functions in Statistical Physics. Techniques and class of computer simulation. principles of vector computing in Cartesian. External points and strings. numerical integrations. use of commercial code for prediction of off complex flow.Carlo Simulation. Wave phenomena (Fourier analysis. Noise in Signal. Molecular Dynamics in Solids. matrix operation. spherical and cylindrical coordinates. Guassian Distribution. Coupled oscillator). Geometrical Optics (Ray Tracing an Principle of Least Time). Electric Fields and Potentials. Reduce forms of the governing equation. Two-Dimensional Trajectories (Kepler’s Laws. partial differential equations (elliptic and parabolic types) Simulation in Classical Physics: Motion of Falling Objects. Random-walk problem. Computational Methods for Continuous Medium: Fluid equations. Governing equation in integral and differential forms. Numerical Approaches: Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations. Random Process and Quantum Physics: Random Number and their uses. schemes for solving large algebric system. Discrete methods for the steady state and time dependent diffusion equation. Energy and Center of Mass. Interference. Electric Currents and Magnetic Fields. Time marching schems. The pressure-corection method on staggered and unstaggered grids. Raynold averaging and its applications to Navier stokes equations. Particle in Bound and Free States.

Inc. their inter-conversion. Roache. truth table.M. New York.G. concepts of logic. 1988. simplification of Boolean expression by Boolean Postulates and theorem. Inc. Boolean Algebra: DeMorgan’s theorem.Magnetohydrodynamics. 1988. W. N. Quantum Mechanics Simulation. 2. Harvey Gould and Jan Tobochink. Computational Fluid Dynamics. New York. To understand the computer interface and micro-controller alongwith the emedded system. Hehl. Addison Wesley Publishing Company.h Objectives 1. Winkelman and J.W. Parity in Codes 59 . 3. Johnston and Styer. ASCII. 3. Albuquerque. Springer-Verlage Berlin.). Different codes. 1993. Octal and Hexadecimal number system. F. DIGITAL ELECTRONICS Pre-requisites Electronics 3 Cr. (A Series of the Consortium for upper level Physics software).J. Marvin L. To develop logic circuit using th Boolean Algebra. John Wiley & Sons. De Jong. Hemosa Publishers. New York. 5. P. 6. New York. 1991. resistive and viseus flow of plasmas. Gray etc. To learn the basics of digitl electronics sucha sa Boolian Algebra. Stauffer.. Inc. Books Recommended: 1. Zabolitzky. Review of Number Systems: Binary. thermal conduction and heat transport. Hillar. Computer Simultation and Computer Algebra (Lectures for Beginers). Don’t care condition. 2. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. D. Modelling ideal (MHD). K-maps and their uses.1995. An Introduction to “Computer Simulation Methods” Part-I & II. Introduction to Computational Physics. (BCD. basic logic gates.

5. 3. Sequential Logic Circuit: Flip-flops clocked RS-FF. Memory Devices: ROM. Addressing modes. all generation of computers. Microchip Inc and PIC microcontroller. Macmillan Publishing Company. subtraction (2’s compliments. Digital Logic and Computer Design Morris Mono 1995 Prentic Hall Tocheim. features of a general purpose microcontroller. (Static and dynamic) Memory mapping techniques. Digital System Design and Micro possessor J. Larry D. micro processor (ALU. Counters (Ring. Control and Time Section). TTL. (1999). Jones. PROM. 60 . McMillan. Interfacing with peripherals. ECL. Propagation delay time. T-FF. Intel UPS Architecture. Shift Register. Barrey B. 8086 processor family. EE PROM. full adder. half adder. Exclusive OR gate. JK-FF. 2. microcontroller characteristics. NOR Logic. Instruction set and their types. Synchronous) A/D and D/A Converters. OR-AND. RTL. Principles and applications of digital electronics.IC logic families: Basic characteristics of a logic family. gate design. full subtractor encoder. Discussion on 8085/8088. Combinational logic circuit: Logic circuits based on AND – OR. programming and interfacing. 6. UP Registers. up-down. D-FF. addition. Different logic based IC families (DTL. Micro-controller/ Embedded System: Introduction to Embedded and microcontroller based systems. The Microprocessor and microcontroller applications and environment. Books Recommended 1. EAPROM. (Fan in/out. Philips 80C51 & 80C552 and Motorola 68Hc05/08. McGraw Hill. Typical Microcontroller examples:. half subtractor.C. noise margins etc. Micro Electron. NAND. RAM. PLA. Brey. dissipation. 4. BORTIE (NBF). CMOS). Micro Computers: Computers and its types. decoder. basic architecture of computer. Intel Microprocessor Hierarchy. Prentic Hall (1998). 1993. Digital Electronics. Ripple.

2. Scintillation counters and solid-state detectors. Description of fission reaction. Charged Particle Accelerators: Linear and orbital accelerators Van de Graaff. Palgrave (2003). EXPERIMENTAL NUCLEAR PHYSICS Pre-requisite Nuclear Physics 3 Cr. fast neutron detectors. Digital Fundamental. Types of nuclear reactors (Power and Research). Neutron Physics: Neutron Sources. The Design of Small-Scale Embedded Systems. 8.L. slow neutron detectors. Mass distribution of fission energy. Bubble chambers. Average number of neutrons released. To learn the nuclear detection system and techniques fr their measurements To learn about the charged particles accelerator and nuclear reactor To develop understanding of neutrons physics. Reactor as a neutron source.h Objectives 1. Detailed study of PWR and CANDU type reactors. Cyclotron. Cloud chambers. Proton-synchrotron. Electron-Synchrotrons. Alternating-gradient Synchrotron. Measurement of neutron cross-sections as a function of energy. Gas-filled detectors. Betatron. T. slowing down of neutrons. Tim Wilmshurst. photographic emulsions. Synchrocyclotron. 8th edition. 61 . 3. Photo neutron sources Charged particle sources. Theory of fission and spontaneous fission. Nuclear fission. Nuclear chain reaction and applications. Radioactive sources. Nuclear Radiation Detection and Measurements: Interaction of nuclear radiation with matter.Floyd. Elementary Reactor Physics: Controlled fission reactions.7.

Brightness. Absorption and Gain Coefficients. Keith. Optical Resonators: Plane Parallel (Fabry-Perot) Resonator. Data Detection and Error analysis for physical sciences. . Stimulated Emission. Spinger. William. Resonator. Pumping Schemes. Wave Reflection and Transmission at a Dielectric Interface. 4. 2. Rith. Stable Resonators. Philips Berington and D. Particle and Nuclei. Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics. Stimulated Transition. 2. B. Kenneth S. R. Applications of lasers Introductory Concepts: Spontaneous Emission.h Objectives 1. Develop fundamental concepts about lasers Learn the principles of spectroscopy of molecules and semiconductos Understand the optical resonators and laser system. F. Absorption and Stimulated Emission Rates. Nuclei and Practicles. Absorption. F. 3. 4. Povh.Books Recommended: 1. Resonance Energy Transfers. Scholtz. Generalized Spherical Resonator. Glenn. Selection Rules. Zetsche. Radiation Detection and Measurement. Matrix Formulation of Geometrical Optics. Introducing Nuclear Physics. LASERS Pre-requisite: Quantum Mechanics I and Atomic Physics 3 Cr. Radiative and Nonradiative Decay. Leo. Ring Resonator. Unstable Resonators. Directionality. Coherence. Segre. 1977. John Wiley. Knoll. C. Concentric (Spherical) Resonator. Semiconductor. 1989. 3. 1999. Molecular Energy Levels. Properties of Laser Beam: Monochromaticity. Confocal. Spectroscopy of Molecule and Semiconductors: Electronic Energy Levels. Bejamin. 1994. Stability Condition Standing and Traveling Waves 62 . 6. 5. Level Occupation at Thermal Equilibrium. 1995. 2002. K. Krane.

2. Small Signal Gain and Loop Gain. Principles of Lasers. Svelto. Nitrogen Laser and Excimer Lasers. Laser Fundamentals. Electrical Pumping: Longitudinal Configuration and Transverse Configuration. H. Lasers. Welding etc. Pumping Processes: Optical pumping: Flash lamp and Laser. Science Books Mill Valley. J. Wiley. Haken. 3. 5. Holography. 63 . Phase Velocity.E. Plenum Press New York & London (1992). Milonni. Laser Tuning. Drilling. Medicine. Laser Communication. Chemical Pumping. Group Velocity. Threshold Pump Power. New York. Multilayer Dielectric Coatings. CO2 laser. (Latest Edition). University. Silfvast. and Group-Delay Dispersion. Line broadening. C. Gas lasers: Helium Neon laser. Optimum Output Coupling. Fabry-Perot Interferometer.A. Threshold Condition and Output Power. Springer.in a two Mirror Resonator. Nd: YAG & Nd: Glass Lasers and Semiconductor Lasers: Homojunction Lasers Double-Heterostructure lasers. 4. A. T. Quantum Optics. Cambridge University Press (1997). Continuous Wave (CW) and pulsed lasers Rate Equations. QSwitching and Mode-Locking Methods. O. Siegman. Laser Theory. Scully and Zubairy. Lasers Systems : Solid State Lasers: Ruby Laser. Atmospheric Physics Books Recommended 1. W. Gas Dynamics Pumping. latest edition. Free-Electron and X-Ray Lasers Laser applications: Material Processing: Surface Hardening. (1986). Berlin (Latest Edition). Longitudinal and Transverse Modes in a Cavity. Oscillation and Pulsations in Lasers. Defense Industry. Cutting. Laser. Eberly and P. pumping efficiency.

h Objectives 1.McComb. curves and surfaces. 1999. the light-cone.V.D. rest mass. Introducing Einstein’s Relativity. Books Recommended: 1. W. time paradox. 1989. microwave background. kinetic and total energy. length contraction. 2. 64 . Cosmology: Newtonian cosmology. Special Relativity: Galilean relativity. Hubble’s law. matter and radiation domination. conservation of energy and momentum. Elements of Tensor Calculus: Manifolds and coordinates. Einstein’s field equations. Riemann tensor. four-vectors. Einstein’s postulates of special relativity. Minkowski space time tensors. metric tensor. geodesics. To learn about the Special theory of relativity To learn the basics of relativistic mechanics and develop understanding about the General theory. line element. Oxford University Press.D’Inverno. J. Cambridge University Press.Narlikar. 1992. relativity of simultaneity. cosmological red-shift. history of the universe. equation of geodesics deviation. the Big Bang expansion rate. Lie derivative. R.RELATIVITY AND COSMOLOGY Pre-requisites Mechanics. Michelson-Morley experiment. proper time. time dilation. Introduction to Cosmology. 2. Relativistic Mechanics: Force equation in relativity. Lorentz transformations. FSc Physics 3 Cr. Dynamics and Relativity. General Relativity: Principles of general relativity. Oxford University Press.D. concept of ether. structure of space-time. velocity transformation and velocity addition. tensor fields. 3.

New York.O. John Wiley.R. H. A. Oxford University Press.T. 3. New Delhi. 1991. 1988. Point defects and dislocations in solids. Oxford. 2. 65 . Solid State Physics. 7. Para and Ferro-magnetism. Christman. Solid State Physics. Guinier & R. Superconductivity and devices. New York. John Wiley & Sons. John Wiley & Sons. Read Jr. S. Magnetic relaxation and resonance phenomena. Introduction to Solid State Physics. 1982.SOLID STATE PHYSICS-II Pre-requisite: Solid State Physics I 3Cr.M. Kittle. Solid State Physics. Introduction to superconductivity with applications.Pillai. Hall. 2003. Tata McGraw Hill. 7th edition 1996.E. 1989. Dia. To understand the transport properties in solids To understand the crystal defects and their importance To understand the dielectric and magnetic properties of materials To give basic understanding of superconductivity. 5. Solid State Physics. C. Co.h Objectives: 1. Transport properties of solids. McGraw Hill. C. The Solid State. 4. Books Recommended: 1. 3. Dielectrics. New Age International Pub. Dislocations in crystals. W. 2. Kachaava. 4. 1989. J. 6. Boltzmann equation. Jullien.

the Provinces will have to be involved at the highest level for the implementation for the BS program. The Directorate Colleges of Provinces should be provided special funds by the respective provinces for qualified manpower and for building of necessary infrastructure for starting BS (4-year) program or at least the Part-I of this program at Colleges. 66 .General Recommendations: The Committee made the following recommendations: 1. the HEC may take up the matter with the provincial Directorate of Colleges to introduce the BS (4-year) program both in Colleges and University departments. For the smooth and uniform implementation of the BS (4-year) program throughout the country. namely Part-I (2-years) and Part-II (2years). the suffix “Hons.” may not be used with the nomenclature of the program. 3. Until the introduction of 4-year composite bachelor degree program in Colleges and Universities. The HEC should provide special funds for building infrastructure for the BS (4-year) program and development of teaching faculty at the university departments. 2. As all the BS programs are of four years duration. 4. To implement the BS (4-year) program the Colleges will have to provide extra facilities for teaching extra courses and for Lab equipment. the program can be split up in two parts. 5. in consistency with the approved revised scheme of studies and curriculum of Physics for the program. Refresher courses on new topics in Physics may be arranged for college teachers. completed at College and university department respectively.

Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase.Annexure “A” COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. a) Functional English Grammar 67 . clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1.

Reading/Comprehension 1.1. Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. 2.V. Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1.V. ISBN 0194313492 Practical English Grammar by A. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Exercises 2. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. Third Impression 1992. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. Martinet. Oxford University Press. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. Thomson and A.J. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Third edition. Reading. minutes of meetings. Fourth Impression 1993. Martinet. b) Practical English Grammar by A.J. Writing. 1997. Thomson and A. Exercises 1. Third edition. Oxford University Press. Upper Intermediate. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. and speed reading. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. 1997. intensive and extensive. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review 68 .

Third edition. 2. introduction to presentations. narrative. language. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. Reading.V. discursive. 2. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. form. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Writing 1.J. Thomson and A. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building 69 . ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. Fourth Impression 1992. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Practical English Grammar by A. b) c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. Martinet. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Oxford Supplementary Skills. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Writing. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Writing. Oxford University Press 1986. clarity. Fourth Impression 1993. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. Exercises 2. content. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. descriptive and argumentative writing). Reading 1. Third Impression 1991.Recommended books: Communication Skills a) Grammar 1. Advanced. Oxford Supplementary Skills.

A Custom Publication. 2004. Kirszner and Stephen R. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. Third Impression 1992. Kathleen Shine Cain. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. Advanced by Ron White. argumentative and report writing). descriptive. 2. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. St. 70 . (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. Martin’s Press. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Writing. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. Compiled by norther Illinois University. College Writing Skills by John Langan. 3.Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 (particularly suitable for discursive. without taxing the taste of engineering students). Mandell.

Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e.Annexure “B” Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective. Ethnicity d. 1971-77 d. Indus Civilization Muslim advent iii. 2. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. 1947-58 b. government. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan 71 . ideological background of Pakistan. Study the process of governance. Course Outline 1. Society and social structure c. 1988-99 f. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. 1958-71 c. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. contemporary Pakistan. Location and geo-physical features. 1999 onward 3. politics. Economic institutions and issues b. b. ii. 1977-88 e. People and Land i. Contemporary Pakistan a. Historical Perspective a. national development. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c.

13. Noor ul.. Wilcox. Lahore: Vanguard. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. Mehmood. Mehmood. M. Sayeed. 1987.Books Recommended 1. 2. Shahid Javed. Club Road. Vol. Safdar. 9. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Political Parties in Pakistan. S. Amin. Party. Ansar. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. Lawrence. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. 1994. Politics in Pakistan. 1972. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. 2000. 14. K. Aziz. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. Pakistan Under Martial Law. Ziring. Institute of Public Policy Research. 3. Enigma of Political Development. 7.M. 5. Wayne. Zahid. I. Karachi: Royal Book Company. 1980. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. Muhammad Waseem.The Emergence of Banglades. 1980. 1967. 1993. Afzal. 8. 4. Tahir. Akbar. Khalid Bin. Ethno . Washington: American Enterprise.K. 11. State & Society in Pakistan. Safdar. Lahore: Idara-eSaqafat-e-Islamia. 1998. 6. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. Rafique. Islamabad. 72 .National Movement in Pakistan. Lahore. Zaidi. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. 12. 1993. II & III. 1976. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. S. nd. The Political System of Pakistan. Haq. 10. Burki. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. History & Culture of Sindh. Karachi: Oxford University Press.

W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Sellected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.A.40.6.Annexure “C” ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.19.56.58.57. Detail of Courses Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) Basic Concepts of Quran 2) History of Quran 3) Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.Tadabar (Verse No1. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.W) in Makkah 73 .) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.20) Related to thinking.21.

W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Basic Concepts of Hadith History of Hadith Kinds of Hadith Uloom –ul-Hadith Sunnah & Hadith Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Nature of Differences in Islamic Law Islam and Sectarianism Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islamic Culture & Civilization Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics Islamic Concept of Riba Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 74 .W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.

‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi.S. Ahmad Hasan. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Emergence of Islam” . Bhatia. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts Of Social System Of Islam 2) Elements Of Family 3) Ethical Values Of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad. Pakistan. “Studies in Islamic Law.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H.3) Basic Institutions of Govt. IRI. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Islamabad (2001) 75 . International Islamic University.

equations reducible to quadratic equations. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. introduction to sets. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Mathematics at secondary level 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Wooton W. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. PWS-Kent Company. geometric progression. College Algebra and Trigonometry. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. 1987. not majoring in mathematics. Houghton & Mifflin. Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. determinants. types of functions. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. trigonometric identities. Boston 76 .Annexure “D” Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. Cramer’s rule. 1978. Sharron S. Beckenback EF. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. matrix inverse. complex numbers. set operations. functions. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. system of linear equations. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. harmonic progression. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. types. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. cube roots of unity.

with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. PWS-Kent Company. Ma. Bevens I. Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. integration by parts. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. continuity. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. differentiation of polynomial. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals.Swokowski EW. Boston Thomas GB. 1995. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. inequalities. continuous functions. Davis S. Boston 2. MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Mathematics I (Algebra) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. not majoring in mathematics. not majoring in mathematics. Calculus (3rd edition). derivatives. integration by substitution. Recommended Books: Anton H. New York Stewart J. PWS-Kent Company. 77 . Calculus (11th edition). rational and transcendental functions. Reading. change of variables in indefinite integrals. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). solution of equations involving absolute values. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) Mathematics II (Calculus) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). left-hand and right-hand limits. John Wiley. Addison-Wesley. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. 2005. Finney AR. 2005. functions and their graphs. 1983. USA 3. 1986.

Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Freshman and Company. PWS-Kent Company. ellipse.Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. intersection of lines and circles. distance between two points. slope of a line. distance between a point and a line. 1969 Kaufmann JE. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Analytic Geometry. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). Boston Swokowski EW. Scott. After completion of this course the student should be able to: • • • Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. various forms of equation of a line. locus of a point in various conditions. Boston 4. College Algebra and Trigonometry. 1986. circles determined by various conditions. Objectives 78 . the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. Circle: Equation of a circle. intersection of two lines. 1987. equation of a line. PWS-Kent Company. hyperbola. parallel and perpendicular lines. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline : Pre-requisites : Credit Hours : Minimum Contact Hours: Assessment : Effective : Aims : : To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. Conic Sections: Parabola. angle between two lines.

Swokowski. 79 . E. relationship of statistics with social science. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. equations reducible to quadratic equations. 2. Algebra : : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. Kaufmann. variance. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. 4. Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. Introduction to sets. set operations. quartiles. Latest Edition. Wilcox. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. discrete and continuous series. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. types of matrices. R. types of functions. Graphs: Graph of straight line. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’.. array.. skewness and kurtosis. Measures of dispersion: Range. E. functions. circle and trigonometric functions. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. Walpole. deciles and percentiles. cumulative frequency curve. Latest Edition. Latest Edition. R. determinants. PWS-Kent Company. trigonometric identities. 2. frequency polygon. Statistics : Books Recommended: 1. R. nature of roots of quadratic equations. E. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. ungrouped and grouped data. moments. inverse of matrices. geometric and harmonic progressions. bar frequency diagram histogram. W. 3. standard deviation. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. Cramer’s rule. Boston.. types of frequency series. Prentice Hall. tally sheet method. individual.Contents 1. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. J. system of linear equations.. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. characteristics of statistics. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. inter quartile deviation mean deviation.

Calculus. Gleason. 1983. Rational and Transcendental Functions. Boston. and Transcendental Functions. H. 3. Hughes-Hallett. Continuous Functions. Continuity. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. Inc. Elliott Mendelson. special points of a function. Trigonometric Functions. Davis. 3rd Edition. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. 4th edition.Jr. S. Addison Wesley publishing company. Solution of equations involving absolute values. Calculus. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. Recommended Books: 1. 2005. 2002. Thomas. 2. Second Edition 1992. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. Integration by Parts. Mathews. E. 8th edition. 6. Leibnitz’ theorem. Prentice-Hall. 1999. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. Anton. Schaum’s Outline Series. Swokowski. 11th Edition. Inequalities. Frank A. Jhon Willey & Sons. et al. logarithmic differentiation. 80 . Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. Least-Squares Line. 4. Calculus Single and Multivariable. Slope of a Line. Equation of a Line. John H. Preliminary calculus. Extreme Values of Functions. quotients. Bevens. 5. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Contents 1. McCallum.5. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. John Wiley & Sons. 6. Calculus. products. implicit differentiation. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. the chain rule. theorems of differentiation. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. Rational Functions. W. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. I. Inc. 2005. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering.

plane polar coordinates. alternating series test • • • • Operations with series Power series Convergence of power series. division Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form and argument. standard Maclaurin series Evaluation of limits 81 . integration by inspection. sinusoidal function.2. convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. modulus multiplication. solving hyperbolic equations. identities of hyperbolic functions. infinite and improper integrals. inverses of hyperbolic functions. complex conjugate. • Hyperbolic functions Definitions. finding the nth roots of unity. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. integration by parts. operations with power series Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. solving polynomial equations Complex logarithms and complex powers Applications to differentiation and integration • • 3. integral inequalities. series involving natural numbers. calculus of hyperbolic functions Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series. logarithmic integration. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. arithmetico-geometric series. • Integration Integration from first principles. reduction formulae. approximation errors in Taylor series. applications of integration. the difference method. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • • • • The need for complex numbers Manipulation of complex numbers Additions and subtraction. the inverse of differentiation. geometric series. integration using partial fractions. substitution method.

4. mean values of functions Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals. vector product. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants 82 . Vector algebra • • • • • • • • • 7. equation of a plane Using vectors to find distances Point to line. point to plane. line to line. scalar triple product. line to plane Reciprocal vectors 5. Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints Double integrals Triple integrals Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. centers of mass and centroids. vector triple product Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. Pappus’ theorems. Multiple integrals • • • • 6. the inner product. moments of inertia. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. masses.

combinations of grad. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. unitary normal Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. symmetric and antisymmetric. orthogonal. Vector calculus • • • • • • • • • 83 . of a general square matrix Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions. divergence of a vector field.• • • • • The inverse of a matrix The rank of a matrix Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns Special square matrices Diagonal. Hermitian. spherical polar coordinates • 8. differential of a vector Integration of vectors Space curves Vector functions of several arguments Surfaces Scalar and vector fields Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. curl of a vector field Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. of a unitary matrix. div and curl Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates.

Interpretation of the standard Deviation. Quantiles. Diagrams. Empirical Relation between Mean. Unit 2. Constructing of a frequency distribution. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. sample design and sampling frame. Stem and Leaf Display. Box and Whisker Plot. Exercises. Historigram. Coefficient of variation. Moments and Moments ratios. Range. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. Types of frequency curves. Rounding of a Number. Bar charts. 84 . Population.Annexure “E” INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Difference of means and proportions. Exercises. Graphs and their Construction. Different types of Averages. Significant digits. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. Pie chart. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. probability and non-probability sampling. Exercises Unit 6. Editing of Data. Unit 5. Exercises. Observations. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Sources. sampling and non sampling errors. properties of Good Average. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. definition of outliers and their detection. Unit 4. Absolute and relative measures. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. The semiInter-quartile Range. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Exercises. sampling with and without replacement. Collection of primary and secondary data. Unit 3. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Discrete and continuous variables. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Median and mode. The Variance and standard deviation. Standardized variables. Histogram. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. The Mean Deviation. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. Errors of measurement. Data. The Mode. Presentation of Data Introduction. bias. Exercises. Change of origin and scale. Probability and Probability Distributions.

general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Correlation. null and alternative hypothesis. its estimation and interpretation. R. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. Kitab Markaz. level of significance. Type-I and Type-II errors. “Introduction to Statistics”. Regression and Correlation Introduction. Exercises. Inc.Unit 7. 85 . Exercises Unit 9. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. Muhammad. F. r and R2. examples.. cause and effect relationships. Coefficient of linear correlation. New York. Unit 11. Macmillan Publishing Co. 3rd Ed. Examples Recommended Books 1 2 Walpole. Exercises.Single Population Introduction. Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. Testing of Hypothesis. Unit 8. Statistical problem. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. simple linear regression. E. 1982. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. Test statistics. Exercises Unit 10. acceptance and rejection regions. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples.. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. 2005. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. Contingency Tables.

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