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2008

HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD

**CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
**

Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Riaz ul Haq Tariq Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Khan Executive Director Member (Acad) Deputy Director (Curri) Assistant Director Assistant Director

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CONTENTS

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Introduction --------------------------------------------------------- 07 Objectives ----------------------------------------------------------- 09 Frame Work/Template for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics ------ 10 Scheme of Studies for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics ----------- 11 Details of Courses for BS (4-YEAR) in Physics------------ 14 Recommendations ------------------------------------------------ 66 Details of Compulsary Courses (Annexures A, B, C, D & E.) ------------------------------------ 67

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PREFACE

Curriculum development is a highly organized and systematic process and involves a number of procedures. Many of these procedures include incorporating the results from international research studies and reforms made in other countries. These studies and reforms are then related to the particular subject and the position in Pakistan so that the proposed curriculum may have its roots in the socio-economics setup in which it is to be introduced. Hence, unlike a machine, it is not possible to accept any curriculum in its entirety. It has to be studied thoroughly and all aspects are to be critically examined before any component is recommended for adoption. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976, the Federal Government vide notification No. D773/76-JEA (cur.), dated December 4th 1976, appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees, certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges, universities and other institutions of higher education. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives, the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. According to the decision of the special meeting of Vice-Chancellor’s Committee, the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic, Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards, and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. It also aimed to give a basic, broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. The new BS degree shall be of 4 years duration, and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. For those social sciences and basic sciences degrees, 63.50% of the curriculum will consist of discipline specific courses, and 36.50% will consist of compulsory courses and general courses offered through other departments. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level, comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities, degree awarding institutions, R&D organizations and respective accreditation councils. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Physics in a meeting held on March 28-29, 2008 at the 4

The final draft prepared by the National Curriculum Revision Special Committee. DR. duly approved by the competent authority.RIAZ-UL-HAQ TARIQ Member Academics June 2008 5 . Karachi in continuation of its earlier meeting held on November 16-17. revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. Lahore.HEC Regional Center.

LI R&D HEC National Curriculum Revision Committee Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities Preparation Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. REC. HEC BACK TO STAGE-I 6 . PREP. EXP. OF NCRC.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRICULUM UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRICULUM IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. COL. R&D. VCC. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP PREPARATION OF FINAL CURRICULUM QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. UNI. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRICULUM PREPARARTION OF DRAFT BY NCRC IMPLEMENTATION OF CURRICULUM REVIEW Abbreviations Used: NCRC.

Dr. 2007 at HEC Regional Centre. Qidwai. Lahore. Gomal University. This meeting was follow up of the preliminary meeting.Dr. 4. Karachi. held on November 16-17. Prof. Director Institute of Physics. Muhammad Ayub. Ashraf Chaudhry. Peshawar. 7.I. Chairman. Department of Physics. 2008 at HEC Regional Centre. Department of Physics. Lahore. 6. D.Muhammad Riaz Khan. Department of Physics. Dr. Dr. Shah Adul Latif University. University of Peshawar. Karachi to adjust and finalize the BS Physics (4 Year) curriculum in the light of HEC approved guidelines and generic unified frame work / template for social and natural sciences for the program. Manzoor Hussain.Dr. University of Sindh. University of Karachi. Department of Physics. The following attended the Meetings: 1.Introduction The 2nd and Final NCRC Special Meeting in Physics was held on March 28-29. Prof. Dr. Professor. Prof. 3. Dr. Prof. Dr. Director. Bahauddin Zakria University. Qurban Ali Bhatti. Government College University. Multan 7 Convener Member Member Member Member Member Member Member . Centralized Resource Laboratory. Department of Physics.Hassan Amir Shah. Khairpur. Prof. Jamshoro. 5. Muhammad Siddique Kalhoro. Prof. Department of Physics. University of the Punjab. Prof. Khan 2. Chairman. Department of Physics. 8. Prof. Lahore. Ansar A.

University Multan 11. Lahore. Dr. Incharge HEC Regional Centre. Dr. Dr. University of Balochistan. Karachi welcomed the participants. Dr. Chairman. the participants agreed to the following scheme of study and course outlines for BS (4 Year) program in Physics in the light of the guidelines and format approved by HEC for BS (4-years) program for natural sciences: 8 . Department of Physics. Assistant Director HEC. Prof. Government College University. Syed Zafar Ilyas. 2007 at HEC. The objective of the meeting was explained and the forum was requested to select a convener & secretary of the meeting. B. The committee unanimously selected Prof. Muhammad Rafiq Rai. Shafiullah Khan. Department of Physics. After a thorough and long discussion. Shafiullah Khan requested the participants to finalize the revised curriculum of Physics (2005) in line with HEC approved template for BS (4 year) program in the light of decisions taken in the first NCRC special meeting in physics held on November 16-17. Lahore Member Member Member/ Secretary The Meeting started with a recitation from Holy Quran by Mr. Muhammad Ayub as convener and Dr.9.Z. M. Islamabad. Younis Nadeem. Associate Professor. 10. Mr. Riaz Ahmad. Prof. Riaz Ahmad as a secretary. Mr. Regional Centre.

Students will develop hands-on experience in different laboratory techniques. 5. This programme will equip the students with firm foundation in principles of Physics and their applications. able to face the challenges of the modern world. Students will be prepared for careers in teaching. Students will develop in-depth understanding of some specialized area of Physics by opting for a number of elective courses. research and industry in government / private organizations. Students will develop skills in written as well as oral communication in English. . 9. Students will develop habit of independent learning and get motivation for selfeducation. 8. 11. 3. Students will develop critical and rational reasoning so that they will be able to work on complex and unforeseen problems and seek their solution. Students will develop and understanding of different basics of Physics and their applications to real problems. 7. Students will develop the ability of working in an interactive group. 2. 9 4. Students will be able to design and conduct experiments and analyse experimental data. Students will develop problem-solving skills which will be helpful in applying their knowledge to the real world. 6. Students will develop effective skills in mathematics and its applications to the solutions of Physics problems. 10. Student will learn fundamentals principles of Physics.Objectives of BS 4 Year program in Physics The Objective of BS 4 Year Program is to impart the best possible education in the subject so that students will utilize the knowledge of Physics in practical life which will be beneficial for the society. The primary aim of the programme is to produce broad-based graduates. The graduates will be able to apply their knowledge of Physics for their professional growth and for obtaining further Higher Education in specialized fields of Physics The main educational objectives of BS (4-year) program are: 1.

Lab-IV Cr hr 2 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 29 25 21 Major courses including research project/internship 11-13 courses 36-42 Credit hours Subject 1. Electricity & Magnetism-I 6. 6. Heat & Thermodynamics 5. 9. 6. 2. 2. 7. Quantum Mechanics – I Classical Mechanics Electronics Lab-V Mathematical Methods – I Quantum Mechanics –II Electromagnetic Theory-I Thermal & Statistical Physics Nuclear Physics Solid State Physics Lab-VI Computational Physics Lab-VII Electromagnetic Theory-II University Option Mathematical Methods – II Cr hr 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 2 3 3 3 45 Elective Courses within the major 4 courses 12 Credit Hours Subject 1. Mechanics – I 2. 3. 10. 15. 3. 4. 13. MATHEMATI-CS-I 8. Lab-III 13. Waves and Oscillations.I Elective .II Elective . 16. Electricity & Magnetism – II 8. 11. 2. 5. Mechanics – II 4. 4. MATHEMATICS-II** 9. Elective l . Modern Physics & Electronics 7. ENGLISH-I ENGLISH-II ENGLISH-III ENGLISH-IV* PAKISTAN STUDIES ISLAMIC STUDIES / ETHICS 7. 4. 5.LAYOUT FOR BS (4 YEAR) PHYSICS General Courses to be chosen from other departments 7-8 courses 21-24 Cr. Optics / University Option 9. hours Subject GOF-I GRF-I Maths-III GOF-II GOF-III GRF-II Maths-IV Compulsory Requirements (the student has no choice) Discipline Specific Foundation Courses 9 courses 25 Credit hours Subject 1. 12. INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER Cr hr 3 3 3 3 2 2 3 3 3 9-10 courses 30-33 Credit hours Cr hr 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Subject 1. Atomic & Molecular Physics 10. 8. 14. 3. Lab-II 12.III Elective – IV / Research Project Cr hr 3 3 3 3 12 Total Credit Hours 132 * University has the option to recommend any other course in lieu of English-IV ** University may recommend any other course in lieu of Mathematics-II GOF= General Subjects from Faculties other than Science GRF= General Subject from Science Faculty 10 . Lab-I 11. 3.

Hrs. 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 19 Remarks Com-8 Found-6 Found-7 Gen-3 Found-8 Gen-4 Found-9 Remarks Comp-9 Found-10 Gen-5 Gen-6 Found-11 Gen-7 Found-12 English-IV University Option Modern Physics & Electronics GOF-III Maths-IV Electricity & Magnetism-II GRF-II Lab-IV Total 11 . Remarks English-I Pak Studies Maths-1 Introduction to Computers Mechanics-I GOF-I Lab-I Total Title English-II Islamic Studies Maths-II GRF-I Waves & Oscillations Mechanics-II Lab-II Total 3 2 3 3 2 3 1 17 Comp-1 Comp-2 Comp-3 Comp-4 Found-1 Gen-1 Found-2 Semester-II Cr.SCHEME OF BS (4 YEAR) PROGRAMME IN PHYSICS Semester-1 Title Cr. Hrs. English-III 3 Electricity & Magnetism-I 3 Heat & Thermodynamics 3 Maths-III 3 Optics/University Option* 3 GOF-II 3 Lab-III 1 Total 19 Title Semester-IV Cr Hrs. 3 2 3 3 3 2 1 17 Remarks Comp-5 Comp-6 Comp-7 Gen-2 Found-3 Found-4 Found-5 Semester-III Title Cr. Hrs.

Elective-II 3 Elective-III 3 Elective-IV/Research Project 3 University Option* 3 Total Total Credit Hours = 132 12 Remarks Maj-1 Maj-2 Maj-3 Maj-4 Maj-5 Maj-6 Remarks Maj-7 Maj-8 Maj-9 Maj-10 Maj-11 Maj-12 Remarks Maj-13 Found-13 Maj-14 Elective Maj-15 Remarks Elective Elective Elective Maj-16 GOF= General Subjects from Faculties other than Science Faculty GRF= General Subject from Science Faculty The Universities may reshuffle courses within semesters * University Option is given to universities in order to introduce subjects according to specialization of qualified staff available Note: 12 . Hrs. Mathematical Methods of 3 Physics -II Quantum Mechanics -II 3 Electromagnetic Theory -I 3 Nuclear Physics 3 Solid State Physics 3 Lab-VI 2 Total 17 Semester-VII Title Cr.Semester-V Cr Title Hrs. Mathematical Methods of 3 Physics-I Quantum Mechanics-I 3 Thermal & Statistical 3 Physics Classical Mechanics 3 Electronics 3 Lab-V 2 Total 17 Semester-VI Title Cr. Computational Physics 3 Atomic & Molecular Physics 3 Electromagnetic Theory-II 3 Elective-I 3 LAB-VII 2 Total 14 Semester-VIII Cr Title Hrs. Hrs.

Dr. Riaz Ahmad (Secretary) Prof. 2008. Muhammad Ayub (Convener) 13 . HEC. Islamabad on the prescribed format by 10th April. Shafiullah Khan.Course Profiles Dr. Dr. The Meeting ended with thanks from the chair. Assistant Director (Curriculum). Riaz Ahmed was requested to prepare the course profiles for different courses and submit the same to Mr.

Stoke’s Theorem. Divergence and curl of a vector. (Physics + Math) 2 Cr.Sc. Obtaining general expression for work done (2dimensional case) and applying to simple cases e. Coriolis force. curl and line integral (mutual relation).DETAILS OF COURSES MECHANICS-I Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. Non inertial frames and Pseudo forces. Spherical polar coordinates. Constant and variable forces. normal forces and contact forces. the banked curve. terminal velocity. physical importance and applications to specific cases. pulling a mass at the end of a fixed string against gravity. Direction. in vibration of a spring obeying Hooke’s Law). (Essentially a review of grade-XII concepts via integration technique to calculate work done (e.g. Qualitative discussion to develop understanding. Deriving kinetic equations for x(t). Particle Dynamics: Dynamics of uniform. their derivation. Vector Analysis: Review of Vector in 3 dimensions and fundamental Operations. Work energy theorem. gradient of a scalar. Time dependent forces. Centrifugal force as an example of pseudo force. Projectile motion with and without air resistance. Obtaining x(t). Work. To give concept of vector and their various properties. circular motion. 3. Effect of drag forces on motion. General 14 . Physical significance of each type. Calculation of pseudo forces for simple cases (linearly accelerated reference frames). Cosines. v(t) via integration. Vector identities. Vector and scalar triple products. Applying Newton’s Laws to obtain v(t) for the case of motion with time dependent (Integration approach) drag (viscous) forces. special examples. To give basic understanding of laws of motion and their applications is daily life. Power and Energy: Work done by a constant force.g. work done by a variable force (1-2 dimension). v(t) for this case using integration method. flux. Cylindrical Coordinaties. Equations of motion. Divergence of a vector.h Objectives: 1. 2. Divergence Theorem. To give mathematical concept and expressions of various physical parameters used in mechanics.

Energy changes with respect to observers in different inertial frames.h Objectives: 1. and 3 dimensional conservative systems. Systems of Particles: Two particle systems and generalization to many particle systems. D. Position. obtaining velocities in C. McGraw Hill. Kleppner and R. of Uniform Rod. D. I & II. Centre of mass. Inelastic collision. Basic formulae and applications. Cylinder and Sphere. John Wiley. Law of conservation of total energy of an isolated system. Krane. 5th ed. Conservation of Energy in 1. 2. 2. 2. Mc-Graw Hill. frame. (Physics + Math) 2 Cr. 1999. Calculation of Centre of Mass of solid objects using integral calculus. 1978.proof of work energy theorem: Qualitative review of work energy theorem. Collisions: Elastic Collisions. Kolenkow. Simple applications. Resnick. To give the basic concept of rotational motion. M. velocity and equation of motion. Derivation of basic equation. Conservative and non conservative forces: Conservation of energy in a system of particles. R. 1959. application to motion of a rocket (determination of its mass as a function of time). Calculating C. Vector Analysis and an Introduction to Tensor Analysis.Sc. Speigel. Conservation of momentum during collision in one and two dimensions. law of gravitation. Collisions in centre of Mass reference frame (One and two dimensions). Momentum Changes in a system of variable mass. Power.M. An Introduction to Mechanics. MECHANICS-II Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. Centre of mass of solid objects. 3. Recommended Books: 1. Vol. physical properties of matter and relativistic mechanics Uses of above concepts in daily life in a scientific way 15 . Halliday.M. Physics. Derivation using integral calculus.

Relativity of length. Elastic limit. Energy considerations in planetary and satellite motion. obtaining the Coefficient of viscosity. Qualitative discussion on application of gravitational law to the Galaxy. Elastic Properties of Matter. Radial and transversal velocity and acceleration. Stability of spinning objects.e. Compression & shearing. Relativity of time. Postulates of Relativity. Motion of Planets and Keplers' Laws (Derivation & explanation) Motion of Satellites. for disc. Conservation of angular momentum. Relativity of mass. Physical basis of elasticity. effects of Torque and its relation with angular momentum. (Lorentz invariants) E2=c2 p2+m2oc 4 16 . variation of mass with velocity. Tension. relativistic momentum and Relativistic energy. precessional motion. Variation of Pressure in fluid at rest and with height in the atmosphere. calculation of escape velocity. Viscosity. Parallel axis and Perpendicular axis theorems. Gravitational Potential Energy (develop using integration techniques). role in formation of drops and bubbles. Transformation of velocity. application to simple cases. Proof and Illustration. Rotational dynamics of rigid bodies. Derivation. Effects of torque on the angular momentum. practical example of viscosity. Determination of moment of inertia of various shapes i. fluid flow through a cylindrical pipe (Poiseulle's law). Consequences of Lorentz transformation. Fluid Statics. Angular Momentum: Angular Velocity. Physical basis. Its mathematical treatment.Rotational Dynamics: Relationships between linear & angular variables. Kinetic energy of rotation. Equations of rotational motion and effects of application of torques. Poisson’s ratio. Assumptions on which inverse transformation is derived. Rolling without slipping. mass energy relation and its importance. Combined rotational and translational motion. bar and solid sphere. scalar and vector form. Universal Gravitational Law. Moment of Inertia. Surface Tension. The spinning Top. Gravitation: Gravitational effect of a spherical mass distribution. Relation between three types of elasticity. The Lorentz Transformation. Physical basis. Elastic Modulus. Gravitational field & Potential. Discussion with examples. Special Theory of Relativity: Inertial and non inertial frame. Bulk Properties of Matters.

Analytical treatment. An Introduction to Mechanics. Energy considerations in SHM. Quality factor. 5th ed.h Objective: 1. Derivation & discussion. 3. Lissajous patterns. Damped harmonic motion. Phase changes on reflection. Discussion of solution. R. Vector Analysis and an Introduction to Tensor Analysis. Mechanical analysis. Halliday. Mc-Graw Hill. simple pendulum. Kleppner and R. Physics. Sinusoidal waves. Sound: Beats Phenomenon. Standing waves. Vol. I & II. John Wiley. Wave equation. 1978. mechanism of wave production. Application of SHM.Sc. Discussion of its solution. Waves in Physical Media: Mechanical waves. SHM and uniform circular motion. propagation and interaction with other waves use of basic concept of waves in their application in daily life Harmonic Oscillations: Simple harmonic motion (SHM). 17 . Krane. 1959. McGraw Hill. Resonance. Longitudinal and transverse Oscillations. Equation of forced oscillation. Physical pendulum. Interference of waves. discussion of its solution.Recommended Books: 1. Resnick. Principle of superposition (basic ideas). Equation of damped harmonic motion. Kolenkow. Speigel. Combinations of harmonic motions. 2. M. Torsional oscillator. WAVES & OSCILLATIONS Pre-requisite A Level Physics and F. Obtaining and solving the basic equations of motion x(t). Power and intensity in wave motion. Travelling waves. Waves speed. Group speed and dispersion. Forced oscillations and resonances. (Physics + Math) 3 Cr. a(t). 1999. v(t). Phase velocity of traveling waves. D. D. To understand the basics of waves. 2. Examples of resonance. Natural frequency.

K. J. Forced oscillations of two coupled oscillators. The Physics of Waves & Oscillations. The Physics of Vibrations and Waves. H. D. 5th ed. 4. and angular velocity of a body in circular motion.R. Fourier methods of analyzing general motion of a continuous system. 7. Surface tension of water by capillary tube method. Beats in coupled oscillations. Measurement of viscosity of liquid by Stoke’s / Poiseulli’s method. Longitudinal vibrations of a rod. 2. Recommended Books: 1. Investigation of phase change with position in traveling wave and measurement of the velocity of sound by C. of students in Modulus of Rigidity by Static & Dynamic method (Maxwell’s needle. To study the dependence of Centripetal force on mass. radius. 6. 8. 1999. Two coupled LC circuits. 5. Tata McGrawHill Publishing company Limited. LAB-I Pre-requisites 1 Cr. Normal modes. Resnick. Barton’s Apparatus). 1986. 1. Determination of moment of inertia of a solid/hollow cylinder and a sphere etc. 2. Vibrations of air columns. Two coupled masses.Coupled Oscillators and Normal modes: Two coupled pendulums.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives To develop the experimental capability understanding the concept of Mechanics. Pain. Krane. Vol. Energy relations in coupled oscillations. Atomic vibrations. 3. 5th Edition 1999. To determine the value of “g” by compound pendulum / Kater’s Pendulum. To study the damping features of an oscillating system using simple pendulum of variable mass. I & II. Halliday. 3. Normal Modes of Continuous systems: Transverse vibration of a string. General methods of finding normal modes. 18 . N. Bajaj. Physics. John Wiley. Many coupled oscillator.O.

K. 11.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives To develop the understanding of students in measuring the thermal and optical parameters and to remove the fear of students to use various gadgets in laboratory 1. Experiments in Physics. 7. 5. University Practical Physics. Recommended Books: 1. Advanced Level Practical Physics. H. C. Calibration of thermocouple by potentiometer. Nelkon and Ogborn. 9. The measurement of specific rotation of sugar by Polarimeter and determination of sugar concentration in a given solution. 3. 4. Marrow. Selected Experiments in Physical Sciences. 3. Longman. The determination of resolving power of a diffraction grating. The determination of Stefan’s constant. To determine thermal Emf and plot temperature diagram. D. Bhattacharya. 2.9. Surjeet Pub Ind. Determination of temperature coefficient of resistance of a given wire. 8. Determination of “J” by Callender – Barnis method. 10. CBS Publishing Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities LAB-II Pre-requisites 1 Cr. 2. To determine Horizontal/Vertical distance by Sextant. The determination of wavelength of Sodium –D lines by Newton’s Ring. To study the conservation of energy (Hook’s law). Heimann Educational Books Nolan and Bigliani. 4. The determination of wavelength of light/laser by Diffraction grating. 12. 19 . 6. To determine frequency of AC supply by CRO. Determination of wavelength of sodium light by Fresnel’s biprism.

D. (Integral and differential forms) and its application. Experiments in Physics. C. University Practical Physics. 15. field of infinite sheet of charge. To study the combinations of harmonic motion (Lissajous figures). Electric flux: Gauss's law. 3. Dipole in an electric field.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. To study the laws of vibration of stretched string using sonometer. Charge in isolated conductors. Electric dipole. infinite line of charge. Longman.13. 4. K. Marrow. 3. 14. electrical potential and dielectrics To understand the DC circuits To know the effect of magnetic field and basic magnetic properties of materials Electric Field: Field due to a point charge: due to several point charges. 20 . Surjeet Pub Ind. Nelkon and Ogborn. 17. Electric field of continuous charge distribution e. disc of charge. Field of infinite line of charge. Heimann Educational Books Nolan and Bigliani. H.g Ring of charge. Recommended Books: 1. 2. To give the concept of electric field. Selected Experiments in Physical Sciences. Point charge in an electric field. To determine the Thermal conductivity of good and bad conductors using Lee’s and Searl’s apparatus. 16. To determine the stopping potential by photo cell. conductor with a cavity. field near a charged conducting sheet. field of spherical shell and field of spherical charge distribution. To study the parameters of waves (Beats phenomenon). Torque and energy of a dipole in uniform field. Bhattacharya. CBS Publishing Note: At least nine experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM-I Pre-requisites 3 Cr. Advanced Level Practical Physics. 2.

and conductivity. F. Thevenin theorem. Defining M. W. Potential and field inside and outside an isolated conductor. Keller. Origin of Atomic and Nuclear magnetism. Differential form of Gauss’s Law. Field as the gradient or derivative of potential. Recall the previous results. Poisson’s and Laplace equation without solution. Magnetization. Ampere's Law. potential due to collection of point charges. J. potential due to dipole. Capacitor with dielectric. spherical etc. Magnetic Field Effects and Magnetic Properties of Matter: Magnetic force on a charged particle. Application of Gauss's Law to capacitor with dielectric. current density J. Equation of continuity. cylindrical. McGraw-Hill. Paramagnetism. Discuss quantitatively. M. resistivity. Energy stored in an electric field. resistance. Biot-Savart Law: Analytical treatment and applications to a current loop.Bohr Magneton. Torque on a current loop. 1993. Gettys. energy transfer in an electric circuit.. Gauss's Law for Magnetism: Discuss and develop the concepts of conservation of magnetic flux. Integral and differential forms. Calculating the current in a single loop. B. Basic ideas. Ohm’s Law. Hysteresis in Ferromagnetic materials. magnetic force on a current. Magnetic Materials. Inc. Do not derive. Recommended Books: 1. applications to solenoids and toroids. Norton theorem and Superposition theorem. D C Circuits: Electric Current. Diamagnetism. (Integral form). 21 . Growth and Decay of current in an RC circuit and their analytical treatment. and calculation of their capacitance. σ. Energy per unit volume. voltages at various elements of a loop. An atomic view. Ferromagnetism Discussion. Magnetic dipole: Energy of magnetic dipole in field. Capacitors and dielectrics: Capacitance. multiple loops. Capacitors of various shapes. J.Electric Potential: Potential due to point charge. calculating the electric field in a capacitor. Electric potential of continuous charge distribution. E. Electric field of dielectric. force on two parallel current changing conductors. ρ. Use of Kirchhoff's Ist & 2nd law. Lorentz Force with its applications in CRO. µ. Skove Physics Classical and Modern (2nd edition).

. Refrigerators.). Helmholtz functions) Maxwell’s relations. isothermal. Calculation of efficiency of heat engines. Vasudeva Magnetism and Electricity. Thermodynamics: Review of previous concepts. First law of thermo-dynamics and its applications to adiabatic. F. Van der Waals equation of state. Heat and Temperature: Temperature. Conduction and viscosity. Low Temperature Physics. Halliday. Maxwell distribution. Distribution of molecular speeds. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Energy equations and their applications. Internal energy of an ideal gas. D. Thermodynamic temperature scale: Absolute zero: Entropy. TdS equations. Maxwell-Boltzmann energy distribution. A. Gibb’s functions. Mean free path and microscopic calculations of mean free path. Resnick. 3. To give the concept of heat and temperature To give the concept of classical distribution function To understand the laws of thermodynamics and their application Statistical Mechanics: Statistical distribution and mean values. Work done on an ideal gas.. Carnot theorem. Heat engine. John Willey & sons. 4. Brownian motion.Review of previous concepts. Kinetic theory of the ideal gas. Entropy & probability. J. 2. N. Entropy.h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. S. Carnot engines. Joule-Thomson effect and 22 . S.. K. Liquification of gases.. R. 1959. Qualitative description. Qualitative discussion. Entropy in reversible process. 5. 3. Theory and Problems of Electromagnetism. HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS Pre-requisites 3 Cr. Entropy in irreversible process. 1969. 1986. A. Entropy & second law. D. Diffusion. Distribution of energies. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Enthalpy. Second Law of thermodynamics. 1992. cyclic and free expansion.2. Inc. Internal energy of an ideal gas: Equipartition of energy. Chand & Co. Edminister Schaum’s Outline Series. Thermodynamic functions: Thermodynamic functions (Internal energy. Intermolecular forces. Reversible and irreversible processes. Kip Fundamentals of Electricity and Magnetism (2nd Ed. Krane Physics (Vol-II).

Fibre optics. Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives 1. Chromatic aberration. Reif. Recommended Books: 1. 4. 2. McGrawHill Professional Book Group. Analytical treatment of interference phenomenon. A.its equations. Holography. Heat and Thermodynamics. To develop understanding about the optical devices Geometrical Optics Geometrical optics and its laws. J. Malus law. M. Schaum's Outline of Thermodynamics. 3. point source and extended source. interference. Refraction at a spherical surface. J. two lens systems. Thomson effect Seabeck’s effect. Uni-axial crystals. M. Statistical Physics.Thermocouple. Addison-Wesley 1954. lens formula. 5. Longman 1967. Fresnel’s biprism). Review of topics related to chromatic aberration. 1995. lens formula by deviation method. M. To understand the concept of reflections. Peltier’s effect. Lee and F. Zemansky. Thermodynamics. 2. Abbott. Polarizing angle and Brewster law. McGraw Hill. Optical activity in liquids Interference Far field approximation. Induced optical effects. Polarization Plane elliptically and circularly polarized light.h. OPTICS Pre-requisites 3Cr. 1951. Introduction to Statistical Physics. Eye pieces. 23 . Sears. McGraw Hill 1965. Pointon. sign convention. Aberrations. W. Fabry Perot & Michelson interferometer. Production of each type and their uses. F. (thin films. Thermoelectricity. Berkley Physics series. 3rd Edition. refraction. Typical cases of interference phenomena. diffraction and polarization. W.

AND. Stefan Boltzmann-. p-n junction diode. consequences. NOR and their basic applications. Oscillators.C. Halliday. NAND. Logic gates OR. To give the concept of modern physics To know the nuclear structure and radioactivity To know some nuclear reactions and production of nuclear energy To give basic understanding of Plasma and LASER Electronics: Basic crystal structure. Fraunhofer diffraction. load line. 4. Krane. John Willey & sons. Hecht. Diffraction grating. D.vibrator (basic). p-type.Diffraction Huygen’s principle. Transistor as an amplifier (common emitter mode).h Intermediate with Physics and Math or A level Physics Objectives: 1. energy band in solid and energy gaps. Recommended Books: 1. Addison – Wesley Publishing Company 1987. R. Photoelectric and Compton effect. 24 . NOT. Diffraction applications. Transistor. S. transistor biasing for amplifiers. Positive & negative feed back R. Inc. Origin of Quantum Theory: Black body radiation. its basic structure and operation. 3. 1992. 2. Monostable multi. common emitter. hybrid parameters (common emitter). X-ray diffraction. Study of Fourier theorem and its analysis. neutron and electron diffraction. Diffraction pattern of a circular aperture. operating point. The quantization of energy. characteristics and application as rectifiers. Dispersing properties of prism and grating. K. n-type semiconductor materials. Resnick.and Planck’s law. Resolving power of lenses. Optics. E. Wiens. Explanation using quantum theory.. characteristics of common base. Double slit diffraction pattern. Diffraction by a single slit. Diffraction pattern of a rectangular aperture. Fresnel diffraction. free electron model. ELECTRONICS & MODERN PHYSICS Pre-requisites 3 Cr. Line spectra. 2. Physics. common collector. Application to grating. its structure.

Fundamentals of Modern Physics. Toroid. DavissonGermer Experiment and J. Spin quantization. 3. Thomson Experiment. Paul A. S. Quantum Physics of Atoms. 4. Narosa Publishing House. Krane. LR Circuits.h Objectives: 1. Orbital angular momentum. Tipler and Ralph A. Inc. Atomic Physics: Bohr’s theory (review).) its definition and relation to probability of particle. Atomic spectrum. Calculation and application using differential and integral form. Nuclei and Particles. Halliday. Inductance. Review of emf. Robert M. d’Broglie hypothesis and its testing. Recommended Books: 1. Modern Physics. Arthur Beiser. Inductance of a Solenoid. Resnick. ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM-II Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 3Cr. molecules. John Willey & sons. Bohr’s Magnetron. To understand the laws of electromagnetic induction To understand the AC circuits To know the generation and propagation of Electromagnetic waves Inductance: Faraday’s Law of Electromagnetic Induction. Growth and Decay of 25 . 3.P. 6.. energy levels of electron. K. Pauli’s exclusion principle and its use in developing the periodic table. “Basic definition”. 1992. 2004. Eisberg and Robert Resnick. D. X-ray spectrum (continuous and discrete) Moseley’s law. Concepts of Modern Physics (fifth edition) McGraw-Hill 1995. localizing a wave in space and time. W H Freeman and Company 2000. 2002. Physics. Robert M Eisberg.Wave Nature of Matter: Wave behaviour of particle (wave function etc. Induced electric fields. Modern Physics 3rd edition. Vector atom model. Angular momentum of electrons. Frank-Hertz experiment. R. John Wiley & Sons. John Wiley & Sons 1961 Sanjiv Puri. 2. 5. Solids. Wave packets and particles. 2. Faraday Law and Lenz’s Law. 2nd edition. Llewellyn.

. Analytical treatment and discussion of physical concepts. Power in A. Energy density and the magnetic field. J. 1969. D. 1993. Maxwell's equations. Derive. Analytical expression for time dependent solution. obtaining differential form of Maxwell's equations. Travelling waves and Maxwell's equations.. phase angles. Inc. Vasudeva Magnetism and Electricity. S. John Willey & sons. acceptor and rejector.current. Chand & Co. Recommended Books: 1. 26 . McGraw-Hill Book Co. 2. Faraday Law. Skove Physics Classical and Modern (2nd edition). 3. inductive and capacitative elements. Ampere's Law). Keller. RMS values..e. E. Series and parallel circuits i. McGraw-Hill Book Co. F. R. F. (Gauss's law for electromagnetism. A. Electromagnetic Oscillation. Qualitative discussion. analytical treatment. 4. S. McGraw-Hill. Induced magnetic fields & displacement current. Single loop RLC circuit. Alternating Current Circuits: Alternating current. K. Halliday.C circuits: phase angles. 1986. Inc. Theory and Problems of Electromagnetism. Gettys. Edminister Schaum’s Outline Series. Forced electromagnetic oscillations and resonance. Electro-Magnetic Waves (Maxwell's Equations): Summarizing the electro. 1959.. Energy transport and the Poynting Vector. D. Development of concepts.magnetic equations. Quantitative analysis using differential equatins. Graphical analysis. 5. M. J. applications. Resnick. W. A.magnetic wave. N. AC current in resistive. Generating an electro. Kip Fundamentals of Electricity and Magnetism (2nd Ed. J.. Analytical treatment. (Integral & Differential forms) Discussion and implications. Krane Physics (Vol-II). power factor. obtaining the velocity of light from Maxwell's equations. 1992. Energy stored in a magnetic field.).

CBS Publishing. 8.LBORATORY III Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 1 Cr. 3rd Edition. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. Measurement of low resistance coil by a Carey Foster Bridge. Norton). University Practical Physics. To study the B. 1. 14. To study the application of Lorentz force by CRO. 15. 6. 9. phase and time period of a complex signal by CRO. 11. Measurement of self/mutual inductance. 4. 5. 3. 27 . Note: At least eight experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. C K Bhattacharya. curve & measure the magnetic parameters. 13. amplitude. 2. Recommended Books: 1. Study of electric circuits by black box. 2. Surjeet Pub Ind. Experiments in Physics. Resonance frequency of an acceptor circuit Resonance frequency of a Rejecter Circuit.h Objectives: To know the electrical circuit elements. G L Squires. Thevinin. their experimental measurement and to give understanding of electrical circuits and use of CRO. Measurement of resistance using a Neon flash bulb and condenser Conversion of a galvanometer into Voltmeter & an Ammeter To study the characteristics of Photo emission and determination of Plank’s constant using a Photo cell Calibration of an Ammeter and a Voltmeter by potentiometer Charge sensitivity of a ballistic galvanometer Comparison of capacities by ballistic galvanometer.e.H. Study of the parameter of wave i. 10. 7. 3. Practical Physics. To study the network theorems (Superposition. 12.

28 . 4. Recommended Books: 1. G L Squires. To study the characteristic curves of a G. iii. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. 9. To set up and study various logic gates (AND. To understand the behaviour of nuclear radiation including beta and gama radition. Determination of ionization potential of mercury. Characteristics of a transistor. NAND etc) using diode and to develop their truth table. Smoothing effect of a capacitor ii. 3. University Practical Physics. 15. Experiments in Physics. CBS Publishing. M. 7. OR. To set up transistor oscillator circuit and measure its frequency by an oscilloscope. Surjeet Pub Ind. counter and use it to determine the absorption co-efficient of β-particle in Aluminum. 13. 14. 3.h Objectives: 1. 6. 5. Use of computer in the learning of knowledge of GATE and other experiments. Characteristics of a semiconductor diode (Compare Si with Ge diode) Setting up of half & full wave rectifier & study of following factors i.LAB-IV Pre-requisites: FSC level Physics and Electricity and Magnetism I 1 Cr. Study of regulation of output voltage with load. Transistors. Determination of range of α particles. 11 12. 2. 8. Mass absorption coefficient of lead for γ-rays using G. Practical Physics. To develop understanding and uses of electronic devises including GATS. Ripple factor & its variation with load.M counter. 10. 2. To set up a single stage amplifier & measure its voltage gain and bandwidth. 3rd Edition. To set up an electronic switching circuit using transistor LDR and demonstrate its use as a NOT Gate. C K Bhattacharya. Determination of e/m of an electron.

Gradient. Discret groups-Dihedral groups. Taylor and Laurent series. Invariant subgroups. Similarity transformations. Vector integration. Cauchy Riemann conditions and analytic functions. Diagonalization of matrices. Recommended Books: 1. Curvilinear Coordinates and Tensors: Curvilinear coordinate system. G. tensors. matrices and some of their uses in the world of physics To give basic understanding of group theory and complex variables used in physics Vector Analysis: Review of vectors Algebra.Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. Matrices. Divergence and Curl in the curvilinear coordinates system. Covariant and contravariant tensors. 2. Divergence and Gauss’s theorem. Complex integration. Continuous groups-O groups. MATHEMATICAL METHODS-I Pre-requisite General Mathematics 3 Cr. 2nd ed. Cartesian. Green’s theorem in the plane. SU(2) groups. Hermitian matrices. Group Theory: Introduction to groups. Matrices: Linear vector spaces. Group representation. Quotient rule. Curl and Stoke's theorem. Lie groups Complex Variables: Functions of a complex variable. Cauchy integral theorem and integral formula. 1970.h Objectives 1. Orthogonal matrices. Arfken. 29 . Calculus of residue. Academic Press. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors of matrices. To develop the mathematical background of student in vectors. Mathematical Physics. Vector differentiation and gradient. Tensor algebra. Spherical and Cylinderical coordinate system. Determinants.

Solutions of Schrodinger equation for free particles. Hsu. Particle in a box. Commuting and non commuting operators. 30 . Addition of angular momenta. McGraw Hill. P. Heisenberg uncertainty relations. McGraw Hill 1979. The potential barrier problems. Symmetry principles and conservation laws. Hermitian operators. Three dimensional isotopic oscillator. Three dimensional square well potential. Understanding the behaviour of quantum mechanical particle and development of Schrodinger equation in one and three dimensions introduction to Quantum mechanical operators and determination of angular momentum of a quantum mechanical particle Quantum Mechanics of One Dimensional Problems: Review of concepts of classical mechanics. 1971. Central potentials. 1967.h Objectives 1. Schrodinger Equation in Three Dimensions: Separation of Schrodinger equation in cartesian coordinates. Dirac notation. The hydrogenic atom. The hydrogenic atom. Properties of one dimensional potential functions. Pipes and Harvill. Speigel. The free particle. QUANTUM MECHANICS-I Pre-requisite FSc Physics and Modern Physics & electronics 3 Cr. 4. Formalism of Quantum Mechanics: The state of a system. Matrix representation of angular momentum operators. Addison-Wesley 1968. H. Schrodinger and Heisenberg pictures. The linear harmonic oscillator. State of a system. R. Dynamical variables and operators. 5. Applied Mathematics for Engineers and Physicists. Complex Variables Schaum’s Outline Series. Angular Momentum: Orbital angular momentum. Spin. Fourier Analysis Simon Schuster Series. Time evolution of a system. Mathematical Physics. Butkov. Three dimensional square well potential.2. E. The eigenvalues and eigen functions of L2 and Lz. Functions and expectation values. M. 2. 3.

Dirac Statistics To develop the understating of lattice dynamics in solid materials. Springer Verlag. 4. 7. Schwable. 3. Greiner. 'Introduction to Quantum Mechanics' Longman Scientific & Technical London (1990). Bialynicki-Birula. Berlin (1990). New York (1992). Introduction to Quantum Mechanics. Elements of Probability Theory: Probabilities. McGraw Hill Book Company. 'Relativistic Quantum Mechanics'. (1980). Kaminski. 6. To develop the understanding of thermal properties by using statistical means in thermodynamics Development of various statistics like Boltzmann Statistics. Joachain. 2. M. Inc.Books Recommended: 1. Bose – Einstein statistics and Fermi. statistical interpretation of entropy.J.S. 'Introductory Quantum mechanics'. response functions Maxwell's relation. Singapore (1992). Greiner.h Objectives: 1. 8 B. 'Quantum Mechanics: An Introduction'. distribution functions. New Delhi (1992). 'A Modern Approach to Quantum Mechanics'. (1980). W.L. W. 5. Reading Mass. Cieplak & J. 31 . Narosa Publishing House. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. 3. Int. PRENTICE Hall. THERMAL AND STATISTICAL PHYSICS Pre-requisite: FSc Physics and Heat and Thermodynamics 3 Cr. 'Theory of Quantua'. Griffiths. Oxford University Press. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. fundamental equations and equations of state. J.H. 2.. Bransden & C. David J. reduction of derivatives. Liboff. Townsend. 'Quantum Mechanics'. R. Boltzmann H-theorem. F. Equilibrium Thermodynamics: Basic postulates. Reading Mass.

Kittel. Theorem of equipartition of energy. Fermi-Dirac statistical systems. Reif. Statistical Systems: Maxwell-Boltzmann. 1965. Statistical Physics. 2. McGraw Hill. ELBS/John Willey. Examples of thermodynamics of these systems. Elements of Statistical Physics. A. counting of states (in classical and quantum mechanical systems. Partition Function: Relations of partition function with thermodynamic variables. 4. 2nd Ed. examples) partition function. Mandl. Gas of electrons in solids. 3. Boltzmann distribution. 1988. F. Ferromagnets in Mean Field Approximation. Advanced Topics: Fluctuations. To develop the basic knowledge of classical world using the laws of Physics To develop the understanding of two bodies central force problems 32 . Bose-Einstein.h Objectives: 1. F. 2. Books Recommended: 1. Introduction to Statistical Physics. C. Pointon. John Wiley 1958. Bose-Einstein Condensation. Longman 1967.Formulation of Statistical Methods: Ensembles.J. Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics. Statistical Mechanics of Interacting Systems: Lattice vibrations in solids. canonical and grand canonical partion function. CLASSICAL MECHANICS Pre-requisites: Mechanics I & II 3 Cr. Introduction to density matrix approach. Formation of Microcononical. Pauli and Van Vleck paramagnetics. examples (collection of simple harmonic oscillators. Van der Waals Gas: mean field calculation. Black body radiations.

and Hamilton equations of motion. Equation of motion and solution for one body problem. Rigid body problems and Euler's equations. Liouville's theorem. Virtual work. New York (1980). two body problem and its reduction to one body problem. Hamilton Equation of Motion: Legendre transformation Conservation theorems. Moment of inertia. 2nd. Arnold. Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics Springer verlag. S. Books Recommended: 1. Variational Principles: Calculus of variation and Hamilton's principle. Euler's theorem. 3. Reading.. 4. The coriolis force. Edn. 33 . Kepler's Laws Laboratory and centre of mass systems. 'Dynamics'. Rigid Body Equation of Motion: Angular momentum. Rutherford scattering. Goldstein.I. Derivation of Lagrange's equation from Hamilton's principle. 'Classical Mechanics'. Lagrange and Poison brackets. Lagrange's equation and its applications. H. New York (1983).3. John Wiley & Sons.N. Eulerian angles. V. Alembert's principle. To give understanding of kinematics and dynamics of rigid bodies Development of Hamiltonian equation and use of canonical transformation in classical physics Elementary Principles: Brief Survey of Newtonian mechanics of a system of particles. Addison Wesley. Rasband. 2. Tensors and dyadics. Kinematics of Rigid Body Motion: Orthogonal transformations. constraints. Massachusetts (1980). Two Body Central Force Problem: Low and least action. Canonical Transformations: Examples of canoical transformations.

parameters and ratings. MOSFET. Switching circuits. 'Classical Mechanics'. Common emitter. Junction FET. Frequency response. Common base and common collector amplifiers.z and y-parameter models. Light emitting diodes. and C amplifiers. Instrumentation amplifier. B. Negative feedback. Non inverting and inverting circuits.h Objectives: 1. Biasing and stability. Summing. The differential amplifiers. Operation and construction. I-F Amplifiers and automatic gain control. Tuned RF Voltage amplifiers. Varistors and their applications. Ebers-Moll. Frequency response.A. 2. Power class A. 'Introduction to Analytical Dynamics'. Hybrid-p and h. Field Effect FET: Transistors. its data and sheet parameters. Biasing. Matzner & L. Photodiodes. Special Diodes: Zener diodes. London (1991). 5.M. ELECTRONICS Pre-requisites: Modern Physics and Electronics 3 Cr. 34 . N. Transistor Circuits: Bipolar transistors. Op-amp applications. Operational Amplifiers: Ideal op-amps. Integrator and Differentiator. To develop the understanding of different electronic circuit elements and devices like diode. Tunnel diodes. Prentice Hall Inc. Active filters. transistors.C. Zener regulators. Feedback and stability. Woodhouse..J. RC coupled and direct coupled stages. Shepley. Oxford (1987). Oxford Science Publications.4. Simple op-amp arrangements. Varactor diodes. Common source and common drain amplifiers. Multistage Amplifiers. amplifiers. oscillators and voltage regulators used in daily life alliances To understand the day to day electronic devices. R.. Schottky diodes. Comparators.

D. 'Electronic Design Circuit & Systems'. 'Electronic Principles'. Colpit's Phase shift and 555 timer oscillators. Power supply.T. New Delhi (1988). The Bengamin/Cummings Publishing Co. 2. Voltage Regulators: Series.Oscillators: Armstrong.P. Halkias. 35 .B. Hartley. Books Recommended: 1. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. Virginia (1980). J. 2. LAB V Pre-requisites: LAB I –IV 1 Cr. T. Measurement of the half life of a radio nuclide. To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills. 3. 3.L. Shunt and switching regulators. Reston Publishing Company Inc.h Objectives: 1. Shielding and attenuation of gamma rays. 4. Millman & C. Tata McGraw Hill. M. 'Electronic devices & Circuits'. Measurement of the spectrum of gama rays from a radioisotope. 3. Roden. 2. Merril Publishing Company Columbus (1988).H. Bell. 5.S. McGraw Hill Book Company. Savant Jr. Floyd. CMOSS. Singapore (Latest Edition).L.C. in a scintillation counter.. 'Integrated Electronics'. A. Malvino.J. List of Experiments 1. G. To study the pulseheight as a function of the H. Carpenter. To study the characteristics of a Geiger-Muller counter and to examine the attenuations of beta particles in Al-and Pb foils. California (1991). C. 'Electronic Devices'..

Experiments in Modern Physics (McGraw-Hill). Fourier Series. Measurement of characteristic impedance. Second solution. etc. etc. 8. Higgings. Frobenius series solution of differential equations. 3. Experimental Electronics (McGraw-Hill). Separation of variables.h Objectives: 1) 2) 3) To give the understanding of Differential equations and their uses in Physics Introduction to special functions. A. 7.Mark and H.Homogeneous differential equations.T. Melissinos. R. Olsono. To study the characteristics of a solid-state detector and use it to measure the spectra of alpha and beta particles. 6. Radio frequency measurement.4.J. Skin effect. Experiments with transmission lines. 5. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. AC circuits and dielectric constants of water and ice. H. Partial differential equations of theoretical physics. Nonhomogenous differential equations.C. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. 9. Standing wave ratio. Experiments in Modern Physics (Academic). 36 . Use of a Lithium-drifted Ge-counter for gamme spectroscopy and to compare its performance with that of a nal-detector. Velocity. 2. Books Recommended: 1. MATHEMATICAL METHODS-II Pre-requisite General mathematics and Mathematical Methods-I 3 Cr. Fourier Transforms Solution of Boundary value problems and their uses Differential Equations in Physics: First and second order linear differential equations.

Special Functions:

Bessel functions and Hankel functions, Spherical Bessel functions, Legendre polynomials, Associated Legendre polynomials, Spherical harmonics Laguerre polynomials, Hermite polynomials.

Fourier Series:

Definition and general properties, Fourier series of various physical functions, Uses and application of Fourier series.

Integral Transforms:

Integral transform, Fourier transform, Convolution theorem, Elementary Laplace transform and its application.

**Boundary Value Problems and Green's Functions:
**

Boundary value problems in Physics, Non-homogeneous boundary value problems and Green's functions, Green's functions for one dimensional problems, Eigenfunction expansion of Green's function, Construction of Green's functions in higher dimensions.

Books Recommended:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5 6. 7. 8. G. Arfken, Mathematical Physics, 2nd ed, Academic Press, 1970. R. Bronson, ‘Differential Equations’ Schaum’s Outline Series, McGraw Hill, New York. E. Butkov, ‘Mathematical Physics Addison-Weseley London . M.L. Boas, 'Mathematical Methods in Physical Sciences', John Wiley & Sons, New York (1989). C.W. Wong, 'Introduction to Mathematical Physics', Oxford University, Press, New York (1991). Hassani, 'Foundations of Mathematical Physics', Prentice Hall International Inc., Singapore (1991). Chattopadhyay, 'Mathematical Physics', Wiley Eastern Limited, New Delhi, (1990). H. Cohen, 'Mathematics for Scientists & Engineers' Prentice Hall International Inc., New Jersey (1992).

**QUANTUM MECHANICS-II Pre-requisites:
**

Quantum Mechanics I

3 Cr.h

37

Objectives:

1. 2. 3. to understand the use of approximation in Quantum mechanics to understand the theory of scattering and interaction of quantum systems with radiation to understand the basics of relativistic quantum mechanics

Approximate Methods:

Time independent perturbation theory for non degenerate and degenerate levels, the variational method, The WKB approximation, Time dependent perturbation theory.

**Identical Particles and Second Quantization:
**

Indistinguishability of identical particles, Systems of identical particles, Quantum dynamics of identical particle systems, statistics, Symmetry of states, Fermions, Bosons.

Theory of Scattering:

Scattering experiments and cross sections, Potential scattering, The method of partial waves, The Born’s approximation.

**The Interaction of Quantum Systems with Radiation:
**

Electromagnetic field and its interaction with one electron system, Transition rates, Spontaneous emission, Selection rules for electric dipole transitions, The spin of photon and its helicity.

**Relativistic Quantum Mechanics:
**

Schrodinger relativistic equation, Probability and current densities, KleinGordon equation and hydrogen atom, Dirac relativistic equation.

Books Recommended:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. B.H. Bransden & C.J. Joachain, 'Introduction to Quantum Mechanics' Longman Scientific & Technical London (1990). J.S. Townsend, 'A Modern Approach to Quantum Mechanics', McGraw Hill Book Company, Singapore (1992). W. Greiner, 'Quantum Mechanics: An Introduction', Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Reading Mass. (1980). R.L. Liboff, 'Introductory Quantum mechanics', Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Reading Mass. (1980). Bialynicki-Birula, M. Cieplak & J. Kaminski, 'Theory of Quantua', Oxford University Press, New York (1992). W. Greiner, 'Relativistic Quantum Mechanics', Springer Verlag, Berlin (1990). 38

7. 8 9.

F. Schwable, 'Quantum Mechanics', Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi (1992). David J. Griffiths, Introduction to Quantum Mechanics, PRENTICE Hall, Int., Inc. S.Gasiorowicz, Quantum Physics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Singapore.

**ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY Pre-requisites:
**

Electricity and magnetism I & II

3 Cr.h

Objectives:

1. 2. 3. To give the basic understanding in static electromagnetic fields and time dependent electromagnetic fields To develop knowledge of propagation, reflection and refraction of electromagnetic waves To develop the understanding of skin effect and wave guides

Fundamental Concepts:

Recapitulation of the fundamental concepts, Induction B, Addition of Laplace equation and methods of images. Magnetic intensity H, Maxwell's equations in differential and integral forms, Poynting theorem and energy conservation.

**Static Electromagnetic Fields:
**

Electrostatic fields in several dielectric media, Magneto static fields of magnetized matter, Magnetostatic field of stationary current, Magnetization current.

**Time Dependent Electromagnetic Fields:
**

Maxwell's equations for quasi stationery fields, Potentials of a rapidly varying field, Fields of uniformly moving and accelerated charges, Radiation from an accelerated charge, Field of oscillating expansion of electro magnetic field, Multiple fields. Expansion of emf.

**Reflection and Refraction of Electromagnetic Waves:
**

Laws of reflection and refraction, Fresnel's formula, Total reflection, Refraction in conducting media, Reflection from a conducting surface.

39

Books Recommended:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. H.C. Ohanion, 'Classical Electrodynamics', Allyn & bacon Inc., Massachusetts (1988). Y.K. Lim, 'Introduction to Classical Elecrodynamics, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pt., Singapore (1986). P.C. Lorrain & D.R. Corson, 'Electromagnetic Fields and Waves', W.H. Freeman & Co., New York (1978). C.R. Paul & S.A. Nasar, 'Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields, McGraw Hill Book Company, Singapore (1987). A.M. Portis, 'Electromagnetic Fields', John Wiley & Sons, New York (1978). D. Grifftns, An introduction to Dynamics, Prentice Hall, 1984 Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, John Wiley, 1975 Ritze Millfadad Chiristy, Foundation of Electromagnetic Theory

**NUCLEAR PHYSICS Pre-requisites:
**

Modern Physics and Electronics

3 Cr.h

Objectives:

1) 2) 3) To understand the nuclear structure using different nuclear models To understand the nature of nuclear forces To give understanding of radioactivity and nuclear reactions

History:

Starting from Bacqurel’s discovery of radioactivity to Chedwick’s neutron.

Basic Properties of Nucleus: Nuclear size, mass, binding energy, nuclear spin,magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moment, parity and statistics. Nuclear Forces: Yukawa's theory of nuclear forces. Nucleon

scattering, charge independence and spin dependence of nuclear force, isotopic spin.

**Nuclear Models: Liquid drop model; Fermi gas model, Shell model;
**

Collective model.

40

Neutrino hypothesis. Kenneth S. Nuclear Physics. Zetsche. 1999. Books Recommended: 1. Rith. Krane. 41 . SOLID STATE PHYSICS Pre-requisite 3 Cr. Introducing Nuclear Physics.Theories of Radioactive Decay: Theory of Alpha decay and explanation of observed phenomena. Segre. Nuclear isomerism. 1977. 5. To develop a basic knowledge of crystallography To understand the x-ray diffraction in crystal investigation To understand the binding forces in crystalline material To develop the understanding of lattice dynamics and its uses in derivation of theories of specific heat To understand the behaviour of free electrons in metals and Fermi Energy. Simple crystal structures. Electricity & Magnetism I & II. 4. Breit-Wigner one level formula including the effect of angular momentum. 4. Addison-Wisely. space groups and binding forces. Nuclear Physics. compound nucleolus theory of nuclear reaction and its limitations. the magnetic lens spectrometer. Fermi theory of Beta decay. B. 1995. K. Q-value and threshold energy of nuclear reaction.h Quantum Mechanics . 1980. Green. energy level and level width. 3. Fundamental types of lattice. C. 3. Scholtz. Povh. Heat and Thermodynamics. Particle and Nuclei. 2. Position and orientation of planes in crystals. 5. McGraw Hill. Bejamin. Atomic potential. multipolarity of Gamma rays. cross sections for nuclear reactions. F. Nuclear Reactions: Conservation laws of nuclear reactions. Kaplan. Structure of Solids Lattices and basis. Nuclei and Practicles. 1995. resonance reactions. Symmetry operations. Statistical Physics. theory of Gamma decay. Objectives: 1. measurement of Beta ray energies. 2. direct reaction.

1998. Solid State Physics. 2. Scattered wave amplitude. Laue method. Burns. Objectives: 1. Wiley. Powder methods. III. 3rd Edition. Einstein model. 7th Ed. H. Wahab. bcc. Ashcroft and N. Recommended Books: 1. Bragg’s law. The Physics and Chemistry of Solids. M. Narosa Publishing House. 3. Omar. Enumeration of normal models. Reciprocal lattice. IV 1 Cr. M. G. Ewald construction and Brillouin zone. Neutrons and electrons from crystals. Comparison with experimental results. Debye model of heat capacity. By.h. W. orthorhombic and hexagonal crystals. Kittle. II. 4.M. 42 . Phonons and Lattice Vibrations: Lattice heat capacity. Holt. rotating crystal method. Fourier analysis of the basis. 2.A. 7. fcc. R. classical model.A. 6. Introduction to Solid State Physics. two and three dimensions. 5. 1976. M. S. Reciprocal lattice to sc. Pearson Education 2000. Rinehart & Winston.Crystal diffraction and reciprocal lattice: Diffraction of X-rays. Rosenberg. 1999. Umklapp processes. Elliott. High Temperature Superconductivity. Academic Press 1992. The Solid State. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. Elementary Solid State Physics. Density of state in one. N. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills. LAB VI Pre-requisites LAB I. 3. 1996. Mermin. Kohn Wiley. An Introduction. Thermal conductivity and resistivity. C. D. Oxford Science Publications 1990. Solid State Physics.

Surjeet Pub Ind. 3. etc. Study of leaser parameters. To design and build a linear integrator to enable digitization of photo-multiplier pulses. Ripple factor etc. Gain characteristics and spectral response of a photo-multiplier tube. Ripple factor. 10.C. Recommended Books: 1. C. coupled amplifier and a study of its characteristics. Squires. 7. 6. 11. Cambridge University Press Nolan and Bigliani. Mathematical Methods. Design of high or medium voltage dc power supply and measurement of the voltage regulation. etc. Practical Physics. Design of an L. 13. Experiments in Physics. COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS Pre-requisites: 3 Cr. or superheterdyne receiver and measurement of its sensitivity. Study of random processes and fluctuations in random processes (Poission distribution.R. Basic Numerical Analysis and Analytical Tools for Numerical Analysis. Design of a medium wave T. or to design and build a height-to-width converter. 2.) Measurement of transistor hybrid parameters.R. 9. Transistor pulse-circuitry (three types of flipflop and the Schmidt trigger circuit). the operational amplifier. Design of high or medium voltage dc power supply and measurement of the voltage regulation. G. 12. 43 . To design and build a lotic circuit (using AND/OR/NOR gates) for performing a given function. 8. Bhattacharya. CBS Publishing.h Undergraduate Level Physics and Elementary Mathematics and Linear Algebra.4. University Practical Physics. etc. Computer and Programming Skills. L. Note: At least five experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. 3rd Edition.F. Power out-put selectivity. K. To build and investigate the properties of hard value multivibrators. 5.F.

Error analysis and technique for elimination of systematic and random errors. Numerical Methods: Numerical Solutions of equations. Merman. P. 'Introduction to Computational Physics'.P. Addison Wesley Publishing Company Inc. Introduction of computer languages To know the use of computer in numerical anlysis Computer simulation and modeling Computer Languages: A brief introduction of the computer languages like Basic. Books Recommended: 1. Computational Techniques in Physics' Adm Hilger. Rading Massachusetts(1988). Chanle. Pascal etc and known software packages of computation. M. Massachusetts (1991). Kepler's problems. Diffusion. Some systems of interest for physicists such as Motion of Falling objects. 4. S. Gould & J. Bristol (1987).. 2. Modeling & Simulations: Conceptual models. 5. Dynamic systems.T. McGraw Hill Book Company. S.J. Many particle systems. Koonini. L. New York (1965 PHYSICS-401 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS 4 Cr. Computational Physics'. Oscillatory motion. Random numbers and random walk. The Benjamin/Coming Publishing Inc. Numerical integration and differentiation. 2. Relationship of modeling and simulation. H. 'Numerical Methods for Engineers with Personal Computer Applications. Regression and interpolation. Tobochnik. De Jong. 'An Introduction to Computer Simulation Methods'. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. Doing Physics with random numbers. Computer simulation. Macheown & D.h Pre-requisite Phy-202 (Modern Physics). The mathematical models. Phy-306 (Quantum Mechanics) 44 . Field of static charges and current. Wave phenomena.Objectives: 1.K.C. C. 3. 3. Populations genetics etc. Chapra & R.. California (1986).

To review the existing theories of atomic structure To introduce the experimental proof of quantisation To introduce the use of Schrodinger Equation in real system like Hydrogen atom To understand the Molecular spectrum To understand the LASER production and Operation Structure of Atoms (5 hours): Review of Bohr’s theory.J. Hyperfine structure. second edition. Stark effect. Anomalous Zeeman effect. Periodic system of the elemments. and electronic spectra. Atoms in radiation field. 45 . Thomas Fermi potential. jj coupling and other type of coupling. 1988. Interaction with field (7 hours) Many electron atoms in an electromagnetic field. X-ray spectra. Chapman and Hall. Spectrophysics. normal Zeeman effect. Molecules (12 hours) Ionic and covalent bonding. Paschen back effect. 5. B. Radiative transitions. Spin orbit coupling. Polyatomic molecules (brief introduction). 2. Hartree Fock methods and self consistent field. Physics of atomic and Molecules. Selection rules. Fermi Golden rule. Born Oppenhimer approximation. Sommerfeld model. Raman effect. 3. Stern Gerlach experiment. Longmans. Bransden and C. Many body Systems (12 hours) Pauli exclusion principle. 2. Thorn. Hydrogen Molecular ion (LCAO approximation). vibrational. London 1983. Einstein coefficients. Diatomic molecules-rotational. Hydrogen molecule (Heitler London and molecular orbital theories) Recommended Books: 1. Stark effect. Quantum numbers. LS coupling.Objectives: 1. Central field approximation. Anne P. Frank Hertz experiment and approximation methods. Transition probabilities of diatomic molecules. electron spin and Hund’s cases. H. Joachain. 4. One Electron System (12 hours) Review of Schrodinger equation for hydrogen atom.

Waves guided by parallel plane conductor. Quantum Physics of Atoms. Dispersion in metallic conductor. grange and Coloumb grange. John Wiley & Sons.3. Y..R. 'Electromagnetic Fields'. Waves guided by dielectrics. Group velocity. and R. Lorrain & D. Lim.C. An introduction to Dynamics. 'Introduction to Classical Elecrodynamics. Singapore (1987). Eisberg. Foundation of Electromagnetic Theory 46 . D. Pt. reflection and refraction of electromagnetic waves To develop the understanding of skin effect and wave guides Propagation of Plane Electromagnetic Waves: monochromatic waves and plane waves.. 2. Skin Effect and Wave Guides: High frequency current in a semi infinite conductor. 2. Wave Guidance.M.H. Singapore (1986). Freeman & Co. Prentice Hall. Power transfer and attenuation. Resnick. second edition. Books Recommended: 1. Classical Electrodynamics. World Scientific Publishing Co. To give the basic understanding in static electromagnetic fields and time dependent electromagnetic fields To develop knowledge of propagation.. 7. Portis.A. Molecules. Grifftns. C. New York (1978).R. Scattering by a bound electron. Allyn & bacon Inc. 'Electromagnetic Fields and Waves'. Corson. Transmission by a rectangular. John Wiley and sons 1985. ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY II Pre-requisites: Electricity and magnetism I & II 3 Cr. 'Classical Electrodynamics'. A. Wave guides as cavity resonators. 5. Loren z. Massachusetts (1988). Internal impedance at high frequencies. R. Nasar. Solids. 1984 Jackson. 4. Paul & S. Objectives: 1. 3.K.C.h. Ohanion. 3. P. Dispersion in dilute medium and dense media. 'Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields. Q of a cavity resonator. 6. 1975 Ritze Millfadad Chiristy. New York (1978). McGraw Hill Book Company. Nuclei and Particles. W. Forced oscillation of an electronic oscillator. John Wiley. H.

15. Electron spin resonance (E. 9. To expose the students to advance level experimentation in Physics. Fabry-Perot interferometer used as a gas refractometer. 5. 6. Determination of the constituents of substance by activation analysis.) by microwave absorption. 4. To make the students confident in their studies by showing and measuring parameter which they have used in theoretical work. 47 . Lab-VII 1. Measurement of the spectrum of gamma rays from a radioisotope (e. 3. Study of their optical properties. 8. The Frank-hertz experiment (Measurement of excitation potential of Hg).h A project can be introduced instead of these experiments. Source strength of Co60 by gamma coincidence methods. 10. Measurement of the total neutron cross-section.S.g. 2. 11. 14. 3. To study the Zeeman effect for a line in the spectrum of helium.Cs) and study of their photoelectric and Compton absorption. To prove the Rutherford law of scattering of charged particles. 13. Determination of the charge on an electron (e) by Millikan’s method. Determination of Planck’s constant (h) by using the photoelectric effect. To make them familiar to such experiments whose out come can be used in developing future research capabilities and teaching skills. To examine the characteristics of a Solid-State detector and to use it for alpha and beta Spectroscopy and compare the results with those obtained by a scintillation counter. Use of an analogue computer for solving differential equations. 7. Determination of the Rydberg constant from the spectrum of hydrogen. 16.R.PROJECT 3 Cr. Pre-requisite: Undergraduate physics and Labs I-VI Objectives: 1. To examine the stopping-power of various substances for thermal neutrons. 2. Experiments with microwaves. 12.

Experiments in Modern Physics (McGrawHill). 19. H. 20. 18. The measurement of the Hall effect in germanium and silicon. 24. Applied Electronics (John-Wiley and Sons). To determine the energy gap in silicon and Germanium. Books Recommended: 1. (Shockley-Haynes experiments for Germanium. Measurement of the conductivity of Si and Ge as a functions of temperature. 2. Simple diode manufacture and point-contact transistor. Gray. demonstrating transistor action).T. 48 . A. Olson. 3.17.C. Experiments in Modern Physics (Academic). 21. T.) of protons in water.R. To build a medium or short-wave transmitter.M.Mark and N. 23. Drift mobility. Nuclear magnetic resonance (N.S. Note: At least 12 experiments to be performed and Universities may opt for other experiments according to the available facilities. 22. All experimental courses are only recommended but Universities may opt other experiments according to facilities and expertise available to them. Melissionos. The study of the Mossbauer effect.

Books Recommended: 1. SURFACE PHYSICS Pre-requisites: Solid state Physics 3 Cr.W. 2nd ed. The plasma parameter. Introduction. Controlled Thermonuclear Reactions. Introduction to plasma Physics.Krall and A. S. radiation losses from plasma. Reaction rates and power density. 2. 3. Single-particle motion in electromegnatic field. Applications of plasma physics. Wave propagation in plasma. 1960 (D.Lovberg.F.Trivelpiece. Uniform and nonuniform E and B fields.DETAIL OF ELECTIVE COURSES These elective courses can be chosen from the list or new elective course may be offered according to the availability of staff and necessary infrastructure. Derivation of dispersion relations for simple electrostatic and electromagnetic modes. Time-variant E and B fields.Chen. 1973 (McGraw Hill). Introduction to Controlled Fusion: Basic nuclear fusion reactions. electrons etc. PLASMA PHYSICS Pre-requisite: Electrodynamics.Glasstone and R. University may also tailor these courses according to their facilities. Concept of temperature. 49 . 2. Occurrance of plasma. Criteria for plasma. N. To know fluid description of the plasma.h Objectives: 1. 2. Fluid description of plasma. To know aout the surface physics and its applications Learn about the interaction of surface with the ions. Debye shielding.A. operational conditions. (Plenum). waves and oscillations 3 Cr.h Objectives: 1. To learn about the importance of the plasma alongwith the basic concept of plasma. F.H. Principles of Plasma Physics.Van Nestrand).

Free electron theories and the work function. Specific types of surface. Surface Structures and Reconstructions: Lattice concept. An introduction to surface Physics. The structure of semi-conductor surfaces. More complex ceconstruction. The Electronics and Magnetic Structure of Surfaces: Band theory. Desorption and experimental probes of surface structure such a LEED and RHEED. Desorption. 2D surface structures. Electron emission processes. Signal processing and spectral analysis. the kinetics of adsorption. adsorbate phase diagrams and phase transitions. Discussion of the merits of different types of electron energy analysers and electron deterctors. Quantification of Auger spectra. 50 . adsorption. hcp. Studying Surfaces: What is UHV? Do we need UHV to study surfaces? The kinetic theory of gases. The Structure of Adsorbate Layers: Experimental probes of surface structure such as LEED and RHEED. Magnetic processes at surfaces. Adsorption mechanisms and kinetics for low coverages Langmuir Isotherms. Auger depth. growth mechanisms. Electron-Surface Interactions: Electron diffraction and quasi – elastic scattering. derivation. fcc. Adsorption. comparison of particle scattering techniques. physiorption. The surface structures of very small metal particles. The electronic structure of semiconductor surfaces. Surface energies and the Wulff Theorem. stability. 3 D crystal structures. bcc and stepped surfaces and a discussion of their relative energies. catalysis. Growth processes. potential energy curves and adsorption energetics. Preparing a clean surface.An Introduction to Surfaces: What is a surface? The energetics and thermodynmics of creating a surface. Catalysis and Growth Processes: Adsorption mechanisms and kinetics chemisorption vs. vibrational spectroscopy. Comparison of different types of pumps with measurement of vacuum pressure. Desorption Bonding . concept of vacuum and standard vacuum hardware components. Theory and practice of Auger electron spectroscopy. Profiling. Electron spectroscopes.

Kinematics of the flow field. John A. Introduction to Surface and Thin Film Processes Cambridge University Press (2000). Boundary value problems. Imaging XPS. Incompressible and 51 . Surface Microscopy: Classification of microscopy techniques. An introduction to the theory and practice of scanning Tunneling Microscopy. To know the fundamentals of Fluid Mechanice and its applications To learn about the computational aspect for solving diffusion equation. Computational Fluid dynamics-I: Introduction to numerical computation.h Objectives 1. Electrodynamics 3 Cr. Scanning probe microscopy techniques.Atom/ion surface interactions: Comparison of particle scattering techniques. SPM. Basic Fluid Mechanics: Fundamentals of Continuum mechanics. Computational Fluid Dynamics-II: Governing equations in integral and differential form. Back scattering. Incompressible flows. SEM. Turbulent Boundary layer. Thin aerofoil. SIMS imaging and depth profiling. Boundary Layer Theory: Laminar Boundary layer. Compressible flows. An Introduciton to the theory and practice of SIMS. STEM. Basic concepts in surface imaging and localized spectroscopy. The finite volume method. Atomic Force Microscopy. governing equations of fluid motion. theory and practice of Rutherford. Venables. 2. Introduction to numerical solution of Ordinary Differential equation’s using multi-step methods. Reynold’s number. Auger depth profiling. Optical microscopy. Reduced forms of governing equations. Books Recommended 1. Introduction to solution of Partial Differential Equiation’s using finite difference methods Advanced Techniques. FLUID DYNAMICS Pre-requisite Classical Mechanics. the continuity equation.

Fore-Vacuum Pumps: Rotary Oil pumps. “Computational Fluid Dynamics”. guttering pumps. Vacuum Techniques: Gas Transport: Throughout.T. K. Pumping Speed. Hemisphere. 2. Pump down Time Ultimate pressure. Use of a commercial code for the predication off complex flows. P. Measurement of total pressure in Vacuums Systems. Patankar.1 & 11. Incorporation of turbulence models. N. Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow.compressible flow & their methods. sorption pumps. 6th edition 1993. 3. hydraulic jumps. Computational Fluid Dynamics for Engineers. 4. S. 1980. Albuquerque. vortex shedding and vibrations. Experimental Methods: Introduction to laboratory techniques. Turbo molecular pumps. To learn about the vacuum techniques To learn the detection techniques about radiation. Time marching schemes. Mcgraw Hill. F. Roache. METHODS OF EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS Pre-requisites Experimental labs and techniques used in these labs. sorption pumps (High Vacuum). Manometers. turbulent jets and plumes. Production of ultrahigh vacuum. Cryogenic pumps. Hoffmann and S. To learn about the measuring techniques along with data analysis.A. Diffusion pumps. Books Recommended: 1. 3 Cr. Vol. 3. 5. Fundamental concepts. 52 .. White.J. Laboratory sessions (preceded by lectures): water waves.M. 1993. Doer. The pressure correction method on staggered and unstaggered grids. Units pressure ranges. Perini gauges.h Objectives: 1. Viscous flud flow (second Edition). temperature.M. Schemes for solving large algebraic systems.. Hemosa Publishers. 2. Hydrodynamics. H. Ion pumps. 1991. air flow past a cylinder aero foils. Discrete methods for the steady state and time dependent advection diffusion equation. Chiang.V.Lamb.

Errors of Direct measurements. tilt. Accidental Errors. leak detection equipment. Mass spectrometer for partial measurement of pressure. Lock in Amplifiers. photo multipliers. Power supplies. Isolators. pressure displacement. Coincidence circuits. alpha/beta detectors.The McLoad gauges. Electronics and Electronic Instruments: Operational amplifiers. channeltron. Liquid Nitrogen trap. GPIB Interface. Differentiators. pumping system design. Computer Introduction: Introduction to computers. flow. x-rays/gamma detectors. rotation. Boxcar averages. cosmic rays detectors. Rejection of data. Significance of results. Radiation Detection and Measurement: GM tubes. Design of high Vacuum system. Surface to Volume ratio. explosive and heat. Precision. linear and parabolic interpolation. Vacuum valves. and single channel analyzer. Accuracy. Statistical Methods. Ramp Generators. scintillation detector. Signal Generators. RS 232. Sensor Technology: Sensors for temperature. summing amplifiers. rotation position. Pump Choice. Data Analysis: Evaluation of measurement: Systematic Errors. DA/AD conversion. Statistical Control of Measurements. Counters. Repair Techniques. Logarithmic amplifiers. Nonlinear functions. metal. speed. Least squares fit to a polynomial. level. Spectroscopy amplifiers. current voltage. Propagation of errors. current to voltage converter. phase. 53 . difference amplifiers. Spectrographs and Interferometers. vacuum Flanges. smoothing. Integrators. power magnetic field. Data manipulation. preliminary Estimation. Visual c/visual Basic. Multichannel analyzer. Errors of Computation. Special Techniques and problems. Mechanical feed throughs & Electrical feed throughs Leak detection: Basic consideration. charge sensitive pre-amplifiers. Interfacing. Vacuum Components. interpolation and extrapolation. Mean Value and Variance. neutron detectors.

The Global Climate: The energy Balance. flow in reverse. IOP. Academic Press.B. reducing the transmission of sound. 3. Yarwood. Chapman Hall. Basic Environmental Spectroscopy: Black body radiation. New York & London Vol. The ozone filter. elements of weather and climate. H.1. Transport of Pollutants: Diffusion. High Vacuum Techniques. Noise: Basic Acoustics. Turbulence. Turbulent jets and planes. ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS Pre-requisite: Physics (FSc) 3 Cr. climate variations and modeling. To become familiar with the essentials of environment nad Global climate To learn to use spectroscopy for environments. Energy and momentum. The spectroscopy of bi-molecules. Data Reduction and Error Analysis for Physical Science. Turbulence Diffusion. living in green house. Flow equations of fluid Dynamics. ground water.Books Recommended: 1. Inc. J. 4. Gaussian plumes in air. The emission spectrum of sun.h Objective: 1. (Zero-dimensional Greenhouse Model). Introduction to the Essentials of Environmental Physics: The economic system. 2.Young. The transition electric dipole moment. Human Perceptions and noise criteria. Errors of Observations. 54 . 2. Lambert – Beer’s law. 1962.Toping. P. Transport of matter.D. McGraw Hill. The Einstein Coefficients. enjoying the sun. active control of sound. Statistical Treatment of Methods of Experimental Physics. Bevington. the social and political context. J. Solar UV and life.

EPR and Bell’s inequality. Measurement. Radiation balance. Schrodinger equation. and cryptography Computer technology and historical background. evolution. Guyot Praxis Publication. Egbert Booker and Rienk Van Gron Belle. 1998. automatic weather stations. operator function. Measurement of temperature. utilization of photo synthetically active radiation.Radiation: General laws of Radiation. Climatology and Measurements of Climate Factor: Data collection and organization. quantization from bits to qubits. precipitation. Dynamic action of seliq. Thermal action of selief. Controlled operations. superposition. surface wind velocity. Atmosphere and Climate: Structure of the atmosphere.h Objectives 1. Basic principles and postulates of quantum mechanics: Quantum states. Atmospheric Pressure. Universal 55 . 2. 2. interaction of electromagnetic radiation and plants. To be familiar with the quantum computing To learn about the Quantum circuits . John Wiley and sons. Quantum Computation: Quantum Circuits. air humidity. INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM COMPUTING Pre-requisite: Quantum Mechanics and Computational Physics 3 Cr. Single qubit operation. Atmospheric Circulation. Topo Climates and Micro Climates: Effects of surface elements in flat and widely unduling areas. Lateral movement in the atmosphere. General characteristics of measuring equipments. Schmidt decomposition. quantum measurement. Books Recommended: 1. Natural radiation. Environmental Physics. 1999. density matrix. Physics of Environmental and Climate. 2nd ed. cloud and Precipitation. climatic indices. statistical analysis of climatic data. The atmospheric greenhouse effect. vertical profiles in the lower layers of the atmosphere.

and Ekert protocols. Clearwater. Polarization and Spin basis. Exploration in Quantum Computation by C. 2. Breaking unbreakable codes: Code making. Zeilinger. leptons. systems of identical particles. L. parity. the strong coupling. BB90. Experimental realization. To know the particles and their classification.quantum gates. the group SU (2). A. Mathematics of Quantum Computation by A. baryons. Nielson and I. 3.Brylinsky and G. mesons. the weak coupling. 2. One time pad. Particle Classification: Quantum numbers.P. CPT theorem. Quantum cryptography with and without eavesdropping. Schor’s algorithm. RSA cryptography. Cambridge University Press. Heidelberg (2000). Springer Verlag. Chuang. quarks. BB84. Symmetry Transformation and Conservation Laws: Translation in space. Quantum Search Algorithm. PARTICLE PHYSICS Pre-requisite Quantum Physics 3 Cr. time reversal. A. To learn about the Quark models. G parity. Single qubit and CNOT gates. Berlin. Chapman & Hall/CRC (2002). Trapdoor function. To learn about the interaction of these particles. Ekert. Williams and S. Books Recommended: 1. 3. The Physics of Quantum Information: Quantum Cryptography. Cambridge 2000.h Objectives 1. Quantum Teleportation. iso-spin charge conjugation. hadrons. Quantum Computation and Quantum Information by M. rotation in space. 56 . The Fundamental Interactions: The electromagnetic coupling. Code breaking on classical and quantum computers. Chen. H. Bouwmester. Springer Verlag (1997). Quantum Cryptography: Uncertainty principle. and A. 4. Quantum Computation by P.K.

h Objectives. To understand the simulation in classical physics and Quantum Physics 57 . (1995).. COMPUTER SIMULATION Pre-requisites Mathematical Physics 3 Cr. 3. 1. Quantum Mechanics by Riazuddin and Fayyazuddin. partial wave formalism and the optical theorem.D. Hadron Spectroscopy: Formation experiment. D. The Standard Model (qualitative treatment only): Unification of weak and electromagnetic interactions Glashow-SalamWeinberg Model. mesons in quark model. (1984). D.. To use numerical techniques to solve the differential equations. 2.The Electromagnetic Field: Gauge invariance and Maxwell’s equations. World Scientific. Learn techniques to understand and develop compter simulations. McGraw Hill. Books Recommended: 1. (1990).D. parity and C parity of photon. John-Wiley and Sons. 2. quarks. Quarks and Leptons by Halzen. The Quark Model: The group SU (3). phase space considerations. and Drell. heave meson spectroscopy. Relatvistic Quantum Mechanics by Bjorken. F. 4. the Breit-Wigner resonance formula. A.. S. Introduction to Elementary Particles by Griffiths. production experiments. baryon resonances. John-Wiley and Sons. (1987). polarization ad photon spin. and Martin. 3. the quarkonium model. angular momentum. J. hadrons baryons.

Raynold averaging and its applications to Navier stokes equations. radio.Carlo Simulation. Coupled oscillator). numerical integrations. 58 . Computational Methods for Continuous Medium: Fluid equations. The pressure-corection method on staggered and unstaggered grids. Two-Dimensional Trajectories (Kepler’s Laws. Guassian Distribution. Wave phenomena (Fourier analysis. nature of computer simulation.activity and radioactive decay series. Numerical Approaches: Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations. Electric Fields and Potentials. Energy and Center of Mass. Diffraction and Polarization. Interference. LRC Circuits. Approaches to Equilibrium. partial differential equations (elliptic and parabolic types) Simulation in Classical Physics: Motion of Falling Objects. Techniques and class of computer simulation. principles of vector computing in Cartesian. spherical and cylindrical coordinates. Monte. Electric Currents and Magnetic Fields. Reduce forms of the governing equation. compressible and incompressible flow and their methods. percolation theory. Mean and Turbulant kinetic energy equation.Introduction: Importance of computers in physics. matrix operation. Geometrical Optics (Ray Tracing an Principle of Least Time). Particle in Bound and Free States. Oscillatory Motions). incorporation of furbulence model. Distribution Functions in Statistical Physics. Electromagnetic Waves. use of commercial code for prediction of off complex flow. Random-walk problem. Time marching schems. finite volume method. computer graphics and programming languages. Molecular Dynamics in Solids. One Dimensional Dynamics (Accelerating cars and objects on springs). Numerical Solution of time-independent (and dependent). Governing equation in integral and differential forms. special functions and Guassian quadrarure. Schrodinger Wave Equation. Canonical and Micro-Canonical Ensembles. External points and strings. Discrete methods for the steady state and time dependent diffusion equation. Random Process and Quantum Physics: Random Number and their uses. schemes for solving large algebric system. Accuracy and stability of numerical techniques. Driven LRC Circuits (Time varying). Noise in Signal. initial (boundary) and eigen value problems.

their inter-conversion. 3. Review of Number Systems: Binary. To develop logic circuit using th Boolean Algebra. (A Series of the Consortium for upper level Physics software). Marvin L. 3. Gray etc. Hehl.1995. Inc. John Wiley & Sons. De Jong. P. Quantum Mechanics Simulation. Different codes. thermal conduction and heat transport. truth table. K-maps and their uses.G. Hillar. Winkelman and J. New York. 1988. 2. To understand the computer interface and micro-controller alongwith the emedded system. Harvey Gould and Jan Tobochink. simplification of Boolean expression by Boolean Postulates and theorem. D. 5. Roache. Stauffer. Computational Fluid Dynamics. F. New York. Albuquerque. 1991.h Objectives 1. 2. Parity in Codes 59 . N. Springer-Verlage Berlin. Don’t care condition.W. Johnston and Styer. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. ASCII. Modelling ideal (MHD).J. Introduction to Computational Physics. An Introduction to “Computer Simulation Methods” Part-I & II. basic logic gates. Hemosa Publishers. Computer Simultation and Computer Algebra (Lectures for Beginers). Inc. To learn the basics of digitl electronics sucha sa Boolian Algebra.Magnetohydrodynamics. New York. 1993. Boolean Algebra: DeMorgan’s theorem. 1988. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. New York..M. resistive and viseus flow of plasmas. DIGITAL ELECTRONICS Pre-requisites Electronics 3 Cr. W. 6. Zabolitzky. (BCD. Octal and Hexadecimal number system. Inc. Books Recommended: 1.). concepts of logic.

McGraw Hill. Micro Electron. RTL. Philips 80C51 & 80C552 and Motorola 68Hc05/08. Digital Electronics. decoder. Micro Computers: Computers and its types. 60 . Micro-controller/ Embedded System: Introduction to Embedded and microcontroller based systems. programming and interfacing. basic architecture of computer. half adder. (Static and dynamic) Memory mapping techniques. features of a general purpose microcontroller. Jones. subtraction (2’s compliments. The Microprocessor and microcontroller applications and environment. Digital Logic and Computer Design Morris Mono 1995 Prentic Hall Tocheim. Shift Register. Discussion on 8085/8088. EAPROM. TTL. Addressing modes. Principles and applications of digital electronics. all generation of computers. noise margins etc. PLA. 1993. Macmillan Publishing Company. T-FF. UP Registers. Books Recommended 1. gate design. addition. Barrey B. Microchip Inc and PIC microcontroller. RAM. 6. Larry D. Brey. Ripple. Interfacing with peripherals. PROM. Intel UPS Architecture. micro processor (ALU. OR-AND. Instruction set and their types. Prentic Hall (1998). BORTIE (NBF).C. Synchronous) A/D and D/A Converters. 5. McMillan. ECL. 3. Combinational logic circuit: Logic circuits based on AND – OR. CMOS). microcontroller characteristics. 2. Exclusive OR gate. full subtractor encoder. Counters (Ring. (1999). JK-FF. dissipation. Different logic based IC families (DTL. 8086 processor family. half subtractor. Typical Microcontroller examples:. up-down. Intel Microprocessor Hierarchy. Propagation delay time. NAND.IC logic families: Basic characteristics of a logic family. Memory Devices: ROM. EE PROM. 4. D-FF. NOR Logic. full adder. (Fan in/out. Sequential Logic Circuit: Flip-flops clocked RS-FF. Digital System Design and Micro possessor J. Control and Time Section).

Nuclear fission. Charged Particle Accelerators: Linear and orbital accelerators Van de Graaff. Neutron Physics: Neutron Sources.7. Scintillation counters and solid-state detectors. photographic emulsions. Measurement of neutron cross-sections as a function of energy. Nuclear chain reaction and applications. Average number of neutrons released. Electron-Synchrotrons.L. Types of nuclear reactors (Power and Research). Mass distribution of fission energy. Gas-filled detectors. slowing down of neutrons. T. Reactor as a neutron source. 8th edition. slow neutron detectors. Radioactive sources. 3. Palgrave (2003). Synchrocyclotron. Alternating-gradient Synchrotron.Floyd. To learn the nuclear detection system and techniques fr their measurements To learn about the charged particles accelerator and nuclear reactor To develop understanding of neutrons physics. Digital Fundamental. Betatron. EXPERIMENTAL NUCLEAR PHYSICS Pre-requisite Nuclear Physics 3 Cr. Tim Wilmshurst. 8. Description of fission reaction. Photo neutron sources Charged particle sources. Detailed study of PWR and CANDU type reactors. The Design of Small-Scale Embedded Systems. Bubble chambers. 61 . Cyclotron.h Objectives 1. Proton-synchrotron. Cloud chambers. Theory of fission and spontaneous fission. Nuclear Radiation Detection and Measurements: Interaction of nuclear radiation with matter. fast neutron detectors. 2. Elementary Reactor Physics: Controlled fission reactions.

C. Applications of lasers Introductory Concepts: Spontaneous Emission. 1995. Brightness. Introducing Nuclear Physics. Pumping Schemes.h Objectives 1. Resonance Energy Transfers. Keith. 3. Nuclei and Practicles. Data Detection and Error analysis for physical sciences. Stimulated Transition. Coherence. Radiative and Nonradiative Decay. Ring Resonator. Segre. Unstable Resonators. K. 2. Optical Resonators: Plane Parallel (Fabry-Perot) Resonator. Scholtz. Level Occupation at Thermal Equilibrium. Glenn. LASERS Pre-requisite: Quantum Mechanics I and Atomic Physics 3 Cr. Matrix Formulation of Geometrical Optics. William. 2. Spectroscopy of Molecule and Semiconductors: Electronic Energy Levels. Stimulated Emission. Selection Rules. Kenneth S. Absorption and Gain Coefficients. F. Generalized Spherical Resonator. Absorption and Stimulated Emission Rates. Resonator.Books Recommended: 1. Absorption. Wave Reflection and Transmission at a Dielectric Interface. 5. Knoll. Molecular Energy Levels. John Wiley. F. Develop fundamental concepts about lasers Learn the principles of spectroscopy of molecules and semiconductos Understand the optical resonators and laser system. Leo. 6. Povh. Confocal. 4. 3. 1989. Stability Condition Standing and Traveling Waves 62 . Bejamin. 4. Rith. Krane. Philips Berington and D. R. Concentric (Spherical) Resonator. Directionality. Semiconductor. B. 1999. 2002. 1994. . 1977. Stable Resonators. Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics. Zetsche. Spinger. Properties of Laser Beam: Monochromaticity. Particle and Nuclei. Radiation Detection and Measurement.

Laser Communication.in a two Mirror Resonator. 4. Multilayer Dielectric Coatings.E. (1986). 2. QSwitching and Mode-Locking Methods. Laser. C. Laser Fundamentals. A. H. Lasers Systems : Solid State Lasers: Ruby Laser. Small Signal Gain and Loop Gain. Defense Industry. Laser Tuning. Nitrogen Laser and Excimer Lasers. Cambridge University Press (1997). Principles of Lasers. Continuous Wave (CW) and pulsed lasers Rate Equations. CO2 laser. Science Books Mill Valley. Medicine. latest edition. Drilling. Fabry-Perot Interferometer. Line broadening. Haken. Nd: YAG & Nd: Glass Lasers and Semiconductor Lasers: Homojunction Lasers Double-Heterostructure lasers. Springer. 5. (Latest Edition). Welding etc. Quantum Optics. Cutting. Optimum Output Coupling. University.A. Siegman. and Group-Delay Dispersion. 63 . Laser Theory. Berlin (Latest Edition). Threshold Condition and Output Power. Holography. pumping efficiency. O. W. J. Lasers. Oscillation and Pulsations in Lasers. Scully and Zubairy. 3. New York. Pumping Processes: Optical pumping: Flash lamp and Laser. Threshold Pump Power. Eberly and P. Plenum Press New York & London (1992). Phase Velocity. Free-Electron and X-Ray Lasers Laser applications: Material Processing: Surface Hardening. Longitudinal and Transverse Modes in a Cavity. Svelto. Wiley. T. Gas lasers: Helium Neon laser. Electrical Pumping: Longitudinal Configuration and Transverse Configuration. Group Velocity. Atmospheric Physics Books Recommended 1. Gas Dynamics Pumping. Milonni. Chemical Pumping. Silfvast.

Books Recommended: 1. 1989. 2. equation of geodesics deviation. Introduction to Cosmology. length contraction. rest mass. Introducing Einstein’s Relativity. J. microwave background. time dilation. Relativistic Mechanics: Force equation in relativity. Lie derivative. 64 . 1992.D. geodesics. To learn about the Special theory of relativity To learn the basics of relativistic mechanics and develop understanding about the General theory. tensor fields. Oxford University Press. Oxford University Press.D. Cosmology: Newtonian cosmology. Riemann tensor. concept of ether. velocity transformation and velocity addition. Dynamics and Relativity. Elements of Tensor Calculus: Manifolds and coordinates.RELATIVITY AND COSMOLOGY Pre-requisites Mechanics. R. W. metric tensor. General Relativity: Principles of general relativity. proper time. 1999. 2. FSc Physics 3 Cr. four-vectors. Special Relativity: Galilean relativity. conservation of energy and momentum. curves and surfaces. Einstein’s field equations.D’Inverno. Michelson-Morley experiment. line element. the Big Bang expansion rate.h Objectives 1.Narlikar. 3. Einstein’s postulates of special relativity. Hubble’s law. time paradox.McComb. Minkowski space time tensors. relativity of simultaneity. history of the universe.V. matter and radiation domination. kinetic and total energy. the light-cone. cosmological red-shift. Lorentz transformations. structure of space-time. Cambridge University Press.

Point defects and dislocations in solids.T. Oxford University Press. Guinier & R. 7. Read Jr. Solid State Physics. Kittle. J.SOLID STATE PHYSICS-II Pre-requisite: Solid State Physics I 3Cr. To understand the transport properties in solids To understand the crystal defects and their importance To understand the dielectric and magnetic properties of materials To give basic understanding of superconductivity. Solid State Physics. 3. John Wiley.E. 4. New York. Solid State Physics. 5. Oxford. Hall. 2003. 4. Magnetic relaxation and resonance phenomena. The Solid State. New Delhi. John Wiley & Sons.Pillai. C. S. 1991. C. Solid State Physics. A. Para and Ferro-magnetism. Christman. New York.R. McGraw Hill. Dia. Tata McGraw Hill. Co. Boltzmann equation. Superconductivity and devices. 6. Books Recommended: 1. John Wiley & Sons. Dislocations in crystals. Introduction to Solid State Physics. H. 2. 3. New Age International Pub.O. 1988. 1989.h Objectives: 1. Transport properties of solids. Jullien.M. 1989. 2. 1982. Dielectrics. Kachaava. 65 . 7th edition 1996. Introduction to superconductivity with applications. W.

3. the Provinces will have to be involved at the highest level for the implementation for the BS program. The HEC should provide special funds for building infrastructure for the BS (4-year) program and development of teaching faculty at the university departments. in consistency with the approved revised scheme of studies and curriculum of Physics for the program.” may not be used with the nomenclature of the program.General Recommendations: The Committee made the following recommendations: 1. the suffix “Hons. As all the BS programs are of four years duration. the program can be split up in two parts. 4. For the smooth and uniform implementation of the BS (4-year) program throughout the country. Until the introduction of 4-year composite bachelor degree program in Colleges and Universities. 2. 66 . completed at College and university department respectively. To implement the BS (4-year) program the Colleges will have to provide extra facilities for teaching extra courses and for Lab equipment. the HEC may take up the matter with the provincial Directorate of Colleges to introduce the BS (4-year) program both in Colleges and University departments. Refresher courses on new topics in Physics may be arranged for college teachers. The Directorate Colleges of Provinces should be provided special funds by the respective provinces for qualified manpower and for building of necessary infrastructure for starting BS (4-year) program or at least the Part-I of this program at Colleges. namely Part-I (2-years) and Part-II (2years). 5.

Annexure “A” COMPULSORY COURSES IN ENGLISH FOR BS (4 YEAR) IN BASIC & SOCIAL SCIENCES English I (Functional English) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking. a) Functional English Grammar 67 . Course Contents Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every-day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: 1.

ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Oxford University Press. Writing. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter/memo writing. Thomson and A. intensive and extensive. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. Speaking c) d) English II (Communication Skills) Objectives: Enable the students to meet their real life communication needs. Third edition.1. Reading. 2. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Fourth Impression 1993. Martinet.J. minutes of meetings. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. b) Practical English Grammar by A. 1997. use of library and internet Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Third Impression 1992.V. Exercises 1. Oxford University Press. Oxford Supplementary Skills.V. Third edition. Upper Intermediate. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Thomson and A.J. style and pronunciation) Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review 68 . 1997. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. ISBN 0194313492 Practical English Grammar by A. Exercises 2. Martinet. Course Contents Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. and speed reading. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Reading/Comprehension 1.

Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. descriptive and argumentative writing). ISBN 0 19 453403 0. content. consistency) Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building 69 . Thomson and A. Third Impression 1991. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style.V. Exercises 2. form. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. Writing 1. discursive. Writing. Advanced. Writing. 2. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). language. Reading 1. Fourth Impression 1992. Martinet.J. introduction to presentations. Oxford University Press 1986. 2. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Reading. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. clarity. Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. b) c) English III (Technical Writing and Presentation Skills) Objectives: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. narrative. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Fourth Impression 1993.Recommended books: Communication Skills a) Grammar 1. Practical English Grammar by A. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Third edition. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis.

2004. Third Impression 1992. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. Kathleen Shine Cain. argumentative and report writing). 3. Martin’s Press. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. descriptive. Oxford Supplementary Skills. b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. 70 . Compiled by norther Illinois University. Writing. College Writing Skills by John Langan. Advanced by Ron White. St. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 (particularly suitable for discursive.Recommended books: Technical Writing and Presentation Skills a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. 2. A Custom Publication. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. Mandell. without taxing the taste of engineering students). Kirszner and Stephen R.

Course Outline 1. Indus Civilization Muslim advent iii. Location and geo-physical features. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. 1947-58 b. 2. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. People and Land i. 1958-71 c. Ethnicity d. 1999 onward 3. 1977-88 e. government. ideological background of Pakistan. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. Study the process of governance. Contemporary Pakistan a. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Historical Perspective a. 1988-99 f. ii. Society and social structure c. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. contemporary Pakistan. politics. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. Economic institutions and issues b. 1971-77 d. b. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan 71 . national development.Annexure “B” Pakistan Studies (Compulsory) Introduction/Objectives • • Develop vision of historical perspective.

The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. History & Culture of Sindh. S. The Political System of Pakistan. 1980. Lahore: Idara-eSaqafat-e-Islamia. 1998. 1993. Afzal. 1967. Wayne. Mehmood. Shahid Javed. 11. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Tahir. Lawrence. Safdar. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. Karachi: Oxford University Press. 72 . State & Society in Pakistan. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Burki. Rafique. Haq. 12. Safdar. 3. Lahore. 7. Ansar.M. 2000. Ethno . Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Noor ul. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. M. Mehmood. Akbar. Political Parties in Pakistan. Institute of Public Policy Research. 9.Books Recommended 1. 6. Amin. Lahore: Vanguard.. 1987.National Movement in Pakistan.The Emergence of Banglades. Club Road. Party. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Vol. Muhammad Waseem. nd. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. 4. Karachi: Royal Book Company. 1972. S.K. Zahid. Pakistan Under Martial Law. Zaidi. Washington: American Enterprise. Enigma of Political Development. 14. 5. Islamabad. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. 1993. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. 8. Khalid Bin. 1980. Sayeed. Ziring. II & III. I. 1994. 10. Politics in Pakistan. Wilcox. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. K. 2. 13. 1976. Aziz.

Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.W) in Makkah 73 .19.A.A.Tadabar (Verse No1.57.20) Related to thinking. Detail of Courses Introduction to Quranic Studies 1) Basic Concepts of Quran 2) History of Quran 3) Uloom-ul -Quran Study of Selected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.58.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) Study of Sellected Text of Holly Quran 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.40.14) Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.Annexure “C” ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.56.6.21.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.

W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina Introduction To Sunnah 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Basic Concepts of Hadith History of Hadith Kinds of Hadith Uloom –ul-Hadith Sunnah & Hadith Legal Position of Sunnah Selected Study from Text of Hadith Introduction To Islamic Law & Jurisprudence 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Nature of Differences in Islamic Law Islam and Sectarianism Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues Islamic Culture & Civilization Islam & Science 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science Islamic Economic System 1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics Islamic Concept of Riba Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce Political System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 74 .3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah Seerat of Holy Prophet (S.A.A.

‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. Pakistan.S. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. in Islam Islamic History 1) Period of Khlaft-E-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids Social System of Islam 1) Basic Concepts Of Social System Of Islam 2) Elements Of Family 3) Ethical Values Of Islam Reference Books: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Hameed ullah Muhammad.3) Basic Institutions of Govt. Islamabad (2001) 75 . International Islamic University. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Emergence of Islam” . “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. “Studies in Islamic Law. Ahmad Hasan.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. IRI. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. Bhatia. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq.

Beckenback EF. PWS-Kent Company. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number system. Boston 76 . Boston (suggested text) Kaufmann JE. geometric progression. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to mathematical induction. 1978. determinants. cube roots of unity. Sequences and Series: Arithmetic progression. Recommended Books: Dolciani MP. College Algebra and Trigonometry. not majoring in mathematics. Houghton & Mifflin. matrix inverse. complex numbers. Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. qualitative analysis of roots of a quadratic equations. COMPULSORY MATHEMATICS COURSES FOR BS (4 YEAR) (FOR STUDENTS NOT MAJORING IN MATHEMATICS) 1. trigonometric identities. Cramer’s rule. Matrices: Introduction to matrices.Annexure “D” Note: One course will be selected from the following six courses of Mathematics. Sharron S. types of functions. functions. harmonic progression. Wooton W. types. with the essential tools of algebra to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. relation between roots and coefficients of quadratic equations. set operations. equations reducible to quadratic equations. binomial theorem with rational and irrational indices. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. 1987. system of linear equations. introduction to sets. Quadratic Equations: Solution of quadratic equations. MATHEMATICS I (ALGEBRA) Mathematics at secondary level 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students.

MATHEMATICS II (CALCULUS) Mathematics I (Algebra) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. inequalities. continuity. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. 77 . differentiation of polynomial. John Wiley. not majoring in mathematics. rational and transcendental functions. functions and their graphs. PWS-Kent Company. Brooks/Cole (suggested text) Swokowski EW. not majoring in mathematics. Boston 2. Integration and Definite Integrals: Techniques of evaluating indefinite integrals. Addison-Wesley. Finney AR. with the essential tools of calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. 1995. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). Derivatives and their Applications: Differentiable functions. Ma. MATHEMATICS III (GEOMETRY) Mathematics II (Calculus) 3+0 Prerequisite(s): Credit Hours: Specific Objectives of the Course: To prepare the students. Davis S. Calculus (3rd edition). New York Stewart J. left-hand and right-hand limits. Recommended Books: Anton H. 2005. integration by substitution. change of variables in indefinite integrals. Calculus: A New Horizon (8th edition). 1983. 2005. PWS-Kent Company. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a function. continuous functions. integration by parts. Bevens I. Boston Thomas GB. solution of equations involving absolute values.Swokowski EW. derivatives. with the essential tools of geometry to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. 1986. USA 3. Calculus (11th edition). Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real-number line. Reading.

various forms of equation of a line. circles determined by various conditions. ellipse. Apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. equation of a line. intersection of two lines. Boston Swokowski EW. distance between a point and a line. slope of a line. Model the effects non-isothermal problems through different domains. 1987. Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry (6th edition). After completion of this course the student should be able to: • • • Understand the use of the essential tools of basic mathematics. 2008 and onward Title of subject: Discipline : Pre-requisites : Credit Hours : Minimum Contact Hours: Assessment : Effective : Aims : : To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics and prepare the students not majoring in mathematics. Analytic Geometry. 1986. Scott. Conic Sections: Parabola. 1969 Kaufmann JE. intersection of lines and circles. angle between two lines. COURSE FOR NON-MATHEMATICS MAJORS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES MATHEMATICS BS (Social Sciences). Freshman and Company. Circle: Equation of a circle. distance between two points. PWS-Kent Company. the general-second-degree equation Recommended Books: Abraham S. Boston 4. parallel and perpendicular lines.Course Outline: Geometry in Two Dimensions: Cartesian-coördinate mesh. Objectives 78 . hyperbola. SSC (Metric) level Mathematics 03 + 00 40 written examination. locus of a point in various conditions. PWS-Kent Company. College Algebra and Trigonometry.

Statistics : Books Recommended: 1. limitations of statistics and main division of statistics. nature of roots of quadratic equations. E. circle and trigonometric functions. standard deviation. ‘Introduction of Statistics’. ungrouped and grouped data. Measures of central tendency: Mean medium and modes. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry. 4. Boston.Contents 1. E. Algebra : : Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers. ‘College Algebra and Trigonometry’. Prentice Hall. inverse of matrices. Walpole. variance. ‘Statistics for The Social Sciences’. geometric and harmonic progressions. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. relationship of statistics with social science. 2. graphic presentation of the frequency distribution. Wilcox. characteristics of statistics. Introduction: Meaning and definition of statistics. Graphs: Graph of straight line. Cramer’s rule. determinants. bar frequency diagram histogram. Frequency distribution: Organisation of data. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations. deciles and percentiles. inter quartile deviation mean deviation. Matrices: Introduction to matrices. 79 . trigonometric identities. J. tally sheet method. system of linear equations. set operations. 2.. types of frequency series. R. cumulative frequency curve. Introduction to sets. individual. Latest Edition. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. types of functions. discrete and continuous series. Latest Edition. Measures of dispersion: Range.. types of matrices. skewness and kurtosis. E. quartiles. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic. equations reducible to quadratic equations. functions. Kaufmann. Latest Edition. PWS-Kent Company. frequency polygon. R.. ‘Fundamentals of Algebra and Trigonometry’. 3. W.. array. Swokowski. R. moments.

Mathews. 2005. Preliminary calculus. Davis. Calculus. 4. 3. Prentice-Hall. 5. quotients. • Differentiation Differentiation from first principles. Swokowski. 6. Anton. implicit differentiation. 2. 2002. Hughes-Hallett. Numerical Methods for Mathematics Science and Engineering. John Wiley & Sons.Jr. et al. Addison Wesley publishing company. Recommended Books: 1. 8th edition. 1983. Continuous Functions. and Transcendental Functions. Calculus Single and Multivariable. Gleason. Schaum’s Outline Series. theorems of differentiation. Boston. 3rd Edition. 80 . Elliott Mendelson.5. Leibnitz’ theorem. MATHEMATICS FOR CHEMISTRY 3 Mathematics at Secondary level Credit Hours: Prerequisites: Specific Objectives of Course: To prepare the students not majoring in mathematics with the essential tools of Calculus to apply the concepts and the techniques in their respective disciplines. Inc. Frank A. Jhon Willey & Sons. Calculus. Least-Squares Line. McCallum. Derivatives and its Applications: Differentiation of Polynomial. special points of a function. Solution of equations involving absolute values. Functions and their graphs: Polynomial Functions. Calculus and Analytic Geometry PWS Publishers. Extreme Values of Functions. S. Inc. Equation of a Line. Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals. 6. logarithmic differentiation. 2005. 1999. Limits and Continuity: Limit of a Function. MATHEMATICS FOR PHYSICS Contents 1. Inequalities. 11th Edition. Rational and Transcendental Functions. the chain rule. Course Outline: Preliminaries: Real Numbers and the Real Line. Rational Functions. Left Hand and Right Hand Limits. Second Edition 1992. Integration and Indefinite Integrals: Integration by Substitution. I. Calculus. Bevens. John H. Trigonometric Functions. E. products. Slope of a Line. Thomas. Continuity. Integration by Parts. 4th edition. W. H.

• Hyperbolic functions Definitions. arithmetico-geometric series. identities of hyperbolic functions. integration by inspection. inverses of hyperbolic functions. approximation errors in Taylor series. the difference method. geometric series. finding the nth roots of unity. applications of integration. sinusoidal function. modulus multiplication. calculus of hyperbolic functions Series and limits • Series • Summation of series Arithmetic series.2. transformation of series • Convergence of infinite series Absolute and conditional convergence. solving hyperbolic equations. • Integration Integration from first principles. standard Maclaurin series Evaluation of limits 81 . convergence of a series containing only real positive terms. reduction formulae. integral inequalities. substitution method. hyperbolic-trigonometric analogies. complex conjugate. infinite and improper integrals. integration by parts. the inverse of differentiation. plane polar coordinates. solving polynomial equations Complex logarithms and complex powers Applications to differentiation and integration • • 3. series involving natural numbers. integration using partial fractions. operations with power series Taylor series Taylor’s theorem. Complex numbers and hyperbolic functions • • • • The need for complex numbers Manipulation of complex numbers Additions and subtraction. de Moivre’s theorem Trigonometrical identities. alternating series test • • • • Operations with series Power series Convergence of power series. logarithmic integration. division Polar representation of complex numbers Multiplication and division in polar form and argument.

the inner product. vector triple product Equations of lines and planes Equation of a line. Pappus’ theorems. Vector algebra • • • • • • • • • 7. masses. vector product. mean values of functions Change of variables in multiple integrals Change of variables in double integrals.4. line to line. line to plane Reciprocal vectors 5. equation of a plane Using vectors to find distances Point to line. Matrices and vector spaces • Vectors spaces Basic vectors. centers of mass and centroids. moments of inertia. some useful inequalities • Matrices • The complex and Hermitian conjugates of a matrix • The determinant of a matrix Properties of determinants 82 . point to plane. Partial differentiation • • • • • • • • • Definition of the partial derivative The total differential and total derivative Exact and inexact differentials Useful theorems of partial differentiation The chain rule Change of variables Taylor’s theorem for many-variable functions Stationary values of many-variable functions Stationary values under constraints Double integrals Triple integrals Applications of multiple integrals Areas and volumes. scalar triple product. Scalars and vectors Addition and subtraction of vectors Multiplication by a scalar Basis vectors and components Magnitude of a vectors Multiplication of vectors Scalar product. Multiple integrals • • • • 6.

differential of a vector Integration of vectors Space curves Vector functions of several arguments Surfaces Scalar and vector fields Vector operators Gradient of a scalar field. symmetric and antisymmetric. curl of a vector field Vector operator formulae Vector operators acting on sums and products. of Hermitian and anti-Hermitian matrices. orthogonal.• • • • • The inverse of a matrix The rank of a matrix Simultaneous linear equations N simultaneous linear equations in N unknowns Special square matrices Diagonal. div and curl Cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates Cylindrical polar coordinates. spherical polar coordinates • 8. unitary normal Eigen vectors and eigen values Of a normal matrix. of a unitary matrix. Hermitian. divergence of a vector field. Vector calculus • • • • • • • • • 83 . combinations of grad. of a general square matrix Determination of eigen values and eigen vectors Degenerate eigen values Differentiation of vectors Composite vector expressions.

Annexure “E” INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS Credit hrs: 3(3-0) Unit 1. Sampling and Sampling Distributions Introduction. Standardized variables. Difference of means and proportions. Rounding of a Number. Exercises. Diagrams. Probability and Probability Distributions. properties of Good Average. Constructing of a frequency distribution. The Mode. Interpretation of the standard Deviation. The Mean Deviation. Graphs and their Construction. Exercises Unit 6. Exercises. Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. bias. Measures of Central Tendency Introduction. Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution. sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics. Box and Whisker Plot. Exercises. Unit 4. basic principles of classification and Tabulation. Exercises. Absolute and relative measures. Bar charts. Discrete and continuous distributions: Binomial. sample design and sampling frame. Coefficient of variation. Discrete and continuous variables. Ogive for Discrete Variable. Quantiles. Pie chart. Unit 5. Significant digits. Errors of measurement. Range. definition of outliers and their detection. What is Statistics? Definition of Statistics. Poisson and Normal Distribution. Different types of Averages. Unit 3. Editing of Data. Presentation of Data Introduction. Median and mode. Frequency polygon and Frequency curve. Types of frequency curves. The semiInter-quartile Range. Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive. Unit 2. sampling and non sampling errors. Change of origin and scale. Observations. Empirical Relation between Mean. Data. Historigram. The Variance and standard deviation. Histogram. Population. Stem and Leaf Display. Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion. Collection of primary and secondary data. Moments and Moments ratios. Measures of Dispersion Introduction. sampling with and without replacement. 84 . Sources. Exercises. Properties of variance and standard Deviation. probability and non-probability sampling.

Analysis of Variance and ANOVA Table. 1982. 85 . New York. Bhawana Bazar Faisalabad. Testing of hypothesis and confidence intervals about the difference of population means and proportions for small and large samples. “Statistical Methods and Data Analysis”. Kitab Markaz. Statistical problem. Unit 8. Regression and Correlation Introduction. Testing of Hypotheses-Two or more Populations Introduction. F. its estimation and interpretation. general procedure for testing of hypothesis. Test statistics. 2005. Muhammad. acceptance and rejection regions. Exercises. Testing of Hypothesis-Independece of Attributes Introduction. Contingency Tables. Type-I and Type-II errors. Unit 11. Note: General Courses from other Departments Details of courses may be developed by the concerned universities according to their Selection of Courses as recommended by their Board of Studies. Correlation. E.Unit 7. simple linear regression. 3rd Ed.Single Population Introduction. Testing of hypothesis and confidence interval about the population mean and proportion for small and large samples. Macmillan Publishing Co. null and alternative hypothesis. r and R2. examples. Testing of hypothesis about the Independence of attributes. cause and effect relationships. Multiple regression and interpretation of its parameters. Testing of Hypothesis. Hypothesis Testing Introduction. R. Exercises. Exercises Unit 10. “Introduction to Statistics”... level of significance. estimation of parameters and their interpretation. Coefficient of linear correlation. Inc. Examples Recommended Books 1 2 Walpole. Exercises Unit 9.

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