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1 SAGS.Also Called Excess spray gun too close to work,too Before cure,brush out
flow of Paint. much thinner,too much paint,or excess paint and modify
surface too hard or glossy to spray condition.After cure
hold paint. sand and apply another
2 ORANGE PEEL.Hills,valley paint too viscous;gun too close Before cure,brush out
in paint resembling skin of to surface;solvent evaporated excess paint and modify
orange. too fast;or air pressure too low spray condition.After cure
for proper atomization. sand and apply another
3 OVERSPRAY.Also called Particles reaching surface not Before cure,remove by
dry spray.Dry,flat,pebbly wet enough to level because dry brushing followed by
surface. of too rapid solvent evaporation solvent wiping.After cure,
gun too far from surface;or sand and apply another
paint Particles falling outside coat.
spray pattern.
4 CRATERING.Also called Air pockets trapped in wet film Sand or blast to smooth
pitting.small,uniform inden- during spraying. finish and apply additional
tation in film. coats.
5 FISH EYES.Separation or Application over oil,dirt,silicon, Sand or blast remove;
pulling apart of wet film to or incompatible coating. brush apply a fresh coat
expose underlying finish or plus topcoat.
6 BLUSHING.Flat finish with Moisture condensation in high Sand or blast remove;
milky appearance. humidity with fast evaporating respray with retarder
or unbalanced thinner in spray added to thinner.
7 FADING.Colour changes or Ultraviolet light degradation; Repaint & avoid possible
irregularities. or moisture behind paint film. sources of moisture.
8 WRINKLING.Rough,crinkled Surface skinning over uncured Scrape off wrinkles and
surface. paint because of too much apply thinner coat;avoid
thickness and/or too warm intense sunlight.
weather,especially with oilbase
9 BLISTERING.Small to large Solvent entrapment;oil,moisture Blowers in enclosed area
broken or unbroken bubbles or salt-contaminated surface; to accelerate solvent
or cathodic disbonding. release;adequate cleaning
of surface contamination;
proper levels of cathodic
10 PINHOLING.Tiny,deep hole Insufficient paint spray atomiz- If uncured,brush out and
exposing substrate. ation;coarse atomization;or apply additional coat.if
settled pigment. cured,apply additional
11 PINPOINT RUSTING. Pinholing or too high a steel Use holiday detector for
Rusting at pinholes or surface profile for coating early detection of pinholes
holidays. thickness. apply additional coats
after mechanical or blast
12 CHECKING.Narrow breaks, Limited paint flexibility;too thick Sand or mechanically
usually short,in topcoat that a coat;or applied at too high a remove checked coat and
expose undercoat. temperature. apply another coat.
13 CRACKING.Deep cracks in Paint shrinkage;limited flexibi- Sand,blast or mechanica-
paint that expose substrate. lity;excessive thickness(espe- lly remove total paint and
cially zinc-rich paints);or appli- apply new coat.
ed/cured at too high a tempera-
14 UNDERCUTTING.Blistering Corrosion products formed early detection of defects
&/or peeling of paint where where steel is exposed,under- with holiday detector and
exposed steel is rusting. minig and lifting paint. correction;use inhibitive
pigments in primer.
15 DELAMINATION.Peeling Separation/lifting of paint from Sand or mechanically
from undercoat or substrate chalky substrate or smooth, remove all loose paint,
poor-bonded undercoat. clean & roughen smooth
surface,and recoat.
16 MUD CRACKING.Deep, A relatively inflexible coating Remove coating and abra-
irregular cracks as with applied too thickly(especialy sively blast steel before
dried mud. common with inorganic zincs) reapplying at lesser thick-
cleaning may be accepta-
ble on order substrates.
17 PEELING OF MULTIPLE Stress from weathering exceed If limited,spot-remove
COAT.Peeling of heavy pai- adhesion to substrate. loose paint and apply flex-
nt build-up from substrate. ible paint;if extensive, scr-
ally or chemically remove
paint to substrate before
18 PEELING OF THICK,INFL- Stress from cured,weathered same as above.
EXIBLE PAINT.Peeling of paint exceed adhesion to
thick paint from substrate. substrate.