DOCUMENT #4

Draft Document YOUTH ENGAGEMENT 1SURVEY Food and Fitness Initiative

Topic: Youth Engagement in Social Change and Decision-Making

WHAT IS THE FOOD AND FITNESS INITIATIVE? The Food & Fitness Initiative is a multi-year effort of the W.K. Kellogg Foundation to create vibrant communities with equal access to affordable, healthy food and safe and inviting places for physical activity and play. Our community is one of nine across the country selected to become models of community change. We are forming a local collaborative to improve the health and quality of life in our community by transforming our food and fitness environments. We have received a two-year grant to create an eight-year action plan with the potential for implementation support. Thanks for your help and support! WHY IS YOUTH ENGAGEMENT IMPORTANT? Youth are expected to become a visible, expanding and influential member of our collaborative during the planning phase and throughout the remaining years. The places that we live, learn, work and play are the most important factors in determining how healthy we are. Youth will offer new and profound perspectives on how to improve our food and fitness environments. We need their help. The leadership of our collaborative and the K.K. Kellogg Foundation expect us to plan for maximum youth engagement. WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS QUESTIONNAIRE? Our goal is to promote deeper thinking about the benefits, challenges and types of youth engagement, the support that participating youth and their adult allies will need, and how we’ll measure success. Anyone interested in youth engagement is invited to complete the questionnaire. You can take it if you have prior youth engagement experience or if you are thinking about youth engagement for the first time. Our goal is to develop a common understanding about youth engagement among our community and collaborative that will lead to robust and well-supported youth engagement element of the proposal we submit to the W.K. Kellogg Foundation. HOW LONG WILL IT TAKE? The questionnaire should take 15 minutes or less. Please read the short directions for each section. Don’t forget to provide an explanation for your answer or written comments. Please add suggestions in the “other” slot if an idea you like is not on the list. We want to know what you think! WHAT HAPPENS NEXT? HOW CAN I STAY INVOLVED? We will collect and compile this information, and will use the results to conduct discussions and planning workshops that will help shape the youth engagement element of the proposal we submit to the W.K. Kellogg Foundation. Please provide your contact information on the next page, so that you can receive an invitation to these sessions. Thanks again for you interest and support!
PLEASE RETURN COMPLETED QUESTIONNAIRE: BY FAX (XYZ) ABC-DEFG OR BY E-MAIL FAFYTH@FAKE ADDRESS.ORG CONTACT: FAFYTH COORDINATOR, (XYZ) ABC-DEFG

1. RESPONDENT INFORMATION PERSON COMPLETING QUESTIONNAIRE Name: ______________________________________________________________________ Title: _______________________________________________________________________ Organization/Department: _______________________________________________________ Address: ____________________________________________________________________ City-State-Zip: ________________________________________________________________ Phone: ______________________________________________________________________ Fax: ________________________________________________________________________ E-Mail: ______________________________________________________________________ ABOUT ME

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Youth Parent Concerned Citizen Male Female Other – [

TYPE OF ORGANIZATION I REPRESENT:

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School School District Business Community-based Organization Faith-based Organization College or University City Government County Government State Government Federal Government Regional Coalition Statewide Organization National Organization

Other – [

2. BEST REASONS FOR YOUTH ENGAGEMENT - Please MARK  THE THREE (3) best reasons for engaging youth in important social change and decision-making processes (Chose Three):

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YOUTH DEVELOPMENT - Participating youth gain skills, knowledge and positive attitudes that (competencies) will help them succeed as individuals (civic, education, career) FAIRNESS TO YOUTH – Because youth face numerous challenges to reach a secure future these days; they deserve real-life opportunities to help shape that future HELPFUL IDEAS AND ENTHUSIASM – Youth provide unique ideas, energy and creativity that will improve the results of important decision and change-making processes SOCIAL JUSTICE AND EMPOWERMENT - Engaging and empowering youth contributes to efforts to reduce social, economic and civic disparities HELPS CONTROL PROBLEMS YOUTH CREATE – Youth are violent, apathetic and prone to risky behaviors; engaging youth is a way of managing this problem YOUTH ARE POWERFUL ROLE MODELS who can motivate and educate others, and build the relationships and good will (social capital) necessary for change OUR COMMUNITY’S ABILITY TO SUPPORT YOUTH WILL IMPROVE – Adults and organizations will improve their willingness and ability to support positive youth development ACCELERATED PROGRESS TO SOLUTIONS - Youth participation will motivate adults to cooperate and craft more speedy and effective solutions. IMPORTANT FOR FOOD AND FITNESS – Youth engagement is a fundamental element of Food and Fitness Initiative and we must demonstrate this commitment to our funders OTHER – [

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3. OBSTACLES TO YOUTH ENGAGEMENT - Please MARK  THE THREE (3) most likely challenges or obstacles to youth engagement (Chose Three):

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TRANSPORTATION DIFFICULTIES - Transportation to related meetings, workshops and events is difficult for many youth to find or arrange ADULTS FAVOR HIGH ACHIEVERS… Adults tend to encourage participation of “hot shots” while over-looking the average, struggling or marginalized youth BUDGETS ARE TIGHT - It is difficult for organizations to find staff time and financial resources to support youth engagement ACADEMIC DEMANDS - Youth are discouraged from missing class or homework for community service because of the emphasis on academic achievement and test results. INADEQUATE TRAINING AND SUPPORT - Youth do not get the information, training and support needed to effectively participate in change and decision-making processes (and adults do not always know what is needed) ADULTS ARE SKEPTICAL OR PATRONIZE YOUTH - Many adults are not truly convinced it is worth the time and effort to engage youth in important decision and change-making processes. YOUTH LOOSE THEIR MOTIVATION - Youth loose their focus because their role is not meaningful or it is not clearly defined by their adult supporters ADULTS MANIPULATE YOUTH - Youth perspectives are discounted because youth are perceived to be (or are) manipulated by adults promoting their own political or policy agenda LACK OF PARENTAL SUPPORT… Parents do not provide the necessary support or encouragement for youth to get involved in community service opportunities. OTHER – [

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4. TYPES OF ACTION – HOW CAN YOUTH BE THE MOST HELPFUL? From among the following broader types of social or political change strategies, please MARK  THE THREE (3) most likely to benefit from the involvement of youth (Choose Three):

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ADVOCACY – at school, city, county, state or national levels MEDIA AND COMMUNICATIONS – Use of multi-media to educate and influence others YOUTH GOVERNANCE – Participation with adults on boards, commissions and committees EDUCATE - Peers, parents, community and policymakers. GRANT-MAKING - Youth evaluate and make grants to others to promote desired change PARTICIPATION IN COALITIONS – Help form or participate on community, city, regional or statewide coalitions RESEARCH AND ASSESSMENTS – Design and conduct surveys, interviews and focus groups; collect data. YOUTH-RUN BUSINESSES - to create youth jobs and advance social causes PROGRAM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION – Youth help form, implement and improve social, education, or health-related programs PLANNING AND REFORM PROCESSES – Youth engage equally alongside adults in longterm planning and reform processes EVALUATION – Develop and participate in measuring success of programs and policies PROTESTS OR BOYCOTTS – To draw attention to unfair of illegal practices EVENT PLANNING – Organize and plan events OTHER – [

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5. REALMS OF INFLUENCE - WHAT ENVIRONMENTS ARE MOST LIKELY TO CHANGE DUE TO YOUTH ENGAGEMENT? Please MARK  THE THREE (3) environments most likely to change due to youth engagement (Choose Three):

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SCHOOL FAMILY GOVERNMENT DECISIONS (POLICY-MAKING) NEIGHBORHOOD PEERS HEALTH CARE SYSTEM COMMUNITY FAITH-BASED ORGANIZATIONS WORKPLACE MEDIA OTHER – [

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6. SKILLS YOUTH NEED TO BE EFFECTIVE: From among the list of skills below please MARK  THE THREE (3) skills that you believe are most important to develop among youth who are engaged social change and decision-making processes (Choose Three):

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WORK EFFECTIVELY WITH ADULTS as partners or adversaries. ASCERTAIN CONCERNS OF PEERS AND COMMUNITY through surveys, focus groups, and other outreach tools. COMMUNICATE INFORMATION AND IDEAS SUCCINCTLY in a variety of formats and venues. ASSESS PERSONAL STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES and how they can continue to develop as an individual, change agent and professional PLAN AND CONDUCT A MEETING, project or campaign ASCERTAIN AND UNDERSTAND THE PERSPECTIVES OF OTHERS and be capable of articulating challenges or opposition they might encounter RESPOND TO CRITICAL QUESTIONING from adults and their peers BE CONFIDENT IN THEIR ABILITIES and thus capable of commanding respect from adults and other youth OVERCOME CONFLICTS and challenges to work effectively as a team EMPLOY VARIOUS RESEARCH STRATEGIES necessary to get information about a new topic or issue OTHER – [

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7. KNOWLEDGE YOUTH NEED TO BE EFFECTIVE: From among the list of things youth will need to know below please MARK  THE THREE (3) types of knowledge that you believe are most important to impart to youth who are engaged in social change and decision-making processes:

THE NUANCES OF THE PARTICULAR PROCESS OR OPPORTUNITY they are engaged in, such as the process and protocol of a formal board or commission, planning process or informal committee SOCIAL CHANGE AND YOUTH DEVELOPMENT CONCEPTS including the variety of ways youth are and can be engaged in social change and decision policy-making processes THE POLITICAL LANDSCAPE of the particular public policy issue(s) they are working on, including how that issue is framed, related jargon, policy options, recent or proposed actions and the perspectives of key stakeholders. CONCERNS OF A CROSS-SECTION OF THEIR PEERS (other youth) so that they can effectively represent their interests during planning and policy-making processes CONCEPT OF POWER, types of power, and its affect on the outcome of planning and policy-making processes LOCAL AND STATE GOVERNMENT…Its structure, role and broader responsibilities as well as the obesity related issues and departments within each branch FUNDAMENTAL ELEMENTS OF PUBLIC POLICY PROCESS including the concepts of stakeholders, advocates, administrative and legislative decision-making, and the difference between the private and public sector KEY LAWS AND REGULATIONS as well as key court decisions affecting the issue(s) they are working on as well as planning and policy-making decisions on a local level BUDGET MAKING PROCESSES on all levels of government and the idea that these processes affect policy-making and program planning decisions OTHER – [

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8. HELP ADULTS AND ORGANIZATIONS NEED TO EFFECIVELY SUPPORT YOUTH: From among the list below, please MARK  THE THREE (3) things most likely to encourage, prepare and support your organization’s efforts to engage youth in obesity prevention (Choose Three):

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AN INCENTIVE PROGRAM, such as mini-grants, to leverage our organization’s own resources for youth engagement and funds we might raise from other sources PEER LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES, such as phone calls and meetings where we can learn from and support on another (who are committed to youth engagement) WEBSITE WITH BEST PRACTICES …Clearly described youth engagement ideas that are suitable to my organization, cost-effective, and are indicated as either promising, successfully piloted, or backed by data. YOUTH ENGAGEMENT TRAINING conference/workshops with representatives of other organizations committed to youth engagement in obesity prevention. HELP CONNECTING WITH OTHERS such as community-wide or regional coalitions with shared policy and social change goals EDUCATIONAL MATERIALS ON POLICY ISSUE OR SOCIAL CHANGE EFFORT documenting the scope and consequences of the problem and the value of youth engagement to motivate others in my organization READY ACCESS TO ASSISTANCE from an organization or specific individual with experience supporting youth engaged in planning and policy-making processes STEP-BY-STEP TRAINING MANUAL and materials to initiate and support youth engagement/obesity prevention ideas relevant to my organization RECOGNITION, AWARDS OR PUBLICITY that enhances our public relations or that helps market our product. OTHER – [

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9. EVALUATION – HOW SHOULD WE MEASURE SUCCESS OF YOUTH ENGAGEMENT? From among the list below, please MARK  THE THREE (3) most important indicators of a successful youth engagement effort (Choose Three):

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YOUTH OPPORTUNITIES EXPANDED…Youth engagement in social change and decisionmaking processes has been institutionalized or has expanded into other areas. CHANGE SOUGHT HAS BEEN INSTITUTIONALIZED by policy, budget allocation or tradition TARGETED ENVIRONMENT HAS CHANGED- There are measurable changes in the conditions of the targeted environment that encourage social change BEHAVIOR HAS CHANGED… The targeted population of youth is (by some quantitative measurement) YOUTH COMPETENCIES DEVELOPED… Participating youth show greater competences and resiliency (youth development) that will contribute to their success (civic, education, career). MORE THAN ONE APPROACH HAS BEEN ADOPTED… Our organization/community has adopted multiple strategies to achieve the policy or social change goals sought by the youth. REPLICATION… The intervention, program, or strategy to create change promoted by the youth has been replicated SUPPORT FROM KEY PEOPLE… The most important or respected audiences and stakeholders support the intervention, program or strategy promoted by the youth MEDIA ATTENTION - The intervention, program, strategy promoted by the youth has attracted media attention or received an award COST-EFFECTIVENESS ESTABLISHED - The intervention, program or strategy promoted by the youth has proven to be cost-effective and sustainable OTHER – [

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