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There are hundreds of resources and tools that could inform the work of local Food
& Fitness initiative. This document pulls together some of the more high-level
online and print resources, from organization websites to issue-related reports and
communications toolkits. In addition to providing important background
information, there are a variety of useful tools and best practices that can guide the
work in your community. For additional resources, please contact members of your
TAP Team specific to your area of interest. They can connect with you resources
tailored to your community’s unique needs.


Active Living by Design
One the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s Active Living programs, Active Living by
Design offers insights on increasing physical activity through community design,
public policies and communications strategies.

Active Living Research Summaries
Active Living Research produced three valuable summaries of what it has learned
about designing active living environments: “Designing to Reduce Childhood
Obesity,” “Designing for Active Transportation” and “Designing for Active

American Journal of Health Promotion Special Issue
This special issue, Health Promoting Community Design, includes various articles
exploring the connection between community design and public health.

American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Vol. 28
The journal’s Vol. 28, February, Supplement 2 issue is devoted to active living.

“Failing Fitness”
This California Endowment brief looks at physical education in California’s schools
and identifies research-based strategies for increasing physical activity among all

National Center for Safe Routes to School Tools and Case Studies
The National Center for Safe Routes to School shows how communities can build
safe, welcoming environments for kids walking or biking to school and for
pedestrians and bicyclists of all ages.

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Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center
The Center’s website offers information and materials for building safe places for
walking and bicycling, as well as a searchable image library with thousands of
photos for public use.

“Physical Education Matters”
This brief from The California Endowment looks at the quality and quantity of
physical education offered to K-12 students in California.

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Active Living Programs
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation funds additional Active Living programs that offer
links to useful resources.


The Communications Toolkit
Produced by Cause Communications, this comprehensive guide offers practical
information on navigating communications for the nonprofit world with practical
information in various areas of communications.

“Conceptualizing U.S. Food Systems with Simplifying Models”
This research report focuses on communications models aimed at helping
Americans think more productively about food systems.

“Framing the Food System: A FrameWorks Message Memo”
The memo details the findings of FrameWorks Institute research on Americans’
attitudes about the food system and reforms that food policy advocates put forward
to improve it.

“Implications of the Consumer Frame for Food and Fitness: Cognitive

Analysis of Media Depictions”
Created by the FrameWorks Institute with W.K. Kellogg Foundation support, this
report offers critical lessons about how individuals process information related to
food and fitness.

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“Upside Down Fate: Analysis of a Priming Survey Exploring Views of the
Food System”
This FrameWorks Institute report summarizes the findings of a national telephone
survey to determine the effects of various conceptual frames on people’s
understanding of the food system.

W.K. Kellogg Foundation Online Communications Toolkit
Intended to help nonprofit organizations effectively use communications, the toolkit
includes detailed steps needed to understand options, identify resources, plan,
implement and evaluate a strategic communications plan.


“Active Living Diversity Project”
Detailed in this report, the project identifies opportunities for developing effective
programs to increase physical activity and healthy eating in the African American,
Latino and Native American communities.

“The Health Benefits of Parks”
This white paper from the Trust for Public Land draws from the latest research to
demonstrate how parks support and promote healthy lifestyles, and reveal the
disparities in park equity.

Healthy Eating/Active Living Convergence Partnership
The Partnership’s website includes links to numerous reports on health disparities.

Prevention Institute
The Institute’s website offers a wealth of information, including reports and links to
other sites, about the disproportionate burden of disease borne by minorities and
other segments of the U.S. population.

“Reducing Health Disparities through a Focus on Communities”
This PolicyLink brief explores policies and practices aimed at reducing health
disparities in low-income communities and communities of color.

“Safety, Growth, and Equity: Infrastructure Policies that Promote

Opportunity and Inclusion”
Also from PolicyLink, the brief looks at the role of equitable infrastructure planning
in sustaining and reinforcing community.

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“Counties and Local Food Systems: Ensuring Healthy Foods, Nurturing

Healthy Children”
Published by the National Association of Counties Center for Sustainable
Communities, this report covers topics such as food councils, farm-to-school
programs, infrastructure for local producers and agricultural conservation

“Cultivating Common Ground”
This Prevention Institute report offers insights on how to create a synergistic
movement between health and sustainable agriculture.

“Eat Fresh and Grow Jobs, Michigan”
This report looks at how increased sales of fresh, local food may significantly boost
employment and personal income.

“Healthy Food, Healthy Communities: Improving Access and Opportunities

Through Food Retailing”
This PolicyLink report highlights examples of increasing healthy food retailing,
illustrating three of the most promising strategies: developing new grocery stores,
improving the selection and quality of food in existing smaller stores, and starting
and sustaining farmers’ markets.

“Improving Access to Healthy Foods: A Guide for Policy-Makers”
This concise brief explores actions at the state and local levels that can facilitate
healthy eating and improve access to affordable, healthy foods.

“Making the Farm / School Connection”
This study looks at the opportunities and barriers to greater use of locally grown
produce in public schools as identified by food service directors.

“Policy Guide on Regional and Community Food Planning”
Over the last few years, interest in food system issues by the planning community
has been on the rise. At the 2005 American Planning Association (APA) National
Planning Conference in San Francisco, a special track of sessions on food planning
subjects was held for the first time in APA's history. And, in 2007, the APA released
this policy guide.

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“Public Markets as a Vehicle for Social Integration and Upward Mobility”
Produced by the Project for Public Spaces in Association with Partners for Livable
Communities, this report demonstrates how public markets can enhance the
potential for social integration in public spaces and create a sustainable vehicle for
upward mobility and individual empowerment


“Is Reconciliation Possible? Lessons from Combating ‘Modern Racism’”
This paper was presented by Dr. Valerie Batts of VISIONS, Inc., two weeks after
September 11th at a scheduled meeting of the bishops of the Episcopal Church,
USA, on the topic of "globalization and difference." Dr. Batts delves into how
multiculturalism is inherent to reconciliation, and illustrates how a dynamic
multicultural learning process takes place to create change and acceptance.

“Ten Critical Success Factors for a Multicultural Initiative”
These critical success factors are derived from VISIONS, Inc.’s, over 20 years
experience with its clients. They represent observations from both what has worked
and what has not worked as a wide variety of organizations have worked to launch
and sustain effective multicultural initiatives.

One of the TAP Group organizations, VISIONS assists in creating environments
where differences are recognized, understood, appreciated and leveraged to
achieve greater productivity and creativity, and where all can perform to their full
potential. The VISIONS website offers a variety of useful resources and background
information to enhance understanding of multiculturalism and multicultural process.


“F as in Fat: How Obesity Policies are Failing in America, 2006”
The Trust for American’s Health report discusses recent trends in obesity including
specific state data, a timeline of national activities related to obesity, results from a
survey of state experts and comprehensive strategies to combat obesity.

“Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance”
This Institute of Medicine study examines the nature, extent and consequences of
obesity in U.S. children and youth, and offers a prevention-oriented action plan with
short-term and longer-term interventions.

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“Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: How Do We Measure Up?”
A follow-up to “Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance,” this Institute
of Medicine report looks at the nation’s progress in preventing childhood obesity
and outlines an action plan for researchers, professionals and advocates.


American Planning Association (APA) on Food System Planning
Learn why the APA considers food system planning a “planning” issue, and one its
members should be concerned about. Access APA resources on food system
planning and keep abreast of the Food System Planning Working Group.

“Commercial Revitalization Planning Guide”
This resource, developed by the Local Initiatives Support Corporation, is dedicated
to helping communities plan and implement commercial corridor revitalization
programs. The Guide is filled with detailed direction that will provide practitioners
with a starting point for strategic, comprehensive planning—from research to
planning to implementation.

Healthy Communities through Collaboration
The American Planning Association has entered into a partnership with the National
Association of County and City Health Officials to restore the bridge between land-
use planning and public health practice. The two organizations are exploring shared
objectives, providing tools, and recommending options and strategies for
integrating public health considerations into land-use planning.

Local Initiatives Support Corporation (LISC)
LISC helps resident-led, community-based development organizations transform
distressed communities and neighborhoods into healthy ones—good places to live,
do business, work and raise families. Previous work has looked at how food markets
can affect low-income neighborhoods, providing case studies that illustrate their
significant impact.


The ENACT Local Policy Database
The database is an online resource of local policies that can improve opportunities
for healthy eating and physical activity.

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The National Conference of State Legislators Healthy Community Design
Legislation Database
NCSL’s Healthy Community Design Legislation Database allows users to search by
state, topic area and bill-specific fields.

“Nutrition Standards for Foods in Schools: Leading the Way toward

Healthier Youth”
This Institute of Medicine report provides recommendations about appropriate
nutritional standards/policies for the availability, sale, content and consumption of
foods at school, with attention to competitive foods.

PolicyLink highlights new research, advocacy campaigns, policy strategies and
promising practices to achieve economic and social equity from communities across
the country.


ENACT: Environmental Nutrition and Activity Community Strategies
Created by the Prevention Institute, the website provides a concrete menu of
strategies designed to help communities improve nutrition and activity
environments on a local level.

Promoting Active Communities
This series of online resources features tools for assessing community health,
including the Promoting Active Communities (PAC) Assessment/Application, Design
Guidelines for Active Michigan Communities and the Healthy Communities Toolkit.

THRIVE: Tool for Health and Resilience In Vulnerable Environments
This online tool is intended to help communities understand and prioritize the
factors that can help improve local health and safety.

“What's Cooking in Your Food System? A Guide to Community Food

This guide, published by the Community Food Security Coalition, informs and
supports the development of community food assessments as a tool for increasing
community food security and creating positive change.

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