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How do educators select video resources for classroom use?

DIVERSE Portland, USA (July 2010)

Kevin Burden: University of Hull Theo Kuechel: University of Hull

: University of Hull Theo Kuechel : University of Hull Acknowledgements: EduTubePlus Platform Funding from European

Acknowledgements:

EduTubePlus Platform Funding from European Commission

: University of Hull Acknowledgements: EduTubePlus Platform Funding from European Commission Thursday, 1 July 2010 1
: University of Hull Acknowledgements: EduTubePlus Platform Funding from European Commission Thursday, 1 July 2010 1
Rational and purpose Shortage of empirical evidence about selection Benefits of defining criteria Impetus of
Rational and purpose
Shortage of empirical evidence about selection
Benefits of defining criteria
Impetus of EdutubePlus Service

Quantitative elements of the design

Research Design:

mixed methods

elements of the design Research Design: mixed methods Theory Hypothesis Operationalisaton Respondents Survey
Theory
Theory
Hypothesis
Hypothesis
Operationalisaton
Operationalisaton
Respondents
Respondents
Survey Design
Survey Design
Data Collection
Data Collection
Analysis
Analysis
Findings
Findings

Previous Research (summary)

Importance of contentPrevious Research (summary ) Link to learning outcomes and objectives Student generated authoring for pedagogical

Link to learning outcomes and objectivesPrevious Research (summary ) Importance of content Student generated authoring for pedagogical purposes Length of clip

Student generated authoring for pedagogical purposesof content Link to learning outcomes and objectives Length of clip What to avoid Theory Hypothesis

Length of clipStudent generated authoring for pedagogical purposes What to avoid Theory Hypothesis Operationalisaton

What to avoidgenerated authoring for pedagogical purposes Length of clip Theory Hypothesis Operationalisaton Respondents Survey

Theory
Theory
Hypothesis
Hypothesis
Operationalisaton
Operationalisaton
Respondents
Respondents
Survey Design
Survey Design
Data Collection
Data Collection
Analysis
Analysis
Findings
Findings
of clip What to avoid Theory Hypothesis Operationalisaton Respondents Survey Design Data Collection Analysis Findings

Research

Hypothesis

educators will employ a range of explicit selection criteria to search for video clips to use in the classroomResearch Hypothesis certain selection criteria will be privileged by educators educators will locate video resources from

certain selection criteria will be privileged by educatorscriteria to search for video clips to use in the classroom educators will locate video resources

educators will locate video resources from a wide range of different sourcescertain selection criteria will be privileged by educators educators will be able to articulate how they

educators will be able to articulate how they judge the quality and efficacy of the video resources they select?video resources from a wide range of different sources Theory Hypothesis Operationalisaton Respondents Survey

Theory
Theory
Hypothesis
Hypothesis
Operationalisaton
Operationalisaton
Respondents
Respondents
Survey Design
Survey Design
Data Collection
Data Collection
Analysis
Analysis
Findings
Findings

Operationalisation

Operationalisation Theory Hypothesis Operationalisaton Respondents Survey Design Data Collection Analysis Findings
Theory
Theory
Hypothesis
Hypothesis
Operationalisaton
Operationalisaton
Respondents
Respondents
Survey Design
Survey Design
Data Collection
Data Collection
Analysis
Analysis
Findings
Findings

Operationalisation: Concepts & Questions

Operationalisation: Concepts & Questions Q . What strategies do you use to search for video ◦

Q. What strategies do you use to search for video

recommendations for colleagues

recommendations from official sources (e.g. LA)

social media or networking (e.g. Twitter)

general online searches (e.g. Google)

subscription services

SIGS

specific online video services (e.g. YouTube)

other

Demographics

Theory
Theory
Hypothesis
Hypothesis
Operationalisaton
Operationalisaton
Respondents
Respondents
Survey Design
Survey Design
Data Collection
Data Collection
Analysis
Analysis
Findings
Findings

Sampling Strategy

Judgmental sampling is a non-probability sampling technique wherein either an authority picked by the researcher or the researcher himself selects units to be sampled based on their knowledge and professional judgment. This type of sampling technique is also known as purposive sampling and authoritative sampling

Demographics (location) UK 2%1% Belgium 6% Greece 4% Netherlands 6% Other Europe Australiasia USA 6%
Demographics (location)
UK
2%1%
Belgium
6%
Greece
4%
Netherlands
6%
Other Europe
Australiasia
USA
6%
46%
Asia
Middle East
South America
30%
Number of respondents 472
Demographics (age) Breakdown by Age 200 150 100 50 0 21-30 31- 45 46+
Demographics (age)
Breakdown by Age
200
150
100
50
0
21-30
31- 45
46+
Demographics (professional) Professional Role 300 225 150 75 0 Teacher Lecturer Support Advisory Policy Other
Demographics (professional)
Professional Role
300
225
150
75
0
Teacher
Lecturer
Support
Advisory
Policy
Other
Demographics (subjects) Grouped All Subjects Arts Science Technology ICT Humanities Languages English
Demographics (subjects)
Grouped
All Subjects
Arts
Science
Technology
ICT
Humanities
Languages
English
Mathematics
PE/perf Arts
0
38
75
113
150
Frequency (by user) 19% 15% 19% 29% 23% 43% 53% Daily Daily Weekly Weekly Monthly
Frequency (by user)
19%
15%
19%
29%
23%
43%
53%
Daily
Daily
Weekly
Weekly
Monthly
Monthly
Infrequent
with and without infrequent users
Frequency ( ) Daily No of Clips used 1-3 clips Weekly 4-10- clips 10+ clips
Frequency (
)
Daily
No of Clips used
1-3 clips
Weekly
4-10- clips
10+ clips
3%
26%
23%
74%
74%

Online survey

Online survey Theory Hypothesis Operationalisaton Respondents Survey Design Data Collection Analysis Findings
Theory
Theory
Hypothesis
Hypothesis
Operationalisaton
Operationalisaton
Respondents
Respondents
Survey Design
Survey Design
Data Collection
Data Collection
Analysis
Analysis
Findings
Findings

Data collection

Theory
Theory
Hypothesis
Hypothesis
Operationalisaton
Operationalisaton
Respondents
Respondents
Survey Design
Survey Design
Data Collection
Data Collection
Analysis
Analysis
Findings
Findings
Headline Findings Locating Video resources Judging Criteria Copyright Clip length Visual Quality Selection
Headline Findings
Locating Video resources
Judging Criteria
Copyright
Clip length
Visual Quality
Selection Criteria
Locating Video (Strategies) Colleagues rec. Official Rec. Social Networking Online Search Subscription Com Practice/
Locating Video (Strategies)
Colleagues rec.
Official Rec.
Social Networking
Online Search
Subscription
Com Practice/ Subject Ass
Online (e.g YouTube)
Other
0
100
200
300
400
Other Strategies DVD User Generated Content Record Whiteboard School TV
Other Strategies
DVD
User Generated Content
Record Whiteboard
School TV
Locating Video (Sources) Purchased Service Official Rec. User generated YouTube etc Portals Offline ex DVD
Locating Video (Sources)
Purchased Service
Official Rec.
User generated
YouTube etc
Portals
Offline ex DVD
Nat Broadcast TV
Other
0
100
200
300
400

Other Sources

iTunes PodcastsOther Sources BBC iPlayer search Archive & Museum Sites Online Newspapers Digitised Broadcasts

BBC iPlayer searchOther Sources iTunes Podcasts Archive & Museum Sites Online Newspapers Digitised Broadcasts

Archive & Museum SitesOther Sources iTunes Podcasts BBC iPlayer search Online Newspapers Digitised Broadcasts

Online NewspapersOther Sources iTunes Podcasts BBC iPlayer search Archive & Museum Sites Digitised Broadcasts

Digitised BroadcastsOther Sources iTunes Podcasts BBC iPlayer search Archive & Museum Sites Online Newspapers

Other Sources iTunes Podcasts BBC iPlayer search Archive & Museum Sites Online Newspapers Digitised Broadcasts

Locating Video (Quality)

“Videos that appear in poor visual quality, such as grainy, or outdated are not used.”

“The quality of film making is very important, I want pupils to see well made film to encourage them to make good films”

Judging Quality (Quotes)

“Initial scan to determine broad appropriacy/quality; then added to my social bookmarking site (Twine); then, once I am planning a PD session, I will review the resource in depth. If I cannot find an appropriate resource, or a contextualised resource is required, I will create a video in house (using Camtasia Studio)”

"Evaluate the video taking into account the relevance to the lesson,time constraints and understandability of the presentation if any"

Locating Video (Copyright)

generally the whole survey was relatively aware of copyright as an issue: 47% and 37% showing some awareness

In the filtered survey (i.e. excluding infrequent users) results almost identical (49% and 37%)

Surprisingly high number of those in this filtered group still prepared to use copyright material for which they did not have permission (28%) and still 17% from those who classed themselves very aware (191 people)

However a high number seemed to be aware of alternatives like Creative Commons (39% of full survey and 44% in very aware category) Very small numbers would not use CC material at all (16.5%)

Selection Criteria (Length)

“The duration of the video is very important. I choose shorter videos”

“Video can convey a lot of information or meaning in a very short time”

“Short clips with heightened relevance are most effective in enhancing teaching technique”

Discussion & conclusions

Original hypothesesDiscussion & conclusions New findings Modification to existing theory Next steps (qualitative analysis)

New findingsDiscussion & conclusions Original hypotheses Modification to existing theory Next steps (qualitative analysis)

Modification to existing theoryDiscussion & conclusions Original hypotheses New findings Next steps (qualitative analysis)

Next steps (qualitative analysis)Discussion & conclusions Original hypotheses New findings Modification to existing theory

Image Credits

Image Credits Slide15: Steve Garfield BY NC SA Slide 17: Old Shoe Woman BY NC SA

Slide 19: Inju BY NC SA Inju BY NC SA

CC Licenced : Sourced Flickr 2010