Chris Roskilly Dr.

Peterson Political Ideologies 10/25/2010 Nationalism in Australia: A Divide Between Patriotism and Ideology The Australia First Party emerged onto the Australian political scene in 1996. The party incited both a finite and interesting support despite its mostly radical ideology of nationalism. A similar movement in the United States for comparison would be the Tea Party Movement. Despite its constant criticisms, the party has been able to maintain a following which does not secure it a demanding presence in the Australian political arena. This has not stopped the party from being on the political radar as well as under the watch of the media. While the ideals may not be enough to be taken seriously on a national level, they are more than enough to gain national attention. This begs the question of relevance of ideologies outside of governing jurisdiction and more specifically, where does a line emerge that separates misguided patriotism from political ideology that claims it wants a pure country under the heading of a nationalist party? Nationalism is a ideology based around the concept that people fall into distinct group, or nations. (Ball & Dagger pg 180) More extreme cases of nationalism have incded Hitler's Nazi Party and the regime of Mussolini. There is however a less drastic case going on today in Australia. In the country, today, the party is led by Jim Saleam. The party makes claims that their policies are based from the old fashioned ideals of the Labor Party which were abandoned in the early 1970's. The Australian First Party was formed in June of 1996 by then Australian Labor Party leader Graeme Campbell. Campbell had increasingly become more opposed to his own parties ideas and wanted a change. Campbell was mostly in disagreement with Labor governing member Paul Keating regarding the topics of deregulation, Aboriginal land rights, and multiculturalism. This separation of ideals led to the formation of a new political party, the Australian First Party, which Campbell had high

The discouragement led to a changing of leadership in 2001 when Campbell resigned and was replaced by Diane Teasdale. The Sydney expansion in 2002 led to the emergence of Jim Saleam into the Australian First Party." This was a finite attempt to separate themselves from the racist and extremest criticisms the party suffered under Campbell's leadership. Between 2002 and 2007. the One Nation party. The Sydney inclusion was only a part of the expansion under Teasdale. Under Teasdale. Despite the attempts at a strong focus on policies. This led to the biggest fractioning of the party which would stage a three year battle for control of the party between Saleam and Teasdale. Upon Saleam's departure. Saleam was hired to be the Secretary of the party.aspirations for. The year 2007 also saw the departure of several other predominate members including Jim Saleam. the party also created the Patriotic Youth League. Stuart McBeth. organized and led the initiative which was criticized for being both extremist and racist. the party saw an expansion from their origin of New South Wales to Sydney in an attempt to draw more attention and support. and keeping controversy far from the attention of the media. One example of this is Darrin Hodges who was expelled from the party in 2007 on the account of being “Christian Zionists” and being in the league of Zionist Occupational Government. he . The Australia First Party was plagued with predominate members who had preconceived political issues. The Australian First Party was seen as to radical and quickly became overshadowed by the gained popularity of the One Nation movement. This was an issue that was worsened by the lack of a concise ideal. This was an outreach to the youth voice in politics on behalf of the Australia First Party. In 2002. Both of these parties shared a similar nationalism ideals but opposed on some issues causing a divide in the Nationalist movement. creating more competition instead of unity. Many party members argued amongst themselves and separated from the party to start their own. the party attempted to redefine itself as a “politics of New World Order liberal-globalist-capitalism. a college student. This was short lived however due to the emergence of another budding political party in the Australian arena.

He also took control of membership and incorporated the “Australian First Party (NSW). Actions like these have brought the attention of the party from a policy heavy inquiry to a question of the ethics of the party which is seen to be extremest and racist opposed to just far right. New South Wales stating that refugees spread disease and crime.000 who were protesting Lebanese gang activity.quickly gained control of other party branches such as Toowoomba and Newcastle. Saleam reached a targeted 500 members in July of 2009 and began registering the party with the Federal Elections Committee. Later that year in October.” Teasdale refused to recognize these branches and began to operate branches of the same party as its own separate entity. saw a much higher participation in a vocal movement to alert the population of the party in Cronulla. Pamphlets and stickers were dispersed among the crowd of estimated 5. In october of 2005.” December 11th. the group resurfaced to protest the immigration and asylum seeking legislation being proposed by Bruce Baird. This came as a result of the presiding councils decision to rehabilitate five Sudanese families in the area after a initial rejection of the action. One of the largest demonstrations by the party was seen in 2007 when 2. Saleam had also campaigned a new youth league in March of 2010 in anticipation of the registration coming through before elections. Where is the line . The Canadian born professor had extremist views on immigration in Australia and feared it would turn Australia into a “third world state. On June 28th .” Since its inception the party has not sat idle waiting for government approval before stating its voice. Teasdale also said that the control and decision making on the side of Saleam was illegal and threatened legal actions to be taken against Saleam. one month before the general elections in August.500 leaflets were distributed in Tamworth. This begs an interesting question. a collective 15 members protested the suspension of a university professor outside the Kirribilli House. The party completed all the registration requirements in June 2010. The “Eureka Youth League” was an initiative for “new young nationalists. the party passed out pamphlets concerning the number of immigrant workers at a protest of Howard Government's industrialist regulation laws. The pamphlets also addressed the concern of wages being undermined by the workers and the denial of jobs to Australians as a result.

Rebuild Australian Manufacturing Industries. To use a strong defense for putting yourself up against the world. Nationalism as an ideology takes these ideals and transposes them to political action through policy formation and implementation. Nationalism is defined as the strong identification of a group of individuals with a political entity defined in national terms. Strengthen the Family.between the ideals of a political ideology and the policy making efforts and statements made by the party of said political ideology? Are political ideals neutral until applied to the standing state of a governing body and the country it precised over. the criticisms against the Australia First Party. the Australia First Party hopes to ensure that citizens are taken care of first and foremost. and is nationalism inherently racist and discriminatory or does it just get a bad name because of its following and their interpretation of it and personal beliefs? The Australia First Party prides itself on eight core policies. Nationalism generally categorizes by nationality however. Fractioning the world in to smaller “bite sized” groups to deal with easily concludes with your . Seemingly these eight core ideas go well with the concept of nationalism. and to Strive To Rebuild A United Australia. The nationalist strive to end multiculturalism because they see multiculturalism as a decay in the fabric of solidarity. The nationalist movement in Australia moves to secure the rights and what is deemed proper resources. Reduce and Limit Immigration. is that “them” remains to be a solidarity of the rest of the global community but generally a fractioned group of different ethnic peoples that are put under attack individually on a per circumstance basis. Introduce Citizen's Initiated Referenda. However. such as right to health. despite the mindset of an “us” versus “them” view on policies for Australia. united. This is often paired with the idea that one group has the right to statehood. Their first core policy specifically states the desire to maintain compassionate and fair in our Nations international dealings. Through their policies. and express a single national culture. Abolish Multiculturalism. Different views beget different focuses. not necessarily race. Nationalism emphasizes collective identity . and jobs to citizens of Australia.a 'people' must be autonomous. you must keep the world as a whole. They are to Ensure Australia Retains Full Independence. and to a broader extent Nationalist globally.

generally the ideologies of politics attempt to branch out and cover more broad . November 2005 showed that Diane Teasdale stood within a small public eye as she received 1373 first preference votes for the Shepparton City Council Office. The line between ideology and patriotism is decided by blatant discrimination. These topics are also very important to conservatives. Campbell balmes the swift rise of the One Nation party for early low election results stating that they took 8. but a pivotal point in the realization of where the party stood as a whole in eye of the government and the public at large. Currently the main focus on the party is job security in a more globalized economy and immigration reform. Since then the influence of the Australian First Party has again wained. representative Bruce Preece was elected to office while running under the Australia First Party. Currently. the nationalism movement moves to protect the citizen from globalization and the loss of jobs through outsourcing while conservatives are fighting to maintain the current stability of globalization and allow for outsourcing to protect the citizen as a consumer as opposed to the worker. He was elected Councillor for the St John's Wood Ward of the City of Prospect. The desire for citizen protection can be argued by almost any ideology however. The following year. To discourage the rehabilitation of families into a neighborhood for being foreign is xenophobic.party and ideological following being viewed as a bully and xenophobic. This however has ceased to halt their movement as they are now more consolidated and streamlined as ever. The Australia First Party is a prime example of nationalism carried out incorrectly when it comes to the political spectrum. however. Legislation on the maintainability of neighborhoods with a high level of immigrant families in regards to citizen protection and its effects on citizen lifestyle is another thing altogether and more nationalistic in ideology that xenophobic in reaction.37% of valid votes cast. the Australia First Party is creating more attention through their protests and ideologies than their voter turnout. The Australian First Party in Australia is an interesting look at nationalism not only abroad but today as opposed to a historical reference. the Australian First Party decided to not run and contest in the elections. It was a small number in the grand elections.5% of the votes away from him. this represented 4. In 2001.

The finite extent of concentration has put nationalism in question to its validity as a ideology as opposed to a racism movement however. they must separate themselves from their xenophobic tendencies.human nature ideas. or at least hide them until election season is over. the makings of a political ideology are there. To be taken more seriously. .

Works Cited .

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