Summer 2008 Four Seasons 1

Eco-friendly
hardware P. 8
Backpack trips
in and around
the county P. 25
A supplement of the Daily Record
FOUR
2 Summer 2008 Four Seasons
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Seasons
Summer 2008 Four Seasons 3
Four
Seasons
5 | Solar water heating
8 | Eco-friendly hardware
11 | Landscape basics:
Finding a place to start!
19 | Recipe for Easy Memphis-Style
Barbecued Pork Spareribs
21 | Lemonade Recipes
25 | Backpack trips in and around
Kittitas County
29 | Grill of your dreams
SUMMER 2008
18
SECTIONS
4 | HOME
10 | GARDEN
18 | FOOD
24 | LEISURE
Publication of Ellensburg Daily Record
401 N. Main St. Ellensburg, WA 98926
Editor: Mike Gallagher
Contributors: Hillary Foss, Dick Ambrose,
David Dick, Thembi Borras and Daily
Record news services
Designer: Patrick Moore
Cover Photo
Stream running to a farm house on
Brondt Road in Ellensburg.
by David Dick.
4 Summer 2008 Four Seasons
HOME
Summer 2008 Four Seasons 5
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931427.ss08.cnr
By Thembi Borras
Why solar water heating?
Whatever your reasons for wanting
to reduce your energy consumption,
you will want to know what to do
first. Conservation yields the largest
reduction of energy in exchange
for your precious time and money.
The next biggest bang for your buck
comes from directly heating your
water with the sun. Installing a
properly sized solar water heating
system, can save 60 percent to 90
percent of the energy used to heat hot
water per year, which makes up about
15 percent to 20 percent of a typical
household’s energy outlay. Bringing
up the rear, in terms of return on your
investment is generating electricity
from a grid connected photovoltaic
(PV) system. Further, it makes sense
to do everything you feasibly can to
reduce your electricity use before you
size your PV system.
Sizing
To size a solar water heating
system that meets your family’s
need; first estimate the size of the
storage reservoir by estimating 20
gallons for the first two people and
15 gallons for each additional person.
If the estimated water use exceeds
80 gallons, use a 120-gallon tank.
Then base the collector area on the
actual tank size chosen. East of the
Cascades, 1.5 to 1.75 gallons of water
storage to 1-square foot of collector
area may be an appropriate ratio.
For example, a family of five requires
85 gallons, next size up to the next
largest available tank size, which is
120 gallons, then divide 120 by 1.5
because there should be 1.5 times
more storage capacity than square
feet of collector area. The result is 80
square feet of collector area, which
can be provided by two 4 by 10 foot
flat plate collectors.
Note: Solar water storage tanks are
available in 80 and 120 gallons. Solar
water storage tanks are typically
larger and better insulated than
average hot water tanks, and gener-
ally they have four ports instead of
two. However, an average home hot
water tank can be retrofitted to work
as a solar water storage tank.
Solar water heating
6 Summer 2008 Four Seasons
HOME
Siting and Orienting
Similar siting and orientation
considerations apply whether
you are installing collectors
to heat water or whether you
are installing collectors to
produce power. The University
of Oregon’s Solar Radiation
Monitoring Laboratory provides
a paper entitled “Evaluating a
Site’s Solar Potential,” for evalu-
ating a site for PV collectors, at
http://solardat.uoregon.edu/
download/Papers/Evaluating_a_
Site_Solar_Potential.pdf
However, if you have a south
facing surface, with plenty of
room, that is not encumbered
by shading and is close to your
point of use, then you don’t
need to do much evaluation.
Keep in mind; shading does
not preclude the effective-
ness of a solar water heating
system. Obstacles on the
horizon lower than 10 degrees
will have a negligible effect.
In the summer shading before
8 a.m. and after 4 p.m. and
in the winter shading before
9 a.m. and after 3 p.m. will
have almost no effect. The site
should be unshaded for at least
four hours between 8:30 a.m.
and 4 p.m.
The performance of a solar
water heating system is also
a function of the tilt of the
collectors. A tilt of 10 degrees
more than the latitude will
maximize collection during the
winter months. The latitude of
Ellensburg is 47 degrees, so the
recommended tilt is 57 degrees.
Type of System
According to Tom Lane, author
of “Solar Hot Water Systems
Lessons Learned 1977 to Today,”
“only two types of active systems
can survive in climates that
experience freezes every year
and/or have extremely hard
scaling or acidic water: closed-
loop drainback systems and
closed-loop anti-freeze systems
with well thought out heat
exchange … systems ...” More
specifically, his favorite system
is a double-pumped drainback
system with a heat exchanger
in the drainback reservoir. The
benefits of this type of system
are: they are relatively simple,
efficient, long lasting, offer
reliable freeze protection, and
if a pump should fail it does not
FIU professor
Jack Parker
inspects the
solar water
heater on the
roof of his
West Kendall,
Fla., home.
Summer 2008 Four Seasons 7
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damage the collector or component
parts because there is no water in
the collectors. The main limiting
factor of this type of system is the
installation must be right. The pipes
must be sloped so that the collec-
tors and pipes to the collectors
will adequately drainback into the
drainback reservoir. This system can
be viewed at http://store.altenergy-
store.com/mmsolar/others/Drain-
back_DX_System_Schematic.pdf.
If you want to compare thermal
collectors, the performance of
different flat-plate collectors and
evacuated tubes is listed in the
February and March 2008 issue
of Home Power magazine, “SHW
buyer’s guide.”
Payback
To illustrate how quickly it will take
a system to pay for itself (payback),
the following scenario is provided as
an example.
An existing electric hot water
heater uses 5,846 kWh/year and
the current cost of electricity is
.075/kWh. It is estimated that you
can save 75 percent of the energy
used to heat domestic hot water per
family per year by installing a solar
water heating system. Therefore
$329/year is the savings that can be
expected by installing a solar water
heating system. The total cost of the
solar water heating system is $5,747,
after deducting the federal tax
credit. Therefore, it will take 17 years
for the system to pay for itself, and
given that the system is estimated to
last a minimum of 30 years, the sun
will be heating 75 percent of your
water for free for 13 years.
Incentives
At this time (April 2008), the only
incentive available to Kittitas County
homeowners who install a solar
water heating system is a $2,000
federal personal tax credit and it is
set to expire on Dec. 31, 2008.
Permits
Kittitas County provided this
response when I requested a permit
for our project: “At this time, Kittitas
County does not regulate, permit, or
otherwise oversee the use, installa-
tion, or maintenance of solar water
heating systems (with the exception
of new construction plumbing).
Therefore, the system that you
propose does not require a permit
through our office.”
Credit
The majority of this article was
gleaned from the book “Solar Hot
Water Systems Lessons Learned 1977
to Today” by Tom Lane.
HOME
8 Summer 2008 Four Seasons
By JAMES and MORRIS CAREY
Good news for power tool fans: Cordless
tools are getting more powerful, lighter
weight, more ergonomic and more affordable.
Not only that, they’re getting green.
Those were among the advances on display
at this year’s National Hardware Show, an
industry-only event of 3,500 exhibitors who
showcased the latest in just about anything
you can find at your local hardware store,
home center or lawn and garden center.
As in other industries, the emphasis now is
on environmentalism. Here are a few of the
highlights:

Paint
Paint manufacturers have been working
for years to reduce paint toxicity by lowering
volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that are
bad for our environment. Now companies
such as Mythic paint have come out with
zero VOC, nontoxic, ultra low odor paint that
provides the durability and coverage one
would expect from a premium paint. The
paint is free of solvents, dispersants, surfac-
tants, preservatives and other carcinogens
that are ingredients in most traditional paints.
The environmental group Green Seal lists
eco-friendly paints that have passed its safety
and performance tests at its Web site: http://
greenseal.org/

Mowers
Cordless mowers powered by recharge-
able batteries have been around for about a
decade and continue to grow in popularity
since they don’t produce emissions. However,
push-reel mowers are coming back as a green
alternative. The only energy that they use are
calories burned by the operator, and there is
no harmful exhaust. Today’s push reel mowers
aren’t what you may remember while growing
up. They are lighter, easier to maneuver and
do a great job of cutting.
Drain clogs
Using toxic chemicals to clear a clogged
drain is anything but green. The alternative is
to call a plumber or attempt to clear the clog
using a drain snake, which can be cumber-
some at best and lead to a real mess.
The folks at Superior Tool have come up
with an alternative called the Yellow Subma-
HOME
Eco-friendly
hardware
Electric
rechargeable
mower.
Summer 2008 Four Seasons 9
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931426.ss08.cnr
HOME
rine Power DrainStick: a thin 18’’ flexible
plastic snake that is connected to a mini screw
gun that fits neatly in the palm of your hand.
Simply insert the snake into the drain and pull
the trigger. No chemical, no plumbing bills.
Battery recycling
Rechargeable batteries are everywhere — in
tools, computers, cell phones, digital and video
camcorders and small appliances. The problem
is that portable rechargeable batteries routinely
end up in landfills, allowing hazardous chemicals
to leach into ground water supplies.
The Rechargeable Battery Recycling Corpo-
ration, a nonprofit organization dedicated to
the recycling of rechargeable batteries and cell
phones, has teamed up with major hardware
and electronics retailers to make the recycling
process easier. Today there are more than
50,000 free battery recycling drop-off locations
across the U.S. and Canada.
Log on to www.call2recycle.org or call (877)
2-RECYCLE to find out where to take your old
batteries and cell phones.
Benjamin
Moore’s new
eco-friendly
paints.
10 Summer 2008 Four Seasons
GARDEN
Summer 2008 Four Seasons 11
Grebb, Johnson, Reed & Wachsmith, L.L.P.
Estate & Business Planning
Income Tax Planning & Preparation
Accounting & Payroll Services
C E R T I F I E D P U B L I C A C C O U N T A N T S
J er r y W. Gr ebb, CPA
Ri char d A. Wachs mi t h, CPA
Mar i e L. Ri egel , CPA
F. Ter r y Reed, CPA
C. J os eph Hubbar d, CPA
Fel i ci a M. Per s on, CPA
J acquel i ne M. O’ Connor , CPA
209 E. 5th Ave. ELLENSBURG, WA 98926 (509) 925-9876
931414.ss08.cnr
By Hilary Foss
WSU Master Gardener
Many homeowners are new to our area.
They very likely have a new home with an
empty yard containing some turf and no trees,
flowers, or shrubs. Obviously landscaping
is going to be high on the list of priorities. If
the new homeowner has a small budget for
landscaping, they probably will be considering
doing the landscaping themselves. This can be
a very intimidating proposition.
Trying to figure out where to start
when trying to design a new landscape is
overwhelming, in part because there is so
much information out there! Just go to any
bookstore and you will see whole shelves of
books devoted to the subject. So, if a home
gardener sticks to a few basics, things will be
greatly simplified.
Site Assessment
The first place to start in any landscape
is to see what is already there. Draw a
map, showing the locations of your house,
walkways, your garage, or any other struc-
tures such as a garden shed or fencing,
utilities such as septic and drain field, or
underground pipes or electrical. Don’t forget
about mapping structures that are on the lot
line, such as your neighbor’s garage, fencing
or trees. Also include location of lawn, or
any trees, shrubs, or any flowers that are
already there.
Another thing to figure out is “What kind
of soil do you have?” Soils can be sand,
loam, or clay and can be deficient in one
of the three major nutrients; nitrogen (N),
phosphorous (P), or potash (K) (also called
potassium). You also will need to know the
pH (alkalinity or acidity) of your soil. Every
home gardener should have a baseline soil
test done that tests for NPK. Visit your local
Master Gardener Plant diagnostic clinic for
information on soil testing.
Landscape
basics: Finding
a place to start!
GARDEN
With their
long season
of vibrant
blooming
fowers and
relatively easy
care, Stella de
Oro daylilies
are becoming
a big hit with
landscape
profession-
als and home
owners.
12 Summer 2008 Four Seasons
GARDEN
Knowing what kind of soil you
have and its fertility, will tell you
how you should manage your
landscape, primarily how to
irrigate it and to some degree,
what you can plant in the area.
Design Considerations
Try to keep in mind what
activities might be taking place
in the space. Think about how
a person would move through
the landscape. Where are the
pathways and which pathways
can’t be changed, such as routes
to the garbage, mailbox or
cars. Also consider where trees,
fences and other elements (such
as a pond) might be incorpo-
rated into the landscape.
Next, consider the sun
and how it moves around a
landscape. Do you want areas
that keep cool in the summer,
but let in sunlight and warmth
during the winter? Well-placed
trees can help cool your house
and reduce air conditioning
costs up to 30 percent. By
using a tree windbreak around
your home, you can lower
fuel consumption by 10 to 25
percent. Windbreaks reduce
and shift air movement around
buildings, which minimizes
heat loss from the walls of a
house or building.
Another factor to think about
is how much shade an area
gets. If you have a semi-shaded
or densely shaded garden site,
then you might want to consider
putting in shade loving plants
such as hosta, astilbe, Jacob’s
ladder, tiarella, or ferns.
Large plants can be planted
singly. Smaller plants are best
planted in groups or “drifts”
of three, five or seven. Avoid
planting in straight, even rows,
which look unnatural and are
best used in formal landscapes.
Keep in mind that informal
shapes are easier to maintain
than formal groupings, because
they are less labor intensive.
Plantings should have curved
lines, varied plant heights,
plants should be placed in
Summer 2008 Four Seasons 13
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14 Summer 2008 Four Seasons
masses and with variation of
textures, which will give a more
natural appearance.
Uses and Goals
for the Landscape
Next ask yourself, “What are
some of the goals and uses for
this landscape?” Consider some
of the following:
a. Is this a landscape that will
be used by pets or children? If
so, you might want to provide
a section of the yard to be used
as a play area. It would be
important to get a list of plants
that are poisonous to kids and
pets, so you can avoid planting
anything that would endanger
your children or pets (list avail-
able through the WSU Master
Gardener plant diagnostic clinic).
b. Do you want sitting areas
such as patios or decks for
entertaining guests? If so, decide
on the number if guests you are
likely to entertain, which will
help dictate how large a deck or
patio you will build.
c. Do you want to attract birds,
butterflies or other wildlife to
your yard and garden? If the
answer is yes, then get familiar
with what plants provide seeds,
berries, nuts, nectar, browse and
habitat for visiting wildlife.
Once all this has been consid-
ered, take pictures of the area to
be landscaped and draw a bird’s
eye view of it on paper. Draw up
the new landscape design onto
another piece of paper, making
sure that the new landscape
design is simple, convenient,
and inviting.
Defne Your Gardening Style
Another thing to keep in mind
is what style of landscaping
appeals to you and what will
look good with your home.
Some people like a very formal
landscape, which might lend
itself to a home with straight,
geometric lines.
A cute little bungalow would
probably look best with a
cottage-style garden which is a
mix of many herbs, perennials,
and shrubs, and perhaps an
arbor or bird bath. This is a very
high-maintenance garden.
There is the oriental
landscape, which employs
the use of water, rocks and
evergreens and a variety of
plants, and might include a
traditional Japanese Zen garden.
This is also a very high-mainte-
nance garden
Woodland gardens are a
natural-looking style of garden
that uses the fauna that grows in
a wooded area. This would be a
good choice for gardeners who
do not wish to spend a lot of
time on maintenance.
An informal-style landscape
incorporates and uses garden
beds with curved edges. Plants are
arranged in seemingly random
patterns. This is also a lower-
maintenance landscape that
might be a good choice if you have
children that will be playing in
your yard and garden area.
Choosing Plants
for Your Landscape
There are a wide range of
plants to choose from. Before
picking out plants, you should
assess how much water you will
use and how much maintenance
you are willing to do. If you love
to be in the garden and have lots
of time to spare, go ahead and
put in a cottage garden, but if
time is the issue, you will want
to choose plants that are hardy
and disease resistant and are
GARDEN
Summer 2008 Four Seasons 15
GARDEN
relatively easy to take care of.
Some easy and depend-
able plants are as follow:
Daylilies (Hemerocallis ,
peonies (Paeonia), Columbine
(Aquilegia), Leopard’s Bane
(Doronicum orientale), Cranes-
bill (Geranium) — ( these are
true geraniums, your ‘Martha
Washington’ type of geraniums
are really Pelargonium), Blanket-
flower (Gaillardia x grandiflora),
Coralbells (Heuchera), Bigleaf
Ligularia (Ligularia dentata),
Goldenrods (Solidago), and
Russian sage (Perovskia
atriplicifolia).
Consider Creating
a Low Impact Landscape
If you are concerned with
having a environmentally
friendly, low-impact garden,
consider using native and xeric
(drought tolerant) plants. Why
use native plants? Native plants
are plants that naturally occur in
our area and are adapted to the
local climate and soil condi-
tions. These plants generally
use less water and fertilizer, and
need less upkeep than non-
native (introduced) plants. They
also tend to be more disease-
and insect-resistant than many
of your more commonly used
ornamentals. Disease and insect
resistance holds true for xeric
plants, as well. By using native
and xeric plants, you will reduce
the amount of pesticide that you
use in the garden.
In Conclusion
Planning a new landscape
doesn’t have to be intimidating,
and in fact can be fun. Knowing
what information is needed,
will help you tackle doing some
planning for your landscape
and yard. Given a bit of time
and forethought, any gardener
should be able to come up with
a great landscape plan!
For more information about
home yards and gardens, contact
the WSU Master Gardener Plant
Clinic — Tuesdays 11:30 a.m.
to 2:30 p.m. — May through
September at WSU Extension
— Kittitas County, 507 Nanum
Rm. 2 in Ellensburg or call
962-7507. Upper County Toll free
Number 674-2584. Cooperative
Extension programs and employ-
ment are available to all without
discrimination. Evidence of
non-compliance may be reported
through your local Cooperative
Extension office.
16 Summer 2008 Four Seasons
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Summer 2008 Four Seasons 17
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18 Summer 2008 Four Seasons
FOOD
Summer 2008 Four Seasons 19
FOOD
The flavor of vinegar was a
little too strong for German
settlers in the early days of the
Carolinas, so they decided to
add tomatoes to sweeten up
their barbecue sauces.
Now, tomato-based sauce
has become the way to go for
barbecue enthusiasts across
most of the South, with the
addition of molasses or brown
sugar making the taste sweeter
the farther west you move.
This is a speedy version of
traditional slow-barbecued ribs.
Most of the cooking is done
hands-off in the oven, with a
final quick stint on the grill to
form a nice crust.
Easy memphis-style
barbecued pork
spareribs
Recipe from Chris Schlesinger
and John Willoughby’s ‘‘Grill It!,’’
DK Publishing, 2008
Start to fnish: 4 hours (1 hour active)
Servings: 4 to 6
For the barbecue rub:
• 1/3 cup kosher salt
• 1/3 cup freshly ground black
pepper
• 1/4 cup dark brown sugar
• 2 tablespoons paprika
• 2 tablespoons chili powder
• 2 tablespoons cumin
• 2 tablespoons ground coriander
• 2 tablespoons cayenne pepper
• 1 tablespoon ginger
• 2 racks pork spareribs, about 3
pounds each
For the sauce:
• 1 cup ketchup
• 1/3 cup cider vinegar
• 1/4 cup brown sugar
• 1/4 cup orange juice
• 2 tablespoons brown mustard
• 1/2 teaspoon Liquid Smoke
(optional)
• Kosher salt and freshly ground
black pepper, to taste
Preheat the oven to 200 F.
To prepare the rub, in a
small bowl combine the salt,
pepper, brown sugar, paprika,
chili powder, cumin, coriander,
cayenne and ginger. Use the rub
to thoroughly coat the ribs.
Arrange the ribs on baking
sheets and roast until the
meat is tender and pulls easily
from the bone, about 3 hours.
Remove the ribs from the oven
and set aside.
While the ribs cook, prepare the
sauce. In a small bowl, combine
the ketchup, vinegar, brown sugar,
orange juice, mustard and Liquid
Smoke. Set aside.
When the ribs are nearly
done, preheat a grill to low
with the grate at the highest
setting. Grill the ribs for 10 to 20
minutes per side, or until a light
crust has formed. Brush the ribs
with the sauce during the final
minute of cooking.
To serve, cut the racks into
individual ribs, passing the
remaining sauce on the side.
Recipe for Easy
Memphis-Style
Barbecued
Pork Spareribs
20 Summer 2008 Four Seasons
Barbecue purists in eastern
North Carolina claim there’s
only one way to cook pork: with
vinegar. The concept dates to the
days of Thomas Jefferson and
generally requires little more
than cider vinegar, red pepper
and maybe some salt.
This recipe uses the pork
butt — also called the Boston
butt — and contains part of the
shoulder blade. Rick Browne,
author of ‘‘The Best Barbecue
on Earth,’’ says this cut is
ideal for smoking, as the bone
transfers heat to the center and
adds flavor.
To prepare this recipe, you
also will need about 1 cup wood
chips for smoking (available
alongside grilling supplies) and
heavy-duty foil. Charcoal or gas
grills can be used; total grilling
time is about 6 hours.
Carolina-style pulled
pork butt
(Recipe from Rick Browne’s
‘‘The Best Barbecue on Earth,’’
Ten Speed Press, 2008)
Start to fnish: 6 hours of grilling,
plus overnight marinating
Servings: 6 to 8
• 1/2 cup bourbon
• 2 tablespoons molasses
• 1 1/2 cups cider vinegar
• 1 cup water
• 2 dried chipotle chilies,
rehydrated and chopped
• 4 tablespoons salt, divided
• 1 tablespoon crushed red
pepper fakes
• 2 tablespoons freshly ground
black pepper
• 5- to 6-pound boneless pork
butt (shoulder)
• 2 tablespoons paprika
• 1 tablespoon garlic powder
• 2 tablespoons cayenne
• Hamburger buns, for serving
• Cole slaw, for serving
In a large bowl, combine the
bourbon, molasses, vinegar,
water, chipotles, 2 tablespoons of
the salt, red pepper flakes, and 1
tablespoon of the black pepper.
Stir well and set aside.
Place the pork shoulder in a
large zip-close plastic bag. Pour
the marinade over the pork,
then seal the bag, pressing out as
much air as possible. Refrigerate
for 6 to 9 hours.
At least 2 hours before you are
ready to cook the pork, place
about 1 cup of wood chips in a
bowl, then cover with water and
let soak for at least 2 hours.
Once the pork has marinated,
remove it from the bag and set on
a large plate and set aside. Pour
the marinade into a medium
saucepan, then boil for 12
minutes to use for basting and as
a sauce. Set aside.
In a small bowl, combine the
remaining salt, paprika, garlic
powder, remaining black pepper,
and cayenne. Stir to mix, then
generously sprinkle the spices
over all surfaces of the pork. Cover
the pork and refrigerate for 1 hour.
Remove the pork from the
refrigerator and let come to room
temperature while the grill heats.
Prepare a charcoal or gas
barbecue or smoker for indirect
cooking, placing a water-filled
drip pan under the cool side
of the grill rack. Preheat to 250
F. Make sure the grill rack is
clean and oil it thoroughly with
cooking spray.
Place the soaked wood chips
on a piece of heavy-duty foil,
then fold it over like an envelope
to enclose the wood. Using a
pencil, poke 3 or 4 holes in the
top of the foil envelope (don’t
poke all the way through).
Place the foil packet directly
on the coals or gas flames. When
the wood inside the packet starts
to smoke, transfer the pork butt
to the prepared grill rack over
indirect heat.
Lower the lid rack and cook
until the internal temperature
reaches 190 F to 200 F, about 5 to
6 hours. During the final 2 hours
of cooking, baste the pork with
some of the reserved sauce every
30 minutes.
Remove the pork from the grill
and use 2 large forks to shred
and pull apart the meat. Transfer
the meat to a large bowl, then
stir in 3 to 4 tablespoons of the
sauce (or up to 1/2 cup). Serve on
hamburger buns with cole slaw
on top or on the side.
FOOD
A Carolina
Cocktail, which
consists of
pulled pork
barbecue
and crunch
cole slaw and
biscuits.
Summer 2008 Four Seasons 21
The fresh taste of watermelon
livens up this lemonade recipe
from Rozanne Gold in ‘‘The Oprah
Magazine Cookbook.’’ Adjust the
sweetness by experimenting with the
amount of honey.
Watermelon lemonade
(Recipe from Rozanne Gold in
‘‘The Oprah Magazine Cookbook,’’
Hyperion, 2008)
Start to fnish: 2 hours (15 minutes active)
Servings: 4
• 1 1/2 pounds sliced seedless
watermelon, rind removed
• Zest of 1 lemon
• 3/4 cup freshly squeezed lemon juice
• 1/2 cup honey
• 1 1/2 cups cold water
• 1 lemon, thinly sliced, for garnish
In a food processor, puree the
watermelon until very smooth.
Set a mesh strainer over a bowl and
pour the pureed watermelon through
it. Stir the pulp to let as much liquid
as possible drain into the bowl.
Discard the pulp.
Pour the watermelon juice into a
large pitcher and add the lemon zest.
Set aside.
In a small bowl, whisk together the
lemon juice and honey until honey
dissolves. Stir this mixture into the
watermelon juice, then stir in the water.
Cover and refrigerate until very
cold. Serve over ice and garnish with
lemon slices.
This basic recipe from Fred
Thompson’s cookbook ‘‘Lemonade,’’
starts with a simple syrup that can be
made ahead and refrigerated up to a
month. Having some on hand speeds
up the process of making fresh
lemonade.
Old-fashioned lemonade
(Recipe from Fred Thompson’s
‘‘Lemonade,’’ Harvard Common Press,
2002)
Start to fnish: 3 hours (15 minutes active)
Makes 2 quarts
For the sugar syrup:
• Grated zest of 2 lemons
• 2 cups sugar
• 2 cups water
For the lemonade:
• 2 cups freshly squeezed lemon
juice (about 12 lemons), with half
of the rinds reserved and roughly
chopped
• 3 cups cold water
To make the sugar syrup, in a
medium saucepan combine the
zest, sugar and water. Bring to a
boil over medium heat, stirring to
dissolve the sugar. Remove from
heat, cover and let steep for 15
minutes.
Transfer the syrup to a 2-quart
pitcher. Let cool.
Add the lemon juice, chopped
lemon rinds and cold water. Stir well
to combine. Chill until very cold.
Serve over ice.
This simple lemonade marries the
wonderfully complementary flavors
of fresh ginger and sweet honey.
SPARKLING GINGER
LEMONADE
(Recipe from the April/May issue of
Taste of Home magazine)
Start to fnish: 1 hour (15 minutes active)
Servings: 5
• 2 cup water
• 1 cup honey
• 2 tablespoons minced fresh ginger
• 2 cups club soda, cold
• 1 cup freshly squeezed lemon juice
In a small saucepan, combine the
water, honey and ginger. Bring to
a boil, then remove from the heat,
cover and let steep for 10 minutes.
Place a mesh strainer over a
bowl and strain the mixture into
it, discarding the ginger. Transfer
the mixture to a pitcher and cool
completely.
Stir in the soda and lemon juice.
Serve over ice.
FOOD
Lemonade
Recipes
22 Summer 2008 Four Seasons
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Summer 2008 Four Seasons 23
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Best of
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Announced
June 21st
24 Summer 2008 Four Seasons
LEISURE
Above
Peggy’s
Pond
Summer 2008 Four Seasons 25
LEISURE
By DICK AMBROSE
Why backpack you ask? Your pack
is unbearably heavy, it’s hard work,
you get blisters on top of blisters,
sore shoulders, sore muscles, and
it’s always uphill and steep, always.
You can’t find a good place to camp,
your headlamp light went out and
you have no extra batteries. You’re
too cold, you’re too hot, you sweat
profusely and then get cold when you
stop. You dump your dinner on the
ground, you run out of gas for your
stove, your thermarest has a hole in
it, the ground is hard, you can’t sleep,
noises in the night keep you awake.
It’s dangerous! There are rattle-
snakes, scorpions, bears, mountain
lions, ticks, deer flies, horseflies,
mosquitoes, and no-see-ums. When
it rains or snows you get soaked and
hypothermic. You become lost and
disoriented. You twist your ankle,
bang your knee and scratch you
arm. It’s foggy, cloudy, windy and
rainy. You get dirt in your eyes, your
ears, your soup de jour. You forget
the toilet paper. There are dozens of
reason why you shouldn’t backpack.
“Now I see the secret of making the best
persons. It is to live in the open air, and
to eat and sleep with the earth.”
— Walt Whitman
Backpack trips
in and around
Kittitas County
26 Summer 2008 Four Seasons
LEISURE
But on the other hand….
So why backpack? Really
why do it? You do it to marvel
at a visual feast of wildflowers
cascading down a mountain
slope, for the huckleberries, for
that above-it-all feeling, to watch
a bear on an open hillside, to
recharge your sense of wonder,
to hear the complicated 93-
note song of the winter wren,
to share the experience with
someone who doesn’t get out
enough, to smell the distinct
aroma of a mountain meadow,
to thrill at the ascending trill of
the swainson’s trush, to watch a
marmot eatin wildflowers and
gettin real fat, for the fall colors,
to hear the whump, whump,
whump of a grouse, or the croak
of a raven, to pour over the
maps, to hoist a pack onto your
back, to hear a pika beep, and a
marmot whistle, to stand on top
of a mountain peak and gaze
at a 360-degree view of a sea of
mountains, ridges, and valleys,
unfolding like a topo map, to
fry up a mess of mountain fresh
trout, with onions and potatoes,
to have your heart stop when
a grouse explodes from under
your feet, to touch a 500-year-old
tree, to watch butterflies dance
in the sun, to watch two fawns
bouncing around a meadow, to
witness a peregrine falcon pirou-
ette in the sky or a golden eagle
soar on the thermals, to photo-
graph the most beautiful sunset
you have ever seen, to hear the
wind whisper in the trees, for
the challenge, to push yourself
beyond where you thought you
could go, to satisfy your addic-
tion for being in wild places,
to see a billion stars, for the
exercise, for your sanity, health,
heart, and soul, for the history,
natural history, geology, to count
the moments that take your
breath away, to learn more about
yourself, to see Mount Rainier
from every possible angle, to
marvel at a mountain bluebird
joyfully carrying the sky on its
back, to witness creation with its
storm, avalanche, wild gardens,
glaciers, waterfalls, wildfires and
primordial forest, and to go on
the best darn hike you have ever
been on. That’s why.
Ingalls Lake
Summer 2008 Four Seasons 27
LEISURE
My Top 11 List of
Backpack Hikes in and
around Kittitas County:
Hyas Lake: A great backpack
for youngsters and their
parents. Only two miles to
the scenic lake with very little
elevation gain. Lots of great
campsites near the lake.
Bean Creek trail: Usually
accessible in June. A beautiful
hike to Bean Creek basin chock
full of wildflowers, with many
opportunities to explore yonder
peaks and ridges.
Ingalls Lake: You can’t
actually camp at the lake but
there are some great campsites
in a little basin before you reach
the lake. You can visit the pictur-
esque lake the next day without
your heavy pack.
Peggy’s Pond: A popular hike
to access a climb of Mt Daniels.
A five-mile hike going up up
up, but worth the climb. Good
campsites at Peggy’s pond and
beyond. (Katie’s favorite)
Manastash Lake: A lake set
in a bowl below basalt cliffs.
Usually accessible in Late May
or early June. Great early season
hike. Take your fishing rod.
Taneum Lake: Good beginner’s
backpack. Only two miles to the
lake with very little elevation gain.
Pacific Crest Trail from
Snoqualmie to Hyas Lake: One
of the most spectacular sections
of the crest trail. Spot a vehicle at
the takeout. A wonderful four- to
five-day hike.
Pacific Crest Trail from
Stevens Pass north: Another
great stretch of the crest. Once
you reach the crest you stay high
for 13 or so miles with staggering
views. When I hiked it we
came out the Little Wenatchee
drainage. You can do it easily
in four days. It required two
vehicles.
Thorp Mountain: I recom-
mend camping at Thorp Lake
and hike to the lookout the next
day without a heavy pack. Take
your fishing rod.
Marmot Lake: A difficult
hike — 17 miles round trip. You
just never seem to get there.
But when you do it is worth the
effort. A side trip to Jade Lake or
Bean creek
basin
28 Summer 2008 Four Seasons
LEISURE
Clarice is possible. Good huckle-
berries in late summer into fall.
Robin and Tuck Lakes: The
last portion is strenuous, and
steep. If you can go the extra
mile, the best campsites are at
Robin Lakes. Great views make
it worth the effort. Many ridges
and lakes to explore. The upper
lakes are breathtaking.
Obviously there are a great
many more backpack trips to
consider. Consult maps, guide-
books and other hikers for more
information. One of the best
sources is the Internet. Type in
the destination of the hike you
are looking for in your favorite
search engine and you will find
way more stuff than you need.
If you are looking for your own
reasons, take a backpack trip
before summer and fall have
melted into winter. In fact take
lots of hikes. Happy trails.
Be prepared before heading
into the mountains. A change
in weather can be unforgiving.
Tell someone where you are
hiking, especially when you hike
alone. Make sure you carry the
11 essentials. 1. Extra clothing.
2. Extra food — enough so
something is left over at the
end of the trip. 3. Sunglasses
— necessary for most alpine
travel and indispensable on
snow. 4. Knife — for first aid
and emergency fire building. 5.
Fire starter — a candle is good
for starting a fire even with wet
wood. 6. First aid kit. 7. Matches-
in a waterproof container. 8.
Flashlight or head lamp with
extra bulb and batteries. 9. Map
for the trip. 10. Compass. 11.
Water filter or some means of
water treatment.
Refections at
Wapatus Lake
Summer 2008 Four Seasons 29
By CHARLYNE VARKONYI SCHAUB
If you’re looking for a new gas grill for your
cookout, you don’t have to buy the most
expensive model to get good performance,
according to the June issue of Consumer
Reports.
“Most of the grills we tested did a nice job
cooking steaks, chicken and fish,” Celia Kuper-
szmid Lehrman, Consumer Reports deputy
home editor, said in a telephone interview.
“It’s nice that we are still finding inexpensive
models that are doing a good job. The $200
Brinkmann has a side burner and lots of shelf
space. What we are seeing is you don’t have to
spend a lot of money to get a great grill.”
And you don’t have to go to a specialty store
to buy a great grill. The magazine tested 37
grills and found these “Best Buys” available at
LEISURE
Grill of your
dreams
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Your connection for homes
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1.509.933.HOME(4663)
30 Summer 2008 Four Seasons
LEISURE
Sears, The Home Depot and Lowe’s:
Midsized grills: Blue Ember
(FG50069-U401) by Fiesta is $450 at
The Home Depot, Brinkmann (810-
8410S) is $200 at The Home Depot
and Char-Broil Commercial Series
(463268008) is $300 at Lowe’s.
Larger grills: Kenmore (16315) $570
at Sears and Char-Broil Quantum
(463248208) $500 at Lowe’s.
So what makes a great grill?
“You want to have a grill that’s
going to cook the food evenly,”
Lehrman said. “You have to be able
to control the flames and have more
than one burner to turn on and off.”
Two of the options promoted in
advertising — high BTUs (British
Thermal Units) and infrared cooking
— won’t give better performance,
according to Lehrman.
“For years everyone was saying
‘I have more BTUs than you,’” she
said. “More BTUs didn’t translate
into better cooking or faster heating.
The new buzz is infrared cooking,
another way of saying indirect
cooking with heat. We didn’t see one
outperforming the other or outper-
forming conventional grilling. This
is not something you have to spend
extra for.”
Good performance is not just the
amount of heat a grill can generate,
she said, it’s how much heat the grill
can keep in.
“Look at the grates,” she said.
“Coated cast iron or stainless steel
tend to sear better and maintain
consistent grilling. They are better
than porcelain-coated steel.”
And how about those side burners
that we love in South Florida to help
with cooking during hurricane power
outages?
Although side burners are conve-
nient because you can prepare side
dishes at the same time or keep food
warm outside, Lehrman said your
stove will do a better job of keeping
food at a low simmer. Side burners
also take longer to boil water.
Lehrman also suggested looking
for a grill with an electronic ignition.
Consumer Reports does not
perform durability tests, but she said
they do a salt spray test on different
types of stainless.
“If you are looking at a 300 series
vs. a 400 series, the lower number is
better,” she said. “It is less likely to
rust. But the most inexpensive way to
make sure it stays in good condition
is to cover it.”
For more information, see
ConsumerReports.org.
GRILL TIPS
What should you look for in buying the right
grill for your family? Here are suggestions from
the experts at Consumer Reports:
SIZE MATTERS: How many people do you cook for?
How much space do you have for the grill? The more
you cook for and the more space you have, the bigger
the grill.
WHAT’S ON THE MENU?: What do you cook or want
to cook that you can’t now? Grills with side burners are
good to help us through hurricane season. If you want
to cook a whole chicken, you may want a rotisserie.
BRING A MAGNET: A magnet typically sticks to cheaper
grade steel, which is more likely to rust.
CHECK FOR SAFETY: Look for stability. Run your hand
over the grill to test for sharp edges and see how close your
knuckles come to the lid when you are gripping the handle.
SAFETY AT HOME: Use a freproof mat underneath, and
never use the grill in your garage or closed area.
Blue Ember
by Fiesta,
mid-size grill.
Summer 2008 Four Seasons 31
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32 Summer 2008 Four Seasons
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