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Why Differential pressure transmitter is located below the tappings points for steam & condensible vapor flow measurement application?
A Liquid Flow Measurement • Place taps to the side of the line to prevent sediment deposits on the Transmitter’s process isolators. • Mount the transmitter beside or below the taps so gases can vent into the process line. • Mount drain/vent valve upward to allow gases to vent. Gas Flow Measurement • Place taps in the top or side of the line. • Mount the transmitter beside or above the taps so liquid will drain into the process line. Steam Flow Measurement • Place taps to the side of the line. • Mount the transmitter below the taps to ensure that the impulse piping will stay filled with condensate. • Fill impulse lines with water to prevent the steam from contacting the Transmitter directly and to ensure accurate measurement at start-up.
2. what is the difference between valve positioner and i/p converter? A. The valve positioner is used for following reasons :
Quick Action control valve. Valve hysteresis. Valves used on viscous liquids. Split Range. Line pressure changes on valve. Valve Bench set not standard. Reversing valve operation. AN I/P CONVERTER IS ONE WHICH CONVERTS 4-20 ma INTO 0.2 TO 1 KG/SQ.CM PNEUMATIC SIGNAL IY REQUIRES 1.4 KG/SQ.CM AIR SUPPLY FOR ITS OPERATION.
3. in the boiler in the main steam line and its bypass line and the startup vent vales are only motorised valves why cant we use other types of valves such as pneumatic. A.valve before having high pressure valve after zero pressure to balance pressure between inlet and outlet high torque will be there so for handling heavy torques motorised valves are preferred. 4. what is offset and how will you compensate in cv A. OFFSET :
It is the steady state difference between the control point and the value of the controlled variable corresponding with setpoint.it occurs in proportional action to eliminate this an integral action is added.
5. what is electronic to pneumatic converter and pneumatic to electronic converter and where it is used A.Electronic to pneumatic converter is used to operate a control valve from 0 to 100% Pneumatic to electronic converter is used for knowing the feedback of control valves(0 to 100%) In earlier days now it is replaced with resistance to current converters. 6. explain about class A and B types of UPS systems 7. what is the three element in boiler A.drum level,steam flow,feed water flow are the three elements. 8.which buffer solution is used for PH Tx. Calibration A.4.0,9.2 buffer solutions are required for zero and slope calibration.7.0 ph is required for checking center scale (ph ranges from 0 to 14 ph)we can calibrate ph transmitter by applying voltage -414mv for 0ph +414 mv for 14ph and 0mv for 7 ph 9.what is the difference between active loops and passive loops A.active loop is one which does not require any power for its operation(ex.thermocouple) Passive loop require external power for its operation(ex.R.T.D) 10.what is the startup vent valve? Why it is used in boiler? A.A startup vent is used for venting steam(pressure)in a boiler during boiler startup when required pressure and temperature developed in a boiler the startup vent is closed and boiler is taken into service (main steam stop valve is opened and steam is used for producing power). 11.In the boiler main steam line and its bypass line and the startup vent valve are only motorized valves, why cant we use other types of valves like pneumatic. A. valve before having high pressure valve after zero pressure to balance pressure between inlet and outlet high torque will be there so for handling heavy torques motorised valves are preferred.
12. what is the double acting valve. A.a double acting valve is one which consists of to coils for operation one for opening and another for closing. 13.why 24vdc power supply is used as standard for all loop powered transmitters. A.any transmitters works from 18vdc to 30vdc but when we use 24 vdc we get 4 to 20ma current in a linear range .another reason for using 24vdc because it is safety to use low voltage in hazards locations it is connected via zener barriers.
14. difference between pressure safety valve and pressure relief and in what application we use this. A.safety valves are designed specifically to give full opening with little overpressure.they have spring-loaded discs that close the inlet opening in the valve against the upsteam pressure and are characterised by rapid opening.or pop action,produced by a hubbling chamber which at set pressure,increases the disc and seat area exposed to inlet pressure to a point where the spring force can no longer overcome the inlet force. The safety relief valve is a unique and extensively used relieving device in oil refineries and chemical plants.it may be described as a safety valve with a closed bonnet.therfore,all the characteristics of the safety valve are inherent in the safety relief valve.