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Classroom Management

in an ESL Environment

Chungnam TESOL
Program
Week 8
Classroom Management
Study Plan
 1. Classroom Set-Up: Make Your
Own
 (1st hour study)

 2. Classroom Management &


Student Learning (2nd hour
study)

 3. Lesson Plans: Model & Make Your


Own (3rd hour study)
Classroom Set-Up
n Things to think about:
1. Student Age: Class Grade Level

2. Class Subject

3. Lesson

3. Homeroom Class vs Multiple Use

4. Teaching Method


Classroom Set-Up:
Desk Arrangements
 Discuss each. Benefits?
Disadvantages?
n Students Group their Desks
n Horseshoe
n Circle
n Orderly Rows (traditional
classroom)
n Pairs
n Rows of Tables
Design Your Classroom
n On a piece of paper, design your own
classroom.

Then discuss with a partner. Questions?


 Why is your classroom set-up like this?

 What grade do you teach?

 Where do you teach?

 What subject do you teach?

 How many student do you teach?

 What is your lesson?


Classroom Management
& Student Learning

 Effective Teachers MANAGE their


classrooms.

 Ineffective teachers DISCIPLINE their


classrooms.
What can a teacher do?
n Remember:

 Effective classroom
management begins
with effective lesson
plans.

 But first, understand


classroom
management &
student learning
Classroom Challenges
n Managing learning time
n Vary lessons with various
approaches
n Moving toward cooperative
learning
n Facilitating learning time
n Engaging students
People don’t care
how much you know
until they know
how much you care
No significant
learning occurs
without a
significant
relationship
Your Personal Teaching Style
Affects the Classroom

Jellyfish Teacher

Brickwall Teacher Flexible Teacher


Classroom Management:
Improve Student
Behavior
Preventative
 Supportive

Techniques Techniques
n Catch students being n Accept student

good. diversity
n Teach students how to n Schedule individual

ask for your conferences to


attention. discuss difficult
n Use appropriate level issues.
material in your n Acknowledge positive

class. traits.
n Teach students to n Show interest in

communicate students’ outside


ESL Student Learning
Needs
Look at the Handout Sheet
1. Adjust Time

2. Adjust Assessment

3. Adapt Teaching Methods

4. Use Alternative Teaching

Materials
5. Environmental Adaptations
Active Learning
 What Is Active Learning?
 Active learning happens when
students are given the opportunity to
take a more interactive relationship with
the subject matter of a course,
encouraging them to generate rather
than simply to receive knowledge. In an
active learning environment, teachers
facilitate rather than dictate the
students’ learning.
Why Active Learning?
n Research has shown that active
learning is an exceptionally effective
teaching technique.
n Regardless of the subject matter, when
active learning is compared to
traditional teaching methods (such as
lecture), students learn more
material, retain the information
longer, and enjoy the class more.
n Active learning allows students to
learn in the classroom with the help of
the instructor and other students,
How To Incorporate Active
Learning Into Your
Classroom
n Employing active learning techniques in the
classroom can pose difficulties to teachers and
students not accustomed to this mode of
instruction.

n The teacher surrenders some of the control of


the class as s/he becomes a facilitator, and
the students take increased responsibility for
not only what , but also how they learn.

n Incorporating active learning in the classroom,


then, requires students to act.
Active Learning Ideas
n Group work allows every
participant the chance to speak,
share personal views, and develop
the skill of working with others.
n Cooperative group work requires
all group members to work
together to complete a given task.
Break the class into groups of 2-5
students. Give each group articles
to read, questions to answer and
discuss, information to share,
subjects to teach to other groups,
etc.
Active Learning Ideas
n Writing activities of many kinds offer
students the opportunity to think about and
process information. For example, in addition
to minute papers, you could pose a question
and then give students time to freewrite
their answers. You could also give students
time to freewrite about topics.
n Brainstorming is another simple technique
that can involve the whole class in a
discussion. Introduce a topic or problem and
then ask for student input, which you record
on the board.
Active Learning Ideas
n Games related to the subject can easily
be incorporated into the classroom to
foster active learning and
participation. Games can include
matching, mysteries, group
competitions, solving puzzles,
pictionary, game shows, movies,
songs, etc.
n Debates staged in class can be
effective tools for encouraging
students to think about several sides
Active Learning Ideas
n Case studies use real-life stories
that describe what happened to a
community, family, school, or
individual to prompt students to
integrate their classroom
knowledge with their knowledge
of real-world situations, actions,
and consequences.
Maximize Classroom
Instruction Time and
Minimizing Disruptions
n Brainstorming & discussion n Project-based & problem-
n Drawing & artwork based instruction
n Field trips n Reciprocal teaching &
n Games cooperative learning
n Graphic organizers, semantic
n Role-plays, drama,
maps, and word webs pantomimes, & charades
n Humor
n Storytelling
n Recipes, labs, experiments,
n Technology
models n Visualization & guided
n Mnemonic (memory) devices imagery
n Movement
n Visuals
n Music, rhythm, rhyme, & rap
n Work-study &
apprenticeships for top
n
students
n Writing & journals
n
Lesson Plan
Look at the example lesson plan handout

1.Lesson Objectives
2.Materials
3.Activities
4.Learning Styles
5.Skills
6.Evaluation
7.Classroom Accommodations
Lesson Plan
 In the final hour of class, make your lesson
plan based on your materials

 Students can work in pairs and make one


lesson plan

 2nd Classroom Management Class: Present


your lesson plan: describe your reasoning and
ideas to classmates (5 minutes each for
individual lessons and 8 minutes for pair
work).