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2007 Pumper & Cleaner

Environmental Expo International

Wednesday February 7, 2007

Mainline Pipe Rehabilitation Using

Cured-in-Place Pipe (CIPP) &
Folded Pipe Technology
What is Cured-In-Place Pipe (CIPP)

z A resin saturated fabric liner

that is installed into a
deteriorated pipeline and then
cured using Heat , Ambient or
Ultra Violet Light

What is Folded Pipe (FP)

z A factory manufactured
pipe that is folded for
easy delivery in coils
then reheated and
installed into an existing

Where Can CIPP or Folded Pipe Be
z Municipal sewers, laterals,
water mains and drainage
pipes, outfall pipes, force
mains, etc
z Industrial, sewer ,water,
drainage, gas mains,
process pipes,
downspouts, air vents
z Highway & railroad
z Other piping systems
Pipeline Solutions With CIPP

z Structural renewal
z Structural reinforcement
z Infiltration reduction
z Inflow reduction
{ M.H. – M.H. Lining
{ Lateral pipe lining
{ Sectional Lining
Sizes 4”-120”
Pipeline Solutions With Folded Pipe

z Structural renewal
z Structural reinforcement
z Infiltration reduction
z Inflow reduction
{ M.H. – M.H. Lining
Sizes 4”-24”
Typical CIPP Liner Materials
Vinyl Ester

Liner Fabric
Carbon Fiber

Installation PVC
The Cured CIPP Product

z The typical product consists

of either a polyester fabric,
fiberglass or combination
liner saturated with either a
polyester, vinylester or
epoxy thermoset resin.
z The product can be cured
using hot water, steam,
ultra-violet light or ambient
Typical CIPP Thermoset Resins
z Polyester Epoxy
{ Most common for typical Vinyl Ester
sewer applications
z Vinyl ester
{ Industrial or special waste Polyester
{ Higher corrosion resistance
{ Pressure applications
z Epoxy
{ Industrial & potable water
{ Pressure applications
{ Higher temperature
Polyester Fabric Liner Preparation

z A felt liner is fabricated of polyester needled, woven or knit

fabric and coated with an impervious film such as polyethylene,
polyurethane or PVC. Just prior to installation, the fabric liner is
saturated with a heat activated resin using a vacuum impregnation
process. All excess resin is removed by pulling the liner through a
specially designed set of rollers. The saturated liner can be stored
in a refrigerated truck for several days until installation into the
host pipe.
Polyester Fabric Resin Impregnation

z A Vacuum is created on z Resin, with dye, is

the custom manufactured pumped into the liner and
liner to remove air and to displaces the evacuated air
ensure thorough resin saturating the inside of the
distribution liner
Fiberglass Liner Preparation
z Fiberglass Liners are manufactured several ways:
1. A liner is fabricated of a specially designed fiberglass
material and encased in impervious film such as
polyethylene, polyurethane or PVC. The fiberglass
liner is saturated with either a heat activated or UV
Light activated resin. All excess resin is removed by
pulling the liner through a specially designed set of
2. UV Light activated resin is saturated into the raw
fiberglass material then spirally wound into a round
tube. No vacuum
impregnation is required
3. UV Light activated resin
fiberglass liners typically
have an extended shelf life
of up to six (6) months
without refrigeration
Typical Folded Pipe Materials

z Folded Pipe material are thermoplastic in nature. The

material can typically be re-heated several times to
accommodate installation into an existing pipeline
z Materials include:
z High Density Polyethylene (HDPE)
z Modified Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Type #1
z Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Type #2
Folded Pipe (HDPE)

z Typically manufactured
in a “U” shape 4” to 24”
and in some cases larger
z Coiled on large vertical
z References ASTM F-
1533, ASTM F-1606
Folded Pipe (PVC) Type #1

z PVC Based Products

Type #1
z Reference ASTM F-
1504 & F-1947
z 4” to 15” diameters
Folded Pipe (PVC) Type #2

z PVC Based Products

Type #2
z Reference ASTM F-
1871 & F-1867
z 4” to 24” and larger
Cured-In-Place Pipe (CIPP) &
Folded Pipe (FP)

Typical Project Execution

CIPP & Folded Pipe Technology
z The liner materials must be designed
and selected for the specific
application (sewer, water, industrial,
z The installer must be experienced in
the technology (minimum number of
installations, years of experience, etc))
z Installation technique and equipment
specific to the technology and curing
technique applied (equipment should
be integral part of technology)
z The Installed product must be tested
and certified to meet the specification
Pre-Project Data Collection
z Document size, length and condition of
line(s) (using PACP standards)
z Document pipe material(s)
z Document size change(s) within a line
z Verify line and grade of pipe
z Identify necessary pipe repairs to be
done before liner installation
z Identify all infiltration into the pipe and
repair major leaks or install a pre-liner
z Determine peak flow volumes in pipe
z Determine traffic maintenance
z Identify all service connections as active
or inactive
Lateral Connection Identification

z Quantity to be reinstated
z Locations to be documented
z Abandoned services
Pre-Installation Considerations
z Equipment staging area is
required at or near access
z The existing pipe must be pre-
televised and surveyed to
determine its condition
z Some excavation may be
required for larger diameter
liners or for point repairs
z All existing flows in the pipe
must be plugged or by-passed
z The existing pipe must be
cleaned to remove ALL debris,
silt, roots, sand, etc
Heat Cured CIPP Liner Installation

The resin impregnated tube is either inverted, using

air or water pressure or pulled into the old pipe
through the existing access or manhole structure
CIPP Curing with Hot Water
z Once in place and properly inflated the liner is
cured using hot water heat. Cure temperatures are
monitored at access points and at each end of the
installation Circulation

Boiler Truck
CIPP Curing With Steam
z Once in place and properly inflated the liner is cured
using steam heat. Cure temperatures are monitored
at access points and at each end of the installation
U V Light Cured Liner Installation
A fiberglass liner is pulled into the host pipe. A light
train & CCTV is inserted in one end and pulled to the
opposite end recording the pre-cure condition of the
liner. The light train is then pulled back through the
inside of the liner, at a regulated speed, with the
CCTV camera recording the actual curing of the
CIPP Curing With Ultra-Violet Light

Once in place and inflated the liner is cured using ultra

Violet Light. Infrared sensors record the entire liner cure
Folded Pipe Liner Installation

z Folded pipe is pulled into

the existing pipe
z The pipe is then heated
and unfolded to fit tightly
within the existing pipe
z Steam is typically used to
process to liner
Folded Pipe Processing With Steam

z Folded Pipes are typically re-heated, to various

degrees, to accommodate installation requirements
z Steam and pressure are typically used to expand
and process the pipe to fit tight within the existing
Manhole Termination

A seal can be
Pipe installed between the
newly installed liner
and the existing pipe
to prevent
Pipe Seal migration into the
Seals can be either
hydrophilic or grout
Installed CIPP or Folded Pipe

z The installed pipe should

be free of wrinkles or
other defects that will
prevent the proper
operation of the pipeline
z The installed pipe
should have the
projected longevity as
Lateral Re-Connection
z Identify lateral connection dimples
from CCTV inspection and/or pre-
liner installation measurement
z Cut opening each live lateral
z Leave each abandoned connection
closed as directed by the customer

Lateral Connection Dimple

Post Installation Documentation
The specified design requirements must be verified after
the liner has been installed and cured in the field
z The thickness of the liner is
z The physical properties of the
installed material are tested
z The chemical resistance
z The water tightness is verified
z The physical appearance is
CIPP ASTM Standards
z ASTM F1216 – Standard Practice for Rehabilitation of Existing
Pipelines and Conduits by the Inversion and
Curing of a Resin-Impregnated Tube
z ASTM F1743 – Standard Practice for Rehabilitation of Existing
Pipelines and Conduits by Pulled in-Place
Installation of Cured-in-Place Thermosetting Resin Pipe (CIPP)
z ASTM D5813 - Standard Specification for Cured-In-Place
Thermosetting Resin Sewer Piping Systems
z ASTM F2019 – Standard Practice for the Rehabilitation of Existing
Pipelines and Conduits by the Pulled in Place installation of Glass
Reinforced Plastic (GRP) Cured-In-Place Thermosetting Resin
Pipe (CIPP)
Folded Pipe ASTM Standards

z HDPE Based Products

z ASTM F-1533 & ASTM F-1606
z PVC Based Products Type #1
z ASTM F-1504 & ASTM F-1947
z PVC Based Products Type #2
z ASTM F-1871 & ASTM F-1867
Why Use CIPP or Folded Pipe

z Typically no excavation required

z No disruption of adjacent utilities or surface
z Installed through existing manholes
z Lengths over several thousand feet can be
installed in a continuous joint-less section
z Can be installed in a variety of pipe cross-
z Flow characteristics are typically improved and
future maintenance is reduced
z Lateral pipes are reconnected robotically
Why Use CIPP or Folded Pipe

z Designed for specific applications

z Many years of successful installations
z Significantly lower in cost than traditional
excavation and replacement
z Long design life when properly installed and tested
z Fast installations
z Minimal social impact
z Unique Installations

z “Trenchless Pipe RenewalTechnologies “ are not

magic but are tools that need to be properly utilized.
Projects must be evaluated, good engineering
practice applied and the correct technologies
selected to achieve the desired end result
Any Questions
Gerhard “Gerry” P. Muenchmeyer, P.E.
Director of Engineering & Operations
Reline America, Inc
Saltville, VA
800 866 998-0808

Irv Gemora
Executive Director
410 486-3500
Credits & Disclaimer
zMaterial contained in this Presentation has been obtained and
compiled from various related industry manufacturers,
contractors, engineers, installers and end users. All parties
involved acknowledge the need to disseminate relevant
information to promote (trenchless technology) product
advantages and rehabilitation techniques for the benefit of all

zThis slide presentation shows products and systems made by

specific companies. This is not intended as an endorsement of
these products and systems or to imply that there are not other
products and systems which perform the same functions.