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SCHOOL OF CONTUNING AND DISTANCE EDUCATION JAWAHARAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY COURSE STRUCTURE FOR B.TECH. (CCC) ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

I YEAR S.NO 1 2 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8 CODE C1BSO1 C1BS02 C1 ECO1 C1 ECO2 C1 CS10 C1 ECO3 C1 ECO4 C1 CS11 Mathematics –I Mathematics – II Electronic Circuit Analysis & Design Probability Theory, Signals & Systems C & Data Structures Network Theory & Transmission Lines Electronic Circuits Lab Computer Programming Lab Subject Credits 8 8 8 8 8 8 4 4

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**TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY - 9848581807
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B.Tech.(CCC) I/IV YEAR C1 BS01 - MATHEMATICS – I (Common to all branches) UNIT-I : Sequences - Series - Convergence and divergence - Ratio test - Comparison test - Integral test - Cauchy's root test - Raabe's test – Absolute and conditional convergence. Rolle's theorem - Lagrange's Mean Value theorem - Cauchy's Mean value Theorem - Generalized Mean Value theorem (Taylor's Theorem) UNIT-II : Functions of several variables - limit and continuity - partial differentiation Chain rule - Total derivative - Euler's theorem, Jacobian - Functional dependence. Maxima and Minima of functions of two variables with and with out constraints, Radius, Center and Circle of Curvature - Evolutes and Envelopes. UNIT-III : Curve tracing - Cartesian, polar and parametric curves. Applications of integration to lengths, volumes and surface areas in Cartesian and Polar coordinates. UNIT-IV : Differential equations of first order and first degree - formation. Exact, linear and Bernoulli. Applications to Newton's Law of cooling, Law of natural growth and decay, Orthogonal trajectories, Non-homogeneous linear differential equations of second and higher order with constant coefficients with RHS term of the type eax, sin ax, cos ax, polynomial in x, e V(x), x V(x), method of variation of parameters. UNIT-V : Laplace transforms of standard functions - Inverse transform - Linearity first shifting Theorem. Transforms of derivatives and integrals - Unit step function - second shifting theorem - Dirac's delta function Differentiation and integration of transforms Multiple integrals: Double and triple integrals -change of variables – Change of order of integration. UNIT-VI : Vector Differential Calculus: Gradient, Divergence, Curl and their related properties of sums, Products,Laplacian and second order operators. Vector integral Calculus: Vector integration - Line integral - work done -Potential 2

**TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY - 9848581807
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function - area, surface and volume integrals. Green's theorem, Stoke's and Gauss' Divergence Theorem. Verification of Green's, Stoke's and Gauss'Theorems. Curvilinear Coordinates - Cylindrical, Spherical Coordinates – Expressions of Grad, div, curl in Spherical, Cylindrical and Curvilinear Coordinates. UNIT-7: Matrices — brief review — Inverse of a matrix by adjoint , elementary row transformations — Rank - Normal form — eachelon form. Augmented matrix— Consistency — Solution of system of simultaneous linear homogeneous and non-homogeneous equations. UNIT-8: Eigen values, Bigen vectors — properties — Cayley-Hamilton Theorem (Inverse and powers of a matrix by Cayley-Hamifton theorem). Quadratic forms —positive, negative definite — Diagnolization of matrix. Calculation of powers of matrix — Modal and sprectral matrices. Real matrices — Symmetric, skewsymmetric, orthogonal. Linear Transformation — Orthogonal Transformation. Quadratic forms — Reduction of quadratic form to canonical form — index —signature. Complex matrices Hermitian, Skew-Herimitian and Unitary — Eigen values and elgen vectors of complex matrices and their properties. TEXT BOOKS: 1. lyengar, Krishna Gandhi, ”A Text Book of Engineering Mathematics “, Vol-1, 2002, S.Chand. 2. B.V. Ramana, “ Engineering Mathematics”, 2002,TMH. 3. C. Sanakraiah, “Engineering Mathematics – I”, 2002, Vijaya. 4. P. Nageswara Rao, Y. Narsimhulu, Prabhakara Rao, ”Engineering Mathematics I”,2002. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. S. K. V. S. Sri Rama Chary, M. Bhujanga Rao, Shankar, ”Engineering Mathematics”, 2000, BSP 2. Erwin Kreyszig, ”Advanced Engineering Mathematics” , 8e, 2001 , John Wiley. 3. Michael D. Green Berg, ”Advanced Engineering Mathematics “, 2e, PHI. 4. Sarveswara Rao Koneru, ”Engineering Mathematics “, 2002, Orient Longman . 5. N. P. Bali, ”Engineering Mathematics – I”, Laxmi. 3

log Z. Solution of one-dimensional heat equation. – Inverse Z – Transforms.solutions of standard first order equations of type I. Cos Z.Finite and infinite Fourier Transform – Inverse Transforms – Solution to initial boundary value problems. UNIT –IV Elementary functions and their properties of Sin Z. ez. UNIT –III Complex functions – Continuity – differentiability – Analyticity – Cauchy – Reiman Equations in Cartesian and polar coordinates. Sin Z.MATHEMATICS – II (Common to all branches) UNIT – I Formation of Partial differential equations by elimination of arbitrary constants and arbitrary functions . Conformal mapping of function Zn. Bilinear Transformation. Line integral – Cauchy’s Integral Theorem – Cauchy’s Integral formula – derivative of analytic functions – Taylor’s and Laurent’s Series. Zeroes and Poles. ez. Sinh Z. – Simple Properties – solution of differences equations. Harmonic and Conjugate harmonic functions. II.(CCC) I/IV YEAR C1 BS02 . one-dimensional wave equation and two-dimensional Laplace’s equation by the method of separation of variables.9848581807 B. – Z – Transforms. Cos Z.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .Residue theorem – Evaluation of standard real integrals – Argument principle – Rouche’s theorem and Fundamental theorem of algebra. Newton-Raphson. bisection. log Z. UNIT –II Fourier integral theorem. UNIT –VI Numerical Methods-I: Iterative methods. Regula false position. III and IV. 4 . – successive approximation methods.Tech. Solution of linear simultaneous algebraic equations – Gauss – Jordan and Gauss – Seidel’s methods. UNIT –V Residue. Cosh Z.

Sankaraiah. 4. Engineering Mathematics-II by C.9848581807 UNIT –VII Numerical Methods-II: Interpolation. 3. Numerical Methods by S. Least square approximation of functions – Linear regression – Polynomial regression.. 2. Iyengar. Ramana. Vijaya Publication 2002. TMH. Second Edition – 2004.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Interpolation Methods. UNIT –VIII Numerical Methods-III: Numerical interpolation by Trapezoidal and Simpson’s 1/3 and 3/8th rules – Numerical solution of differential equations by Euler’s method – Runge – Kutta methods – Milne’s predictor – Corrector methods. 5 . Forward differences – backward differences and central differences. Prentice-Hall. Recommended Text Books 1. Krishna Gandhi “ A Text Book of Engineering Mathematics” – Vol 2 Revised edition 2004. S.Sastry.S. Chand. Engineering Mathematics by B.V.

FET amplifier – frequency response. UNIT – III FEEDBACK AMPLIFIERS Concepts of feedback. 6 . applications limitations and specifications of BJT. Thermal run away and thermal stability. General characteristics of negative feedback amplifiers. DIAC.Tech. Biasing of FET. criteria for fixing operating point and methods of Bias stabilization. Comparison of BJT and FET RC coupled amplifier .ELECTRONIC CIRCUIT ANALYSIS & DESIGN UNIT – I TRANSISTOR CHARACTERISTICS Construction. equivalent circuit. Effect of Feedback on Amplifiers characteristics. Classification of feedback amplifiers. TRIACs. a and b cut off frequencies of transistor. HF model of transistor.(CCC) I/IV YEAR C1 EC01 . DC equivalent model. FET Small signal model. oscillators. BW of multistage of amplifiers. RC and LC type oscillators. Frequency and amplitude stability of oscillators. Optoelectronic devices. principle of operation. Simple problems. UJT and MOSFET's (different configurations of transistors are to be considered). SCR.9848581807 B. Analysis of single stage transistor amplifier using h-parameters: voltage gain. crystal oscillators. FET.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . UNIT – VI: MULTISTAGE AMPLIFIERS: Cascaded amplifiers. symbol. Small signal low frequency transistor amplifier circuits: h-parameter representation of a transistor. calculation of Band widht and concept of Gain Bandwidth Product. UNIT – IV OSCILLATORS Condition for oscillations. current gain. input impedance and Output impedance. Colpitts). Quartz (Hartley. UNIT – V: SINGLE STAGE AMPLIFIERS: Classification of amplifiers – Design of single stage amplifiers. V-I characteristics. Specifications of amplifiers. RC-phase shift and Wien-bridge oscillators. UNIT – II AMPLIFIERS Biasing. parameter calculations.frequency response. Generalized analysis of LC. MOSFET. analysis and design (all configurations of BJT and FET to be considered).

Lal Kishore.S. PHI.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . REFERENCES: 1.Publications 2. Electronic Devices & Circuits – by Millman and Halkias . Asia.9848581807 UNIT. cross-over distortion and harmonic distortion. Electronic Devices and Circuits – by R. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky. B. pushpull and complimentary . double tuned and stagger tuned voltage amplifiers. power output. TEXT BOOKS: 1. TMH. Microelectronics – by Millman and Grabel. interstage design. AB. stability considerations.VII: POWER AMPLIFIERS: Classification of power amplifiers.L.symmetry pushpull amplifiers – Design of heat sinks. 7 . B and C power amplifiers. efficiency. UNIT – VIII: TUNED AMPLIFIERS: Single tuned. Electronic Devices and Circuits – by K. TMH 2. Class A. Class B and Class C tuned power amplifiers. Pearson Ed.

signals bandwidth. Ergodicity. Central limit theorem. effect of under sampling. Characteristic function. Correlation between random variables. SIGNALS & SYSTEMS UNIT . Distortionless transmission through a system. Variance. linear time invariant (LTI) system. system bandwidth. representation of periodic function by fourier series. involving impulse functions. properties of fourier transforms. noise figure. Quadrature representation of narrow band noise. UNIT .III Random Processes: Stationary random process. effective input noise temperature. F. Filter characteristics of linear systems. noise power spectral density. of simple functions. concept of impulse function. trigonometric and exponential fourier series. 8 . thermal noise. sampling theorem and its proof.Gaussian and Rayleigh density functions.T). Transmission of random processes through networks. UNIT – VI Linear system. Linear time variant (LTV) system. representation of arbitrary function. Discrete and Continuous. noise temperature.(CCC) I/IV YEAR C1 EC02 . evaluation of mean square error. orthogonality in complex functions. Random Variables. UNIT . complex fourier spectrum. Functions of random variables. Transfer function of a LTI system. UNIT – V Analogy between vectors and signals.Mean. UNIT . available noise power and available noise power spectral density. available noise bandwidth. impulse response. graphical representation of convolution. orthogonal vector and signal spaces. power spectral density and auto correlation function of random processes. Joint and conditional probability density functions. narrow band noise.Tech.II Statistical average . concept of convolution in time domain and frequency domain. closed or complete set of orthogonal functions. response of a linear system. Sum of two random variables. Probability distribution and density functions. concept of fourier transform (F. Ideal LPF.PROBABILITY THEORY.T.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . noise figure of cascaded systems.I Concept of probability.T. approximation of a function by a set of mutually orthogonal functions.9848581807 B. Examples of probability density functions . F.IV Noise Sources.

constraints on ROC for various classes of signals. Energy density spectrum .P. relationship between bandwidth and rise time. 2. Lathi. power density spectrum.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Properties of L.9848581807 HPF and BPF characteristics. and F.Z. relation between L.T. Peebles. Signals & Systems by Simon Haykin. UNIT – VII Cross correlation and auto correlation of functions. partial fraction expansion. UNIT – VIII Review of Laplace transforms. properties of correlation function. causality and physical realization.T. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. TEXT BOOKS: 1. relation between auto correlation function and energy/power spectral density function. inverse Laplace transform. Random Variables and Random Signal Principles – by P. Laplace transform of certain signals using waveform synthesis. Parseval's theorem. of a signal. BS Publ.T's. concept of region of convergence (ROC) for Laplace transforms. Wiley Studen Ed 9 . Probability. Systems & Communications – by B. Signals.

increment and decrement operators. representing stacks in C. expressions. declaration. selection sort.by A. UNIT – VII Single Linked List. writing. Double linked list. PHI. UNIT – VIII Search techniques: linear and binary search methods. string variables. user-defined functions.by E. unions. C Program examples.Tech. representation. C & Data Structures . C: Programs covering all the above aspects. Postfix & Prefix Programs. applications. 10 . file management in C. graph traversals spanning trees. graph representation. Balaguru Swamy TMH 2002. UNIT . passing of structures as arguments. program development steps. relational and logical operator. input-output operators.II IF and SWITCH statement. Infix. WHILE. sorting methods Exchange sort. arrays. quick sort .9848581807 B. initialising. evaluation.by Horowitz & Sahani. strings. tree sort. example C Programs. Data Structures using C .(CCC) I/IV YEAR C1 CS10 . initialisation. flowchart. 2. opening & Closing.C & DATA STRUCTURES UNIT . UNIT – VI Stacks.S. Fundamentals of Data Structures . tree traversals. declaring & initialising of pointers. Circular List. assigning values. REFERENCE BOOK: 1. TEXT BOOKS: 1. recursion in C. control operator. Tanenbaum.IV Structure definition. pointer based expressions. UNIT . sequence. UNIT . arithmetic. assigning values. basic structures of C language.I Algorithm. UNIT .V functions and structures. circular queue. binary trees. bit-wise operator. declaration of variables. I-O operations files. C tokens. reading. data types. Queue & its sequential representation.III One dimensional & two dimensional arrays.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . variables & storage classes. string handle function. DO-WHILE and For statements.

Duality & Dual networks. R-C.Loop and nodal methods of analysis of networks with dependent and independent voltage and current sources.. L and C (in series . Thevenin's.VI Two port network parameters – Z. Phase and Phase difference.J-notation.9848581807 B. ramp. Maximum Power Transfer. dot convention . Concept of Bandwidth and Q-factor. Concept of Power factor. Susceptance and Admittance. Star-to-delta or delta-to-star transformations. Norton's. 11 .Tech. Impedance.Initial conditions – Classical method and Laplace transform Methods of solutions – Response of RL.parallel and series parallel combinations) with sinusoidal excitation .(CCC) I/IV YEAR C1 EC03 . Reciprocity. RC. Magnetic circuits.II R. Y. Basic Cutset and Basic Tieset matrices for planar network. Steady state analysis of R. Complex Power – Locus diagrams.Concept of Reactance. UNIT . pulse and impulse excitations using Laplace Transform Methods.Voltage . Series – Parallel. co-efficiency of coupling . Faraday’s Laws of electromagnetic induction .III Network topology: Definitions . UNIT .S. RLC circuits (series and parallel combinations) for dc and Sinusoidal excitations . Parallel. and Average values and Form factor of different periodic wave forms. Real and Reactive Powers .RLC parameters – Voltage and Current sources – Source transformation . UNIT -IV Network theorems (without proof): Tellegen's. Series R-L.Resonance Series.I Circuit Concept . UNIT .V Transient response of RL.Current relationship for Passive elements Kirchhoff's laws – Network Reduction Techniques – Series. RC..Graph . (ABCD) Transmission and Hybrid Parameters for Resistive Networks – concept of Transformed Network – 2-port network parameters using transformed variables. UNIT . RLC for step. R-L-C and parallel combinations with variation of various parameters . Millman's and Compensation theorems for dc and ac excitations. Complex and Polar forms of representation.Tree. Parallel Circuits.NETWORK THEORY & TRANSMISSION LINES UNIT . Superposition.M. Concept of self and mutual inductances .TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .

Pearson Education.N. distortion and loading. SC & OC lines. Of Smith Chart Applications and Stub Matching). Kemmerly.by William Hayt and Jack E.High pass and Band pass filters . TEXT BOOKS: 1. McGraw Hill Companies. Transmission Lines and Networks . Satya Prakashan (Tech.S. 2. Smith chart – its configuration and applications. UHF lines as Circuit Elements. 2.by Umesh Sinha.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . 5th edition. Engineering Circuit Analysis . λ /8. TMH Publications.Constant k and mderived filters and composite filter design. New Delhi. UNIT –VIII Illustrative problems. Electromagnetic Field Theory and Transmission Lines – by G. losslessness/low loss characterization. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. India Publication). Transmission Line equations phase and group velocities. (incl.Low pass . expression for i/p impedance.9848581807 Filters . 12 . λ /2 lines-impedance transforms. Network Theory – Sudhakar and Shyammohan. UNIT –VII TRANSMISSION LINES: Primary & secondary constants. λ /4. Raju. single and double stub matching techniques.

Two stage RC coupled amplifier. UJT Characteristics. Class C Power amplifier. 6. Feed back amplifier (current series) Feed back amplifier (Voltage series) Colpitts Oscillator Hartley Oscillator.ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS LAB Part A (6 experiments to be conducted) 1. 6. FET characteristics.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . 4. 2. Part B (All 6 experiments to be conducted) 1. 2. Measurement of h parameters of transistor in CB. 5. Class A.(CCC) I/IV YEAR C1 EC04 . 3. Class AB Power amplifiers. Single Stage RC coupled Amplifier FET amplifier (Common Source) Wien Bridge Oscillator RC Phase shift Oscillator 7. CC configuration. Class B. Push Pull amplifiers. 8. 13 .9848581807 B. Class C Tuned Voltage amplifier. 3. Class B Complementary Symmetry Configuration. 9.Tech. CE. 4. 5.

Given number. /. Write C procedures to add. * and %). Also write the main program that uses these procedures. based on the recurrence relation f(n) = f(n-1) + f(n-2) for n > 2. 5 . 2 . 4. Write a C program to extract a portion of a character string and print the extracted string.9848581807 B. …. The resultant matrix C is to be printed out along with A and B. 6.COMPUTER PROGRAMMING LAB 1.(CCC) I/IV YEAR C1 CS11 . Assume that m characters are extracted starting with the nth character. subtract. write C program using while loop to reverse the digits of the number. 5. Using switch-case statement. (Consider operators +. Singly linked list and doubly linked lists i) Insertion ii) Deletion iii) Lookup 11. Write a C' program to obtain the product of two matrices A of size (3x3) and B of size (3x2). 7. 1 . 8 . Assume suitable values for A & B. The Fibonacci sequence of numbers is 1. -. Implement the following sorting techniques i) Bubble sort ii) Insertion sort iv) Heap Sort iii) Quick Sort 14 . 8. 3 . Example 1234 to be written as 4321. Implement binary search tree using linked list and perform the following operations. Write C program using do-while to calculate and print the first m Fibonacci numbers.Tech. 2. 3. i) Insertion ii) Deletion iii) Inorder Traversal iv) Pre order Traversal v) Post Order Traversal 10. Implement the following data structures using Arrays i) Stacks ii) Linear queues iii) Circular queues iv) Dequeue 9. write a C' program that takes two operands and one operator from the user performs the operation and then print the answer. Write a function that will scan a character string passed as an argument and convert all lower case characters into their upper case equivalents. multiply and divide two complex numbers (x+y) and (a+b).TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . i) Implement Stack using singly linked list ii) Implement queue using singly linked list 12.

3.TECH. 4. Accountancy and Management Computer Organization and Operating Systems E. Digital and Switching Circuits Control Systems Engineering Electrical technology PDC Lab Electrical machines And Network lab CREDITS 8 8 8 8 8 8 4 4 15 .TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . 8 CODE No. 7. (CCC) ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING II YEAR SNO.M. 1. 6.9848581807 SCHOOL OF CONTUNING AND DISTANCE EDUCATION JAWAHARAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY COURSE STRUCTURE FOR B. Antennas and wave Propagation Pulse. waves. 5. C2 HS01 C2 CS01 C2 EC01 C2 EC02 C2 EC03 C2 EE10 C2 EC04 C2 EE11 NAME OF THE SUBJECT Economics. 2.

TECH. opportunity Costs-break even analysis.job evaluation and merit rating. 16 .Features of proprietary partnership and joint stock companies. Determination of Demand.ECONOMICS.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .Analyzing and Interpretation of financial statements through Ratio Analysis (simple problems) UNIT – V: CONCEPTS OF MANAGEMENT: Organization and Administration-Function of management-Principles of Management – Organization structure. UNIT – VII: NETWORK ANALYSIS: PERT And CPM. Viz.application of network techniques to engineering problems. UNIT – II: COST ANALYSIS. A) Basic Function of personnel Department-Manpower planning.Marketing Functions –Marketing Mixchannels To civil of distribution –Advertising. namely pay back and discounted cash flow methods (simple problems) UNIT – IV: PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.Elasticity of Demand Forecasting. costs and imputed costs. A) Capital-Estimation of Capital Requirements-sources of Finances and Methods of raising finances. UNIT – VI: INTRODUCTION OF FUNCTIONAL AREAS OF MANAGEMENT: Production-Personnel –Marketing-Finances. average and marginal costs. ACCOUNTANCY AND MANAGEMENT UNIT – I: Nature and Scope of Managerial Economics. B) Marketing –Consumer Orientation.Cost concepts. Fixed and Variables costs.9848581807 B. out of pocket.Demand Analysis –Demand concepts. B) Forms of business Organization. Explicit and implicit costs. UNIT – III: INTRODUCTION TO CAPITAL BUDGETING-Methods of Capital Budgeting. (CCC) II – YEAR ECE C2 HS01 .

R. REFRENCE BOOKS: 1. 17 . Meerut. A.P. New Delhi.cost Analysis. A.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Prasannachandra. S. Dhanpat Rai & Sons. and computer application in project Planning. Financial Management—1.Varshney and Maheswari –S.Khanna.Chand and Sons. 4. 2. Financial Accounting by Maheswari & Maheswari.Khan and Jain 2. Industrial Engineering & Management by O.ARYASRI Management Science TMH. TEXTBOOKS: 1. Managerial Economics. Managerial Economics – by Varshney & Maheswari.9848581807 UNIT – VIII: Resource Allocation.Chand & Sons. 5.R. 2005 2. Vikas Publications. project crashing. New Delhi.New Delhi. 4th Edition.ARYASRI Management Economics & Financial Analysis 3.

macros. priority interrupt.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Input-Output Interface. decimal arithmetic unit. pipelining. Asynchronous data transfer. UNIT V: PIPE LINE AND VECTOR PROCESSING: Parallel processing. Assembly language. fixed point arithmetic operations for signed 2’s complement data. arithmetic pipeline. Nano programming UNIT IV: I/O ORGANIZATION: Peripheral devices. address sequencing. computer instructions. micro programme example. MICROPROGRAMMED CONTROL UNIT: control memory. subroutines. Auxiliary memory. MEMORY ORGANIZATION: Memory Classification.COMPUTER ORGANIZATION AND OPERATING SYSTEMS UNIT I: GENERAL CPU ORGANISATION: Introduction. COMPUTER ARTHMETIC: Introduction. Memory Management Hardware. Direct Memory Access. complete computer Description. Reduced Instruction Set Computer. instructions format. floating point arithmetic operations. arithmetic operation for signed magnitude data. modes of transfer. Input-Output processor.9848581807 B. (CCC) II – YEAR C2 CS01 . memory Hierarchy. Decimal arithmetic operations. Design of Basic computer. General Register. vector processing. Virtual memory. instruction pipeline. instruction cycle. fixed point. Design of Accumulator Logic. Cache memory. array processors. 18 . timing and control. UNIT III: BASIC COMPUTER ORGANIZATION AND DESIGN: Instruction codes. memory reference instructions. computer registers. Accumulator based m/c. UNIT II: PROGRAMMING THE BASIC COMPUTER: Machine language. stack based m/c. Main Memory. I/O programming.TECH. input-output and Interrupt. programming. based m/c. RISC pipeline. typical control unit. Assembler Design. addressing modes.

Access list. Language based protection security.. file characteristics. types of files. FILE AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT: File Concepts. Batch. Interprocessor Communication and Synchronization. Thrashing. TEXT BOOKS: 1. Interprocessor Arbitration. detection and recovery. UNIT VII: PROCESSOR SCHEDULING: Scheduling concepts. monitors. Scheduling algorithms. MEMORY MANAGEMENT: Bare Machine. Allocation algorithms. combined systems. REFRENCE BOOKS: 1. DEVICE SCHEDULING: Necessity for device scheduling.9848581807 MULTIPROCESSORS: Characteristics of microprocessors. Capability list. PROTECTION: Goals of protection. Virtual machine. desirable characteristics of scheduling policies. Multiprogramming. Time sharing. scheduling objectives and criteria scheduling algorithms and their evaluation. 1994 19 . Access matrix. Real time multiprocessors. Directory Systems. Overlays. scheduling levels. prevention.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . file system functions. Interconnection Structures. Swapping multiple partition. multi processor scheduling. File protection. Demand paging. characterization. Cache Coherence. semaphores. Computer System Architecture: Morris Mano 3rd edition PHI. 1994. Page replacement algorithms. Introduction to deadlocks. Monitor. UNIT VI: INTRODUCTIONTO OPERATING SYSTEMS: Early Systems. protection problems. Access methods. UNIT VIII: CONCURRENT PROCESS: Process concept. Page replacement. Resident Monitor. critical section problem. avoidance. Computer Architecture & Organization: Morris Mano 3rd edition PHI. precedence graph. hierarchy of processes. inter process communication. Dealth Addison Wesley. paging segmentation. Introduction to Operating Systems: Harvey M. Virtual Memory Management. 2. Allocation Methods. domains of protection.

Beamwidths. Coaxial. Poisson’s and Laplace’s Equations. Wave Equations and their Solutions for Dielectric and Conducting Media. Propagation Characteristics in Good Conductors and Good Dielectrics. Spherical Capacitors. Maxwell’s Two Equations. Beam Area. UNIT – VI: 20 . UNIT – IV: EM Wave Characteristics: Reflection and Refraction of Plane Waves – Normal and Oblique Incidences for Perfect Dielectric and Perfect Conductor Interfaces. ANTENNAS AND WAVE PROPAGATION UNIT – I: Electrostatics: Coulomb’s Law.EM WAVES. Magnetic Scalar and Vector Potentials.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Antenna Apertures. Fields. Computer System Concepts: PatterSon & SibberSchatz. Magnetic Flux Density.TECH. Effective Hight. Gain. Boundary Conditions at DielectricDielectric and Dielectric-Conductor Interfaces. Capacitances – Parallel Plate. Electric Potential. B.9848581807 2. Maxwell’s Two Equations. Radiation Intensity. Surface Impedance. UNIT – III: Maxwell’s Equations and Wave Equations: Equation of Continuity for Time Varying Fields. UNIT – II: Magnetostatics : Biot-Savart’s Law. (CCC) II – YEAR ECE C2 EC01 . Power Loss in a Plane Conductor. Quarterwave Monopole. Beam Efficiency. UNIT – V: Antenna Parameters: Radiation Patterns in Principal Planes. Halfwave Dipole – Current Distributions. Faraday’s Law and Transformer emf. Radiation Characteristics. Radiation from an Alternating Current Element. Directivity. Maxwell’s Equations for Time Varying Fields. Electric Field Intensity and Flux Density. Magnetic Energy. Resolution. Small Loop Antennas and Comparison with Short Dipoles. Radiation: Retarded Potentials. Energy Density. Ampere’s Force Law. Poynting Vector and Poynting Theorem – Applications. Gauss Law and Applications. Antenna Theorems – Applicability and Proofs for Equivalence of Directional Characteristics. Polarization. Ampere’s Circuital Law and Applications. Aperture Efficiency. Addison Wesley.

N – Element Linar Arrays – Broadside and Endfire Arrays. 2005. M – Curves and Duct Propagation. 2006. Cassegrainian Feeds. Kraus and R. Buck. Antennas and Wave Propagation – K. Virtual Hight.9848581807 Antenna Arrays: Two Element Array.. Engineering Electromagnetics – Nathan Ida. and J. 2nd ed. Optimum Frequency. Optimum Horns. Yagi Uda Arrays and Folded Dipoles. Tech India Publ. John Wiley. TMH.. 2. Tropospheric Scattering. 2nd Ed. 4.D. Reflection and Refraction. 2001. 3rd ed. 21 . Non-Resonant Antennas: Travelling Wave Radiators. MUF and Skip Distance.. Directivity and Gain Measurements. Antenna Measurements: Patterns Required. Horn Antennas – Types. 3rd ed.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . balanis. Elements of Electromagnetics – Matthew N. Space Wave Propagation – LOS and Radio Horizon. LUHF.O. Lens Antennas – Geometry. Engineering Electromagnetics – William Hayt Jr. Set up. 2nd ed. Ground Wave Propagation – Characteristics. UNIT – VII: VHF.. 2001.C.. 2001. Satya Prakashan.. Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating Systems – E. 2000. Broadband Antennas: Helical Antennas. Marhefka.G. Corner and Parabolic Types. Their Geometry and Characteristics. Antenna Theory – C. Sadiku. UNIT – VIII: Wave Propagation: Types and Frequency Ranges. Distance Criterion. Critical Frequency. Springer (India) Pvt. 3.A. Prasad. Tropospheric Waves and Field Strength Calculations. Oxford Press. 2003. Rhombic Antennas. REFRENCE BOOKS: 1. 7th ed. Binomial Arrays.J. Antennas for All Applications – John D. Features of Dielectric Lenses. UHF and Microwave Antennas: Reflectors – Plane Sheet. Ltd. New Delhi. TEXT BOOKS: 1. Jordan and K. 2. PHI.. TMH.. New Delhi. Principle of Pattern Multiplication. 3. Radius of Curvature of Path. Ionospheric Abnormalities. Balmain.A. Sky Wave Propagation – Formation of Ionospheric Layers and Their Characteristics.

9848581807 22 .TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .

23 . UNIT – II: NON LINEAR WAVESHAPING: diode clippers. UNIT – III: MULTIVIBRATORS: Bistable. synchronization of Astable multivibrators.diode comparator. UNIT – IV: GATES: Uni directional and Bi-directional Sampling gates and BLOCKING OSCILLATORS. Sampling oscilloscope. Linear current sweep. diode differentiator. Schmitt Triggers. Schmitt Trigger.practial circuit.(Elementary treatment). emitter coupled clipper . SWITCHING CIRCUITS: ( Brief treatment) Switching Characteristics of diodes and transistors. Sampling gates. RL and RLC circuits and their response for step input. effect of diode characteristics on clamping voltage.synchronization of sweep circuits with symmetrical signal.synchronation. Clamping circuit theorem. Bistable. applications of Voltage comparators .square wave and ramp inputs . SWEEP CIRCUITS: Voltage sweep methods of liberalizations. Phase delay and pulse jitters. step voltage . application in TV.bootstrap and miller circuits.base timing . transistor clippers. attenuators and their applications in CRO probe.TECH. (CCC) II – YEAR ECE C2 EC02 . clipping at two independent Levels.astable blocking oscillator. SYNCHRONATION AND FREQUENCY DIVISION Principles of synchronization . ringing circuit. DIGITAL & SWITCHING CIRCUITS UNIT – I: LINEAR WAVESHAPING:High pass and low pass RC circuits and their response for sinusoidal. Monostable and Astable multivibrators. clamping circuits using diodes with different inputs. Transistor as a switch. SAMPLING GATES: Operating principles of sampling gates.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .pulse .9848581807 B.Monostable and Astablemultivibrators using transistors.clamping operations.emitter timing .PULSE.High pass RC network as differtiator low pass RC network as integrator. . unidirectional and bi-directional.

Hamming code. Switching circuits and Binary signals. Harzards in combinational circuts. weighted and non-weighted codes. Basic postulates. cyclic codes. Excess-3 code.OR. Self complementing codes. sequence detector.conversion between canonical forms . 24 . modulo.Subtractor . Maximizing using K-map and tabulation method. state assignment. Half adder . Duality. floating point arithmetic.JK. transition tables. UNIT – VI: DESIGN OF COMBINATIONAL CIRCUITS: Design of single output and multiple output Functions. ripple counter.connonical. Parity checking.T. arithmetic in excess-3 code.ROM and its applications. UNIT – VII: INTRODUCTION TO SEQUENTIONAL CIRCUITS:S-R. SOP and POS forms . Design using conventional AND. Using multiplexer . positive and negative logic. Error correcting codes. Representation of switching functions and simplificaton. series and parallel synchronous counters. Parallel and serial adders. Design from problem statement. PAL and PLA. state diagram and state table representation of Synchronous and Asynchronous sequent ional circuits.D and master slave flip flops. Design using MSI devices. Excess-3 adders.truth tables of AND.9848581807 UNIT – V: NUMBER SYSTEM AND CODES: Review of number systems (conversion).Detection and minimization. shift registers. synthesis of state diagram. Mealy and Moore sequential circuits. Ring and Twisted ring counter. Universal gates NAND and NOR as universal Gates. UNIT – VIII: SYNTHESIS OF CLOCK MODE AND PULSE MODE CIRCUITS: Distinction between clok mode and pulse mode circuits. input output equations.N-counter.Digital comparator. Alphanumeric codes.OR. Binary 11and 2’s complement arithmetic.compliment of a function.NOT. gray codes. Error detecting codes. synchronous counter.NOT.NOR and EX-OR gates. Characteristic equation and excitation functions. Design of various counters.minterns and maxterms .NOR and EX-OR gates. karnaugh map representation. Design of switching functions.Full adder.NAND. Basic theorems and properties of Boolean algebra. BOOLEAN ALGEBRA AND LOGIC GATES: Definition of Binary logic.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . BCD adder.Decoders. Design of modulo N-counters.NAND. Properties of EX-OR gates. Multiplexer.Encoders.parity checker/generator. state minimization methods.Adder/Sub tractor unit. carry look ahead adders.

Wave generation and shaping –L . race-free design.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Pulse digital and switching circuits. Introduction to switching theory and logic design-E.Z. Hazards in sequential circuits.strauss .Sammuel C Lee (PHI) 3. 25 . Switching and finite automata theory. Digital circuits and logic design.9848581807 SYNTHESIS OF LEVEL MODE SEQUENTIAL CIRCUITS: Incompletely specified sequential circuits.J. state minimization and design. 2. cycles and races.milliman and taub(IST) 2.(TMH) . TEXT BOOKS: 1.MGH. Digital design – morris mano REFERENCE BOOKS: 1.kohavi.Hill and Perterson (JOHN WILEY) 4.

Reduction using mason’s gain formula. (CCC) II – YEAR ECE C2 EC03 . 26 . Root Locus Technique: The root locus concept .Open Loop and closed loop control systems and their differences.Time response of first order systems – Characteristic Equation of Feedback control systems. Feed-Back Characteristics. Mathematical models–Differential equations.Steady state errors and error constants – Effects of proportional derivative. Routh stability criterion – qualitative stability and conditional stability.CONTROL SYSTEMS ENGINEERING UNIT – I: INTRODUCTION: Concepts of Control Systems. Block diagram representation of systems considering electrical systems as examples Block diagram algebra – Representation by Signal flow graph .TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Transient response of second order systems . Classification of control systems. Different examples of control systems.AC Servo motor.Synchro transmitter and Receiver.Translational and Rotational mechanical systems UNIT – II: TRANSFER FUNCTION REPRESENTATION: Transfer Function of DC Servo motor .construction of root loci-effects of adding poles and zeros to G(s)H(s) on the root loci.9848581807 B. UNIT – IV: STABILITY ANALYSIS IN S-DOMAIN: The concept of stability . UNIT – III: TIME RESPONSE ANALYSIS: Standard test signals . proportional integral systems. Effects of feedback. Impulse Response and transfer functions .Time domain specifications – Steady state response .TECH.

K. Control Systems by N. Lead-Lag Controllers design in frequency Domain. Publishers. C..State Transition Matrix and it’s Properties TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2. UNIT – VIII: State Space Analysis of Continuous Systems: Concepts of state. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. New Age International (P) Limited Publishers. Modern Control Engineering – by Katsuhiko Ogata – Prentice Hall of India Pvt. 1998. Nagarath and M. 5.9848581807 UNIT – V: FREQUENCY RESPONSE ANALYSIS: Introduction. Macia George J. UNIT – VI: STABILITY ANALYSIS IN FREQUENCY DOMAIN: Polar Plots.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Lead. derivation of state models from block diagrams.Sinha.Kesavan . 27 . Control Systems Engg. by NISE 3rd Edition – John wiley 4. 1998.Solving the Time Invariant state Equations. “ Modelling & Control Of Dynamic Systems” by Narciso F. Control Systems by S. PID Controllers. Kuo 2003– John wiley and son’s. state variables and state model. 3rd edition. Nyquist Plots and applications of Nyquist criterion to find the stability –Effects of adding poles and zeros to G(s)H(s) on the shape of the Nyquist diagrams. New Age International (P) Limited. Ltd. Frequency domain specifications-Bode diagrams-Determination of Frequency domain specifications and transfer function from the Bode Diagram-Phase margin and Gain margin-Stability Analysis from Bode Plots. 3. J. Automatic Control Systems 8th edition– by B. 3rd Edition. Control Systems Engineering – by I. Hitech Publications. UNIT – VII: CLASSICAL CONTROL DESIGN TECHNIQUES: Compensation techniques – Lag. Thaler. Thomson Publishers. 2nd edition. Gopal. 2. Diagonalization.

(CCC) II – YEAR ECE C2 EE10 . Synchros. UNIT .III: TRANSFORMERS: Principle of operation of single phase transformer – types – Constructional features – Phasor diagram on No Load and Load – Equivalent circuit UNIT . AC servomotor.TECH. Principle of operation – EMF Equation – Distribution and Coil span factors – Predetermination of regulation by Synchronous Impedance Method – OC and SC tests.9848581807 B.VII: Single Phase Induction Motors – Constructional features – Shaded pole motors – Capacitor motors.V: THREE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR: Principle of operation of three-phase induction motors – Constructional features – Slip ring and Squirrel cage motors – Slip-Torque characteristics – Efficiency calculation – Starting methods.I: DC MACHINES: Principle of operation of DC Machines. UNIT .ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY UNIT .IV: Losses and Efficiency of transformer and Regulation – OC and SC tests – Predetermination of efficiency and regulation (Simple Problems). Stepper Motors – Characteristics.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .II: DC Motors – Types of DC Motors – Characteristics of DC motors – 3-point starters for DC shunt motor – Losses and efficiency – Swinburne’s test – Speed control of DC shunt motor – Flux and Armature voltage control methods.VIII: ELECTRICAL INSTRUMENTS: Basic Principles of indicating instruments – Moving Coil and Moving iron Instruments (Ammeters and Voltmeters)28 . UNIT-VI: Alternators – Constructional features – types.EMF equation – Types of generators – Magnetization and load characteristics of DC generators UNIT . UNIT . UNIT . AC tachometers.

Electrical Machines – P. TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2nd Edition. Kamakshaiah.S Bhimbra.Induction type energy meter – Measurement of Single Phase and three Phase power. TMH Publ. 29 . Khanna Publishers.S Naidu and S. Prentice Hall of India. Electrical Engineering – Del Toro. 2. Introduction to Electrical Engineering – M. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .9848581807 Dynamometer type wattmeter’s.

Tests on 1 – Phase Transformer. Calculation of coefficient of coupling between two coils.C. 5.TECH.C. 9. 11. Shunt Generator. 4.C. O. 2. Shunt Motor By field control and armature control method. 30 . 8. 3. 12.C. Verification of Superposition Theorem. 10. Calculation of Z and Y parameters of Two Port Network. 5. O. 4. 5. Characteristics of D. (CCC) II – YEAR ECE C2EC O4 . Verification of Thevinin’s and Norton’s Theorem. 3. and S. NETWORKS Lab: 1. 3. Shunt Generator.C. Load test on Induction Motor. 4.C. Verification of Maximum Power transfer Theorem.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . LINEAR WAVE SHAPING NONLINEAR WAVE SHAPING (CLIPPERS) NONLINEAR WAVE SHAPING (CLAMPEARS) TRANSISTOR AS A SWITCH STUDY OF LOGICGATES SAMPLING GATES ASTABLE MULTIVIBRATOR MONOSTABLE MULTIVIBRATOR BISTABLE MULTIVIBRATOR SCHMITT TRIGGER UJT AS A RELAXATION OSCILLATOR BOOTSTRAP SWEEP GENERATOR C2 EE11 Electrical Machines & Networks Lab Electrical Machines Lab: 1. 2. 7. Speed control of D. 2.PDC LAB 1.9848581807 B.C. Load test on D. 6.

Design & Applications Microprocessors & Micro-controllers Digital Signal Processing Microwave Engineering Electronic Instruments Measurements and CREDITS 8 8 8 8 8 8 4 4 Communications Lab IC Applications Lab 31 . (CCC) ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING III YEAR S. C3 EC01 C3 EC02 C3 EC03 C3 EC04 C3 EC05 C3 EC06 C3 EC07 C3 EC08 NAME OF THE SUBJECT Analog and Digital Communications IC Analysis. 4. 7. 6. 3. 5. 2. 8 CODE No.NO.9848581807 SCHOOL OF CONTINUING AND DISTANCE EDUCATION JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY COURSE STRUCTURE FOR B.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .TECH. 1.

Detection . Spectrum of a constant BW FM. FET). Comparison of AM systems. AM – definition.9848581807 B. demodulation. SSB-SC cases. Generation square law modulator. types of modulation.4) 32 . 2) SSB SYSTEMS: SSB . 2) FM GENERATION AND DETECTION Generation of FM Signals: Direct FM – Parameter Variation Method (Implementation using Varactor. Phasor Diagrams for FM signals. need for modulation. Ratio Detector. 1. power content. ring modulator . demodulation – synchronous demodulator. (Ref. Types – Slope Detector. VSB: generation. spectra. types. DSB-SC: frequency translation.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . PM & FM relations.spectral characteristics. Applications of different AM systems. demodulation. types. sideband features. Narrow band and wide band cases. (Ref. 1. AM-DSB: conventional AM – BW power content and power relations. Spectrum of FM signal for sinusoidal modulation . 3. frequency multiplication. BW considerations. Indirect FM – Armstrong System. FM with square wave modulation.TECH.rectifier detector. FM demodulators : Principles. (Ref. Comparison of FM Demodulators. 2) UNIT – II: ANGLE MODULATION: Definition. envelope detector. Balanced Slope Detector. balanced modulator. switching modulator. Generation – filter method. BW requirements.ANALOG AND DIGITAL COMMUNICATION UNIT – I: AMPLITUDE MODULATION Introduction to modulation. phase shift method. power content. Multiple frequency modulation – linearity. (CCC) III – YEAR ECE C3 EC01 . (Ref. effects of frequency and phase errors in synchronous detection DSB-SC. spectra. 3. Phase Discriminator (Foster Seely). Phase and frequency deviation.

Synchronization.9848581807 UNIT – III: NOISE EFFECTS AND SNR Effects of noise and SNR calculations for DSB-SC. FM (threshold effect. Quantization error. DPSK Schemes. SSB-SC. Shaping of the Transmitted signal spectrum. UNIT – VII: DIGITAL CARRIER MODULATION SCHEMES: Introduction. Eye Diagrams. Types of sampling. Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) and Pulse Position Modulation (PPM) – Characteristics. Elements of Pulse Code Modulation (PCM). Introduction to M-Ary Signaling Schemes. Comparison of all analog modulation systems – BW efficiency. Noise in PCM systems. Delta Modulation. Duobinary Baseband PAM systems. Practical aspects of sampling. UNIT – V: BASEBAND DATA TRANSMISSION:Introduction. Linear Block Codes. M-Ary Signalling schemes. Binary Cyclic Codes. Time division Multiplexing (TDM). Comparison of different Communication Systems (BW and SNR). power efficiency. Baseband Binary PAM systems. FSK. UNIT – VIII: ERROR CONTROL CODING: Introduction. Differential PCM Systems (DPCM). (Ref. Reconstruction of Low-Pass and Band-Pass signals. Comparison of Digital Modulation Schemes. UNIT – VI: PULSE-DIGITAL MODULATION: Quantization. conventional AM. Optimum receiver for Binary Digital Modulation Schemes. Equalization. Adaptive Delta Modulation. 33 . Sampling of Band-Pass Signals. PCM Vs Analog Modulation. case of implementation. Pulse Amplitude Modulation (PAM). Convolution Codes. threshold extension. 2) UNIT – IV: PULSE-ANALOG MODULATION: Sampling Theorem. Scrambler and Unscrambler. Noise in Delta Modulation Systems. Comparison of PCM and DM systems. Bandwidth Requirements of PCM. pre-emphasis and de-emphasis) and PM.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . PSK. 1. Binary ASK.

John Wiley and Sons. Communication Systems Engineering – by John G. Communication Systems . BS Publ.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Lathi. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1.P. 34 . 3. 3. Proakis and Masoud Salehi. Principles of Communications Systems – by Taub & Schilling TMH. Sam Shanmugam. 2. 2. Digital and Analog Communication Systems – by K.9848581807 TEXT BOOKS: 1. Communication Systems – by Simon Haykin. McGraw Hill Publ. Pearson Education. John Wiley.by B. Electronic Communication Systems – by Kennedy.

RTL. Wien and Quadrature type. DAC and ADC Specifications. successive approximation ADC and dual slope ADC. basic DAC techniques. MOS & CMOS. sample & hold circuits. HP filters. masking. introduction to VLSI engineering concepts. UNIT – VII: DIGITAL INTEGRATED CIRCUITS: Digital IC characteristics. Multivibrators. 1st order LP. PLL . V to I and I to V converters. waveform generators – triangular. CI2LIC. UNIT – IV: OSCILLATORS: Oscillator types and principle of operation – RC. features of 723. Differentiators and Integrators. Monostable and Astable operations and applications. UNIT – VI: D to A & A to D CONVERTERS: Introduction. ECL.IC ANALYSIS DESIGN AND APPLICATIONS UNIT – I: INTEGRATED CIRCUITS: Fabrication and characteristics-IC technologybasic monolithic integrated circuits. Band pass. 565. UNIT – III: ACTIVE FILTERS: Introduction. Comparators. instrumentation amplifier. R-2R ladder DAC. I2LCIC. principles and description of individual blooks. Schmitt Trigger. Different types of ADCs . Band reject and all pass filters. introduction to voltage regulators. EFLIC. sawtooth.9848581807 B.Digital IC families : DTL. inverted R-2R DAC.parallel comparator type ADC.TECH.Comparison of Digital IC families. multipliers and dividers. Schmitt trigger. etching and diffusing. block schematic. building blocks of 35 . and IC 1408 DAC. UNIT – II: OP-AMP APPLICATIONS: Basic applications of Op-amp. (CCC) III – YEAR ECE C3 EC02 . impurities.introduction. weighted resistor DAC. New Digital IC families. counter type ADC. Epitaxial growth.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . functional diagram. ac amplifier. square wave and VCO. Specifications AD 574 (12 bit ADC). UNIT – V: TIMERS & PHASE LOCKED LOOPS: Introduction to 555 timer.

PLAs. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Op-Amps & Linear Ics .TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Linear IC Applications – K. Period measurement.System Design Examples. Operational Amplifiers: Clayton. Decoders. 2005/PHI.Ramakanth A. Frequency Measurement. Frequency Counters. De-multiplexers. PLDs. Ratio. Lal Kishore. RAM. UNIT – VIII: DIGITAL SYSTEM BUILDING BLOCKS: Counters with registers. TEXT BOOKS: 1. 3. PROM. 2. Pearson Education. 3.9848581807 Digital systems. EPROM. PHI. 36 . Introduction to System Design using ICs: Sonde. Crystal clock. Linear Integrated Circuits – D. Schmitt trigger. Free running clocks and wave form generators. Basic Digital circuits. Flip-Flops. Micro Electronics: Milliman. EEPROM. Encoders. Delay Measurements. D/A & A/D converters. Gayakwad. New Age International (p) Ltd.MC GrawHill. ROM. Frequency. 2. Roy Chowdhury.

Architecture. S/W debugging tools. Logical operations.IV: Interfacing I: 8086 System bus structure. External data modes. IF THEN.Addressing modes. LEDs. IEEE-488. Addressing modes. 37 .MICROPROCESSOR & MICROCONTROLLERS UNIT -I: Introduction.VII: Advanced Microprocessors: Introduction and salient features of 80286. Architecture operations & Jump operations. 8257. interface through various IC peripheral chips like 8255. external H/W interrupt Program the serial communication interrupts.II: 8086 Architecture: Functional Diagram. MDS. Transducers actuators. interrupt priority into 8051. Stepper motor. ELSE IF Features. 8275.80 UNIT . (CCC) III – YEAR ECE C3 EC03 . 7Segment Display units.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . 20ma current loop. prototyping & trouble shooting.80386. 8259. procedures. UNIT . Overview of 8-bit Processors likes 8085 MC6800 & Z . 8051 connections to RS-232. UNIT . String manipulation.III: AL Programming of 8086 – Simple programs using the Assembler Machine Language Coding. I/O pins for ports and circuits. Memory (Static & Dynamic) and IO interface with 8086. Register Organization.9848581807 B. read only data. UNIT . Modes /indexed addressing mode. code memory.V: Interfacing-II. UNIT . 8051 interrupt Programming. Interfacing of switches keyboards. External memory & Internal memory. RS-232. counter/timer programming in 8051. Architecture.VIII: Introduction to 8051-Architecture. Programming & Design features of 8251 USRT. 8272. 8051 serial communication programming. WHILE repeat. organization of PC Hardware. Instructions UNIT . counters & timers. Programming and Design features of 8279.TECH. Implementation of for loops.VI: Interfacing-III: Serial Communications standards. A-D & D-A. Floppy interface. 80486 and Pentium processors. UNIT . CRT interface. timer interrupt programming. serial data input/output interrupts.

TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . DV. Ayala K.J: The 8051 Micro controller Architecture Programming & Applications”. Penram International 2001. Hall: Microprocessor & Interfacing. REFRENCE BOOKS: 1.Hall: Digital Systems and Microprocessors. Gibson : Microprocessors on S/W and H/W” 2. Douglas V. programming & Hardware”. TMH 2003 2. 38 . Danuius Tabak: Advanced Micro processors (Mc Graw Hill 2nd edition) 3.9848581807 TEXT BOOKS: 1.

9848581807 B. sampling rate conversion. System function.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . interpolation. cascade and parallel forms. Computation of DFT. FFT with General Radix. FFT Algorithms. (CCC) III – YEAR ECE C3 EC04 . UNIT – VII: MULTIRATE DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING: Decimation. DFS representation of periodic sequences.TECH. Realization of digital filters – direct. canonic. Inverse FFT. UNIT – IV: REALIZATION OF DIGITAL FILTERS: Applications of z-transforms. Bilinear transformation method. UNIT – VI: FIR DIGITAL FILTERS: Characteristics of FIR Digital Filters. stability criterion. step and impulse invariance techniques. Discrete Fourier transforms (DFT). linear convolution of sequences using DFT.Radix-2 decimation in time and decimation in frequency. Comparison of IIR & FIR filters. UNIT – III: FAST FOURIER TRANSFORMS: Fast Fourier transforms (FFT) . Design of IIR Digital filters from analog filters. frequency response of stable systems. UNIT – V: IIR DIGITAL FILTERS: Analog filter approximations – Butter worth and Chebshev. Frequency domain representation of discrete time signals and systems. frequency response. filter design and implementation for sampling rate conversion. Spectral transformations. Properties of DFT. Frequency Sampling technique. Design of FIR Digital Filters using Window Techniques. 39 . stability and causality. UNIT – II: DISCRETE FOURIER SERIES: Properties of discrete Fourier series. Linear constant coefficient difference equations. solution of difference equations of digital filters. linear shift invariant systems.DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING UNIT – I: INTRODUCTION: Introduction to Digital Signal Processing: Discrete time signals & sequences. Lattice structures.

3. M. Special addressing modes. Digital Signal Processing – S. Multiport memory. 2005. Peripherals.. Cavicchi. Pipelining. J. TEXT BOOKS: 1. Digital Signal Processing : Principals. Programming & Applications. WSE. Digital Signal Processing – Thomas J. 4. Pipeline operations.9848581807 UNIT –VIII: INTRODUCTION TO DSP PROCESSORS: Introduction to programmable DSPs: Multiplier and Multiplier Accumulator (MAC).Gard and D. . Fundamentals of Digital Signal Processing – Loney Luderman. Examples: Features of TMS 320CXX Processors. 2000. PHI. Discrete Time Signal Processing – A. 1996. 2. VLSI Architecture. Digital Signal Processors. On-Chip Peripherals..V.. Schilling and Sandra L. TMH.Manolakis. 4th reprint. Salivahanan et al. Thomson. Schaffer. 3.W. Venkata Ramani. Architecture. Harris. 2004. Fundamentals of Digital Signal Processing – Robert J. 2. 40 . Algorithms and Applications Proakis. 2004. John Wiley.PHI. External memory accesses. Oppenheim and R. 3rd Edn.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .B. Bhaskar.G. Modified Bus Structures and Memory Access schemes in DSPs Multiple access memory. Internal Architecture. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. 1989. TMH.

O Type Tubes: 2 Cavity Klystrons – Structure. Z0 Relations. Directional Coupler. Dominant Modes and Resonant Frequencies. S-Matrix Calculations for 2-port Junction. Q Factor and Coupling Coefficients. Waveguide Windows. TM. UNIT . Isolator.II: Microwave Transmission Lines . Rectangular Waveguides – TE. Directional Couplers – Characteristics and Applications.V: Microwave Tubes – I: Limitations and Losses of Conventional Tubes at Microwave Frequencies.II: Circular Waveguides – Introduction. Isolator. Reflex Klystrons – Structure. Power o/p and Efficiency. Gyrator. Nature of Fields. Field Vatiations in the Cross Section.I: Microwave Transmission Lines – I: Introduction. Circulator. E and H Plane Tees. Wave Impdeances. Principal Mode and its Significance. Waveguide Attenuators. Scattering Matrix: Significance and Formulation. Power Transmission and Power Losses. Dominant Mode and Propagation Characteristics. UNIT . O and M Type Classifications. Circulator. Waveguide Phase Shifters. Electronic Admittance. Small Signal Theory. Faraday Rotation. TM Analysis and Dominant Mode.9848581807 B. UNIT. Microwave Spectrum and Bands. Attenuation Factor – Expressions for Parallel Plate Guide (TEM) and Rectangular Guide (Dominant Mode).MICROWAVE ENGINEERING UNIT . Cut-off Frequencies. Characteristic Equation. Effective Dielectric Constant. Magic Tee. Expressions for Power o/p and Efficiency. 41 . Waveguide Multiport Junctions: E and H Plane Tees. UNIT . Matched Loads.IV: Ferrite Components: Ferrites – Composition and Characteristics. Wavelengths. Microstrip Lines – Introduction.III: Waveguide Components: Probe and Loop Coupling. Applications of Microwaves. Tuning Screws and Posts. Magic Tee. Velocity Diagram. Principle of Working. Parallel Plate Waveguides – TE. Velocities. TEM Mode Analysis. Wave Meters. Q factor. Hybrid Ring.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Mode Characteristics. Field Variations in the Cross Section. (CCC) III – YEAR ECE C3 EC05 . Losses. Waveguide Cavity Resonators – Rectangular and Cylindrical Cavities. Velocity Diagram. Properties of S-parameters. Methods of Tuning.TECH.

Parametric Amplifiers – Principle of Operation. Hull Cut-off and Hartree Conditions. Sisodia and G.Significance of Slow Wave Structures. 1994. Cavity Q and Impedance. TEDs.VIII: Microwave Measurements: Description of Microwave Bench (X – band). 2. Terman. 2000. Description of TWT and its Amplification Process (Qualitative Treatment).A.VII: Microwave Solid State Devices: Introduction. PHI. 3.VI: Microwave Tubes – II: Helix TWTs . Jordan and K. Liao. Wiley Eastern Ltd.9848581807 UNIT. Gain Considerations.S. Modes and Characteristics. IMPATT and TRAPATT Diodes – Principles of Operation and Performance Characteristics. 1955. John Wiley.E.. Precautions. Magnetrons – types. 42 .G. Raghuvanshi.C. Applications. McGraw-Hill. New Age International Publ. Characteristics and Applications. Collin. IEEE Press. Rizzi. TEXT BOOKS: 1... 1995. UNIT. Measurement of Reflex Klystron Mode Characteristics. 4th ed.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . 4. 2nd Ed. Microwave Engineering Passive Circuits – P.. Microwave Power Measurement. READ. CBS Publ.. 3rd ed.. Different Blocks and their Features.E. Microwave Circuits and Passive Devices – M. Microwave Principles – H. Performance Characteristics. 8 cavity Cylindrical Travelling Wave Magnetron. 2nded. 1999. Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating Systems – E. Classification. Types. 2004. M – Type Tubes : Introduction. Reich et al. Cross-field effects. Balmain. 2.. UNIT. REFRENCE BOOKS: 1. PHI. Electronic and Radio Engineering – F. Suppression of Oscillations. VSWR. Gunn Diode – Principle.L..J. Frequency. New Delhi.2002. Modes of Resonance and PI-Mode Operations. Foundations for Microwave Engineering – R. RWH Theory. 3. Microwave Devices and Circuits – Samuel Y. Measurement of Attenuation.

classification characteristics.C. Sampling CRO . Ohm-meter and its applications in measurements of very low capacitances and impedance of tuned circuits. UNIT – V: OSCILLOSCOPE: Basic Circuitry.C. DVMs. (CCC) III – YEAR ECE C3 EC06 . Balanced bridge voltmeters. period measurement. universal counter timer. Bridges and their applications.Performance characteristics-Types of errors -Statistical analysis of errors and the Gaussian error.ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENTS & INSTRUMENTATION UNIT – I: MEASUREMENTS & INSTRUMENTATION: Analog and digital Measurements . selection criteria and area of applications 43 .C Bridges and their applications. UNIT – IV: MEASUREMENT OF POWER : Power measurement on transmission lines. UNIT – VI: WAVE FORM GENERATORS: Signal generators. UNIT – VII: FREQUENCY AND TIME MEASUREMENTS: Time based and associated circuitry .TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . UNIT – II: BRIDGES : D. twin T and Bridged.C. voltmeters.TECH.storage CRO.frequency measurement. time interval measurement. CRO probes ADVANCED LAB OSCILLOSCOPES: High frequency considerations. function generators.T bridges. spectrum analyzer. Voltmeter. Shielding of bridges. electronic A.9848581807 B. modes of operation. UNIT – III: REVIEW OF AC INDICATORS INSTRUMENTS: ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENTS: electronic D. time base generator. applications of CRO. UNIT – VIII: TRANCEDUCERS: principle. A. synchronization of sweep circuits. curve limitation errors. harmonic distortion analyzer. VU meter. wave analyzers.

REFRENCE BOOKS: 1. MISLLANEOUS TRANSDUCERS: Measurement of force. acceleration.S.S.Sarma and Mani. Instrumentation Devoice and systems :C. vacuum levels velocity. 44 .DCooper. Rangan . Temperature transducers: Resistance and Thermocouple types. photo – sensitive. TEXT BOOKS: 1. Electronic Measurements :Terman and petit. pressure.Sonde 3. Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation : Oliver and Dage 2.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . LVDT.PHI 2. Transducers and Display Systems: B. humidity. Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques :W.9848581807 FORCE AND DISPLACEMENT TRANSEDUCER: Strain gauge. magnetic and radio-active transducers.G. Piezoelectric transducers. moisture.R.

PSK Modulation and Demodulation. 6. Time Division Multiplexing & Demultiplexing. Frequency Modulation and Demodulation. Pulse Width Modulation and Demodulation. 3. 2. 11. (CCC) III – YEAR ECE CE EC07 . Balanced Modulator and Demodulator. Amplitude Modulation and Demodulation. Pulse amplitude Modulation and Demodulation. 12. 10. Pulse Code Modulation AND Demodulation. 45 . Delta Modulation and Demodulation. 7. 4.COMMUNICATIONS LABORATORY 1. 9. Differential Pulse Code Modulation and Demodulations. Sampling theorem. FSK Modulation and Demodulation. 8.9848581807 B.TECH. 5.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .

FULL ADDER.9848581807 B. 3. DIGITAL TO ANALOG CONVERTER 12.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . PHASE LOCKED LOOP 11. 8. APPLICATIONS OF OPAMP FULL WAVE RECTIFER CIRCUITS 555 TIMER APPLICATIONS DESIGN & VERFICATION OF HALF ADDER. 2.I. 4.TECH.C. 6. (CCC) III – YEAR ECE C3EC08 . DECADE COUNTER 46 . 9.APPLICATIONS LABORATORY 1. 7. FLIPFLOPS IC FUNCTION GENERATOR FILTER CIRCUITS VOLTAGE REGULATOR LOGIC GATES 10. HALF SUBTRACTOR AND FULL SUBTRACTOR 5.

C4 EC22 C4 EC23 Embedded Systems & Computer Architecture Advanced 8 Data Communication & Computer Networks Microprocessors & Micro-controllers Lab Microwave & Signal processing Lab Project 4 4 16 6.TECH. 7. Elective – II 5.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . 2.NO.9848581807 SCHOOL OF CONTINUING AND DISTANCE EDUCATION JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY COURSE STRUCTURE FOR B. 3. CODE No. C4 EC20 C4 EC21 Digital image Processing Optical Networks & Communications 8 CREDITS 8 8 8 1. C4 EC01 C4 EC02 C4 EC03 NAME OF THE SUBJECT VlSI Technology & Design Communication Systems Advanced Communications Elective – I 4. (CCC) ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING IV YEAR S. 8 C4 EC04 C4 EC05 C4 EC06 47 .

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B.TECH. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE C4 EC01 - VLSI TECHNOLOGY & DESIGN UNIT I: Introduction to IC technology, MOS, PMOS, NMOS, CMOS technologies- P-Well, n-well and Twin tub processes, BI-CMOS technology. UNIT II: Basic electrical properties of MOS and BI-CMOS circuits- Ids vs. Vds relationships aspects of Vt- conductance’s-pass transistor, NMOS circuits, pull-up and pull- down ratio- forms of pull-up CMOS inverters, inverters design and Analysis-Catch-up. UNIT III: Circuit design processes-Stick diagrams- layout design rules, scaling of MOS circuits, limitations of scaling. UNIT IV: Logic gates and other complex gates- Switch logic- alternate gate circuits- Basic circuit concepts- Sheet Resistance Rs and its concept to MOSArea capacitance Units- Calculations-t delays- driving large capacitive loadswiring capacitances- Fan-in and Fan-out, choice of layers. UNIT V: Sequential Machines- Latches- Flip-Flops- Sequential Systems and clocking disciplines. Sequential System Design- Power OptimizationSequential Testing. UNIT VI: Sub System Design- Shifters- Adders- ALUs- Multipliers- Parity Generators- Comparators- Zero/One Detectors Counters –High Density Memory Elements. UNIT VII: Floor Planning, Introduction- Floor Planning Methods- off Chip Connectors- Packages- I/O Architecture- Pad Design. UNIT VIII: CMOS Testing, Need for Testing- Test Principles- Design Strategies for Test- Chip Level Test Techniques- System Level Test techniques – Layout Design for improved Testability and the Algorithms to Layout. TEXTBOOKS: 1. Wayne Wolf- Modern VLSI Design-Weste Eshraghian. 2. Douglas A. Puck Nell, Kamran Eshraghian: Basic VLSI Design, (PHI 3rd Edition). 3. Principles of CMOS VLSI Design- Weste Eshraghian. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. John M. Rabaey: Digital Integrated Circuits (PHI, EEE) 1997. 2. Introduction to VLSI circuits and Systems-John. P- Uyemura- John Wiley. 48

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B.TECH. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE (C4 EC02) COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS UNIT – I: RADIO RECEIVERS TRF and superheterodyne receivers, RF, mixer and IF stages, choice of IF, Image frequency, alignment and tracking of radio receivers, AGC, tone and volume controls, Receiver characteristics and their measurements, FM receivers, Communication receivers, Fading and diversity reception. UNIT – II: TELECOMMUNICATION SWITCHING SYSTEMS Classification of telecommunication switching systems, major telecommunication networks, Space division switching and Time division switching, Time multiplexed space switching, time multiplexed time switching, combination switching. TELEPHONE NETWORKS Subscriber loop systems, Switching hierarchy and transmission plan, Transmission systems, Numbering plan, Charging plan, Inchannel signalling, common channel signalling, cellular mobile telephony, Introduction to Integrated Switching Digital Network (ISDN).

UNIT - III: Mobile Radio: Frequency reuse, Cell splitting, Propagation effects. Broadband ISDN -Interactive and distributed services, Continuous and bursty traffic, Point-to-Point and Point-to-Multipoint connects. Synchronous Optical Network (SONET) system. UNTI – IV: The nature of Radar, Block schematic of pulse radar, Simple Radar Equation, Radar frequencies, Applications of Radars. THE RADAR EQUATION: Prediction of range performance, Minimum detectable signal, receiver noise, Signal to noise ratio, integration of radar pulses, Radar cross section of targets 49

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(significance), Transmitter power, PRF and Range ambiguities, Qualitative treatment of system losses. UNIT – V: CW AND FM RADAR: The Doppler effect, CW Radar – Block diagram, Isolation between transmitter and receiver, nonzero IF receiver, applications of CW radar. FM-CW radar – Block diagram and characteristics, multiple frequency CW radar. UNIT – VI: MTI AND PULSE DOPPLER RADAR: Introduction, Principle, MTI radar with power-amplifier transmitter and poweroscillator transmitter; Delay line cancellors – filter characteristics, blind speeds, double cancellation, Staggered PRF, Range Gated Doppler Filters, Limitations to MTI performance; Non-coherent MTI, MTI versus Pulse Doppler Radar. UNIT – VII: TRACKING RADAR: Tracking with radar, Sequential lobing, conical scan, mono pulse radar – amplitude comparison and phase comparison mono pulse. Low angle tracking, tracking in range, acquisition, comparison of trackers. UNIT – VIII: ANTENNAS FOR RADAR APPLICATIONS: Parabolic-reflector antennas, Cassegrain Antennas, Cosecant Squared antennas, Introduction to Phased Array Antennas (basic concepts and applications), Radar receiver, displays and duplexers. DETECTION OF RADAR SIGNALS IN NOISE: Matched filter receiver, Correlation receiver, Introduction to ECM and ECCM. TEXT BOOKS: 1. Introduction to Radar Systems – M.I. Skolnik, McGraw-Hill, 2nd ed. 2. Telecommunication Switching, Systems & Networks – by Thyagarajan Viswanthan, PHI (1999) (for Units 3 & 4). REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Introduction to Telephone Switching – by B.E. Briely, Addison Wesley. 2. Radio Engineering – by G.K. Mithal, Khanna Publ. 3. Electronic and Radio Engineering – by FE Terman (for Units 1 & 2), McGraw-Hill. 4. Electronic Communication Systems – by Kennedy (for Units 1 & 2), McGraw-Hill. 5. Communication Systems – Simon Haykin (for Unit 5), John Wiley. 50

UNIT – IV: FREQUENCY MANANGEMENT AND CHANNEL ASSIGNMENT: Frequency management.TECH. fixed channel assignment. diversity receiver. design of antenna system. dropped call rates and their evaluation. Analog and digital cellular systems. concept of frequency channels. desired C/I from a normal case in an Omnidirectional Antenna System. obtaining the Mobile point-to-point mode. DROPPED CALLS: Why hand-off. Antennas at cell site.9848581807 B. CELL SITE ANTENNAS & MOBILE ANTENNAS:Characteristics. OPERATIONAL TECHNIQUES: Parameters. propagation in near distance. traffic and channel assignment. cell site. Coverage hole filler. 51 . Narrow beam concept. types of hand-off and their characteristics. Uniqueness of Mobile Radio Environment. non co-channel interference – different types. UNIT – II: INTERFERENCE: Introduction to co-channel interference. antenna parameters and their effects. real time co-channel interference. mobile to mobile propagation. long distance propagation. consideration of the components of cellular systems. UNIT – III: CELL COVERAGE FOR SIGNAL AND TRAFFIC: General introduction. non-fixed channel assignment. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE C4 EC03 . point-to-point prediction model – characteristics.ADVANCED COMMUNICATIONS UNIT – I: INTRODUCTION TO CELLULAR MOBILE SYSTEMS: A basic cellular system. HAND-OFF. ELEMENTS OF CELLULAR RADIO SYSTEM DESIGN: General description of the problem. Propagation over water or flat open area. cochannel measurement. foliage loss. Operation of cellular systems. Mobile Antennas. Co-channel Interference Reduction Factor. planing cellular systems. performance criteria. leaky feeders. Cell Splitting. cell splitting and small cells. antenna heights and signal coverage cells.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .

telemetry. TEXT BOOKS: 1. Look Angle determination. up link design. 2. Wireless Communications – by Theodore S. power systems. CBS Publ. Richharia.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Pearson Education. attitude and orbit control system. Giglardi. McGrawHill. 52 . UNIT – VI: SPACE CRAFT: Introduction. Design of Large Antennas. communication subsystems. the Current State of Satellite Communications. 2.9848581807 UNIT – V: INTRODUCTION: The Origin of Satellite Communications. Code Division Multiple access (CDMA). 4. Rappaport. spacecraft subsystems. Time division Multiple Access (TDMA). system noise temperature and G/T ratio. Mechanics. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Spacecraft antennas. Satellite Communications – by Robert M. Mobile Cellular Telecommunications – by William C. Orbit determination. tracking and command. a brief history of Satellite Communications. Lee. Orbital perturbations. John Wiley. Satellite Communications – by Pratt. MacMillan Publ. ORIBITAL ASPECTS OF SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS: Orbitals. 3. Design of down links. Orbital effects in communication systems performance.Y. launches and launch vehicles. Satellite Communications – by M. equipment for Earth Stations. MULTIPLE ACCESS: Frequency division multiple access (FDMA). Tracking. Satellite Communications – by Agarwal. UNIT – VII: SATELLITE LINK DESIGN: Basic transmission theory. UNIT – VIII: EARTH STATION TECHNOLOGY: Earth station Design. Small earth station Antennas. Design of satellite links for specified C/N.

sampling and quantization. UNIT – III: Image enhancement: Background. Error.I) UNIT – I: Digital Image fundamentals: Digital Image representation. Walsh transform. Colour Image processing. UNIT – VII: Representation and description: Various Schemes for representation. properties of 2-D Fourier transform – Fast Fourier transform. Encoding process. Region Oriented Segmentation. Inverse filtering. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE C4 EC20 .free compression. Boundary descriptors and reginal descriptors. Edge linking and boundary detection. the channel encoder and decoders.Fidelity criteria. imaging geometry. 53 . Algebraic approach to restoration. UNIT – IV: Image restoration: Degradation model. Image coding relative to fidelity criterion – Image compression models.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .9848581807 B. Discrete Fourier transforms. Constrained Least Squares Restoration – Interactive Restoration . Histogram processing. Error free encoding. UNIT – V: Image Coding . Image sharpening.TECH. the source encoder and decoder. image model. Least Mean Square filters. basic relationships between pixels. Hadamard transform. Enhancement by point processing. Image smoothing. Spatial filtering and enhancement in frequency domain. Hotelling transform. UNIT – II: Image transforms: Fourier transform. UNIT – VI: Image Segmentation: Detection of discontinuities. Discrete Cosine transform. Thresholding. elements of digital image processing system. elements of visual perception.DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING (ELECTIVE. Lossy compression.

by Arther R. Roger Boyle. Weeks. 54 . convolution. 2. 2.9848581807 UNIT – VIII: Image reconstruction from projections. Vaclav Hlavac. random transform. Gonzalez & R. PHI. TEXT BOOKS: 1. Woods.C.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Jain. Fundamentals of Electronics Image Processing.K. filter back projection algorithms. Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing – by A. Digital Image Processing – by R. PHI. 2nd edition. Addison Wesley. Image Processing & Machine Vision – by Milan Sonka.E. Jr. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1.

OPTICAL FIBER WAVEGUIDES: Nature of light. power bandwidth product. Elements of an optical fiber communication system. scattering and bending losses in fibers. fiber alignment and joint loss. step index and graded index fibers). digital receiver performance calculation. Ray optics representation. different types of dispersions. UNIT – IV: OPTICAL RECEIVER AND DIGITAL TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS: Fundamental receiver operation. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE C4 EC21 . pre amplifier types.Absorption.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . point to point links. reliability. fiber materials. Rays and modes.9848581807 B. transient response.TECH. light source materials. core and cladding losses. Physical principles of PIN photo detectors. link power budget. avalanche photo diodes. Rise time Budget. Basic optical laws and definitions. transmission distance limits. fiber connectors. Advantages of Optical Fiber Communications. LEDs – Structures. fiber splices. single-mode fibers. Graded – index fibers.modes and resonant frequencies. Noise in detectors. Measurement of attenuation and dispersion. UNIT – II: TRANSMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF OPTICAL FIBERS: Attenuation .OPTICAL NETWORKS & COMMUNICATIONS (ELECTIVE-I) UNIT – I: INTRODUCTION TO OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS: Introduction and Historical Background. internal quantum efficiency. wave representation. optical fiber modes and configurations (Fiber types. UNIT –III: OPTICAL SOURCES AND DETECTORS: Basic semiconductor properties. Signal distortion in optical waveguides. analog receivers. 55 . Applications. UNIT – V: OPTICAL FIBER CONNECTIONS AND MEASUREMENTS: Source to fiber power launching – basics. Semiconductor Laser Diodes . Wavelength Division Multiplexing. pulse broadening. modulation capability. Mode theory of circular wave guides.

Wireless Optical Systems. Fibre Optic Communication Systems – by Govind P. Considerations for Internetworking Layers. Agarwal. Locating and Adjusting Payload with pointers. Scheiner. Mc Graw-Hill. 56 .TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Building Integrated Timing Supply. Senior. SONET and SDH Problem Detection. Optical Fiber Communications – Gerd Keiser. UNIT -VII: TIMING & SYNCHRONIZATION Timing and Synchronization Digital Networks. SONET and SDH Concatenation TEXT BOOKS: 1. Optical Nodes. Optical Market Place. Digital Signaling Hierarchy (T or DS). SONET Multiplexing Hierarchy. Timing Variations.VIII: SONET and SDH Reasons for Success of SONET/SDH. Distribution of Timing Using SONET and DS1. John Wiley Publ. Local Connections.9848581807 UNIT . SONET and SDH Functional Components. Fibre Optic Communications – by D. Clocking Signal. Timing Loops UNIT .VI: INTRODUCTION & TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE Three Generations of Digital Transport Networks. Method of Clock Exchange. 2nd edition REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Optical Networks – by Uyless Black. Optical Fiber Communications – John M. Synchronization Status Messages. Timing Downstream Devices. Key terms. 2. Brief Introduction to WDM and TDM.K. Digital Multiplexing Hierarchy. Backbone Connections. SONET/SDH Multiplexing Structure. Effect of Timing Error. Layered Protocol Model Networks. 3rd edition 2. Virtual Tributaries and Virtual Containers. Evolution of Optical Networks. PHI. SONET/SDH Frame Structure. 3/e. Pearson Education. PEI 3. Types of Timing in Networks. Mynbaev and Lowell L.

the parallel evolution of compilation and synthesis. implementation.TECH. Design Technology. concurrent process model. Systems synthesis and hardware/software code sign. UNIT – II: GENERAL PURPOSE PROCESSORS: Basic architecture. RT synthesis. verification. optimizing custom single purpose processors. concurrent processes. design challenge. programmer’s view. hardware/software co-simulation. data flow model. logic synthesis. UNIT – III: STATE MACHINE & CONCURRENT PROCESS MODELS: Introduction. development environment. Behavioral synthesis. UNIT – IV: DESIGN TECHNOLOGY: Introduction automation: synthesis.EMBEDDED SYSTEMS AND ADVANCED COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE (ELECTIVE –II) UNIT – I: INTRODUCTION: Embedded systems overview. using state machines. models Vs. custom single purpose processor design (RT-level). real-time systems.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . IC technology. finite state machines with data path model (FSMD). sequential logic (RTlevel). Application Specific Instrumentation-Set Processors (ASIPs) – Micro Controllers and Digital Signal Processors.9848581807 B. 57 . processor technology. communication among processes. operation – pipelining. synchronization among processes. reuse of intellectual property codes. Trade-offs. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE C4 EC22 . program state machine model (PSM). Single purpose processors: RT-level combinational logic. languages.

classification of pipeline processors. systolic array architecture. organization. linear pipelining and space time diagram. vector processing. parallel algorithms. parallel computer structures. dependence driven and multi level event driven approaches. UNIT – VI: SIMD array processors. interleaved memory organization. VLSI computing structures. principles of designing pipeline processors. dataflow design alternatives. inter connection networks crossbar switch and multi port memories. parallelism in uniprocessor systems. loosely coupled and tightly coupled multiprocessor systems. masking and routing mechanisms. architectural classification schemes. Pipleline concept. polynomial evaluation. Dennis and Irvine machines. data flow languages. banyan and delta networks parallel memory organization.9848581807 UNIT – V: Trends towards parallel processing. matrix multiplication. parallel shifter. associative array processor. UNIT – VII: Multiprocessor architecture. mesh connected Illiac networks. data flow computer architectures. processor characteristics.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . multi processor scheduling strategies. parallel processing applications. control flow versus data flow. parallel sortings. SIMD inter connection networks. software requirements for MPS. shuffle exchange and omega networks. multi stage networks. language features to exploit parallelism. single stage and multi stage networks. inter PE communications. parallel algorithms for array processors. data flow graphs. UNIT – VIII: Data flow computers. fast fourier transform computation. addressing schemes. VLSI matrix arithmetic processor. nonlinear pipeline and reservation table. memory hierarchy in parallel processing systems. 58 . classification and requirements. arithmetic pipelines. multiprocessing operating systems.

Mc Graw Hill. Hwang K. 2002. Inc. 2002. 2. 3. Dezso Sima. Introduction to Embedded Systems – by Raj Kamal. John Wiley & Sons. Hwang.9848581807 TEXT BOOKS: 1. Advanced Computing Architectures. TMH. Brooks/Cole. Scalable Parallel Computing .A McGraw Hill. 2. 59 .TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Xu. Thompson Learning. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Briggs F. Givargis. K. Tony D. 3. Valvano. “Computer Architecture and parallel processing”. Pearson education. Terence Fountain. Embedded System Design – A Unified Hardware/Software Introduction – by Frank Vahid. Peter Kacsuk. Embedded Microcomputer Systems – by Jonathan W. Z.

terminal types. sampling data signals. Error Correction/Detection codes. TCP/IP reference model. distributed. MEDIUM ACCESS SUBLAYER: Pure Aloha. X.TECH.wire operation. Serial interfaces. IBM biSync protocol. Digital interface.DATA COMMUNICATION & COMPUTR NETWORKS (ELECTIVE-II) UNIT – I: DATA COMMUNICATION METHODS: Data communication circuit configuration topologies. applications. data modems. data transmission on FDM systems. Architecture. Controlled ALOHA and reservation ALOHA. Modem. data communication codes. decentralized. Synchronous protocols. Digital Transmission. transmission modes. and 60 . UNIT – VI: NETWORK LAYER: Virtual Circuits and Data grams. collision free and limited contention protocols. Point to point. Repeater. HDLC line procedures and HDLC data transfer. Multiplexing. Static. flooding. UNIT – V: DATALINK LAYER: Simplex protocols.21. Introduction to frequency. CSMA. Terminal Handling. UNIT – II: DATA COMMUNINCATIN PROTOCOLS: Asynchronous protocols. DART. CSMA/CD Protocols. TDM system.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . PHYSICAL LAYER: Transmission and Multiplexing. Slotted ALOHA. Errors nature. Control unit. Frame Synchronization. ISO-OSI reference Model. Concentrator. multi drop. error correction. 2-wire and 4. HDLC. Equalization. Unrestricted Stop and Wait and Sliding Window protocols. modulation. Isolated. Switching and packet Switching. line. Block Diagram of PCM. Multiplexer. line encoding. Token bus θ Token ring. Packet Assembler / Dissembler. UNIT – III: DIGITAL MULTIPLEXER: Time Division Multiplexing. USART. error detection. star. SDLC. circuit. Structure. Polling. BISDN reference model and its comparisons. UNIT – IV: INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER NETWORKS: Goals.9848581807 B. check up method. synchronization. Bit interleaving and Word interleaving. ring. Hierarchical. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE C4 EC23 . routing algorithms. T-carriers.

H. 3. Internet work packet Fragmentation.I. Tomasi (Ch. Flow control and Buffering. Multimedia.I 1985.7. Congestion. 3.PHI REFERENCE BOOKS: 1.18.10. Prentice Hall. COMPUTER NETWORK: Andrew S.foronzan-TMH –2004. cryptography authentication and digital signature.4. congestion avoidance.1.5. congestion control.9848581807 broadcast routing algorithms. TEXT BOOKS: 1. PHI 1985. Gateways. Virtual terminal protocols. 4. UNIT – VIII: PRESENTATION LAYER: Network security and privacy.15. Data communication and teleprocessing Systems (ch2. Advanced electronic communication systems: W. Data Networks.H. algorithms-Leaky bucket and Token Bucket algorithm. Key distribution.19) 2nd edition 1087P. Public key. Synchronization. Data Communications and Networking. Transport Layer in the Internet and ATM. Data encryption. addressing and connection establishment.14. BertSerkis and Gallaga.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .6. text compression. Network layer in the internet and ATM UNIT – VII: TRANSPORT AND SESSION LAYERS: Transport service. Electronic mail. 2. 2. 2. Computer Communications by William Stallings.3.11.17. Tennenbaum.12. A file transfer protocols APPLICATION LAYER: Domain Name Service. 61 . World Wide Web. Data Communications by Gupta.Behronz A. 3. Crash Recovery. partly 6)1987 P.

absolute addressing. Reverse string. Reading and Writing on a parallel port.Keyboard Display 3. Understanding three memory areas of 00-FF (Programs using above areas). BCD to ASCII conversion. Interfacing 1. Microprocessor 8086 1. bit/byte. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE C4EC04 . Recursion. 3. Serial communication implementation 4. Programs based on short. Strings. Timer in different modes. III. Deleting. Sorting. 2.USART. II. 62 .MIECROPROCESSORS AND MICRO-CONTROLLERS LAB I. 3. Programs using special instructions like swap. 7. 8279.PPI 4. By using string operation and instruction prefix: Move Block. 2. 6. 2. Length and of the string. page. 8255. String comparison. Multiplication and Division – Signed and unsigned Arithmetic operation. Near and Far implementation. Microcontroller 8051 1. Logic operations –Shift and rotate-Converting packed BCD to unpacked BCD. 6.9848581807 B. 5. Using external interrupts.TECH. set/reset etc.Interrupt Controller. 8259. 8251. Introduction to MASMT/TASM.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Inserting. 4. ASCII – arithmetic operation. Arithmetic operation – Multi byte Addition and Subtraction. DOS/BIOS programming: Reading keyboard (Buffered with and without echo) – Display characters. Modular Program: Procedure. 5.

Program to find frequency response and PSD of given signal 9. Even and Odd parts of given signal. Linear Convolution and Correlation of given signals.9848581807 B.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . 8. 2. Scattering parameters of Circulator 6. Reflex Klystron characteristics. 7. Scattering parameters of Directional Coupler. 10.TECH. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE C4EC05 . Design of FIR filters using windowing technique. Generation of various signal waveforms using MATLAB. 11. C4EC06 – PROJECT WORK ***** 63 . 3. 4. 12. Gunn Diode Characteristics.MICTROWAVE AND SIGNAL PROCESSING LABORATORY 1. Waveguide parameter characteristics 5. Directional coupler characteristics. Design of IIR filters.

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