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Bengalūru (????????) Bangalore Population • Density Time zone Area • Elevation Codes • Pincode • Telephone • UN/ LOCODE
Vidhana Soudha 6,200,000 (3rd) (2007)
• 8,367 /km2 (21,670 /sq mi) IST (UTC+5:30)
741 km² (286 sq mi)
• 920 m (3,018 ft)
• 560 xxx • +91-(0)80 • IN BLR • KA 01, KA 02, KA 03, KA 04, KA 05, KA 41, KA 50, KA 51, KA 53
Location of Bengalūru (????????) in Karnataka and India
Country Region State District(s) Commissioner
India Bayaluseeme Karnataka Bangalore Urban Dr. S. Subramanya
Coordinates: 12°58′00″N 77°34′00″E / 12.966667°N 77.566667°E / 12.966667; 77.566667 Bangalore ( [ˈbæŋɡəloːɾ] ), also known as Bengaluru (Kannada: ????????, [ˈbeŋɡəɭuːɾu] ), is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. Located on the Deccan Plateau in the south-eastern part of Karnataka, Bangalore is India’s third most populous city and fifth-most populous urban agglomeration. Though historical references to the city predate 900 CE, a modern written history of continuous settlement exists only from 1537, when Kempe Gowda I, who many regard as the architect of modern Bangalore, built a mud-brick fort at the site and established it as a province of the imperial Vijayanagara Empire. During the British Raj, it became a centre of colonial rule in South India. The establishment of the Bangalore Cantonment brought in large numbers of migrants from other parts of the country. Today, as a large and growing metropolis, Bangalore is home to some of the most wellrecognized colleges and research institutions in India. Numerous public sector heavy industries, software companies, aerospace, telecommunications, and defence organisations are located in the city. Bangalore is known as the Silicon Valley of India because of its preeminent position as the nation’s
 On 11 December 2005. 10 supplementary). which ran northsouth. "hero stone". who built a mud-brick fort and a Nandi Temple in the proximity of modern Bangalore in 1537. the Government of Karnataka announced that it had accepted a proposal by Jnanpith Award winner U. R. dating back to 890 CE. this process has been currently stalled due to delays in getting clearances from the Union Home Ministry. Bangalore is a major economic hub and the fastest growing major metropolis in India.. Though this has been recorded by historian R. a rock edict extolling the virtues of a warrior). Kempe Gowda I. Narasimhachar in his Epigraphia of Carnatica (Vol. Ananthamurthy to rename Bangalore to Bengaluru. Within Bangalore Fort. Kempe Gowda’s successor. while on a hunting expedition. a servant of Nagatta. A demographically diverse city. In 1116 the Hoysala Empire. a large Bijapur army led by Ranadulla Khan and accompanied by Shahji Bhonsle defeated Kempe Gowda III and Bangalore was given to Shahji 2 . Kempe Gowda II. built four famous towers that marked Bangalore’s boundary. The grateful king named the place "benda-kaal-uru" (Kannada: ??????????) (literally. On 27 September 2006. After the fall of the Vijayanagara Empire. the town was divided into smaller divisions – each called a "pete" ( [peːteː]). Modern Bangalore was founded by a vassal of the Vijayanagara Empire. the free encyclopedia leading IT employer and exporter. During the Vijayanagara rule. Lord Curzon.From Wikipedia. states: An inscription. Tired and hungry. Etymology The name Bangalore is an anglicised version of the city’s name in the Kannada language. which eventually evolved into "Bengalūru". the "City of Guards" in Halegannada (Old Kannada. The town had two main streets – Chikkapete Street. Bangalore accepted by the Government of Karnataka and it was decided to officially implement the name change from 1 November 2006. An apocryphal. overthrew the Cholas and extended its rule over Bangalore. Bangalore was also referred to as "Devarāyanagara" and "Kalyānapura" ("Auspicious City"). After centuries of the rule of the Western Gangas. Bengaḷūru. "Bengaluru" is referred to as a place in which a battle was fought in 890. the Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) passed a resolution to implement the proposed name change. An article. But it stands neglected at the Parvathi Nageshwara Temple in Begur near the city. published in The Hindu. no efforts have been made to preserve it. "town of boiled beans"). died. lost his way in the forest. In this inscription found in Begur. In 1638. However. which ran eastwest. The earliest reference to the name "Bengaluru" was found in a ninth century Western Ganga Dynasty stone inscription on a "vīra gallu" (??? ?????) (literally. It states that the place was part of the Ganga Kingdom until 1004 and was known as "Bengavaluru". shows Bengaluru is over 1. anecdote recounts that the 11th-century Hoysala king Veera Ballala II. Kempe Gowda referred to the new town as his "gandubhūmi" or "Land of Heroes". which was History Lady Curzon hospital in the Bangalore Cantonment was established in 1864 and later named after the first wife of the Viceroy of India. Bangalore’s rule changed hands several times. though popular.000 years old. and Doddapete Street. he came across a poor old woman who served him boiled beans. Their intersection formed the Doddapete Square — the heart of Bangalore..written in Hale Kannada (Old Kannada) of the 9th century CE. the epigraph refers to a Bengaluru war in 890 in which Buttanachetty. Bengaluru was captured by the Cholas in 1024 CE which later passed on to the Chalukya-cholas in 1070.
Bangalore became the first city in India to have electricity. and a health officer was appointed to the city in 1898. Bangalore was hit by a plague Geography Climate chart for Bangalore J F M A M J J A S O N D 3 7 4 46 120 81 110 137 195 180 64 22 29 28 27 28 28 27 26 27 30 32 34 33 3 . choosing only to retain the Cantonment under their jurisdiction. public buildings and hospitals were instituted to beautify the city. Bangalore remained in the new Mysore State of which the Maharaja of Mysore was the Rajapramukh. the Mughal general Kasim Khan defeated Ekoji. Bangalore’s manufacturing base continued to expand with the establishment of private companies such as Motor Industries Company (MICO. Bangalore’s reputation as the Garden City of India began in 1927 with the Silver Jubilee celebrations of the rule of Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV. and then sold Bangalore to Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar (1673–1704) of Mysore for 300. Bangalore Palace.207. whose residents were predominantly Tamils. Two important developments during this period contributed to the rapid growth of the city: the introduction of telegraph connections and a rail connection to Madras in 1864. In the decades that followed. After Indian independence in August 1947. a subsidiary of Robert Bosch GmbH). The Kingdom of Mysore relocated its capital from Mysore city to Bangalore in 1831. In 1906. In 1687. It was abolished in the year 1843 only to be revived in 1881 at Bangalore and to be closed down permanently in 1947. whose residents were predominantly Kannadigas. New extensions in Malleshwara and Basavanagudi were developed in the north and south of the pētē. with a population of 1. Bangalore was eventually incorporated into the British Indian Empire after Tippu Sultan was defeated and killed in the Fourth AngloMysore War (1799). After the death of Krishnaraja Wodeyar II in 1759. the free encyclopedia as a jagir.000 rupees. The ’Residency’ of Mysore State was first established at Mysore in 1799 and later shifted to Bangalore in the year 1804. Public sector employment and education provided opportunities for Kannadigas from the rest of the state to migrate to the city. built in 1887. The British. Bangalore experienced rapid growth in the decades 1941–51 and 1971–81 . which set up its manufacturing plant in the city. found it easier to recruit employees in the Madras Presidency and relocate them to cantonment area during this period. was home to the rulers of Mysore In the 19th century. son of Shahji. The British returned administrative control of the Bangalore "pētē" to the Maharaja of Mysore. In 1985. By 1961. spurred by capital investors from other parts of the country who converted Bangalore’s large plots and colonial bungalows into multi-storied apartments. Telephone lines were laid to help co-ordinate antiplague operations.000. Bangalore had become the sixth largest city in India. proclaimed himself the de facto ruler of Mysore. Bangalore essentially became a twin city. Other Information Technology companies followed suit and by the end of the 20th century. Commanderin-Chief of the Mysore Army. The kingdom later passed to Hyder Ali’s son Tippu Sultan. Bangalore experienced a growth in its real estate market in the 1980s and 1990s. with the "pētē". Texas Instruments became the first multinational to set up base in Bangalore. which saw the arrival of many immigrants from northern Karnataka. Several projects such as the construction of parks. powered by the hydroelectric plant situated in Shivanasamudra. Bangalore had firmly established itself as the Silicon Valley of India.From Wikipedia. Bangalore epidemic in 1898 that dramatically reduced its population. with Indian independence. Hyder Ali. and the "cantonment" created by the British. known as the Tiger of Mysore.
the free encyclopedia Bangalore sewerage system.2 4. a minor tributary of the low temperature of 15. A 4 . No enjoys salubrious climate throughout the major rivers run through the city.9 °C and carry much of Bangalore’s sewage. the river The Hesaraghatta Lake in Bangalore Kaveri provides around 80% of the total water supply to the city with the remaining 20% 15 17 19 22 21 20 20 19 19 19 17 16 being obtained from the Thippagondanahalli average temperatures in °C and Hesaraghatta reservoirs of the Arkavathi precipitation totals in mm river. 77.9 A random sampling study of the Air Quality Index (AQI) of twenty stations within the city 81 85 90 92 91 85 82 81 82 82 80 79 indicated scores that ranged from 76 to 314. The coolest month is January with an average River Vrishabhavathi. Bangalore usually 962 m (3. The ature of 33.3 0. Ulsoor lake Indian state of Karnataka. The Climate highest point is Doddabettahalli. was prominent among those lakes.97°N 77. It is in the heart of and Sankey Tank.3 5.From Wikipedia. more than any other Indian city. In the 16th century. since overrun by modern development. The topology of Bangalore is flat except for a central ridge running NNE-SSW. arises within the city at month is April with an average high temperBasavanagudi and flows through the city. Bangalore receives 800 milsource: World Weather Information Service lion litres (211 million US gallons) of water a Imperial conversion day.7 3.) to the north. The majority of the city of Banlaterite and red. the Nandi Hills waterworks was commissioned by Sir Mirza Ismail (Diwan of Mysore. J F M A M J J A S O N D However. magnitude as high as 4. Precambrian Deccan Plateau) at an average The Peninsular Gneissic Complex (PGC) is elevation of 920 m (3. the largest of which Bangalore lies in the southeast of the South are Madivala tank. especially during the summer season. which is Due to its high elevation.56°E / includes granites. constructed in 1922. The Kempambudhi Kere. The highest temperature rivers Arkavathi and Vrishabhavathi together ever recorded in Bangalore is 38. Bangalore sometimes does face water shortages. 60 km (37 mi. it has experienced quakes of Bangalore Rural district. galore lies in the Bangalore Urban district of Vegetation in the city is primarily in the Karnataka and the surrounding rural areas form of large deciduous canopy and minority are a part of the Bangalore Rural district.1 °C and the hottest Arkavathi. fine loamy to clayey soils.8 4.1 2. Kempe Gowda I constructed many lakes to meet the town’s water requirements. Hebbal lake. Groundwater occurs in the Mysore Plateau (a region of the larger silty to sandy layers of the alluvial sediments.7 7. although freak heat waves can make Arkavathi and South Pennar cross paths at things very uncomfortable in the summer. 1926–41 CE) to provide a water supply to the city.56 and covers an area of 741 km² while the soils of Bangalore consist of red (286 mi²). coconut trees.more so in the years of low rainfall.4 7. gneisses and migmatites.97. though the year.2 1. 0.1 0.156 ft) and lies on this ridge. the Nandi Hills. Currently. It is positioned the most dominant rock unit in the area and at 12°58′N 77°34′E / 12. 12. average temperatures in °F Bangalore has a handful of freshwater precipitation totals in inches lakes and water tanks. Though Bangalore has been The Government of Karnataka has carved out classified as a part of the seismic zone II (a the new district of Ramanagara from the old stable zone).6 °C.018 ft). In the earlier half of 20th century. covers 215 km² (133 mi²) of the city and connects with five sewage treatment centers located in the periphery of Bangalore. suggesting heavy to severe air pollution 59 62 67 71 70 68 67 67 67 66 63 60 around areas of traffic concentration.5.5 0.
with results being decided by popular vote. S. The Bangalore City Police (BCP) has six geographic zones. one from each of the wards (localities) of the city. due to delays in delimitation of wards and finalising voter lists. with the neighbouring 7 City Municipal Councils (CMC). The heaviest rainfall recorded in a 24-hour period is 179 millimetres (7. The Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP. the free encyclopedia the lowest ever is 7.From Wikipedia. Elections are expected to be held in August 2009. 5 . Subramanya Shankar Bidari The Karnataka High Court is the supreme judicial body in Karnataka and is located in Bangalore. Bangalore Civic Administration See also: Infrastructure in Bangalore Bangalore City officials Administrator Municipal Commissioner Police Commissioner S.0 in) recorded on 1 October 1997. called "corporators".139 tonnes are collected and sent to composting units such as the Karnataka Composting Development Corporation. Bangalore’s rapid growth has created several problems relating to traffic congestion and infrastructural obsolescence that the Bangalore Mahanagara Palike has found challenging to address. Members contesting elections to the council represent one of more of the state’s political parties. while the city’s socioeconomic parameters (traffic. The city council comprises elected representatives. which occasionally cause power outages and local flooding. Bangalore generates about 3. Dilip Rau Dr. Bangalore receives rainfall from both the northeast and the southwest monsoons and the wettest months are September. Winter temperatures rarely drop below 12 °C (54 °F). up from the 100 wards of the old Bangalore Mahanagara Palike. However.000 tonnes of solid waste per day. A mayor and commissioner of the council are also elected through a quota system from a Scheduled Castes and Tribes candidate or to an Other Backward Class female candidate. biological and socioeconomic parameters indicated that Bangalore’s water quality and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems were close to ideal. The remaining solid waste collected by the municipality is dumped in open spaces or on roadsides outside the city. elections to the newly created body are yet to be held. There are expected to be about 150 wards. Some of the flyovers and one-ways mitigated the traffic situation moderately but were unable to adequately address the disproportionate growth of city traffic. one Town Municipal Council and 110 villages around Bangalore. Greater Bangalore Municipal Corporation) is in charge of the civic administration of the city. quality of life) scored poorly. Elections to the council are held once every 5 years. In 2005 both the Central Government and the State Government allocated considerable portions of their annual budgets to address Bangalore’s infrastructure. of which about 1. Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike is run by a city council. and summer temperatures seldom exceed 36–37 °C (100 °F). The summer heat is moderated by fairly frequent thunderstorms. The unplanned nature of growth in the city resulted in massive traffic gridlocks that the municipality attempted to ease by constructing a flyover system and by imposing one-way traffic systems. October and August. in that order. It was formed in 2007 by merging 100 wards of the erstwhile Bangalore Mahanagara Palike.8 °C (on January 1884). A 2003 Battelle Environmental Evaluation System (BEES) evaluation of Bangalore’s physical. includes the Traffic Police. The Bangalore Mahanagara Palike works with the Bangalore Development Authority (BDA) and the Bangalore Agenda Task Force (BATF) to design and implement civic projects.
660 crore (US$ 300 million) in Foreign Direct Investment was the fourth highest for an Indian city. Bangalore is the fastest growing major metropolis in India. industrial visionaries such as Sir Mirza Ismail and Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya played an important role in the development of Bangalore’s strong manufacturing and industrial base.300) respectively. Bangalore experiences scheduled power cuts. especially over the summer. National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL). In the 1940. a major commercial center in Bangalore. the Lok Sabha. Like many cities in India. the free encyclopedia Bangalore The Vikasa Soudha is situated near the Vidhana Soudha and hosts many state ministries. In June 1972 the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) was established under the Department of Space and headquartered in the city. The headquarters of several public sector undertakings such as Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL). Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL). The city is the third largest hub for high net worth individuals and is home to over 10. and Bangalore Metropolitan Environment Bangalore’s Rs 260.000 dollar millionaires and about 60.214 Economy See also: Housing in Bangalore. Additionally.5 crore (US$ 1 million) and Rs. List of IT companies in Bangalore.000 super-rich people 6 . Bangalore is called the Silicon Valley of India because of the large number of information technology companies located in the city which contributed 33% of India’s Rs. Bangalore contributes three members to India’s lower house of parliament. 50 lakh (US$ 100. The Public Utilities Building is located on MG Road. Electricity in Bangalore is regulated through the Karnataka Power Transmission Corporation Limited (KPTCL). Bangalore is India’s fourth largest fast moving consumer goods (FMCG) market.3%.From Wikipedia. the Central Crime Branch and the City Crime Record Bureau and runs 86 police stations. and 28 members to the Karnataka State Assembly. to allow electricity providers to meet the consumption demands of households as well as corporations. As capital of the state of Karnataka. Bangalore houses important state government facilities such as the Karnataka High Court. the Vidhana Soudha (the home of the Karnataka state legislature) and Raj Bhavan (the residence of the Governor of Karnataka). 1. including two allwomen police stations. Bangalore’s share of Rs. Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML) and Hindustan Machine Tools (HMT) are located in Bangalore.260 crore (US$ 100 billion) economy (2002–03 Net District Income) makes it a major economic centre in India. With an economic growth of 10. who have an investable surplus of Rs. As of 2001. 144. Bharat Electronics Limited. 4. the City Armed Reserve.
 A rapid transit system called the Namma Metro is being developed and is expected to be operational by 2011. The Bengaluru International Airport is located in Devanahalli. is located in Bangalore crore (US$ 29 billion) IT exports in 2006-07. BMTC’s Volvo buses are a popular mode of commuting within Bangalore. Taxi service within Bangalore is provided by several operators commonly referred to as Citi taxis which can carry up to four passengers and are usually metered and more expensive than auto-rickshaws. The Rajdhani Express connects the city to New Delhi. International Tech Park. referred to as autos. BMTC also provides an option of a bus pass to frequent users. are a popular form of transport. Three-wheeled. Infosys and Wipro. who demand an improvement in the city’s infrastructure. the capital of India. is a high-end commercial zone. this will encompass a 42. stations. While commuters can buy tickets on boarding these buses. Bangalore (ITPB). as well as Mumbai. Ideological clashes sometimes occur between the city’s IT moguls. UB City. India’s second largest IT company. Kolkata. Bangalore is also connected by rail to most cities in Karnataka. Air Deccan and Kingfisher Airlines have their headquarters in Bangalore.3 km (26. The city was earlier served by the HAL Airport which was India’s fourth busiest airport. Chennai. Bangalore’s IT industry is divided into three main clusters — Software Technology Parks of India (STPI). Bangalore is a hub for biotechnology related industry in India and in the year 2005. Buses operated by Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC) are also a means of public transport available in the city. as are many of the global SEI-CMM Level 5 Companies.From Wikipedia. including Biocon. Once completed. The growth of IT has presented the city with unique challenges. the free encyclopedia Bangalore The headquarters of Infosys. the headquarters of the United Breweries Group. India’s second and third largest software companies are headquartered in Bangalore. black and yellow autorickshaws. and the state government. India’s largest biotechnology company. Bangalore is well connected to the rest of the country through the Indian Railways.3 mi) elevated and underground rail network comprising 41 7 . Hyderabad and other major cities in India. They are metered and can accommodate up to three passengers. whose electoral base is primarily the people in rural Karnataka. BMTC Transport Bangalore is served by the newly built Bengaluru International Airport (IATA code: BLR) which started operations from 24 May 2008. and Electronics City. around 47% of the 265 biotechnology companies in India were located here.
7% and 9. double that of their national averages. is the state festival and is celebrated with great vigour. other major languages spoken in the city are The Lal Bagh Glass House. including the Lal Bagh and Cubbon Park. Sankranthi. According to the 2001 census of India. roughly the same as the national average.05% of the population.000 in 2009.600 buses on 5. The Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation operates 6. Women make up 47. which again is roughly the same as the national average. while Christians and Jains account for 5. With an estimated population of 5. respectively. famous for its flower shows.2% of the total crimes reported from 35 major cities in India.37% of Bangalore’s population is Hindu. AngloIndians also form a substantial group within the city. the "Festival of Lights". Roughly 10% of Bangalore’s population lives in slums — a relatively low proportion when compared to other cities in the developing world such as Mumbai (42%) and Nairobi (60%). Bangalore has the second highest literacy rate (83%) for an Indian metropolis.79% and 1. whose native speakers form about 39% of the city’s population. Muslims comprise 13. and Christmas 8 . connecting Bangalore with other parts of Karnataka as well as other states. Other traditional Indian festivals such as Ganesh Chaturthi. Bangalore Tamil. Demographics Culture The Nandi Temple is a famous temple located in Basavanagudi. red-coloured Volvo buses on major routes. The 2004 National Crime Records Bureau statistics indicate that Bangalore accounts for 9. The cosmopolitan nature of the city has resulted in the migration of people from other states to Bangalore. Eid ul-Fitr.5% respectively.700 schedules. Scheduled Castes and Tribes account for 14. Delhi and Mumbai accounted for 15. Deepavali. 79. Bangalore is the third most populous city in India and the 28th most populous city in the world. The city will celebrate which is known to be Bangalore’s most important and oldest festivals called "Karaga Shaktyotsava" or Bangalore Karaga.300. transcends demographic and religious lines and is another important festival.37% of the population. Dasara. Apart from Kannada and English. Residents of Bangalore are referred to as Bangaloreans in English or Bengaloorinavaru in Kannada. Ugadi. with a growth rate of 38% during the decade. Bangalore. is now a heritage monument.3% of the city’s population.From Wikipedia. after Mumbai. Bangalore was the fastestgrowing Indian metropolis after New Delhi between 1991–2001. Bangalore is known as the "Garden City of India" because of its greenery and the presence of many public parks.5% of Bangalore’s population. Telugu and Hindi. the free encyclopedia also runs air-conditioned. a traditional celebratory hallmark of the old Kingdom of Mysore.
 • Kharkiv. The Bengaluru Gayana Samaja has been at the forefront of promoting classical music and dance in the city. United States.. and South Indian. Chinnaswamy Stadium. The city hosts the Women’s Tennis Association (WTA) Bangalore Open tournament annually. which has a seating capacity of 40. Bangalore’s main international cricket stadium is the M. North Indian. Beginning September. Classical music and dance recitals are widely held throughout the year and particularly during the Ramanavami and Ganesha Chaturthi festivals. Brigade Road is a popular commercial district in Bangalore. Rajkumar. Sister Cities • Minsk. Chinese and Western fast food are all very popular in the city. are also celebrated. A significant number of national cricketers have come from Bangalore. The city also has a vibrant Kannada theater scene with organisations like Ranga Shankara leading the way. Udupi restaurants are very popular and serve predominantly vegetarian. Roadside vendors. Ukraine Yakshagana -. and Robin Uthappa among others. India’s Davis Cup team members. Bangalore will also host the Kingfisher Airlines Tennis Open ATP tournament annually. Ohio. • Cleveland. Belarus.a theatre art is often played in town hall Sports Cricket is one of the most popular sports in Bangalore. tea stalls. Bangalore is home to the Kannada film industry. • San Francisco.000 and has hosted matches during the 1987 Cricket World Cup and 1996 Cricket World Cup. Many children play gully cricket on the roads and in the city’s many public fields. Bangalore is also sometimes called as the "Pub Capital of India" and is one of the premier places to hold international rock concerts. which churns out about 80 Kannada movies each year. The Indian Premier League (IPL) franchise Bangalore Royal Challengers and the Premier Hockey League (PHL) franchise Bangalore Hi-fliers are based in the city. United States. One of the most notable contributors to Sandalwood. Bangalore is also a major center of Indian classical music and dance. as the Kannada Movie Industry is referred to. the free encyclopedia Bangalore The diversity of cuisine is reflective of the social and economic diversity of Bangalore. including former Indian cricket team captains Rahul Dravid and Anil Kumble. regional cuisine.From Wikipedia. 9 . 2008. was the late Dr. Kharkiv oblast. California. Mahesh Bhupathi and Rohan Bopanna also reside in Bangalore.
established in 1964. Primary and secondary education in Bangalore is offered by various schools which are affiliated to one of the boards of education. See also: Education in India and List of Bangalore colleges Until the early 19th century. like Century Club. Bangalore (IIM-B) and the Indian Statistical Institute are located in Bangalore. education in Bangalore was mainly run by religious leaders and restricted to students of that religion. Indian Institute of Science . Indian Institute of Science. ICSE and CBSE. Upon completing the required coursework. with a total student enrollment exceeding 300. schools for young children are mainly based on the kindergarten form of education. a premier mental health institution is located in Bangalore. Subsequently. Mysore Vrittanta Bodhini became the first Kannada newspaper to be circulated in Bangalore. The Bangalore University. Bangalore Wesleyan Mission established a school in 1851 and the Bangalore High School which was started by the Government in 1858. the Indian Institute of Management. Pankaj Advani and former All England Open badminton champion Prakash Padukone. the free encyclopedia Bangalore has a number of elite clubs. The city is also home to the premier mental health institution in India National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS). The western system of education was introduced during the rule of Mummadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar.000. provides affiliation to about 500 colleges. In post-independent India. Currently. students enroll in general or professional degrees in univerities. Education Media The first printing-press was established in Bangalore in the year 1840.From Wikipedia. Other sports personalities from Bangalore include national swimming champion Nisha Millet. the Bowring Institute and the exclusive Bangalore Club. students typically attend Pre Univiersity (PUC) in one of three streams – Arts. Nationally renouned professional institutes such as the National Law School of India University (NLSIU). world snooker champion. Commerce or Science. 10 . when two schools were established in Bangalore. After completing their secondary education. Vijaya Karnataka and The Times of India are the most widely circulated Kannada and English newspapers in Bangalore respectively. closely followed by the Prajavani and Deccan Herald both owned by the Printers (Mysore) Limited . which counts among its previous members Winston Churchill and the Maharaja of Mysore. In 1859. The Hindustan Aeronautics Limited SC is based in Bangalore. such as the Secondary School Leaving Certificate (SSLC). Schools in Bangalore are either government run or are private (both aided and un-aided by the government).The Bangalore Golf Club. Bangalore Herald became the first English biweekly newspaper to be published in Bangalore and in 1860.the largest print media house in Karnataka.the premier institute of science in India. which was established in 1909 in Bangalore. The university has two campuses within Bangalore – Jnanabharathi and Central College. is the premier institute for scientific research and study in India.
Times of India.rediff.From Wikipedia.com/ articleshow/264262. http://www. Government of India. Retrieved on 2009-04-19.  ^ Vagale. In recent years. Chandramouli. The Hindu Group.htm.  K. resolves BMP".htm.History".in/finance/ bud2007/bs07e. The Hindu. This internet service was however restricted to corporates.com/2006/09/28/ stories/2006092824250300. 11 Dec 2005.  "From today.com/money/2008/feb/ 06sld2. The city also has various clubs for HAM radio enthusiasts. http://www. Bangalore has the largest number of broadband internet connections in India.nic. http://www.php?x=&men=gcis&lng=en&dat=80&geo=-104&  "Bangalore Crumbling".deccanherald. ḷ2006.kar. The Hindu. which has led to occasional conflicts. Uday Kumar.deccanherald. 2006-10-08. Bangalore See also • Tourist attractions in Bangalore • Karnataka References  ^ The total area of Greater Bangalore has been mentioned in the Karnataka budget of 2007-08 as 741 km².  ^ "About Bangalore . Direct To Home services are also available in Bangalore now.000 years old". http://us. The first internet service provider in Bangalore was STPI.asp. Retrieved on 2007-10-06. dated 2008-02-06.com/archives/ Oct302006/index20581420061029.worldgazetteer. Bangalore becomes Bengalooru" (in English).com/2007/12/18/ stories/2007121854970600. 2006-09-28.hindu. "Many miles to go from Bangalore to Bengaluru". Retrieved on 2007-05-16. The Sunday Express. http://www. Bangalore got its first look at television when Doordarshan established a relay centre here and started relaying programs from 1 November 1981. until VSNL started offering dial-up internet services to the general public at the end of 1995. the cable operators play a major role in the availability of these channels.indiatimes. World Gazetteer. thereby allowing the introduction of a news program in Kannada on 19 November 1983. Radio City became the first private channel in India to start transmitting FM radio from Bangalore. The radio transmission was AM. Deccan Herald.asp. Bangalore which started offering internet services in early 1990s. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.com/ wg. the official broadcaster for the Indian Government. A production center was established in the Doordarshan’s Bangalore office in 1983. The Hindu. "Finance Budget for 2007-08" (PDF).com/Archives/ Oct82006/index2044162006107. 25 July 2002  "Inscription reveals Bangalore is over 1. "Public Space in Bangalore: Present and Future 11 .cms. Deccan Herald. the free encyclopedia Bangalore got its first radio station when All India Radio. 1 November 2006. Currently.  "India: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population".indiatimes. Retrieved on 2007-06-28.  "India’s 10 fastest growing cities".com/ articleshow/1327370. http://www. Government of Karnataka.hindu.cms. started broadcasting from its Bangalore station on 2 November 1955. Times of India. "The City of Boiled Beans".com/ india-news/ full_story. Rediff News.php?content_id=60231. a number of FM channels have started broadcasting from Bangalore. http://timesofindia. until in 2001. Though the number of satellite TV channels available for viewing in Bangalore has grown over the years. Doordarshan also launched a Kannada satellite channel on 15 August 1991 which is now christened DD Chandana. http://www.pdf. http://www.  "Centre mum on ‘Bengaluru’". Retrieved on 2009-04-07. 2006. Retrieved on 2008-04-10. The advent of private satellite channels in Bangalore started in September 1991 when Star TV started to broadcast its channels.  "It’ll be ‘Bengaluru’ from Nov 1". http://timesofindia. The Hindu Group. 2006.  "Bangalore to be renamed Bengaluru". Department of IT and Biotechnology. The Hindu. Retrieved on 2007-05-16. Retrieved on 2009-04-19. 20 August 2004  Vijesh Kamath.indianexpress.  "It will be `Bengaluru’.htm. 2007-12-18.
 "Mysore (CAPITAL)". Retrieved on http://web.hindu. Deccan Herald.indiatimes.Times of  "Studyarea. .S.in/section/climate/ 2007-07-02. Police.htm.. 2006.htm. Solomon. Development. Retrieved on Vol 12 No 1 2006. dated 2006-12-17. dated 2009-04-01.  "Shankar Bidari is top city cop. [Rediff. Dec172006/city115220061217. Archived Shankar_Bidari_is_top_city_cop/ from the original on 2007-03-11. articleshow/3220465.com].com/mp/2005/02/22/ Online Edition of The Hindu.delimitationindia. Online Edition of The deccanherald/mar112004/metro1. Government of India.archive.  Public Space in Bangalore: Present and Retrieved on 2007-12-22. Administration. http://www. Bangalore  ^ "Environmental Impact Metropolitan Rapid Transport Analysis"PDF (362 KB).com/2006/ Retrieved on 2007-07-02. Retrieved on  ^ "Environmental Impact 2009-04-07. Virginia 2007-02-07. "Governance. http://www. Karnataka State Police. Great Britain. Bangalore Corporation Limited. http://timesofindia. http://www. articleshow/4341521. Centre for India". http://www. London. Herald.From Wikipedia. additional director general. Tech. dated 2007-01-08. Microsoft India. 1 April 2000. Srinivas. "Bangalore’s  Benjamin.com/2005/05/18/  "Bangalore City Police". 20070311005340/  ^ Afshan Yasmeen. 2006-05-10.com/Final_Publications/Karnataka/ 12 . 2006.htm. again". Hindu. Analysis"PDF (362 KB). "B’lore weather back (ISBN 0-7538-1758-6). http://www.archive. HT Media Ltd. Online Edition of The Deccan page 538. 20060206121846/http://bwssb. Retrieved on 2007-07-02. Urban Solid Waste. Digital bangalore1.html. 2006. Bangalore/  ""Each drop of water counts"".  "Final Notification and Order" (PDF).indiatimes. 2006.. 2005.rediff. 2004  Ashwini Y.hindu. Retrieved on  van Beukering.htm. 2005. 1911 ed.ernet. The Hindu.com/ 12 February 2006. Bangalore City stories/2005051818670300. Retrieved on Libraries and Archives.com/Cities/ Institute of Science.flonnet. The Frontline.  Vidyashree Amaresh. 2006.com/2007/01/18/ (Mysore) Ltd. economic settings and poverty in http://www.asp. Indian http://timesofindia. 2006. gauges in areas prone to flooding".asp.. (page 30) K Srivastav. http://www.htm. woes". 2006. Ecological Sciences. the free encyclopedia Bangalore Projections"PDF (773 KB).  "The Mughal Throne". Online edition help_faq.org/web/ 2008-07-16.  "FAQ". Page 17)  Ravi Sharma (2005-11-05)."Analysing 2007-07-02.htm. 9 Bangalore/BBMP-polls-by-August/ June 2003.cms. 2006. dated stories/2005022201010300.hindu. "Greater Bangalore.. Phoenix.htm. Retrieved on 2007-07-02. March 1999.com/Archives/ Britannica. 11 March 2004 stories/2007011820460300. "The Rediff Interview/ Dr S of Karnataka. Government Metropolitan Rapid Transport of Karnataka. PM".imd.. "The bean city".deccanherald. The Printers http://www. http://web. http://www. International  "Rise in temperature `unusual’ for Institute for Environment and Bangalore".Environment&Urbanization 20051118005402400. timesofindia. Delimitation Commission of India.org/  "BBMP polls by August".com/fl2223/stories/ Bangalore"PDF (149 KB). of the Times of India. Future Projections (Chapter 8. "Set up rain  S. 05/10/stories/2006051022920300.deccanherald. The Hindu. Abraham Eraly.  ^ "Bangalore". et al. 27 April 2004. Corporation Limited.com/ but higher tax?". Retrieved on 2007-12-22.". Incidental Data. news/2001/jan/30inter.Bangalore". Government  Onkar Singh. 2008-07-11.org/web/ Retrieved on 2007-10-17.com/ Hindustan Times. Sehker. Encyclopedia http://www.  "Budget to trigger growth of metros: Indian Meteorological Department". MSN India. 2006.  "Thirsty Bangalore seeks divine help".hindu.cms. United Nations Public 2008-02-05.
Om Prakash.co. Retrieved on 2007-10-04.  "Bangalore most affluent market".  "BMRC newsletter. http://www.pdf. http://www. http://www.com/archives/ Retrieved on 2007-10-17. Annexure IIIC  Bangalore feels bubbling Kannadiga Vs  Airports Authority of India: Traffic migrant tension. the free encyclopedia Bangalore Final%20Notification%20&%20Order%20with%20Table%20A%20&%20B%20_Eng_. Retrieved on 2007-10-04. dated http://timesofindia. The Hindu Group.asp. dated 2006-06-22. dated Details/Seminars/PDE2007/Papers/ 2005-04-23.irctc.com/ http://www. Retrieved on  Jairam Ramesh. Krishnakumar.com/ 2007-06-20. Retrieved on 2008-06-07.cicred. Rediff. http://www.org/Eng/Seminars/ Online edition of The Hindu. Census of Retrieved on 2007-10-25.  Ramachandran.From Wikipedia.com/1051110/ Retrieved on 2009-04-07.ksrtc.reuters. Gazetter.pdf. http://www. 2006. 2007-10-04. Retrieved on 2007-10-17.deccanherald. Department of  "A Sense of Deja Vu". Rediff. Retrieved on 29 January 2008.hindu. politicians lack vision. 2006.  "Census population" (PDF). Retrieved on 2007-10-04. Online Edition of The Business Standard.html. 2006.Passengers (Intl+Domestic). 2006. fastest growing city. http://www.asp. view/1886/1949/1/3/. Times of India.  Mathur. Government of Karnataka.htm.Times of news/newsletterapril09. Online of the Times of India.in/pdf/ country". 11 statistics .com/2006/ standard. "Impact of  "Popular Trains".co. 1 Apr.bmrc. www. WorldBayer". Corporation. http://www.  "Bangalore Helix to be a reality soon". http://www. Official webpage of globalisation on cities and city-related Indian Railway Catering and Tourism policies in India"PDF (436 KB). The Urban Partnerships Foundation Aug. Local pride  Airports Authority of India: Traffic buffets Bangalore business. Online Edition of The Hindu. "IT in India: Big 2007-10-17.  ^ "Stir leaves hundreds stranded". Annexure IIC  "Kannadigas assured of all support". Retrieved on India. http://www.php?leftnm=10&autono=299725. 21. Asia Times. "Loyalty may  "UB City is finally here". 23 August 2006. Retrieved on http://www. dated April 2009".hindu. The Business World. storypage_c. 2005. http://www. Official webpage of Bangalore Metro Rail  "Bangalore third richest city in Corporation. 2004.If Retrieved on 2007-04-10. glance"PDF (2. 2 April 2008.com/2005/ IYER_Neelakantan_paperNairobi2007-project.com. Online webpage of Reuters.in/content/  Surat.Aircraft movements February 2008.worlddated 2007-10-04. Edition of The Deccan Herald.telegraphindia. 04/23/stories/2005042301960600.htm. 16 Dec.com/article/healthwg. 13 .cicred. Online edition pay for Volvo commuters!". Jun202007/city200706208444.com. articleshow/1672524.in. Corporation Limited.com/common/ 12/15/stories/2006121520050300. India. Online Edition of The Karnataka State Road Transport Telegraph.75 MB).asp. statistics .com.pdf. "Poverty of Politics .2007. Official webpage of the will remain slow". 23 July airport drive". Sudha. Online Edition of Economics and Statistics.org.  Surendra Munshi.  ^ S Praveen Dhaneshkar. the rate of change  "Highlights". Yahoo! News. 2007 2009-04-06. gazetteer. successes.php?x=&men=gcis&lng=en&dat=32&srt=pnan& SP/idUSBOM33872620071004.cms.business2006-12-15. Retrieved on 2007-10-17. asp/opinion/story_5421239. dated dated 2007-09-30. large gaps to be filled". Oct272006/index211220061026. Deccan Herald. The  R.deccanherald. (Intl+Domestic).com/Content/ 2009-04-06. http://www.businessworld.  "All India figures at a Retrieved on 2007-07-02.in/ 2003 Popular_trains. "Expressway for Hindu.  "World: largest cities and towns and  "Biocon in drug development talks with statistics of their population".indiatimes.
dated 2004-05-18.com/ articleshow/122968.. dated 2004-07-01.  "The official visit of the Republic of Belarus parliamentary delegation to the Republic of India is over".com.0.htm.  "Census GIS Household". 2006.. Retrieved on 2007-11-22. Retrieved on 2007-10-16. http://timesofindia.  Cricinfo Page on Chinnaswamy Stadium  Profile. 14 . 2006. Online Edition of The Times of India.hindu.hinduonnet. Slum Population. Asia. Online Edition of The Hindu.com/Archives/ july012004/edu2. 2006. Retrieved on 2007-10-16. Archived from the original on 2007-08-06.php/. . dated Monday.  ^ Parvathi Menon and Ravi Sharma. Punekar. Website of the National assembly of the Republic of Belarus. Rasna. the free encyclopedia  Karnataka.cms.  "Trimester system in all Karnataka schools from 1 June".gov.Issue 25. Online Edition of The Hindu. dated 2003-08-09.  M. Online Edition of The Times of India. 2004. "Double dhamaka". dated 2004-06-06.hindu.com/fline/fl2317/ stories/20060908002809900. San Francisco are sister cities. 11 May 2007.censusindia. CBS Interactive  Davis Cup Players. International Tennis Federation. http://www.asp. Retrieved on 2008-03-10. "Slums Are the Heartbeat of Cities".net. 04–17. CBSSports. Retrieved on 2007-10-16.indiatimes.html.  Online Directory: India.cms.cms.. Dec.by/ index_eng.  Richard Plunkett (2001).  ^ Vijaya B. Volume 21 . wants to split". 2001.From Wikipedia. Retrieved on 2007-10-16.indiatimes. Online Edition of The Hindu.  Preiti Sharma. censusindiamaps. 2006.. dated 2006-10-18.  Warah. p494  Hayavadana Rao (1929).  "Students. 2007.com/1061119/ asp/look/story_7016875. 6 October 2003  "Crime in Mega Cities"PDF (159 KB). © 2006. Online Edition of The Frontline. The EastAfrican. Online Edition of The Deccan Herald. "Battleground Bangalore". http://www. http://www. p497  "Bangalore a hot destination for foreign students". Historical Publications. National Media Group Ltd.  "Garden city".com/2007/04/02/ stories/2007040221520500.htm. Online Edition of the Hindu.com/2006/05/16/ stories/2006051618850300.hindu. The Hindu. 124. "Bangalore Through the Centuries".htm. Daviscup. The Hindu. Bangalore http://timesofindia. http://books.indiatimes. Apr 02.  Bangalore replaces Mumbai on ATP Tour circuit. Government of India.  ""Total Population.sovrep. dated 2007-01-09. "Assimilation: A Study of North Indians in Bangalore".  Shuma Raha.com/mag/2004/06/06/ stories/2004060600520700.com.  "BU overloaded. Retrieved on 2007-10-16.cms. http://www.in/ books?id=XQgiAAAAMAAJ&dq=Bangalore+Herald+ Retrieved on 2007-10-07. "Hub of research". Online Edition of The Telegraph.  Bangalore.com’s "Bangalore Facts". http://www.com/ articleshow/2190334. National Crime Records Bureau.1. Online Edition of The Economic Times.0.indiatimes.  "Bangalore Karaga". Online Edition of The Times of India. CBSSportsline.com/ articleshow/1114542. Retrieved on 2007-10-07. Government of India.deccanherald.2528. http://economictimes.  Ravi Sharma.com/ articleshow/682256.com.htm.  Detailed Account on Bangalore Club  Hayavadana Rao (1929).google.htm.telegraphindia. Census of India. Retrieved on 2007-10-07.co. http://www. Retrieved on 2007-10-16.html. Retrieved on 2007-10-16.com/ books?id=SB3_VodABdIC&pg=PA54&lpg=PA54&dq Retrieved on 2007-10-04. Sister Cities International. p. dated 2006-05-16.net/results/slum/ slum2."". http://www.asp. Fazlul Hasan.org/web/ 20070806121833/ http://www. http://timesofindia.com/fline/fl2125/ stories/20041217006413300.archive. "A chauvinistic turn".489.google. 2004. http://www. dated 2006-11-19. dated 2006-09-08.  "Broad choice of Class X boards". http://www. parents throng PU colleges in city". http://web.hinduonnet.
com/Archives/ jan232006/ metromon1727452006122. dated 2006-01-08. Online Edition of The Hindu. Online webpage of the Press Information Bureau. http://www.  Sevanti Ninan. http://www. dated 2002-05-23.htm. http://www.cms.hindu.com/2006/12/29/ stories/2006122922770200. Bangalore". Retrieved on 2007-10-08. Online Edition of The Deccan Herald. Retrieved on 2007-10-07. 1929 External links • Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (Municipal government) • Bangalore one service portal • Lalbagh Botanical Garden. 1909.  ^ "Doordarshan. dated 2004-07-17. Virginia Tech. dated 2006-01-23. Further reading • Hasan. http://www. Retrieved on 2007-10-08. 2006. Lonely Planet. http://thehindujobs. Meyer.ernet. http://www.htm. ISBN 1864501618 • Vagale.  "Radio City goes on air in Mumbai".org/wiki/Bangalore" 15 . Online Edition of The Times of India. Online Edition of The Hindu. http://www. The Mysore State Gazetteer. Growth and Challengers" (PDF). http://mib.deccanherald.htm. Online Edition " of The Hindu. dated 2003-01-13. • "Environmental Impact Analysis"PDF. the free encyclopedia  "Idhu Akashvani.asp.indiatimes. Online Edition of The Hindu Business Line. Government of India.com/archives/ jan82006/index204517200617.blonnet." Encyclopedia Britannica. 1970.com/2002/05/23/ stories/2002052301450400. 2005. Going for the action".pibbng. http://timesofindia.in/ publications/data/2006-05-02rbasant. Retrieved on 2007-10-08. "Of young ladies and old men".htm.rediff.com/ Bangalore ew/2007/05/28/stories/ 2007052800160200. • Plunkett. • Hunter.  "Radio gaga: 6 more FM stations". Government of Karnataka.  akesh Basant. Uday Kumar. Bangalore Through The Centuries. 2001.wikipedia. "Bangalore Cluster: R Evolution. Bangalore Metropolitan Rapid Transport Corporation Limited. dated 2007-05-08.From Wikipedia. Retrieved on 2007-10-07. Bengalooru!". http://www.htm. "Tune in to quality".deccanherald.iimahd. Bangalore: Historical Publications. "Public Space in Bangalore: Present and Future Projections"PDF (773 KB). Online Edition of The Deccan Herald. Retrieved on 2007-10-08. South India. Clarendon Press. Retrieved on 2007-10-07. 27 April 2004. Online webpage of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.htm. Richard.nic.nic.in/ informationb/CODES/ Consolidatedchannels310707. Oxford.thehindubusinessline.  "Consolidated list of channels allowed to be carried by Cable operators/Multi system operators/DTH licensees in India". • Hayavadana Rao..com/ thehindu/2001/07/29/stories/ 13290695.hinduonnet.com/ computer/1998/sep/07net. Cotton. A highly net-savvy city". dated 2006-12-29. Fazlul.com/ articleshow/781475. Retrieved on 2007-10-04. 2006.  "Rage against cable operators". 1911 ed. http://www. Digital Libraries and Archives. Burn. Retrieved on 2007-10-08. Bangalore • Bangalore at the Open Directory Project • Bengaluru / Bangalore City Website • Bangalore Events • Bangalore travel guide from Wikitravel Retrieved from "http://en.  Juliana Lazarus.asp.htm.pdf. Retrieved on 2007-10-07. Online Edition of " The Hindu Business Line.in/ media. Retrieved on 2007-10-08. • "Bangalore.kar.htm. "The Imperial Gazetteer of India". dated 2001-07-29. A short recap on Internet developments " in India". 2006. http://www.com/ thehindu/mp/2003/01/13/stories/ 2003011301310100. Retrieved on 2007-10-08.
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