CONTENTS

CHAPTERS
1

TITLE
INTRODUCTION INDUSTRIAL PROFILE COMPANY PROFILE

2 3 4
5 6

HRM INTRODUCTION
LABOUR WELFARE ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA CONCLUSIONS AND SUGGESTIONS

7 8 9

QUESTIONNAIRE BIBLIOGRAPHY

CHAPTER-1
INTRODUCTION

BOARD OF DIRECTORS
S.P.Y. REDDY Sri. S.P.Y. REDDY locally well known industrialist with the base at Nandyal, Kurnool District who has been successful entrepreneur and management. Is

technically qualified person with B.E. (Mechanical) from R.E.C. (Warangal) and with work experience at BAARC (Bombay). He has daringly ventured and established industries in and around Nandyal from 70’s. As years went of he has established most successfully the following Nandi Group of companies. • • • •

Nandi Milk Maha Nandi Mineral Waters Nandi Infosys Nandi online services ANANTHA Pipes Ltd Integrated thermos plastics Ltd Nandi P.V.C. Projects.

• •

PROMOTER:
Sri. S. Sreedhar Reddy, A computer engineer and a student of IIM, Ahmedabad has been entrusted the management of ANANTHA Pipes Ltd. Hampapuram and great assistance and a young upcoming engineer and industrialist. BRANCHES: • • • • • • • • PONDICHERY SALEM BELLARY MADURAI SANGLI VELLORE GOA YANAM

CHAPTER-2

INDUSTRY PROFILE PIPE TECHNOLOGY TERMS AND CONCEPTS
Pipe, hollow structure, usually cylindrical for conducting materials. It is used primarily to convey liquids, gases, or solid suspended in a liquid for e.g. slurry and also used for electric wires. The earliest pipes were probably made of bamboo, used by the Chinese to carry water 5000 B.C. The Egyptians made the first metal pipe of copper c. 3000 BC until the cast iron became relatively cheap in 18th cent. Most pipes were made of bored stone or wood, clay, lead and occasionally, copper or bronze. Modern

materials include cast iron. Wrought iron, steel, copper, brass, lead, concrete, wood, glass and plastic. Bending strips of steel into the form of a tube and welding the longitudinal seam either by electric resistance, by fusion welding or by heating the tube and pressing the edges together makes welded steel pipe. Seamless pipe is made from a solid length of metal pierced lengthwise by a mandrel with a rounded nose. Steel pipe introduced in the early 20th century is widely used for conducting substances at extremely high pressures and temperatures. Cast –iron pipes, which came into common use in the 1840’s, resist corrosion better than steel pipes and are therefore frequently, used under ground. Clay and concrete pipes usually carry sewage, and concrete pipes are also used to carry irrigation water at low pressures, for moderate pressures the concrete is reinforced with steel or mixed with asbestos. Seamless copper and brass pipes are used for plumbing and boilers because of its softness and resistance to corrosion. Lead is used for flexible corrections and for plumbing that doesn’t carry drinking water. The chemical and food industries are

used glass pipes. Dring World War II manufacturers developed plastic pipes to replace metals that were in short supply. Today PVC pipe is widely used to carry wastewater as well as certain corrosive liquids. A pipe line carries water, gas, petroleum and many other fluids long distance in lying an oil pipeline. 40’ft (12-m) sections of seamless steel pipe are electrically welded together while held over a trench. Before being lowered into place the pipe is coated with a protective paint and wrapped with a substance composed of treated asbestos felt and fiber glass. Pumping section located 50 to 75 ml ( 80-120Km). A part boosts the dwindling pressure back up as much as 1500’lb per inch. The piping must be kept clean either by applying a negative electric charge to the pipe or by regular use of a “pig” or scrubbling ball, inserted at one end and carried along by the current. An oil pipe line 6 inches (15 cm) to 24 Inches (60cm) in diameter will move it contents at about 3 to 6 ml (5-10) per hr. Water has moved since ancient times in pipe lines called aqueducts. The first natural gas and petroleum pipe line in US. Were builds during the 19th Cent. Today in most part of the world pipelines are as extremely important means of transporting divers fluids. The Trans-Arabian pipeline, which carried oil from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean is over 1000ml (600 km) long. There is more than 180000 ml (288000) Km of pipelines in the United States alone.

CHAPTER-3

Company Profile

Company Profile
ORIGIN:
Rayalaseema is economically backward area in Andhra Pradesh, was rarefied region for industries. A dynamic entrepreneur Sri. S.P.Y. Reddy who is basically mechanical engineer started a unit at Nandyal, which manufactures black pipes in 1977. The determination and hard work of Sri. S.P.Y. Reddy helped him to overcome the problems faced by the company in the initial years, and with financial assistance from local commercial banks. The company could overcome the problems of the merger and is running smoothly. Later the company started manufacturing of PVC Pipes, which terminated the manufacturing of black pipes. This resulted in the formation of a Pvt. Ltd. Company called “SUJALA PIPES PVT LTD: with Sri. S.P.Y. Reddy as the managing director. The only major competitors to the company are sudhakar pipes, maharaja pipes. The only backdrop to it is the competition from local brands. As the majority of customers belong to farmers, they consider than quality. The company has to make aware of the company’s quality standards to them. SIZES: various sizes ranging from ½ to 10 are offered to customers. Even pipes with different gauges and sizes are manufactured to suit specified conditions. PACKING: Packing plays less important role into the products like PVC pipes because the hallow space inside can be utilized. For the purpose of cubic space utilization in trucks while transport, organization is adopting the technique like pipes in pipes.

PAYMENT PERIOD:
For ANANTHA brand the company adopts zero credit policy and goods are not delivered unless cash remittances are made. For ANANTHA and sagar brands credit is entitled up to a week. The difference between these brands is due to brand image. COVERAGE: At present Andhra Pradesh, parts of southern states of Karnataka, Tamilnadu and Kerala are ambit of Sujala Pipes Pvt. Ltd. The company extended their sales in the below regions as shown below. 1979-84 1984-85 1985-86 1986-87 1988-91 1991-94 Nandyal Region (polyphone pipes) Rayalaseema Region (PVC Pipes) Telangana Region Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh Tamilnadu and Karnataka Kerala

TRANSPORTATION:

The transportation department of sujala pipes Pvt. Ltd is very admirable. This unique strength of the organization enables the dealers to reduce inventory levels to the minimum. Thus dealers are also supplemented with dealers to reduce inventory levels to the minimum. Thus dealers are also supplemented with the benefit of the lower tied-up capital in the form of inventory.

GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE COMPANY
The company is equipped with sophisticated laboratory to carry all tests to ascertain out going quality level of the pipes. A Nandi pipe has got I.S.I. Trademark, which speaks for itself for the quality of the pipes. Numbers of statistical quality control techniques are applied to sustain the quality level of the product. Managers at the company are dynamic and are well educated Supervisory staff or intermediate managerial staff are able in talking their area are not highly educated. Most of the employees are skilled is uniqueness of workers in sujala pips Pvt. Ltd. There is non-indulgence in trade union activities. As the company is located in industrial estate of Nandyal, it is facilitated with good communication networks, which includes telex, fax machine and internet. Company has also got the support of electronic data processing. The company’s major strength is considered to be transportation vehicles, a unique cash outflow justifies itself by providing good reputation of the company through improved customer service.

FINANCIAL DEPARTMENT:
Through initially the company approached the external sources for financial aid, now the financial status of the company is very sound and is being run only with self-finance excepting for loans taken for hypothecation of machinery and stock from SBI Nandyal. The company follows cash and carry policy for Nandi brand. The product is not delivered until the cash is paid and financial department with the help of marketing department looks after these transactions.

MARKETING DEPARTMENT:
Marketing manager who reports to executive director, an assistant marketing manager who reports and 20 salesmen headed by 30 sales representatives who are headed by assistant marketing manager heads the marketing department. Marketing mix and advertising particulars of Sujala Pipes Pvt. Ltd. Shows the department’s effective management of the marketing department in the organization.

PERSONAL DEPARTMENT:

The personal department consists the details of the executives and workers of the organization. The organization is formed with Sri. S.P.Y Reddy as the Managing Director and Executive Director who reports Managing Director. Two marketing managers, financial manager, public relations officer and quality control officer who all reports to executive director. Other than executives there are thousand works in the organization. Panel consisting of managing director, executive director and managers of concerned departments makes the recruitment and selections of persons. Apart form the attractive salaries company provides health card facilities.

PURCHASING DEPARTMENT:

The perplexing situation i.e. conformed by the manufacturers of the PVC pipes is scarcity of resin. Though the govt. of India has taken various steps to improve supply conditions of PVC resign, the Indian manufacturers could meet only 50 percent of demand and remaining 50 percent is met from imports.

The major petrochemical companies are:
• Reliance petrochemical Ltd.,

Process:
The main raw materials are HDPE granules, PP granules. The manufacturing for pipes consist of mixing various resigns along with coloring materials in a mixture and the prepared material is fed to the extruder. In the extruder, the material is heated to the required politicizing temperature (190deg. Centigrade to 230 deg. Centigrade) the extruded through the die hard to form the pipe. The hot pipe coming out of the extruder is cooled in a water bath to retain the final shape. The pipe coming out of the extruder is guided through the water bath suitable transaction system. The temperature of the water is maintained by circulating through the cooling toward and with the help of a chilling plant. The required length of the pipe is cut with a planetary saw. The cut lengths are titled by titling units and get corrected in the pipe rack attached to the tilting frames. Later they are stocked separately. The company has entered into a technical has its own processing technology.

ANANTHA PVC PIPES PVT LTD :

ANANTHA Pipe Ltd was incorporated in the year 1986. The factory is situated at NH-7, Hampapuram village, Rapthadu mandal and Anantapur district. It was taken over by nandi grop co, and it is one of the sister company among Nandigroups. Its annual production capacity is 160000 Mts. And it is one of the leading manufacturers of PVC Pipes in south India. The company is quipped with technical collaboration from Batten field of West Germany. It has made possible few other small ventures. Pipes are sold under brand names of KOHINOOR and KRISHNA. Anantha PVC Pipes with their good quality, trouble free services, durability and commercial use or a better choice than mild steel, galvanized steel, cast iron and plastic pipes The company is managed by a term of professionals under the guidance of a young, experienced and well-qualified dynamic managing director Mr. S. SREEDHAR REDDY.

APPLICATIONS OF UPVC PIPES:
• • • • • • • • • Agriculture and irrigation schemes. Rural & Urban water supplies scheme. Tube well casing. Gas and Oil supply lines. Industrial effluent disposal. Sewerage and drainage scheme. Air-condition ducting. Building installations Industrial ducting.

CHAPTER-4

GENERAL INTRODUCTION

Two or more persons is makes an organization, it may be manufacturing firm, a business concern, an insurance company and other institutions. It is through the combined efforts of the people that monetary and material resources are utilized for organizational objectives. Without human efforts organization cannot accomplish their objectives. It is a manner of common knowledge at every organization, depends for its effective functioning, not so much on its material or financial resources as on its material or financial resources as on its poor importance factor, which determines profitability of an organization in a competitive environment. It is the personnel department which effectively plans, controls, produces and maintains adequate qualified working force of various personnel necessary for manning the organization. The employment function is continued and ends only when the enterprise ceases to exist. The Primary function of personnel department is to select the right people to the right time. Employees are an important segment of society and their life style influences society very much.

HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT :
Human Resource Management is a Management function that helps manager to recruit, select, train and develop organization members. In simple sense, human resource management means employing people, developing their resources, utilizing, maintaining and compensating their services in tune with the job and organizational requirements with a view to contribute to the goals of the organization, individual and the society.

DEFINITIONS:
Human Resource Management is “Concerned with the people dimensions in management. Since every organization is made up of people, acquiring their services, developing their skills, motivating them to high levels of performance and consuming that they continue to maintain their commitment to the organization are essential to achieving organization objectives. This is true, regardless of the type of organization, Government, Business, Education, Health recreation or social action. 1.According to J. Julius defined Personnel Management as “the field of management which has to do with planning, organizing, directing and controlling the functions of procuring, developing, maintaining and utilizing a labour force, such that the. a. Objective for which the company is established are attained economically and effectively. b. Objectives of all levels of personnel are served to the highest possible degree, and c. Objectives of society are duly considered & served. 2.According to Edwin.B. Filippo, “Management is planning,organizing,directing and controlling of the procurement, development, compensation, integration, maintenance and separation of human resources to the end of that individual, organizational & Social Objectives are accomplished”.Thus, Human Resource Management refers to a set of programmes, functions and activities designed and carried out in order to maximize both employees as well as organizational effectiveness.

Human Resource Management Objectives & Functions.

1 2

OBJECTIVE AND FUNCTIONS SOCIAL OBJECTIVES Organizational Objectives

3 4

Functional Objectives Personal Objectives

SUPPORTS 1. Legal compliance 2. Benefits 3. Union-Management Relations. 1. Human Resource Planning 2. Employee relations 3. Selection 4. Training & Development 5. Appraisal 6. Placement 7. Assessment 1. Appraisal 2. Placement 3. Assessment 1. Training & Development 2. Appraisal 3. Placement 4. Compensation 5. Assessment

DEFINITION OF MANAGEMENT:Accorder to MARY PARKER, defines the term management as “The art of getting things one through others”. According to JOHN. A. PEARCE & RICHARD. B. ROBINSON, “Management is the process of optimizing human, material and financial contributions for the achievement of organizational goals”.

Management is concerned with the accomplishment of objectives by utilizing Physical and financial resources through the efforts of human resources. human resources are a crucial sub-system in the process of management. Thus,

DEFINITION OF HRM:
• According to LEON.C. MEGGINSON defines the term human resources as “the total knowledge, skills, creative abilities, talents and aptitudes of an organization work force, as well as the value, attitude and beliefs of the individuals involved”.

• NATURE & SCOPE OF HUMAN RESOURCES:
People in any organization manifest themselves, not only through individual sections but also through group interactions. When individuals come to work place, they come with not only technical skills, knowledge etc., but also with their personal feelings, perception, desires, motives, attitudes, values etc., Therefore, employee management in an organization does mean management of not only technical skills but also other factors of human resources.

MEANING:
Human Resources Management means employing people, developing their resources, utilizing, maintaining and compensating their services in tune with the job & organization requirement.

OBJECTIVES OF HRM:The objectives of human resource management may be as follows. • To create and utilize an able and motivated work force to accomplish the basic organizational. • • • To provide an opportunity for expression and voice in management. To provide fair, acceptance and efficient leadership. To provide facilities & conditions of work and creation of favorable atmosphere for maintaining stability of employment. • To maintain high employee morale and sound human relations by submitting and improving the various conditions and facilities. • To attain an effective utilization of human resources in the achievement of organizational goals. • To strengthen and appreciate the human assets continuously by providing training & developmental programmes.

CHAPTER-5

CONCEPT OF LABOUR WELFARE

Welfare is a term, which refers to all those conditions of life on the industrial environment which influence the well being of the worker. The term welfare is started to have been derived from French phrase “welfare” which means to fare well. It is desirable state of existence involving the physical, mental, moral and emotional well being. Social concept of welfare of man, his family and his community. Labour welfare today has become a very controversial topic. It covers a broad field. Welfare as a concept can be approached from various angles. It may be viewed as total concept, social concept and relative concept. The total concept is a describable state of existence involving the physical, mental, moral and emotional well-being. As a social concept at implies welfare of man, his family and his community. Welfare is related to time and space at is growing and dynamic, keeps changing with changing times. As such it is also called as relative concept. The concept of Labour Welfare however is flexible, elastic and differs from time to time, region to region, industry to industry, country to country, depending upon the value system. Level of education social customs, degree of industrialization and the general standard of the social economic development of a people .It is molded according to the Age group, sex social back ground, material status, economic status & ejaculations level of the employees. This nature of the concept of labour welfare makes at very difficult to give a precise, all inclusive single definition of the phrase.

DEFINITION OF LABOUR WELFARE
Though difficult to define Labour Welfare precisely, Academicians and practitioners attempted to define etc.Some of the accepted definitions are quoted below. The international Labour Organization(ILO)report states that the workers welfare should be understood” as meaning such services, facilities and emanates which may be established in the vicinity of under takings to enable the persons employed there into perform their work in healthy and colonial surroundings and to provide them with amenities conductive to good health and for morale. The Oxford dictionary defines Labour Welfare as” efforts to make life worth living for workmen. According to Sri.H.S.Krikadddy Labour Welfare includes housing, medical and educational facilities, nutrition facilities for rest and recreation, cooperative societies, crèches provision for sanitary accommodations, holidays with pay, social insurance measures, undertaken voluntarily by employers alone (or) jointly with workers, including sickness and maternity benefit schemes, provident funds, gratuities and pensions extra. According to Sri.H.S.Krikadddy Labour Welfare includes housing, medical and educational facilities, nutrition facilities for recreation, cooperative societies, crèches provision for sanitary accommodations, holidays with pay, social insurance measures, undertaken voluntarily by employers alone (or) jointly with workers, including sickness and maternity benefit schemes, provident funds, gratuities and pensions extra. According to N.M.Joshi,welfare works” Covers all the efforts which employers make for the benefits of their employees over and above the minimum standards of working conditions fixed by the factories net and over and above the provisionsof the social legislation providing against accidents,old,age,unemployment and sickness.”

While defining”Labour Welfare” the labour investigation committee of the Government if India remarked the following in 1945 “For our part we prefer to include under welfare activities anything done for the intellectual, physical, moral and economic betterment of the workers, whether by employer (or) Government (or) by other agencies, over and above what is laid down by law (or) what is normally expected as part of contractual benefit for which the worker may be bargained.

SCOPE OF LABOUR WELFARE

Labour welfare covers not only work-life of the employees but also his family and the community. And activity (or) amenity provided considering the well being of the wages could be included in the scope. The scope of labour welfare needs to be considered pragmatically and has to be both dynamic and elastic. Statutory welfare measures in industry may steam from the direct concern for efficiently and produced. But to the extent these measures are employee oriented they should be considered to fail with in the scope of labour welfare. On-statutory measures are those developed in response to the demands of technology; also fall in the same category several external services. Such as company housing and schools, recreation and community the purview of labour welfare. Thus at would be clear that we are inclined to regard all extra or intramural as well as statutory welfare and non-statutory welfare measures of employees, government trade unions and other agencies are falling with in the scope of the term labour welfare. It is expected that labour welfare should meet some requirements as given below:

A. Contribute to the productivity of labour and efficiency of the enterprises. B.Enable workers to live a more satisfactory life. C.Be intone and harmony with similar services obtaining in the neighborhood community where the enterprices as situated. D.Be administratatively valuable and essentially development in out look and E.Enhance the standard of living of workers by indirectly reducing the burden as their purse.

HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF LABOURWELFARE

The evolution of the concept of philosophy of labour welfare has to be reviewed in acts historical perspectives and against the background of the successive stages of industrial revolution. Just as the 19th century was characterized by scientific and material progress in industrial production, the century brought in its value a realistic of the needs and rights of industrial workers as well as a scientific approach to their welfare problems. The industrial revolution not only created labour problems but also a class difference between employers and employees. The former exploited the later through long hour of work, bad working conditions, low wages, in safe machines extra. The employees were treated more as raw materials and less as human beings. This resulted in poverty, unemployment and social in security. This has to be corrected and men and machines had to be put in their proper places, giving due machines had to be recognition to worth and dignity of the human person. At that time a reaction took place in the social minded employees and labour welfare programs were evolved with the object of looking after the interest of the workers, who had been over worked and over looked for long, in the 19 th century Robert own openly declared that the intended to secure formation of charter in his employees through shorter hours, minimum wage and by providing schools, crèches, medical facilities and such benefits.

ORIGIN OF LABOUR WELFARE IN INDIA
The India industrial development began in sixties of the last century. All that to the illiteracy and heterogeneous nature of the industrial workers, they were unorganized and helpless; they were very new to machines. In the hands of the profit motivated employers they were the tools and were exploited by long hours of work, low wages, and child and woman employment was common. For protecting the welfare of workers in general there was no legislation at that time. Due to economic depression and the efforts of the first world war, which resulted indisconstent and industrial unrest in the country at that time and also to some extent due to the moral pressure brought to bear on them by the work of the international labour office. The government and the employee were promoted to active attention towards labour and its problems. The government of India conducted several investigations on labour welfare. As a result of this many new labour laws such as the Indian mines Act of 1923, the workmen compensation Act of 1923, the payment of wages Act 1948, etc. Have been passed. The second world was revived and strengthened the welfare movement and the benefits resulting from a proper regard for the health and well-being of the employees were gradually recognized and employers co-operated with the government in the provision of improved amenities. In the context of planned economic development and the concept of welfare has come to assure added significance and received new input . It has been further classified in the article-43, past –iv of directive Principles of state policy constitution of India which states that “The state Shall endeavor of source by suitable legislation or economic organization or in any other way, to all workers, agriculture, industrial or other Wise work ,a living wage, conditions of work ensuring decent standard of life and full employment of leisure and social and cultural oppprtunities”.in the field of labour welfare, and important step is the constitution of welfare funds in all public sector undertakings. the coalmines labour welfare fund was constituted in 1944 for providing medical, recreational, educational and housing facilities for the employees in coalmines. In factories, Act 1948 separate chapter on welfare, health and safety has been set up to study systematically the problem of production in relation to the health and safety of the workers. A number of welfare centuries have been set up during the five years plans with the co-operation of employees, employees and Government. The positive role of welfare officers and the co-operations of management lie in the proper implementation labour legislation not merely in culture but also in spirit.

CLASSIFICATION OF LABOUR WELFARE

1. According to prof.R.C.Sexena, “Welfare work is a comprehensive term and its embraces the worker, his family and community. He classified the welfare work into three categories. 1.Statutory 2.Voluntary 3.Mutual

STATUTORY WELFARE MEASURE:
Welfare activities to which employees are legally entitled and employers to comply with under various provisions of the acts are called statutory welfare facilities provided under the factories act,1948,Plantations labour act,1951,mines act 1952,motor transport workers act,1961 and contract labour(Regulation and Abolition)act 1970.

The Statutory welfare measures are
1.Washing facilities 2.Facilities for storing and drying cloths 3.Facilities for sitting 4.First aid appliances 5.Shelters rest rooms and lunch rooms 6.Crèches

MUTUAL WELFARE MEASURES:
It is nothing but corporate enterprises of the worker with a view to improve their lot in a way, trade unions activities which are conductive to the welfare of their members are included in this category. Thus welfare activities can be classified into three categories. They are administered by the government employers, trade unions and social organizations

NEED FOR LABOUR WELFARE
Industrial system of production as it present organized in full of harmful efforts on workers life and actively hinders his normal well being and legitimate social life. Further, workers suffer from handicaps both in their work life and their community life and the removal of handicaps is a part of the workers stress and strain, physical, mental, generate boredom and monotony resulting in fatigue and ennui. One can easily find out the plight of the working lot and it does not require many arguments to demonstrate that the labour is ill paid and unhealthy conditions, in habits dark and dismal quarters and lives his leisureliness and for achieving the maximum results, however welfare activities have to be undertaken in the right spirit. Mainly with a view to make lives of the workers happier and heal their. Committed and contended labour force is not fully developed in India, generally industrial workers are drawn near by villages. They have their families and lands at their places and maintaining connection with them. There by they are taking the industrial employment as secondary occupation. Due to partially committed nature of the labour force, many problems like house adjustment to new environment, absenteeism will be removed from his villages and punished into the burning and uncongenial environment they towards their democratization and rein. Moreover , not only our labour force is not organized to a greater extent but are also illiterate and poor. Due to low income and large size of the families, they are not in a position to meet both ends in these hard days in which the cost of living higher. If they left to their own late at this stage their. Physical as well as mental health will be spoiled and ultimately results in poor standards of work. Therefore welfare administration is necessary on one hand to counter act their handicaps and on the other to provide opportunities and facilities to promote and develop the workers personalities.

Sufficient leisure time is provided to every worker in modern industrial system. The workers do not know how to utilize their leisure time and there by many of them are restoring to gambling, drinking and unwanted ways, workers attention should be diverted from such vices by providing recreations and cultural facilities. Industry is the lifeblood of the modernization. Most people during a greater or less part of their lives spend out least half their working hours at work and if society as a whole to be healthy, cultural and prosperous, on employer can effort to ignore what may be termed his social obligations towards workers within his own factory work should not regarded as an inevitable deduction from the happiness. Hence, the labour welfare put forth a real change in the out lost of both the employer and workers as parts of an integral whole and considered weather as a luxury or on appendage, but as an integral part of the industrial order not merely for economic betterment but also for educational, cultural and social advancement.

PRINCIPLES OF LABOUR WELFARE

Labour welfare is dependent certain basic principles, which must be kept in mind and properly followed to achieve a successful implementation of welfare programmes. These principles as under, 1. Adequacy of wages 2. Social responsibility of industry 3. Principle of efficiency 4. Re-personalization 5. Co-ordination 6. Association or democratic 7. Responsibility 8. Accountability 9. Timeliness 10. Self-help.

CHAPTER-6
ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

Are you aware of all welfare activities in the memorandum of settlement?

S.NO 1 2 TOTAL

OPINION YES NO

NO OF RESPONDENTS 36 14 50

PERCENTAGE 72 28 100.0

As indicated in the table 72% of the respondent’s greed that of welfare facilities are known,where as the rest 28% of the respondents said that not fully known.

Do you have knowledge of all the statutory welfare activities provided to you? S.NO 1 2 TOTAL OPINION YES NO NO OF RESPONDENTS 46 4 50 PERCENTAGE 92 8 100.0

As indicated in the table 92% of the respondents agreed that they know the statutory facilities,where as the rest of the 8% respondents do not aware of the facilities.

ARE YOU SATISFIED WITH NON-STATUTORY WELFARE ACTIVITIES PROVIDED BY THE COMPANY S.NO 1 2 TOTAL OPINION YES NO NO OF RESPONDENTS 38 12 50 PERCENTAGE 76 24 100.0

As indicated in the table 76% of the respondents agreed that they are satisfied with non-statutory welfare facilities,where as the rest of the 24% of the respondents did not satisfied with this facility.

DO THE COMPANY MAKES ADEQUATE PROVISIONS FOR ENSURING SAFETY OF THE WORKMEN? S.NO 1 2 3 TOTAL OPINION YES NO ANY CHANGE NO OF RESPONDENTS 47 3 0 50 PERCENTAGE 94 6 0 100.0

As indicated in table 94% of the respondents were satisfying the adequate provisions for ensuring safety of the workmen,rest 6% of the respondents were not satisfied.

HOW IS YOUR RELATION AND COMMUNICATION TOWARDS YOUR SUPERIOR? S.NO 1 2 3 TOTAL OPINION GOOD BAD AVERAGE NO OF RESPONDENTS 47 0 3 50 PERCENTAGE 94 0 6 100.0

As shown in the table 94% of the workmen were having good relations and communication towards their superiors,rest 6% of the respondents are having average relations towards their superiors.

ARE YOU SATISFIED WITH REQUIREMENTS PROVIDED BY THE COMPANY LIKE UNIFORM AND SHOES? S.NO 1 2 3 4 TOTAL OPINION YES NO NOT KNOWN ANY CHANGE NO OF RESPONDENTS 40 2 0 8 50 PERCENTAGE 80 4 0 16 100.0

As shown in the table 80% people says that they are satisfied with the requirements provided by the company remaining 4% people were not satisfied with the facility. Rest of the 16% respondents are wanted a change, along with those requirements they want raincoats.

DO YOU HAVE A GOOD AND SAFE WORKING ENVIRONMENT? S NO 1 2 TOTAL OPINION YES NO NO OF RESPONDENTS 43 7 50 PERCENTAGE 86 14 100.0

As shown in the table three fourth of the respondents 86% opined that they are provided with safe working environment, while rest 14% are denied it.

ARE YOU SATISFIED WITH THE EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES PROVIDED BY THE COMPANY? S NO 1 2 TOTAL OPINION YES NO NO OF RESPONDENTS 17 33 50 PERCENTAGE 34 66 100.0

As indicated in table only 17 people 34% are satisfied with educational facilities rest 66% are not satisfied with this facility so, as per my opinion there should be keen improvement in this facility.

ARE YOU RECEIVING THE FOLLOWING ALLOWANCES? HOUSERENT ALLOWANCE ACTING ALLOWANCE NIGHT/LATE SHIFT ALLOWANCE LUNCH ALLOWANCE CONVEYANCE ALLOWANCE S NO 1 2 TOTAL OPINION YES NO NO OF RESPONDENTS 48 2 50 PERCENTAGE 96 4 100.0

As indicated in the table most of the respondents are satisfied with these allowances. Mostly all are satisfied only 2 workmen are not satisfied.

HAVE YOU TAKEN ANY LOAN FROM CORONER-OPERATIVE SOCIETY IN ANANTHA ? S NO 1 2 TOTAL OPINION YES NO NO OF RESPONDENTS 35 15 50 PERCENTAGE 70 30 100.0

As this table indicated 70% workmen have taken loan from society and 30% were didn’t take any loan, but most of the workers are not satisfy with the amount in loan, as their opinion is it should be increased and maintained by the management.

ARE YOU SATISFIED WITH LEAVE FACILITIES PROVIDED TO YOU? LIKE ANNUAL, SICK, CASUAL, ACCIDENTAL AND HOLIDAYS.

S NO 1 2 TOTAL

OPINION YES NO

NO OF RESPONDENTS 44 6 50

PERCENTAGE 88 12 100.0

As shown in the table 88% of the respondents are satisfied with the leave facility, where as the rest 12% workmen are not satisfied with this facility, as opinion of workmen the no of days should be increased but in my analysis they are having maximum holidays.

DID THE COMPANY GIVE THE LEAVE WHENEVER YOU WANT? S NO 1 2 TOTAL OPINION YES NO NO OF RESPONDENTS 46 4 50 PERCENTAGE 92 8 100.0

As this table indicates 92% of respondents are informing before they taking leave, where as 8% respondents are not informed before taking leave, because they are having emergency problems.

DO YOU NEED ANY CHANGES IN THE MENU OF THE FOOD IN CANTEEN? S NO 1 2 TOTAL OPINION YES NO NO OF RESPONDENTS 43 7 50 PERCENTAGE 86 14 100.0

As shown in the table 86% of the respondents are satisfied with canteen facilities, but they want changes in food provided to them, they need more varieties of curries. Where as rest 14% are not satisfied with quality and neatness of the canteen.

ARE YOU RECEIVING TRAVELING ALLOWANCES? S NO 1 2 TOTAL OPINION YES NO NO OF RESPONDENTS 50 0 50 PERCENTAGE 100.0 0 100.0

As shown in the table 100% of the respondents are receiving the traveling expenses.

ARE YOU SATISFIED WITH GRIEVANCE PROCEDURE? S NO 1 2 TOTAL OPINION YES NO NO OF RESPONDENTS 32 18 50 PERCENTAGE 64 36 100.0

As shown in the table only 64% of the respondents are satisfied with the grievance procedure rest 36% of the respondents are not satisfied with this system, in response of most of the workmen are not aware of this system.

ARE YOU SATISFIED WITH ENVIRONMENTAL FACILITIES?

Facilities Drinking water Ventilation Temperature Rest rooms First aid box Ambulance Bathrooms Stipulation to avoid overcrowding Washing facilities

Excellent 0 35 10 -40 40 5 35 --

Good 10 5 35 -10 10 20 15 10

Average 20 10 5 ---20 -30

Bad 20 --45 --5 -10

Absent ---5 ------

Total no. of respondents 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50

DO YOU NEED ANY TRAINING WHENEVER A NEW MACHINE IS PLANTED/REPLACED? S.NO 1 2 TOTAL OPINION YES NO NO OF RESPONDENTS 45 5 50 PERCENTAGE 90 10 100.0

As shown in the table, majority i.e., 90% of the respondents are need the training whenever the new machine is replaced, rest 10% of the respondents are some what skill are there for handling the new machine.

ARE YOU SATISFIED WITH QUANTUM DEATH FUND GIVEN BY THE COMPANY? S.NO 1 2 3 TOTAL OPINION YES NO NOT KNOWN NO OF RESPONDENTS 34 8 8 50 PERCENTAGE 68 16 16 100.0

As shown in the table 68% of the respondents are satisfied with quantum death fund, rest 16% of the respondents are not satisfied with this facility and rest 16% are even they are not aware of this facility, so let the all facilities are aware to the workmen.

DID YOU GET ANY GOOD ATTENDANCE AWARD FROM THE MANAGEMENT? S.NO 1 2 TOTAL OPINION YES NO NO OF RESPONDENTS 15 35 50 PERCENTAGE 30 70 100.0

As shown in the table only few 30% of the respondents got the attendance award, rest 70% of the respondents are not motivated by this facility, so this facility is improved and let all the workmen are aware of this facility.

ARE YOU FEELING SATISFIED ABOUT RECREATIONAL FACILITIES PROVIDED BY THE COMPANY? S.NO 1 2 TOTAL OPINION YES NO NO OF RESPONDENTS 12 38 50 PERCENTAGE 24 76 100.0

As shown in the table very few means only 24% of the respondents are satisfied with recreational facilities, rest 76% of the respondents are not satisfied with this facility. So take necessary action towards this facility.

IS ANY IMPROVEMENT REQUIRING IN OVERALL WELFARE MEASURES? S.NO 1 2 TOTAL OPINION YES NO NO OF RESPONDENTS 32 18 50 PERCENTAGE 64 36 100.0

As shown in the table 64% of the respondents are requiring improvement in welfare measure rest 36% of the workmen are satisfied with the facilities at present.

ARE THE EMPLOYEES MOTIVATED BY THE WELFARE ACTIVITIES PROVIDED BY THE COMPANY? S.NO 1 2 TOTAL OPINION YES NO NO OF RESPONDENTS 41 9 50 PERCENTAGE 82 18 100.0

As indicated in the table major means 82% of the respondents are motivated by the welfare activities provided by the company, where as the 18% of the workmen are not motivated by the welfare facilities, so they need more motivational facilities.

DO YOU AGREE THAT THE TRADE UNIONS PLAY A MAJOR ROLE IN PROVIDING THE BENEFITS TO THE WORKMEN?

S.NO 1 2 TOTAL

OPINION YES NO

NO OF RESPONDENTS 47 3 50

PERCENTAGE 94 6 100.0

As shown in the table most of the respondents means 94% are agreed with the role of the unions, where as 6% are not satisfied with the union’s role. So take necessary action towards the union.

CHAPTER-7 CONCLUSIONS & SUGGESTIONS

Conclusions:
1. It is pertinent for every company to motivate the workers. So welfare measures play an important role and this is forming the responses given by the workers. 2. The welfare measures will help more self-review and realization of the workmen. 3. the welfare activities, which are present in the memorandum of settlement, is only monologue. So the company policies and procedures with regard to welfare activities should be implemented in a professional manner not leading to the biase.

Suggestions: 1. Drinking water facility is not sufficient:
The facilities provided for drinking water is good. But it is inadequate and they rated this aspect as low. So the drinking water facility needs major improvement.

2. Facilities for sitting and Rest rooms:
As the workmen will be tired by doing the work and they need some place other than the canteen fir them to relax in a pleasant environment in the factory vicinity, so the rest rooms needs proper care and facilities provided by the company needs some serious improvements.

3.Educational Allowance:
It is a good sign for the company that so many workers are there who are eager to study and improve their knowledge but such kind of facilities are not being provided by the company. The workers have rated this aspect the lowest. So the facility should not be restricted to higher education rather increased to graduation level.

4.Quantum death fund:
Amounts towards benefit of deceased workmen family should be provided with in a short period of time and necessary steps should be taken to provide employment for one of the person in the family.

5.Recreation facility:
These facilities are very much needed to build up motivation and good relation among the workers. So these should be taken into consideration which will in turn develops faith of a worker towards management.

6.Canteen:
The workers rate the canteen facility as satisfactory and they recommended for their clean maintenance of the environment.

7. Management should maintain more healthy relations with the workers as it results in more orientation of worker towards work and motivated him to put his maximum efforts towards the productivity. 8. The training given is not effective in eliminating production wastage. So better training facility should be provided. 9. Good communication and mutual trust in the organization must be developed. Recognition should be given inherent worth and dignity of individual. 10. Company shall develop openness regarding facilities policies and welfare measures provided for workers should be made aware of it.

QUESTIONNEIRE

QUESTIONNEIRE
1. NAME: 2. AGE: 3. QUALIFICATION: 4. DEPARTMENT/GRADE: 5. DESIGNATION: 6.Are you aware of all welfare activities in the memorandum of settlement? 1. Yes 2.No 7. Do you have knowledge of all the statutory welfare activities provided to? 1. Yes 2.No 8. Are you satisfied with non-statutory welfare activities provided by the company? 1. Yes 2.No 9. Do the company makes adequate provisions for ensuring safety of the workmen? 1. Yes 2.No 10. How is your relation and communication towards your superior? 1. Yes 2.No 11. Are you satisfied with requirements provided by the company? 1. Yes 2. No 3. Not known 12. Do you have a good and safe working environment? 1. Yes 2. No 13. Are you satisfied with the educational facilities provided by the company? 1. Yes 2. No

14. Are you receiving the following allowances? House rent allowance Dearness allowance Acting allowance Night/late shift allowance Lunch allowance Conveyance allowance 1.Yes 2.No

15. Have you taken any loan from co-operative societies in ANANTHA ? 1.Yes 2.No 16. Are you satisfied with facilities provided to you? Annual leave Sick leave Casual leave Accidental leave Holidays 1.Yes 2.No 17. Did the company give the leave whenever you want ? 1.Yes 2.No

18. How do you feel about the canteen facilities? Excellent Quality: Neatness: Timings: Good Average Bad Worst

19.Do you need any changes in the menu of the food in canteen? 1. Yes 2. No If yes specify the need: 20.Are you receiving traveling allowances on companies business? 1. Yes 2. No 21.Are you satisfied with grievance procedure? 1. Yes 2. No 22.Are you satisfied with following environmental facilities? Excellent Drinking water: Ventilation: Temperature: Restrooms: First-aid box: Ambulance: Welfare officer: Bathrooms: Stipulation to avoid: Overcrowding: Washing facilities: 23.Do you need any training whenever a new machine is planted/replaced? 1. Yes 2. No 24. Are you satisfied with quantum death fund given by the company when the death occurs during the service? 1. Yes 2. No 3. not known 25.Did you get any good attendance award from the management? 1. Yes 2. No Good Average Bad Absent

26.Are you feeling satisfied about recreation facilities provided by the Organization? 1. Yes 2. No 27. Is any improvement requiring in overall welfare facilities? 1. Yes 2. No 28.Are the employees motivated by the welfare activities provided by the company? 1. Yes 2. No 29.Do you agree that the trade unions play a major role in providing the benefits to the workmen? 1. Yes 2.No 30.After enjoying maximum benefits, what is your contribution to your organization? 1. Yes 2.No

BIBLIOGRAPHY
BHAGOLIWAL.T.N MALIK.P.L MURTHY.M.V SARMA.A.M : : : : ECONOMICS OF LABOUR INDUSTRIAL RELATION INDUSTRIAL LAW PRINCIPLES TO LABOUR WELFARE ASPECTS OF LABOUR WELFARE & SOCIAL SECURITY.

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