# NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____

Practice: Word Problems
A Plan for Problem Solving
Use the four-step plan to solve each problem.
SKATEBOARDING For Exercises 1 and 2, use the table at the right. It shows the results of a recent survey in which teenagers were asked who the best professional skateboarder is.

Skater Bob Burnquist Danny Way Bam Margera Arto Saari

1. Estimate the total number of teenagers who voted.

2. How many more teenagers preferred Burnquist to Saari?

3. HISTORY The area of Manhattan Island is 641,000,000 square feet. According to legend, the Native Americans sold it to the Dutch for \$24. Estimate the area that was purchased for one cent.

4. TRAVEL Britney’s flight to Rome leaves New York City at 5:15 P.M. on Wednesday. The flight time is 7.5 hours. If Rome is 6 hours ahead of New York City, use Rome time to determine when she is scheduled to arrive.

5. OFFICE SUPPLIES At an office supply store, pens are \$1.69 per dozen and note pads are \$4.59 per dozen. Can Shirley buy 108 pens and 108 note pads for \$50? Explain your reasoning.

6. SHOPPING Yoshi bought two pairs of shoes. The regular price of each pair was \$108. With the purchase of one pair of shoes at regular price, the second pair was half price. How much did Yoshi pay altogether for the two pairs of shoes?

3

Mathematics: Applications and Concepts, Course 3

Lesson 1–1

NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____

Practice: Word Problems
Variables, Expressions, and Properties
FOOTBALL For Exercises 1 and 2, use the table that shows statistics from the 2002 Super Bowl.

Team New England St. Louis

Touchdowns Extra Points Field Goals 2 2 2 2 2 1

1. Each team’s final score for a football game can be found using the expression 6t e 3f, where t is the number of touchdowns, e is the number of extra points, and f is the number of field goals. Find New England’s final score in the 2002 Super Bowl.

2. Use the expression 6t e 3f to find St. Louis’s final score in the 2002 Super Bowl.

3. GEOMETRY The expression 6s2 can be used to find the surface area of a cube, where s is the lengh of an edge of the cube. Find the surface area of a cube with an edge of length 10 centimeters.

4. VERTICAL MOTION The height of an object dropped from the top of a 300foot tall building can be described by the expression 300 16t2, where t is the time, in seconds, after the ball is dropped. Find the height of the object 3 seconds after it is dropped.

10 cm

5. MOVIE RENTALS Mario intends to rent 10 movies for his birthday party. He can rent new releases for \$4 each, while older ones are \$2 each. If he rents n new releases, the total cost, in dollars, of the 10 movies is represented by the expression 4n 2(10 n). Evaluate the expression to find the total cost if he rents 7 new releases.

6. CIRCULAR MOTION Pelipa is able to spin her yo-yo along a circular path. The yo-yo is kept in this path by a force which can be described by the
2 expression mv . Evaluate the

r

expression to find the force when m 12, v 4, and r 8.

mv 2 r

8

Mathematics: Applications and Concepts, Course 3

NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____

Practice: Word Problems
Integers and Absolute Value
GOLF For Exercises 1 and 2, use the table that lists ten players and

their scores in the 2002 Ladies Master Golf Tournament. Player Brooky, Lynnette Hjorth, Maria Jeong Jang King, Betsy Moodie, Janice Score 4 15 5 8 5 Player Neumann, Liselotte Park, Grace Se Ri Pak Sorenstam, Annika Tinning, Iben Score 0 10 14 19 3

1. Order the scores in the table from least to greatest.

2. Who had the lowest score?

3. LONGITUDE London, England, is located at 0° longitude. Write integers for the locations of New York City whose longitude is 74° west and Tokyo whose longitude is 140° east. Assume that east is the positive direction.

4. STOCK MARKET Your stock loses 53 points on Monday and 23 points on Tuesday, but gains 67 points on Wednesday. Write an integer for each day's change.

5. SOLAR SYSTEM The average temperature of Saturn is 218°F, while the average temperature of Jupiter is 162°F. Which planet has the lower average temperature?

6. OCEAN TRENCHES The elevation of the Puerto Rican Trench in the Atlantic Ocean is 8,605 meters, the elevation of the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean is 10,924 meters, and the elevation of the Java Trench in the Indian Ocean is 7,125 meters. Which trench has the the lowest elevation?

13

Mathematics: Applications and Concepts, Course 3

Lesson 1–3

3. 6. GOLF In 2002. Write an addition expression that represents his final score.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Adding Integers 1. Then you get in the elevator and go up 12 floors. and loses 3 pounds the fourth week. On Tuesday. loses 5 pounds the third week. On Monday. OCEANOGRAPHY A research team aboard an underwater research vessel descends 1. ELEVATOR You park in a garage 3 floors below ground level. gains back 2 pounds the next week. it receives a shipment containing 24 copies of the book and also sells 8 copies. Course 3 . Then find the sum. Write an addition expression to represent this situation. SPORTS Peter weighs 156 pounds. On Wednesday. it sells 3 copies. and 1 for four rounds. Then find the sum. Tiger Woods won the Masters Tournament. Then find the sum. Write an addition expression to represent this situation. Write an addition expression that represents the change in position of the team for the two plays. 2. He loses 4 pounds one week. INVENTORY A local bookstore has 30 copies of a bestseller when it opens Monday morning. His scores were 2. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 18 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. it sells 6 copies of the book. 4. 3. but he would like to wrestle in a lower weight class. FOOTBALL A football team loses 5 yards on one play and then loses 8 yards on the next play. Then find the sum.500 feet beneath the surface of the water. They then rise 525 feet and descend again 350 feet. Then find the sum. Then find the sum. Write an addition expression that represents the number of copies of the book that store has at the end of the day on Wednesday. 6. 5. Write an addition expression to represent this situation.

Everest. WEATHER If the overnight temperature at the Arctic Circle was 14°F. what was the difference between these high and low temperatures? 5. McKinley Puerto Rican Trench Mt. while the lowest was 129°F in Antarctica. What is the range of temperatures recorded on Earth? 4. 3. but the temperature rose to 8°F during the day. use the table. The table shows the . Course 3 Lesson 1–5 GEOGRAPHY For Exercises 1 and 2.348 282 2. TEMPERATURE The highest recorded temperature on Earth was recorded in Africa at 136°F. What was the difference between the high and low prices for that day? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 23 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. while 460°F is its absolute lowest temperature. the price of a stock fluctuated between a high of \$3 above the previous day’s closing price and a low of \$2 below the previous day’s closing price. Elevation (feet) 20.035 1.232 29.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Subtracting Integers elevations of several places on Earth. 6. Everest Dead Sea Death Valley 1.320 28. Find the difference between these two temperatures. Place Mt. WATER The boiling point of water is 212°F. Find the difference in elevation between the top of Mt. STOCK MARKET During the course of one day. Find the difference in elevation between Death Valley and the Dead Sea. McKinley and and the top of Mt.

040 people? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 28 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. How did long did it take for the change in temperature to be 14ºF? 14 F 6.050? 8.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Multiplying and Dividing Integers 1. WEATHER On a certain day. EVAPORATION The height of the water in a tank decreases 3 inches each week due to evaporation. the temperature changed at a rate of 2ºF per hour. DEPRECIATION The value of a piece of office equipment is changing at a rate of \$175 per year. HIKING A group of hikers is descending a mountain at a rate of 400 feet per hour. GEOLOGY The length of an island is changing at the rate of 17 inches per year. What was the team’s total change in position for the three plays? 4. FOOTBALL A football team lost 9 yards on each of three consecutive plays. POPULATION The population of a small town is changing at a rate of 255 people per year. How long will it take for the change in population to be 2. How long will it take for the change in the length of the island to be 255 inches? 7. Course 3 . What was the total change in value of the stock over the four-day period? 2. STOCK MARKET The price of a stock decreased \$2 per day for four consecutive days. What is the change in the height of the water over a fiveweek period due to evaporation? 3. What is the change in the elevation of the hikers after 6 hours? G 10 20 30 40 50 40 30 20 10 G 5. How long will it take for the change in value to be \$1.

Define a variable and write an expression for the number of Texas’s electoral votes. ASTRONOMY Saturn is 6 times further from the Sun than Mars. Define a variable and write an expression for the amount of energy China used that year. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 33 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Define a variable and write an expression for the distance of Saturn from the Sun. Define a variable and write an expression for the atomic number of cadmium. 8. China consumed 4 times as much energy as Brazil. . Define a variable and write an expression for the height of Kings Peak.667 feet taller than Spruce Knob in West Virginia. 2. California. LIBRARIES The San Diego Public Library has 44 fewer branches than the Chicago Public Library. a 2 5. ENERGY One year. Texas had 21 more electoral votes than Tennessee.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Writing Expressions and Equations 1. is 5. Nebraska. Define a variable and write an expression for the number of branches in the San Diego Public Library. Course 3 Lesson 1–7 3. 6.417 less than the population of Omaha. CIVICS In the 2000 presidential election. AGE Julia is 3 years younger than Kevin. CHEMISTRY The atomic number of cadmium is half the atomic number of curium. number of curium. POPULATION The population of Oakland. Define a variable and write an expression for the population of Oakland. 4. GEOGRAPHY Kings Peak in Utah is 8. 7. Define a variable and write an expression for Julia’s age.

3. CHEMISTRY The atomic number of mercury is the sum of the atomic number of aluminum and 67.397. New York has 33 representatives. Write and solve a subtraction equation to find the population of Haiti.249. Angles A and B are supplementary. If the measure of angle A is 78°. Write and solve an addition equation to find Martin’s age at the time of his death. 8. 2. Write and solve a subtraction equation to find the elevation of the highest point in Louisiana. write and solve an addition equation to find the measure of angle B. the balance is \$287. WEATHER After the temperature had risen 12°F. POPULATION The population of Honduras is the population of Haiti decreased by 618. Write and solve a subtraction equation to find the number of California representatives. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 38 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Write and solve an addition equation to find the 7 F starting temperature.598. CIVICS New York has 21 fewer members in the House of Representatives than California.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Solving Addition and Subtraction Equations 1. 7. Write and solve a subtraction equation to find your balance before this withdrawal. 6. the temperature was 7°F. The elevation of the lowest point is 8 feet. GEOMETRY Two angles are supplementary if the sum of their measures is 180°. The atomic number of mercury is 80. 4. BANKING After you withdraw \$40 from your checking account. AGE Walter lived 2 years longer than his brother Martin. Walter was 79 at the time of his death. 180˚ m A 78˚ B A 5. Course 3 . Write and solve an addition equation to find the atomic number of aluminum. ELEVATION The lowest point in Louisiana is 543 feet lower than the highest point in Louisiana. The population of Honduras is 6.

6. TRAVEL On a trip. Write and solve a multiplication equation to find how long it will take him to withdraw \$680. EXERCISE Jasmine jogs 3 miles each day. Course 3 Lesson 1–9 . Write and solve a multiplication equation to find how long it will take this robot to travel through 10 feet of pipe. 7. SHOPPING Chocolate bars are on sale for \$0.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Solving Multiplication and Division Equations 1. 8. 4. ROBOTS The smallest robot can travel 20 inches per minute through a pipe. 2. 3. 5. write and solve a multiplication equation to find how many bars he bought. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 43 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. WAGES Felipe earns \$9 per hour for helping his grandmother with her yard work. If Brad paid \$5 for chocolate bars. AGE The product of Bart’s age and 26 is 338.50 each. Write and solve a multiplication equation to find how many hours he must help his grandmother in order to earn \$54. Write and solve a multiplication equation to find how long it will take the population to increase by 6. Write and solve a multiplication equation to find how many days it will take her to jog 57 miles. POPULATION The population of a small town is increasing at a rate of 325 people per year.825. BANKING Nate withdraws \$40 from his checking account each day. Write and solve a multiplication equation to find how long it took them to drive 558 miles. the Rollins family drove at an average rate of 62 miles per hour. Write and solve a multiplication equation to find Bart’s age.

9.75 laps per minute.79. Rob averaged 3. Which runner had 8 the faster time? 8. while Carla’s 12 day did Rob run faster? apple weighed 6. 5 3 . SPORTS Christina ran one lap in 83. Course 3 . FOOD Hector and Carla both gave apples to their teacher. Which player has the better free throw record? 2. For 12 the same period. Tariq made 4 of his 7 free throws. SPORTS Central’s baseball team won 53 of its games last year. 4 8 5 54 5 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 74 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Which circumference is 5 8 larger? 12 5 in. 8 5. BASKETBALL In the last ten games. Find the median of 5.86 seconds. On Tuesday. then choosing the middle number. and 5 4 . EXERCISE On Monday. NATURE The two trees in Opal’s back yard have circumferences of 12 5 inches and 12 3 inches. Hector’s apple weighed 6 7 ounces. 81 Which team had the better record? 3. while Della’s time for one lap was 83 7 seconds. On which 5 6. 5 7 . Which apple weighed more? 7. MEASUREMENT Beaker A contains 4 1 fluid ounces of water. 10 Which beaker has the smaller amount of water? 4. while beaker 3 B contains 4 3 fluid ounces of water.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Comparing and Ordering Rational Numbers 1.65 ounces. Percy made 7 of his free throws. while 78 Southern’s team won 55 of its games. STATISTICS The median of a set of numbers can be found by first putting the numbers in order from least to greatest. 5. he averaged 3 4 laps per minute.

ADVERTISING A jewelry advertisement shows a diamond at 6 2 times its actual 7 wants to make 2 1 times the normal 2 amount. how many voted for the incumbent mayor? 3. what is the diameter of the tires on the model? much flour should she use? 17 c 8 5. How 2 6. COOKING Enola’s recipe for cookies calls for 2 1 cups of flour. what is 10 the diameter of the diamond in the photograph? 33 11 mm 35 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 79 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. If the actual diameter of the diamond is 5 3 millimeters. ELECTIONS In the last election. If Steve 3 8. GEOMETRY The area of a rectangle is found by multiplying its length times its width. HOBBIES Jerry is building a 1 scale 9 4. TRANSPORTATION Hana’s car used 3 of 4 a tank of gas to cross Arizona.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Multiplying Rational Numbers 2. NUTRITION Maria’s favorite candy bar has 230 Calories. The nutrition label states that 7 of the Calories come from 8 fat. how much heavy cream should he use? size. The gas tank on her car holds 15 1 gallons. COOKING A recipe for ice cream calls for 3 1 cups of heavy cream. What is the area of a rectangle with a length of 2 1 inches 4 many gallons of gas did it take to cross Arizona? and a width of 1 5 inches? 9 1 2 3 in 2 7. If the tires on the actual car are 33 inches in diameter. 3 of the 8 1. If 424 people voted in Afton in the last election. How many Calories in the candy bar come from fat? voters in Afton voted for the incumbent mayor. how 4 model of a race car. If she wants 2 3 to make of a batch of cookies. Course 3 Lesson 2–3 .

How many paving stones placed end-to-end are needed to make a path that is 21 feet long? 5. How many pictures 2 that are 3 3 inches wide can be placed 8 beside each other within the frame? mower makes a cut that is 1 2 feet wide 3 on each pass. Each CD is 3 inch 8 How many clay pots can be filled from one bag of potting soil if each pot holds 3 quart? 4 wide. A rectangle has an area of 6 2 3 6. What is the width of the rectangle? square feet and a length of 3 2 feet. How many CDs will fit on one shelf? 3. Course 3 . If a bowl holds 5 2 2 ounces of cereal. you can find the width by dividing the area by the length. you can find the width by dividing the area by the length. SERVING SIZE A box of cereal contains 15 3 ounces of cereal. how many bowls of 5 cereal are in one box? 4. GEOMETRY Given the length of a rectangle and its area. CONTAINER GARDENING One bag of potting soil contains 8 1 quarts of soil. HOME IMPROVEMENT Lori is building a path in her backyard using square paving stones that are 1 3 feet on each 4 side. MUSIC Doug has a shelf 9 3 inches long 4 for storing CDs. YARD WORK Leon is mowing his yard. 4 2. GEOMETRY Given the length of a rectangle and its area. which is 21 2 feet wide. His lawn 3 7. How many passes will Leon need to finish the lawn? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 84 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Dividing Rational Numbers 1. A rectangle has an area of 4 5 7 square inches and a length of 2 1 2 inches. HOBBIES Dena has a picture frame that is 13 1 inches wide. 3 What is the width of the rectangle? 1 2 ft 7 8.

One file is 1 4 megabytes. 1 3 inches. MEASUREMENTS Tate fills a 13 1 ounce 3 4. How 5 much longer is Tom’s foot than Randy’s? 8. How much 8 does Hunter weigh? 11 1 lb 2 3. Pat steps on the scale and reads her weight as 126 3 8 pounds. while Randy’s 5 right foot measures 9 4 inches. and 1 5 inches. Yes. AGE Nida is 11 1 years old. while her 12 5 sister Yoki is 8 years old. PETS Pat wants to find out how much her dog Hunter weighs. 8 8 8 the sum of the ages of the sisters? What is the perimeter of the triangle? 4 1 in. COMPUTERS Trey has two data files on his computer that he is going to combine. 9 while the other file is 3 8 megabytes. GEOMETRY A triangle has sides of 1 1 inches. What is 12 6.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Adding and Subtracting Like Fractions 1. 8 7. 4 7 10 51 10 10 5. The combined weight of Pat and Hunter is 137 7 pounds. Will the two posters fit beside each other on a wall that is 10 feet wide? Explain. HUMAN BODY Tom’s right foot measures 10 2 inches. GEOMETRY Find the perimeter of a rectangle with a length of 4 2 inches 3 1 and a width of 3 inches. Course 3 Lesson 2–5 . 9 What will be the size of the resulting file? 5 1 megabytes 3 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 89 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. DECORATING Jeri has two posters. 3 How much juice is left in the bottle? feet wide. 3 2. One is 4 7 feet wide and the other is 5 1 10 10 glass from a 21 2 ounce bottle of juice.

4 3 What is the sum of the lengths of the two line segments? 2. 8 5. Which hand has 16 the longer index finger? How much longer is it? must the frame be to fit both pictures? 8 5 in. 6 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 94 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. 1 1 inches. Course 3 . How wide 8 while the index finger on his left hand measures 3 5 inches. PETS Laura purchased two puppies from a litter. HUMAN BODY The index finger on Pablo’s right hand measures 3 3 inches. GEOMETRY Two line segments have lengths of 3 1 inches and 1 1 inches. How much 2 larger is the second file than the first? 2 7 megabytes 18 3. One is 3 1 inches wide and the 2 1 other is 5 inches wide. MEASUREMENT Ned pours 7 2 ounces of 5 8. COMPUTERS The biology class has created two data files on the computer. One of the puppies weighs 4 5 pounds and the other puppy weighs 6 5 1 pounds.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Adding and Subtracting Unlike Fractions 1. while the 9 other file is 4 1 megabytes. How much water is left in 4 What is the perimeter of the triangle? the beaker? 4 1 in. What is 6 the sum of the ages of Alma and David? 10 7 years 12 7. 6 3 3 water from a beaker containing 10 1 ounces. while her 4 brother David is 3 5 years old. One file is 2 1 megabytes. 8 4. and 1 2 inches. How much more does the 2 second puppy weigh than the first? 6. DECORATING Sugi has two pictures that she wants to put beside each other in a frame. AGE Alma is 6 3 years old. GEOMETRY A triangle has sides of 1 1 inches.

The length 3 equation 24 9 3 6.22 can be used to determine the amount b that she spent on books. Course 3 Lesson 2–7 4. Solve the equation.63 b 43.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Solving Equations with Rational Numbers 1. DRIVING TIME Sam went for a drive last Sunday. 3 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 99 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. which was 3 4 of the truck can be found by solving the 2 1 . ENERGY PRICES Suppose regular unleaded gasoline costs \$1. Using t for Ted’s time. The equation 84. NATURE The height of a certain tree is 12. What is the length of the truck? of Ted’s time. Solve the equation. SHOPPING Kristen went shopping and spent \$84. What is the price of the premium gasoline? 5. The equation 115 46t can be used to find the time t that he spent driving.85. His average speed was 46 miles per hour and he drove 115 miles. AUTOMOBILES The bed of Julian’s truck is 2 1 yards long.2 1.23 12. Solve the equation. 2. SPORTS Leo and Ted both ran in a race.63 on books and CDs. GEOMETRY A rectangle has area 6 2 square inches and length 2 1 inches. 3. What was the average speed of the bus? 8. write a multiplication equation to represent the situation. Leo’s time was 9 minutes. SPEED Ella rode the bus to work today. The distance she traveled was 4 1 miles 4 and the ride took 1 of an hour. The price p of premium gasoline can be found using the equation p 1. 2 2 in.40 per gallon. The 3 1 1 equation s 4 can be used to find 3 4 the average speed s of the bus. 3 t 4 9 7. .85 meters. The length of its longest branch can be found using the equation 3.40. 3 The equation 6 2 3 2 1 2 w can be used to 2 find the width w of the rectangle. Solve the equation.

3. 10 people have collected 10 signatures each. How many bacteria will there be in 3 hours? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 104 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. SPORTS In the first round of a local tennis tournament there are 25 matches.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Powers and Exponents 1. The expression 103 denotes the number of signatures that have been collected altogether. NATURE Suppose a certain forest fire doubles in size every 12 hours. width. and height of the box. Each building has 3 apartments. MEASUREMENT There are 106 millimeters in a kilometer. ACTIVISM A petition drive is being held in 10 cities. If the initial size of the fire was 1 acre. Find this number. In each city. There are 3 people living in each apartment. and each person pays 3 dollars per month for pool maintenance. MONEY An apartment complex has 3 buildings. write the volume of the box using an exponent. Write the number of millimeters in a kilometer. BANKING Suppose that a dollar placed into an account triples every 12 years. Find the number of matches. The expression 34 denotes the amount paid each month for pool maintenance. 5. how many acres will the fire cover in 2 days? 7. 2. Course 3 . BIOLOGY Suppose a bacterium splits into two bacteria every 15 minutes. How much will be in the account after 60 years? 8. 6. width. and height of the box are all 5 inches. If the length. Find this amount. GEOMETRY The volume of a box can be found by multiplying the length. 4.

500.000. New Jersey. the population of Rahway. Write this number in standard notation.39 109 meters. Write this number in scientific notation.87 1012 dollars.280 feet in one mile. Course 3 Lesson 2–9 . Write this number in scientific notation. COMPUTERS A CD can store about 650. PHYSICS The speed of light is about 1.S. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 109 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. MASS The mass of planet Earth is about 5. POPULATION In the year 2000. MEASUREMENT There are 5.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Scientific Notation 1.000 bytes of data.4 millimeters in one inch. 5. 4.86 105 miles per second. Write this number in standard notation. Write this number in standard notation. 8. 3. Gross Domestic Product in the year 2000 was 9. MEASUREMENT There are about 25. ECONOMICS The U.98 1024 kilograms. 2. 7. Write this number in scientific notation. 6. Write this number in scientific notation. was 26. SPACE The diameter of the Sun is about 1. Write this number in standard notation.

Course 3 Lesson 3–1 4. how many centimeters long is each side? 3. PLANNING Rosy wants a large picture window put in the living room of her new house. The cake should be large enough so that each of the 121 guests gets one piece. How long should each side of the window be? 2. BAKING Len is baking a square cake for his friend’s wedding. When served to the guests. HOME IMPROVEMENT Al has 324 square paving stones that he plans to use to construct a square patio. GEOMETRY If the area of a square is 1 square meter. How long should each side of the cake be? . ART Cara has 196 marbles that she is using to make a square formation. The window is to be square with an area of 49 square feet. ART A miniature portrait of George Washington is square and has an area of 169 square centimeters. the cake will be cut into square pieces 1 inch on a side. GARDENING Tate is planning to put a square garden with an area of 289 square feet in his back yard. How many marbles should be in each row? 6. What will be the length of each side of the garden? 7.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Square Roots 1. GEOMETRY If the area of a square is 529 square inches. How many paving stones wide will the patio be? 8. what is the length of a side of the square? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 135 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. How long is each side of the portrait? 5.

8. DECORATING Miki has an square rug in her living room that has an area of 19 square yards. Estimate to the nearest whole number the base of this triangle if the area is 17 square meters. ARITHMETIC The geometric mean of two numbers a and b can be found by evaluating a b. ALGEBRA Estimate the solution of c2 40 to the nearest integer. GEOMETRY In a triangle whose base and height are equal. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 140 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Estimate the length of each side of the garden to the nearest whole number. Estimate the radius of the circle to the nearest foot. Course 3 . 4. ALGEBRA Estimate the solution of x2 138. estimate the length of each side of the square to the nearest whole number.2 to the nearest integer. 6. GARDENING Ruby is planning to put a square garden with an area of 200 square feet in her back yard. GEOMETRY If the area of a square is 29 square inches. 5. 7. GEOMETRY The radius r of a certain circle is given by r 71. the base b is given by the formula b 2A.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Estimating Square Roots 1. 2. Estimate the length of a side of the rug to the nearest whole number. Estimate the geometric mean of 5 and 10 to the nearest whole number. where A is the area of the triangle. 3.

Whose dog weighs more? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 145 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. 2. while Ella says that her dog weighs 125 pounds. 7. 5. 4. Estimate the geometric mean of 4 and 11 to the nearest tenth. Course 3 Lesson 3–3 . 3. GEOMETRY The length s of a side of a cube is related to the surface area A of the cube by the formula s A .5 to the nearest tenth. GEOMETRY If the area of a square is 33 square inches. If the 6 8. 6. estimate the length of a side of the square to the nearest tenth of an inch. PETS Alicia and Ella are comparing the weights of their pet dogs. ALGEBRA Estimate the solution of a2 21 to the nearest tenth. what is the length of a side of the cube to the nearest tenth of an inch? pounds. Alicia’s reports that her dog weighs 11 1 5 surface area is 27 square inches. Estimate to the nearest tenth the voltage across the resistor if the power P is 4 watts. ELECTRICITY In a certain electrical circuit. GARDENING Hal has a square garden in his back yard with an area of 210 square feet. Estimate the length of a side of the garden to the nearest tenth of a foot. the voltage V across a 20 ohm resistor is given by the formula V 20P. ALGEBRA Estimate the solution of b2 67. where P is the power dissipated in the resistor. ARITHMETIC The geometric mean of two numbers a and b can be found by evaluating a b. in watts.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems The Real Number System 1.

He measures one side of the garden as 22 feet and the diagonal as 33 feet. 6. Course 3 . TRAVEL Tina measures the distances between three cities on a map. ART What is the length of a diagonal of a rectangular picture whose sides are 12 inches by 17 inches? Round to the nearest tenth of an inch. 56 miles. and 72 miles. 7. GARDENING Ross has a rectangular garden in his back yard. If the sides of the frame are 20 inches by 30 inches. 4. CONSTRUCTION A door frame is 80 inches tall and 36 inches wide. The distances between the three cities are 45 miles. Do the positions of the three cities form a right triangle? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 150 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. What is the length of the other side of his garden? Round to the nearest tenth of a foot. CONSTRUCTION A 20-foot ladder leaning against a wall is used to reach a window that is 17 feet above the ground. How far from the wall is the bottom of the ladder? Round to the nearest tenth of a foot.NAME ________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems The Pythagorean Theorem 1. How far is Troy from his starting point? Round the answer to the nearest tenth of a mile. 2. GEOMETRY What is the perimeter of a right triangle if the hypotenuse is 15 centimeters and one of the legs is 9 centimeters? 5. 3. ART Anna is building a rectangular picture frame. TRAVEL Troy drove 8 miles due east and then 5 miles due north. 8. What is the length of a diagonal of the door frame? Round to the nearest tenth of an inch. what should the diagonal measure? Round to the nearest tenth of an inch.

6. 4. LADDER A ladder 17 feet long is leaning against a wall.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Using The Pythagorean Theorem 1. What is the diagonal size of Isaac’s television? Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. 2. TRAVEL Tara drives due north for 22 miles then east for 11 miles. RECREATION A pool table is 8 feet long and 4 feet wide. FLAGPOLE A wire 30 feet long is stretched from the top of a flagpole to the ground at a point 15 feet from the base of the pole. TRIATHLON The course for a local triathlon has the shape of a right triangle. How far is the biking part of the triathlon? Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. How far up the wall is the top of the ladder? Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. How far is Tara from her starting point? Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. 3. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 155 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. 5. Course 3 Lesson 3–5 . The bottom of the ladder is 8 feet from the base of the wall. How high is the flagpole? Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. The legs of the triangle consist of a 4-mile swim and a 10-mile run. How far is it from one corner pocket to the diagonally opposite corner pocket? Round to the nearest tenth. The hypotenuse of the triangle is the biking portion of the event. ENTERTAINMENT Isaac’s television is 25 inches wide and 18 inches high.

8) and the granite boulder is at position ( 3. MAPPING Cory makes a map of his favorite park. ARCHAEOLOGY An archaeologist at a dig sets up a coordinate system using string. How far apart were the two artifacts? Round to the nearest tenth of a unit if necessary. 4) and the other at (5. B or C. 4). The map is laid out in a coordinate system. How far apart were the ring and coin before Taro found them? Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. rounded to the nearest tenth? 7. 6. 7). Two similar artifacts are found—one at position (1. 1). 8). 2. 2) at the same time that her opponent’s king was at (7. The old oak tree is at position (4. April noted that her king was at (4. What is the distance between the points. 7) and a old coin at (10. GARDENING Vega set up a coordinate system with units of feet to locate the position of the vegetables she planted in her garden. Course 3 . 19). CHESS April is an avid chess player. 3) and a pepper plant at (5. The roller coaster is at (7. TREASURE HUNTING Taro uses a coordinate system with units of feet to keep track of the locations of any objects he finds with his metal detector. How far apart were the two kings? Round to the nearest tenth of a unit if necessary. How far apart are the two plants? Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. 1). She has a tomato plant at (1. In a recent game. ( 2. 2). Is Tom closer to the roller coaster or the water ride? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 160 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. 3. using a coordinate system with units of yards. is closer to point A? 8. respectively. GEOMETRY The coordinates of points A. How far apart are the old oak tree and the granite boulder? Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. and the water ride is at (9. 4). GEOMETRY The coordinates of points A and B are ( 7. 3). respectively. Which point. B.NAME ________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Distance on the Coordinate Plane 1. 4. 8). and (4. and C are (5. Tom is at (2. One lucky day he found a ring at (5. 6). THEME PARK Tom is looking at a map of the theme park. 3). She sets up a coordinate system on her chess board so she can record the position of the pieces during a game. 5. 5) and (4.

2.600.2 gallons. WILDLIFE Dena counted 14 robins out of 150 birds. COOKING In a bread dough recipe. Express this ratio in simplest form. The 8-ounce box costs \$2. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 187 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Express this ratio in simplest form.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Ratios and Rates 1. She traveled 954 miles. HOUSING Mr. 3. while the 12-ounce box costs \$3. How fast was the water flowing? 6. Romero bought a 1. 7. Find the average speed of the plane. 4.16 on 54 shares of stock.200 square-foot house for \$111. WATER FLOW Jacob filled his 60-gallon bathtub in 5 minutes. 5. TRAVEL On her vacation.5 hours. SHOPPING A breakfast cereal comes in two different sized packages. And Mrs.48 for 11. Charmaine’s flight lasted 4.60. INVESTMENTS Josh earned dividends of \$2.88. Which box is the better buy? Explain your reasoning. there are 3 eggs for every 9 cups of flour. she paid \$18. Find the price of gasoline per gallon. How much did they pay per square foot? 8. Course 3 Lesson 4–1 . TRANSPORTATION When Denise bought gasoline. Find the dividends per share.

NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____

Practice: Word Problems
Rate of Change
ELECTIONS For Exercises 1–3, use the table that shows the total number

of people who had voted in District 5 at various times on election day. Time Number of Voters 8:00 A.M. 141 10:00 A.M. 351 1:00 P.M. 798 4:30 P.M. 1,008 7:00 P.M. 1,753

1. Find the rate of change in the number of voters between 8:00 A.M. and 10:00 A.M. Then interpret its meaning.

2. Find the rate of change in the number of voters between 10:00 A.M. and 1:00 P.M. Then interpret its meaning.

3. During which of these two time periods did the number of people who had voted so far increase faster? Explain your reasoning.

4. MUSIC At the end of 1999, Candace had 47 CDs in her music collection. At the end of 2002, she had 134 CDs. Find the rate of change in the number of CDs in Candace’s collection between 1999 and 2002.

5. FITNESS In 1992, the price of an annual membership at Mr. Jensen’s health club was \$225. In 2002, the price of the same membership was \$319.50. Find the rate of change in the price of the annual membership between 1992 and 2002.

6. HIKING Last Saturday Fumio and Kishi went hiking in the mountains. When they started back at 2:00 P.M., their elevation was 3,560 feet above sea level. At 6:00 P.M., their elevation was 2,390 feet. Find the rate of change of their elevation between 2:00 P.M. and 6:00 P.M. Then interpret its meaning.

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NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____

Practice: Word Problems
Slope
FLOWERS For Exercises 1 and 2, use the graph that shows the depth of the water in a vase of flowers over 8 days. LONG DISTANCE For Exercises 3–6, use

the graph that compares the costs of long distance phone calls with three different companies.
Long Distance Charges
2.50 y 2.00 Company A Company B

Depth of Water in Vase
10 y 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0

Depth (in.)

Cost (\$)

1.50 1.00 0.50

Company C

x
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

x

Day

Length of Call (minutes)

1. Find the slope of the line.

2. Interpret the meaning this slope as a rate of change.

3. Find the slope of the line for Company A. Then interpret this slope as a rate of change.

4. Find the slope of the line for Company B. Then interpret this slope as a rate of change.

5. Find the slope of the line for Company C. Then interpret this slope as a rate of change.

6. Which company charges the least for each additional minute? Explain your reasoning.

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Lesson 4–3

NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____

Practice: Word Problems
Solving Proportions
1. USAGE A 12-ounce bottle of shampoo lasts Enrique 16 weeks. How long would you expect an 18-ounce bottle of the same brand to last him? 2. COMPUTERS About 13 out of 20 homes have a personal computer. On a street with 60 homes, how many would you expect to have a personal computer?

3. SNACKS A 6-ounce package of fruit snacks contains 45 pieces. How many pieces would you expect in a 10-ounce package?

4. TYPING Ingrid types 3 pages in the same amount of time that Tanya types 4.5 pages. If Ingrid and Tanya start typing at the same time, how many pages will Tanya have typed when Ingrid has typed 11 pages?

5. SCHOOL A grading machine can grade 48 multiple-choice tests in 1 minute. How long will it take the machine to grade 300 tests?

6. AMUSEMENT PARKS The waiting time to ride a roller coaster is 20 minutes when 150 people are in line. How long is the waiting time when 240 people are in line?

7. PRODUCTION A shop produces 39 wetsuits every 2 weeks. How long will it take the shop to produce 429 wetsuits?

8. FISH Of the 50 fish that Jim caught from the lake, 14 were trout. The estimated population of the lake is 7,500 fish. About how many trout would you expect to be in the lake?

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PHOTOCOPIES Lydia plans to use a photocopy machine to increase the size of a small chart that she has made as part of her science project. How long is the chip? 4. F I D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 207 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. 3 in. The original chart is 4 inches by 5 inches. GEOMETRY Polygon ABCD is similar to polygon FGHI. C B 6. H 5 in.25 centimeters wide by 23. Find the dimensions of the graph as it will appear in one column of the newspaper. JOURNALISM The editor of the school newspaper must reduce the size of a graph to fit in one column. by 11 in. 25 in.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Similar Polygons 1.7 meters. Find the perimeter of polygon FGHI. MICROCHIPS The image of a microchip in a projection microscope measures 8 inches by 10 inches. The width of the actual chip is 4 millimeters. G A 3 in. Each side of polygon ABCD is 3 1 times longer than the 4 corresponding side of polygon FGHI. The original graph is 2 inches by 2 inches. The width of the image of drawing projected onto a screen is 2.5 in. If she uses a scale factor of 5:11. PROJECTIONS A drawing on a transparency is 11. 22. No. Course 3 Lesson 4–5 . 25 in. 30 in. will the chart fit on a sheet of paper 8 1 inches 2 by 11 inches? Explain. x 30 in. How tall is the drawing on the screen? 5. 2 in. KITES A toy company produces two kites whose shapes are geometrically similar. Find the length of the missing side of the smaller kite. it will be 8 4 in. 5 3. and the scale factor from the original to the reduced graph is 8:3.5 centimeters tall. 2.

use the following information. two cities are 5 3 4 inches apart. The scale of the map is 1 inch 3 miles. What is the scale of Marta’s drawing? 28 ft © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 212 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. The new building is 22. How tall is the actual gymnasium? 2. TRUCKS The bed of Jerry’s pickup truck is 6 feet long. MAPS On a map. the apartment is 7 inches wide.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Scale Drawings and Models CAMPUS PLANNING For Exercises 1–3. HOUSING Marta is making a scale drawing of her apartment for a school project. The scale of the model is 1 inch 3 feet. Academic Building 1. What is the scale of the model? 6 ft 6. the bed is 8 inches long. On her drawing. An existing gymnasium is 8 inches tall in the model. The apartment is 28 feet wide. Course 3 Parking . On a scale model of the truck. What is the scale factor of the model? 4. View of Campus from Above Gymnasium New Building The local school district has made a scale model of the campus of Engels Middle School including a proposed new building. What is the actual 2 distance between the towns? 34 1 mi 2 5.5 inches from the gymnasium in the model. What will be the actual distance from the gymnasium to the new building if it is built? 3.

5-inch long figure needs to be made with a copying machine. his pupils had a diameter of 8. What is the scale factor of the reduction? 1 42 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 222 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Before dilation. What is the scale factor of this enlargement? 1.006 millimeter paramecium appear? 3. MOVIES Film with a width of 35 millimeters is projected onto a screen where the width is 5 meters. After dilation. what is the length of the model? 7.000 7 5. What was the scale factor of the dilation? 2. If the scale used to build the model is 1 . How large will a 0. If the scale factor was 3 . Course 3 . what was the width 2 of the original photograph? 4.1 millimeters. PHOTOCOPYING A 10-inch long copy of a 2. ADVERTISING An advertiser needs a 4-inch picture of a 14-foot automobile. BIOLOGY A microscope increases the size of objects by a factor of 8.2 millimeters. EYES Dave’s optometrist used medicine to dilate his eyes. What is the appropriate scale factor? 6. MODELS A scale model of a boat is going to be made using a scale of 1 . what is the height of 120 the actual building? 8.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Dilations 1. MODELS An architectural model is 30 inches tall. PHOTOGRAPHY A photograph was enlarged to a width of 15 inches. his pupils had a diameter of 4. 50 If the original length of the boat is 20 meters.

29 100 3. PETS Three out of every 20 dogs in the U. Write this percent as a fraction.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Ratios and Percents 1. POPULATION In 2000. 8. 6. Japan accounted for about 8% of the world’s petroleum consumption. BASKETBALL Shaquille O’Neal of the L. Write this percent as a fraction. Write this percent as a fraction.S. ENERGY In 2001. 2. Write this percent as a fraction. are Golden Retrievers. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 247 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. 14% of Americans did not have health insurance. Write this fraction as a percent. HEALTH CARE In 2000. about 44% of 21-year-olds in the United States were enrolled in school. Write this ratio as a percent. Lakers hit 11 out of 20 free throws in a 5-game series. EDUCATION In 2000.A. Course 3 Lesson 5–1 11 25 . Write this ratio as a percent. 4. 11 out of every 50 people in the United States were age 65 or older. GEOGRAPHY About 29% of the world’s surface is covered by land. 5. Write this number as a percent. GEOGRAPHY The federal government owns about 13 of the land in the state 20 of Utah. 2 25 7.

BASKETBALL In the 2001–2002 season. ECONOMICS Consumer prices in the U.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Fractions. INTERNET Internet access in the U. 2.6% of Americans under the age of 18 were without health insurance.S. Write this decimal as a percent. 11. 3. the population of Las Vegas. Course 3 . What percent of households had Internet access? 6. 83 out of every 200 households had Internet access. Write this fraction as a percent. the Chicago White Sox had a team batting average of 0. 8. Write this decimal as a percent. Write this percent as a decimal. SPORTS In the 2001 season. In 2000. 7. Write this percent as a decimal. has increased dramatically in recent years. Write this percent as a decimal. presidential election was 0. 5.268.S. increased by 85%. POPULATION From 1990 to 2000. HEALTH In 2000. BASEBALL In the 2001 season. Susan Bird of the WNBA team the Seattle Storm made 27% of her 3-point shots. the WNBA Cleveland Rockets won 22 of their 32 games.034 from 1999 to 2000. Nevada. Decimals. Write this decimal as a percent. 4. and Percents 1.S. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 252 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. rose at a rate of 0.524. VOTING The rate of voter turnout in the 1932 U.

? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 262 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. On a recent day. FARMING Jake grows corn and soybeans on his farm.S. How many acres 3 are being used for corn? 8. has 25% of the nuclear power plants in the world.400 fish in Avondale Lake are catfish.. How many middle school students are in the band? 5.S. Course 3 . How many of these flights were from other countries? 6. 33 1 % of 3 the students are in the band. 240 flights arrived at the airport. FISH POPULATION Fish and game managers have determined that 10% of the approximately 3. ELECTIONS In a certain small town. How many of the 1. TELEPHONE Ramona likes to keep track of her incoming calls. AIR TRAVEL At one large international airport in the U.100 people surveyed had no opinion on the topic? 4. How many calls did Ramona get from telemarketers last month? 7.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Finding Percents Mentally 1. How many of the 600 adults living in the town voted in the last election? 2. 1% of the people had no opinion on the topic. ENERGY The U. Last month. BAND In a local middle school. He has corn growing on 66 2 % of his 330 acres. 25% of the 132 calls Ramona received were from telemarketers. How many of the world’s 416 nuclear power plants are in the U. SURVEYS In a recent survey. How many catfish are there in Avondale Lake? 3.S. 20% of the arriving flights are from other countries. There are 240 students in the school. 80% of the adults voted in the last election.

FARMING Roy has planted soybeans on 68% of his farm this year. 2. Of these. 5. Roy’s farm has 598 acres of land. 3. BAND The marching band at Durango High School has 120 members. Estimate the percent of novels that were science fiction. PETS Niki asked 25 of her classmates about what pets they have at home. HOTELS At the Westward Inn hotel. 7. FITNESS At the office where Michael works. 48% of the rooms face the courtyard. 18% are ninth-grade students. Estimate the number of ninth-grade students in the marching band. Estimate the percent of pine trees at the park. 4. 8. Estimate the percent of Niki’s classmates that have both a cat and a dog. BOOKS Jorge has read 19 novels this year. RESTAURANTS In one east-coast city. 8 out of 17 employees work out at least twice a week. The city has 180 restaurants. 4 of which were science fiction. Estimate the number of rooms that face the courtyard. The hotel has 91 rooms. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 267 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Percent and Estimation 1. Estimate the percent of employees that work out at least twice a week. PARKS The students in Kara’s eighth grade science class determined that 9 out of 33 trees at a local park are pine trees. Estimate the number of acres of soybeans that Roy has this year. 35% of the restaurants in the city are on the bay. 6. Estimate the number of restaurants that are on the bay. Course 3 Lesson 5–5 . Eleven of the 25 said they had both a cat and a dog.

How much money should they leave for a tip? 2. They are planning to tip the waiter 20%. How much would a person who weighs 150 pounds on Earth weigh on Mars? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 272 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. COLLEGE There are 175 students in twelveth grade at Silverado High School. 8. How many Silverado twelveth grade students are planning to attend college? 5. an object weighs 38% as much as on Earth. 35% of the apartments have one bedroom.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems The Percent Equation 1. What percent of Jeff Blake’s passes were intercepted? Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. BASEBALL In the 2001 season. CHESS The local chess club has 60 members. What percent of games did the Cubs win? Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. What percent of the members of the chess club are younger than twenty? 3. SPACE On Mars. quarterback Jeff Blake of the New Orleans Saints had 9 passes intercepted out of 302 attempts. FOOTBALL In the 2000 season. the Chicago Cubs won 88 out of 162 games. what is the total number of apartments at Lakeview? 7. TENNIS In the city of Bridgeport. A survey shows that 64% of them are planning to attend college. Course 3 . HOUSING In the Lakeview apartment complex. 6. 75% of the parks have tennis courts. If there are 63 one bedroom apartments.50. DINING OUT Trevor and Michelle’s restaurant bill comes to \$35. how many parks does Bridgeport have altogether? 4. Twenty-four of the members are younger than twenty. If 18 parks have tennis courts.

The store uses a 30% markup. 5. The tires normally sell for \$319. Find the percent of change. What will be the sale price on a pair of speakers that normally sell for \$280. 3. How much will Don pay for the new tires? Round to the nearest cent.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Percent of Change 1. The regular price for the sofa is \$899. he read 15 books. 2. READING During Todd’s junior year in high school. FURNITURE Leta is planning to buy a new sofa as soon as it goes on sale. Find the selling price for each flat screen monitor. Find the percent of change. SHOES A popular brand of running shoes costs a local store \$68 for each pair. Find the selling price for a pair of running shoes if the store has a markup of 75%. .00? 7. and state whether the percent of change is an increase or a decrease. but they are on sale for 10% off. This year the club has 15 members. AUDIO The audio store is having a 20% off sale.95. 8. Course 3 Lesson 5–7 4. In his senior year. AUTO REPAIR Don is getting a new set of tires for his car.96. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 277 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. COMPUTERS The computer store pays \$250 each for flat screen monitor. he read 18 books. How much will Sandy’s charge for a dress that costs the shop \$48? 6. How much will the sofa cost if it goes on sale for 40% off? Round to the nearest cent. CLOTHING Sandy’s Clothing Shop has a markup of 45% on dresses. CLUBS Last year the chess club had 20 members. and state whether the percent of change is an increase or a decrease.

how much will he earn from the account each year? 5. INHERITANCE William’s inheritance from his great uncle came to \$225. If there were no deposits or withdrawals. Find the simple interest rate for this investment. how long ago was the account opened? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 282 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts.3% interest.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Simple Interest 1. Find the total amount in the account after 18 years.75% simple interest. SAVINGS Mona has an account with a balance of \$738. If William invests this money in a savings account at 7. MONEY Jessica won \$800.000 in taxes. INVESTMENTS Terry’s investment of \$2. She originally opened the account with a \$500 deposit and a simple interest rate of 5. After paying \$320.6%.000 into a college fund account that earned 9% simple interest. Course 3 . 4.25% interest. Find the simple interest rate for this investment.200 in the stock market earned \$528 in two years. COLLEGE FUND When Melissa was born. she invested the remaining money in a savings account at 4. SAVINGS ACCOUNT Lonnie places \$950 in a savings account that earns 5.000 in a retirement account that earns \$15. 7.785 each year.000 after taxes. her parents put \$8. SAVINGS ACCOUNT How much interest will be earned in 3 years from \$730 placed in a savings account at 6. RETIREMENT Han has \$410. Find the total amount in the account after four years.5% simple interest? 2. 6.000 in a state lottery. 3. How much interest will she receive from her investment each year? 8.

find m 2. find m 2. If m 1 133°.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Line and Angle Relationships 1. 2. ALPHABET The top and bottom segments of the letter Z are parallel as shown below. 1 and 2 are © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 309 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. CAMPING Jonna and Elizabeth found a level campsite and pitched their tent as shown below. and runway C cuts across A and B. 1 and 2 are 3. Explain your reasoning. Explain your reasoning. Runways A and B are parallel. SIGN The support wire for a sign meets the wall and the overhang as shown below. If m 1 120°. Explain your reasoning. If m 1 55°. If m 1 125°. 4. RAILROADS East of the town of Rockport. FLOORING Garret is designing a floor with diamond-shaped tiles as shown below. If m 1 43°. C 1 1 2 A 2 B m 2 55°. find m 2. Explain your reasoning. 2 1 2 1 m 2 60°. find m 2. Explain your reasoning. Explain your reasoning. find m 1. 2 1 2 m 2 125°. the railroad tracks intersect Highway 67 as shown below. 1 and 2 are 5. If m 2 42°. AIRPORTS The runways at a local airport are laid out as shown below. find m 2. 1 6. Course 3 Lesson X–1 6–1 .

64 3. Classify the triangle by its angles and by its sides. use the figure that shows the towns of Lakeview. Find the value of x in the figure. FITNESS Refer to the triangular running track shown in Exercise 3. Course 3 . 2. Find the value of x. Classify the triangle by its angles and by its sides. HIKING The trail shown in the figure is triangular. overlook 29˚ 29˚ 6. Peoria. The three towns form a triangle. HIKING Refer to the triangular trail shown in Exercise 5. FITNESS The running path around the lake shown in the figure is triangular. 20 mi Alton 58˚ Lakeview x˚ 20 mi 58˚ Peoria 1. and Alton. 48˚ 4. 335 ft lake 500 ft x˚ 372 ft 5. trail head x˚ waterfall © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 314 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Triangles and Angles MAPS For Exercises 1 and 2. Classify the triangle by its angles and by its sides. Find the value of x in the figure.

What is the height h of the pole? Round to the nearest tenth.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Special Right Triangles 1. ACCESSIBILITY Refer to the ramp described in Exercise 5. What is the length of the section of highway between Oakland and the intersection? Oakland 45° 4. What is the length d of the section of railroad linking the towns? Round to the nearest tenth. MAPS Refer to the figure in Exercise 3. MAPS The towns of Oakland and Summit are linked by a highway and by a railroad. as shown below. What is the distance d from the foot of the ramp to the platform? Round to the nearest tenth. SHADOWS Refer to the figure shown in Exercise 1. . 18 ft h 3. ACCESSIBILITY A ramp is to be constructed to a platform 4 feet above the ground. the ground. Find the length of the ramp. and the platform is a 30°-60° right triangle. d 45° Summit 3 mi Intersection Platform 60° 4 ft Ramp 30° d © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 319 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. The triangle formed by the ramp. What is the length of the shadow? 2. Course 3 Lesson 6–3 5. SHADOWS The shadow cast by a pole forms a 30°-60° right triangle. as shown below. 6.

What is the value of x in the quadrilateral? 140˚ 40˚ 2. x˚ 45˚ 3. ART The figure shows part of the pattern from a piece of stained glass. ART Refer to the figure in Exercise 3. Classify the quadrilateral using the name that best describes it. x˚ 60˚ C D 5. What is the value of x in the figure? 6. Classify the quadrilateral using the name that best describes it. CAMPING Refer to the figure in Exercise 1. Classify the quadrilateral using the name that best describes it. What is the measure of C? B A 120˚ 60˚ 4. HOME IMPROVEMENT The cross section of a wheelbarrow is shown below. x° 120° 70° © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 324 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. CAMPING The outline for a piece of canvas used to make a tent is shown below. The sides of quadrilateral ABCD are all congruent. Course 3 . HOME IMPROVEMENT Refer to the figure in Exercise 5.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Classifying Quadrilaterals 1.

NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____

Practice: Word Problems
Congruent Polygons
AIRPLANES The diagram at the right is of an airplane

as seen from above. The wings of the airplane form congruent quadrilaterals, so quadrilateral ABCD quadrilateral EFGH. Use this figure for Exercises 1 and 2. 1. Name an unlabeled wing part whose length is 3 meters. Explain your answer.

2. Explain how a quality control person could find out if m DCB was correct?

3. WHALES The flukes of the Beluga whale are shaped like triangles. Determine whether these triangles are congruent. If so, name the corresponding parts and write a congruence statement. (Hint: RQ is a side of each triangle.)
P R S Q

4. PATTERNS Mandy is making name tags in the shape of triangles. They all should be the same size. Explain how she can use a pattern to make 25 name tags. How does she know they are all congruent?

5. ALGEBRA Find the value of x in the two congruent triangles.
2x 8 cm 14 cm

6. NATURE Part of a spider’s web is shown in the figure. Determine whether the two marked triangles are congruent. If so, name the corresponding parts and write a congruence statement.
A

10 cm

E B C D

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Mathematics: Applications and Concepts, Course 3

Lesson 6–5

D 10 m A 3m B 9m C

H
120° E 110° F G 80°

NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____

Practice: Word Problems
Symmetry
1. FLAGS The flag of the Bahamas is shown below. Determine whether the flag has line symmetry. If it does, draw all lines of symmetry. If not, write none. 2. FLAGS Refer to the flag in Exercise 1. Determine whether the flag has rotational symmetry. Write yes or no. If yes, name its angles of rotation.

3. FLAGS The flag of Scotland is shown below. Determine whether the flag has line symmetry. If it does, draw all lines of symmetry. If not, write none.

4. FLAGS Refer to the flag in Exercise 3. Determine whether the flag has rotational symmetry. Write yes or no. If yes, name its angles of rotation.

5. LOGOS Discuss all of the properties of symmetry that the logo below has.

6. FLOWER OF LIFE This design has been found on Native American pots, in caves, and on buildings worldwide. Explain how to determine how many lines of symmetry it has. How many lines of symmetry are there?

334

Mathematics: Applications and Concepts, Course 3

NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____

Practice: Word Problems
Reflections
1. ALPHABET The figure shows the letter V plotted on a coordinate system. Find the coordinates of points C and D after the figure is reflected over the y-axis.
y

D C
O

2. GREEK The figure shows the Greek letter gamma plotted on a coordinate system. Find the coordinates of points P and Q after the figure is reflected over the x-axis. Then draw the reflected image.
P
y

x

Q
O

x

P´( 4,
3. CRAFTS Candace is making a pattern for star-shaped ornaments. Complete the pattern shown so that the completed star has a vertical line of symmetry.

4), Q´( 2,

3)

4. FLOORING The Turners are replacing the flooring in their dining room. Complete the design shown so that the completed floor has a horizontal line of symmetry.

5. FLAG Macedonia is a country near Greece and Albania. The national flag of Macedonia has both vertical and horizontal symmetry. Complete the flag of Macedonia.

6. COYOTE Dasan is preparing a presentation on animal safety. Finish the drawing of a coyote’s footprint so that it has vertical symmetry.

339

Mathematics: Applications and Concepts, Course 3

Lesson 6–7

Look for a pattern in the quilt..NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Translations 1.C. D. Course 3 . 6. Copy and translate the quilt square to finish the quilt. F y 4. BUILDINGS The figure shows an outline of the White House in Washington. Find the coordinates of points F´ and G´ after the figure is translated 2 units right and 2 units down. BUILDINGS Refer to the figure in Exercise 1. G O x 5. plotted on a coordinate system. O x C D 3. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 344 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. ALPHABET Refer to the figure in Exercise 3. BEACH Tylia is walking on the beach. y 2. Copy and translate her footprints to show her path in the sand. Find the coordinates of points C´ and D´ after the figure is translated 2 units right and 3 units up. Find the coordinates of points C´ and D´ after the figure is translated 1 unit left and 4 units up. ALPHABET The figure shows a capital “N” plotted on a coordinate system. QUILT The beginning of a quilt is shown below. Find the coordinates of points F´ and G´ after the figure is translated 5 units right and 6 units down.

Complete the snowflake below so that the completed figure has symmetry with 90°. The pool officials want a new logo that has rotational symmetry with 120° and 240° as its angles of rotation. 180°. In the space below. QUILTS Complete the pattern for a quilt square by rotating the figure 90°. ALPHABET Draw a figure on the grid below so that the figure together with its images after 90°. and 270° as its angles of rotation. and all students are welcome to enter. Course 3 Lesson 6–9 5. 180°. QUILTS Complete the pattern for a quilt square by rotating the design 180° about the given point. 3. draw an entry for the contest. 180°. SNOWFLAKE Mr. 2. and 270° counterclockwise rotations will form a letter of the alphabet. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 349 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. LOGO The local swimming pool is having a contest. and 270° counterclockwise about the given point. The student whose logo is chosen will win a one-year pass to the pool. 6. What does the completed figure resemble? 4. .NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Rotations 1. Ai is cutting paper snowflakes to decorate his classroom. ALPHABET Draw a figure on the grid below so that the figure together with its image after a 180° rotation will form a letter of the alphabet.

000 ft2 3. GARAGE BAND Sherice plays the bass in a garage band.7 m 12. Course 3 Lesson 7–1 . CONSTRUCTION The wall in Exercise 5 is to be painted. and Trapezoids 1. a section of the gymnasium has been designated as the dance floor. how many cans of paint will be needed if only one coat of paint is applied? 18 ft 7 ft 23 ft 3 ft 22 ft © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 379 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Patio 14 m Pool 4. Ms. What is the area of the parking lot? 120 ft 200 ft 140 ft 2.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Area of Parallelograms. DANCE FLOOR For a school dance. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. PARKING A parking lot is constructed in the shape of a parallelogram. Sherice’s parents let her and her friends use a section of their garage in the shape of a parallelogram for rehearsals. If one can of paint covers 110 square feet. SWIMMING POOLS The triangular swimming pool shown is surrounded by a concrete patio. CONSTRUCTION A 7-foot by 3-foot doorway is to be cut into the trapezoidshaped wall shown. Picciuto needs to determine the area of the dance floor so she will know how many students can dance at one time. Find the area of the patio. Triangles. What is the area of the dance floor? 70 ft 40 ft 80 ft 3. What is the area of the wall. How much space in square feet does Sherice’s band have to practice in? 10 ft 10 m 8. without the doorway? 6.1 m 8 ft 6 ft 5.

1 she uses 2 teaspoons of fertilizer for every 25 square feet of garden. 4. so the area the dog is able to explore is circular. FOUNTAINS The circular fountain in front of the courthouse has a radius of 9. 2. What is the area of the region the dog is able to explore? Round to the nearest tenth. Course 3 . The leash is 20 feet long. 6. LANDSCAPING Joni has a circular garden with a diameter of 14 1 feet. GARDENING A flowerpot has a circular base with a diameter of 27 centimeters. PETS A dog is leashed to a point in the center of a large yard. BICYCLES A bicycle tire has a radius of 13 1 inches. Round to the nearest tenth. 3. Find the circumference of the base of the flowerpot. how much fertilizer will Joni need for her entire garden? Round to the nearest tenth. 36 in.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Circumference and Area of Circles 1. How far will the bicycle 4 travel in 40 rotations of the tire? Round to the nearest tenth. If 2 13 4 in. Round to the nearest tenth. WINDOWS Find the area of the window shown below. What is the circumference of the fountain? Round to the nearest tenth. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 384 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts.4 feet. 5.

10 in. The cover costs \$2. 30 ft 50 ft 1. 6 in. 4. How much will the cover cost? Round to the nearest cent. SWIMMING POOLS The Cruz family is buying a custom-made cover for their swimming pool. 2 in. 6 in.5 ft 3 ft 3 ft 2 ft 2. 25 ft 15 ft 2 in. The figure shows the measurements of Marcus’s yard which he intends to sod.95 per square foot. Round to the nearest tenth. Find the area of the countertop. shown below. SCHOOL PRIDE Cindy has a jacket with the first letter of her school’s name on it. 2 in. 6. Find the area of the yard. Find the area of the ice cream cone on the sign. 6 ft 2 ft 2 ft 3 ft 2. HOME IMPROVEMENT Jim is planning to install a new countertop in his kitchen. How many full pallets of sod will Marcus need to buy to have enough for his entire yard? 3. One pallet of sod covers 400 square feet.5 ft 12 in. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 389 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Course 3 Lesson 7–3 . 5. as shown in the figure.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Area of Complex Figures LANDSCAPING For Exercises 1 and 2 use the diagram of a 15 ft 20 ft yard and the following information. Find the area of the letter on Cindy’s jacket. 6 in. ICE CREAM Leeor was asked to repaint the sign for his mother’s ice cream shop. 2. so he needs to figure out how much paint he will need.

Find the area of the shaded region. Then name the number of edges and vertices. 2. The aquarium is shaped like a triangular prism that is 4 units high. Course 3 .NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Three-Dimensional Figures ARCHITECTURE For Exercises 1–3. One such deck prism is shown below. PUBLIC SPEAKING A pedestal used in an auditorium is shaped like a rectangular prism that is 1 unit high. Sketch what this aquarium might look like using isometric dot paper. 2 1 ft 2 3. Find the overall height of the table in feet. Name the number and shapes of the faces. refer to the architectural drawing of a table. 5 units wide. Side Front 1 unit = 5 in. front. Sketch the pedestal using isometric dot paper. Identify the solid. and 5 units long. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 394 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. NAVIGATION Sailing ships once used deck prisms to allow sunlight to reach below the main deck. 1. Draw and label the top. and side views of the table. 6. PETS Lisa has four pet fish that she keeps in an aquarium. 4. 5.

How many cubic feet of water will the trough hold? Round to the nearest tenth. Find the volume of the foam. FARM LIFE If the volume of the water in the trough in Exercise 5 decreases by 5. CAMPING A tent used for camping is shown below.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Volume of Prisms and Cylinders 1. DONATIONS Lawrence is donating some outgrown clothes to charity. 15 ft 1 ft © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 399 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. 2.6 ft3 per day. after how many days will the trough be empty? Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. FARM LIFE A trough used for watering horses is shown in the figure. How many cubic feet of space will the tree house contain? 2m 5 ft 8 ft 6 ft 6m 5m 33 m 2 140 3. CONSTRUCTION The dimensions of a new tree house are shown below. The dimensions of the box he is using are shown below. How many cubic feet of clothes will fit in the box? 7 ft 3 ft 2. 6. FOAM The figure below shows a piece of foam packaging. 1 ft 2 ft 2 ft 1 ft m3 4.5 ft 2 ft 3 ft 5. The trough is half of a cylinder. Course 3 Lesson 7–5 . Find the volume of the tent.

2. Round to the nearest tenth. 15 ft 25 ft 35 ft © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 404 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. Round to the nearest tenth. SOUVENIRS On a trip to Egypt. Course 3 . 21. as shown. CONSTRUCTION The attic of a house is shaped like a rectangular pyramid. DESSERT Find the volume of the ice cream cone shown below.6 ft3 5. 4 in. in3 4.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Volume of Pyramids and Cones 1. 4 in. 1 in. 10 ft 7 ft 6. ART An artist created a commemorative marker in the shape of a triangular pyramid. 9 in. 12 ft A = 15. 4 in. as shown in the figure. Round to the nearest tenth. Find the volume of the funnel. Calculate the volume of the attic. 2 in. AUTO REPAIR A funnel used to fill the transmission on a car. Find the volume of the cone. 4 in. Round to the nearest tenth. Find the volume of the glass used to make the pyramid.3 3. Myra bought a small glass pyramid as a souvenir. FARMING The top of a silo is a cone. Find the volume of the stone used to make the marker.

Course 3 Lesson 7–7 3. how many packages will Phil need to buy? . How many square inches of metal were used to make Emily’s can of soup? Round to the nearest tenth. 14 in. Only the curved side of the cylinder is covered with mirrors. so she decides to make chicken noodle soup. What is the minimum amount of wrapping paper needed to wrap this gift? 616 in2 24 ft 24 ft 12 ft 41.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Surface Area of Prisms and Cylinders 1. SOUP Emily has the flu. Calculate the area that will be covered with frosting. How many square feet will he be shingling? 4. BAKING The top and sides of the cake shown below are to be covered in frosting. 7 in. 9 in. Find the area of the cylinder covered in mirrors.6 ft 27 ft 5. Round to the nearest tenth. 10 in. 30 cm 4 2 in. 1 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 409 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. 12 in. 3 in. If one package of shingles covers 325 square feet. 2 in. 2. FARMING Phil is planning to shingle the triangular roof on his barn shown below. FARMING Refer to Exercise 3. 22 cm 6. GIFTS A birthday gift is placed inside the box shown below. LIGHT SHOW A mirrored cylinder used in a light show is shown below.

The lateral faces of the greenhouse are made of glass. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 414 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. how much will it cost to put new roofing material on the silo? Round to the nearest cent. 3 mi 6. COSTUMES The top of a costume hat is shaped like a triangular pyramid. 11 in. 11 in. 15 ft 7 ft 3.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Surface Area of Pyramids and Cones 1. Round to the nearest tenth.45 per square foot. 4. 2. 12 in. 26 in.4 mi 11 in. Find the surface area of the glass on the greenhouse. If the roofing material costs \$1. it forms the shape of a cone with a diameter of 12 inches and a slant height of 26 inches. Course 3 . 4. Calculate the number of square feet of roofing material needed. ROOFS Refer to Exercise 1. ROOFS A farmer is planning to put new roofing material on the conical roof of his silo shown below. as shown below. 12 m 9m 9m 5. VOLCANOES Find the surface area of the cinder-cone volcano shown below. HORTICULTURE The local college has a greenhouse that is shaped like a square pyramid. HOBBIES When the butterfly net shown below is fully extended. as shown below. How much black felt is needed to cover the sides of the pyramid? 9 in. Calculate the amount of mesh material needed to make the butterfly net.

Write the perimeter of the rectangle using the correct precision. 2.7 inches high.913 centimeters and a width of 18.75 pounds. REAL ESTATE An empty lot is rectangular in shape with a length of 62. 6. and 9. 1.76 pounds.43 centimeters. GEOMETRY A rectangular prism is 3.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Precision and Significant Digits 1. 7. HEALTH Last night. LIFTING Andy is carrying three bags of groceries into the house. 8.2 feet. respectively. Find the volume of the prism.4 pounds and 27. 5. How much did Niki’s fever go down overnight? Write the answer using the correct precision. Round to the correct number of significant digits. CONSTRUCTION A rectangular window measures 108. Niki used an electronic thermometer to find out that her temperature was 100. 3. and 2.48 inches long.9 degrees.12 pounds. Individually the bags weigh 4. PETS Tara’s two dogs.2 inches long and 56. Find the area of the lot.4 pounds.34 degrees. What is the total weight that Andy is carrying? Write the answer using the correct precision. 7. HOME IMPROVEMENT Which is the more precise measurement for the height of a door: 2 meters or 213 centimeters? Explain your reasoning. Course 3 Lesson 7–9 .1 inches tall. 4. What is the difference in the weights of the two dogs? Write the difference using the correct precision. Cody and Tiger. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 419 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Round to the correct number of significant digits.56 inches wide.4 feet and a width of 61. she used a mercury thermometer and got a reading of 98. GEOMETRY A rectangle has a length of 34. weigh 34. This morning. What is the area of the window? Round to the correct number of significant digits.

Fruit Number of Students Orange 3 Apple Banana Strawberry Other 8 11 6 4 1.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Probability of Simple Events FOOD For Exercises 1 and 2. 1 side green. and 3 sides black. what is the probability that she will not pick a red side? 6. Course 3 Lesson 8–1 . TRANSPORTATION In August 2002. Then find the probability. Write it as a decimal to the nearest thousandth. use the table that shows the results of a survey that asked students in a classroom to choose their favorite fruit. 2. 85% of an airline’s flights arrived on time. 4 2 1 5 2 1 3 2 6 1 2 3 3. Then find the probability. Suppose a student in the classroom is picked at random. Explain how to find the probability that the student’s favorite fruit is not an apple or a banana. What is the probability of spinning a number that is not a 2 or a 3? 1 2 5. Explain how to find the probability that the student’s favorite fruit is strawberry. Explain how to find the probability of spinning a number that is greater than or equal to 4. use the board game spinner that determines how many spaces to move during each player’s turn. What is the probability that one of its flights arrived late in August 2002? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 447 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. If she picks a side at random for the front. Write it as a decimal. Then find the probability. 4. CARPENTRY Hiromi builds a wooden birdhouse that is shaped like a cube. Suppose a student in the classroom is picked at random. She paints 2 sides red. GAMES For Exercises 3 and 4.

sausage. Red Green Red White Green Black Blue Blue 5. you must choose one cheese. ham. Course 3 . 6. or caramel centers. and one vegetable topping. One ball is drawn from each chamber. Cindy has a black. How many four-number combinations are possible? GAMES Each of the spinners at the right is spun once to determine how a player’s piece is moved in a board game. a white. or white chocolates with solid. jelly. TOYS Audra has a black and a white teddy bear. What is the probability that Jason will get an extra turn? 3 5 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 452 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Counting Outcomes 1. cream. onions. FOOD A candy maker offers milk. swiss cheese. draw a tree diagram to find the number of possible outcomes. nut. On a separate sheet of paper. he will land on a “take an extra turn” square. fruit. dark. a brown. balls numbered 0 to 9 are placed in each of four chambers of a drawing machine. If Jason spins a green or a white on either spinner. one meat. Jason needs to spin a red and a blue to move to the last square and win the game. LOTTERY In a lottery game. and mushrooms for pizza toppings. 2. and a pink teddy bear. For this week’s special. What is the probability that Jason will win? Explain how you found your answer. 4. How many different chocolates can she make? Explain how you found your answer. Each girl picks a teddy bear at random to bring to a sleepover party. How many different combinations can the girls bring? 3. RESTAURANT An Italian restaurant offers mozzarella cheese.

9 rock bands. third. In how many ways can the next 4 jobs be scheduled? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 457 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. and then she has just enough left to give one chocolate to each girl attending basketball practice. FOOD Latesha buys a small box of 12 different assorted chocolates. A music festival features 5 jazz bands. GAMES At lunchtime recess. In how many ways can Latesha give out the chocolates to the basketball players? 6. and 11 school bands. 3. use the following information. how many ways can the teams finish the season from first to last place? ENTERTAINMENT For Exercises 3 and 4. SCHEDULING A plumber has 8 jobs to schedule in the next week. 12 students race each other across the playground. Empire Division CNY Brine Reebok Zbonis Binghamton DeBeer Tri-City 2.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Permutations 1. In how many ways can students finish in first. In how many ways can the first 4 rock bands be selected to play? 4. One of the jobs is high priority and must be done first. 5. The teams of the Empire Division are listed below. second. The bands play at various times over a long holiday weekend. She lets her sister have her 2 favorite chocolates. Course 3 Lesson 8–3 . and fourth places? If there are no ties for placement in the division. LACROSSE The United States Club Lacrosse Association has three divisions in the northeastern United States. In how many ways can the first 3 school bands be selected to play? Explain how you found your answer.

How many combinations of soft drinks are possible? 4. How many ways can she plant the rosebushes along the walkway if order is important? 5. Lawson ordered for her front yard. Each taster is randomly given 5 of the drinks to taste. BOOK FAIR A school book fair is offering a package deal on the opening day. MARKET RESEARCH A taste test of 11 different soft drinks is held at a shopping mall. Course 3 . How many ways can a student choose 4 topics? 3. Is this situation a permutation or a combination? Explain. Shipping List (1 each) Aquarius Purple Tiger Candy Apple Roundelay Desert Dawn Scarlet Knight Fragrant Plum Shining Hour Golden Girl Sonia Supreme Linda Ann Sundowner Mount Shasta Viceroy Pink Parfait Winifred 6. a movie theater is planning to show a collection of 9 different Cary Grant movies. She wants to plant 9 of them along the walkway from her driveway to her front porch. SCHOOL For a history test. How many ways can she plant the rosebushes along the walkway if order is not important? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 462 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. How many different double features (two-film showings) can they choose to show from this collection? 2. For a special price. students may purchase any 6 different paperback books from a list of 30 books that have won the Newbery Medal. How many packages are possible? GARDENING For Exercises 5 and 6. ENTERTAINMENT During one month. use the shipping list at the right that shows the rosebushes Mrs. They must choose from a list of 10 topics about the European countries they have been studying.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Combinations 1. students are asked to write essays on 4 topics.

piece. 4.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Probability of Compound Events 1. 24 23 6 . What is the probability that Maren Meinert would make 2 goal points on two shots in a row during the 2002 season? 4 25 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 467 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. and 1 king. Are the events of drawing a bishop from the bag of white pieces and then drawing the queen from the same bag dependent or independent events? Explain. and on the probabilities 12 and 12 . 1 . 2 rooks. 2 bishops. Course 3 Lesson 8–5 . there are 8 pawns. What is the probability that the first card is an ace and the second card is a face card? 6. Julio is setting up the board to begin playing. Find the probability of this compound event. 1 queen. are 12 red out of 24 total. 120 5. there are 12 red game pieces and 12 black game pieces. Maren Meinert of the Boston Breakers made approximately 2 goal points for every 5 of her shots on goal. Ingrid keeps her white and black chess pieces in separate bags. Are the events of drawing a knight from the bag of white pieces and drawing a pawn from the bag of black pieces dependent or independent events? Explain. use the following information. there 23 CHESS For Exercises 3 and 4. on the first selection. For each color. 3. Find the probability of this compound event. CHECKERS What is the probability that the first two pieces are a red followed by a black? Explain how you found your answer. 2 knights. What is the probability that the first two checkers he pulls from the box at random will be two red checkers? 2. GAMES A blackjack hand of 2 cards is randomly dealt from a standard deck of 52 cards. SPORTS During the 2002 soccer season. CHECKERS In a game of checkers.

NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Experimental Probability ENTERTAINMENT For Exercises 1 and 2. use the results in the table at the right.000 people. Course 3 . He plants 36 of the seeds and only 8 sprout.500 restaurant customers. 3. Out of 10. DINING Only 6 out of 100 Americans say they leave a tip of more than 20% for satisfactory service in a restaurant. Video Game Playing Time Per Week Hours Number of Participants 0 18 1–3 43 3–6 35 more than 6 24 2. how many would you expect to say that professional baseball is their favorite spectator sport? Round to the nearest person. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 472 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Favorite Spectator Sport Sport Number professional football 42 professional baseball 27 professional basketball 21 college football 12 6. how many would you expect to play video games more than 6 hours per week? 1. use the results of a survey of 120 eighth grade students shown at the right. Then find the probability. What is the probability that a person’s favorite spectator sport is professional baseball? Is this an experimental or a theoretical probability? Explain. Out of 1. 5. What is the experimental probability that a tomato seed from this packet will sprout? 2 9 SPORTS For Exercises 5 and 6. how many would you expect to leave a tip of more than 20%? 4. Explain how to find the probability that a student plays video games more than 6 hours per week. 102 people were asked to pick their favorite spectator sport. In a survey. Out of 400 students. PLANTS Jason has a packet of tomato seeds left over from last year.

20 people are surveyed at random. If the club orders 400 boxes of popcorn to sell. DINING OUT For Exercises 3 and 4. Course 3 Lesson 8–7 . What percent of those planning to buy a bicycle next year think they will buy a mountain bike? 6. As people leave a restaurant one evening. Bicycle Type mountain touring comfort juvenile other Number 11 8 9 19 3 5. Eight people say they usually order dessert when they eat out. Flavor butter cheese caramel Number 33 15 27 1. use the survey results in the table at the right. how many would you expect to order dessert? RECREATION For Exercises 5 and 6.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Using Sampling to Predict FUND-RAISING For Exercises 1 and 2. If Mike’s Bike Shop plans to order 1. If 130 people dine at the restaurant tomorrow. how many boxes of caramel popcorn should they order? Explain how you found your answer. What percent of the students prefer caramel popcorn? 2. Members of the Drama Club plan to sell popcorn as a fund-raiser for their Shakespeare production. What percent of those surveyed say they usually order dessert when they eat out? 4. use the following information. 3. use the table at the right which shows the responses of 50 people who expect to purchase a bicycle next year.200 bicycles to sell next year. They survey 75 students at random about their favorite flavors of popcorn. how many mountain bikes should be ordered? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 477 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts.

NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Circle Graphs MUSIC For Exercises 1 and 2. Investments Savings Account Money Market Account Mutual Funds \$60. 2. 2001 2. Broussard’s total investments that each type of investment represents.000 \$100. use the table below that shows how Mr.4% Singles 3. Determine the percent of Mr. Use the circle graph you made in Exercise 5 to describe Mr. What angle corresponds to the sector labeled “Others” in the circle graph? Explain how you found your answer. Draw a circle graph to represent the data. Full-length CDs account for nearly all music sales.000 89.000 \$200. Broussard has invested his money.4% Full-Length Cassettes 5% Others INVESTMENTS For Exercises 3–6. Explain how a circle graph could help you visualize the data in the table. Course 3 . Broussard’s investments. 5. Broussard's Investments 6. Use the circle graph to describe music sales in 2001. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 508 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Other 3.000 \$500. Music Sales.2% Full-Length CDs Stocks Bonds 1. Mr. use the circle graph below that shows data about music sales in 2001.000 \$140. 4.

S. Inc.. Can you tell from the histogram how many employees are between the ages of 30 and 39? If so. explain your reasoning. how many are there? If not. how many are there? If not. Can you tell from the histogram how many employees are between the ages of 36 and 43? If so. 2000 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 513 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. explain your reasoning. Course 3 Lesson 9–3 5. or blue? Explain how you found your answer. Employee Age 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Stem 1 2 3 4 5 50 –5 9 Leaf 9 1224444556689 00012337889 2577 3 1|9 19 Number of Employees 10 –1 9 20 –2 9 30 –3 9 Age 1. 2000 Color Silver Black White Percent 22% 14% 11% Color Red Blue Others Percent 16% 7% 30% Colors of Compact/Sports Cars Sold in the U. The ages of the employees are displayed below using both a histogram and a stem-and-leaf plot.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Choosing an Appropriate Display AGE For Exercises 1–4. how many are there? If not. Colors of Compact/Sports Cars Sold in the U. is a software company with 30 employees. Can you tell from the stem-and-leaf plot how many employees are between the ages of 36 and 43? If so. 4. 3. how many are there? If not. 40 –4 9 2. CARS Make a circle graph using the data in the table in question 5.. CARS What percent of compact/sports cars sold in the year 2000 were red. explain your reasoning. What benefit does the circle graph have? The circle graph shows how . Can you tell from the stem-and-leaf plot how many employees are between the ages of 20 and 29? If so. explain your reasoning. Cosmic. white. use the following information. 6.S.

2. 5. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 518 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Games Won Team Atlanta Carolina Denver Kansas City New Orleans Oakland St. Explain how to find the mode of the set of data. Then find the median. Louis San Diego San Francisco Seattle Games Won 7 1 8 6 7 10 14 5 12 9 Average Lifespan for Mammals Mammal Baboon Camel Chimpanzee Cow Goat Gorilla Moose Pig Average Lifespan 20 yr 12 yr 20 yr 15 yr 8 yr 20 yr 12 yr 10 yr 1. Then find the mean. use the information in the table below. Course 3 . median. Which measure of central tendency is most representative of the data? Explain. 3. FOOTBALL For Exercises 5 and 6.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Measures of Central Tendency ANIMALS For Exercises 1–4. Which measure of central tendency is most representative of the data? Explain. use the information in the table below that shows the lifespan of selected mammals. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. Then find the mode. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. 4. Explain how to find the mean of the lifespans listed in the table. and mode of the number of games won by the teams in the table? 6. What are the mean. Explain how to find the median of the set of data. 2001 NFL Season.

use the stem-and-leaf plot at the right showing the scores on the midterm exam in English. 1994–2003 1994 30 1995 49 1996 27 1997 35 1998 31 1999 34 2000 23 2001 23 2002 20 2003 48 1. upper and lower quartiles. 3. Winning Super Bowl Scores. Find the range. median. Are there any outliers in this data? Explain. 6. Describe how to find the limits for outliers. and the interquartile range of the winning scores. and the interquartile range of the exam scores. Then find the range.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Measures of Variation Lesson 9–5 FOOTBALL For Exercises 1–4. GRADES For Exercises 5 and 6. 2. Course 3 . what are they? Explain. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 523 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Explain how to find the range of the data. 4. Find the median. Are there any outliers among the winning Super Bowl scores? If so. use the table below that shows the winning scores in the Super Bowl from 1994 through 2003. the upper and lower quartiles. Then find the limits. Stem 7 8 9 Leaf 57 01456899 7 7|5 75 5.

senators? 3. senators are at least 54 years old? Explain how you found your answer. use the Ages of U. 4.S. use the box-and-whisker plot at the right. Course 3 . Then identify any outliers.S. What can you say about the ages of U. box-and-whisker plot are the HOCKEY For Exercises 5 and 6.S. What percent of U. 2002 box-and-whisker plot at the right. Describe the distribution of the data. Can you determine from the box-and-whisker plot whether there are any U. 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 1. Goals Made by the Top 10 All-Time NHL Scorers 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 5.S. Describe the distribution of the data. What can you say about the number of goals made by the top 10 all-time leading NHL scorers? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 528 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Explain how to determine from the box-and-whisker plot whether there are any outliers in the data.S.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Box-and-Whisker Plots U. Identify any outliers in the data. SENATE For Exercises 1–4. 6. Senators exactly 65 years old? Explain. 2. Senators.

22. Which measure or measures of central tendency would be more representative of the data? 4. Use the data in Exercise 1. median. 17. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. AMUSEMENT PARKS The average wait times for the 10 different rides at an amusement park are 44. 190. . Course 3 Lesson 9–7 3. Use the data in Exercise 4. Which measure of central tendency would the amusement park use to encourage people to come the park? Explain. Use the data in Exercise 1. and mode of the number of Calories in one serving of each kind of cereal. 25. median. 240. and 190. 2. 120. 34. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. 6. Find the mean.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Misleading Graphs and Statistics 1. 100. 5. and 28 minutes. CALORIES The number of Calories in one serving of 7 different kinds of breakfast cereal made by one food company are 80. Which measure or measures of central tendency would be more representative of the data? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 533 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. 17. Which measure of central tendency would the food company use to encourage people on a diet to try their cereal? Explain. 37. 21. 11. Use the data in Exercise 4. Find the mean. and mode of the average wait times for the rides. 130.

5. What are the dimensions of the matrix? FOOTBALL For Exercises 3–6. 4.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Matrices CITIES For Exercises 1 and 2. use the following information. Explain what is meant by the dimensions of the matrix. Week 2 Team Points 49ers Giants Vikings Bears 14 26 39 14 First Downs 18 16 31 13 Completed Passes 27 22 25 12 3. Make a matrix for the information for the second game of the 2002 season. 2. Make a matrix for the information for the first game of the 2002 season. Week 1 Team 49ers Giants Vikings Bears Points 16 13 23 27 First Downs 13 21 19 20 Completed Passes 16 28 16 20 2002 NFL Season. use the following information. Use the addition of matrices to find the totals in each category for each team in the two games. 6. Write as a matrix. Make a matrix for the information in the table. Course 3 . 2002 NFL Season. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 538 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Explain the conditions necessary to be able to add two matrices. City Oak Hill Elm Grove Cedar Fork Diners 19 11 12 Gas Stations 30 24 22 Theaters 3 2 4 Hotels 4 6 3 1.

Write an expression in simplest form that represents the total distance that Jorge biked this week. There are p people in the group. On Sunday Jorge biked 10 miles. Write an expression in simplest form that represents the total amount that James spent. BICYCLING The bicycle path at the park is a loop that covers a distance of m miles. 3. Write an expression in simplest form that represents the total amount of money you spend. GEOMETRY Write an expression in simplest form for the perimeter of the triangle below. TENNIS Two weeks ago James bought 3 cans of tennis balls. Write an expression in simplest form that represents the total amount that Sari and her friends spent. GAMES At the Beltway Outlet store. SIBLINGS Mala is y years old. 5. 4. Write an expression in simplest form that represents the sum of the ages of the sisters. Jorge biked 2 loops each on Monday and Wednesday and 3 loops on Friday. 2x 2x 3 6. Course 3 Lesson 10–1 .NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Simplifying Algebraic Expressions 1. Last week he bought 4 cans of tennis balls. This week he bought 2 cans of tennis balls. 2. you buy x computer games for \$13 each and a magazine for \$4. AMUSEMENT PARKS Sari and her friends are going to play miniature golf. 4x 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 565 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Her sister is 4 years older than Mala. Each person pays \$5 for a round of golf and together they spend \$9 on snacks. The tennis balls cost d dollars per can.

Solve 2x 4 10 to find the number of movies Burt is planning to watch this week. for a total of 20 miles for the week. 8. she had \$20 left. GARDENING Jack has 15 rosebushes. SHOPPING Jenna bought 5 reams of paper at the store for a total of \$21. Solve 2x 8 20 to find the distance Rick jogged on Tuesday and Friday.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Solving Two-Step Equations 1. 2. TRAVEL Lawrence drives the same distance Monday through Friday commuting to work. 6. and pink bushes. He has the same number of yellow. She spent x minutes on each car and 10 minutes putting everything away. and 8 miles on Sunday. red. CARS It took Lisa 85 minutes to wash three cars. TELEVISION Burt’s parents allow him to watch a total of 10 hours of television per week. EXERCISE Rick jogged the same distance on Tuesday and Friday. Last week Lawrence drove 25 miles on the weekend. Solve 3x 3 15 to find the number of yellow rosebushes Jack has. Solve 4x 2 26 to find the number of mugs in each of the first four boxes. 5. and 3 multicolored bushes. 4. When packing to move. Solve 5x 1 21 to find the price for each ream of paper. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 570 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Solve 5x 25 60 to find the distance Lawrence drives each day commuting to work. Course 3 . Solve 32 6x 20 to find the price for each ride. MONEY McKenna had \$32 when she got to the carnival. for a total of 60 miles for the week. MOVING Heather has a collection of 26 mugs. 3. This week Burt is planning to watch several two-hour movies and four hours of sports. The tax on her purchase was \$1. Solve 3x 10 85 to find how long it took to wash each car. she put the same number of mugs in each of the first 4 boxes and 2 mugs in the last box. 7. After riding 6 rides.

and she spent equal amounts of time studying for 4 exams for a total of 16 hours. She swims a total of 51 laps each week. What was the price of each CD? 5. Wednesday.50 plus \$0.60 per minute for a trip to the airport. STUDYING Over the weekend.04. EXERCISE Ella swims four times a week at her club’s pool.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Writing Two-Step Equations Solve each problem by writing and solving an equation. Meyer buys a bunch of bananas for \$0.35 per pound and a frozen pizza for \$4. How many minutes did the ride to the airport take? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 575 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Drew bought 5 CDs.99. SHOPPING While at the music store. without tax. GEOMETRY A rectangle has a width of 6 inches and a perimeter of 26 inches. Koko spent 2 hours on an assignment. What is the length of the rectangle? 3. HOME IMPROVEMENT Laura is making a patio in her backyard using paving stones. and Friday.50. FOOD At the market. She swims the same number of laps on Monday. all at the same price. and the total charge is \$13. TAXI A taxi service charges you \$1. What is the width of the door if it is 7 feet high? 2. How much did each paving stone cost? 8. How many laps does she swim on Monday? 4. The tax on his purchase was \$6. She buys 44 paving stones and a flowerpot worth \$7 for a total of \$73. The height of the door is 1 foot more than twice its width. CONSTRUCTION Carlos is building a screen door. The distance to the airport is 10 miles. How much time did she spend studying for each exam? 6. and the total was \$61. Course 3 Lesson 10–3 . 1. and 15 laps on Saturday. How many pounds of bananas did Meyer buy? 7. The total for his purchase was \$6.

Find the length of a call for which the two hotels charge the same amount. the Blue Sky Hotel charges its guests \$2 plus \$0. PLUMBING A1 Plumbing Service charges \$35 per hour plus a \$25 travel charge for a service call. After how many months will the total amount paid to the two fitness clubs be the same? 3. 1.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Solving Equations with Variables on Each Side Solve each problem by writing and solving an equation. For what weight is the charge the same for the two companies? 4. She has 4 credits and plans to take 12 credits per semester. and her machine costs \$0. Course 3 . MONEY The Wayside Hotel charges its guests \$1 plus \$0. Jeff’s friend Kila is also a student at the college. Lise started with \$13. After how many games will the two girls have the same amount of money remaining? 5. He currently has 22 credits. After how many semesters will Jeff and Kila have the same number of credits? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 580 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Discount Shipping Company charges \$20 plus \$1.50 per game. Good Guys Plumbing Repair charges \$40 per hour for a service call with no travel charge. Julia started with \$15.75 per game. 6. How long must a service call be for the two companies to charge the same amount? 2.75 per minute for long distance calls. MONEY Julia and Lise are playing games at the arcade. and he plans to take 6 credits per semester until he is finished. and the machine she is playing costs \$0. EXERCISE Mike’s Fitness Center charges \$30 per month for a membership. SHIPPING The Lone Star Shipping Company charges \$14 plus \$2 a pound to ship an overnight package. Across the street. COLLEGE Jeff is a part-time student at Horizon Community College. All-Day Fitness Club charges \$22 per month plus an \$80 initiation fee for a membership.80 per minute for long distance calls.50 a pound to ship an overnight package.

HOMEWORK Nova spent one hour on Thursday. Course 3 Lesson 10–5 . FARM LIFE Reggie has 4 dogs on his farm. One of his dogs. 5. RESTAURANTS Before Valerie and her two friends left Mel’s Diner. Write an inequality for the amount of money Alicia had when she left the fair. Write an inequality for the number of dogs Reggie will have if Lark has fewer than 4 puppies. 8. SPORTS Colin’s time in the 400-meter run was 62 seconds. Write an inequality for Alvin’s time in the 400-meter run. He waited at least another 5 minutes before the doctor entered the examination room. POPULATION The population of Ellisville was already less than 250 before Bob and Ann Tyler and their three children moved away. HEALTH Marcus was in the waiting room for 26 minutes before being called.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Inequalities 1. Write an inequality for the population of Ellisville after the Tyler family left. one hour on Saturday.50 on games. is about to have puppies. and more than 2 hours on Sunday working on her writing assignment. MONEY Alicia had \$25 when she arrived at the fair. Write an inequality for the amount of time she worked on the assignment. Write an inequality for the fraction of the lawn that Harold will mow on Sunday. there were more than 25 people seated. 2. 6. 4. YARD WORK Harold was able to mow more than 3 of his lawn on Saturday 4 night. Write an inequality for the number of people seated at the diner after Valerie and her two friends left. 3. Lark. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 585 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Alvin was at least 4 seconds ahead of Colin. She bought some ride tickets and she spent \$6. Write an inequality for the amount of time Marcus waited before seeing the doctor. 7.

ENTERTAINMENT David and Marsha are going to dinner and a movie this evening. Write and solve an inequality to find how much more time Dario can spend watching TV this week. So far.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Solving Inequalities by Adding or Subtracting 1. The CD holds at most 70 minutes of music. Michael stops for gas. He is currently 63 inches tall. CLUBS The charter for the Spartan Club limits the membership to 85. Jamie has 52 minutes of music already selected. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 590 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. HOMEWORK Peter must write an essay with more than 500 words for his English class. GROWTH Akira hopes that he will someday be more than 71 inches tall. 4. After driving 60 miles. Write and solve an inequality to find how many more members can be recruited. he has written 245 words. Write and solve an inequality to find how many more minutes of music Jamie can select. MUSIC Jamie is preparing to burn a music CD. David wants to have at least \$70 cash in his wallet. He currently has \$10. 5. and she filled her car with gas. Course 3 . Write and solve an inequality to find how much cash David should withdraw from the bank. 3. Write and solve an inequality to find how much more Akira must grow to fulfill his wish. 7. 8. Her total was less than \$20. This week. Currently the club has 47 members. he has already watched 6 hours of TV.50. Write and solve an inequality to find how many more words Peter needs to write for his essay. Elena bought a quart of oil for \$1. 2. a distance of more than 250 miles. Write and solve an inequality to find how much farther Michael has to drive to reach Dodge City. CARS At the gas station. TELEVISION Dario limits his TV watching to no more than 11 hours a week. 6. DRIVING Michael is driving from Lakeview to Dodge City. Write and solve an inequality to find how much she spent on gas.

and the fish cost \$3 each. CONSTRUCTION Melinda wants to have a picture window in the shape of a regular hexagon in her new home. She can spend no more than \$18. They plan to split the cost. 2. 6. 7. CAR WASH Jason’s class is having a car wash to raise money for a project. Write and solve an inequality to find the width of the rectangle. The area of the rectangle is 255 square inches. and they are charging \$5 to wash a car. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 595 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Write and solve an inequality to find how many goldfish Kendra can buy. She wants the perimeter of the hexagon to be at least 9 feet. Write and 3 solve an inequality to find how many batches of cookies Len can make. 8. and they want to spend at most \$3. 4. and each batch takes 1 of a cup. COOKING Len wants to make several batches of cookies.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Solving Inequalities by Multiplying or Dividing 1. PETS Kendra wants to buy some goldfish for her fish tank. Write and solve an inequality to find the cost of the pizza they should order. She will overlap the photos so the total area of the photos is more than 255 square inches. PLANTS Monroe needs more than 45 cubic feet of soil to fill the planter he built. PIZZA Trent and three of his friends are ordering a pizza. Write and solve an inequality to find the length of each side of the hexagon.5 cubic feet. GEOMETRY You are asked to draw a rectangle with a length of 6 inches and an area less than 30 square inches. Each bag of soil contains 2. . Write and solve an inequality to find how many bags of soil Monroe will need. They want to raise at least \$120.50 per person. 5. He is starting with less than 2 cups of raisins. Write and solve an inequality to find how many cars must be washed to raise \$120. Course 3 Lesson 10–7 3. Write and solve an inequality to find how many photos Lois will need. and the area of each photo is 15 square inches. ART Lois is making a rectangular collage.

geometric.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Sequences GEOMETRY For Exercises 1 and 2. or neither? Explain how you know. Is the sequence arithmetic. geometric. \$1. \$1. PIZZA A large pizza at Joe’s Pizza Shack costs \$7 plus \$0. \$1. the differences between consecutive 3.400. Is the sequence arithmetic.575. 4 units 2 units 5 units 6 units 7 units 3 units 4 units 5 units 1.80 per topping. pizzas with one topping. use the sequence of rectangles below. Write a sequence of pizza prices consisting of pizzas with no toppings. If it is arithmetic or geometric. Is the sequence of the balances arithmetic. \$1. 6. . and pizzas with three toppings. Their balances after each of the first four payments were \$1. PAYMENT PLAN A family purchased furniture on an interest-free payment plan with a fixed monthly payment. geometric. Then find the next four terms. state the common difference or common ratio.210. After how many payments will the balance be \$0? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 621 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Is the sequence arithmetic. geometric. 2. .100. \$1.925. Explain how to find the next four terms of the sequence. Find the next two terms of the sequence. state the common difference or common ratio. or neither? Explain how you know. geometric. or neither? If it is arithmetic or geometric. Is the sequence arithmetic. Course 3 Lesson 11–1 .331. Write a sequence for the perimeters of the rectangles. or neither? How do you know? 4. state the common difference or common ratio. or neither? Explain how you know. If it is arithmetic or geometric. Find the next four terms of the sequence. . . pizzas with two toppings. and \$1. 5. Write a sequence for the areas of the rectangles.750. SAVINGS The ending balances in Carissa’s savings account for each of the past four years form the sequence \$1. MONEY Continue to find the terms of the sequence of balances in Exercise 5 until you get a term of 0.000.

and 4 hours. 2. The total amount that Strom earns in one day can be found using the function f(x) x 48. Write a function using two variables for this situation. LIBRARY FINES The amount that Sunrise Library charges for an overdue book is \$0. 3 hours. 35 cars. 6. Then find the perimeter. Write a function using two variables for this situation.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Functions 1. where x represents the number of cars that Strom parked. LIBRARY FINES Explain how to find the amount of the fine the library in Exercise 5 will charge for a book that is overdue by 12 days. 2 hours. JOBS Strom works as a valet at the Westside Mall. 3. GEOMETRY Explain how to use the function that you wrote in Exercise 3 to find the perimeter of an equilateral triangle with sides 18 inches long. 5. Course 3 . © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 626 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. and 40 cars. Make a function table to show the total amount that Strom makes in one day if he parks 25 cars. GEOMETRY The perimeter of an equilateral triangle equals 3 times the length of one side. The total charge can be found using the function f(x) 30x 40. Then find the amount. 4.25 per day plus a \$1 service charge. 30 cars. where x represents the number of hours of labor. He makes \$48 per day plus \$1 for each car that he parks. Make a function table to show the total amount that Rico’s Plumbing Service charges if a job takes 1 hour. PLUMBING Rico’s Plumbing Service charges \$40 for a service call plus \$30 per hour for labor.

she had scored 129 points. Revenue (millions of dollars) 10 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 0 2 4 6 8 10 2. Explain how to find the slope of the line through points A and B. Which part of the graph shows the greater rate of change? Explain. BASKETBALL Find the slope of each line segment in your graph from Exercise 2 and interpret it. 4. Number of Points 160 120 80 40 Week Game 3. Use the figure in Exercise 4. After Game 5. After Game 10. Graph the data with the game number on the horizontal axis and the number of points on the vertical axis. Use the figure in Exercise 4. Connect the points using two different line segments. By the end of its sixth week. BASKETBALL After Game 1. 4) O x A( 3.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems The Slope Formula 1. What is the slope of the line through points B and C? How do you know? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 636 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Felicia had scored 14 points.3 million. 2) C(2.8 million. it had grossed \$6. and draw a line through the points. What is the slope of the line through points A and C? How do you know? 6. a movie had grossed \$2. GEOMETRY The figure shows triangle ABC plotted on a coordinate system. y B(2. she had scored a total of 82 points for the season. Course 3 . Then find the slope. Then find and interpret the slope of the line. MOVIES By the end of its first week. Graph the data with the week on the horizontal axis and the revenue on the vertical axis. 2) 5.

Thomas is driving from Oak Ridge to Lakeview. Course 3 .5 can be used to find the amount of accumulated snow y in inches x hours after 5 P. where x is the number of days and y is the total cost. What is the slope and y-intercept? Explain how to use the slope and y-intercept to graph the equation. 300 4. on a certain day. use the following information. Explain how to use your graph to find the total cost of renting a compact car for 7 days.2x 3. SALARY Janette’s weekly salary can be represented by the equation y 500 0. Then find this cost. What is the x-intercept? What does it represent? y Distance (mi) 200 100 x 0 1 2 3 4 5 Time (h) 5. 1. WEATHER The equation y 0. 6. The equation for the distance yet to go is y 300 60x.M. Cost (\$) 120 80 40 x 0 2 4 6 8 10 Number of Days TRAVEL For Exercises 3 and 4. Identify the slope and y-intercept of the graph of the equation and explain what each represents. where x is the dollar total of her sales for the week.4x. a distance of 300 miles.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Slope-Intercept Form Lesson 11–5 CAR RENTAL For Exercises 1 and 2. where x is the number of hours since he left. Ace Car Rentals charges \$20 per day plus a \$10 service charge to rent one of its compact cars. The total cost can be represented by the equation y 20x 10. What do the slope and y-intercept represent? y 160 2. 3. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 641 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. use the following information. He drives at a constant 60 miles per hour. Then graph the equation. Identify the slope and y-intercept of the graph of the equation and explain what each represents. Graph the equation.

000x 25.000 is an equation of a best-fit line for the data.78 \$13. or no relationship? Explain. 14 13 2. or no relationship? Explain what this means in terms of the resale value of a SUV. Course 3 .24 \$13. y Wage (\$) 12 11 10 199 199 200 200 200 200 x 8 9 0 1 2 3 0 Year RESALE VALUE For Exercises 3–6. Does the scatter plot show a positive. 4. negative. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 646 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. use the scatter plot y at the right. Explain how to draw a scatter plot for the data. Find the value. The equation y 2. It shows the resale value of 6 SUVs plotted against the age of the vehicle. negative. 5. Then draw one. Year 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Average Hourly Wage \$11. Does the scatter plot show a positive. use the table at the right. Explain how to use the equation in Exercise 4 to estimate the resale value of an 8-year-old SUV. Value (thousands) 30 20 10 x 0 2 4 6 Age (years) 3.82 \$12.28 \$12.43 \$11. 6.75 1. Explain what a best-fit line is.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Scatter Plots WAGES For Exercises 1 and 2. Find the slope and y-intercept of the best-fit line and explain what each represents.

Then solve the system by graphing. Write and solve a system of equations to determine the number of toppings for which the pizzas would cost the same. 1. For what distance is the charge the same for both companies? What is the charge for a ride of this distance? Explain how you know this. All-About-Town Taxi service charge \$1 for pickup plus \$2 per mile.00 for a large pizza and \$1.00 for each topping. Leta makes \$150 per week plus \$20 for each bicycle she sells.00 for a large pizza and \$1. . 3. Explain how to solve the system of equations by substitution. 10 Cost of Taxi Ride (\$) 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 Miles 5. INCOME Robert and Leta each work at a bicycle shop selling bicycles. Write an equation for the total charge y for a ride that covers x miles in an A-1 Taxi. and Robert makes \$250 per week. Explain how to solve a system of equations by graphing. Write an equation for the total charge y for a ride that covers x miles in an All-About-Town Taxi.50 for each topping. use the following information. Then solve the system by substitution. Course 3 Lesson 11–7 4. What is that cost? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 651 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Graphing Systems of Equations TAXI SERVICE For Exercises 1–4. 2. What does your solution represent? 6. FOOD Antonio’s Pizza charges \$8. Zina’s Pizzaria charges \$10. A-1 Taxi service charges \$5 for pickup plus \$1 per mile for a taxi ride. The equations y 20x 150 and y 250 can be used to represent their weekly salaries.

use the following information. 5. Blueberries (lb) © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 656 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Make a graph for all rectangles that have a perimeter of less than or equal to 20 units. 4. Course 3 . 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Water (oz) 2. use the following information. At the local farmer’s market. Give three possible measurements for the length and width of a rectangle that has a perimeter of less than or equal to 20 units. Give three possible amounts of orange juice and water that Carl can use. 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Apples (lb) 6. P. Carl is making his own sports drink by mixing orange juice and water in a 40 ounce container. 3. The formula for the perimeter.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Graphing Linear Inequalities NUTRITION For Exercises 1 and 2. Make a graph for all the weights of apples and blueberries that Rene can buy. Give three possible ways that Rene can buy the amount of fruit she wants. apples are \$2 per pound and blueberries are \$3 per pound. 1. GEOMETRY For Exercises 3 and 4. 20 y 10 OJ (oz) x 0 10 20 FOOD For Exercises 5 and 6. Make a graph showing all the different amounts of orange juice and water that Carl can use in his drink. Rene wants to buy at least \$12 worth of apples and blueberries. of a rectangle of length x and width y is P 2 x y. use the following information.

in dollars. and the area of a square is equal to the square of one of its sides. Is the cost a linear or nonlinear function of the car’s speed? Explain. DRIVING The table shows the cost of a speeding ticket as a function of the speed of the car. Is the charge a linear or nonlinear function of the number of minutes? Explain. Is the gross profit a linear or nonlinear function of the number of tools sold? Explain. Is the perimeter of a square a linear or nonlinear function of the length of one of its sides? Explain. Write a function for the perimeter of the square. 2. The height of the camera after falling for t seconds is given by h 300 16t2. Recall that the perimeter of a square is equal to 4 times the length of one of its sides. BUSINESS The Devon Tool Company uses the equation p 150t to calculate the gross profit p the company makes. 4. use the following information. s s 1. GRAVITY A camera is accidentally dropped from a balloon at a height of 300 feet. LONG DISTANCE The table shows the charge for a long distance call as a function of the number of minutes the call lasts.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Linear and Nonlinear Functions GEOMETRY For Exercises 1 and 2. Write a function for the area of the square. Is the height of the camera a linear or nonlinear function of the time it takes to fall? Explain. Speed (mph) 70 80 90 100 Cost (dollars) 25 50 150 300 Nonlinear. Minutes Cost (cents) 1 5 2 10 3 15 4 20 6. the rate of change © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 681 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. Course 3 Lesson 12–1 . 5. when it sells t tools. Is the area of a square a linear or nonlinear function of the length of one of its sides? Explain. 3.

250 200 P Profit (dollars) 150 100 50 0 2 4 6 8 r 10 Number of Ovens 5. 50. Explain why you only need to graph the function in the upper right quadrant.000-kilogram car moving at speed s meters per second. CARS The quadratic equation d 20 models the stopping distance in feet of a car moving at a speed s feet per second. 50 40 30 20 10 A x 0 1 2 3 4 5 3. PHYSICS The quadratic equation K 500s2 models the kinetic energy in joules of a 1. Then find the base and height of the triangle when its area is 24 square inches.000 0 2 4 6 8 s 10 s 50 Speed (m/s) Speed (ft/s) © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 686 Mathematics: Applications and Concepts. 125 s2 d K Stopping Distance (feet) 100 75 50 25 0 10 20 30 40 Kinetic Energy (joules) 40. use the following information.000 10. The quadratic equation A 6x2 models the area of a triangle with base 3x and height 4x.NAME ________________________________________ DATE ______________ PERIOD _____ Practice: Word Problems Graphing Quadratic Functions GEOMETRY For Exercises 1–3. Then find the area. Graph the equation. 2. Explain how to use your graph to determine the value of x when the area is 24 square inches. Graph the equation. Graph the equation. 1. Graph the equation.000 20. 4. Explain how to find the area of the triangle when x 3 inches. Course 3 . BUSINESS The quadratic equation p 50 2r2 models the gross profit made by a factory that produces r ovens.000 6.000 30.