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ECE 476 Power System Analysis Lecture 22 Transient Stability Alejandro D. Dominguez-Garcia Department of Electrical

ECE 476 Power System Analysis

Lecture 22 Transient Stability

Alejandro D. Dominguez-Garcia

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Transient Stability Analysis    For transient stability analysis we need to consider three systems

Transient Stability Analysis

For transient stability analysis we need to consider

three systems

1. Prefault - before the fault occurs the system is assumed to be at an equilibrium point

2. Faulted - the fault changes the system equations, moving the system away from its equilibrium point

3. Postfault - after fault is cleared the system hopefully returns to a new operating point

Transient Stability Solution Methods    There are two methods for solving the transient stability

Transient Stability Solution Methods

There are two methods for solving the transient stability problem

1. Numerical integration

this is by far the most common technique, particularly for large systems; during the fault and after the fault the power system differential equations are solved using numerical methods

2. Direct or energy methods; for a two bus system this method is known as the equal area criteria

mostly used to provide an intuitive insight into the transient stability problem

SMIB Example    Assume a generator is supplying power to an infinite bus through

SMIB Example

Assume a generator is supplying power to an infinite bus through two parallel transmission lines. Then a balanced three phase fault occurs at the terminal of one of the lines. The fault is cleared by the opening of this line’s circuit breakers.

fault occurs at the terminal of one of the lines. The fault is cleared by the
SMIB Example, cont’d Simplified prefault system

SMIB Example, cont’d

Simplified prefault system

SMIB Example, cont’d Simplified prefault system
SMIB Example, Faulted System During the fault the system changes The equivalent system during the

SMIB Example, Faulted System

During the fault the system changes

Example, Faulted System During the fault the system changes The equivalent system during the fault is

The equivalent system during the fault is then During this fault no power can be transferred from the generator to the system

equivalent system during the fault is then During this fault no power can be transferred from
SMIB Example, Post Fault System After the fault the system again changes The equivalent system

SMIB Example, Post Fault System

After the fault the system again changes

SMIB Example, Post Fault System After the fault the system again changes The equivalent system after

The equivalent system after the fault is then

SMIB Example, Post Fault System After the fault the system again changes The equivalent system after
SMIB Example, Dynamics

SMIB Example, Dynamics

SMIB Example, Dynamics
SMIB Example, Dynamics
SMIB Example, Dynamics
SMIB Example, Dynamics
Transient Stability Solution Methods    There are two methods for solving the transient stability

Transient Stability Solution Methods

There are two methods for solving the transient stability problem

1. Numerical integration

this is by far the most common technique, particularly for large systems; during the fault and after the fault the power system differential equations are solved using numerical methods

2. Direct or energy methods; for a two bus system this method is known as the equal area criteria

mostly used to provide an intuitive insight into the transient stability problem

Transient Stability Analysis •   1. 2. 3. For transient stability analysis we need to

Transient Stability Analysis

1.

2.

3.

For transient stability analysis we need to consider three systems

Prefault - before the fault occurs the system is assumed to be at an equilibrium point

Faulted - the fault changes the system equations, moving the system away from its equilibrium point

Postfault - after fault is cleared the system hopefully returns to a new operating point

Transient Stability Solution Methods •   There are two methods for solving the transient stability

Transient Stability Solution Methods

There are two methods for solving the transient stability problem

1. Numerical integration

this is by far the most common technique, particularly for large systems; during the fault and after the fault the power system differential equations are solved using numerical methods

2. Direct or energy methods; for a two bus system this method is known as the equal area criteria

mostly used to provide an intuitive insight into the transient stability problem

Numerical Integration of DEs

Numerical Integration of DEs

Numerical Integration of DEs
Numerical Integration of DEs
Numerical Integration of DEs
Numerical Integration of DEs
Numerical Integration of DEs
Numerical Integration of DEs
Numerical Integration of DEs
Numerical Integration of DEs
Numerical Integration of DEs
Numerical Integration of DEs
Numerical Integration of DEs
Numerical Integration of DEs
Examples

Examples

Examples
Examples
Euler’s Method

Euler’s Method

Euler’s Method
Euler’s Method
Euler’s Method
Euler’s Method
Euler’s Method
Euler’s Method
Euler’s Method
Euler’s Method
Euler’s Method
Euler’s Method Algorithm

Euler’s Method Algorithm

Euler’s Method Algorithm
Euler’s Method Algorithm
Euler’s Method Algorithm
Euler’s Method Algorithm
Euler’s Method Algorithm
Euler’s Method Algorithm
Euler’s Method Algorithm
Euler’s Method Example 1

Euler’s Method Example 1

Euler’s Method Example 1
Euler’s Method Example 1
Euler’s Method Example 1
Euler’s Method Example 1
Euler’s Method Example 1, cont’d t x actual ( t ) x(t) D t=0.1 x(t)

Euler’s Method Example 1, cont’d

t

x

actual (t)

x(t) Dt=0.1

x(t) Dt=0.05

0

10

10

10

0.1

9.048

9

9.02

0.2

8.187

8.10

8.15

0.3

7.408

7.29

7.35

1.0

3.678

3.49

3.58

2.0

1.353

1.22

1.29

Euler’s Method Example 2

Euler’s Method Example 2

Euler’s Method Example 2
Euler’s Method Example 2
Euler’s Method Example 2
Euler’s Method Example 2
Euler’s Method Example 2
Euler’s Method Example 2
Euler’s Method Example 2
Euler’s Method Example 2
Euler's Method Example 2, cont'd

Euler's Method Example 2, cont'd

Euler's Method Example 2, cont'd
Euler's Method Example 2, cont'd
Euler's Method Example 2, cont'd
Euler's Method Example 2, cont'd
Euler's Method Example 2, cont'd
Euler's Method Example 2, cont'd
Euler's Method Example 2, cont'd
Euler's Method Example 2, cont'd
Euler's Method Example 2, cont'd
Euler's Method Example 2, cont'd
Euler's Method Example 2, cont'd
Euler's Method Example 2, cont'd t x 1 actual ( t ) x 1 (t)

Euler's Method Example 2, cont'd

t

x

1 actual (t)

x

1 (t) Dt=0.25

0

 

1

 

1

0.25

 

0.9689

 

1

0.50

 

0.8776

 

0.9375

0.75

 

0.7317

 

0.8125

1.00

 

0.5403

 

0.6289

 

 

10.0

-0.8391

 

-3.129

100.0

 

0.8623

 

-151,983

Euler's Method Example 2, cont'd Below is a comparison of the solution values for x

Euler's Method Example 2, cont'd

Below is a comparison of the solution values for x 1 (t) ! at time t = 10 seconds

Dt

x

1 (10)

actual

-0.8391

0.25

-3.129

0.10

-1.4088

0.01

-0.8823

0.001

-0.8423

Transient Stability Example •   A 60 Hz generator is supplying 550 MW to an

Transient Stability Example

A 60 Hz generator is supplying 550 MW to an infinite bus (with 1.0 per unit voltage) through two parallel transmission lines. Determine initial angle change for a fault midway down one of the lines. " H = 20 seconds, D = 0.1. Use Dt=0.01 second. !

E a

angle change for a fault midway down one of the lines. " H = 20 seconds,
Transient Stability Example, cont'd

Transient Stability Example, cont'd

Transient Stability Example, cont'd
Transient Stability Example, cont'd
Transient Stability Example, cont'd
Transient Stability Example, cont'd
Transient Stability Example, cont'd
Transient Stability Example, cont'd
Transient Stability Example, cont'd

Transient Stability Example, cont'd

Transient Stability Example, cont'd
Transient Stability Example, cont'd
Transient Stability Example, cont'd
Transient Stability Example, cont'd
Transient Stability Example, cont'd
Transient Stability Example, cont'd
Transient Stability Example, cont'd
Transient Stability Example, cont'd
Transient Stability Example, cont'd

Transient Stability Example, cont'd

Transient Stability Example, cont'd
Transient Stability Example, cont'd
Transient Stability Example, cont'd
Transient Stability Example, cont'd

Transient Stability Example, cont'd

Transient Stability Example, cont'd
Transient Stability Example, cont'd
Equal Area Criteria •   The goal of the equal area criteria is to try

Equal Area Criteria

The goal of the equal area criteria is to try to determine whether a system is stable or not without having to completely integrate the system response.

without having to completely integrate the system response. System will be stable after the fault if

System will be stable after the fault if the Decel Area is greater than the Accel. Area