Scientists Discover Their Sixth Sense

By Peter Fotis Kapnistos Source: Psychic powers and extra-sensory perception (ESP) are among the most important unexplained phenomena today because belief in them is so prevalent. Scientists have examined people who claim to have psychic powers, but results under controlled laboratory conditions have until now remained unclear. In the meantime, countless UFO advocates wait for a coming "disclosure" of flying saucer evidence from world governments –– not simply to confirm that we are not alone in the universe, but to also bring in "alien technology" that may help us to use our minds and bodies to their full potential. A recent Newsweek magazine feature article candidly reported: For if you have never had a paranormal experience such as these, and believe in none of the things that science says do not exist except as tricks played on the gullible or—as neuroscientists are now beginning to see—by the normal workings of the mind carried to an extreme, well, then you are in a lonely minority. According to periodic surveys by Gallup and other pollsters, fully 90 percent of Americans say they have experienced such things or believe they exist. If you take the word "normal" as characteristic of the norm or majority, then it is the superstitious and those who believe in ESP, ghosts and psychic phenomena who are normal. Most scientists and skeptics argue, "Belief in anything for which there is no empirical evidence is a sign of mental pathology and not normalcy." But can skeptics really classify 90 percent of a nation’s entire population as schizophrenics without appearing to be patently anti-democratic or irrational themselves? Less than 10 percent of the U.S. population is firmly skeptical. Most of the cynical observers are in some way connected to large university grants and to the powerful military-industrial complex that President Dwight Eisenhower warned us about in his 1961 farewell speech: "In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial complex." Eminent skeptics are often associated with producing scientific weaponry or technical and biological systems for greedy economies based on perpetual conflicts. At one time or another, almost every great modern physicist has imagined becoming the next "father of the bomb." This tiny group of skeptics has no real concern for the value of life or the human spirit, yet it manipulates enough control over the media and the financial markets of the world to present itself as the normal mentality or "standard" of intellect. “One such compensation, it is fair to say, is a feeling of intellectual superiority. It is rewarding to look at the vast hordes of believers, conclude that they are idiots and delight in the fact that you aren’t.” But ironically, among the bigheaded achievements of this small elitist group of scientific skeptics are global warming and economic meltdown –– massive failures in very plain terms. Some 40 percent of Americans believe it's possible that aliens have abducted some of us, polls show, compared with 25 percent in the 1980s. Faced with such daunting rising numbers, the skeptics have shifted their debunking strategies. They can no longer go on accusing "believers everywhere" of being mentally challenged. For, there are simply too many of them to represent a statistical eccentricity. Instead, the skeptics' new

and send for the relatives of any patient he has chosen to curl up beside. author of “Dogs That Know When Their Owner is Coming Home. “In testing at the Bimini Biological Research Station shark lab in the Bahamas. “Kindred Spirits.” H. and even communicate with us on a level that transcends words or body language. Veterinarian and author Dr.000 people along the Indian Ocean island's coast seemingly missed wild beasts. he and Stroud were playing around with powerful rare-earth magnets in 2005. Pets whom we feel especially close to seem to understand our needs. Since 2001. even when miles apart. or more politically correct. That theory is likely to gain acceptance as a result of what happened during the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami: Wild animals seem to have escaped the Indian Ocean tsunami.” Sharks have a network of special cells that can detect electricity. The lemon and nurse sharks inside instantly darted to the opposite wall. Eric Stroud and Michael Herrmann have been working on a chemical shark repellent. with no dead animals found. Oscar nearly always appears and hops on the bed. read our moods.” points to the interest psychic pet behavior holds: Oscar lives in a nursing home and has an uncanny ability to sense when a resident is about to die.” that people and animals are intimately connected. But they have no explanation for it.” Consciousness is not restricted to the brain or the body. They have a sixth sense. not even a dead hare or rabbit. experts said.” Biologist Rupert Sheldrake. They know when things are happening. adding weight to notions they possess a “sixth sense” for disasters. New Jersey. Ratnayake. It was recently discovered that the same genes that give sharks their sixth sense and allow them to detect electrical signals are also responsible for the development of head and facial features in humans. The staff have come to recognize and respect Oscar's instincts. iron and boron. They’re being nice about it nowadays. deputy director of Sri Lanka's Wildlife Department. or time or place. which is not limited by locality. “No elephants are dead. This sense is so developed that sharks can find fish hiding under sand by honing in on the weak electrical signals emitted by their twitching muscles. people and animals can have an effect on each other. according to a new study from the University of Louisiana. When a patient is near death. Oscar shows no interest in . Therefore. the belief that animals have a sixth sense for danger is an ancient one. For example.” believes that animals have perceptive abilities of telepathy and premonitions. According to Herrmann. said. I think animals can sense disaster. “ plan is to label such intuitive ideas as “normal workings of the mind” taken to a maximum value. Sri Lankan wildlife officials have said the giant waves that killed over 24. called electroreceptors. He refers to it as a “nonlocal mind. Stroud and Herrmann found that sharks dramatically avoid magnets made from neodymium. Can pets be so linked and in step with their owners when they are far apart. The huge attention generated by the case of the intuitive American cat. But in that willowy gap. The magnets even rouse sharks from tonic immobility. even when there is no possible way they could be using their sense of smell or hearing? An awareness of death is certainly not restricted to humans. Larry Dossey says there is a connection between all species. we can also catch a glimpse of some amazing discoveries that were cautiously kept out of the mainstream media until now.D. when he dropped one next to their shark research tank in Oak Ridge. “The finding supports the idea that the early sea creatures that eventually evolved into humans could also sense electricity before they emerged onto land. in their heads. They use them for hunting and navigation. Physician and author Dr. a coma-like state induced by turning them upside down. Allan Schoen says in his book.

In the Proceedings for the National Academy of Sciences. The human sixth sense has been. But now. “Sometimes it took hours and hours to find some pictures with good resolution. Many species –– including birds and salmon –– are known to use the Earth’s magnetic fields in migration.” An up to date New York Times. But it is surprising to find it in pastoral cattle and foraging deer that do not appear to need such a navigational aid.” Discovery of a magnetic “sixth sense” in deer and cattle has a broad implication. touch. It’s more of a Joe Sixth-Sense. rather like a natural GPS. ranchers. Germany. and colleagues surveyed Google Earth images of 8. The scientists noted that it's amazing that “this ubiquitous phenomenon does not seem to have been noticed by herdsmen. A few studies have shown that some mammals –– including bats –– also use a “magnetic compass” to help their sense of direction. scientists said the Earth’s magnetic fields may influence the behavior of these animals. Wild deer also display this behavior –– a phenomenon that has apparently gone unnoticed by herdsmen and hunters for thousands of years. which are attached to the bone.” said Dr Begall. The Earth can be viewed as a huge magnet. a sixth sense is finally being discovered. Oscar. which lags slightly behind. and even revered by some modern scientists –– without much anathema –– as our natural “sense of balance. The vestibular system isn’t a high-profile. Until now. elitist sense like the famed five of vision. They use it primarily for navigation. this characteristic “human” capability has been seen clearly only in apes. International Herald Tribune newspaper story plainly reported: Essential to a fully embodied sense of self is the vestibular system. as the team noted. which rise and fall like flakes in a snowglobe and so detect the .” It also noted that the magpie findings “suggest that essential components of human self-recognition have evolved independently in different vertebrate classes with a separate evolutionary history. revealed. or hunters.” Another German research team made the equally surprising discovery that magpies have a sense of self-recognition when looking in a mirror. “Three of the organs are designed to detect twisting movements of the head. Dr Sabine Begall. by sensing the discrepancy between the angular momentum of the membranes. The researchers said that the findings challenge neuroscientists and biophysicists to explain how this magnetic “sixth sense” works.510 grazing and resting cattle in 308 pasture plains across the globe. Many life forms as diverse as birds and bacteria have it. from the University of Duisburg-Essen. a hospice cat has an uncanny knack for predicting when nursing home patients are going to die. though also. The other two organs have tiny stones of calcium carbonate. but no one has been able to explain why any moggy should show an interest in the approach of the Grim Reaper. One theory says a cat's acute sensitivity to smell might enable it to detect some subtle change in metabolism around the time of death. Have you ever noticed that herds of grazing animals all face the same way? Images from “Google Earth” have confirmed that cattle tend to align their bodies in a north-south direction. with magnetic north and south situated close to the geographical poles. hearing. the most ridiculed and debunked individual ability throughout all the ages.patients who are simply in poor shape. right near the cochlea of the inner ear. and that of the free-floating fluid. The scientists were unable to distinguish between the head and rear of the cattle. laboring in anonymity and frequently misunderstood. by far. but could tell that the animals tended to face either north or south. “at least suggestively in dolphins and elephants. or who still have a few days to live. a paired set of tiny sensory organs tucked deep into the temporal bone on either side of the head. taste and smell.” Willy Miller –– a Scottish cattle farmer –– remarked: “I’ve never noticed that my cows all face the same way.

He discovered that the saccule. 2005) barely mentioned the vestibular system. In one of the earliest reports.S. Loss of function can produce an imbalance. Built in his home laboratory from wire and brillo pads. Ultrasound is sound with a frequency greater than the upper limit of human hearing. The validity of ultrasonic hearing has already been clearly demonstrated by “playing opera” to a deaf subject. In other words. mature and inquisitive scientist. “Who hath . what’s so psychic about it? In 1991. the first edition of the highly regarded U.” In 1962. the experimental work of Dr. a standalone chapter on the subject closes the book. Roger Maass performed in 1946 was cited. Martin Lenhardt finally recreated Flanagan’s findings in 1991 using ultrasonic signals.” As evidence of the organ’s rising prestige. Although he knew that the sound was somehow being picked up by the wearer's skin and bone. amygdala. sometimes associated with neurons in the thalamus. “I’m just glad to be included now. The thought of having a third eye or being sealed in the forehead is a familiar religious idea.effects of gravity and of linear head motions. Pat Flanagan was the subject of a Life magazine profile that described the teenage inventor as a “unique. In 1975.” At 15. a pea-sized organ in the inner ear usually associated with balance. that ultrasonic hearing has generally been relegated to the realm of parlor tricks rather than being considered the subject of scientific inquiry. using the vestibular system as a hearing organ. bypassing the ears entirely. Some researchers now equate it with stress. But it is essentially the vestibular system of the inner ear that allows us to “balance” the two hemispheres of our brain and in due course trigger the relaxation response. and cortex of the brain. the way the vestibular system discovered the laws of Newtonian mechanics some 400 million years before Newton and then put those principles to use to provision the head with little organic gyroscopes and linear accelerometers. the exact mechanism would evade the inventor for 33 years. We now know that the vestibular system plays a critical role in stabilizing the visual axis (gaze) and maintaining head and body posture during meditation. But there’s even more to the sixth sense than meets the eye.” But if “balance” is indeed our sixth sense.” Despite its meek status. a new technology bypasses the normal audio mechanisms used by the body to hear sounds and provides a direct neural stimulation to the brain. and various psychic abilities. made all the essential observations in regard to ultrasonic hearing phenomenology. for example. such as bats and toothed whales. the vestibular system has lately won fans among neuroscientists. but in the new edition that appeared in 2008. if you’re walking forward. college textbook “Sensation and Perception” (Sinauer. at last explaining how Flanagan’s invention worked. never credited again for his original discovery. “I don't want to sound ungrateful.” said Daniel Merfeld. or up stairs. The mental experience of “hearing voices” could consequently prove to be more than just hallucinations. argued in “The Relaxation Response” that prayer and meditation can play a significant role in reducing stress and hypertension. the device transmitted audio signals from a stereo directly into the brain. but it is also required to produce neural representations of the environment in order to accurately guide our behavior. “Maass. “They praise the machine-tool precision of its parts. which manifests as a dramatic. who wrote the chapter. Flanagan had already begun to demonstrate the invention that would change his life: the neurophone. is also sensitive to ultrasonic sound. sudden onset of vertigo. Herbert Benson. who marvel at its sophistication and sensitivity. and how it tells us where we are and what we’re doing. Dr. director of the vestibular physiology lab at Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary and associate professor at Harvard Medical School. So outlandish is the concept that humans can have the hearing range of specialized mammals. relaxation. Martin Lenhardt of the University of Virginia discovered that people could hear ultrasonic speech. It is not only crucial for perceptual stability.

panic attacks. he asserts.” While detractors may argue that prayer functions as a placebo. which only increases the body’s stress response. Hundreds of studies have been published over the past three decades on the potential health effects of prayer and meditation.ears to hear.” He said the idea that meditation trained the brain to attend to just one thing at a time fitted in with previous research. there is alienation and loneliness. they are conditioned by boorish media and gluttonous peer pressure to put up with offensive vulgarity. says the findings. prayer and meditation can stimulate the vestibular system to create a healthy. balanced trance state. the study reports. Dr. said Dr. and possibly reduce atherosclerosis — the buildup of plaques in the arteries that can lead to heart attack and stroke. Some of them may be characterized as a placebo. a research scientist in pediatrics found that men and women who meditate are 30 percent less likely to die of cardiovascular disease over the next eight years compared to their peers. coupled with previous studies. nausea. And of those who've tried prayer. meditation may reduce cholesterol. there is anger associated with pain. Rather than aesthetic or emotional feelings. “give strong evidence” that meditation is a heart-healthy habit. many people go through their adult existence creating an “unbalanced” trance response. let him hear. The experience of pain is not purely physical. Yet. tending to deprave and corrupt. both Schneider and Barnes say. according to a joint study by ABC News. But studies using fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging) can show what's happening in the brain. By harmonizing the brain’s hemispheres. As a result of today’s gross commercialization of sex. Vernon Barnes. because it may awaken the body’s innate ability to “self-repair. we don't yet know.” About 58 percent of Americans have tried prayer to relieve their pain. But some psychologists have not yet overcome the taboo of repression to openly describe the human orgasm as an authentic trance state. half say it has worked very well for them in terms of pain relief.” Koenig said. besides lowering blood pressure. anxiety. religious ecstasy. Iowa. Meditation works better than other practices like muscle relaxation. Barnes pointed to recent studies that have found a number of effects that could protect against heart disease and stroke. Schneider of Fairfield. Just about every adult in the world experiences a trance in the form of sexual orgasm. but remain awake and aware. there is a loss of hope. He added: “How that's done. “Religion helps with all of those factors that ultimately magnify the pain and bring it into such great focus for those who experience pain. Dr. co-director of Duke University's Center for Spirituality. and motion sickness. improve the functioning of blood vessel walls. it is a common oversight of modern western society to assume that trance or altered states of consciousness depend exclusively on the characteristics of primitive culture. Harold Koenig. It is a well known fact that prayer and meditation can produce a “trance” or altered state of consciousness related to curative powers. is physiologically different from resting or sleeping because practitioners become still mentally and physically. Robert H. of the Oxford Centre for the Science of the Mind. tying it with prescription drugs as the most effective pain reliever. Theology and Health. Their risk of dying from any cause was 23 percent lower. but I also believe there .”(Matthew 13:9). told the BBC News website: “Meditation is a way of tapping into a process of manipulating brain activity. Dr Toby Collins. USA Today and Stanford University Medical Center. Dysfunctions in the vestibular system can cause stress. there is depression associated with it. That's about the same as the number of people who have taken prescription drugs for pain. Dr. William Brose believes otherwise: "I think there are probably a lot of nonspecific effects that happen with prayer. “There is a lot of anxiety associated with pain.” Meditation. some of them may be related to relaxation. and increased visual imagery –– leading to relaxation and tranquillity.

they live longer. including rapture. which supposedly gives mass to all particles. a gene that just happens to also code for production of the neurotransmitters that regulate our moods. The frontal lobe is the seat of concentration and attention. “Far from being an evolutionary luxury then. Surveys show that two out of three Americans believe in the value of psychic insight. No experiment has yet directly detected the Higgs boson. Struggle triggers stress hormones and that. the need for God may be a crucial trait stamped deeper and deeper into our genome with every passing generation. perhaps because they take what they learn – prayer or meditation ." he said. a historian at the University of California. have a lower rate of mortality by nearly 25 percent. Nowhere has that idea received a more intriguing going-over than in the recently published book “The God Gene: How Faith Is Hardwired into Our Genes.and use it in their everyday lives. Joseph found favor with Pharaoh by uncannily interpreting the Egyptian leader's dreams. the more active the frontal lobe and the limbic system become. In the Bible.” That’s especially true during times of great change or distress—war and recession—when people are looking to make sense of the uncertainty.” reports Powell. the “graviton” is a hypothetical elementary particle that mediates the force of gravity in the framework of quantum field theory. belief in metaphysical powers dates back to the country's founding and shows “every sign of flourishing into any future that can be foreseen. including the constant influence of . The deeper that people descend into meditation or prayer. Chief of gene structure at the U. including Dr. Experiments to detect gravitational waves might provide information about certain properties of the graviton. shortens their lives. if not more.” by molecular biologist Dean Hamer. In physics. author of “Why People Believe Weird Things. Researchers found people who attend religious services weekly. and you can put together a profound religious experience. This appears to stave off stress hormones and promote more beneficial ones. By measuring blood flow. Take it off-line. But since we already know that the inner ear responds to linear accelerations of motion. creating the feeling of being at one with the universe. The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN came on line in 2008. Newberg found. looking not for the genes that code for spirituality but for how that spirituality plays out in the brain. Lynda Powell. he determines which regions are responsible for the feelings the volunteers experience. and the boundaries of the self fall away. the limbic system is where powerful feelings.” More effective. Combine that with what’s going on in the other two lobes." The National Institutes of Health appointed a team of doctors. Centuries later. But is God the reason worshipers may be living longer? Powell says it could be simpler than that. Neuroscientist Andrew Newberg of the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine has used several types of imaging systems to watch the brains of subjects as they meditate or pray. Santa Barbara. “People who are stressed tend to struggle. That is. according to Michael Shermer. In America.” The relationship between psychics and the powerful has always been close. Albanese says.” Perhaps the greatest link between the sixth sense and the vestibular system of the inner ear lies in the schema of string theory. another important region—the parietal lobe at the back of the brain—goes dim. are processed.S. to analyze nearly 250 secular-based studies connecting religion and health. It’s this lobe that orients the individual in time and space. More revealing is the fact that at the same time these regions flash to life. but he also says he has located one of the genes responsible. "But the absence of proof isn't the proof of absence. National Cancer Institute. the supposed forecasting abilities of Nostradamus and the “mad monk” Rasputin endeared both men to the upper classes. Other researchers have taken the science in a different a significant spiritual piece that we just simply don't understand. according to Catherine Albanese. in effect. Hamer not only claims that human spirituality is an adaptive trait. she says. People have faith because they believe in something even when there is no proof. “People who go to church or religious services regularly are more effective at coping with stress.

New Age guilt and the power of chocolate. don’t forget that our small elitist group of scientific skeptics is being rather nice about how it discredits its spirit rivals nowadays. He's the author of the book "Entangled Minds: Extrasensory Experiences in a Quantum Reality. he cofounded the Boundary Institute and since 2001 he's been the senior scientist at the Institute of Noetic Sciences. But Dean Radin firmly believes that both can get along." which looks at how theories of quantum physics and other scientific discoveries may provide a logical explanation for psychic phenomena. that travelers placed on the bloated. A recent report by the U. perhaps the existence of the graviton will be confirmed or rejected by studying the “gravity receptors” of the vestibular system. for example. predicated on the now-disproven idea that the physiological basis of lying can be separated from processes such as anxiety. I spoke with Radin last week about mind-matter interaction. mistake-laden watch list would have their minds scanned.” Science and the Psychic Taboo Parapsychology researcher Dean Radin on ESP. SRI International and Interval Research Corporation. and how the consciousness of individuals is connected By David Ian Miller Source: San Fransisco Gate It often seems like science and spirituality are bitter enemies. One important application is lie detection -. it would be useful to know if they understand the information being given them. spiritual people say that the important things in life are beyond quantifying.gravity. and the tendency of our brains to change over time. Department of Defense plainly describes the new areas of focus. Scientists are not fond of ideas that can't be tested. Mind reading: The development of psychological models and neurological imaging has made it possible to see what people are thinking and whether they're lying. as well as “terrorist suspects” passing through customs. Do they perchance have a clandestine motive? You bet. now declassified and dubbed Stargate.S. the University of Edinburgh. Mind readers could be used to interrogate captured enemies. incapable of playing nicely together. At SRI International he worked on a then-secret government-funded program of psi research. In 2000. Radin has been conducting experiments on psychic (or "psi") phenomena since he was 13. an interest that led to appointments at Princeton University. The science is. But does this mean. spirituality.though one hopes that the lesson of traditional lie detectors. just as their computers will be? The report notes that “In situations where it is important to win the hearts and minds of the local populace. the University of Nevada. investigating the extreme reaches of human consciousness. intentional thinking. at least out on the far fringes where most of his work is done. If all this sounds a bit like alien technology to you. however. still in its infancy: Challenges remain in accounting for variations between individual brains. in Petaluma. has been learned. .

And I think that's because it's a taboo topic. Can you describe what those are? They're a class of experiments where you don't ask the participant to consciously try to do anything. Do you think people can predict events that will occur in the future? Predict is a little bit too strong. Both of those really are myths. pupil dilation and things like that. When you do this experiment with lots of people on lots of trials. as if in fact they were somehow aware of what their future was about to bring. either pro or con." What did you talk about? Dean Radin: The theme of my talk was that there are 17. then push a button. I don't think that the phenomenon is exactly like that. and they know it in advance. You just measure their body's response as a way of detecting that something is happening. But the fact that people can gain information about future events. A few seconds go by.SF Gate: You recently gave a talk at Google Headquarters in Silicon Valley called "Science and the Psi Taboo. Were you trying to suggest that Google employees shouldn't view this as a taboo? I don't see my job as trying to convince anyone of anything. and in the direction that you can predict. And then this process is repeated again and again. and then the screen makes a random decision to select a stimulus that is either calm or emotional. of that I'm nearly convinced. then it is not any good. The analysis looks at what's happening while you are waiting for the computer to make that random decision about which picture to show. what you end up with is evidence that people significantly show different physiological conditions or states just before emotional pictures are shown as compared to calm pictures. so the . but only about 30 of them have at least one faculty member who has seriously written about psi. So we measure skin response. What is the most compelling evidence. I'm interested in countering what amounts to a myth — a popular myth — that there is no scientific evidence (for psychic phenomena). Do you think that we all have some extrasensory abilities? I think we do in the same way that we can all play golf. that people can sense what might happen? I would say that the experiments that I've done which I call "presentiment experiments" are among the most compelling. or if there is scientific evidence. These abilities have something to do with the subtle aspects of mind. but we are not all going to win the Masters. you have to practice? I think the single method that seems to work is meditation. I think that sometimes people have experiences that turn out to be true. but prediction implies that I'm going to sit down and figure out what is going to happen. That's a very small fraction of 1 percent. Any idea how to improve your psychic skills? Is it like golf. primarily because the results are more robust than what you typically see in these kinds of experiments. in your view.500 institutions of higher learning around the world. We ask a person to sit in front of a computer and look at a blank screen. The phenomena seem to bubble up from our unconscious. We are wondering whether people would get an unconscious sense of what their future is about to bring them. I want people to make up their own minds. and then it goes away after maybe 10 or 15 seconds.

It was probably the strangest experiment that I've done so far because it implies not only that intention changes substance. And a lot of chefs swear by the idea that somehow their attitude. There haven't been that many experiments working with both meditators and non-meditators. but whatever is being changed also results in a behavioral difference.more that we are aware of what's going on in our unconscious." Has this experiment been replicated anywhere else? I don't think it's been replicated. At the time. typically intelligence-backed applications. But another part of me was thinking: "Oh. nothing worth looking at. but pragmatically useful. and it's still true somewhat today. but I certainly know that there is something that seems different when food is cooked by someone you love. so I don't think about these things very often. Can you tell me about what you did on the Stargate project? I was a visiting scientist for a year on the project. their intentions. It tastes better. and on a few occasions to interview defected scientists from those countries who had claimed to be working on something having to do with psychic phenomena." You had several Tibetan monks and a Mongolian shaman bless chocolate. What prompted the idea? It came up during a discussion with a chocolate maker from Hawaii. before it got that code name. It is amazing! There are some people who are extremely good. The psychics were able to describe things that turned out to be not only true. Last year you conducted an experiment with something you call "intentional chocolate. So we did doubleblind experiments to see what would happen if you exposed some chocolate to the highly trained intentions of expert meditators. And not simply in terms of experimental studies. but of those that have been done. I finally got the briefing that is given to the military officers and intelligence officers with the right clearance. It feels better. and when you get to the end of that briefing the idea that there is no evidence is so ludicrous that you want to somehow let everybody know this. but in real world applications. I learned a new way that a person could become frustrated. Once I went through all of the months and months of background reviews and so on to get the classification. We also conducted our own experiments. and then you tested the moods of people who ate it. the better people are likely to do. But I think I point out in the paper that there are previous studies that suggest that something like this probably should work. On the one hand. It came out with results that significantly supported the idea people report having a better mood when eating the intentional chocolate as opposed to the placebo. like therapies of . These are mostly studies involving water and people who do hands-on healing. the study was just recently published. usually significantly better. I'll admit I had mixed reactions when I heard about this. come on! This is a scam. What did you learn from that work? I guess the primary thing was. Stargate. I have a general feeling that when food is being created with love and attention that it actually tastes better. the meditators almost always do better. Part of my job was to look at literature that had been translated primarily from China and Russia. There are dozens and dozens of government agencies that were actively using these people. I'm not much of a foodie. highly reliable remote viewers. and there are dozens of examples of amazing gifts. and most mainstream scientists thought that there actually wasn't anything going on. make a difference in terms of how people respond to food. It occurred to me that this was a testable idea. there were lots of rumors about what the government may or may not be doing related to psychic phenomena.

and so people can fool themselves and fool others very easily. It is necessary in science to take the skeptical viewpoint. So. I guess I don't know. The problem is that we are also dealing with the possibility of psychopathology. I imagine what we intuitively feel or describe as spiritual will fall into the domain of science. It doesn't take a great leap of faith to imagine science a few thousand years into the future will be very different from what it is today. And most of the studies do show that there are small effects that can be detected. Can we communicate with this intelligence? Certainly a lot of people believe that. because we have little tiny pea brains that can only imagine things in human terms. such as physics. even if you can get away with it. I would say that there is some evidence for this. the leading edge doesn't look like common sense at all. Down the line. So. but of course we know it really works. I feel that is confirmed by looking at the history of science. for example. In quantum entanglement. because life is short. That is also a part of many cultures' folk magic traditions. Magnetism used to be considered magic. you have had your share of arguments with skeptics. It looks more like science fiction." I wouldn't use that word. it also requires a huge amount of caution. But I think that whatever is going on is so far beyond our ability to imagine that I don't like to limit myself. so we psychologically project out into the world that maybe that's the way it is. You told me that's something you kind of enjoy. as opposed to control water that is not handled. I don't see why not. and how might you define that for yourself? If spiritual means that there is more than meets the eye. Do you consider yourself a spiritual person. Why do you enjoy it? Well. it keeps both sides sharp." the way two objects remain connected through time and space without communicating in any conventional way long after their initial interaction is taken place. yes. absolutely yes. we have the idea that things that interact remain connected when separated — this is the essence of contact magic. It's either natural or it's not. In almost any scientific discipline you can imagine right now. But I don't think anything is truly supernatural. Albert Einstein had this notion of "spooky action at a distance. Do you think science is proving that magical theories are correct? A scientist has to be very careful about the word "proof. while I think the answer probably is yes. Only mathematicians can provide proofs. Do you believe in a God or gods? Not in a personal God. which in a very cartoonish way has gone from the refinement of common sense to further and further away from common sense. We tend to think of it in those terms. or larger than what we would think of as intelligence. Perhaps it's built into the fabric of reality itself. I'm open to all possibilities. perhaps. but it will be a type of science that in today's terms we wouldn't recognize at all. I'm . I think a lot of what used to be described as magic will transition into language that is more descriptive about what is actually going on.touch. Over the years. Then you see if the water makes a difference when it's used on plants and seeds. And they are asked to hold vials of water while they are doing the healing with the idea that maybe the water will be changed as a result of what's going on. and it's not so much fun to fool yourself. What do you think God is? Perhaps a form of intelligence that is distributed.

it's too late. It's not significantly different from the power of positive thinking. it's a little overblown and embellished. Most of them have been extremely mundane. But you can. At that instant. let's say. worse. One reason people cringe when they hear about "The Secret" is that it suggests we have far more control over our lives than we probably do. So if you get cancer. I mean. It's not as if you're in a boat without a paddle and you're about to go over Niagara Falls — you can't simply zoom off to the shore by wishing that it will happen. Obviously. craze is a good word. So I was just reading an e-mail from a colleague who had just written a book on deja vu some years ago and had just rewritten it as a new issue. There has been this craze of late about "The Secret. if you pay a little bit of attention beforehand." I thought that was a clever title. but I think the general idea that intention can help either push us or pull us towards goals that we have is not a bad idea. What I'm not so grateful about is a kind of stubbornness or. a kind of arrogance whereby people believe their side so strongly that they are not even willing to question it or protest it. and if you do it systematically you might be lucky enough to move it to a place of safety. one day my wife and I were both reading our e-mail on our own PCs. To give you an example. within earshot of each other. "I just had the strangest deja vu!" She had never said anything previously about deja vu. since a lot of the work you do relates to how our minds affect reality. and he was going to call it "Deja Vu Revisited.always grateful to the skeptics who point out things I may have overlooked. Have you ever had what you would call psychic experiences? I think so. It does create this sort of New Age guilt. There is something about intention that seems to be the underlying focus for a mind-matter interaction. so here was a coincidence of a particular topic at a particular time that looks a lot like telepathy. if you are near the falls. . nor is it too different from the effects that we see in our intentional chocolate experiment and many other experiments like that. Well. but we couldn't see what was on the other person's screen. and I was going to look it up and tell my wife about it. you should be able to cure yourself with your thinking. move it very slightly. she suddenly looked up from her e-mail and said. and actually I think that the intentional effects that we see in the lab (from positive thinking) are pretty small." And I wonder if you have any thoughts on that.

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