Why was there a revolution in Russia in 1905?
Russia was faced with a Revolution in 1905 through a chain of events. With the economic instability, poor working conditions and the growing discontent of the people, the demand for reform and revolution soon arose. Collapse of the Romanov Empire shortly occurred with the inability of the autocracy to cope with such demand and pressure. Russia in the 19th and 20th century faced economic slumps along with inflation which would test the nation s and the people s patience towards coming hardships. The increasing population of Russia outlined a new milestone for the empire. A population increase demands more from the economy and requires a higher order of thought to please the entire nation. However, Russia and the Tsar were definitely not ready for such expansion in population and backward views on society only provided another reason to further worsen the arising discontent. Village population had grown from 61 to 78 million between 1877 and 1905 but the land owned by peasants only grew 24.2 percent. Clearly, there was a shortage of land, and a shortage of determination to improve the land and shortened patience to hope for better times. The emancipation of the Serfs by Tsar Alexander II in 1861 did little to solve the discontent and agitation of the working people. The outlook of the freed serfs was the final ownership of land in return for powering the nation s economy and hence the empire. However, the disappointment appeared when out of prospect, the Tsar approved freedom for oneself, yet taxed them for living on land which they had believed to rightfully own from years of slavery. The view on autocracy was being undermined, even though there was trust in the Tsar and his connection with god, maybe for the last time. The Tsar s ignorance on issues such as the poor living conditions for the peasants in the country outlined a path of public dismay and questioning. While the peasants resisted questioning due to their simplicity, influence from other parts of Europe and the slow industrialisation saw them thinking about the nature of their misfortune and famine. Whilst freeing the Serfs and granting them their ironic independence, rising prices along with tremendous taxes influenced the peasants to revolt, hence playing a part in the Russian revolution. Russia was seen as a backward nation, in agriculture, technology and in rule of power. In many countries, especially in the United States, power had been redistributed to the people and technology along with industrialisation had allowed for better living conditions and a step further in economic strength. Tsar Nicholas II was a conservative leader and debatable as unsuitable for taking on the demanding roles to effectively rule the nation. His decision to prevent reform was sensible possibly in older times; however the decision to repress revolution and limit ideas of individuality backfired, only forming more demand for reform all across Russia. The Tsar had tried to modernize Russia through active developments while retaining the autocracy
the build of political parties and the failure to stop their need allowed the citizens of Russia to demand and express themselves more. Strikes occurred many times which outlines the inability of the government to once again control this situation of people s discontent. The social revolutionaries and democrats had existed from 1901. yet public support was achieved in 1905 when living was hard. expecting developments without any change was ignorant of Tsar Nicholas II. yet the Tsar (Nicholas II) could not satisfy the people in order to prove these parties unnecessary. Illegal political parties were uprising to share their discontent with Russia and their Tsar and create a framework for ideas of revolution. Again. Conclusively. Situations like these resulted in taking shelter under revolutionary parties which promised better conditions and raised dreams to a fairer and better system of work. the Russian government had encouraged industrial growth.
. the attitude of ruling the country without reform. Witte s rapid industrialization program heightened discontent within peasants and workers. hence leading to the activity of revolution and strength. This was a step to adapt Russia to their surrounding industrial powers along with introducing the public to a completely new workforce know as the urban workers. All these political opponents were a figure of showing the attention needed to Russia. With this was the rapid development of new types of workers (urban workers) who survived in unsanitary conditions while dealing with the high rates of food resulted by inflation. The participation of these parties resulted in strikes and a buildup of the Russia changing general strike. which drove the nation to a revolution like no other. Industrialization was not recognized as a eventually beneficial scheme but rather was another medium at which the newly established workers sought to demand more and express their rage of wanting more power. Witte s vision was to shape Russia slowly to a more industrialized nation in which the economy grows and allows the previous peasants to become workers with an accumulation of their own money independent to their communes. the government established industrialization without regarding the infrastructure and assuming the workers will be content with the conditions. From 1880 onwards.legacy while holding ignorant and naïve views on his people. this was not going to retain in and indeed was unstitching the stitches of the already delicate situation. This encouraged the countryside (peasants) to migrate to the city in hope of a better life. how strong actions needed to be taken and the hunger of the people needed to be satisfied at any scale possible. which was not possible especially at a time of uprising revolt. These parties were illegal. Undoubtedly. demands and strikes. and the belief of god and the Tsar had been slowly lost. However. the outlined plan would require the Russian people to suffer hardships in the short term to receive benefits when it would rank to other industrial powers in the world. money and reform immediately.
However. giving the country something to take its mind off. Tsar Nicholas II granted some of the rights the people wanted. It was the constant pressure building amongst the peasants and the workers. however the tables were turned when the war was lost. By September there were massive strikes by factory workers and railway men. The outbreak of the revolution was caused by a number of events. The loss of the war. which stopped everything Russia relied on. Bloody Sunday intensified the revolutionary movement and finally abolished the people s view of the Tsar. after Bloody Sunday . On 9th January 1905. All the evens of the revolution had caused it to this stance. Soon enough the country was virtually halted by a general strike. Revolution was here. as soon as it became clear that Russia was losing for the first time to an Asian power. This showed people of the further incompetence of the Tsar (Nicholas II) who s most important and essential job is to show his command of his army. In fact. the cusp of revolution was over and certainly now it stood in every person s right to take political concern and begin strikes that would ripple to form a halt in the nation. Unrest is only cured by rest yet revolution is never caused by repression. the peaceful demonstration was inflicted with bullets from the guns of the soldiers. Enthusiasm was the first reaction to this war. While the county recovered. stronger than ever the strikes and demand for reform. This was the survival of the Tsar. constant pressure on the government and the demand for reform. and everything else they stood for.
. perhaps for the last time. stop the rioting and focus on the winning. failure in war and Bloody Sunday which allowed Russia to outbreak its attitude towards convention and demand for changes in conditions often ignored ineffectively over time. Russia s ignorance on world issues was showed and clearly laid for the people of Russia to see. giving an insight of what is to come in the future. and expected the Tsar to ease their problems. autocracy had only one thing it could do to survive. forming a large number of strikes. and the government prepared plans for their overthrow. distressed workers came peacefully to address a petition. rights to vote and a Duma. However. the people declared unrest and resumed. symbolizing the only hope allowed the revolution of 1905 to take place. It was disastrous for the people to see deaths contrasted to their optimistic hymns and demonstrations. civil rights.Winning the war was perhaps the only thing that could bring Russia together with ultimate enthusiasm. in a way killing the last remaining peace inside all of Russia. the poor thought and reluctance to change the country by the Tsar (Nicholas II) and foremost the economic slumps.