This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Good for Nitrogen Fixing and Ecological restoration Slow growing
Taub.(Family:Papilionaceae) IN OUR popular literature there are several trees that go under the above name; in particular the Silk-Cotton Tree (Bombax or Salmalia) the Indian Coral Tree (Erythina) and the Palas Tree (Butea monosperma) are now and then referred to as the Flame of the Forest. The only tree to which the name should be applied is Butea monox Roxb. as it is given in Taub. (or Butea frondosa most of our floras), known a Palas. DESCRIPTION It is a small to medium sized deciduous tree, with a crooked trunk and branches; in most parts of Bombay it seldom rises beyond 6metres in height. Its bark is greyish or light brown in the order parts of the tree. The leaves are trifoliate, that is to say, they consist of a stalk 8-12 cm. long and three leaflets, of which two 8—12 cm across are opposite to each other, the third and larger, 12—20 cm across, being some distance away from the other ; all the leaflets are leathery and stiff the terminal one with equal sides at the base the laterals very strongly unequal-sided at the base, all obtuse or rounded at the apex young leaflets are finely
in which a large solitary seed is enclosed. either by themselves or mixed with cowdung. it is also common in dry deciduous forests in Central India. but usually the two upper ones are fused. long. they hang down on the tree. and the result is a cup with four teeth. about 4—5 cm. 12-18 cm.silky. it does well too in some of the more sandy and arid areas in India. broad. at times as large as an adult human thumb. is found all over India and Burma up to1000 m. the flowers appear on the tree at the beginning of the hot season. At the end of February or the beginning of March. which on exposure to air hardens . they are set on fire. long of a rich orange or salmon-red colour. When the bark of the tree is cut or scratched. and I do not know for what reason. If left to itself. older ones more or less smooth but hairless. Unfortunately the tree suffers from the constant lopping or cutting of leaves and branches. even though the quality is not of the best. almost black. The corolla is 3— 5 cm. The rim of the calyx cup should normally have five teeth. which is very striking in the general leafless condition of most trees in such areas. The flowers are large. The leaves fall off in winter. and 33 of the same colour as the young twigs on the outer. This simply means that the tree can profitably be used for the regeneration of poor soils. Flame of the Forest. Nearer Bombay. when the tree is completely leafless. our farmers in the Konkan and elsewhere collect such branches and spread them on their rice fields. the tree is common on the hills from Kalyan to Igatpuri or to Khandala along the main road or the railway lines. the tree looks very wild and rugged except when it is in full bloom. silky hairy outside with silvery hah-. Butea monosperma. they become more or less hairy. The calyx of the flowers forms a sort of irregular cup at the base outside. when the branches are thoroughly dry. When young. some parts of the forest are a vivid mass of colour. that is. It is also common in some of the sandy area in Gujarat and Saurashtra. to me they always appear like a large number of chappals hung up in the air to dry! Plate 3. the Palas tree can succeed even on poor soil. but clothed with fine silky hair on the inner side. it is said that the quantity of lac produced exceeds that on any other tree. Dry pods are not elegant. densely crowded on the leafless branches. narrowing somewhat towards the tip. it gives out a red or reddish juice. The fruit is a flat pod or legume. one can appreciate the correctness of the name. sometimes very dark. the pods are velvety with dense hair when they attain length. USES The Palas tree is seldom cultivated in gardens or along the streets of towns. In many parts of India this tree is used for the cultivation of the lac insect. several flowers at a time on a swollen node on young branches the latter as well as the flower stalks are velvety dark olive-green in colour. from February to March. THE FLAME OF THE FOREST (Butea monosperma Taub) Page 16 DISTRIBUTION The Flame of the Forest.
engaged in agricultural and botanical pursuits”. Ommanney in Jour. etc. Nat.. in some parts of the country they are also used as bidi wrappers. 1891). and they shade off into a creamy tint on the edges and on their reverse sides. the other name. Bom. monosperma. Butea monosperma var. commercially this gum is known as ‘Bengal Kino’ it is a powerful astringent and is medicinally used in the treatment of many forms of chronic diarrhoea. The corolla contrasts very beautifully with its rich olive-brown downy calyx. Brit.into a glassy ruby-red gum . means ‘oneseeded’ and refers to the fruit with a single seed near its apex. lutea (Witt) Mahesh is a striking yellow-flowered variety which has been reported from various parts of India. you might just go along the main road to Tansa Lake. (H. 4: 459. or while travelling on the Western Railway from Bombay to Delhi keep your eyes open in the neighbourhood of Kotah. the tree seems to be in all respects precisely the same as the Pates’”. 1959). The seeds have long been used in India against roundworms and tapeworms though they seem to be ineffective against hookworms. The leaves of the Palas are made into platters.T. the Flame of the forest. You will then easily understand why this tree has been called by the very appropriate and expressive name. 6:107. All those who have seen such tree agree both on the striking beauty of the flowers and on the rarity of the tree. The name Butea was coined by Koeing or Roxburgh in honour of John Stuart. this tree blossoms into a pale yellow. but the author is unaware of any fruitful result of such efforts . If you wish to see an impressive and colourful sight. (Encycl. Except in the colour of the corolla. cups. 3rd Earl of Bute who “for several years lived in retirement in Bute. Soc. Hist. Efforts have been made to grow this variety in gardens. The specific name frondosa means ‘leafy’ or ‘full of leaves’. “Instead of the dazzling blaze of orange with which we are all so familiar. The bases of the petals are primrose yellow.
about 15 in long. The naturally occurring variety orientalis has the veins of its leaflets highlighted with yellow or pale green. Lenten tree. Tiger claw • Hindi: Pangara पंगार Botanical name: Erythrina variegata Family: Fabaceae (pea family) Synonyms: Erythrina indica Good for Nitrogen restoration Fast growing Fixing and Ecological Indian Coral Tree is a showy. The beanlike pods that follow the flowers are cylindrical. The leaves are compound. each about 6 in long. coral tree puts on a spectacular show with bright crimson flowers 2-3 in long in dense terminal clusters. There are curved spines (really more like prickles) on the long leaf stalks too. . It is a picturesque. with three diamond shaped leaflets. broad and spreading.Yay location removed Common name: Indian Coral Tree. It may flower a little during the summer. deciduous tree that can get 60-80 ft tall and spread 20-40 ft It has many stout branches that are armed with black tiger's claw spines. too. This highly valued ornamental has been described as one of the gems of the floral world. spreading tree legume with brilliant red blossoms. Before the leaves come out in late winter or early spring. and constricted between the reddish brown seeds.
not red. with yellow variegated leaves. like those of the palash. The many varieties of coral span the whole spectrum from orange to scarlet to crimson. is one of the many trees that sports red or reddish flowers around now. are deified. may be just another name for the same variety. pod is cylindrical and . all descend to feast on its nectar. A magnet for birds. Being prickly and easy to propagate (cuttings grow readily). pangara in Marathi and Hindi. ioras. from which flows the generic half of its botanical name. Cassia-Fistula-bahava(Indian Laburnum) Good for Nitrogen Fixing restoration Good Wood for carving etc and Ecological Nature of Cassia fistula it is a medium sized tree with compound leaves. mynas. Corals have a distinctive bark. the Trimurti of Shiva. early mornings the tree turns into a veritable aviary as orioles. Erythrina’s trifoliate leaves. and thorny branches. by Hindus. Our campus used to have the lone specimen of the latter. the Holy Trinity. Brahma and Vishnu. Different varieties show striking variations: the leaves of some are painted with thick white veins. being held to represent. flame-shaped and borne in thick clusters at the tips of branches. which after gracing the Middle Gate road for many years was turned into dust by termites. a soft grey ground streaked with lincoln green. even carrion-eaters like the crow are drawn to it irresistibly. ushering in our fierce summers. sunbirds.'Parcellii'. 'Alba' has white flowers. Erythrina indica. while there is a rare outlier that bears white. flowers are bright yellow and borne in long hanging bunches. leaflets larg and shining. rows of young trees are widely used to form living. flowers. when the tree is bare of leaves. and by Christians. beautiful fences. The coral. are put out between February and April. The flowers.
asphota. Special characteristics of Cassia fistula: Beautiful golden yellow flowers in hanging bunch. kachan • Khasi: Dieng long. medicinal uses of Cassia fistula: Seeds and fruit pulp used as mild laxative. Dieng tharlong • Assamese: Kotora. cooled and served as shorbet. The fruit (sheng) are left in water and mixed with milk and boiled. The flowers are . The leaves are shaped a little like a cow's hoof. ayata. tender leaves juice used in the treatment of scabies. chuvannamandaram • Telugu: Bodanta.and it shows! Orchid tree is staggeringly beautiful when in bloom .and it blooms for several months! Orchid tree grows 20-40 ft tall and 10-20 ft wide with a spreading crown of briefly deciduous leaves which are 4-6 in across and rounded with lobed ends and heart shaped bases. Vaube. It's a very good avenue and garden tree. vaube. Varigated Bauhinia • Hindi: Kachnar कचनार • Marathi: kanaraj. irkubalitu • Bengali: ৰককংচন Raktakanchan • Oriya: vau-favang.dark brown when ripe. Kurol • Mizo: Vau-favang. common in moist and evergreen forest. rakta-kanchan • Malayalam: chovanna-mandaru. bilikanjivala. Vaufawang • Sanskrit: Ashmantaka. kavidara.position: Commonly found in the forest. the royal poinciana . Chamarika. Chamari • Nepali: Takki Botanical name: Bauhinia variegata Family: Caesalpiniaceae (Gulmohar family) Hardy Tree with Nitrogen fixing capacity Orchid tree is closely related to peacock flower and to the tree many consider the world's most beautiful. kanchan. Distribution: It is found throughout india up to a certain altitude. Bauhinia variegate-Kanchan Common name: Orchid Tree. Daevakanchanamu • Kannada: arisinantige.
. The flowers often make their first appearance in late winter while the tree is bare of leaves. The flowers are 3-5 in across and carried in clusters at the branch tips. lavender. with five irregular. A postal stamp was issued by the Indian Postal Department to commemorate this tree.reminiscent of showy orchids. usually slightly overlapping petals in shades of magenta. The blooming period then lasts until early summer. Species identity Taxonomy Current name: Madhuca latifolia Authority: Roxb. purplish blue or even white. Madhuca indica Gmel. Family: Sapotaceae Synonym(s) Bassia latifolia Roxb.
Outer fruit coat is eaten as a vegetable and the fleshy cotyledons are dried and ground into a meal. Fodder: Leaves. latifolia is propagated by direct seeding. Propagation and management Propagation methods M. The fruit contains valuable oil that is sometimes used for cooking by the locals. bark grey to black with vertical cracks. It is extensively cultivated near villages. It is believed to be pollinated by bats which feed on the corollas. latifolia is long-lived and starts bearing from about the 10th year. Seed large. fruits ripen from June to August. clustered at the end of branches. Tree Management Mahua can be planted at a spacing of 3-8 m x 3-8 m and worked on 25-30 year coppice cycle to produce a mean annual increment of 3-5 cu. Bole short. flowers appear in MarchApril. it also occurs on shallow bouldery. fleshy corolla is eaten fresh or dried. M. greenish.Madhuca longifolia Macbride Common names (Hindi) : mahua Botanic description Madhuca latifolia is a large. drought resistant and frost hardy. exuding a milky sap when broken. elliptical. fleshy. They lose viability within a short period and the oily fruit should be sown directly in the field as the seeds become available. common in deciduous forests and dry sal plain forests. It is used for house construction. much branched deciduous tree up to 18 m high and 80 cm dbh. door and window frames. flattened on one side.(broad) and –folius (leaved). Functional uses Products Food: The sweet. Seeds are produced plentifully every second or third year. 6-9 cm x 13-23 cm. corollas fleshy. exfoliating in thin scales. 1-year-old stumps establish more successfully than bare root seedlings. flowers and fruits are lopped for goats and sheep. Fire tracing and fencing of plantations are essential in the early stages along with clean weeding and soil working around seedlings. A full grown tree can produce up to 90 kg of flowers in a year. The tree is usually found scattered in pastures and cultivated fields in central India. The specific epithet latifolia is derived from the Latin Lati. Seedlings are frost tender. 3-4 cm long. crown rounded. seedlings or stumps. or can be maintained for longer with regular root pruning. Young leaves pinkish and wooly underneath. takes a fine finish. naves and felloes of cartwheels. The tree is a light demander. It coppices well if felled in the hot season. strong. juicy. Seed cake is also fed to cattle. clayey and calcereous soils. Geographic distribution Native : India Biophysical limits Altitude: up to 1 200 m Mean annual temperature: 2-46 deg C Mean annual rainfall: 550-1 500 mm Soil type: M. m). thick and firm. very heavy (929 kg/cu. Leaves oblong-shaped. Seeds should be sown when fresh in long polypots to accommodate the long taproot. m/ha. Fruit ovoid. latifolia grows best in deep loamy or sandy-loam soils with good drainage. Seedlings should be ready to plant in 2-4 months. Ecology and distribution Natural Habitat Mahua is a frost resisting tree of the dry tropics and sub-tropics. 1-4 seeded. rigid. 3-5 cm long. Reproductive Biology Leaf fall occurs from February to April. Germplasm Management There are about 450 seeds/kg. Timber: The heartwood is reddish brown. powdered and cooked with flour. Lipids: Oil from the fruit kernels principally consists of palmitic and stearic acids and is mainly used for soap and . Ripe fruits are used for fermenting liquor. hard and durable. clustered at the end of branches. Flowers cream.
Service Erosion control: Mahua has a large spreading superficial root system that holds soil together.candle making. Other products: De-fatted seed kernels contain 26-50 % saponin. Metanastria hyrtaca and the larvae of Acrocercops euthycolona and A. Leaf blight is caused by Pestalotiopsis dichaeta. latifolia can be raised with agricultural crops. Poison: Mahua oil is used to treat seeds against pest infestation. Pests and diseases Stathmopoda basiplectra is a serious pest of seeds. Soil improver: The seed cake has been used as fertilizer Ornamental: Mahua is occasionally planted as an avenue tree. Loranthus is a serious pest of trees in some localities. Among the defoliators of the tree are Achaea janata. Anuga multiplicans. Reclamation: Mahua is planted on wasteland with hard lateritic soils in India. phaeomorphia mine the leaves. Cercospora haticola causes leaf spot and Scopella echimulata is a leaf rust. Shade or shelter: The wide spreading crown provides shade for animals. The fungi. Unaspis acuminata is a sap sucker and Indarbella quadrinotata feeds on the bark. Polystictus steinheilianus causes decay in felled timber. Fomes caryophylli causes heartrot. Populus euphratica Species identity . Bombotelia nugatrix. Boundary or barrier or support: It is planted along the boundaries of fields. Nitrogen fixing: Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal associations and root colonization have been observed in mahua. Intercropping: M.
leaves on mature shoots 5-7. Mean annual temperature: -5 to 52 deg. rather slender. Soils with impeded drainage and little aeration are not suitable. olive green. gharab. reproduction being obtained from roots . rhombic or ovate. but attaining a height of about 15 m and a girth of 2. Turkey. euphratica is found in subtropical. Planted woodlots are adapted for treatment under coppice or coppice-with-standards. pedicel 4-5 mm. It is shallow rooted. The tree coppices well.5 cm long. 7-12 mm long. Seed pretreatment is not required. C. base 3-5 nerved. hill forests. petiole 7-15 cm long. because in Rome it was used to decorate public places. throughout its vast range it had always constituted dense forests (mixed with willow. enveloped in silky hairs. the roots spreading widely. The generic name is the classical Latin name for poplars. sharply lanceolate in the upper half. Geographic distribution Native : Algeria.5-5 cm long. Pakistan. tamarisk. Family: Salicaceae Common names (Arabic) : bahan. heartwood is reddish.0-6.5. male 2. juvenile leaves 7-15 cm x 6-12 cm. Israel. Three sizes of cuttings are used for rooting in the nursery for subsequent plantings. Bark on old stems is thick and rough. very variable. with irregular vertical figures. sapwood is white and broad. Propagation and management Propagation methods Natural reproduction is through root suckers or seed. often almost black at the centre. Indian poplar Botanic description Populus euphratica is a medium-size to large deciduous tree with rarely a straight stem. possibly from ‘paipallo’ (vibrate or shake). It also grows on land that is seasonally flooded and that on which no other form of cultivation appears possible. Seed minute. India. The tree tolerates a high degree of salinity and brackish water. usually broader than long. broadleaved. Syrian Arab Republic. It requires a lot of light for normal development.Taxonomy Current name: Populus euphratica Authority: Oliv. Turkmenistan Exotic : Kenya Biophysical limits Altitude: Up to 4 000 m. Fruit ovoid-lanceolate capsule. bhan. narrowly oblong. Egypt. and the few remnants of natural forests still being exploited for firewood are managed by coppice on short rotations of 1 or 2 years. petiole 1-5 cm long. The soil pH best suited for the poplar is 5. often bushy. moist temperate deciduous forests and dry temperate forests. Ecology and distribution Natural Habitat In its natural habitat. usually with large glands at the top on either side. or originating in ancient times when the poplar was called ‘arbor populi’ (the tree of the people). stem is often bent and nearly always forked. Mean annual rainfall: 75-200 mm Soil type: It is found on rocky and hilly soils. Although now almost completely destroyed to supply firewood. hodung (English) : Euphrates poplar. mulberry) along watercourses and their tributaries.5 m under favourable conditions. Catkins lax. Iran. Tree Management Planting is spaced at 2 x 3 m. usually entire. Iraq. female 5-7 cm long. The seedlings spring up on fresh alluvial soil after the floods recede. wet temperate. although wider spacing is sometimes used to provide space for sowing alfalfa for improving soil and to provide fodder. P. China. Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. Leaves are highly polymorphic.
Used for planking. wheat. benefiting the fruits and agricultural crops. fine paper. it is the main species for afforestation of saline soils in sandy desert regions. Poison: The bark is reportedly a vermifuge. roads. shoe heels and bobbins. potatoes and sugarcane. Fibre: P. euphratica is largely used for roadside planting and lends decor to avenues. for example in Mongolia. The tree grows fast. euphratica is one of the forest species considered ideal for intercropping with agricultural crops due to its characteristics such as leaflessness during winter. Functional uses Products Fodder: The leaves afford good fodder for sheep. cowpea. Intercropping: P. goats and camels. borers and gall-forming pests. China. Shade or shelter: The main branches are simple and spread fairly wide. around orchards and in parks improves the landscape and additionally serves as a windbreak. Boundary or barrier or support: A single line of P. It is also suitable for plywood. Soil improver: The tree crown intercepts rain and checks soil erosion. the tree is subject to attack by various beetles of the genus Capnodis and by Cuscuta monogyna. euphratica plants along field boundaries. Services Erosion control: P. Pests and diseases In the Near East. multiple uses. . It is good for turnery and can be peeled off with a rotary cutter. P. rejects. lacquer work. It is also attacked by a number of other defoliators. The calorific value is reported to be 5019 kcal/kg for sapwood and 5008 kcal/kg for the heartwood. Germplasm Management Seed storage behaviour is orthodox. euphratica seeds remain viable for about 3 weeks when kept at room temperature. C remain viable for 3-5 years. packing paper and newsprint. euphratica holds excellent promise as a source of fibre for various grades of paper. Viability of seeds can be prolonged to 1 year if the seeds are stored in sealed bottles and kept in a refrigerator. euphratica comes up well in burnt areas and acts as a colonizer on exposed soils. Reclamation: Due to its salt tolerance. matchboxes and splints. Timber: The wood is easy to saw and works to a good finish. Ornamental: P. Crops tried with this species include maize.or root suckers. hermetic storage at subzero temperatures with less than 6% mc recommended for long-term storage. conical crown with abundant foliage.3 cm. Fuel: Its wood is moderately hard and light. The lops. eroded hill slopes and land slips. tops. with annual girth increments of 4-5. cricket bats. Properly dried seeds with 4-5% mc stored in vacuum-packed jars and kept at a temperature of 0-20 deg. soil-enriching properties and compatibility with agricultural crops. thereby improving soil physical properties. artificial limbs. Medicine: The twigs are chewed and used for cleaning teeth. The spacing under an agroforestry system is generally kept at 5 x 4 m or 5 x 5 m. resulting in a dense. wastes and material derived through pruning are used as fuelwood. It therefore acts as a windbreak and shelters the crops from insolation.
bondugu • Kannada: Bechadi mara. kala-goru. Compound leaves are 1-2 ft long. at the end of branches. Flowers occur in panicles. Murus. which are densely velvet covered. Each leaf has 3-5 pairs of leaflets. and a terminal one.Heterophragma quadriloculare(Waras) ative Common name: Waras • Marathi: वारस Waras. crowded near the end of branches. Kaligottu mara Botanical name: Heterophragma quadriloculare Family: Bignoniaceae (Jacaranda family)Synonyms: Heterophragma roxburghii. Flowers are 5-6 cm. Spathodea roxburghii Waras is a large deciduous tree. with brown bark. Panlag • Tamil: Bara-kalagoru • Telugu: kapa-gargu. white . The elliptic leaflets are 5-12 cm long. unequal sided at the base. baray-kalikod. 5-15 m tall.
MarchApril. which are white on the underside due to hairs. It is called elephant creeper because of the large leaves which look like elephant ears. lavender to pink. good smelling and low rainfall. with hairy filaments. சமுத்திரப்பாைல samuttira-p-palai • Malayalam: samudrappacha • Telugu: చందరపద chandra poda • Kannada: ಸಮುದರ ಹಳ samudra haale. The five petals are rounded with crinkled margins. Hawaiian baby woodrose. It has large. velvety like the leaves. समुदसोक samudrasoka • Tamil: கடற்பாைல katar-palai. pointed. The flowers are followed by hard.5 cm long. समुनदर का पाट samundar-ka-pat.3-1. white-velvety stalks. woody capsules. and 3-5 cm broad. Lettsomia nervosa Elephant Creeper is a vigorous vine native to India. . समुदफलक samudraphalaka. Sepals are 1. leathery heart-shaped leaves. Fruit is 20-30 cm long. Stamens are 4. Leaf blades are 15-25 cm long. िवधर vidhara • Marathi: गुगगुळी gugguli. silky elephant glory. The toxic seeds should not be eaten as they contain alkaloids. and 13-20 cm wide. Flower-stalks are up to 15 cm long. heart-shaped. समुदशोष samudrashosha. the throat being of a darker shade. woolly morning glory • Hindi: घाव बेल ghav bel.5 cm long. introduced world-wide. Flowering: February. Trumpet-shaped flowers are borne in cymes. वृददार vriddadaru Botanical name: Argyreia nervosa Family: Convolvulaceae (Morning glory family) Synonyms: Argyreia speciosa. Flowering: July-December. goguli • Konkani: समुदसोक samudra somk • Sanskrit: मूवा murva.with a rosy tinge. on long. Climbers/Creepers Argyreia nervosa Common name: Elephant Creeper. समुद शोख samudrasokh. Convolvulus nervosus. ಸಮುದರವಲ samudravalli • Bengali: bichtarak. Flowers are 5-7. which when they ripen break open to resemble miniature roses. with a short tube and bellshaped limb. Good for afforestation.
These are also . the stem and leaves are said to be medicinal.Calycopteris floribunda ative Common name: Paper flower climber • Marathi: Ukshi उकशी • Hindi: Kokoray • Bengali: Gaichha lata • Kannada: Enjarigekubsa • Tamil: Pullanji Valli • Sanskrit: Susavi • Telugu: Murugudutige • Oriya: Dhonoti • Malayalam: Pullani Botanical name: Calycopteris floribunda Family: Combretaceae (rangoon creeper family) Ukshi is a large climbing shrub which is 5-10 meters long. with vines that are about two to four inches in diameter. Ukshi is found extensively in the low-lying tropical evergreen forests of the Western Ghats.
languli. karadikanninagadde. has 5 edges and 5 persistent calyxes which enlarges into the fluffy aliform with 10 to 14 millimeters in length. Tiger claw. khadyanag. વછોનાગ Vacchonag • Sanskrit: अिगनमुखी Agnimukhi. ovoid or oval. The fruit inception bears 1 ventricle and 3 pendulous ovules inside. अिगनिशखा Agnisikha. which is a sight to behold. are 5 to 12 centimeters long. The bracts of the small flowers are ovoid or oval. Gloriosa speciosa. The keratinous leaves.found in "Kavus" or the Sacred Groves of Kerala. Petals are absent. Gloriosa superba ative Common name: Glory Lily. Kulhar • Gujarati: દૂિધઓ Dudhio. The fluffy sham-winged fruit. Ukshi is revered as a life-saver by the forest dwellers who regularly depend on this vine during summer when streams dry up. the petals elongate and wrinkle and gradually arch backward . garbhaghatini. with thick fluffs on the surface. meheriaphulo. siva-raktaballi. panjangulia • Urdu: Kanol. siva-saktiballi • Bengali: Bishalanguli. the pale green petals face downward. Gloriosa lily. The 10 stamens are arranged in 2 cycles. Flowers occur in dense clusters are the end of branches. Gloriosa simplex Glory Lily is a most unusual and splendid flower. Mendoni • Telugu: అగనసఖ Agnisikha • Kannada: ಅಗನೀಸಖ Agnisikhe. Sections of the vine store water. It bears grey barks and tenuous branches with thick fluffs on the surface. Ulatchandal • Oriya: garbhhoghhatono. which is about 8 millimeters long. Langalika • Nepali: नेपाली केवारा Nepali kewara Botanical name: Gloriosa superba Family: Liliaceae (Lily family) Synonyms: Gloriosa rothschildiana. kadyanag. New branches are hairy and rust colored. As the blossom matures. उलट चनदल ulatchandal • Marathi: कळ लावी Kal-lavi. claw • Hindi: बचनाग bachnag. ognisikha. hairy and green sepals are prominent. In bud. ailni. करी हरी kari hari. वाघचबका vaghachabaka • Tamil: கலப்ைப கிழங்கு Kallappai kilangu • Malayalam: Kithonni. Kalikari. indai. which people often use to quench their thirst.
while sequencing through a spectrum of color from green to yellow to scarlet. Glory Lily is a twining vine that is able to climb up with tendrils formed at the tips of the leaves. Golden silk cotton tree • Hindi: Galgal • Marathi: Ganeri गणेरी • Tamil: Kattupparutti • Konkani: Kondagogu • Bengali: Sonali simul • Kannada: Arasina buruga • Malayalam: Cempanni • Telugu: Konda gogu Botanical name: Cochlospermum religiosum Family: Bixaceae (Annatto family) Synonyms: Bombax gossypium. growing upto about 10 cm. The bark is smooth and pale grey. A postal stamp was issued by the Indian Postal Department to commemorate this flower. It is a small tree growing upto 7. The flowers of the Buttercup tree are the most conspicuous part of the tree. The stamens . The flower is 3-5 in in length. Leaves are bright green and lance shape. Cochlospermum gossypium. Burma and Thailand. long. Cochlospermum religiosum (Buttercup tree) ative Common name: Buttercup tree.5 m. Yellow slik cotton tree. Maximilianea gossypium Buttercup Tree is native to India. 2-3 in. The leaf tip elongates into a slender tendril that coils around nearby supports to get a grip. It is sparsely clothed with leaves and sheds them at the height of the flowering season. buttercup shaped and bright yellow. The leaves appear at the tips of the branches and are palmately lobed. They are large. The stamens are extremely prominent and spread outward in graceful curves that follow the petals in their backward progression.
particularly after the leaves are shed. This silky cotton is said to induce sleep when stuffed into pillows. twining. indigenous to India. are small. 5-13 cm long. pale. Religiosum because the flowers are used as temple offerings. or trailing woody vine with alternately compound leaves. The botanical name has the following meaning . The flowers.Cochlospermum because the seed resembles a snail. The fruits are brown and oval shaped. Abrus Precatorius ative Common name: Coral bead vine. splitting before falling to . these oval to oblong. Rosary pea • Hindi: रती Ratti. even-pinnately compound with 5-15 pairs of leaflets. to 1. Leaves alternate. with margins entire. shaped like pea flowers. violet to pink and arranged in clusters. The flowering season is between February and April. oblong pod. गुंची Gunchi • Sanskrit: गुंजा Gunjaa • Kannada: गुलगुंजी Gulugunji • Bengali: गुंच Gunch • Gujarati: Ratti रती • Tamil: குந்து மணி kundu maNi • Marathi: गुंज Gunja Botanical name: Abrus precatorius Family: Fabaceae (pea family) A high-climbing. They come in the form of a capsule made up of five segments. The capsule splits open to release the seeds which are embedded in the silky cotton contained within.8 cm long. Fruit a short.are orange.
Jewelry-making with jequirity seeds is dangerous.reveal 3-8 shiny hard seeds. while the rest is bright red. scarlet with black bases. and there have been cases of death by a finger-prick while boring the seeds for beadwork. The seeds were traditionally used to weigh jewellery in India. suggesting a ladybug. . The third of the bean with the hilum (attachment scar) is black. The seeds of abrus precatorius are much valued in native jewelry for their bright coloration. The measure ratti रती is equal to the weight of one seed. 6-7 mm long.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.