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The northern pike (known simply as a pike in Britain, Ireland, or as jackfish in Canada and in the United States of America Esox lucius), is a species of carnivorous fish of the genus Esox (the pikes). They are typical of brackish and freshwaters of the northern hemisphere (i.e. holarctic in distribution).
Pike take big prey and are not very particular Pike are found in sluggish streams and shallow, weedy places in lakes, as well as in cold, clear, rocky waters. Pike are typical ambush predators; they lie in wait for prey, holding perfectly still for long periods and then exhibit remarkable acceleration as they strike. In short, they will inhabit any water body that contains fish, but suitable places for spawning are essential for their numbers. Because of their cannibalistic nature, young pike need places where they can take shelter between plants so they are not eaten. In both cases it comes down to a rich submersible vegetation nearby. Pikes are seldom found in brackish water, except for the Baltic Sea area. Pike is known to prefer water with less turbidity but that is probably related to their dependence on the presence of submersible vegetation and not to their being a sight hunter.
Pike are known to spawn in spring when the water temperature first reaches 9°C (48.2°F). The males are first at the spawning grounds preceding the females for a few weeks. The larger females tend to be earlier than the smaller ones. Mostly a female is followed by several smaller males. When a pair starts slowing down the male will put his tail under the female's body and release his spawn that is mixed with the eggs due to the tail movement. The spawning consists of
they are able to remain stationary in the water. by just moving the last fin rays of the dorsal fins and the breast fins. Under natural circumstances the survival from free swimming larva to 75 mm pike is around 5 percent. A female can continue the mating for three days in a row. It eats mainly fish. females being 30 cm. Pike normally live 5 to 15 years. The color of the sticky eggs is yellow to orange. and it follows the prey fish like roach to their deeper winter quarters. In the Baltic they are known to hunt for shoals herring and therefore have some seasonal migration. Smaller pike are more of an ambush predator. dependent on water temperature (at 19°C and 10°C. respectively). Being potamodromous. Life expectancy and growth are dependent on circumstances. immobilising it with its sharp backward pointing teeth. Sometimes divers observe groups of similar sized pike that might have some cooperation and it is known to anglers pike tend to start hunting at the same time. Young pike have been found dead from choking on a pike of a similar size. an observation referred to by the renowned English poet Ted Hughes in his famous poem 'Pike'. but on occasion water voles[disambiguation needed] and ducklings have also been known to fall prey to pike. When the body length is 4 to 8 cm they start feeding on small fish. Every move between 5 and 60 eggs are laid. The embryonic stage is 5 to 16 days. insects and leeches. Northern pike also feed on frogs. Large pike can be caught on dead immobile fish so it is thought that these pike move about in a rather large territory to find the food to sustain them.5 to 10 mm in length and able to swim after hatching but stay on the bottom for some time. Pike can reach the reproductive stage in a year. all esocids tend to display limited migration. Baltic pike grow to great lengths in a short time while eating nutrient rich herring. probably because of their vulnerability to cannibalism. .5 to 3 mm. The fish has a distinctive habit of catching its prey sideways in the mouth. The embryos are 7. males 19 cm. Large pike are also known to cruise large water bodies at a few metres depth. probably pursuing schools of prey fish. Before striking they bend their body and dash out to the prey using the large surface of tail fin. It migrates during a spawning season. They are not very particular and eat spiny fish like perch and will even take sticklebacks if that is the only available prey. After the mating the males tend to stay in the area for a few extra weeks. which can be attributed to the presence of schools of prey fish and the opportunity for ambush. although some local movement may be of key significance for population dynamics. Some Canadian populations have many old slender pikes.a great number of these moves several times a minute and going on for a few hours a day. and quicky moving on to bigger prey like isopods like asellus or gammarus. It has often been suggested that pike optimally forage on prey that are from 45 to 55% of their body length. Pikes are often found near the exit of culverts. Feeding The young free swimming pike feed on small invertebrates starting with daphnia. but can be as old as 30. so there are some "wolfpack" theories about that. The northern pike is a largely solitary predator. The pike have a very typical hunting behavior. and then turning the prey headfirst to swallow it. the diameter is 2. dorsal fin and anal fin to propel themselves.
which is damaging to both the sport fishery and the environment.org/wiki/Northern_pike#Habitat Enemies: Fisherman say that Northern pike are a challenge to catch and very good to eat. especially due to the substantial (epipleural) "Y-bones". are seen as a threat to native wild stocks of salmon by some fishery managers. Larger fish are more easily filleted. The flesh is white and mild-tasting.Importance to humans E. For instance. Historical references to cooking pike go as far back as the Romans. lucius caught by an angler in the river Dráva. some anglers release pike they have caught because the flesh is considered bony. to remove the head from a pike once it has been caught. and pike have a long and distinguished history in cuisine and are popular fare in Europe. In south central Alaska there is no limit in most areas. . The Pike Anglers Club has campaigned to preserve pike since 1977. Notably in Britain and Ireland. while loved by most. Because of their prolific nature and as predators. but have been illegally introduced to the south central Alaska by game fishermen. pike are greatly admired as a sporting fish and they are returned alive to the water in order to safeguard future sport and maintain the balance of a fishery. http://en. laws have been enacted in some places to help stop the spread of northern pike outside of their native range. As well.wikipedia. so one of the main predators of the pike is humans. Hungary Although generally known as a "sporting" quarry. Pike are among the largest freshwater fish. by law. Fishing for pike is said to be very exciting with their aggressive hits and aerial acrobatics. arguing that the removal of pike from waters can lead to an explosion of smaller fish. fisherman and state agencies are trying to control (or limit) their populations in some areas. In Alaska pike are native north and west of the Alaska Range. Pike. in the states of Maine and California. since Northern pike are eating entire populations of native fish. anglers are required.
digestion system http://creationwiki.org/Pike.food chain eurodancer dj mangoo deadmau5 a city in florida Sydney blu give it up 4 me http://www.http://nhguide.arkive.org/digestvertebrates/WWWEdStevensCDAnatomy.cnsweb.html .umt.php?c=fish&m=desc&id=15 Facts .org/pike/esox-lucius/ http://www.Pike Kingdom Animalia Phylum Class Order Family Genus Size Chordata Actinopterygii Haplomi Esocidae Esox Male length: 25 ± 100 cm Female length: up to 150 cm up to 35 kg Weight http://www.org/digestvertebrates/WWWEdStevensFishPike.html .edu/index.cnsweb.dbs.
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