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NEW STRAITS TIMES, FRIDAY, JUNE 11, 2010

PAGE Y 2 NEW STRAITS TIMES, FRIDAY, JUNE 11, 2010

n REPORTS BY FAUZIAH ISMAIL, KANG SIEW LI, AZURA ABAS, SEAN AUGUSTIN, KOI KYE LEE, LING POH LEAN, MASAMI MUSTAZA,
ADELINE PAUL RAJ, ZAIDI ISHAM ISMAIL, AZLAN ABU BAKAR, HAMISAH HAMID, JEEVA ARULAMPALAM AND ZURINNA ADAM

  


  
• Transforming the Malaysian
economy
• Maintaining full employment The10th government will evolve to become an
• Pushing for productivity-led Malaysia effective facilitator in the transfor-
growth Plan draws mation of the economy and provide
• Enabling greater dynamism of the on the quality services to the rakyat.
private sector foundations The Federal Government has set
• Sustaining growth in private laid down aside an allocation of RM230 million
consumption by the for the 10th Malaysia Plan (10MP), of
• Diversifying export markets 1Malaysia which 55 per cent or RM126 billion is
• Sustaining a surplus in the balance concept, for the economic sector.
of payments which This is followed by the social sector
• Achieving sector targets focuses on (30 per cent or RM69 billion), security
• Enhancing efficiency of fiscal policy building an sector (10 per cent or RM23 billion)
inclusive and general administration (five per
society. cent or RM11.5 billion).

T
HE 10th Malaysia Plan (2011-
2015) will be the means to The allocation also includes a fa-
jump-start the nation’s push Model to offer fresh policies and economic development. There will be strategies to develop, attract and re- cilitation fund of RM20 billion to pro-
towards a high-income economy. strategies. measures to ensure income and tain quality talent base. mote private sector investment in
The 10MP provides the policy The 10MP focuses on: wealth are distributed in an equitable • Building an environment that en- strategic priority areas, including in-
framework and strategies to achieve • Creating the environment for un- manner, thereby, reducing inequal- hances quality of life. Economic frastructure, education and health.
high-income status by 2020. leashing economic growth. This will ities. The objective will be to build a growth will be supplemented by The government will also intro-
The plan also draws on the foun- be the anchor of the plan as it details more inclusive society. strategies to raise the quality of life of duced a two-year rolling plan to pro-
dations laid down by the 1Malaysia strategies to create an environment • Developing and retaining a first- the rakyat that commensurate with vide greater flexibility in making ad-
concept and builds upon the Gov- that fosters economic growth with world talent base. This will be key to the country’s higher-income status. justments to government spending,
ernment Transformation Pro- the private sector as the main driver. promote productivity and innova- • Transforming the government to especially to respond to changes in
gramme and the New Economic • Moving towards inclusive socio- tion-led growth. Central to this will be transform Malaysia. The role of the the global economic environment.

           


 
   

MALAYSIA was not spared from the
2009 global economic crisis, which
affected its overall performance dur-
ing the Ninth Malaysia Plan (9MP).
The country’s economy contracted
by 1.7 per cent last year.
While growth during the first three
years of the 9MP, which started in
2006, remained strong at an annual
rate of 5.7 per cent, the contraction
last year lowered overall growth for Inflation is also expected to remain
the plan period, registering an aver- low during the 9MP period, averag-
age growth of 4.2 per cent. ing 2.8 per cent per year, on account
However, contribution of total fac- of supportive monetary responses
tor productivity (TFP) to the country’s and administrative measures to con-
gross domestic product (GDP) growth tain inflation.
increased to 34.7 per cent from 29 During the period under review,
per cent during the 8MP. 900,000 jobs were created, mainly in
This was attributed to initiatives the services sector, despite employ-
undertaken by both the public and ment growth slowing to 1.6 per cent
private sectors to shift the economy per year.
towards higher value-added activities The unemployment rate increased
through innovation, high technology from 3.5 per cent in 2005 to 3.7 per
and human capital development. cent last year. This rate is expected to
Higher investment in information improve marginally to 3.6 per cent
and communications technology as this year. Growth during the five-year
well as training and retraining of staff plan was largely domestic-driven, better commodity prices, a resilient Private investments, meanwhile, all sectors, except mining and quar-
also contributed to the higher TFP. with demand growing by 7.7 per cent employment market and favourable stood at RM356.1 billion during the rying, recorded positive growth. This
Gross national income per capita is during the first three years before it financing facilities. 9MP period, with 72 per cent being was led by the services sector, which
estimated to increase from moderated significantly to 2.5 per Salary adjustments in the civil ser- domestic investment and the rest for- expanded by 6.8 per cent per year
RM19,079 in 2005 to RM26,420 this cent per year in 2009-2010. It was led vice also contributed to higher con- eign direct in vestment. and increasing its share to GDP of 58
year. by private consumption on account of sumption. In terms of sectoral performance, per cent this year.
NEW STRAITS TIMES, FRIDAY, JUNE 11, 2010 PAGE Y 3

  
   
T
HE 10th Malaysia Plan (10MP) performance.
is made up of 10 big ideas that
will see the country through 6. Ensuring equality of
challenging times and elevate it to a opportunities and safeguarding
high-income economy and developed the vulnerable
nation by 2020. Under the 10MP, the government
They are: will focus on 2.4 million households
1. Being internally driven but that make up the bottom 40 per cent
externally aware of the country’s poor.
The government will continue to Special attention will be given to
review and modernise regulations, Bumiputeras in Sabah and Sarawak
each NKEA, there will also be spe-
such as labour laws, to have a well- as well as the Orang Asli.
cialisation in terms of sub-sectors.
functioning market economy. Prior-
A recurring theme across NKEAs 7. Concentrated growth,
ity will be given to regulations that
in the context of specialisation is the inclusive development
can materially improve the ease of
focus on quality and strengthening
doing business in Malaysia. Major new developments include
the value chain.
It will also support private sector an international financial district, re-
activities through facilitating avail- 4. Unleashing productivity-led development of Sungai Besi airport,
ability of funding, particularly in growth and innovation township development in Sungai Bu-
terms of supporting micro-enterpris- Special emphasis will be given to loh, establishing a world-class in-
es, venture capital for innovation and enablers of productivity such as hon- tegrated convention facilities in Jalan
export-related financing. ing the skills of the workforce, pro- Duta and a Malaysia Truly Asia cen-
moting the development of concen- tre.
2. Leveraging on Malaysia’s trated industrial clusters and in- Major investments in public trans-
diversity internationally creasingly targeting investment port include the expansion of the
Key initiatives include trade pro- promotion for quality investments. Kuala Lumpur light rail transit cov-
motion, enhancing regional connec- Investing heavily in creativity in- erage and the implementation of a Research and development will not be left out under the 10MP.
tivity and regional integration cluding efforts such as stimulating high-capacity mass rapid transit sys-
through trade agreements. The ini- entrepreneurship, revamping school tem. co-invest with the private sector in and funding for green technology
tiatives will be undertaken while curriculum, focusing on research In addition, the government pro- high-growth and strategic sectors investments, promote eligible pro-
strengthening links with traditional and development and promoting poses to introduce enbloc mecha- through government fund agencies jects for carbon credits and spur eco-
export markets like Australia, Eu- availability of risk capital. nism to facilitate redevelopment of tourism.
such as Malaysian Venture Capital
rope and the US. collectively owned property and
Management Bhd and Ekuiti Na-
The government will continue to 5. Nurturing, attracting and land.
sional Bhd. 10. Government as a competitive
support Malaysian companies to retaining top talent
emerge as regional champions and • Skills training will be given spe- 8. Supporting effective and smart corporation
assist in opening new markets. cial emphasis under the 10MP to partnerships 9. Valuing our environmental The government needs to increas-
ensure Malaysia develops the nec- The government will set up a RM20 endowments ingly act like a competitive corpo-
3. Transforming to high-income essary human capital. billion fund to spur private invest- During the 10MP period, the en- ration and will focus on customers
through specialisation • Developing and motivating teach- ments in nationally strategic areas. ergy policy will move towards market and the private sector.
The government will prioritise ers will be the focus towards driving The government also proposes a pricing of gas by 2015 while water It will also endeavour to improve its
specific national key economic areas improvements in student outcomes. new wave of privatisation and a part- tariffs will be restructured towards finances in terms of getting value for
(NKEAs) as part of the strategy to- Schools and principals will be made nership to drive the development of full cost recovery. money on expenditure and ensure
wards greater specialisation. Within increasingly accountable for student industrial parks and incubators and It will also provide fiscal incentives sustainability of public finances.

     


   
      
CHANGES must be done to the gov- A comprehensive audit of all gov- One of the changes is rational- For the fisheries industry, the De- responsible for facilitating and de-
ernment structure to support a ernment organisations and struc- isation effort which includes the partment of Fisheries will assume livering top national priorities.
high-income economy which tures will be carried out, looking functions of solid waste manage- Malaysian Fisheries Development One such measures is to set up a
Malaysia is striving for. across government roles, functions, ment and public cleansing respon- Board (LKIM)’s role as a market new independent Talent Corpora-
Four key principles will underpin gaps and overlaps. sibilities will be shifted from the player and in upstream production tion next year.
the transformation, namely a cul- Efforts will be directed towards purview of local authorities to the activities whereas LKIM will under- The unit will assume a catalytic
ture of creativity and innovation; reducing bureaucracy and improv- Federal Government. take all processing and downstream role in attracting, creating and mo-
speed of decision-making and ex- ing the interface between govern- It will have a big impact on the activities. tivating a world-class workforce.
ecution; value for money and in- ment and people as well as gov- local authorities’ resource manage- T h e g ove r n m e n t w i l l a l s o It will also act as a facilitator to
tegrity. ernment and business. ment, especially manpower. strengthen ministries and agencies both industry and private sector.
PAGE Y 4 NEW STRAITS TIMES, FRIDAY, JUNE 11, 2010

  
   
D
URING the 10MP period, Malaysia a preferred healthcare des-
Malaysia will focus on nation- tination in the region.
al key economic areas Key strategies to be adopted in-
(NKEAs). A set of 12 potential NKEAs clude fostering alliances among local
has been identified, comprising 11 and foreign healthcare service
sectors and Kuala Lumpur. providers, travel organisations and
Implementation of these actions medical insurance groups to provide
will be monitored by the Economic a more integrated package of ser-
Delivery Unit, with the prime min- vices to healthcare travellers.
ister providing overall leadership.
The NKEAs are: 11. Agriculture
per cent of GDP last year. The target
During the 10MP, agriculture con-
1. Oil and Gas is to increase this to 10.2 per cent by
sortiums and cooperatives will be set
Last year, the oil and gas sector 2015. Malaysia needs to shift from
up to reap the benefits of scale.
contributed RM68.3 billion or 13.1 being an average producer of se-
Streamlining of regulations will be
per cent to the country’s gross do- lected ICT products and services to
done, particularly in the swiftlet,
mestic product (GDP), of which up- a niche producer and progress from
aquaculture and herbal industries to
stream activities, including a net importer to a net exporter.
attract more investments.
petroleum and gas, represented
RM39.5 billion or 7.6 per cent and 7. Education
Contributions from the oil and gas sector are expected to increase by 20 per 12. Greater Kuala Lumpur
downstream activities, including the The gross output of private ed-
cent to reach RM81.9 billion. To position greater KL as a world-
petrochemical industry, contributed ucation increased by 44 per cent in
2005 to RM7 billion in 2008. centres of engineering excellence by GDP or RM13.3 billion. class city, economic growth and live-
RM28.8 billion or 5.5 per cent. ability strategies will be required.
Contributions from this sector are The target is to increase the con- collaborating with industry and The target is to increase this sec-
tribution of private education to academia, promoting state skills tor’s contribution to 3.3 per cent of They include establishing the KL
expected to increase by 20 per cent to
GDP by two per cent in 2015 and training centres and co-funding pro- GDP by 2015. International Financial District, es-
reach RM81.9 billion or 11.1 per cent
attract 150,000 international stu- grammes in critical fields. tablishing Sime Darby Vision Valley,
of GDP in 2015.
dents by 2015. 10. Private healthcare and making greater KL a tourist
Upstream activities are expected to
9. Business services The target under 10MP is to in- destination by leveraging on iconic
contribute RM43 billion or 5.8 per
8. Electrical and electronics Last year, business and profession- crease revenue from healthcare trav- institutions such as Muzium Negara
cent and downstream, RM39.8 bil-
Initiatives will include developing al services contributed 2.6 per cent to el to 10 per cent a year and make and Istana Budaya.
lion or 5.3 per cent, of GDP in 2015.

2. Palm oil and related products

           


During the 10MP, the target is to
increase the palm oil industry’s GDP
by RM21.9 billion, with export earn-
ings of RM69.3 billion.
Among the initiatives will be de-
veloping palm oil industrial clusters
into integrated sites for promoting
downstream activities and encour-
aging good agricultural practices.

3. Financial services
Key initiatives within 10MP include
formulating strategies for the finan-
cial sector to drive the next phase of
economic development and enhanc-
THE government wants the private
ing Malaysia’s position in Islamic fi-
sector to lead the economy under
nance globally via the strengthening
10MP.
of the Malaysia International Islamic
Initiatives will include upgrading
Financial Centre initiatives.
business rules, relaxing foreign
The Capital Market Master Plan 2
ownership for the services sector,
will be developed to expand the role
reducing subsidies, introducing the
of capital market in supporting the
Competition Law and improving
transition to a high-income and
the interface between government
knowledge-based economy.
and business.
4. Wholesale and retail By the end of 2015, the govern-
During the 10MP, distributive trade ment aims to make Malaysia one of
is expected to register a growth rate of the top 10 nations in the world for
8.3 per cent per year, contributing doing business. Malaysia ranked
15.1 per cent to the GDP in 2015. 23rd in the World Bank Doing Busi-
Initiatives include liberalising the retail ness 2010 report.
To achieve this, the government 58 per cent now. About RM44.6 bil- ship by 2015. Financial and air than input subsidies.
and wholesale sector, and encour- lion in new investments is needed transport services will also be fur- Price controls will be gradually
aging consolidation among local re- will start a comprehensive review
of business regulations, starting for the sector to reach this target. ther opened. removed to reflect market prices.
tailers to achieve economies of scale. Further liberalisation of the ser- The government will review do- But the government will not com-
with rules that impact the national
5. Tourism key economic areas. This means vices sector is needed to achieve the mestic regulations that inhibit ef- promise on delivering social ser-
The target is to improve Malaysia’s scrapping redundant rules. investment target. As such, the ser- fective liberalisation of the services vices like education, healthcare
position to be the top 10 in terms of The review will be led by vices sector will be opened under sector, including foreign equity re- and welfare. Assistance will contin-
global tourism receipts, and increase Malaysia Productivity Corporation the Asean Framework Agreement strictions and limits in hiring for- ue to be provided to vulnerable
the sector’s contribution by 2.1 (MPC) and complement efforts of on Services (Afas), World Trade Or- eign talent. groups and those in low-income
times, contributing RM115 billion in Pemudah, a special task force to ganisation (WTO) and free trade The government will gradually brackets.
receipts and providing two million make business easier. agreements (FTAs). rationalise subsidies and price con- The Competition Law was enact-
jobs in the industry in 2015. Under 10MP, the services sector In line with the Afas timeline, fur- trols to remove market distortions. ed by Parliament this year, while a
is expected to grow 7.2 per cent a ther liberalisation will be taken for This has already begun with sugar. Competition Commission and a
6. Information and communica- year until 2015, raising its contri- all 128 sub sectors, allowing at least Incentives will be provided based Competition Appeal Tribunal will
tions technology (ICT) bution to 61 per cent of GDP, from 70 per cent Asean equity owner- on volume of fish landing rather be set up by end of this year.
The ICT sector accounted for 9.8
NEW STRAITS TIMES, FRIDAY, JUNE 11, 2010 PAGE Y 5

   
 

U
NDER the 10MP, the govern-
ment will compete globally to
ensure Malaysia participates in
international trade, and attract foreign
talent and investment.
Malaysia will leverage on free trade Malaysia must have more incentives to expand its export market share.
agreements (FTAs) and introduce ini-
tiatives to expand its export market The government will intensify ex- To boost the expansion of Malaysian
share. port promotion in fast-growing mar- firms into the export market, the gov-
This includes expanding export kets in East Asia, India and Gulf Co- ernment will provide export promo-
markets, helping Malaysian firms operation Council countries, and in- tion, improve international branding
break into export markets, build trade crease market presence in new of leading exporters and build ca-
momentum from FTAs and reduce emerging markets such as Africa, pacity.
transaction costs. Latin America and Central Asia. It will provide financial aid to con-
duct feasibility studies and secure ten-
ders for international projects. It will
offer financial aid to firms to develop
their brands abroad.
The target is to generate 200 in-
ternationally-recognised Malaysian
brands by 2015.
Also, a Malaysia Institute of Exports
will be set up to provide training for
exporters and provide information on
target export markets.
EXIM Bank will provide financing to
companies exporting products and
services.
Meanwhile, to extract the full po-
tential of FTAs concluded, the gov-
ernment will help firms understand
the opportunities provided by FTAs
and provide support to access these
opportunities.
During the plan period, Malaysia
will target free trade agreements with
the European Union, Transpacific
Strategic Partnership, Asean+3 and
emerging economies.
To achieve the target of becoming a
developed nation by 2020, Malaysia
must attract and retain more foreign
direct investment.
It must also attract and retain ex-
patriate talent.



 

     


THE government will unlock the Regulations will be eased for these
growth and innovation potential of companies in registration of business
small- and medium-scale enterprises and employment requirements.
(SMEs) over the 10MP period to cre- To build capacity and capability,
ate domestic, regional and global the government will introduce pro-
champions. grammes such as multinational cor-
It will reduce the regulatory costs porations/large company training,
borne by SMEs, build capacity and skills training programmes, medi-
capabilities of SMEs, support the cre- um-term industry training schemes
ation of an entrepreneurial culture, and leverage on training resources
strengthen support systems and im- abroad.
prove access to financing for SMEs. It will report annually to the Na- MNCs/large company training will
SME Corp Malaysia will deliver the tional SME Development Council see SME employees who supply prod-
SME development targets. It will co- chaired by the prime minister. ucts and services to MNCs given
ordinate programmes, including The government will exempt some training to upgrade their knowledge
funding offered by ministries and of the more costly business regula- and skills.
agencies, to reduce redundancy and tions for companies employing five or Skills training courses will cover
inefficiency as well as track and as- fewer people until the company ex- management, finance, marketing
sess the impact of the programmes. pands beyond five employees. and ICT application.
PAGE Y 6 NEW STRAITS TIMES, FRIDAY, JUNE 11, 2010

A  


CTIVE steps will be taken to
rationalise the role of the
government and government-
linked companies (GLCs) in business
to increase private sector partici-

  


pation in the economy.
The three steps are increasing pri-
vatisation and public-private part-
nerships (PPPs), establishing a fa-
cilitation fund to provide support to
the private sector, and achieving a
balance between the government,
GLCs and the private sector. to improve viability of the project.
A new wave of privatisation will be The fund will be provided to fi-
implemented under 10MP to in- nance land cost and basic infras-
crease private investment in tructure such as construction of ac-
the economy, improve efficiency in cess roads, bridges and provision of
the delivery of services and relieve water supply required to make a
the financial burden of the govern- project viable.
ment. The Public-Private Partnership
Privatisation and PPPs will be sub- Unit (3PU) in the Prime Minister’s
stantially intensified with 52 projects Department will be the secretariat
worth RM62.7 billion already under responsible for processing of ap-
consideration. provals, disbursement and monitor-
To ensure value creation, one strat- ing of the fund.
egy is the monetisation of public GLCs will focus on areas that sup-
sector assets through outright sale, port the creation of a vibrant private
joint venture or long-term lease of sector while withdrawing from areas
land with commercial potential such that do not enhance value creation.
as the Rubber Research Institute in They will also co-invest with the
Sungai Buloh, Selangor, and the private sector to venture into new
1Malaysia Development Bhd land de- markets and ensure Malaysian firms
velopment project in Sungai Besi, achieve a larger footprint globally.
Kuala Lumpur. The introduction of the Compe-
Another is putting in place rig- tition Law is to ensure fair com-
orous checks to ensure that prospec- petition for all companies, including
tive companies meet a minimum cri- GLCs and will help prevent abuse
teria, including financial standing, from market dominance.
track record and management ex- To rationalise the role of the public
cellence. sector, privatisation of companies
There are plans to strengthen the under the Minister of Finance Inc will
monitoring framework, including es- Government-linked companies like Maybank will focus on areas that support the creation of a vibrant private sector. be completed during the plan pe-
tablishing a strong project monitor- riod.
ing unit to ensure successful im- output specification that allows bid- investments in projects with high health projects. Also, a clear delineation between
plementation of projects and adher- ders to innovate in the design of the strategic value to the nation and Projects with a minimum capital regulator and market players will be
ence to contractual obligations. project, competition that provides multiplier effects. cost or investment of RM100 million introduced during the plan period
Also to be adopted are value-for- fair value and a performance-based The fund will be designed to bridge will be eligible for assistance. and the role of the government will
money drivers such as optimal dis- payment mechanism. the viability gap for private invest- The private sector will be required be reviewed in areas such as public
tribution of risks between the public A RM20 billion fund will be es- ment in priority areas such as in- to finance and undertake all risks, healthcare, electricity supply and
and private sector, whole life costing, tablished to facilitate private sector frastructure, education, tourism and with government funding only used telecommunications.

                  



THE government is strengthening funds. To nurture creative, critical think- while incentives will be provided to
the country’s innovation system To bridge the gap between inven- ing, risk-taking and analytical hu- multinational corporations to estab-
with focus on a supportive ecosys- tion and commercialisation of high- man capital, world-class educational lish research centres in the country.
tem, innovation opportunities, inno- technology products, the govern- institutions will be introduced. T h e g ove r n m e n t w i l l a l s o
vation enablers and funding. ment will establish a RM150 million This will be done by head-hunting strengthen the innovation institu-
The national innovation agenda Business Growth Fund. the best academic leadership on tional structure and intellectual
has not achieved the desired It will support companies com- global search; bring education and property (IP) regime. This includes a
progress as reflected by the drop in mercialising public sector research training closer to industry; and in- reform of institutional structure dur-
the number of researchers per results and provide hybrid grant- troduce a programme to promote ing the plan period to be headed by
workforce. will support research and develop- equity funding. industry participation to co-sponsor the Prime Minister’s Department.
In 2008, there were 20.3 re- ment and commercialisation across Existing public venture capital ini- employees to obtain industrial PhDs. If previously the country’s re-
searchers for the 10,000-strong the value chain, while the risk cap- tiatives will also be rationalised. During the five-year period, the search institutions were established
labour force, down from 21.3 re- ital industry will be strengthened to MTDC will be focusing on nur- information technology (IT) infras- for specific areas, like the Rubber
searchers for 10,000 workers in increase access to funding for start- turing technology transfer and com- tructure will be substantially ex- Research Institute, now the changing
2004. ups. mercialisation, while a new tech- panded, where the government tar- economic landscape and expanding
Gross expenditure on research New funding modes for public ven- nology investment company will be gets 75 per cent of households to role of higher education institutions
and development (GERD) dropped ture companies will be introduced, set up to manage funds and invest- have broadband by 2015. require a realignment of research
to 0.21 per cent of GDP in 2008 from while government funding through ments from MTDC and Khazanah There are also plans to develop bodies with priority economic sectors
0.69 per cent of GDP four years be- Malaysian Technology Development Nasional. comprehensive R&D infrastructures and reduction of overlapping.
fore. Singapore’s GERD was three Corporation (MTDC) and Malaysian The government will also allow in areas where Malaysia has To improve the investment cli-
per cent of GDP in 2008. Malaysia Venture Capital Management Bhd tax deductions for R&D and provide strengths, like downstream palm oil mate, the expertise and institutional
aims to increase GERD to one per will shift from the current lending matching grants to promote private processing, modern agriculture, capacity of IP examiners and agents
cent by 2015. model to an equity structure. sector funding of R&D and commer- and oil and gas. will be upgraded.
To shape a supportive ecosystem A Mudharabah Innovation Fund cialisation. Trade and investment policy will Web-based facilities for copyright
for innovation, emphasis will be giv- (MIF), with an allocation of RM500 A dedicated programme known be biased towards building innova- protection and a patent research
en to human capital development, million, will provide capital to gov- as 1-InnoCERT, which assesses the tion capabilities, market access, database will be provided to shorten
investment in innovation infrastruc- ernment-backed venture compa- innovation level of enterprises, will production and investment volume. the application and approval pro-
ture and nurturing new ventures nies. The MIF would attract greater further stimulate R&D activities Incentive packages for foreign di- cess for trademarks, from 15 to 12
through incubators. private risk capital to co-invest and through preferential rate loans, rect investments will have strict con- months, and patents from 39 to 32
Under the plan, the government thus, reduce dependence on public credit guarantees and grants. ditions for transfer of knowledge, months.
NEW STRAITS TIMES, FRIDAY, JUNE 11, 2010 PAGE Y 7


  

  
  

A
N efficient labour market is a relief fund from this year to 2012.
critical factor to achieving a • Multi-tiered levy system for em-
high-income sector. ployers of unskilled workers to en- To regulate the entry of unskilled foreign labour, levies will be borne by
Therefore, the government will un- courage the move towards a highly- employers and not employees.
dertake labour market reforms un- skilled workforce. This will provide
der the 10th Malaysia Plan with spe- an incentive for companies to up- • Expanding the coverage of the ing and electronics, information
cial emphasis on improving job mo- grade their workforce or hire skilled skills development fund to promote technology, industrial design and en-
bility and upskilling the current foreign labour. upskilling and retraining of the work- gineering.
workforce, especially those from the • Under a new levy system to force beyond school-leavers to in- SME Corp will finance 80 per cent
bottom 40 per cent of the house- regulate the entry of unskilled for- clude existing workers. Preferential of the training cost paid by employers
holds. eign labour, the levies will be borne loans will be provided by the fund to to train their employees in accredited
to employees who have worked for 20
The government will also upgrade by employers and not by employees. pay for training costs incurred in training centres.
years upon terminating a contract as
the workforce with the aim of achiev- The levy will be proportionate to the skills upgrading. A total of RM500 • Extending the Human Resource
compared to 56 weeks in Thailand
ing a target of 33 per cent of the ratio of foreign to total workers, the million will be allocated to provide Development Fund from 44 to 70
and four weeks in Singapore).
workers being in the higher skilled rates will increase over time and will loans to workers, with a separate sub-sectors. During the 10MP, an
jobs bracket by 2015, and up to 50 • Introducing a relief fund for loss vary according to the level of skills of
of employment to provide financial amount of RM500 million for loans to allocation of RM50 million
per cent by 2020. the foreign workers. school-leavers. will be provided to continue the
The reforms are: assistance for retrenched workers • Introducing the Part Time Work
who do not get due compensation. • Introduction of a skills upgrading matching grants for training and
• Improving the efficiency of the Regulations under the Employment programme by SME Corp to enhance skills upgrading for employees
settlement of labour disputes as dis- Eligible retrenched workers will Act 1955 aimed at encouraging the skills and capabilities of SME in SMEs. In addition, RM50 million
missal cost of workers in the case of receive RM600 a month for a max- greater participation of the untapped workers at technical, supervisory will be allocated to fund appren-
redundancies is relatively high in imum of six months. An amount of talent workforce such as housewives, and managerial levels, particularly ticeships involving more than 8,000
Malaysia (average 75 weeks of wages RM80 million will be allocated to the retirees and disabled persons. in areas such as electrical engineer- students.
PAGE Y 8 NEW STRAITS TIMES, FRIDAY, JUNE 11, 2010 PAGE Y 9

  
 
     
       
     ’      
VOCATIONAL skills in technical
schools will be rebranded under the
10th Malaysia Plan to provide more
opportunities for technically inclined
students and improve the awareness
of technical education and vocational
training (TEVT). MALAYSIA is moving beyond student performance.
A national campaign will be rolled the emphasis on investing in To increase the school
TO attract, motivate and re- out to emphasise the benefits of en- bricks and mortar for its ed- standard to international lev-
tain the talent needed for a tering the labour market with TEVT ucation sector under the 10th els with the High Performing
high-income economy, a Tal- qualifications. The career progression path of Malaysia Plan. Schools (HPS) programme,
ent Corporation (TC) will be Other measures under the 10MP TEVT instructors will be accelerated This will see the govern- the government aims to set
set up under the Prime Min- include converting 69 out of 88 tech- to make TEVT teaching an attractive ment adopting four strate- up 100 HPS by 2012 with an
ister’s Department next year. nical schools into vocational schools career option. gies to significantly improve allocation of RM140 million.
The TC, in collaboration and establishing six new vocational A new centre for instructor skills student performance. The third strategy involves
with the public and private schools by 2015. training will also be developed to add The process will start from investing in good head teach-
sectors, will develop an inte- A project-based learning approach a further training capacity of 800 in- young through the early 2015. ers and principals who are
g r a t e d N a t i o n a l Ta l e n t will be introduced to improve the structors each year. childhood development pro- Other efforts will include the primar y drivers of
Blueprint by 2011. quality and enhance the attractive- The government will set up the gramme for children (Per- lowering entr y age for change and play active roles
It will identify and quantify “The approach will be to ness of TEVT programmes to both Malaysia-Japan International Insti- mata) which will come under schooling from six to five, im- in developing their teachers.
talent needs of priority eco- attract foreign talent just like employers and students. tute of Technology to enhance col- the purview of the Education proving literacy and numer- Excellent head teachers
nomic sectors and develop attracting foreign direct in- Government-linked companies will laboration and networking with Ministry next year. acy skills and upholding Ba- and principals of public
specific initiatives to acceler- ve st m e nt s , ” the Economic be encouraged to provide internships Japan in the technical and engineer- A total of 181 Permata cen- hasa Malaysia as well as schools will be rewarded fi-
ate the pipeline of these types Planning Unit of the Prime and employment to TEVT students. ing fields. tres will be set up across the strengthening English profi- nancially and non-financially
of critical talent. Minister’s Department said country with an allocation of ciency. under the Bai’ah or New
The blueprint will provide in the 10th Malaysia Plan Re- RM36 million. Another strategy is to raise Deal. An allocation of RM160
an end-to-end view by tack-
ling talent issues from
pre-school to retirement
port.
Ever y year during the
10MP period, the top five per
   
  
T h e p r e - s c h o o l p r o-
gramme will also receive a
RM2 billion boost during the
the perfor mance of all
schools under the School Im-
provement Programme,
million will be made avail-
able for this programme dur-
ing the period 2010-2012.
and will be demand-driven cent of students who sat the 2010-2012 period to in- which is a comprehensive For the final strategy, more
in collaboration with the in- Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan The Rating System for Malaysian crease the pre-school enrol- and ambitious effort to chal- efforts will be made to attract
dustr y. Malaysia will be given schol- Higher Education Institutions (SE- ment rate to 87 per cent by lenge, motivate and support and develop top talented
It will also contain a de- arships to pursue studies in TARA) will be extended to all private 2012 and to 92 per cent by all public schools to improve teachers.
tailed fact base of the talent local universities. degree-conferring tertiary institu-
for all priority sectors and The TC will collaborate tions.
national key economic areas. with the Immigration De- The government plans to identify top Malaysian students studying in renowned foreign During the 10th Malaysia Plan pe-
“As competition for global partment and Malaysian universities and sponsor their final-year fees on condition they return to serve in the country. riod, the rating system will also go
talent intensifies, there is a missions to execute strate- beyond institutional ratings to pro-
need to be much more proac- gies to attract foreign talent about to graduate from top be working and living abroad road shows and organising vide rating for each institution’s de-
tive in not only attracting but to Malaysia, especially those universities worldwide. and many are highly skilled career fairs, the government partments.
also actively seeking skilled with expertise in priority More than 700,000 professionals. will also scout for skilled for- The university’s vice-chancellor implemented, with the aim of pro-
foreign talent. economic sectors or those Malaysians are estimated to In addition to conducting eign talent. will be held accountable for the per- viding a transparent funding mech-
Talent attraction and re- formance of the university, with the anism.
tention programmes such as consequence of non-renewal of con- The government is also seeking to
the Returning Expert Pro- tract in the event of poor perfor- harmonise tertiary education capac-
gramme and the Brain Gain mance, ity and level the playing field for both
Programme will be consoli- Performance-based funding for public and private higher education
dated under the TC. public tertiary institutions will also be institutions.
The programmes will be
enhanced to ensure better
coordination, more focus and
greater impact.
Incentives under these

   

 
prog rammes will be re-
viewed and expanded to GRADUATING from Institutes of
make them more attractive Teacher Education (ITE) and public
to the targeted talent groups universities with just an average
overseas.
The government will relax
some employment conditions
passing will not necessarily guaran-
tee a teaching job.
Only the best and most qualified
 
 
    
for skilled foreign talent teachers will be offered teaching po-
where they are allowed to sitions under the 10th Malaysia Plan. MALAYSIA will be seeing mance levels with the aim
change jobs with the first em- It will change the current practice more public-private part- to change the outcome re-
ployer’s approval, an exemp- where teacher trainees are guaran- nerships in education in the gardless of starting point:
tion to bring in foreign do- teed placements in schools regardless the talent pool of teacher trainees near future. from mediocre to good and
mestic help and permission of how they performed. from the existing ITEs and public uni- One of such alliances will good to great.
for their spouse to take up The removal of such a guarantee is versities to include private universi- be under the Trust School In the pre-school educa-
employment while still hold- to ensure that there is a higher min- ties and colleges. framework for selected ex- tion, the government will
ing a dependent pass. imum quality requirement for new To transform the attractiveness and isting public schools. give incentives to private
For skilled foreign talent teachers. raise the professionalism as well as Trust Schools are man- school operators to speed
earning more than RM8,000 There are currently over 175,000 the profile of the teaching career, the aged jointly by private part- up the deployment of new
a month, there will be no applicants for entry to the teaching government will launch and imple- ners and civil service school In return, the schools pre-schools.
time limit for their employ- profession every year with up to ment a comprehensive New Deal for leaders under the Educa- must meet a set of perfor- The incentives will enable
ment visa to allow for greater 20,000 new teachers placed in all teachers. tion Ministry. mance targets within a five- the operators to access
flexibility and mobility. schools annually. It will also see the launch of a new The government gives year time frame. grants for the development
Open visas will be issued to Another effort to raise the quality of evaluation approach next year. Trust Schools greater deci- Failing to do so may result of pre-schools in under-
highly skilled foreign profes- teachers is to extend the postgrad- The percentage of graduate teach- sion-making freedom over in the Education Ministry served rural areas.
sionals. uate teaching course from 12 months ers in schools will be increased from curriculum, finance and reassuming management The private sector is ex-
They will also be allowed to to 18 months to raise the practical 89.4 per cent last year to 90 per cent human resources to en- of schools from the spon- pected to establish 488 pre-
acquire residential units experience of teacher trainees under by 2015 in secondary schools and courage innovation and re- sor. schools this year, a total of
costing RM250,000 and an improved teacher training plan. from 28 per cent to 60 per cent for sponsiveness to the needs of Trust Schools will involve 1,000 next year and 1,145
above. The government is also expanding primary schools. their individual schools. those with different perfor- in 2012.
PAGE Y 10 NEW STRAITS TIMES, FRIDAY, JUNE 11, 2010


   
 
  

  
 
NEW affirmative action instru-
ments, merit-based programmes
and transparency are the princi-
ples needed in the move towards a
more united and progressive
society.
The 10th Malaysia Plan sees
these principles as a way to
counter economic distortions and
encourage competition and award
opportunities.
These principles will translate
into a more customised and col-
laborative approach in determin-
ing inclusiveness targets for the
private sector.
If in the past companies were
required to allocate 30 per cent
equity for Bumiputeras under the
Industrial Coordination Act and
Foreign Investment Committee
Guidelines, the 10MP will empha-
sis economic participation, includ-
The move to bolster Bumiputera entrepreneurship will also involve raising the competitiveness of firms in key sectors. ing active participation in manage-
ment and businesses.

A
NEW approach to the Bu- The focus on defining Bumiput-
miputera Commercial and In- era participation at shareholding
dustrial Community (BCIC) level when it comes to access to
will see Bumiputera companies seg- government procurement will shift
mented according to business stage- to building genuine participation
micro and small enterprises; de- and partnerships by adopting
velopment and growth stage; and transparency and meritocracy
listed/mature-stage companies. principles.
The segmentation is aimed at bol- On employment, the 10MP aims
stering Bumiputera entrepreneur- to promote Bumiputera represen-
ship and raising the competitiveness tation in high-paying jobs via sup-
of firms in key sectors, including ply-side and market-friendly de-
agriculture biotechnology, animal funding or through licences and con-
cessions, will be based on merit and mand-side measures instead of the
fat substitutes for the halal industry indirect approach with no specific
and oil recovery technology. take into account the Bumiputeras’
ability to become independent of targets set.
Micro enterprises will be promot- It also requires the disclosure of
ed through funding, capability- government assistance.
To produce Bumiputera industry employment composition by gen-
building and infrastructure provi- der and ethnic groups.
sion in a means-tested approach champions, Ekuiti Nasional Bhd
(Ekuinas) will receive RM4.5 billion As for unit trust schemes, the
aimed mainly at improving the liveli- 10MP calls for an expansion of the
hood of Bumiputeras in the bottom from the government and raise extra
funding from the private sector to pooling and mobilising of Bumi-
40 per cent of households. putera capital to acquire other
For businesses in the development invest in growth-stage companies. miputera assets, including land. benefited from the pre-packaged
To boost Bumiputera wealth own- types of wealth, like property via
and growth stage, support will focus To enhance Bumiputera human special incentives under the pro-
ership, several investment institu- Yayasan Amanah Hartanah Bumi-
on promoting consolidation and capital value, more scholarships will vision of foreign direct investment
tions, such as real estate investment putera. Previously, the pooling was
scaling up to be more competitive. be given for postgraduate pro- incentive schemes will be asked to
trusts, will be set up to lower the to acquire corporate equity mainly
For mature companies, assistance grammes in renowned institutions; commit to balanced employment
entry barrier for Bumiputeras to in Malaysian listed companies.
will include government-to-govern- more research and postgraduate targets, training programmes or at-
invest in commercial as well as in- Bumiputera-specific institutions
ment negotiations to open up new training programmes will be made t a c h m e n t / s e c o n d m e n t p r o-
dustrial properties. These institu- such as Maktab Rendah Sains
markets, while government pro- available and more Bumiputeras grammes.
tions’ investment capability will also Mara will enhance their roles in
curement, licences and privatisation will be involved in attachment and Government-linked investment
be strengthened. supporting the community’s devel-
will be used to promote participation overseas secondment programmes. companies will establish similar pro-
In addition, more efforts will be opment agenda.
in strategic areas. Companies which have been given grammes with their major business
All support, whether in the form of made to unlock the value of Bu- large government contracts and partners and overseas acquisitions.
NEW STRAITS TIMES, FRIDAY, JUNE 11, 2010 PAGE Y 11

         
      
T
HE government has set out
several measures to ease and
reduce the cost of doing busi-
ness and stimulate growth under the
10th Malaysia Plan (10MP) to sup-
port the private sector.
It will deliver a supportive reg-
ulatory environment and a more lib-
eralised services sector to open up
more opportunities for investment
and business. It will also remove According to a World Bank study, a
market distortions and promote fair 10 per cent rise in household broad-
competition at a level playing field. band penetration can increase gross
The private sector will be able to domestic product growth by more
expand opportunities to invest from than one per cent. The government,
the new wave of privatisation and get therefore, has targeted to raise
support from a facilitation fund. household broadband penetration to
The 10MP will also promote a 75 per cent by end-2015 via two main
better mechanism to support local initiatives, namely high-speed broad-
businesses in the export market. band (HSBB) and broadband to gen-
The small- and medium-sized en- eral population (BBGP) which use
terprises will gain in terms of easier wired and wireless technologies.
rules, more programmes to enhance The national broadband rollout
capacity and a better support system. will cost some RM2.6 billion. The cost
They will also be able to benefit from of HSBB rollout will be undertaken
new investment opportunities under by the private sector, while BBGP will
the national key economic areas be partly funded by the Universal
(NKEAs). Services Provision Fund.
Meanwhile, under the 10MP, the Another area of focus to support
private sector has been asked to growth is upgrading the infrastruc-
invest in new growth areas and move ture to enhance access and con-
up the value chain. It also needs to nectivity which includes rail devel-
spend more on innovation and skills opment, maritime and airport.
improvement. The New Energy Policy (2011-
In the effort to establish a world- 2015) is vital to attract new invest-
class infrastructure, the government ments as well as encourage indus-
has many times stressed the need to tries to expand into high value-added The government aims to boost household broadband penetration via two main initiatives — high-speed broadband
expand the broadband reach. activities. and broadband to general population.

  
       
DURING the Ninth Malaysia Plan n ol og y; to become a premier Mukah will be developed into a Innov ation Zone-Sandakan Educa-
(9MP), the government had iden- destination for tourists, especially smart city and will serve as the ser- tion Hub, POIC Sandakan.
tified five growth corridors, namely for eco and heritage tourism; and to vice and nerve centre for the cor- 2) Lahad Datu-Kunak-Sempor-
Iskandar Malaysia, the Northern become a major logistics hub for ridor; Tanjung Manis will be de- na-Tawau Agro Marine Belt: POIC,
Corridor Economic Region (NCER), imports and exports, leveraging on veloped into a leading regional port Integrated Agro-food Zone and Ma-
the East Coast Economic Region Penang International Airport, Sec- city and halal hub; Samalaju will rine Industry and Tourism Zone.
(ECER), the Sarawak Corridor Re- ond Penang Bridge, double tracking become the new heavy-industry 3) The Interior Food Valley:
newable Energy (SCORE) and the and the augmentation of the Penang centre; while Baram and Tunoh will Keningau Integrated Livestock Cen-
Sabah Development Corridor Port. focus on tourism and resource- tre, fruits and herbal products with-
(SDC). • East Coast Economic Region: All based industries. in the Interior Agropolitan Zone.
For the 10th Malaysia Plan lead to economic spin-offs and economic activities will be concen- Economic spillovers are also ex- 4) Oil and gas clusters: Petro-
(10MP), the economic development equal opportunities in employment trated within six identified areas, pected to help the corridor’s sec- chemical complex, oil and gas sup-
of regions will be accelerated by and business to the surrounding ar- namely the ECER Special Economic ondary growth areas like Semop, port services, oil refineries and tank
focusing on a limited number of eas. Zone as the manufacturing and Balingian, Selangau, Samarakan, farms and power plants.
high-density clusters in the corri- • Northern Corridor Economic commercial services hub, the dis- Bakun and Nanga Merit. 5) Kinabalu Gold Coast Enclave:
dors that have sector and geo- Region: The key outcomes targeted tribution and procurement centre, Industries that will be promoted creative industry cluster, wellness
graphical advantages. comprise four main sectors — to Cross Border Development (Tumpat- and developed include aluminium, and healthcare, floriculture and
• Iskandar Malaysia: The corri- become a modern food zone with Kota Baru-Bachok-Tok Bali- Besut), glass, steel, oil-based, palm oil, fish- speciality natural products, marine
dor will further draw investments efficient technology-driven food Kuala Terengganu City Centre- ing and aquaculture, livestock, ma- sports, signature resorts and hol-
into five identified areas — production, commercial-scale Kenyir-Dungun Triangle, Mersing- rine-engineering and tourism. iday homes.
education, healthcare, finance, cre- farming, farming of new crops, live- Rompin, Gua Musang-Kuala Lipis • Sabah Development Corridor: 6) Brunei Bay Integrated Devel-
ative industr y, logistics and stock and downstream agriculture and Bentong-Raub. The focus will be on six develop- opment Area to develop a multi-
tourism. activities; to move up the manu- • Sarawak Corridor Renewable ment areas. model logistics, tourism and water-
Among the key projects will be facturing value chain into high val- Energy: Five growth nodes identi- 1) Sandakan-Beluran-Kin- front development, livestock, food
the Johor Premium Outlet and the ue-added activities like wafer fab- fied are Tanjung Manis, Mukah, abatangan Bio-Triangle: Beluran crops, fisheries and aquaculture,
MSC Cybersport City, which will rication, chip design and biotech- Samalaju, Baram and Tunoh. and Tongod Agropolitan, Agrobio and halal products.
PAGE Y 12 NEW STRAITS TIMES, FRIDAY, JUNE 11, 2010

 
   
WATER 


 
        
  


    
   
 
  
 
   
A
LONG-TERM strategy for wa-
ter resource management un-   
  

derlined by the National Wa-



ter Resources Policy (NWRP) will and sewerage services, will also en- capacity include:
ensure efficient and effective man- ter the final phase since its inception • In Peninsular Malaysia, two hy-
agement of the resource to cater to droelectric plants to be commis-
    
during the Eighth Malaysia Plan pe-
growing demands. riod. sioned in Ulu Jelai and Hulu Tereng-
Other measures include: Some of the key focus areas: ganu with a combined capacity of


 


• Expanding the implementation 622MW;
of the Integrated Water Resources • Full migration of state water
operators to the new licensing • In Sabah, three new power plants
Management and Integrated River to be commissioned with a combined

 
Basin Management approaches in regime will be completed. Upon mi-
gration, they will be governed by the capacity of 700MW;
planning, managing, protecting and • In Sarawak, the 2,400MW Bakun
rehabilitating water resources and, Water Services Industry Act, 2006
and regulated by the National Water Hydroelectric Project to be commis-
• A RM5 billion fund for flood- costs to encourage sustained invest- sioned in stages; and,
mitigation programmes. Services Commission; ments in upgrading and rehabili- AN integrated cashless ticket-
• The phasing in of a tariff-setting • Transmission and distribution
A restructuring of the water ser- tating water treatment plants and systems to be strengthened and ex- ing system is poised to be in-
vices industry, covering water supply mechanism to allow full recovery of distribution systems. The tariff in- troduced across all 16 public
panded.
crease will be segregated in bands By 2015, the System Average In- transport operators in Greater
based on consumption levels; terruption Duration Index, a mea- KL otherwise known as the
• National water supply coverage sure of supply reliability, is expected Klang Valley.
will increase from 93 per cent of to improve from 68 to 50 minutes per The system would eliminate
population last year to 97 per cent in customer per year in Peninsular the need for multiple tickets
2015; Malaysia. for various operators. This will
• Sewerage services for house- In rationalising the subsidies on cut down the travel time.
holds served by the grid and septic gas, prices for the power and non- The cashless ticketing is
tanks will be extended from 28.8 power sectors will be revised every part of the government’s ini-
million to 37.7 million. Some RM1.1 six months to reflect market prices. tiative to promote a seamless
billion will be allocated to replace system across transportation
pipes and old meters to improve BROADBAND modes and operators.
water quality and reduce losses in A PROJECTED household broad- Information on stations and
supply; and, band penetration of 75 per cent by schedules will be made acces-
• Parcelling out the operations of the end of 2015 will be achieved by sible to passengers, with bus
centralised sewerage services to High-Speed Broadband (HSBB) and stops to display such informa-
state water operating companies. An Broadband General Public (BBGP) tion for operators.
integrated tariff for both water and initiatives. A website will also be set up
sewerage services will better cap- for people to get updates on all
ture the cost of service provision. SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT kinds of public transport.
THE solid waste management and Apart from the cashless
public cleansing responsibilities will ticketing system, the delivery
ENERGY of 35 sets of four-car trains is
DEVELOPMENT of alternative be transferred to the Federal Gov-
ernment, allowing local authorities set to quadruple the number
sources of energy, particularly hydro of passengers per hour to
as well as importation of coal and to focus on core functions.
The collection of household solid 98,000 of the Kelana Jaya
liquefied natural gas by 2015 will Light Rail Transit line from the
improve security of supply. waste will be fully privatised to three
concessionaires. current 24,000 users.
Initiatives to increase generation The KTM Komuter system
will experience a similar

     


change with 38 six-car Elec-
tric Multiple Units to be deliv-
ered next year and benefit
over 500,000 commuters dai-


     ly.
Efforts will be directed to-
wards increasing one-way
journeys within an hour with
THE government will be introducing If passed by Parliament, the tariffs fewer than four transfers.
the feed-in tariff (FiT) of one per cent will be implemented early next year. A total of 14 of the city cen-
to be incorporated into the electricity The government is also looking to tre bus hubs will be upgraded
tariffs of consumers to support the ensure equitable and sustainable while the construction of the
development of renewable energy utilisation of resources by co-opting inter-urban transport termi-
(RE) in the 10th Malaysia Plan. local communities in conservation ef- nal in Gombak will start dur-
The mechanism allows electricity forts as they play a big role in sus- ing the 10MP period.
produced from RE to be sold to util- tainable use of resources and con- Relevant agencies will also
ities at a fixed premium price and for servation activities. be roped in by the government
a specific duration. The plan will also be focusing on to increase the number of bus
As such, there will also be an es- two main areas. Efforts will be made stops near residential areas.
tablishment of a Renewable Energy to develop a roadmap for climate re- Outside the Klang Valley, the
Fund from the FiT and to be ad- silient growth and enhancing con- government is mulling smaller
ministered by a special agency, the servation of the nation’s ecological scale approaches to increase
Sustainable Energy Development assets. A dual strategy in addressing the capacity of public trans-
Authority under the Energy, Green climate change impacts will be port for medium-sized
Technology and Water Ministry. adopted through adaptation strate- cities, like trams in Malacca
The Renewable Energy Act is cur- gies to protect economic growth and and enhance river transporta-
rently being drafted by the Energy, development factors from the impact tion as a mode of public
Green Technology and Water Min- of climate change and mitigation transport and as a tourism
istry and the bill is expected to be strategies to reduce emission of product.
tabled in Parliament in October. greenhouse gases.
NEW STRAITS TIMES, FRIDAY, JUNE 11, 2010 PAGE Y 13

 
   
 
  
T
O ensure that healthcare re-
mains accessible and afford-
able, the government will in-
 
troduce a cost sharing option to pro-
vide a wider choice of health MEASURES are being taken to re-
services for the rakyat. duce the crime index by an annual
The existing legislation of the average of at least five per cent
healthcare system will be reviewed from January this year to Decem-
together with the introduction of ber 2015.
new regulations to emphasise ac- They include:
creditation, credentials and privi- • deploying an additional 3,150
lege. volunteer police from the People’s
The regulatory and service roles Volunteer Corps and Malaysian
in the healthcare system will be Civil Defence. This is set to expand
streamlined to focus on governance, million, are also planned for the first healthy lifestyle campaign among sector to cope with the increasing to 5,000 volunteers by 2015;
stewardship and enforcement. two years of the 10MP. the rakyat. demand for trained medical staff. • allocating RM2.4 billion to up-
To increase the quality, capacity Provisions for mobile clinics, fly- The doctor-to-population ratio is Other efforts to meet the rising grade police stations and improve
and coverage of healthcare, the gov- ing doctor services and village also expected to improve from demand for quality healthcare are policemen’s living quarters;
ernment is expanding its primary health promoters will be increased 1:1,380 in 2005 to 1:1,597 by 2015, organising more specialist training, • introducing new measures to
care services by building 197 new to cater to people living in remote while the nurse-to-population ratio improving post-basic training for curb drug abuse and improve drug
clinics costing RM637 million during areas. will improve from 1:592 to 1:200 healthcare personnel, addressing treatment to reduce street crimes.
the first-half period of 10MP. In order to shift towards wellness during the same period. staff retention and improving the Fifty per cent of snatch thieves
Four new and four replacement and disease prevention, the govern- The government will also utilise quality of private healthcare pro- were drug addicts;
hospitals, costing around RM600 ment is planning to bolster the more specialists from the private fessionals. • allocating RM120 million to
encourage volunteerism such as in
Skim Rondaan Sukarela, a volun-

     ‘   ’   


tary community activity under the
Rukun Tetangga programme; and,
• expanding the Rakan Cop
scheme to encourage greater en-
rollment and educate people on
HOUSING, specifically low-cost houses to one federal agency. form Building By-Laws 1984, will be information useful for police.
housing, is an important agenda It will also establish the Housing reviewed to incorporate the min- Safety and security will also be
that needs to be addressed. Maintenance Fund with an initial imum specifications for houses to enhanced with the installation of
This is to ensure that the bottom capital of RM500 million to assist ensure quality in housing projects. 496 closed-circuit television cam-
40 per cent of households and public housing residents in repairs Development of environmentally eras in hotspots across the coun-
squatters are able to live in per- and maintenance of their units. friendly townships and neighbour- tr y.
manent homes. It will be based on a matching hoods will be encouraged through The Safe Cities Programme will
Under 10MP, 78,000 units of new, grant where half of the contribution the introduction of Green Guidelines also get a RM510 million funding.
affordable public houses will be built comes from residents through their and a Green Rating System. The programme, which brings
by the Federal Government across joint management body or manage- Putrajaya and Cyberjaya will be- together the police, local author-
the nation for individuals and fam- ment corporation. come the flagship “Green Town- ities, National Anti-Drug Agency,
ilies with a household income of less showed that there were 97,620 The fund is an addition to the ships”. the Welfare Department and other
than RM2,500 a month. squatter families who had yet to be Tabung Perumahan 1Malaysia The government will also contin- relevant bodies, will tackle local
Under the 9MP, 128,000 units of relocated to permanent housing. Fund, established in February ue rehabilitating abandoned hous- problems with initiatives to en-
low-cost housing were built. The government will also ratio- which has similar functions for low- ing projects. hance the environment and im-
Last year, the government re- nalise and streamline the roles and cost private housing in Kuala As of April 30, there were 107 prove the sense of security for cit-
ceived 13,529 applications for pub- responsibilities of federal agencies Lumpur. abandoned projects with 38,600 izens and visitors.
lic housing while a survey of states involved in the provision of public Existing laws, including the Uni- units involving 25,300 buyers.
PAGE Y 14 NEW STRAITS TIMES, FRIDAY, JUNE 11, 2010

     



     
W
ORK from home policies screening for child carers to ensure
will continue to be promot- the safety of the children under the
ed under the 10th Malaysia care of external parties.
Plan to encourage a more family- The government is also enhancing
friendly workplace. the quality of childcare services,

    
A strong family unit with positive strengthening related support pro-
family values, shared responsibilities grammes and upgrading welfare in-
and strong marriage institution will stitutions.
continue to be the priority of gov- The government will also focus on
ernment’s development agenda.
In order to empower women, the
government will increase women’s women, the government is also de-
veloping specialised courses for them
enhancing elderly-friendly infras-
tructure and improving access to
affordable healthcare and ensuring
  
participation in the workforce, in- adequate provision of shelters.
to improve their confidence and soft The database on employment op- RURAL communities will be
crease the number of women in key provided with adequate supply
decision-making positions, improve skills. portunities for older persons under
To create a young generation Jobs Malaysia will be promoted ac- of treated water and sanitation
the provision of support for women facilities, access to road net-
in challenging circumstances (wid- which is forward-looking, the gov- tively to create awareness among
ernment is formulating youth de- those who are looking for a job and works, electricity supply and
ows, single mothers and those with better communication technol-
lower incomes) and eliminate all velopment programmes to instil in for the employers and the 100 per
them strong character. cent tax rebate on costs to retrain ogy in the 10th Malaysia Plan
forms of discrimination against period.
women. Also, volunteerism will be promot- older people will be continued.
A total of 6,312km of paved
The government is also creating a ed to develop greater unity among To integrate persons with disabil- road will be constructed in the
special committee, chaired by the youth and the government is ities (PWD) into society, the govern- peninsula, 2,540km in Sabah
women, family and community de- strengthening youth associations ment will provide easy access to and 2,819km in Sarawak by 1Malaysia telecentres will be set
velopment minister, to implement through leadership and manage- transportation and buildings. The 2015. up in sub-districts for the local
gender sensitisation programmes in ment courses. government will also seek to provide community to learn new skills
The government will also in-
the public sector. As for children, importance will be job opportunities for PWDs and look through the extensive use of
crease the extent of treated wa-
Beside increasing the efforts to placed on protecting and providing into establishing specialised learning ICT.
ter in rural areas by upgrading
achieve a 30 per cent quota of de- for their well-being. institutions and vocational schools The short take off landing
and building new pipelines and
cision-making positions to be held by The police will be conducting for them. (STOL) airstrips will be upgrad-
water treatment plants.
ed by the government to in-
By the end of 2015, 117,000 crease connectivity and acces-
additional houses in Peninsula,

  
     
sibility for rural populations in
112,700 in Sabah and 87,400 in Sabah and Sarawak.
Sarawak will be supplied with
treated water. In the peninsula, new stage-
bus routes and new express bus-
The coverage of electricity
es plying between rural centres
supply in rural areas will be
and towns are planned to meet
extended where about 6,000
the needs of the rural popu-
more houses will be supplied
with electricity in the peninsula, lations.
59,000 in Sabah and 76,000 in To ensure effective implemen-
Sarawak. tation of rural basic infrastruc-
The rural population will also ture development programmes,
be exposed to ICT facilities and the government is focusing on
software packages to improve improving administrative pro-
their knowledge. cesses, ensuring adequate sup-
ply of manpower, machines and
ETHNIC, minorities including the To create a high-income na- materials, and effective project
Orang Asli communities, should tion based on innovation, management.
see their lives improve under the
10th Malaysia Plan.
These groups come under the
bottom 40 per cent of households,
which is one of the four principles
the 10MP is based on to support the
countr y’s growth and create a
more united progressive society. A land development and ownership programme will be implemented to
Integrated development pro- allow Orang Asli to become landowners and farmers.
grammes and specific enhance-
ment assistance will be implement-
ed to address the poverty of Sabah To achieve this target, a land stays and eco-tourism services.
and Sarawak Bumiputeras, with a development and ownership pro- Initiatives will also be taken to
reduction target of 12 per cent and gramme will be implemented to assist the communities to set up
three per cent respectively by allow Orang Asli to become land cooperatives to market their hand-
2015. owners and active farmers. icrafts.
Last year, the target was 22.8 per Their reserve land will be de- Apart from ethnic minorities and
cent for Sabah and 6.4 per cent for veloped for agriculture use by the Orang Asli, others that fall under
Sarawak. government. A similar programme the bottom 40 per cent household
In the same period, the govern- is also being considered for ethnic include residents of Chinese new
ment aims to reduce poverty minorities in Sabah and Sarawak. villages and estate workers.
among Orang Asli to 25 per cent Assistance, including training The 10MP aims to increase the
from last year’s target of 50 per and funding, will be provided for main income of the group to
cent. these groups to establish home RM2,300 by 2015.
NEW STRAITS TIMES, FRIDAY, JUNE 11, 2010 PAGE Y 15


  

Open spaces for activities and green corridors will be incorporated in local plans as they attract people to these public
spaces.

B
EGINNING 2011, the goverment ments to encourage redevelopment, or
will focus on creating attractive an en-bloc sale mechanism.
and enjoyable cities and making High-potential government-owned
them compact and efficient. land and properties will also be re-
Under current growth projections, developed with the government active-
urban areas in Peninsular Malaysia ly seeking for opportunities to partner
will need to accommodate six million with the private sector.
new residents between 2010 and The development of government
2020. land will be managed to ensure that
To accommodate the growth, com- the types of development commensu-
usage and in forms that are safe and
pact urban development will be en- rate with the commercial potential and
sensitive to their surroundings.
couraged. The government will facil- market value of the land.
To unlock the development potential
itate better use of mechanisms to man- The government will also encourage
within cities, urban renewal and re-
age growth such as zoning, urban people-centric activities within an ur-
development of brownfield sites will be
growth boundaries, growth control ban landscape.
pursued through appropriate incen-
regulations and other development in- Cities will be designed to reduce the
tives and mechanisms.
centives. need for travelling through mixed-
One such incentive is the implemen-
This will allow cities to achieve more used developments in neighbour-
tation of mechanisms to facilitate the
intensive developments that are de- hoods, combining residential, retail
sale of collectively-owned develop-
signed to ensure long-term efficient and office uses.
State and local authorities will be
encouraged to move towards having a
higher proportion of mixed-use com-
mercial or residential zoning in their
Structural and Local Plans.
However, it must be integrated with
a well functioning public transport sys-
tem as transit-oriented development is
encouraged.
Open spaces for activities and green
corridors will be incorporated in local
plans as they attract people to these
public spaces.
Local authorities will be supported
in creating a seamless network of in-
terconnected green spaces within the
cities, connecting activity hubs and
housing sites with amphitheatres, cy-
cling and pedestrian pathways.
Waterfronts will be rejuvenated to
make the cities more vibrant by
restoration projects for the rivers and
waterfronts.
The government is also planning to
transform the arts and culture scene.
Noting that the transformation of the
arts scene requires addressing both
artists and audiences, support for
artists will be provided in the form of
creative industry grants or loans for
the creation of art clusters or
“Perkampungan Seni” under the 10th
Malaysia Plan.
PAGE Y 16 NEW STRAITS TIMES, FRIDAY, JUNE 11, 2010