Sarf Level 2

The 5-letter Verb -

‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺴ‬
 ‫ﻧ ﹶﻜ‬‫ﺝ ﻓﹶﺎ‬
 ‫ﺟﺎ‬‫ﺪ ﺍﻟﺰ‬ ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺮ ﺯ‬ ‫ﺴ‬
 ‫ﹶﻛ‬
Zayd broke the glass so it broke.

‫ﺡ‬
 ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺠ‬
 ‫ﻧ‬‫ﻤﺮﹰﺍ ﻓﹶﺎ‬‫ﺪ ﻋ‬ ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺡ ﺯ‬
 ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺟ‬
Zayd wounded 3mar so he got
wounded.

‫ﺢ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻧ ﹶﻔ‬ ‫ﺏ ﻓﹶﺎ‬
 ‫ﺖ ﺍﻟﺒﺎ‬
 ‫ﺤ‬
 ‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶﻓ‬
I closed the door so it closed.

‫ﺤﺎ‬‫ﻧﻤ‬ ‫ﻪ ﻓﹶﺎ‬ ‫ﺗ‬‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺤ‬
 ‫ﻣ‬
I erased it so it got erased.

‫ﻖ‬ ‫ﻐﹶﻠ‬ ‫ﻧ‬‫ﺏ ﻓﹶﺎ‬
 ‫ﻖ ﺍﻟﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺃ ﹾﻏﹶﻠ‬
He closed the door so it closed

Meaning /Usages
‫ﺔ‬‫ﻭﻋ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﹸﻄﺎ‬

1

-accepting the physical

effect of the

‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻣ‬ verb

‫ﺍﻷﺑﻮﺍﺏ‬
‫ﻌﺎ ﹰﻻ‬‫ﻧﻔ‬‫ﺍ‬3 ، ‫ﻌ ﹸﻞ‬ ‫ﻨ ﹶﻔ‬‫ﻳ‬، ‫ﻌ ﹶﻞ‬ ‫ﻧ ﹶﻔ‬‫ﺍ‬2
‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﻧ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﻣ‬

1
‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺴ‬
 ‫ﻧ ﹶﻜ‬‫ﺍ‬ ، ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺴ‬
ِ ‫ﻨ ﹶﻜ‬‫ﻳ‬ ، ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺴ‬
 ‫ﻧ ﹶﻜ‬ِ‫ﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ‬
breaking
breaks got broken
‫ﻌﺎﻝ‬‫ﻧﻔ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬

‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺴ‬
 ‫ – ﹶﻛ‬he broke
‫ﺡ‬
 ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ – he wounded
‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣﺤ‬ - he erased
‫ﻖ‬ ‫ – ﹶﺃ ﹾﻏﹶﻠ‬he closed
‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﺯ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ‬- annoyed, disturbed,

‫ﻲ‬‫ﻉ ﺍﻟﺜﱡﻼﺛ‬
 ‫ﻄﺎ ﹺﻭ‬‫ﺪ ﻳ‬ ‫ﺏ ﹶﻗ‬
 ‫ﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺎ‬‫ﻫ‬
(‫ﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﻲ ﻙ )ﺃ ﹾﻏﹶﻠ‬‫ﺮ(َ ﻭﺍﻟﺮ‬‫ﻙ) ﹶﻛﺴ‬

bothered by a loud noise

This chapter can accept the 3-letter
verb like

The boy annoyed me so I got annoyed.

(‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺰﻳ‬‫ﻊ ﺍ ﹶﳌﺎ ﹸﻝ ) ﻟ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﺪ ﺍ ﹶﳌﺎ ﹶﻝ ﻓﹶﺎ‬ ‫ﻳ‬‫ﻊ ﺯ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻭﻋ‬ ‫ ﺍﳌﹸﻄﺎ‬- accepting BOTH physical
Zayd gathered the money so the
 ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻣ‬ verb
and mental effect of the ‫ﺪ‬

‫ﺖ‬
 ‫ﺑ‬‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﷲ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋ ﹶﺔ ﻓﺎ ﹾﻗ‬
ُ‫ﺏﺍ‬
 ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﹶﻗ‬
Allaah brought the Hour close so it got
close.

‫ﺪ ﹶﻝ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻪ ﻓﺎ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﺪﹾﻟ‬ ‫ﻋ‬

‫ﻌﺎ ﹰﻻ‬‫ﺍ ﹾﻓﺘ‬ ، ‫ﻌ ﹸﻞ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻳ ﹾﻔ‬ ، ‫ﻌ ﹶﻞ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍ ﹾﻓ‬
‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﻧ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﻣ‬

‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ – he gathered
‫ﻒ‬
 ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ – ﹶﺃ‬he split into halves
‫ﺏ‬
 ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ ﹶﻗ‬- he brought close
‫ﺪ ﹶﻝ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ – he fixed

‫ﻤﺎﻋﹰﺎ‬‫ﺟﺘ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ، ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﺠ‬
 ‫ﻳ‬ ، ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﺍ‬
gathering

gathers got gathered

‫ﻲ‬‫ﻉ ﺍﻟﺜﱡﻼﺛ‬
 ‫ﻄﺎ ﹺﻭ‬‫ﺪ ﻳ‬ ‫ﺏ ﹶﻗ‬
 ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺎ‬
(‫ﻒ‬
 ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻧ‬‫ﺑﺎﻋﻲ ﻙ)ﺃ‬‫ﻊ( ﻭﺍﻟﺮ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ )‫ﻙ‬

2
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ‬
‫ﻌﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻹ ﹾﻓﺘ‬

This chapter can accept the 3-letter

I fixed it so it got fixed.

1

‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ and 4-letter verb like
‫ﻒ‬
 ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬

‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﻧ‬‫ﺯ‬ ‫ﻭ‬

money gathered (for Zayd.)

He split it into halves so it got split.

extras

‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﻧ‬‫ﺯ‬ ‫ﻭ‬

‫ﺖ‬
 ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﺠ‬
 ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﺪ ﻓﹶﺎ‬ ‫ﲏ ﺍﻟﻮﻟ‬‫ﺟﻌ‬ ‫ﺯ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‬

‫ﻒ‬
 ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﻒ ﻓﺎ‬
 ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬

Kinds of
verbs with

3-letter verb with 2 extra letters

Examples

‫ﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺏ ﺍﳋﹸﻤﺎ‬
 ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎ‬

verb like

‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ and 4-letter verb like
‫ﻒ‬
 ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬

Two (2) important terms in understanding ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻭﻋ‬
 ‫ ﺍﳌﹸﻄﺎ‬:

‫ﻉ‬‫ – ﺍﳌﹸﻄﺎﻭ‬the verb which expresses the action of GIVING the effect

which is called

‫ﻉ‬‫ﻌ ﹸﻞ ﺍﳌﹸﻄﺎﻭ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ e.g. ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺴ‬
 ‫ﹶﻛ‬

‫ – ﺍ ﹸﳌﻄﺎﻭﹺﻉ‬the verb which expressed the action of ACCEPTING the effect which is called ‫ﻌ ﹸﻞ ﺍﳌﹸﻄﺎﻭﹺﻉ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ e.g. ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺴ‬
 ‫ﻧ ﹶﻜ‬‫ﺍ‬
2
3

‫ – َھ ْم َزةُ الوصل‬only pronounced when a word starts with it and not when in the middle.
Every ‫ﻀﺎﺭﻉ‬‫ ﻣ‬that starts with ‫ ﳘﺰﺓ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻞ‬has the following in it’s ‫ﻣﺼﺪﺭ‬:
‫ ﳘﺰﺓ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻞ‬in the beginning

the 3rd letter is given a ‫ﺮﺓ‬‫ﹶﻛﺴ‬

the last letter is an ‫ﺍﻟﻒ‬

My Notes in Sarf - Bintu Jose as-Salafiyyah Table # 2

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