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IEC 61850 is a standard for the design of electrical substation automation.

IEC 61850 is a part of
the International Electrotechnical Commission's (IEC) Technical Committee 57 (TC57)[1]
reference architecture for electric power systems. The abstract data models defined in IEC 61850
can be mapped to a number of protocols. Current mappings in the standard are to MMS
(Manufacturing Message Specification), GOOSE, SMV, and soon to Web Services. These
protocols can run over TCP/IP networks and/or substation LANs using high speed switched
Ethernet to obtain the necessary response times of < 4 ms for protective relaying.

Contents
[hide]

• 1 Standard Documents
• 2 History
• 3 IEC 61850 Features
• 4 IEC 61850 - Related Developments
• 5 See also
• 6 References

• 7 External links

[edit] Standard Documents
IEC 61850 consists of the following parts detailed in separate IEC 61850 standard documents

• IEC 61850-1: Introduction and overview
• IEC 61850-2: Glossary
• IEC 61850-3: General requirements
• IEC 61850-4: System and project management
• IEC 61850-5: Communication requirements for functions and device models
• IEC 61850-6: Configuration language for communication in electrical substations related
to IEDs - Ed.2
• IEC 61850-7: Basic communication structure for substation and feeder equipment
o IEC 61850-7-1: Principles and models - Ed.2
o IEC 61850-7-2: Abstract communication service interface (ACSI) - Ed.2
o IEC 61850-7-3: Common Data Classes - Ed.2
o IEC 61850-7-4: Compatible logical node classes and data classes - Ed.2
o IEC 61850-7-10: Communication networks and systems in power utility
automation - Requirements for web-based and structured access to the IEC 61850
information models [Approved new work]
• IEC 61850-8: Specific communication service mapping (SCSM)
o IEC 61850-8-1: Mappings to MMS (ISO/IEC9506-1 and ISO/IEC 9506-2) - Ed.2
• IEC 61850-9: Specific communication service mapping (SCSM)
o IEC 61850-9-1: Sampled values over serial unidirectional multidrop point to point
link

Ed. Define complete testing required for the equipments which conforms to the standard. Fast Transfer of events -. 2.Generic Substation Event (GSE) are defined for fast transfer of event data for a peer-to-peer communication mode. They responded to all the concerns and objectives and created IEC 61850.The setting group control Blocks (SGCB) are defined to handle the setting groups so that user can switch to any active group according to the requirement. Definition of basic services required to transfer data so that the entire mapping to communication protocol can be made future proof.2 • IEC 61850-10: Conformance testing [edit] History Multiple protocols exist for substation automation. Commands -. Reporting Schemes -. o IEC 61850-9-2: Sampled values over ISO/IEC 8802-3 . 3. This is again subdivided into GOOSE & GSSE. Interoperation of devices from different vendors would be an advantage to users of substation automation devices. 2.SCL (Substation Configuration Language) is defined for complete storage of configured data of the substation in a specific format.Primary process objects as well as protection and control functionality in the substation is modelled into different standard logical nodes which can be grouped under different logical devices.Schemes are also defined to handle transfer of sampled values using Sampled Value Control blocks (SVCB) 6.Related Developments . Promotion of high interoperability between systems from different vendors.There are various reporting schemes (BRCB & URCB) for reporting data from server through a server-client relationship which can be triggered based on pre-defined trigger conditions. 4. Setting Groups -. 4. The objectives set for the standard were: 1. Sampled Data Transfer -. [edit] IEC 61850 . A common method/format for storing complete data. A single protocol for complete substation considering modeling of different data required for substation. Data Modeling -. 3. [edit] IEC 61850 Features IEC 61850 features include: 1. 5. Data Storage-. There are logical nodes for data/functions related to the logical device (LLN0) and physical device (LPHD).Various command types are also supported by IEC 61850 which include direct & select before operate (SBO) commands with normal and enhanced securities. 5. 7. An IEC project group of about 60 members from different countries worked in three IEC working groups from 1995. which include many proprietary protocols with custom communication links.

IEC 61850 .Network Engineering Guidelines [Approved New Work] • IEC 61850-90-5 -.Communication for monitoring and control.Part 25-4: Communications for monitoring and control of wind power plants .IEC 61850 Adaptation for Wind Turbines o IEC 61400-25-1 -.Information models [Published] o IEC 61400-25-3 -.Using IEC 61850 for Condition Monitoring [Approved New Work] • IEC 61850-90-4 -.• IEC 61850-7-410—Hydroelectric Power Plants . [Approved New Work] • IEC 61850-7-510—Use of logical nodes to model functions of a Hydro Power Plant.Wind Turbines . [Published] • IEC 61850-7-420—Communications systems for Distributed Energy Resources (DER) - Logical nodes [Published] • IEC 61850-7-500—Use of logical nodes to model functions of a substation Automation system.Wind turbines .Wind turbines .Mapping to communication profile  Mapping to Web services [Work under progress]  Mapping to MMS [Refer to IEC 61850-8-1 (published)]  Mapping to OPC XML DA [Work under progress]  Mapping to IEC 60870-5-104 [Refer to IEC 62445-3 (Work under progress)]  Mapping to DNP3 [Work under progress] o IEC 61400-25-5 -. [Approved New Work] • IEC 61850-90-1 -.Use of IEC 61850 for the communication between substations [Published] • IEC 61850-90-2 -.118 [Approved New Work] • IEC 61850-80-1 -.Information exchange models [Published] o IEC 61400-25-4 -.Use of IEC 61850 for the communication between control centers and substations [Approved New Work] • IEC 61850-90-3 -.Wind turbines .Guideline to exchanging information from a CDC-based data model using IEC 60870-5-101 or IEC 60870-5-104 [Published] • IEC 61400-25 -.Conformance testing [Published] o IEC 61400-25-6 -.Wind turbines .Part 25-6: Communications for monitoring and control of wind power plants .Part 25-1: Communications for monitoring and control of wind power plants .Wind turbines .Overall description of principles and models [Published] o IEC 61400-25-2 -.Logical node classes and data classes for condition monitoring [Work under progress] • IEC 62271-3 -.Use of IEC 61850 to transmit synchrophasor information according to IEEE C37.Communications for monitoring and control of high-voltage switchgear (published) .Part 25-3: Communications for monitoring and control of wind power plants .Part 25-2: Communications for monitoring and control of wind power plants .Part 25-5: Communications for monitoring and control of wind power plants .

Generating Tomorrow’s Electricity • IEC61850: A Protocol with Powerful Potential .[edit] See also • IEC TC 57 • GSE (Generic Substation Events) • Substation Configuration Language (SCL) • IEC 60870-5 • IEC 60870-5-101 • IEC 60870-5-103 • IEC 60870-5-104 • DNP3 • IEC 61968 • IEC 61970 • Modbus • OLE for process control [edit] References 1. ^ Technical Committee 57 (TC57) [edit] External links General Information • STRI-Independent Interoperability Project for IEC 61850 • Detailed Introduction to IEC 61850 • IEC Website for IEC 61850 standards • IEC 61850 Technical Issues Website • UCA International Users Group • IEC 61850-3 standard and requirement • Advantages of IEC 61850 over other substation protocols • PRAXIS PROFILINE Special edition: IEC 61850 .