Did Chinas worldview cause an abrupt end to its voyages of exploration?

Ladessa Phillips Within this reading, there were two viewpoints. The first is Journalist Nicholas D Kristof, his thesis idea says yes, that due to the worldview of China, shaped by years of cultural and philosophical conditioning had the main responsibility for the decision not to continue the program. In contrast, Naval historian Bruce Swanson says, that the worldview of China, while it helped influence the decision, was not in actuality the biggest factor. He believe that other more practical considerations were a more influencing factor. Mr. Kristof writes a very compelling argument for China having ceased to use the oceans because of the complacent worldview they held. According to Mr. Kristof, China felt that none of the other countries of the world were civilized or posed a threat to their comfortable lives This complacency led to the belief that there was nothing to learn from the ³barbarians´ in other lands. Asia¶s most prolific ethos during Ancient times was Confucianism, and as Confucius had said it was wrong for man distant voyage while his parents were alive, and profit was a concern of the ³little man.´ However, Mr. Kristof writes as a journalist and someone who lives within the country. In this case he speaks as one who will see the trees but not the forest. Mr. Swanson on the other hand believes that there were varied other reasons for China¶s abrupt end to the voyages and exploration of their navy. As a Naval historian Mr Swanson is more apt to look for defensive or economic reasons for this problem. There were, in Mr Swanson¶s estimation, many factors that attribute to the decline of China¶s maritime spirit, the

because as their country was pulling back their maritime ties. This corruption bled out to the point the merchants on the edges of the coast were also corrupt leading to piracy. they had a hatred of the corrupt eunuchs of the government and worked together until that power was removed from them and caused laws to be taken outlawing any ship bigger than a 2 mast junk. . When this Canal reopened to allow the shipment of grain to inland China many coastal fleets were moved to working in the canal instead. taking more money from the treasury. the rest of the world was taking their first major journeys into the Asian waters. This reopening of the Canal helped to cause a shift of the peoples near the coast to the inner lands of China. Military issues also cropped up. as well as corruption in the government. Soon scholars stepped up in the ebb and flow of political life.first of these was the Grand Canal. This was probably the worst thing China could have done.

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