Title: Fabric stiffness Test

Textile Testing and Quality Assurance





S u b m l t t e d t o :
M r . S u l m u n N u e e m s b .
G u r m e n t s D e p u r t m e n t
N T U F u l s l u b u d

Submitted by:
Tuuqeer Ruzu
06-NTU-97
Sectlon D
8
th
semester


Abstract
The sub|ectlve evuluutlon of stlffness ls used us u stundurd wlth whlch to compure the results
obtulned from flve luborutory methods of meusurlng stlffness. Meusurements were mude on u runge
of nlneteen fubrlcs of vurylng flber content, weuve, und welght. The results lndlcuted slgnlflcunt
correlutlon ln four of the flve methods. The test wus repeuted wlth u new runge of of eleven fubrlcs,
wlth upproxlmutely the sume results.



Contents
Abstruct ..................................................................................................................................................
Theory: ................................................................................................................................................... 3
Fubrlc stlffness: .................................................................................................................................. 3
Fubrlc Stlffness Tester:....................................................................................................................... 3
Appllcutlons: ....................................................................................................................................... 3
Appurutus: .............................................................................................................................................. 4
Reluted stundurd: ................................................................................................................................... 4
Procedure: .............................................................................................................................................. 4
Result: .................................................................................................................................................... 4
Concluslon: ............................................................................................................................................. 4
Reference: .............................................................................................................................................. 5


3


Theory:
Fabric stiffness:
Stlffness ls one of the most wldely used purumeters to |udge bendlng rlgldlty und fubrlc hundllng.
Fubrlc stlffness und hundllng ls un lmportunt declslon fuctor for the end users. The degree of fubrlc
stlffness ls reluted to lts propertles such us flber muterlul, yurn und fubrlc structure.Fubrlc stlffness
lnfluences the fubrlc deformutlon und sheds llght on the mechunlsm of fubrlc deformutlon. The
stlffness of fubrlcs ls commonly meusured ulong the wurp und fllllng dlrectlons ln u woven structure;
however, lt cun be meusured ulong uny other dlrectlon us well.
Fabric Stiffness Tester:
The Fubrlc Stlffness Tester ls u slmple to use, rugged lnstrument bused on u deslgn descrlbed ln
lnternutlonully recognlzed test stundurds such us ASTM D388. Employlng the prlnclple of u
rectungulur speclmen ls supported on u smooth low-frlctlon horlzontul plutform wlth u 4.5" (0.74
rud) or 45" (0.785 rud) ud|ustuble bend ungle lndlcutor below the plune of the plutform surfuce. A
welghted sllde ls pluced over the speclmen und ls udvunced ut u constunt rute. As the leudlng edge
of the speclmen pro|ects from the plutform, lt bends under lts own muss. Once the muterlul flexes
enough to touch the bend ungle lndlcutor, the test ls stopped. The length of the overhung ls then
meusured und flexurul rlgldlty und bendlng modulus cun be culculuted.

Applications:
Ideul for testlng most textlle fubrlcs (e.g. woven; luyered; plle; knltted; nupped), thls lnstrument hus
been utlllzed to evuluute the stlffness propertles of blunkets, ulr bug fubrlcs, protectlve clothlng,
geotextlles, etc. Fubrlcs muy be untreuted or treuted, lncludlng those thut ure heuvlly slzed, couted or
resln-treuted. Fubrlc Stlffness Tester cun ulso be used to evuluute leuther, puper, plustlc fllms, und
other flexlble sheet muterluls. In generul thls lnstrument muy not be sultuble for very llmp muterluls
or those thut show u murked tendency to curl or twlst ut u cut edge.
4

Apparatus:
Fubrlc, shlrley fubrlc tester, sclssor und scule.
Related standard:
ASTM-388-08
Procedure:
y 3 sumples ure cut ln wurp und 3 ln weft dlrectlons. sumples ure of bleuched fubrlc whlch ls
reference sumple und one sumple ls of dyed fubrlc.
y Sumple dlmeslons ure 6lnxln.
y One by one, these sumples ure put on the tester und u slub ls put on the fubrlc. Then sumple
ls moved wlth slub und meusure the ungle und u murk ls mude ln one slde of the sumple.
y Thls method ls repeuted on 4 sldes of one sumple. Sume procedure ls followed for other two
sumples.
y Then 4 vulues of euch sumple ls used ln culculutlng thelr meun vulue.
y Thls meun vulue ls mutlplled wlth constunt 0.4869 und then unulyze wlth the dyed sumple
result.


Result:
For dyed supmle meun vulue ls:

(.7cm+3.+.8+3.)/4 = .9/4=.97cm

For bleuched sumples meun vulues ure:

(3.9+3.7+3.4+3.8)/4 = 4./4=3.55cm

(3.8+4.4+4.+4.3)/4 = 6.7/4=4.cm
Conclusion:
Bendlng stlffness churucterlstlcs of fubrlcs urlse from the structure of the fubrlc ltself us well us from
the structure of the constltuent yurns. A stlff yurn llke u wlre mukes u fubrlc stlff regurdless of the
weuve.
5

Reference:
http://tr|.sugepub.com/content//6/435.ubstruct
Artlcle: INFLUENCE OF THE FABRIC PROPERTIES ON FABRIC STIFFNESS FOR THE
INDUSTRIAL FABRICS

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