[ZACHARY DECKER] Chapter 8

The Solar System
Section 1 Planet Motion
y Geocentric Model Earth is considered the center of motion while everything else revolves around it - Along time ago this was how scientists though the solar system was and that the stars in the background were one big sphere that rotated around the earth - When viewed this way planets seem to rotate backwards or erratically Heliocentric model The current model of the solar system where the sun is the center and earth rotates around it - Planets classified in many different way depending on size or other characteristics - Inner planets are the planets between the sun and the asteroid belt and the outer planets are on the outside of the asteroid belt Astronomical Unit the way astronaut s measure distances in space, Earth and the sun are 1 astronomical unit apart. Extrasolar Planets Planets the orbit another sun

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Section 2 The Inner Planets
y Mercury - Closest to the sun and second smallest - We only know 45% of the surface and It looks like the surface of our moon - There is a large magnetic field around Mercury suggesting it has a very large iron core probably made by 2 planets colliding creating a large core Venus Second from the sun - The surface is blanketed by a dense atmosphere and is 92 times the surface pressure of our own - Only about 2% of sunlight reaches the surface - It is one big green house Earth third from the sun Mars fourth from the sun called the red planet - Iron oxide gives it the red effect - Goes through the same season as earth because it has a similar tilt to earths tilt - Mars may have been wet at one time - Viking 1 and Viking 2 photographed the entire surface while in orbit

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03/29/09 | Section 1 Planet Motion

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[ZACHARY DECKER] Chapter 8

Section 3 The Outer Planets
y Jupiter composed of hydrogen and helium - The planet has a ocean of liquid metallic hydrogen and under that is solid rock - Probes have found volcanoes on one of the moons and faint dust rings around it - Has more then 60 moons Saturn sixth planet from the sun and known as the ring planet - Second biggest but has a low density - Has a thick outer layer of hydrogen and helium - The rings are made of ice and dust ranging widely in size Uranus seventh planet from the sun - Rotates perpendicularly to its orbit - The atmosphere is hydrogen, helium and 2% methane - The methane give Uranus the blue green glow - May have liquid water Neptune eighth planet from the sun - Thought to have liquid water and rocky core with - Same atmosphere as Uranus but with more methane - Has 13 moon Pluto smallest planet (not a planet really)

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Section 4 Life in the Solar System
y Extraterrestrial Life Life on other worlds. - Mars is one place where water may have once been and that means life could of formed at one time - Europa a moon of Jupiter may have a huge ocean that has a frozen cover but liquid water flows abundantly under it - Titan a moon of Saturn may also have pure water ice on it

03/29/09 | Section 3 The Outer Planets

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