[ZACHARY DECKER] Chapter 26

Stars and Galaxies
Section 1 Observing the Universe
y y Constellations Patterns of stars that were named after people or animals. Refracting Uses convex lens, which is curved outward like the surface of a ball  - Formula         Reflecting telescope Uses a mirror as the objective to reflect light to the focus Radio Telescope Amplifies radio waves - Usually put with multiple other radio telescopes to make one big radio telescope - They use space telescopes to magnify light from objects light years away because earth telescopes still cannot reach those distances because of the atmosphere Spectroscope a device that uses a prism or diffraction grating to disperse the light into its component wavelengths

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Section 2 Evolution of Stars
y y y y Main sequence the diagonal line across the Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram for Stars where most of the stars fall into including ours Giant one of the later stages in a stars life which is where our sun is at White Dwarf the final stage in a stars life Solar mass mass of the sun - Formula y y - LO and MO are the luminosity and mass of the sun Photo sphere - the outer layer of the sun Sun spots The darker areas of the photosphere that are cooler

Section 3 Galaxies and the Milky Way
y y Galaxy A large group of stars, gas, and dust held together by gravity Local group Our galaxy (Milky Way) belongs to this cluster

02/1/09 | Section 1 Observing the Universe

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