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„igure - 1 Main process stages involved in spray drying processE6F

„igure- 2 Votary atomizerE0F

„igure-3 Pressure nozzleE0F




„igure- 4 áwo fluid nozzleE/F

„igure- 5 „ormation of product in spray drying E(F

„igure-6 Aseptic layout of spray drying systemE,F&%c,= 


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„igure-7 Scanning electron microscopic photographs of spray-dried chitosan microspheres;


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„igure-8 ßo-current flow dryer

„igure-9 ßounter-current flow dryer




„igure-10 Mixed flow dryer

„igure-11 Open cycle flow dryer; &= 


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„igure-17 Minor spray dryer

„igure-18 Aseptic production minor spray dryer




„igure-19 Mini spray dryer B-290



„igure- 20 „luidized spray dryer

„igure-21 Spray freeze drying




„igure-22 Scanning electron microscopic photograph of (a) spray-freeze-dried Mannitol (b)


spray- freeze-dried trehalose

áable: 1 Parameters to be controlled

Sr. Physical properties of feed Equipment and process Spray dried product
parameters characteristics
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