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The information submitted is true and original to the best of our knowledge.DECLARATION: We. student of Master Of Management Studies (MMS) First year of IBSAR hereby declare that we have completed this project on “To Study whole knowledge of internet” for the academic year 2009-2010. 3 .

 Advantage & disadvantage of Internet.  Types of internet connection. Wikipedia.  Social impact of Internet.  Uses of Internet.  Conclusion.  How does Internet work.1) INTRODUCTION  TITLE  OBJECTIVE  PRESENTATION OF STUDY TITLE: Present study is titled as Project Report on “INTERNET” The study is made with special reference to the “INTERNET”. OBJECTIVE:  History of Internet. Secondary Data: Information was collected from various secondary sources such as newspaper.  What is Internet. 4 .

5 .PRESENTATION OF STUDY: Chapter 1: “An Introduction” gives introduction to the title and to the report and also the objectives. Chapter 4: Conclusion. Chapter 3: In this report the theoretical view has been given along with detailed information. Chapter 2: Brief knowledge on internet. methodology and the presentation of the study.

giving rise to services such as Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) and IPTV. Most traditional communications media. It is a network of networks that consists of millions of private and public. are reshaped or redefined using the technologies of the Internet. academic. and social networking sites . get information from any other computer (and sometimes talk directly to users at other computers). most notably the inter-linked hypertext documents of the World Wide Web (WWW) and the infrastructure to support electronic mail. 6 . and web feeds. The Internet has enabled or accelerated the creation of new forms of human interactions through instant messaging. blogging. sometimes called simply "the Net.a network of networks in which users at any one computer can. Newspaper publishing has been reshaped into Web sites. and government networks of local to global scope that are linked by a broad array of electronic and optical networking technologies. The Internet carries a vast array of information resources and services. such as telephone and television services." is a worldwide system of computer networks . The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) to serve billions of users worldwide. Internet forums. business.INTERNET INTRODUCTION: The Internet. if they have permission.

government in 1969 and was first known as the ARPANET. Licklider of MIT. because messages could be routed or rerouted in more than one direction. These visionaries and many more left unnamed here are the real founders of the Internet. then known as ARPANET. was based on hypertext--a system of embedding links in text to link to other text.  The Internet. first proposed a global network of computers in 1962  Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)  Roberts moved over to DARPA in 1966 and developed his plan for ARPANET Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA). the network could continue to function even if parts of it were destroyed in the event of a military attack or other disaster.R.HISTORY OF INTERNET It was conceived by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) of the U.  J. 7 .S.  World Wide Web in 1991.C. was brought online in 1969. The original aim was to create a network that would allow users of a research computer at one university to be able to "talk to" research computers at other universities. A side benefit of ARPANet's design was that.

and travellers search for the wi-fi "hot spots“. what distinguishes the Internet is its use of a set of protocols called TCP/IP (for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol). Technically. Delphi was the first national commercial online service to offer Internet access to its subscribers in Nov 1992. and self-sustaining facility accessible to hundreds of millions of people worldwide. the intranet and the extranet. the Internet uses a portion of the total resources of the currently existing public telecommunication networks. Physically. cooperative. the Internet is a public. Today. 8 . also make use of the TCP/IP protocol.  Wireless has grown rapidly in the past few years. Two recent adaptations of Internet technology.

If you connect to the Internet from a local area network (LAN) your computer might have a permanent IP address or it might obtain a temporary one from a DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) server.4 and another computer with IP address 5.nnn.3.2. the Internet portion of Diagram 1 will be explained and redrawn several times as the details of the Internet are exposed. The Internet is represented as an abstract object in-between. your computer with IP address 1. (IP stands for Internet Protocol.6. you are usually assigned a temporary IP address for the duration of your dial-in session. This address is known as an IP address. Internet addresses are in the form nnn.7.255.HOW DOES INTERNET WORK? Because the Internet is a global network of computers each computer connected to the Internet must have a unique address.8.nnn.) Diagram 1 If you connect to the Internet through an Internet Service Provider (ISP).nnn where nnn must be a number from 0 .) The picture below illustrates two computers connected to the Internet. more on this later. (As this paper progresses. In any 9 .

so do Internet connections. The connection speeds listed below represent a snapshot of general average to maximum speeds at the time of publication. 2. Analog (up to 56k): Also called dial-up access. Because dial-up access uses normal telephone lines the quality of the connection is not always good and data rates are limited. The modem converts received analog data to digital and vise versa. users connect to the Internet when the computer dials a phone number (which is provided by your ISP) and connects to the network. There is no need to dial-in to your ISP 10 . Using a modem connected to your PC. TYPES OF INTERNET CONNECTION While technology changes at a rapid pace. if you are connected to the Internet. it is both economical and slow. . DSL DSL is also called an always on connection because it uses existing 2-wire copper telephone line connected to the premise and will not tie up your phone as a dial-up connection does. Dial-up is an analog connection because data is sent over an analog. This is no doubt will change over time and Internet connection speeds also vary between Internet Service Providers (ISP). • Typical Dial-up connection speeds range from 2400 bps to 56 Kbps. your computer has a unique IP address. public telephone network.

• Cable speeds range from 512 Kbps to 20 Mbps. Cable Through the use of a cable modem you can have a broadband Internet connection that is designed to operate over cable TV lines. 3. Cable Internet works by using TV channel space for data transmission. Because the coaxial cable used by cable TV provides much greater bandwidth than telephone lines. a cable modem can be used to achieve extremely fast access. 4. The two main categories of DSL for home subscribers are called ADSL and SDSL. or wireless broadband is one of the newest Internet connection types. Wireless Internet provides an always-on connection which can be accessed from anywhere — as long as you geographically within a network coverage area. and it may be difficult to find a wireless service provider in some areas. Instead of using telephone or cable networks for your Internet DSL is always on. • • All types of DSL technologies are collectively referred to as xDSL. with certain channels used for downstream transmission. Wireless Internet Connections ( Wi Fi ) Wireless Internet. Wireless access is still considered to be relatively new. you use radio frequency bands. It is typically more expensive and mainly available in metropolitan areas. and other channels for upstream transmission. xDSL connection speeds range from 128 Kbps to 8 Mbps. 11 .

12 . 5. and More info on Wireless networking. seafarers and others. Security. Power line Broadband access over power lines was approved in 2004 in the United States in the face of stiff resistance from the amateur radio community.• See the Wireless Networking Standards page of Webopedia for data rates. Modulation schemes. The problem with modulating a carrier signal below 100 MHz onto power lines is that an above-ground power line can act as a giant antenna and jam longdistance radio frequencies used by amateurs.

which has produced. handheld game consoles . whether in the form of IRC chat rooms or channels. especially with the spread of unmetered high-speed connections and web applications.USES OF INTERNET: The Internet is allowing greater flexibility in working hours and location. also known as e-commerce. with the help of collaborative software. Not only can a group cheaply communicate and share ideas. The Internet can now be accessed almost anywhere by numerous means. 13 . Mobile phones. The low cost and nearly instantaneous sharing of ideas. datacards. but the wide reach of the Internet allows such groups to easily form in the first place. and skills has made collaborative work dramatically easier. The Internet has also become a large market for companies. An example of this is the free software movement. Mozilla Firefox. knowledge. The Internet has also subsequently revolutionized shopping. Internet "chat".org. and OpenOffice. It is the fastest way to spread information to a vast number of people simultaneously. some of the biggest companies today have grown by taking advantage of the efficient nature of low-cost advertising and commerce through the Internet. among other programs. Linux. especially through mobile Internet devices.

10 years ago. internet has its own advantages and disadvantages. many people still think e-mail and World Wide Web as the principle constituents of internet. the term internet was practically anonymous to most of the people. The internet is a collection of various services and resources. celebrity web sites and search engines. purchasing the tickets of your favorite movieeverything is at your finger tips. wealth of knowledge to shopping. Today internet has brought a globe in a single room. Internet has great potential and lot to offer… however. Although. there is lot more in store than e-mail. like every single innovation in science and technology. And today internet has become the most ever powerful tool for man throughout the world.ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF INTERNET During his evolution journey from Neanderthals to Homo erectus and then to Homo sapiens. Advantages Communication: 14 . It also became the best business tool of modern scenario. man has come long way. the nineties have seen a major turn around with the invention of computers. Right from news across the corner of the world. Because of his continuous quest for more and more amenities and facilities. chat rooms.

we can chat for hours with our loved ones. our earth has reduced and has attained the form of a global village. And internet has excelled beyond the expectations . Any kind of information on any topic under the sun is available on the Internet. it is almost required that students should use the Internet for research for the purpose of gathering resources. market information. Now we can communicate in a fraction of second with a person who is sitting in the other part of the world. There is a huge amount of information available on the internet for just about every subject known to man. The Internet is a virtual treasure trove of information. The search engines like Google. new ideas and technical support. You can almost find any type of data on almost any kind of subject that you are looking for.Still. By the advent of computer’s Internet. more reliable. it has become very easy to establish a kind of global friendship where you can share your thoughts. trade fairs and conferences. can explore other cultures of different ethnicity. Today for better communication. yahoo is at your service on the Internet. ranging from government law and services. innovations are going on to make it faster. Teachers have started giving assignments that require research on the Internet.The foremost target of internet has always been the communication. Today. Students and children are among the top users who surf the Internet for research. With help of such services. There are plenty messenger services in offering. Information Information is probably the biggest advantage internet is offering. the list is end less. Almost every 15 . we can avail the facilities of e-mail.

In fact. 16 . and hotel reservations. guidance services on array of topics engulfing the every aspect of life. In fact. America’s Doctor. When people surf the Web. During 1998 over 20 million people reported going online Entertainment Entertainment is another popular raison d'être why many people prefer to surf the Internet. Chat rooms are popular because users can meet new and interesting people. hobbies. the Internet has been successfully used by people to find life long partners. media of internet has become quite successful in trapping multifaceted entertainment factor. Downloading games. The industry of online gaming has tasted dramatic and phenomenal attention by game lovers. There are numerous games that may be downloaded from the Internet for free. news and more Services Many services are now provided on the internet such as online banking. purchasing tickets for your favorite movies. can be found and shared on the Internet. visiting chat rooms or just surfing the Web are some of the uses people have discovered. Numerous web sites available on the net are offering loads of information for people to research diseases and talk to doctors online at sites such as. there are numerous things that can be found. to retrieve health information. Often these services are not available off-line and can cost you more.coming day. job seeking. Music. researches on medical issues become much easier to locate.

E-Commerce Ecommerce is the concept used for any type of commercial maneuvering. almost anything. It has become a phenomenon associated with any kind of shopping. technology to entertainment. You name it and Ecommerce with its giant tentacles engulfing every single product and service will make you available at your door steps. It has got a real amazing and wide range of products from household needs. or business deals that involves the transfer of information across the globe via Internet. 17 .

Computers attached to internet are more prone to virus attacks and they can end up into crashing your whole hard disk. you may be facing grave danger as your personal information such as name. and so instead of just ignoring it. credit card number etc. you should make an effort to try and stop these activities so that using the Internet can become that much safer. Virus threat • Virus is nothing but a program which disrupts the normal functioning of your computer systems. Such illegal activities can be very frustrating for you. can be accessed by other culprits to make your problems worse. address. Spamming • Spamming refers to sending unwanted e-mails in bulk.• Disadvantages Theft of Personal information • If you use the Internet. Pornography: This is perhaps the biggest threat related to your children’s healthy 18 . which provide no purpose and needlessly obstruct the entire system. causing you considerable headache.

destruction and its misuse can be very fatal. Though.mental life. the advantages of it outweigh its disadvantages. internet can also create havoc. 19 . There are thousands of pornographic sites on the Internet that can be easily found and can be a detrimental factor to letting children use the Internet. A very serious issue concerning the Internet.

with entertaining social experiments such as MUDs and MOOs being conducted on university servers. to indicate common exist to allow wider announcement of groups which may exist mainly for face-to-face meetings. with which a user can choose to block offensive websites on individual computers or networks. and often provide a 20 . and copyright concerns. and to allow communication among large existing groups of people. such as to limit a child's access to pornography or violence. with consequences for privacy. The Internet has been a major source of leisure since before the World Wide Web. Social networking websites such as Facebook and MySpace have created a new form of socialization and It is also possible to find a large circle of existing acquaintances. and humor-related Usenet groups receiving much of the main traffic. Users of these sites are able to add a wide variety of items to their personal pages. There are many free and commercially available software programs. called content-control software. thanks to its basic features such as widespread usability and access. The pornography and gambling industries have both taken full advantage of the World Wide Web. Sites like meetup. but which may have a variety of minor interactions over their group's site at meetup. and to connect with others.Social impact of Internet The Internet has made possible entirely new forms of social interaction. especially if a site allows users to utilize their real names. activities and organizing. identity. The first generation is now being raised with widespread availability of Internet connectivity. or other similar sites. These "Digital natives" face a variety of concerns that were not present for prior generations.

bringing people of all ages and origins to enjoy the fast-paced world of multiplayer games. This form of leisure creates communities. using centralized servers and distributed peer-to-peer technologies.significant source of advertising revenue for other websites. 21 . Some of these sources take more care over the original artists' rights and over copyright laws than others. Many use the Internet to access and download music. movies and other works for their enjoyment and relaxation. Although many governments have attempted to put restrictions on both industries' use of the Internet. As discussed above. there are paid and unpaid sources for all of these. this has generally failed to stop their widespread popularity. One main area of leisure on the Internet is multiplayer gaming.

Africa. and use of the Internet is a fast-growing area. With market saturation the phase of rapid growth is ending in industrialized countries.. Latin America. employers are relying on technology to handle many aspects of jobs. but the spread continues in Asia. 22 . the Caribbean and the Middle East. The use of the Internet around the world has been growing rapidly over the last decade. It will not matter that the specific technology in use today will be obsolete in a decade (or even a year).Conclusion Increasingly. from the process data 23 .com www.wikipedia.BIBLIOGRAPHY www.

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