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NAME OF MECHANIS DOSAGE INDICATIO CONTRAINDICA ADVERSE NURSING

DRUG M OF N TION REACTION CONSIDERATION


ACTION

RANITIDINE • Inhibits the 50 mg IV •Treatment •Hypersensitivity, CNS: • Assess patient for


(anti ulcer and Cross-sensitivity headache, epigastric or abdominal
action of
drugs) prevention may occur; some pain and frank or occult
histamine at malaise,
of heartburn, oral liquids blood in the stool,
the acid contain alcohol dizziness, emesis, or gastric
H2 receptor s indigestion, and should be somnolence, aspirate.
ite located and sour avoided in insomnia,
stomach. patients with vertigo
primarily in
known • Inform patient that it
gastric intolerance. may cause drowsiness or
parietal cells, CV: dizziness.
resulting in tachycardia,
inhibition of bradycardia • Inform patient that
gastric acid Dermatologic: increased fluid and fiber
rash, alopecia intake may minimize
secretion. constipation.

• In addition, GI: • Advise patient to


ranitidine constipation, report onset of black,
bismuth diarrhea, tarry stools; fever, sore
nausea and throat; diarrhea;
citrate has
vomiting, dizziness; rash;
some confusion; or
antibacterial abdominal hallucinations to health
action pain, hepatitis car professional
against H. promptly.
pylori.
GU:
impotence or
decreased
libido

Hematologic:
leucopenia,
granulocytope
nia,
thrombocytope
nia,
pancytopenia
NAME OF MECHANIS DOSAGE INDICATIO CONTRAINDICA ADVERSE NURSING
DRUG M OF N TION REACTIO CONSIDERATION
ACTION N

METRONIDAZO • Disrupts 500 mg IV •Amebicide • hypersensitivity •CNS: • Administer with food or


LE DNA and in the seizures, milk to minimize GI
(Anti- protein managemen dizziness, irritation. Tablets may be
infectives) synthesis in t of amebic headache crushed for patients with
susceptible dysentery difficulty swallowing.
• GI:
organisms abdominal
pain, • Instruct patient to take
• anorexia, medication exactly as
Bactericidal, nausea, directed evenly spaced
or diarrhea, times between dose, even if
amebicidal dry mouth, feeling better. Do not skip
action furry doses or double up on
tongue, missed doses. If a dose is
glossitis, missed, take as soon as
unpleasant remembered if not almost
taste,
time for next dose.
vomiting

•Hematolo •May cause dizziness or


gic: light-headedness. Caution
leucopenia patient or other activities
requiring alertness until
• Skin: response to medication is
rashes, known.
urticaria
• Advise patient to consult
health care professional if
no improvement in a few
days or if signs and
symptoms of superinfection
(black furry overgrowth on
tongue; loose or foul-
smelling stools develop).