ANSYS

Step by step procedure:
1. Open ANSYS software by clicking on the icon on desktop select preferences as structural and click ok. 2. In the preprocessor step → select element type → click on Add / Delete → Click on Add → shell → Select linear layer 99 → Apply → close. 3. Real constants → Add / Delete → ok → ok → No. of layers 8 → ok → 0, 0.66 & enter the read data → ok. 4. Material properties → mat models → structural → linear → elastic → orthotropic → enter values → ok → close. 5. Modeling → creates → areas → rectangle → B: Dimension → (0, 300/8) (0,300/8) {→ enter these values}. 6. Meshing → size controls → manual size → lines → picked lines → Select in figure the bottom horizontal line → N Div=10 → apply.

N Div =10 7. Again do the above step up to picked lines (or) directly select the vertical line in figure → Apply → N Div =5 → ok.

N Div=5 =5

N Div =10 8. Mesh → Areas → mapped → ¾ sides → click on figure → click ok.

N Div=5

N Div= 10 9. Plot on menu → layered elements → click on figure → enter start and end of layers data. 10. Plot → layered elements next plot → elements.

Contour plot → nodal solution → x. Stress in x & y. 14. Check for interlaminar stress in shell linear layer 99. Solution → define loads → apply → structural → displacement → symmetry boundary conditions → on lines → Horizontal. of nodes = 11 → Apply → force values/11. Solve → current L. 15. In drag the box with mouse 13.S. General post processor → plot results → Deformed shape → ok. vertical → apply. von-misses select them.component displacement → ok → similarly select y. Force / moment → on nodes → drag a box with the help of mouse → click on figure on right edge as the no. The formulas are as given below in ANSYS Help:(2*i) +7 → Bottom layer i (2*i) +9 → Top layer NL Examples for 4 Layers we have to do for 8 layers in this procedure Layer Orientation Case 1:1 0 NL 2 90 i 3 90 4 0 SMISC (2* 1) +7=9 SMISC=9 SMISC (2* 2) +9=13 SMISC=13 Case 2: 1 2 3 4 1 2 0 90 NL 90 i 0 0 90 Case 3:- .component displacement.11. 17. 16. ssssssssssss ← it appears like this 12.

90. → ok.SMISC13. General post processor → Element table → define table → Add → By sequence numbers → SMISC 9 → Apply → Add → by sequence number → SMISC13 → Apply → close → plot results → contour plot → element table → select SMISC9.90.0 are symmetric Layers orientation .30. This is for case (1) Repeat step 18 for case (2) & case (3) also for getting the interlaminar stresses.3 90 NL 4 0i 18. The layers are arranged like this 0 30 60 90 90 60 30 0 LAYER 1 LAYER 2 LAYER 3 LAYER 4 L5 L6 L7 L8 0.60.60.30.

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