STAFFBOX

LUI1Ot ðDU ÎUUÍI5Þ0t
Eric Corley ¹¹!
L1lC0 NðDðQ0I
Bobby Arwatt
ÎtOUUC1IOD
Mike DeVoursney
VtI10tS. John Drake, Paul Estev, Mr. French, Emmanuel
Goldstein, Chester Holmes, Lex Luthor, Phantom Phreaker,
Bill from RNOC, David Ruderman, Bernie S., Mike Salerno,
Silent Switchman, Mike Yuhas, and the usual anonymous
bunch.
LurtOODIStS. Dan Holder, Mike Marshall.
H0ðO0t. John Kew.
Ldt1or Lmeri\us !H
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Icccmbcr, |º87 Zð00
Important News
A nuber oj circustances have
Jorced M to make some changes in the
way 2600 is published. As oj IYðð, we
wil become a quarterly pulcation
imtea oj a monthly publcation.
We've been pritig 2600 under the
"new "Jormat Jor a year now. A nd one
thig we can't help but notice is that it:
Jrightuly expensive. We adopted this
Jorat so that we coul pre�ent longer
articles and al�'O become a little more
viile. A nd we have succeeded in both
oj these ambitions. Ilowever, i we were
to continue at this pace, we woul run
out oj Junds entirely. The 5/5 we charge
Jor an individual subscrition is actualy
less than what it costs to produce one
issue Jor a year. This is why we charge
more to th(He that can aJord more,
namely corporations and large
organiations where the magazie is
passed around to many people. And this
is why we continue to �ell back issues.
By proviing alterate sources oj
income, we are able to contiue to keep
the magazine goig at a low cost.
By raisig the price to cover the casts
oj printing, mailing, and runnig an
oJJice, we could easily put the magazine
out oj the reach oj mmt oj our
suh.5criben. We've seen publcations
smaler and less inJorative than oun
with annual price� oj over JI00Í We
don't want to take that road.
By reducing the aount oj ties we
publih dring the year (at the sae tie
icreasing the .ize oj each issue slightly),
we can keep the price down, keep
ounelves out oj Jinancial problems, and
hopeJuly give ourselves more tie to
make each issue mean a lttle more.
Ihis bring� us to the tie Jactor. We
put a !reat deal oj tie into putfig out
the magazine. But 26(0 is more than just
a magazine. We're constantly tryin! to
educate the populace on the u\es and
abuses oj technolo!'. We'e told that a.\
a result oj our campaign to abolish the
touch tone fee in .Vew l'ork, a bil may
be introduc{ di the slate le!islture
proposing just that. Our growing
buletin board network wil do much to
ensure Jreedom oj speech Jor al
computer users. A nd, oj coune, we want
to make sure that people see and hear
about this magazie and our
organization, either by getting maxiw
exposure ill the media or by getting
international distriution. A t our
current Jren:ied pace, we just don't have
the tie to adequate(v pursue these
goak A t a more relxed pace, we Jeel
we'll be better able to put out a quality
publcation :lnd make it more
memorable overal.
Vaturaly, we don't expect everyone to
agree with our concl. IJ you Jeel
strongly negative about this change or
about anything ele, we'l certainly give
you a reJund Jor the balnce oJ your
subscrition We hope, though, that
you kstick Íl out at least to the Jirst
issue oj our quarterly Jort to see i we
lve m to your expectatiol.
Our spring issue wil be mailed on or
around ,Hareh Î3, ÎYðð. Susequent
mailig date\' are scheduled Jor Jue Î^.
.\eptember Ì^, and December Î^. Your
expiration date wil he adsted in the
Jolowing manner: Jauary, Fehruary,
and .Harch wil end with the .ring
is.\ue; April, ,\tay, and Jw;e-sUer;
Ju(v, ¬ugust, 0Septemher-Jal; and
October, .Vovemher, 0
December-1vinter.
A nuber oj subscriers have
complained about their issues arriving
late or someties not at al. It appean
we must become militant i convicing
the po.\'j o]/(cto do their job. IJ you do
not get an issue withi a week oj when
we �'end it out, you should cal us and
cal your pm! oJJice. Usual d is the
post oJic( on the reeeil·in! end thaI t\ at
fault.
¬\ alwaj\. Ht welome vour !t·dÞ0ck
on what H
:
e re doing. We hope (hi,
(lanle results ;n a betler publication
and a llronger Twenty Six Hundred.
2ð00 Occcmbcr. Iº87 Iagc J
MPLÌÍÍL ÍÜÍc
b Lex Luthor
and The Legion 0Í Hackers
Command Interpretation Chart: The following
chart shows some VN!ÜN` commands with
t hei r equi valent UNI X and VA X/VMS
commands. This will allow those readers who are
familiar with other operating systems to quickly
reference the CMS counterparts.
¥ÂÄ/¥Mo URÍÄ
/RÜÍÜMMåRÜ "RÜRt`
oöÜW Uotho m
ÜÍhtÍ1Üh1 d
¥M/ÍMo

RÜÍÍl tæ m|sæ
dUth1 RåMto æIlæWÍWIN
Llo1lllt
0 Ílltllo1 wwm 0If.
11Ít IÌIm M ÌW !1Ít W
% M |m N ¶m |IIN
tÜl1 M 0 ¶I 0| Ð ÃLbÍ1 W MN
Ütlt1t |II8 |æ |lW tmt m
w× M ßW
ÍhÜRt M w|IN M 1tLl wN M ww
L| 1 �ͷmM hBNk
W hÄ
Corresponding f 'lP
o1åUål1å1 /t1L/ÍÂooWÜUoth ÜÍhtÍ1 UwIm ðW
IMW
Må|!¹71 Uoh/MålL/
æ UothlÜ RÜ1t tWK
WIÍTW
LÜIKLM ÍhÜllÍt ÍhÜlÍlt tÃtÍ Uw WI0 m|lW
Locl Commnds:
Local commands are written for an individual
syste, and customized to suit a facility's needs
(These commands are execs which are either not
available from |UN or are cheaper to write on
your own.) I will mention a few which may be
found on other systes, as these are rather
common.
WHÜI S
This command gives Ó little information about
any user that you specify who Son the syste.
T0IS l` similar to the UNI X command "finger".
. WHOI S MAI NT BACKUP MAI LER BUBBA RELY
VMUTI L
Um|0
MåÍR1
MÍKUÍ
MåÍlth
bUbö
htL1
¥MU1!!
o1oÍßåå
hLÜÍW
WhÍ1LÍW

oW ¤t|æåQ
¥M oW M m h& MMIM
bÍ1Rt| |N RW M8IÍ ÍRN MMI M
NN0 M|¬m/wNtxVIMII8
0Í1Rt1 |W ÍM |×|m
¥M UÌIÍI/ÐlN òW4K
I'avt ·¡ |cccmhcr, |º8¯ Jð00
In most cases, the only way to change a user's
password is by having the syste operator or
someone with high privilege do it. This is one
reason why many passwords reain the same for
long periods of time. These programs allow users
to change their logon password (SYSPASS) ,
read access minidisk password (READPW), and
write access minidisk password (WRITEPW) .
You may find these or similar programs on some
systems.
Privileed Commands
As tar as | know, there is no command to
determine which privilege class the userid you
are using is. The only way to find out is to check
in the Üt Director. The tollowing are some
privileged commands and what privilege class is
needed to run them. From what I've seen, the
syste keeps no records of tai led attempts at
rnning privileged commands. Successful uses of
these commands are most likely reorded, either
In a log or by sending a message to the system
console or both, especially when using FORCE.
FORCE uri d (Clas A)
This command will forcibly log off the userid
you specify. I really can see no reason other than
to be a total idiot for abusing this command.
DISABLE raddr (Dr) all ( Clas A Dr B)
This is used to prevent specific terminals or all
terminals from logging onto the syste. Again,
there is no real reason to use this or most other
privileged commands unless you want to be
kicked off of the machine. If you do DISABLE a
terminal, simply use ENABLE to repair the
damage .
DETACH raladdr ( FROM) whar ( Clas B)
This is used to detach real devices from the
system. These can be terminals, printers, disk
packs, tape drives, etc. You must know the real
address of the device, and "whatever" can be the
syste name, or a userid.
WARNI NG usrid (or) operator Dr all (Clas A Dr B)
VÍ7LÍc¬ÍPÍ1 ¯L
Waming will send a priority message to a user,
operator, or all users on the syste. It will
interrupt anything they happen to be doing.
Obviously sending a msg to all users stating they
are BONEHEADS is not recommended.
Minidisks
A minidisk is a subdivision of consecutive
cylinders on a real DASD volume. The real DASD
device is the actual disk the information is stored
on. This can be compared to a hard drive for an
I BM PC. Before the drive can be used, it must be
formatted. Once formatted, it is divided up into
directories called minidisks. Minidisks are
measured in cylinders, which are the standard
meory storage units. There can be many
minidisks on a DASD. Associated with each CMS
disk, is a file directory, which contains an entry
for every CMS file on the disk. A minidisk can be
defined for R/W or R/O ( read/write or read/only)
access. It can also be used for storage of files.
Each minidisk has a virtual address which can be
from 001 -5FF ( hexadecimal) in basic control
mode, and 001 -FFF in ECMODE (Extended
Control Mode).
CMS minidisks are commonly accessed by a
letter of the alphabet ( A-Z). For example, let's
assume we are logged onto a VM/CMS system
under the userid of JOE. We want to see what
minidisks we have access to. We use the uuERY
SEARCH command to determine which disks we
are ATACHed to.
U SERCH
JOEOOI
JOE002
CMSI90
CMSI9E
191
192
190
19E
k
D
S
Y/B
RI
H/0
H/0
H/0
Each minidisk has a volume name, virtual
address, filemode, and access mode. The A disk
is the default. Most accounts you gain access
with will have an A disk with a virtual address of
1 91 . The S disk is the System disk. This contains
the files and programs for running the syste.
The same goes for the Y disk. The D disk is
another disk used Oy JOE.
You can view what each of these directories
, contains by issuing the LlSTFILE command.
.lISTF
BUBBA
MISC
PROFILE
NOTE
#Hk¡LVLH
EXEC
k1
k1
k0
This is a list of files on the A disk. The first
column is the filename, the seond is the filetype,
and the third is the filemode. Filenames can be
anything you specify. Filetypes can also be
anything you specify, but commonly follow a
pattem which tells what type of file it is.
Filemodes are comprised of a filemode letter
( A-Z) and a fileode number (0-6).
Fi l enames can cont ai n t he f ol l owi ng
characters: A-Z, 0-9, $, +, +, -, : .
Here is an explanation of common filetypes:
FilBpe Decription
DATA Data lor program or simply TYPE-able text.
EEC Usr written program or IBM procure
writen in REXX.
HELP Bye HELP file.
HELPCMS Syste HElP file.
LNGUAGE One of the language tht th sste
spprs. sch MkBBLB8LL,U080L,|0H¡8k8,
JCL. HLM, PL1, BM08kLL, BINARY. etc.
LISTING Program src cde lisings
LOADLIB Loading librar
MAClIB Macro librar
MODULE System cmmand
NETlOG Contains a list of all file whic he ben
BL8¡to other usrs .
NOTE Similar to E-MAIL on othar sste. a nota
sent from another usr.
B008UL B00HUL cde for varios progra.
TEXT Text file. Probbl us lor progra and
when TYPEd yields litle.
TXTLIB Text librar
#Hk¡LVLH knonstandard filetype which will
probbly Msomehat deripiv of it WÆ.
XEDIT k file which was crated using th XEDIT
utilit.
Both filenames and filetypes must not exced
eight characters in length.
Fileode
Fileode numbers are classified as tollows:
Filemode 0: There is little file security 0|
VM/CMS. This may be due to the fact tlla!
directory security is very good. A file with a mode
/:'ÌÌÍ|/iueuoii/ic\tpagc)
2ó00 Occcmbcr, Iº8J l'agc´
|/LÍÌÍ\ ÌÜÍ>
Ol zero makes that file invisible to other users
¥ unless they have Read/Write access to that disk.
; When you LIN K to someone's disk in Read/Only
� mode and get a directory listing, files with a
t mode of d will not be listed.
-
Filemode 1 : This is the default fdemode. When
reading or writing files, you do not have to
.. specify this fdemode number (unless you want
to) since it will default to it
.: Filemode 2: This is basically the same as a
fdemode of ! It is mainly assigned to files which
� are shared by users who link to a common diSk,
like the syste disk.
Filamoda 3: Be careful when you se thesel
These are automatically erased after they have
been read. If a file with a mode of Jis printed or
read it will be erased Blindly reading files
without paying attention to the fileode numbers
can shorten your stay on a syste. The main
reason for this filemode is so the files or progras
that are unimportant or have one-time use can be
automatically delete to keep disk space and
maintenance to a minimum.
Fi lemoda 4: This is used for files that simulate
OS data sets. They are created by OS macros in
programs running in CMS. I have not found any
files with this fileode, so for the time being, you
should not be concemed with it.
Fi lamoda 5: This is basically the same as
fi lemode 1 . I t is different in that it's used for
groups of files or progras. It make it easier for
deleting a number of files that a user wants to
keep for a certain period of time. You could just
enter: ERASE • • A5. Now all files on the A disk
with a filemode of 5 will be delete.
Fi l amoda 6: Files with this mode are re-written
back to disk in the same place which is calle
"update-in-place". I have no idea why this would
be speified, and have not found any files with a
fileode of 6.
Fi lamode 7-9: These are resered for IBM use.
Acsing I nformation
Looking back at our Q SEARCH listing, let's
se what is on the D disk:
.Ll STF * * 0
N01MUCH ONHERE 01
layc b Occcmbcr, Iº8J 2ó00
In this case, the D disk only contains one file
called NOTMUCH with a filetype of ONHERE.
But do not forget the fact that you only have
Read/Only access to the D minidisk! So there
may or may not be merely one file on the D disk.
Remember all filemodes of 0 (which in this case
would be DO) are invisible to anyone who does
not possess Read/Write acces.
You can access any disk that you are
ATACHed to by replacing the J in the above
example with the fileode letter (A-Z) you want
to access. As was shown previously, the QUERY
SEARCH command will give you a list of
minidisks that your userid is attached to upon
logging in. These command stateents are
usually found in your PROFILE EXEC.
So you can access a few minidisks. There may
be hundreds on the syste. Unlike UNIX and
VMS, and most other operating systes for that
matter. you cannot issue a command and some
wi Idcard characters to view the contents of ever
user's directory. In order to access another users'
directory (minidisk) you must have the following
! ì The USERID of the person whose disk you
wish to acce!;s; ¿)The virual address(es) (CUU)
that the USERID owns; Jì The Read, Write, or
Multi disk access password. depending on which
access mode you wish to use.
This would be accomplished by the following:
.LlNK TO BUBBA 19 1 AS 555 RR
Entar RED l i nk pas ord:
*************************
HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH
SSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSS
.RBUBBA
R; 1=0.01/0.11 21:58:48
.ACCESS 555 B
R; 1=0.01/0.01 21 :59;03
.0 SERCH
JOEOOI
BUBOOI
JOE002
CMS190
CMS19E
191
555
192
190
19E
A
B
Û
S
Y/S
RIW
RIO
RIO
RIO
RIO
VÍ7LÍc¬ÍPÍ1 1L
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PROFI LE
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'PCClilll/Li H.¡!.¡Dd×c \tci)¡G¡¡u !D C(
\!uvu�/iìt the I ntelligent :ctwork will
IInprme Bell Operating Company
|IOí) equipment elficiencie, in the
handing ot of X()() cu¬tomcrs to
interexchange carners, enhance
intere`Lhange c|!npetition, and cnable
cu,tomer; to easily change their
interexchange carriers without changing
their õIlU numbers. What this means is
that cu,tomer; won't have Î change
their hl×ìnumbcrs if they decide to
,w itch long distance companies, Call
handling willllllt bc limitcd to switches.
Calb \ill hc handlcd hj' the rcmotely
located datahase and distrihutcd
thnllghout thc network .... Hritish
lelecom is markcting as part of ib
"adva nced bw,mcss systems" a prod uct
kllll\n a; QWER I Yphonc. It's a desk­
t,)P terminal \\ ith alphanumeric,
|ullction and tLlLphone number kcys
plu· |¡HI-I¡LC |\I. It's being
dellHHstrated as a low-ost computer
and >pLech terminal. Ihcy abo arc
pronotinµ |!+ lOR, a higlHccurity
data cneryption unit that protcct, data
agamst ea\esdroppers, providc, user
authcnt
i
eation. and offers a simplified
ke\' IUnUuemLnt ·\SIc!11. And of course,
thnc\ SkyplhlllC, LnaÞling travclers to
kecp
i
n toUch while thcy'rc in lhc ,ky
\Iith thc rc,t of us d\n here on the
LI·UIIU All pUid lor by credit cu:I. CÍ
cour,e. I'llpular features \1 ne\\ British
le!ccom phonLs. tcn uII\^.! memory,
;ecrecy buÎ loÌ. last-numbe,' |.U·u¡ :Ild
dual ¬iLnalinL, plus \1L ·huttol� U\¹·�^` Í+!
network and PBX Lilitle: .. . . ÍIu.I |S
creating a cOlllputeri7d database \Iith U
wide range J! personal information
about Arab res| 0enl of the West Bunk
and GalL Strip. Accordmg to a report
by the \est Bank Data Base Project, a
widely respected lsralli research in,titutc
monitOring developments l11 the
CccU¡l·U terrilnrtcs, the new hrdcli
N|I)·I¡ of |t1tISc datahase .1!1J!`!1!·!
|¡ O `·UH!U¹·I'/ .'d clfrot-an<i-,ti':f
operation" uIU ·1 potenli�.d `||µ ¦¯.·¹Ic¨
for the \\'�I Ìu¡¡ and \)u/t Str!p. Ì '.
c(mputcr. \\1l(I |eLun operating \'\¬Ï
the ,ummeL ̬ OCing programmed with
lIformati()n un property. real estate,
lami!) tie�, pol i tical attitude"
imolvel1lent in illegal activities,
liceliI1 L, \ on5 pmption patters, and
occupu\iou t! Arab residLnth of the
Wcst Bank and (ai It is particularl)
dangerous. the report says, because the
110rmal braeli l·lVS and checks and
halanees govering the usc 0! databases
do l1llt apply tu the occupied tcrritorie,.
By pressing a key on a computer
tcrminaL any braeli official working in
the occupied tLìritorieh will be able to
gain acccss to hts of names of those
Arabs who arc "positive" and those who
are "hostile ". I [lis infLlation could be
used to decide lhe late of their
application, for anything from car
licenses to travel documents.
Ö>Î^À
2600 BBS #1
.¬ vailable J1 hours a day udh 0 utJc
range of inormation on COHDulPrS,
telepholles, and hackitl;.
CALI. l'(DA Y!
914-725-4060
TE CENTRL OFFICE
L Íü1 rag of telephone.
!û\0, .0U]uter. M1 satellite
info plus ` whole lot more!
2600 BOS #2
914-234-3260
`ð(0 Iecembcr, !ºb`
dÍÍ 0DDul ÜL V
Verification and emergency interrupts are two
operator functions that have always fascinated
the phone phreak wor l d. Here then is an
explanation of just how it all really wors. (Note:
this article is written solely on the /l3l lSFS
prcess of verification.)
.
Let's say Smith needs to get ahold of his
friend, Jones. Jones' telephone line is busy, and
Smith must talk to Jones immediately. He calls
the operator, by dialing 00 for an AT&T TSPS
Operator ( or in some areas, 0 still gets TSPS) .
The operator answers, and asks if she can help
him. Smith replies that he nes to Interrupt a
call in progress so he can get through. He tells the
operator Jones' number. After a fe seconds, he
is connected to Jones and they talk.
The name for this process is Busy Line
Verification, or BLV. BLV is the telco tenn for
this process, but it has ben called "Verification",
"Autoverify", "Emergency Interrupt", "Break into
a line", "REMOB", and others. BLV is the result
of a TSPS that uses a Stored Program Control
System ( SPCS) called the Generic 9 program.
Before the rise of TSPS In 1969, cordboard
operators did the verification process. The
introduction of BLV via TSPS brought about
more operator security features. The Generic 9
SPCS and hardware was first installed in Tucson,
Daytona, and Columbus, Ohio in 1 979. By now
virually every TSPS has the Generic 9 program.
A TSPS operator does the actual verification.
If Jones was in the 314 Area code and Smith was
in the 815 Area code, Smith would dial 00 to
reach a TSPS that served him. Now, Smith, the
customer, would tell the operator he neded an
emergency interrupt on a given number,
31 4+555+121 2. The 815 TSPS operator who
answered Smith's call cannot do the interrupt
outside of her own area code, ( her service area) ,
so she would call an Inward Operator for Jones'
area code, 314, with KP+314+TIC+121+ST,
where TIC is an optional Teninating Toll Center
code that is necessary in some areas. Now a
TSPS operator in the 314 area code would
receive the 81 5 TSPS operators call, but a lamp
on the 314 operator's console would tell iler she
was being reached with an Inward routing. The
815 operator then would say something along the
l i nes of s he needed an i nt er r upt on
lagc I 0 Occcmbcr, IºNT 2ð00
31 4+555+1 212, and her customer's nae was
J. Smith. The 31 4 Inward ( which is really a
TSPS) would then dial Jones' number, in a
nonnal Direct Distance Dialing ( DOD) fashion.
( DOD by an operator is really called 0JJJ, for
Operator Direct Distance Dialing.) If the line was
not busy, then the 31 4 Inward would report this
to the 81 5 TS PS, who wou Id then report to the
customer ( Smith) that 314+555+1 21 2 was not
busy and he could call as nonna!. However, if the
given number ( in this case, 314+555+1 21 2) was
busy, then the process of an Emergency Interrupt
would begin.
The 31 4 Inward would seize a verification
trunk ( or BLV trunk) to the toll office that served
the local loop of the requested number
( 555+1 21 2) . A feature of the TSPS checks the
line asked to be verified against a list of lines that
should not be verified, such as radio station
call-in lines, police station lines, etc. If the line
number a customer gives is on this software list.
then the verification cannot be done, and the
operator notifies the customer. The 31 4 Inward
would then press her VFY ( VeriFY) key on her
TSPS console, and the equipment would
o u t p u l s e ( o n t o t h e B L V t r u n k )
KP+OXX+NXX+XXXX+ST. The KP signal
prepares the trunk to accept M F tones, the OXX
is a "screening code" to protect against trunk
mismatching, the NXX is the exchange or prefix
of the requested number ( 555) , the XXXX is the
last four digits of the requested number ( 1 212) ,
and the ST i s the STart signal which tells the
verification trunk that no more MF digits follow.
The screening code is there to keep a nonal Toll
Network ( used in regular calls) trunk from
accidentally connecting to a verification trunk. If
this screning code wasn't present, and a trunk
mismatch Joc ur, so calling a friend in
the same area code might just happen to be
conneted to his friend's line, and find himself in
the middle of a conversation. But the verification
trunk is waiting for an OXX sequence, and a
nonal call on a Toll Networ trnk does not
outpulse an OXX first. ( Example: You live at
9 1 4 +5 5 5 +1 0 00 a n d wi s h t o c al l
91 4+666+0000. The routing for your call would
be KP+666+0000+ST. The BLV trunk cannot
accept a 666 in place of the proper OXX routing,
DuSy llO0 v0Ill|CuIÍOH
3M0 lluS w0u ' 0 0lv0 ll0 Cd' ' 0' 3 '00'00' l 0M0 I
P' S0, M0l 0 lldl l '0 0u!0u ' SlM0 S00u0MC0 0M!0 3
BL V l 'uMª C3MM0! C00IdlM dM 3'0d C000. 1'lS lS
!l0 '03S0M wly lÍ 3 CuSl0M0' '00u0SlS 3M
lMl0''u0l 0ul Sl00 0Í lIS 0wM NÍP, ll0 TSPS
000'3l0' MuSl C3' ' dM | Mw3'0 Í 0' ll0 3'03 C000
!ldl CdM 0u!0u' S0 0Ml0 ll0 0'000' l 'u Mª |Í 3
TSPS lM 81 5 lH00 l0 00 dM '!| l 0''u0l 0M d l 'uMª lM
3 1 4, ll w0u' 0 M0l w0'K 1lIS 0'0v0S ll3l ll0'0 IS
d BLV M0lw0'ª Í0' 03Cl NPA. d00 IÍ y0u
S0H0'0w 03!M00 3CC0SS l 0 d BL V !'uMª, y0u
C0u' 0 0M' y uS0 ll Í 0' lMl0''u0l S wll'lM !'0 NÍP
lldl ll0 l|uMª w3S ' 0Cdl00 'M
BL V l 'uMªS luM! l 0 !lM0 l'0 C0''0Cl l 'uMªS !0
!'0 'l0l! c' 3SS 50M0 0!ÍlC0 l'3l S0'v0S ll0 0lv0M
'0C3' ' 000 1l0 SdH0 0ul0u' SlM0 S00u0MC0 lS
0dSS00 a' 0ng BLV trunk; uMl l ' ll0 l 'uMb S6'\!M0
!l10 !0 ' otfrce that serves !'0 0lv0M elld office i s
found
1'0l0 |` usually 0118 BLV l 'uMª per ¡Ü,UUU
IM0S | 0/C'dM00| So. if u l o 0!!lC0 S0' \00 lU|l
C0Ml ' dl offices, l 'a! !0 0!!lC0 w0u ' 0 'dvC ten
BLV trunks rUllillng frll ³ TSPS :l!C to |'d! !C¦i
office.
Scrambling the Audio
The 0peCt0| | I'\ uSIM0 !'0 VFY ª0y} ¦3M hear
wh3l IS 00lM0 on 0M !'¹0 'ì'|0 | H000|1, v0lC0. or c
0Id' l0M0, ' M0lCd!lM0 u 0'0M0 0!!'00ª}. 0uI ·¦ a
SC'dH0' 00 S!3l0 P speeh 'C'd|0l0| 'l'Cul'
wl!'l'¹ !hC 0µ0'd!0l console generates Ô SC|u|0'·
0M !h0 line wll ' 0 !'0 operator 'S 00'``' c vÍ1 1't
sCrdûb'0 'S !'0'C !0 ªC0| opelator:, ;rol1ll:steI11Ilg
In 0M 0000' 0. 0ul It is not 0M0u0h |C keer' H
operator fror being d0 0 !C !0 ' IÍ d C0MvC¦'u!·U'|
H000| Sl0M3' , or d ¹I3' !0|0 IS |¦0S0M! u|0| l|f
' lM0 |Í ll0 000'dl0l l0d'S d 0ld' tone. she can
0M' y '000'l 03Cª l0 ll0 CuS!0MC' l '3l 0l¡|0' ll0
0'0M0 IS 0!Íl00ª, 0' ll0'0 IS d 0l00' 0H wll' l '6
' lM0, 3M0 Sl0 C3Ml 00 3MylllM0 300ul Il ThiS
S060Cl SC'3M0' lM0 Í03l u'0 IS ' 0CdI00 lM l '0 TSPS
C0MS0' 0, 3M0 |0í 0M v0'IÍlCdIl0M l0MKS | M ll0
CdS0 0Í J0M0S dM0 OMIl ' l'0 314 |Mwd'0 w0u' 0
!0' ' !'0 815 TSPS, d|0 !'C 81 5 TSPS w0u' 0 l 0 '
! ' 0 CuS!0|I0' | | l'0'0 IS d C0Mv0lS3ll0M 0M ¦l|U.
!'0 000|û!0' 0¦CSS0S O key '3|l00 |M¡Í |N·
||N|r00MCy |H10l'u0l I 0M '!CI C0MS0' 0 1lì'
cauSes the operator !0 00 d0000 i¹l 0 C three way
port J|\ !'0 busy ililP Í'C ¦MÍÍ '[¦ ª0v 3 'Û
003C!Iv3l0S !'0 Sp00cM SCI d00' lM0 CllCuì! 3M0
dC!lv3l0S 3l 3' 0'!Ill0 I0M0 l 'dt LÓ| be '\oJl0 0y
ll0 Cd' ' 00 CuSl0M0' 0v0' V 10 seconds. Í'lS !0|0
!0IÌS ll0 CuS!000l !'d! dM u0U|d!u¦ |¯ 0M the Ilile.
O0M0 3!03S 00M l '3v0 ! '0 a ' e|!1 n 0 l 0J0
'0w070' N0w, l'C o0t|a!0l w0ul0 S3y l. !lllS
NAAAAAA´ w'C'0 NAAAAAA w0uì0 OC l '0
0'0Íl/ dM0 Su!ÍI/ 0¡ the number !ld! the UÍiglnal
C u5l 0H0' request ' M 0 tile I nl 0' ' up! 0dvt !'0
0'l0' M3l TSPS. 1'C CuS¡0|Cl w0u | 0 COnll1T l'0
000'3l0l '30 l'0 ´C''0C! line. Then the 000|d!0'
w0u' 0 S3y. 10u 'dv0 c Cd ' wul!l|0 l|00
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Switch-Hoole Dialng
Dear .ÜÜÜ.
Af t e r r E c e n t l y [ fci i n g s ome o l d
l txl Í | ·� ¬ I' ~v. I C| 'OOk d i a l i ng, I ' ve
hee n t r V l n q t o p r a c t i c e my s peed .
`v. I t ' ' 1t(· ¹' d ' | '`1 ¨t'tS I n himdy
wl l ( � n y|u j . ' ~ l ' 1¦pe|³ t o be at a phone
l ' \ c l ' i d ' c ¹ | d ' | | or some ot her
Utv t: r e,; t r I C! 1 1 1 � d i a l i ng . I ca n now
·v t t ' ) '(t'· ¹ · c ' '|J a l most a ny phone
'·l v' i t: ' i lv | .GtI t on a payphone, I t
'c)! ' v |V· ' v-: pr oper l y Why I S
t l ) I S }
Jb
LB| | BS, JA
// ' ¨ ' | / · · · / i/ c Wesr er n
l l ( . / /| · /` / [ · . ¡ ,] t / ( / | ( h a s c
/ / //' l t:l \´ × \· / (/ | ´ I / / //( wa y |/ / / ¬
.·// . l' \l | (: / / / /· / / ((l . \i | |/ l' .) /tI |
·/ · ·l· ·/ · · i // /i // ff / i(/(|/, /(//S
: |·.! / (/ / /( / .· .. · // ·(. /lyou were | (
l·}· / : !l, .!·· |/'' / /· ' ,clv/ l ch hook () / c
]:i ., | .t / i · · |/ . +| i /. | ·/( Il tne for //(
l·// ·/ ··/ | .. /´l !·// l·(/ and forth
/ / ï | . · ( ìt · ´ . t · ! | ! i. } ` /·· / / t / | / /O (/ your
/ · / / / ì O /´| (: | | / / ì · | // ( ' fO f | /(
/ / t ( ' / (|v / (/ /·| · |/ /ì / :·/ ´ (/|I (/ (·O
/( /tG | ( ·]·[) ··/ //´¡ | you are
(!·// / / Oc l| ' ' (lt J/ / //,. !(] i,D/·O(S
have | / | :S· /(/(·( t SVil lches I n the
///:| ; /.i( ·: ´ iV· .''/íH / /S because
tl l tT /(/O / · /( ! l / |lt OOIcblr By the
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/ ( >/!D/v (·//, .) / (·. (one paO (also
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Pen Registers
LCB|ZÔÜÜ
| wa s wo n d e r i n g I f I t wo u l d be
pOSS i bl e l ' you l t have a I l sl l 1g of a l l
t h e zÜ'| s uppor t cc` S a ro u nd t he
co u n t r y ! | Í J' |)t wou l d be ext r tmel y
' ' l · � ' |~ lt ¹ · ' ) ´l . ' ¦ : l ì l t l |t| td | t ma ny
otiwr s ..l I 't t: ··: ' !|
/ ¬. )| y :¦'| ' 1 c ` d

¯ C0 u ' dt ' on

pen r p�l l st f� r |ll · | ' l ' · | i li es . | c |
c u r r PI1 t l v t r V mq t o (d l l l a ny i nf or mat i on
f r or ! l ' i d l ' · . | \ c· l | o| lJ tV, | |etd t o
ª^·v l l' · l ì ´ ' ` :'¯ Vway .Í det er lT l ll l nq
|a gt· | ` Jo/R
I f you l3v6 a pen reg i st er on you r l i ne,
St r ange t h ll gs have been happe n ll g
o n my I lI e, a nd I was wonder i ng i f
t her e | > a ny s ure way of t el l i ng i f you r
l He | c bel lg mon i tored or t apped by
g o o d o l d M a B e l l . An y h e l p o r
suggest i ons wou l d be a ppr eci ated.
Norman Bates
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your Ime and it would n(/ O3l6 uO,
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u/ / u(l(O /( ,(O/ Ime. v/(H / l6 Ol(O6
company O(6S I f l6Uullv, /l6v/6 Ol/6O
reqUi red t o t ell you at some DutO/ Ìl6
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method /S ((ODl6t6ly OH/|3(63Ol6 -HO
naturally, ,(O .(O / l6u/ 3O, t6llt3l6
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Evil Happenings
Dear ZDÜÜ.
Ther e r ea l l y I S a bi g "br ot her " . They
a r e t h e C | ¬ a n d t h e T r i l a t e r a l
LL1LHC
Commi ssi on. Thei r goa l a one wor l d
gover nment and a one wor l d money
system Computers wi l l pl ay a key r ol e.
Th i s i s why t he cr ackdown on hack i ng
and bi l l boa rds I S on.
Pai a Jones
Thanks for this interesting bit of
news
Canadian Questions
Dear 2ó00
I t h i nk you have a great ma g . I s t her e
¹ store t hat I can go t o ever ' ront h t o
buy you r mag I n Ca nada ' cO¡O0 K|0'A
· Canadi an address wher e I can µt|
hacki ng softwar e f or t he Commodore
O¬ or an I BM cl one? I wou l d l i ke bot h,
mo s t l i k e l y c o m m u n i c a t i o n a n d
deprotect l on ut l l I t i es.
PG
Toronto
We don 't have any distributor in
Canada so you word find us in any
stores. As far as software, since we
really don' t handle that kind of thing we
suggest puttlfJg u free ad H the 2600
Mark etplace or ask i ng around on
bulletin boards.
Speaking of stores, here are the ones
you can find us in in New York City:
Apostrophes Books, 660 Amsterdam
A v e nue, Co l is e um Bo o k s, l ' : /
Br o a dwa y; So ho Za t. ÛL 7 vu S .
Broadway, Hudson News -Kiosk, zD.
Broadway, Spring Street Books, l OU
Spring Street. Papyrus Books, ZU l '
Broadway; St. Mark 's Bookshop, 1 3
St. Mark Street; Shakespeare Books,
2 2 5 9 B r o a dwa y, B . Da l t o n ' s
Booksellers, 396 6th A venue, uOt
College Stationery, 2951 Broadway
The Truth Revealed
Dear 2ô00.
What ' s t he di ff er ence between Box
99 and Box 7527
Cheshi re Catal yst
Besides being on separate ends of
the post office with 652 other boxe:
b e t we e n t he m, t he r e is a v e r
fundamental difference: Box 752 lO l0·
subscription mformation and Box ÛU I.
for editorial sU/missions and let ters
You played it safe by sending yO|l
letter to both boxes. This is a reply to
t he let t er sent to the proper box,
namely Box 99 The other letter v:.
sent to the wro/' g box and as Õ |CSt/.
was ripped to sl ' reds ¬!Oburned
Ingenious SOltion
Dear 2ó00
I may have fou nd t he sol ut i on to t he
probl em of not bei ng abl e t o store
i ssues of 260 s i nce you went to t he
"bookl et " for mat . I f you t ake a pl ast i c
di s kette hol der such as t he ones pr e­
punched to f i t i nto t he sma l l 3- r i ng
notebooks, you wi l l see t hat 260 I S
J ust a l i tt l e t oo bi g to f i t i nSi de t he
pocket des i g n e d f or t he d i s ket t e .
However , take a bl ow dryer a n d heat
t he pl ast i c i nser t . When i t I S fa i r l y
war m, gr ab each si de a nd stretch t he
i nsert ! Now, 2600 wi l l f i t neat l y i nSi de
t he pocket and can be put i n the 3- r i ng
notebook. A whol e year wi l l f i t ni cel y | |
6 pl ast i c i nserts a nd now the notebook
ca n be pl aced i n your bookshel f a l ong
wi t h your other cl assi c books! These
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i n ser t s can be p u r c h a sed a t ma n y
;: off i ce suppl y stores, di scou nt centers,
- and department stor es. I am encl os i ng
¬ a sampl e i nsert for you to try out . Heat ,
:
stretch, and store ! How i s t hat for
2 "a l ter nat i ve technol ogy"?
i
Sgt. Pepper of Texas
¬ We ' re glad to see some of our
. § readers working imaginatively t o solve
� this problem of storage. Perhaps the
-:
folks at Readers Digest would be
interested as well
How Do Inmates Do It?
Dear 2ô00.
Got a coupl e of newspaper c l i ppi ngs
for you . What I ' d l i ke to know i s how t he
cou nty j a i l i nmates got ahol d of a l l
those l ong di st ance codes. l J ust can ' t
p i ct u r e a n App l e I I wi t h a u t od i a l
modem at t acki ng a d i a l - up node f r om a
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The Hooded Cl aw
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Hacking via Modem
W0 J' S0 'Jv0 3 M0lw0'ª l0' 0M0 0' Sl 3'|C0 cal l s
v i a modelT Whi l e t rl e UM' l 00 Ol Jl 0S '3S 10' 0M0l .
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.ÜM'Uo¦ ¬V| et c ) al l d oi l l y S00' !J '0M0y f or J
l ucal ca l l
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q U i t e sUl e t iley won t chenge soull lecause t hey
| t | · / / / | / | / t ( u · · / / ì · ·i:( .'' / )
Z60 marketplace
8038 C H I P WI TH SPE C S H E ET,
bl ock di agr am a n d pi nout-very l i mi ted
qua n . $ 1 5 . 00 each postpa i d, checks,
m. o. to PEL , cash, m. o. shi pped same
day, checks must cl ear . Pete G , P. O.
Box 463, Mt . Laurel , NJ 08054.
WANTED: Any hacker and phreaker
softwar e for I BM compat i bl e and Hayes
compat i bl e modem. I f you are sel l i ng or
know a nyone who i s, send repl i es to
Mar k H , P O Box 7052, Port Hu ron, MI
48301 - 7052.
FOR SALE : Ok i dat a Mi c r o l l n e 92
persona l pr i nter . I nc l udes manual for
i n st r u c t i o n s . H a r d l y u s e d. Ma ke a n
offer a nd I f i t ' s reasonabl e, I wi l l pay
postage. Matt Kel l y, 3 1 0 I sbe l l , Howel l ,
M1 48843.
TAP BACK I SSUES. Compl ete set,
vo l . # 1 t o a nd i n c l u d i n g vo l . #9 1 ,
i n c l u d i ng s c h e ma t i c s a n d spec i a l
repor t s. Copi es i n good to excel l ent
condi t i on . $ 50. 00, no checks, i ncl udes
postage. T. Genese, 2 1 9 N. 7t h Ave. ,
Mt Ver non, NY 1 0550.
DOCUMENTATI ON on el ectroni c and
di gi ta l swi t ch i ng systems a nd PBX' s.
Wi l l i n g t o p u r c h a s e / t r a d e . A l s o
l ook i ng for ot her parapher na l i a such as
Bel l System Pr act i ces. Wr i te to Bi l l , c/o
2600, P O Box 752C, Mi ddl e I sl and,
NY 1 1 953.
BLUE BOXI NG? Let ' s excha nge I nfo
on phone number s, pa rts, a nd etc.
Wr i t e t o: Bl ue Box, P. O. Box 1 1 703,
But i i ngame, CA 9401 1 , Attent i on D. C.
FOR SALE : 8038 mu l t i - purpose tone
generat or chi ps, pr i me qua l i ty $7. 50
ea c h ppd . I nc l u des comp r e h e n s i ve
a p p l i c a t i o n s dat a . Two c h i ps wi l l
generate a ny dual t one for mat . These
ar e no l onger i n pr oduct i on. Get ' em
wh i l e t hey l ast. Br uce, P. O. Box 888,
St i nson Beach, CA 94970.
SUMMERCON ' 88-comi ng to NYC.
Watch t hi s space for more i nfo.
FOR SALE : Radi O Shack CPA- lo
Pen Reg i ster . Just l i ke new. $70. 0.
J . C . Devendor f , 2926 1 B u ck ha ve n ,
Lagu na N i guel , CA 92677- 1 61 8.
FOR SALE: Ex- Bel l bl ue boxes, ol d and
styl i sh, may even wor k! Al so a wi de
range of ol d Bel l comms equ i pment .
Ca l l ( 5 1 4) 393- 1 840 and ask f or Ri ck
for deta i l s.
FOR SALE : SWf PC Mod e l CT- 82
i ntel l i gent vi deo t ermi nal . Compl etel y
p r o g r a m m a b l e ( 1 5 0 s e p a r a t e
f u nct i ons) , RS- 232C ö para l l el pr i nter
port s, fu l l ASCI I keyboard w/cursor
control pad, 9" P- 3 1 CRT w/7x1 2 dot
mat r i x-up to 92 col umn capabi l i ty, 32
baud rates to 38. 400--much more.
E x c e l l e n t c o n d i t i o n w i t h f u l l
document at i on. Or i gi na l l y $80, sel l
for $ 1 25 o r best offer . Ber ni e Spi ndel ,
1 44 W. Eagl e Rd. , Su i t e 1 08, Haverton,
PA 1 9083.
2600 MEETI NGS. Fr i days from 5 - 8
p m at t h e Ci t i cor p Cent er i n t he Market
( l obby where the t abl es a re}-- 1 53 East
53rd Street. New York Ci ty. Come by,
drop off a rt i cl es, ask quest i ons. Ca l l
5 1 6- 75 1 - 260 for more i nfo.
GOT SOMETHI NG TO SELL? Looki ng
for somet hi ng to buy? Or trade? Thi s i s
t he pl ace ! The 2600 Mar ketpl ace i s
f r ee t o s u bs c r i be r s ! J u st send us
whatever you wa nt t o say ( wi thout
maki ng i t too l ong) a nd we' l l pri nt i t!
Onl y peopl e pl ease, no busi nesses.
Address: 2600 Market pl ace, P. O. Box
99, Mi ddl e I sl and, NY 1 1 953. I ncl ude
you r address l abe l .
Deadl i ne for Spri ng i ssue: 2/1 5/88.
2ó00 Occcmbcr, l 98T lagc I 9
Ranzan Hackers
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Because of existing l aws in the United States
a n d because we a re a / wa ys wary o f
overconf idence, we have omi tted any references
to specific hacking on specific systems.
More Long Distnce
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bÕ¾L NO¾ÜLHb
1 0041 - 1 -700·777· 7777 ALLNET
conference l i ne i n NY $1 H mi nute
1 0220· 1 700· 61 1 · 6 1 1 6 Western Uni on
Hel p Li ne
, · 800- 988· 0000 Western Uni on
Long Di stance Customer Seri ce
1 - 800· 988- 4726 Western Uni on
Tel egram Operator
260( I 1cc�mbcr. | 987 Iagc Z |
´· · ·t / / /t | / :. c/ [r· · / ¡n·· l o, D
ECEMBE
R
'
S
L
E
IE
RS
Guards can pre vent visit ors from
brmgmg in kmves and guns, but so far
they' ve been unable to keep people
from recitlf7g numbers. Someone could
also easily set up a voice mailbox to
read out this month's Sprint codes. All
an inmate has to do IS call that number
and write down the codes. But isn't it
true that all calls from a prison have to
be collecr? That 's no problem-Simply
mak e the first part of t he voice
message say "Sure, I ' ll accept " or
something slfnilar.
BBS Thoughts
Dear 2ó00
F i rst off, I ' d l i ke to compl l fent you on
you r magaz i ne I t rea l l y shows how
l i t t l e t h e a v e r a g e p e r s on k n ows of
what ' s happeni ng I n ou r t echno wor l d.
Secondl y, I saw you r comment about
wa nt i ng t o set up a networ k of safe
BBS' s . Just I n t l rne - I was t h i nk i ng
about r e- open l ng mi ne, yet abhor t he
t hought of r u nni ng a pi r at e BBS aga i n
( a s I n softwa r e hack i ng) . I ' d l ove t o r u n
a "260 a ut hor i zed BBS" . I wou l d be
r u nn i ng on an Aml ga 1 Ö. 3' /L I nch
dr i ve, a nd 30/ 1 20 BPS . I t woul d be
24 hou rs a day. I ' m st i l i l ook i ng for t he
r i ght sof twar e t o r un, but any t hat I
c h o o s e wo u l d e a S i l y me e t y o u r
req u I r ement s
P. A. Z.
We have some additIOnal reqUire­
ments that we can go over with you at a
future date. We expect to start addmg
new boards somet ime in Januar y.
Anyone else who ' s I nt erest ed in
running a ZCCC board should contact
us
The Missing Chip
Dear 2ó00
/S per t he " : ost " 8038 chi p for trl e
U O x p l a n s I C L 8 0 3 8 p r e c I s i o n
wa v ef o r m g e n e r a t o r vo l t a g e c ont
osc i l l a t o r , ma d e by I n t e r s l i - n ow
G E ¬ L / a n d a v a i l a b l e f r o m t h e
, COIlI Tl On " ' dl st l l but or s I n most c i t i es
|agc . . |cccitt |:t·r. I 'X7 26((
( I e Ar r ow E l ec t r o n i c s , Sc hweber
E l e c t r o n i c s , H a m l i t o n / Av n e t
E l ect r on i cs) or t o t he " hobbi est " from
Jameco E l ectron i cs, 1 355 Shoreway
Road, Bel mont , CA 9402, (41 5) 592-
809 7 , F AX 4 1 5 - 5 9 2 - 2 5 0 3 , Te l e x
1 76043 ( l CL8038CCJD $3. 95 w/$ 20
mi n i mum order )
Yet Another Telco Ripoff
Dear 2ô00.
Have you ever been ta l k i ng on a
payphone and had you r t i me r un out ?
F i rst t he phone col l ect s you r money
and t hen t he n i ce ma n asks you t o
d e pO S i t a n i c k e l f or a n o t h e r f i ve
mi n ut es. You r each I nt o you r pocket
and a l l you have I S a qu a rt er . You
depOS i t you r qu a rt er a nd a re l eft a l one
f or onl y a not her f i ve mi n utes ! I t seems
qU i t e u nfa i r t hat no matter what you
depOS i t i s t reated as a n i cke l . I can
u n d e r s t a n d t h a t u n d e r p r i mi t i v e
centra I off i ce equ i pment t he phone J ust
checks to see If t here I S a coi n g rou nd.
But t oday si nce most bi g ci t i es have a
maj or i ty of t hei r cent r al off i ces cut over
to ESS, why can' t someone at t he
phone compa ny modi fy t hei r SWi tches
to accept di mes as di mes and qua r t er s
as quart er s7
Mar M,
Cornl and, I owa
Wh y i nde e d? L e t ' s he a r s o me
"explanations " for thiS one from the
folks on the InSide. If vC don't get a
sat isfact ory answer, you ma y be
looking at next years project to combat
consumer fraud
The correct address
to send a letter
or to forward an article
l5.
2600 Editorial Dept.
P. O. Box 99
Middle Island, NY 1 1 953
Attention Reaers!
2o00is a l ways l ooki ng
f
or i n
f
ormati on that we can pass on
to you . Whet her i t i s an art i cl e, data, or an i nterest i ng news
i tem-i
f
you have somethi ng to o
ff
er, send i t to us!
Remember,muchof2600
ís wrítten by rOU.ourreaders.
¯1.WWLC|LYM|^UY·L|Ll|SC|| YK.
Ca l l our o
ff
i ce or BBS to arrange an upl oad. Send US ma i l to
2ó00 Editori al Dept.
Box 99
Middl e I sl and, WY 1 1 953-0099
( 51 6) 751 - 2600
1De 1e| eCCm 5eCu(|h Õ(CuO
SECURI T PERSONNEL: MB0KÐ|S D| BV B |O| Ð | GV| O| B! | GD
YOUR 0O0DU!Ð| SSÐ0U| | !V.
LET OUR TE PT YOUR FES TO REST
with our compl ete "system pnetration"
srices. We' l l al s kep you up to date
on wat hackers kow abut yOU.
CALL OR WRI TE FOR MORE INFORM A TION.
Te Tel eco Scurity Grop Ofice: 91 4-564-04J7
366 Washi ngton Street Fa: 91 4-564-5332
Newurgh, NY 1 2550 Tel ex: 7038
2ó00 lcccmbcr, Iº87 lagc /
CONTENTS
Ì NÎK1P1 NWb . . . . . . . . . . . . J
| 6M'$ ¼]LNb bYb1bN . . 4
1bLbLLN Ì NÎkNbK . . . . . . .

5
ÞLV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . _ . . . . . 1
U
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1 ¿
5C|A| | NIERCI|ON
. . .
1 7
RMA HCKl NG . . . . . . . . .

1 0
2ó00 MAKE¡PUCE .
.
.
. . . .

.
1 º
L.Ü. MORROR !A|E$ . . . . . . . . .

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20
W OOO
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M| OO| e| ä| uD, N 1 1 ºb Ub/.
HN|O| DO ODAO|e8 L||el|OD keueälC
WANI NG:
MI SI NG Lel
SECONO CLASS POST AG E
Petmi |Pendi ng �|
E zz|Sel luket. N ¥.
! \ 73
ISSN 014�38S'

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